Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, June 19, 1913, Page 10, Image 10

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    THE RTOTf XT'N'O nTJFflnVTAV TTrmjo-n t Tmm n n
" " a i 11 -f .-i. x iiUiXjCi Air. law.
Entered at Portland, Oregon. P-oatofflca as
secona-ciasa matter.
Subscription Kates Invariably in Advance:
Dally, Sunday Included, one year ....$8.00
Lslly, Sunday Included, six months.... 4.26
Pally, Sunday Included, three months.. 2.25
Ially. Sunday Included, one month 75
Haily, without Sunday, one year .00
Daily, without Sunday, six months 8.IS
Dally, without Sunday, three month... 1.76
Dally, without Sunday, one month 60
Weekly, one year 1-60
Sunday, one year 2-60
Sunday and Weekly, one year 2.60
Daily, Bunday Included, one year (.00
Dally. Sunday Included, one month 76
How to Remit Send poatoffice money or
der, express order or personal check on your
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at
sender's risk. Give postaffice address in
full, including- county and state.
Postage Kates 12 to 16 pages, 1 cent; 18
to 82 pages, 2 cents; 34 to 48 pages, 3 cents;
60 to 60 pages. 4 cents; 62 to 76 paces, 5
cents; 78 to 9 2 pages, 6 cents. Foreign post
ago, double rates.
tail ern Business Offices Verree & Conk
lin, New York. Brunswick building. Chi
cago. Steger building.
San Francisco Office R. J. Bldwell Co..
742 Market street.
European Office No. g Regent street S.
W., London.
The best part of the pioneer reunion
Is the quiet chat about bygone days.
The speeches are fine. The songs are
charming, but the pioneers love most of
all the stories they tell one another of
the years that never will come back.
"There are no days like the old days,
there are no ways like the old ways."
Even the hardships of those early, ex
periences are beautiful to look back
upon. Aeneas told his men when they
were starving and half frozen in a
storm at sea, "Some day you will be
glad to tell your children even of these
miseries." The light that never was
on land or sea gilds the realm of mem
ory and turns Its sorrows to Joys. "Dear
as remembered kisses after death,
deep as first love and wild with all re
gret, oh, death in life, the "days that
are no more." They become all the
more precious to the pioneer as they
recede farther into the past. With
every recurrent reunion he treasures
more tenderly the recollections of his
start from his Eastern home, the jour
ney across the plains, the arrival In
the promised land and the struggle of
his young manhood that won inde
pendence and comfort for his old age.
, . The pioneers of all times have been
the pick of the people. They are the
men and women of vision. They love
wide horizons and cherish great hopes.
Their hearts beat high with courage.
They are ready to leave the good they
already possess for the better that fate
may have in store for them in undis
covered realms. The pioneer spirit led
the first adventurers from Europe
across the Atlantic to found the East
ern colonies. To their children came
a new invitation from the Mississippi
Valley and the -boldest of them re
sponded, building up commonwealths
on the ashes of the primeval forests.
Finally their children heard the call
of the Pacific Coast. With the same
old spirit of adventure and deathless
hope that has guided the white race
from its earliest home across the con
tinent of Europe and the width of
America, they took up the march
across the plains and repeated here
the drama of economic and civic tri
umph which had been enacted before
their time on the stages of a hundred
nations. The colonization of Oregon
was one of the last scenes In the con
quest of the world for civilization.
The love of pioneering is in the
blood of the white race. In every
generation, men and women are born
who grow restless under familiar skies.
The old landmarks weary them. They
are galled by the ancient ties. The
eight of the stars traveling so free and
high In the blue sets them longing to
be up and away. The breath of
Spring calls them to the open road.
The mountains whisper invitations
which they cannot resist. Over the
hills and far away He lands more fer
tile than human hand has ever tilled.
Beyond the farthest horizon there are
gold and gems sparkling for whomever
will come and take them. So they
yoke their oxen to the wagons and the
everlasting Journey begins again, the
Journey that never will end until "the
world grows old and, the sun Is cold
Rnd the leaves of the Judgment Book
unfold." For some men will always
go pioneering. They have come to the
shore of the Pacific and there is noth
ing but water ahead for ten thousand
miles, but that will not stop them. The
young men that would have traveled
across the plains making the long
march up the Platte and sleeping with
the winds on the silent mountains will
not forego their ancestral mission- be
cause there are no more lands to col
onize and conquer. They will make
new migrations in the realm of the
"Keep on, there are divine things.
I swear to you there are divine things
more beautiful than words can tell.
We must not stop here. However
sweet these 1 aid-up stores, however
sheltered this port, however calm
these waters, we must not anchor here.
"We will sail pathless and wild seas.
We will go where winds blow and
waves dash. What beckonings of love
you receive you shall only answer with
passionate kisses of parting. After the
Great Companions and to belong to
them! They, too, are on the road.
They are the swift and majestic men.
They are the greatest women. For
ever alive, forever forward.". It were
sad to believe that the human race
has reached the Pacific 'both in body
and spirit. If the last plain has been
traversed and the final mountains
climbed we might as well He down and
die. Life means the onward and up
ward impulse. It means the opening
of new mines and the possession of
undiscovered countries. Where shall
we find them now? When the Chinese
had filled their empire with people
they could see no new horizons. Their
civilization contented Itself with what
It had and for twenty centuries their
existence was nothing more than a
dull routine of eating.i sleeping and
dying. They had lost the art of pi
oneering. With the help of Providence we
shall never lose it in the United States.
