Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 20, 1911, Page 10, Image 10

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    TITE MORXTXO' OREGOXIAN, FRIDAY. OCTOBER 20, 1911.
rOBTLASD. OKECOX.
Knttrxl at Portland. Oregon. Poetornce ae
f-oBd-c;aa Matter.
puUcrtpuuA hAtci Invariably la Advance.
IBI MAIL)
Pally, "unday lnr:udd. one year
Xai;y. Sunday Induced, els months..
laily, Sunday Included, three month. I
lrliy. Sunday Included, om monto...., -7?
&ai.y. a-tthoul Buntlav. one year.
la:'.y. aiihout Sunday, sis nwntha
t-a-lw vlihdul fc.in.tAW ihffi monlbS. . 5
W k r " ....... 1 -0
Sunday, ona )ar a a
lii&daf and Weekly, ana Ter. ...... a
(BT CARRIER.)
FalTy. Sunday Included, ona year
Haw to Remit Band Poetofflce money
T"d-r. ei prvM order or perennal
chark o
our local bank. stampa. coin or currency
ara at tna eender-e nea. ilve pneiofnee
eddree la full, incladiag county and elate.
v- - -. - - - - in aa naeea. 1 cent: '
a 21 r.a , nlm- ad Id 4U DlfH COta;
40 to aj page. 4 cent, foreign poatafo
oua:a rata.
Eaatera Boelaaaa Offloe Varra Cena
lln .N-w Tor. Urunawlc building. CIU
Mfa. Sieger bulldlna.
Earaeeaa Of Oca .So. I Regent street, fa.
W. LvodM.
rORTUND. FRlOtT. OCTOBER e. 1U.
BCMXESoV
The tide of business la tnmlnr. It
hu been ebbing, then resting-, but
row It Is beginning to rise. The rate
at which It rises mar uid probably
will be checked by political uncertain
ty during the next year. but. that
check once removed, the rise will
be accelerated In proportion to the
artificial check It has experienced.
In the first place, money Is becom
ing more abundant. After several
years of heavy borrowing- from Eu
rope, the United States has been preparing-
for two years to liquidate. We
have done so largely by heavy sales of
ccurttl- and merchandise abroad.
So well have we done this that our
money market has become over-supplied
and we are able to lend money
to Europe Just when Europe's demand
for money has become acute. This
demand has been due to the war
scare, which drove Europe to borrow
over 1150.000,000 from the United
States. More than half of this went
to Berlin and the rest to London and
Tarts, where banks had found their
gold supply depleted by hoarding
among- the country people. Europe
is now offering 1 per cent more In
terest than Wall street on 90-day
loans.
The foreign money market Is grad
ually getting buck to a sound bnsls as
the war scare subsides and a return
flow of gold to the United States to
repay loans may be expected. Al
ready a strong demand for first-class
American bonds has sprung- up In
London, which will Increase the flow
of money westward.
New York's, ability to lend money
to Europe has been Increased by the
growing financial Independence of the
West. There has been a much lighter
demand fr currency to move crops
than In former years, partly due to
the good supply of cash now held by
Western banks and partly to the
.-,- r1iim an1 Imnrovrd
methods of farmers, who resort more
to the use of checks and thus reduce
the' demand for cash. The farmers'
financial Independence Is evidenced
by the fact that half of the Kansas
tthfal crop Is unsold and that many
farmers are building elevators on
their f.trms and are able to hold
wheat for II.
Manufacturing Is on the up-grade,
and. though purchases are limited
generally to Immediate needs, the
prosperity of airriculture the basic
Industry Insures a good volume of
business as soon as political uncer
tainty Is removed. The demand for
steel has been stimulated by a range
of prices lower than has prevailed
sincce the trust was organized. Un
filled orders at the end of September
proved to be much larger than antici
pated and were 453.000 tons more
than on the same date In 1910. The
sudden decline In the price of cotton
due to a record crop has revived ac
tivity In the cotton mills of the South
and the manufacturers of New Eng
land are buying heavily In prepara
tion for full operation.
The loudest complaints have been
coming from the railroads, but they
seem to have slight cause. While
their earnings continue to show a
decrease In comparison with 110, ex
cept In the South, where there has
been a slight increase. It must be re
membered that. 1910 was a record
year. Hence there Is no ground for
pessimism. The Increased traffic has
been particularly marked In Texas
and Oklahoma, owing- to large pur
chases of merchandise.
A general survey of the business
situation finds money abundant, agri
culture prosperous, a disposition to
buy growing both at home and
abroad. Actual buying Is limited
generally to the needs of the day; not
because people lack money to buy
more, but because they doubt whether
changed conditions within a year or
so may not affect the price they must
pay. If those changed conditions
come, cause for delay will no longer
exist: if they should not come, the
need to buy will become so urgent as
to forbid further waiting. Business
Is healthy and Is Just getting ready to
use Its rested energies in a new.perlod
of activity.
