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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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PnRTLAXD. OREGON. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1913. PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. LI yO. lo,9.3 "
PORTLAND FIRST IN
i nnriTi iir nnOT IM l n a -i-i nr Allf I
CUBA GETS NOTICE
SHE MUST BEHAVE
Intervention to Follow,
THIS PORT LEADS WORLD FOR
SHIPMENTS IX 1 1 1 .
FROM LIVE WIRE
POWER LINE OFFICIAL DARES
11,000 VOLTS, SAVES LIFE.
ODIOUS TO WILSON
WEEKLY EXPLAINS WHY XAME
IS TAKES DOVX.
EVE OF TRIAL
IN TRIAL OF WILDE
DECLARED IN SIGHT
GOMEZ MUST ENFORCE LAWS
Stability of Republican Form
VETERANS HELD TO BLAME
Firm Stand or Cnlted States I
' Canve of Excitement at Hithi.
Good Effect on Lawless K la
ment If Predicted.
WASHINGTON. Jan. H. Nolle M
served on Cuba by tha Stata Depart
ment today that tha Vnlted States
would Intervene unless the veteran or
iranlxatlon of tha republic ceased to
nullify the laws guaranteeing a repub
lican form of government In the Island.
The Governmenta attitude wa et
forth In tha folowlna note, presented
formally today to the Cuban govern
ment: "The situation In Cuba, as now re
ported, causes grave concern to the
government of the United States.
Mm Xt Be Defied.
"Thai tha laws Intended to safeguard
tree republican government shall be
it forced, and not defied. Is obviously
es-entlal to the maintenance of law,
order and stability' Indispensable to the
status of the Republic of Cubs, In the
continued well-being of which tha
L'nlted States has always evinced and
cannot escape a vital Interest.
"The President of the United States
therefore looks to the President and
government of Cuba to prevent the
threatened situation whin would com
pel the Government of the United
Mates, much against Its desires, to con
sider what measures it must take In
pursuance of tha obligations of Its re
lations to Cuba."
Tha notification of the American Gov
ernment was served upon President
Gomes through American Minister
Beaupr at Havana.
Senor Vlarln-Rivera, Cuban Minister
to tha United States was unapprised
of tha action, except through the
press, and declined to comment upon It.
Mlatater Beaaprw Restarts.
It was upon reports of Minister Beau
pr that today's not was based. Min
ister Beaupr reported from Havana
that In defiance of a decree Issued by
President Gomez, forbidding officers of
the army and rural guards to partici
pate In politics, many army officer
and rural ea attended a meeting Sunday
night of tha National Council of Vet
erans, an organisation of veterans of
the Cuban War of Independence. Such
participation also Is prohibited by law.
The veterans have been active In the
past three months In attempting to
have displaced from the civil service
persons who sympathized with the
Spanish causa in th. rebellion. Fress
dispatches today Indicated that th
veterans were threatening to coerce
member of Congress to nullify tha
law regarding tha participation of th
military in politics.
Gosaea la Tleeel af BMr.
Thls move convinced th State De
partment that th situation was tha
most serious that has presented Itself
since the veterans' move began. It has
been evident to tha Department that
President Gomes was powerless to re
sist th movement unlesa he received
substantial support from th outside.
Th declared purpose of some of th
veterans to make Ineligible for public
service a large element o-' the popula
tion because they sided with Spain In
the revolution had been pointed out
as Inconsistent Tlth Individual free
dom and fights guaranteed by the
constitution of Cuba. Th United States
regarded the activity of the veterans as
likely to threaten th stability of th
republic and hence the sharpness of
the warning Issued today.
The State Department after a careful
study of the obligations by the treaty
concluded that th time had come to
serve warning that for the second "and
perhaps tha last time" th United
states was prepared to Intervene in
Cuba If necessary.
Effertlv Reepoaae Kxpeeted.
The officials here'entertaln no doubt
whatever aa to the result of this note
of warning. President Gomes will en
force his decree against the partici
pation of the military In politics and It
is expee'ed there will be a decided
abatement of the trouble. If these re
sults are not obtained, then It reason
ably may be expected tha within a
short time the American flag again will
be hoisted over the government houses
The general staff long has had plans
prepared for just such a maneuver aa
this. Major-General Wood asked to be
excused from discussing the subject at
this stage, but It Is known that within
r few daya after tre word was given,
several thousand troops would be
marching aboard Array transports at
Newport News to sail for Havana.
