Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, June 08, 1912, Page 6, Image 6

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Tnr "urmvrvo onrr,oTA'. Saturday, jttxe 8, mi2.
Entered at Portland. Oregon. (tofIlee
second -elaee Matter.
Subscription Kate Invariably ta Advai
tBT MAIL.)
Pally. nna Included, one year. . , ,f . m
1" 1 1 y. Sunday Included. el a month.... 4 11
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J Lily. Sunday Included, on noDta.., .TS
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Weekly, one year 16
fuoday. fen year t.ad
aanda tad Weekly, one rear......... a. JO
BT CAHHIIR.I .
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Meat ta ataaait read Poatomre money t
der. expreee order of personal cheek on your
local tana. Stamp, coin or currency r
I th ndef rlak. PIT poetoffle addr
' In full, inoiudtns eounty and iet.
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t 1 die. 2 eanta. So to 4J pace. I cent
I 4 ta k page. 4 eeale. geielga poeutge.
I dooble rate.
I taetern Ititelarea Offleee Vrr Conk-
(lln New York, HranewIcK tuiidias. t
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Luropem Oftlca .No. S Ret eat atrwat.
.. e-onaoa. -
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l1KTLAMk. MTI'MAT, JVX .
VtllCX WILL IMWIVELr BOLT?
! Colonel Roosevelt, may bolt. But
lvhenT And why T ' And how? Uml
i Ing th psychological moment U the
I Imperative need of the Kooseveu
i strategy. If he bolu oon he will bolt
alone, for the Roosevelt delegate are
bot likely to to -with him. They will
deslr to have given the convention a
fair onnortunltv to five them fair
' play. If Koosevelt bolu late, he may,
and probably will, find that large
i number of Jila delegates, having1 been
seated In a Republican convention.
. and having participated In Its deuoer
1 atlona are reluctant to take upon
themselves the onua of splitting the
i Jlepubllcan party. Bring a mere m-
I norltr. and falling to bulldoie a ma
toritv. la no Just nrovocatlon tor bolt'
inc. Thar muit be an overt act oi
conspicuous discrimination against
Rooaevelt and the Roosevelt delegates,
else a bolt will be a fad flxxle.
Will Rooaevelt bolt after the N'
tlonal committee ahall refuse to seat
'', hla contenting Southern delegates'? Or
will It be after Root shall be elected
temnorarv chairman? Or when the
credentials committee of the conven
I Hon shall approve the decisions of the
National committee In the Various
contests? Or when the platform com
mlttee. controlled by Taft, shall report
a series of resolutions approving the
Tart Administration and opposing the
Various new Roosevelt policies? Or
when the vote for candidates for
President shall be announced, and It
'shall be found that - Roosevelt has
fewer than Taft?
Evidently Colonel Roosevelt Is
avoiding for the present a dlrectlaau
with the Taft forces. Seemingly he
has surrendered any notion nf captur
Ing the National committee. Seenv
Ingly, also, he Is uncertain about Ms
course toward Root. ' But If he Is
going to make a supreme test of
strength. It must be. obvious to Mm
that the hold of Tuft, through succes
sive small triumphs In the prelimi
naries will hourly grow stronger. an1
la likely to Drove .Invincible ba the
time he la prepared to act.
The crying necessity of the Roose
veil campaign Just now Is sound e1
vice as to what to do and when :o do
lt. The steam Toller 1, an unwieldy
and pachydermatous veMcin to make
war upon with mere convention
oratory.
BAM Or CONTEST.
The decision In the contests fr
Southern delegates will have an Im
pnrtant bearing In the final action of
the Republican conven.lin, and re
view of the grounds for those Institute
ed In behalf of Roosevelt throws some
', light on the. prospective action of the
committee and supplied considerable
' enlightenment as to the Intricacies of
' Southern politic.
The contests Involve about 230 seats.
; First has come Alabama, already de
, elded in Taft's favor. Colonel J. O.
f Thompson, slate chairman, had secured
. Taft delegates In 1I0S. A tato con
; ventlon was called two years ago to
decide which faction should contriL
Thompson was defeated. Colonel Pope
M. Long was elected chairman-and
Thompson acknowledged the excel
lence of the choice, delegates to the
National convention were elected be
fore the National committee met. The
National committee resolved to reco.
J Her than thirty days after Its meeting.
Long then called, another convention,
t which re-elected the same delegates.
The Thompson men now aMert that
the refusal of the National csmmlt'ee
f to recognise the first velecMnn of tiiese
delegates Invalidated also the whole
ronventlon which elected them, hence
that the-committee headed by Long
acted without authority. On this plea
they elected a contesting Rooaevnlt
j delegation, although Thompson had
J recognized the validity of Long's elec
f tlon as chairman.'
In Arkansas si men. only one of
! them an elected delegate, entered the
f hall fifteen minutes before .the hour
I set for the convention by the state
I committee, hld a . convention and
I elected Roosevelt delegates.
I But one Republican state commit
J tee exists or has existed in Florida.
I Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina
'and other tloathern states,' and Taft
delegates were elected under their call
) In aitpArinn L1fH thA rnlufl Ka
National committee. Long afterwards
Roosevelt organizations were formed
and elected delegates, who can have
no standing before the' National com
tnlttee. Iillialsna nan aanr Ihrea rival fte.!a-
t gallons, that which supports Roosevelt
being headed by Pearl Wight. A sub.
i committee was sent to Louisiana by
the National committee to bring the
factions together many months ago-,'
long before the fight between Room'
velt and Taft began, the leaders. In
cluding Wight agreeing In writing to
abide by Its declslog". But Wight, who
heads the Lily- White faction, now Ig
nores the agreement and Claims recog
nition for his faction by the National
committee.