There Is no fear of a panic except
among those who have cause to feel
the terrors of the law. The trusts
had somewhat damaged the health of
business with their, quack nostrums
which they dignified with such sonor
ous names as "modern business meth
ods. but the good doctors Taft and
Wlrkersham have thrown away their
medicine and put the patient on
healthy diet. They cry "Quack" as
the thief cries S:op. thief." but the
people know a quack In business as
well as they know one In medicine or
politics. The panic Is confined to the
trusts and their echoes. When a
farmer finds his orchard is being
raided and seeks the marauders, the
guilty boy who has Just thrown away
the core of a stolen apple Is the one
who feels the tremors of panic. The
Innocent only smile at the thought of
the chastisement which awaits the
guilty. Thus honest business can hear
with equanimity the outcrtee of guilty
business.
"Kaffir com. having come to the
help of ranchers In Butler County,
Kansas, agalrmt the drouth that
went to the very root of things In that
taction last Summer. Is having a car
nival this week. Ordinarily among
the least regarded of the royal family
of King Corn. It Is deemed worthy of
special honor this year In that It saved
alive the stock of the greatest rattle
and hog county In the Sunf'.ower
State. Kaffir corn is almost exclu
sively a feeding crop and Is a dry soil
plant. The corn crop of Butler Coun
ty was cut down by the drouth last
Summer and an Immense area was
promptly seeded to Kaffir corn, which
late rains caused to grow luxuriantly,
yielding an abundance of forage for
the threatened flocks and herds. The
combined area of Kaffir corn, sorghum
and mllo maize all dry-aoll crops
In Kansas this year Is close to 2.000,
000 acres. The yield of these fodder
crops Is enormous, which means that,
notwithstanding the widespread and
scorching drouth of last Summer.
Kansas hogs, cattle and sheep will be
In full supply at the great packing
houses of Kansas City and Chicago
this season, as usual. Hence the But
ler County carnival now In progress
as a testimonial to. the saving grace
of this great fodder corn and to the
value of the United States Department
of Agriculture through the kind of
fices of which Kaffir corn was Intro
duced In Kansas.
POCIKTT AND BOAP.
Tour real single-taxer will tell you
frankly that his ultimate purpose Is to
do away with private ownership in
land and vest It in the state, "here
It belongs and where It has be
longed since society began to expel
barbarism -so he thinks, or pretends
to think. There Is a lot of gabble
about the "unearned Increment."
"Increased values belong." we hear,
"to the population that created
them." Contlscation of lands to there
fore the real purpose and remedy of
the single tax.
But does society or the state Insist,
or ought It to Insist, that the Individ
ual shall forfeit to the state every
thing all values, all treasure, all
savings, all products, all the blessings
and benefits of opportunity, fortune
or his own Initiative except such as
v- .,.,... hv hia own labor? If so.
what becomes of the great Feb) for
tune, made out of soap?
Soap is a product and a need of civ
ilization. Society, and society alone,
creates the demand for soap. Popu
lation gives Fels his opportunity to sell
his soap. Let every man have what
he alone can take or get. and let him
be denied everything- that may be had
through his opportunities, created by
other people, and we quickly return to
primitive conditions, where there Is
no soap, no culture, no education, no
invention, no progress, no anything
worth having.
No society, no soap; no soap, no Fels
fund; no Fels fund, no single tax.
WHAT" THE ISE. AJOTVATf
The organization of a. Taft cam
n.im nmmlttee. in Portland has
" -
started a great fluttering; among the
Democratic papers of the state
. . . .it ik.mulvM "InnVnend-
laiseiy i a 1 1 . i-a m - - -
tai" which are anU-Taft to the last
noisy unit.
"What's the use of a commltee at
this time, anyway?" demands the
PnrtlmiH Journal. N'o use to the
Democratic opposition. Indeed.
"Why should the Republican lead
ers try to head Oregon Into the
Taft column? . . . Oregon Republi
cans are of the progressive wing of
be party, and lr tney are iru i
heir past convictions they will give
.- Ik T jl Follette. not
Liirn puij"'i . .
Taft," says the Pendleton East Orego-
nlan. which never did and never win
.mnnrt Riintit itcin nominee for any
political office ai.d would Just as read
ily oppose Ij Kollette If he were to get
the Republican nomination, and sup
port his Democratic opponent, who
ever he may be.
The Portland paper and the ren
umn nnnar too easllv give them
selves away. They are not Interested
In harmonizing the Republican party.
They fear nothing- so much as unity
and co-operation ana a oencr """"
standing among Republicans. They
leslre nothing so mucn as to joidbbi
discord. misunderstanding-, conflict
nd disorganization. They are ror La
''ollette because he is the chief dla
,kin fnwa in f Vi a Rennbllcan nartT.
Therefore they speak well of him
before election. They would commend
Beelzebub himself for tne nomination
It would serve their purpose.
bllcans of
ar. Ilnail tin for Mr. Taft. SO
are the so-called 'Tegulars." In Mr.
Taft all see an opportunity for reor
ganisation and rcnaniuiauon or ino
party on lines mutually acceptable
f the oartv and its
candidate In November, 191J. Mr.
Bourne and his group are me soie
exceptions. But Is Mr. Bourne a
Republican?
A9 TO -MOrXT TACOXA."
