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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
rOKTLAXD, OREGON", FRIDAY 3IARCII 31, 1911.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. LI- NO. 15,708.
BLOW IN GERMANY
TO INVADE CHINA
CONVICT PREFERS -PRISON
'WAPPY' WITH COIN
PARDOX DECLINED IF . LIFE
WITH HER IS CLAUSE.
SEATTLE'S EX-CHIEF OF POLICE
IS ARRESTED AGAIX.
TROOPS AND FAjriPMENT MASS
OX II.I FRONTIER.
Chancellor Says Disar
- CONTROL CAN'T BE OBTAINED
Impracticable to Secure It, So
CLARK'S SPEECH BUGABOO
"Tnervatlve Trader Quotes It In
Contract With Sims' SK-c-li on
Blood Is Thicker Than Water,
Whh-h Taft Condemned.
BERLIN, March JO. Chancellor Ton
Bethmann-Hollweir. In ths Reichstag
today discussed disarmament and in
tarnation! arbitration, but without de
parting one lota from the known
standpoint of the German Government.
The Imperial Chancellor it the
thief difficulty of a disarmament
agreement In the possibility of super-
vision of Individual states.
"Control over these." he said. "I re
gard aa absolutely Impracticable. The
Inere attempt to control would have no
other result than continual mutual dis
trust and universal turmoil. General
disarmament la an Insoluble problem.
o Inns; as men are men.
"It will remain that the weak will
be the prey of the strong. If any na
tion feels that It Is unable longer to
spend certain sums for defensive pur
poses. Inevitably It will drop to the
second rank. We Germans, in exposed
situation, cannot shut our eyes to this
reality, only so far as we can main
Disarmament Not Practical.
"The nations. Including Germany,
tiave been talking disarmament since
the first Hague conference, but nei
ther In Germany nor elsewhere has a
practical plan been proposed. Great
Britain wishes the limitation of arma
ments, but slmultaneonsty wants a su
perior or an equal fleet. Any confer
ence on this subiect Is bound to be
fruitless. No standard for a limitation
can be fouml. and any conceivable pro
posal would be shattered on the ques
tion of control."
Von Bethmann-Hollwes; Instanced Na
poleon's limitation of the Pruss'an
army when ITussla. adhering to the
letter of her treaty, trained a four
fold army by shortening the period of
training. Germany was willing, he
aid. to accept the Cngltah proposal
for aa exchange of Information regard
ing navy-building programmes, lie ac
cepted the Idea of arbitration In prin
ciple, but universal arbitration was aa
Impossible cf accomplishment as uni
versal disarmament. By this meana two
nations like the I'nited states and
Great Britain could seal the de facto
status, but If new questions arose ar
bitration might prove Inadequate.
Champ Clark, Speech Quoted.
The Oianrellor's spec-h. mhlcii was
along the line of his earlier utterance,
was made In the discussion of resoiu-
tlona offered by Socialists and Radical,
asking for an extension of International
arbitration and the limitation of arma
ments. These resolutions came before
the Hoose at th opening of the custom
ary debate on foreign affairs In connec
tion with the Chancellor's btntgrt. The
Chancellor deferred his remarks until
the representative of the leading par
tlea had been heard.
Cmr.t Von Kanlts, Conservative, de
voted the greater part of his speech to
.American affairs, contrasting the speech
of Commander William S. Sims, of the
American Navy, at the tluild Hall. Lon
don, which calied forth a reprimand
from President Tsft. with the utterances
of Representative Champ C'ark concern
ing the annexation of I'anada. saying:
"While an American Naval officer Is
assuring England of the friendship of
the United States, a future President of
that Nation la talking' of the absorption
Canadian reciprocity, he s.vtd. raised
the point of what compensatory favors
were to be bad by Germany. Of the pro
posed Ang!o-Amert-an arbitration treaty,
the spenker said that the plan promised
little. If questions like thai of the Mon
roe Doctrine were excluded.
Arbitration lias Some Friends.
