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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
Taylor Plan Indorsed
LABOH DECLARED TO BENEFIT
Secretary Says Men Will Be
Sharers in Advantages.
ARSENAL COSTS REDUCED
"Unpleasant Exertion" and Ie
ctmm of Pay Alike Obviated.
Experiment May Be lwe
In lion&l Election.
WASHINGTON. Nov. J.'Sctentlflo
bop management received today the
Indorsement of the United Statee Oov
ramist Secretary of War Bttrnson !
convinced of tu desirability and ad
vantages basing bis conviction on a
report made by Brigadier-General
11am M. Crosier, chief of ordnance,
which was mada publlo todmy. Tha See
ratary Is satisfied tbat Ita Introduction
into Government workshops would
work no hardships to labor.
"It means a betterment and In no
wise an Impairment of tha conditions
of labor. ha declared In a statement.
The report baa been awaited by or
ganised labor and the employers of la
bor with much Internet. It Is bettered
generally that the question will be on
for the coming National political cam
paign, and for this reason especially
General Crozlers findings are regarded
as being of unusual import, as are the
comments of Secretary Stimson.
-Areeaal t'aca for Exsvrtmeat.
Tha Secretary, before entering the
Cabinet, was in a position to make a
closa study of the problems Involved
In tha direction of large forces of
worklngtnen. and he felt Justified In
asserting bis unselfish devotion to all
efforts tending to tha betterment of
labor. In making public General
Crosier" report, tha Socretary says:
-As set forth In a detailed statement
which I hare made public today, tha
War Department bas given conslder
aMa attention to tha utilisation of tha
method of scientific management In tha
Tarlous arsenal shops of tha Govern
ment. Tha Watertown arsenal has been
used practically as an experiment sta
tion, with a Tlnw of trying out tha
thoory before applying It generally.
Tha results thus far are highly
gratifying and full of promise. There
has bean an undoubted Increase In tha
efficiency of the workmen at tha shops
and a material reduction In tha cost of
manufacture, but at the same time, and
to my mind even of greater Importance,
these results have) been obtained with
out In anywise endangering their pay
or requiring unpleasant exertion or
speeding up.' On the contrary, any In
crease in tha real efficiency must inure
to tha benefit of the worklngman.
WerktaawMa e He Rewarded.
"To my mind 'scientific management?
can and deserves to prevail only where
Increased efficiency moans Increased
human efficiency, and the working
men's participation In the rewards re
sulting from aff iclency. It seems a
betterment and In nowise an Impair
ment of tba conditions of labor."
In his report Ooneral Croxler de
clares that the ordnance department
baa been experimenting with the "Tay
lor system" of srlecttflo management
for tha past three years, with tha re
sult that mnh Important Information
has been collected, though the prob
lem has cot been solved.
-But It seems certain." says the re
port, "that either by this system or by
soma other It ought to ba possible to
secure better co-operation of tha em
ployes among themselves and between
them and tha management than baa
been In tha past."
Tba report shows that tba principles
of the "Taylor system" ara not new
and that In many of Its details It has
been tried for many years. Tha baala
Idea Is tha application of educated and
scientifically trained Intelligence to
those operations of men which were
formerly considered either as being of
small Importance or as belonging en
tirely to the practice of a trade.
FlasuUasj Roosa Provided.
The manner In which the system wsa
Installed at Watertown Is then de
tailed. A planning room was pro
vided, which was presided over by a
foreman and Insured a continuous now
of work without cessation or loss of
time, as wall as the protection of tha
material In stock. Men were as
signed to keep the tools of other work
lngmen sharpened: laborers or messen
gers fetched and carried for the higher
priced machinists, who were thereby
enabled to devote their whole atten
tion to productive work, and the plant
was kept In thorough oriler by other
men. so that It could be worked at Its
highest efficiency. Experts showed
these aorkmen Just how fast their ma
chines mould run and how deep their
tools would cut. thereby Increasing
Hence it was possible to reduce ma
terially the cost of manufacture. The
labor cost of one set of parts for a
13-Inch raortar carriage was cut from
fSO to $275 and corresponding reduc
tions were made In other work. All this
CCoafnefl 1 a Face 2. J
MORRIS NOW FREE
FOR THREE WEEKS
EMBEZZLER ENJOYS HOTEL
LITE LIKE PRIVATE CTTIZEX.