We shall not grow contented with
things as they are. Our race is still
evolving. Human nature rises a little
nearer to the divine with every gen
eration that is born and with our new
capacities comes the glorious longing
to pack up and march forward again.
Here we have no abiding place. The
discontent of the pioneer with his old
home la the spur that drives -us ever
onward. TJeber alle Gipfel 1st Rnh,
over the farthest mountains is our
rest. But we never cross the farthest
mountains, for new and shining peaks
rise beyond every horizon we traverse
Man is the child of God and his home
like his Father's, Is in the limitless
eternities. When he Is no longer a pi
oneer he Is dead.
Mayor Gaynor, of New Tork, Is a
sadly disillusioned man. In a recent
letter to Governor Sulzer he said:
.The partisan vlleness down here is some
thing dreadful. There are people here that
purr around you and me only to betray
us at the first opportunity. I suppose you
have already perceived that. They are
scoundrels of the worst kind. They have
not an honest hair in their heads. They are
not men for you and me to associate with
or have anything to do with. Yoa have an
honest purpose In view. They have not an
honest thoughts
The better I do. or try to do, the better
any head of a department here does, or
tries to do. the more venomous become
their attacks. They do not want any one
to do well except themselves. And they
are incapable of doing anything worth the
while. They have neither the length, the
breadth, nor the thickness to do It.
If this be his opinion of politicians
why does he stay in politics? One
would expect a man. who held such
a poor opinion of his associates to re
tire into the wilderness and live in, a
cave, where vile humanity could not
reach him.
But Mayor Gaynor was so anxious
a year ago for enlarged opportunity of
becoming the object of venomous
attacks that he was a candidate for the
Democratic nomination for President.
He seems to cling to that Which he
There are grave objections to any
exemptions from the income tax. Pub
licists often argue that the Govern
ment ought to be supported -by direct
taxes, since there is then no possible
deception about its burdens and who
must bear them: Moreover if every
person must contribute in proportion
to his ability all will feel an active in
terest in Keeping the Government hon-
to. au euuiiuuiiuai. - i
No doubt the true way to escape I
public servants to be less wasteful. This policy is only another of the
But if there must be exemptions the many ways of eliminating the middle
new plan proposed in the Senate of man. That is the end to which we
alTnnrnw E ft A .. . , , , . .. n .... 1 - J I js I . - . ,
""""'s jui k v lt cnua in inet'3 w-u mug in uispusai or otner corn-
family, seems as Judicious as anv. One mc-dities. Why not of bonds?
lAllca .rf f..ll( .1.1 v. . 11 I
causo of our falling birth rate is the
'est cmiaren diminish the com
fort of the household. There is also
- j a lic uvmu. i iit i c is also
the natural apprehension that means , By te11- lobby inquiry the Demo
may not be found to educate them c'at8 destroying one American in-
properly and give them a fair start in
tire, f eelings or this kind operate JuulJua" win mourn, x nat is tne man
powerfully to check the increase of ufa-cture of public opinion in favor of
the population and any measure that SDeclal interests. The Senate commit.
HL'ilT tBIIll n alia. . V. - J i . . tPf 1AJK AlTTVWlH n.ililfn ...... 4-1...
.. ... ....... a.iia.j L IIC ill 1H ap to D6
wise from the standpoint of the states
man. The exemption of $500 nf th fam
ily Income for each child will not belpJ
matters a. great deal, but it will do
something. It will at least show the
country that the Government has be
come aware of thft falling .I-tV, Ia
and realizes that it is not far from
uie danger point. This exemption, in
adequate as it will probably prove,
may be the feeble beginning of a
course of legislation which will posi
tively promote the well-being of the
We have all heard mmnMHo. f
quent talk about the sanctity of the
uumo ana tne necessity of preserving
it, but legislation which will bring
about that most desirable end fails to
make Its appearance except in scat
tering instances. For this
proposed exemption is an encouraging
iis ii aim many win praise It who do
not in thfiorv nnm-nvA f a,-.,
II -- xj. a.,ijr T5Jk.uSll
tions or discriminations in levying
taxes. The French government has
gone imicn rarther in this direction.
It offers prizes for large families. Com
mon sense teaches that secure employ
ment and good wages are the best en
couragement to marriage and children,
but other things may help.
There was an UnterwKt lnr stnn yvr o
Russian land swindle told in a dis
patch the other dav. Rrlsflv ti
several scoundrels Induced many con-
iiiuug persons to enter on and fence
government land on the representa
tion that the fencing wouM s-tv. the.
title. The swindlers nroflterl hir
Ing the lumber and also trafficked in
sales and resales of entries. The per
petrators of the fraud escaped, but the
government Imprisoned on a charge of
trespassing all the poor fellows who
had been deceived, and also
their buildings and fences.
The account RimniiAn o-nn.?
pie of barbaric injustice, and while our
hearts are -bleedlnc- in
the poor peasants of Russia, let us
araw a contrast with American pro
cedure. In the State of Wash
chael Earles, owner of Sol Due hot
springs, in the Cascade Mountains. In
the course of improving the springs by
the erection of buildings, construction
of highways and the Uke, Mr. Earles
established a small sawmill. A Na
tional forest adjoins his land and is di
vided from It by an unsurveyed, un
marked line. Without intent by or
knowledge of himself or associates, the
mill was built on OovmmAnt icr
some Government timber was cut and
sawed. Forestry asrents r im,.
ous thereabouts, but they said nothing
until the mill had cn-mniotoH v, .-i.
for which It was built. Then M
Earles was sued for extraordinary
damages and the Gove rum e.n r hao H n-
clined to settle on a fair basis.
