Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAX, WEDNESDAY, 3IARCII 20. 1912.
KM.il at rwtUod. OrfB. PoMofTIr
ruKarripuua Kt lnrlably la
r.i on r
t'ly. ttafidajr Included. hr ra.'titha.
rt:y funl.iy ln-lula. rnonlh. . .
l.iiy. l:hout KunJix. on
tally, wit Hoot Sun.ly. thr- moath. . 1
li y. wuhoai SutW. oiw month J
Wuk:. on yr
Sunrtmy. om yr
Sunday and W-k!y. "
tal.v. Otjnrtay tnrltirtH. n yar...
loiiy. eunday Inciaded. ono monin.
f at- .it KnA ioatnfN-o mftny or
d.r. npr.M ord-r or prroon.l td'rlt on your
la.-al bank. itampa, n or
.1 ih. fnArr-m ri. BaiofTico addrna
la lu.U including county and atal.
-. n.ia-in to 14 naara. 1 ent: 10
2 . 1 cnt: .t to 4 p-.
to ).!. 4 rfnta. or.,cn poataa.
TJrrm BaalBro Iririrm V.rr. A Conn
Ha Nw York. Hranawlca bulllin. t-HI
cava. Htr building.
a- ... OOlra N'.t 1 Krl'Dl alrorl. 8.
MKTIAND. WE1AV. MARCH M.
tOOPKTKLT's KW AI OLD tTUENTK.
Four year ago Theodore Hoaf
ve!t wis looked up to by all the
men of prestige and Influence in
hi rountrv as first among1 thetn.
M. was first amoiiK statesmen, pa
trlnta moral teacher. He had the
uiuarniiiK support of almost every
Republican newspaper of every shaile
f onlnlon. and many Democratic
newspapers gave him frequent com
mendation. Every good cause turned
to him for indorsement. The weight
or public opinion behind him in every
class of the community was so great
that it was sufficient to enable him to
break down opposition of the most
powerful vested Interests to the meas
ures he recommended.
tt1 ho been content to ret on the
laurels he had won. to stand by his
pledge and not to seek a third term,
he might have remained the most
honored and influential private citi
zen f the republic. His ambition for
a third term has alienated from him
statesmen, authors, editors, lawyers.
Jurists, educators, until no nun of the
first rank In any calling stands behind
him. and hardly half a dozen news
papers of Importance have Indorsed
This loss of Influence Is made the
more evident by the character of his
rresent supporters. The chnirman of
his committee is S.-nator Dixon, of
Montana, whose sole claim to distinc
tion Is his Insurgency. Frank Knox,
the vice-chairman, publishes a coun
try newspaper in Michigan and Is a
business associate of Governor Os
b -m. whose renomlnntlon Is violently
oppooed by a large proportion of his
own party. Other members are:
William L. Ward. Republican boss of
Westchester Count. New York, and
ex-member of the old guard, who has
a personal grievance against Taft:
Cecil Lyon, of Texas, the state which
gives the largest Democratic majori
ties in the country; Walter F. Brown,
an Ohio machine politician whose an
tagonism to Taft Is said to be due to
prosecution of certain trust: Truman
II. Newberry, of Detroit, a lame duck
Congressman who served for a few
months as Roosevelt's Secretary of the
Navy.- Add to these Plnchot and Gar
field, both men with a "grouch." and
we have a list of the loading Roose
The men of ability and patriotism,
whose powers of mind and character
have brought them to the front, are
no longer found among the Roosevelt
forces. Their place has been taken
by a motley crew of third-rate politi
cians and disgruntled officeset-ker.
who hang to Roosevelt's coat tails in
the hope that he will drag them into
prominence and power.
UrElt.1 AND IARMF.KH.
"It makes me tired to read these
'back to the farm' articles appearing
In the newspapers these days. They
r written by men who know noth
ing about farm conditions. It Is all
very will to alt at a desk in a com
fortable office in the city and tell the
farmer what he ought to do; the doing
of It Is quite a different matter. Why
don't these writers try a little of their
own medicine by going 'back to the
A landowner of more than ordinary
intelligence was heard to speak as
above a few days ago. The Ideas ex
pressed are more than likely ground
ed In more than one farmer's mind.
It is part and parcel of the old theory
that "book farming" la a mere fad
and not practicable to follow.
There is very little writing actually
done in the plow or harvest field, no
plowing or harvesting is done in com
fortable city offices. Some of our best
farmers write for the press; many
writers plow and plant and reap. The
"back to the farm" movement was
started and is being urged on by such
men and students of agriculture, and
not by people who know nothing
about farm conditions. To say that
people Ignorant of what constitutes
good conditions on the farm are re
sponsible for the thousands of col
umns yearly written about how to
better these, conditions is far from the
Once In a great while one finds a
practical farmer who uses his spare
time with his pen. Universally these
are among the foremost men in the
"back to the farm" propaganda, ably
seconded by writers who are students
of farm topics. They are persons who
more than likely received their early
training on a farm. The man who
made the remarks first quoted, and all
who agree with him. would be sur
prised to go through the editorial and
reportorlal rooms of a great newspa
per and find that the majority of those
responsible for the daily copy were
It must have been many, many
years ago surely before our grand
fathers were born, perhaps genera
tions before that when "book farm
ing came into vogue practically as we
use the term today. Of course in the
early days there were no such teach
ers as now. There were no great
schools like our O. A. C, and thou
sands of others resembling that. Rut
generations and generations ago stu
dents of farm conditions tried to bet
ter those conditions and began to
write about them, both in the press
and In books.