Meanwhile, practically the whole At
lantic fleet, which Is now based on
Guantaramo. on the south side of the
Island, would spread out and envelop
tCoaduded ea Pace - )
Periodical Declares New Jersey Gov
ernor Said IU EfforU In His Be
bair Hurt HI Candidacy.
NEW YORK, Jan. It. Th current
number of Harper's Weekly contains
the following editorial announcement:
"To Our Readers: W make th fol
lowing reply to many inquiries from
reader of Harper Weekly:
"Th nam of Woodrow Wilson as
our candidate for President was taken
down from the head of these columns
In response to a statement made to na
directly by Governor Wilson to th f
fctthat our support was affecting his
The only coors left open to u In
simple fairness to Mr. Wilson, no less
than In consideration of our self-respect,
wst to ceas to advocate his dom
"We make this explanation with
great reluctance and the deepest regret.
But we cannot escape" th conclusion
that th very considerable number of
our readers who have co-operated
earnestly and loyally In advancing a
movement which was Inaugurated sole
ly In th hope of rendering a high pub
lic service are clearly entitled to this
PRINCETON. N. J- Jan. 1. Governor
Wilson refused to. make any comment
tonight upon th editorial which ap
peared lnHarper'a Weekly, giving the
reason for taking the Governor's name
aa a Presidential candidate from th
head of Its columns.
HAMMERSTEIN IS 'ANXIOUS
London's "Cold Shoulder" May
Prove Boomerang, Says Promoter.
LONDON. Jan. 1. (Special.) Oscar
Hammersteln announced today that' If
there were no advance, subscriptions
for the opera there would bo no seas
son. He said that some of tha excuses
offered why society people did not at
tend th opera wr absurd. On was
that th King was away at Durbar.
"Some said they did not Ilk my
noise, -continued Oscar. "Others said
they did not Ilka my religion. Borne
of these excuse wr tenable once,
but will bold no longer.' I have, shown
my samples and now It is up to th
upper classes to come on with their
subscriptions or I shall Irrevocably
close th house."
In regard to bis plans, Hamerstoin
aald: "I Invested $1,750,000 In this en
terprise. If the worst comes to the
worst I shall take Orvllle Harold, th
tenor, and Felice Lyne, the coloratura
soprano, ud others to New York and
organise a road company."
HARRIMAN RECORDS SAFE
Colon and Southern Pacific Vaults
In Equitable Building Intact.
NEW YORK. Jan. IS. Anxiety of th
officials of th Union and Southern Pa
cific Railways was relieved lata today
when a steeplejack scaled the walls of
the burned Equitable building and
found the record books of the two rail
way companies Intact In the vault on
th third floor, although that part of
th building was a mass of wreckage.
The books Include the names and ad
dresses of stockholders and had they
not been found, a tedious canvass
through this and foreign countries
would have been necessary. The con
tents of the vaults probably will be
BANK PURCHASE SOUGHT
Equitable Trust Company Would
Take Over Trust Co. of America.
NEW TORK. Jan. 1. A proposal
by th Equitable Trust Company for
the purchase of the Trust Company of
America has been submitted. The offer,
which Is to psy fT5 each for all th
shares of th latter company, will be
submitted to tha stockholders.
It was the run on the Trust Company
of America which played a leading part
in the panic of 1907 and led to the
taking over by the United State Steel
Corporation of the stock of th Ten
nessee Coal A Iron Company. The
combined deposits of the two trust com
panies would aggregate SsS.000,000.
SALMON PACK $29,869,000
0er Score New Canneries Will Be
Operated In Alaska In 112.
SEATTLE. Wash, 16. The Pa
cific Cist salmon pack for 19.1 was
valued at I2S.86J.000, according to a
statement prepared by '.he Puget Sound
Cannery Packers' Association.
Twenty-one new salmon canneries
will be constructed and operated In
Alaska during the coming season. Th
silver salmon pack on Puget Sound In
1911 was the largest ever made of this
FOWLS CAUSE GOLD' RUSH
Mtnltonas, Man., Quits Business to
Seek Chickens' Diggings.
