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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 24, 1912)
TITE MORNING OKEGONIAN, SATURDAY, FEBKUAKY 24, 1012.
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IVBTUfD. BATITLDAT. ITB. ti. MIX.
which college training tends. While
possibly not considering In this con
nection the question of suffrage. It la
Idle to expect that when this question
Is presented to them they will not In-
stinctlvely Indorse It as a part of the
general scheme of equal rights, or
course all will not Indorse It. Many
perhaps have not given the matter spe
cial consideration; with othen preju
dice and custom and environment
count. But it Is sale to say that or coi-
lege-bred women In Oregon three
fourths are anxious for the question of
woman suffrage to carry at the polls In
this atate next November. To believe
otherwise would be to think that our
young women had not maae me most;
of tre opportunities with which uni
versity training has provided them.
traffic on this great area for the syav
tern of railroads. In which he doubt
less retains a large Interest, though ho
may resign active charge of It." Under
nls guidance we may see Central and
! Eastern Oregon overtake Western Ore
gon In density of population.
TOR THX GOOD Or TUB SERVICE."
No official or employe of the city,
appointed under civil service rules,
may be dismissed "for the good of the
service." The result la that the public
payroll la burdened "with a horde of
lazy. Incompetent and worthless time
klllers and chair-warmers who will
never let go until they die or resign
and they never resign. The Mayor
cannot get rid of a grafter or leech
In the Water Department, or any de
partment, unless the proof of dishon
esty Is conclusive. The Chief of Po
lice has no way of discharging a lazy
and Inefficient policeman because the
sympathise of the Civil Service Board
have been In some Inscrutable way
enlisted In his behalf. The Mayor
some years ago tried to dismiss a lot
of quarreling detectives on the reason
able and proper ground of gross ln-
, H I WOXDE3L
i tf Mr. James R. Garfleld bad been
rrtalned by President Taft as Secretary
of the Interior, we wonder If that sapu
enLvoanr gentleman would have been
h:tting the trail every day or two for
vster Bay. In order to appeal to aim
gr--at benefactor to beat Taft for tne
a if Mr. GlTord Plnchot had not been
dumled by President Taft as Chief .faaency: and they fought him In the
forester for insuDortiin-tiou. courts ., --ere finally restored.
rt.-r-tf that virtuous patriot would now The JJ-Bj clrl, ,errlce Is the civil
b seeking to foment trouble between rtfc that selects the best man for
e d friends and appealing to nis great. thfl Job and keeps bim there; and
r nrfactor to beat -Mr. laii xor takes the Job away from the worst
Pr-5l'1enCT ? 1 man whan Thla Inraniirltv fa demon
What la the real inspiration for the ,trate(i to bl9 superiors. But the Port-
f'-hably receptive Kooseveu canm- jan(1 clv ,rvtC( does not make any
a ,r v? His chief advisers are men Inan .ny. otner man-8 superior. We
w.th a grouch. A grievance Is not a ..fyu of putting authority In
g iod thing on wnicn 10 oasi a. cn-nu- mnyone.( ba.nds that we put Insubordl
a. rv or conduct a campaign. i natlon. Indifference, Incapacity and
Tie Roosevelt sentiment tnrougnoui
the country Is undoubtedly genuine;
tl e Roosevelt movement Is fictitious.
Inn entrance of Colonel Roosevelt Into
tl e contest will cause regret and cha-
lgnorance within every man's right.
The Mayor of Portland ought to
have the right to eject from his Job
any employe or appointive official "for
the good of the service." If the Mayor
fc-in among thousands and millions of aDOsea his-power, we ought to got an-
e-ople who have been, and are. his ad
n-lrera. but are not now. and cannot
b.-. his supporters. Can he afford It?
7 ' THAT TBOGKDwnX" ISftfE.
At last we have before us the Issue
b-tween Taft and Roosevelt If the
sometimes logical but more often
lr.erely loquacious Governor of Cali
fornia. Hi ram Johnson. Is to be be
lieved. "The Issue la now mad
. hither we are really capable of self-
government." exclaims the deep-thlnk-
lrc Governor of California after perm
lc? Colonel Roosevelt's Columbus
Colonel Roosevelt's address was to
he constitutional convention In Ohio,
now engaged in drafting a new funda
mental law under a pledge to ineorpo
fte the initiative, referendum and re
call. Naturally. Colonel Roosevelt ex
pressed his views on direct legislation
and the recall. They do not coincide
exactly with those expressed by Pres
ident Taft. and behold, we have a Na
tional party Issue. It matters not to
Governor Johnson, Amos Plnchot and
ti few other thought leaders that no
bi'dy of consequence has suggested a
National Initiative or referendum or
the recall of the Federal Judiciary. An
attract principle Is good enough for
thm. They don't like Taft a views on
a local Issue. They admire Roosevelt's
lwi on It Probably If the difference
of opinion were on the nebular hy
pothesis or the personality of the devil
if would be the same. It would pro
vide m. National Issue In their ralnda.