Many people followed the advice of
these writers, became "bonk farmers."
and for at least three or four genera
tions it has been these "book farmers"
and their advisers who have brought
arriculture up from what it used to bo,
a by-word and Jest, to Its present high
and profitable condition. In doing
this our rural land values have more
than kept pace with the increase of
urban values. These values will go
on Increasing Just as rapidly as scien
tific methods which make farm condi
tions better prevail.
One of the best Illustrations to con
found and confuse those who sneer
at the "back to the farm" movement
and the "book farmer" is the ad
vancement the apple growers of the
Northwest have made In their pursuit.
Science, applied science, has brought
the prices of our apples up from al
most nothing to an average of perhaps
well over a dollar a bushel, with the
demand and price still Increasing.
Through our scientific methods we
sre now able to produce, and do pro
duce, the best apples grown In the
world. It all came through "book
horticulture." If the term may be
changed to that. Much of this ema
nated from, the "comfortable office In
the city." written by the class of peo
plj at whom the speaker mentioned
The advancement made In all agri
cultural pursuits, including animal In
dustries, during the past are nothing
to what will be done during the next
decade. Very much of this will be
the result - of the publicity given
through the newspapers, through pa
pers like The Oregonlan. that stand
for better conditions In all walks of
life, and advocate them intelligently
California is a wonderful state, with
a remarkable people. San Francisco
Is California's metropolis, which Is fit
ting, for San Francisco Is the most
amazing city In the world. It is the
same San Francisco that It has been
for half a century, with a buoyant,
optimistic, hearty, enterprising, hos
pitable people; yet It is a different San
Francisco from the San Francisco of
six years ago In its greater sym
metry, beauty, splendor. The visitor
who returns today after ten years ab
sence could not. unless he were told,
know that the city had In the interim
been completely devastated by wreck
and fire. He would see only that there
Is today a finer and greuter San Fran
clsco, with a people alert, united, gen
erous, prosperous and ambitious.
The recent excursion of representa
tive Oregon people to San Francisco
was an event of great significance and
value to both states. It was the first
notable demonstration by any state of
the extent and spirit of the general In
terest In the great Panama-Pacific Ex
positlon of 1915: and It greatly stim
ulated the courage and enthusiasm of
San Francisco in its magnificent proj
If Oregon's visit was good for San
Francisco and California, it was even
better for Oregon, for It Is clear now
that the best at the exposition is to be
given to Oregon.
The excursion was a happy inspira
tion with most beneficent consum
mation. Both states feel better that
their representative citizens have fra
ternized on such terms of amity, good
will and mutual appreciation.
OKKCON lVOMTX ,t MM. PA.NK
lit RJT. .
There Is no relation whatever be
tween the window-smashing outbreaks
of the British suffragettes and the
agitation for woman suffrage In Ore
gon. The women who are promoting
this reform do not Intend to break
an) body's windows. Nothing of the
kind ever has been done here or ever
will be. Our local women are not to
blame for the Indiscretions of their
Rrltlsh sisters any more thnn our male
voters are responsible lor th excesses
of the atitl-homeruliTs In Ireland.
The policy of the London suffrag
ettes was not devised In- this state.
Nobody here was consulted when
window-smashing was fixed upon as
a desirable expedient. Some Oregon
women think it may forward the cause
of suffrage in England. The great
majority do not see how It can possi
bly do so. Men are similarly divided
in opinion. But because an Oregon
male voter believes that Mrs. Pank
hurst's pranks will advance the cause
of the London suffragettes are we
bound to conclude that he will pres
ently arm himself with a cartload of
bricks and descend upon the plate
glass of the Portland department
stores? If men are in no danger of
doing such deeds, why should we sup
pose that women are?
British ami American politics are
two totally different things. Methods
which succeed brilliantly across the
water would never accomplish any
thing here. On the other hand our
ways of managing politics would be
useless In England. We may approve
of the British course as an excellent
thing In its own land, while at the
same time we acknowledge Its futility
here. In the same way we may find
devices most helpful here which would
be nothing better than a hindrance to
There is nothing fair in any attempt
to saddle the Oregon suffrage move
ment with the discredit of the Pank
hurst riots In London. The British
women have one problem. The Ore
gon women have another, and be
tween the two there is no resemblance.
Both want the right to vote, but how
to get that right Is a question which
must be settled one way here and an
other way in Great Britain. If Amer
ican women had ever shown the faint
est disposition to resort to violence
there might be some semblance of
Justice In twitting them with Mrs.