Mr. Henry P. Flnck, formerly arell
known in this city and whose boy
hood was passed in Aurora, a German
colony that In the past contributed
many good men to our cltlsenry, has
a letter In the New Tork Times which
as a contribution to the Tacoma
Ralnler controversy may be of some
interest hereabouts. After chiding- the
people of Tacoma for Including In
President Taffs entertainment In that
city an automobile tour "up the gla
ciers of Mount Tacoma" as unneces
sarily and even recklessly exposing
the life of the Chief Magistrate of the
Nation to great danger. Mr. Flnck
contributes his mite In favor of
"Mount Tacoma," and euphony, as
against the United States Geological
Survey and "Mount Rainier." -
Attempting In the name of patriot
Ism as well as euphony to turn popu
lar favor to the Indian name of that
"glorious snow peak." Mr. Flnck cites
Professor Meanys "History of Puget
Sound." as follows:
Vanroorar. arbaa ha aaw tna (lotiotia
snoarpaak. promptly namrd It aftar Ills
friend llalnkr. a maa whoaa sola claim to
htatnrks tnantlon Is that ha was a Brltlah
naral officer who fooaht ta pravettt tha
Amarlraa paopla from aactirlng tbalr inda
pndnra. and fought ao hart that be was
advancad to poat rank.
Continuing. Mr. Flnck passes the
following eulogy upon the mountain
that has stood serenely. Its head In
the clouds, while all this controversy
about its name has gone on below:
Mount Taome baa Sa.foe acraa of lea
and anow on Ita alopa; with Ha foothills It
roTiri two aquara mllee. or twlra tha arte
of tba whole stata of Khode laland; from
aa laval It raara Ita haad Into tha clouds
thraa mllaa abova. and thonah fifty mllaa
from Tar-oma. alaly from firattla. ao bnaa la
It that It earn ta to be only taa mllaa sway,
and domlaatca all tba landacapa.
To have such a mountain named
after one, continues Mr. Flnck. is
surely an honor most stupendous.
And he again Insists that It is absurd
to bestow this honor on a man who
fought against American Independ
ence. He calls upon 'the Board of
Geographic Names to reverse its de
cision in these premises and rename
the mountain by the name by which
Is was known to the Puyallups. Nls
quallles. Ynkimas and KUckltats
"Tacoma" (or Takhoma).
Notwithstanding this plea, which
has followed many others equally elo
quent and Importunate, it Is probable
that the power addressed, being a,
proeaio, present-day body that has a
way of settling such matters perma
nently, and perhaps dogmatically, will
ignore the matter and go on with the
unfinished business that constantly
confronts it, and that Mount Rainier
will remain Mount Rainier to the end
of the chapter, regardless of the tory
affiliations of the, .man for whom It
was named and of the nomenclature
of the vanished red men of a departed
century.
BRKAD OX THE WATERS.
The bread which Motorman Knapp
cast upon the waters he has found
after many days. And, behold. It is no
longer a single loaf, but enough to
feed a city. Gratitude has been de
fined by the cynics as the lively expec
tation of future favors, but now and
then evidence comes to light that it is
the lively memory of favors past. Mr.
Knapp took up Thomas Lynch by the
wayside many years ago. brought him
to his own house and bound up his
wounds. The Bible does not tell us
what the subsequent relations were
between 'the good Samaritan and the
man he befriended, but Knapp and
Lynch have supplied the missing- links
in that precious parable.
Lynch went away to Alaska when he
was healed, and Knapp never expected
to hear of him again. He no doubt
believed that his good deed was ac
credited to his account on the books
of heaven, but on earth he looked for
no reward. "If ye look for a reward
for your good deeds, what do ye more
than the Pharisees?" Knapp did a
good deal more than the Pharisees be
cause he forgot all about the affair.
Sometimes the beauty of life ex
ceeds the beauty of romance. Some
times men do things which at one
stroke confute all the saws of the
cynics and prove that love Is the
primal force io the universe. What
was Lynch thinking about all those
weary years of his gold digging in
Alaska? What comforted his soul by
his cabin fire and lightened the hours
of his dally toll? He was thinking of
the good deed Knapp had done for
him. He' was remembering how he
lay sick in the woods and Knapp took
him home and nursed him back to
health. And he was praying day af
ter day that he might have strength
to return It all with Interest. He did
not forget. The hope of recompensing
his benefactor was the star of his lone.
ly life. It gave meaning to all he did
and glorified the sordid circumstances
of his task. And when he came to die
he had the Joy of knowing that he
had won. He had fought the fight, he
had finished the course, he had kept
the faith, the beautiful, victorious
faith of love.
CASTS G FOR THE BODY.
' The discovery that the seeds of the
Virginia creeper contain a deadly poi
son will cause anxiety in many
households. The beautiful vine Is an
old favorite which bas been planted
everywhere without a thought of dan
ger, and hundreds of children are lia
ble to be poisoned by the seeds. Many
of them must have fallen on the
ground, and no matter how carefully
they are gathered up, some will cer
tainly remain to be found and perhaps
eaten by children at play. The dis
covery of the poisonous nature of the
seeds Is announced on unquestionable
scientific authority and cannot be
doubted, but It Is strange that nothing
of the kind has ever been suspected
before.
Virginia creepers have been grow
ing upon many houses In ail parts of
the country for generations. Birds
and children must have swallowed the
seeds frequently, and yet no death
seems to have been reported before
the unfortunate case of Dr. A. w.
