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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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POKTLAXD, FRIDAY, MARCH . 1M.
WILL THE THIRD PARTY LITI?
Decision of all except three of the
progressive Republicans and party
Progressives in the lower house of
Congress to form a separate organiza
tion In that body will test the possi
bilities of permanence In the new
party. Should they hold together, the
Progressives would take away from
the Republicans about twenty mem
bora, according- to the admissions of
the latter, about thirty according to
their own claims, and might swell their
strength to forty before the extra ses
sion ends. This would leave in the Re.
publican party little over 100 members
out of a total of 435.
Success In maintaining a separate
party depends, however, on ability to
devise a programme distinct from that
of the Republican or Democratic par
ty. A party has never been founded
on opposition, on negation: It must
have a positive, constructive plan of
government to offer the people. Many
close and keen observers doubt the
Progressives ability to formulate and
adhere to such a programme. One
such person thus defines a Progres
A social hermaphrodite, he tamtlnes him
self a belns ot a superior order, lifted above
the narrowness and selfishness of the con
tending extremes, and combining- In nlm
aelf the vlrtuee of both. In reality he la
only the ephemeral and Impotent product
of a period of transition and eonfuaion. In
which the old order haa loat ita hold on the
minds of men, while the new order haa not
emerged with sufficient distinctness to be
. At the outset the new party Is ex
posed to the disintegrating effects of
the two old parties. The Republican
party is now under progressive leader
ship and will remain and become so
more decidedly. So Is the Democratic
party under the leadership of Presi
dent Wilson. When either of these
parties puts forward a measure which
the people approve as obviously pro
gressive, the Progressive party will
find itself greatly embarrassed. If, in
.order to emphasize Its position as a
'distinct party, the Progressive organ
ization should oppose such a measure,
it would Invite popular condemnation
and its title to its name would be
questioned. Should it or any large
proportion of its members support the
measure the line dividing It from the
party fathering the bill would become
blurred and disintegration would set
in. Several repetitions of this experi
ence would break up the party. But
the temper of the people is such that
men In Congress will hardly dare op
pose a measure which meets popular
approval, for the people are coming
to value political ties so lightly that
they care not whence a good thing
That the forces of disintegration are
already at work among the Progress
ives is apparent from the refusal of
Messrs. Kent, Lenroot and Anderson to
join the new organization In the House
and from their purpose to aid the
Democrats, and from Senator La Fol
lette's giving signs of a disposition to
co-operate with the President. When
this happens ere the Democratic pro
gramme Is more than roughly blocked
out. what may we expect If the Ad
ministration should offer measures
which win public support and which
progressives cannot consistently op
pose on principle?
Notwithstanding all the protesta
tions of the Progressives that they are
organising in every county of every
state and will have a candidate for
every seat In the House In 1914, their
party already Is proving to have
been a merely temporary secession
from the) Republican body. Where
are all the brave battalions which
marched to the polls to vote for Colo
nel Roosevelt last November TT When
called upon to register and be counted,
they waste away to a mere fraction of
their former strength.
The Progressives may maintain an
organization for a few years, but It is
very dubious whether they will poll
many votes or elect more than a small
proportion of the strength they now
claim In Congress. The first requisite
to the maintenance of a party Is votes.
Without them an , organization, no
matter how perfect, will starve to
death. It cannot live on a name. In
order to secure votes It must have a
distinctive programme; this the Pro
gressives have not. Colonel Roosevelt
in ilmthr nfiMMM a rtertaln Im nor.
tance as a political guerilla, a sort of
magnified w. k. tiearst, dui as a
party leader his day is done. The peo
ple who think he was wronged at
Chicago filed their protest last No
vember and few of them will file It
WHmlAJI AND) OKEOOS.
The Oregonian prints today a letter
from a man who still believes. In spite
of all that has been said on the sub
ject, that "Whitman saved Oregon.-
Some of his arguments are interesting
for their naivete if not for their
weight. Here Is on of them: Whit
man saved Oregon because he drove
across the plains In 1836. "clearing the
way for a wagon road to Fort Boise."
He drove his cart to Fort Hall, but
he did not "clear the way." The way
was already cleared and he left it Just
as he found it. If his drive saved Ore
gon, what of Joe Meek's, who took the
cart on from Fort Hall to Walllatpu a
few years later? Surely this saved
Jason Lee went over the trail with
Wyeth two years before Whitman
made his first trip. To be sure, he
had no cart, but we cannot see that
this Is the decisive point in the case.