THK RACE KOR AVAL PIPRKMACT.
Relations between Britain and Ger
many are so strained that , any allu
sion by a statesman of one country to
the affairs of the other immeditely
sets up Irritation. Thus Mr. Church
Ill's remarks about Germany In his
speech on the British naval pro
gramme seem to have undone much
of the good accomplished by Lord
Haldane on his pacific mission. His
admission that Britain's building pro
gramme will be guided by that of Ger
many that she must augment con
struction to meet that of her rival, and
that she will reduce construction
whenever Germany does so Is met by
the inspired Cologne Gazette with the
sharp rejoinder that each nation must
decide for Itself w hat Increase to make
in Its navy.
Apparently financial exhaustion
alone will end this Insane race for
naval supremacy. Protest In Germany
against the burden it imposes is ex
pressed in the great Increase in the
strength of the Socialists In the
Reichstag and In the resignation of
the Secretary of the Treasury. That
ofl'uial refuses to become a party to
the piling up of debt to make good an
nual deficits, which, he sees, can only
aggravate the evil It Is Intended to
cure. jlnce It will increase the annual
expenses by the amount of the added
Interest without any added revenue.
While Britain had not to face a defi-
cit, she Is carrying a load of taxation
to pay for her new Socialist device
which makes her people groan under
Its weight. The annual outgo for old
age pensions far exceeds the estimate,
and there Is no reason to expect any
better result from the workmen's In
surance scheme. There Is strong prob
ability that, when the Irish home rule
bill in Introduced. It will be found to
provide for a substantial payment
from the Imperial treasury to start the
new Irish government on Its way.
The fact must Inevitably be driven
home to the minds of both nations
that they cannot Indefinitely expand
their expenditures for internal reform
and for foreign war at the same time.
After the Germans recover from their
first Irritation at Mr. Churchill's
words, they may recognize that the
wisest course for them Is to grasp the
olive branch held out by Lord Hal
dane. settle all existing differences by
the Inexpensive and bloodless methods
of diplomacy and arrange a Joint pro
gramme for commercial and colonial
expansion which will not cramp their
activities but which will avoid friction.
WHKRE TAtT STANDS.
The men who have been accusing
President Taft of avoiding a Presiden
tial preference primary through fear
of an adverse result now have their
answer. He favors such a primary,
provided it Is surrounded by the safe
guards of the law; but he opposes It
as a mere voluntary act of the party
managers. Unless the primaries are
established by law with strict regula
tions for their conduct, with officers
sworn to observve those regulations
and liable to punishment for fraud,
they will have all the vices of the old
ballot-box stuffing, fraud-soaked sys
tem and none of the virtues of the
new system. To such a system not
only Mr. Taft. but all men who love
fair play are opposed.
If those who clamor for Presiden
tial primaries In all states will call
upon their Legislatures to establish
them with proper safeguards for a
true expression of the preference of
the majority in each party, the Presi
dent and all his supporters will Join
in the call. It Is significant of the
Insincerity of this clamor that It is
raised in a year when many State
Legislatures do not meet and at a time
of the year when some of those which
do meet have already adjourned. This
fact Justifies the suspicion that the
call for Presidential primaries 1s a
demagogic afterthought, a mere bluff,
the makers of which will be deeply
disappointed now that the bluff is
Mr. Taft is willing to submit to a
test of strength but he insists that the
law shall provide for a fair test, not a
bogus test the result of which may
have been fixed or colored by an In
vasion of voters from the opposite
party. The reception with which Colo
nel Roosevelt's candidacy has met
gives Taft every reason for confidence
as to the result of such a test. The
Colonel's entry Into the field has
added strength to the Taft Instead of
to the Insurgent forces, as was fondly
hoped. It has caused a stampede, but
to Taft instead of to the Colonel. Un
der such conditions the President has
every reason to welcome an appeal
direct to the voters of his party, pro
vided that a direct Presidential pri
mary law secures him the square deal
of which his rival is such a voluble
Socialism is' a word of somewhat
uncertain meaning. Even among those
who profess to advocate it. there Is
more or less difference of opinion as
to what we should have if the "revo
lution" were accomplished tomorrow.
Some say the only change would be
the abolishment of the wage system.
Others would destroy every existing
Institution. Between these extremes
there are all shades of opinion. The
socialism of Milwaukee Is a very dif
ferent article from that of Oakland,
Cal., and both types are unlike
our Portland species. Milwaukee de
rives its radical Ideas pretty extensive
ly from Germany. The leaders of the
socialist , movement in that city are
mainly Immigrants from the Father
land, or their children, and many of
the followers hail from the same
source. Hence in Milwaukee we may
expect to see a type of socialism re
sembling that which has become so
powerful in Germany. This Is essen
tially constructive In its nature and
works toward a definite programme.