Pr. Spann. vice-president and leader of
the Center pjirty. said he favored more
arbitration treaty's and his party sym-s
pa:hiard with the movement for disarm
ament. Ernes' Risserman. National Liberal. In
common with the other speakers, wel
comed tne principle of arbitration and
disarmament, but doubted its practica
bility. Dr. IVIemer. the ProgressUe leader.
referred to the reciprocity agreement
between the I'nited States aud Canada
as the first step In ten departure from
bigh protection and, expressed the hope
that it will have a reflex effect In Ger
Kib Broken In Wreck. -
WEDFOKD. Or. Jlarch 30. f Spe
cial Government 1'atholcgtet P. J.
O'Cara discovered Wednesday for the
first time that he was suffering from
a broken rib sustained In tlie motor
car wrevk last Saturday. Ho thought
t&e Injury only a bruise.
Chine Agent Reports I-arjre Fnrres
Have Penetrated Kiakta Kulnn
Is Point .Menaced.
VICTORIA. P. C, March 0. Accord
ing to dispatches brought by the Em
press of Japan tonight, the Palekaya
Okralna. of Vladivostok, reports that
although Russia Is expressing satisrae
tlon at China's repiy to the recent ul
timatum. Russian forces and equip
ment are being Increased on the 111
The Chinese agent at Kulun has Jel
egraphed Peking that large forces of
Russian troopa have peneiratea to
gkta. and are expected, when rein
forced, to move on Kulun. The Cbl
...... miiitarv commander sent word
that 111 Is being literally flooded with
Russian troops and he, cannot offer re
sistance, lie asks that troops be sent
by China Immediately or he be relieved
from his post.
The Slngklng Governor telegraphed
that several divisions of . Russian
troops. Including artillery corps, infan
try and Cossack cavalry have been
concentrated In Eastern Turkestan for
the Invasion of China.
TORNADO WIPES OUT TOWN
Xo Live Lo.-t In Alabama Storm but
Propertj Loss Is Heavy.
MOBILE. Ala.. March 10. Gaines
ville. Ala., was practically wiped out
by the tornado that swept through
Monroe County Monday, according to
belated news that reached here today.
The storm cut a path of ruin 100 feet
wide through the settlement. There
were no casualties but many persons
were hurt by flying timbers from
The reports tell of tremendous prop
erty damage. Fields were swept clean
of growing crops, forests were levelled.
while hundreds o( farm buildings were
torn down by the threshing wind. The
area of t,he storm-swept district Is re
mole from railroad and telegraphlo
DRILL SHIPS IN DRYDOCK
RoMon and Concord Nearly Ready
for Xaval Militiamen.
SEATTLE. Wash- March JO. (Spe
cial.) The cruiser Boeton and the gun
boat Concord were placed In drydock
at the Navy-yard today to be scraped
and painted preparatory to being
turned over to the naval militias of
Oregon and Washington to be used as
armories and drill ships for the mili
tiamen. The Boston will proceed to Portland
under her own steam on or about
The Concord, which will be stationed
In Seattle harbor on or about that
date, will carry only enough steam for
MORE DAYLIGHT SOUGHT
Pendleton May Set ( hicks Back on
May I; Advance October 1.
PENDLETON, Or.. March JO. "Day
light Saving" Is the plan Leon Cohn, a
prominent Pendleton merchant, elabor
Mr. Cohn is forming an organization
to have passed the necessary city and
county ordinances fur all clocks to be
set back one hour May 1 and advanced
GERMAN CHANCELLOR DECLARES ARBITRATION AND DIS
'V - J T, '
r .- l.W- '
s r-ir .... .v;
.. , ".: . ,
n ' ) y
Ol XT VO BETHMtvX.HOLWEO.
They Can Dictate Who
Shall Be Senator.
NEW YOFK SPLIT HOPELESSLY
If Regulars Resist, Republi
cans Will Aid Rebels.
BARNES .ADVISES COURSE
State Chairman Proposes Republi
cans Vote for Conservative
Democrat Xamed by Insur
gents Final Caucus Today.