, but has Roosevelt really admitted
w are capable of self-government T
Py Inference, at least, we cannot but
a iume that be Is opposed to the ini
tiative and referendum as it Is used In
Oregnn, the pioneer In direct legisla
tion In America. He said:
t atiaa that tha Inltlatlra and rvfaran-
n fthould ba uaad Dot aa aubatltutaa for
r!.raantaltva fovaramant. but aa mathoda
irtkins atich prnmfll really repra
Mrtatlva. Action br tha tnltlatlra or rvfar
- :um ousht aot to ba tha normal wav of
"C!.a!!nn. Dot IB ftowtr to taaa ai anouia
provldad la tha ronatttutlon. aa that
t tha RapraaaBtatlvaa fall tnitr to rpraDl
t ."i - p o p .a on aoma mattar of atifAclent Im
tartanca to roua popular lntert. than tha
r pla ahal! bava In thalr handa tha taeJll
t:ra to maka rood tha fallura.
1 We sincerely doubt If anybody in
Vfgnn will contend that the last Leg
tsUtiira 'truly failed to represent the
tt.-aplo on forty matters "of sufficient
importance to arouse popular In-t-oet."
Tet we are to have at least
forty measures presented for consider
M!on of the voters. We are rapidly
turning to the Initiative as the "normal
way of legislation."
"I don't believe in adopting the re
call save as a last resort, when It has
r-ocome clearly evident that no other
ur will achieve the desired result.
lie said. Why not? Is there some
th'ng so dangerous about the recall
1iat It cannot be trusted In the bands
cf the people under ordinary circum
stances? Is it like a major surgical
t;eration that is but a shade less In
Imlrat to the life of the patient than
the disease Itself. Does not the decla
ration that the recall Is a "last resort
riaure" disclose In the mind of the
('done! a lurking suspicion that the
!eopIe are not capable of self-govern-jnnt
at all times and in all cases?
The purpose of these observations Is
rot so much to criticise the opinions of
( Olonel Roosevelt as to expose the
demagogy of such utterances as those
cf Governor Johnson. In fact, we be.
1 eve that the Initiative and referen
dum should be utilized only as Colonel
:rKseveIt advocates. Essentially we
agree with him on the recall, but we
r ouM not await a crisis In Judicial
prMty before placing the recall power
v !th the voters. Rather we would
give It to all and limit Its use to cases
i C pronounced, apparent corruption,
larampeteney or malfeasance.
) If Colonel Roosevelt's expressed
have any political significance at
ait. they are only a declaration that
d'rect legislation and the recall are
a-, alters to be decided according to lo
rn I conditions. It is therefore Ulogl
"i! to Interpret his remarks on those
subjects as denning a National Issue.
other Mayor. Having at hand the di
rect primary, the Initiative, the recall
and all the other ready Instruments of
reform and correction, we of course
are able to get an ideal Mayor at any
MOVING FICTTKB8 IX BCHOOU
We applaud the common sense of
the Pan Francisco superintendent of
schools. He recommends to his teach
ers the use of moving pictures In class
instruction. The wonder is that this
excellent means of education has been
used so little In the public schools. It
would be particularly helpful In geog
raphy. Scenery, the occupations of
people, the appearance of cities and
so on could be taught through moving
pictures a great deal better than by
History Is another branch where
pictures would be extremely useful. It
is difficult to convey the conception of
a battle by words. By pictures It could
be done easily and quickly. What is
now a wearisome task to the young
would thus be transformed to a pleas
ure. Great historic scenes could be
forever fixed in the memory if they
were exhibited by films. The possibil
ities of the device are limitless. The
conservatism which prevents Its intro
duction in the schools Is unpardonable.
Perhaps the educational authorities
would give more attention to moving
pictures if it were not for the capital
Invested in text books. United States
history could be taught to children
from pictures in half the time and
with not a tenth part of the woe
which it now demands, but the books
which are conned in order to learn it
would become. In part at least, super
fluous. When the events could be
seen In actual process of happening It
would not be necessary to describe
them in a book. Geographies would
go the same road and so would many
other text booka
This would of course lessen the
profits of certain Investments and we
may expect the Influence of the text
book publishers to be hostile to. the
Innovation. They have not so much
to say about the conduct of the
schools In Oregon as they had years
ago. but their Influence Is still potent
In a quiet way and we may be cer
tain that it will not be. favorable to
moving pictures. No doubt we shall
be told that education must not be
made too easy and attractive or Its
disciplinary effect upon the child's
mind will be lost.
