Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, December 01, 1910, Page 10, Image 10

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    10
TIIE 3IORMXG OR EGO XI AX, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 1, 191C.
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rORTLAXlt. THtlLSDAT. EC. I. !.
NEW N'ATIOX AIA-.V T!f TTJUL.
Woodrow Wilson la Governor-elect
of New Jersey. li la a shining exam
pie of the scholar tn politics, though
thrrt are precloua few scholastic poll
tli-Una like him. He la a Democrat,
which ia no reproach to htm. since he
la sane, safe, conservative and pru
dntly and Intelligently ssfrowlvf
II la regarded by inany aa the hop
of the New Democracy. which
merely another name for the Old
Democracy, for lor.jc years obscured
and eclipsed by the iiryan vogue.
Governor-elect Wilson, at the K'D
tucky conference of Governor, sound
ed a keynote against the New Nation
atlxm. He did not say so. but that la
what It waa. He appeared to put In
word a the. decided sentiment of the
ether Governor. It-publlcan and
Democratic. They will Insist that the
Federal Government do not usurp and
override the elate In affair, of com
mon concern, such aa conservation.
It 1st well.
The outlook for the New National
lam la not altogether hopeful. There
are. too many Western State that.
through motive of self-prestrvatlon
and the Instinct of standing up for
their own. have other views. There
Is a lot of new Democratic- Governors,
and Legislatures In the East and Mid
dle Weat. There la to he a Demo
cratic House of Congress. The R
publicans are divided on the subject.
The New Nationalism Is perilously
near the rocks. We state an obvious
condition, not In term of rejoicing
or exultation, but with due apprecia
tion of certain signs and portents.
The only Democrats unreservedly
nd openly for the New Nationalism
re In Oregon. But are they real
Democrats?
THE SHORT MMKlnX.
Not very much legislation Is ever
carried through In the "short session
of an expiring Congress. It lost only
from the first Monday In December to
the 4th of March, and usually most of
Its time la occupied with appropria
tion bills. Naturally money matters
take precedence over everything else.
and If there Is not room for other af
fair they must wait. The coming
hort session will have more than the
ordinary deterrents to activity. Many
of the Republican members must give
up their seats to Democrats after
March 4. These unfortunate can
hardly be expected to Initiate any bold
and far-reaching measures of states
manship. In fact. Congressmen of
the older type are not much In the
habit of doing anything except obey
orders and Just now the disruption of
tho Cannon organization leaves them
Ilka an army without a general.
It la conceded that there will be a
good deal of maneuvering this Winter
over the revision of tho House rules.
The men who wish to take the com
mittee appointments nway from the
Speaker will not relax their efforts.
They may work quietly, but they will
be busy and their planning and plot
ting will help divert attention from
legislation. There are conjectures
that a do-nothing policy may be fol
lowed throughout the next two years.
President Taft. it Is said, will not call
n extra seseion in the Spring to revise
the tariff. On the other hand, the
Democratic House, when It meets a
year from now. will pass no bills
which might shed credit on a Repub
lican Administration. Prophecies of
this ort are not very convincing. It
is hardly fair to assume that either
the President or the Iemocratte
House Is utterly neglectful of the pub
lie welfare. If Mr. Taft dms not call
an extra session ho will have some
better reason for It thnn reluctance to
give the Democrats a chance to net.
Nor la It at all likely that Congress
will sit Idle until 1ll The new mem
ber know that they are on trial. Their
future depends on their accomplishing
something and they will not let the
opportunity slip If they can help It.
Some beneficial legislation may be
enacted even at the short session this
Winter. Mr. Taft Is not satisfied with
the feeble and tentative structure of
hl tariff commission. Although It
waa Instituted to gnther Information
about tho tariff. It ha no power to
aubpena witnesses or compel people to
answer questions. It may not even use
Information detrimental to the over
protected trusts which has been gath
ered by the Bureau of Corporation.
The truth Is that Congress gave the
tariff commission Just as little author
ity as it could without actually r ftis
irg to create It. Since the President
depends upon the commission to tske
the lead In future revisions of the
schedules. It stands to reason that he
would like to see It better provided
with funds and power. There Is some
likelihood that his wish, may be grati
fied this Winter. 'Whether any of the
schedule will be revised Is an Inter
esting subject for prognostication.
Mr. Taft said In his noted Winona
speech that the m-ool schedule of the
Aldrlch tariff lacked something of that
perfection which he beheld every
where else In that Instrument. Per
haps he will ask Congress to lower
the extortionate duties on woolen fab
rics this Winter In accordance with
what he has declared to be Just. But
even If he doe. It wonld be unsafe
to assume that the tax wi'.l be abated,
for until March 4 the standpatters' will
control Congress.
Rumors are afloat that the duties on
paper and wood pulp may also be re
duced, but no doubt the principal
basis for the prophecy Is the dej-l-e
that It may come true. The best way
to avoid disappointment Is to hope for
nothing from the short session. Then
every blessing It may vouchsafe will be
doubly bright. There Is much that
Congreaa might do If It -would. It
might even establish the long-desired
parcels post, and by some miracle per
haps It will.
aVIUC CPI.S.
