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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
TIIE MORNING OREGOMAN. FRIDAY. MAY 2, 1913.
BY JUDGE GATENS
Declaration Made Immora
Girls Under 21 Years of
Age Are in Majority.
BLAME IS PUT ON PARENTS
Education at Home Is Held to Be
Lacking Whipping Post Farored
for Men Wring Ofr Earnings
of Fallen Women.
There Is more Immorality among
drls under the agra of 51 years than
there la amonir women above that aire
parents are responsible for that eon
dltion; the evil cannot be cured by
fines or imprisonment: there should be
separate Dubllc schools for boys and
frlrls; Portland Is "honey-combed with
houses freauented by fallen women;
the srlrl who wears low shoes, silk
stockings and whose face betrays
brazenness is the future scarlet woman;
recruits for the ranks of disorderly
women come not from department
stores, but from Idleness and from
homes where no care Is exercised over
children: education alone, combined
with the elimination of the vicious
double standard of morals, can bring
about a cessation of the terrible con
Such, in brief, was the summing up
of conditions as to the delinquency of
minors and the social evil by W". N.
Gatens. Judge of th Juvenile Court,
in an address In the auditorium of the
Medical building yesterday afternoon.
the room being packed.
In fact, every chair was occupied and
women whose hair was gray stood
throughout the meeting and some sat
on top of a flat desk, so intense was
Oay Ijomhard Speaker.
Following this address. Gay Lom
bard. Republican candidate for Mayor,
spoke on the proposed charter, which
he denounced as a vicious document.
"Questioned as to his policy toward the
social evil. Mr. Lombard declared he
would "jail or drive out of the city
every man who lives from the earn
ings of fallen women," and said he
agreed with Judge Gatens on the sa
lient features of the latter's address,
saying he would favor the whipping
post for such men. Alice R. Nugent.
president of the Women's Good Gov
ernment Club, under the auspices of
which the meeting was held, presided.
Judge Gatens and Mr. Lombard were
loudly applauded through their ad
Conditions of the most dreadful type,
concerning the delinquencies of boys
and girls, especially the latter, were
brought to light by Judge Gatens
and the most startling feature of his
speech was his declaration that gross
immorality Is "a very common thing
and not at all uncommon" in Portland
As a matter of fact. Judge Gatens de
. clared. the question of how to solve
the social evil and to do away. Insofar
as is possible, with the problems aris
ing therefrom, has not been solved at
all by men from the foundation of the
world. In his opinion, he said, it can
be greatly helped by education of the
young, both boy and girl, not in the
public school, "but by father and mother
in the home."
Education at Home 1'rged.
"It is in the home." declared Judge
Gatens, "that we must get the needed
education that will bring about changed
conditions. I doubt the wisdom of
fachlng sex education in the public
Judge Gatens said that, admitting the
absolute truth, all that has been done
toward curing the social evil Is to pass
laws to fine and imprison the fallen
woman. The guilty men, he said, who
alone are the cause of Immorality
as, he said, men are almost always at
fault are seldom, if ever, adequately
punished. Be said that it is of no use
to fine or imprison these women and
that was why he opposed the proposed
morals court bill, which was introduced
Into the last Legislature.
"By merely fining or imprisoning the
woman." said he, "you do her no good.'
Unless you reach out to her a helping
Jiand unless you put heart action Into
your efforts to abolish the fallen wom
an and to help her to a good life, you
will faiL If fined, she must serve out
time in Jail or return to her abode and
earn more shame money wlUi which
to pay her fine; If Imprisoned, she is
allowed to become Idle and when re
leased is more helpless than before,
and returns to' her evil life, worse. If
possible, than before."
Judge Gatens declared that Idleness
Is the greatest source of recruits for
houses of Ill-fame. It Is untrue, he
declared, that the department stores
furnish the majority of these recruits.
Salesgirls An Defeaded.
"To say that these women are re
crulted from department stores Is to
' Insult every girl who works In a de-
partment store." said Judge Gatens,
i "and it is not true. The facts are that
I the majority of the fallen women come
from homes where parents neglect to
look properly after their children and
to throw about them proper safe
guards. Watch the girls you pass on
the streets at night or even by day,
and you will see many wearing low
top shoes, silk stockings and with
brazen faces they are the future scar
let women of this city. Now, we must
work to alter conditions so that girls
will be taught in their homes the re
sults of 'fast' living and neglect."