KEEP CP THX FENCKS.
There is difficulty In answering the
tax questions asked by a Chehails
farmer and published today, because
the correspondent does not state what
he means by single tax. Several dif
ferent tax systems go under the name
of single tax, but are not in accord
with the single tax theories of Henry
George. Vancouver does not have
real single tax. Reduced to a question
of how much money the average indi
vidual pays in taxes, the system in re
sults is not different from that now In
force la Chehails. For example, the
Income a man receives from his Ira
nrovements la taxed In Vancouver. In
Chehails the improvements are taxed
Under a state constitutional amend
ment excluding Improvements and
personal property from taxation, near
single tax would be realized. Tne im
provements on town lots, as well
those on farm lands, would escape 3i
rect taxation. The laboring class
would be affected only as the general
prosperity of the state was affected.
Victor Berger. socialist representative
in Congress, says the system would
Increase competition and add to the
misery of the workers. The farmer
whose property was fully improved
might for a time escape some of the
present burdens of taxation. He whose
property was only partly improved
would pay less on the Improved por
tion and more on the unimproved por.
t'on than he does now.
Taxes, however, would soon be
so high as to bear down the market
value of unimproved land and we
would undoubtedly find that our
sessors were raising the assessed value
of improved land or property able to
pay. The final result would be an ad
justment whereby the owner of the
highly Improved farm would pay the
same proportion of the tax revenues
he does now, but in greater total
Instead of the unimproved property
paying what the owners of Jewels,
automobiles, securities, baak fixtures,
furniture and like property escaped
the improved land owner would pay It
Genuine single tax. however, goes
farther than the mere exemption of
Improvements and personal property
from taxation. It contemplates prac
tical land confiscation by the state.
According to single tax theory, land
values belong to the community. Real
single tax means taxes so high that
land ownership will be merely a name.
He who rented a farm to a tenant
would pay under single tax, to the
state, practically all the rental he re
ceived. He who farmed his own land
would gain no profit from his owner
ship, for that profit would go to the
public In taxea
The only practical way to reduce the
tax burden is to reduce public expen
ditures. The land owner who votes
to remove constitutional requirements
that taxation shall be equal and uni
form Is putting his hand in the fire.
He is inviting the Havenots to take
hts property away from him. And
that Is exactly what single tnxers have
in mind. We wish to emphasize this
fact. He who is led away by the glit
tering promises of single taxers who
almost invariably possess nothing1 Is
opening the way for them to arouse
coveteousness among the Indolent or
unsuccessful to the end that they may
vote the land owner out of his posses,
slons. If the farmer tears down his
fences the pigs will get into the1 cab
bage patch. Constitutional tax re
strictions are useful barriers against
the greedy for the benefit of the provi
dent. . a
I The uprising In favor of woman suf
fr?e among the college women of the
state Is In the very nature of things
ard was to be expected. Most of the
c!re women of this state have grad
uated from co-educatlonal universities,
where they have taken rank among
rren in intelligence and scholarship.
THeir association with men In class,
upon the campus. In the library and In
-jH-lal functions has Instilled into
thrlr minds, without effort or ques
tion, the principle of equality In the
Important thinirs of life for which cul
ture stands, acd the usefulness toward
mrv HHJ.-S Drrvra-a-TfrxT plan.
Purchase by L. W. Hill of the Cen
tral Oregon land grant is an event In
the development of Oregon second
only In importance to the construction
of the Oregon Trunk Railroad. It is
so because Mr. H1U has behind him
abundant capital to open up that broad
strip of Eastern Oregon by means of
railroads, trolley lines, power systems
and irrigation, and because he has the
wilt an-i the purpose to do this work
with the energy, thoroughness and
painstaking attention to detail which
have always characterised the Hills.
It Is so because Mr. Hill Intends to
plant settlers on the land and has the
facilities to bring them by the thou
sand. Most encouraging of all Is Mr. Hill's
announced purpose to sell the land at
moderate prices to actual settlers only
and on terms which will enable the
buyer to build up a home and develop
a farm for himself. By so doing he
can make ample profit for his com
pany without squeezing the settler dry.
as la too often done when land has
passed through many hands, each one
adding a profit, before reaching the ac
tual cultivator of the soil. -
Mr. Hill's father has been instru
mental in promoting Improved agricul
ture In Minnesota and North Dakota
by selling to farmers blooded stock
and high-grade seeds from his own
farm. The younger Hill may be ex
pected to follow this example. So ex
tensive an enterprise warrants the
maintenance of one cr more experi
mental farms on the tract, where prac
tical demonstration can be given of the
best crops and the best methods of
cultivation for each variety of soil. Mr.