Bank Wrecker Hero to Inspect
Books Before Wilde's Trial la
Still Engaged at Task.
It win ba three weeks tomorrow
slnoa W. Cooper Morris, convicted
cashier of tha Oregon Trust Pavings
Bank, who was sentenced to serve six
years In tha Oregon Penitentiary, cam
to Portland from tha Salem prison to
Inspect ths books of tha wrecked bank.
The purpose of this Investigation la to
refresh his memory with respeot to tha
testimony ha would offer against Louis
J. Wilde, when Wilde Is tried for tha
alleged embesslement of 190.000 of tha
funds of tha bank. For this offense,
Wilde was Indicted Jointly with Morris.
Upon reaching Portland. Morris, who
was accompanied by Prank H. Curtis.
Warden of the Penitentiary, went to
the Carlton Hotel, where ba has been
living and enjoying all tha comforts of
a modern hostelry. Warden Curtis soon
returned to Salem and Morris was left
In charge of District Attorney Cam
eron. District Attorney Cameron says Mor
rL will have an Interesting statement
to make when be completes his Investi
gation In a few days.
TUBER WEIGHS58 OUNCES
Jfcllda Fanner-Experimenter Oe-ta
500 Sacks From Two Acre.
VANCOUVER. Waalw Not. X. (Spe
cial.) A Burbank potato weighing S
pounds 10 ounces, grown by H. P.
Hanson, of Fellda. was brought to
Vancouver today. On two acres ha
raised COO sacks, or 150 sacks an
For the past few years Mr. Han
son has been experimenting In tha sci
ence of raising potatoes, and each year
picked out tha largest potatoes for
so! planting them, and then taking
the largest of that crop for the next
season's seed. In this way be has
managed to grow exceptionally large
potatoes, which are as good In Quality
as they ara large. Favorable rains
ware of much benefit to tha potato
crop this year.
REVIVAL STYLE CHANGES
"IVenaturrd'- Variety Steady Thins
Without Old-Fashioned Emotion.
CHICAQO. Nov. I. "Denatured re
vivals" are the means by which pro
moters of the men and religion for
ward movement hope to make Chicago
tha bub of a social and religious
storm center In the Middle West. It
was made known today following the
first meeting here of the campaign
By "denatured revivals" tha relig
ious campaigners explained that It was
their purpose to decry the old-fash
ioned revival, "and Its attendant emo
tions and religious fervor and substi
tute therefor a steady, uniform, nat
ural growth In religious Interest."
Business men. they announced, were
to ba their means of reaching others.
OWL SERVICE ADVOCATED
East Side Business Sfen Indorse All
Night Car Plan.
A resolution was adopted last night
at the meeting of the East Side busi
ness Men's Club favoring owl car
Tha auditorium subject was also dis
cussed. C B. Merrick. Postmaster, who
was asked to give his views, spoke for
a West Elds location.
"If I bad the authority to do so. I
should build the 'auditorium at Nine
teenth and Washington streets," said
he. "That Is the place selected by Mr.
Bennett, who prepared the plans for
tha "City Beautiful.' and I believe It la
Ideal for that purpose."
Mr. Merrick's views were contro
verted by M. O. Collins. C A. Blgelow
BLACKBERRY MINUS THORN
Burbank Produces Smooth Vino,
- After Working Ten Tears.
SANTA ROSA. CX. Nor. t (Spe
cial.) Lcther Burbank has developed
a blackberry that Is minus the thorns.
Burbank has been at work for 10 yean
on this plant and as a result he has
secured a bush which has branches as
smooth and free from thorns as a
Several eem!-thorn!ea blackberries
have been brought out by other ex
perimenters, but this Burbank berry Is
said to be the first that Is really free
from thorns. The plant wlxard has
many specimens of the new plant
growing in his biff garden here.
OCTOBER IS DRY MONTH
Rainfall In Portland of .90 of Inch
I Nearly S Inches Short.
The meteorological summary of
Portland for October, as prepared by
Edward A. Beals, District Forecaster,
shows that the precipitation was 0.M
of an Inch, which Is nearly three
Inches leas than normal. The high
est temperature was 7S on October 7.
And the lowest 3 on October 29. Tha
mean temperature for the month was
Tha prevailing direction of the wind
was northwest, there being six dear.
