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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 18, 1913)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, JULY 18, 1913.
Kntered at Portland, Oregon. Fostofflce it
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IXmTLAND, nOIMY, 18, 1918.
ON KJCK11NO COOT.
Everybody knows how beneficial it
la to kep the mind cool in hot -weather.
A certain euive calm of the emo
tions, a, placid subsidence of the pas
sions, conserve the health better than
any medicines when the dogrstar rages.
"Rut fni manv vpn ra therA war a. suner.
stition that it wa3 injurious to try
rectly to keep the body cool. ' Avoid
iced drinks. Shun ice cream as you
would the cholera. Flee the tempting
soda fountain." This with much more
advice of the same kind was parroted
out by the doctors. They kept on re
peating their warnings because they
had always been repeating them. It
requires no thought to reiterate an ac
cepted error. Fever patients were for
merly deprived of cool drinks and
fresh air as well. The windows must
all be closed for fear of a deadly draft.
"Water was the worst of poisons for
the sick. At mealtime, too, we were
warned against the insidious desire to
drink. Food should be eaten dry. It
was a deadly sin against the laws of
hygiene to wash It dewn with liquids.
Now a change has come over the spirit
of the medical men and new and much
more comfortable rules of health have
been laid down.
The old notion in medicine as in
morals was that everything1 agreeable
was bad. The new rule is that the
best guide we have to health and
righteousness Is nature's prompting.
It la dawning upon the world that the
Creator really knew what he was
about when he made us with all our
singularities. The doctors tell us now
to drink all the water we want. Even
ice water Is said to be wholesome for
those who like it. Fever patients are
laid in the wind by an open window.
Children sick with pneumonia are tak
en Out Oh the roof. It has been found
that ice cream at the end of a. meal
is hygienic because it provokes a re
action in the stomach like a cold bath
on the skin. It is also a good plan to
swallow liquids at meals. A pint at
least of some pleasant beverage is de
sirable for adults and those who thirst
for more may drink all they want.
Cold drink between meals is good ,in
hot weather because It helca to cool
the -body. Cold baths are excellent for
the Same reason.
The new precept of science is to
keep the skin and the stomach cool as
well as the mind. The body has it8
own refrigerating apparatus In the
sweat glands, but they sometimes fail
to work When the weather is exhaust,
ingly hot, and then unless we come to
their aid with gelid drinks and baths
Irreparable damage ensues. But there
Is one emphatic exception to the prln
ciple that we should do whatever ia
agreeable in caring for the body.
Often there is a craving for stimu
lants, alcoholic or of some other sort
This is always perilous and must be
resisted If a. person wishes to keep
himself up to his best in all respects.
dTRIOCS OPINIONS ABOUT SUNDAY.
A monthly publication called "Lib
erty" which comes to The Oregonian
from the National capital makes some
curious comments upon the World's
Christian Citizenship conference lately
held In Portland. "Liberty" is very
much at odds with the spirit of the
conference in some particulars. It
dislikes more than anything else the
manifest wish expressed by so many
of the speakers to make a sort of
Theocracy of the Federal Government.
Many more or less open attempts of
this sort were discussed, but the most
evident was the proposed Sunday leg
islation. "Liberty" believes that laws
of this sort, if they were once en
acted, iwould be an entering wedge for
other Yneasures which would in the
end destroy religious freedom. How
much of its apprehension is mere
nightmare and how much is. soundly
based it might be difficult to deter
mine. Attempts to secure obnoxious
Sunday laws are certainly rife in vari
ous parts of the country. Thus far
they have made little headway in the
legislatures or in Congress. Eleven
states rejected. a proposed Sunday law
which had been, submitted to all of
them not long ago, but upon a new
test some of them might think better
of it. These things go in waves. One
year they are fashionable. The next
they lose prestige.
"Liberty" reminds us that the first
Sunday legislation was enacted by
Constantine in the Christian year 321.
He decreed that all business should
cease upon the first day of the week
except agriculture. Farmers were al
lowed, or obliged, to work seven days
continuously. -The most recent at
tempts to secure quasi-Sunday laws
ask for the remission of work on one
day out of the seven without any open
preference for the first. They are
grounded on the supposition that hu
man nature needs one day in seven tor
rest. "Liberty" combats this theory
by referring to China and Japan. In
these countries there never has been a
regular day of rest. Work has gone
on continuously for thousands of
years, "and now," cries "Liberty" tri
umphantly, "the laborers' powers of
endurance are so great that Sunday
keeping workmen have to ask for state
protection against their competition."
It adds that where Sunday is generally
observed there are fewer men fit for
regular work on Monday than on any
other day of the week.
We give chase considerations more
as curiosities to divert the reader than
for any other purpose. It is not likely
that the "weekly day of rest will, ever
be abandoned in this country. Both
religion and the public health offer ef
fectual opposition to any such project.
