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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OKEGOXIAy. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 4. 1911. ' .
MFE OF MOST PIONEER PAPERS IN
OR FfiON COUNTRY WAS VERY BRIEF
Although The Oregonian Had Several Predecessors. They Soon
Publications That Started Later Enjoyed but
It. Him. Aeltaat mtilary
HfXM lllst-rsral K-etety.
IOURNALISTIC venturca In Orrjon
la tt: early da were numerous.
V but th wubliratlon. In most In
stances, enjoyed but brief existence.
1.1 connn tlon with the Fiftieth Anniver
sary of The D-itly OrMnnUn. Ihe follow
li4T l!t of the newspaper that preceded
It. with a brtrf ikctch of each, may be
Tl; Oreon Spectator, the first
newspaper li American territory west
rf the Rocky Mountain". Issued on
February S. li. at Oreicon CUT. 'T the
lirtfoa Print Ir,; Asir!atlon. TV. tJ.
TVault. president: J. TV. Ncsmlth. vlre
president; John r. Brooks, secretary;
Heorire Abernethy. treaurer; Robert
Newell. John E- I-on. John It. Couch,
directors. It motto wa "Westward the
Star of Empire Tk It Way." The
flr.t editor wa W. tJ. TVatilt. Ill
.icresor were II. A. . I-"- tie"'"
furry. Aaron K. Walt. ll'V. Wilson
Jllaln. I. J Sc'inebly an.l C. I- Good
rich, the latter acquiring tte plant late
la l$it. Is March. 185S. the Spectator
Ml permanently suspended.
At first the Spectator lu-l
twice month, but In September. 1M.
It tv1 f be Issued a a weekly. P"-llrl.-ai
y. the paper was H'uiral until
February 1 then II espoused the
rniM of the Vhi pirty.
j orxnn Fro pre.. This paper
waa ie. weekly at Oregon City lr
i;,or( U Curry, after he .-rrr.d fcl
(N.nrtlun wltii tee Siecttor. from
March to (VIoiM-r. 1st. II was oproe.
to everything the Spectator waa In
j The Oron American and r.van-
feltta! Unionist waa Issued by Iter.
John Sn.lth Griffin once a month from
June to December. H. at Ma residence)
a little way north of the present city of
Ktllsboro. After the December num
ber waa out his printer. Cliarlea r .
Putnam, went to the mine. That
,,,,! th. suspension of the publica
tion until May. ll. anJ that waa the
last Issue of the publication. The preea
user! a a-" tVe Mission Press, which wa
pen to Whitman and palitlnc. early
rtilwionarle. from Honolulu In Mar,
UJJ. Trial pres la one of the treas
uree of to" Orea-on Historical Society.
4 The Western Star waa l'ie, at
Mllwaukle on Noeoi.er Zl. by
lot WMt.-omb. aa a Iwroocratlr paper,
with William Davt Carter ami John
Orvls Waterman aa printer. In May.
Hit. Waterman anJ Carter bouaht the
plant, remove.i It to Portland, and l
a jed the Oregon Weekly Tlmea on June
. 1SJI. Carter aot.l to Water.nan on
Jane 1J. and Waterman aold to
Carter and Huaseil I. Auatln on May
I. 1J. aithoua-n be waa retained aa
editor until November Carter
aold hi Intereat to Auetln In May. IV s.
and the latter pubilahel the paper until
Ite eoapenalon early In
The Tln-ee waa a I'nlon paper durlnK
the Civil War. After Waterman con
nection with It reaaed In !".. It wa
uccraitely e-lited by Henry Shipley.
Kthelbert C. lllblwn. A. K tioul.l. who
eatabllahed the tjoldrn Aae. the first
paper In Hah", at Iwlston. in the
Winter of lvil-2. W. N. Walton. Addlaon
C. litbb. the war tJ-vernor of nrrson.
and W. LoCr Hill. Tue latter wa the
flttor of The irrnin from lri to
S The Weekly Oreonlan waa flrat
lasued on Iwrrmhrr 4. Mi. It his
tory la o thoru-hty covered rlaewhere
In thla lu". 1 undrraland. that It will
not t touched on here.
. The tirearon Statesman wa l-
ied at oreeon City on March Iil.
br Aaahel Hunh. aa a Iwmocratlc pa
per. Motto: "No favor away u; no
far hall awe." The plant w re
moved to Salem In Jure. IsiS. the luat
li.ue in reon City bclntf June II. and
lite f.rt In Salem. June Z I. In May.
H',. a power pren. an Adam, waa
added to the plan, the tlret power preea
In ircn. Mr. Uuah owned the paper
and edited It until Mnrrti I. ttiSJ. when
he leased It to Crandalt Walte. n
fictober :t. IMtl. the plant wa M to
the ur'tnit rrtnttna; As Publlelilntc Com
pany, the t.x-khol!er of which were
J. S. I. Huntlna-ton. Henjnm!n Simp
son. Kuftia MalUry. Ctirtr N. Terry.
t;eote H. William and I . W. Cral.
nd the paper continued with Clark I".
Crandall aa edlt,r. i:arly In US, the
rorpiratfon waa dissolved and the paper
waa aold to Henjamln Simpson, who In
stalled bl ons. Sylvester C. and Sam
uel I. Simpson a editors. The burdt-n
vit heavy to carrv. however, and on
l-ecember 31. I. the plant waa
rnerared Into the t'nlonlat and the name
T. The Portland Commercial, eemt
weeklr. wa published at Portland by
R J. Mi-Cormlck bettinr.in: March :i.
1I1J. It wa In advance of Its time aa
a business Journal. anJ oo died for
want of .upport.