Georgia long ago elected delegates
Instructed for Taft, but Roosevelt
! rnskes a contest on behalf of an op
I fioslng set on the plea that the state
I "purges" Its voting list on April 1 of
Beach yeay nd that his delegates, hav-
i n w nun p rrira nv ini Dursrpn vnierc
ahmiM ne rftfnrnlud Rut the-nnreAit
voting list does not become operative
under the state law until July 1, long
after" the National convention will
haw ended.- v
In South Carolina three of the SI
delegates enlted the state convention
and rlalm that the delegates elected
by them should be preferred to 'those
elected by the 2.
fntitents In three or four Kentucky
dlMfrlct are based by Roosevelt on the
fitct thai efter caucuses for the election-
of National delegates had oeen
railed by the state snd district com
mittees. te Legislature ""re-appor-
tloned the Congressional Districts and
yie delegates were elected from the
old districts. The re-appertlonment
does not fhange the number of dis
tricts and were :the caucuses declared
Invalid there would be no change In
the delegates elected by new ones. The
old apportionment remains In opera
tion during the life of the 63d Con
gress, and under It any vacancies
would be filled. ,
The loudest charges of fraud were
made In regard to the admlaslon of
the 1 58 Marlon County delegates to
the Indiana state convention :on the
temporary roll to vote on the question
of their, own admission. This action
was In accordance with universal po
litical practice and. were it to be re
versed t Chicago, any -contested
Roosevelt delegates whom the Na
tional convention might seat would lose
the right to vote on temporary or
ganization. rAftMlNO THE BLAME.
The Mayor blames Judge Tazwell
and the District Attorney's, of flee" for
the wiflespread presence of the social
evil throughout the city. The police
say they are doing the best they can.
but their most zealous efforts are
blocked by Deputy Hennessy and the
complaisant Municipal Judge. The
Judge and the wicked Hennessy recti
fy to their own virtuous purpsels' and
vigorous efforts to clean up tke town.
Judge Tazwell even goes so far as to
say the police are lying about him.
The Jujlge is able to make any- asser
tion, wun constaeraDie commence mat
It will be believed, for did not he re
ceive complete vindication from any
posalble suspicion of Improper Judl
clal conduct by a popular nomination
for Circuit Judge? Tet strajige things
happen, or have happened. In the Mu
nlclpal Court. We shall hope there
will be no future occasion or excuse
for criticism of Circuit Judge Tazwell.
A moral crusade cleanlng-up
campaign requires a stern and un
relenting enforcement of law by the
police and a vigorous prosecution by
the prosecuting officers. No one
thinks the police have performed their
full duty on thnlr part; and everyone
knows that Deputy Prosecuting Attor
ney Hennessy Is no Jerome. . Nor I it
apparent that the Municipal Judge has
concerned himself about such matters
as he might have done. There are
friction, laxity, accommodation. Indif
ference and weakneea all around, to
put It mildly. If the condition Is
worse. The Oregonlan does not
know It.
Moreover, nobody appears to care
much what la done by the District At
torney's easy-going deputy, or by the
Police, or bv the Munlcloal Co art' or
by the M'ayor. The public la thlnttlng
of other' things. Occasionally an In
quisitive grand Jury hits the bu lie-eye
by telling about social conditions, and
little rumpus Is raised: but soon It
ends, and the ennarlanee rtF th
settles back lnd a condition of amiable
torpor.
, t-ystXKMAIlY DCrtlCATIOS.
The Oregonlan wishes It might take
the optimistic view of the taxpaylng
resources of the peope of Oregon ad
vanced VBay by. cheerful contributor
from Eugene. Mr. Jonathan Johnson.
(That Is his authentic signature: he
signed it himself; or .somebody did.)
Mr. Johnson rises to inquire why, there
shdflld be such mortal fear of a little
duplication of courses at Eugene and
at Corvallls, and assures everybody
that "population and wealth are In
creasing aa never, before" . and "we
have the sneana to support both our
Institutions without crippling either."
Population and wealth are -indeed
growing: but taxes grow more. The
howl about state taxes for 1 B 1 . raised
when the taxgatherer. recently made
his rounds, yet reverberates la the ears
of the unhappy .Governor and dis
mayed Legislature who are responsible
for them. ...
But It U not alone, or even chiefly,
question of cost. The question is
why there should be duplication at all
ui important orancnes such, aa engl
neerlng. There are certain fundamen
tal studies each Institution must have
In order to maintain a complete cur
rlculum; but not technical, branches.
Why have two engineering depart
ments. with meager equipment, when
It Is possible to have one stron-."de
partment, with complete eqjlpnrr,nt,
full instruction, and . large student
body? . u
The Oregonlan does hot suggest that
the engineering department be at Eu
gene' or at Corvallls. It Is Indifferent.
But It Insists that the important
problem before the two Institutions
Is an absolute agreement as to their
distinct fields. an.d an elimination of
unnecessary duplication as a condi
tion upon which the people of Oregon
will be willing to support generously
both the University and the Agrlcul-
urai college.
f-U. THK KF. FORMER.
The decisive Influence of th con
tests for seats aa delesataa ta tha R.
