Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 17, 1910, Page 10, Image 10

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Tire MOTIVING OREGOXIAN. THURSDAY. NOVEMBER 17. 1910.
to
rOHTLAXD. OBECOX.
Eot.r1 at Portland. Oregon, poatof8.ee aa
Semed-Cla Matter.
fcanacrtpiloa !.- Invariably In Aavanee.
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a&4ajr a4 VMklT. ose year.
IB T CARRIER.
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a 1 1 cat.: to c ". . " '
to eo paaoa. coata. rr.io poea
bum imliiM OftWo Vrno CTV
Ma New lor. Iirau.kk building- -a-aa.
Steger talking.
rOKTLtXD, THITUD.Y. XOT. It.
A rUt ILIA. E TO Jl'RYMXN'.
Tha legal suptralltlon that brutil
stupidity Qualifies a Juryman to ren
der A Just verdict, while intelligence
and Information disqualify him. has
offered a L rrible blow from the Su
preme Court of the United State.
That tribunal decided recently that
a trial JuJ;e does not commit an
error which Justifies reversal when
lie permit the Jurymen to read news
payers while the ca-e U pending. Wo
do not mean that they are permitted
to refresh their minds In this way
while the witnesses are testifying- or
the lawyers pleading. The decision U
rot quite so revolutionary as all that.
J'o doubt a sensible article In a news
paper might be a great Improvement
In the way of mental food over that
which U often offered to Juries by
lawyers and others, but the Supreme
Court does not openly express that
preference, whatever it may privately
think on the subject. The liberty
granted to Jurors consist merely in
permission to perose the papers while
the court Is not doles; business, say at
mealtime or In the early morning;.
The practice of keeping; Jurymen in
close confinement and forbldlng com
munication with the outer world
while a trial was pending; Is excused
by the supposition that If they are
frlven the slightest opportunity for
wrongdoing; they will seize upon it
and either sell their verdict or fill
themselves with prejudice. The law
yers first take every possible precau
tion to secure none but weak-minded
and brutallxad Jurors and then try to
leave bo loophole for the conse
quences of their strange preference
to Intrude. One would think that the
best way ta fortify a Jury against Im
proper Influence would be to compose
It of Intelligent men whoee charac
ter had been tested by responsible
charges In the community. Lawyers
rlo not seem to think so. however.
They rely more npon a vacant mind
than they do upon Intelligence and
trust to Imprisonment and solitude
Instead of conscience. Among the
results of their practice Is an almost
universal contempt for verdicts and
a tendency on the part of appellate
courts to upset them as often as
possible. The presumption seems to
be that verdicts are Innately corrupt
and that every occasion, no matter
how trivial, ought to be seized upon
to reverse them.
The decision of the Supreme Court
that a Juryman may read the papers
when not actually sitting In the court
room Is a long step toward better
things. The court's remark that cor
ruption cannot be conclusively In
ferred merely because there has been
an opportunity for It may open the
way to more respect for the Juror's
character and more attention to his
personal comfori. We may feel rea
sonably confident that Justice would
not suffer If the assumption should
prevail that being drawn on a Jury
does not tend to make a man a per
jurer nor destroy every principle of
honesty In his character. He may
act In that capacity and still resist
those improper allurements which
lawyers and Judges Invariably put
side with scorn. In those states
where the Jury Is made to determine
fcoth the law and the facts Its func
tion covers wider ground than that of
the old-fashioned common law Judge
and Its responsibility 1st greater than
his was in the period of his greatest
. power. It would seem natural, there
fore. In those states at least, to obtain
Jurymen, if possible, who have the
same high character and Intelligence
which we expect in a Judge. Still this
has not been done. While responsi
bility has been heaped on the Jury In
greater and greater measure, there
has been a steady effort to lower the
moral and mental capacity of Its
members. Very likely this Is one of
the causes which have brought the
administration of the criminal law
into disrepute In this country. We
rsn scarcely hope that the law
vlll be administered capably when
the most powerful orgnn In our
courts Is systematically manned with
Ignoramuses.
From many quarters come encour
aging signs that the courts are form
ing a new concept of their obligations
to society. The novel liberty to read
. newspapers which the Federal
Supreme Court does not deny to Jury
men is no more startling than a reply
which the appellate Judges of Kansas
made th other day to a quibbling
argument over the possible Interpre
tation of some word In a document.
"We do not deem It the proper busi
ness of this court to spend Its time
In scholastic debates over the mean
ing of words." said they. ut rather
to seek for the Intent of the law and
apply It fairly to the case In hand."
Fuch Incidents as these are very re
freshing after the strap decisions and
similar rubbish which have been pro
vided so abundantly In recent years.
. They encourage one to look forward
to a time when a man may serve on
Jury without subjecting himself to
physical maltreatment or assuming
th mental state of aa anchorite of the
desert, and when the verdicts of
Juries, being rendered oy men of In
telligence and character, win be
treated with respect instead of
ronteonpt.