The chief distinction hAtwAan -. A
paternalism of the Little Father of
Russia and that of our own pin.iint.
ized Forestry Bureau is quite definitely
marked. In Russia the sanctity of the
Czar's land is preserved most rigor
ously against defilement
ant peasant. In our own enlightened or tne rree an encroachment on
Government preserves Is more heinous
when It is incident to some improve
ment that will 'benefit the country and
is perpetrated by a wealthy and promi
nent citizen.
If a snecial scent on.n Oo.t
meaning man . of substance in the un
witting violation of some bureaucratic
regulation, woe to the man of sub
stance and great exaltation for the vig
ilant and active special agent. Even
so, the small rancher would better
beware lest his straying stock nip the
sacred grass that i3 being protected
and preserved for future generations.
The Oregonlan would not be under
stood as not desiring adequate protec
tion of the National forests, but the
methods of law enforcement, the tech
nical advantage taken to mulct unin-
is not far removed from th yJt
The COmmittBA nf fh. -D.ltt.1- -n
Hament which Investigated the Mar-
con! r n n rl ca l . . ji
cnnl o . ,1 1 i . .. 1
. cAuiicitica Liie ac-I
cused ministers of all charges, but one
Of lta mAmhaM T . ti . ,. I
of its members. Lord Robert Cecil
HT": LSaZ?L DOt, treanS the
vuuimvaj wirn I ran kn ess
and says they were guilty of grave
Impropriety In dealimr in m(riA.,
- - e mu.l JVOi
MoMnnl ..V...
vt , " . ,
ono-rea. unairman Spicer I Roumanian, Austrian and German press
says Sir Rufus Isaacs should have had I rePresent"-tlv"! from permission to see oper
nothlng to do With the deal Tli. . aons would have been Impossible.- The
nothing to do with the deal. The re
I I " :
port is expected to cause a bitter
wrangle when the House debates it
and many Liberals believe Sir Rufus
Isaacs should resign, Lord Murray
should be repudiated and Mr. Lloyd
George should apologize. The Union
ists will not be satisfied unless Lloyd
George be driven from', office. The
scandal has weakened the govern
ment and might cause its downfall if
the three parties to the coalition had
not so much at stake in its survival.
Baltimore furnishes a hint to Port
land as to the best means of over
coming the difficulty of placing city
bonds at & fair price. Baltimore is
selling city stock, as it calls bonds,
over the counter to small investors
in denominations of $100 at 90, and
cakes. The Baltimore Sun is aiding
in tne work and In the first few days
sold over $300,000 worth. Men are
drawing money out of the postal sav
ings bank to invent In tria itva se
curities, and a fine spirit of civic pa
triotism has been awakened. Mayor
Hocken, of Toronto, watched the sale
with much interest and announced
that he would go home to sell $5,400,
000 of bonds over the pnnntpr
There is every reason why this plan
or raising money for municipal pur
poses should be followed. The city
. w . wiw u jivi uuf tua
and gives its own citizens an Interest
in maintaining its credit and in watch
ing its government. The financial m
denenderjjcA of tho ortmrnnnitv to cue
tained, and interest, which would
otnerwise De drained into other parts
or the country. Is simply paid from
the city treasury to the citizens.
Should occasion arise for sain nf fu
ture issues of bonds in other money
centers, tne fact that our own ninia
noiu. laage uiocks or tne city s secun-
ties would be an aid to the sale, for
dustry the fate of which no good Re
tee has exposed to the public eye the
work of rjfidri AirnntR whri ov frm
place to place getting themselves In
terviewed in "easy" newspapers! who
furnish articles to "boiler plate" con
cerns for a consideration, that thev
may "work" the farmers through the
country papers; who strive to enlist
in their cause railroads and profes
sors and Who VTI t rv rk ffAt a finan
cial grip on newspapers with a view
to using tnerr columns. One of these
agents entertains Congressmen at din
ner "with good effect." Another seeks
to Influence the votes of Iowa Sena
tors by holding out the bait of sugar
refineries in that state
By throwing the light on the work of
iuuujjsis ana press agents in manu
facturing public opinion, the Senate
committee Is destrovlny fhlr useful
ness. Any man who hereafter adopts
tneir metnods will be easily recog
nized as what he is and whatever
he says will be discounted 100 nr
cent. Hope of retaining the sii car
tariff vanished with these revelations.
But the only hope of finally killing
tariff lobbying is a Tariff Commission,
which will make independent, impar
tial, nrst-nana inquiry into the facts
as to which the lobbyists have been
roonng us and our representatives.