It has passed the primitive stage
where it contented Itself with fault
finding. It has undertaken to think
out and apply far-reaching remedies
to the ills which afflict German so
In fact German socialism resembles
what we carl I "progressiveness" In the
United States. Its efforts are ad
dressed to the accomplishment of
certain perfectly reasonable reforms.
It differs strikingly from our Portland
variety of soapbox socialism, which
has no apparent purpose except to use
bad language and stir up aimless pas
sion. To be specific, the German so
cialists advocate a sweeping reform of
the electoral laws. These laws remain
the same as they were forty years
ago. The country has not been re-
dlstricted since Bismarck's time.
Meanwhile the cities have grown
rapidly with the result that very
often a dozen or twenty votes In such
a place as Berlin count for no more
than a single vote In a rural constitu
ency. This Is a gross injustice and the
German socialists are agitating for its
Contrast their work with the spirit
of our local agitators who preach
from their foaming soapboxes that
no good has ever been accomplished
by legislation and that there Is no
hope for the betterment of conditions
through politics. The German social
ists act through the ballot alone.
Their propaganda Is moderate and
peaceable and the late election proved
that It is successful to a remarkable
degree. Our Portland agitators of the
I. W. W. stamp turn away from poll
tics and the ballot and place their
hope In what they call "direct ac
tion." This means strikes. Industrial
war, dynamite and "sabotage." The
last term comes from France and sig
nifies the indiscriminate destruction
of property. These are the means by
which the local agitators say openly
that they expect to bring about "the
revolution." But when they are asked
what changes they have In mind they
can only answer -with vague fustian
illuminated by profane oaths. They
shriek for a "revolution" without
knowing what they would revolu
tionize or why they would do it.
It may be instructive to notice an
other Instance of the contrast between
the socialism of Germ ay and that of
the Portland I. W. W. The Germans
are Intensely Interested in education, j
Much of their effort is directed toward
the control of the public schools and
the general improvement of Instruc
tion. There is a great deal of effort
making In Portland and Oregon for
the betterment of the schools, but the
I. W. W. orators take no Interest in
It. Do we ever hear one of them
pleading for industrial education? Do
they care a straw for the modernlza
tlon of the curriculum of the city
high schools? Do they know the ac
tual condition of the public schools
and the crying need there is for im
provement? If they do know any
thing about these subjects, they keep
their knowledge most faithfully to
themselves. Yet who Is more con
cerned with the public schools than
the great working class for whom the
I. W. W. orators profess to speak?
While these frenzied trouble-breeders
rave on their soapboxes without any
better purpose in mind than to stir
up strife, the actual constructive work
of reform Is being carried on in this
city and throughout the country by
What have the Socialists contribut
ed to the cause of commission gov
ernment In Portland? What have
they done toward the enforcement of
pure-food laws? What have they had
to say about a more healthful and
beautiful city? Not a solitary word
The soapbox orators who nightly
pour forth their swelling flood of
muddy eloquence on the streets are
not Interested In these practical ques
tions. They are mere hell-raisers
They are theorists of the most vision
ary and ineffective kind. There Is not
a single practical reform which they
can lay their fingers upon and de
clare that they have favored it.
Speak to an I. W. W. agitator about
the tariff and he will reply that "the
working class are not interested In
the tariff." Similarly he will tell you
that the working class are not inter
ested In any taxes, or In the cost of
living, or direct primaries, or commis.
slon government, or higher wages
What under heaven are they interest
ed in. then? Nothing but the "revo
lution." When you ask what the rev
olution means the orator cannot tell
Thus these agitators, spin round and
round in a vicious circle of purposeless
invective. They deal not in reason
but in profanity and abuse. They
want to tear down every institution
of society without the slightest thought
of replacing them by anything better.
Who ever heard an I. W. W. orator
make a suggestion for any definite
improvement? Their only thought is
to destroy. Their rage for destruction
does not stop with institutions and
property. They are Just as ruthless
with reputations. No man in public
life is spared by them. La Follette,
Roosevelt, Taft. W'ilson. Bryan, are all
d. ed with indelible villainy. Not one
of these statesmen ever had a good
purpose or an honest thought. Ad
dresssed to reasonable people, this
sort of oratory would not be danger
ous, but it is not addressed to reason'
able people. The men to whom the
soapbox orator speaks are usually
ignorant, often miserably poor and
sometimes hungry. They feel vaguely
that there Is something wrong with
tne worm ana would gladly find a
remedy for the ills of life.
The I. W. W. agitator emphasizes
the Ills, but has nothing to say about
a remedy. In fact his doctrine is that
there Is no remedy. Therefore let us
pile up the whole structure of society
In Indiscriminate wreck and ruin. The
passions he excites in his hearers are
dangerous, not so much to the privi
leged class as to the cause of reform.
The worst enemy to the man who
would really make things better for
the "under dog" Is the reckless soap
The effect of the series of revolu
tions In Mexico is reflected in the de
crease of our exports to that country
by about 20 per cent in the year 1911.
though our exports to South America
Increased 25 per cent In the last seven
months of that year. Imports from
Mexico also show a slight decrease.