The discussions In the mass meeting
of the Multnomah Bur Association,
while profound and Interesting, have
not ahrd a very brilliant light on the
dark and mysterious passages In the
new judiciary amendment. All the
comfort gained is In the hope implied
that the Legislature may make some
thing sensible out of the provisions
providing for reconstruction of the
judicial system and that the Supremo
Court may so construe the amend
ment that It will cause the least pos
sible harm In appellate procedure.
Had Judge Pipe added one word
to his comment and said that the
amendment Is "a sample of the
devastating hand of the (wide-open)
Inltiailve and referendum," we could
heartily agree with him. In this
amendment waa prevented to the vot
er at large a measure having a mean
ing on which law) era cannot agree.
What the laity thought of It I shown
In the vote recorded In the election.
Of lll.OOu voters who expressed a
choice on candidate for Governor,
approximately 14.009 failed to express
an opinion on the Judiciary amend
ment. The only conclusion to be
reached I that 14 (IftA voter decided
to "pas It up" because they knew
nothlrg about It. Thirty-nine thou
sand voter expressed disapproval of
the amendment, but It happened that
45.000 voters thought the measure
had merit. Thus an Indefinite, and
by some learned men held to be
harmful, amendment I written Into
the fundamental law of the state by
vote of is per cent of the electorate.
Forty-five thousand voters wanted tho
amendment adopted and 71.000 either
did not want It or feared or neglected
to express an opinion.
MR. ArsTU'l PI -AN.
What President Atwell, of the
State Horticultural Boolety, propose
amounts to a federation of the local
fruitgrowers' associations. The pur
pose of the federation Is to solve tho
problem of marketing fruit. Without
conjoint action fruit Is shipped to
markets which do not at the moment
need It. A glut follows. Prices fall
nd the senseless cry of overproduc
tion la raised. To remedy this mis
taken practice, put the entire direc
tion of shipments In the hands of a
central exchange composed of local
delegates, sas Mr. Atwell. Let this
exchange say when and where every
car of fruit shall proceed. .
This is eminently round and practi
cal. With reference to the market
there should be no individual fruit
growers. There should be only tho
central body which represents them
all. To this growers must come, and
come soon, if they would rescue tho
business from the d'saster of over
stocked markets and ruinous prices.
To almost every problem of country
life and work the key Is "organiza
tion."" Complete organization means
complete success, -isolated effort, as
sad experience proves only too well.
means failure. The Isolated associa
tion Is only one degree less feeble than
the Isolated individual.
Jl'IKUMG AFPI.tS.
Several hundred boxes of very su
perior apples were lined up In Port
land yesterday to be "Judged." This
delicate task fell to H. E. Van Doman,
a cultured, practical man of science
who has devoted hi life to pomology.
HI judicial estimate carries with it a
sort of Governmental stamp, for he
Is one of Uncle Sam's recognized ex
perts. Furthermore, Mr. Van Deman
has had much experience In passing
upon the relative merits of favorite
n the apple kingdom. His verdict
will be accepted. Under the rulea of
the game, you can't appeal.
Still It may be asked In all sincer
ity whether this Judge or any other
udge of an apple show applied the
supreme test. A farmer once boasted
a neighbor that he could always
tell by the teeth whether a chicken
was tender. "A chicken ha no teeth,"
wh the derisive comment. "I know
it." came the rejoinder, "but I have."
One must grant that form, color.
freedom from Imperfection, manner
of packing, uniformity or size and
general reputation are contributing
features of the evidence. But all of
them are externals. How dare any
urist declare this apple or that to
be best or second best until, like the
udge of chickens, ho haa put It to
he dental test?
MORE rWIPU! I -OR ORW.ON.
The meeting of the Oregon Devel
opment League at Salem this week
a the most Important affair of its
Ind ever held in Oregon. It brought
ogether. from every locality In the
state, representative men "who are en-
aged in exploiting the resources of
Oregon for the purpose of attracting
settlers. Throughout the discussions
he keynote of co-operation struck no
discordant sound. There was unani
mous sentiment that the exploitation
ork of the future should be carried
on with a view to giving all localities
In the state equal opportunities In pre
senting their merits to the hnme-
ekor. There will be complete elim
ination of the reprehensible practice
f "knocking" one portion of the state
In tho belief that it 1 an aid to some
other portion. The numerous speeches
made and papers read at the meeting
Isclesed very satisfactory results from
he publicity work already performed.
nd also outlined an elaborate pro
tamine for the future.
Introducing President Howard Elli
ott, of the Northern Pacific Railroad.
President Wilcox, of the Development
League, quite truthfully stated that
he railroads had expended more
money for publicity work than all
other organizations combined. Mr.
lllott In his speech supplemented this
by the statement that since coming
Into the Pacific Northwest the North
ern Pacific had expended In bringing
o the attention of the world the ad
vantage of tho country more than
i.000.000. An equally satisfactory
howing could probably be made by
he Harrlman lines, which for the
past four year have been exceptlon-
lly lavish in their appropriations for
dvertising the resources of this coun
try.
Now that It has been demonstrated
beyond question that the greatest need
f the Northwest i more people, and
also that the railroads are spending
millions to get them here and more
millions to open up new territory on
htch they may be located, there
hould be the most harmonious co
loration between the people and the
railroads. The Development League
in its Salem session showed clearly
that it had perfected admirable plans
for the most satisfactory distribution
of these new settler.