Still one cannot deny that the effects
of Sunday are not wholly what- they
should be. "Blue Monday" has passed
Into a proverb not only for ministers
but for schools, workshops and even
for families. No doubt more quar
rels between husband and wife begin
on that day than on any of the other
six. Of course this lamentable fact
cannot be attributed to Sunday rest,
but rather to Sunday dissipation, but
in some subtle way the two incompati
ble things seem to.be related. The
misuse of Sunday has made itself so
severely felt in gome colleges that they
are beginning to allow Monday in
stead of Saturday for a secular holi
KEEP OFF THE STREETS.
Victims of riot almost always In
clude one or more peaceful . citi
zens or curiosity-seekers. It is there
fore always good policy for the person
not looking for trouble to remain awy
from a prospective center of disturb
ance. Last night the sympathy of the
crowd was plainly with the police, yet
it was loath to disperse and aetually
failed to do so under polite persuasion.
If some who had no thought of break
ing laws were roughly handled as a
result it was their own fault. Ift a
large, boisterous gathering the police
cannot immediately distinguish be
tween rioters and onlookers.
There is nothing edifying in the
arrest of a, few hysterical women or
a. handful of male rowdies. It can be
accomplished quietly and with less
danger if the authorities are left to
deal with the few disturbers who are
determined to break the law. If the
peaceful publlo will go quietly about
its business the situation will readily
be put back to normal. Women and
children who were present in the
Sixth-street throng last night were
most out of place of any.
In short, the real problem now is
the proper handling of the thoughtless
element who Intend ho harm but con
gregate where there is promise of ex
citement. The Inclination to seek di
version of this sort should be sup
pressed by every well-meaning1 Indi
vidual. ISMEEGISG HELPS DEVELOPMENT.
Practical completion of the unmerg
lng of the Harriman system by the ex
change Wednesday of Southern Pacific
stock held by the Union Pacific for
Baltimore & Ohio stock owned by the
Pennsylvania system has an immedi
ate Interest In Oregon hot generally
realised. The effort to segregate the
system was responsible for slackening
activity in extension and electrification
of the Portland, Eugene & -Eastern
The Union Pacific was the treasury
for the several roads in the merger
and not only were funds Intended for
use on the Oregon electric branches
held up, but negotiations of loans for
construction and betterments by the
Southern Pacific were retarded by the
Supreme Court decision and the conse
Government approval ot the disso
lution plan and active procedure In
accordance therewith may be expected
to relieve the temporary financial
stringency suffered by the railroads
that were in the merger. Further and
faster development 6f the Willamette
Valley Is assured by electric railway
construction. That this construction
will soon be freer to proceed is a
cause for gratification on all sides.
WELCOME FOR "Tt OKK.ER3."
For information of the I. W. W. del
egates said to be on the way to Port
land to take control of a situation
where strong lungs and billingsgate
are not required, it may be stated that
there are two laws under which habit
ual vagrants may be cared for In this
city. One is a city ordinance; the
other a state law. There are also
two rockpiles. One Is 'for the enter
tainment of city prisoners; the other
provides a gathering place for county
offenders. The two, with their "bull
pen" equipment, provide ample ac
commodations and the rock to be
broken is first-class road material for
which use Is always available.
There is some choice between these
two resorts for the man who is par
ticular about view and surroundings,
The city rockpile Is on the shore of
the placid Willamette, and from it
there are scenes of maritime activity
to engage the attention of those. If
any, who may steal an idle moment.
There are also busy industries on all
sides to encourage unwilling workers,
and the thriving, humming, contented
city Is In good view.
The county rockpile, on . the other
hand, provides more of the seclusion
and quiet surroundings of rural life.
Within the" walls it is quite a busy
place. Frequent powder blasts in the
cliffs may make it less desirable than
the city rockpile (or persons who have
been made nervous by unpleasant ei'
perlence with firearms, as at the lat
ter place the blasts are bigger and less
It is probable, for reasons that It is
not necessary to give here in detail
that the city institution would receive
the first consignment of men who
work only in captivity, so it is ad
visable that those who prefer a water.
front habitat Join the first contingent.
Those who would rusticate among the
hills and dales would better await a
It may also be remarked that new
laws, adopted by the people, give am
pie authority for working city and
county prisoners on the public high
ways, and that Oregon needs more
good roads. If stockades and bunk-
houses become overcrowded, there is
always the open Air, the glorious cli
mate and the muddy road In need of
macadam. On the whole the com
munity will not suffer gTeatly from
invasion. The harvest Is ready and
the 'Workers," now, are few.
A IREAM OF ECTOPIA.
Nothing particularly new on the
subject of socialism is contained in
Mr. Pye's letter published today. Most
of the statements may be found in
other words in the National party's
platform. The following is one of
the stock arguments of socialist
speakers and is repeated by Mr. Pye
Everyone would have all be could use
(under Socialism) and when one has all h
can eat and wear, a good house to live in
and tna time and means . for recreation,
what more does he want?
We suppose our correspondent in
tends this for the answer to his ques-
The honor of his fellowman and this would
be th reward of those who wer benefac
tors to the human race, not a pile of dollars.