If we may include among the saviors
of Oregon ' only people who drove
across the plains In carts, history must
be rewritten. We should prefer for
our part a savior whose legs were
sturdy enough to get along without a
It Is not disputed that Whitman
went through great suffering on his
trip to the East and that he deserves
much credit for his perseverance. It
was a scandal mat an nis neruic edi
tion should have been In vain. The
fkclnnnrv SnHetv rjuarht bv all means
to have heeded his petition and grant
ed him aid- Hut It aia not ana mere
the matter ended. Whitman contrib
uted very little to the assembling of
the emigrant party of 1843. Many in
fluences combined to turn the tide of
migration toward Oregon. His lec
tures may have done sometning, out
they were not an Important factor.
Wo, InlnoH n rtartv more for his own
rnnvcnipncA than for any other rea
son. He was miserably poor at the
time and had no other way to return
tn hie mieainn On the march he was
obliged to beg provisions from the Ap
plegates and others. No doubt he paid
his way by the good aavice ire aja .
but that Is a very different thing from
Whitman was a good man and a de
voted missionary. It is regrettable
tha his mission should nave xaiieu,
but it did and Oregon was saved by
IX THE Hon OF MED.
The cataclysm in Ohio is without a
parallel In the National annals; and
the widespread disaster In Indiana,
through flood and storm, is less ter
rible only In the extent of the mortal
ity. The loss in lives numbers thou
sands; the destruction of property is
Incalculable: the measure of human
suffering Is pressed to the extreme
limit of agony, terror and death. The
whole country views the dreadful spec
tacle with dismay, but stands ready to
do what can be done to relieve" the
urgent needs of the stricken states.
It la several thousand miles from
fn-earon to Ohio and Indiana, but nev
ertheless there Is a kinship In human
sorrow that calls for both sympathy
and action. Besides, there are here
thousands of citizens who came from
these states or who have friends and
relative there. In such a crisis, dis
tance Is annihilated and all are mem
bers of the great American family.
Their griefs are our griefs: but our
duties are our own. We shall perform
The Governor of Ohio has said that
the great need there is money. Later
It mav be practicable and desirable to
send clothing and provisions. But
Just now the call Is for funds. The
Portland Chamber of Commerce has
been designated by Governor West and
by Mayor Rushlight as the official
repository for subscriptions. A gen
eral committee has been appointed to
take charge of the work, and it is to
meet today. All other organizations
have been invited to co-operate with
the Chamber of Commerce and un
doubtedly they will accept.
Meanwhile, several thousand dollars
have been collected and forwarded.
Money will be procured and sent. Let
all who can give something. He gives
twice who gives quickly.
MAKE IT TJ'KKN'S ELECTION.
We venture to express the hope
that Mr. URen will, win his suit
against the state to enforce the sud
misslon of Initiative measures at aspe-
i aiootinn in September. We also
wish that everybody might stand back
and give him the whole rope. Let us
have URen measures and nothing but
ITRen measures, Tne advantage iu
be gained is important.
it m.HU he remembered that Mr.
tt tj an i An avowed candidate for
Governor in the election of 1914. It
will also be recalled that tne Legisia
fn maiiA nrnvision for holding a spe.
clal election for the sole purpose of
forestalling the lapsing or neeaea ap
propriations through hold-up for two
t-ou,-. hv mratii of the referendum.
But Mr. TTRen, It seems. Is not con
tent to accept the wise purpose of the
Legislature. He want a long ballot.
T trnul.1 ha InatrilftiVA tO ascertain
whether Mr. ITRen is so enamored of
single tax, proxy voting, abolishing ot
thA .QAtifLtA and the like, that he will
plunge the state into an expense of
more than iuu,uuu to get an extra
vote on these already rejected meas
ures. Let's give him all the rope he
wants. The sooner he strangles him
self with it the better for the welfare
of the state.
mrr is treason excepted
"Governor Lister, of Washington,"
says a current news Item, "has signed
the bill abolishing capital punishment
In that state. The penalty of hanging
WAmafma tmnA for tr'ASOIl."
If it is immoral and wicked for
the state to "kill" any man ror mur
der. It Is no less Immoral and wicked
to hang him for treason.
re 4a mov hf. neceasarv to
make an awful example of a traitor
by summary execution. It is, or may
be, necessary for the state, for Its own
preservation, to punish swiftly, severe,
ly and completely the dreadful crime
It was foolish for the state of
Washington to discriminate thus be
tween capital offenses, for the poor
reason that Juries do not convict of
murder, and the state might as
well recognize and validate tne weaa-
Ian. e n.l hnmnr tha iunti-
H(W9 "". - "
mentality of the courts. But it is not
sound to say that because some mur
derers escape the gallows all should
The argument made before the
Washington Legislature mat Junes
will not covict because they are averse
n th, tnkinsr of human life does not
meet the point. All candidates for a
Jury iu murder cases are required to
affirm that they are not opposed to
capital punishment. So they are not.
but they fall through sympatny, or
indifference, or a too ready feeling
that what's done cannot be undone, to
visit a harsh judgment against the
particular murderer tney are trying:.
n.Han tvA crime is surrounded by
special circumstances of horror and
atrocity as in the case of the Hum
phrys brothers, for example a Juror
nerves himself to do his duty so as to
vindicate the law and to make an ex
ample for others, and thus to protect
Some people appear to think that
the true effigy of Justice snows ner
not only with eyes blinded but witn
hana t i o v m t a sad mistake tu
prevent her from ascertaining with
open eyes the truth, and executing Jus
tice with a firm nana.