With the railroads spreading the
gospel of Oregon opportunities and
turning the newcomers over to the
various branches of the Development
League, there should be due apprecia
tion of their efforts and every encour
aiji'mrnt offered them to extend
branches and new lines wherever they
are needed. Oregon Is on the eve of
a tremendous economic change, and
the railroads are easily the most po
tent factors In that change. They
should be treated with the utmost
fairness and liberality.
SOME REVISION NH1WAKT.
Before issuing his annual report on
the crops of Oregon. State Labor Com
missioner Hoff would do well to en
gage In some careful revision of the
advance sheet. We are Informed
therein that Oregon this year pro
duced 615.034 bushel of corn which,
sold at an average of 90 cents per
bushel, while the wheat yield of
10,993. 659 bushel sold at J16.394.S00.
or about 83 rents per bushel. Any
state where fifty-six pounds of corn
will command more than sixty pounds
of wheat should certainly prove very
attractive to the corngrower of the
Middle West. Unfortunately, we can
hardly hope to attract Immigration on
these figures if the Middle Western
fanners stop to think It over.
Only a mild knowledge of market
prices, freight rates and mathematics
Is necessary to show them that there
has not been a single day this year
when the best grade of Eastern corn
could not be delivered anywhere In
the Oregon corn belt at several cents
lea than 90 cents per bushel. The
price per bushel given on Oregon
wheat might he a fair average of Its
value at tidewater market, but the
yield Is a few million bushel too high.
Mr. Hoffs report segregates the
yields and acreage of wheat to a
nicety, beginning with 718 acres on
which the yield was live bushels per
acre and ranging up to 19.173 acres
averaging forty bushels per acre. It
Is regretahle that the correspondents
who could determine so accurately the
yields of each field arrived at a grand
total that was about 4.000.000 bushels
too high.
It is also a hard slam on Oregon
wheat w hen it Is made to show a valu
ation of less than 85 cents per bushel
while corn Is stated to be worth 90
cents per bushel. In Chicago, which
Is a representative market for both
v beat end corn, wheat sold yestcrJny
at 90 rent per bushel and corn at 44
cent per bushel. If the remainder of
Mr. holt's agricultural statistics aro
similar to those mentioned, his book
needs considerable revision.
CONI-1'MXG Ri-TOKTS FROM MEXICO.
The Mexican government seems to
be making slow headway in putting
down the rebellion. Up to date the
prevailing policy, or rather the pre
valllng practice, seems to have been
that which General Buller in the Boer
war termed in his dispatches as "lur
ing them on." Untortunately for the
Diaz dynasty, the renegades seem to
be coming right along as though they
meant business and did not need any
"luring." Thus far most of the news
thnt trickle out of the country has
the appearance of originating in the
camp of the revolutionists, but It la
somewhat noteworthy that the strict
censorship by the Mexican government
Is seldom lifted even to permit news
of Mexican victories to escape. This
silence would indicate that Madero
and the fifty-two different varieties of
Indians who are said to be Included in
the ranks of the revolutionists may
be making nearly as much headway
as they are claiming.
The Dlax government, however, i so
firmly Intrenched and so well equipped
with machinery for putting down re
bellion that the ultimate result can
hardly he different from that of the
many uprisings of the past. The Mex
ican are good fighters and as a rule
posses much greater courage than
their saddle-colored cousin In the
fighting zone farther south. Ptit they
have displayed had Judgment in their
hatred for the United States and have
In no manner endeavored to seek favor
cf the one country on earth that could
come to their assistance if the present
revolutionary zephyr should develop
Into a cyclone.
The United State has great finan
cial Interest in Mexico and is on rea
sonably food terms with the Mexican
government, but If the uprising as
sumes tho proportions the rebel press
agents assert It will, this country may
feel called en to take some action. The
rebels have torn down and trampled
the American flag, and In other ways
expressed their contempt for the
United Fttite. whose only offense has
been too much leniency. For the
present the attitude of the United
f-tates will be strictly neutral, but an
objection that will be heard will be en
tered if American Interest In Mexico
nre seriously affected.
I-I.rMS A- ROOSEVELT.
The Colonel Is said to he In recep
tive mood regarding "third term" for
191?. Taste of political plums, evi
dently, is like that of the lotus makes
one prone to forget promises and duties
and decorums. It may be of Interest
now to read anew the announcement
President Roosevelt made on election
night. 1904. when he was re-elected
by large majority, that "under no cir
cumstances" would he accept another
nomination:
I am deeply sensible of the honor dons ma
by the American people In thua expressing
their eonll'lenre In what I have don and
have tried to do. 1 appreciate to tha full
the solamn responsibility this confidence Im
poses on me and I shall do all that tn my
power lies not to forfeit It. On the fourth
of March next I shall have served thre and
na-half years and this three and one-half
yenrs constitutes my first tarm.
The wise custom which limits tha Presi
dent to two terms regards tha substance and
not the form and under no circumstances
will I be a candidate for or accept another
nomination. , 1
That was six year ago. Several of
Roosevelt's advisers, chief of them
Secretary of State Hay, tried vainly
to dissuade him from making the
declaration.
