Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, July 11, 1913, Page 10, Image 10

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Entered at Portland, Oregon. Poatofflco a
second-class matter.
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full. Including; county and state.
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Eastern Business Office Verree as CorOc
lin. new York, urunswlc building. Chi
cago, Steger building.
San FrnndM-o Office It. J. Bldwcll Co.,
74:1 Market street.
European office No. 2 Regent street 9.
W.. London.
Attention' of the excellent people
who preach that the world has be
come so civilized that maintenance of
armed forces for Katlonal defense has
become unnecessary Is respectfully di
rected to recent events on the Balkan
Peninsula."Tatlons -which were recent
ly brothers in arms against the Turks,
whom the world regards as veneered
barbarians, flew at each other's
throats. Hate was so venomous that
KOldlers discarded rifles and stabbed
each other with bayonets. Seven hun
dred captives were confined in a
mosque and burned with the building.
As wounded prisoners were being
carted through the capital of their
captors, the crowds deliriously
cheered the spectacle.
Turn to our own continent, to Mex
ico, right across our borders. ' Pillage
and murder in the guise of civil war
ere rampant. Foreigners, too few to
fight, must permit Indignities by sav
age soldiers of either party. In the
Philippines the bloodthirsty savagery
of the Moros is ended only by their
pursuit and extermination on a moun
tain top by American soldiers.
These events, happening in our own
day, teach us that civilization survives
only by superior force. The civilized
world is Burrounded by barbarians,
home of whom have been thinly var
nished with civilization, but who are
held off only by the ring of bayonets
along the frontiers. Were the United
States to sink into the impotence of
decadent Rome, the barbarians would
sweep across our borders and over
whelm us. Having disposed of the
Turks, the half-savage Balkan nations
would join hands with equally "barbar
ous Russia in reducing Europe to
their own level. Only the armies of
Germany and Austria would hold
them back.
Civilization has evolved from a
world of barbarism by beating back
the waves of Huns, Tartars and other
wild races which rushed on its shores.
It has developed behind the protect
ing wall of its armies, as ancient Brit
ish civHizatlon developed behind the
walls which Rome built to keep back
the Plots and Scots. Were we to tear
down that wall by disarming, barbar
ism would again, overwhelm us as the
Saxons overwhelmed the Britons when
Rome withdrew her forces. Those
who call upon us to disarm under .the
delusion that the whole world has be
come civilized are really calling upon
civilization to place itself at the mercy
of barbarism, with no alternative but
surrender at the first summons.
Conservative optimism is the most
favorable phrase descriptive of the
present state of mind of the financial
centers in regard to 'business condi
tions. This optimism is modified by
doubt and fear as to the effects of the
tariff bill and as to crops; also as to
the effects, of European . disturbances
on the world s. money market. But.
with the prospect of crops not .mater
ially smaller than those of last year
and with the usual great . demand for
commodities for actual consumption
normal and steady progress is pre
dicted. On element of doubt is the effects
of tariff revision, but, as probability
grows Into certainty that the bill will
be passed in substantially its present
snipe, tnese effects are discounted.
Banking and currency legislation Is
not so immediately at hand as to
have affected business conditions as
yet. -v
a no iscior most adverse to a re
newal of the activity which marked
the years ending with 1907 is the ex
pectation of a period of steady firm
ness in money rates. This is based
on several circumstances. The great
sums or money locked up in European
treasuries In preparation for possible
extension of the Balkan war have not
yet been released. Demands for capi
tal In the great money markets for
new enterprises have exceeded the
available supply, turning loose of
260,000,000 In dividends and Interest
payments in this country affording
only temporary relief. In European
markets there has been an epidemic
or Dorrowing, the public constantly
demanding higher interest and under
writers constantly floating new issues.
Some of these issues have not gone oft
well and underwriters have been stuck
with from 50 to 90 per cent on their
The strike at the Rcind mines has
reduced the flood of gold from that
source and has helped to increase the
disproportion between demand and
supply of capital. Railroads are fac
ing the necessity of soon converting
their short-time notes into bonds and
will thus increase the offerings of se
curities. The stock market has suf
fered a long slump in consequence of
tariff agitation, expected attacks on
trust9 and the long-continued on
slaught on Wall street and all that
it signifies.
But even as we write news comes
to strengthen the favorable signs. The
Balkan states are ready to settle their
differences through, mediation. That
will hasten liberation of the war funds
of European nations. The process of
squeezing the water out of security
values is held to have gone a little too
far, carrying them below intrinsic
worths This will justify some recov
ery, though not a speculative boom.
Easing up of the European money
market and evidence that stocks had
touched bottom and had definitely
started on the ascending scale will
loosen the purse-strings in this coun
try. A more liberal supply of capi
tal at reasonable interest will put ani
mation Into existing industries, which
are now running at reduced speed,
and will bring to life many new enter
prises wnicn have been awaiting . a
turn In the tide. Commodity values
will become adjusted to the new tariff,
and manufacturing will become the
more active for having passed through
a period of doubt.