ALBANY. K. Y.. March JO. The in
surgent Democratic members of the
Legislature will have It In their power
tomorrow to break the Senatorial dead
lock, either by settling their differ
ences with the party organisation or
accepting aid from the Republicans.
When the prospects of ' electing
Senator' tomorrow seemed to depend
entirely upon how many Insurgents
would enter a caucus, William Barnes,
Jr.. chairman of the Republican State
Committee, tonight made public a let
ter advising the Republican leaders to
give to the independent Democratic
members the opportunity to fill New
York's vacancy In the Senate by render
ing their unanimous support to a con
Mr. Barnes letter supported the Idea
that gained rapidly after today's abor
tive caucus, that the Democrats were
Insurgents Hold Sway. "
The name of the next United States
Senator from New York apparently de
pends upon which course the lnde
pendent Democrats choose to follow.
The Democrats will caucus behind
closed doors tomorrow at 10 A. M. Be
fore the Barnes letter appeared it was
expected IS Insurgents would enter
this meeting on condition that the
names of neither William F. Sheehan
nor Daniel F. Cohalan would be pre
The effects of Mr. Barnes' proposl
tlon will be Indicated by the number of
Insurgents who enter the caucus. If
15 Join the organisation members In
making a caucus nomination, their can
dldate will have enough votes for elec
tlon. Unless the organisation officials
make acceptable terms, it is believed
enougb Insurgents to Insure an elec
tion are ready to Join the Republicans
In ending the deadlock.
Possible Candidates Xamed.
The transfer of lists of acceptable
candidates between the Insurgents and
the organisation continued today. Aft
er numerous eliminations the follow
ing are said to have remained as pos
Martin W. Littleton. John D. Kier-
nan. Martin Glynn. Isidore Straus, Her
man Ridder, Alton B. Parker. Morgan
J. O'Brien, Augustus Van Wyck, D.
Cady Herrlck and John X. Carlisle. '
In his letter Mr. Barnes says that
the Senatorial situation has reached a
(Continued on rage 3.)
Man Frceil by Governor West Ex
presses Desire to Serve Year
Rather Than Ho Home Again. .
SALEM, Or March 30. (Special.)
Dexter L. Roberts, who was pardoned
from the penitentiary today by Governor
West. Informed the Governor that he
would rather return to the penitentiary
and serve out the remainder of his sen
tence than to be pardoned and com
pelled to live the rest of his life with
Roberts was sentenced In May, 1909.
from Morrow County to sere four years
In prison for obtaining money by false
pretenses. He has had considerable dif
ficulty with his eyes and his wife has
been Intervening tor a pardon which the
Governor decided to grant.
"In granting you this pardon I want
you to understand that It Is not so much
for you ' aa for your wife." Governor
West said to Roberts. "Now, when you
tear. I want you to go back to the
rarm and stay there with your wife and
stop causing trouble."
"Do you mean that I have to go back
there and live with her the rest .of my
life or for Just the year I have left to
serve at the penitentiary?" asked Rob
erts. "If It Is for life I would rather
go back to the penitentiary and finish
He was assured that the pardon did
not specify that he must live with his
wife, but the Governor advised him to
go to the farm and repay his wife for
ber efforts In his behalf. Roberts then
walked away with the pardon and with
CHINA TO BUILD STEAMERS
Government Will Run Lines Across
Pacific, to India and Australia.
VICTORIA, March 30. Advices were
received by the Awa Maru that the
Pekln government has ordered the con
struction of a number of merchant
steamers In Germany, to start several
Pacific lines between California and
China and between China and Australia
and to Bombay and Java.
OREGON PLAN IS FAVORED
Ohio Representatives Want Popular
Vote on United States Senators.
COLUMBUS, O., March 30.. The
House today passed by a vote of 8S to
13, the Wlman hill providing for the
election of United States Senators by
popular vote, on the Oregon plan.
INDEX TO TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 74
decrees; minimum, 47 degree.
TODAY'S Fair; northerly winds.
German Chancellor nyi arbitration and dls-
armament are Impractical. Page I.
Mexican Federals deny peace commission
will meet rebels, snd peace is believed
far oft. i'ase 0.