Times and circumstances change,
and Roosevelt could fairly say that no
such announcement as this, voluntar
ily made by himself, can reasonably
blnd all his future actions. A great
many persons would attack his rec
ord for "inconsistency." but that is
neither a profound nor a winning ar
gument. "Consistency" Is the conten
tion usually of petty brains that lack
abiding principles and strong reasons
of their own to stand on.
The real questions confronting
Roosevelt's third term are: Can he
unite the warring faction of the Re
publican party? Will he repudiate
the "rabid radicalism" of his Western
speeches and win again the confidence
of the properly conservative elements
of the country? Is not the Repub
lican party destined for a period of
drubbing and defeat on account of
protective tariff failures and quarrels
of its politicians? Is the "wise cus
tom" so deemed hitherto "which
limits the President to two terms" to
be continued In the political polity of
the Nation?
The truth seems plain that Roose
velt would have been a "bigger man"
today had he held himself aloof from
recent political dissensions: also that
he cannot make himself a bigger man
by either seeking or winning the Pres
idency again.
In view of the Increasing use of the
water route between the Atlantic and
Pacific ports, it 1 hardly probable
that the railroads Intend any advance
of consequence in rates. The decision
in the Spokane case made necessary
a complete revision of all rates and
the problem of a general readjust
ment on an equitable basis Is not easy
of solution. Spokane and all Interior
point, under the new order, lost the
advantage of the old "blanket" rates
which enabled them to ship freight
from Atlantic Coast points through
Chicago to the Went at no increase
over the Chicago rate. This change,
of course, was to the advantage o
the shippers who make use of the
water route, and eventually will re
sult in much Spokane and other In
terlor freight being routed through the
coast port. The most difficult part
of the problem now confronting the
railroad is how to protect their Coast
business against water competition and
at the same time work out a schedule
which will show proper respect for
the long and short haul provisions of
the law-.
The consistent gain In building op.
erations heretofore shown by building
permits throughout the year Is still in
evidence. November figure were far
In excess of November. 1909. With a
whole month of the calendar year re
mainlng, permits for 1910 have al
ready broken last year's record for the
twelvemonth by more than $2,000,000
The best feature of this record-break
Ing activity in the building line is in
the fact that for every business block
or for every residence there is a ten
ant in waiting. .New residents are
coming into the city and state In
greater numbers than ever before In
our history. There will be no slack
ening of consequence in the building
movement so long aa the city and
state have so much to offer the new
comers, whether they are here on
business or pleasure.
"In all solemnity," declared 600 or
more Episcopal and Nonconformist
ministers of English and Irish
churches In a public letter, "we now
declare that home rule will bring Ire
land, not peace, but the sword. If
an Irish Parliament is set up. the
Unionists of the south, allied with the
men of Ulster, will not acknowledge
its authority. They will neither obey
Its decrees nor pay Its taxes." That
sounds familiar. We heard something
like it In Oregon during the late pro
hlbltlon campaign, when criticism
was made that the law could not he
enforced. But the prohibition ora
tors (mostly preachers) said It was
high treason to declare In advance any
law could not be enforced. The
preachers of England appear to have
another view.
Battling Nelson, the "Durable Dane,
who has fought perhaps as many
hard fights a any of the examples of
debasement who for a stipulated sum
temporarily become animals and
punch and claw each other. Is about
the latest of his kind to fail to "come
back." In a contest at San Fran
Cisco, last Saturday with an opponent
bearing the suggestive name of Owen
Moran, the durability of the Dane was
so Inconsequential that he was put to
sleep In the eleventh round. Now that
It ha been demonstrated to Mr. Nel
son that he is a "has-been," he will
probably follow the example of his
illustrious predecessors In the squared
circle and start a saloon or become
something more respectable than an
animal for the amusement of the
mob. '
Viewed sentimentally, one year's
imprisonment of an Oregon City
loafer for refusing to support his wife
and infant child has elements of right
eous punishment. On the practical
side, his earning power the next
twelve months seems to have been
seriously curtailed and Clackamas
County Is In for considerable expense
to feed him. Here Is a social and
economical problem that can't be
solved offhand.
Nebraska has reversed a political
fashion which of late has been fol
lowed far and wide. We refer to the
rage for electing a Democratic Gov
ernor to pull with, or against, a Re
publican Legislature. Oregon knows
how It works. In Nebraska they have
harnessed a Republican Governor
with a Democratic Legislature. Will
the team pull any better than ours?
The project of tapping afarp Lake to
irrigate the farms around Goldendale
makes one tremble a little for Crater
Lake, which "would be eminently use
ful In the same way. The two lakes
are similarly situated. Crater Lake is
in a National park, but what Is the
constitution or the law when there is
money to be made by eluding them?
Within the next three days more
can be accomplished In the way of
Christmas shopping than In any other
three ,days before Christmas.
Oregon Is now trying to find out
what It put into the constitution when
it voted for the judicial amendment
three weeks ago.
Dr. Cook admits that he was prob
ably insane. Many folk will be in
clined to take this charitable view and
let it go at that.
Bad as the divorce evil Is in Port
land. It Is less objectionable than the
growing evil of indiscriminate marital
shooting.
New Tork City will build a drydock
1000 feet long, evidently in anticipa
tion of the 1000-foot steamer yet to be
launched.
Two year hence initiative measures
may be investigated more closely than
they were last month.