11 partly cloudy and 1 cloudy day a.
POHTLAXD. OREGON. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1911. PRICE FIVE CENTS.
5 OF GIRL HIS
TO REST TOGETHER
Same Grave to Shelter
ALL BUT 2 MERE CHILDREN
Of Eight Killed In Powder Dis
aster, Six Are In 'Teens.
COMPANY IS EXONERATED
Coroner's Jury, After Thorough In
vestigation, Finds That Every
Precaution Was Taken Girls
Die Saving- Their Wraps.
CHEHALIS. Wash, Nov. f. (Spe
cial The Coroner's Jury investiga
ting yesterday's lira In the plant of the
Imperial Powder Company, In which
eight young women wera burned to
death, returned a verdict tonight de
claring that tha disaster was an acci
dent, and exonerating ths oompany.
Tha verdict reads:
"We, the Jury Impaneled to inquire
Into tha death of the following-named
persons: Vera Mulford. Eadle WestfalL
Eva Ollmore, Ethel Tbarp. TlUla Rose
bach. Mrs. Ethel Henry. Bertha Hagla
and Bertha Crown, find that they came
to their death by Are In the packing
room of the Imperial Powder Company.
November 1. 1911. We also find that
the fire was purely accidental and tha
Jury holds tha company free from any
lUUre Not Violated.
Many witnesses. Including employes
of tha plant, wera examined. C E.
Byford. of Portland. Federal Powder
Inspector, testified that be had twice
examined tha factory and had found
tha company complying with the rules
for eafeguadlng employea
O. C Israel, secretary and treasurer
: ! the company, described ths plant
and explained the rules for employes.
Victor L. Bedler, superintendent, tes
tified that there was no Are anywhere
In tha plant prior to the accident ex
cept In the furnace-room, which was
isolated from tha other building.
It was brought out that there was
but little paraffins In the steam-heated
pot which was at first reported to have
boiled over and caused the powder flare
which killed the girls.
Rubber Heels Required.
That employes were required to wear
shoes with rubber heels and soles, that
matches and smoking especially were
barred, that women were supplied with
an outer garment covering their bod
ies completely to prevent powder dust
from gathering on their clothes, further
fConcludod on Pave 2.
SEVEN GIRLS WHO
ABOVE. BERTHA HAGI.E. BERTHA CROWN. TII.I.1E KO'rBtrH. CF.STER , SADIE ITESTFAIJ. BEMW, TEBA
Mt LKOKJ3, EVA GILMORJE ETHE L THABP.
INDEX TO TODAY'S NEWS
TESTER DAY'S Maximum temperature 03
degrees; minimum, .48 degreea,
TOD AT 8 Fair; easterly wind
Excesses by Chinee troop block P
movement. Pare 0. ;
Taft re-rlews great fleet In teeth of 1.
Secretary of War finds Government profit
and labor does not lose by eclentlflc man
agement. Page 1.
Daughter of Jnllue Kruttschnltt Is married
to English traveler. Page L
viator Rodgers. stranded on Arlsona desert,
telegraphs for special tram to bring bins
gasoline. Page 1.
Widow suspected of ending lives of nine per
sons taken suddenly very 11- Pg
Temperance Union worker etarts an tl -cigarette
crusade In Milwaukee. Page 4.
Roosevelt says present ware show folly of
peace tree ties on vital questions. Page 3.
Xyrl Bellew. famous sctor, dies of pneu
monia at Salt Lsvke. Page S.
Oaln of ons made la selection of McNanxarm
Jurors. Pags 0.
Government investigating a negation of big
corner In wheat. Page 10.
Multnomah Club after "Bill- Hayward, fa
mous track trainer, to act as atbletlo di
rector. Page 8.
Injury keeps Captain Coylo out of big ft-m
tomorrow. Page 8.
Capacity of new baseball plant for McCrs
dles to be 14.000. Page 9.
Flvi of girl vlctlme of Chehalis powder dis
aster to rest In same grave; company
held blameless. Page 1
Bend crowds greet demonstration train,
Depositors In Philomath bank are assured
by examiner. Page 7.
Commercial and Marina.
Export buying revives drooping hop mar
ket. Page 23.
Active demand for cattle and sheep at
stockyards. Page 22.