Hill would also be likely to pick the
men to whom he sold farms men who
would pursue the most up-to-date
methods and would make the whole
tract a great demonstration farm ex
tending from the Cascades to the Idaho
In pursuing this policy Mr. Hill
would not be governed by pure
THOMAS W. IAWMX OJf OAMBtXVO.
Mr. Thomas W. Lawion has favored
the public with the opinion that stock
gamblers are fools. Like all other
rules, this one, he tells us, admits of
exceptions, but It holds good for the
man of average opportunities. The
exceptions are the members of the in
side ring who make prices as they like
and send stocks up or down to suit
the movements of the silly outsider.
When the outsider wants to buy the
circle of the elect send prices up.
When he wants to sell prices go down
under the same all-powerful impulse.
La son's observation teaches him
that nobody who gambles in stocks
can ever expect to "quit the game" a
winner. Unless the chances of win
ning preponderated in favor of "the
house," of course the game could not
go on. Should the outsider win more
than he loses day after day, in the
long run who would finance the
bank? The only way to keep the bank
in funds is so to conduct the game that
upon the whole the outsider shall
come out a loser.
This principle is fundamental In all
gambling games. It applies to Monte
Carlo, to Wall Street and to the illicit
hell In any of our cities. A man who
stakes his money at any of these
games does not stand an even chance
to win. If he did the "house" would go
bankrupt In a short time. His chance
of winning Is only a half or a third
as great as that of losing. This is the
case even ' with "honest games' as
they are Indulgently called. The truth
is that there Is no honest gambling
proposition. Every successful one Is
heavily loaded against the player. But
some are not so dishonest as others.
In a game which is fraudulent accord.
ing to the gambler's code the player
has simply no chance at all. The game
Is not merely loaded against him. It
Is no devised that he cannot possibly
win. Such is the case with the "wal
nut shell" game. In this bit of decep
tion the outsider who stakes his money
frequently picks out the shell, under
which the pea lies, but he Is never
permitted to get the profit of his guess.
The manipulator palms the pea as
he lifts the shell. Thus it makes no
difference to the goose whether he
guesses correctly or not. In either
case he is plucked.
The Wall street game resembles the
walnut shell "lay out." It Is so con
ducted that the outsider cannot win
no matter how he plays. Of course
he may now and then make a lucky
hit, but that can happen only by acci
dent and In ventures which are too
insignificant to attract the attention
of the management. When the stake
is at all worth while the master man
lpulators palm the proceeds before
they ever reach the dupe. It cannot be
too forcibly Impressed upon the mind
of the gullible public that there la no
such thing as honest stock speculation.
The gull himself may be fairly honest
He may be as honest as a person can be
who seeks to get something for nothing,
tlon. It Is wholly conscienceless. It
Is utterly unscrupulous and cynically
cruel. It ' has neither pity nor re
morse. The big money kings who
control the ebb and flow of prices In
Wall street regard the silly public as
their legitimate prey and the conduct
of the public confirms their belief.
Whenever they express a desire to
shear, the sheep lie down to be shorn.
The impulse to gamble is one of the
most deeply seated In human nature.
Mr. Lawson tries to explain the psy
chology of it with some little success.
There are five reasons, he says, why
men gamble in stocks and moat of
them apply Just as well to all kinds of
gambling. The first reason is our
hope of getting money without work
ing for It The second is the attrac
tive advertising, the lure of magnifi
cent surroundings, the call of mystery
and chance. The third la the system
atic education of the public to believe
that vast fortunes can be made in
stock speculation. This is carried on
through the press In a hundred indi
rect and subtle ways. The fourth rea
son, which applies particularly - to
stock gambling, is its high respectabil
ity. No reprobation in the church or
anywhere else attaches to the man
who speculates in stocks. Ruinous as
the business Is to the character, it Is
not preached against like card-playing
or faro. It does many times as much
harm as all other games taken to
gether, but it receives scarcely any
opprobrium. Fifthly and finally, says
Mr. Lawson, stock speculation Is gen
uine gambling and for that reason it
has all the witchery for poor silly
mankind which belongs to luck and
chance. The philosophical reader will
perceive that Mr. Lawson leaves the
subject about where he found -It. We
like stock speculation because it is
gambling, but why do we like to gam
ble? The frenzied financier does not
The origin of the gambling mania in
human beings Is closely allied to the
origin of religion, far aa they are
apart in practice. Both depend upon
the Ineradicable faith we feel that we
are the favorites of some unseen
power. The gambler names this In
explicable and erratic power Luck.
