Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 07, 1910, Page 4, Image 4

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    ME
EXPLOSION
' FATAL TO FIFTEEN
Gas Ignites in Black Diamond
Shaft Hurling Timbers
Half Mile.
DEAD MEN ALL FOREIGNERS
Miners Canpht Shift Are Chans-
. In 'o Other Working at
Time Two lila.Mii Folkm Each
Other In Quick Succession.
9KATTIE. Nov. C Two explosion.
Berurlng within a frw minute of each
other shortly before T o'clock this morn
lnir. resulted In the drfh of IS men In
the Ltnon mine at Black Diamond. 30
'mllea loulliuit of Seattle.
Ten nvn Bruins; down on shift and
Are men coming up.were eaujfht between
tha first and sixth level, and It la al
most certain that all perished. Natural
iraa combustion la as limed a tha mom.
All tha men were foreigners.
Explosion Felt for Miles.
Tha forca of the explosion waa ter
rific showers of earth, timbers and bits
of do thin believed to ba that of tha
miners were blown from the slope of the
mine. Timber measuring 1 lnche thick
and eight feet long were blown half a
mile. . , '
A big section of ateamplpe was blown
a similar distance and sank 15 feet In
tha ground. The hock of the explosion,
which was felt for miles around, was so
great that many thought there had been
an earthquake.
Hope Held for Night Shirt.
Reports were received from the mine
at midnight that the rescuing party
had made its way In the shaft as far
as the tlrst level. There Is a chance
that the men on the niarnt shift, who
were Jut going off duty, had not left
tha alsth level when the explosion oc
curred, and may not have been caught
In the blast.
It is pointed out. however, that even
If the men had not left the workings,
there is little possibility of their hav
ing escaped deata. as the crumbling
mine must have burled them. The
alight hop that there are living per
sons In the mine Is spurring on the
working reacuera to get to the bot
tom of the mine before It is too late.
That there was gas present In the
workings was shown by the report of
tha Are boas, nled at t o'clock this
morning.
He reported all clear except the
breaat. 1H of the sixth level, where
he noted the presence of gas.
Hecaers of No Avail.
As soon as the extent of the disaster
waa known, volunteers were assembled
and rescue parties were sent In on the
water level to attempt the rescue of any
miners who might be alive. It is not be
- lleved that any of the men In the lope
escaped Instant death.
Aa far known the 13 men in the
tramears were the only ones In the mine
at the aijjie of the explosion. The coal
mines at Black Diamond are owned by
the Pacific Coast Company.
Three Injured by Flying Debris.
Threa men. atandlng within 100
yards of the mouth of the shaft, were
struck by Umbers shot from the" portal
and were seriously Injured.
The dead:
Jullua puysaw. married, one child.
Fred Settl. married, one child.
Oscar Hart, married, one child.
Casar KaeU single.
Cyril liaes. single.
Frank Oardinl. single.
Isador Gardint. slnifle.
Joseph Kumers. single.
Maetili Fanstlrla, married, three chil
dren. Dave London: sirvgle.
C P-agl; wife in l:oly.
Domini Gergory; sinsle.
Albert Fontana; alnpl.
Frans Vrrsun: slnsle.
Jul. us CapptuU: wife in Italy.
The Injured: Arvtla Martina. Louis
Jlarlno, louls Krnnta.
toon after the explosion, the mine
began to rave in. indicating that all
the supports had been blown out and
the tunnels wrecked. It is doubtful
It the mine will be reopened. The
damage is estimated at $230,000.
The only cause mine officials are able
to assign for the explosion is that a
fissure of gas may have opened and the
gas ignited from a match ruck by a
workman In the cage ascending to the
surface.
Fire Damp Not Evident.
Tha night foreman, who emerged
shortly before the explosion, reported
there was no evidence of fire dump In
the mine when he left, lie asserted
that the explosion could not have been
caused by a defective electric light,
aa the power had been shut off from
Uie lighting system several days.
The Pacific Coast Company has rules
prohibiting men from entering-' Its
mines with matches in their possession.
It la asserted, however, that the nve
men wbo entered the shaft Just before
the explosion had not been searched In
accordance with the rules.
The shock of the explosion brought
the miners and their families quickly
from their homes. Superintendent
James Hamm at once marahaled 200
men and led an attack on the mine.
It was planned to enter the shaft at
ence In the hope that some of the un
fortunate miners might be alive.
AYalls Crumble After Explosion.
This hope was soon dispelled, how
ver, when it was found that the shaft
and tunnels were choked with debris,
the walls and roof having crumbled
Immediately after the explosion. De
spite the fact that there was no hope
of the 1! men having escaped Instant
death. Superintendent Hamm deter
mined to continue the effort to force
an entrance Into the mine and the men
were organised for this purpose.
This work is not only slow bat dan
gerous. The unsupported walls are
constantly crumbling and there 1
danger of the rescuers being entombed
If great care la not exercised.
The Lawson mine was one of
feepest In the world, the shaft
tending to a. depth of feet,
monthly output was 10.000 too.
the
It
has been In operation stnee ISM. and
gave employment to : men. Today's
disaster is the second In the history of
e Lawson mine, 13 men having lost
their lives In an explosion there li
rears ago.
GENERAL STRIKE LIKELY
(Corrtlneed From Ftrst Pa-.
tween the express companies and their
awn. failed on the one point that their
men deimtnded that the union be reco
sised by the companies and the compa
nies refused. TM Is not the case.
"On the contrary, on my argent re
eaesc. the tnen withdrew their demand
that the anion, ba recog&lxaA acta, yon
see. this demand t omitted in the paper
they aubmltted and nothing asked ex
cept that no one be discriminated against
in respect of employment except for
physical violence In the strike.