MINITONAS. Man, Jan. 1. As th
result of the finding of nuggets of gold
In numerous fowls killed upon the El
liott farm, four miles from here, stores
and sh'ops have been closed here while
their keepers hastened to the place to
stake out claims.
More than 60 claims already hav
been marked out and scores of persons
are hastening to th spot.
Chicago Trembles as
Price Touches 47c
RAP.O ADVANCE IS EXPECTED
ScarceSay Some; Others Put
Blame on Trust.
INJUNCTION TO BE ASKED
Assistant Federal Prosecutor Says
He Will Prove Members or Chi
cago Board Clearly Are -Violating;
CHICAGO. Jan. 1. (Special.) Sixty
cent butter! Chlcagoana faced such a
possible record-breaking situation to
day. when the retail prlc of Elgin
creamery butter the staple of th
market reached 47 cents' In many
tores th highest price In the city's
history, dealers declared and promised
to go much -higher tomorrow.
The wholesale price. 4ZV4 cents a
pound, fixed by the Elgin Butter Board,
broke all wholesale records for 14 years
and commission men declared today
that advances In th prlc which would
place It high above th present point,
This addlUon to the high cost of liv
ing Is blamed by soma Interested men
to the scarcity of butter, while other
persons ascribe it to an alleged trust
which Is already under investigation
by Federal authorities, or to a corner
by Eastern houses.
Ela-la Orders Advaaec.
The Elgin butter barons yesterday
raised the price 4 cents. The advance
waa communicated to the Chicago
wholesale market immediately and had
no sooner been shifted to the retail
trad than It was tried on th consumer
th only on who cannot shift th
burden. "" .
Chicago retailers are charging aa
average of about 45 cents a pound for
fresh butter today, and are ready to
Increase the price as quickly as th
Butter Board gives the word.
Retailers are agreed that th prlc
would not stop short of 50 cents and
one dealer ventured to say that 60
centa a pound would not hold It.
Iajnaerloa to Be Sought.
An Injunction to restrain members
of the Chicago Butter ft Egg Board
from continuing to fix the prices of
food will be sought In the Federal Court
Friday, aa a result of their acquiescing
in the 40-cent a pound quotation Issued
by the Elgin Butter Board Monday.
This statement was mads by Albert G.
Welsh, Assistant United States District
"I shall offer evidence Friday to
prove the existence of the trust." de
clared Mr. Welsh. "I shall show how
(Concluded on Pas 4.
New York Second, Baltimore Third
and Puget Sound Fourth Latter
Showing Decline From 1910..
OREGONI AN NEWS BirREAU. Wash
ington. Jan. 16. Portland exported
mora wheat daring 1911 than any other
city In tha United States, passing New
York and taking th lead by reason of
Its heavy shipments during December.
This Is shown by an official statement
Issued today by the Department of
Commerce and Labor.
Portland exported last year 7.703.061
bushels of wheat, valued at S6.E70.09S.
This was a material gain over 1910.
when Portland's export was 5,120.826
bushels. In 1910. as In 1911, Portland
stood at the head of the list.
New York for three months ranked
Portland In 1911, but during December
Portland's wheat shipments amounted
to 1.458.2:3 bushels, as against only
150,000 bushels from New York. This
was more than enough to advance
Portland to first place.
New York's export for the year was
7.343,573 bushels. Baltimore ranked
third and Puget Sound fourth, with a
record of 3,434,872 bushels, against 4,
499,487 bushels In 1910. Puget Sound,
therefore, showed a decline of more
than 1,000,000 bushels for the year, as
against a gain of over 3,500,000 bushels
"in the matter of flour export. Port
land also showed great gain, for Its ag
gregate export for 1911 amounted to
743.077 barrels, valued at $2,951,184.
as against 283.079 barrels I . 1910. val
ued at 81,186,654. Puget Sound, which
stands second among flour exporting
ports, ranked only by New York ex
ported 3,234.308 barrels of flour In 191V
valued at $8,556,784, as against 1.177.
389 barrels exported during 1910.
LOOT PROVES WORTHLESS
Holdup Gets $6600 in Checks Writ
ten in Chinese from Chinaman.