Autumn should reveal the working
of those forces which Justify optimism
and by Spring the business world,
knowing fairly well "where it is at,"
should have settled down to .its reg
ular stride, when every dollar of cap
ital and every hand is profitably em
ployed. The recovery has- been so
long delayed that it will be the more
complete when It comes. -
The pretense that the crowd which
daily fills the streets before the Ore
gon Packing Company is there for
peaceful purposes is on its face pre
posterous. It is there for coercion
and intimidation. It is there to bully
the workers at the plant into forced
desertion of their employment It is
there to wreck the business, if need
be in order to gain its ends. It is
there mainly at the behest of disor
derly, reckless and arrogant outsiders
who have impudently taken charge of
the strike and who are not concerned
in the orderly settlement of any ques
tion. They rejoice over a situation
which their violence has created In
the probable suspension of business
Saturday night. They will have won
a victory for their "rights" if they
shall throw 150 or 200 people out of
The packing company finds condi
tions unbearable, and will shut down
if it is not relieved of the siege by the
W. W.'s to which it has been sub
jected. The Mayor purposes to pro
tect the plant and the workers. But
he has sought to secure a peaceful so
lution by peaceable means. The agi
tators do not want peace, but trouble.
They thrive in their open and insolent
defiance of authority; they will go as
far as they dare in ignoring the law.
They will find that the law was made
to be obeyed, and that the public pa
tience may be exhausted.
In any issue between order and dis
order, law and lawlessness, peace and
riot, where do the I. W. W.'s think the
community stands? Where do they
think Mayor Albee stands?
PORTLAND, Or., July 9. (To the Editor.)
Referring to the editorial In The Orego
nian today, "Is a Wage Dispute Ever Set
tled? has The Oregonian not yet learned
that from & Socialist standpoint the wage
question will be settled only by Its abolish
ment? Socialism is opposed to capitalism.
hlch is founded upon the wage system.
wherein the worker receives one-fifth of his
product and the employer four-fifths. So
cialism says, "labor creates all wealth and
t Is entitled to Wie full product of its toll."
Hence, so long as it receives only a part,
be It one dollar or five dollars, the question
remains unsettled. C. B. PYE.
The cave-dwelling era in the devel
opment of civilization is long 'since
passed; yet your socialist would return
to it. But if the work-or-starve law
of human existence is to be enacted
and enforced in the new-old socialistic
Utopia, the Inquiry naturally arises as
to what will become of the numerous
socialists and more numerous I. W.
W.'s who refuse either to work or
The entire structure of society is to
day built upon the principle and prac
tice of division of labor. That in
equalities exist and . injustice is per
petrated is undeniable. But what
does our socialistic friend propose "in
Its place? Does he Intend to reward
every man according to his talent, in
dustry, or opportunity, or all to
gether? Or does he propose to share
and share alike among the worthy and
the unworthy, diligent and lazy.
strong and weak, capable and incapa
ble, sober and dissolute, great and
small? If the former, the thrifty will
soon own everything, the unthrifty
nothing; the bees will save for the
Winter, the butterflies will die with
the first frost. If the latter, there
will be Immediate aid universal
chaos, for it violates the most ele
mental principles of fairness and jus
If the wage system is to be abol
ished, it will be when it Is learned that
the laborer Is not worthy of his hire
But he is, and he always will be no
more, no less.
"The Oregonian carefully omits to
mention," remarks the Pendleton East
Oregonian, "the obvious fact that if
Senator Chamberlain should get the
Louisiana Senators to stand with him
against free wool he would be obliged
to vote with them for a tariff on
sugar. In other words, if he should
get their support he would have to
bribe them and cast his own honor
to the winds. He would cease to be
a legislator and become a Senatorial
Which would be quite dreadful In
deed; so the Oregon Senator prefers
to remain a Senatorial straddler, who
would like to suit all concerned by
being for free wool for the consumer
and for tariff-protected wool for the
producer. It is tough on Senator
Chamberlain that he cannot pursue
indefinitely his ideal of statesmanship,
which Is to be for everything anybody
wants and to be against nothing any
body opposes.
The Louisiana Senators are against
the Underwood tariff bill, and will
vote against it whether or not Sen
ator Chamberlain joins them. There
would be, and there need be, no bar
gaining, no trading, no bartering of
votes, to shock and mortify the Sen
ator's sensitive soul and cause him to
cast his honor to the winds. . Not at
all. He may preserve his sacred
honor, and yet beat the bill if he and
one other (Senator Lane, for example)
will refuse to abide by the decree of
the Democratic caucus.
But of course Senator Chamberlain
the "non-partisan" and "Roosevelt
Democrat" of the trying campaign
of 1908 will bow meekly to the
Democratic yoke, and vote for free
wool, free lumber and all the rest, and
he will be supported by the East Ore
gonian and the other "independent'
newspapers, which are for a free
wool bill this year just as last year
they were for a 29 per cent duty all
because it was the Democratic game
and all because It was the result o
a compromise with Mr. La Follette
who made a practical poetical deal
with the Democrats, which Senator
Chamberlain and his delicate honor
then somehow contrived to counte.
nance. But in 1913 we discover the
Senator operating with a nice new
model of political honor.