These are progressive times. Here
ia the January freshet a month ahead.
Aa to Christmas shopping, do It
110 ARE DRAWN AS JURORS
Chief Criminal Case to Be Hoard in
December That of Mrs. Kersh.
The names of 110 jurors who will do
duty at the December term of the Cir
cuit Court have been drawn from Uie
Jury list by County Clerk Fields, and
served with subpenas by Sheriff Stev
ens deputies.
The December docket is crowded
with civil' cases, but the criminal case
ahout which more interest hangs than
any other is that in which Mrs. Carrie
Kersh is charged with the murder of
William A. Johnson. She will be tried
next Thursday. She was tried late in
the October term, but the juiy dis
agreed, so that a new trial is ncces
sa ry.
The December jury list is as follows:
Charles Ackley. A. Anderson. C H. Ander
son. T. P. Arnnian. .lamia Anderson. Charles
R. Archerd. M. Arndt. W. O. Ash. C. M.
Anderson. C. V. Anderson, O. Akerbon. J. W.
Alstock. H. .Vf. Adams. Char!s Ashpole,
John Anderson. "W. A. Adamsun, J. 1 Ber
nard. ' c. s. Brown. L- BaJer. I'ondon R.
Bean. F. U Botuford. C. R. Rln-k, VV. V.
B-nson. H. P. Brnadman. Isaac M. Bates,
H. I'. Brandes. George A. Boose. I. A.
Brown. R. R. Brennan. J. A. Brant. H.
Blanrhard. S. A. Baker. H. I.'. Browne. .1. K.
Oollgan. Charles H. Chirk. E. H. Clary,
H. C Coleman. Charles Carter. C. E. Cline.
Richard Cnnnll. F. H. criown. A. J. Derby
shire. T. B. Tiark. A. Eckern. William East
man. E. I. Ferris. F. O. Flsnbeck. T. O. bar
rel. Charles B. Frazler. John Glehlscn. Wil
liam Griffith. Joseph Goodman. C. II. Glelm.
F. W. Goodrich. . F. Hanson. James D.
Hart. Fred Hesse. .1. Hidden. G. N. Howell.
C. W. Helmer. Michael H-nriksen. Frank
HalJock. William .losop. John Kins. James
Keeney. J. B. I.aber. o. E. Lewis, c. H.
I.ibhy, E. B. Lauirhlln. J. V. Mllllltan. John
Miller, Sumner Newell. M- A. Older. S. D.
Oitden. Elsworlh Plckel. Albert E. Patch. J.
F. Rait. Fred W. Richter. Charles L. Ross.
J. C. Stevens. S. B. Stewart. I Stelnhause,
Samuel Salvator. E. C. shevlin. V. V. Sha
rer. VV. G. Smith. A. -V. Smith. William
Spencer. A. G. Sherman. H. Serr. .1. C.
Schmidt. V. G. Shipley. W. B. Stewart. J.
s Toombs. D. G. Tomaslnf, R. A. Vausrhn.
Frank Villa. F. W Whalen. A. G. West, S.
B. Welser. H. A. Whltnev. W. M. Whldden.
c. Weisrant. Georre Whltraker. C M. Will.
Floyd VVlckersbam. A. F. Wheeler, Charles
E. Toung. F. C. Young. G. Zlppel.
UNDUE INFLUENCE CHARGED
Son Declares Father's Will Cuts Him
Off Unjustly.
Alleging that Edmund B. Gaze and
his wife. Mrs. Jane E. Gaze, used un
due Influence upon Paul Barbeau Valle
to induce him to make a will giving
them all his property except 5, P.
Bareau Valle, Jr., a son, filed a peti
tion in the County Court yesterday
asking that the will be set aside, and
that Gaze be removed as the executor.
The instrument purporting to be the
will was tiled December 2, 1909. Valle,
who appears through his guardian, T.
M. Dye, says the will never was signed
by either his father of by witnesses.
He says further that his father was at
the time weak in body and mind, hav
ing been mentally Incapacitated by In
toxicating liquor. His father was liv
ing in Gaze's house, he says, and was
under Gaze's Influence. Gaze was ap
pointed executor to act without giving
bonds. The son was cut off with
only $rk
Judge Cleeton has set 9:30 A. M. De
cember 15 as the time for hearing both
sides.
FAIR PRISONER ONLY SMILES
Mrs. Nora Ratblou Is In Court Ac
ensed of Larceny.
Mrs. Nora Rathlon, indicted under
the name of C. Collins for alleged lar
ceny, was arraigned before Presiding
Circuit Judge Cleiand yesterday after
noon. She was in the custody of Ma
tron Cameron, of the County Jail. She
appeared perfectly composed, and
laughed and chatted with Mrs. Cameron
before the court was called to order.
She will enter her plea Friday. The
IndlctmeAt charges that on November
21 she stole clothing worth about $65
from Nettie Johnson.
Joseph Phillips, George Nickett. F. B.
Leonard and Tim Lane were also ar
raigned and will plead Friday. Phil
lips and Nickett are alleged to have
robbed George H. Judge, October 10,
of his watch and chain, and $22 in
cash. Leonard Is accused of polygamy
for the alleged marrying of Daisy W.
Haney when he had another wife. Tim
Lane is charged with having put his
wife, Emma Lane, in a house in the
underworld.