Slxty-sl hundred dollars, not worth
a sou marquee to the holdup man who
got them, were taken from Chung
Blng Quon, a Chinese merchant of 81 H
Second street, by a man who stuck a
gun In his face at Second and Co
lumbia streets last night and demand
ed his possessions. The money was In
three checks on old-line Chinese banks,
made out in Chinese, making a prob
able puxxle to the man with the gun.
The checks were In amounts of
$2269, $1861 and $1570. They were on
Hongkong banks, which were notified
by cable last night of the loss.
SCHOOL READERS SCORED
Stories Held to Excite Children's
Minds and Hurt Their Health.
HOOD RIVER, Or, Jan. 16. (Spe
cial.) Tha members of Heights Im
provement League at a recent meeting
roundly condemned the readers In the
Oregon public schools, declaring that
on account of fictitious stories the minds
of the children are often excited and
tha health broken because of nervous
An effort will be made to have the
matter presented before the State Book
Commission, declares J. T. Holman,
president of the organisation.
Plans for Reopening of
ARGUMENTS MAY BEGIN TODAY
"Haven't Shed a Tear," Says
Woman Accused of Murder.
ENGLISHMEN ARE EXCUSED
Defendant Dominates Port Orchard
Courtroom and Sees Acquittal as
Only Possible Outcome She
Laughs at Gossip.
TACOMA, Wash., Jan. 16. (Special.)
The close of the second day's trial of
Linda Burfleld Haxzard, the Seattle
starvation specialist accused of murder
in the first degree . for' the death of
Claire Williamson, a wealthy English
spinster, saw It necessary to summon
a new venire of 24 men.
When Judge Yakey adjourned court
at 8:20 o'clock this afternoon at Port
Orchard there were 11 Jurors In th
box and the defense had left six per
emptory challenges and the state but
The defense exercised six. of Its 13
challenges today and the state used
three. With but nine left for both
sides to use tomorrow. It Is certain
that at least two of the 11 men now In
the box will remain on the Jury, but
which two nobody tonight can even
conjecture. It is expected by the at
torneys that the Jury, will be com
pleted tomorrow and the opening ar
" English Birth Obstacle.
The Jurors excused by the defense
on peremptory challenges today were
George ' Turner, an ex-missionary
worker in the Philippines; Samuel
Roberts, a farmer of Port Blakeley; A.
Childress, farmer of Brownesville;
Charles A. Lindall. employed at the
Navy-Yard; Henry Cotter, a lumber In
spector of Port Gamble, and Miles
Cornthwait, an iron worker from Port
The state excused Iver Iverson, O.
Nyhart and P. S. Jackson, all em
ployed at the Navy-Yard. Lindall. ex
cused by the defense, is a bridegroom
of two months. Most of the talesmen
rejected by the defense were men of
Mrs. Haasard Confident.
"I Intend to reopen my sanitarium
at Ollala February 15," said Mrs. Has
xard this afternoon.. "I have had In
quiries from all over the country from
people asking me to reopen, and I am
going to. I have spent a lifetime In
my work and do you think I am going
to give It up now? No, never. I am
going right back to It harder than
"But supposing your trial does not
(Concluded on Page 8.)
Chester Frakes Terribly Burned but
Superintendent of Mount Hood
Company Is Uninjured.
As he watched his chauffeur, Chester
Frakes, hanging on to a live wire over
which a full current of 11,000 volts
was passing and knowing exactly that
his own chances of death were great,
J. S. Groo, superintendent of the
Mount Hoed Railway, Light & Power
Company, grabbed the young man's
overcoat and tore him from, his near
death grip on the wire.
t Had the boy ' hung one minute onto
the ' wire he would have been burned
fb a crisp, and even now It Is not
known how Groo escaped death, for
he declines even to'discuss the occur
rence. Mr. Groo lives at 186 Ford
Superintendent Groo left Monday af
ternoon for the West Side plant of the
railway company, at Front and Tenth,
to turn on the current. He did his
work and left the building. An at
tempt to close the door failed and
Frakes Jumped to his assistance. See
ing a vlre obstructing the I door,
Frakes reached up for It and the mo
ment his hands touched it 11,000 volts
tore through his system.