The Progressive party exultantly
claims credit for every piece of pro
gressive legislation which is put for
ward or passed. It boasts that it was
founded to put into government cer
tain principles of democracy and hu
man welfare. Through its offshoot
the' Progressive Service, it enlists the
aid of men and women of other par
ties, and then exclaims: "We did it.
The progressive movement was - well
under way and was assured of success
long before the first thought of a Pro
gressive party entered the Roosevelt
brain. It began in Wisconsin and con
tinued there In spite of the opposition
of the Colonel; it continued in Ore
gon, where we led the way in adoption
of direct legislation. The Progressive
party is a cuckoo, which occupies the
nests built by other birds and which
boasts o( the fine nest it has built.
An ardent admirer of Mr. Bryan
writes from Grays Harbor to condemn
The .Oregonian's article discussing
the difference between Mr. Bryan as
ommoner and candidate and Mr.
Bryan as Secretary of State. He chal
lenges the truth of the statement that
we have seen and heard him on a
thousand platforms, read him In a
million newspapers."
We can't imagine - what is wrong
with this assertion, unless Mr. Bryan's
devoted supporter is under the im
pression that "thousand" always
means ten hundred units and "mil
lion" invariably refers to a thousand
thousand units.0 But even in literal
figures, considering that the "we" in
The Oregonian's article referred to
the people generally, the statement is
oubtless nearer the truth than other
wise. -
We are not informed as to - the
actual number of speeches Mr. Bryan
has delivered since 1896 but would
consider one thousand a moderate
estimate. The 20,000 or more news
papers in the United States have been
quoting Mr. Bryan far seventeen
ears. An average of fifty quotations
each is a small estimate for the per
iod. But as a trifling lesson In the use of
words it Is well to remark that the
standard dictionaries are authority
for the use of either "thousand" or
million" in referring . to an indefi
nitely large number. It was in that
sense The Oregonian gave utterance
to the quoted expression In that
meaning the words are not uncom
monly found in the best literature.
Locke, for example, refers to "mil
lions of truths that a man is not con
cerned to know." Millions in units
cannot be less than two i thousand
thousand. We fancy if the eminent
English philosopher had been called
upon to name 2,000,000 truths that a
man is not concerned to know he
would, to use a colloquial expression,
have been badly stumped.
There are certain tax . exemptions
prescribed in a statute which was re
enacted and enlarged by vote of the
people In the last general election.
This law is liberal in its scope when
one disregards the false contention or
implication that taxation Is a penalty
upon enterprise. Taxation is pay
ment for what ought to be value re
ceived in various forms of service and
protection.: That full value Is not al
ways given is not the fault of the tax
ing system or an excuse for greater
exemptions. ,
A 'number of clubs, lodges and or
ganizations have been escaping taxa
tion on the theory that they come un
der the law which exempts the per
sonal property of an organization and
all real property used -for 'the actual
purposes for which the institution Is
incorporated, if those purposes be lit
erary, scientific, charitable or benevo
lent. The' question of taxing some of
the organizations under scrutiny in
volves only an interpretation of the
aw, but In that Interpretation it ought
not to be held that' the property of an
organization -of .which literary study,
scientific research, charity or benevo
lence is merely incidental to. the
amusement, comfort or housing of its
members Is entitled .to exemption. As
well might -we say that several fami
lies might incorporate, build homes
around a building devoted to library
purposes and pay no taxes on the
whole of the property.. . But if the
chief aim and purpose of an organi
zation Is to benefit society in one: of
the particulars recognized In the act,
it ought to' have the benefits of the
One danger in tax exemptions is
that, once begun, there is no ending.
Probably the real intent of the people
In passing the existing law was that
corporations, not organized- for profit,
but formed to enrich the general pub
lic In literature or science, or to ex
tend benevolence or charity with gen
erous hand wherever needed, should
be given free such service and protec
tion as taxes usually buy. The intent
is greatly broadened If it Includes so
cieties whose educational or benevo
lent help Is extended only to those
who pay dues to it. Tet the law can
be readily so construed. It is also
possible so to Interpret the act that
only those institutions that are per
forming a broad public function In lit
erature, science, education or benevo
lence shall be relieved of taxation. The
latter Is the really logical construc
The Oregonian printed a letter from
spinster the other day which
touched incisively upon the subject of
women's, clothes. The gist of her ar
gument was that "there- is no con
nection between a fashion of many
clothes and high morality, and few
clothes and low morality." In short
her decision was that morality has
no permanent relation to clothes. Any
change in customary attire may for a
time -draw attention to the charms of
the body but the effect will be tran
sient and as soon as the new fashion
has become familiar it will cease to
work either good or evil. It has been
remarked by a certain sage that deni
zens -of the demi-monde are usually
excessively particular to array them
selves in ample attire on the street.