The Medford Traffic Bureau has
made soma very serious charges
gainst the Southern Pacific. It la
alleged that the railroad is exacting a
higher charge per ton per mile In
Oregon than In California, although
the cost of service is less In Oregon
than It Is across the line. It is also
Urged that there Is discrimination In
short hauls near the state line, the
CatlfornJans being given much the
hotter rates. These charges have
.leen made unofllclally for many
months and years, and on more than
one occasion have been substantiated.
There was a time when Oregon was of
so much leas Importance than Califor
nia that these discriminations at
tracted but little attention. 15ut Ore
gon has been growing rapidly; dis
crimination in favor of California will
no longer be tolerated. If the South
ern Pacific desires to eliminate some
of the anti-railroad sentiment that its
past performances have created. It will
tlo well to maintain rates In the two
states on even terms.
KlVriUCT NORMAL KOtOOLrt?
The people of Ashland are disposed
to be philosophical over the defeat of
th Initiative bill for the Southern
Oregon school, and to find satisfac
tion In the fact that Southern Ore
gon counties gave them a large vote.
Terhaps there Is a suggestion In this
consoling circumstance for future
guidance. If It is the desire of
Southern Oregon that there be a nor
mal school at Ashland, likely enough
Southern Oregon would be glad to
furnish the necessary funds through
some scheme of district taxation.
Meanwhile the obvious Interpreta
tion of the reocnt vote on the Initia
tive measures was and Is for a single
state normal school, and for its locu-
I t!on and maintenance at MOnmoutn.
The majority for Monmouth was
emphatic, the. votes against Weston
and Ashland scarcely less decided.
The people reached this conclusion
without any attempt fro nv any Impor
tant quarter to Influence their deci
sion for one Institution or location as
atrainst any other. There can be and
there will be no charges of unfairness
or duress or undue discrimination.
The record Is entirely ch ar.
Now that the long and vexatious
agitation over the normal school prob
lem has resulted favorably to a single
Institution, no doubt the state will be
willing to support It adequately. Nor
Is it to be supposed that there win
be objection or opposition either from
Eastern Oregon or Southern Oregon
It Is not to be expected, on the con
trary, that obstacles will be placed in
the way of the establishment and
support of district normal schools by
them.
KTONOMY OR SO ECONOMY?
Perhaps Mnyor Simon Is too eco
nomical. Then perhaps not. A year
ago ho forced the municipal tax levy
down to the low figure of 4. mills,
and this year he declares that he v.111
not consent to a higher tax than 9
mills. If he shall be able to carry out
his purpose of enforcing cara and
thrift In ail departments by limiting
the appropriations to the real needs
of the city, it may be supposed that
the taxpayer who foots the bills will J
not grow choleric with indignation.
It is axiomatic that any department
of any government, national, state or
city, will find a way to spend ail the
money It can get hold of. The cry
for more never ends. There Is rarely,
or never, a surplus anywhere. Nor
does there appear to be any way to
make the average public employe
think that his Job is anything more
than a Job and that he has any higher
duty than to put In a few hours each
day. and draw his pay. Result, It
takes two men In public employment,
where one would be used for private
service.
Mayor Simon Insists on sitting on
the lid. He wants the heads of de
partments who are after more money
to "jhow him." Often no doubt they
wl'l succeed: but a Mayor who reso
lutely sets his authority and Influ
ence against the constant Increase of
public expenditure, and Insists on
having a sound reason for every ad
dition to the taxpayers" growing bur
den. Is entitled in that effort to em
phatic commendation and general
support.
RrOlLING A RICK TRADE IltLB.
Almost simultaneously with the
news of the restoration of peace In
Nicaragua comes the report of a gen
eral uprising with the probable over
throw of the government of Hon
duras. Like all of the squabbling,
snarling, touchy Central American
countries. Honduras Is continually
rent and torn by so many factions
that It Is extremely difficult to get
them united on any one policy. In
the present case.' however. It would
seem that the opposition to President
Davllla has assumed very formidable
proportions. The pompous but impos
sible Vailadares. who a few days ago
was threatening to whip the world, be
ginning with the United States, is un
able to command the following of the
revolutionists. It Is believed that they
will again rally to the standard of Bo
nilla, who has had much experience In
fighting the government.
According to Honduras advices re
ceived at New Orleans Tuesday, Bo
nllla will not only be supported by
General Vailadares and General Me
dina, one of the most powerful politi
cal leaders In Honduras, but Generals
Lara and Matuty, who are apparently
very fond of the game and were quite
prominent In the recent Nicaraguan
revolution, are also plotting with the
Bonllla faction. As It is only on rare
occasions that all of the Central Amer
ican republics are free from revolu
tions at the same time, and aa the
United States to a greater extent than
any other country is called on to keep
order. It might be a good plan to In
sist on a federation of these trouble
some countries. The fighting contin
gent which stirs up the revolutions, of
course, always Informs the public that
patriotism and loyalty demand that
they make an effort to save the coun
try from the men who are "in" while
they are "out." The fallacy of this
plea Is shown, however. In the pres
ence at this time In Honduras of Gen
erals Lara and Matuty, who a few
months ago were fighting for "liberty"
In Nicaragua,
It la only fa political revolutions
and the opportunities that accompany
them that men of this type take any
Interest in the country which they are
temporarily favoring with their pres
ence. Honduras. Nicaragua, Guate
mala and the other Central American
states are rich In natural 'resources.