. I mpqua iHlseite. nviipuum, waa
tartad In April. li. by Captain Levi
HeotU the founder of .v.ituburr. with
I Daniel Jackson I.yona. editor, and TVll
llam J. H-gg. printer, for the purpose
of advertising hla town. After a fitful
existence of little more than a year It
urcumbed to the Inevitable am! the
plant waa offered for sale. Politically
It waa Itemocratlc.
. The I emoeratlc Standard. Portland,
was Issue.! on July 13. li. by I-eland.
Northrop Co. 4Aloaxo Inland. Nemlah
and Hnry C. Northrop. with Leland
a editor. Motto: "Principle of the
Constitution and the men who euataln
them." Th ofTIca wa on tha rond
Boot cf the Canton House, northeast
corner of Front and Washington
r ee t . Jimn O'Meara boucht the
paper early In 138. and conducted It
until Jum t. 1JSJ. which waa It laat
1. Oregon Ara-u w.ia Issued at Ore
(on City. April; 21. 18iS. by William U
Adam, editor and proprietor. Ill
plant was that of the- defunct Sccta
tor Th Arcui wa the first distinct
ively Republican paper In Oregon, be
avnnlnir with It first Issue. It fore
man In the beginning wa !. W. Crala;.
He became proprietor on April It, 1S.
bat retained Adam aa editor. Th
rlact waa removed to Salrm In the
Pummer of 14.1. and the publication
continued until October 34. when It waa
oil to the Oregon Printing Pu
pshlnr Compar.v and consolidated with
the oreron Statesman.
11. pacific Christian Advocate was
first Issued In Stli-m on September 1.
IMS. Late In lv"? or early In li the
plant wa removed from Silem t- Port
land and the publication la still con
tinued. 12. Table P.ock Sentinel. Th first
Issue of thl paper. Democratic, politlc
allv. wa on November 21. USS. by
TVault. Taylor ac Ulakely. editor and
proprietor, at Jackionv'lle. The name
Vii eftanred ti Orecon Sentinel In His.
and Jame O'Meara became the editor,
who held eatreme pro-slavery view.
After that It had numerou owner, but
adhered tn the Republican faith until
It suspended a few ye tr ago.
12. The Rcllsjlou Expositor, a Pap
tlst paper, waa Issued at Kola, Polk
Courty. May . MS, by Rev. C. IL
Mattown. editor and proprietor. The
printer waa Usard M. Walte. well
known to the newspaper fraternity of
later year. In Juir. 185. the paper
was removed to Corvallla. It waa sus
pended towards the close of the same
14. Veldental Meener. Issued at
CorvaJUt it Gulls a Jvum 2u,
1L7. U I. 1U1I. familiarly known aa
"lAJnaT ITImer" Hall, wa the editor.
He waa an Intense pro-lavery man.
The paper waa short-lived.
li. The laclflc Journal, the first
paper In Kuiccne. wa Issued In the last
week In June. t5S. J. H. Kotrers. edi
tor Motto: "Ijevoted to I'hy,Ual. In
tellectual ard Moral Improvement."
It. Jacksonville Herald, at Jackson
ville, was established In 1857. by Wil
liam J. lie tries and Burns, and Helens,
at one time associated with Mr. Hush
on the Oreicon Statesman, waa the edi
tor. It was Pemocratlc Notwithstand
ing that political faith waa trreatly In
the ascendant In Southern Oregon, the
enterprise soon failed.
17. The Orea-on Farmer was Issued
at Portland In Auprust. 1SS. by W. H.
Taylor at Co.. and levoted to the Soil
Culture of Oregon and Washington Ter
ritory. with Albert a. Walltna. edi
tor. It waa published monthly for the
first year, and eml-monthly up to the
end of It career, February 1. 18J.
This wv the first attrlcultural paper In
the Pacific Northwest.
1. The People Pres wa Issued
In Kua-ene on January -- 1519. by II.
J. Prnra Co.. vnk-r. editor.
l. The democratic Crista waa start
ed at Corvallla on February S. 15!. by
Thomas Henton iMeneal. a' bookseller
and s'atloner at that place at the time,
on March i follow-in; he sold out to
James II. Sinter, a lawyer, and with
No. be chank-cd the mime to the Orea-on
I'nion and later to the Oregon
Weekly I'nlon. Anthony Noltner. who
had been hla foreman for more than a
year, was itlven an Interest In the
paper on May II. Il. Slater- connec
tion with the l.'nlon ceased on Septem
ber 1S1. havlna- sold out to Patrick
J. Malone. the first shorthand reporter
In orea-on. who published It until u
pended a few months later.
:o. Karly In March. 19. The
Journal wa established at The Kalle
by A. J. ITl- e. I emo ratlc politically,
with Captain Thoma Jordan. I. S. A..
Acting Assistant tjuortermaster at Fort
Oallvs. as editor. It waa Indefinitely
suspended early In January. 110. Then
the plant waa bought by W. IL Newell,
and on February 1. 10. he Issued The
Mountaineer. A few yeara later It wa
sold to K. tS. Cow ne and J. Ilallnran.
They old to William M. Hand. In
time he disposed of the publication, and
It passed through many hand and at
length became the property of John
Michell. He published the paper for
several year., and f-nslly It was con-
soll.lated with The Palles Times aa the
Tlmes-Mnuntalneer. with J. A. Pouthlt.
owner He Issued the paper regularly
for several years, but suspended It In
21 The Ttoseburg Kxpress. the first
paper In that place, wa Issued Novem
ber 1. li. by L. K. V. Co.n. Iemo
rratlc In politics. F.arly In May. 180.
he withdrew from the paper, and his
successor was Solomon Fltxliugh. A
few months later the paper auspended.