Their imitation of modesty far out
shines the real thing. On the other
hand the most discreet and retiring
belles of Paqua wear, as all anthro
pologists know, nothing at all except
their beauty and even that is be
clouded. The facts of the case fully sustain
the contention of our fair corres
pondent that there is no necessary re
lation between clothes and virtue. The
whole thing is a matter of habit. We
blusn at the unusual, whatever It hap
pens to be and the customary in all
Its forms sustains our piety. Most
of us Tuld be as rudely shocked at
the spectacle of a woman wearing too
many clothes as we profess to be when
she wears too few or too tight ones.
The Turk Is suffused with Ingenuous
shame when his females appear In
public unveiled. The Fiji Islander ex
pects 'Jus wives to wear their nose
rings, whatever else, they may leave
Inasmuch as women are verging to.
ward the similitude of man In most
fields of endeavor, we. may fairly look
forward to seeing their attire evolve
Into masculine habitudes. The mod
ern male wears garments which are
just about perfect as far as comfort
and modesty are ' concerned. They
conform to the framework of the body
without calling especial ' attention to
any part. They neither suggestively
conceal anything nor make indiscreet
exposures. When we remember that
in addition to these merits our gar
ments permit all sorts of work to be
done with pleasing facility we have
demonstrated that male attire comes
very near to the sartorial ideal.
If, then, women should decide to
imitate it more and more closely,
what could be said against the wis
dom of their choice? Some savants
aver that they see In the current fash
ions for the fair sex a distinct trend
toward the . masculine. The narrow
skirt, they prophesy, will soon be di
vided. The amorphous Waist with its
paraphernalia of corsets and ribbons
will presently evolve Into a coat and
veBt. To 'the emancipated vision no
sufficient reason appears why women
and men should not wear garments
cut In the same fashion, since here
after they are to do the same work
In the same surroundings. Why should
females competing with their hus
bands and brothers in industry hamper
themselves with attire which contin
ually imperils their success? Thus
the heralds on the mountain tops
argue. For our part we are content
to watch the course of evolution with
a certain serenity of soul. Well
knowing that nothing we can say or
do will modify the current of the
fashions one little inch, we are recon
ciled to let it flow calmly on toward
whatever ocean an allwise providence
may have destined It for.
Philippine slavery is agitating the
Eastern newspapers and William S.
Lyon, of Manila, writes to the New
York Times the following description
of a custom of the Negritos, who live
in the Zambales Mountains of Luzon:
It is a tribal cnstom, probably not knows
to Mr. Worcester, to dispose of suddenly
orphaned children who have not reached a
! self-sustaininar nee tov killlne- them. Occa-
siuuauy soma aauic itegrno interposes, seizes
the orphans, runs them down Into the valley
and, for a few pesos, .sells them Into bond
age to some Filipino family, who utilize
tnem as Douse servants.
These slave-dealers and slave-hold
ers are the pleasant people who quote
the . Declaration of Independence in
support of their demand for total in
dependence to continue a traffic which
we abolished 50 years ago. Secretary
Bryan calls himself a progressive, but
this does not seem like progress.
. We modestly offer the opinion that
Judge Wanamakeri of Ohio, misun
derstands Judge Parker, of New York.
The latter luminary said that "Judges
ought to be beyond criticism," . The
Ohio judge thinks he meant that
"they ought to be exempt from criti
cism," and differs with him sharply.
He is right. No man ought to be ex
empt from criticism. But Judge Par
ker's thought was that the judiciary
ought to be so pure and wise that crit
icism could find no point to attack,
and he is right. Still, judges are hu
man, and it will be a long time before
his ideal is- attained
The Chicago Evening Post calls at
tention to the excellence of Chicago as
a Summer resort, and says:
In addition to the justly famous lake
breeze, she now offers a northwest wind
that comes In ove the prairies with a coolth
all Its own. With this complete apparatus
she is able to offer a line of July tempera
ture that cannot be excelled.
Was not Chicago among the cities
where the sun struck scores of people
dead and prostrated hundreds, and
where the stewing, humid heat killed
hosts of babies? Our neighbor must
think we have a short memory, .or
that we do not read the news. '
It Is disconcerting td be told that as
firearms become more accurate and of
longer range they kill fewer men.
Since the purpose of a battle is to kill
as many as possible, it seems as if we
ought to go back to old-fashioned
weapons. - But perhaps Lieutenant
Colonel Morrison was Indulging in a
little pleasantry when he made the
remark we have quoted. If he really
meant what he said, we have only to
Invent an absolutely perfect gun and
then there will be no casualties at all
in war.
So many things that happen nowa
days make one think of Caesar's wife.
He required the poor thing not only
to be .good, but to manage so that all
the igosslpg would say she was good.