Judge Gatens declared absolutely In
favor of a single moral standard for
men and women and severely con
demned men of the present and past
and also the parents for excusing as
saults on the virtue of girls by say
ing, "Oh. the boy simply la sowing his
"It will startle you, I know." said
Judse Gatens. "when I tell you that
there are more Immoral girls under 21
years In Portland than there are wom
en above that age. However, you had
better be shocked right now by what I
say. for 1 shall speak quite frankly,
than to be shocked and mortified later
b" the actions of your children. It is
high time that parents were educating
their children right and I Bay to you
mothers, the fault for conditions today
lies at your door."
Paalabairat sf Mca oggested.
"Isnt It about time the courts were
doing something to the men?" asked a
woman, and thia was followed by
"The Juvenile Court is doing Its full
duty. I assure you," replied Judge
Gatens, and he was applauded. "I do
not take that to myself therefore."
"Sometimes men who attack girls are
sent Into the country by the Judges,"
suggested another woman.
"Well, if they are. I think it is wrong;
I hare never done such a thing- myself
and do not approve of it.-' replied Judge
Judge Gatens then remarked that. "I
oppose the whipping post on principle,
but. In case of the men who live from
the earnings of fallen women or who
lead girls astray, I should be glad to
see It used: tbey are entitled to no
mercy and there is no extenuating cir
cumstance In their case."
"Should not the names of such men
be published In the newspapers and be
given the greatest publicity?" was an
other question asked by a woman.
"I think they are. usually," the
"There Is one thing that we must
stop," commented Judge Gatens, "and
that Is the present condition which
tolerates It if a boy goes out and con
tributes to the delinquency of every
girl In the neighborhood, but in the
case of a girl she is spumed and con
demned by all.
Womea Are Blamed.
"You women are to blame for part
of this, for you turn away from a
woman who has fallen and help to
crush her: you should assist her to a
better life and to an independent liv
ing by learning a trade or something
"If we women should be seen walk
ing with an Immortal woman, known
to be such, would not you men be the
first to complain 7" asked a woman.
"Some men mleht- was Judge oa
At the conclusion of his address
Judge Gatens received the thanks of
those present, through the presiding
officer, amid great applause.
BLOSSOM FETE ON
Yakima Festival Names Girl
From Zillah as Queen.
TODAY IS BIG FUNFEST
SCHOOL BOARD MEETS
OFFICES IX COCRTHOrSE TO BE
USED AFTER ACGCST 1.
Directors Decide to Purchase Auto
for Administrative Officials New
Building Is Authorized.
The administrative department of the
school board will have offices in the
County Courthouse after August 1. The
directors, at a meeting yesterday, de
cided to. make the transfer from the
Tllford building when the present lease
expires. It was decided that more room
was needed and as the-county offered
this at a rental of Just half the board
is paying the proposition was eagerly
The rental for the present quarters
is $240 a month.
It was decided to provide an automo
bile for the use of school officials. A
report of the secretary showed that In
the long run It would be cheaper to
have an automobile than for the of
ficials and employes to use the street
cars, as at present.
A. W. Kutsche was awarded a con
tract for building the proposed Hoff
man Schoolhouse. at Sixty-ninth street
and Powell Valley Road. The building
will be of concrete and steel and will
cost about 70.000.
The board decided to sell the old
Ainsworth school building and have It
raxed at the close of the present school
ACTORS IN AMATEUR PLAY
"The Rag Time Band"' Comic Fea
ture at Peoples.
"The Ragtime Band," the comic fea
ture on the new bill at the People's
Theater, is causing roars of merriment.
It Is a Keystone production, in which
Ford Terling and Mabel Norman play
the leading roles and it depicts the
appearance of Proressor scnmeitz ana
his band at an amateur show. An ama
teur show generally Is funny anyway,
but this Is put on by real comedians,
who have the science of comedy down
to a fine point and the Keystone com
pany has Deen exceptionally success
ful In their comic films.
The Star Theater offered 4000 feet of
licensed films and musical turns and
has secured Cy Confer, a, popular local
singer. He received a cordial recep
house, where he previously played con
secutively for 62 weeks.