Such a commission's work would re
move excuse for lobbying and all its
concomitants. President Wll
erly put the assailants of the Urider-
wuoa tanrr on tne defensive by his
broadside against the lobbyists, but he
at the same time nmvMo thA Rakha.
licans with a most convincing argu-
in-ent in support or their Tariff Com
mission policy. The Underwood tariff
win not do the last. The next will be
based on the work of a Tariff Com
The days of the war correspondent
are over. The truth of that statement
began to dawn on the minds of the
men who were sent to describe the
Russo-Japanese war. but wr int
cooling their heels in ia tvl-i.
tels for weeks after hostilities began.
it nas Deen driven home by the ex
periences of correspondents sent to the
Balkan war. In modern urfni-a tv
correspondent is regarded as little bet
ter tnan a spy. Reasons of policy or
humanity prevent him from being
hanged as such, but ha -1 tAnt -in
rear, not permitted to see the fight
ing or anytnmg else worth seeing and
his dispatches
again and delayed in transmission un
til tney are valueless as news.
mat is the substance of what uvanv
Fox tells Us in the Lmnlnn -Motinnai
Review about his own experiences in
the Balkan war. He satirically de
scribes what he calls the new war
correspondent, who teii.a n tti-di
of a. battle as it did not happen,
sometimes of battles which
happened. He gives directions "how
to be a war corresnonrlnt" n i-
hew plan, which embody the general
methods of fabrication pursued by a
yellow Journalist. He then tells in
these words whv the othr anr-t
war correspondent, who nxunii,,
studied and recorded oneraHnno
seems to be doomed:
The mora AnmnAtAnt - . ,
. - w iuo mure accu
rate he is. the greater danger he is to the
j " " no accompanies. His dis
patches, published in his newspaper and
, ' , - V, - J "jd omer sme.
give to them at a cheap cost that Infor
mation of what is going on behind their
oticcu 01 scouts wnlch Is so vital
to tactical, and sometimes to strategical.
disTlositlrmAi Tn . . . . i . . . . .
- 1 uuiattii iimi i in o Ta
rnation an army pours out much blood and
' mm iniormatlon an army
will consume a full third of its energies in
an elaborate system of mystification. A
modern army must either banish the war
correspondent altogether or subject him to
- ..u.ib -i consoranip as to veto
honest, accurate and prompt criticism or
record of operations.
ThA TtiilfAHnn ac., a- .,- -
. . . " w wiiicn i was at
tached during the first phase of the recent
war. had not the courage to refuse author
isation to the swarm of Journalists which
descended upon Its headquarters. Editors
nad argued It out that the small Balkan
state, anxious to have a "good nnu" m
fcurope, would give correspondents a good
ShOW. Tint th IJ 1 1 .
- - - o . . . auluuiuich, anx
ious as they were to conciliate foreign pub-
"w",5?""ntaUv"- from
..u uw.w.uu, uawcu uui aiiow a free run to
sf-c, u j uiuucra war, in ore were spe
cial reasons why the Bulgarian should bi
nervous or observation. They were waeini
till- An "tApln II... ,t . "'' 1
ete,ouces wUh the knowledge that officers
iii uku Boncmuy iraniDort officers hrl
to do almost the impossible to win throu
Further, they had the knowledge that
some cases the corritnAniiAnr n. .
w w utu ki iiupossiDie to win through
,ome the correspondents were repre
mentsr tor newspapers' aid",
wont nana-in-nana on the Continent) of
nat,on" which were at the very moment
iM.e-a-tenln. "'"H00. a.?aln" the Balkan
havo specially excented all
Roumanian. Austrian and German press
- iinyuiuiv, - ins
method was adopted of authorizing as many
press correspondents as cared to apply, then
carefully pocketing them where they could
see nothing, and instituting such a rigorous
censorship as to guard effectively against
any Important facts, gleaned indirectly,
leaking out. A few managed to earn enough
of the Bulgarian confidence to be allowed
to go through to the front and see things.
But even then the censorship and the monop
oly of the telegraph line for military mes
sages prevented them from dispatching
Most of these conditions, says Mr.
Fox, will rule over all future wars.
Therefore, the day of the war cor
respondent is over. We shall have
to rely upon official bulletins for
news from day to day, as was the rule
before the telegraph was invented.
Long afterwards military historians
will tell us th connected story of
each war, filling in those facts which
were suppressed on the bulletins.
No wars were ever fought when
facilities for transmission of news
were better than during the Russo-
Japanese and the Balkan wars, but
nunc emce tne Crimean war were
worse reported. The means which
would have facilitated transmission of
news have compelled military com
manders to forbid their use.
Though 81 years old. Lord Rob
erts, England's greatest general, is
making a campaign for his policy of
universal army service for national
defense. He has appealed from the
Parliament and the politicians to the
people and for months has been strlv.
ing by speeches in the great cities to
arouse public opinion. He proposes
tnat every man undergo military train
ing between the ages of 18 and 21
years, serving only a few months the
first year and a few weeks the two
succeeding years. His aim is to pre
pare the nation for a levy en masse
in case of foreign, invasion. He Is a
splendid, picturesque figure, whose
long service to the British nation
compels respect for his words.
A Michigan Jury has found an ef
ficient means of settling a spite fence
controversy, which is worthy of imi
tation. F. C. Russell, of Iron River,
built a fence eight feet high within
three feet of Jacob T tips' hnmA Tnun
tore down the fence, saying it shut oft
tne ngnt so that he had to use lamps
all day. Russell sued to have Ipes
put -under bonds to keep the peace.
The Jury after an hour's delibera
tion oTougnt in this verdict:
Tht Iboth parties in the case be put un-
. , . . - . 1 1"" 1 " ior iwo years;
tnat the fence where it shuts off the light
j . , ' 4 " " iiuiiio db cut u own io 4 leet.
811 H i costs of the case be assessed
iuaiij iKiwcen tne parties.