Under a peaceful government they
could develop Into powerful countries.
Individually at various times they
have all called on the United States
with Its Monro Doctrine to straighten
out the political tangles which are
continually encountered. If this coun
try la to be bothered with this never
ending task, would It not be a good
plan to Insist on amalgamation of the
various small republics under one
head? There might be revolutions,
but they would be less frequent and
easier to handle than the frequent
squabbles that now keep Central
America In almost constant turmoil, to
the great detriment of its own pros
perity as well as that of the people
with whom It Is doing business.
TOIJiTOI AND HIS SUrn.E IJKK.
The simple life, of which so much
has been said and written In recent
years, finds Its fullest exemplification
in the life of Count Leo Tol.stoi, the
greatest of Kusslan writers, the most
purely ethical of the world's phlloso
phers. who Is near death's door. Kccen
trl:ltles we would call the motives that
governed this man's life und the ac
tions that grew out of them, were he
j less graciously gifted. Reviewing the
salient points In his philosophy and
the extremes to which this philosophy
led him, though fain to regard
him as an eccentric merely, we are
almost If not quite driven to the con
elusion that he ordered his life with a
stubbornness that trenches upon in
sanity, and with a disregard for the
comfort, the Ideals and the wishes of
his family that would bring reproach
upon the most selfish of men.
Having lived a life of self-sacrifice
In his home for many years: indulge
Itig In such little trhlms of greatness
as appearing barefoot at the head of
his table when his wife was entertain
ing guests; combing his lonit. tangled
hair and beard with his fingers; con-
iinlna- his apparel to a coarso linen
Jumper, trousers of some rough ma
torlal and heavy. Ul-fittlng peasant's
shoes: subsisting upon a strictly vege'
tarian diet, and constantly urging his
family to give all that they possessed
to the poor, he recently capped the
climax of an eccentric old man s
whims by suddenly disappearing
from his home without leaving any
clew to his proposed retreat. Truly
the family, and especially the wife, of
Tolstoi have earned dearly any re
flected glory that comes to them
through the scintillations of his weird
and wonderful genius.
TKKATINO.
The antl-treatlng agitation at Rose
City Park may be something more
and better than a Joke. Perhaps It
will turn out to be a real protest
against one of our National customs
for which there Is Very little to be
ai. The Rose City reform does not
aim particularly at treating over the
bar In saloons. It undertakes to deal
with the more subtle and plausible
forms of the bad hubit. One of the
least defensible crops out when
Henry insists on paying Peter's fare
in the streetcar. When Henry does
this he poses aa a model of free and
manly generosity, but It Is a pose and
nothing more. The apparent gener
oslty Is spurious. If Peter docs not
pay both fares on the return trip he
feels outraged and tells everybody
who will listen that his companion Is
a miserly tightwad.
The only purpose of this sort of
treating Is to enable people to delude
themselves for a Uttle while with the
thought that they have conferred a
favor. It Is not a real favor: for they
always expect a return within a few
minutes; but while the self-deception
lasts It is agreeable perhaps. Still It
is only agreeable to one party. The
other Is humiliated, often embar
rassed and annoyed.
Why should Henry arrogate to him.
self the privilege of bestowing his
petty largess on Peter? What right
has he' to assume that Peter needs or
desires the gift of a nickel? If he
must show off his wealth and liberal
ity, there are better ways of doing It
than by forcing his reluctant friend
to accept a gratuity of E cents. Let
him bestow a thousand dollars or a
million. "Peter In accepting it may
still feel like a beggar, but the com
pensation will make the disagreeable
experience tolerable.
BKVKttCLUUKS SIIOI LO PAT.
United States Senator William Aiden
Smith, a member of the Inland Wa
torways Commission, Is visiting the
Paclflo Northwest for the purpose of
making a report on the waterways of
this region. In discussing the matter.
Senator Smith said: "Three great
states are concerned. The waterways
of these states may mean a great deal
to them and the rich valleys they
traverse. They touch a vast area and
their development may bring millions
of people to the Northwest." It la a
fact that has long been understood
and appreciated in Portland that three
great states are concerned In this
waterway improvement. Every bushel
of wheat that has been shipped for
eign from the great Columbia basin
for the past ten years has shown a
certain amount of increased profit for
the grower solely and exclusively by
reason of the Improvements that the
Port of Portland has 'made on that
stream.
Portland taxpayers have spent more
than $2,000,000 to improve the river
and cheapen ocean freights; the ben
eficiaries of the Improvements, num
bering many thousands of producers,
are scattered throughout the Inland
Empire. What is needed In waterway
lmprovement la some definite plan by
which there will be an equitable dis
tribution of the Improvement ex
pense so that it will not fait on one
community as at the present time.
The Government has become rather
firmly attached to the plan of helping
those who help themselves and In the
future the amount of the appropria
tions will probably he determined by
the amount that la appropriated lo
cally for Improvements.
If all of the residents of the three
great states mentioned by Senator
Smith had contributed to river im
provements on the same scale tlw.t
Portland has contributed, there would
be a fine river channel from Astoria
to Little Dalles and a thirty-foot
channel from Portland to the sea.