"Man never is but always to be
blest." He grows miserably weary of
the comfortable dwelling where he has
spent the Winter and longs for the
country. Getting ready to go agree
ably diverts husband, wife and chil
dren week after week. The distant
hills look blue. The far-off scene is
enchanting. When they arrive the
blue turns to gray and the enchant
ment fades. All Summer they wish
they were back home, and when Au
tumn comes the wish has deepened to
wild eagerness. Safely submerged In
. i A, mrtHnA thv Vifpl n to nlan for
next year's trip to the country, and so
the wheel goes round.
STRAIGHT OR GRADUATED TAX.
Th a riemftpniti are elrding them
selves for a battle with the Republi
cans on the tariff, but tney may oavo
as hotly contested a battle among
themselves on the income tax, which
may be provided by the same bill as
the tariff. The point at issue Is
whether the tax shall be graduated or
Chairman Underwood, of the ways
and means committee. Inclines to a
straight tax. while Representative
Gardner, of Texas, stands for a gradu
ated tax as follows:
One-half of 1 par cent on Incomes re-
. . n i mi. . . , - ...I nn in
comes between I10.0OO and JL'S.000: l.P?r
cent on incomes between S-ZMQ "".fS!-;
(Kju: per cent dwwwb .v,wv " -
noo and a ner cent on all incomes above
TTnrior tha Underwood plan, a 1 per
cent tax would require a man to pay
31600 on an income or ia,
year, while the Gardner plan wouiu
n eennn if thA tAy were thus
graduated a lower minimum rate
would sumce to raise a given u
revenue than a straight tax of say 1
per cent would yield.
The graduated tax is obviously
aimed at the swollen fortunes against
.Kint. nninnni RfwivpTAlt lnvelirhed so
vehemently while he was President.
It might be expected to commana tne
support of the Progressives, had not
rninnAi turner! hia vocal energies
in other directions since the owners
of some of the swollen fortunes De
came his "angels." To quote an un-
erammatical philosopner, circum
stances alters cases."
Tha loss of Adrianople is a blow of
singular severity to the Turks. The
Mro- la th strongest fortress In their
empire except the capital Itself, and it
Is the original seat of their military
power In Europe. No doubt the latter
fact la more important to them than
the former, for In spite of their bar
barism and frequent brutality the
Turk, are a sentimental people. Their
desperate defense of Adrianople proves
that they look upon Its fall as the sig
nal for their final retreat from Eu-
.nna. ho. last ASt in tha COllaDSO Of a
AWfV, . . " .w - .
career which has extended through
seven centuries of almost continuous
victory. It Is only within the last fifty
years that their military prestige has
decisively declined, xne luras aiu uui
begin their Irruptions into Europe by
rvntAntlnonl and the narrow
Bosphorus, as one might have expect
ed. They chose ratner to mane uim
way across the Aegean Sea and break
th, riafVriBPlnns borders of Mace
donia. Here, beginning in 1381, they
planted a succession oi warnao tuw
nles, which subsisted on the plunder of
the peaceful and timid inhabitants.
As these colonies grew more numer
ous the Sultans, who were then estab
iiv,j cniH in Aula. Minor, subject
ed them to a feudal system. The land
was bestowed upon military cnieiunim.
who were required to provide the sov-
T.-i t v. a rwsii rtnmhpr of men and
horses in return for their holdings.
Feudal tenures were in ail parts ot tne
rnry tha natural outETOWth of the
,imAne a limit!? number of con-
querors among an unfriendly popula
tion. Within tnirxy years
was so enveloped by Turkish settle
that ita full hecame a matter' of
course and the capital of the empire
was moved there rrom urusa. xne in
vaders did not capture Constantino
ple until 1453, a century later. Adri
anople derives Its name from the Em
peror Hadrian, who virtually founded
.h- .itv A vlllneo had existed on the
site from very ancient times, but Had
rian rebuilt It, adding Imposing fortifi
cations and made it one of the strong
holds of the Roman empire. Although
the valley where It is situated has been
reduced almost to a desert Dy uuraisn
misrule, the land is extremely fertile,
and in Roman times the city and the
province surrounding It enjoyed great
Adrianople lay directly in the line of
v. v. n rcntha. who. in the fourth
century, tried to capture Constantino
ple. In August of tne year mey
were encamped twelve miles from its
walls with a great army. Opposed to
them was the Emperor Valens. who
l. .. ,1 rr.aA O h ft t V mftWh f FOITl COIl-
stantinople. His troops arrived on the
field weary with their exertions, ex
hausted by the burning August sun
raTniohAri for food. The Goths
were fresh and confident. The Ro
mans began the attack In a desultory
way, advancing without concert anu
retreating at the first show of reslst
Tho snlrlt of tha imperial le
gions had sadly degenerated since
Caesar met and defeated the Gauls.