She must be above suspicion. So
ought a County Superintendent, and,
above all men, a civil service exam
iner. The Brooklyn Eagle gives Its read
ers some sage advice on how to get
through the hot spell. Why not
avoid it altogether by coming to Ore
gon? There's plenty of room and the
warmest thing the wilted New Yorker
will find will be the welcome.
How times have changed may be
Judged from the fact that General
Hancock's widow distributed suffrage
tracts at the Gettysburg reunion. The
General distributed things which
made a more forcible impression 50
years ago.
What is the matter with St. Louis?
Mr. Folk cleared one flock of graft
ers out of the City Council, but here
is another graft inquiry by the grand
jury under way. Is the grafting mi
crobe in the air of St. Louis?
Jack Johnson is reported as an
nouncing he will never return from
France, but he is making his "holler"
too soon.. .If the United States really
wants him, the United States will get
That Southern California boy estab
lished the record for drinking pop by
consuming thirteen bottles arid a
large quantity of candy, but now his
diet is the proverbial milk and honey.
Table d'hote costs sixteen cents a
day at the penitentiary, according to
a statement of the Governor. Once a
man gets out, he is likely to eat him
self sick after that experience.
Times have changed. Striking wait
ers in St. Louis are demanding pro
tection of the militia. Generally it
is the strike-breaker who Is in fear.
The Kansas grasshopper of 1873 re
turns to find much food and tremend
ous change In the western part of the
Hailstones as large as walnuts are
an Ohio affliction, but. state loyalty
might have said as large as .buckeyes.
Merely holding on a statutory
charge a man whose victim Is of ten
der years does not look like law.
The leper at large near Port Town
send can be retaken as easily as an
eloping smallpox patient.
Oh, for an. eighteen-Inning game,
just to revive Interest that is becom
ing stale! . . .
Resident of Oak Point Contradicts
Statements Credlted-to Pastor.
OAIC POINT, Wash., July 9. (To the
Editor.) Many residents of this place,
and some former residents also, have
requested me to answer through The
Oregonian a paragraph that appeared
in its columns recently, wherein It Is
asserted that the Rev. Alfred Bates, one
of the visitors to the Portland Rose
Festival. Is the first pastor in Oak
Point In 66 years; that when the Rev.
Alfred Bates arrived at Oak Point he
found a former Baptist preacher, who
told him he was afraid to preach here;
and that at a school entertainment,
shortly after his arrival, the door was
broken in and a free fight took place;
that now, however, all Is changed and
within the three years of the Rev. Mr.
Bates' residence here.
In connection with this matter per
haps a few words about the people
who built up an industry here in the
past, and left their names connected
with the early history of Oregon, may
be of general Interest. There are
many people still living In Portland
who know that Oak Point was the
early home of the Abernethys. George
Abernethy arrived, by the- way of
Cape Horn, in 1840. He came hero in
company with the Rev. Gustavus Hines,
the Rev. Jason Lee and many other
missionaries. George Abernethy later
was elected trie first Governor ,of Ore
gon. His brother, Alexander, came a
few years later,- when they built the
largest sawmill on the Columbia River
at Oak Point. They also put on a line
of sailing ships between San Francisco
and Portland. They purchased and
leased wharves and docks in San Fran
Cisco, and materially helped by these
Industries to develop Portland In the
early days. They also owned the
largest flour mill in the state of Ore
gon, which burned down at Oregon
City in 1862. They also built a large
flour mill at Oak Point.
The home of the Abernethys at Oak
Point was, and the location is yet, an
ideal spot for a home, situated in the
midst of an orchard, on a plateau that
rises boldly above the Columbia, with
a wooded hill forming a background,
with a magnificent view of the great
river. The historic house, which was
built in 1857, the doors and windows
for which were brought around Cape
Horn, was burned down a year ago
last September. At the time of the fire
it was the property of Mrs. M. A.
Young, of 445 Larrabee street, Port
land, who still owns the grounds.
The old-time ministers always found
shelter and encouragement in this
house. The first on circuit here was
the Rev. Mr. Royal, who came about
1856 end was still on circuit here in
October, 1866. After the Rev. Mr". Roy
al came the Rev. Mr. Allen, who lived
in the Abernethy house for months and
finally removed to a parsonage built
for him at Freeport, on the Cowlitz
River, and he was on circuit In 1870.
In 1884 a Presbyterian minister at
tended to the wants of this place. For
the last 10 years several Norwegian
ministers have come here, the present
gentleman, the Rev. Mr. Nestor, for
five years. The Rev. Mr. Ainsley, the
Baptist minister referred to by Rev.
Bates as being afraid to preach here,
came here eight years ago and at once
commenced to preach here and organ
ized a Sunday school. He did very
creditably and was doing well enough
when Mr. Bates came Into this neigh
borhood. Mr. Bates had lived here long
enough to know that this gentleman's
wife did not want him to preach on ac
count of former illness.