PIAXO DEALERS GET JCDGJIEST
Winner of Puzzle Must Pay Balance
on Instrument Selected.
Bush & Lane, piano dealers, recovered
J42B from C. M. Kagy bw the verdict of
a Jury returned In Judge Kavanaugh's
department of the Circuit Court yester
day morning. This was the entire
amount sued for. The Jury allowed
Whitfield & Cohen, attorneys for the
plaintiff, $10 fees, although they asked
for $75.
The piano company sued through the
Associated Creditor's Adjustment Com
pany for the recovery of a balance al
leged to be due on a piano, the pur
chase price being $625. Kagy had a
credit slip for $100. which he had se
cured for solving a puzzle, and which he
turned in as part payment with $100
cash. He was to pay $15 a 'month, but
his wife was dissatisfied wttli the pur
chase, and attempted to rescind it. The
piano was never delivered to Kagy. be
ing retained on the company's premises.
Owners of Steamer Sued.
Victor Olson, a bollermaker's helper,
brought suit in the Circuit Court yes
terday against the Western Transpor
tation & ATowing Company for the re
covery of 523o, because four of his
ribs were broken when he was at work
on the steamer Georgle Burton. Olson
was employed last June by the Port
land Boiler Works, and on June 14
was repairing a boiler on the Georgie
Burton. He had occasion to go aft,
he says, and in the darkness fell over
a gang plank, which had been placed
directly across the passage way. He
says the vessel was not properly light
ed, although this Is required by the
harbormaster's rulea
Gas Burner Firm Sued for $4329.
The name of the Camcbell Automatic
Safety Gas Burner Company was again
taken Into court yesterday when A. J.
Quackenbush brought suit against L. C.
Hammer and H. G. Luker for the re
covery of $4329 commission for the sale
of stock. He says ne ottered in Decem
ber, 1909. to sell stock for the company
for a commission of 10 per cent and
sold $43,290 worth.
Expecting Too Much.
Chicago Tribune.
It was a cold, raw day, but the Never-
sweats and the Fearnoughts were playing
game of ball on the prairie, just the
same.
The pitcher for the Neversweats, his
fingers half frozen, failed dismally In
getting the balls over the plate.
Aw, said me captain, i thought ye
wtis one o' dese cold weather pitchers."
I am. said the slab artist, blowing
on his benumbed digits to warm them.
but I aln t an ice pitcher, blame ye! '
Time to Finish Goaalp.
Yonkers Statesman.
She stopped talking to her companion
long enough "to Inquire:
"Conductor, wnat street is tnisr
"Fiftieth street, ma'am." was the reply.
"Good gracious! I wanted to get off at
Forty-second street!"
Yes, ma'am; we 11 be back there In
two hours 1"
SVSPICIO?!" OBSESSES PIXCHOT.
Coarse Show Fear of Treachery en
Part of President Taft.
Springfield Republican.
It is necessary to regard Mr. Pinchot's
latest performance as a brilliant illus
tration of that deeply suspicious mental
attitude which first generated and then
nurtured to a robust growth his unfor
tunate differences with President Taft
upon the subject of conservation. Mr.
Taft came to the Presidency a "blown-ln-the-bott!e"
Rooseveltlan. yet Mr.
PInchot 'never could trust him with the
one sacred cause. The Cunningham
claims brought on the rupture between
the President and the ex-Forester: and
It is reserved, perhaps, for the future
historian to prove from private corre
spondence, which may be Inaccessible
to the public for many yeears. that had
there been no break between these two
men there would have been no break
between President Taft and his dis
tinguished predecessor. Mr. Roosevelt
might have found it possible to throw
the whole weight of his influence on
the side of the President, after his re
turn from Africa, had it not been for
-Will's" final treatment of Gifford.
Great men are human, in spite of what
ever may be said, and these little per
sonn.1 matters often play the very deuce
with the course of history.
The Cunningham claimants have
never got the lanes they were after.
Even Mr. Balllnger, who has become
the devil Incarnate in Mr. PInchot s
lexicon, always deferred plo protests
against issuing patents in tneir ravor.
For more than a year we have had no
shadow of doubt that, whatever action
the officials of the Land Office and the
Interior Department might conclude to
be legitimate and desirable, the Cun
ningham claims would never be set
tied during the life of this Administra
tion without a careful review of the
case by William If. Taft. It did not
seem necessary to write to the Presi
dent warning him that he must not let
the Cunningham claims slip thsnugh
without a judicial study of their legal
ity all by himself. It was simply in
conceivable that, after all the uproar
caused by those claims since Glavis
made his original protest early In 1908,
the President could fall to consider
them his personal business. Doubtless
nine out of ten people In the country
took that view of Mr. Taft s probable
concern in a matter now affecting his
Administration so severelj-.
But Mr. Pinchot was more suspicious
than ever. He no longer had the slight
est confidence in President Taft. He
felt sure, apparently, that In case Sec
retary Baliinger's department should
pronounce the Cunningham claims valid
the Chief Magistrate would affix hi
signature to the patents without a per
sonal review of the questions involved,
as seen in the light of the voluminous
testimony taken by the Congressional
investigating committee. Hence the
letter to the President signed by the
brothers Pinchot. requesting that they
be permitted to file a brief In opposi
tion to the granting of the land patents
which, they assumed, would soon be
perfected by the Land Office. One must
Infer from their letter that they be
lieved themselves to be strangling a
conspiracy to rush fraudulent land
claims past an easy-going Executive,
who was not to be trusted to toll
,eboriously and painfully to the bot
tom of things.