Yet man does want more than
enough to eat and wear, a good house
to live in, time and means for recrea
tion, even when coupled with honor
Witness Mr. Bryan, not a Socialist, it
is true, but still a man' who does not
exploit the labor of others. Mr
Bryan's income as a lecturer is the
product of his own labor, and that la.
bor is the exertion of superior attain
ments in mind and eloquence. He is
nbt hoarding money, simply to gloat
over it, but, we imagine, to give him
when he retires, clothes, food, house
and recreation of a type that the ordi
nary man cannot afford. He la even
unwilling to sacrifice his future luxury
for the "honor and approbation of his
In short, it socialism gives the la
borer all the product of his toil, some
are bound to have more than others.
There would be the same envy, the
same discontent We have today. Does
Mr. Py or any other Socialist imagine
that the slower workers In the Oregon
Packing Company's plant who struck
for higher pay would be any more con
tent if they received the entire prod
uct of their labor and at the same
time saw the better workers then re
ceiving a relatively greater remunera
tion for their time?
How would the clothes, the food,
the home, the recreation of the un
skilled laborer compare with those
necessities of the skilled laborer un
der socialism? Only an even division
of labor's product, regardless of skill,
responsibility, risk,- experience and all
the qualities that now affect the wage
scale, would satisfy the lower grades
of workers, and such division would
cause revolt among the upper grades.
As a promise 6f contentment socialism
is based on a quality almost wholly
absent in human nature and one found
most rarely among those who advo
cate the doctrine.
. TKlEATMBSt FOR KAfclEs.
If the present awakening Of the
public mind to the danger of rabies
should -Sead to a pretty thorough thin
ning out of the useless dogs Which in
fest the city and country it would be
wen. The danger is real. It has not
'been exaggerated. Every unmuzzled
dog is a possible source of rabies, and
persons who harbor these animals are
foes to the public safety.- When rabies
is prevalent, as it is now, it is a safe
rule to keep away from dogs of every
size and color. The sweetest little pet
le liable to bite its adoring mistress
on the face, perhaps even in the eye,
The habit of allowing dogs to lick
face and mouth should be intermitted,
if possible, until the danger of rabies
has somewhat diminished. The State
Board of Health has published some
rules by which the danger of infec
tion may be diminished when a per
son has been bitten. The Wound
should be cauterized at once With
nitric acid and bound with an anti
septic dressing. A deep bite, and es
pecially a bite in the eye, ought to be
washed out With bichloride Of mercury
solution. It Is suggested that a satu
rated solution of quinine would make
an excellent dressing for the sore.
The only dependable remedy f6f
rabies, or hydrophobia, is the Pasteur
treatment This is provided by the
State Board of Health free of charge,
the virus being furnished gratis by the
National hygienic laboratory at Wash
ington. The state of California also
manufactures the Pasteur virus, for
which a oharge is made to cover the
cast. The State Board of Health rec
ommends that no dog suspected of
rabies be killed if it haa bitten a per
son. On the contrary it should be
carefully guarded, and If It shows no
symptoms of the disease in ten days
the bite is probably harmless. But
even here a word of caution may be
timely. It is said that dogs not actu
ally Buffering With rabies may carry
the germs in their mouths. If this is
true they may communicate the dis
ease though free from it themselves.
It is wisest to cauterize every bite from
a dog, and even if the animal does not
develop symptoms of rabies a merciful
death should be provided for it.
In the Spring of 1883 two Federal
expeditions were directed against the
last remaining strongholds of the Con
federacy on tha Mississippi. Grant
and Porter descended from the upper
river upon Vlcksburg, which, by a
masterly series of operations, was
forced to surrender on July 4. From
below General Banks, assisted by Far
ragut'a river fleet, laid siege to Port
Hudson. It was foreseen that the cap.
ture of these two posts would restore
the complete command of the Missis
sippi to the Union forces and divide
the Confederacy into disconnected sec
tions. Banks began his operations on
May 27. Like Grant at Vicksburg he
cherished for a time the false -belief
that he could take the fortress by as
sault. In three successive attempts to
effect this object he lost many of his
bravest troops and gained nothing. The
last assault was on the 14th of June.
When this had been decisively re
pulsed Banks settled down to besiege
the fortress and advanced his works
by regular stages, following the pre
scribed military rules. In this way he
brought his lines so close to the enemy
that when the news of the surrender
of Vicksburg came In his men shouted
It to the Confederates. General Gar
dener, the Confederate commander.
heard the story on July 6, and having
learned upon inquiry of General Banks
that it was true, he lost all hope of
further defense and surrendered the
The fall of Port Hudson completed
a series of extraordinary Federal suc
cesses which, following as they did
upon an equally extraordinary series
of reverses, emphatically marked the
turn in the tide of the Civil War. Even
before the battle "of Gettysburg and
the capture of Vicksburg and Port
Hudson the Union arms had not been
by any means losing ground every
where. Indeed they had made some
pronounced advances. The Mississippi
had been opened through most of its
course. The blockade of the Southern
ports had been made so effective that
the Confederacy was virtually shut off
from the rest of the world and its
trade and agriculture were rapidly
falling into ruin. Naturally in con
sequence of this its finances were also
in cureless disorder. New Orleans was
in possession of the Northern troops.
