Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, June 17, 1912, Page 6, Image 6

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1 Entared at Portland. Ortsoa. Posteffle
gtibscrlbtloa Rata Invariably In Adranc.
1 (BY MAIL.)
bally. Sunday Included, on year....,
Dally. Sunday Included, six months...
Pally, Sunday Included, thro months,
bally, Sunday Included, one month...
Zaily, without Sunday, an year ..
Pally, without Sunday, six months...
Eally. without Eunday, three month,
ally, without Sunday, on month....
Weekly, on year .. .............-
Sunday, one year ................
Sunday and Weekly, on year
.. 2.
.. S-50
T)alfv ftundav Included, on year 9-00
Dally. Sunday Included, one month..
Rm a nmlt Rend Poatofflc money OT'
der, expreae order or personal check on your
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are
at the sender's nsk. Give postoKlc address
In full. Including- county and state.
Poetara Bate lO to 14 paces, 1 cant: 10
to 2S paces. 2 cants; 20 to 40 paaea. a
40 to 60 paces, 4 cents, Fordsa pastas,
doubl rat. . .
v . .. . . - - - - a Conk'
Itn V. TafIi Rrancwlelc bulldlnc. Chi'
rmm RtmwmT feulldlnf.
San Franrlse Office R. J. Bldwell Co..
V42 Market street.
' European Office No. S Recent street.
W.. London.
I The threat of a bolt from the Re
publican convention has gone so far
that It has reached the point of a dis
cussion Among the Roosevelt forces of
the question when to bolt. 8ome would
make the election of Root as tempor
ary chairman the signal; others the
seating of the contested Taft delegates;
Dthers the adoption or a piatiorm in
dorsing; the Taft Administration or op
posing some feature of the new charter
of democracy; yet others tne actus
nomination of Taft.
But some have proposed the ultra
revolutionary expedient of a bolt in the
electoral college from any candidate
other than Roosevelt. Such a bolt
; would be without precedent. Men
.' chosen as Presidential electors have
' reirarded the nominations made by
conventions as binding on them and,
' if any were ever inclined to disregard
' the Implied obligation, they have been
r restrained by fear of obloquy.
I The proposal to bolt comes from the
states which held Presidential pn-
i maries, at which each party nominated
candidates for elector. It i contended
that whichever electoral ticket should
be successful in November Is bound
' bv the preferential vote cast at the
primaries rather than by the choice of
the National convention, especially If
the convention should act counter to
the preference expressed by the pri
mary states. In most cases the names
of men nominated for electors were
placed on the ticket by the faction
which was victorious In the primaries
and these men are presumed to be in
sympathy with the popular preference
of their states. There are exceptions.
as we know to be the case in Oregon,
but that is true In the main.
If the bolt should thus be postponed
until the electors meet in each state
and if the Republicans should carry all
' the direct primary states, all of whlcn
: are normally Republican, the posslbil
- ity of a bolt would extend to 144 elect-
ors from nine states carried by Roose-
' velt among a total of 5S1 electors from
! 48 states. Should the bolt- be nearly
' reneral in these nine states, the Re-
I publican electoral vote would be so
! ; divided between Taft and Roosevelt
i , that, even though as a whole It cori
'stltuted a majority of the!-
;iege. neither Taft nor. Roosevelt nor
! the Democratic. candidate would have
i a majority,
! The election would then be made by
1 the present House of Representatives.
The Constitution provides that m such
1 a case each state shall cast one vote.
: The nartv hitvlnr a maloritv of Repre.
f : sentatlves from each state would cast
r the vote of that state for Its canal
'" date. Under this system the Repub
: : llcans have a majority in twenty-four,
' ; the Democrats in twenty-two states,
I and two states Maine and Nebraska
tied. In case the Republican
1 1 Representatives could unite in each
j ) state they would have only twenty-
i , four votes, one short of a majority,
! , Hit th.. atlvlf-tnn in the nartv which
; ! brought about such a situation would
render such unity highly improbable.
' Were they to divide according to their
' preference as expressed at the prl-
' maries. the convention states standing
; by Taft, there would be thirteen for
: Taft. nine for Roosevelt, two ror Ia
Follette. twenty-two for the Democrat,
and two tied. In order to elect either
i of their men. the Republicans would
! need not only to settle their difference?
! but to break the tie In either- Maine
; or Nebraska by winning over a Demo-
! erat. The Democratic candidate could
not be elected without capturing both
; tied states and winning over one of
the Republican states.
: By postponing the bolt until the
' electoral college met. . the Roosevelt
men would thus Invite practically cer
tain ultimate defeat and would accom
plish only the defeat, of Taft. They
might have a -fighting chance If -they
, bolted the convention and nominated
a third electoral ticket In each state,
though they could only win by gain
ing enough Democratic. votes to offset
the Taft vote and many . to . spare.
Roosevelt desires tils own- election as
ardently as he desires to defeat Taft.
He will therefore be more likely to take
the fighting chance of a bolt from the
convention.. If he falls to secure the
nomination.. ...
The discredited bosses who are so
heartily lampooned by Colonel Roose
velt are the Identical party leaders who
served him so . efficiently four years
ago. The only exceptions were the
states which had favorite sons, but the
favorite sons did not last long. and.
their political n.anagers speedily
climbed aboard the Taft-Roosevelt
The problem which now confronts
these taint political bosses or leaders
whichever they are Is outright sur
render to Colonel Roosevelt, or prob
able destruction by him and his
friends In the Fall election.