The Arcade offered Gene Gautler,
formerly a Kalem star, now at the head
of her own company in a great mili
tary spectacle in three big, splendid
spectacular reels. Miss Gautler Is one
of the best film actresses in the world
and her work in this piece is quite
Towns in Fruit Valley Delegate Blos
som Princesses; Portland Rosari
ans to Arrive for Afternoon
and Night Gayety.
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash.. May 1.
(Special.) Miss Sisto Granger, the first
srlrl born In Zillah.. wash., was select
ed oueen of the third annual Taklma
Blossom Festival by lot today, from
blossom princesses representing Wap
ato, Roslyn, Ellensburg, Moxee, Zellah
and a number of other cities of the
Tomorrow will be the big day. A
delegation of 122 Tllllcums of Elttaes
on a special train will arrive tomorrow
morning at 8 o'clock with Wagner's
band. They Have invited Mayor Bplawn
and 25 other residents of North Yakima
to breakfast with them, will take part
In the big parade tomorrow afternoon
and the burlesque parade at night and
will place themselves at the disposal
of the local entertainment committee
The Portland special train with the
Rosarlans Is expected later in the aft
ernoon and the special from Spokane
with the Enakops will come in about 2
In the afternoon. Beside the two pa
radea tomorrow, the Yakima fire de
partment will make an exhibition run,
two blossom dances will be given and
a smoker in the Commercial Club rooms
for the delegation from the outside
DUFUR SEED CORN BOUGHT
C. Tk Smith Desirous of Having
Greater Variety of Crops Tried.
THE DALLES, Or, May 1. (Special.)
That Wasco County is a splendid
corn-growing section is evidenced by
the fact that C L. Smith, agriculturist
for the O.-W. R. & N. Company, has
purchased 3000 pounds of seed corn
from M. M. Burtner, of Dufur. The
railroad will supply farmers In Oregon
and Washington, along the lines of the
railroad company, with the seed. Mr.
Smith believes that there is no better I
corn in the West than that grown in
The O.-W. R. N. Is encouraging
corn-raising because it is interested
in the stimulation, encouragement and
success of diversified farming, bellev-
ng such a system will increase the
productive capacity of the land and
furnish a more continuous demand for
"Such a division of labor would be
more profitable and satisfactory to
both employer and employe," said Mr.
Smith. "It would necessitate homes
for more people on the land and lead
logically to an increase In rural popu
lation; to more extensive and Intelli
gent methods of soil cultivation, more
careful selection of seed, better live
stock, better social and business conditions."
The Portland, of course.
Every week-day this pleas
ant airy dining room is
filled with a throng of men
and women enjoying an
hour of rest from the
morning's activities, and
strength for the after
11:30 to 2
Afternoon tea in the beau
tiful grillroom from 3:30
to 6, with delightful or
chestral music. A treat ap
preciated by scores of
A sumptuous table d'hote
dinner is served in the
dining room every evening.
On Sunday evening there
is a special program of
music, followed by a sym
phony concert in the lobby.
$5:30 to 8 $1.00
After-Theater Service in
0. J. Kaufmann, Manager
N. K. Clarke, Asst. Mngr.
STAFF TO RIDE 465 MILES
War College Cavalcade Leaves Fred
ericksburg for Gettysburg.
FREDERICKSBURG, Va, May 1.
Four hundred and sixty-five miles will
be covered In the 20-day horseback ride
of the War College staff cavalcade,
which rode from here today on a jour
ney over the Civil War battlefields of
Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania.
Thirty-six officers, including two
British Army officers of high rank.
one naval officer, two surgeons and the
War College instructors and student
officers, galloped away over the quiet
Virginia roads. The riders win reach
Gettysburg on May 17, traveling by a
DECISION EXPECTED SOON
Milwaukie Prepares for Paving of
Front Street at Cost of $20,000.
MILWAUKIE, 0May 1. (Special.)
The matter of 5-cent fare between
Milwaukie and Portland is before the
Supreme Court of the United States and
a decision is expected in a short time
Final hearing was set for last Monday.
Milwaukie won its contentions in all
the lower courts.
Proceedings are advancing for im
proving Front street from the north
to the south city limits. It is hoped
to get the contract let within a month.
This street is 70 feet wide and will be
paved for most of the distance. The
cost will be about $20,000, although the
official estimates have not been com
pleted. Postal Savings Director Resigns.
WASHINGTON, May 1. Theodore L.