The fight at the school entertainment
spoken of took place a year before the
Rev. Mr. Bates came here. It was
started by a man who did not belong
here, a few loggers standing by and
two or three new importations got
drawn into it. The door was not brok
en in. The man who started the fight
opened it and stepped Inside for shel
ter. The church the Rev. Mr. Bates
speaks of has caused much discussion
in this neighborhood. When they first
began to talk about building a church
all were willing, but wanted a church
that all denominations could preach in.
This was objected to by Mr. Bates and
a few others. Many withdrew from
the Methodist congregation and built
a Baptist church, without soliciting
hardly anyone for money. The Baptist
minister here, the Rev. Mr. Nation, has
done much this last year to reconcile
the diverse interests of the church peo
Writer Deplores Conference's Effort to
Put Religion in Constitution.
PORTLAND, July 9. (To the Ed
itor.) In his article in The Oregonian
today, H. C. Uthoff asks: "Who Shall
interpret God's mandates?" A ques
tion along the same line was asked
by a preacher friend of mine of Dr.
Martin, one of the leaders in this prom
ised national reform, and his answer
was: "Why, the Supreme Court will
decide what is right." You may say
that this "is to laugh." It would be
if It wasn't so sad. His fellow reform
er. Dr. Wylie, of Pittsburg," is on rec
ord that we are "going to have re
ligious laws" and "they are going to
be enforced." This servant of him who
preached charity, stated that "a Sunday
law which tolerates anyone to keep the
seventh day holy, was an abominable
law!" Dr. Batten admitted that the ob
ject of the "world" (?) conference was
to "throw Its aggregate weight in the
political scale to put religious doctrine
into. the Constitution of free America."
(See two last issues of "Liberty,", pub
lished at Washington, D. C.)
One of these reformers wrote: "Let
them who don't like it get out' and
"let them move to some desert isle and
there in the name of the devil set up a
government in his. name."
The people of Portland were warned
time and again. Last Winter in a lo
cal theater and since then in various
halls, the Religious Liberty League
told vast audiences that this "world"
conference was only a blind, by which
the old National Reform Bureau was
going to put the lambs on record that
they desired to be shorn. Most people
ridiculed this warning. The conference
has come and gone and we must admit
that we liberty-loving citizens have
gone on record unanimously in favor
of state interference with the liberty of
A headline In The Oregonian July 6
read: "Nation Is Advised to Adopt Re
ligion," and the article went on to say:
". . . it Is meet that we should give
recognition to him (God) In our Con
stitution and in our common law."
There is walling over the 115,000 the
city put up. But that is a mere baga
telle when compared with the trick of
putting the audiences on record for
things which no one believes- in, ex
cept those who preach to empty Dews
and demand that the sheriff shall drive
people into church. The harm la done.
Who is going to undo it?. The money
loss will be forgotten, but the resolu
tions will live and be used time and
again to influence legislators. H.
Dress Freedom for Other's GIrl. .
PORTLAND, July 9. (To the Edi
tor.) Referring to the letter from
R. V. M." In regard to "Freedom for
women," I agree with her. Women
should be allowed to dress as thev
please and I for olke and I think most
men will gladly vote for them to be
allowed to expose their charms if they
want to. Of course I will not want any
gin tnat i intend to marry to do so
but am perfectly willing for the other
fellow's girl to go in tights if she
chooses to do so. They all, or at least
a great majority, seem anxious to dis
play their figures. Then why Inter
fere? Go to It ladles. I am sure you
win nave a good following.
Galveston Storm.
PORTLAND, July 9 (To the Ed
itor.) Please give the date of the
Galveston, Tex., disaster. G. L. R.
-September 8, 1900.
Woman Writer Recoirntsea It and
Deema Act Premature.
PORTLAND, July 10. (To the Edi
tor.) Those persons in Oregon who
take an Interest in practical eugenics
have, I think, a well-founded com
plaint to make against the unjust dis
crimination in the law requiring medi
cal certificates of good health for
males only before marriage. To say
that the law should exempt woman for
fear of Insulting womanhood is really
only mawkish sentimentality and a
sickly sort of chivalry that in this 20th
century elicits only an amused smile
from Intelligent women who know
something of the world'. From the
standpoint of scientific eugenics such
an exemption of the female is abso
lutely ridiculous. .
When Dean Walter T. Sumner, of
Chicago, announced the rule a year and
a half ago that no couples would be
married in his church without the
health certificate, he had the good
sense anf fairness to include both men
and women. Besides venereal diseases,
there are others, such as tuberculosis
and epilepsy, which ought, to be im
pediments to marriage. Women are
just as- likely to have these as men.
Hence why should they not be exam
ined if we are to have regulative laws
at all? Of course the present law was
aimed mainly at persons having vene
real disease. Even so, I don't believe
women should be exempt. Physicians'
records show that a certain number of
women, exclusive of those who make
vice a profession, have these diseases.
What is the good of shutting our eyes
like bats to the truth? The human race
ought to be protected from them, too,
if we are to accept science and facts
and not false sentiment as our guides.
As the great Finnish anthropologist,
Edward Westermarck, in his "Origin
and Development of Moral Ideas" says,
"The concealment of truth is the only
indecorum known to science."