The Mexicans are so busy righting
that their supply of money with which
to buy our goods is running low. The
decrease In Mexico's imports Is gen
eral, having been 17 per cent from all
other countries than the United States.
How great an interest we have in the
condition of that republic is evident
from the fact that about 55 per cent
of Its Imports come from, and about
77 per cent of its exports come to, this
If Germany and England should
mutually agree each to destroy two
battleships a year their relative naval
strength would remain unaltered
while the taxpayers in both countries
would be relieved of a burden which
Is becoming unendurable. An Ideal
condition would be attained when
Germany had one ship and England
two. The British could then still
boast that their fleet was twice as
big as their enemy's, but the farce
would be comparatively inexpensive.
The mill operatives of all New Eng.
land profit by the vicarious sufferings
of the Lawrence strikers. A bitter
strike, which turns on the searchlight
of public opinion, is the only means
of bringing some of our tariff-bloated
manufacturers to reason.
North Idaho has the glory of the
livestock show. Not every locality in
the Pacific Northwest can raise a
yearling that will bring $1.20 a pound.
but all can produce beef that will
taste Just as good.
The view of the English woman
suffrage Issue taken by Dr. Jessie
Murray brings It to the old question
of bread and butter. She threatens to
use bombs to secure bread.
In proposing a 30,000-ton battleship
with eight 15-inch guns, the Navy
Department says to Britain and Ger
many: "I see you and go you one
Deposits in Oregon banks total over
J116.000.000 this Spring, for the bene
fit of the farmer and the stockgrower
who know their business.
Florence and the country along the
coastline of Lane would be carved into
a new county. Cottage Grove can tell
them how to do It.
Considering the awful crimes of the
Humphry's brothers, can Governor
West be of the same opinion against
Towns that close the picture shows
on Sunday are in danger of sending
their young people to amusement
With every sawmill closed in Aber
deen decent folk there will realize the
lack of merit In I. W. W. agitation.
CHURCH I'XITY IS HUE TO COMB
Exact Forn I aoertala but Trend of
Christian Thought la That Way.
PORTLAND. March 18. (To the Ed
itor.) Agreement of the Christian de
nominations. Methodist, . Presbytertan
and the Congregational virtually one
In Christian faith should not be con
sidered an impossible achievement
Few, and very few, essential Items
necessary to constitute Christian faith
with range and verge for free opinion,
now chartcterlze each of these
Christian churches; and it Is believed
they are willing for the sake of secur
ing Christian unity to abandon any
tradttional laws or usages, not involv
ing essential truth, if thereby the heal
ing of divisions may be promoted. The
principal difficulty or dlfferenre of
opinion, will be over the kind and form
of unity considered practicable. This
is likely to come from dignitaries hold
ing positions in these ecclesiastical
But against all imaginary objections
the great body of Christian men and
women composing these three churches,
and others as well, hold a distinct will
ingness to relinquish minor consider
ations for the sake of a more perfect
co-ordination of religious forces, in
which sympathy shall banish antipathy
There can be no mistaking the fart,
the divine spirit is moving the hearts
of men In all parts of the world toward
a closer working fellowship. A happy
sense of spiritual unity spreads and
deepens among the branches of Christ's
The man must be dull of sight who
does not see along the shore a gulf
stream warming chilly seas, melting
Icebergs and making frozen coasts
bloom with Summer. This current,
vital In its effect. Is an outflow from
the heart of him who prayed that his
children might he one. This tide of fra
ternal feeling Is daily becoming more
pronounced and will break the eccle
siastical dikes somewhere and flow
freely and far over fields which have
long enough been shut up and guarded
by misconception and- misunderstand
ing. The final form results may take can
not now be told, nor the rate at which
events will move, for prejudice of the
clerical sort is most stubborn. But
results, actual, valuable and practi
cable, are as sure as the rising of the
sun in the eastern sky.
C. E. CLINE,
IS GOVERNOR WITH THE PEOPLE!
Writer Declares Action on Morris Cane
Will Reveal True Sympathy.
PORTLAND. March 18. (To the Edi
tor.) A recent news Item from San
Francisco says Governor West scorn
fully refused to don a "silk" hat on the
occasion of the dedication of the. Ore
gon site of the Pan-American-Pacific
Exposition, and quotes him as saying
that he represents the "common" peo
ple of Oregon, and that he will never
wear a "silk" hat.
Some say th Governor only Intended
this as "fodder" for his "cow county''
constituents, while others say 'tis but
another "link" in his chain of demo
cratic principles. These latter recall his
reference to the "strawticks" that he
slept on In his boyhood days, included
In his interview some months ago.
justly condemning same, then in use at
Baby Home. Again they recall his re
cent "soapbox" oration at Seventh and
Washington streets, wherein he plead
ed for his pet road measures, and again
took the people into his confidence bv
saying that he never had and never
expected to have any money; that save
for the monthly grocer's and butcher's
bills he gave the rest away. No doubt
he forgot all about his hop ranches.