The Gothic cavalry hemmed the Ho
mone in on everv side and slew them
almost without effort. Their victory
was complete. The slaughter is saio.
by historians to have been more bloody
h.n -Hannibal inflicted after Cannae
and the consequences of the defeat in
comparably worse. All xnrace except
Adrianople itself was lost to the en
amnirA and the victorious
Goths were prevented from taking
Constantinople only Dy tne sonany oi
its walls. The frightened population
would have offered but slight resist
ance to the vigorous Invaders, but they
did not understand the art of besieg
ing walled cities and had therefore to
retreat without completing their con
quest. Adrianople declined in commercial
Importance with the collapse of the
Greek empire. The Turks were more
concerned to extort tribute from the
Inhabitants than to encourage their
trade. Massacre followed massacre of
the unfortunate people who refused to
accept the Koran and the vilayet of
which Adrianople Is the capital grad
ually became desolate. When the Bul
garians laid siege to the city It con
tained some 80,000 Inhabitants, of
whom more than half were Turks. The
remainder were Greeks and Bulgars,
with a sprinkling of Armenians and
other wanderers from the levantine
countries. It was not a beautiful
place, even before It had been blasted
by the siege guns. Most of the build
ings were mean wooden structures,
and the narrow streets, like those of
all Turkish towns, were filthy to the
last degree. Still It was not wholly
disreputable. The Greeks had built a
college whose walls of solid stone and
noble architecture contrasted agree
ably with the miserable surroundings.
One of the suburbs was laid out on the
civilized European plan, with lawns
about the houses and well-kept streets,
but upon the whole Adrianople was a
city built In the expectation that any
display of wealth and prosperity
would tempt the military plunderer.
The inhabitants had not much prop
erty, and what they had they con
cealed the best they could.
The Turk has blighted every land
that he has conquered. In the Balkan
provinces his rule has been especially
baneful, because in those regions the
natural fertility of the soil constantly
tempted the inhabitants to Increase
their families and accumulate wealth,
while every such attempt led to new
massacres. The Turks were the only
armed men in the villages. Domineer
ing without restraint over their help
less neighbors, the first sign of pros
perity provoked them to indiscriminate
slaughter. Thus the history of Adri
anople and Its surrounding vilayet
since the Turks conquered it has been
a tale of bloodshed and unremitting
cruelty. The victory of the Bulgarian
armies ushers In a new day with fairer
prospects and brighter hopes.
Pennsylvania's11 Senate has passed a
bill to require a state examination of
Journalists. Whether this dignified
term applies to reporters as well as
editors and miscellaneous contributors
Is not quite certain, but if anybody
has been omitted the law can be
amended and probably it will be. The
tendency Is to subject every human
being to a state examination. Babies
are already caught. Before long tne
law will lay its hands on farmers,
poets and blacksmiths. The comfort
ing thought is that ev.ery examination
pays a fee to some worthy official.
An Eastern educationalist. Dr. Sned.
den, has come out boldly against alge
bra as a required high school study.
He would let those take It who wish
and permit others to study something
else. The notion that algebra is nec
essary "for mental discipline" he pro
nounces unsound. It Is "nothing more
than a belief or tradition," he says.
It is usually conceded that the Greeks
of Pericles' time had minds fairly well
disciplined. How did they manage it?
They had no algebra and they did not
Gold production in the Transvaal
last February increased 8 per cent
over February, 1912, and 29 per cent
over February, 1910. For the year
1913 it may reach 3200,000,000. Other
sections of Africa are also increasing
their production. West Africa's output
so far this year being double that of
the same period of 1910. Africa is the
world's great gold and diamond mine.
Should bursting dams aggravate the
horrors of the Ohio floods, we may
hesitate to adopt the Pinchot plan of
storing flood waters near the sources
of streams. A flood which comes
gradually and runs off more slowly
may be preferred to one which comes
suddenly ,and with resistless destruc
With the advent of Senator Lewis,
of Illinois, whiskers may again come
into fashion in the Senate, but they
will not be of the wildly flowing va
riety which was seen in Populist days.
No, they will be highly esthetic, care
fully brushed, combed and perfumed.
Other times, other whiskers.
