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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1913)
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rOKTUU'D, IIITBSDAT, JAN 16. 1S13.
AS ATTACK OS THE COCNTBY
Senator Dimick's project to econo
mize In educational appropriations be
gins with an attack on the rural
schools. These humble schools have
no dignified body of professors to
apeak for their interests. No politi
cally adept President goes about the
state making friends for them. No
closely organized group of alumni
keeps watch to see that they are pro
vided with luxurious maintenance.
The rural schools have no friends but
the people and even the people are too
often misled to forsake them in their
day of need. Naturally a legislator
who takes up the subject of economy
In educational appropriations wishes
to cut as brilliant a figure as possible
and make as few enemies as he can
in doing it.
The blow which Senator Dimlck
aims at the country schools takes the
form of the repeal of the law for
County Supervisors. It makes no dif
ference to him that these supervisors
have doubled the efficiency of the
rural schools so that the taxpayer gets
twice as much for his money as he
did before they were appointed. The
welfare of the schools is not his aim.
What is wanted is a little cheap glory
for an ambitious economizer. Ore
gon's educational system, if we may
call it a system, has always been top
heavy. The pinnacle has been gilded
until the gilt fairly peels pff from
sheer superabundance, while the
foundation stands scarred and forgot
ten. The Legislature has usually been
only too ready to bestow the taxpay
er's money where the results would
glitter, but for the infinitely more im
portant cause of rural education funds
have been granted stingily and grudg
ingly. The reason is plain enough.
There is nobody to blow the trumpet
before the man who stands up for the
country schools. He is not heralded
far and wide as a "friend to the high
er education." He is not lauded a.s
a pillar of the classics and a buttress
of football. He deserves merely the
modest praise of being a friend of the
public welfare, and who cares for
We wish to emphasize the self-evident
fact that education in' Oregon
has always been topheavy. The Wil
lamette Valley is crowded with col
leges. Most of them subsist upon pri
vate means, but some are mendicants
at the public crib, and, like all mendi
cants, the more they get the more
they want. But heaven knows the
country child gets little enough even
with the supervisors whom Senator
Dimick so begrudges him.. The wel
fare of the state is wrapped up in the
welfare of the country schoolboy and
the country schoolgirl. If they grow
up in ignorance and neglect the com
munity must suffer immeasurable
harm. It does not matter so much
about our lawyers and physicians, our
ministers and politicians. If the home
supply should ever fail we can import
them in superabundance and very
But a bold yeomanry, their country's pride.
When once destroyed can never be sup
plied. We beg pardon for quoting Gold
smith. We ought to quote Horace In
an article of this sort, but we appre
hend that Goldsmith will be better
understood in the rural districts where
Latin is not a common branch of
study. It may be well enough for the
state to lavish the taxpayers' money
to educate physicians and lawyers.
That is a point which admits of de
bate. There is something to say on
both sides of it. But upon the ques
tion whether the state should give
the best education within its means
to the boys and girls in the rural
. schools no debate is possible be
tween sane persons. The duty of
the state in this matter is as plain
as noonday. It is based upon the law
In a community like Oregon, where
every citizen is a legislator, it would
be consummate folly to neglect the
education of the rural voter. It would
be folly almost as dire to neglect such
higher schools as connect directly
with the welfare of the rural popula
tion. But what shall we say of the
wisdom displayed by a man who be
gins his educational reforms by slash
ing at the very roots of the country
DOC.S AND CTRS.
Alabama has a dog issue. The
Montgomery Advertiser attributes the
decrease of over 50 per cent in the
number of sheep in the state between
1900 and 1910 to the large canine pop
ulation, saying: "Sheep and worth
less curs cannot be grown in the same
territory." After extolling the merits
of the sheep, it says:
But what are the dogs good for? They
. nniMnv but a heavy and useless tax
on man. even if they never destroyed his
sheep, or his otner rropeny.
In Alabama we stand for the flop-eared
hound and the onery cur. The men who
own dogs can outvote the men who own
sheep therefore flot wun me sneep.
These sentiments are approved by
the Louisville Courier-Journal, which
The difficulty encountered by legislators
who are afraid of the oonsequenees of dog
laws is that because tne poor man can
wnt the advice he gets Illustrates the fact
that the poor, like women and princes, are
fawned upon for their favor by many who
are not their friends.
The difficulty seems to be to dis
criminate between dogs. When a
man's own dog leaps and barks with
joy at his approach and licks his hand,
it is handsome dog. a noble dog,
man's best friend. When the same
dog dashes with an angry snarl at its
owner's neighbor and tears a piece
out of his trousers, or perhaps out of
the Alabama Legislature should de
cree that every cur in the state should
be destroyed, it would not be able to
find a cur in the state in the opinion
of the owners, but if it took the opin
ion of each man about his neighbor's
dog, all the dogs would be slain.
Alabama will not settle the dog is
sue this year, or for many a year to
SOLDIER'S RIGHT TO I KINK.
