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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1912)
THE 3IORNING OKEGOMAX. THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 5, 1912-
Associaiton for Testing Ma
terials to Hold Important
STANDARDS TO BE SOUGHT
PRESIDENT TAFT AS HE 13 TODAY.
2 -v - $
Many Unknown Factors In Vse of
Concrete Remain to Be Deter
. mined World's Construc
tion Experts Will Attend.
WASHINGTON". Sept. 5. (Special.)
Scientists and engineers of world-wide
repute, who are indirectly responsible
for the safety of the millions of peo
pip of the earth are to convene in thi;
country September 2 to discuss an
present solutions for the serious prob
Jems that have arisen in engineering
in the last few years by reason of th
tremendous advancement in the meth
ods by which industry and commerce
are carried on.
The technical experts, including rep.
re?entative of the various foreign
Governments, are members of the In
ternattonal "Association for Testing:
Materials and are cominsr to attend th
congress o the association, which will
open in New York September 2.
The sessions of this association
prnmine to be of far-reaching im
poriance to every civilized country in
the world. At no time has so eminent
a body of engineers gathered m th
T'nited States and at no time have such
momentous problems been pressing".
Competition Make ,ew Problem.
With the remarkable industrial de
velopment throughout the world, bu
more especially In the United States,
and the great competition for the
world's markets have come modern
methods of meeting the new condi
tions and these have imposed the prob
lems upon the engineers. The trains
that haul the products are bi$rper and
heavier than. ever, necessitating
heavier and more powerful locomotives
to haul them. The heavier trains de
mand stronger bridges and stronger
rails. The failure of steel rails, with
the consequent heavy loss of life in
the United States within the last year,
has added impetus to the association's
endeavor to find a safe rail, and the
question will be discussed in several
The waste of property by fire in the
X'nited States each year, amounting to
more than $200,000,000, and the waste
of several thousand human lives
through 'these fires will provide i
channel for discussion of the construc
tion of buildings from materials that
have fire-resisting" qualities. Scien
tific tests of the ability of various ma
terials to withstand fire have been
made during the year in different Gov
ernment and private' laboratories, and
the findings will be riven at the meet
Inps of the association. There are in
dications that the scientists will give
to the world the true type of fireproof,
Concrete Xot Folly Understood.
The use of concrete has been more
rapid than the science, and many un
known problems of the strength of
this material still have to be solved.
Several of these will be taken up by
the members in papers of great prac
tical importance to the entire world.
The association is generally Inter
ested in world's standards in the test
ing of materials, and the leading scien
tific men of Great Britain, Germany,
France, Belgium, Russia and Japan
will compare notes with the engineers
of the United States on many moot
questions. These engineers are the
men who determine what Is known in
engineering as "the factor of safety,"
which means that the steel columns
In a skyscraper have sufficient strength
to withstand the stress of the winds
or the loads placed on the floors; that
the great bridge spanning the Mis
sissippi has the strength to carry over
It in safety the ponderous freight
train or the swiftly moving express
train with its human cargo.
The sessions of the association m
New York will continue through Sat
urday, September 7, and on Sunday the
members start in a specially equipped
hotel train for Washington, where they
will visit the Government testing
laboratories. The same train will take
the members to Pittsburg, where they
will witness demonstrations at the ex
periment station of the Bureau of
Mines, and will visit the great coal
mines, the steel and cement mills and
the electro-technical factories. The
members will then go to Buffalo and
Niagara Palls and from there back to
New York over the Lehigh Valley Rail
road, after inspecting the cement
plants along the line and the ordnance
and structural works of the' Bethle
hem Steel Company.
40 COAL MINERS ARE DEAD
Explosion Prevents Further Attempts
at Kescue in France.
LENS, France, Sept. 4. At least 40
coal miners are dead as the result of
the explosion of firedamp yesterday
afternoon In the Clarence pit, near
Bruay. Three of the rescuing party
were among the killed and others were
injured trying to aid their entombed
Further explosions occurred today
and the entire pit is on tire. Mining
engineers have decided that it must be
Twenty-one bodies had been brought
to the surface before the continued ex
plosions caused the rescuing parties to
abandon the attempt to reach the re
mote section of the pit in which many
of the victims were working.