Kubllcan National convention on the
fortunes of Roosevelt is apparent in
his choice of the man who la to man
age them. Fllnn la a past-master In
(he arts fit the politician of the old
school In Pennsylvania, th school of
Quay and Magee, not th school of
Guthrie, Brandeaburg and Berry. In
the good old days when the Pittsburg
ring fattened on the taxes, when fran.
chlses were handed out to those cor
porations which "stood ln when con
tracts were let to the firm of Booth A
Fllnn, the bosses were Ms gee and
Fllnn. They "were In together" on
verythtng. Mage lined tip the po
lice, firemen and other city employes.
r linn lined Up his thousands of labor
ers, for "the straight ticket.". No mat
ed- how great a popular uprising there
might be against ring rule, Ihe ling
almost always had the votes. If oc
casionally a Democratic Mayor slipped
In, he was "one of our people" and
the reformers got as little comfort
from him as from the ring.
A beautiful Illustration of the work
ings cf the ring was furnished when
cable street railways were coming Into
use. A franrTits was grsnted to the
Pittsburg Traction Company. That
franchise was a. marvel of the kind
common In those days. The company
was controlled by Magee A Fllnn. The
ring's Council gave the franchise to
the ring's company.. The contract for
construction of the rbad was given to
Booth A Fllnn. The Traction Com
pany laborers and employes were
lined up atthe polls for "our people."
Everything was lovely and money
poured Into the ring's coffers when Its
members . unloaded their traction
stock.
When the reformers became strong
enough to bend the ring and to threat
en a total fracture. Fllnn weat to the
State Kenate and engineered ' bills
which ripped up the city governments
of both Pittsburg and Philadelphia so
as to clinch ring control. Magee rtiled
Pittsburg. Quay ruled Philadelphia
and their Interests were Identical in
this particular, though they were bit
ter enemies in all other affairs,
Fllnn's power has been shaken by the
recent aucceesful uprising against ring
rule In Pittsburg and he Is evidently
striving to strengthen his grip by en
tetinar the camp of the reformers and
answering to- the slogan: "Let the
people rule.1'- 'To one w-ho knows
FUnn and hla history, that is the
greatest Joke of the season.
One of the. strangest turns of th
political wheel is that . which has
brought FUnn and Richard Quay into
the same camp as confidential ad
vlsers of the apostle of popular rule
Fllnn and Quay's father, the Senator,
used to fight like kllkenny cats an
the state was strewn with political fu
In every campaign. Quay controlled
the state and Federal machines. Ma
gee and Fllnn tried to make the!
ring the nucleus of a machine which
should, smash .Qday'a machine - or
snatch from him control of It. The
spectacle of a Quay and Fllnn lined
up for the great reformers. the cham
pion of popular rule, the "man who
begins and ends his speeches With the
cry: "Down with the bosses!" w-ould
make the older Quay smile one of hi
owl-like smiles, could he but see It.
LAVrVKRa AMI Pt'DLiC HPEARINO
A writer In the June number of the
West Publishing Company's Docket
Insists judiciously upon the value o
facile, public speech to the lawyer,
Unquestionably a conviction has grown
up In the profession that the art of
oratory la no longer Indispensable.
great deal of modern practice la con
fined to the 'office, where eloquence
can serve no useful purpose. In court
the lawyer la often called upon to ad
dress a bench of Judges who would
mile "ft he should resort to elaborate
gesture or let his tones swell out In
all their grandeur. What Judges like
beat Is an easy, conversational style.
respectful but not oittate.
But the preference of Juries la still
or old-fashioned eloquence. It re'
Ueveg the tedium of Jury service to
hear a lawyer make a "rattling good
speech." and not infrequently It wins
a case. Besides that, lawyers are
called -upon more than other men to
make public addresses, and If they are
not facile speakers their reputation
suffers. Upon the whole, Mr. Martin
F. Smith the writer to whom -we re
ferred above, conclude that It I best
for every lawyer to master the art of
ready public speaking If he can.
How to do It Is another question
Of course a large vocabulary is Irtd!
pensable and It Is of advantage to pos.
sess a trained voice. Strong lungs can
be developed by proper exercise.- The
voice can be brought out by breathing
exercises, practice in elocution and at
tention to the diet.- Food has as much
to do with the production of pleasant
tones as healthy lungs. But how shall
the ambitious lawyer acquire an ex
tensive vocabulary? Mr. 8mlth tells
him to study tha dictionary, which
may perhaps be wise advice. We
should not suppose, however, that It
would help a great deal. -. The only
practicable way to become commander
of well-drilled army Of words is to
read many books, and write many
manuscripts.
Reading maketh a full man, writing
a ready man, said th greatest philos
opher who ever tried to practice law
By reading one learrfs the meaning of
words, by writing he ruta his knowl
edge in practice. It Is an excellent
thing to use the dictionary constantly.
but w doubt whether anybody ever
acquired a large vocabulary, solely q
that way. Webster was In. the habit
of reading th dictionary, apparently
for diversion, but 'then he liked to
drink whisky, too. It la risky to fol
low hla example blindly.
rt'RIMO HARD I1UXK-R.
Veterans in th warfare upon King
Alcohol will find new intellectual
weapons In an. article. "Help for the
Hard , Drinker," which Charles B.