The muscular twitches of the boy at
once attracted the attention of Grdo,
who, it Is supposed, pulled the boy
down by his overcoat. Groo was
shocked, but not burned. He then
drove Frakes to the Good Samaritan
Hospital, where it was found that
both arms were burned black, while
the flesh of his face was almost burned
"I can only think he caught my
overcoat, for had ho touched my body
he would have been killed." Frakes
said last night. It Is thought Frakes
MORGAN GIVES DIAMONDS
Mrs. Cromwell, Who Will Bo Stotes
bury's Bride, Gets Necklace.
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 16. (Spe
cial.) A necklace of diamonds Is the
present which J. Plerpont Morgan has
given to Mrs. Oliver Cromwell, of
Washington, who will become the bride
on Thursday of Edward T. Stotesbury.
head of the banking firm of Drexel &
Co, and business partner of Morgan.
Each of the stones in the necklace Is
said to be of rare color and purity and
the pendant gem Is reported to be one
of the most costly ever brought to this
country. Morgan and Stotesbury have
been closely associated for many years.
It was said President Taft and Mrs.
Taft probably will be present.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 45
degrees; minimum, 41 decrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northwesterly winds.
Chinese seen in Yuan necessary factor In
salvation of country. Page 2.
Harper's Weekly support odious to Woodrow
Wilson, explains periodical. Page 1.
Hawley will seek support for Western Ore
gon waterway projects before rivers and
harbors committee today. Page 5.
Packers' witness says profit is only 80 cents
on each head killed. Page 2.
Senator Jones believes Humphrey will be
appointed to bench, despite opposition.
Portland's wheat exports for 1911 biggest
in world. Page 1.
United States notifies Cuba Intervention will
follow unless laws are enforced. Page 1.
Woman theosophlst said to have built tem
ple, and is also rival of Mrs. Tingley.
Coal miners divided aa to policy concerning
wage contracts. Page 5.
Attempts which may succeed being made
to free Harry Thaw. Page 8.
Bchumann-Helnk'l husband tells his woes.
"Captain"' Kunfcel, solicitor for Nazarene
un-t-tw iaiiA nt San Jose. Pace 3.
Butter goes to 47 cents In Chicago; It may
go lo QU criiu. i .
Pacific Coast shipping centers fight higher
rates at Panama. Page 4.
Clinton-Kelly draws soccer match with
Ainaworth. Page 8.
Multnomah Club at "Get Together" dinner
hears report of growth. Page 8.
Fielder Jones applauds Vean Gregg for
holding out. Page S.
Johnson-Klynn Oght may never be staged.
Governor West decides to withhold news of
escape from penitentiary. Page 8.
Oregon State Federation of Labor condemns
practice of workmen carrying around
bedding. Page 7..
Mrs. Haxzard. accused of murder by starva
tion cure, is gay on eve of trial. Page 1.
Eugene, merchants hosts to visiting La
Grande business men. Page 5.
Assistant engineer of steamship company
disappears on voyage to Seattle. Page 4.
People of Oregon must pay $3,063,815 as
tax. Page 6.
Elgin. Or., is gem city in agricultural Eden.
Commercial and Marine.
Only 25 per cent of Northwestern wheat crop
unsold. Page 19.
Chicago wheat market not affected by prob
ability of Imports from Canada. Page 18.
Speculative interest in coalers and tobacco
stocks. Page 19.
Local shippers see possibility of Portland
bein discriminated against in Oriental
flour tariffs. Page 13.
Apple prices soar; stocks diminish. Page 19.
Portland and Vicinity.
Six tentative jurors now accepted in Wilde
case. Page 1
Scottish Rite Masons to hold semi-annual
reunion here beginning tomorrow. Page a.
Construction work in Northern California
and Oregon opening up and labor condl-
tlona are benefited. Page 12.
George T. Cochran, Congressional candidate,
favors change in irrigation laws. Page 9.
Alley cats mingle with "high-browed" tab
bies at annual show. Page 12.
Fish Commission curbs commercial fishing
on Columbia and Willamette. Page 9.
Y. M. C. A. active In 3911. as shown by
president's report. Page 14.
J 8. Groo tears chauffeur from live wire
and saves life. Page 1-
Three Tentative Jurors
Added Fourth Day.
VERBAL CLASH IS FEATURE
Malarkey and Fitzgerald En
gage in Heated Colloquy.