These and similar glimpses iriven us
from time to time by the Governor into
his life of "struggle, with poverty,"
some say, liken him to the immortal
Lincoln. As to Lincoln, "the world will
little note nor long remember" what he
wore here, "but it can never foraret
what he did here." Be It "Stetson" or
"Gordon." silk or sombrero, let us go
below its band to discover whether or
not Its wearer be a real emulator of
the beloved Lincoln. In a few days
Governor West will be. called upon to
pardon or parole W. Cooper Morris, an
ex-banker convict of the "high-brow"
class. Frinda of Morris, official and
otherwise, have petitioned the Governor
in his behalf. No one denies that ho
Is guilty. The strongest argument they
offer is the silly plea that the "others
In the conspiracy" escaped conviction,
hence he should be. turr.ed loose. Of
course they talk of his broken health,
for, like Morse. Ruef, et al., he cannot
stand confinement. No "hiarh-brow"
can; it was only intended for the poor
devil. Hundreds of "common" fellows
have died In penal institutions, but
heaven forbid that a "hih-brow" ever
The action Governor West takes in
this matter will speak stronger than
words whether or not he represents the
common people of Oregon. Will he cast
his lot with the railsplitter or the hair
splitter? MART SLOAN.
Mayor Blamed for tonditlona.
PORTLAND, March 19. (To the
Editor.) The Mayor of this city has
proven that he is no more than an ir
responsible weakling, wholly ineanable
of taking the initiative in any ques
tion that is of concern :to the public.
By his extreme carelessness and in
difference, he has allowed this organi
zation of lawlessness, known as the
I. W. W., to root itself in this city, to
voice anarchist sentiments on the
street, openly to defy the law and or
der and peace of this city. His open
refusal to come out and aid the citi
zens of this city in getting rid of this
element marks him as the one mistake
n the last election.
In all probabilities, in getting; rid
of this body of lawless men, trouble
ill follow, and I predict that that
trouble will be serious. The citizens
have tolerated the abuses of the I. W.
W. long enough, and it is time that
they act; for with the Mayor that we
have, we can expect nothing.
Whatever the trouble that may fol
low, let the blame be where It belongs
upon the Mayor.
W. R. HAZZARD.
Diveree and Remarriage.
RAINIER, Or., March 17. (To the
Editor.) 1. In case a divorce is secured
by default and a second marriage oc
curs before six months have elapsed
will It be binding?
2. Where can I get definite informa
tion on this subject. My attorney claims
that the six months are not necessary
In case of a default.
Lawyers do not seem to agree as to
the legality of a marriage entered Into
within six months after default di
vorce Is granted one of the parties. It
would be well for all divorced persons
to curb love's yearnings for six months
or until the Supreme Court passes di
rectly on the question.
Tin In United States.
PORTLAND, March 1. (To the Edi
tor.) Are there any tin mines In the
United States, and where?
Tin is not mined on a commercial
scale anywhere in the United. States
although deposits exist. The most prom
ising of the latter is In Alaska.
DALLAS. Or.. March 12. (To the Ed
itor.) Will you kindly tell me how to
secure the best training in Journalism?
CANDIDATES AND PROPOSED LAWS
Laws, Bond Schemes, Indemnity, Pre
vention of Vanry, Etc., Discussed.
PORTLAND, March 19. (To the Edi
tor.) Candidates for the Legislature
are offering themselves in such large
numbers that the phrase "shoo fly" is
coming again Into vogue. Why should
they not express themselves unequivo
cally as to whether or not they are
favorable to "a blue sky" law such as
they have in Kansas, in which no stork,
bond or other exploitation can offer
its schemes to the people of that state
until It has been licensed so to do?
Under the operation of this law. out of
600 applicants only 22 were able to
satisfy the commission of their honest
character and were permitted to do
Next comes the bad citizen who, un
der pretense of brokerage commission
or agency, collects as high as 200 per
cent for small loans to poor people.
This infamy exists all over the state.
The sudden spasm to correct it here,
after having prodigiously stirred a few
philanthropists, seems to have sub
sided, as a virtuous determination can
not long stand pressure, just as Vesu
vious only erupts occasionally. In the
meantime the City Council could
squelch it in this city by the vigorous
enforcement of a seven-line ordinance
provided it contained an imprison
A third desirable enactment should
be the death and accident idemnity, now
a law In the State of Washington. The
unfortunate employe is entitled to every
favorable consideration in compensa
tion for his hurt, but it should be ad
justed by a commission. At present
the lawyer Is the largest factor in every
accident, and he should be entirely
eliminated as a useless and undesir
able encumberment. The Washington
law makes it so, and we need it. As the
law exists here today it is a perilous
proposition for anyone to hire a law
yer for any purpose. The most friv
olous cause is made, or can be made,
the pretext for a suit for damage, and
with cormorant lawyers in abundance
to undertake any kind of a suit, even
the farmer imperils his farm if the
hired man is bitten by the old sow,
because of his meddlesomeness with her
new-born family. Every hurt .should
be compensated for in fairness, but ex
cept in cases of extraordinary disre
gard of reasonable , precaution on the
part of the employer, the state should
assume the loss out of a fund collected
as a tax, as now prevails in the State
of Washington. I think we should
hear from the candidates.