The outcome has been delicious, and
this is said with no prejudice what
ever against conservation, a cause
which has been given a great deal of
the most cordial support in these col
umns. The brothers Pinchot have
learned:
First That, as far back as June 1.
Secretary Ballinger himself recom
mended to the President, that no
definite or final action be allowed con
cerning the Cunningham clalme except
with the full knowledge of the Chief
Magistrate.
Second That on June 8 an executive
order to that effect was issued.
Third That the President has in
tended to make a careful review of the
case before allowing the Government's
final action to be taken.
Fourth That Secretary Ballinger had
already drafted a recommendation to
the President that Congress be asked
to transfer the case to the United States
Court of Claims for final determina
tion. The brothers Pinchot have learned
these facts, and they ought to be de
lighted to discover in the man person
ally conducted by Mr. Roosevelt Into
the Presidency such a patriotic and
even anxious concern for the public
welfare, -it may be, however, that they
are still suspicious; for one Is forced to
admit that the President adopted one
of Secretary Baliinger's own sugges
tions in undertaking to become in
reality instead of nominally responsible
for the final disposition of the Cun
ningham claims. Anything Mr.' Bal
linger is concerned in Is, of course, Im
mediately enveloped In a dubious, even
sinister, atmosphere. Just how the
more .famous Mr. Pinchot will deal
with this aspect of the question we
cannot Imagine, but the chances are
that he entertains a lurking fear of
treachery.
No Piano Market In China.
Consular Reports.
Consul-General S. S. Knabenshue learns,
at Tientsin, that the only foreign music
the Chinese masses have ever shown any
interest in Is the skirling of the bagpipes
of the Cameron Highlanders, when the'y
were in garrison there a couple of years
ago. He therefore advises an Ohio piano
concern that the market for their instru
ments is practically confined to foreign
residents. Some few instruments have
been sold to wealthy Chinese, but simply
as pieces of furniture, there being no
teachers of ' instrumental music for Chi
nese ladles and no demand for them.
Again, the Attack on Santa.
Rochester Post-Express.
Miss Lotta Clark, of Boston, would
abolish Santa Claus. She declares that
It Is wrong to deceive the children by
such a fairy tale, and suggests the sub
stitution of Benjamin Franklin for the
children's patron saint. What a sugges
tion! Ben Franklin was a great man,
hut If he had been a billion times greater
he could not have measured up to Santa
Claus. And what on earth did Ben nave
to do with Christmas that he should
supplant old St. Nick? What did he ever
do that he should be regarded as the
children's particular friend? Miss Clark,
no doubt. Is an estimable woman, but she
Is unfortunate. If she were married and
had children of her own it is not likely
that she would be agitating for the abo
lition of Santa Claus.
First Sailor Missionary Honored.
London Dally News.
' Next month there is to be unveiled in
Ruskin Park a tablet to the memory
of Captain James Wilson, who command
ed the Duff, the first missionary ship in
history, which was sent out In August,
17H6. by the London Missionary society.
Wilson was the son ot a Newcastle col
lier, and after going to sea served as a
soldier in the American war. Then he
went to India as captain of a vessel and
served under the East India Company.
Taken a prisoner by the French, he swam
across a river full of alligators and he
was captured by Hyder All's soldiers,
who stripped him, drove him 500 miles
barefoot and wounded and then thrust
him into a dungeon, loaded with Irons.
When he was set free he was almost a
skeleton.
Ho Aaalstance Needed.
Princeton Tiger.
As the train neared the city the col
ored porter approached the jovial-faced
gentleman, saying, with a smile.
"Shall ah brush yo' off. sah?"
"No." he replied, "I prefer to get off In
the usual manner."
MEDFORD AND WATER RATES
How May Inland City Get Adequate
Benefit Therefrom.
MEDFORD. Or., Nov. 2S. (To the Edi
tor.) It is never wise for a layman to
become Involved in a controversy with the
editor of a newspaper, and the writer is
not courting a controversy. But the Ore
gonlan says: "The Medford writer will
agree, of course, that the railroad is en
titled to a fair return a reasonable profit
on any haul, whether to Medford or to
the seaboard." The writer does so agree.
The railroad is entitled to a reasonable
profit for the service it renders. But it
is not justified in accepting goods for
delivery at a figure less than a reasonable
profit, and the writer assumes that the
railroad company does not transport
goods from Portland to 9an Francisco at
a figure less than a reasonable profit.
And if it does it is certainly not jus
tified in charging the interior point, as
Medford is, twice or three times a reason
able profit in order to recoup itself for
the losses it sustains in meeting water
competition. Because we have the mis
fortune of having no water competition
is no reason whj' we should be robbed
in our freight charges that terminal
points with water competition can be
favored. Why does a railroad company
want traffic that returns no revenue to
it? If $100 per car from Portland to San
Francisco returns no profit to the South
ern Pacific, why does it want the traffic?
