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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LIII XO. 1C3G0.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TITURSDAY, MAY 1, 1913.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FOR QUICK ACTION
Drastic Bill Will Be
Acted On Today.
FARM COLONIES WIPED OUT
Proposed Law Most Rigid of
Any Yet Suggested.
EFFECTIVE CHECKS GIVEN
Leasing to Non-Eligible Aliens Ab
solutely Prohibited, and Inds
Now Held Cannot Be Be
queathed to Aliens.
SACRAMEXTO, April SO. An open
right of way for final action in the
Fenate tomorrow morning on the Webb
antl-allen land act was prepared today
by the floor leaders In the upper house.
The vote Is expected before night.
Secretary Bryan spent the day In
San Francisco, not returning; until late
tonight, and it was not known whether
he had received further instructions
from President Wilson regarding; his
propositions to the Legislature. In bis
absence the original plan to permit no
further delay was carried out. and
when the Senate adjourned tonight the
Webb bill, which stands on the file as
the accepted substitute for the orig
inal Thompson-Btrdsall measure, was
due to be. reached within a few min
utes after the upper house convenes at
10 o'clock tomorrow.
Long; ' Debate Mot Improbable.
A long debate is not Improbable, and
a few amendments may be offered, but
they will be resisted with the full force
cf the administration leaders, who said
tonight that they expected the act to
be passed in its present form.
There was wide discussion today of
the new bill, although little criticism
was forthcoming from the standpoint
of California. In comparison with
various drafts that preceded It. the
Webb act Is said to be more drastic
and effective In reaching the Japanese
farmers of the state than any other
form, and at the same time least ob
Jectlonable of all from an international
point of Tiew.
Senator Thompson declared tonight
that the bill provides for "the immedi
ate and direct solution of the Japanese
problem," and to this extent It is the
most rigid and uncompromising meas
lire that has been suggested.
Wilwt Said Not to Approve.
Senator Thompson denied that the
wording of the act. or any part of it,
can be taken as a concession to the
objections of Secretary Bryan, and
Governor Johnson said today that from
what he understood of the situation
tbe measure did not have the approval
of President Wilson. , .
. "It Is altogether probable that we
would, have reached this form of bill
In any case." said Senator Thompson,
"and It cannot fairly be said that the
draft prepared by Attorney-General
Webb reflects any of the sentiments
of Mr. Bryan except his desire that we
do not offend any one, and of course.
has been our guiding principle from
the beginning. At no time have we had
a wish to (Offend the people of any na
tion, and our desire to avoid the words
'ineligible to citisenship has been
ouite as strong as that of the Federal
"Those words are not used In the
Webb bill, but I do not hesitate to say
that the effect and result axe precisely
tha same as if they were Included, and
It will be so understood. There waa no
way to avoid It."
Ead Put to Canonising.
A close study of tha Webb bill shows
tha extent of the restrictions placed on
aliens who are not permitted to be
come citizens, although the limitations
re precisely those that are imposed In
the existing treaties between us and
Japan. China and other nations whose
subjects are ineligible. In the ce of
the Japanese, they are prohibit ) en
tirely from acquiring or holding land
for farming or agricultural purposes,
and it Is declared that the passage ot
the act will put an end. not only to the
growth of Japanese farming colonies,
but eventually to tbe colonies them
selves. This purpose of the act Is effected in
1. In the death of an alien land
owner, the bill provides that his owner
ship ceases and that the property must
be taken over by the probate court
and sold to the highest bidder.'
Under Its terms an alien cannot be
queath real property except to a citi
zen. The proceeds from the sale of
such land are distributed to the heirs
by the court.
Leasing la Prohibited.
S. No leases whatsoever are permit
ted. Originally It was planned to per
mit leases covering a maximum per
iod of three to five years, but the Webb
act denies this opportunity for coloni
zation by aliens and provides that any
lease of agricultural lands is subject
to escheat to the state on the day It
To make number two more effective,
the bill provides that when suit is be
gun to escheat such leases, the court
shall appraise the lease, sell the pro
perty at a forced sale and pay the
value of the lease Into the state. The j
remainder of the proceeds shall go to
(Concluded on Tag 2.)