WOMAN SEEKS PIL0TSHIP
3Its. Gertrude Wyman, Seattle,
Wants to Command Boats.
,'SEATTLK. Sept. 4. Mrs. Gertrude
Wvman. wife of Captain C. E. Wyman,
of Tacoma, who owns & steamboat line
operating between Tacoma and Vashon
inland, took an examination before the
Fwot Sounj Marine Inspectors today
tor 'a master mariner's license.
Mrs. Wyman already holds a license
as a second-class pilot and wishes the
new certificate that she may command
her husband's boats at times. She is
said to be a thoroughly competent
CHOLERA OUTBREAK GRAVE
Vnitcd Mates Orders Quarantine
Against Sardinian Ports.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 4. A fresh out
break of cholera in the town of Cag
liarl, in Southern Sardinia, was report
ed toiiay to the public health service.
Officials regard the outbreak a dan
gerous one and have ordered quarantine
at all I'nited States ports against ships
from the infected district.
i " -s x- y g 1 - i . - -
it (olurabuM AtiKTUiit !
Day st the Centennial
Below Taft Extending?
LE 10 Iff
Sprained Ankle and Attack of
Gout Not Serious.
'LANS ARE NOT CHANGED
President to Join Mrs. Taft on May.
flower Today, Although He Re
mains in His Apartments
and Rests AH Day.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 4. Although
suffering- from a sprained ankle and a
lirht attack of eout. President Talt
decided tonight not to change his plans
to go to New York tomorrow to Join
Mrs. Taft on the Mayflower.
The President remained in his apart
ments most of the day. leaving tnem
only to welcome to Washington the
elegates to the international congress
f ADDlied Chemistry.
It was announced tonight that the
President would leave for Jsew York
tomorrow morning. Owing to nis ln-
urv. it Is probable the plan to board
the Mayflower in the North River will
be changed, the President going io
meet the yacht et the tsrooKiyn ivavy
Major Rhoades, the President s Aide,
said tonight that Mr. Taffs injury was
not serious and that a week s rest at
Beverly would put him on his feet
His comparative lcaig siege or worn
this Summer, with little opportunity
for his usual daily exercise, is partly
tojjlame for his condition, according to
President Taft greeted from a wheel
chair the delegates to the Eighth In
ternational Congress of Applied Chem
istry which was opened here this morn
ing to be continued in .New lork ri
The principal event of the day was a
garden party on the white House
grounds in honor of the delegates from
foreign nations. There presiaent ran
welcomed his guests. Later the Presi
ent spoke briefly to the delegates In
the East room of the White House.
At the opening session of the Con
eress. Dr. Rudolph w egsicnneiaer oi
Austria said American chemists had
accomplished in the last 100 years as
much as European chemists had in 2000
LAPP MAY HELP PEOPLE
Continued From First Page.)
mind. He may find the Colonel un
willing to leave the stump to return to
Washington for a few days on the wit
Just before Congress adjourned, Colo-
el Roosevelt demanded an immediate
hearing before the committee, explain
ing that he wanted to appear at that
me because he could do so without
nterfering with his campaign pro
gramme. Most oi tne mcmDers oi me
committee had gone to their homes,
however, only Senator Clapp and Sena
tor Jones, of Washington, being at the
capital, so the hearing had to be denied.
The Colonel pointedly intimated that
he did not wish to be called as a wit
ness in the-nnidst of his stumping tour.
nd vet September 30 will And him in
the midst of his swing around the cir-
e, and probably a long way from
ashington. The question naturally
rises: Will Senator Clapp be willing
to accommodate him, and postpone his
hearing until after the campaign closes?
Politician Would I.Ike Delay.