If as much common smsa rmiH ho
injected into all court decisions, what
a nappy world this would be!
The liberties of Finland are lost
forever. It was one of the most high
ly civilized countries in Europe. Bar
barous Russia is turnine it into a mill
tary camp. Every promise the Czars
moe to tne rlnns has been broken.
The country is to be made the base
for an advance upon Sweden and Nor
way, which Russia greedily longs to
devour. The meal will be a hot one.
The sons of the vikine-! win nni ohk
mit easily to autocracy with its knout
ana inoiy synod and Siberia. There
may even be a return wave, whlr-h iwiii
send the Czar nackl
ttiter nis -Drotner, the Turk.
Martial law is a seductive remedy
for disorder, but so Is opium for pain.
The resulting habit is worse than the
disease. The historic Anglo-Saxon
practice Keeps the military subordi
nate to the civil authority except in
actual warfare. It shames some of
our states where martial law .is de
clared on slight pretexts to remem
ber what England ha r-omn thivi.h
without resort to it. Her civil courts
nave shown themselves equal to all
emergencies. Are they more depend
able than ours?
A plentiful croD of lawsuits l
ised when the income tax becomes law.
The New York Sun says that, in mak
ing corporations collectors of taxes
from their stockholders, tho iTnor.
wood bill will impose considerable ex.
pense upon them without reimburse
ment. It calls this taking private
property for public use without from-
pensation. That will furnish some
litigious corporation and some indus
trious lawyer material for a lawsuit.
Cambridge. Mass.. has adontnr)
plan of giving public school erst rlnn tpii
authoritative advice about their choice
of vocations. The young people were
assembled and lectured upon this im
portant matter. It would he better
sOll to have a qulat talk with each
graduate and give him personal ad
vice. Best Of all WOUld be BVtmaHc
vocational instruction from the begin
ning or scnool lire. We are coming to
this slowly but inevitably.
Japanese iincoejt havA tv.c .... i
trait of imitation. They will meet to
day to get "liberty or death," to stir
up the diplomatic spirit against thia
country. What Japan needs most Just
now is an off-color celebration of the
Fourth of July to work off the effer
Kincaid, of Nebraska, has an i rides -ent
dream of th 1-Vri era l nnvArtim.Tit
buying land and sellins- it in email
acreages to worthy young farmers.
rrir . .
-mis poor, oia governments back
would break If It had to carry all the
ioaas people would place on it.
Pride mav keen the vnrnip vwrnon
in Kansas City from attending church
because she cannot afford to contrib
ute a mite, but it does not always de
ter the young man in Portland from
passing up the box when it is shoved
oerore nun.
The position of the State of Wis
consin in the line of progress will be
better understood by the announce
ment that its university this year grad
uates 822 young men and women.
Hood River i irrnwlne- a af-Tu ixrHom-iT
as large as an nnnlo nn if-a vii.
Newtown, of course, but the size of a
smaii appie. Doing a thing well has iiuuu xtiver ramous.
One of the Riddells. of Polk Conntt-
has invested in a flying machine, the
Detter to look over their extensive
holdings of real estate and thorough
bred stock, probably.
Portland nnntnl honV v.l.
. uu.u UOIUAIU
amount to three-quarters of a million.
iviucn oi it couia te put into real es
tate with better results.
When one of th Afa vn n -rn-h
ester, Minn., says cancer can be cured
poupie win peueve mm, and he says it.
The barnacles do not e&Am ,vA
...... . L J LJ C
getting into office under Commission
What would be Pioneer rlav wlthm.
a rainl
Recent Elections Show Desire to Co
operate With Other Sex.
PORTLAND, June IS. (To the Edi
tor.) The recent vote of the good
women of Portland is surely indicative
of the fact that they will prove a poli
tical power that need not be brought
into question by the male sex.- The
women of Oregon are not going to be
extremists, and will not be so radical
as to make the attempt to upset present
political methods until they are more
fully posted. They are not going to
"rush in" and demand offices for their
sex while they have the positive knowl
edge that a sufficient time has not
elapsed for their sex to become efficient
in the conduct of state or municipal af
fairs. Some women have the desire to
advertise a business or a profession
through a political campaign. Such
women are a menace to their sex and
tend to cast discredit on a movement
that will, eventually, prove of benefit
to both sexes.
Intelligent co-operation with the op
posite sex will give women a recogni
tion that the right kind of women
must desire. Opposition as between
the sexes will not avail and cannot
bring about satisfactory results. The
average man is quite intelligent and as
a rule, very much of a gentleman.
Why not co-operate?
The average good woman believes
that her happiness in life Is In an In
timate association with that sort of a
man. Sweet, lovable contact makes
them such, as was originally intended,
and such contact, such association, re
sults in a progeny that makes the foun
dation of the state or Nation. The
writer has been married 81 years to
one man, is a grandmother, and further,
a most happy wife, mother and grand
mother. With her large experience in
Western life and with a keen observa
tion in a number of sections in our
commonwealth, she does not believe that
her sex is quite ready to assume the
reins, of government without more ex
perience under the privileges granted
her sex. .
The vote on the school election Is
an evldenoe of the fact that other
women took the same position. The
Oregonlan should have great credit for
Its stand in indorsing Mr. Plummer.
"The right man for the right place."
The writer Is not a school teacher and
never has been and In consequence pos
sesses no personal or financial Interest
She is only a mother and a grand
mother and for such reasons Is in
terested. ELLA FLORENCE.