The experience of Mr. Ruggles years
aeo with the Army canteen at a fron
tier post qualifies him in his opinion
to testify as to its demoralizing influ
ence on the Army, and to contradict
the testimony of Secretary of. War
Stimson. Major-General Wood and
the host of Army officers who have
In vain aealnst the vile dives
and. whisky hell-holes that have
sprung up around nearly every mm-
isrv nost in the country, air. xtug-
gles gives today his curious view of
Spiretarv Stimson says he has visit
ed personally forty-nine of the United
States Army posts. In every instance
he found a battery of saloons placed
the harrarln irates. There the sol
dier was tempted to spend his meager
pay and, worse yet, he was too often
an actor in disorderly scenes, or he
was plied with liquor until ne wo
blind drunk. Secretary Stimson found
that certain diseases have spread to
an ainrmlnr extent in the Army and
he attributes it to the- habits and asso
ciates formed at the post saloon.
The Armv canteen provides the sol
dier only with beer, or other light
drinks. It is under strict supervision.
The patron of the canteen is under the
watchful eye of an orncer, ana tne
portion given to him is limited and
the amount he may spend in a given
time Is also limited. It seems strange
that anyone should profess to contrast
unfavorably the canteen as it is, or
rtwiTillv WAS. with the post saloon and
all its evil surroundings and wretched
The Army has been maae a sacrm
cial goat for a mistaken demand that
the Government should not dispense
liquor. But Government everywhere
iir.an(iaa tvi k1i nf linuor. Why
should the Army yield the right to
control what a soldier may arm, giv
ing in Mvlllnn rnmsellers the privilege
of loading him with more than anyone
WOMAN'S IN IT. FENCE OX GOVERN-
VrvHne- hv women Is destined to
bring moral issues and social reform
to the front in politics and govern
ment. Two events recorded in a sin
gle issue of The Oregonian are exam
ples. One is the introduction of a
minimum wage bill in the Oregon
Legislature: the other is the move
ment among the women of San Fran
cisco for recall of a judge who, by re
ducing ball, aided escape of a man
accused of assault on a girl.
We may be sure that the women
voters will have no mercy on officials
who show undue leniency to offenders
against women. Women's protests will
develop a puDiic opinion viiiicn m
demand stern prosecution of offenders
nf hio rigcs Gradiinllv we shall es
tablish in law and public opinion the
same standard or morality xur men oa
When wives and mothers exercise
ih franchise we mav expect wife-de-
Bnptfirs tr he nursued with more en
ergy. When a man beats his wife
there will be less probability mat tne
wife will be restricted to choice of
nrivatinn while ha is paying the pen
alty in jail or refusing to testify that
she may not be deprived or tne Dreau
nHnnor When the. husband who
wastes his earnings on whisky is pun
ished, provision will be made against
still greater vicarious suffering on the
part of his family. Alter me innu
ence of women has become apparent
in legislation and administration of
law nr thpsA snhlects. we shall be
compelled to admit that man, unaided
by woman, has been a saa oungier.
in HUpiisslnns of economic questions
we shall hear less of the survival of
the fittest, of the Iron law or supply
and demand as governing wages, of
charging all that the traffic will bear.
We shall hear more of the minimum
n-nce nf workmen's compensation, of
sanitation, of pure food, honest
weights and measures. The pendulum
at first may swing too iar in tne uirec
Hvn nf hnmanitarlanlem and too far
away from self-help and personal re
sponsibility, but as women uecuine
more experienced in politics they will
learn to strike the happy mean be
tween the laws of political economy
and humanitarianism. In the state,
as in the family, we shall approach
the ideal where man and woman to
gether can do more perfect work than
either man or woman alone.
MCXSEVS MOVE FOR REUNION,
without consulting Colonel Roose
velt, Frank Munsey, who shares with
Perkins the honor of being chief
"angel" of the Progressive party, has
made a plea for its reunion with the
Republican' party. This Is one of sev
arai nuns tnnrle hv one side or the
other, and we may expect more of
them as time passes, it is worm spe
cial notice through having come from
one of the Colonel's chief backers.
As Democratic policy on tne tarm,
trusts, currency, conservation and the
National defense takes shape, it is
certain that Republicans and Progres
sives in Congress will be found of
one mind on one Issue after another.
This unity of sentiment will cause
them to fight shoulder to shoulder
against their common opponents. It
will bring into strong relief thev
points of agreement and will throw
into the background the points on
which they disagree. A gradual draw
ing together is inevitable unless de
liberate attempts be made to prevent
reunion by forcing to the front the
points of. disagreement. Roosevelt's
announcement of opposition to re
union quickly followed Munseys over
tures, but there can be no doubt that
Munsey's sentiments are shared by a
large element among the Progressives.
If the movement started by Munsey
should gain strength, the Colonel may
change front, for he is above all an
Reconciliation will be helped along
by the evident hopelessness of effec
tive opposition to the Democrats by
either Republicans or Progressives
alone, or of victory for either in an
election. Even if the Democrats were
to alienate a million votes, those votes
would be so divided between the W)
opposing parties as to leave each still
far short of plurality should only
present strength be retained. Success
can be gained only by union of forces.