Smith's child. Perhaps many persons
have perished from this cause without
a suspicion of it arising In anybody's
mind. We are prone to accept gen
eral and easy explanations of chil
dren's maladies. Investigation of un
usual symptoms is always Irksome and
often expansive. The friends of the
little victim of the Virginia creeper
have done a public service by bring
ing the fatal cause so clearly to light
that no doubt of It Is possible.
The disquieting thought arises in
this connection that perhaps other un
suspected poisons snay lurk In Innocent-seeming
berries. If they do they
are not likely to be detected until
somebody has perished by eating of
them. The worst foes of the. human
race are not Hons and rattlesnakes,
but the little creatures which are bred
and nourished around dwellings.
Mosquitoes kill more people than
tigers do. The housefly can call a
longer roll of victims than any Tamer
lane or Attlla. The germs of tuber
culosis are more fatal than earth
quakes. Ail this Is terrifying from
one point of view, but from another it
Is consoling. Since our worst enemies
thrive by our own negligence, we can
conquer them by intelligent industry.
Mosquitoes can be extirpated. The
housefly disappears with the filth in
which It breeds. The germs of diph
theria and typhoid cannot survive In
hygienic surroundings. To have a
healthy world the prime requisite Is to
have a clean one. .
But while cleanliness is the prime
requisite .for good health. It Is not the
only one, for the condition of the mind
and body depends upon exercise and
food. A man may bathe a dozen
times a day, but It will do him no good
if he Is too lazy to stretch his muscles
and too greedy to eat temperately.
High society has set the rest of us a
good example of late years by spend
ing a great deal of time In the open
air. The time Is not very well spent
because our millionaire exemplars ride
in automobiles when they ought to be
walking or pounding along on a hard
trotting horse. But even to loll In an
automobile Is better than lolling in a
stuffy drawing-room. Fresh air arid
sunshine are not denied even to the
slaves of the gasoline engine, such Is
the undeserved munificence of heaven.
Moreover, fashion has mercifully laid
down the law now that no woman
shall be fat, and In order to obey the
elegant world has taken to walking.
At least an hour a day on the trail Is
madame's stunt If she wishes to avoid
that rotundity which will betray the
Innate plebelanlsm of her aoul. Slim
ness Is Incompatible with sloth.
It Is also incompatible with greed.
Madame has discovered to her Joy
that she can have the rose and lily on
her cheek without painting them If
she will stop pandering too grossly to
her palate. The old rule of society
was to dance, stuff your stomach with
rich food and swill champagne all
through the fashionable season, and
spend the vacation at a water cure to
get rid of the consequences. The new
and better rule Is to keep In good
health ail the time by practicing de
cent moderation. Long walks, occa
sional fasts and no liquor are now the
ml. A h1atla nnllll rtOM frtrmUi
I U 7- UBv.aw n
lated the new social code in this way:
Barin today.
Make your naxt mani a lixht one and
drink nothing- at all with It.
Taka a glua of hot mater ona hour before
luncheon and dlnnar. Don't drink aalu
until two houra after tha maai.
Onca a wnk cut out dlnnar entlraly. 8ub
atltute for It taa and crackera. Tou will not
taxva during tba night and you will watch
leaa than whan yon want to bed.
Welich yourself on reliable scales nlht
and morning- and keep a record. Taka note
of the effect of your food on your weight.
Walk. walk, walk and keep on walking.
A day on which you walk leaa than an hour
la a day waated.
To us it reads like a very good code,
not only for the elegant dame who
wants to keep thin, but also for the
working woman who wants to keep
healthy. The body is the Instrument
with which we must accomplish all
we do in this world. It is a simple
matter of rational prudence to take
such care or It tnai it win arenji uo
In good working order.
A consoling word should be said to
our excited friend, the Astorlan (news
paper), which demands to know by
what authority anybody has presumed
to appoint a Taft campaign commit
tee, and do It, too, without a "word
of advice, overture, arrangement or
authorised action" from the Republi
cans of Clatsop County. If the As
torlan had taken the trouble to read
the announcement In The Oregonian,
It would have learned all about It.
This committee, made up of citizens
of Portland, has volunteered to carry
on a campaign for President Taft's re-
nomination. It has not usurped the
rights, privileges, duties, functions or
authorities of any other committee or
organization on earth, here or any
where else. If the Astorlan desires to
carry Clatsop County for Mr. Taft, let
It do Its share In getting the Repub
licans together there for that purpose.
That is what. In due time, they wlH
doubtless be asked to do. Or is the
Astorlan more interested In getting
"consideration" or "notice" than it is
In doing something that requires ef
fort, and not mere bluster?
If Army and Navy officers and
Civil Service employes should be
given a 50 per cent Increase In salary,
as were Senators, Representatives and
Cabinet officers all except Knox
on the score of the increased cost of
living. Uncle Sam will put in his
claim. That means that he will in
crease taxes in order to pay the high
er cost of government. The tax would
then be added to the price of all com
modifies and the cost of living would
go up again and the whole operation
be repeated. The high cost of living
resembles a spiral stairway ending in
the sky.