If they surrender now, a candidate
will be nominated on a platform re
pudiating them and traversing the rec
ord of the party's present titular head.
If they refuse to surrender now,
and stay with the old ship. It la likely
to go to pieces anyway, later, on the
rocks of. party dissension; and they
will be the losers in the end.
If they surrender now, they turn the
party and probably the Government
over to the Roosevelt kitchen cabinet,
i consisting of Perkins. McCormlck, Oar-
! field. Pinch ot and Heney.
If they refuse to strike their flag
; now. the alternative is Democratic suc-
i cess in November.
If they surrender now they will
avert a possible, or even probable, bolt
' by Roosevelt, and consequent pasty
If they refuse, the ardent partisans
' of Roosevelt will bolt anyway, even If
Roosevelt does not. and Bryan, or Wll
son, or some other Democrat will be
The only thing really certain at Chi.
cago Is that the old guard is in for
sound licking, this year of grace un
less it can achieve the Impossible and
nominate a dark horse.
Somehow we are able to restrain our
excitement over Colonel Roosevelt'
bitter indignation at the remorseless
activity -of the steam-roller at Chicago.
Not that we approve the steam-roller
only that the Colonel s virtuous out
break appears to be Inspired mainly by
contemplation of the fact that the
steam-roller Is not ' his steam-roller.
The Colonel will forgive us, we hope,
if we feel that his uproar seems to
call for mirth, rather than objurgation
on our part. But If he will not for
give us, we shall be inclined to be
mirthful anyway.
Tet there is no disguising the fact
that the steam-roller is no Joke. It
has done business Jn strictly scientific
fashion. Doubtless . that., is what
steam-roller Is for.. But It ought to
have been handled with discretion,
even for the sake of appearances, if
for no other reason.
No one, except some blathering par.
tisan of one candidate or the other,
cares what was done about those quar
reling Southern delegates, though the
impartial public might rejoice if the
whole unsavory bunch had been
thrown out. In other states there was
no clear way to, determine the rights
and wrongs of , contestants. In others
there was. The committee invariably
voted Its prejudices in doubtful states
or Invoked technicalities wherever the
excuse offered in states where the Is
sue was clear cut.
The steam-roller lived up to its ex
pec tat ions and it rode down the able
engineer who left its throttle four
years ago.
Senators have discovered that, no
matter how grave may be the doubts
they entertain as to Lorlmers guilt.
the people -entertain no doubts. Of the
Senators who voted - to allow Lo rimer
to retain his seat, ten have already
been retired and ten more will retire
next March, either of their own free
will or by virtue of an adverse primary
vote. Some of those who . will retire
voluntarily will do so rather than "face
the music" of publio reprobation.
In advance of the adoption of the
direct election amendment, the Senate
is gradually becoming a truly repre
sentative body. The people are prov
ing their capacity for looking through
a mass of contradictory statements and
sweeping1 away a cobweb of fine-spun
reasoning to get at the central, essen
tlal fact of the case. That fact, in
their opinion, ir that Lorlmer's elec
tion was secured by bribery and that
he should be cast out. Their dlsple
ure is visited on any man who ob
structs what they consider Justice.
That Is why the Senate so long de
lays the vote on Lo rimer. Many of Its
members are loath to vote against him,
but. looking around at the doomed and
recalling those who have already met
their doom, they dare not vote for
- In their selection- of an arbitration
board to- settle- the wage dispute be
tween the engineers and the Eastern
Railroad; Chief Justice White, Com'
missioner Neill and. Judge Khapp
struck a new trail. :It has been cus
tomary to name an- equal number of
men to represent each party to. the
controversy and to allow these to
choose one, .who has the casting vote,
This one has usually been in practice
the only arbitrator. In the present in.
stance only one from each party has
Been appointed and the other mem
bers of the board are: Oscar Straus,
former Secretary of Commerce and
Labor; Albert Shaw, editor of the Re
view of Reviews; Otto Eidlitx, former
chairman of the Building Trades Em
ployers' Association of New York;
Frederick N. Judson. of St Louis, and
President Van Hise, of the University
of Wisconsin.
This board will- really arbitrate the
dispute, the members who are directly
interested serving mainly' to inform
their colleagues on the technical ins
and outs of the engineers' work. They
are men of such high character and
ability, known Impartiality and thor
oughness in all they undertake that
they can be trusted to make a just
award, which will be accepted by both
the railroads and the engineers. Their
award will be more readily acquiesced
In than that bf a single umpire, es
pecially If they should be unanimous.
This latest resort to the Erdman
act encourages hope that the railroad
strike, at least of any extent, has gone
into history and that all future dis
putes which cannot be adjusted by
direct negotiation will be settled by
In his letter concerning Governor
West's prison policy, published 'today,
Mr. Bauer credits some assumptions
to The Oregonian that we were not
aware we had taken. The Oregonian
has never assumed "that a man Is not
being punished unless he is beaten and
starved into submission... It does not
recall that It has accused the Governor
or the prison authorities of - lax dis
cipline within the penitentiary walls.