The Progressive party is in danger
of having its strength worn down by
mnatant attrition Of the Other
parties. Wilson's fixed determination
to pursue a progressive policy pre
sages the attraction to his standard of
ErnnsAvelt ndmirers who will fol
low the man who does the things they
want done, no matter' what political
label he may wear. The Republican
party, on the other hand, will be under
progressive leadership and will be
Haiii- min rivl n f trm reasons for its for
mer members to remain outside the
ranks. The most astute leanersnip on
Roosevelt's Dart will be required to
counteract these tendencies.
Munsey suggests reunion of the di
vided party under the name "Liberal,"
to include nil nroeressives. But that
presupposes that the Democratic party
will become conservative. It is not
cn hut l actnallv comnetina with the
other parties for the right to be called
progressive or liberal, Tne struggle
.1 hannm. inA hlltli'CPTl tWO -iirRIlliS
I'HIJ -- . . - r
of Drogressivlsm, not between liberal
and- conservative. It still remains to
he nroverl that the vested interests are
strong enough to establish a party
frankly labeled "conservative" with
any hope of success at the polls. That
they have not been so is evident from
their having hitherto divided between
the Republican and Democratic par
ties, evidently with the hope of check
ing liberal tendencies in both.
Th smro-estion that a reunited Re
publican party would be able to win
Southern votes by changing its name
to "Liberal" is a poor compliment to
lha inta11iconre nf the South. Before
any other party than the Democrats,!
can divide the South it must cease to
trace its descent from the Republican
narfv Tt must do more: it must be as
spontaneous a growth in the South as
in the North. The vote in November
nrmaA Hint In this resDect the Fro-
gressive party failed, for It only di
vided the Republican vote without
drawing appreciably from the Demo
crats. Tii. Psnnhllcan and Progressive
parties will come together as one in
some manner, but tune ana events win
do most to heal the division, sucn
suggestions as Munsey's will help
chleflv bv preparing the sou lor me
seed of reconciliation.
HAWTHORNE AMI THE NEW ENG-
The Oregonian has received an
amusing letter from Albert Woodberry
Dennis which is printed today in an
other part of the paper. Mr. Dennis
is the New Englander who wrote to
the Boston Transcript to oppose build
incr a monument to Hawthorne in Sa
lem. The Oregonian ventured some
modest comments on his letter ana
he now pays his respects to us. Our
position was that Salem ought to build
the monument in order to show the
world how much ashamed it was of
itself for mistreating the ereat nov
elist in his lifetime.
But Mr. Dennis boldly proclaims
himself unrepentant. He glories in
his shame and that or nis teiiow iau-
kees. "We know the monument can
not fail to imply" some repentance,
he says. "And that is just the reason
why" he does not want it built. He
goes on to protest that "Salem people
know what Hawthorne was as a man.
Ho was a morbid, taciturn man, so
queer that he would not speak when
spoken to, and to all appearances
chose the rum shops and wharves as
a place for social recreation in prefer
ence to better society."
Sn nnw uve know exactly why baiem
nwiinea to huild the monument to its
greatest literary man. Ha was queer.
Milton was queer. Bo were journsana
Shelley and Ruskin, to say nothing of
Ibsen and Tolstoi. So most literary
geniuses have been. The New Eng
land conscience demonstrates its rigor
k KLfitdnv tn fnrelve Hawthorne for
neglecting to speak to his fellow-
townsmen on the street, uugm we
not all to long for such a conscience?
It has been a good many years since
v.o novelist committed the offense,
but New England still holds it against
him. It never forgets nor iorgives.
Rut there was another crime. Haw
thorne preferred" the saloons to the
very best social circles of Salem. What
a sinner Vie must have been to like a
bunch of saloon loafers better than a
roomful of New England consciences
such as Mr. Dennis seems to possess.'
But are his social preferences a good
reason for refusing him the Just rec
ognition of his fame? As we under
otonH it there is no Question of com
memorating Hawthorne's social hab
its. The project is to build a monu
ment to his literary genius. Cannot
Mr. Dennis see the difference?
INTERPRETING THE ANTI-TRUST LAW.
The refusal of the Supreme Court
in Miinltngnro distribution Of the
Southern Pacific stock owned by the
Union Pacific Railroad among tne
Union Pacific stockholders displays a
growing disposition of the courts to
-nr hohinii th outward form to the
Inward meaning and practical effect
of acts. By holding mat me rereuuuu
nt tvi otnrir hv the Union Pacific
stockholders as individuals instead of
In their corporate capacity wouia
make no actual cnange in a situation
which it has held to be illegal, the
court shows a purpose not to be be
fuddled by a mere riffling of the
r The court will not be content
with a severance of the two railroads
in form; it insists on a severance oi
Interests which will revive competitive
This is a mark of decided progress
In interpretation of law by the courts.
It proves that the progressive spirit of
the age has penetrated to the Judi
ciary; that public opinion needs but
to find decided expression in order to
influence the courts as well as the
other departments of the Government.