The devotee assigns other titles to It
according to the part of the world he
happens to be born in. No man can
believe that the unseen gods will al
ways be hostile to him. Some time or
other they will favor him and in his
deepest soul he is always longing to
convince himself by actual test that
that auspicious moment has arrived.
The only possible test Is to gamble.
Here only can the great god Luck dis
play hla favor in lta full splendor. We
see therefore that gambling Is a spe
cies of devil worship and the hope of
abolishing It Is pretty slim as long as
men believe in supernatural influences.
WOMAN'S OBLIGATION TO STATE
Writer Defends Suffrage oa 'Ground
Woman's Service Are Keeded.
PORTLAND. Feb. Z3. (To the Edi
tor.) The letter of the antl-suffraglst
In The Oregonian this morning calls
for comment on many points, but pass
ing over the question as to the kind of
j woman Interested in woman's suffrage.
the letter reveals two things: i
The writer has failed to get from her
college training a sense of our obli
gation to the state, that enlarged home
which goes beyond the four walls of
the house. That sense of obligation
to the state that has come to be known
as the Wisconsin idta, the writer. In
common with other college graduates,
both men and women, has failed to se
cure. Great opportunity Implies great serv
ice. All college men and women, how
ever courageously and ably they may
have labored for their college training,
are beneficarles of the ge-neroslety of
Half a Century Ago
From Tha Oregonian, February J4, 1S62.
We believe Jeremiah Lampson, of
Yamhill County, and whose respected
father resides In that county. Is the
only representative that Oregon has in
the Navy., He was at the battle at Port
Roval and served in the Wabash
frigate, which bore the brunt of the
The Southern Confederacy has pro
posed to , the European governments
that if they will recognize their gov
ernment, they will make free all
negroes born after the recognition
and free trade for SO years.
Portland, Me., Feb. 11. The priva
teer Sumter is reported cruising off
Genoa. The United States Consul at
Gibraltar has protested againBt the as-
By Dean Colllna.
the state or of private Individuals; the Jltce offered her. The authorities.
Fables have seldom feigned or the
spirit of mischief conceived a more
reckless Joke than that which two el
derly matrons sought to play upon
their husbands by personating burglars
at their home In Irving-ton Thursday
evening. The Jokers were fortunate In
that they escaped "with minor bruises
from the unpractlced fists of their hus
bands, and that the booted impact that
landed one of them on the cement
walk at the bottom of the porch steps
did not result In broken bones. It Is
decidedly unsafe for a wife to don a
slouch hat and rush past her husband
as ha enters his front, door late In the
evening. At tne very least such a
prank is likely to turn a sedate and
kindly husband into a wlfebeater.
The phonograph which tells the
time of day may become a dangerous
competitor with clocks and watches.
Tou call your number and the central
phonograph not only announces the
time, but repeats It thrice. This would
be a godsend to the kind of person
who looks at his watch and immedi
ately forgets what it said. Still, we
think most people will prefer silent
timepieces for the present. There la
noise enough In the world without
Introducing clocks that scream and
Chinese residents of Portland can
best convince us that they have cast
off the bad customs of the monarchy
since the republic was founded If they
win aid the police In bringing to Jus
tice the perpetrators of such crimes
as were committed Thursday night.
They can secure by those means the
same regard for their rights as Ameri
cans and can escape the severe police
surveillance of which they complain.
President Taft leaves no room for
doubt that he never approved Hitch
cock's Government telegraph scheme.
The Postmaster-General is given a de
served rebuke and is fortunate to have
been allowed to remain in the Cabinet
after such an act or Insubordination
as the publication .of his scheme with
out the President's sanction.
In the death of Charles E. Smith
Portland loses one of the builders of
the city. A man who has founded and
built up to magnitude and success
such an institution as the Smith St
Watson Iron Works has worked not-
only for himself, but for the roraran
nlty, and his memory should be hon
state Is In turn entitled to their serv
Ice. If that service takes the form of
office or of Jury duty no man who
rightly regards the state would refuse
to meet his obligations. Too often has
there been need of a woman in public
office; too sadly often has there been
the need of a woman on the Jury. If In
rendering such service we meet with
suffering, has any woman a right to
shrink from suffering?
Through the centuries, the obliga
tions of men, one to another, have en
larged, and today we have a larger
vision of service, than the man of a
century ago. As man's sense of serv
ice has developed In the 19th century,
so woman's sense of obligation to the
state is growing In the 20th. Woman's
civlo consciousness Is aroused, and with
it she feels the need of a tool with
which to accomplish results.