Its criticisms have "been directed at
errors of Judgment In parole of con
victs, at features of the Governor's
honor system and at- sentimental with
holding of the death -penalty. It has
confessed that It does not understand
hy a brutal murderer should be
-spared to life while a reward 4 should
be set for the death of a convict who
has broken his word of honor. . It con
cedes that prisoners humanely treated
within prison walls may be more easily
controlled wan - prisoners brutally
treated. But the last Is wholly beside
the honor system or Indiscretion in ex
ercising the parole authority.
Mr. Bauer seems to admit that the
Oregon prison policy Is misunderstood
by convicts in other prisons. The Ore
gonian. suggested this in the article
that called forth Mr. Bauer's letter.
Mr. Bauer lays the fault for-this mis
understanding at the door of the Gov
ernor's critical Tet the advertising of
his sjsteiu by the latter has been in
finitesimal "in quantity compared with
that spread broadcast by its admirers.
Has Mr. Bauer never seen In the
numerous periodicals that have pub
lished It the picture of the picnic din
ner, where honor men seated at long
tables- under the leafy trees are being
served with viands by honest farmers
wives? Does it not depict food and
table service such as are unknown to
the street laborer or section hand or
railroad. .workman ' who. never com
mitted a crime? Has he heard of the
moving-picture play which places the
Governor's system before the credulous
people at a few pennies each? Has he
.read the recent article in Comer's I
Weekly on the West prison policy?
Does he know that the Brooklyn Eagle
and other papers of wide circulation
have copied the most striking passages
from the Collier's article? Can he
wonder that desperate criminals In
other prisons become restive when
they hear, as Collier's has told, and as
other publications have repeated, that
In the first honor group in Oregon of
men given "good outside jobs" was
murderer and an expert safe cracker?
A murderer Is a man who has taken
something he can never return. Prob
ably . the majority of murderers are
repentant before they see- the inside of
the penitentiary and would not kill
again if released at once. tut are re
pentance and a determination never
again to take human life all that so
ciety requires of a murderer? If it is
Just to give one murderer a "good out
side Job,"-freedom from stripes and
relief -from guard. It Is Just to give
hundreds of murderers now in prison
like consideration. i '
. What Js an "expert safe cracker
He is certainly one who has learned t
crack safes not from robbing-one but
from robbing several. Otherwise he is
not expert. ' Does It work for dis
clpllne In other prisons if the Inmates
get the Impression that in Oregon a
confirmed criminal Is given virtual llt.
erty before his time, while a senti
mental world acclaims the wonder and
beauty o( such leniency?
Will It work for good discipline in
the long run at Salem? We fear not.
But even If this doubt is . groundless.
tbe building; up of a model prison man
agement Is not the chief aim or our
penal statutes. Humane treatment is
one thing. - Making' life pleasant and
punishment light for bad men is an
other. The fact remains that "the Gov
ernor lays too much stress on saving
the convict and too little on saving and
protecting society. '
Mrs.' Mary D. Lowman'i tragic
death sets one thinking about many
things. She was the first woman ever
elected mayor of an American city and
she served two terms. - Her official ex
perience did not destroy her capacity
for usefulness in the home.. We are
sure of that, because It was In the
kitchen that she came to her end. : As
she was cooking supper for the fam
fly her dress caught fire from the
stove and she was burned to death.
Mrs. Lowman was not only the pio
neer woman mayor In this country, but
she was - almost the first mayor of
either sex to act upon the principle
that it is the duty of municipal offi
cers to serve the people and not the
grafters. Her first term began In
1888, a time when most Americans
still believed that politics was neces
sarily ."filthy", and- that right, and
wrong were foolish distinctions' so far
as public business was concerned
iCamsans had been told this in so many
words by - their brilliant Senator In-
galls, and that makes it all the more
surprising; that Mrs. Lowman should
have done what she did In Oskaloosa,
which is a Kansas town.
Her appointees to the various city
offices were all women and she chose
them because they were qualified to
perform their duties." This' was per
haps the most surprising of her inno
vations. The' old traditional rule had
been that city officials must be ap
pointed for usefulness to the party or
because they were good ' fellows,
never because they were qualified to
the work for which they drew pay.
Having secured a corps of qualified
women to work with her, Mrs. Lowman
proceeded to clean up Oskaloosa. . She
swept out the filthy saloons, or ."bell
holes," as they are called In Kansas.
She put a stop to tbe "social evil"
which men are in the-habit of includ
ing among the inevitable dlspensa
tions. : She kept the streets clean. . She
compelled the big and wealthy criml
nals to obey the law.
In fact Mrs. Lowman did In public
office exactly what women have been
doing In the household for some thou
sands of years. . She applied common
sense to her problems and sought re
sults by the most direct and efficient
means. This is something that men
seldom do in office, though they do it
in business, of course, all the time,
and this is the great improving which
women will bring into public life when
they obtain the ballot.
The vacation habit is growing upon
the American i people. Twenty-five
years ago many men could be found
who boasted that they never needed a
change from, their habitual routine.
Give such a one his office,, .his .daily
grist of letters and his three meals
and he would grind away without a
thought of tedium until It came time
for him- to pass to a better, world.
Men of this stamp are not so common
as - they were formerly. We - should
not be surprised to see the habit of
working all the year round branded as
disrespectable before many years have
passed. Addiction to work will be
placed In the same shady category as
too much fondness for the bottle.