The judiciary may be the slowest and
the last thus to respond, but the so
ber sense of the people would rather
have It so than that the courts should
be blown about by every wind of doc
trine. What the people desire is that
the courts shall interpret the law in
the light of conditions existing at the
present not as they existed in past
times. This Involves no change in the
structure of the constitution, no more
so than does redecoration and Instal
lation of modern plumbing involve
change in the structure of an old, substantially-built
The Supreme Court is making such
progress in the interpretation of the
anti-trust law that soon no man will
have excuse for saying that he is un
certain whether a certain act would
be In accordance with or in violation
of that law. Each successive decision
adds def.niteness to its meaning, so
that, even without supplementary
legislation, we may build up a line of
decisions which will be a sure guide.
We should then need new laws only
for the purpose of preventing viola
tion of the anti-trust law and for the
purpose of more promptly detecting
and bringing to Justice offending Indi
viduals and corporations.
In considering the bill to regulate
.u n psm-lnf of firearms the
Legislature should not overlook the
workings of a law dealing wim me
same subject In New Tork. Many a
law-abiding citizen has been arrested
for having a revolver fn his possession.
thnnsrh onlv for protection against
criminals, while criminals have shown
the same contempt for this as for
other laws. The result has too often
been that the good citizens are left,
unarmed, at the mercy of the crimi
nals. A law forbidding the carrying
of revolvers on the person, except by
snecial nermit. might prevent many-
shootings in the heat of passion, but
the citizen should be given ' greater
freedom to keep a revolver in nis
house for protection against maraud
ers. Severe restrictions should, how
ever, be placed on the sale of fire
A mnRtAnl reminder of the dif
ference in fortune by the children of
iha wentthv to the children of the
poor or of the moderately well-to-do
is an acute form of cruelty. liXtrav
mninrp in dreRs is such a reminder.
The movement among high school
girls towards simplicity in dress is for
this reason to be highly commenaea.
One of the greatest and most valuable
ronnlta nf the minarling of children of
all classes in the public schools is the
lesson in democracy which it teaches.
If the children of the rich flaunt evi
dence of their parents' wealth before
the eyes of their poorer scnooi mates,
the onnnsite lesson will be taught.
The one class will be encouraged in
vanity and vulgar ostentation, me
other in Jeapusy and snobbish imita
tion Tk Mfort nf the mingling of
rich and poor in the schools will then
be to emphasize class distinctions, not
to extinguish, them. It will be time
enough for the daughters of the rich
n ctIva fr rein to their love for per
sonal adornment when their school
davs are ended or In other places than
Brother Watterson views with open
niea.iira thft nrosDect of a fight be
tween Wilson and Bryan for the Dem
ocratic nomination in 1916, which is
nredicterl hv the TamDa Times. Re
calling Polk's exaction from each
member of his Cabinet of a pledge to
resign In case the Cabinet officer be
came a candidate for the nomination,
the Courier-Journal says:
Should Mr. Wilson exact such a pledge
e-nm Ri-i-on fn mnkfne- him the offer
of the Secretaryship of State?
That Is their anair, not our atiair. ac
n , T I t OQI-A a hill Of
beans! It will rather enjoy the scrimmage
If scrimmage there be. "Oo It husband, go
It bear." will bp its motto in the event that
Woody and Willy take the middle of the
As the Colonel is not an admirer of
olthor Wilson nr Brvan. we can pic
ture his enjoyment of the scrimmage.
Scientists are makine startling rev
elations about the waste that goes on
through the chimney wnen coai is
burned. When coal costs $5 a ton
50 cents' worth out of every ton goes
up the chimney. Professor W. D.
Harkins tells in Popular Mechanics of
one big chimney which thus wastes
1,000,000 every year, a sum that
seems worth saving Various ways of
consuming smoke have been invented,
but, in our National thriftlessness, we
decline to go to the trouble of using
them. When the natural resources of
iIia rnitntrv hee-in to arrow scarce we
shall regret what we have squan
dered and the regret win come too
Th washineton Legislature- may
signalize the current session by an
audacious onslaugnt upon me juaiciai
crnwn which has made the state the
object of some admiration and many
sighs. Why should a judge wear a
gown? Is there some ratal aenciency
In the ludlcial status which a flowing
robe is supposed to conceal under its
charitable folds l we snouia oe in
clined to guess that an honest and
capable Judge would be fully as dig
nified and respected without a gown
as with one, perhaps more so. It
rarely enhances a man's dignity to
make him absurd.
It may be that Mr. William Rocke
feller's whispers will prove as Inter
eotinir as another man's shouts before
the Pujo committee. The spectacle
of this plutocrat sneaking irom piace
to place and resorting to all sorts of
shiftv devices to escape testifying is
not attractive. Tears ago people
were angered by such perrormances
because they felt doubtful about the
nnwer of the Government to control
money. Now there is no doubt about
its power and the Rockefeller dodges
are merely disgusting.
