Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
0$mtM J . itpitim
VOL. LII1 XO. 16,368.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY. MAY 10, 1913.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
GARRANZA SAYS HE
WILL HANG HUERTA
Other Leaders Marked
MEXICAN SITUATION IS GRAVE
Conditions Known to Give
GOVERNMENT'S FUNDS LOW
Witliout -Money, It Is Recognized
Present Regime Must Soon Fall
and Repetition of Bloody
Events Is Feared.
WASHINGTON. Mar . (Special.)
A condition of affairs bas developed in
Mexico as a result of the revolt against
the government of President Huerta,
which is causing; the Wilson Adminis
tration deep concern.
It Is not too much to say that offi
cials here fear a repetition of the
bloody scenes in the Mexican capital
which resulted in the assassination of
President Madero and his brother and
General Carranxa, leader of the so
ca'.ed Constitutional party, has openly
declared that upon his capture of Mex
ico City he will hang the following
Mexican officials: General Huerta.
President of the republic; General Fe
lix Diaz, nephew of the former dicta
tor. Porfirio Piss: General Blanquet,
who aided in the downfall of Madero;
General Mondragon. one of Huerta-
lieutenants: General Garcia Granados,
who was Minister of the Interior for a
short time under Huerta; General Ro
dolfo Reyes, a Huerta supporter: Fran.
?lsco Je la Barra. Minister for Foreign
Affairs under Huerta.
Mea Aenurd as Coaaalratora.
Alj of these, men. according to Car
ranza. participated ln the conspiracy
which resulted in the assassination of
Madero. They will be treated with the
ame scant mercy that- was accorded
to Madero. Other officers now with
Huerta will not be molested, providing
It is shown that they did not personally
participate in the plot against the life
of the deposed President.
ine important question is: Can Car-
ranza and his allies "make good?"
They believe they can, and their op
erations up to date Indicate they have
an excellent chance of success.
rrMioeni Huerta has 10.000 men in
the Mexican capital. He has no money
save that which he receives ln way of
customs receipts from Carrlbean Sea
and Pacific Coast porta Comparatively
nothing is crossing the border from
Texas. The revolution has reduced the
buying rapacity of the Mexicans, so
that imports have fallen off.
Girtnani Srrklas Loaa.
To meet th situation, the Huerta
government is seeking foreign loana
The Constitutionalists, as those in op
position to the Huerta government pre
fer to be known, have cabled to every
banking house in the United States and
r.urope notirylng them that If they
grant money to Huerta it will be at
their own risk and that, once the gov
ernment changes hands, the loans will
nuerta, nowever. Is supported by
"ra -owaray, head of the Pierson In
terests, which were responsible for the
recognition of the present government
by oreat Britain. Spanish shopkeepers
In Mexico City have applied pressure
at Madrid, aided by the British, and
he Spanish government probably will
recognize Huertas administration.
The United States and other nations
have not accorded recognition . to
Huerta. and it is not likely they will
Deaertloaa From Amy Reported.
wunout recognition and without
money Huerta's government cannot
stand. This Is conceded by his friends.
once he rails to pay his troops and It
is said they are being Irregularly paid
he must abdicate or take the conse
quences. As it is. It Is reported there
are numerous desertions.
Huerta seems to be in anything but
a satisfactory situation. His troops
have been practically driven out of the
entire northern part of Mexico.
General Can-ansa, according to all
inai rin dg learned, seems to have no
difficulty concerning money, and it is
known that large purchases of arms
and ammunition ha.ve been made in tha
United States. If he should triumph his
friends declare he will rule with an
Iron hand and will promptly restore
peace throughout the "republic."
AERO CLUB OFFICIAL 'CALLED
federal (.rand Jury Investigating
Aclivltlcs Along Border.
LOS ANGELES. May . The Federal
grand Jury started an Inquiry today
Into the alleged conspiracy on the part
of Mexican Insurrectionists and aides of
other nationalities to furnish an aero
plane corps to Sonora rebels for war
One of the first witnesses called was
Van M. Griffith, secretary of tha Aero
riub of Southern California, who Is
vi Id to have csrrled on negotiations
th Jlenn Martin, the aeroplanlst. foT
.ne flying machine which was dis
covered Wednesday by Government
agents at Tucson.