Town has contributed to the June
Century. It contains statements about
the destruct Irenes of trrtir drink
which may startle even Indurated pro
hibitionists. -with Increasing unan
Imlty," declares Mr. Towns.' "th
thinkers of the world are saying that
In alcohol. Is found the greatest of hu
manity's cSirsea. It does-no good what,
ever. It does Incalculable harm." He
bellve that fully one-third of the sick
people In the world owe their trouble
to alcoholic -drink directly or indirect
ly... It fills the prisons with convicts
and Keep up tne population of the
Insane asylums. It ha no food value.
notwithstanding misleading assertions
that It Is nutritious.' In medicine It I
worse than useless. There are a dozen
substitutes, Mr. Towns tell us. which
can replace It In medicine, mechanics
and the arts. The foolish author of
a new novel, "The Hero and the Man,'
maxea one or nut cnaractera take a
dose of brandy as a remedy for pneu
monia. He might as well have taken
arsenic. Every physician whose opln
Ion la worth asking knows perfectly
well that' alcohol Is disastrous In all
affections of the lungs. A teetotaler's
chances of recovery from pneumonia
are twice as good aa even a moderate
drinker's.
' There Is no good that can be truth
fully spoken of alcoholic drinks and a
measureless amount of bad, but for all
that their use Is Increasing constantly
"The use of alcohol as a beverage Is
continually Increasing. The number
of Its victim sum up a growing to
tali '.Mr. Town Informs us. and he
adds ominously that both .Vsentimen
tallsts and the law have failed to cope
with It.", He la of the opinion that
the world must resort to some more
effectual method of fighting strong
drink than has hitherto been discov
ered or the human race will be ruined
by it.
Lest the prohibitionists should Im
agine that Mr. Towns Ir recruit to
their forces we hasten to say that he
Is as thoroughly opposed to their nos
trum aa to any other He does not be
lieve that the drink hsblt can be cured
by depriving the sot of his tipple. His
bodily vigor may revive under en
forced abstinence, but that will only
enable him to awlll all th more co
piously when hi next fall occurs, as
occur It will. Why the world shotftd
submit to be flooded with a liquid
which doe no good whatever and Is
responsible for so much misery and
crime is a question which we do not
feelecalled upon to answer: but there
Is some consolation In knowing that If
not a solitary drop of liquor were to
be purchased In the United State no
drunkard would be an atom the better
off. He would simply ply his de
praved appetite with opiates, cocaine
and so on In place of Ms usual grog.
The hypodermic syringe would serve
him Jnstead of the whisky bottle and
It would serve htm far more ruinously.
Statistics gathered In .Nftv Hamp
shire while It was enjoying the du
bious blessing of prohibition show
that the sale of habit-forming drags
had Increased . frightfully. Still one
must not forget the opposite reports
from Kansas, where a generation of
more or less effective prohibition has
almost eliminated the town drunkard
from society. Prohibition does nol
help tha hard drinker, but It probably
prevents Innocent boys from ever be
coming hard drinkers If It 1 kept up
perseverlngly enough. Even this may
be deemed worth wiille by soma.
Mr. Towns looks upon th drink
habit as a disease. He severely criti
cises society for Its Inveterate determl.
nation to treat It aa a crime. Instead
of medicine and hjglenlo regimen for
the Inebriate, We have Jails and fine.
There is not an Institution in the
country under public control where
alcoholism la frankly recognised aa a
disease and treated as such. This does
not speak very well for Twentieth Cen
tury civilization. In Mr. Town's view
there are three classes of drunkards,
the habitual, the occasional and the
accidental. Those In the last class are
always curable. To deal with them as
If their momentary -falling betrayed
deep moral weakness is a fatal blun
der. Nothing should be done to Im
pair the self-respect or a young man
who Is beguiled Into an accustomed
"spree." The employer who "fires"
him for It commits a social crime.
What he needs is whlejome Instruc
tion, proper Influences, good food and
no 'doubt, some medical treatment.
There is nothing fundamentally wrong
with him. and the last thing that any
body ought to think of doing Is to
fine him or send him to Jail. His sit
uation. Mr. Towns believes, la exactly
like that of a person who has an acute
attack of fever.
Occasional drunkards are also hope
ful cases as a rule.1 The habitual sot
presents another situation. If h f re
lapses after treatment, perhaps the
proper procedure la to let him alone.
What Is proper treatment? It is not
argument, nor Is It appeals to senti
ment. Th promise-of a-drunkard
are worthies because both hi body
and 'mind .are abnormal and he la not
master of his own will.. The only thing
to rely upon la nourishment, hygiene
and medicine. Very often the crav
ing fryr drink comes from malnutri
tion. In that case Jhe'obvlous cur
consists In a suitable food supply.
Speaking broadly, the reform of a
drunkard Involves In the first place
the substitution of healthy bodily tis
sues for those which have been de
praved by alcohol And in the second
place the creation 'of a "new mind"
In him. Part of the cure Is mental,
part physical.. Mr.' Towns Invented a
prescription aome years ago which, he
says, will cear the body of alcoholic
taint. Out of extraordinary deference
to th medical profession he doe not
publish It In hl article, but he say
that all physicians know what It Is.
If that Is so why Is It so seldom used?
Physical treatment Is to be followed
up with mental treatment to destroy
the desire for drink. Once completely
cured, the patient must never permit
a drop of alcohol In any form or for
any reason to pas his lips again. If
he does he will-probably be lost HI
old companions must told of his
new resolves, so that they will not
tempt him unwittingly. In particular
h must beware of the doctors who
will be apt to giv him alcohol in med
icine If he is not on his guard. AH
sorts of pitfalls beset his pathway, but
ne can shun them If he will and ul
timately, regain th consciousness, ' of
being a completely normal msn.
The report that a hie hm w - nur
Ventured Into th finoqualmle Rapids
and was swept over the alls' to Its
death comes a a shocking surprise.
Of all animals It has been generally
supposed that man was the only spe
cies capable of such detserata ears.
lessneee.