The fact is that politicians of all
parties would be glad to have the in
vestigation delayed until after the elec-
on, lor it is a moral certainty that
the committee is going to bring to light
facts and evidence which will corrobo
rate the general belief and understand-
ng that the big corporations In past
ears have contribute: large amounts
to the campaign funds of both Demo
crats and Republicans, and it will be
shown, beyond all question of doubt,
that such men as Ryan, Belmont and
others assailed -by Bryan have been as
liberal within their party as wereHar
riman, Archbold and others in the Re
publican party, and there is no reason
to doubt that the investigation will dis
close the further fact that some of the
big corporations, "playing safe," con
tributed to both funds.
These disclosures will not set- well
with the American people, and if the
investigation gets well under way be
fore November 5, some candidate: or
candidates will be hurt. From the
standpoint of the present day, it would
appear that Woodrow Wilson has less
at stake in the coming investigation
than either of his rivals. He has neve
before been a candidate for the Presi
dency. No campaign fund was ever
before raised in his behalf. He has had
no alliances with the corporations, un
less he has formed them during the
present year, and that is not alleged
even by his enemies. If. Mr. Wilson
to be believed, he has been careful to
avoid the acceptance of contributions
from the corporations thus far this
Contributions Not Denied.
On the other hand, both Colonel
Roosevelt and Mr. Taft were candidates
and were elected in years when it was
customary to ,-bleed" the corporations
for campaign money, and both have
benefited by reason- of contributions
from "the interests." The fact that the
Standard Oil contributed $100,000 to the
Republican fund in 1904 has not been
denied, nor has it been denied that
Harriman himself raised more than
double that amount that same year.
Facts as to contributions in 1908 are
not yet-so definite, and the amounts
contributed by the corporations in that
year are not known. No one is willing
to believe that corporation money was
not used four years ago, and proof on
this point will naturally operate to the
detriment of Mr. Taft.
- There is rumor to the effect that
when September 30 arrives some ex
cuse will be made for postponing the
investigation into the Penrose-Archbold
affair, and into campaign contributions
generally, until after the election. If
that is to be the programme, it is not
admitted by the members of the inves
tigating committee, and last of all by
Chairman Clapp. On the contrary. Sen
ator Clapp has said positively that the
inquiry -will be resumed on September
SO, and other members of the com
mittee have declared they will be ready
by that time.
OHIO PARTY ORGANIZED
GAR FORD TO BE T. R. NOMINEE
James R. Garfield, in Keynote Ad
dress, Says Constitutional Elec--tion
COLUMBUS. O., Sept, 4. The Roose
velt Progressive party in Ohio com
pleted its organization and began its
first state conventioniere today. To
morrow morning the state convention
will adopt a platform and nominate a
full state ticket.
Walter F. Brown was elected chair
man of the new state committee. He
was chairman of the Republican state
committae before the Roosevelt mem
bers withdrew. It is generally con
ceded tonight that Arthur L. Garford,
of Elyria, will be the nominee for Gov
James R Garfield, Secretary of the
Interior during part of Roosevelt s Ad
ministration, delivered the keynote
speech as temporary chairman at the
convention today. The Democratic par
ty, he declared, is under the control of
the same men dominating the Repub
lican party, adding that "the high char
acter of its candidate for President does
not outweigh the bad character of
the party leaders, who do and will guide
Mr. Garfield called attention to the
victory of the initiative and referen
dum, stated-wide primary and Judicial
reform in the constitutional election
yesterday, declaring that it indicated
future victory for the Roosevelt Pro
REST.LT GRATIFIES . WILSON
Candidate Soys Democrats Lost Xo
Votes to Jfew Party.
SEAGIRT. N. J., Sept. 4. "The fact
that the Democrats more than held
their cwn in Vermont, a Republican
state, and also made substantial gains,
means business throughout the coun
trv " said Governor Wilson today.
commenting on the election results in
The Governor said the big Demo
cratic vote was "very gratifying. It
was difficult, however, he said, to ana
lyze the result in Vermont on any com
parative basis because the total vote
was so much larger this year than wo
years ago and it was hard to trace the
source of the gains. At any rate, -he
said the Vermont election indicated a
heavy vote through the country in the
coming election and he said that he re
garded it as significant that the Dem
ocrats had carried the cities through
out Vermont. '
"One thing is sure, added tne gov
ernor, "the Democrats na not lose any
votes to the new party and the Re
publicans lost. The results are cer
I ml iiitli lUil,
WILSON, SMS 1 H.