Opposition to Japanese Not Based on
Their Inferiority.
EUGENE, Or.. June 17. (To the Edi
tor.) The letter of the Japanese and
the reply to same in The Oregonlan re
cently brings to light or prominence
some of the peculiar phases of the
race question as being agitated or in
attempted revival or recrudescence at
the present time. The Japanese.' In
common perhaps with most or all his
countrymen, puts the question on the
basis of race prejudice or claim of
superiority of one race. This we think,
though there is a. plain fact of race
prejudice or aversion and that strong,
is not the chief point at Issue. It is
that of a racial Inoomnatibilitv or nn-
mixableness, to coin a word. The two
races are so constituted hv training
heredity, practical and theoretical, in
cluding religious beliefs and customs
and moral codes, that the two civiliza.
tions represented are unresponsive and
unsulted to each other. There is almost
If not quite as much racial difference
as that between the negro and Cauca
Hence, it follows that it Is best to
Keep them separate. They need dif
ferent environment and, in a word,
different locations and national rov-
ernment and laws In order to give
them proper play and room for r rrv-
Ing on their Individual customs, views
ana lire. Only trouble can come from
trying to mingle them. Hence, the
obvious course: Be friends in an Inter
national sense, but let the intercourse
be limited to commercial and strictly
general relations such as a proper view
or Interpretation of laws of nations
If It Is true that the Japanese aim
at something more than this they
should take warning at once. The
wnite race will never submit to doraina
tion Dy the dark or colored races. It
is going to preserve Its identity at any
cost. At tne same time it has no ob
jection to the other races doing the
same. Let the dark man stay on his
ground and the white man on his. One
should claim no more from the other.
It is plain that the two Americas
were destined for the white race. At
tempts to override this plan or ten
dency so far have only resulted in
confusion, trouble and generally evil
results. Those natives (Indian) who
were on the ground when the Euro
peans came have, of course, the claim
or protection and some think eaual
treatment so rar as they conform to
the dominant civilization, but bevond
mat, or concerning the colored races.
the evil of their Introduction should be
rectified as far as possible and further
extension of the evil condition should
be rigidly prevented at any cost, as
there is nothing so pervasive and dif
ficult to deal with as unnatural racial
mixtures and entanglements, as history
irequenuy snows. IX. s. WARNER.
Y out a at Enlistment Accounts for
'umbpr of Llvlnc Veterans.
PORTLAND, June 18. (To the Edi
tor.) After reading The Oregonlan
editorial commenting on the verv read
able writeup of the Civil War by the
p-ewberg Grapbtc I thought the fol
lowing statistics of the ages of the sol
ders of that war at the time of their
enlistment would be interesting. The
ioiiowing information, furnished some
years ago by Senator McCumber when
he was chairman of the Senate commit
tee on pensions, may throw some light
on the question why there are so many
Of the Civil War veterans living today.
under 10 years. 25: between 10 and
11 years, IS; between 11 and 12 years,
ii; between 13 and 13 years. 75: be
tween 13 and 14 years. 1225; between
14 and 15 years, 103,462: between 15
and 16 years, 126,064; between 16 and
17 years, 613,840; between 17 and 18
years. 306.54$; between 18 and 21 years.
l.vua.aou; Detween zi and Z5 years, 571,
885; between 25 and 45 years. 30.555:
over 45 years, 16,070. ' Total, 2,778,309.
Of these boys less than 675.000 are now
living and the death rate this year so
rar is nearly 120 per day. These figures
taken from the pension rolls show that
per cent were under 18 years of
age at enlistment and 36.3 per cent
were between 18 and 21 at enlistment.
There were about 125,000 officers
commissioned during- the war, and two
years ago' the number was a scant 20,
000 and the ratio of deaths among them
is greater than among the privates. Of
more than 600 Major-Generals and
Brigadier-Generals of that war in the
Union Army hardly a score remain.
uur numbers are fast diminishing-, but
the courage that took these bovs
through Antletam. Gettysburg. Chicka-
mauga ana up Missionary Ridge, and
tne more tnan 8000 other battlefields
of the South still abides with them,
though softened by time and with many
of us by the spirit of Christ, May all
sectionalism and bitterness be laid in
the grave as the survivors of these two
armies of boys meet and exchange fra
ternal greetings on the historic battle
field of Gettysburg.
"B" First Conn., H. A.
So Thoughtful of Him.
Philadelphia Record.
Nell The Widow Dashaway's hus-'
band didn't leave her much when he
died, did he?
Belle No, but he left her very often
when he was alive.
Stars and Starmakers
By Leone Cass Bte'r.
A talented Portland c-lri 1. ..,j.
lly climbing to a Dosition n .v.
leading stock women in America is
riorence riart, the sister of Harry L.
Hart, a locaj hop commissioner. Miss
Hart Is In private life Mrs. Alfred
.Cress, and her husband, a well-known
leading man. Has Just closed a five
months' engagement with thA
Lyceum stock in New Britain, Conn.
just now they have gone to the Cats
kills for a vacation before returning to
the New Britain stock, where they
have signed to play next season.