Griffith said he had acted In the in
(Concluded oa Faa J ' j
RICH WOMEN AID
SOCIETY" FOR PREVENTION OF
Leader in Movement Says Enough Is
Known to Justify Belief That
Cause Can Be Removed.
"WASHINGTON. May ?. Plans for the
formation of a society for the preven
tion of cancer were announced here
today by Frederick L. Hoffman, a di
rector of the National Association for
the Study and Prevention of Tubercu
losis, which' closed Its annual meeting
today. The new health body will work
along lines already found effective by
the tuberculosis fighters, much of the
effort being of an educational nature.
Mr. Hoffman announced that there
would be a meeting ln New York next
week of a committee to formulate de
finite plans for the society. Wealthy
women, among them Mrs. Cornelius
Vanderbllt, Mrs. Russell Sage and Mrs,
James Speyer. have offered financial
aid. he said, to 'start the movement.
Mr. Hoffman said that while much
was still to be learned concerning the
disease, certain known facts made the
work of prevention possible. He added
that corsets worn by women, heat on
the Hps from the stem of a clay pipe.
growths caused by work ln the pitch
industry, the eating of too hot food and
of brook trout are among known and
probable causes of the disease.
$30 SUIT IN CIRCUIT COURT
Judge Resents Action of Appealing
Judge McGinn was displeased yester
day when an appeal from Justice Court
ln the case of A. Polsky against Sam
Christ man. a controversy involving
about 30, for rent, came before him.
Ha dilated on what he called the
absurdity of wasting the valuable time
of a Circuit Court Judge on such a
trivial matter. Attorney W. H. Masters,
appearing In the case, objected to the
court's remarks, tersely stating that
the Drivllege of appealing Is a con
'Tea- soliloquized the judge, "you
are right but that puts me in mind of
what Judge Shattuck said once from
the bench. He said that a man had
constitutional right to skin a coyote
but was a darn fool to waste his time
Judge McGinn learned that Frel
Fritz knew the facts and Instructed his
clerk to call Fritz and let him say
who was in the right Fritz gave It
as bis belief that the plaintiff was
and Judge McGinn so decided, reversing
FLASHLIGHT INJURES EYES
"Woman at The Dalles Burns Pow
ders and Stove Is "Wrecked.
THE DALLES. Or.. May 9. (Special.)
Two accidents were caused here yes
terday by the explosions of flashlight
powders. -and one may cost Karl Corson
the loss of his eyesight.
Young Corson, who is 14 years old,
attended a campflre picnic, and while
attempting to take a flashlight looked
directly into the flash, causing a severe
shock to the nerves of the eye.
Mrs. E. K. Vlckers yesterday morn
ing threw a small pasteboard box which
she supposed was empty into her
kitchen stove. A few seconds later
there was an explosltion which wrecked
the range. The box contained flash
CHINA SHOWS GRATITUDE
Legation Reports on ' Celebration in
Honor of Recognition.
WASHINGTON. May 9. The gratifl
cation of the people of China over the
recognition of their republic by the
United States was described ln a mes
sage received at the State Department
from the American legation in Pekin.
Deputations from commercial and other
organisations, students and teachers
held a popular celebration ln honor of
the United States and ln the course of
n.rul stormed at the American lega
tion waving the Stars and Stripes Jong?
with the Chinese flag.
Both houses of the National Assembly
have passed resolutions of appreciation
which will be communicated to the
American Government through tha Chi
FAIR SEX SENATE PROPOSED
London Newspaper Suggests Way to
Suffragettes to Advance Cause.
LONDON. May 10. The Dally Mall,
in an editorial today suggests that the
suffragettes could secure all they have
at heart by organizing a woman's par
llament or senate elected on represen
tative lines by the women of the whole
Such a body, the editorial says, al
though lacking In executive authority,
could draft measures and. if it acted
with sanity and Judgment. It would
acquire immense Influence and its rec
ommendations could not be lightly dis
regarded by the House of Commons.