The sea route to Richmond had been
closed and almost every important
point on the Eastern seaboard had
been taken except Charleston, which
was under siege.
It will be seen, therefore, tha upon
the whole the North had gained more
than the South by the war even -before
the battle' of Gettysburg, but on the
other hand the Confederacy had pro
duced a leader of incomparable abil
Ity in General Lee, while, thus far, the
commanders chosen by the Federal
Government for momentous occasions
had been disappointing. In the East
Lee had gained one victory after an
other without suffering a solitary de
cisive reverse. In the West ' affairs
were stationary or retrograde as far
as the Union cause was concerned.
Hence to the eye of the common man
who could not be expected to see very
far beneath the surface It seemed as
if the cause of freedom was failing
everywhere . and the country was cor
respondingly depressed. The crying
need, as everybody felt and expressed
It, was. for a competent general.
Meade's victory at Gettysburg would
naturally have marked him as the
man of the hour. But in the days fol
lowing that great battle he hesitated
to pursue Lee with the vigor which
Lincoln believed the circumstances re.
quired. Meade's reasons for inaction
may have been sound, but they did not
satisfy the authorities at Washington.
Thef Confederates escaped into Vir
ginia with a great store of booty and
the General whose prudent tactics had
defeated the greatest leader of the
South lost prestige and public favor.
In fact he waa subjected to calumny
of the most regrettable virulence, re
ceiving ingratitude Instead of the
praise and promotion he had earned.
Meanwhile Lincoln's eye was fixed
on Grant's operations in the West. In
his search for & man to Whom he could
safely Intrust the command of the
Eastern forces he had no doubt
weighed the merits of the victor at
Forts Henry and Donelson. but he had
also weighed his mistakes and for a
time the balance must have swung just
about even. Lincoln had not approved
of Grant's overland expedition against
Vicksburg, which was a failure, but
neither did he interpose, distrusting,
as he always did, his own military
Judgment. But when Grant finally
marched his men across the neck ot
Vicksburg peninsula and began his op.
erations from below, the President be.
gan to hope for success. He did not
quite believe that all Grant's move
ments were judicious even after he
had passed the batteries with his
troops and fleet, but the event-showed
that he Was wrong and in the follow
lng letter, which was written on July
13, Lincoln was magnanimous enough
to acknowledge his mistake:
i do not remember that you and I ever
met personally. I Writs this now as a
grateful acknowledgment for the almost In-
esumauie service you have done the coun
try. 1 Wish to Say a word further. When
you first reached the Vlelnlty of Vicksburg,
I thought you should do what you finally
did mareh the troops adross the neck, run
the batteries with the transports and thus
go below; and I never had any faith, ex
cept a general hope that you knew better
man x. tnat the JaSoo Pass expedition and
the like would succeed. When you got below
and took Port Gibson. Grand Gulf and vi
cinity, I thought yod should go down ths
river and Join General Banks, and when you
turned northward, east of the Big Black,
1 reared it was a, mistake. T -nnw wih to
make the personal acknowledgment that you
wcio ngni ana i was wrong.
With the eclipse of Meade's credit
the country naturally turned to Grant.
By the middle of July it must have
been understood everywhere that he
was destined for the chief command.
In the Fall of 1863 he conducted the
Chlcksuhauga. - Chattanooga campaign
to an auspicious conclusion and in the
beginning of the following March he
was made Commander-in-Chief, under
the President, of all the Union forces.
The Operations of 1864 were carried
on under Sherman in the West and
Grant in the East and the two gen-
rais, both gifted with great military
genius and unflinchingly devoted to
the cause of the Union, were able to
co-operate so successfully that they
brought the war to a close by the next
A serene and beautiful life ended
Wednesday in the passing of Madame
Julia H, Bauer. She had lived the al
lotted time, but to the last she main
tained her keen ,and intelligent in
terest in affairs, and was about her
usual daily occupations. She had in
a rare degree the respect and esteem
or her friends, who were very nume
rous, and the love Of her devoted fam
ily. Their abiding affection she re
turned in full measure and more. In
a busy life, filled with many responsi
bilities, she had time to develop a
mind of unusual breadth and penetra
tive power, and to cultivate a spirit
of kindness, charity, and tolerance.
She had a marvelous gift of languages,
and her teachings have given pleasure
and benefit to many disciples. It is
aouDtiess a circumstance of much con
solation to her bereaved children that.
tnougn tneir various occupations have
scattered them widely, all were at
home and at her bedside at the time
or Madame Bauer's death.