Ru.slan srmy prepares to Invade China.
Camorra con.P'rscy divides Naples for pur
pose of plunder. Pane J.
Bsrne. urges Republlcsn support of In
surgent. In elecllng Sew York Sen
ator and In.urgents hold whip hand.
California Supreme Court denies Ruer. pe
tition for rehearing of motion. I'age 5.
Kohlsaat say. he will go to Jail rather than
name Informant about Lorimer fund.
Dr. Pearson.. Illlnol. philanthropist, will cel
ebrate Slat birthday by distributing
S300.O0O In gifts. Page 1.
Vew York Fire Marshal attributes many
dratha In Washington Square disaster to
defective elevator, i'age J.
Bom Cox sins tight to escspe trial before
Judge Uormtn. Page U.
Woolgrow.rs attack rates. Page 2.
Ex-Oovernor Black, of New York, deplores
spirit of suspicion In land. Page 4.
Williams "Roadster." ahoTr ability as bat
ters. Page 8.
Portland . Los Angeles 1: San Francisco 8.
Vernon 1; Oakland 8. Sacramento 8.
Two record, are broken In auto races at
Jackaonvllle. Fla. Page 8.
J. H. Albert denes Attorney Brl.tol to prove
that good roaa. bills vetoed are uncon
stitutional. Page 6.
Albert J. Henry, bank clerk of Seattle, wine
long-fought divorce case Involving his
employer. Page 8.
Millionaire aid. Wappenateln. whose ball now
totals SoO.ooo. page i.
Convict pardoned by Oovernor West prefers
to serve aentencs to returning to wife.
F. A. Elliott, of Salem, named State Forester.
Umatilla County Bar Association begina In
vestigation of cnarges against mree at
torney.. . Page 7.
College authorities at Pullman. Wash.. In
vestigating nasing ot co.eu. rage a.
Commercial and Marine.
Grain tonnage offered at 20 shillings. Psge
Oats and barley advance shsrply In local
market. Page -1.
Chicago wheat stronger on green bug reports.
Minor stock, most active In wall street
trading. Page Al
port land and Vicinity.
Eastbound Summer excursion rates an
nounced. Page is.
Mrs. Mabel Kelly's peltlon denied by Judge
Cleeton. Pag 12.
Colonist travel expected to increase toward
end of low-tare perlou. rage zv.
Oregon Electric and United Railway, to ba
eonneclea at tjrence xo avoiu ii-cikui con
gestion here. Psge 12.
Court holds city may sue railway company
for removing bievenin-.ireet iracaa.
Booevelt committee plans surprises for ban-
City and street railway official. In tilt over
supply of rail, needea lor improvement
work. Page it.
Waahlngton Forestry Aaaociatlon to use autos
la fighting nr. page i.
Spokane syndicate geta option on 400 acres
enjoining city ai .i-tu.vw. rage it.
Frank A. Vandertlp says business connltlons
sre fundamentally souna. Pace 1.
Lombard says Council I. subsidised by pub
lic service corporations, pass id.
Total of Benefactions
HE WANTS TO PAY "DEBTS"
Donations to Celebrate Phil
anthropist's 91st Birthday.
SMALL COLLEGES BENEFIT
Kk-li Illinois Matt Will lve Money
to Institutions Which Have Ful- .
filled Provisions Made for
CHICAGO, March 30. Dr. D. K. Pear
sons of Hinsdale, III., will celebrate his
91st birthday, April 14, by the distribu
tion of $300,000 to schools and religious
organizations. This will make his total
distributions of recent years nearly
$5,000,000, moat of which has been
given to small colleges.
The gifts are termed by Dr. Pearsons
"debts" and in most cases are fulfill
ments of his pledges to different bodies
of oertain sums when they should have
collected "other stipulated amounts.
The American Board of Foreign Mis
sions will receive $100,000, while small
colleges in the central states will re
ceive the remainder of the $300,000 gift
Doctor Will Pay "Debts."
"I shall celebrate my birthday by
getting out of debt," Dr. Pearsons said.