OF GRANGE ACTION
NIPPONESE OWNERSHIP OF
OREGOS LANDS OPPOSED.
Pleasant Home Body Adopts Reso
lution Agitating Movement by
PLEASANT VALLEY. Or.. April 30.
(Special.) A reno1utton opposing the
owning or leasing of Ia:id in Oregon by
Japanese wil! be submitted, by the
Pleasant Home Grange to the State
Grange, which will be held next month.
This resolution waa adopted at the
regular meeting of the Grange Satur
day, and was placed in the nanas or uun
Riehev. one of the delegates to tne
State Grange from Multnomah County.
The resolution was warmly discussed
by the members, some being against
Reference was mads to the many
Japanese farmers In Eastern Multno
mah County who have leased some of
the largest farms of the Russellville
district. It was argued that the Tel
low peril1' in Multnomah County was
becoming a reality.
FLIER WINS $10,000 PURSE
French Aviator Covers 10H Miles
Between Sunrise and Sunset.
PARIS, April 30. Ernest F.. Gulllaux,
a French airman, whose aeroplane
Clght on Sunday last when he traveled
from Biarritz, France, to Kollum, not
land, a distance of nearly 1000 miles,
won a prize of $10,000 and the Pommery
or Single day distance cup, which was
decided at sundown tonight.
Competition for the Pommery cup,
valued at 11500 is open every six
months and the prize Is awarded' to
the aviator making the longest flight
In a straight line between sunrise ana
sunset of tbe same day.
Gulllaux started from Biarritz, in tne
extreme south west of France at 4:32
o'clock Sunday morning and after
making two stops at Bordeaux and
Villa Coublay to repiemsn nis mei,
finally reached Kollum. Holland.
Pierre Daucourt, a Frencnman, won
the cud on the last occasion wiu a
flight on October 6. 1912. from Valen
ciennes to Biarritz, a distance or ejo
MANY CLAMOR FOR CORN
Townspeople as Well as Farmer
AVould Try Experiment. -
C. L. Smith, agriculturist for tne
O.-W. R. & N, has been besieged wltn
a stack of applications for seed corn
from all parts of the territory tribu
tary to the company's lines In response
to the announcement in The Oregonlan
a few days ago that free distribution of
seed would be made.
In addition to the mail requests many
inquiries are received every hour by
telephone and In person. Many women
have called at his office In the last few
days bearing buckets, baskets or other
receptacles In which to carry the corn
away. It ts the evident intention of
many applicants to plant corn on city
lots and so long- as the seed supply
holds out they will be accommodated
This free distribution of seed Is being
made to demonstrate the truth of the
theory held by Mr. Smith and by other
officials of the O.-W. R. & N. Co. that
the climate and soil of Oregon are
better adapted to corn growing than
the climate and soil of any .other state.
BOARD URGED BY CHILDREN
Tract Used as Storage for Reservoir
Wanted for Playground.
More than S00 school children and
others will appear at the City Hall this
afternoon at J o'clock to urge the City
Water Board to open for a public play
ground a tract of land east of Mount
Tabor reservoir No. 2, now used for
the storage of pipe and other supplies
of the water department. Six schools
of the East Side district arc behind the
It is proposed to have the tract
turned over to the Park Board, which
has promised the residents of the sec
tion that the tract will be supplied with
play apparatus. A delegation appeared
before the Park Board yesterday and
received promise of support.
MANILA VICTORY NOTED
Dewey's Snccess 1 5 Years Ago Today
to Be Observed at Dinner.
WASHINGTON. April 30. Dewey's
victory over the Spanish fleet In Ma
nila Bay, 15 years ago, will be cele
brated here tomorrow night at the an
nual reunion and banquet of the So
ciety of Manila Bay.