The writer has also failed to get a
glimpse of the great movement of civ
ilization through the ages, and the
force of the movement at the present
time. There Is In this world another
power besides the political. Each cen
tury has marked some distinctive ad
dition to human civilization. The 19th
Is known as the century of the develop
ment of physical science, and with It, it
brought the era of freedom of thought
for man. expressed In political freedom.
What may we expect of the 20th? Is It
too much to suppose that here there
will be developed to women the same
freedom of thought and expression of
The man who looks Into the future,
sees the 20th century, as the century
of spiritual evolution, and for full
spiritual freedom, man and woman must
go hand in' hand. We believe that an
age of unity Is setting in. How can
there be a unity of those not equal in
every respect? No one living In an age
of action can Judge of the good or evil
result of that age, or of its effect upon
the time to come; we need the perspec
tive that only time can give. Because
of our inability to Judge of our own
time, it is difficult today to see whither
the woman's movement leads. Will it
bring a better humanity, a better na
tion, a better type of womanhood? That
no one can say, but on this most of
us agree: Tne race has not reacnea its
maturity. As we develop we can com
prehend more of the meaning of prog
ress,, and shall be able to judge whether
the movement for political equality in
America, In England and other Euro
pean countries, the movement for free
dom from the veil In Turkey, or' for
woman's freedom from traditional
custom in China Is, on the whole, a
forward step In civilization.
God screens us evermore from
premature Ideas. . . . Our eyeB are
holden that we cannot see things that
stare us In the face until the hour ar
rives when the mind is ripened
then we behold them, and the time
when we saw them not Is like
The fact that women all over the
world are asking that their Influence
may extend beyond the four walls of
the home, shows that they are ready
for equality with men. The ballot is
being forced on women, not by a few
other women eager to meddle with af
fairs not their own. It is being forced
on the unwilling .women by the great
movement which Is bringing to the
race a clearer comprehension of the
Individual equality of man and woman,
and the social responsibility of both.
This carries with it as a corollary,
political equality. A race movement
Is Irresistible, no individual can es
If this view be too visionary for an
antl-snffragist, let her remember that
the world has grown through visions.
Secretary College Equal Suffrage
however, considered themselves bound
to give such aid as was Indispensable.
The Constitutional of Belgium says
that General Almonte was there nego
tiating to place the Archduke Max
imilian of Austria on the Mexican
A bill has been Introduced In the
Kentucky Legislature requiring all
voters to take the oath of allegiance to
the United States and subordinate al
legiance to the State of Kentucky, and
they must also swear that they have
not aided in any way the so-called
Max Irwin This fine negro dellna
tor bad a benefit on Saturday night and
he was greeted with a crowded house.
His burlesques, songs, dances and
witty sayings were well received. Max
has few equals anywhere. The per
formances at the theater will be con
tinued this week, we understand.
Mr. Sylvester Pennoyer, of this city,
has considered it necessary to disclaim
the writing of editorials for the Ad
vertiser, in a communication to that
William B. Taylor has opened a
restaurant and lodging house In the
old Oregonian office, corner Morrison
and First streets. His beds are fine,
and his tables will be loaded with
good and substantial food.
Mr. Sargent, member of Congress
from California, has introduced a bill
appropriating $50,000 for a survey for
the northern routes of the Pacific
Ocean and Bering Straits to the mouth
of the Amoor River and thi Russian
American possessions, with a view to
I met a man outside the door
Wherein they peddle telephones.
Who for admittance cried aluud
In eager and excited tones.
"Ahoy!" he cried, "without more loss
Of time, I wish to see the boss."
I tapped his shoulder, "Wherefore, pray.
Such zeal? Hast thou a bill to pay .'
"Nay, nay, I have no bills to meet,"
Full eagerly then answered he;
"I wish to lay before the boss
A new and special bright idee.
Doubtless you've heard, my friend, how
Have fixed to tell the time of day
To every one who may inquire.
With phonographs upon the wire."
"I have," said I. "Thou, hast?" said he.
"Thou knowest then full well the
Whereby the time of day will He
Within the reach of eve'ry roan.
Tou'll merely crank the telephone;
'Ho! Let the time of day be known'.'
And o'er the wire's long shining track,
The phonograph will cuckoo back.
"The cost of living will go down,"
He chortled on in childish glee,
"Well never need to buy a watch,
' Nor pay to have it fixed, you see;
I'll gaze no more at Jewellers' stock.
Nor mourn my watch long since in
Nor, to redeem It, dig a dime
The telephone has got. the time."
"But stay, this other scheme I- pray,"
Thus interrupting him, spake L
"Ah, yes, I'd nigh forgot," he cried.
And turned once more the door to try.
"ril see the boss and urge him, 'Get
Something, good sir, more useful yet
To ev'ryone, than phones that may
Merely cuckoo the time of day.'