22. The Oregon Pemocral. the first
paper In Albany, wa Issued November
7. 18i. by James M. Shepherd, with
MANY FAMILIAR NAMES
ON ROLL OF OFFICIALS
Men Who Had Leading Part in Building Up Portland Appear in
List of Early Office-Holders.
la Intereatlng at the preent time
, read the list of official In the
uccesslve municipal administration
of Portland In the early day. Many
names in the llt of office-holder are
familiar to all resident of Portland
today, because of the Importnnt part
these pioneer had In hulldlna; up the
city. Following I a complete list of
otfli lals In Portlnnd from 1811 to 18$ :
1S51 Mayor. Hugh D. O'Fryant; Re
corder. W. S. Caldwell: Councllmen.
Robert Thompson. Shubrlck Norrl.
George A. Rarnra. Thoma G. Robinson.
L. K- Hasting.
l.cr-Mayor. A. C. Bunnell: Recorder.
S. . Slater: Marchal. TVllllam Qroomi;
Councllmen. TV. P. Abram. A. P. Den
nlson. Thoma Prltchard. Abell O.
Tripp. Hiram rinlth.
1 15; (November election under new
chartert Mayor. S. B. Marye; Record
er. C. Pillow; Councllmen. Shubrlck
Norrl. Thoma Prltchard. Joslah Fall
ing. P. A. Marquam. A. I. DennUon.
1113 Mayor. Joslah Falling: Record
er. A. C. Bonnel); Assessor. 8. S. Slater;
Treasurer. TV. II. ParnhartT Marshal.
William Grooma; Councllmen. Robert
Thompson. TV. S. Ladd. John II. Couch.
TV. p. Abram. It. N. McLaren. R. N.
Field. Charle IU Pillow. H. TV. Davis,
U5I Mayor. TV. . Ladd; Recorder.
A. P. Pennlson; Treasurer. Thoma
Prltchard; Assessor. Charlca I. Haon;
Marshal TV. L. mucins: Councllmen.
A. M. Starr. Jame Field. Jr.. Shubrlck
STONE TO MARK
MOM tlKT TO BE ERECTED
PLANS have been prepared for a
monument to be erected over th
grave of the lata 11. TV. Scott In River
view Cemetery. It will be Installed
next Summer, will weigh 5S tons and
will stand about 12 feet high.
Tie lower base cf the monument la
II feet sTiare and two feet high,
welching .0"0 pounds. The second
bas- Is eisrht feet ' -.'ht Inches square,
uui oa luvt tix laci.ss xtigh, wei;hjnj;
. . .. - "-. . ef--' " . . . . . , v t
Succumbed and Numerous Other
pelaion Smith, editor. The connection
of the latter ceased with his death on
November IS. I860. Mr. Shepherd con
tinued the publication until February.
1861. when It waa aold to W. G. Haley.
Mr. Smith w-as one of the first United
States Senator from Oregon.
23. The Democratic - Herald w-as
started early In March. 1860. In Ku
Bene by Alexander Ulakely. and on
July 19. 1161. it was consolidated with
the Oregon Weekly Union at Corvallla,
Ulakely retiring. A little later the
Herald plant waa aecured by Anthony
Noltner. who Issued a paper called the
Heglstcr. Subsequently he had C. II.
Miller, afterwards known a "Joaniln
Miller." the poet, as a partner. This
paper was denied the right of circula
tion through the United States malls
In 1862 on account of Its treasonable
utterances, which caused Its suspen
sion. A little later It wa revived by
Noltner and the name changed to the
Kugene Itevlew. with James O'Meara,
editor. A few years later It was per
Tho first dally newspapers started In
the Pacific Northwent are as follows
all In Portland:
1. The Pally News was first Issued
Monday morning. April 18, 1853, by H.
wV. Knullsh & Co.. the -company" be
ing W. 15. Taylor. The publication of
fice was on Washington street. North
Side, between First and Second. The
first editor was Alonxo Leland. In Its
short career of nearly two years it had
a nun-l'er. of editors besides, among
them llc-nry Miller. the lato Judge
F.ra.-mus I. Sliattuck. A. C. Itussell. and
It. N. Magutre. M the beginning It
w-as a 20 column folio, and the price
w-as 25 cents per week. Karly In 1860
It was enlarged to a 24-column folio,
and supported Hreckenrldge and Lone.
candidates of the National Democratic
party for President and Vlce-Prtsiaent.
Commencing In October. 1860, It Issued
a weekly edition for a time. In No
vember. 1860. It was reduced to a five
column folio, and in Decemberlt sus
2. The Tortlund Pally fid vertlser. a
pro-slavery Pemocratlc sheet. was
started by S. J. McCormlck on May IS.
1 85 J. It waa a five-column folio, edited
by Alonzo Iceland, and waa Issued
every morning except Sunday at 2&
cents a week. The office waa on the
west side of Front street, near Alder.
It wa permanently suspended In Octo
ber. 12. ,.
Th. Portland Pally Times was
first Issued on pecember is. J". oy
Itussell P. Austin at Co. J ne partner
were. W. II. Andrews and Alonxo I-
land, the latter being the editor. The
off.ee was 2i Washington "feet, be-
tween First and Second, which would
be KS Washington by the system of
nm(..rinu- now In vogue. It was sus
pended In January. 1864. Politically, it
aa Pemocratlc. although It supported
I.in.-oln s administration, and was rec
ognized as a I'nlon paper.
4 The Pally Mornltig Oregonian was
Issued February 4. 1861. by Henry I.
I -meek It Is not the purpose of this
article to enter Into Its history.
Norrl. Thoma Carter. TVllllam Mc
Millan. A. D. Fitch. O. J. Ruckus. A. R.
Shipley, James Turnhull.
1835 Mayor, George TV. Vaughn;
Recorder. L. Limerick; Marshal.
Thomas J. Holmes: Assessor. TV. S.
Ogden: Treasurer. Thomas Fraier;
Councllmen. George Klttrtdge. John
Green. H. S. Jacobs. Matthew Patton,
Lewi Ixive. John C. Carson. Thomas
Hartnei,. K. H. Calhoun, George C
Robblns. (Anthony L. Davis filled the
position of Limerick, resigned.)