The Government in providing for
banking by mail at the postoffice sta
tions has set an example which may
be widely followed. There are many
duties which might be performed by
mail better than in person If we would
only think so. Many say that this is
true of voting. Why not let the citi
zen mall his ballot under proper pre-
naitHnro T-l t .5 1 n . - .
. .no lues jj, letBciimung ana
it might be practicable. No doubt
some state wili try it before long.
In the case of the suicide pact at
Los Angeles, the wife went Into the
"surf and drowned, while the husband
roamed the beach. Woman possesses
more nerve than man in desperation
and always shows It.
Since the theft of $825,000 worth of
pearls has been put In the hands of
Scotland Yard detectives, no doubt the
robDers will feel more at ease.
AH' reports from the Eastern Ore
gon grain belt are optimistic. Harvest
is on in full. tilt. That is a fine Held
for the automobile salesman.
Now that they have the Mexican
bull by the horns, will the Wilson ad
ministration be able to settle the prob
lem Dy merely throwing it?
But there is no pest In the Oregon
potato, which tastes just as gdjpd as
the California article, and perhaps a
A court long ago ruled that every
aog is entitled to one bite. That will
not hold good in Portland this Sum
Oregonians are happy to miss the
smoke from forest fires. This is one
blessing conferred by the service.
-With the weed crop demanding har.
vest, there's joy and serenity in not
Demg a ponqea land holder.
Widow of C. P. Huntington marries
late husband's nephew. Keep the mill
ions in the family.
This is the season when the man
with timber holdings grows more or
Chasing -the popcorn wagon will be
diversion for those with the munching
Strange the high price of weiner
wurst doesn't help solve the dog ques
tion. The California potato is infected by
eome strange peat. Tuber-culosis?
St. Louis waiters want an anti-tip
law. Abnormal creatures, those.
Incidentally, muzzle the "Is it hot
enough for you?" nuisance.
Mulhall accuses Teddy,
fellow no fear?
Sheriff Word la looking for -boarders.
Regular drought, thla. -
WHAT SOCIALISM 19 AIMING AT
Some f Varied Principles Are. Defined
by Mr. Pye.
PORTLAND. July 13. (To the Edi
tor.) Space in a newspaper is too
valuable to admit. of a lengthy discus
sion of so broad a Subject as social
ism, Important though it is; but I will
now, as briefly as possible, answer
fsorae of the questions in your edito
rial of July 11, "Abolishing the Wage
Before a person 1b capable of even
studying socialism intelligently he
must understand capitalism. Capital
Ism was necessary for the perfection
of productive industry. Socialism is
now necessary to establish a just sys
tem of distribution. The Socialist de
mands the absolute right of the pro
ducer to the product of his labor that
a laborer shall be permitted to produce
as much as he pleases and have the
social equivalent as his reward. This
means the economic Independence of
men and women liberation from wage
Socialism would abolish the right to
exploit the productive labor of the na
tion. It would abolish the right of
private ownership in bur resources
in the Instruments of production- In
the things used collectively. No mat
ter how much a man owned he could
not use it to exploit others. The ques
tion or an even division of the proper
ty or the Nation is an absurdity. The
uen-eviaeni impossibility of such a
thing Is sufficient to refute it. go
ciallsts demand their collective ' own
ership -the diametrical opposite of any
sort or partition Of the concerns. How
could they divide up the railroads,
mines, factories, etc?
Vnder socialism all would be en-
gaged in "useful or productive labor.
Those who produced much would re
ceive much; those who produced little
would fare aocordintf to their nroduri-
tivity. All able-bodied Who Would not
work might starve. Who should bare?
But under proper eonditions, witn
Short hours, ail will be willing to Work,
ajia one of the first problems Social
lats will have to solve will be how to
make the butterflies of fashion, who
have never learned to do anything
useful, self-supporting. Things then
would be produced for use, and not rur
prout, and Socialists are opposed to
war, and nave prevented it unon
least two occasions. Socialists wnnia
fight as quickly as anyone In a purely
defensive war, but are not full of that
so-called patriotism that 13 stirred up
when a war is desired for commercial
purposes of aggrandizement and ex
ploltatlon and which is simply hatred
oi me leiiow it 13 desired to whip,
socialists are also opposed to the Use
of soldiers and militia for the pur
pose of breaking strikes, where a son
man be ordered to shoot the father
who Is trying to obtain better condi
tions for himself and family. Rut pan
itaiism demands that soldiers shall aa
this, hence Socialist cronae-and. in' th
Army is a terrible crime.
Socialists are true patriots because
they love their country and seek Its
weuare and the establishmnfiT f
dltlons Where wars will no longer pre
vail. But socialism will come only
when a majority wills it. and that ma
jority must be converted from the cap-
iiaiiut parties, just as I was, and I
know them to be stiff-necked and in,
to learn. n n. PTE
CENSURE OF MOHMOXS 19 UNJUST
So- Saya Member Who Points to Record
or "Latter Day Saints."