Passage over the veto of the bill to
compel publication of time-tables will
be of much benefit to travelers and
friends of travelers, the latter espe
cially. If the law will also regulate
the work of the descendant of Ananias
who neglects to mark up a late train
within at least two hours of Its arrival,
its author and the men who make it
will be called blessed.
Naturally, the patrolman who held
up two brother officers was disgusted
to find they were not the offenders he
desired. Tet he is to be commanded
for not killing them first. Now and
then a policeman has a suspicious as
There is a courageous man in the
Hood River Valley. He says pigs are
more profitable than apples, and as ho
is not offering his orchard for sale he
must be believed. -
Lounsberry, who would rob the
mail, pleads insanity. The ordinary
lunatic acquires much odium by the
acts of evil-disposed sane men.
Divorces last year affected over
70,000 children, but people who se
cure or cause decrees seldom consider
the welfare of their offspring.
Women are recalling a San Fran
cisco judge. Evidently they intend
that no,part of their new-found func
tion shall remain unutilized.
William Rockefeller Is not able to
speak above a whisper. Financially,
however, he is still able to make him
self heard some distance.
With election time looming on the
distant horizon It is about time for
abnormal activity by officeholders in
the public behalf.
Now that high school girls have
adopted sober garb the cause of edu
cation may be proceeded with unln
At least one Mexican, Rivers, can
fight. Which makes him the excep
tion that proves the rule.
Furore over the disappearance of
Mr. Cordray demonstrates the power
of the press agent.
Five daily papers for each SenaUr
should keep him in touch with his
Stars and Starmakers
By Lease Cass Bser. .
"Parents of Men," a play of Oriental
life in a prologue and three acts by
tvnitoe nftrk Bellows, was produced
last week in New York at B. F. Keith's
Harlem Opera-house. "Fortunately, it
was for only one week," writes the
critic In the Dramatic Review, and says
further: "Brenda Fowler was the one
bright spot of the piece. She worked
hard and made much out of a small
Brenda Fowler remember her7 was
with fieoree, L. Baker's
otni'lr fnmnnnv US BMOnd WDID&I1. AlSO
in the company presenting "Parents of
Men" was Priscllla snowies, one time
leading woman with Lyric stock In
Tinhrt Atrtcim lpariinir man with Mrs.
r,nnirtrv CTjiiv de Bathe), at the
Orpheum in "The Test," is known by
thousands of patrons or tne movies
as the picture hero in many thrilling
film dramas. McKIm has servea as
lenrilnir man for bie moving - picture
concerns in the East, and moving pic
tures of him were exhibited in Port
land long before he appeared here in
the flesh. He played a prominent part
at the Orpheum two years ago in "The
Feud." in which Laura Hudson was
starred, and more recently he was lead
ing man for Maud O'Delle, a iormer
Portland resident, who presented "The
Hypocrite" along the Orpheum circuit
McKIm has a long Pacific Coast record.
tT woe momhoi- nt the AicazaT StOCk
Company in San Francisco for several
years, and before departing lor tne
RHt tn nt before mOvlnflT-DiCture
cameras he. filled a long engagement
with a stock company in Vancouver,
Ida Glynn, who has the role of aunt
in Mrs. Langtry's vaudeville sketch,
was with Henry B. Harris for six years,
and. appeared here at the old Heillg
under his auspices three years ago in
"The Lion and the Mouse," in which she
had IIia nnrt nf tha m II innaire'n wife.
Later she appeared here with Elsie Fer
guson in "The Country Boy. Miss
Glynn is one of the numerous actresses
recommended to George L. Baker for
place with his stock company. Con
tracts prevented her from seeking a
Portland engagement this season.
Ethel Clifton, who two years ago was
leading woman with the George L.
Baker stock in Seattle, is now playing
leads in Bridgeport, Conn. A. H. Van
Buren is leading man. He is the hus
band of Dorothy Bernard, better known
as ".Dot," and the daughter of William
Bernard, who is stage director at the
Baker this season. Dot has been play
ing leads in motion-picture dramas for
the past two years, but has now joined
her husband's company, appearing in
the ingenue roles.
Rhea Mitchell is having page inter
views, three-column pictures and a
faithful record of all her excellent work
in the San Francisco papers. She is
ingenue with the Alcazar stock.
Rose Stahl, John Drew, Donald Brian,
Maude Adams, Henry Miller and Chaun
cey Olcott are a few of the stars com
ing to the Heilig Theater this Winter
William H. Crane, in his new comedy,
"The Senator Keeps House," is coming
to the Heilig Theater for a limited en
gagement in April.
David Warfield comes next week in
"The Return of Peter Grimm," and John
Sainpolls is not with him. Mr. Sain
polis left the company at Chicago to en
gage in other work, and contemplates
retiring altogether from the stage.
The Pacifio Coast Grand Opera Com
pany, under the direction of Mario
Lambardl, will return to San Francisco
for a four weeks' engagement, begin
ning January 26. The company will
be presented at the Valencia Theater
under the direction of Will Greenbaum.
After the performance at the Lyric
Theater last night, Mr. and Mrs. Ed S.