Venereal disease in men and women
ought to be regarded as a misfortune,
just as any other disease is so regard
ed, -and not as a punishment. That is
the scientific, the humanitarian atti
tude. To look upon these diseases oth
erwise Is to take the antiquated, be
nighted, cruel and dangerous view
which the world has clung to in its
harshness and prejudice altogether too
To discriminate against men as the
Oregon law does is to help estrange
the sexes in mutual goodwill, instead
of promoting, as we should, a sympa
thetic understanding of what is nec
essary to health and happiness in their
reciprocal relations.
Centuries ago the prevalent attitude
toward woman was that in certain of
her functions she Was the personifica
tion of evil. We have for the most
part got beyond that fallacy. But this
Oregon law seems to indicate that we
are drifting toward another profound
error, namely, that all men are de
praved ana. unclean by nature, but that
women are so innately "pure" as to be
virtually dehumanized angels. Both
views are wrong and pernicious. Men
and women, while different in some de
gree psychologically as well as phy
siologically, are both human and suf-
iiuieuuy aiiae to De aDie to get along
in comparative harmony, if only each
sex will honestly recognize the peculiar
traits, needs and limitations of the
Perhaps, after all, this new marriage
law in Oregon is premature. Perhaps
we are beginning at the wrong end in
such matters, as Havelock Ellis sug
gests, by forcing a Iawupon the neo-
ple which education and public senti
ment has not yet demanded. In doing
this we stir up enmity, bitterness and
misunderstanding. Careful and con
unuea instruction by parents and
through the press, school, platform and
pulpit in the moral responsibility in-
vuivea in rearing children, would
acmeve more by creating a body of
Intelligent public understanding that
wouia spontaneously support a law,
wnen . enacted at the right time, by
ready compliance with its purpose. In
the absence of such intelligent public
sentiment the law becomes a virtual
dead letter. It is easily circ
and thus people come to haye more and
more contempt for all statutes, both
wise ana rooiisn. it Is but another ex
ample or our American impatience
which ignores that well-established
truth of sociology; "Profound changes
are never sudden and sudden changes
Rto never proiounu.
Writer Finds Other Faults With Demo
cratlc Administration.
PORTLAND. July 9. (To the Edi
tor.) O. K. is Governor Geer's letter
on the tariff. It Is time the people
were waking up to the partiality and
eciunuiism of tne Democratic tariff
out. it aoes seem like after all th
complaint and wrangling and Jang
ung we snouid nave had something
aecent. diii giving fair treat-
ati scuiiuiia ana interests as
nearly as might be, but this bill seems
to contemplate the most partisan and
uniair taritr we nave ever had
After their professions in the late
campaign or justice to the common
people including their old song of
equal rights to all and special privi
leges to none, we see blatant partisans
ignoring this plain principle and
favoring what will bring them votes
,or what has a pull behind it or a
friend at court. Away with such
hyprocrlsy. The cringing and fawn
ing attempt to induce California to
crawl and renounce her rights as a
state to abate a grievous evil and nui
sance and the attempt to cover up or
shield the white slave mess as exposed
by an alert and honest attorney who
was most insolently referred to On ac
count of his politics form a combina
tion too disgusting for any voter of
any party, and will never get the vote
or approval of the plain thinking or
self-respecting people now or hereaf
ter. Government tfl succeed must be based
on justice and fair dealing to all sec
tions as well as all classes, or occu
pations. The wool grower .of the West
is as much entitled to It as the manu
facturer of the wool In the East and
the same with other products. " Let
blind partisans bewaro of the fire of
sectional passion or hatred which once
started, its end cannot be foreseen.
Union County's Woman Official.
LA GRANDE, Or., July 7. (To the
Editor.) In The Oregonian a few days
ago mention was made of the recently
appointed Superintendent of Schools of
Union County, as being the first woman
to serve in this capacity. She is the
first woman appointed, but not the first
elected to fill this position.
Nellie M. Stevens was elected County
Superintendent in 1894 and served for
two terms, or until the Supreme Court
handed down the decision adverse to
women holding the position. The coun
ty was larger then than now, compris
ing' the portion known as the "Pan
Handle" since embraced by Baker
This large territory was visited, sev
eral new districts organized, and much
good along school lines was accom
plished under the able management of
Miss Stevens, the first woman superin
tendent of Union County.
Decision of Wise Sweetheart.
Louisville Courier-Journal.
"I guess she loves me, all right."
"Why so?" "She vows she'd rather be
miserable with me than happy with
anybody else.
Clerk (Marriage License Bureau)
"Two dollars, please." Pete Possum
"Lordy. man! How yo" s'pose Ah's gwine
hab two dollars, when Ah ain't even
married, ylt?"
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregon of July 11. 1S63.
Port Townsend. July 10. The pre
liminary surveys of the Port Townsend
Southern Railroad commenced today.