1838 Mayor, James O'Neill; Record
. er. A. L. Davis; Treasurer. T. N. Laklti;
Assessor, J. M. Breck; Marshal, S. R.
Holcomb; Councllmen. J. II. Couch, It.
J. Holmes. A. B. Hallock. Charles
Hutchlns. P. Hardenburg. N. S. Coon,
It. F. Goodwin, S. G. Reed. James M.
lsii Mayor. James O'Neill; Recorder,
A. L Davis; Treasurer, Thomas A." Sa
vier: Assessor. Z. N. Stansbury; Mar
shal, Thomas J. Holmes; Councllmen.
Robert Porter, A. D. Shelby. A. B. El
feldt. Z. M. Starr. TV. S. Lndd. TVilllum
Reck. H. TV. Davis, S. M. Smith. James
1 srK Mayor. I M. Starr: Recorder,
Alonso I-eland; Treasurer. II. TV. Cor
bett; Assessor. J. M. Breck: Marshal.
S. R. Holcomb: port Warden. Z. N.
Slanbury; Councllmen. George C. Rob
bin. A. P. Ankeny. C. P. Bacon, ,T. N.
l-akln. R. Porter. T. J. Holmes. J. C.
Carson. Wlillanf King. C. S. Klngsley.
H.", Mayor. S. J. McCormlck; Re
corder, Noah lluher; Treasurer. John
McCraken: Assessor. TVllllam Knpus;
1 Je !
" i' -, v
TO M EMORY OP H. W. SCOTT.
approximately 11,000 pounds. The die
ia six feet square and seven feet three'
Inches htrh. weighing more than 41,000
pounds. It Is being cut by Otto Schumann.
The monument will be massive but
exceedingly simple In effect. The one
word Scott" will appear n the front
of the die and a facsimile of Mr. Soott'a
handwriting will be cut on the opposite
side. Dark. Bar re. Vt.. granite will be
tiaed for the monument, which will bs
the heaviest erected la Oregon,
f I 1 '
Marshal. J. H. Lappeus: Port Warden.
Daniel Wright; Councllmen. A. B. Hal
lock. J. M. Vansyckle, J. Davidson. A.
D. Shelbv. M. M. Lucus. J. C. Haw
thorne, K. I. Shattuck, Jacob StitxeL
1860 Mayor, Oeorge C. Bobbins;
Recorder. O. Rlsley; Treasurer. H.
Wasserman; Assessor, James W. Going;
Marshal. J. II. Lappeus: Councllmen. J.
C. Ainsworth. J. Davidson. A. B. Hal
lock. A. D. Shelby. M. M. Lucas. W. L.
Higgins. A. C. It. Shaw. E. D. Sliattuck.
1S61 Mayor, J. M. Breck; Recorder,
O. Rlsely; Treasurer. H. Wasser
man: Marshal. William Grooms:
Assessor. James TV. Going: Council
men. John McCraken, A. B. Hallock.
K. Harbaugh, W. L. Hlgsins. V.. C.
Hull. William M. King. B. R. Scott.
William Masters. John S. White. (S.
E. Barr filled vacancy of Scott, resigned.)
1562 Mayor. TV. II. Farrar; Record
er. J. F. McCoy; Marshal, William
Grooms: Treasurer. K- B. Morse; As
sessor. R. J. Ladd; Councllmen. Thomas
A. Davis. Thomas J. Holmes. A. B.
Hallock. O. Rlsley. J. M. Breck. A. P.
Pennlson. S. Coffin. C. 8. Silvers, A. G.
1563 Mayor, TV. H. Farrar; Recorder,
J. F. McCoy: Treasurer, H. B. Morse;
Marshal. William Grooms: Assessor. O.
Rlsley: Collector. J. F. McCoy; Street
Commissioner. A. B. Stewart: City Sur
veyor, A. B. Hallock; Councllmen, O.
Rlsley. T. J. Holmes. A. B. Hallock. N.
William. A. P. pennlson. S. Coffin, C.
S. Silvers, A. G. Walling.
lS3-4 (Elected In April. 1863)
Mavor, David Logan; Recorder. J. F.
McCoy; Treasurer. O. Rlsley; Marshal,
TV. B. Clark; Assessor. F. C. Pomeroy;
Collector. J. F. McCoy; Street Commis
sioner. Daniel Wright: Surveyor. A. B.
Ifal'ock; Councllmen, John H. Sutton,
Al 21eber, II. Saxer. Alex. Dodge, I. A.
Austin. P. 8. Watson. M. M. Lucus, Jo
seph Knott. David Monastes.
1564 S Mayor. Henry Falling-; Re
corder, J. F. McCoy; Treasurer, H. B.
Morse; Assessor, J. W. Going; Auditor,
II. It. Meeker; Street Commlssionet,
Nelson Northrup; Surveyor. C. W. Bur
rage; Attorney. J. N. Dolpli; Marshal,
Jlenry S. Hoyt; Councllmen, John Mc
Craken. A. M. Starr. TV. H. Eennett. J.
J. Hoffman. Thomas Robertson. Thomas
Frnr.er. S. N. Gilmore. Israel Graden.
1SS5-6 Mayor. Henry Falling; Re
corder. J. J. Hoffman; Treasurer, C. P.
Ferry; Assessor. S. A. Moreland; Audi
tor and Clerk, H. B. Meeker; Street
Commissioner. Samuel Simmons; Sur
veyor, C. TV. Burrage; Attorney, J. N".
Dolph- Marshal. H. L. Hoyt: Council
men. John McCraken. P. C. Schuyler, R.
It. Thompson, E. S. Morgan. S. A. Clarke.