Wheat prices break twice In session of Chi
cago Dlt- Page 23.
All Industrial stocks strong on New Tork
market. Page 3.
Noxious odors In city of late caused by low
water In Willamette uncovering sewer
outlets. Page 22.
Portland and Vicinity.
W. Cooper Morris, embezzler, now free In
Portland for three weeks inspecting books.
Burt Hicks, employing machinist, kills W.
A. Wort man, striker, in East Side store.
Boy 8 years old gives savings to help nedy
family. Pag 11.
Eaat Side charter committee acts on primary
election amendments. Page 11.
Rev. Cbauncey O. Hosford, 91. Portland's
first clergyman. Is dead. Page 14.
Circuit Judge McGinn condemns system that
permits Judges to pass days In Idleness
while docket Is congested. Page 14.
Oregon Democrati scan political field for
likely candidates. Psge 15.
D. W. Campbell, new general superintendent
of Southern Psclflo In Oregon and Cali
fornia, takes charge. Page 16.
Child welfare exhibit at Armory teaches
care of children from cradle up. Page IS.
HORSES DEMAND RIGHTS
Shorter Hours and Limit on Loads
Proposed In Salt Lake.
SALT LAKE CITY; Nov. 2. Repre
sented by friends and attorneys, the
Associated Draught Horses of .Salt
Lake City are agitating for shorter
hours, lighter loads and Improvement
of stable conditions.
The demands Insist that a limit of
two tons to the team be placed on all
loads hauled beyond the paved dlstrlot.
with three tons on the paved streets.
The demands have been placed before
the employers, with the warning; that
If they are refused the horses are pre
pared to force the granting of their
demands by the passage of a city ordi
nance. Tha employers unofficially have an
swered that any reduction of loads
must mean an lncreaae In cost to the
LOST THEIR LIVES IN CHEHALIS
WARSHIPS Ifl GALE
HI OUT TO SEA
Taft Witnesses Note
WIND KOWLS ACCOMPANIMENT
President Deduces Need of
Cruisers and Destroyers.
99 VESSELS ARE IN LINE
Greatest Fleet Ever Assembled In
. Nation's History Reviewed Amid
Booming; of Guns Ebblnfc
XI do Is Overcome.
NEW YORK. Nov. 2. Fresh from his
cross-oountry trip, on which he re
ceived several pledges which seem to
Indicate the early ratification of the
arbitration treaties with Great Britain
and France. President Taft from the
wind-swept bridge of the historlo lit
tle cruiser-yacht Mayflower ravlewed
today the mightiest line of fighting
craft ever assembled under the Ameri
The President had Indicated In all
hU speeches In advocacy of the treaties
of peace that he entertained no fond
delusion that war, by convention, could
be made Immediately a thing of the
He declared that the treaties were a
step In the right direction; that the
armed camps of Europe were looking
to the United States to lead In what
might prove to be a great world move
ment toward the goal of peace, but
that for a long time to come the sug
gestion of disarmament would have no
Dreadnana-bts Still Needed.
Mr. Taft today let It be known that
he would continue to urge upon Con
gress the necessity of building at least
two super-dreadnoughts a year until
the Panama Canal Is In actual opera
tion. The canal, he declared, would
double the efficiency of the Navy and
from that time on one battleship a
year might suffice to keep the Ameri
can Navy In the forefront of the world.
Thousands Joined with the President
In paying tribute to tha five-score ves
sels which lay at anchor In the Hud
son. Twenty-four first-class battleships
were In the line. Surrounding this
column were armored cruisers yielding
little In power and weight to their
formidable sisters of the battleship
class; scout cruisers, meteor-like de
stroyers, little torpedo boats, subma
rines, and the rank and rue or auxll
( Concluded on Pace 18-)
POWDER MILL FIRE.
DAUGHTER OF RAIL
WIZARD IS BRIDE
REBECCA KRXTTTS CHXITT MAR
RIED TO EXGLISHMAX.
Ceremony Held in Romantic Xen
Orleans Mansion Where Girl's
Parents Were Wedded.
NEW ORLEANS. Nov. S. (Special.)