If would-be farmers In the Willam
ette Valley who complain that the
price of farm land Is too high would
follow out the lessons to be learned
on the O.-W. R. & N. demonstration
train, they would not find the price of
land too high. Land Is worth the
capitalized value of what It will pro
duce when farmed on scientific and
business principles, combined with
elbow grease. Its value Is not to be
measured by what an unskillful, un
businesslike, lazy farmer can make
out of It,
One of the delightful consequences
of the athletic mania in the public
schools is the unpopularity of every
teacher who tries to keep it in rea
sonable bounds. Because Principal
Heck, of Walla Walla, was not willing
to go all lengths in football, his stu
dents burned him In effigy. This ex
emplifies the moral effect of football
and it also exemplifies the conse
quences of lax discipline. A hickory
wand ' would work magic In that
school.
Six hundred dollars was a fair price
for Mr. Junklns' apple tree, but we
can tell a bigger story. Half a dozen
years ago the originator of a new Eng
lish daffodil sold his bulbs for 600
apiece and there were several of the
bulbs. Any novel, variety, either of
flower or fruit, may bring a large sum
to the discoverer. It would pay our
orchardists to set aside plots for ex
perimental seedlings.
The Increase In the cost of canned
goods seems to be causing alarm In
the region for which Chicago Is the
distributing point. Excessive use of
the tinned product la result of laziness
on the part of the housewife, and as
upon her fails the brunt of the fight
against the so-called high cost of liv
ing, the punishment that follows Is
deserved.
Admiral Evans sees widespread war
possible In China, but the White Man
with the big caning knife may have
something to say about that. The
bounds of a Chinese republic may be
limited to what the powers do not
want.
If Secretary Wilson had shown the
same courage In upholding Wiley as
he showed in asserting his right to
speak before the brewers, he would
have stood higher In public esteem.
If the charges against the publish
ers of the Hampton-Columbian Maga
zine should be sustained, they will es
tablish the affinity between yellow
magazines and yellow finance.
The activity at the progressive Re
publican conference of the men who
were cast out by President Taft be
trays its animus and discounts its pro
fessions of principle.
Roosevelt declares he will have
nothing to say In the campaign, but
Roosevelt cannot talk without saying
something, and election day Is a year
away.
It would be unpleasant If some ob
ject of Governor West's clemency
should adopt the Marzyck method or
taking revenge on hostile witnesses.
There has been no murder In Port
land for the past twenty-four hours,
but a corpse has been found, which Is
the next worst thing.
When Calif ornlans recognize the
commercial value of the brand "Ore
gon prunes," commercial value cer
tainly exists.
There should be no hesitation In
prosecuting an official who breaks a
law, be it kidnaping or any other
crime.
A crying baby scared away a burg
lar the other night. Moral: Get a
baby and pinch it occasionally.
Poor Ely suffered the fate of all
aviators in filing once too often.
Stars and Star-Makers
By Leone Can Baer.
That much-abused thing, the gen
eral public," which can and does act
as censor for the theater when censor
ship is called for and upon whose de
voted head la heaped much of the sins
Of omission and commission on the
part of well-meaning but misguided
theater reformers, so-called; that gen
eral public or parts of it will be in
terested In what the Dramatic Mirror
has to say about the efforts at stage
censorship now being made in one of
the Coast cities:
Los Angeles, a great and growing
city, which is beginning to dispute with
San Francisco the eminence in the arts
and enterprise that long ago has dis
tinguished the older town, seems to be
having trouble with the drama. Per
haps, however, the difficulty relates to
an officious supervision of the theaters
there.
The city prosecutor of Los Angeles,
Guy Eddy, ft would seem, assumes an
unusual authority over local amuse
ments. He has procured the censoring
of performances, and now has provided
for the passage by the Aldermanic body
an ordinance under which a committee
of five persons will be appointed to
censor all theatrical productions.
The members of this committee, ac
cording to the Los Angeles Tribune,
"probably will be appointed by the
Mayor, the Police Commission, a repre
sentative body from the theaters and
by local organizations." This would ap
npn.r to hA a rstthar nebulous STUeSS. with
nossibilitlea of unsatisf vine results if
it should be exact. This body, when
armnlntori however, "will have rower
to cut out what they believe is offens
ive, salacious or in any way aisagreo
hl" In nlivi nfrarari to the local DUbllC
The city prosecutor Is condescending
enough to give his views on the mat
ter. "I do not think it proper," says
he. "for a single person to set up his
judgment of what is morally right and
what is morally wrong for the whole
rommunltv. It oartakes too much of
czarism. Of course. I have never pre
sumed to rely solely on my own Judg
ment, having always provided myself
with a committee of representative per
son whose opinions I have used as my
guide. But the public doesn't under
stand this, and believes I am taking
whatever action I do on my own un
supported Judgment. It therefore is
Irritated by the belief that its moral
standards are to be fixed by a single
person. I sympathize with this atti
tude on the part of the public As a
matter of fact, the public Is entitled
to have a censoring agency which,
from lt constitution, gives safe assur
ance of being representative of public
sentiment."
It would not be strange If the Los
Angeles public, which Is intelligent and
varied in its tastes as to the drama,
should be even more "Irritated" when
five persons are appointed to exercise
the authority given by the ordinance
over theatrical offerings in that city.
What assurance has the public that
any five persons will not make a bungle
of a censorship which the whole public
In large and enlightened centers al
ways exercises - in the course of Its
general autonomy?