Whether strong drink or unbroken toil
is the worst habit one would have
some difficulty In deciding. Both are
bad enough. Without trying to meas
ure nice distinctions. It may suffice
to say that both the drunkard and the
person who never takes a vacation- are
wicked and both set a frightful ex
ample to the young. .'
The New York Independent has
fallen into the practice of publishing
an annual vacation number. The one
which appears this year is particular
ly pleasing. In looking over tbe pic
tures and reading the descriptive art!
cles It is easy to imagine that one is
sailing down some crystal stream or
fishing In the pellucid depths of a
lovely lake, or camping under the
trees in a secluded spot, where toil is
never . heard of and duty is a word
without meaning. The very essence of
vacation Is freedom from routine.
Anything, no matter how trifling,
which calls the mind back to the daily
round detracts Just so much from
the pleasure and profit of the outing.
The- only genuine vacations are those
which are undisturbed by letters, tele
phones or visitors on important . er
rands. During the sacred moments of
the annnal rest nothing is Important
but the useless. Nothing else should
be permitted to Intrude. Some of the
most pleasing vacations described In
The Independent were taken almost
within the city limits. It Is not neces
sary to go far away In order to cut off
communications ' with . the distracting
whirl. Shady dells exist, not more
than five miles from Portland, where
one can be as remote from toil as In
the depths of Canada.
There' Is a story of a man girted
with singular originality of mind who
conceived the- idea of taking a vaca
tion in his orchard. He pitched his
tent under one of the venerable apple
trees, put; on some old clothes, gath
ered his family about him in-savage
costume and proceeded to live the
simple life." He found after trying it
for a month that he had all the sat
isfactions of an outing in the woods
with none of the hardships.. Another
man, still more adventurously-original.
conceived the daring idea of having
a vacation In his own house. -He locked
the front door, drew down the shades
on the street side and discharged the
maid. To all intents and purposes he
was then away from home.' , No let
ters were opened- The morning paper
was left untouched on the porch.
When It was necessary to go to the
grocery he slunk through dark alleys,
did his errand as. quickly as possible
and hurried back home. . The out
come of this scheme was most delight
ful. The happy man who invented it
declares in his account that he never
had so much real comfort before in a
vacation or earned it with so little
There Is a mistaken notion that in
order to have a profitable outing a
person must undergo hardships. He
must eat badly cooked food, sleep on
a lumpy bed, go about shivering in
the rain and seldom wash his lace.
No mistake could be more serious. In
a vacation .from which rest and re
newed strength are expected the first
consideration is comfort. It is well
enough for a person to tire himself
tramping through' the woods, but he
must provide for abundant and well
cooked meals and he is dangerously
reckless if he does not insist upon a
good bed. One of the worst of all the
innumerable bad vacation habits 13
that of overwork. It Is safe to say
that more men exhaust themselves by
excessive toll while they are supposed
to be enjoying a time of relaxation
than ait their dally routine. The habit
of being idle Is one that must be ac
quired by faithful practice. As for
hardships, men who have to live In
the woods avoid as many of them as
they can. They never sleep on the
bare ground when they can find a bed
of any sort, and they never go about
wet and shivering when it is possible
to keep dry. Eagerness to maltreat
oneself Is a sure sign of the tender
foot. One of the most agreeable vacations
described in The Independent was
spent by an Omaha minister on his
son's claim in Alberta. Some fifty
young men from Omaha had taken
land in the same neighborhood and
formed a primitive settlement in the
Canadian wilds. For fence posts they
had to go sixty miles. Water was four
miles sway. Fuel had to be hauled the
same distance as posts. These . wert
some of the disadvantages. The ad
vantages were that the land would
produce fifty bushels of wheat to the
acre. Every inch of it could bexl
plowed, the railroad was rapidly ap
proaching and by the , time the law
allowed them to prove up on their
claims each one would be worth about
$12,000. A vacation like this combines
pleasure and profit in an exceptionally
agreeable way. The minister varied
his outdoor life by canoeing on the
stream which flows past his sons
claim and, of course, there were hunt-
Ins; and fishing. The opportunities
to make a fortune by taking up fertile
tracts of uncultivated land are rare.
so that anybody who wishes to re
peat the cheerful experience of this
Omaha pastor must seek aiugentiy,
but no doubt It would be worth while
to try
Flinn is said to desire the succession
to Penrose, not only as boss of Penn
sylvania but as United States Senator.
What a terrible crash there would tie
If his strong arm came in conflict with
Senatorial dignity, as personified by
the massive Jieybum?
A California heiress,' marrying a
Marquis, ' complains that her father
couldn't s.fford a Duke. . We trust the
purchase price was Jow . enough f so
that she can' afford a jeweled collar
and chain for her royal pet.
We may soon have a paraphrase on
that old conundrum about the Irresis
tible force and the immovable body,
namely, when a stampede comes Into
collision with a steam roller. what will
be the consequence?
Two Portland misses walked down
from Salem in rain and mud at the
close of the school season. Youth and
health and undaunted spirit are the
most wonderful . assets the world
Mrs. Richard Harding Davis pleads,
as ground for divorce, that her hus
band loves another. Those wno know
Richard will suspect that the "other"
is Richard Harding Davis.- -
It Is becoming more 'and more fash.
lonable for politicians to use the short
and ugly word. We shall soon have
a .National federation oi .ananias
Any way it goes, the planks -in the
Chicago platform will "commend."