Perhaps the Inland Waterways Com
mission can suggest something In its
report that will result in a better dis
tribution of the burden of waterway
Improvement.
is tub opkx rxxm cuosrsot
The "Open Door" In the Far East
of which we have heard so much in
the past few years does not seem to
be far enough open to admit very
much American goods. With the
trade of the United States showing
Increases with nearly every other
country with which we are doing busi
ness, our exports for the calendar
year now drawing to a close promise
to be the smallest for the decade.
High-water mark In exports to China
was reached In 1905, when the value
of exports from this country reached
total of I58.SOO.000. From that
figure the decline has been little less
than terrific, for, estimated on the ex
ports for the first ten months of ItlO.
the total for the year will be but $15,
700.000. Aa the greater part of our exports
ta China have always been cotton
cloth, the heaviest decline is noticeable
In that staple, which has fallen from
$33,600,000 in 1905 to $4,500,000 this
year. Some 'of this decrease in husl
ness may be traceable to hard times
and diminished purchasing power, but
the greater part of it la due to in
creased activity of the Japanese manu
facturers and to Increased production
of cotton In India and China.
There has also been a heavy de
crease in the exports of flour, the com
petition of the Manchurian wheat
Melds already being felt in the Far
East. Exports of mineral oils, while
showing smaller proportionate de
crease In values than cotton, will this
year be more than 41.000.000 less than
last and $5,000,000 less than In 1908
Exports of copper have declined to
very small proportions on account of
the curtailment of its use for coinage.
While the population of China Is so
enormous that a very small per cap
ita expenditure reaches a vast sum in
the aggregate, the value of the Ori
ental trade has always been greatly
overestimated. Compared - with the
vast sum which Is annually spent in
the United States by Canada, the Chi
nese contribution to our foreign trade
totals is rither Insignificant. The
Chinese market Is 6000 miles away.
while that of Canada lies at our doors.
When the Japanese succeed In intrO'
ducing their peculiar brand of clvlliza
tlon throughout China, there may be
an enlargement of the trade field, but
when that time comes, the Japanese
will leave but little room in the open
door through which any but Japanese
goods can enter.
In the successful career of L. Ther
kelsen, who d"ied Tuesday night, there
is illustrated the opportunity that this
land offers to every alien who comes
to our shores equipped with the abil
ity and the determination to do some
thing useful. Money he had not. His
capital stock was the carpenter's
trade, health- energy, self-confidence,
frugality. Industry and abounding
hope. After he had made a little start
he added to his assets day by day a
character fpr reliability. No one ever
heard him rail against conditions that
shut the door of prosperity In the face
of a poor foreigner. His Americani
zation began the moment he set foot
on our soil. He had a natural lbve
for our Institutions and gave gener
ously of his time to public service and
of his means to all causes that work
for the material benefit of this com
munity. Though Impaired health in
recent years lessened his activities, his
Interest in the general progress never
waned. He will bo remembered as
one of the very useful builders of Port
land. Chief Rommel, of the animal hus
bandry division of the Department of
Agriculture, does not see many signs
of the "horseless age" with which we
have been threatened since the auto
mobile horn first began honking. His
views j on the matter are something
more than mere opinions. He points
to facts which aVe known to all,
namely, that the prices at which first
class horses of any typo can now be
sold are the highest on record. This
Is not because there has been any de
crease In the output of horse-brecd-lng
farms, for the Government statis
tics show agreater number than ever.
There has, however, been a vnst im
provement in the quality of the stock,
and as the standards have been ele
vated prices have followed suit. So
long as there Is a steady increase In
the number of people who oair afford
to buy good horses and good automo
biles, there wHL be no slackening in
th,e supply of either.
It Is absurd to believe that the pres
ent high prices for pork products can
be maintained in the face of a stead
ily declining corn market, 'and to a
degree the same applies to beef In its
various marketable products; The
great pork supply of the "world comes
from the corn belt of the Middle West.
It may be -said that corn is pork and
pork is com, for the pig, during Its
entire progress beyond the suckling
stage, until it' reaches the laughter-
house size, is dependent almost exclu
sively on corn to bring It to a mar
ketable condition.
.Thar u some likelihood that the
aviator may replace the coachman as
th. Vi nm of rnmantla love matches.
The De Lesseps who has captured
Miss McKenzie's gold-laden heart in
New York Is a Count, to be sure, but
that probably cuts little figure in the
case. She would have loved him Just
trio aama if he had been a peasant.
It svas his gallant aviation and his
fhiHiiino- hair which won her heart.
Sing ho! the gallant aviator and the
heiress.
Mr. Hoxle, of Phoenix, doesn't strike
a n. vtrv rlpairnhlA sort of a lover.
Suppose every man should Imitate
him And set the nolle at work look
ing up the records of the girls they
pretend to love. Poor cupia wouia
ta ViimaAif In n. card case. What of
Mr. Hoxle's own past? Is it immacu
late? People who begin to tnrow
stones ought to make sure that there
no glass In their own walls.
It nohodv be deluded Into think
ing living will be any cheaper In Port
land this Winter. These are prosper
ous times, when everybody wants the
choice cuts, despite the knowledge
that there are but few to the carcass.