"A year ago I gave notice that I would
be getting out of debt by this time and
that a young man of my age had no
business being In debt. I shall He
down on April 14. out of debt for the
first time in many years. I have had
these outstanding pledges for many
years, and have worked them off as one
after another of the institutions met
While most of Dr. Pearsons' gifts
have been to the smaller colleges, the
different Institutions here have re
ceived more than $1,000,000 from the
Hinsdale philanthropist.. The T. M. C.
A., here has been one of bis benefici
aries. Berea College Aided.
Among the chief beneficiaries of Dr.
Pearsons, among the smaller schools
has been the Berea College of Kentucky
which has received more than $400,000.
In reviewing his gifts today, he said
the one from which he had derived the
most pleasure was the gift of $50,004
for a waterworks system of Berea.
The physician was one of early set
tlers In Chicago. The greater share of
his wealth was derived from the in
creased value of extended real estate
holdings In this city. Twenty-five years
ago, h'e retired from business and most
of his gifts have been from money de
rived by the sale of valuable pieces of
All of Dr. Pearsons' benefactions
have been announced by him with
Jocose whimsicality such as those which
characterized his statement today re
garding the distribution to be made on
PHILANTHROPIST WHO WILL CELEBRATE 91ST BIRTHDAY
BY MAKING GIFTS OF $300,000.
J - f T V. w
:'t-r&?i. ;;;; . i I mm:mm?mmt - t0m;mm
: " 1 -
DR. D. K
Alleged Bribe-Taker's Total Bonds
on Three Indictments Reach
$65,000 Is at Liberty.
SEATTLE, Wash., March 30. Ex
Chlef of Police Charles W. Wappen
steln was arrested late today on an In
dictment returned by the special grand
Jury charging him with soliciting and
receiving a bribe of $1100, from George
D. Tuppper and Clarence J. Gerald on
July 5, 1910 for not molesting the Paris
and Midway houses, two notorious
establishments of the old vice district.
Wappensteln was released on $15,000
bond signed by Dietrich Hamm, of
Seattle, and Eugene France, a million
aire lumberman of Aberdeen, Wash.
The indictment upon which Wappen
steln was arrested today is the third
bribery" indictment returned against
him by the grand Jury called to in
vestigate alleged graft conditions un
der the la?t city administration. ,
' Wappensteln is now at liberty under
total bonds of $65,000.
GARB OF ATHLETES SHOCKS
East Siders Protest When Sparsely
Clad -Boys Ride on Cars.
Adolescent striplings, clad almost
in the garb of nature, riding on East
Side car lines, have scandalized the se
date residents to such a degree, that
Patrolman Wellbrook, moved by pro
tests, made an investigation and re
ported his findings to Chief of Police
The officer found that the offenders
were boys from Jefferson high school,
in training for the track team. After
the school sessions, on recent after
noons, they have sprinted to some
point In the suburbs and then boarded
a. car back to their quarters. The offi
cer says that the covering worn by the
boys is that in vogue among the Iggo
rotes and Digger Indians, and not quite
suitable for the mixed company on a
streetcar. The matter will be taken
up with the school authorities.
WOOL SCHEDULE IS FIRST
Democratic House Committees Hur
rying to Get Work Ready.
WASHINGTON, March 30. Democratic
members of the ways and means and the
rules committees are rushing their work
In order to be ready to report Saturday.
It Is probable that the ways and means
committee, after presenting Its recom
mendations on organization of commit
tees, will submit only one revised tariff
schedule, that being the wool schedule,
a rough draft of which, framed by
Chairman Underwood, has been under
consideration by his colleagues for sev
134 FIRMS INCORPORATE
March Banner Month for New In
dustries in Oregon.
SALEM, Or., March 30. (Special).
With 134 new- corporations already fil
ing articles In the Secretary of State's
office so far this month, March has
proved t be the banner month in the
history of Oregon for new business en
terprises. Corporation Clerk Wrightman says
that there will be at least 140 before
the end of the month. So far this year
there have been over 400 new corpora
tions starting business in Oregon.
Country Is Optimistic
DEMANDS ON CAPITAL GROW
Country Needs Law for Relief
in Panic Times.