The German attitude toward dis
armament at the last Hague confer
ence gives little ground to expect that
the Kaiser will entertain Winston
Churchill's proposal to suspend naval
When President Roosevelt needed a
man to meet an emergency, his custom
was to "send Taft." Has not President
Wilson a lieutenant of equal caliber
that he should talk of going to Ohio
Where is that great army Huerta
was going to send against Carranza?
Is it busy holding down Mexico City
or is it chasing Zapatistas in the
Southern Mexican states?
No, Leopold. Barbara Hare Is a
character In "The Follies," and not a
tonsorial operation on the person of a
rabbit, as you infer.
Policemen hereafter will attend
public dances. There also should be
provided a referee to enforce breaking
In the clinches.
Oregon potatoes and apples are be
ing rushed to the stricken districts.
Which is considerable in the way of
And once again: Have your wife,
your daughter, your sister, your aunt,
your grandmother and the hired girl
Adrianople and Cananea fell on the
same day. Thus Mars gave us a touch
of both ridiculous and sublime in war
fare. No Democratic candidates for Mayor
have materialized. They're all too busy
watching the National plum crop fall.
These disasters emphasize the need
of a National emergency fund that can
be used during vacation of Congress.
soulless, but in time of affliction their
managers snow uiey nave neiiria.
The Lower Mississippi Is to be heard
from next, but the valley is broad and
the planting season has not begun.
Olympic Club visitors are heartily
wished pleasant dreams by Multnomah
Club hosts this evening.
A centenarian is coming to Port
land from Kansas. He must plan to
live another hundred.
Oregonians' experience with high
water gives little conception of floods
in the Middle West.
Councilmen resent the implication
that they are not gentlemen when it
oomes to smoking.
Local state societies can get Ore
gon potatoes and onions at low rates
Wilkie Duniway Is showing those
Eastern billiardists a little of M. A, A.
The price of a few smokes will nour
ish the afflicted in their time of need.
Just enough flood hereabouts to
make the farmers smile.
Many- will die while systematic re
lief Is getting started.
The best sort of relief lies In the
"big iron dollar."
Send a car of Oregon onions, and
Many will believe in the fatality of
FIGURING BOARD FEBT Cf STICK.
Several Correspondents Try Hani at
Problem With Tarylns Results.
ALPHA, Wash., March 14. (To the
Editor.) To ascertain the board meas
ure in a stick of timber of pyramid
shape. First get the area of each end.
then multiply tbem together, then take
the square root of their product, which
will give the area at the middle of the
stick, then add the three areas together
ana divide the sum by three, which
will give the mean area of the stick,
then multiply this by the length and
divide the result by 13.
A stick 12 by 2 Inches at the base
and 6 by 6 inches at the small end, 40
feet long, by this rule contains 280
feet board measure. Tour Chehalls
correspondent gives it 300 feet, 10 feet
Now let us try the two rules on a
larger stick, say 12 by 14 Inches at
the base and 7 by 8 Inches at the small
end, 40 feet long, and we find that
the Chehalls rule only gains about 17
feet. Now let us try it on another. A
telegraph pole 8 by 8 inches at the
base and 4 by 4 inches at the small
end and 27 feet long contains 74 feet
board measure by the rule I apply, and
by the Chehalls correspondents rule
it contains 90 feet. It seems that his
per cent increases on smaller timbers.
I will bet one of our hard, frozen East
er eggs I am right
The rule The Oregonian gave is
somewhat complex, but it gets there Just
the same. Any way, if we oan place a
big order for telephone poles we will
apply the Chehalls rule of measure
ment, then we can keep even on the
Democratic tariff reduction on lumber
and square timbers. FRANK SCOTT.
GOBLE, Or., March 24. (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian I notice an
answer to the question "how many feet
in a stick or sawn telephone pole
6 by by 12, by 12 by 40."
The way we tallymen on the Colum
bia River measure such a stick is as
Square of 6 Is 86
Souare of VI Is 144
Square of 12 plus 6 (18) la Z-
Multiply this sum by one-sixth of
the length and divide by 12. The proper
answer is 280.
All tapering timbers like the above
are bought and sold, figured by the
above rule. J. bryajnt,
WASCO, Or., March 24. (To the Edi
tor.) Your answer of 280 feet in the
timber problem is not right. A good
rule is to add both ends together and
divide by 2. The stick is the equivalent
of nine 1-inch boards piled one on top
of the other, and nine inches wide the
whole length of stick of 40 feet long.
The problem stands thus: Nine times
nine equals 81; multiply 81 by 40 and
divide by 12. The stick has 270 feet
In it S. N. WILLARD.