Tt mo v ho assumed that Chief Engi
neer Goethals knows what he Is talk
ing about when he says the Panama
Canal will be finished in 1J13. In that
case, San Francisco must expedite the
big fair.
By the way Judge Tarwell is fining
the saloonkeepers who lifted the lid.
last Sunday, next Sunday will be exr
tremely dry. The offenders were easy
and willing.
Six mills will be the minimum for
the city tax levy, as against 4.9 mills
this year. But wait tllll the puono
docks get going. The worst is yet to
come.
Silence is about the same in the
cases of Colonel Roosevelt and Colonel
Bryan. There are some tragedies in
this life too deep for speech.
After all. Portland cannot celebrate
completion of the Hawthorne bridge
at Thanksgiving. Let us nope it wuj
be finished by Christmas.
The State Bar Association and the
State Medical Society need some more
than pneumatics in cleaning house.
Tf the nrlces of all meat products
are going lower, what about turkeys
next week?
DEMOCRATIC TARIFF" REVISION.
tVkere the I'art r Standa But What
Will It Dot
New Tork Times, Dem.
Are the states that -hy Tuesday's elec
tion sent a Democratic majority to the
House of Representatives,- elected
Democratic Governors and Legislatures,
and insured the election of more Dem
ocratic Senators are these states in
favor of a radical revision of the tariff
downward?. The cry will at once be
raised that they favor a radical and
violent revision, and that this presages
hard times.
They favor no such thing. They
are .pledged simply to carry out in
good faith the broken tariff promise
of the Republican party, as expressed
In the platform on which President
Taft was elected. In explaining the
nature of this promise President Taft
said in his letter of August 29 last to
Chairmun William B. McKinley which
confesses that "some of the criticisms
directed against the Payne-Aldrich
tariff "are Just":
Tho truth la that uniler the old pro
tective Mra tho only Durposo wa to mko
the tariff high enough to protect the home
Industry. The excess of the tariff over the
difference In the cost of production hre ana
abroad waa not regarded aa ohjeotinnnbie
because it was supposed that competition
between those who enjoyed the hign pro
tOTtinn would Veen the rrlce tor tho con
sumer down to what waa reasonable for the
manufacturer. " The evil of excessive tariff
rates, however, showed Itself in the tempta
tion of manufacturers to combine and sup
praas competition, and then to maintain the
prices so aa to take advantage of the ex
cess of the tariff over the difference be
tween the cost of prediction abroad and
here.
No more radical utterance than this
has been made concerning the need of
revision downward in party platforms
or by the Governors-elect or candidates
for Congress of the states that nave
rolled up the Democratic majorities.
The platform adopted by the Ohio Dem
ocrats reads:
The graduil reductions In tariff taxation
to make It a means of raising revenue. In
stead of an Instrument of extortion, cannot
be safely left to the party of broken prom
ises, but should be Intrusted to tho Demo
cratic party.
And Governor Harmon said in his
speech of acceptance:
The Republican leaders were forced to
promlae relief by reducing the tarliT taxes.
A special session of Congress waa called to
make the promise good. How they did It
has been told by many Republican members
of high standing and authority.
The New York Democratlo platform
declares:
We declare our belief that only by an
honeat revlelon downward of the tariff, with
proper regard for the welfare of the Ameri
can worklngnaan, a reform which will be
effected only by the Democratic party, can
tbla excessive cost of living again be brought
within reasonable reach ot the people.
The platform of the Indiana Demo
crats but re-echoes the sentiment ex
pressed by President Taft. Quoted
above: "
Tariff taxation, like other taxation, should
be for public purpose only, and not fir
private profit; and should be so levied as not
to discriminate against any motion, class.
Industry or ocoupatlon.
Governor-elect Baldwin, of Connecti
cut, said, October 6, In the opening
speech of his campaign:
Ton get any intelligent Republican now,
h. himlf. and have a heart-to-heart talk
with him. and you will And that he thinks
these high tanns are too nign.
Republicans and Democrats alike
are agreed that the tariffs are too
high. In Massaschusetts, which elected
a Democratic Governor by' an impres
sive majority, a special reason exists
for this unanimous agreement. The
successful Mr. Foss said on October
22:
It Is an unwise economic policy that forces
is, mnniifnrtnreri of the United States to
cross the border and erect In Canada mills
and factories that up to tne present umo
have involved an outlay of S30u.uw.tmu ana
then to deprive our own people of the op
portunity to produce the gooda manufac
tured In those American establishments in
Canada.
The necessity of a downward revision
is acknowledged. The unkept promise
of the Republican party is. self-con
fessed. The method by which the
Democrats propose to effect the down
ward revision was thus stated by
Woodrow Wilson on Saturday, Novem
ber 6. In the closing speech of his cam
paign In New Jersey:
Certainly not by rapid and radical changes
In our Dreaent tarllta, but by such a pro
longed and steady change as will bring about
n adaptation of the fiscal policy of th
Government to the real needs and circum
atancee ot our manufacturing and labor
ing classea, with a view ultimately to get
upon thla baala; the taxation for the support
of the Government of those things for which
It will be a real hardship to pay high prices;
If taxea upon theae do not aufflce, the tax
ation of tboae things which It will least bur
den the "people to pay for. things not abso
lutely necessaries, things which they can do
without, without suffering or privation, and
thmufhoui the whole process an honeat
seeking for the things which will yield the
most revenue wita tne least oumrn io tuv
people.