Recently a Marlon Cotintv woman
was sent to the asylum for the second
time. At 14 aha Is mnthur fif ivn
children and one of hsr "hnllnrrne.
tlone" Is an objection to more. Mod
erate rirmnese n that protest should
effect her discharge as cured.'.'
The livestock exchanges recognize
Portland as a livestock center. The
cattle of th wiiole Inland Empire and
much from the mountain and prairie
states naturally follow the downhill
naui.
The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion has earned the gratitude of the
woman with IT trunks and several
poodles by suspending the advanced
rate on excess baagasre.
When the 'dispatches say that
Roosevelt will rest at Oyster Bay, La
Follette at Madison, during the con
vention, they use th word "rest" In
a Pickwickian sense. .
Visitors next week are to be greeted
by heavy showers of rosea. Aa to
the-other kind, Portland weather ha
never yet misbehaved during Rose Fes
tlvai week.
The rose will rule at Portland next
week. Rosewater will rule at Chica
go the following week, but rose water
threatens to be out of place at the
convention.
The saddest thing about the baby
eiepnant'a death must be the mental
state of those baby food manufactur
ers who were "bringing him up on It."
Mr. Heney Is impatient of criticism
and disposed to acclaim great things.
but you do not find Mr. Burns rushing
Into print except at magazine rates.
Happy Is the man whose finances
are so simple that he needs to keep
no books except a bank deposit book.
aa does Broadhurst.
We can teach France a few things
besides how to Irrigate how to elect
a President with the maximum of up
roar, ror example.
Portland Is rapidly putting the fin
ishing touches to-her gala attire. No
vain debutant ever primped more
Industriously.
If the Irreconcilable of each faction
could have their way the big elephant
would share the fate of the baby ele
phant. Somehow, one can expect a Hun
garian legislator to be a little crazier
than the common run of foreign law
makers.
,-The bulk of Oregon wool has been
sold and, like In hops, the man who
hangs on will be In a gamble.
A policeman complains of having
been robbed In hut own home. Who
hasn't been!
The big trouble with the Beavers
Is lack of speed In racing with th ball.
Bryan stampede falls, jays a head
line. Has a most familiar ring to It
Taft committeemen are eating
them alive.
WRY Sr:.ATOR. ROOT Wit CHOSE
Hianai He Has Be a. .njeaaeel (or Tean
pwrary Chetrsaaaw
Washington Cor. Boston Transcript.
The circumstances under which Sena
tor Root became the choice of the Na
tional committee far temporary chair
man appear to ba misunderstood. Presi
dent Taft was not consulted as to the
selection nor were the Taft managers.
Colonel Roosevelt was' not consulted
nor was Senator Dixon. The Taft men
were surprised and a little angered by
the selection: not that they would
prefer anyone else over Senator Root,
unless possibly for geographical rea
sons, ' but because Jhe National com
mittee had been "precipitate." Roose
velt was wrought up, and blustered
over the choice because, with his superb
gotlara. he regarded himself as tha to-
be nominee of the convention and arro
gated to himself the right to name the
temporary chairman. .
Both sides art mistaken In their
criticism of the Natioaal committee.
It was aa clearly Its duty as It was Its
right to nam a temporary chairman,
and it could have selected no abler Re
publican. He had Ailed the same posi
tion In the National Convention of 1J04,
whicn had unanimously nominated
Roosevelt for the Presidency, he wae
McKlnley's Secretary of War and he
was Roosevelt's Secretary of State. A
the head of the State Department and
as a Senator from New York he has
represented the best modern thought
upon all Governmental questions that
have come before him. The State De
partment never enjoyed finer prestige
than under Secretary, Root, and he has
given of his great talent to the service
of the Senate with a devotion to duty
and a disinterestedness of purpose
which cannot be Impugned. As a part
of the Roosevelt Administration, he
represented the Roosevelt school In Its
period of sanity, and as a lifelong Re
publican with a high sense of official
duty he embodied the best principles
of his party. If all the country de
manded or the Republican party was
progress along sane lines. It could not
have chosen a more admirable spokes
man than Kilhu Root.
.This wss the reasoning of the Na
tional committee, and they believed
tkey had rendered the party a service
land probably avoided a Ane opportunity
ror a row at Chicago when they se
lected Senator Root as temporary chair
man. It may be that Rooaevelt has made
a tactical mlstske at Just the precis
point where he should have avoided
one. As a candidate on the first ballot
at Chicago he will be stronger than
hla own platform of so-called prin
ciples. The Roosevelt etrengta. what
ever it la, is not to be shaksa as far
as his own candidacy Is concerned, but
many dlgtes who stand ready to
vote for him on the first ballot will not
support many of his lama and will hot
vote for a temporary chairman who
would publish them to the country as
the fundamental doctrine Of th Repub
lican party.
Th Taft men are more anxious for
fight than ever, and Roosevelt. If be
presses the Issue against Root, will
give them a chance where they are
more likely to win than If th Issue
were less vital to the party and Its
traditions were not at stake in other
words, more Republicans will be found
st Chicago anxious to uphold Repub
licanism than to vote for Taft, Tby
will agree that tha party needs to do
ometbing new to bring It back to Its
old form, but they will not sgrse that
that something should be k stampede
to Populism, s"'
Th whole history of Republican con
ventions confirms th propriety of th
National committee Id selecting a tem
porary chairman as" a party spokesman
and not as the faorlte of any candi
date. In UJtf, when,the third term was
the Issue and Garfield finally was nomi
nated. Senator George F. Hoar, of Mas
sachusetts, was both temporary and
permanent chairman of th convention.
Roosevelt points out that In MM the
convention overturned the choice of the
National committee and substituted an
other man for temporary chairman.