A. Rosenheim. J. P. O. Lownsdale. O. P.
S. Plummer. S. M. Gllmore
IS66.7 Mayor. Thomas J. Holmes;
Recorder. J. J. Hoffman; Treasurer. C
P. Ferry; Assessor. S. A. Moreland; Aud
itor and Clerk. Ralph Wilcox; Street
Commissioner, if. TV. Davis; Surveyor,
C. TV. Burrage: Attorney, TV. W. Upton;
Marshal, Henry L. Hoyt; Councllmen.
John McCraken. A. B. Halleck. Al Zieh
er. A. Rosenheim, M. O'Connor. C. H.
Fechhelmer. J. P. O. Lownsdale, T. J.
Carter, J. C. Carson.
1S-T7-S Mayor. J. A. Chapman. Re-
comer, J. a. iiuiiiuaii. - -- .v v
Ferry; Auditor and Clerk, TV. S. Cald-IiT
well: Assessor. II. H. Johnston; Strecjff Jfr
Commissioner. TVllllam McMillan; At
torney, D. Freldenrlch; Surveyor, Cyril.
Belden; Fire Chief. TV. H. Weed: f
shal, p. Jacob!; Councllmen, A. IleFHal
lock. John McCraken. A. C. Itlpley: C.
S. Fechhelmer, R. Porter, A. Rosen
heim. L. Besser, C. D. Burch, M. F.
lfe.yMayor. Hamilton Boyd: Re
eorter. O. F.inley; Treasurer C. P. Ferry:
Assessor, H II. Johnston; Auditor and
Clerk. TV. S. Caldwell; Street Comnris-
sloaer. Joseph Tucker: purveyor, w. a.
Morris: Attorney, TV
F. Trimble; Fire
Chief. TV. II. Weed; Marshal, J. H. Lap
peus; Councllmen, A. B. Hallock, Will-
lain Cree, A. C. Ripley. J. 31. urecs.. im
porter. C. D. Burch, L. Besser, Charles
189-70 Mayor. B- Goldsmith; Re
corder. Levi Anderson: Treasurer, E. D.
Kackenatos; Assessor. Oscar Kllburn;
Auditor and Clerk. TV. S. Caldwell;
Street Commissioner. Jacob - Hliortle:
Surveyor. H. J. Stevenson: Attorney, C.
A. Dolpli: Fire Chief. Robert Holman;
-Marshal. Joseph Saunders; Councllmen,
C. Kills. William Cree. A. C. Ripley, J.
M. Breck. R. Porter. TV. Moffett. D. C.
Lewis. L. Besser. Charles Hopkins.
1S70-1 Mayor, B. Goldsmith; Police
Judge. D. C. Lewis; Treasurer, E. D.
Kaekenstos; Auditor and Clerk. Wa S.
Caldwell; Attorney. C. A. Dolph: As
sessor. O. Kllburn: Street Commissioner,
J. F. Shortle: Surveyor, H. J. Stevenson:
Councllmen. William Cree, C. Bills. A.
B. Hallock. John M. Breck, TV. Moffett;
J. B. Congle, TV. Lair Hill, J. M. Drake,
1871- 2 Mayor. Philip TVasserman; Po
lice Judge. O. N. Denny; Treasurer. E.
B. Backenstos; Auditor and Clerk. TV. S.
Caldwell; Attorney. C. A. Ball: Assessor,
J. M. Breck; Street Commissioner, A. J.
Marshall; Surveyor, II. J. Stevenson;
Councllmen. Oeorge L. Story, A. B. Hal
lock. E. M. Burton, TV. Moffett. J. B.
Congle, J. M. Cay wood. It. G. Combs, L.
Re.eser, TV. Lair Hill.
1872- 3 Mayor, Philip TVasserman:
Police Judge. O. N. Denny; Treasurer.
K. D. B.Vkenstos; Auditor and Clerk. TV.
S. Caldwell; Attorney, M. F. Mulkey:
Assessor. J. M. Breck; Street Commis
sioner. A. J. Marshall;. Surveyor. TV. S.
Chapraun; Chief of Police. J. H. Lap
peus; Councllmen. A. B. Hallock. E. M.
Burton. George L. Story. J. B. Congle,
J. M. Caywood. K. F. Russell, L. Besser,
TV. Lair Hill. J. C. Moreland.
187S-4 Mayor. Henry Falling; Police
Judge. O. N. Denny; Treasurer. L. H.
Lewis; Auditor and Clerk. TV. S. Cald
well; Attorney, M. F. Mulkey; Assessor.
J. W. Going; Superintendent of Streets.
R. A. Habersham: Surveyor. TV. S. Chap
man: Chief of Police. L. II. Lappeus;
Councllmen, E. M. Burton, George L.
Story. G. TV. Hoyt, J. M. Caywood. E. F.
Russell. J. II. Lyon, TV. Lair Hill. J. C.
Moreland. L. Besser.
lg;4-B Mayor, Henry Falling; Police
Judge. O. N. Denny; Treasurer. L. H.
Lewis: Auditor and Clerk, TV. S. Cald
well; Attorney, A. C. Glbb; Assessor, J.
TV. Going: Superintendent of Streets. P.
TV. Davis; Surveyor, D. W. Taylor;
Councllmen. R. R- Thompson. George L.
Story. G. TV. Hoyt. John Catlln. E. T.
Russell. J. ri. Lyon, E. Corbett. J. C
Moreland, L. Besser.
1875-6 Mayor, J. A. Chapman: Pollco
Judge, W. If. Adams: Treasurer. Joseph
Bachman: Assessor, Andrew Hill; Audi
tor and Clerk. TV. S. Caldwell: Superin
tendent of Streets. P. W. Davis; Sur
veyor. D. TV. Taylor; Attorney, John M.