Efforts at censorship of the stage
along such lines can bring no good
result whatever. No one person whose
education, training, temperament. Ideals
and sympathy with normal public de
sires and the scope of the drama might
fit him for the place of Judge can be
found in any community; and a multi
plication of persons with "authority" In
an attempt to master such a task is but
a prescription for a confusion of ideas
and public dissatisfaction.
a a a
vhlle Marc Klaw, the traveling
member of the firm of Klaw & Erlang
er, was In Los Angeles t'other week he
announced that a stock corporation Is
to own the Mason Opera-house In that
city, with W. T. Wyatt as manager,
and that a "lot of the big successes of
Broadway will play there this season."
Half of the stock of the Mason will be
controlled by Klaw St Erlanger, and
the other SO per cent will go to Charles
Frohman.
a a a -
News comes from San Francisco of
the death on October 3 of Lee Lloyd a
popular entertainer well known along
the Coast, and more particularly In San
Francisco, where he developed and
reached the crowning point of his
career on the Orpheum stage. In early
September Mr. Lloyd appfeared In
land, going on to California. He was
stricken with cerebral meningitis and
paralysis on September 18, while play
lng at the Orpheum, Oakland. He was
born at Chatham, III, May 28, 1880. He
came to San FranclBco a year before
the fire and quickly became a strong
favorite as an entertainer, having a
wide repertoire of character songs and
impersonations. Manager Morrlssey, of
the Orpheum, engaged him for that cir
cuit, and after a successful year In the
East he returned to the scene of his
early triumph, which, sad to say, proved
also his untimely end. He was Im
mensely popular In his adopted favorite
city.
It was not until the Orpheum per
formance wm concluded Monday night
In Los Angeles that the news was
broken to George Lloyd that his
brother had died. When Lee Lloyd was
taken sick his brother, George, stepped
into his place In the act. Lee was left
In San Francisco, supposedly not seri
ously 111.
a a
Harry Bulger In "The Flirting Prin
cess," which played here the early part
of this week, opened at Tacoma In the
Taooma Theater last evening.
a a , a
That salacious traveler, "The Girl
In tha Taxi," drives into Tacoma next
Sunday evening to regale folks for
awhile.
a . a a
"He Came from Milwaukee" Is headed
Portland way with Sam Bernard, who
has never been west of Omaha, doing
his famous German comedlanlsms. He
opens at the Heilig next Thursday even
ing. This week he Is in Seattle, play
ing at the Moore, and drops Into Ta
coma next Monday and Tuesday even
ings, on his way here.
a a a
Much comment, both pro and con,
has been aroused by the clever adver
tising stunt pulled off by John Harley,
praise agent for the "Alias Jimmy Val
entine" Company in California, at the
Sari Quentln State Penitentiary last
week on Thursday. A full-fledged dra
matic performance was given In the
prison yard, the actors being the regu
lar company from the Cort Theater In
San Francisco, where "Alias Jimmy"
was playing. In the shadow of mur
derers' row, where Is located the cells
of those -condemned to death, an audi
ence of men and women convicts in
stripes gathered, many of whom had
not seen a play in years, and others
serving life terms who had .given up
hope of ever again witnessing a per
formance. Some of these figured in
the prison band, whleh supplied the
muslo for the piece. It is anticipated
that if Mr. Harley thinks of it In time,
he will have no trouble in persuading
Governor Oswald West to bring all the
convicts at Salem down to Portland for
an evening when "Alias Jimmy" plays
at the Heilig in a fortnight.
a a
"The Country Boy." by Edgar Sel-
wyn. a play most of us are looking for
ward to seeing when it plays at the
Heilig November 9-11. Is in Los Angeles
this week, playing to capacity houses, j
LAAD IS REASONABLE MEAB CITT.
Good Tracts Can Be Had 136 Miles
From Portland mt Less Than 1100.
PORTLAND, Oct 18. (To the Edi
tor.) I observe a disgruntled corres
pondent in a recent issue of The Ore
gonian objurgates the high holding of
farm lands in the Willamette Valley,
and that he Is unable to find any cul
tivated and equipped lands at less than
from 1125 to 160 pec acre. As there
are farms with, the best of soil with
buildings and accessories within 13hi
miles of the heart of the city of Port
land which can be had for less than
$100 per acre, I can only assume ahe
individaul so writing fell under bad
guidance or Is a poor landhunter. There
is no doubt but that lands from 40 to
100 miles from our city are held higher
than generally obtains in our Immedi
ate vicinity. The average buyer scut
tles to these remote sections, assum
ing that necessity compels It, rather
than first to discover whether or not
there Is land at a reasonable price
within reach of team delivery to this
metropolis, thereby saving rail or riv
er transportation for what he produces,
which of itself is a considerable as
sessment on his purchase price. ' The
average freight from the Willamette
Valley to Portland is J2 per ton, and
assuming an acre of land will produce
a ton of freight. It means six per cent
on 33. or in other words he might
reasonably pay 138 more per acre for
land within an area of to miles from
Portland than to handicap himself with
a farm in the other radius.
CHAS. P. CHURCH.
Lamd Cheap Without Single Tax.
CORVALLIS. Or.. Oct. 18. (To the
Editor.) If "Just a Woman" will favor
me with her address, I will agree to
furnish her with any number of acres
of the best kind of agricultural land,
ihin -i, miiaa of the Agricultural
College, from one acre to 1000 acres, at
860 an acre, every acre or bii-
either in cultivation or ready for the
plow, and level land, and on the rail
road and wagon road both. I will go
further; I will make such reasonable
term, that anr. thrifty man can take
some of this land and pay for It out
of the land, above his living.