Twenty-two of the survivors of the
famous battle. Including Rear-Admiral
A. S. Walker, who commanded the
cruiser Concord and the only survivor
of the six officers who commanded
vessels of Dewey's fleet, will gather
around the banquet table to do honor
to Admiral George Dewey, president of
POLICE HERD TIE' BEGGARS
Political Jobhunters Stand in Ijine
All Xight at Washington.
WASHINGTON. "May 1. (Thursday)
Hungry Jobhunters, among them
many who have despaired of gaining the
official pie counter through official in
fluence, gathered in such numbers to
night in th vicinity of the Civil Serv
ice Commission headquarters that the
police reserves were called out.
The gathering; was Inspired by the
fact that on May 1 the examination
blanks for appointments to minor po
sitions sr! given out.
The commission's doors will be
opened t, 3 o'clock in the morning.
Contrast With 1912
Activity in Lumber Industry
POSTAL INCOME IS GAINING
Livestock Receipts for First Four
Months Are 30 Per Cent Greater
Than for Previous Tear and
Grain Is "Well Cleaned TTp.
Evidence of the notable expansion in
general business for the month of April
is Indicated in substantial gains In
building permits, postal receipts, live
stock receipts and lumber shipping and
in the large volume of bank clearings
and export trade. Discounting the er
feet of the city primary campaign, the
records for the month are most gratify
ing and show conclusively that Port
land's commercial progress Is consist
ent and wholesome.
Portland's big growth is reflected In
the immense amount of building con
struction that Is under way. Since the
first of the year authorized construc
tion has reached a total of 5,700,000.
With buildings under course of con
struction and definitely planned, the
total investment In homes, business
structures and plants so far this year
will aggregate approximately $8,000,000.
Building Shows Increase.
With the exception of one month.
April broke all records In building per
mits. The records of the Building In
spector . show that there were Issued
1431 permits, representing a total cost
of $2,938,770. The largest previous
showing was made In December, 1810.
when the totals exceeded 14,000,000.
Compared with tha totals for April of
last year, tbe past month's record
shows a big gain, the increase being
3632,834, or 27.3 per cent
Chief among the gains of the month
was that made in the domestic lumber
trade. Not only was a new record
made in coastwise shipping, but also
the output of tbe mills of the Portland j
district was much larger than any
previous April. California Is drawing
heavily on lumber, while the foreign
market Is showing steady improvement.
Rail shipments also are heavy.
Lumber Movement Heavy.
The combined coastwise and offshore
lumber shipments reached a total of
30.162,071 feet, or more than 1,000,000
iConcluded on Page 5. )
t SPURNED. ...
Vi7 J iufww t
i S 1
: - ....'.;
INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 86
degree: minimum, 3S degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; westerly winds.
Americans reported killed In Mexico. Pace 4.
Hundred thousand Austrian troops march on
Montenegro.' Page 1. .
Will R. Klng get 0OO Job. Page 1.
Wilson has Dlan to weld National and Con-
jtressional committees in 1W4 Congres
sional campaign. Face 5.
Underwood says ilouse will complete tariff
bill this week. Page S.
Government to exact 3 per cent interest on
deposits In banks. Page 2.
President Wilson puts In strenuous day at
White House. Page J4.
Los Angeles grand Jury expected to''lndict
one or more rich men today. Page 3.
Jefferson memorial is dedicated at St. Louis.
Vote on California anti-alien bill exported
today. Page 1.
Coast Leaa-ue results Venlc 2. Portland 0
Sacramento 8, San Francisco 4; Oakland
8. Los Angeles 6. Page 8.
Northwestern - League results Spokane , 8,
8eattle 0; Vancouver 11, Victoria 4; Port'
land 0, Tscoma 4. Page 8.
Berg, Swedish wrestler." in trouble for crook
ed work at Pasco. Page 9.
Walla Walla and Boise tied tor first placo in
Trl-mate league. page 8.
Union Pacific Life wins contest against Ore
gon Insurance Commissioner. Page 6.
Pleasant Home grange agitates anti-Japanese
move In Oregon. Page L
Molalla Commercial Club organized. Page 8.
Commercial and Marine.
Steamship companies deadlocked in effort
to revise trans-pacirio rates, page as.