Miss Rebecca Kruttschnltt, daughter of
Julius Kruttschnltt, vice-president and
general manager of the H&rrlman lines,
tonight became the bride of Henry Clif
ford Woodhouse, an English traveler
and soldier. The ceremony took place
at tha home of the bride's uncle and
aunt. Mr. and Mra Joseph P. Blair.
After their honeymoon In the Ori
ent, they will rtturn to the pacific slope
to make their home on the borderland
between Oregon and California. Mr.
Woodhouse having recently bought a
splendidly-wooded ranch In tha Klam
ath district. The bridegroom has Just
returned from a trip to Honolulu.
The bride Is well known in Paclfio
Coast society, having lived there with
her parents several years ago. Since
the family moved to .Chicago, she has
frequently visited In the West.
The ceremony took place In the same
drawing-room where the bride's father
and mother were married and the petite
bride wore the veil her mother wore on
a similar occasion.
The old Blair mansion Is redolent of
romance and the romantic history of
New Orleans under the old Creole reg
ime. In its wide halls and stored In Its
plethorlo attics are historical rellca and
family heirlooms of great Interest and
real and Intrinsic value, and It formed
an Ideal setting for the ceremony.
SHIP FIRM TO REORGANIZE
Eastern Capital of 91,000,000 to Be
Converted to Moran Oompany.
SEATTLE, Wash, Nov. 2. The re
organization of the Moran Company,
shipbuilders, with an addition of
$1,000,000 of Eastern money to the
capital and the enlargement of the
shipyards here Is contemplated In a
friendly suit begun by Bertram, Gris
oom & Jenks, of New York, to fore
close for the payment of a (500,000
mortgage, secured by first mortgage
bonds, held by the New Tork firm.
The additional capital put Into the
shipbuilding oompany Is available In
the hands of Bertram. Griscom &
Jenks, who. In addition to being the
largest bondholders of the Moran
Company, are Its heaviest stockhold
ers. Between $400,000 and $509:000 of
the new capital will be used to build a
new drydock, capable of taking any
ship that comes to Fuget Sound, and
$250,000 will be used to Install. It Is
expected that tha new drydock and
machine shop will be completed this
Mr. Bogle said that the refinancing
and reorganisation of the plant would
In no manner affect the existing con
tracts held by the Moran Company.
$25,000 OF LOOT IS FOUND
Gold and Notes of Canadian Bank
Uncovered by Workmen.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, Nov. 2.
Twenty-five thousand dollars In gold
and bank notes, part of the loot stolen
from the local branch of the Bank of
Montreal September 15, was found to
day under a sidewalk a few blocks
from the scene of the robbery by work
men, who ware tearing up the wooden
When the bank was robbed $335,000
in gold and Canadian notes was stolen.
The money found today la the first of
the loot recovered. None ,of the bank
robbers has been captured.
The loot was found at Fourth and
Victoria streets, one block from a
garage, where the robbers unsuccess
fully attempted to steal an automobile
on the night of the bank robbery. A
board had been removed from the slde
walk, the money placed underneath and
the sidewalk relald.
WET FEET NOT GOOD CLAIM
State Industrial Insurance Oommis
Bion Foils to Pay.
SEATTLE, Nov. 2. Getting one's feet
wet Is not such an accident as to qual
ify the heirs of a person who dies of
the effect of such a mishap to claim a
benent under the workman's compen
sation act, which recently went Into
effect In this state.
This Is the ruling of the State In
dustrial Insurance Commission on the
claim of Mra C F. Moore, whose hus
band, employed by the city on a sprink
ling wagon, died October 9 of pneu
monia contracted from wet feet ac
quired In the line of his duty 10 days
before. Mra Moore filed a claim with
the state for a death benefit of $4000,
but yesterday the claim was rejected.
SCHOOLS MUST FLY FLAG
Clark County Superintendent Issues
Order to This Effect.
VANCOUVER. Wash.. Nov. i. (Spe
cial.) Every schoolhouse In Clark
County will fly "Old Glory" from this
time forth, according to an edict of Jay
V. Fike, County Superintendent of
Echools, who has returned from a visit
to several districts where the flag has
not been raised.
There Is a law requiring that the
Stars and Stripes be flown from each
school building, and Mr. Fike will see
that the rule la obeyed, he says. A
number of schoolhouses do not possess
flags, so for these new ones will be
Oil GREAT DESERT
Special Train Rushes
Gasoline to Spot.