Colonel Declares Republican
Party Has Been Swept
Aside in Race.
IOWA CROWDS CHEER HIM
Roosevelt Pays Fight Lies Only Be
tween Xew Party and "Old
Machine Democrats" Bosses'
Hands Seen at Baltimore.
DBS MOINES, la., Sept. 4. Upon
Wroodrow Wilson the hopes of the
"standpatters" gradually are being
centered. Colonel Roosevelt told the
state Roosevelt Progressive convention
of Iowa here today. Colonel Kooseveu
also called for sDeedy downward revis
Ion or tne tarirr ana oenounceu mt
Payne-Aldrich tariff law as containing
"shams and humbugs.
The ex-President's speech was made
at the close of a hard day's campaign
inc through Iowa, which began with i
s'ueech at 7 o'clock and only ended
when he left tonight lor St. i-aui. r lve
speeches were- scheduled for the Jour
ney through the- state from Keokuk to
Des Moines, but the Colonel was called
upon for twice that number, finding
crowds awaiting him wherever his
Crowds Cheer Colonel.
When Colonel Roosevelt reached Des
Moines several thousand persons were
massed at the railway station. He
made his way to his automobile
through a struggling, cheering crowd
and started out at the head of a parade
through the city to the convention hall.
All along the way the streets were
crowded and the Colonel was cheered
constantly. Just before leaving for
his train tonight he made an address
to a throng which filled the street in
front of his hotel. In his speech to
the convention Colonel Roosevelt said:
'This is only nominally a three-cor
nered light.- In reality the fight is be
tween the party of the people on one
side and on the other the, bosses and
the beneficiaries of privilege, who will
throw- their weight to whichever of the
old parties they think can beat us.
Democrats Alone Feared.
You will find long before election
day already there are symptom3 of it
that the old Republican party has
been swept aside. The fight lies be
tween us and the old machine Democracy.
'The official Republican party of to
day bears to the party of Lincoln the
same semblance that a ship which has
been captured by pirates does to the
ship before it was captured. Barnes,
Penrose. Guggenheim and the rest of
them wouldn't have known what was
meant by Republican principles if you
had mentioned them. Those men rep
resent the crooked alliance between
crooked politics and crooked business
which has been the curse of American
I see that Mr. What's-his-name.
that Congressman from St. Louis
Bartholdt he was one of the high
waymen has asked Mr. Cummins to
debate the Texas, California and Wash
ington contests at Chicago. I hope Mr.
Cummins will refuse, for the reason
that I wouldn't debate with a pick
pocket the ownership of a watch he
had stolen. Any man, any candidate
for Governor or other office, who has
knowledge of the facts and supports
Mr. Taft gives us the right to say that
he is not competent to pass upon hon
esty in public 'life.
Appeal Made to Democrats.
Now, a few words to the men who
formerly were Democrats. . I want to
call your attention to this difference
between the Chicago and Baltimore
conventions. The victory at Baltimore
for Mr. Wilson was achieved because
the bosses finally concluded that his
victory meant their victory. At Chi
cago the bosses knew that our victory
meant their defeat.
Colonel Roosevelt said he found
among reactionary Republicans a grow-
ng purpose to support Mr. Wilson, on
the theory that President Taft was
beaten already, and that the .only hope
of preserving the old parties was to
support the Democratic ticket and de
feat the Roosevelt Progressives.
Turning to the tariff, Colonel Roose
"I have remained attached to tne
doctrines the Progressives taught three
years ago. I don't believe in free trade.