Lower Oriental freights will lead to active
wheat and lour markets. Page 18.
Coveting strengthens wheat at Chicago after
weak opening, page 18.
Standard stocks alone resist bearish pres
sure in Wall street. Page 19.
Portland and Vicinity.
Statistics of various Industries for April
show prosperity prevalent. Page 1.
Miss Ruth Stelner and Earl Latourette
married. Page 13.
Lombard denies Baker's charges and says
he was resident ot ban Francisco 20 years
ago. Page 12.
Mayor Rushlight makes charges against
opponent. Page 12.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 14.
Portland,' Eugene & Eastern Railway and
Home Telephone electricians go on strike.
Straw hat season lnauguarated by Ad Club.
Ballots on proposed commission charter to
be counted first. Page 20.
PLEA FOR "OREGON" MADE
That Battleship Go Through Canal
FJrst Is Request.
SALEM, Or., April 30. (Special.)
School children to the number of 61,
200 In this. state have signed a petition
asking President Woodrow Wilson to
direct that the battleship Oregon be
designated to bead the fleet that first
passes thror-gb. the Panama Canal. The
petition of the Oregon school children
in part is as follows:
"The Incident of history which, more
than all others, impressed America
with the immediate need of an inter-
oceanlo waterway at Panama, was the
famous voyage of the battleship Ore
gon. That marvelous race of a great
battleship around the continent to fight
the battles of an alien people stag
gered the world. She is at once the
most famous and most loved vessel in
all the fleet of the Great Republic.
Therefore we, the school children of
the commonwealth of the State of
Oregon, whose name this floating fort
ress so proudly bears, respectfully pe
tition that the battleship Oregon be
the first .ship to pass through the
canal from ocean to ocean."
Austrian Troops Move
By Sea Also.
CONFLICT SEEMS IMMINENT
220,000 Greeks and Servians
Face 60,000 Bulgarians.
COUNTER MOVES ARE MADE
General Fear Is That Britain, Rus
sia and France Will Procrasti
nate, Rather Than Support
Action by An stria.
LOXDON. May 1. One hundred thou
sand Austrian troop now are moving
In the direction of tbe Montenegrin
frontier, according to an Anrlvart dis
patch to the Mall. A large number of
Austrian txoopa also la proceeding; to
Antrvart by sea.
LONDON, May 1, A Vienna dispatch
to the Times says that in the event of
Austria attempting to coerce Montene
gro there is little doubt that she would
be supported by Italy, which proba
bly would occupy Santa Quaranta and
Avlona, while Austria would proceed
against Lovchen Mountain and Scutari.
In order to avoid needlessly offend
ing Russia, the action against Scutari
would be carried out through Albania,
not from .Herzegovina.
A The Sofia correspondent of the Times
leiras that the Greek and Servian
forces now massed in Southern Mace
donia aggregate 220,000. They are
confronted by three Bulgarian dlvis
ions totalling 60.000 men. Almost all
the remaining Bulgarian forces are
still before Bulair and Tchatalja.
The Bulgarian government, tbe dis
patch adds, la exhausting every means
to arrive at a friendly arrangement
with Servia and-Greece, but the dan
ger of a conflict la sill imminent.
ROME, April 30. It is considered
here that the last hope of avoiding the
gravest ' complications in the Balkan
situation lies in the meeting of Ambas
sadors in London tomorrow, when tha
question of united action by the pow
ers Is to be decided.
The general fear in Rome is that
Great Britain, Franca and Russia, not
because they desire discord, but be
cause they do not wishto back Austria
in immediate action against Montene
gro, may procrastinate, thus forcing
the isolation of Austria.
In such a case Italy, for the proteo
tion of her own interests, almost cer
tainly will intervene to insure order In
Concluded on Page 4.)
JOB PAYING $6000
IS LANDED BY KING
SEW YORK PLACE LOST, SEW
OSE PROVIDED AGAIX.