This I true; but not only was it the
exception which prove th rule, but
the substitution was not made at the
Instance of any candldats., Oeneral
Powell Clayton, of Arkansas, had been
selected by the National committee and
Henry Cabot Lodge moved .o substitute
the name of John R. Lynch, of Louis
iana, a mulatto, who has been a mem
ber of Congress and Is now a paymas
ter In the Army. Substitution was
voted 414 to UC'or the party then had
strenuous need of th ngro vote; but
the voting was not confined to th
frlsndr of any one candidate. Th
friends of Blaine, ef Edmunds, of Sher
man and of Arthur all voted for both
candidate. The . permanent chairman
elected was Senator John B. Henderson,
of Missouri. - .
The convention of 1881. when Harri
son 'was nominated, presented one of
tha largest Hat Qf aspirants for th
Presidency ever -known. . It lniudd
not only Benjamin Harrison, but Wslter
Q. Oreshkm. John Sherman. Chauncey
XL Depew. William B. 'Allison. Russell
A. Alser, John J. Ingalla. William Wal
ter Phelna. rrernlah Rusk. Mayor Fit
ter, of Philadelphia: Joseph R. Hawley.
of Connecticut.- ann perhaps otners.
John M. Thurston, of Nebraska, was
temporary - chairman and - Morris M.
Estes. of California, presided over th
convention.- The list of presiding offi
cers of succeeding conventions has been
aa follows:
H9I J. Sloat Faasett. of New York,
temporary chairman. William McKln
lay, of Ohio, permanent chairman. -
1S Chaflas W. Fairbanks, of In
diana, temporary chairman. John &L
Thurston. of N'ebraaka. permanent
chairman.
lyov Edward O. Wolcott. of Colo
rado, temporary chairman. Henry Cabot
Lodge, of Massachusetts, permanent
chairman.
104 Ellhu Rook of New York, tem
porary chairman. Joseph O. Cannon, of
Illinois, permanent chairman.
In loj the conditions surrounding
the selection of a temporary chairman
were analogous to what they are now.
as far as th temper of the opposing
sides was concerned. The National
committee selected for temporary chair
man Senator Burrowa, of tlrhlnn. aa
a man who had been Identified with the
Republican party since Its organization
In his own state, and who, although of
another school and time than that of
Taft and Roosevelt, yet could voice
the principles of a anltad party satis
factorily. For the strong-arm work of
the convention Itself Senator Lodge was
selected: and It will be remembered
that In his opening speech the Msssa-
chuaetts Senator stated It as oru of
tha rrownlna clorles In the career of
Theodors Roosevelt that he had refused
a third term.
F.dzrlBa Pteel- last rw naenta.
Indianapolis News.
Consul Benjamin F. Chase, of Leeds,
England, has forwarded two samples of
paste which. It Is claimed, contains a
chemical that makes It speclslly vslu
able for toning steel Instruments re
quiring a sharp eda.
Italy's First Swbway at Naples,
London Chronicle.
Italy's' first subway Is to be built at
Naples, covering a ronte nearly It
miles long, st a coat of about IS. OOU.OOO.
A .ynashaay la Color.
. Cincinnati Enqfclrer.
Msime Why is Agnes so blue?
Gladys Because her nose Is so red. ,
bl'PLICATlOX I!V COLLEGE COl RE
Writer Believes False Eeeaasay Pre-
seed fa Twe lnt Itatloae.
EUGENE. Or, June . (To the Edl
tor.) It seems that many persons have
a, wrong conception of the true situa
tion In regard to duplicating courses
of study at the University and the Agri
cultural College. It may be absolutely
necessary In some cases to preserve the
usefulness of each Institution that there
should be a certain amount of over
lapping. Both achools ar doing splen
did work, both are needed and any ac
tion which would diminish the Inter
est la either school would be a distinct
injury to the State of Oregon. This
state Is rapidly becoming wealthy and
powerful, and any notlonaof false econ
omy, to economise at tin expense of
the usefulness of either Institution is
a serious mistake.
I refer especially to the engineering
course. An effort Is being made to
impair th course at Eugene by trans
ferring much. If not all, to Corvallls.
Mining engineering, I learn, has al
ready been so transferred, and In con
sequence students have gone to other
statea to obtain what ahould be fur
nished at our own University. Each
of our two principal state echoola la
prepared to turn out good engineers,
and each should be supported and en
couraod. The expense Is trifling and
our great wealth and growlna; Impor
tance demand that, we should cheer
fully give the small pittance necessary
to 'make each school efficient.
Washington gives a good engineering
course at her university and also at
her state agricultural college. We do
not hear of any serious effort to take
from either school the course of study
needed to make It useful In the highest
degree. There Is no pitiful plea of
economy over In that slate when It
oomes to supporting the university and
state col lea e. The persons who oppose
either of our schools are either behind
th time, or unconsciously perhaps,
are enemies of the prosperity of Ore
gon. Why should we be In such mor
tal fear of a little duplication of
couraes? If one high school In Port
land teaches, Latin must all other
schools atop teaching Latin for fear of
duplication? Our growing population
and wealth require greater expenditure
than ever before. Fortunately, popula
tion and wealth are Increaalng aa never
before, and M have the meana to sup
port both our state Institutions with
out crippling either. To quarrel and
refuse to support properly our schools
would drive thousands of Industrious,
progressive and desirable citizens and
much money away from our borders.