SAL00NMAN CAUSES TILT
State Objects to Barney Ha f fey. Last
of Original Veniremen to Be
Called, on Grounds That He
May Be Biased.
When court Adjourned yesterday,
three additional veniremen, making six
who have been passed for cause, had .
been accepted tentatively by both the'
state and the defense In the Louis J.
Wilde trial. The prospective Jurors
temporarily approved yesterday by both
siies were: CF. Rampe. lineman. 86
Base Line road; Barney Hailey, saloon
man, ii-fa Third street Narth, and 4,ouia.
Haertlein, molder, 869 Mallory avenue.
W. E. Gaines, carpenter; Charles Dahl,
expressman, and LeRoy Hadley, gen
eral manager Baggage & Omnibus
Transfer Company, were challenged for
cause by the defense and excused by
J. TV Lacey. train auditor for the
O.-W. R. & N., was excused by the
court until tomorrow morning on ac
count of illness. The name of James
P. tailing was called yesterday to.,
take the place In the. jury box of one
of the excused veniremen, but Judge
Kavanaugh announced that Mr. Falling
bad been excused until tomorrow. t
Gaebler'a Qualifications Questioned.
When court adjourned yesterday aft-
ernoon, Fred Gaebler. laborer, 660 Har
row street, was being questioned as
to his fitness 'as a juror. The defense
submitted a tentative challenge for
cause against Gaebler, contending that
he was not sufficiently familiar with
the English language to make an effi
cient Juror. The challenge was denied
by counsel for the prosecution and the
further examination of Gaebler will be
taken up at 9:30 o'clock this morning.
Acceptance by the prosecution tem
porarily of Mr. Haffe. a Third-street
saloonman, followed a lively tilt be
tween opposing counsel in which Dep
uty District Attorney Fitzgerald and
Special Prosecutor Clark fought vigor
ously to have Haffey disqualified. Tha
saloonman, who was the last- of the"
original 12 veniremen called to the
jury box, readily qualified as a juror
under the examination conducted by
Mr. Malarkey, of counsel for the de
fense. In the cross-examination by
Mr. Clark, Haffey admitted that he had
been convicted three times under a,
state law In as many years on charges
of selling liquor without a license in
the Minnesota House, a rooming-house
over his saloon, on Sunday.
Fear of Bias Expressed.
Mr. Clark submitted a challenge fot
cause based on the conviction of Haffey .
on a misdemeanor Involving moral
turpitude anB for the further reason
of bias by reason of his own experience
with the present district Attorney,
whose office prosecuted the charges
against the liquor dealer. Either of
these grounds, if sustained, would have
served to disqualify Haffey as a Juror,
It waa argued by counsel for the state
that the fact that Haffey had persisted
in violating the state law and had been
repeatedly convicted in itself consti
tuted satisfactory proof that he was
guilty of moral turpitude.
This challenge was denied with equal
vigorousness by Mr. Malarkey and hii
associates for the defense, who argued
that the commission of any act that
was not in' rently wrong was not to
be construed moral turpitude on tka
part of the offender. In this connec
tion it was maintained that the sale of
liquor on Sunday, even though pro
hibited by state law, was no more
moral turpitude than If the same liquor
was sold on Saturday or Monday. A
brief recess was ' taken and Judge
Kavanaugh and the lawyers looked up
Defense Gains Contention.
Upon reconvening. Judge Kavanaugh
sustained the contentions of the de
fense, ruling that violation of the
liquor law as to the sale of liquor on
Sunday did not constitute moral turpi
tude. As to the charge that Haffey
was biased In the interest of the de
fense, Judgl Kavanaugh held that the
examination of the venireman had not
disclosed anything to indicate the pos
session of the bias that should exclude
Haffey from serving as a juror in the
case. With this decision by the court,
counsel for the state passed Hattey for
cause, but it Is a certainty that' the
prosecution will exhaust one of Its
three peremptory challenges In accom
plishing the retirement of Haffey as a
member of the Jury that will pass on
Wilde's guilt or innocence.
Tust before court adjourned yester
day, Mr. Malarkey and Mr. Fitzgerald
had a lively altercation over one fea
ture of the questioning of prospective
jurors, which has been particularly
prominent 'n the examination of jurors.
Counsel were reprimanded by the court
(Concluded on Page 14.