Reclamation Service to Get Legal
Advice Front Oregon Man Con
firmation Is Not Necessary.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. April 30. Will R. King. Demo
cratic National committeeman for Ore
gon, landed a Job today. He is to be
chief law officer of the reclamation
service at $0000 a year and will occupy
an office immediately adjoining that of
Secretary Lane. President Wilson sent
for Mr. King yesterday and urged him
to accept this office. Mr. King notified
Secretary Lane this afternoon of his
acceptance and received assurance he
Could have It as soon as be is ready
In fact he was asked to take charge
However, Mr. King will have to re
turn to Oregon to adjust his affairs
there, and says he will take office
about June 15.
At the request of Secretary Lane he
will attend a series of conferences be
ginning tomorrow at which represen
tatives from all the Government lrrlga
tion projects will have opportunity to
lile complaints against and make sug
gestions for the betterment of the
reclamation service, for later on It
will devolve on Mr. King to work out
reforms that may be found desirable.
Mr. King will leave for Oregon when
these conferences are over.
The chief law officer of the reclama
tion service does not have to be con
firmed by the Senate, and therefore
Mr. King can take 'office as soon as
he returns to Washington.
Mr. King's failure to secure position
on the board of appraisers at New
York, which was promised him soine
weeks ago, was due largely to the op
position of Tammany and other New
York Democrats, and also due to a
fight which has arisen between Secr;
tary McAdoo and Senator O'Gorman
over the appointment of the Collector
of Customs at New York. It is under
stood the Administration in the settle
ment of the New York row will appoint
a New Yorker to the place once ten
dered to Mr. King and the Oregon man
was sacrificed in the interest of har
mony In New York.
Only a few weeks ago Clay Tallman,
of Nevada, was appointed chief law of
ficer of the reclamation service, but
it is understood he is to be otherwise
SWORD FINAL, SAYS PRINCE
Future Emperor Doubts That War
Ever Will Be Abolished.
BERLIN, April 30. Crown Prince
Frederick William, in writing the
preface to a book, "Germany In Arms,
published today, of which he Is reputed
to be the author, exhibits himself, the
future German Emperor, as a disbe
liever in the possibility of ever abolish
He declares that diplomacy may de
lay and occasionally .avert conflicts,
but "the sword will remain the final
and decisive factor until the world's
The author points out Germany's un
fortunate geographical position, and
warns his countrymen that the German
army and navy must be kept continu
ally at the highest point of efficiency,
and he appeals to all Germans to be
ready to sacrifice their blood and their
LIGhTS TO SHINE ON CUPID
Park Board Decides to Extend Light
ing System in Parts.
Spooning in the parks at night i3
to be under the ban this coming Sum
mer, unless the "spooners" are willing
to do their cooing in the glare of arc
At a meeting yesterday of the Park
Board it was decided to extend the
elaborate lighting system recently
adopted for Washington Park into the
other public parks of the city. The
action was taken on the request of the
residents of many sections of the city.
who declare that it is wrong to have
parKS In darkness at night.
It was decided to let contracts at
once "for lights in Brooklyn and Penin
sula parks. An extensive lighting sys
tem is also to be installed on the com
pleted portion of Terwilliger parkway
and boulevard. .
GIRL THROWN TO SAFETY
Stenographer Cast From Window
During Fire Caught by Employer.
SPOKANE, Wash7 April 30. (Spe
cial.) Encircled by flames, which to
tally destroyed the Inland Casket Com
pany at a loss of $12,000 today. Miss
Martha Krlsty, stenographer. was
thrown from the second-story window
after losing her way in the smoke,
by Walter Sether, employe, and caught
In the arms of Emil Skone, one of the
Sether and Kristy, brother of the
girl, bookkeepers, leaped to safety
from the windows after the girl had j
been Baved. The Inland box factory
adjoining was damaged Both factories
will bo rebuilt.
POPE GOES DOWN STAIRS
Ilemoval of Doctors' Restrictions
Cheers Pontiff Greatly.
ROME, April SfTThe . Pope sat to
day In an arm chair at his desk in the
large library of the state department.