Seattle, July 10. A. J. Hay ward, of
Portland, the well-known lumberman,
leaves here tomorrow morning, accom
panied by his wife, for a trip to Alaska.
Salem, Or., July 10. State Superin
tendent McElroy, Mrs. McElroy, Mrs.
E. N. Cook, Cook Patton, Superintend
ents Peebles and Yoder, Misses Cox and
Chamberlain, Mrs. Cox and a number
ofjothers leave on Wednesday for San
Francisco to attend the convention of
the National Education Association.
The regular meeting of the North
Pacific Fruit Growers' Association was
held yesterday, President Cardwell in
the chair.
Rt. Rev. B. Wistar Morris, bishop of
Oregon, is a delegate to the Lambeth
conference, which assembled in Eng
land on July 3.
The street railway to Sunnyside was
completed several days ago and Mon
day a steam motor was run out there
and back.
There arrived here yesterday four
Eastern ballplayers under conditional
engagement to the Portland baseball
club. They are: J. O. Cran, catcher.
and Charles Terry, pitcher; B. Hill and
C. Beardsley.
Adjutant-General J. C. Shofner and
Colonel Charles E. Morgan, command
ing the Third Regiment, O. N. G..
have gone to Salem.
Mrs. Thomas Guinean and daughter.
Miss Bessie, left yesterday for Sac
Mr. J. R. Baldwin, formerly a lawyer
of this city, now of Baker City, is
in town.
Yesterday forenoon about 10:30
o'clock the first locomotive which ever
crossed the Lower Willamette on a
bridge came over the new and splen
did structure owned by the O. R. &
N. Company that now spans the river.
Manager W. H. Holcomb and Superin
tendent C. V. Johnson were on board.
The Cardwell-Creighton place, on
the outskirts of the city on the Sandy
road, comprising 7.6 acres, has been
sold to W. H. Wynkoop for $8000.
The same place was sold 10 months
ago tor J4j00.
National Bank Reserves.
PORTLAND, July 9. (To the Editor.)
Under the heading "Per Capita Up
10 Cents," in The Oregonian July 4, the
total amount of money In the United
States Is given as $3,718,397,000; the
amount held in the treasury as an as
set of the Government is $347,053,000.
The total amount of deposits in all
banks is, I believe, approximately $18.
000,000,000. There are in the United
States over 3000 banks not reporting
(Treasurer's report 1911, p. 365), and
whose deposits are not known by the
department. I want to ask The Orego
nian for further information:
(1) How much of this money that is
outside the U. S. Treasury, and sup
posed to be in circulation, is practically
retired from use by the legal cash re
serve in banks?
(2) Are all National banks required
by law to keep on hand in their own
vaults a cash reserve of 25 per cent of
their deposits ?i D. J. FORBES.
(1) In 1912,'the latest year for which
we can find the figures, the total re
serves of all National banks were 1404
million dollars, of which SC2 millions
was actual lawful money on hand. A
recent report showed that the reserve
of country banks totalled 657 millions,
of which 240 millions was in their own
(2) Country banks are required to
hold a reserve equal to 15 per cent of
their liabilities, and may redeposit 9
per cent In reserve city banks. Reserve
city banks are required to hold in re
serve 25 per cent of their liabilities,
and may redeposit half of this in banks
of central reserve cities. Banks In cen
tral reserve cities must maintain a re
serve of 25 per cent of their liabilities.
Boston Ex-Fireman Scores 10O Points
in All Rigid Tests.
Boston Cor. Philadelphia Record.
A "cop" who neither drinks, smokes
nor swears and, incidentally, boasts of
a thousand other unusual virtues, has
Just been added to the police force of
this city. It is the first time Boston
has had a perfect policeman, an officer
who scores 100 points in every depart
ment of police desirability, according
to the examination tests.
He is William McLaught, for two
years a hoseman attached to Engine
Company 26, in Charlestown. McLaught
surprised the examining officials when
he scored 100 per cent in the strength,
balance and health trials of the civil
service test. The previous highest rec
ord was 99.015 per cent, which was con
sidered by Commissioner O'Meara and
the civil service physician to be prob
ably unbeatable.
I of Man Robbed of Fortune.
Grouch There goes a man who rob
bed me of a large fortune. Gink He
robbed you of a fortune, and still he
is enjoying his liberty! Grouch Not
by a darned sight! He married the
rich widow I was after.
July Days
Are Special
Economy Days
It will pay you handsomely
to read the. advertisements in
The Oregonian, for this is the
month when merchants adjust
their stocks by clearing out
small odd lets, things that have
not sold fast enough. The ac
cumulations are inevitable in
the beet stores.
All right for you, but not for
the merchant who must keep
his stocks trim within certain
merchandising limits.
Prices generally drop duriug
these times.
Consequently yon will find
it wise to run through the ad
vertisements from time to time,
they will enable you to" buy
many things at prices very
much lower than those usually
asked for the same styles or
Things for every member of
the family, for all sections of
the home and for the table are
now uppermost among the ad
vertising features.