CORVALL1S, Or., March 24. (To the
Editor.) I note a question asked in
The Oregonian by R. F. Martindale as
to the number of board feet In a timber
12x12 inches on one end, 6x8 inches on
the other and 40 feet long. You state
"And the number of entire feet in the
stick and divide by 12 to obtain num
ber of board feet." Did you not
intend to say multiply by 12 to obtain
number of board feet? If you said
what you meant I confess that I do
not understand you. Otherwise, I
coincide with your solution.
Relative to I. H. Crumley's solution,
I -agree with you also. A simple way
to ascertain the mean base Is to multi
ply one side of each end together, that
is 12 times 6 Is 72 or the mean base.
This rule holds good in all cases, and
is much shorter, and so far as I know
It originated with myself.
W. A WELLS.
WHITMAX AND SAVING OF OREGON
Writer Thinks Emigration Led by Mis
sionary Saved State to Union.
PORTLAND, March 26. (To the Edi
tor.) I notice in The Oregonian edi
torial columns an article "The Whit
man Myth." Is It a myth that Dr.
Whitman crossed the plains in 1836
with a few companions clearing the
way for a wagon road to Fort Boise?
It may be a myth that he said on leav
ing here in 1842 to go back over the
plains "the board may dismiss me, but
I will do what I can to save Oregon
for my country."
The story of his suffering on his
Winter ride over thousands of miles
of mountains and plains, freezing his
fingers and ears in dead of Winter,
may all be a myth. It may be a myth
that he went to Washington and ex
plained to Daniel Webster and others
the valuable acquisition that Oregon
would be to the United States. It may
be a myth that the London Examiner
had said the whole territory in dispute
was not worth 20,000 pounds to either
power, and the Senator from South
Carolina said he would not give a
pinch of snuff for the whole territory.
It may be a myth that Dr. Whitman
met the President of the United States
and his Cabinet and with all the elo
quence he was master of portrayed
Oregon as the paradise by the sea and
that he already had organized a body
of emigrants to go to Oregon.
But it is not a myth that Congress
sent J. C. Fremont with a body ol
men to accompany the proposed emi
gration though not coming up with
them until far on their way, the largest
single body that has theretofore crossed
the plains, and it is not a myth that
Whitman led the way and was the
ruling spirit of the enterprise.
Now what Was It that kept Oregon
under American jurisdiction? The only
logical answer is emigration from the
Eastern ajtates. The division or votes
of the 102 people had small significance
except to show they were about .equally
divided in sentiment as to what coun
try should govern Oregon. It may be
true Dr. Whitman went East to ask
for money, but in doing so he met large
assemblies of people and naturally ex
plained to them the advantages of Ore
gon. Thus was he Instrumental in
prompting the largest Immigration
Then Is he not the most Important
factor in settling the mooted question
of Jurisdiction? Why at this late aay
try unjustly to deprive him of the
honor he so hardly earned and so richly
deserves? J. M. OVELMAIM.
Quake In Southwest W'anblngrton.
v a T AA.TA Wach Mjirrh 25. (To the
Editor.) There was printed on paee 8
of The Oregonian today an account of
what was thought to have been an
earthquake at La Center, Wash- March
19. in reply suDmii. me iuuwtn.
from the Kalama Bulletin of March 21:
"Kalama Has Shock: A slight earth-
. 1. - waa fait hnrfl fthoilt 10 O'clock
Wednesday night. No harm was done
save that a few were slightly startled."
Some people thought that blasting
k.fn Hnna hilt Tl CI rDOrtS haVC
come in to that effect and the Kelso
Kelsonian claims tnai an enoiiua
; 1. aa fait thrA thA same niht
So I think that Clark and Cowlitz
Counties had a quake on Wednesday
night though not a serious one.
D. A BOURNE.
Name for New Railroad.
HALSEY. Or March 26. (To the Ed
i . i haira hen vprv much Inter
ested In the many nicknames sent in to
The Oregonian ror tnat i-oruano, r.u-
A. t-a.tam 7?nilrrA1- hilt I do not
think any of them are quite suitable
for it They could be applied to either
Of the Other WO liuea uial Alia i.
the Webfoot valley dotted with pros
perous farms, surrounded with roses,
orchards and green fields.
x.-. -..a an manv nlr-lcnameS haVO
been suggested, I propose to call it the
jiany-.ame nouie. a mo ua,ma .a
musical and unique. It could not ,be
applied to any other route, and is dis
tinctly individual nothing borrowed
A WEBFOOT PIONEER WOMAN.
STATES SOCIALISM NOT SOCIALISM
Correspondent Disowns Form of Theory
Practiced ia France.
CENTRALIA, March 25. (To the
Editor.) In The Oregonian, March 22,
there appeared a leading editorial on
"Socialism Costly In France." showing
that France Is suffering badly from
"state socialism." Not only is France
suffering from this virulent disease,
but nearly every nation on earth is
affected In a similar way. All armies
and navies are "state socialism" insti
tutions. Theodore Roosevelt says their
condition In this country Is deplorable.