C. P. CHURCH.
BILL. EI.K SHIPMENT NOT FIRST
Writer Telia of Capturing tiame as a
PORTLAND. Or.. March 15. (To the
Editor.) In today's Oregonlan I read
with interest an account of the tri
umphant entry into Oregon of a car
load of elk from St. Anthony. Idaho,
also the statement that it was the only
full grown wild bull elk ever shipped.
Allow me to say that Vic G. Smith, of
Montana, who is visiting with his
brother-in-law, C. M. Camiibell, at '21?.
Montgomery street, owned a large
game ranch at Henry's Lake. Idaho, a
few years ago, and Mr. Smith conceived
the idea of capturing the elk full
grown, and In the five years that he
owned the game ranch he and his part
ner, on snow shoes, caught 307 full
grown elk and shipped them all over
the country. Two carloads of large elk
they shipped to Austin Corbin, the
multimillionaire of New York, to his
game preserve in New Hampshire. Two
years afterward Mr. Corbin, with his
coachman, entered the preserve grounds
with a coach, and one of the large wild
bulls that were shipped by Mr. Smith
attempted to gore the nierh coach hoivse,
which threw the team in a fright and
away they ran, overturning the coach
and killing both Mr. Corbin and the
driver. I worked on Mr. Smith's game
preserve for three wears and assisted
him In catching the elk, also the sheep
and moose. At that time elk cows
brought $85 per head, while the bulls
were worth only $50.
Mr. Smith had as a partner a broncho
rider named Dick Rock. On their ranch
they had a dozen fullblood buffalo. One
day Rock attempted to ride one of the
large buffalo bulls named "Teddy"
(after Mr. T. Roosevelt, who hunted
buffalo with Mr. Smith in 1883 on the
Cannon Ball River, in Dakota), and
after ten minutes of stiff pitching, the
buffalo succeeded in throwing Rock
off his back and gored him to death.
B. A. SIMMONS.
Influence of the Comma.
SALEM, Or., March 17. (To the Ed
itor.) In a discussion as to the effect
upon the meaning of different sentences
by the insertion of commas, the follow
ing sentence was given as an illustra
tion, which resulted in our not being
able to agree as to the meaning of the
1. Tou are right and I am wrong as
you always are.
2. You are right and I am wrong, as
you always are.
The writer contends that the inser
tion of the comma as written above
signifies that the clause "as you always
are" is out of its natural order, and
therefore modifies the first clause in
the sentence: "You are right," while
as written in the first Instance there is j
nothing to indicate that the clause has I
been thrown out of its natural order.
and should be assumed to modify the j
clause which it follows: "1 am wrong." i
Through the medium of your valuable
paper, would you kindly set us right?
T. C. D. & L.
The sentence is bad with the comma
and worse without It. However, the
comma does not change its obvious
manlng. The words "as you always
are" cannot modily "I am wrong." The
statement "you are right" is made. One
cannot be right and "always wrong."
too. Only one construction can be giv
en the sentence and the use or omis
sion of the comman does not alter it.
Bnrbank and Spineless Cactus.
PORTLAND, Or., March 17. (To the
Editor.) There is undoubtedly a gen
eral belief that Luther Burbank. of
Santa Rosa, Cal., produced the spine
less cactus. Occasionally he is accused
by botanists of being an impostor, they
claiming that Burbank did not produce
the spineless cactus.
On March 7, 1910, I visited Mr. Bur
bank's experimental farms and spent
an hour with him at his residence.
Among other things he told me that
he did not produce the spineless cactus.
He added that he had produced a
splculeless cactus. The difference is
When the spineless cactus was pro
duced the eyes left where the thorns
had been were covered with needle
like spicules. vhich were injurious to
cattle. Burbank prefected the plant
already produced by removing the
spicules. Furthermore he said that it
was quite natural that cattle would
not care for cacti when more tender
food might be had; spiculeless cacti
was Intended for the arid regions
where delicate fodder would not grow.
A recent telegram credits Burbank
with a suit to regain the "spineless
cacti" now at large In Australia. Such
statements as these cause scientific
botanists to distrust Burbank.
BANKS. Or., March 17. (To the Ed
itor.) Please inform me whether one
has a right to raffle oft his property or
not whether there is any law against
that. A READER.
Lotteries are strictly prohibited by
law. A raffle is a form of lottery.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian of March 20, 1S62.
The grand Jury of the county of
Multnomah did, on the 17th day of
March,, visit and examine the state
Denitentiary and did find the peniten
tiary very much out of repair. We are
of the opinion that the prison is very
insecure; that the manner and system
of working convicts outside the prison
and prison yard is highly detrimental
to tile public interest: that it greatly
increases the opportunity of escape.