It does not require the pressure of
the single tax to bring about a sale of
this land. If It Is homes anyone may
want,
JOSEPH H. WILSON.
HOW COSTICTS RECEIVE CALLERS.
Writer Depicts Contrast Between Mor
ris Conference and Ordinary Ones.
PORTLAND. Oct, 17. (To the Edl
tor.) I note in the papers that Senator
Tllas. of Washington, went to Salem
ona dar recently to visit with W.
Cooper Morris, a convict at the State
Penitentiary.
For many years I have been in close
touch with the usual metnoa Dy wnicn
convicts are allowed to receive visitors,
viz.: the visitor is given a plain chair
in front of the iron bars that separate
the chapel from the cell wing In which
the convict is located. Then the convict,
attired in prison clothes, is called and
takes his seat on a stool on the oppo
site side of the iron bars, and there
they visit with a guard always In at
tendance. But not so with "W. Cooper."
The ex-banker, attired In citisen's
clothes and unattended, leaves the
prison as he would his bank and meets
his distinguished visitor at the Gov
ernor's office. The ex-banker Governor
gracefully withdraws and the ex-banker
convict. Instead of chatting from a
wooden stool, through Iron bars, be
takes himself to the deep upholstered
chair of the executive office.
Departing, he accompanies his guest
to the city, and then really consents
to return to the penitentiary. Perhaps
the Governor. If asked, would say: "It
was only to be courteous to Senator
Piles."
If Senator Pllas lists among his
friends a man who is a convict he
should expect to meet him as a con
vict, A to favoring Morris: Former sta
tion In l:re should count for nothing,
especially with a Governor who played
on the prejudice of the common people
during the campaign by declaring that
the "silk stocking highbrow bunch"
Port-:"" au nun- ,Vr course no one
could help but smile, but, on the whole.
It took well. The "flannel shirt, som
brero hat lithographs" helped, too.
The use of what the small boy no
longer calls "salve" Is proof that "Os"
Is there when It comes to a political
"roundup." MART SLOAN.
OR.IOI9T OF THE OCTAGON HOUSE.
Rev. Mr. Miller's Daughter Relates In
teresting History of Structure.
THE DALLES. Or, Oct, IT. (To the
Editor.) It Is gratifying to see that
some one remembers the days of long
ago. In the historical sketch and pic
ture of the octagon house built In Al
bany, A, D. 1851. by Rev. James P.
Miller. It Is probable that L his daugh
ter, am the only one who can correct
some slight errors In the historical
sketch.
My father did not design the style
of that house. He saw that plan car
ried out on the banks of the Hudson,
by Fowler, the phernologist, of the
firm of Fowler & Wells. Father
brought to Oregon the book on domes
tic architecture published by Fowler &
Wells, containing plans and directions.
I lived in that house until my mar
riage, and It would please my father
if he could read what I now write, that
I never lived since In' so compact a
house, or one so easy to care for, with
plenty of room and no great expanse
to walk over. Compactness, however.
Is not the only requisite for a comfort
able houBe. It was only suited to the
need of a private family.
The organization of the United Pres.
byterlan Church of Oregon did not take
place under that roof, but In a build
ing owned by Mr. Walter Montelth, In
which I was teaching at that time. The
first communion was held in the new
octagon court house, which was after
ward burned.
ELIZABETH M. WILSON.
Schools In Hawaii and Canal Zone.
ESTACADA. Or, Oct. 18. (To the
Editor.) Can you tell me the name
of the superintendent of the Hawaiian
Islands schools, or - of the Honolulu
schools?
Also, can you tell me whether or
not the United States Government has
any schools In the Canal Zone, and to
whom one should apply for informa
tion concerning the securing of a posi
tion there? ALICE JONES.
W. T. Pope. Honolulu, Is superin
tendent of Public Instruction for the
Hawaiian Islands. The United States
maintained 12 schools for white chil
dren and 12 for colored children In the
Canal Zone In 1910. Information could
probably be obtained by addressing
Maurice H. Thatcher, head of the De
partment of Civil Administration,
Canal Zone. '
Brooklyn Bridge Height.
INDEPENDENCE. Oct. 18 (To the
Editor.) Kindly tell me the height of
Brooklyn bridge from high water mark
to bridge, and also the height of the
highest mast on any ship.
J. H- HICKET.
The clear height of the Brooklyn
bridge In center of river span above
high water Is 185 feet. The maximum
height of ships' masts - is about 181
feet. The average among the largest
vessels Is 160 feet.
N. Nitts on Wilson
By Dean Collins.
Nescius Nitts, he whose wisdom com
plete Kept Punkindorf Station enthralled at
his feet.
Shot a nlcptine stream full a rod from
his seat
On a box by tha stove, and went on to
repeat
The dangers of speaking where brew'ry
men meet.
"This Wilson, who spoke at the brew
ers' convention,
In spite of the temp'rance folks stern
intervention.
Don't shorely perceive what results
might arise
From flyin" thus bold, In the face of
the 'drys;'
But I am convinced that our friend
Wilson has
Made what them there Frenchmen
would call a 'fox pass.' -
"I feels that I'm in a positon to know.