The people at Baltimore will use their
time-honored right to deplore and con
demn. " -
With Flinn, of the strong arm; Per
kins, of the strong box, and Heney, of
the strong lungs, to aid him, the Colo
nel may imagine himself Invincible.
These are sad days for Senator
Dixon. But what . could he expect
when he refused to advise the Colonel
as the. Colonel wished to be advised?
When the Sheriff catches and the
Judge sentences him. "the. Bulldog of
the West" will know that the "good
old times" have passed away.
The Kaiser never could save his face
If his kid's boat beat him, so he must
exercise parental as welj as regal au
thority. "
For the next two weeks, Mexico,
Cuba and the Alaskan volcanoes will
please retire Into the background.
Heney has called another man a liar.
He's sure to apply that pet term of his
to the wrong man one day.
Half the spice' of an elopement is
lost when the father sends a $1000
check Instead of pursuing the elopers.
Last week all was frivolity, but this
week will be given to dignified honor
to the pioneers who made Oregon.
Let all be thankful' for the bountiful
crops in sight after the conventions
shall become history. .
The "naked fight" and the "naked
steal" must be shocking to Anthony
Comstock. -
Whoever is nominated will get It by
a vote so close as to preclude) comfoit
in It
Oregon cheese is advancing in the
market, but it is worth the money.
Is that new fighting hat the. one the
Colonel threw Into the ring I
Chaplain Deal) That Writ System
Cemeee Uareat Amass Owlets.
, SALEM, Or June IS (To the Ed
itor.) After reading your editorial In
The Oregonian, June IS, anent the con.
troversy as to whether Governor West
Is responsible for the recent outbreak
in San Quentln, I am constrained to
ask three questions which seem to me
to be fair. I ask these questions and
comment upon them that your worthy
readers may be enlightened concerning
the spirit and the method of the Ore
gon State Penitentiary,, whose concern
ought to be theirs.
First, why assume that Governor
West is to blame for the whole thing?
With the meager facts at hand, and
these more or less colored by a war.
den who is lboking for a scapegoat.
why should a snap Judgment be giv
en that Oregon's prison system Is the
cause of the trouble down trier 7 in
the face of the exposures of the Cal
ifornia prison by 'some 6f the leading
papers of San Francisco. It Is barely
possible that the prison management
had something to do with tne out
break. I can personally testify to the
fact tnat in a recent visit to a num
ber bf tbe leading prisons of our coun
try, including Sine Sing. Trenton, -N.
J.; East Pennsylvania, Atlanta and
others, I found no corner among them
all so dark and stenchful as the very
dining-room of San Quentln, In which
last Sunday's riot occurred. And this
leads me to the query: If Oregon's
prison pig-pen is cleaner than the San
Quentln dining-room, is Governor West
e-ulltv of treason?
The bluff that Lynwood, known In
our prison as Glenn L. Burton, and
whom the guard shot to death, was a
mover In the prison insurrection, can
easily be called by those of us who
knew him. With us he was a weak
minded. Incorrigible sodomite who was
repeatedly punished, and who lost all
his "good time" and was not a paroiea
man at all, as Hoyle asserted. In fact,
he, as many others within our walls,
never tasted . the sweets of our honor
system because he would not; and that
he carried to California much enthu
siasm about our system is unthinka
ble. That this man whom the boys here
dubbed "Simple Mutt," could be a Spar
tacus, at San Quentln, is either a huge
Joke or an awful reality. Really, If
Warden Hoyle can make his presump
tion stick, we may rather look for
damage suits brought against Govern
or West by San Francisco for causing
the great earthquake, there.
, The second question: Granting, as
you do. that "Governor West's prison
method may be misunderstood-by dis
satisfied convicts elsewhere," who Is
responsible fof the misunderstanding?
Are we to surrender principle and pol
inv. and stand still condemned because
some , dissatisfied prisoners of other
institutions saw through a . glass
There are many means now of dis
semination of real Intelligence concern
ing orison Dolicles and practices, uur
National prison conferences, prison pa
pers and the proiessionai . criminal
traveling from one Institution to an
other, play their part in thes lnter-f-hanara
of Ideas in the prison world.
Th, nnTiniar masrazlne article has done
not a little to paraae xne newer nu
mnni nninui features of our prison pol
icies, and may have caused some shaU
low minds to lose sight of the essen
tial features of the work of this inr
nnt It la mv belief that more mis
understanding has arisen from adverse
criticism of the governors political
opponents than from any other cause.
We have dished up to us almost daily
criticisms which magnify, distort ana
nint vellow every act of executive
clemency and every consideration for
the welfare of the prison. Bui au rei
erencea to increased activities in labor
and rigid-discipline are withheld from
the people. Of course it Is conceded
that some of these essential features
are not real news Items, because they
are so commonplace.: '
As a matter of fact, the Governor's
velvet scabbard holds a sword of steel,
and It is--.really detrimental . to - our
prison at . home , and abroad that this
fact is not set bt.fore the public When
Jess. Hall, the escaped honor man, was
captured at the muscle of the Gov
ernor's guff, there were no earmarks
of "gentle restraint," even though some
said It was a grandstand play. "Zebra
row," "hog table," "privileges lost
may sound sweet and homelike 'to the
outsider, but Inside they are what Sher
man called war. The Governor Insists
that all men must work in this insti
tution. He was . able by -the use of
brains instead of lead to increase the
output of the brickyard last Summer
over 50 per oent.