Weed, director of the postal savings'
system since its establishment, pre
sented to Postmaster-General Burleson
today his resignation, effective June 30.
Mr. Weed will engage in business in
CHOOSE your new suit now
and meet Spring half way
Spring lias journeyed far to meet you with her
gladness her showers and sunshine her wel
come to the great outdoors.
Of these fabrics, too, many have come from dis
tant climes tweeds from Scotland, homespuns
from Ireland, cheviots and worsteds fromi Eng
land, and fine woolens from all-America all
meet here to make your choosing easy.
$20 to $35 will pay for your choke
of these beautiful weaves, which
have been tailored into faultless mod
els read's for you to wear now.
Men's shop main floor
Young men's shop second floor
Boys' $6.50 and $7.50 A A
Knickerbocker Suits pO.JJ
160 boys' all-wool suits, ranging from 10 to 17
years, tailored from tweeds, cheviots and
worsteds; trousers fully lined. In beautiful
grays, tans, browns and fancy mixtures. As
long as they last you may take your choice at
Boys' shop second floor
The best $3 Hat wade for men is a
Brewer HaL You'll find them here
the newest styles and colors.
BEN SELLING CLOTHIER
Morrison Street at Fourth
POWERS URGING HASTE
AUSTRIA'S ATTITUDE ABOUT
SCUTATCI CAUSES FEARS.
Montenegro, Preparing for Siege, Is
Willing to Evacuate if Territorial
Compensation Is Given.
LONDON. May 1. No date has yet
been fixed tor the reassembling of the
peace conference at London, but the
powers are urging Turkey and the
Balkan allies to send their . delegates
as quickly as possible. In the belief
that the conclusion of peace will as
sist In the settlement of the other
Although the tension arising over
the fate cf Scutari has been lessened,
the danger is not past. It is understood
that Montenegro is willing to evacuate
that town on condition that territorial
compensation be allowed, but Austria
heretofore has insisted on uncondition
al evacuation, and if she still persists
In this attitude a peaceful arrange
ment hardly will be possible.
The Austrian Emperor has summoned
an extraordinary crown council for
tomorrow, which will include the pre
miers and war ministers of both Aus
tria and Hungary. I
Reports through Vienna say the
Montenegrins are preparing Scutari for
"LABOR DAY" CELEBRATED
Socialists In British Isles Cheer
LONDON. May 1. "Labcr Day."
which hitherto has been celebrated In
a minor key In the British Isles, was
greeted today In louder tones. Pome
10,000 men, mostly Socialists, paraded
the streets and subsequently congre
gated In Hyde Park.
Here they received with loud cheer
ing the fiery denunciations of the
thralldom of capital and militarism de
livered In half a dozen languages by
i i vii -uy?
500 New Spring
Our Own Low Regular Prices Were
$27.50, $24.75, $22.50 and $19.50
No let-up to this unparalleled event at
Portland's Emporium today ! Crowds were
here from opening until closing time yesterday.
If you need a Suit, Ooat or Dress, you cannot afford to let
such an opportunity go by unheeded. Every garment is new right
out of regular stock. FOUR STYLES PRECISELY AS ILLUS
TRATED. Read on come today I
Every new fabric, coloring and fashion-feature of the season!
Charming Cutaways, plain tailored, chic fancy models, Norfolks
and semi-Norfolks. Blue serges, Bedford cords, homespuns, Shep
herd checks, mixtures and novelty weaves, lovely grays, tans,
browns, blues. Newest style skirts. Guaranteed linings. All sizes.
Our $27.50, $24.75, $22.50 and $19.50 Suits, $15.55.
Smart , V and full-length Coats, of natty shep
herd checks, handsome plaids, diagonals, home
spuns, eponges, black satins, navy serges and
fancy materials in all colors. All sizes, 14 to
44. Regular $24.75, $22.50 and $19.50 Coats.
May Garment Carnival for only $15.55
Beautful models, of finest mannish serges, in
navy, black, Copenhagen and tan. Also the
fashioable Shepherd checks and Bedford cords.
Pretty Bulgarian trimmings and bright touches
of color. Regular $24.75, $22.50, $19.50 Dresses.
May Garment Carnival for only 15.55
Display Advantage Today
SUITS, COATS, DRESSES, WAISTS
C J ' P-'r 41). WF H JBk PJf HtVVS?li i
124-128 Sixth Street, Between, Washington and Alder