Allen held a housewarmlng at their
new home. Main and Forty-fourth
streets, to which were bidden Mr. and
Mrs. Daniel Flood, Mr. and Mrs. Larry
C. Keating, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Neu
berger and Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Balzlmer.
Prize winners at the evening's game
"500" were Mrs. Keating and Mr.
Balzlmer, with Mrs. Balzimer and Mr.
Keating carrying away the inevitable
booby prizes. '
Frances White, ingenue at the Lyric,
is celebrating her seventeenth natal
anniversary today. I predict that ten
years from today she won't be so joy
ous about telling the exact number of
Nance O'Neil and company are back
on Broadway. Miss O'Neil had planned
a long tour, reviving "Magda," "Fires
of St. John" and "The Jewess." The
tour lasted two and a half weeks. Now
that her road season has ended unex
pectedly. Miss O'Neil will get ready for
vaudeville dates, it Is said.
Mrs. Leslie Cartel' she of the titian
locks Is coming to this Coast in a
repertoire of her successes. "Zaza" and
"The Second Mrs. Tanqueray" will be
the two old standbys, with "Camllle"
and "Magda" held In reserve for matl
ness and extra' performances. Maude
Hanaford,- a Los Angeles girl who ap
peared last Spring in Baker stock, is
in Mrs. Carter's company. Miss Hana
ford appeared in "C. O. D.," which
proved a failure earlier this season,
and moved then to this later engage
ment. Brandon Hurst is Mrs. Carter's
leading man. She will appear in Port
land in the early Summer.
An interesting engagement just made
by the Liebler Company for the cast
of "Joseph and His Brethren" is that
of James O'Neill, a Pacific Coast vet
eran actor. Mr. O'Neill has been cast
for the role of Jacob in the first and
last parts, and for Pharaoh in the third
Charles Grapewin, supported by Mike
Donlin and Anna Chance, is now ap
pearing in a comedy called "Between
Showers," by F. E. Dumm. It was
launched at Long Branch on New Tear's
day. Next week it will be given at the
Majestic Theater, Jersey City.
The fact that Donlin has opened In
"Between Showers" at this time is
causing the Philadelphia fans to won
der If they are going to have him in
the line-up of the Quakers this season.
The farce Is a rapidly moving one, in
volving the accidental exchange of
suitcases by two drummers.
Adele Blood, who is headed Pacific
Coast ways in "Every Woman," play
ing the title role, was divorced last
week from her actor-author-clergyman
husband, Edwardes Davies. They were
married while Mr. Davies was an evan
gelist on this part of the Coast, and
later they went on the stage. Next
they appeared in stock at Louisville,
Ky., and established their residence
there, for which reason Miss Blood had
to go to that city to obtain her decree.
Just now Mr. Davies is in vaudeville.
He and Miss Blood appeared In Port
land two seasons ago in "The Picture
of Dorian Gray."
ARMV CANTEENS ON FRONTIER
Observations of Early Day Are Re
counted by Operator.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Jan. 14. (To
the Editor.) Referring to your edi
torial article in The Oregonian Sunday
relative to the Army canteen: In op
posing re-establishment of the Army
canteen objection is based exclusively
on observations and experiences and
conditions as I found them years ago.
when I was a Government operator at
frontier military posts, where the can
teen had full swing and power.
The canteen, as .1 knew It, was
nothing more or less than an Army
saloon, with an Army officer as man
ager and enlisted soldiers as bar
keepers. The officer did all the pur
chasing, handled all the money and
passed the goods over to. the bar
tenders. The officers had their clubrooms
near the canteen and there was always
a goodly supply of choice liquors and
cigars, lemons, fruits and nuts free to
those who were recognised members of
their club. It is safe to presume that
these luxuries were purchased through
"canteen funds" and never cost the
officers a red cent. There were always
officers there playing cards, drinking,
smoking, reading and chatting from
about 10 o'clock in the morning until
late at night.
The enlisted men always had a credit
at the canteen, but on payday the
canteen manager had his desk near
the paymaster and the soldier on get
ting his money from the paymaster
would pass to the canteen officer and
pay his canteen bill, which usually was
more than half of his two months' pay.
Again, I have known officers who have
gotten into serious trouble over "can
teen funds," one being dismissed from
the service, in consequence of delin
quency. There is more drinking and more
drunks at a military post provided
with a canteen, but the intoxicated
are better shielded and cared for.
Usually a soldier who drinks too much
at a canteen lias some friend or chum
in his company who will take him to
his barracks and sober him up. They
cannot regulate a canteen as well as
a city does its saloons.
Here at Vancouver we have a large
military force and it is seldom, indeed,
that a drunken soldier is seen on the
streets. . .
The canteen has proven as great, a
detriment to the officers as to- the
enlisted men. With a canteen so handy
it is easy for an officer or enlisted
man to fall into intemperate habits. I
have seen the young officer from West
Point, also the young enlisted man
from a good home in the East, go down
under the blighting, withering, dead
ening influences of the canteen.