Gearln; Chief of Police, J. H. Lappeus;
Councllmen, Oeorge TV. Hoyt, H. D. San
born, J. It- Wiley, TVllllam H. Andru.
John Catlln. S. G. Skidmore. L. Besser,
Elijah Corbett. E. J. TV. Stemme.
187-7 Mayor. J. A. Chapman; Police
Judge. W. H. Adams; Treasurer, Joseph
Bachman; Assessor, TV. S. Chapman;
Auditor and Clerk. TV. 8. Caldwell: Su
perintendent of Streets. William Show-
" - -
era; Surveyor. D. W. 1
John M. Gearln: Coun
Stephens. V. F. Harring
igton. J. R. Wiley,
TV. H. Andrus. S. Ulumauer, S. G. Skid-
more. Noah Lambert, Elijah Corbett. E.
J. TV. Stemme.
1877- 8 Mayor, TV. S. Newberry; Po
lice Judge. TV. H. Adams; Treasurer,
Joseph Bachman: Assessor, R. H. Love;
Auditor and Clerk. TV. 8. Caldwell; Su
perintendent of Streets. D. E. Budd;
Surveyor. D. W. Taylor: Attorney. J. C.
Moreland; Chief of Police. L. Besser;
Councllmen. Thomas Stephens. F. Opitx,
J. R. Wiley. TV. H. Andrus, Joseph Si
mon, S. G. Sk'dmore, Noah Lambert. G.
TV. Vocum. E. J. TV. Stemme.
1878- 9 Mayor, W. S. Newberry: Po-
ll;e Judge. TV. H. Adams; Treasurer, Jo-
seph Bachman; Assessor. R. H. Love;
Auditor and Clerk. R. L. Durham; Su
perintendent of Streets. TV. Braden; Sur
veyor. W. S. Chapman; Attorney. J. C.
Moreland: Chief of Police. L. Besser:
Councllmen. Thomas Stephens. F. Opitx.
J. TV. Payne. TVllllam A. Andrus. Joseph
Simon, E. If. Stolte, Noah Lambert, G.
INSPECTION OF FIRST DAILY LIKE
1JN& GLIMPSE OF CITY IN EARLY DAYS
Advertising and News Columns of The Oregonian in 1861 Contain Names That Are Closely Con
nected With Portland and Its History.
AN INSPECTION' of the first issue
of The Daily Oregonian, especial
ly the advertising columns, is al
most like a glimpse or the business dis
trict of Portland as it stood in 1861.
Many of the names found are still fa
miliar to Portland people; In some in
stances their modest advertisements
indicate tho beginnings from which
large fortunes have grown. Some of
those whose names appear were in
Portland for only a short time and even
the oldest pioneers remember little
about them and do not know what be
came of them. Hardly a half-dozen of
the many whose names appear in this
paper of 50 years ago are known to be
alive today. This entire issue is repro
duced on another page of The Oregon
The most conspicuous advertisement
in this first issue was that of II. TV.
Corbett. Mr. Corbett, whose name is
well known to every Portlander, came
to this city ln1851. Mr. Corbett began
business here in the ?firm of Corbett &
McLaren, but in 1861 was the sole pro
prietor of the business, which was the
largest general store in the town. Mr.
Corbett built up a great fortune, served
Oregon in the Senate and took an im
portant part in the life of the state.
He died eight years ago.
Cards of the town's leading lawyers
also appear on the first page of the
paper. Among the lawyers was John
H. Mitchell, who later was a Senator
from Oregon for three terms and a
portion of a fourth and whose connec
tion with the Oregon land fraud cases
is a matter of recent history. P. A.
Marquam, who came to Portland In
1851 and is still living, was also prac
ticing law then. Mr. Marquam was
later Judge of Multnomah County. Mar
quam Hill and Marquam Gulch were
named for him. E. Hamilton, who at
that time lived on the block where the
Public Library now stands, was anoth
er of these early lawyers. Thomas
Scott Brook,-of Portland. Is his grand
son. Concerning E. TV. McGraw and S.
Ellsworth, whose office was at Eugene,
comparatively little Is known by old
timers who have gone over the paper
Robert Plttock. who was proprietor
of the City Bakery and Provision Store,
was a bpother of H. L. Plttock. Just
NT WfTO HELPED INSTITUTE FIRST
CIVIL GOVERNMENT IS
Francois X. Matthieu Was One of Two to Cast Deciding Vote
Gathering Held at Champoeg on May
By ('Corse II. Illmea. Assistant Secretary
Oregon Historical Society.
HE NAME of Francois Xavier
Matthieu, an Oregon pioneer of
1842, who Is still living in Port
land, is .Indlssolubly connected with
the early history of this common
wealth. He was born In Terrebonne,
Canada, April 2, ISIS.. As his name In-
dlcates, he is of French ancestry.
Such education as he had was acquired
before the ago of 12 years. Then his
struggle with the world began, first as
an errand boy, and then as a clerk in
a dry goods store In Montreal. In
March, 1837. when the adherents of
Louis Joseph Papineau, a noted French
Canadian leader of that time, decided
upon revolution against the 'English au
thorities, the Matthieu connection stood
shoulder to shoulder with their breth-
ren. and Mr. Matthieu renuerea valu
able aid to the Insurgents, although he
had not yet attained his majority. .
After this action, believing that dis
cretion was the better part of valor,
he suddenly disappeared from Canada,
and Is next found at Albany, N. Y..
working as a carpenter. His next move
was to Milwaukee, Wis., and then to
St. Louis, where he found employment
as a clerk with the American Fur
Company, In whose employ he remained
about three years. Mr. Matthieu was
at Fort Laramie on June 28, 1842, and
on July 2 Joined the Oregon immigra
tion of that year, led by Dr. Elijah
White, Lansford TV. Hastings and
others, numbering about 137 persons,
and arrived at Oregon City late in
September. Soon afterwards, he nt
to French Prairie and formed ' - ac
quaintance of Etienne Lucler and re
mained with him during the Winter.