We can safely assert that'this state
ment will be found consistent with the
platform promises of the Democratlo
party in every important state that
has this week swung away from the
Republican column. There Is nothing
alarming about It. It Is ot a state
ment that will engender panic or cause
business depression. But in the sin
cerity of Its expressed Intent It Is con
vincing. t
OpA Bedroom Windows.
New Tork Press.
Winter or Summer the bedroom win
dows should never be closed except on
such occasions as blowing rain storms,
sleeping In cold air is all right if heavy
enough clothes are used and the head
Is properly protected by a nightcap.
or woolen hood or whatnot to suit the
season. Dangerous to sleep in an over
heated bedroom where the heat dies
down seriously before morning. Risky
leaving a hot sitting-room and going
into cold bedroom and cold sheets. Lots
of folk believe that a big bedroom does
away with the. need of open windows.
Nothing to it. Many people cannot
breathe foul air without at once get
ting a 'oeavy, sleepy, stupid headache.
aneezy. running nasal catarrn or a
dry sore throat. Such natural warn
ings should be needed ana not aenea.
Gotham Women.
New York Journal.
When a thing's the style, a New
York wooJan will wear It If it la be
coming or not. No woman weighing
more than 90 pounds should wear a
hobble skirt, but New lork women
weighing as much as 230 put fnem on
and go out and waddle up and down
the street. The New York woman is
fearless. She-wears things women In
other towns wouldn't dare to wear.
Many a costume worn In the streets of
New York would call out the Are de
partment In a smaller town.
Distraction.
Washington Star.
y-jiy do you always dine where there
Is an orchestra?"
"As a matter of precaution. Some
times the music helps me to forget
the food and sometimes the food helps
me to forget the music"
View Obstructed.
' Hotel World.
" "What's the trouble?" asked the
clerk, "isn't your room satisfactory?"
"Yes," answered the gueat at the big
skyscraper hotel, "but I want those
clouds pushed away from my win
dows." Woman's Reason.
Galveston News.
One reason a woman wants her hus
band to go ta heaven is because he
will then see how beautiful s'ae can be
when she doesn't have any housework
to do. . x
WHAT WILL ROOSEVELT DO XOWf
May He Not Torn His Pnrty From the
Fleahpots ot Ejrypt"T
PENDLETON, Or.. Nov. 14. (To tho
Editor.) There apears to he an Incli
nation in certain circles .to attribute
the recent Republican defeat in several
Eastern States, especial. y In New York,
to the political activity of Theodore
Roosevelt, and occasionally one hears
of reactionary rejoicing that the ex
President has been thus rebuked.
The writer has never been an ardent
admirer of this militant politician, but
in the campaign Just ended Mr. Roose
velt has appealed as never before to all
men who espouse the cause of political
decency, and who desire that the era of
privileged legislation shall find its end.
It is of course true that as usual the
acts and public utterances of our
apostle of the strenuous life have been
at times erratic and inconsistent. It
might be difficult to reconcile his sup
port of the reactionary Lodge in Mas
sachusetts and the progressive Bever
ldsre in Indiana, but much will bo ex
cused upon the ground of loyalty to
friends, and both these candidates for
the Senate have long been bound to
Mr. Roosevelt by ties of personal
friendship. Why, in the face of insur
gency which characterized his Western
speeches, he permitted the New York
convention to adopt a conservative
platform might be difficult of expla
nation except upon the ground of po
litical expediency. New York is not
Kansas, and it Is more" than probabla
that the pjatform promulgated by the
Saratoga gathering was as advanced as
party sentiment in the Empire State
would sustain.
These things, however, are but inci
dents in a campaign wherein the cen
tral and dominant issue was the di
vorcement of business from politics. In
my Judgment that is just as much the
issue now, and it will so continue until
the government Is restored to the peo
ple, and business interests are com
pelled to refrain from political activi
ties. This does not mean that ar.y legiti
mate business will suffer, but rather,
on the other hand, .oat small business
shall be accorded the samo legal con
sideration as big business, and that
privilege shall disappear.
Thinking men know that the Repub
lican tickets In New Y'ork, New Jersey
and Connecticut were defeated by an
unholy alliance between Wall street,
Tammany Hall and its kindred organ
izations in the last-named states. To a
large degree New Jersey and Connecti
cut have become suburbs of New York
City, and follow its lead in all matters
financial and political. Defeated by
such a comolnation Roosevelt is likely
to be stronger in defeat than in victory.
He is likely to emerge the leader of the
new movement to take this Govern
ment from the corporations and restore
it to the people, to dethrone bosses
who serve money and elevate leaders
who will serve the plain people.