There never has been better disci
pline or more work in the Oregon
State Prison than today. This is not
due to lack of discipline; It Is due to
discipline. It is not due to a maudlin
sentimentality, exhibited to rough,
stern men who have no use for It; but
it Is due largely to personal Interest,
fair treatment of men, even though
they have forfeited their rights to
freedom, and expecting something in
return from every one. But it seems
that these facts of discipline and work
and honor have been overshadowed by
criticism of leniency and mock-mercy,
gone to seed. If the prisoners of San
Quentin got a vision of Ostermoor mat
tresses and Delmonlco meals. . with
guards for private servants, I am not
surprised, for I have heard such things
fronj the lips of detractors of our sys-
t6The third question: Why do you in
your last sentence assume that we do
not punish and restrain, and try to
help all men sent to us to understand
that they have violated the law? Why
assume that a man Is not being pun
ished unless he Is beaten and starve3
into submission? If hunger and filth
and physical pain are the only great
punishments, then our very poor are
even worse oft than we dare to make
men in the prisons of today. But we
all know that the loss of freedom, of
home, of a chance, with other men is
more terrible and by far of greater
import as punishment than those things
that appeal to the sense. San Quen
tin men were making a demonstration
of noise, not about the food, nor the
smell of their dark dining-room, but
were protesting against the tardy pa
roles it was a cry for freedom that
they supposed was theirs. As far as I
.rw nnr nrlson officials all assume
h.t th court's sentence of every man
i. tnt and fair, ana we worn,
..i until the court and Parol
-Dn .&nm mnd for parole or conai-
tlonal pardon. Nearly every man must
be released irora our- -
now; this Is the law of the state, and
w.i.t ha understood that each man
securing parole nas earnea "
... i An., tbera are sufficient cre
dentials in the Governor's office to
this effect whenever a man is given tne
chance on parole. -
Chaplain and Parole Officer. :
' - A Protest.
PORTLAND, June 15. (To the Edi
tor.) As manager for Hon. Champ
nsrV I want to enter my protest
against the theft of our' "daws" by the
Roosevelt crowd, rnis gang ia ue
to have stolen most of Mr. Bryan's
thunder. It is now being charged with
the theft of the Taft delegates from
the South. -but when It comes to try
ing to steal Champ ' Clark's "houn'
dawg," I protest.
- Let the' circus go on. but these pla
giarists and political thieves must let
our "houn dawg" alone. He is the mas
cot of a reunited Democracy. He
howls at the moon and tells the watch
man of the hour of the night. He has
sounded the keynote of a deliverance
from spoils, stratagems and treason.
He has "caught the scent of the pass
ing crowd and this effort to steal his
usefulness and turn him over to the
tender mercies of a bull species is both
cowardly and ungrateful.
Bart Writes. Falls to Draw Comfort
From Prospect Ahead of Natloaw
MORO, Or,. June IS. (To the Edi
tor.) I read every day, with avidity.
The Oregonian. I was impressed by
your editorial In Wednesday's issue,
"Playing Politics With Contests." For
two years past I have strongly as
serted that . Mr. . Roosevelt would be
elected our next President, I was
laua-had at and often huffed, as un
justly, susplcioning the honorable ex
President of" insincerity in his asser
tions that he would not offer tor
third term. Since my prediction, that
he would try to get a third term, has
come true, may I not justly claim from
your thoughtful readers a careiui con
sideration of a few of my views con
cerning our political status and out
look for our-near future?
The leaders and manipulators of big
business are now hotly contesting
amonr themselves as to what inter
ests and what men shall be acknowl
edged as suDreme. The game now be
In a- nlaved at- Chicago has been on
hand since . some previous time to
Teddy's throwing in his hat. It has
for its end not only how shall we big
fish continue safely and sanely being
fed by the little fish. This must be
done, of course! But a paramount
issue Just now la. Who among us big
fish must be recognized as rignmui
rulers? Hence, some of the big fish
are Taft men and. some are Roosevelt
men. Ho-, which shall win?
My own convection is that Roosevelt
wiu easuy win. Ana tnat, too, u inci
ter how the selection at Chicago may
Issue. Mr. . Roosevelt Is a very unique
nersbnaUtv. He "does things!" He Is
destined vet to "do -thlnBSl" How?
Ah I Perhaps he does not himself as
yet know all details. He assuredly Is
not telling anyone, except as he
chooses to do . so, what his plans are.
But he has plana plans wnicn no
can and will work out. or, II neea D
repudiate and supplant with others at
a momenrs warning: dux hooboyou
win "aret there, all the same." It
dark horse Is run In. it will be Roose-
velt'a dark horse.
But what about us little fish? Are
not we the real ones that will, next
Nonmber. settle this matter? True
But the manipulating of us, the people,
is not for a moment forgotten. Be
our lords Taft men or Roosevelt men.
wa naonla must ba manipulated. Not
eaten up by big fish, as in other na
tions and in former times. It gener
ally was; but manipulated, so that a
healthful progress, ail up ana aown mo
line, from the poorest L W. W. to the
Hr-hast soma Lord Sir Lancelot, there
shall be a well-managed nation of peo
ple," 90,000,000 serfs and underlings,
irettlns; enough of their own hard earn
ings to keep them in good working
trim- to earn a measureless surpiua.
and to nils id billions for the few Sir
Lords and their select companion".