Lucler waa one of the old trappers
that came with the Wilson Price Hunt
FIRST OREGON FLAG STILL WAVES
MRS. CINCINNATI BILLS A
MONO the first subscribers to The
when it was
launched In February, 1861, were
Cincinnati! Bills and his wife. Mrs. A.
E. Bills. Mr. Bills started the first
draylng business conducted in Portland,
which has since developed into the Ore-
gon Transfer Company. Though left
widow at an early date, Mrs. Bills has
continued to read The Oregonian with
out Intermission since its first appear
ance. The Bills were pioneers of 1853, mak
ing, tho lostTi hazardous Journey by ox.
t ' ' -
rT7CT' a ; . a
L 111 sL
below his advertisement appears that
of Frank Dekum, who in 1S53 started
in Portland as a small confectioner and
became wealthy through this business
and operations in real estate. He was
connected with many enterprises and
later became the head of two local
banks. He died about 13 years ago.
At the bottom of the last column on
the first page we find a small notice
concerning the Caruthers estate, signed
by S. Coffin. This estate was involved
in one of the most memorable legal
contests in the history of Portland.
When Finis. Caruthers died, leaving
valuable land in the southern part of
tho city, no heir appeared. A group of
Portland citizens, realizing the value of
the property, formed a company and
sent East to seek an heir. In 9t. Louis
they found a man named Thomas, whom
they presented in Portland as the wid
ower of Elizabeth Caruthers. mother of
Finis. Other sporadic heirs arose, but
the Thomas faction finally bought them
off and obtained title to the property,
which was later sold to Henry Villard.
One other interesting announcement
appears on the first pase of the initial
number. It is of a series of lectures to
be given at the Methodist Episcopal
Church (now the Taylor-street church).
The speakers were to be Rev. E. R.
Oearv, L. F. Grover and A. C. Gibbs.
The "two last-named served later as
Governors of Oregon, Mr. Gibbs from
1862 to 1866. and Mr. Grover two terms,
beginning in 1870. Mr. Grover is still
living in Portland. Rev. K. R. Geary
was the father of Pr. 10. r. Geary, of
Portland. He was at that time Super
intendent of Indian Affairs in the
Northwest. In the same issue is a re
ply to Mr. Geary from R. H. Lansdale,
who has Just been removed as Indian
Agent for Washington Territory.
In the news items on the third page
of the first daily we read that a wharf
was being constructed on the land
owned by J. P. O. Lownsdale "to attract
business to that portion of the town."
Mr. Lownsdale was the son of D. II.
Lownsdale, who arrived in 1S54 and
took up a claim adjoining the original
townsite on th"e west. J. P. O. Lowns
dale's death occurred only recently.
In the steamer arrivals from San
Francisco are seen several well-known
names. Among them are General Joel
Palmer. Jacob Kamm. Dr. TV. Weather
rford, S. J. McCormlck and Colonel Far
rar. General Palmer hearted one of the
early emigrant trains to Oregon; Jacob
party across the plains in 1311 to Join
the Astor Company, which arrived at
what is now Astoria .in April of that
Among the subjects of conversation
with Lucler that Winter were the laws
and customs of the United States. The
old trapper was quite suspicious, hav
ing been told that that Government
Imposed heavy duties Mr. Matthieu
was able to convince him to the con
trary, showing that the laws of the
United states were just and liberal,
and under them all men were equal
there was no tyranny. Aside' from
Matthieu, the French Canadians as a
class, were not interested in the gen
eral question of a new Government, the
rule of Dr. John McLoughlin, head of
the Hudson's Bay Company being good
enough for them. However, that mat
ter was the subject of discussion to
some extent, the necessity for it nav
jng arisen as the result of the death
of Ewing Young in Chehalem Valley
on Kehruarv 15. 1841. Several meet
ings of the settlers had been held with
out notable results further than to em
phasize the thought that a change in
the political conditions was Impend
ing. At length, pursuant to previous no
tice, 102 persons assembled at Cham
poeg on May 2, 1843. to hear a report
of a committee, the adoption or rejec
tion of which meant the rise or fall of
the first movement towards the estab
lishment of American civil government
west of the Rocky Mountains. The
motley crowd gathered around the door
of the Hudson's Bay Company's ware
house has been described by Mr.
Matthieu, who is the, only living sur
vivor of the meeting. It was made up
of American trappers and mountain
men. mainly dressed In buckskin suits,
with fringed pantaloons, the French
settlers clad in brown corduroy and
moleskin pants, with calico shirts and
Soft black felt hats, American settlers
shabbily dressed in the residue of the
garments, partially worn out or left
ND HER HISTORIC FLAG.
team from Indiana . with remarkable
At the celebration of the Fourth of
July, 1861, Mrs. Bills with the assist
ance of an Irishman, Thomas Stafford,
who was employed by her husband
made the f'rst Union flag ever sewed
In this city or state. This historic old
banner was nine feet long by six wide,
and has floated out. year by year, from
the residence of its maker and owner
every Fourth of July, since 1861, when
the Stars and Stripes was flung to the
"breeze to unhesitatingly show the stand
in national politics jabfl hX. fci'e Bills
Kamm is the pioneer steamboat man
who is still a citizen of Portland: Pr.
TVoatherford was an early drug-jrist
who lived at Third and Salmon streets:
S. J. McCormick wasMayor of Portland
In 1SS9 and Colonel Farrar in All
of these men had been residents of
Portland and it was not their original
arrival in the city.
An interesting advertisement on tho
third page is that of Ladd, Reed & Co.
The members of this firm were W. S.