PORTLAND. July 17. (To th KAItnr l
mi uregonian Tuesday carried a let
ter irom a gentleman of Athena, Or.
wno toon considerable exception to
President Melvin-J. Ballard's address
in wnlcii be- meets the charges of Dr.
ooert jr. coyle In the last Christian
citizenship Conference. While the Mor
mon people are a lonjr war this sidn o
perfection, they are much nearer the
goal than our friend would have us be
lieve. But they don't suffer in a com
parison with their neighbors.
To his statement that the liquor ln-
uustry is contemporary with the his
tory of Utah, let me Bubmit the con
clusion or a Government reoort: "In
1876 there were 13 counties In Utah
without saloon, brewery, gambling
nouse, Drotnel, lawyer, doctor. Carson
or politician and the population was
almost exclusively Mormon.
It is about time that men' who lay
ciaim to any wiatn or mind or experl
ence give up the assumption that th
Mormons are not intrinsically patriotio.
j.n ma jignc oi mormon history it
untrue absolutely. In the light of Mor
mon religion It Is Impossible. 'It
generally known that the Mormon re
ligion has a forceful grip Upon its fol
lowers. And is also acknowledged
mat. religion ia tne greatest power
known in directing men's thoughts and
actions. How is it possible, then, for
tne Mormon people, who strongly be
lieve that this Government was divinely
organized, to do aught but reverence
tne symbol of that Government?
The statement was also made that
poverty was common in Utah, due to
excessive state, municipal and churc
taxing. This gentleman should make
a comparative study of the differen
states' per capita taxation before ven
turlng such a reckless statement.
ho resided In Utah so long, he should
have learned that the church's contri
butions were used largely in ameliorat
ing the conditions of the needy. In n
society in the world is there such an
equal distribution of wealth as we
find among the Mormons. Statistics
ci ir be furnished to show that & far
larger per cent own their homes and
firms than any other section on th
Let me submit the testimony of Dr.
Thomas M. Bicknell before the National
Education Association that has jus
closed its annual sessions at Salt Lak
City. Mr. Bicknell was president of
the association in 1884. He has made
a long and searching study of Mor
mon polity, and is amply qualified by
training and character to speak and
be heard around the world, for he i
It can be stated without fear of contra
diction that tha Wasatch Range holds in Its
embrace a population whose standards
moral, ethical and religious culture are not
eaualled on the American continent, or an
other continent. Social and sax purity are
normal and unquestioned. The red light
uistrict cannot Do louna in raormon utan.
and the purity and sweetness of family life
are beyond compare. In no section of Amer
ica are babyhood, childhood and youth
highly reverenced and Honored, and in none
are the filial instincts so consciously man!
Beyond and above all In perfection
system and In the realization of grand re
suits, are the Industry, frugality and tern.
perance of the people. The beehive properly
symbolizes the spirit and practice of the
"Mormons." Go where you will, you will
Ilnd no poverty, while wealth abounds
practical abundance. Homes are full
comforts and luxuries; art, music and lit
erature are the endowments of alL The
wealth or the land has attracted the "Mor
mons" more than the wealth of the mines.
and both are making wealth common and
Stick: to the Job.
PORTLAND, Or., July 16. (To th
Editor.) Why should Secretary Bryan
aDsent himself from duty, even If hi
salary does not keep him? I can't se
where he 'has the right to go out on
his lecturing trips, as he knew what
the office paid -when he took it, but h
may think it doinsj the people a favor
to keep out of his office as much as
possible, but "when a man takes a job
and then throws it off like Secretary
Bryan haa, it shows what he Is, an
that Is what the people want to know,
Into Town, Out of Money.
Mrs. Subbubs (entering husband's of
fice) I ran into town today to do some
shopping, dear, and I
Subbubs I see, and you ran in here
because you ran out of money. Well,
HOCH1 DER KAISER!
Der Kaiser of dis Fatherland
Und Qott on high all things command.
Ve two- ach! -Don't you understand?
Alyself und Uottl
Vile some men slg der power divine
Meln soldiers sing "Die Wacht am
Und drink der health in Rhenish wine
Of me und Gott!
Dere's France, she swaggers all
She's ausgesplelt, of no aoeasjnt. '
To much we think she don't amount;
She vill .not dare to fight again,
But If Bhe ehouldt, I'll show her blaln
Dot Klsass und (In French) Lorraine
Are meln by Qott!
Dere's Grandma dinks she's nlcht
Mlt Boers und such she lnterferet
She'll learn none owns dis hemisphere
nut me una uottl
She dinks, good frau, some ships she's
Und soldiers mldt der Bcarlet goat.
Ach! We could knock deml Pouf! Like
Myself mlt Gott!
In fact I humor efery vhim.
With aspect dark and visage grim;
Qett pulls mlt me und I mit him.
Myself und Qott!
WHEN TROUBLE COMES ROUND.
When Trouble knocks hard on my
I don't git up an' answer no more;
l set right still till his han'S git sore.
Tears ag6, when 1 was young an thin,
1 uster git Up an ask him in,
An' listen to all the yarns he'd spin.