Yea we will decide next November who
shall manipulate us, but the Rough
Rider Is he who Js to ten us now to
decide. Just wait 40 or 60 days, and
the Rough Rider will speak in plain-
n. vmnilhAtln tones to tne masses,
and' with thunder and a great stick
to tha few. and more than enough will.
fwm oanvictlon or fear, do Just as
Teddy says to make Teddy or Teddy's
dark horse President. Wait and see!
The days of our free, noble Republie
are numbered! The time ior tne mm
roiriia has come! And the time has de-
th man. as it always has done.
and always will do, until a nation of
self-possessed, self-protecting, trut.ii
loving and God-fearing people Is found
who will , scornfully repudiate each
demagogue, manfully and wisely enact
its own constitutional jgYBrumoui,
then put only such men in office as
will legislate and execute according to
the Constitution, and In the fear of God
for the highest good of all the people.
Three Examples Shown of the TJnfatr-
. , neaa in Fels' System..
.i vaNnrnrKR. June 13. (To. the Ed'
itor.) To- the average citizen who is
not viewing the graduated or single tax
throuarh the medium of the "Ftla war
chest" it is difficult to see how tax
ation can be equitable under this sys
tem, and I have In mind tnree nypo cases which I desire to state.
First Jones) owns a farm. The
value of his land is $5000, and he has
hniidlnes. stock and implements wnicn
he values at $2000, making a total of
$7000. . In a nearby village Smith owns
a stock of merchandise, also valued at
$5000. This stock is contained in
hiilMlntr valued at $1500. situated on
lot worth $500. Thus the value of
Smith's property is the same as that
of Jones'. Under single tax Jones would
pay taxes on $5000, the value of bis
land, while bmitn wouia pay mes
but $500, the value of the lot on which
hla store buildinK stands.
Second A and B each buy a city lot
of equal value. As A Is prosperous, ne
has monev on hand to build a house
worth S&000. while B, less fortunate,
ia compelled to mortgage his lot in
order to build a house worth $1500.
Under sinirla tax A. with his $6000
house and no debt, would pay the same
taxes as B, who owns but a small
equity In his property, as the Value of
the lots Is the same.
Third S is a rich money-lender,
while R. working for a small salary,
has by close economy managed to buy a
suburban lot on which he has built a
cheap home for his family. Losing his
position he is compelled, to borrow
from S to keep his family from want.
The small loan Increases by leaps ana
bounds" until he Is only the nominal
owner of the property, but under single
tax he would have to pay the taxes on
the land, while the rich money-lenaer,
nwnlnir no land, would pay no taxes.
Taxation is a vexing question; no
ana wanta tn nav taxes and a great
many, men, ordinarily honest, think it
no sin to ooage taxes, out ii ni"
me that it would be better to remedy
the evils in the present system than
-in embark -on the unknown seas or
single tax. , FRANK w. biuai...
'" Roses for Visitors. :
poTtTiaAND. June 14. (To the Edi
tn, . Anronoa of the letter from Q. K.
R in The Oregonian, I feel sure that
some, at least. In Portland snouia oe
educated in the art of giving, l am re
mlnHort that last vear during the Rose
Show there came a woman from the
TBaat who anent three montns in
hotel in this city without ever having
a single rose grlven to ner. i nere are
many others, and some medium of giv
ing should be established In all the
hotels in this city, at least during the
Festival week. ju u. Ktuun.
Iaove's Yeans Dream In 1912.
rhlcaa-o Record-Herald.
"Well, we have been engaged for a
"Yes, it was just a week ago tonight
that you asked me to be yours."
."Have you told anybody r
Not a soul!""
"Then I'm afraid I'll have to give
you up. I don't want to marry a
freak." . . - . .
Essence of Co-Edncatloa.
Pittsburg Post.
"Do girls do as well In college as
boys?" . :'
. "As well, or . better."
"Indeed! And how do yen account for
"Tbey have more opportunities to
study, for one thing. A girl doesn't
have to put in a lot of time coloring a
meerschaum pipe."
' Weighed In the Money Market,
. Exchange.
"My wife still thinks I'm a treasure."
"I. wish mine did; she thinks I'm a
treasurer' . .
The Man Who Knows
- Br Deaa Collin.
Why should I sit In ignorance,
Of how the campaign wind blows.
Instead of getting the inside dope
From the sapient Man Who Knows?
Why do I watch uneasily
Chicago's convention riot.
When I might find how 'twill all come
And settle to peace and quiet?
If I told my woes .' ... .
To the Man Who Knows,
Copious secrets could he disclose.
Where can I find the Man Who Knows?
Foolish and useless question I
He waiteth his secret to disclose
At the very slightest suggestion.
Legion's his name; he roams the street;
He lounges in park and station;
He freely dispenses to all who come
The surest of information. mJ
On. the Man Who Knows,
Is under one's toes.
At every place that a person goes.
The Man Who Knows all the. inside
On whose Is the nomination, -Whittles
In country grocery stores,
Engaging In conversation; -He
lunches with me at the restaurant.