MARSHALL MAKES REPLY
Vice-President Will Apologize
Harvey's Charge Is Upheld.
WASHINGTON. May 9. Vice-Presi
dent Marshall replied . today to Colonel
George Harvey's statement that his re
cent public speeches were meant to in
cite the "predatory poor."
"If anybody will proaur.e a public
utterance of mine advocating the cur
tailment of distribution of honest
wealth except by a fair inheritance tax,
I will go to Wall street and apologize,"
said Mr. Marshall.
Experts Declare Lack
of Faith in "Cure."
DOCTOR'S STAND CRITICISED
Public Advised to Cling to Well
TESTS TO BE CONTINUED
Observation of Patients Already
Treated Said Not to Justify
Confidence' Inspired by
WASHrNGTON, May 9. The first au
thentic and official report of the Gov
ernment's . investigation of the Fried
mann tuberculosis vaccine, made public
here today, declares the results of the
public health service observations so
far "do not Justify that confidence ln
the remedy which has been Inspired by
The National Association for the
Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis,
before which the report was presented.
Immediately and unanimously adopted
resolutions declaring Its belief that "no
specific cure for tuberculosis has been
discovered that deserves the confidence
of the medical profession and the pub
lic" and declaring it to be tha duty of
tha public to continue "all the present
Disappointment Is Rxpresaed.
Though couched in the diplomatic
terms of a governmental scientific doc
ument, the report on the Frledmann
"cure" expresses the disappointment of
the public health service at the condi
tions Imposed by Frledmann, and says
his declination to furnish complete in
formation concerning his vaccine was
not "satisfactory from a scientific
standpoint." The public health serv
ice, however, the report says, accepted
bis conditions because of the great im
portance to thousands of sufferers, and
the hope that a cure might be found.
'Tho report was made by Dr. John F.
Anderson, director of the hygienic lab
oratory, and Dr. A. M. Stlmson, another
public health service officer, who were
designated by Surgeon-General Blue to
make laboratory-,, tests of the Frled
mann vaccine and observe the 90-odd
tuberculosis patients Inoculated ln New
Observation t We Continued.
The investigators pointed out that
while Dr. Frledmann in his prelimi
nary correspondence offered to lay full
and impartial Information before this
Government, he declined to do so after
coming here. Observations by the pub
lic health service will be continued,
however, and the investigators - ex
pressed the opinion that the patients
Concluded on page 2.)
! 1 1 - 4 I
. . SSI. . . . ..............I... .......... .II.. ......t.t.l.. ......... t ,i
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTER DATS Maximum temperature. 85
degrees; minimum. 60 degrees.
TODAY'S Prpbably showers; westerly
Too vigorous protests react against Montana
. reclamatidki projects. Page 5.
Senator Kern would learn whether peonage
exists in west Virginia coal fields. Page
Reply to Japan's formal protest on alien
land bill may be given today. Page 4.
Tariff battle promptly opened ln Senate.
Washington concerned over situation In
Mexico. Page 1.
Government experts declare lack of confi
dence in Frledmann tuberculosis "cure."
Belle Schreiber denies she ever had any
love for Jack Johnson. Page 4.
Rich women aid movement to prevent can
cer. Page 1.
Army aviator, killed on scouting trip from
ban Diego to Los Angeles, page o.
Xew York ex-police inspectors accept xnaxl
mum sentences '.without betraying men
higher up. Page 5.
Bryan pleads for Administration's wcrld
peace plan. Page 1.
New Tork barbers strike, leaving men's
- heads half clipped. Page 1.
Seattle's grand Jury keeps busy probing
city and county affairs. Page 6t
Sham battle staged at annual O. A. C. ca
det Inspection. Page 6.
Coast League results Oakland A, Venice 2:
San FTandsco 4, Los Angeles 2; Port-
' land 1, Sacramento 3. Page 7.