On the other hand, D don't believe in
the 'standpaf Republican tariff. I be
lieve there are a great many shams
and humbugs In tne payne-Aiaricn
tariff bill. Among the shams and hum
bugs was the Tariff Board. It was
better than no board, but it had such
small powers that it worked with ex
treme slowness and notnlng was ac
complished. Our proposal is a real
tariff commission. We favor a com
mission which will work speedily so
that in a few months, if the Progressive
administration comes in, it can take
up and report on schedule after sched
WILSON WELCOMES PEOPLE
Men's Fine Wear
We beg to announce that our Fall display of Chester
field Clothes is now ready, comprising the choicest
selections from the finest men's clothes makers in the
world. Chesterfield Clothes, for which we are exclus
ive distributors, are the highest grade ready-to-wear
apparel! They possess an elegance in style that is
pleasing, a perfection in fit that is satisfying, better
wearing and finer looking more clothes satisfaction
than you have ever had before. You're invited to in
spect our Fall models.
If front of coat breaks in one year's wear, cus
tomer can have a new suit free
Correct Fall Styles
Correct and Exclusive
k Styles for Fall.
R. M. GRAY
273-275 MORRISON ST, AT FOURTH
against imposition of every Kind,
whether by government or anyooay
lse. and is directed to the place where
he can attain the objects he has come
for- with the greatest advantage to
himself. That, to my mind, is the solu
tion of the immigration question.
"Of course, if the immigrants are
to be allowed to come in unrestricted
hosts and to stop at the ports where
they enter and there to compete in an
oversupplied labor market, there is go
ing to be unhappiness; there is
going to be deterioration; there is going
to be everything that will be detri
mental to the community as well as
detrimental to. the immigrant.
"Therefore it is to the interest of the
Government that the Government itself
should supply, or at any rate, en
courage the instrumentalities which
will prevent that very thing. Multi
plying the ports of entry for that pur
pose, for example, will ease and facil
itate and guide the process of distribu
tion which is the only welcome that is
acceptable to those who come."
Postal Clerks Praise Taft.
BOSTON, Sept. 4. A resolution
praising President Taft for his atti
tude on the extension of the Civil
Service was adopted today by the con
vention of the United National Associ
ation of Postoffice Clerks. President
Taft in addressing the convention yes
today said he favored extending the
Civil Service to all Government employes.
rr-rtntlmiefl From First PaKe.)
ly practioal blunder I have made in
i. f.a..jat Iti a liViAi-nl nolicv with re
gard to immigration, is that I got into
.v. nnUfir n Anr-mimCA it- So
that it was an indiscretion of judgment
not an indiscretion oi purpose, iui
interest in immigration is to see
tnft immigrant is Drooeny m-
Every time you boost
for Portland Glazed Ce
ment Sewer Pipe, you not
only hasten the day of a
perfect sewer system for
Pacific Northwest cities, -but
you'll also be doing
something for the pros
perity of Portland in gen
eral and yourself in particular.
yj - - Save it for a copy 0 -" - : yj
i ' . By" FREDERIC J- HASSAN
III The Book Tiat Show Uncle San at Wrk . 4
j SEPTEMBER 5
' HOW TO GET THIS BOOK
Desiring to render a great educational service to its readers. The jOrego
Ill nF.Vr with Mr Haskin to handle. WITHOUT PROFIT TO IT-
f-iTV V. hio vaImrM. hnnk for Portland. Cut the above
coupon from six consecutive issues of The Oregonian and present them with
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r. , v.- no.afiiv written: that every chanter in it is vouched
for by an authority; that it is illustrated from photographs taken especially
for it: that It is written in large, clear type on fine . book paper and bound
in heavy cloth in an attractive, durable manner. A 2 VALLK FOR 60 cents.
ACtSaveCsix conseciiUv coupons and present them at The Oregonian dffice, 6th
and Alder streets.
ACH BOOK BY MAIL 15c EXTRA FOR POSTAGE.
150 Varieties of Fancy
Just the thing for luncheons and dinner
parties. They always please your guests.
Less work and more pleasure for you. De
livered in any quantity whenever you -wish.
Ask your dealer to order for you. If you
wish something novel and new, have your
dealer call us up and let us suggest something.
CRYSTAL ICE & STORAGE COMPANY
. East 244.
THE FIRST BEEAD TO BE
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Taste its taste.
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