Millions of dollars for the Army, but
not a drop of booze. Make the Army
an efficient training school, sound and
honest through and through, fit and
alluring for our best young men, the
center of manhood and patriotism.
W. N. RUGGLES.
SALEM VIEW OF GREAT NOVELIST
New England Town I'nrepentent of
Treatment Given Hawthorne.
SALEM, Mass., Jan. 10. (To the Edi
tor.) I have seen your editorial on
my latter in the Boston Transcript,
anent the Hawthorne Memorial.
My letter brought down upon me the
editorial disapproval of many .papers
elsewhere, which of course does not
surprise me, because we know very
well the enthusiasm for Hawthorne
outside of Salem.
The one reason you give why Salem
should spend $50,000 to show her vener
ation for Hawthorne, viz., to "show a
becoming remorse for having misunder
stood and neglected him" to "bring
forth fruits meet for repentance," etc.
is Just the reason why we do not
want to do it. We know the monu
ment cannot fail to imply some such
admission. Must we admit a He to sat
isfy ex parte readers of his romances?
Salem people are not any different from
other people, except that they possess
a lot of spirit and independence of
They know what Hawthorne was as
a man, and they have enough self-respect
to determine that they'd be
hanged before they would rise up and
bare their heads in acknowledgment
that they are ashamed of their failure
to make more of Hawthorne. For he
was a morbid, taciturn man, so queer
that he would not speak when spoken
to, and to all appearances chose the
rum shops and wharves as a place-for
social recreation in preference to bet
I am not a Salerri-born or Salem-bred
man. So I can speak a little more free
ly than a Salemlte would naturally feel
like 'doing. And I do not hesitate to
say that I glorify them for their spunk.
I thoroughly believe the fundamental
truth of Shakespeare's lines, "First of
all to thine own self be true, and it
must follow as night to day that thou
then canst be false to no man."
You have the queer Blant that most
Westerners have regarding New Eng
land. You think there isn't anything
left to New England but its "ancestry,"
and that we are a bunch of "sterile"
has-beens. You write with the off
hand assurance of one who feels that
he knows. But you have got a lot to
unlearn, I assure you.
ALBERT WOODBURY DENNIS.
LABOR IS THOUGHT MISINFORMED
Safegnnrds of Liability Law Retained
by Compensation Bill.
PORTLAND, Or., Jan. 15. (To Ihe
Editor.) I notice in The Oregonian
that one of the labor organizations
has unanimously objected to the pro
posed workmen's compensation law
upon the ground that It is freedom
from accident and not payment for
same that they desire. They refer to
the present law as providing safe
guards. By reference to the proposed law
under paragraphs 25 and 33 they will
find that Inasmuch as the present law
is not repealed, they have all the pres
ent safeguard of that law and the ad
dition of selecting whether they will
collect by direct suit against an em
ployer neglecting to install such safe
guards or take under the new law.
They simply had been misinformed ss
to what the new law is.
As an employer I have some objec
tions to the new law, which I think
can easily be remedied without in any
way destroying" the efficiency ot the
law and rather adding to the work
ableness of same.
The present law Is unsatisfact jry to
employers and employed and seems
only In the interest of the "ambulance
chaser" and such "walking delegates"
as rustle for the chaser. I hope a good
law may be 'passed.
E. T. JOHNSON.
Snow on the Roof.
HAINES. Or., Jan. 14. (To the Edi
tor.) A foot of light snow fell on an
old roof. For several days no more
rain or snow fell. After a day of thaw
ing and a night of freezing the snow
and ice were heavy enough to break
the roof in. Did the "Snow and ice
weigh any more than the first loose
snow? EASTERN OREGONIAN.
It is not uncommon for dry snow
to absorb moisture from the at
mosphere, thereby gaining weight.
In the melting and freezing process
snow may also accumulate unevenly. If
the whole roof fell the cause was
probably accumulation of more weight
Helter "How did Binks get through
his fortunes so quickly?"
Skeltei' "The cab and the cabaret.
Song of Inconsistency
By Dean CoUina.
Biennially I grin with joy.
Kick out small troubles that do annoy.
And settle down to the glad delights.
For forty days and for forty nislus.
Of watching the legislators' dope
New stuff for the leeal horoscope.
And I snisser and bubble with pleas
To think of the haps that will happen
Voice do call from the North and South,
From Eastland West, by word of mouth
Come the " emphatie stipulations
For many and many appropriations;
For every county cr city or town
Hopes it can shake the old state down
For coin sufficient to get aligned
Some special plan it has irot In mind.
From every side their voices call;
And on legislators' ears they fall.
Pleading to open the money bag
And go on a glorious spending jag.
Yet soon, when the lawmakers' task
And cobwebs grow o'er the Senate door.
And the veto ax. with lusty whacks.
Has slain full many a bill in its tracks;
The popular voice again will come
Athwart the land, and the air will hum
As all who formerly made demand
For appropriations on -every hand.
Hop again In the seething ring.
And land on the legislators "Bins!"
And savage voices in fury pant;
"Us taxpayers' money?" "Extrava
gant!" And as across the land they stalk.