Northwest League results Seattle S, Port
land 3; (Vancouver-Spokane and Vic-
toria-Tacoma games postponed on ac
eount of wet grounds). Page T.
Columbia V. prominent candidate for honors
baturday at Eugene. Page 8. i
Oregon defeats Washington in tual track
meet. Page 6. - '
Commercial -and JIarlne.
Mills try to force burden of free wool on
growers. Page 17. '
Buying flurry sends up May wheat at Chi
cago. Page 17.
Harrlmans strong features, of Wall street
stock market, page 17.
Assurance of big crops, means prosperity for
country. Page 17.
Slthonia. pathfinder of Hamburg-American
fleet, in port. Page 16.
' Portland and Vicinity.
Hearing In railway gateway closing case
starts. Page Is. . .
Numerous strong candidates expected to run
tor city offices. Page 1Z.
Junior police to bx permanently organized
Wednesday, page 10.
Albee's campaign for Mayor to opeA at Mon-
taviiia Monday. Face 10.
Charles B. Moores scores voters for Indif
ference. Page 10.
Elimination of disease held possible by lec
turer at numan life conference. Page 1.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 12.
Council recalls many amendments. Page 10.
Masons hosts to friends at brilliant ball.
INDIAN BOARD RETAINED
Owen Leads Tain Fight in Senate
Committee for Abolishment.
WASHINGTON. May 8. Senator
Owen led an attempt today before the
Senate Indian .affairs committee to
abolish the board of Indian commis
sioners. The board is appointed by the
President and its members serve with
out compensation. Mr. Owen and other
Senators contended it was useless, but
grave .up the fight after a long argu
The Indian appropriation bill, carry
ing $10,000,000. -was under - considera
tion today by the committee. It prob
ably will not be reported to the Senate
until late next week.
Haytl President Poisoned, Is Report.
NEW TORK, May 9. Poison, admin
istered in his food, caused the death on
May 2 of President Auguste. of Haytl,
according to a dispatch from Kingston,
Jamaica, printed here. The story is
based on news received in Kingston by
mail from Hayti.
JP AGAINST THE REAL THING.
BRYAN PLEADS FOR
WORLD PEACE PLAN
No War Without Delib
eration Is Text.
PRESIDENT'S IDEA EXTOLLED
Secretary Says This Nation
: Should Set Example.
THREE FORCES AT WORK
Growing Intelligence, Understand
- Ingr and Control of People Over
Destinies Viewed as Influ
ence Against Conflict.
NEW YORK, May 9. William Jen
nings Bryan, speaking at a dinner giv
en tonight in honor of the foreign mem
bers of . the , international conference
that is arranging the celebration of
100 years of peace among English-
speaking peoples, declared that the
new peace plan offered by President
Wilson to all nations Is the latest and
longest step toward peace.
"It contemplates time for investiga
tion and deliberation, h Said, "and
this makes the possibility of war re
Mr. Bryan's subject was "Progress
Toward Peace." He said that the part
of the United States ln the cause of
necessity must be large because "more
than any other nation it had a popula
tion which is attached by blood to
nearly all other nations."
Peace Chord Is Struck.
Peace for all time between the Unit
ed States and Great Britain was the
keynote of other addresses of the eve
ning, delivered by Lord Weardale,
chairman of the English delegation;
Sir Edmund Walker, of Canada; Sir
George Houstoun Reid, of Australia,
and Judge George Gray, of Delaware.
Tonight's function marked the last of
many that have engaged the delegates
here .for the last week. Tomorrow
they start for Boston.
Unstinted applause greeted all re
marks that emphasized the cordial re
lations between the two nations and
the cause of universal- peace in gen
eral. The enthusiastic singing of
"America" and "God Save the King"
was one of the features of the eve
Brltls'i Ambassador Present.
Joseph H. Choate, ex-Ambassador of
Great Britain, acted as toastmaster. At
his left sat the new British Ambassa
dor, Sir Arthur Cecil Spring-Rice, and
on his right M. DaGama, the Brazilian
Ambassador, dean of the diplomatic
corps at Washington. Mr. Bryan was
introduced after the banqueters had
drunk a toast to the King of Eng-
(Concluded on page 2.)