An' I'd think all day, an" I'd dream all
Till I didn't hev no appetite.
An' I couldn't work an' I couldn't
Then I awoke one day with an awful
With a change of head aft' a change of
An' I laid fer Trouble to play my part.
When he come aleng an' he saw my
He turned 'way out fer to pass me by;
An I held my head up bold an high,
So now when he knocks at my kitchen
git my club an' I cross the floor:
But Trouble don't hang aroun" no more.
FATHER'S NEW STRAW HAT?
Father has a new straw hat.
Paid two dollars for it, too;
Mother sadly tells him that
Was a foolish thine to do:
Mother murmurs with disgust
At the Way dad has behaved.
Says that his new hat Is just
Like the old one that she saved.
Father listens with a smile.
Or attempts sometimes to show
Mother how they've changed the style,
ens will not believe it. thousrh:
Mother thinks it is a shame;
Dad can never make It clear
Why he. shouldn't wear the same
Straw' hat that he wore last year.
Father says: "1 never scold
When you get a hat that's new,
I don't tell you that your old
Hat is good enough to do."
Mother sadly asks him then
Why he cares what people sav.
Or should still be stylish, when
He is married, anyway. .
At times I wonder If I ought to pray
Beyond the greatest prayer, "Thy will
For less than this I would hot, dare not
And all my prayers are gathered in
What prayer of mine can alter his de
cree? What fool would speak the prayer
which had that power?
If he the track and haven cannot sea,
What sight have I to steer where
storm clouds lower?
Yetsteer I must, and will, with might
Cbmestorm or sunshine, forward will
And sing- or sob, as maybe, this refrain:
"Thy will be done,' the only prayer I
know. London Chronicle.
ECGEMO LOVE SONGS.
Nut brown maiden, thy respiration's
Nut brown maiden, thy respiration's
Thy respiration's fine, love,
I'll say the same for mine, love.
Nut brown maiden, thy weight's ex
There was an old woman who lived
in a shoe,
Her progeny numbered about thirty
two; But she gave them' all books on Eu
genics to read.
Which lessened their filial affection,
New Tork Mail.
AN EVERY-DAY ROMANCE.
A maiden with a lot of Mon,
Was much beloved by everyone.
She had a lisp quite fetching, Tue,
And crowds of chappies came to woo;
But only one she cared to Wed,
And when he asked her to, she said:
Oh, yeth, I will, right gladly, Thur,"
Nor did she dally or demur.
"Canst cook?" her lover asked. "Oh
She answered, "I can bake and Frl!"
Then down her lover promptly Sat,
And signed her up to run his flat-
When fiftv weeks and two w,r Ann
That happy couple had a Sun.
The first contains two 'growing plants;
The second holds her pickles;
The third, her letters; fourth, per
chance. Odd pencils, dimes and nickels:
The fifth, potatoes yet unpeeled;
The sixth contains some chowder;
Within the seventh lie, concealed.
Some cold cream and some powder.
"Why, what receptacles are these,"
You ask, "with use so varied?"
Just cut glass dishes. If you please.
For she was lately married.
Teaching; Him a Lesson.
Briggs Di-d your wife scold vou
when you went home so late last night?
Griggs You don't know what it is to
have a wife who was once a school
teacher. Why, she made me write a
hundred times on a slate: "I must be
home by 10 o'clock."
Inducement to House Buyer.
Kansas City Star.
Real Estate Man The fact that the
Joneses live next door makes this bun
galow worth a lot more.
Buyer How's that?
Real Estate Man Jones ha8 all kinds
of garden tools you can borrow.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian July 18, 1863.
The famous races of Portland, which
usually take place at uncertain periods,
commenced, last evening just before
sunset on one of the 'street roads lead
ing to Hillsboro. The favorite was a
spectral piefaced horse with weakly
knees and scanty tail, but rejoicing the
possession of unexceptional bore. His
owner and rider was a melancholy
man with a white hat and red nose,
well known among the sporting fra
ternity or Portland. The opponent of
the piebald was a formldshii. hv mum
which was endowed with great length
iniiu ana a. cnronle hrrtnr-hitia
many years' standing. After several
false starts they rot off tninthr th.
piebald leading and rapidly Increasing
me distance, victory appeared certain
for the favorite when, alas! his weak
ly knees gave way and horse and rid
er lay sprawling in the dust. The
bay now rushed rapidly past, but when
about 50 yards from the winning post
a ferocious bulldog rushed forth from
the domains of a solitary woodchotDer
and the frightened bay plunged madly
into tne woods. The melancholy man,
seeing the condition Of affairs, walked
the piebald . to the wlnninsr post ana
claimed the stakes; but we cannot de
scribe his emotions when he discov
ered that the responsible stake-holder
The weather is asain tWomina-
warmer, the thermometer indicating
80 degrees In the shade at 4 o'clock last
evening, being an Increase of eight de
grees as compared with the previous
Olytnpla, W. T., July 14. The good
people of this village were aroused
about 4 o'clock on Mondav tnrnin v.
the firing of anvils, bursting of
stumps, roaring of a 13-inch stub-and-twlst
loaded with shrapnel, ring
ing of church and dinner bells and a
general clapping Of hands all round.