. . . We would call your attention
to tiie fact that the recent escapes
have been effected without any proper
exertion on tiie part of tiie U-ssees to
retake the prisoners so escaping- We
would- also recommend that the prison
ers be required to wash their clothes
and their bedclothes at least once a
week, and that their blankets be
washed at least once in three months.
H. W. COKBETT,
Foreman of the Grand Jury.
Democratic Register This Is the
name of a new paper started in Eugene
City by A. Noltner, formerly of the
Corvallis Union. Its politics are the
same as the latter paper.
A gentleman just from Salmon River
reports that about 2500 persons Win
tered in the mines. All the provisions
bad been hrono-ht nn with the excep
tion of a very little flour that is still
in the hands of traders. Several par
ties have lately left Walla Walla with
pack trains, bound for Salmon. Pro
visions bring $1.50 per pound at the
mines and at this rate they can afford
to pack through, even although they
lose animals valued at $50 a head.
At last accounts there was great
scarcity of provisions at Lewiston.
Some articles were entirely exhausted.
and unless supplies were received at
an early date, great suffering was ap
prehended. Ry this time, we douht
not, pack trains have gone through
from Walla Walla and relieved the
more pressing wants.
Good gold mines have been discov
ered on the lines of Lieutenant Mul
lan's road, 80 miles above his Winter
camp. The mines are in Deer Lodge
Valley and the opinion Is that they
will pay well.
Mrs. Forbes was honored with a well
filled house last night, the occasion of
her benefit. Her histrionic powers
were brought out in all their brilliancy
and elegance In the artistic and nat
ural manner with which she presented
The pile-driver is busily engaged in
driving piles near the Portland Gas
Light Company's wharf, for an addi
tional wharf, so that there will he
room enough for ships to load and un
load near their works. We also learn
that Messrs. Johnson and Perkins in
tend to build a large wharf on their
property in the northern part of the
A band of 84 pack horses and mules
passed through town yesterday, des
tined for the mines.
A dispatch from Augusta says that
news from Savannah confirms the re
port of the capture of Cedar Key. The
Unionists burnt the town, wharves and
five schooners in the port; also 50 bales
of cotton and 156 barrels of turpentine.
The enemy have left the place.
Country Town Sayings by Ed Howe
No liar believes his lies. Why should
he tell them'.'
Don't play another man's game when
you are expected to be It.
A man who has worked his way up
from office boy to the head of a bis
concern, is a real Work of Art: a
greater genius than the author of a
noted book. Such a man nas met and
mastered more serious situations than
he has hairs in his head.
A woman wore mourning only two
weeks, and some of the neighbors pro
tested. "Well," she said, "I didn't have
as much to mourn about as some; Bill
Before a thief gets around to the "biff
haul" that will make him rich, he lands
in jail and loses his chance.
The man who is a "problem'' should
work for himself.
Were bill collectors not restrained
by a rule that they must not "talk
back," they could say meaner things
than any other class of people.
In doing nothing, you take up the
time of busy people.
Every man occasionally thinits he has
made a discovery as important as that
THE REWARD OF VIRTl'E.
BY DEAN COLLINS.
My friend was buried deep in gloom.
He kicked the cat upon the shelf.
And went into a bar and drank
Some lemonade, to spite himself.
I asked. "Why all this aggravation?"
Because of voting registration."
Have you not registered?" I asked
"Uh. grouch no more, but haste away.
And put your name upon the books,
Before their final closing day."
"Not for myself I worry so;
I registered three weeks ago."
"What boots it then? Your vote la
Put by your spasm of vexation.
And let him worry who has failed
To do the stunt of registration."
"Those." said he with an angry roar.
"Are just the kind that make me sore."
"Election day will come apace.
And I will to the polling go.
To mark the names of sundry friends,
And others whom I do not know;
Then all my sport is done, you see.
Election holds no more for me.
"But all day long, my office door.
Yea, though 1 keep It locked and
Will thunder 'ncath my neighbors'
Mv working hours will be invaded
By hundred friends who never took
The time to sign up in the book.
"And I, who signed in ample time.
Must rise tip. with sardonic grin,
And go forth to some notary
And help to swear the whole bunch
A hitter face the poor man made:
"Thus is man's righteousness repaid."
Home for Ex-Presldeots.
ABERDEEN, Wash.. March 14. (To
the Editor.) A recent publication re
ferring to the appropriation of $2,000 -000
by Congress for a Lincoln memorial
says: "Owing to the melancholy
paucity of original ideas, some conven
tional expedient will probably be re
Two million dollars is a large sum.
How would it do erect at a cost of half
the amount "a house of refuge for ex
Presidents afflicted with the third
term mania," using the other half for
a maintenance fund?
It might take many cycles of eigh!
year terms to fill the edifice, but a
place would thus be provided to shel
ter an estimable gentleman of seeking
proclivities, whose personal and po
litical star will soon have dropped be
low the horizon. The idea being whrlly
original, it is suggested In the fear of
FORMER ADMIRER OF T. It.