Young referendums will rise and
I love excitement and whirl and riot,
To break the hovering pall of quiet;
So I find food for joy and laughter
In Legislature and what comes after;
And I shall holler, as sure as fate.
For many a bill to appropriate.
And after the session long is o'er
And the time is corns for the after
To come from the North, South, East
I'm going to roar with all the rest.
Portland, Jan. 15V 1
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian of January 16, 1S63.
Colonel R. D. Goodwin, the principal
accuser of General McDowell, has chal
lenged hlra to meet him in single com
bat. McDowell has made no reply to
At the examination of Horace Howe,
Jr., for killing B. F. Kendall, the coun
sel for the people were Messrs. Lan
der and Strong and for the defense
Messrs Frank Clark and McFadden. It
appears that Howe gave Kendall a pa
per at the fatal Interview in which
Kendall was slain and demanded that
he should sign it. This paper was
found 'on the person of Kendall. Mr.
Clark was put upon the stand and
declined to answer directly whether
he ever saw that paper or the like be
fore. Howe did the killing with a der
ringer pistol and had a pair of them.
Mr. Clark was asked whether he could
Identify them and said he could not.
He was asked whether he had a similar
pair and answered affirmatively, but
refused to state where the pistols were
at the time. The Overland Press says
that these answers caused many un
pleasant surmises in regard to Mr.
Clark's connection with the affair.
The sufferings of a large portion of
the people in the Confederates States
from the lack of salt is said to be ter
rible. A proposition having been made by
the Common Council of Memphis,
Tenn to issue small notes. General W.
T. Sherman addressed them a letter
deprecating the measure and pronounc
ing it a violation of the Federal Con
stitution. He suggests an expedient
the employment of cotton for currency.
INJUSTICE OF TAXING BACHELOR
Only About 10 Per Cent of Unmarried
Men Deserve to Pny.
PORTLAND, Or., Jan.' 15. (To the
Editor.) If we are to believe the
newspapers, one of our legislators Is
about to introduce a measure calling
for a tax on bachelors. If Mr. Nolta
Is a practical Joker I think It is very
poor taste for him to practice his wit
on the entire unmarried male popula
tion of the state for which he helps to
make the laws.
A tax such as is proposed by Mr.
Nolta would be unjust. In Oregon,
women are now considered men's polit
ical equals, so why should not tho
proposed law carry a clause imposing
a tax on "old maids" as well as bach
elors? Does that make you smile, you
who at 20 or 21 like dances, theaters,
card parties and pretty clothes so well
that you "wouldn't give them up for
the best man in the world?" Very
well; smile. And all the while some
fellow is burning midnight oil in an
endeavor to figure out some manner in
which to make enough money to be
able to give you the things you are
used to having. Whose fault is it that
he is not married? And yet the women,
who called loudest for political equality
are the first to express their approval
of a measure to, "tax unmarried men.
Truly, there is mirth in the contem
plation of Mr. Noltu.'s "bachelor tax",
and its supporters.
Now let us look at the measure from
another angle. Take the young man
who is working to provide suitable
not luxurious, mind you, but merely
adequate surroundings for the "oist
little girl in the world." Why add to
his burdens by imposing a tax on him
because he has not married the girl
and taken her to a shack in the slums
the best he can afford?
There is also the man for whom
there was only one girl, and she re
jected him. Is he to be taxed he-auso
the girl doesn't want him? And widow
ers, who hold the memory of the de
parted ones so dear that they wiil not
remarry would Mr. Nolta tax them?
There are about 10 per cent of the
bachelors in this country on whom a
tax of this character would be Just.
It does not seem to me that it would
be right to tax bachelors any more
than it would be right to tax men for
their political or religious beliefs, or
because they smoke, or wear violent
socks. I sincerely lrbpe that Mr. Nolta
will reconsider this new form nf "sin
gle" tax. THOMAS DE V. HARPER.
Faults of Bachelor Tax.
HOQUIAM, Wash., Jan. 14. (To tho
Editor ) I would like to make a few
remarks regarding the proposed tax
on bachelors, although I am - not a
bachelor and enjoy the most perfect
In the first place I think such a
tax would not be constitutional, as
it would be a class tax.
(2) The tax burden would have to
be greater than the matrimonial bur
den to accomplish its end.
(3) Woman has invaded the commer
cial world and sells her labor cheap
er than man. Instead of being a com
panion she has become a . competitor,
and after she has kicked him out of El
most every occupation (except prize
fighting) she rejoices when some mat
rimonial enthusiast propeses to cripple
him still more by imposing a tax to
compel him to marry his competitor.
In my opinion if girls would stay a1;
home and learn to cook, mend; sew but-
1 lUXinAITI (!
tons on ciouies, ivecjj w
ally, take care of children in the prop
er way, ana not try to ne -
Uonaire on 11000 a year, there would be
fewer old maids and bachelors and
no need for compulsory mutrirnoiiial
agencies. S. L. REYNOLDS.
his leg, it is a savage, Ill-bred cur. If