The stand-pat element of the Re
publican party have much in common
with the "safe and sane" Democracy
which nominated and supported Parker
as a candidate for President a few
years since, and it Is quite apparent
that in the recent elections In many of
the states they voted for the Demo
cratic candidates. The excuse offered
was the necessity of accomplishing the
defeat of Roosevelt, but the fact is tuat
the 'powers of privilege fear the pro
gressive movement which threatens
their grasp upon legislation and the
administration of public affairs.
It Is not likely that Theodore Roose
velt will ever be again a candidate for
the Presidency. He has had all the
honors which this Nation can accord
any man in civil life, but It lies with
in his power to organize and lead the
Republican party away from the flesh
pots of Egypt and back to Its proper
place as the party of the average man.
If he will do this, history will count
It as his highest achievement, for un
der his banner as a political leader In
private life the progressive element of
all parties will gather, cleanliness will
obtain in politics and we will have a
Government which reflects the lofty
sentiments of the American fireside and
not the low standards of speculative
and predatory wealth.
STEPHEN A. LOWELL. '
WANTS SALOONS CLOSED AT 8 P. M.
Radical Reform Demanded by a Home
Knle Snpporter.
PORTLAND, Nov. 15. (To the Edi
tor.) The Oregonian's editorials about
reform of the saloons are correct and
to the point. And I also want to add
that I am one of the many who not only
voted, but worked for the passage of
the home rule bill with the understand
lng that the saloons should be re
formed. We want all the saloons In the
whitechapel district closed, especially
the bad ones on Burnside streot. We
want saloons closed on bundays anu
closed at 8 P. M. week days, and we
want orderly saloonkeepers and cus
tomers. Drunkennes and hoodlumism
should not be tolerated in any respect.
Drunkards should be treated as crim
inals, as they are, and not be lightly
dealt with. To fine a drunk 2 or even
five is ridiculous. bend him to the
rockplle, where he belongs. A drunk
is temporarily Insane. He may at any
time stick a knife into you or set
fire to your house. And as he has
made himself such ty his own free
will, should be punished as hard as a
thief or a murderer. So, I repeat It,
reform is what we want. And, really,
the most important is that saloons
should be closed at 8 P. M. Almost
any other business is closed at or be
fore that time. And it is just tne peo
ple who come from the saloons late in
th, AVAnlnc-4. criminals and hoodlums.
who give the most trouble to the police.
No decent man will be in the saloon
until midnight or not even up to 10
P. M., as he then would not he able
to perform his labor the next day.
Therefore, close the saloons at 8 P. M.
This is our most earnest and import
ant demands. If you do not, the sa
loons will be closed for good at next
election, and I myself and many others
will then assist In doing It. To take
away the free lunch is not much of a
reform. The worklngman often wants
some lunch with his drink. Liquor Is
more hurtful without lunch than with
It. C. O. SMITH.
First Kxecutlon In Marlon Couuly.
SALEM, Nov. 14. (To the Editor.)
Several Items have lately been pub
lished concerning the Baker and Beale
hanging, and it has been alluded to as
the first execution In this county. This
is not correct. On the 11th of Febru
ary, 1859, Charles J. Roe killed his wife
In a fit of Jealous anger. Judije Eoise,
who was then District Jude (this was
in territorial days), called a special
term of court. Roe was indicted. On
being arraigned, he pleadsd guilty.
Judge Boise admonished him of the ef
fect of such a plea, and would not en
ter it that day. The next morning
he was again arraigned and aain he
pleaded guilty. Judge Boise took testi
mony as to the degree of the offense
and found that he was guilty of mur
der in the first degree, and sentenced
him to be hanged on the 2d day of
April following, which was done. . N.
A. Cornoyer, one of Oregon's honored
pioneers, was the Sheriff who executed
the sentence. ,.J. C. MORELAND.
To the Gloomy.
Harper's.
Husband I met Hawkins today and he
was very gloomy told me he was per
fectly willing to die.
Wife Oh, John! Why didn't you ask
him hare to Thanksgiving dinner?
Mistake.
Dalles (Tex.) News.
They're paving streets with wooden
blocks all cities make mistakes.
They ought to use. Instead ot them,
the biscuits Gladys bakes
Life's Sunny Side
Two lunatics were passengers In
Charge of a Deputy Sherltt on an un
tario & Western 'rain en route ta
Bloomlngdale one day last week. Al
though manacled to one another at tha
wrists, each appeared oblivious to the
presence of tho oilier as the train
rolled on. One occupied himself by gaz
ing throueh the window at the rapidly
changing landscape, while the other
seemed interested in his fellow passen
gers across the nsle.
Toward the end of the Journey, how
ever, they appe'arod to bo mutually at
tracted to one another. Each carefully
scrutinized his neiirhhor for several
moments without breaking the long
silence. Then one put the querj :
"Where you groin' T'
"Bloomingdale." was the laconic re
ply. "Where you goin'?"
"Bloomingdale."
"What's the matter with you?"
. "Religion. What's the matter witk
you?"
"Rooseveltism."
"Ah. ynu ain't crazy. You're simply
a d n fool." New York World.
Apropos" of Hall rair.e's recent law
suit a New York playwright said:
"Hall Caine Is always talking about
his health, his ruined nerves, insomnia
and so forth. He is as proud of his in
validism as Sandow is of his muscles.