AVIATOR CHAFES AT DELAY
Birdman Is Eager to. Cross
Wastes and See Pacific.
LONELY SIDING IS BUNK.
Lack of Oil Prevents Record-Seeker
From Reaching Yuma Tele
graph Operator Is Only
Aid In Wilderness.
YUMA, Arts, Nov. 2. Aviator Cal P.
Rodgers had " his first bitter experi
ence with the Arizona wastes today,
though he has been flying over them
for the past two days.
Flying at an altitude of more than
8000 feet, Rodgers was compelled to
land at Stoval siding, 0 miles east of
Yuma, late today because his supply
of gasoline was exhausted.
Stoval siding Is not a populous vil
lage, consisting merely of the station
house and many sand dunea There
Is a telegraph operator there, though,
and this Is what saved Rodgers from
a muoh more unpleasant experience.
Train Arrives Too Late.
As soon as he landed Rodgers
rushed to the station and telegraphed
to Yuma for a special train to bring
him a supply of gasoline. This was
done, but the train arrived too late
for him to resume his flight today,
and, accordingly, he Is bunking In the
station-house at Stoval siding tonight.
He will resume his westward flight
early tomorrow with Yuma as his first
Rodgers' 111 luck today was probably
his own fault. His gasoline tank will
carry a supply sufficient to feed his
engines on a flight of about 200 miles;--but
Rodgers tried to do more than 200
Stay at Fhoenlz Short.
Leaving Maricopa at an early hour,
he started for Phoenix, going first
over Tempt This was a distance of
33 miles. He arrived at Phoenix at
10:83 o'clock and after a flight around
the city and a short landing at the
state fair grounds, resumed his Jour
ney, announcing he would "make Yuma
before night." Yuma, however, was
more than 200 miles away.
Not wishing to retrace his steps, so
to speak, Rodgers flew directly over
the mountains, rising to an altitude
of about 3500 feet, in order to make
the passage, instead of going back to
Tempe and following the easier route,
down the Southern Pacific tracks.
His start from Phoenix was a beau
tiful one, and his speed was terrific.
Rods-era Files High. I
This was the last heard of him, as
he probably flew too high to be seen
from any of the numerous small water
ing stations on the desert, until word
came to Yuma that he had landed at
The special train sent from hers
with a supply of gasoline arrived at
Stoval siding so late that as night
was fast falling, Rodgers decided to
make the best of the situation and
await the morrow.
Counting his trip from Maricopa to
Phoenix and over the mountains to
Stoval. Rodgers covered about 22S
It was learned tonight that Rodgers
had landed on the desert near Stoval
Siding at 2:10 P. M. It was 4:10 be
fore the special train arrived with
gasoline, and it was taken too late for
Rodgers to resume his flight today.
Rodgers is now 817 miles from Los
Angeles, the finishing point of his long
transcontinental flight. If no mishap
occurs, he should arrive on the Paclflt
Coast early Saturday morning.
FOWLER BUCKS STIFF WINDS
Eastbonnd Aviator Lustily Cheered
at Benson, Arizona.
BENSON, Aria, Nov. 2. Robert O.
Fowler, who Is eastward bound on his
transcontinental aeroplane flight, ar
rived in Benson late today, made - a
beautiful landing and will remain here
until tomorrow morning.
Fowler's t-lD today, however, was not
without its dlfflcuities. Leaving Tuc
son at 2:15 P. M., after having been
held there four days, effecting repairs
to his machine, he immediately bucked
Into a strong headwind, which contin
ued throughout his flight of two hours
and five minutes.
After alighting here at 4:20 o'clock.
Fowler said he was tired.
"It was a hard pull," he said. "I hit
the headwind Just as soon as I left Tuc
son and It kept up until I landed here.
I shall rest tonight and start eastward
again in the morning."
A great crowd, apprised of Fowler's
coming, was gathered at the open field
where the landing was made and
cheered the aviator lustily.
Irrigation Contract Awarded.
OREGONIAN NEW8 BUREAU, Wash
ington, Nov. 2. The Secretary of In
terior has awarded the contract to
Mathleson & Webber, of Suunyslde,
Wash., for the enlargement of struc
tures for the Snipes Mountain lateral
of the Sunnyslde irrigation project at
the contract price of 18,100.