"Then watch. This Summer, who can
But you at last shall see my plan
In operation, bringing Joy
And satisfaction to each man?
Not only will the time of day
Be phonographed about that way.
But we will grab the phone and roar,
'Hey, phonograph, please what's the
Portland, February 23.
LABOR COUNCIL LETTER UNFAIR.
President Toft's letter on arbitration
with Germany distinctly places re
sponsibility on the Senate for blocking
arbitration with any other country, in
case that body should reject the Brit
ish and French treaties.
The "secret, non-partisan" club of
Marion County to teach politics will
more than likely work under the sign
of the dollar mark. Non-partisan se
crecy smells of "the stuff."
Life would be dull and uninteresting
ror ciara ward Dul ror ner periodical
quarrels with the man who happens to
be her husband for the time.
A hundred-thousand-dollar Harri
man f relghthouse on the East Side will
be a great start in growth of bigger
altruism. He would be making a di
rect profit and alao would be develon- I but the minagement of the game can
ing the largest possible volume of not receive even that sorrx eommenda.
Vancouver will now try oratory and
music without the frog accompaniment.
General Osptna should have taken
warning by the fate of Lord Sockvllle
West and not written that letter.
John Morg, 124, a Kentucklan, has
made way for hla understudy as oldest
man in the land.
L. W. Hill will lift the Incubus f in.
ertla from Middle and Eastern Oregon.
Wilson's classic tile is overshadowed
by the Colonel's sombrero in the ring.
Let the heathen rage
-in his own
WASHINGTON FARMER ANXIOUS.
Single Tax Propaganda Jumpa State
Line and Be Asks Questions.
CHEHALIS, Wash.. Feb. 22. (To the
Editor.) Having been a subscriber to
The Oregonian some time, would like
to have your view regarding single
tax. I had noticed it in your paper
from time to time, but never thought
that it would cross the border of your
state. But behold, it Is being agitated
here now, and I am Informed that the
same is In force in Vancouver, B. C.
Would you state your view of what
effect It would have on the laboring
class and the farmer, as all the cry
now Is "back to the farm?" Every
farmer knows that there Is plenty of
room and work on the farm, and I
think most farmers are on the road to
prosperity. If we'could keep down the
taxes, which I think are higher here
than they should be. My opponent
aid that single tax would right that
by exempting all Improvements and
personal property, end give the farm
er an opportunity to fix up his place
without taxing him to death. Would
single tax exempt city Improvements
as well as rural? And If so, where
would the money come from that now
goes to those feeding at the public
By the looks of things the crib is
getting longer every legislative ses
sion, by creating more commissions,
and the only way that I can see to
pacify them Is by digging up more
taxes. But If single tax will lighten
the burden, I would like to be shown,
as I am from Missouri.
Indianapolis Man Who Knows West
Writes His Opinions.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Feb. 9. (To
the Editor.) For men who appear
anxious for the welfare of their fel
low men, It looks as if the Portland
Labor Council had not taken a state
wide view of the situation. The
writer knows from personal observa
tion that land developments are held
back, at least In a large part of the
Northwest, for lack of men to do such
work; that there are plenty of oppor
tunities for industrious and frugal
people In not only obtaining work, but
also In acquiring land and creating
homes for themselves; that there is
yet plenty of land not owned by syndi
cates that can be had by pre-emption
or bought in quantity to suit the
buyer. On the other hand, a consider
able percentage is owned in small
tracts and a goodly showing In the
bands of men and women who had the
nerve to take advantage of the home
stead law, that worked and waited five
years for their 160 acres, the greater
part or whom started without means,
a good many with wives and families.
all ready to work for themselves or
their neighbors in order to accomplish
their object. They are not the class
that wait for opportunities they ere
ate them. You never hear them com
plain of an overcrowded labor market.
No doubt some people go West that
have no conception of pioneering, and
expect because others have acquired
a competency that it can be had with
out serious effort; who change loca
tion because distance lends enchant
ment and covers the rough places.
They are not the people needed in
new country, where men without
ready means must be able to adjust
themselves to existing conditions, in
taking hold of any work offered wher
ever it may be found, husband and
wife who are self-contained and find
all their amusement within their own
family and that have the backbone to
hang on to conditions that have pre
vailed in all new countries.
The Central Labor Council made this
mistake. In not classifying the people
who should stay away from the West.
It is furthermore to be hoped that the
motive. of the advice to stay away from
the West was entirely for the benefit
of the other follow.
I wish to state that I am not a
member of any land syndicate. While
am Interested -In the West, I have
no land for sale nor any desire to
exploit any particular section of the
West. That subject Is too large and
Is a young man's proposition. I regret
to say that I am not In that class. The
article enclosed struck me as unfair.