Ladd and S. G. Reed, two of Oregon's
best-known pioneers. From their oarly
business ventures grew vast fortunes,
Mr. Ladd establishing the bank of Ladd
& Tilton, and Mr. Reed investing in
steamboats and in Willamette Valley
On this page is also the card or T ill
iams & Gibbs, lawyers. Mr. Gibbs has
already been mentioned in this article.
The name of George H. Williams. Sen
ator, Attorney-General in Grant's Cab
inet and long influential in large af
fairs of the Nation, is too well known
to need comment.
On the last page of the issue is an
announcement of Pacific University and
Tualatin Academy at Forest Grove, af
filiated institutions which are still
among Oregon's leading schools. Sid
ney Harper Marsh, principal, and Hor
ace Lyman, teacher, whose names ap
pear, were among the state's most
prominent pioneer educators.
The card of George L. Story & Com
pany, dealers in paints and oils in San '
Francisco, is also of interest. J'.r.
Story was one of Portland's early busi
ness men. lie had gone to San Fran
cisco and opened a store, but he later
returned to Portland, where he slill re
sides. Other well-known pioneers whoso
names appear In the first daily were
David Monastes, uncle of H. TV. Monas
tes, of Portland; Sam Sherlock, founder
of the saddlery house that later becama
the George TV. Lawrence Company: P.
C. Schuyler, a druggist for v hom
Schuvler street was named, and B. F.
Harding, who, the next year, became
United States Senator from Oregon,
and Horatio Cook. Sr.. father of J. T.
Cook, now a Portland broker.
It is interesting to note the wide ter
ritory from which advertisements were
Inserted in this early issue of The Or
gonian. A large pro portion of tho ad
vertisements are from San Francisco
houses, while a large number are front
British Columbia firms.
tor United states m nibtunt.
over from crossing the plains, and five
missionaries to the Indians threo
Methodists and two ConKreRationallsta
wearing silk stocks and white shirts.
All were on the tiptoe of expectanry.
as it was found that the committee of
12 Dr. Ir;y L. Bahcock, Dr. Elijalt
White, Jamie A. O'Neil, Robert Shor
tcss, Robert Newell, Etienne Lucler,
Thomas J. Hubbard. C. McKay. Wil
liam H. Gray, Sidney Smith, Joseph.
Gervais and Georpo Gay were ready
to report. As chairman of the com
mittee. Dr. Babcock called the meeting
to order. Gray, LeBreton and WiUsou
were chosen secretaries. The report
was read and a motion to adopt it was
lost. Then a motion to divide was)
carried by acclamntion. A slipiit delay
followed, when Joseph L. Meek seized
the psychological moment and spoko
In a loud voice, "All in favor of a di
vide, follow mo to the riprht,"' and
marched out of tho building. Fifty
persons lined up with Meek, but ap
parently there were 52 of the opposi
tion. Then it was noticed that at the
foot of the French Canadian line two
persons were excitedly presticulatini?,
and as the vote was about to bo an
nounced they stepped quickly across
the intervening space and joined tlit
American line. Then went up a shout,
led by Meek, which made the welkin
ring. Those two men were Ktienno
Lucler and F. X. Matthieu. And in all
the three-scone and almost seven years)
since that eventful day there is no net
in all of Mr. Matthieu's long, useful
and honorable life tliat gives him so
much pleasure as the pivotal vote of
his companion and himself on May 2,
1843, which forever stamped it on tho
pages of Oregon's history as the birth
day of the first civil Kovernment west
of the Rocky Mountains.
Matthieu was chosen a constable of
the embryo government, and one of
his first duties was to put out" of busi
ness a man who was distilling a vile
intoxicating liquor called "Blue Ruin,'
from molasses. Not lung afterwards
this 'fellow set up another still.
Matthieu again destroyed the plant,
and warned that man that if caught
in his nefarious business a third time
he would bo hung.
Mr. Matthieu was married to Roae
Osent on April 15, 1844. and 15 chil
dren were born to that union, of whom
seven are now living. Mrs. Matthieu
died February 12. 1901. In 1S4G he
bought a tract of 640 acres about a
mile and a hnlf south of the present
village of Butteville, which still re
mains in possession of the family. In
1850 he founded Butteville, and was a .
merchant there for 20 years, besides
Mr. Matthieu's acquaintance with.
The Oregonian began witli the first
number of the Weekly. While of dif
ferent political faith, he has read it
regularly most of the time.
Amusing Incident In Told.
An amusing story is told concerning
Elizabeth Caruthers, who, with her son,
Finlce, owned the land that later be
came Caruthers" Addition to Portland.
The two lived alone, remote from the
other people of the town, and there
was some sort of mystery about their
former life. The old lady was peculiar,
and stories about her went around the
neighborhood, among them the follow
ing: A caller one day found her very sad
and pensive. Nothing that could be
said seemed to cheer her. At last she
revealed the cause of her gloom. "There
will be war," she said.
"Ah, indeed; why do you think so?"
"My old hen," she replied, "laid an
egg with letters on it; and there it was
as plain as fire, 'TV,' 'O.' 'R,' war."
As this was some time In the '50s,
the hen proved to be better at prophe
sying than spelling.
State Flower Chosen la ls:2.
Oregon's state flower, the Oregon
grape, was selected at a meeting of the
State Horticultural Society held In Hood
River, July 14, 1892. The recommenda
tion for its adoption was made to the
society by E. TV. Hammond, of Joseph
ine County, and action was taken upon
motion of George H. Himes, of Port
land. This selection was made official
by the Legislature in 1899, upon request
of the Federated Women's Clubs of Ore
gon. The Oregon grape is distinctly an
Oregon plant. Closely resembling holly,
it forms beautiful decorations. So far
as is known, the first reference to it is
found in "Pursh's Flora of North Amer
ica," published in-London in 1816. In
that work It Is technically described as
"berberis aquifolium, the Oregon grapa.
Of tolly -leafed tiarberrx."