'GET LAND," HIS ADVICE
Willamette Valley Is Chosen Spot.
Millions Invested in Oregon 1
Prove 'That Investors Are
Not Losing Faith. J
"Business conditions on the Coast and
in the country at -large are certainly
taking a hopeful turn." said Frank A.
Vanderlip, president of the National City
Bank of New York, who arrived in Port
land in his private car last night, and Is
staying at the Hotel Portland. He ia
accompanied by his wife, Ames Hlg
ginei his secretary; C. V. Rich, of New
Tork, and W. H. Kiernan, of Spokane.
The party were met at the depot by
United Staies Immigration Inspector Bar
bour, who is a relative of the banker.
They expect to remain In Portland today
and leave tonight or tomorrow morning.
Mr. Vanderlip has been journeying by
slow stages from New Tork, stopping at
every place of prominence from St.
Louis, through the Southwest, Into
Western Mexico and up the Pacific Coast
to Portland. '
Business Situation Sound.
"I have had extraordinary opportuni
ties to judge of business conditional on
my journey, since I left St. Louis," said
Mr. Vanderlip. "I have traveled more
than 8000 miles and made a close exami
nation Into the business situation. Con
ditions look good everywhere not up to
the top notch, but with no marked de
pression and a hopeful outlook. I should
say there is an extremely sound busi
ness situation In- the country I have
passed through. The banks I found to
be in good condition. There is an ex
cellent crop outlook in the territory I
passed through. There has been more
than the average amount of rainfall.
And so far as observable at this early
stage, before the crop Is harvested, there
is every reason to believe that we have a
Ibetter condition confronting us than
we had last year at this time.
"I examined a large number of the
irrigation projects and looked upon the
vast amount of land about to be
thrown open to cultivation and settle
ment with satisfactory results. Down
In the I?io Grande Valley, In Texas,
there has been striking development.
The Imperial Valley Is in the same
category. It is part and parcel of the
development of your common country
and will be conducive to the best re
sults in my humble opinion.
This form of investment is a part
of the product "of capi tal and exempli
fies the confidence the Eastern man
has in your projects.
Court Decisions Awaited.
"Why is capital not more active?
The visible signs In industry, agri
culture and general development seem
to be so good that the' lethargic con
dition of capital seems hardly justi
fied. The edge is taken off. It is not
up to concert pitch. Why? Well,
young man, yg,u will have to go to the
financial centers to find your answer.
"In the financial centers they are
awaiting the decisions of the United
States Supreme Court in suits Involv
ing the anti-trust act. The, Standard
Oil and the Tobacco Trust cases have
much in them that will affect the con
centration of capital In enterprises.
Then the opening of the tariff question
in Congress has its relative power for
depression. Regardless of this there
exists in this country a very hopeful,
optimistic feeling and with crops good
and industry flourishing we look for
ward to a good year. :
"The great problem the railroads
have to face, year by year, is the con
tinual securing of funds for capital
Investments new construction, perma
ment roadbed and other betterments.
A railroad gets little for development
work from gross earnings, and it'
should not. Its new construction be
longs properly to an increase of cap
ital. So to build, expand and grow It
must have new capital. Tariff demands
better conditions, the taking out of
curves, the buying of terminals and
stations. Wherever they have to do
this, in this Western country, the value
of railway terminal property is as
tounding. If ever a physical valuation
of railway property is made the value
of the terminals in the West will be
an eyeopener to the people, as well as
-fXo the stockholders."
Investor Is Conservative.
"The Harriman system authorized the
expenditure of J75.000.000 for betterments,
extensions, double tracking and so on.
It has not the money for this in the
treasury. The company must sell se
curities for the most of it. The money
will be expended out here if the securi- .
ties sell. Capital is timid. The amount
of Improvements demanded of the rail
roads in the rebuilding of their prop
erty Is astounding. There are lines to
be shortened, curves to be taken out,
grades to be lowered, all of which takes
an enormous amount of capital. This
capital must be furnished by the lnves
(Continued on Face 2.)