And on the bleachers I meet him;
I hear him talk as my streetcar goes,
And up in my club I greet him; x
At the theater's shows
The Man Who Know
Climbs over my knees, and bruises my
. toes.
The Man Who Knows who will win
at last
And head the Republican party.
Hails me In lobbies of all hotels.
With srreetlnsr zealous and hearty:
He shaves my face in - the barber's
At my taxicab's wheel he whlsses: :
In clean white apron behind tha bar.
He peddles me cool gin fizzes. '
Wherever one goes.
He stands In rows,
The wise and - ubiquitous ' Man ' Wh
Knows, '
The secrets of the convention hall
Seem hidden to me forever.
And time alone can the mytalo veil
That shrouds It In doubt, dlsseven,
But L even X. appear to be
The only existing mortal.
Who cannot fathom the mystery back
Of the shrouded convention portal.
It appears to be.
From the things I see.
That the Man Who Knows Is all men.
but me.
Portland, June It.
Half a Century Ago
SYom Th Oregon! an of Jun IT, 1862.
Oswego. N. X, June . The Times
of this city says: A letter dated Port
Royal. May 26, says all the arrange
ments for the capture of Charleston
have been made. The attacking force
will Include both the military and
naval arms of the service under Gen
eral Hunter and Commander Dupont.
Newark. N. J-. June 7. A corre
spondent of the Advertiser on tne
steamer Augusta, off Charleston, May
29, eays: "Our gunboats are now
within four miles of Charleston by
way of Stone Inlet. We all expect the
attack soon to commence.
Chicago, June 7. There Is but lit
tle doubt that our flotilla has by this
time arrived before Memphis.
- Washington. June 7. It appears
that about 170 prizes ,have been taken
by our cruisers. -T
Washington. June 7. It is cur.
rently reported that but one member
of the Cabinet is opposed to the Presi
dent's policy of emancipation with com
pensation. Captain - Schults arrived
yesterday . from - England, ... with the
treaty for the suppression of the slave
trade, signed by the Queen. Ratifica
tions having been exchanged, the, treaty
Is now the law.
John Eugene was Arrested in San
TrT-aniitr.n June 8 for hurrantng ior
Jeff Davis and using other traitorous
A third meetinar of the citizens of
Portland was held in the Council room
last evening to devise ways and means
fnr tha nroner celebration of the ap
proaching '86th anniversary of Amer
ican Independence. J. H. Mitchell, N.
Williams and H. W. . Davis were ap
pointed to act as a finance committee,
with instructions to call upon the citi
zens generally and obtain subscriptions
and donations. A committee of nine,
three from each ward, was appointed
tn art aa a committee of arrangements.
consisting of the following gentlemen:
First Ward. Captain iianaera, a. d.
Hallock. R. R. Thompson; Second Ward.
Q.. H. Williams, A. B. Seymour, Joseph
Webber; Third Ward, J. H. Mitchell.
J M. Breck.. S. J. laotonnicit, a. u.
Dufur, E.. I uuimoy ana uc. jjuijt
were added to tne commiim.
i riathnat was successfully brought
over the fails at Oregon City yesterday
morning without much Injury. The
owners towed the boat out into tne
middle of the channel above, cut. her
loose and sent her adrift. She made
ha nt tin ATA maiesticallT and only went
about 40 feet under water, but she
came up again -ngni aiuo up
care." 1
Work of Paid Manipulators Turns Peo
ple Against Initiative Measure.
PORTLAND, June 14. (To the Ed
itor.) In The Oregonian was- pun
ii.u q l.ttar from M. J. Herkimer,
of Talent, Or., who asks who our Ore.
gon Moses, U. S. TTRen, is, and who
condemns ITRen and the initiative, as
humbugs. .
Mr. Herkimer confesses to having
read the Journal up to this, time, and
supported the Oregon system but in
the future proposes to vote "no on all
initiative measures.
r,r Oregon's citizens, fooled
and muddled by the one-man made
laws emanating irom tne
of Mr. U'Reo, ana. suppunou i in
spired editorials, are reaching the same
conclusion as Mr. Herkltaer.
I- have attended several mesuus
the People's Power league, so nignir
spoken of by our muckraking periodl
..,.1 rutnresented by them as con
sisting of the best thought of the State
of Oregon, sitting a. . uuj AT
,n.o wise laws that s.i the ad
miration of the muckrakers all over
the. United Btates.
r oricihiv found these meetings
of the "people of Oregon" to consist of
Mr U'Ren, Mr. Cridge, Mr. Eggleaton
and about a half a dozen more or less
unknowns who do not cars for
moving-picture shows and desire to
kill a dull evening.
Thi. la the, source from whence
.ot.. tha laws abolishing- the State
Senate, creating the cabinet form of
government, tne coniiscatory
tax and all the rest of tho brood we
have to contend with.
A famous sweaisn pnnoooKci ,
said- "It is astonishing wnat nt-u
wisdom Js required to govern." Our
Mr. U'Ren has the little wisdom, m
marvelous amount of nerve, the back
ing of the Fels fund, and he governs.
388 Park street. '
'' Good Hearing at 100 Years.
Baltimore American.
TLTiaa Mowrv. of Woonsooket.
R. I.; who will celebrate her 100th
hirthdav soon, wears glasses only when
she sews or reads, and has suffered no
imnoirmnt nf her hearing. She con
tinues to exercise by talcing long walks.