"The last time I saw Kali Caine was
in his bedroom in the Hotel Walton In
Philadelphia. The little, thin man with
his dome-like foreuead and weak,
wispy brown whiskers looked more
like Shakespeare than ever.
"'Mr. Hall Caine,' I said, 'I hope
you're well?'
"'Well?' he snarled. 'I'm. far from
well. I haven't slept, sir, for two
weeks."
" 'Then,' said I, 'you're ever so much
better, for the last time I saw you you
hadn't slept for a month.' " Louisvillu
Times.
Llnyd C. Grlscom. at the Saratopja
Convention, said in the course of an
Interview:
"But sucu a codrso as that would be
taking too evident an advantage of is
norance. It would be showitip up igno
rance. Like the watering cartman, eh?
"A watering cartman was driving
slowly on a hot day through a dusty
street, when an old chap from the
country shouted to hin:
" 'Hey. mister, yer tart's leakln'l"
"The watering cartman glunced back
at the streams spurting vigorously,
from a score of holes In the rear of
his cart, and said blandly:
" 'That's a'l . rlsht, boss. That's to
keep the kids from gittln' on behind,
ye know.' " New York Sun.
.
"Economy." said Daniel W. Field, the
millionaire shoe 'manufacturer of Bos
ton, who at the age of 5 has entered
Harvard, "economy is essential to
wealth, but by economy I don't mean
niggardliness.
"Too many men fail to attain to
wealth because they practice a cheese
paring and mean economy that gets
everybody down on them.
"They practice, in fact, an economy
ilka that of old William Brewster, of
Sag Harbor. William, you know, would
never buy oysters because hi couldn't
eat shells and all." Washlngtcn Star.
Less Football, More Study.
PORTLAND, Nov. 16. (To the Edi
tor.) Tho Oregonian's remarks about
the football, row at Corvallis are timely.
But you know from a taxpayer's stand
point, the whole proposition- of college
athletics Is getting pretty tiresome.
Our boys in this state need what they
can get from books and lectures much
more than the offerings of the foot
ball field. Many of them go -to school
on a sacrifice by those at home. Tha
boy who excels in his classes la not
spoken of much. Tho football bully is
the hero of the school. Then usually
some husky ' is hired directly or indi
rectly to play and Is enrolled in the
classes when perhaps he can hardly
read. This is all wrong. Our boys
have health and strength, and while
reasonable exercise is to be dosired, yet
the culture the schools ought to offer
is what they need more than to be
taught to fight or play football.
It seems to me that students and
their teachers would better be at their
work at school than chasing around to
attend these silly and riotous games. If
college "spirit" so-called can be kept
alive only by this means, it would have
been as well had the referendum shut
nn the school at Eugene. The Corvallis
institution is supposed to teach scien
tific farming. Is it not rather than to
teach grown men, who ought to have
sense, to plow with their faces? If
... n thn rint waa reouired
" ' ... - .
and more work In vacations, fewer boys
would get in trouoie. ,
Old Hymns and New.
New York World.
Professor Adler pronounces "the hym
nals of the world today poor stuff" as
respects their sollgious poetry, and Dr.
Stuntz at the anniversary celebration
of the Old John Street Church criti
cized the "new airs" that have replaced
tho "old hymns that have been the
battle-cries of Methodism all over the
world." "How the early Methodists
sang!" said he. "They never sanc
tioned the cheap and undignified hym
nology that churches are being flooded
with today."
It is with the deterioration of hym
nal music that the complaint mainly
lies. The strength of a hymn has al
ways been in the tune. Many even of
those "old hymns that have been battle-cries"
left much to ba desired on
the score of poetry.. Their vitality lay
in their melody or in the vigorous
swing of the meter that made the raft
ers ring.
But why worry about the new tunes
when the, old remain?
New Scheme to Srnroess the Tides.
Springfield Republican.
A new scheme to harness the tides of
the ocean for power Is soon to be
tried near Bath, Me., on the Kennebeo
River. The plan calls for high and low
water ponds, divided by a wall in which
are turbine wheels. An automatic gate
irtn'-wriKir nnnd is to bo closed
by the incoming tide and kept closed.
the water rising uuui u tcinca
floating gate in tho high-water pond,
which ts filled by the tide. The turbine
gates are then to be opened so that the
water may rush through them for tho
six hours of the tide. At low tide the
water which has gathered In the lower
pond Is supposea to iorce me saw
the other way and let the water back
into the ocean. The next tide repeats
the operation, if It works.
Anything to Oblige.
Life.
Lady Guest What do you do in case
of fire?
Clerk (ringing bell) One moment,
madam. (To bellboy) Set the hotel
on fire for this lady.
Wave of Moral Reform
Baltimore Sun.
That men are leading better lives is
proved beyond cavil by the fact that
the number of borrowed umbrellas has
decreased by S5 per cent.
What They're Not Doing.
Detroit Free Press.
When two women get' their heads to
gether in a parlor it's a safe bet that
they're not discussing the weather.
Where the Langhter Ceases.
Chicago Record-Herald.
Love may laugh at locksmiths, but
It is compelled to take the butcher seriously.