Pretty little Rhea Mitchell, slender
as an Art l'Mode model and adorned
in smart toggery, is home. Home is
Portland. She arrived last week and
will spend the rest of this one with
her parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. N. Mitch
ell. Rhea has been away nine months
first as leading woman in Sidney
Ayres sketch in vaudeville, and the
rest of the time as Ingenue, with the
Alcazar stock. She is en route to Van
couver. B. C. where she opens at the
Avenue July 7 In a play of her own
choosing. .Clara Byers. the leading
woman, opens the engagement, June 30,
in "The Girl of the Golden West." Then
Miss Byers rests the second week and
Rhea Mitchell olava th ioi -r
Mitchell is going up for the event,"
wnicn promises to be a gala one be
cause Rhea Is a great favorite in the
Canadian city, where for one entire
season she played In stock. Next Fall
she returns to the Alcazar, that Is if
she doesn't go Into the "movies." She
had two chances and turned them over
and down because the theatrical
ones loomed larger. But always she
nursed the ambition to act on a cur
tain, and when the Vancouver engage
ment is finished we may all be drop
ping in to some picture house to see
the little Portlander in a silent drama.
Blanche Bates opens at the Heillg
tonight in "A Witness for the De
fense," And right here Is where I'm
going to record the cleverest piece of
press agency put over on a long suf
fering public In a year.
When Miss Bates started out in this
play It was not an assured frt thit
good bookings could be secured, and
it wasn't a positive fact that this
play was exactly going to suit Miss
Bates' followers.
So the man who is responsible for
the publicity work for this Frohman
star gave out the story and a delight
fully pleasant bit of news it was too
that that rare old bird, the stork, was
hovering over the chimney of Mrs.
George Creel, the reg'lar name of Miss
Bates. Get the idea? If the public
didn't take kindly to the play It could
be shelved and everybody could think
about the stork and be happy. But
tne play has been a tremendous suc
cess. So the busy little press agent
has had to come forward and take it
all back.
In Los Angeles Margaret C. Bealey,
a Tacoma girl, is suing Walter F. Bea
ley, an actor,1 who has appeared in
small bits with the Baker players, for
divorce on the grounds of desertion and
non-support. Mrs. Bealey asserts that
"he has sufficient ability to earn $400
monthly, but that he Is Indolent to an
extent that prevents him from keeping
an engagement long."
The plaintiff asks $150 monthly for
her support and $250 to pay an attor
ney to prosecute her action.
From the post of chariot driver in a
circus to that of a headliner. th hi,-
ct amomon or a vaudeville performer.
is tne Climb made by Ray Thompson,
owner of the high school horses at
the Empress, In less than 14 years, and
Portland has been the scene of various
steps of his advancement. In 1899
Thompson visited this city with the
Walter L. Main circus, with which he
was a handy man, driving a chariot
in the mimic Coliseum races or hold
ing his own on the back of a inmnino-
mule as ordered by the ringmaster.
luumpson came to Portland as
the principal rider in a hurdle-mule
act presented by Rintrlinir T?thr
circus. He also appeared In this city
with the Barnum & Bailey circus and
ne was seen here twice with th xt,,t.
falo Bill Show, In which he presented
his own horses. Thompson takes his
whole family along with him on his
va.uaevine tour, an unusual procedure
in the "three-a-dav" fielrt. TJ. 1.
companied by Mrs. Thompson, his lit
tle daughter, Thelma, who Is five years
old, and Ray, Jr., who was born In
Winnipeg. Canada, Just eight weeks
ago. In former visits to Portland ir
Thompson appeared as an equestrienne.
"Mike" Is not an assumed ffn-t tn
harmonize with "The Girl From
Butte" in the billing of Miss "Mike"
Berkin, the young violinist at the Or
pheum. It is an honest-to-goodness
name that became hers when she was
7 years old and Mike she has re
mained. Miss Berkin has livd nil
her life In Butte and on a ranch a
few miles out of town except when
she went East to further hA. vniin
education. Miss Berkin was discovered
by Carl Relter of Seattle and mri v.r
first Orpheura appearance there, play
ing t-ortiana second some little time
"Hanky Panky" brings along a
Portland girl, but not In the profes
sional capacity. She Is Mrs. Edward
L. Bloom, the wife of the manager of
the company. She was a Miss Lodge.
Her step-father, Harry Brown, ap
peared in ravld Harum for years, and
his manager was George H. Jordan,
who is now advance man for "Hanky
Panky." Mr. Jordan Is a brother of
the Jordan in the firm of Sanger &
Jordan, who sends us all the European
show novelties. With Mrs. Jordan he
is at the Nortonia Hotel.
Papers have been prepared by the
city authorities of Watts. Log Angeles
County, against Kolb and Dill, the Ger
man comedians now appearing here in
skit, which they call "Lonesome
Town," asking $25,000 damages because
of alleged Injury done to the little city
because of the comedians' Jokes. The
business men of Watts claim that the
remarks perpetrated by the showmen
at the erpense.of their tou-n ha i.
Jured the sale of bonds, bnd made
"aits tne ouit or jokes and Jibes for
all classes. An Injunction will also
be asked restraining Kolb and Dill
from continuing the skit "Lonesome
Town," it being alleged that the title
is a sneer at Watts and does the place
an injustice.
Oh, Watts the use?
Fanse In the Courtship.
Philadelphia Record.
He was hopelessly in love. An floun
dering. "There are sermons in stones."
he said, aoroDOs of nothing- "-v-no
pectally In solitaries," she added, rieln-fully.
Century Ago
From The Oregonlan of .T..n 10 ic
The dispatch today reports much dis
affection and rage among the Copper
heads of Indiana because of the pros
pect that the conscription law is likely
to be enforced, and we are glad to no
tice that vigorous measures were In
stantly taken to quell the disorders.