And if it returns a reasonable profit to
tho comapny, then $50 per car for the
same class of goods from Portland to
Medford will certainly return to the com-
nnnv a ronnnnnhln rtrnfit. Rut everv one
here is aware of the fact that the com
pany charges Medford twice or three
times as much for bringing a car from
Portland to Medford as It does for carry
ing the same carload of goods from Port
land to San Francisco. Why? Because
it can. Because it has no competition
not because the rate charged Is necessary
to return a reasonable profit. We are
not claiming that Portland-San Francisco
trade Is charged too little; but we do
Insist that we are charged too much.
Water competition, should, perhaps, be
the basis for rates; but this basis should
always be reasonable margin of profit
to the carrier, and the inland point should
have the benefit of this basis of rate
making, and if It does not get it. can It
be said that the inland point is getting
a square deal in the rate charge?
GUS NEWBURY.
Mr. Newbury appears to be convinced
now that water competition should be
and must be the basis of railroad rates.
He wants Medford to get the benefit of
it. TPiere can be no valid objection to
Medford getting whatever benefit it can
get out of that controlling factor in rate
making. TIME FOR BAR TO GET BUSY
Legislative Committee to Draft New
Judiciary Law Is Suggested.
PORTLAND, Nov. 30. (To the Edi
tor.) A seance was held by the County
Bar Tuesday evening. Several me
diums there tried to materialize spirits
from the vasty deeps of the common
law and judicial interpretations. Object
was to effect communication witn ine
departed shades of a number of lately
deceased methods of practice and pro
cedure supposed to be In the realms
beyond, where the initiative troubleth,
not and all is peace and cobwebs. The
manifestations, were not wholly satis
factory. A number of incredulous
present threatened exposes and a call
for the police. They refused to get
Into the inner circle which insisted
that what was said was meant and
what was meant was said. They per
sisted in the role of truth seekers.
Finally, a large, burly medium arose
and declared that he had the only and
sure communication with the spirits of
Oregon City and could hand out the
real dope, for which he was d
glad.
The other mediums opined, that the
pirlts had started a suit in the high
and last court of the Initiative and it
was the duty of those present to have
appeared for the defense. This they
had neglected to do and had suffered
a default Judgment. Now they must
see what effect the judgment and the
execution would produQif. The conclu
sion reached was that the spirits were
not dangerous if properly appeased by
suitable sacrifices and burning of in
cense up to midnight hours.
It occurs to the writer that some
body is surely going to get busy with
an elaborate bill in the next Legisla
ture, providing for a Judicial system
and for practice and procedure under
the new amendment to the constitution.
Shall the bar suffer another default?
If not, It should get to work at once
and perform its duty by assisting the
Legislature with a reasonable, fair and
carefully studied bill which will legis
latively settle and interpret many ques
tions now confessedly In the air.
Nobody has said anything about the
Judicial system of cities, which, under
another amendment, do their own leg
islating. How does that stand? The
probate business of this county should
be separated from county business and
many other things determined. It is
suggested that the worthy president
and officers of the County Bar 'at once
appoint a large enough Legislative
committee to parcel out the work of
framing the bill referred to and that it
tet busv immediatelv. There Is nn time
to lose on so important a matter.
ROBERT C. WRIGHT.
How an Old Hunter Cooks Wild Docks.
PORTLAND, Nov. 28. (To the Editor.)
Many persons imagine a wild duck
should only be roasted or baked; where
as that is the poorest and most unsatis
factory method of all. Nine times out
of 10 a baked wild duck comes to the
table dry and shrunken till there Is
nothing but the flavor and a little meat
on the breast and thighs left. A better
way Is to joint two or three ducks
(three to five if they are teal or butter
ducks), into small pieces, put in a pot
with pickled pork, sliced short, and one
good-sized onion to the duck. Salt to
suit the taste, and set on a slow fire
where they should stew gently four
hours, never less than three. After this
has cooked down to a sort of brown pot
roast, the whole will be found succulent.
Juicy and tender. Try It The less water
used in dressing ducks and all wild game
the better. POT-SHOT.
Who Is Really People's Power League f
PORTLAND. Nov. 30. (To the Editor.)
The Oregonian of November 26 begins
an editorial which ought to interest land
owners thus: "From U'Ren's People's
Power League comes the word that the
single tax on land is to be presented
in Multnomah County next election for .
enactment by the initiative in pursuance
of law. just enacted, abolishing the rule
of uniformity and equality of taxation
throughout the state. . This (single) tax
is to exempt land improvements, manu
facturing plants and personal property
generally."
The writer does not believe the initia
tive is consistent with the constitution
of the United States which, with the
consent of the State of Oregon, is the
security of land ownership. The public
should know who are the secret People's
Power League. JOHN MINTO.
Buried General Came Back.
New York Press.
When Napoleon was shinnying back
to his own side from Moscow's awful
hospitalities, General Ornano's head was
grazed by a bullet while he was hippy
hopprying in a charge on the Russians.
The general fell from his steed. His
orderly could find no sign of life In him,
so bu-ied the General under a bank of
snow and forthwith announced the death
to Napoleon. Two hours later General
Ornr.no showed up to the Emperor very
mm h alive and kicking. Years after
wa -d the old General was one of the
pallbearers of the orderly who had burled
hi.xi In the snow.