My daughter has been, sence a score
year ago.
Right active round here, in that organi
zation Thafs called 'Ladies' Uplift of Punkln-i
dorf Station:'
And so, from experience, now I avers.
They ain't got no mercy on persona
that errs.
"The Ladles' Uplift held a meetln' last
night
And argued 'bout Wilson with all of
their might.
And passed resolutions of censure, and
swore
They'd never uphold Mr. Wilson no
mora.
My daughter, come home, says, "We're
outraged to think
He'd stand in the ranks with this octo
pus drink.'
"This traffic,' she goes on. It lays Its
base claws
On homes, and drives mothers and
mother-in-laws
To sorrer and want, from the liquor
carouses
Indulged In on Saturday nights by their
spouses.
Then I, like a fool, tried to reason with,
her.
And show how the facts of the Wilson
case were,
"She hollers, amazed, 'Mercy me I Ha
it come
That you, too, has gone to the ranks
of the rum?"
And then for her temper is rash when
It's drove
She throwed my terbaccer plug right
In the stove.
If Wilson could see how their senti-i
ments drift.
He shore would make peace with- tha
Ladles' Uplift."
Portland, October 19.
MILLS' HUMOR UNCONSCIOUS.
Solemn Senator for Once Enjoys Joke .
at Own Expense.
F. E. I, in New York Evening Post.
Once, though quite unsuspectingly,
Roger Q. Mills upset the gravity of the
Senate himself so that decorum was
thrown to the 'winds for a time, and
floor and galleries gave way together
to boisterous enjoyment-. The Senate
was in the midst of a hot debate on the
wool tariff, and Mills was holding the
floor, sending shafts of sarcasm Into
the midst of the enemy, declaring
If I remember aright that the protec
tive policy, instead of improving Ameri
can manufacturing industries had so
demoralized them .that our woolen mills
could not turn out a piece really fit
for human clothing. Somebody on the
Republican side suddenly shot at him
what was Intended for a poser:
"I will ask the Senator from Texas
whether the suit he Is wearing at the
present moment Is not made of Ameri
can cloth."
"Tea, It Is," shouted Mills, charging
down Into the arena In front of the
presiding officer's desk and facing his
questioner; "and this is the sort of stuft
they put into American woolens" and,
picking at the lapel of his coat he
drew forth a long, black, coarse, wiry,
strand "horse-hairt"
The last word was uttered in a tone
of Ineffable contempt, as he stretched
the hair between the fingers of hands
held wide apart. The demonstration was
greeted with a titter, which swelled
first into a laugh and then Into a
downright roar, as the spectators per
ceived what he had done; for In his
Ignorance of the subtler arts of the
tailor he had mistaken the wad of
horse-hair stiffening cloth inserted be
tween the surfaces of his lapels for a
part of the cloth of which the coat was
made. , .
Ha woj tna last ierson In the cham
ber to realize what had happened.
Taking the laughter for an outburst of
sympathy, he beamed with satisfac
tion, first on one side .and then on the
other, while the crowd laughed harder
and harder, till some Senator near him
explained his error in a whisper. For
once. Mills Joined In the fun at his own
expense, whlcn orew anoinor pru. j.i
the onlookers, and It was some time be
fore the chair was able to restore
order.
Dogs Kill an Armadillo.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
nrutl- hnntinff In thA Vlrcrinia woods
near Bailey's Crossroads, in Alexandria
County, a lew nignts ago, a i l
dogs belonging to John Monroe and a
negro, Mortimer Wiggins, ran down and
killed an animal believed to be an
armadillo. The dogs were after opos
sums and coons, but getting on the
scent of the animal followed it for an
hour or more before they landed their
quarry. Later It was learned that the
armadillo belonged to one or the troops
of cavalry at Fort Myer. The men had
obtained a number of the animals while
on duty on the Texas border and had
brought them to the fort. The one that
was killed had escaped, and the men
had been hunting the woods for It for
several days when they learned that It
had been killed. This is possibly the
only armadillo hunt that ever took
place in the vicinity of Washington,
D. C
An Unappreciated Scholarship.
Berkshire (Mass.) Courier.
' Miss Abbey Dwight Woodbridge, who
died In 1864, left a fund for a scholar
ship In the Packer Collegiate Institute
of Brooklyn. N. Y., to be available for
two years each for young people of
Stockbridge who wished to take advan
tage of it. In all these years only
three Stockbridge people have applied
for this scholarship. The time to nomi
nate a pupil for the year 1911 has Just
expired. Those Miss Woodbridge named
to award this privilege are the pastor
of the Congregationl Church, the pastor
of St, Paul's Episcopal Church and the
cashier of the Housatonlc National
Bank. In cases where there are no ap
plicants from Stockbridge this com
mittee may elect a candidate from
some other town or city.
Back From Africa, Is Afraid.
London Chronicle.
The man came back. He had been
three years In Central Africa, organiz
ing railways and so forth, and up
against all the barbarians between East
and West Africa, and he was pallid
with funk as he sat down before dinner
In the modest flat. He had made a
Journey by foot and taxicab through
London. And the danger of It had
broken him r.p. "I can t think how
you stand it," he panted. To him after
three years' trial of barbarism London
was the most dangerous place In the
world.