MEN LEFT IN CHAIR
AS BARBERS STRIKE
H.ILP-CLIPPED HEADS ABAN
DONED IN NEW YORK.
Lather Dries on TJnscraped Chins as
Men Join Demonstration 4000
Brooklyn Shops Are Closed.
NEW TORK. May 9. (Special.)
The barbers' strike, which started in
Brooklyn Monday and closed 4000 shops
in that borough, spread to Manhattan
this afternoon, when 3000 striking bar
bers bearing banners lettered' ln
Italian, marched across Brooklyn bridge
behind a rass band to hold a mass
meeting ln "Union Square. Heads of
the barbers' unions say they will have
all shops ln Manhattan employing
union labor closed before Monday un
less tho bosses arrant demands for
From Brooklyn bridge the parade
went uptown by way of Park Row and
the Bowery. On the way delegations
of strikers invaded open barber shops
and called out hundreds of workmen.
Tom Sharkey was among those who
were deserted in the midst of the opera
tion of having their whiskers trimmed.
One man who had accumulated half a
hair cut protested mightily, but the
barber paid no attention to his com
plaints, and left him with part of his
head clipped and the rest just as it had
been when he entered the shop.
PHONE GIRLS VACCINATED
Squeal From "Central" Gives First
Intimation to Public.
"Main 421 7" this with a rising ac
cent, then a squeal through the tele
phone and "Ouch, don't touch my arm"
Introduced the Portland telephone
public late yesterday to the fact that
each of the "hello girls" in tho main
station of the Pacific States Telephone
Company, at Tenth and Alder streets,
had acquired a new little red mark on
her shoulder, indicating vaccination.
. The cause of the vaccination was the
fear of spread of a slight case of small
pox which was discovered yesterday in
the telephone exchange by City Health
Officer Wheeler, and which was prompt
All tho telephone operators, some
190, who were ln any way likely to
have come into contact with the young
lady who was found to have smallpox,
were jabbed with the handy vaccine,
the whole operation taking several
VOTERS' BOOKS TO OPEN
Women's Petition for Further
Chance to Register Granted.
Registration books are to be . kept
open at the County Courthouse eac
day next week from S A. M. to 8 P. M.
The City Council yesterday adopted
resolution requesting County Clerk
Coffee to open the books for a week
to give all who have not had a chance
to register to get their names on the
books. It will be possible also for
many persons to straighten out tangles
occasioned by their having given incor
rect addresses, precincts or names, o
having changed their precincts since
The books were ordered open prln
cipally on the strength of a petition
from women's organizations declaring
that there are no fewer than 10,000
working women who have not regis
WIND DAMAGES SHIPYARD
Large Shed Wrecked at St. Helens
Causing Loss of $700 0.
ST. HELENS. Or.. May 9. (Special.)
Damage to the extent of about 17000
was caused at the plant of the St.
Helens Shipyards this afternoon by I
severe wind storm. The storm was pre
ceded by thunder, lightning and halt.
which lasted about 15 minutes.
The wind bbsw so strong that the
large shed at the shipyard collapsed
and all poles and derricks were blown
over. All the men were at work, but
as soon as the bigr shed began to creak
and groan the men hurried to safety
and no one was injured.
No damage was done in any other
part of. the city and so far none has
been reported from the surrounding
FRATS' CONTINUE PLEDGES
University of Washington Societies
ITNIVERSITT OF WASHINGTON, Se
attle, Wash., May 9. (Special.) The
Greek letter fraternities of the Uni
versity of Washington, at a meeting
last night, signified their Intention not
to alter the present system of pledging
new candidates to their societies. Some
contention arose recently among some
of the organizations over the pledging
of first-year men at the opening of
the college year, it being considered it
was not beneficial.
Tho Washington fraternities have
been investigating conditions in sev
eral Eastern colleges to ascertain how
matters of thatNsort are run there.