Let us stand together and loyally sup
port our Institution of learning and
th growth of Ore-on will be a wonder
Of the world. JONATHAN JOHNSON
DELEGATES AND THEIR PLKDGKfl
1'hlrsge and naltiaaore.
PORTLAND. Or June . To th
Editor.) Will you kindly inform m
who sre th delegates to the Repub
lican and lemocratic National coavrn
tlons from Oregon, and whom they were
pledged to support before the primary
election? UEORU1? E. 1UGUINS.
Republican delegate' to the Chicago
convention are: Charlea W. Ackf rann
Daniel Boyd, Fred 8. Rynon, Homer C
Campbell. Charles H. Carey, Dr. Henry
Waldo Co, D. D. Hall, Thomaa Me
Cukr. Dr. J. N. Smith and A. V. Swift.
In the primary campaign, Bynon and
Smith declared for Taft. Ackeraon and
Coe were committed to Roosevelt. Boyd,
Campbell and Carey agreed to support
th choice of the Oregon Republican
votera Hall deolared ha w-ould sup
port "majority's Presidential oandl
date." McCuaker committed hlmaelf to
support "the people' choice for Presi
dent of the United Statea" Swift waa
the only unpledged delegate elected,
HI slogan was: "A farmer. Send on.'
Th Democratic delegates to the Bal
timore convention are: A. B. Bennett,
Thomas C Burke. James E. Godfrey,
Frederick V. Holman, Mark Holmes,
Will R. King, J. W. Malor-ey, Victor P.
Motes, Daniel W. Sheshan' and Herman
Wlaa. King. Maloney, Sheahan and
Wlae pledged themselves to support the
"people cholc." Bennett, Burk and
Holman were unpledged. Godfrey
promised to "support a candidate wjio
haa alwaya stood for Democratic prln
clplea." Holmes waa elected on th
following platform: "Progreaalva Dem
ocracy. Presidential preference subject
to the will of the Democratic majority,
Mote defined his position aa follows:
"In rjrlnclDle nroirresslva. dealdedlv
Democratic, and always active In ltt
advocacy."
FLIES ASD DISI'LAVS OK FOOD
Writer Okjeeta t Kxtrwatac f Meats,
Fralts aa Vegetables.
PORTLAND. June ?. (To the Edi
tor.) Tour editorial today entitled
Mosquitoes and File la good reading,
but what good does It seem to be to
an out of town man, who notices all
your retail stores have meat, fish and
fruit atandlna outdoors covered with
treat dirt and fliee? Do you think tt
la good advertising for a city like
Portland, without publlo market, to
those living here who have their In
terest In a town and who fel ashamed
to comment upon It? It I absolutely
shame to a city whose beautlea ar
so widely advertised to have, uch pres
ent conditions.
The writer, who lives In the Eatt,
comes here every year, and I have
never sesn such dirt In so-called public
market stores as you have In this town.
Surely the better rlaas of people who
hsve something to say ought to real
ise your saylna-a that "fllea breed in
filth of any sort that happens to 11
exposed." snd means sickness.
Has Portland no law to rover such
conditions? SIDNEY MORRIS.
Portland ha Juat adopted an ordi
nance requiring food displays to b
screened.
Presidential Eleelwm,
HOOD RIVER, Or.. June . (To the
Editor.) To settle a dispute, will you
kindly give th names of the men who
were nominated on tha Republican
ticket for presidential electors snd th
respective votes given eawh?
JAMES B. ARNOLD.
M. J. MacMahon. of Multnomah. 41.
4JI; McKlnley Mitchell, of Multnomah.
200; Pan Kellaher, of Multnomah, 19;
E. V. Carter, of Jackaon, 161; William
Hanley, of Harney, lit,
Bllltoa w4 Milliard.
' PORTLAND. June ?. (To Ihe 'Editor.)-
I, or Is not, one thousand mil
lions expreaaed at one billion?
liow much it one milliard.
J. H. LEE.
"Billion" Is the French and Ameri
can term for one thousand millions. In
the English and German method of
computation a "billion Is one million
million. A milliard la on thousand
milliona
Aa Eek f rnllege Days.
Philadelphia Telegraph.
Bertie When I first csm to
lege I wrote home once a month.
col-
Jamie l'lo you quit it
Bertie O, no; I write twice a week
now.
Very Fsalty Family Tree.
Philadelphia Record.
Willie Has Jack a good reason for
be!ng ashamed of hi ancestors?
.Blllla I ahould say ao. His grand
father struck out four times In a
world's series.'
The iound!e Songs
By Data C'o'lllas.
An old man and a tender child
Were roaming down the street to
gether. Discussing politics and crops.
Religion, baseball and th weather.
Sudden th child, with wond'rlng eyes.
Pointed to where a congregation
Of people stood and pswet' the air
With won.dorf.ul gesticulation.
'--
"Oh. father,' see their flnsrcrs fly.
Observe their bow Ing and their stoop.
Ing.
Note well their vibratory hands,
Their ducking and their loop-the-looplng.
"Tell me, what mean these mystlo
stunts?
la It a war ,ance they are mixing?"
"Nix!" said the sire. The child asked on,
A further reason for hla nixing.
Terhaps they do pursue some bug
That la Invisible to ua two,"
Remarked the child, "a gnat, a fly.
Or else the tlbllant mosquito." ,
"Nix," said the sire, "nor yet are they
Involved In all thla fust and hustle.
Because, of eallsthenle bent.
Whereby some folk auxmcnt their
muscle."
"Mayhap they've stirred a hornet'
. Tieat."
Th mild-eyed child at last aiiKgeated;
"Nix." said th aire, "In no pursuit
Lik that their efforts ar invested.