This was the first time since his recent
illnris that the Pontiff has been able
to llive his apartment for the floor
he last week he has gained much
th. and the removal of the re
strlcv.ons placed on him by his physi
cians has cheered him greatljr.
10 PEACE MISSION
Outbreaks on Arrival
BRITONS AND GERMANS JOIN
Suffragettes Warn Women to
G0MPERS' AID IS INVOKED
Leaders of Extreme Irish and Labor
Movements in England Also
Object to Reception of
LONDON, April 30. The British dele-'
gatlon now on Its way to the United
States for the celebration of the Anglo.
American peace centenary may encoun
ter some hostile demonstrations. Cer
tain leaders of tne extreme Irish and
labor movements are advising their
American friends to express opposition
to the British mission. Suffragette lead,
ers are appealing to American women
to denounce any friendly dealings be
tween the two countries until England
gives the vote to women. Opponents of
the peace mission predict that its pub
lic appearance will provoke outbreaks
such as occurred at the peace meeting
at Carnegie Hall In December,. 1911. in
support of the ratification of the arbi
tration treaty pending between the
United States, Great Britain and
Germans and Brltona I'nitc,
Because Lord Weardalo and other
members of the delegation are con
nected with the Carnegie peace founda
tion, the laborltcs call it the "Carnegie
mission." The English labor unions
will hold meetings, as is their custom,
in Hyde Park tomorrow. V representa
tives of the German unions will parade
with them for the first time and Eng
lish and German speakers Intend to
denounce the Carnegie mission.
"Their ground Is that the mission is
designed to foster an Anglo-American
alliance and alienate American sym
pathies from Germany, whereas thry
argued workers of all nationalities
should stand together for their own In
terests. Appeal Made to Gompera.
Benjamin Tlllett, secretary of th
Dock, Wharf, Riverside and General
Workers' Union of Great Britain and
Ireland,, will send a cablegram to
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, asking
him to oppose the British delegation.
"General" Mrs. Flora Drummond. one
of the leaders of the militant suffra
gettes, who was arrested today, suc
ceeded tonight in smuggling out of
the Jail a message for the American
suffragettes. This message, which
later waa cabled to the women's suf
fragette union of New Tork, was as
"Carnegie's ..so-called peace dele
gates are nearlng your shores. None of
them have raised' a voice against the
torture of women in English prisons.
The Tory members of Parliament,
among them won their seats on a
"sink the German navy" policy. They
have all voted against home rule.
Suffragettes, Irishmen and Germans
will start a National boycott against
these war provokers."
Surf rRgette Sends Cable Message.
Miss Scott-Troy, the San Francisco
su.f ragette. sent a cable message to
Senator O'Gorman at Washington, say
ing: "If the Senate will investigate Car
negie's peace fund they may find an
olive branch wrapped around a sword.
We hope that the Senate will not at
tend the functions given in honor of
the peace delegates, who dictate to
Americans that they write their history
to save English feelings and sully the
fair name of George Washington." '
CARNEGIE TO SPEAK TODAY
Woman Deplores Stress Placed on
War in History Teaching.
ST. LOUIS, April 30. Andrew Car
negie, who arrived here this afternoon,
will speak at the opening session of
the American Peace Congress tomor
row morning on the "Baseless Tear of
War." .s a preliminary, the American
School Peace League held a meeting
tonight. Mrs. Fannie Fern Andrews,
secretary of the league, criticised
methods of teaching history in the
public schools. She declared that the
greatest waste in history teaching re
sulted from the excessive and dispro
portionate amount of time spent in the
study ot wars. She said that while
wars should receive attention as im
portant factors in racial and National1
evolution, such study should not In
volve the military minutiao of cam
paigns. Fully a third of the delegates to the
peace congress are women, and many
prominent women will make addresses.
Abraham's Name Submitted in Error
WASHINGTON. April 0. It-is said
by Senator Chamberlain that a mistake
was made In submitting the name of
Senator Abraham, ot Roseburg, Or., to
the Attorney-General as a candidate
for United States District Attorney nt
Portland, Or. Abraham Is a Republi
can and is not seeking any office under
the new Administration.