STUDENTS HELP FIREMEN
Buildings of University of Utah
Threatened With Destruction.
SALT LAKE CITY. Utah, May 9.
Flames that threatened to' destroy all
the principal buildings of the Univer
sity of Utah were checked today by
firemen and students after the labora
tory building had been destroyed and
the medical building damaged.
ID CONSERVE LIFE
Elimination of Disease
EFFECT OF POLITICS IS SEEN
Many Health Officers Poorly
Trained, Says Hygienist.
MORE LEGISLATION URGED
Physical Training, Playgrounds,
Good Roads and Social Problems
Discussed Amid Demonstra
tions at Reed College.
' A. liberal education in the develop
ment of devices for the conservation
of human life, offered by means of
more than a score of exhibits and by
lectures, both illustrated and unlllus
trated,. carried on simultaneously in
many different sections: this, in gen
eral. Is what is offered at Reed College
in the Conference for the Conservation
of Human Life, which opened yesterday
morning and which will continue until
More than 300 delegates, representing
the principal civic and social organiza
tions of Tortland and many other cities
of the Pacific Coast, registered at the
opening of the conference. As the
work of the flrsh day progressed the
great breadth of the field covered by
the lectures and exhibits and the
thoroughness with which it was cov
ered brought forth continued expres
sions of surprise and admiration from
Lectures Are Divided.
The lecture work was divided into
sections, each presided over by a spe
cial representative of some educational
or civic organization and in different
halls in the administration building of
Reed College, these sections carried on
their work simultaneously, while the
delegates visited one or another lec
ture hall, according to tho subject In
which they might be " interested, or
passed from room to room in which the
exhibits of the various organizations
whose work, deals with the conserva
tion of human life have their exhibits.
Dr. George F. Reinhardt, professor
of hygiene of the University of Cali
fornia, delivered one of the most strik
ing addresses in the series given yes
terday in the public health section of
the conference, his subject being "Pub
lic Health Administration."
Dr. Reinhardt declared that it Is
within the power of men to eliminate
disease almost absolutely from the hu
man race by a proper understanding
of the conditions under which disease
Is produced and traV nltted and by an
intelligent enactment and administra
tion of public health laws. He assert,
ed that well-informed, progressive phy.
slclans, trained ln public health admin
istration, are the prime essential to a
condition of best welfare ln the com
Politics Retard Work.
"We have not yet divorced public
health from politics ln this country."
he declared. "Thore are many men
who might secure the technical train
ing necessary to make them the best
administrative officers of public health.
but they are not sure of a position in
which they can work If they do pass
the time and take the trouble to fit
themselves for it. Consequently we
too frequently find the public health
officer acting half-heartedly or Indif
ferently in a position which he Is
wholly unfitted to fill and to which he
attained only, through some political
Public health administration should
be under, civil service and the man who
is given the task of administering the
public health laws should be thorough,
ly trained in the business which he is
to pursue, for after all, the conserva
tion of the life and health of our peo
ple is the first thing that should he
considered at all times. A man either
must be systematically trained for such
work or he will be obliged to learn at
the expense of. the public."
Dr. Reinhardt lamented Imperfect
training and indifference to develop
ment of skill in their profession which
he said exist among many physicims.
large proportion of physicians who
graduated before 1900, he declared.
never looked through microscope nor
gained -any experimental knowledge of
Public Being Taught.
That class of physicians today is just
where It was when it graduated, he
declared, "and it Is teaching the public
a great deal of foolishness about pre-
entative medicine that is now abroad
In the country."
The discussion in the same section
was opened In the forenoon by Dr. C. S.
White, who outlined the recent legisla
tion in Oregon which deals with the
conservation or human lire. Dr. vvmte
paid that there were passed by tha last
Legislature 18 bills having a direct or
Indirect bearing upon conservation of
life. Most important among these, h
said. Is the legislation regarding tu
berculosis, but he still ueld that fur
ther legislation on that subject is need
ed to make the fight against tubercu
"Health officers need the authority
to break up families If necessary and
(Concluded on Paa If.)