The glorious news of the defeat and
rout of the rebels- In Pertnsylvala and
Maryland and the probable capture of
tnore than one-half of Lee's army;
also the surrender of Vlckshnr- nnri
the pressure of Rosecrans on Bragg,
an comoinea and coining in one grand
crash on us at such an early hour
caused such excitement as was never
witnessed in this quiet town before.
Twenty-five Yeara Ago
From the Oregonian, July 18, 1888.
Ttld tj If I ."1 m r f . . ,
" ivuucaiu may De ex
pected to arrive here any day now.
Some ten days ago Mr. Henry Falling
. .. . . . . a. i 1, c, n il Biaiinff tnat cars
ha-d been secured, and that the foun
tain would be loaded on them at once.
All the buildings and lumber Oft the
right-of-way of the Portland & Wil
lamette Valley Railroad through Ien
noyer's sawmill property were cleared
away yesterday, and the pile-driver has
begun Work. The first regular train
will in all probability leave the depot
at the public levee, foot of Jefferson
street, next Saturday morning.
Messrs. Van B. DeLashmutt, R. B.
Knapp, John C. Lewis, W. B. King, C.
M. -Forbes, H. C. Leonard, Geary P.
Frank, Dr. W. H. Saylor, D. D. Oli
phant, L. Q. Clarke, George E. Wat
kins and E. C. Stewart have signified
their intention to enter horses for next
The thermometer took an upward
stride yesterday to 88. This is a good
deal like Eastern weather.
Mr. James P. Agnew, of the O. R. &
N. Co., left on yesterday's Overland for
Wilbur, where he will meet Miss Lizzie
Dickerson of San Francisco. Mr. Ae-
new and Miss Dickerson will be mar
ried some time next week.
OPRX-DOOR TO JAPS ADVOCATED
Independent Editor Insists We Should
Get Alonn With Them.
HILLSBORO, Or., July 16. (To the
Editor.) The New York Independent
has so constantly denounced us West
erners for our attitude on the Japan
ese question that I wrote them recently
stating regrets at their views. A wide
open door, the glad hand and "assimi
lation" ia the Independent's attitude.
I expressed an opinion that .such a
wholesale welcome as they extend
would result in an uncalled-for and
troublesome race problem reaching
every part of the Union and much mis
cegenation. Also stated that the West
could be depended upon to stand as a
bulwark of protection to the East from
their evident determination to fall in
the fire. "
The letter inclosed Is the Indepen
dent editor's reply. Such innocence,
assuredly, could emanate only from 12x
12 quarters, but this Is a world of many
widely divergent opinions and probab
ly it is necessary that ail should exist
to preserve an equilibrium.
R. E. HARBISON.
Dear Mr. Harbison We believe that
different races can live together in tha
same place in peace and harmony pro
vided they treat each other decently
and respect each other's 'difference of
customs and temperament. This does
not imply the amalgamation of tho
races, but we know of no reason, phy
siological or moral, why marriage be
tween a Japanese and a white person
should be prohibited in all cases. We
have known of some instances where
such unions were more successful than
some unions we know of between two
We have many times given our views
on the question of "assimilation" in the
In-dependent and shall doubtless do so
many times In the future.
EDWIN E. SLOSSON, Office Editor.
Poisoned Grain on Public Land. .
PORTLAND. July 17. (To the Ed
itor.) I wish to Indorse the letter of
F. M. Sebrlng In The Oregonian July
16, in regard to placing poisoned grain
on any land in Oregon.
I had experience 60 years ago in tak
ing the easiest way of destroying the
burrowing squirrel, the greatest grain
pest Western Oregon yet has. It not
only destroys wheat, oats, peas and
flax, but has learned to bring flax straw
down as its protection while hulling
flax seed. The hawk might see it from
above, but could not strike it. We
found that to put the poisoned wheat
on the fence corners got the squirrels,
crows eat the squirrels and the foxes
and coyotes eat both. The farmer's
wife saved chickens and had grain to
feed them, Mr. Sebrlng crossed the
plains as a, boy in 1844 and knows. The
plan of sowing the seed of Douglas fir
may have occurred to some member of
the Forest Bureau at Washington, D. C,
but no one there is likely to do the
labor. If It is attempted it will be used
as a boost for the robbery of 20,000
acres or more from the publla from use
by the land poor. JOHN MINTO.
Martyr for His Siflgkbors,
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"But, really, my friend, have you
ever done anything that was calcu
lated to make life less serious for your
fellow mortals, or call a smile to seri
ous faces?" "Of course I have. I fell
down on an icy sidewalk three times
See Genesis 1, 2.
She It'a odd we should talk about
the mouth of a river.
He Why so? Haven't you ever read
about the face of the waters?