Having been seven years commander-in-chief,
he certainly knows. These
abominations of desolation" have
cursed and despoiled the earth in
Our courts and Legislatures are
"state socialism," and, from some of
their recent acts, it looks like corrup
tion gone mad the Idaho Legislature,
"State socialism" in France, as de
scribed by M. Beaulleu, as in every
other country, is operated and conduct
ed by the eminent few In the interest
of themselves and their political
frlnnds. But with all .the faults found
by M. Beaulieu with French railways
under "state socialism," they are a
virtue compared with the railroads in
this country, where they are con
trolled" bv our "state socialist" Inter
state Commerce Commission the kind
of control advocated by our two oia
rjarties as a remedy for state owner
ship. France, under a corrupt state
ownership, maintains faster trains
than we do. and more nearly on tne
dot Her roadbeds are a paraaise com-
TtAtxat with our neelected roadbeds, rot
ten ties and unsDlked. faulty rails. In
the same number of travelers, she only
kills one to where we kill 10; only one
of her crew to where we kill 80. Then,
when it comes to service, fares and
freight rates, we can discount her two
to onn for rotten service and double
charges. Our railway system, under
"state socialism" supervision, is Ineffi
cient and unsafe, and rapidly growing
worse every day. Railroad men
know it According to newspaper re
ports, one of the most prominent rail
way men of this country recently stat
ed that It would require 39.000,000,000
to put our railroads In efficient' shape
and safe condition. Our trains are
operated over bad rails, rotten ties
and ancient roadbeds. That is why
we have tha most fatal and deadly
railway system in the world.
M Beaulleu recently gave out statis
tics showing that the "state socialism"
governments for the world were about
the worst In its history. He says: "The
world at the present moment Is exces
sively badly governed. It has rarely
been so badly governed, it is in tne
hands (not of the people) of Incurable
And he proceeds to prove n ampiy.
France Is not a socialist, nor a social
istic government It Is governed by a
very few autocrats in the most profli
gate manner. It is something similar
to our Government a misrepresents
tive government State socialism In
France is no more socialism than pagan
religion is Christian religion.
But in spite of this awful corruption
In high places, for which neither old
party has any remedy, co-operative
public ownership Is steadily making
headway, and wherever the polluting
hands of greed have given it any
chance whatever, it has abundantly
demonstrated its worth and value.
Th state socialism which prevails In
France Is certainly one form of social
ism. ' Socialism has many forms ana
degrees. We are not concened with
th riiffarAnnoa of onlnlon anions: So
cialists as to which form Is the best
We quoted M. Leroy-Beaulieu to show
tt,at av frtrm of sonlnllRm 'tinder which
industry Is conducted directly by the
state does not bring good results.
WHY DOESNT THK PL17H FALLI
Failure of Kins; Appointment to Ma
terialise Worries Democrat.
PORTLAND, March 26. (To the Edi
tor.) Isn't It awful this nerve-racking
suspense? Has President Wilson
no consideration for the unsettled busi
ness condition in Oregon? Must the
whole state be tortured with anxiety
by an unsympathetic President? Is
Woodrow Wilson lacking In discern
ment? Can't he be made to see that
the welfare and prosperity of this great
state must necessarily hang in the
balance until Will R. King gets a good
It is fortunate for the President that
no one doubts bis honesty. Just think
what a fortune might be acquired were
he to get a percentage rake-on xrom
the tolls on telegraphic messages re
garding the various Jobs our Will
From these dispatches we learn that
one job after another is declined be
cause it pays only $5000. What Is the
matter with President Wilson? Is he
ungrateful for Oregon's vote? Is it not
treason to our King to rate him no
higher than J5000? Just think of
classifying him with an ex-President!
The people are through with Mr. Taft.
He should be grateful for a $5000 job.
But for a rising young statesman, ye
And In the mean time, where is your
poet? Why doesn't Dean Collins get
to work? Isn't it pathetic enough to
enthuse his muse? Great guns! Why,
even a Spring poet could so elend it
from state boundaries to see y.iat "a
whole nation's heart throbs, waiting,
yes patiently waiting until King gets
one of the best Federal Jobs." Why
not make him Minister to Dahomey?
ti. I . A.
Nothing ever published by a news
paper has made so universal an appeal,
has attracted so widespread attention
as will the forthcoming
CHAPTERS OF A POSSIBLE
COL. THEODORE ROOSEVELT
whi-h will be published every week in
These chapters will be published by
special arrangement with The Outlook,
of which Theodore Roosevelt is the con
The first article deals with incidents of Roosevelt's boyhood days
and is illustrated by new and striking photographs.