1919 N. Meridian.
Country Town Sayings by Ed Howe
The Createat Grief.
Ons -woman wept tor loss of him
Whose lova had blessed ber through the
Tet. at some rweet, familiar thrill
Of memory, laughed through her tears.
And one mourned wearily apart
For him whose truth was but a name;
But, dreaming of his tender words,
A sxnlle upon her wan face came.
And one, to whom the living gave
Hla love and trust her smiles long fled
Grieved for her dreams and memories,
Rtnce all her lova for him waa dead!
When a citizen tells how low water
and lighting rates are in other towns,
he is not always as reliable as he ex
pects others to be when they discuss
The dootrlne that a rich man can't
get into heaven doesn't satisfy us poor
people as much as the author of the
statement Intended; anyway. We tell
other mean stories on the rich.
If you let the agenta know you are
In the market for an automobile, you
may expect a busy Summer
After I have explained that I am
poor because I am too honest to
stoop to tricks adopted by the rich.
I find that I am still dissatisfied;
the explanation doesn't entirely sat
When a man makes a promise, and
asks for more time in which to carry
it out, I am disposed to be charitable;
I have myself made - promises, and
asked for more time.
When a man Is "Jewed down" on the
price of an article, he Is selling, and
finally reaches his lowest figure, he
gets a mean look in his eyes you
should be able to see and either buy
promptly or get out Otherwise, he
will begin to talk mean in a minute,
and a fight would please him about as
well as a sale.
When there Isn't a good opportunity
to tell how mean and tricky men are
In business, someone starts a story of
how free and familiar they are with
When I saw wood, I think I could
get It off easier with an ex; but when
I am chopping, I long for a saw.
I suppose it will never be definitely
known which has the worst of it; a
man or a woman.
People are too fond of items in the
newspapers that cause them to exclaim:
"Well, for heaven's sake! Have you
When a man makes out his monthly
bills, and runs across an account of
yours four or five months old, don't
you know he will talk about you like
a pickpocket? Tou should either pay,
or put up a talk that will satisfy him.
Old Memories Stirred.
In the Harrlsburg Bulletin.
The Oregonlan's "half century ago"
is read by the old pioneers with In
tense interest. It stirs their minds to
a retrospect oi tnose irouDious times.
The death struggle for the mainten
ance of the integrity of the States
was then in progress. While few Union
men doubted that the outcome would
be what it was the stoutest hearts were
caused to pall when considering the
carnage and destruction. Oregon was
then sparsely settled ana these quota
tions bring vividly to memory the
things done and by whom which laid
the foundation for our present great
prosperity. We heartily thank The
Oregonian for this column.
An Auto Temperament.
New Tork Sun.
He What's the matter with poor
She The doctor says it s locomotor
He Ah! Id ave tne Deasuy tnings
taken off the road if I'd my way of it.
The Sardine President.
SALEM. Or., Feb. 23. (To the Edi
tor.) All the fishes of the sea once
banded together to form a republic.
In due course of events it came time
to elect a president.
Now In all the sev6n seas there were
two Inhabitants whose reputations ex
ceeded all others, the Sardine and the
Oyster, but as the Oyster was known
to have a very hard shell, was quiet
and never tooted his own horn, he
was beaten by a small majority.
Shortly after the Sardine was Inaug
urated he was Invited to attend a ban
quet given in his honor by the Sharks'
Club, when it was discovered that he
waa so small that he could scarcely be
seen. As ha was passing around to
meet all the guests, he was accidental
ly swallowed, and no one knew who
did It. ,
I don't care a continental who is
elected President, providing he is an
honest man and big enough so that he
won't be swallewed. Z. M. CHASE.
Children for Adoption.
PORTLAND. Feb. 23. (To the Edi
tor.) Will you kindly publish where
one can send to get a girl from 3 to
4 years of age to adopt? Or do you
know of any magazine that advertises
children for adoption? MRS. A A.
Try Portland Baby Home, Thirty-
sixth, and Ellsworth straeLs.
The story of continuous advertising
is a story of SUCCESS. The mer
chant who would increase his busi
ness the greatest possible percent
age every year must advertise in
the daily paper.
The advertising columns of The Morning Oregonian
offer the quickest and cheapest method of telling the Port
land public of the opportunities merchants have to offer .
in the way of sales. The constant advertisers know this
to be true.
The Oregonian's columns are open to all merchants
who do a legitimate business. Those who are hot adver
tisers will do well to follow the footsteps of the many big
business houses who have advertised in The Oregonian
for years, and are keen to give credit to The Oregonian in
the main as being directly responsible for the wonderful
growth of their businesses.
; : . . . .