Judge B. F. Tantis and Major G. C.
Blankenship arrived yesterday from
the Spokane country, from whom we
learn that the mining prospects in the
vicinity of the Pend d'Oreille and Up
per Columbia rivers are very good
many of the bars on the Columbia pa-i
ing from $4 to $12 a day to the hand.
Miners are at work all the way from
Priests Rapids to the mouth of the
Pend d'Oreille. a distance of some 200
From Boise The Journal publishes a
letter written at Bannock City which
rives glowing accounts of the richness
and extent of the mines. One claim
was sold for $10,000 cash and cheap at
that. Excellent quartz leads were found.
James Hickey, a reported horse-thief,
was killed by Andrew McKay at Placer
yille under circumstances that were be
lieved to Justify the act.
Chicago, June 12. The expedition of
Colonel Corwln from Corinth to Flor
ence. Ala., left on May 28. crossed the
Tennessee River on the same night and
proceeded towards Florence, playing
the devil generally.
Wlllamettes No. 1 were out on a arm
last evening and their engine was made
to throw a stream of water 190 feet,
which is said to be a little further than
any machine in this city has done be
fore. Wells, Fargo & Co. brought down on
the steamer Wilson G. Hunt last even
ing $30,000 In gold dust from our north
ern mines. About $26,000 came down
in private hands.
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonlan of June 10. 18S8.
Potsdam. June 18. The service over
the remains of Emperor Frederick was
held at Frledrichskron Castle last
Chicago, June 18. By a vote of 31
to 20 the Republican National Commit
tee chose Thurston of Nebraska tem
porary chairman of the National Con
vention. M. M. Estee. of California, will
undoubtedly, from every Indication to
night, be permanent chairman.
Olympla. W. T.TTune 18. Governor
Semple today appointed the members
of his staff as follows: Quartermaster.
General, with rank of colonel. W. H.
Blair of Montesano; inspector-general!
with rank of colonel. A. P. Curry of
Spokane Falls; Judge advocate general,
with rank of colonel, Elwood Evans, of
Tacoma; paymaster general, with rank
of colonel. Mr. Kaufman, of Tacoma
surgeon general, with rank of colonel
J. . Randolph Smith, of Vancouver;
chief of ordnance, with rank of colonel
John H. Sharpstein. of Walla Walla
aides de camp, with rank of lieutenant
colonel. James Hamilton Lewis, of Se
attle; Gwin Hicks, of Olympia, Wash,;
Vlnce H. Faben, of Seattle, and Henry
Kelllng. of Walla Walla; assistant
adjutant general, with rank of major,
J. Kennedy Stout, of Spokane Falls.
Salem, June TT. This afternoon
Charlie, 13-year-old son of L S. Win
ters, a groceryman. fell off the trestle
work near the Salem mills and broke
his right leg.
Judge Deudy is making some prog
ress in securing subscriptions for the
library buildings. C. H. Lewis and H.
W. Corbett have each subscribed $5000.
which brings the amount subscribed
up to $30,000.
E. A. Hartshorn, general organizer
of the American Protective Tariff
League, arrived yesterday morning to
ursaiuze a local league in this city.
Portland. Mayor. Van B. De Lash
mutt: Police Commissioner. George P.
Frank; counellmen. First Ward, Rich
ard Hoyt; Second Ward, S. Farrell;
Third Ward. William Showers. East
Portland Recorder, A. W. Llewellyn;
marshal, William Morgan; treasurer,
V. D. Pape; assessor, H. H. Holmes;
counellmen. First Ward. J. K. Hardie;
Second Ward, J. M. Lewis; Third Ward.
E. Shannon: Fourth Ward, W. W.
Geary. Alblna Mayor. M. C. Laughlan;
recorder. John T. Hughes; treasurer.
A. Stoldt; marshal. John F. McCartv;
councilmon, John Kelly, T. E. Kraeft,
T. W. PIttenger, Peter Knos.
The Bteamer Hassalo will start on
her voyage around to Puget Sound this
Captain James W. Troup broughf
the steamer D. S. Barber down from
Rlparla to a point above Celllo yes
terday and piloted her through Turn
water Rapids.
Thrlllins; Moment In Finance.
Kansas City Star.
Mother It shocks me awfully to
think you took the penny. Remember,
it is as much a sin to steal a penny as
a dollar. Now how do you feel. Willie?
Willie Like a. chump. There was a
dollar right alongside the penny.
Forerunner of Bell's Phone.
Kansas City Star.
The French inventor of a telephone
antedating that of Alexander Graham
Bell by 20 years, recently died, in com
parative obscurity in Paris.
June Roses and
June Brides
I "Happy be the wedding day,"
runs an old English song.
5 Happy, indeed, is the bride
who is remembered by her
friends who rets a shower of
presents as well as a shower of
I"Vhat to give a bride?
5 Thousands are asking them
selves and others this question
this month; but it shouldn't be
a difficult matter to decide, for
advertisements in The Oregonian
are brimful of really helpful
J Something in gold or silver?
5 Something in cut glass T
Something in lingerie or
J All these questions are an
swered in the advertisements,
and as you read over the pages
today or later you'll be glad of
the suggestion.
J Make it a point to search the
advertisements if you want to
give some friend a pretty gift,
or if you are in doubt which
store to patronize.