Love and Lying An attractive page on domestic felicity, by Laura
Tong Wars They are mainly fakes, says expert, although Port
land's is a real one.
Save Your Turn There is a scarcity of them and the price is soar
ing upward, reports The Oregonian 's Paris correspondent.
Aeroplanes to Guard Forests Heliographs and air craft will be
used during 1913 to prevent destructive forest fires in our great Na
Wanted, a Bismarck Europe is short of big men to handle a deli
The Drama in 1913 Charles Frohman takes a glance into the
An Array of Other Features. Order today of your newsdealer.
Sunrise in the Senate
By Dean Collins.
The halls of the Senate were lambent
With marvelous, mystical light.
When thither his footsteps J. Ham
The Senators cried at the sight:
"Oh. what Is this nearing?
What Is it appearing?
What is it that's coming unto us?
Is the light through the awning
And Echo replied from the lobby out
side: " "Tis the dawn of J. Hamilton Lewis!"
(Chorlc ode by the Senators)
"Long years the dim halls of the Senate
Saw minor stars modestly blink;
But never before, nor again, It
Hath basked in such sunburst of
The dawn was long rising.
But that's not surprising.
Since Fate but infrequently endues us
With glories like this one
Which certainly is one
Oh, though we wait long, when it comes
it comes strong
The dawn of J. Hamilton Lewis!
"Oh strike the loud drum with the
Let trumpets in welcoming blow.
Lean back In your chair and your
In your vest and Just bask In the
Methlnks It Is certain
This aurora-like curtain
The glories of old shall renew us;
Oh, who such a ray has
As this, our great J., has.
More luminous far than the broad
beard of Thor
Hall the dawn of J. Hamilton Lewis!"
Portland, March 27.
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of March 98. 1888.
X' -Val. Ucnh 9.7f3reHl dis
patch from the editor of The Orego-
nian. i i lie cummiiivo aiuiu rv,,
found on arrival a somewhat different
situation In regard to the Joint lease
(of the O. R & N. road) than they
had anticipated. They found that the
Joint lease was the conception and
i -.1 . v, .f VIHnnri Tt w An ha
who obtained the assent of the sev
eral parties In interest, i-resroens
Adams, of the Union Pacific at first
I a Inlnt I... .. a nA PrAaMan
Harris, of the Northern Pacific, still
wr York March 27. Ex-Lleutenant-
Governor William Dorshelmer died last
night at Savannah, Ga.
New York, March 27. Josef Hofmann,
the boy pianist, Is going back to Ger
many with his parents.
Haverlys original mastodon minstrels
open at the New Park tomorrow night
W. O. Thayer came In from Tillamook
yesterday. He reports the road all
clean and says he made the 80 miles
from Thornton's to North (Yaklma on
foot in one day.
The captains and pilots on the Co
lumbia and Willamette rlveTS have or
ganized an association and elected the
following officers: R. Hoyt captain;
E. W. Spencer, first pilot; A C. Betts,
second pilot; J. W. Troup, purser.
Apples are apples now, a box of
good ones being worth as much as a
box of oranges. Yesterday four boxes
of Jonathans sold for $2.75 a box.
Messrs. Everding & Farrell are fitting
up a cannery at Five-Mile Creek, first
above The Dalles.
The Oddfellows of Portland and East
Portland have Joined for the purpose
of having a grand celebration on t;heir
69th anniversary, to consist of a grand
parade, oration and literary entertain
ment on April 26 and 27.
F. E. Habersham, of the firm of
Hawgood & Habersham, civil engineers,
has gone to Ilwaco. W. T., to start
work on the North Beach Railroad.
At 12:20 this morning an alarm of
fire was caused by fire in the dwelling
of Hon. J. C. Moreland, 265 Eleventh
street. The department made short
work of the fire. The loss and damage
will be between $1000 and $1200.
Half a Century Ajo
From The Oregonian of March 28. 1893.
Several pack trains have left The
Dalles within the last few days for
Auburn, the trail being open.
Auburn. March 17. The Boise travel
still pours forward and the ferry of
Olds & Co., on Snake River, is said
to receive some $100 per day in pay
ment of tolls.
A very fair house witnessed the ren
dition of the beautiful play of "Ingo
rnar" last night at the Willamette
H Windsor, contractor on daily mail
route from Monticello to Olympla, has
announced his determination to suspend
the carrying of the dally mails and
change the same to a trl-weekly mail
from April 1. This is In consequence
of Inability to keep up with his ex
penses while greenbacks are at their
present low stage.
Mayor Goldsborough, United States
revenue collector, has appointed T. F.
McElroy, of Olympia, deputy collector
for the county of N'ez Perces, which In.
cludeo T,ew1ston ano vicinity.