"They're students of a deaf mut school,
Wbo Ins: by gesture, sign and token,
'My Country, Tla of Th,' who worda
They may depict, although unspoken,"
"Oh, father. If America
Sett their handt going In siuh wag
time,
Let's give them tome real exercise."
Cried the twset child, "pleas ask for
ragtime!"
Portland, June ?.
Half a Century Ago
Frnra The oreannlan of June . 18A3.
Chlcaao, May II. Coiintli ws aban
doned on the night of May 59. The
Federals occupied the place this morn
ing. Our cavalry found all th tents
of the enemy standing, and they took
hundreila of barrel of beef and 60no
stand of arms In on encampment on
the line cf th Mobile & Ohio Rail
road, Said to belong to Uenerala Van
Porn and rr1- Our cavalry hav
found the. rebel In a strong position,
witii artillery pouted, supported by In
fantry, on the several road loading out
of Corinth.
Waahlngton, June I. A dlpatch haa
been received by the-War Department
from General MuCleltan, dated boon to.
day, which say thst yenterday at in
o'clock lhe enemy, taking advantage of
the twrlMa atorm which flooded the
Valley of the Chlckahotnlny, attacked
our right flank. Oeneral t'aaey'a divi
sion, which was In the rirst line. a,av
way, causing temporary rnnfuslgn, dur
ing which the guns and kacgag wera
Inat. Hut (rnnoral llilntaelman and
General Kearney most gallantly brought
up .their troops, which chex-ked tha
enemy, At th same tlm th division
of General Sndgwlrk and General Rlcn.
artlson were brought serosa ths river
and drove baric the e.netny at Ihe
point of th bayonet, covering the
ground with his dd. Thla morning
th rehe-ls attempted to renew the con
flict, but -were everywhere repulaeit.
We have taken many prlsonors. Includ
ing General Pettlgrew and Colnnol
Long. Our loss Is heavy, and th
enemy' must b enormous. . , y
Washington, May" JO. Dispatches
from MiClellan tohlght tay h hacap
tured Hanover,
Washlngton.'.May J. General Butler
has Issued an. order that the circula
tion of, :onfdert Mil must cans on
th Z7th. All aalee and transfer of
property sfter that date, In conaldera
tln of tuoh note and bill, to b
void and the property qonf laoatad . to
th United State.
New York, May 75-The p1x steam
ship Rtettln Was captured May 4. at
tempting to run th blockade of
Charleston with a cargo valued at
1500.000.
The Statesman savs: Mr. E. L. Bon
ner, a farmer In Walla Walla Valley,
owed K0 acres of barley laat aeaaon.
which produced a crop of upward of
fl bushels to the acre, something over
InftO bushel. Th whole crop netted
him a little- more than 7 cents par
pound, or about 111,000.
Th Walla Walla Statesman saya th
evidences In favor of Powder River are
dally Increasing. thoiiKh th extent of
th mine la yet undetermined. Mr.
Klrkpatrlok and party, thre mn, on
Saturday, 17th, took out i0, and on
Monday they.took out $74.
Salmon River, May I. Th mines
pay quit as well as man of sense her
anticipate. As lifKll as II pounds have
bin taken from one claim In a slngl
day.
As "Ed" Howe See Life
Many a man will do privately what
h will denounc In a crowd.
If there ta any one thing thst a man
should do In private, it Is his loving.
A man thinks
a lot of thing he
doesn't know.
Ton think you are as modest as a
flower; hut probably the neighbors
say you have nerve to burn.
Old people often say to th young:
'You haven't had any trouble yl."
I have many unusual notions, hut ao
far I have never wanted to adopt a
child from an orphan asylum.
Deaerve Oh good opinion ef thoae
who think well of you.
It Is not only greedy to expect more
than Is coming to you; It Is foolish.
since you'll not et It.
Exbect your friends to be ss consid
erate of you at you are of them, and
no more.
I don't care much for Ihe man who
Is nothing but a good fellow.
(parses against a mnn In office art
aa resdily accepted as charges atalnat
a step-mother.
T K. IV C of Ills Violin?
(rare Hatard Conkllnr. In'ihe Atlantic.
I heard ')u touch a fairy thin
That lured the tree to bloaeornlng:
I imw them flush and then you mad
their irnn leave greener ea you placed.
You drew ynur hu eo aently ilnwn
I dared not hreatha leet br.'alhlng drowa
The tender little crooning tone
That a a wood-thruwh all alon.
The t-nee airing qulvared. and I knew
Whero er;iaee atrane with morning deer
Olmh a far hill I 1v. that all
The drop they m-ore hon maglrMl,
ftrimmed with the de. nor lovelier
Than thne your -ryi meaiure ra '
Tna oeepi rnrt-iua you round
With allver dart of moonlit aound
Thhl pierced lh- treea' reluctant crowd
mimi ii'u'i- in (irjHii- lauan aimia.
I hear lliem now. and one I har
Weone voice ut.iarthiy-tnJn and clear
H-ara trace aa throuah Ihe treea she ailxw
(f wlldwnnd honey on hr Up.
fMit v, hen our enigmatic mood
Nnr dawn nor dtiak of a deep wood .
Nor drvd' laugh nor thniah toni
Nor prll'e Mownm. would prolong,-
And only We v w e rd beauty call
Along our ardent Intervale.
Then am I tran-d wllh lletanlng,
I.-et my heart mir or anything
Within me qiation. and your aoul
Withdraw fram mm Ita near control;
l.lke him. tlrall-eent, whom named of wies
The white ewan bore aaay again. l