'-The negotiations failed oo the one
point only namely, the companies would
not acrtilesv-e In the reroest of the men
that none of them should be diechargd
for the reason that he had Joined the
union.
"I do not enter the dispnte. but It
seems to me that the point on which the
division occurred should be clearly un
oVrstood. so that the intelligent may de
ride whether there la reason for the con
tinuance of the present condition. Is 't
not tlrna we had parcels post, like that
of other civilised countries?"
AT THE THEATERS
VIRGINIA H.VR.NKD
la The Wonssn He Married." a new
play by Herbert Baahford. ore
seated at the Hellig Theater.
CAST.
Chung Dm Wing Chung
Jack Harding ......George Baldwin
Cbl John Harding-Ferdinand Munler
Mr. Jack Harding tfonnerly Jeann
Dumont) Sfl Harned
Mrs. Whltaon 6alnbridse.Jan Gordon
Hon. Cecil Arrasby C. letr Pwul
Julea Slaraton Paul Harvey
A MOST truthful. Intense piece of stage
writing Is "The Woman He Mar
ried." In which Virginia Harned came
to the Heillg last evening. With pos
sibly the exception of. "Trilby." in
which she leaped Into recognition in
New York years ago, and "Iris," a play
in which she starred most successfully,
in Miss Harned s present vehicle she
far outshines any of her previous suc
cesses. "The Woman He Married" affords ex
ceptlonaf opportunity for this emo
tional actress to exhibit her talents In
a new and totally unexpected direc
tion, and offers a breadth of treatment
of which she has taken noteworthy ad
vantage. The story, from the pen of Herbert
Bash ford, concerns t. son of a rich
merchant, who. against hie- father's
Avishes and during his absence, has
married a show girl, a sometime artist s
model. Cut off without any funds, the
boy, who is writing a play, finds he
will be compelled to drop this work
in order to earn a livelihood for him
self and the woman he has married. In
the meantime, actress-model-wife has
received a measage from the artist,
who, ignorant of her marriage, aska
her to pose for his new picture. That
her husband may go on writing hla
play, in which she believes he is to reap
fame and fortune, the woman sacri
fices her own feelings In the matter
and accepts the artist's proposition, se
cretly and under her old name, allow
ing her husband to believe that a
wealthy woman friend la the source of
the money supply.
For three months . the play-writing
and posing continue, and then on the
night of the play's premier and the
author's great triumph, he Jearn of
the way in which his wife has earned
the money that has made his success
possible, and stops at nothing In his
accusations of her.
It is later. In the studio of the artist,
that the husband looks upon the pic
ture and finds It a beautiful conception
of Rosetti's.- "The Blessed Damosel.'
"with a face as pure as an angel's,"
and such an atmosphere about It that
only to a gross and distorted . mind
could It seem other than art.
The predominating characteristic of
Miss Hurried s work is Its intelligence,
and every action shows vivacity and
emotional power. She gives a clear and
vivid picture of the woman he mar
ried. Her third act Is a tremendous
thing, her fiery denunciation of her
husband for his unbelief In her be!nr
like unto the flash and clamor of the
first outburst of a big electric storm,
and It leaves her audience gasping.
Miss Harned's support Is admirable.
"OVTt NEW MINISTER."
A Three-act Comedy-drama by De
maa Thompson and tieorge W.
R?der Presented at the Bun
galow Theater.
CAST.
Thaddeus Strong Byron Forney
Darius Startle Richard Nesmlth
Lem Ransom J. Irvln Southard
Curt Hoten Charles F. Adams
Obadlah Blurton Louis Flerc
Sylvanoa BarUett Fred Clark
Calvin Abdal William J. O-NelU
Haanlbal Chapman. Andrew Ulassford
Ekeezlrks Cliff B. Kelson
Jack Frailer. .. .James If- Waltluun
Jo Hansom Albert Norman
Nance Kansnm. . .Mis Bessie Burn
IMrcaa Tatteleby
Emma Salisbury Southard
Esther Strong....: Ruth Meech
ONE of those comedy -dramas that
finds favor with all classes and
conditions of theater-goers Is "Our New
Minister." which began a week's en
gagement at the Bungalow Theater yes
terday afternoon with a matinee. It is
a humorous tale of life In the small vil
lage of Hardscrabble, and is the work
of George W. Ryder and that veteran
actor and playrlght. Denman Thompson,
who gave us also "The Old Homestead."
Now In its tenth year, "The New Min
ister" Is welcomed with the same smile
we bring forth for "Sis Hopkins." Prim
rose's Minstrels." "Way Down East"
and a few other perennials that bring
a certain sort of old Joys in their train.
The humor In "The New Minister" is
evolved from the quaint mannerisms,
sayings snd doings of a score or more
rustic folk who live and have their be
ing in the forgotten little Tillage of
Hardscrabble. In the State of New Hamp
shire. Fortunately, the ministerial element la
the least factor concerned In the play,
although the a nortnodox leader of the un
ruly Cock Is as full of pleasant platitudes
ss a Christmas pudding is of plums. The
actual mirth is provided by characters
other than Hie minister, although, in a
way. the etory revolves Itself around
him. All the types traditional to stage
stories of a doxen years ago are to be
seen in this play. There the consta
ble, a would-be Sherlock who capers
and squeals when the bad boy says
boo! There's the skinflint, the "meanest
man In Hardscrabble." whose specialty
is turning widows out of their homes;
there's the walking bureau of informa
tion In the person of the Postmaster;
there's the town tattler of teminie per
suasion In this Instance, and the slangy
boy from New fork. Then there is the
triumvirate of leading characters, the
convict Just released from a prison term,
hla good daughter and the minister.
Part of the Hardscrabble contingency
refuses to let the released prisoner go
to work again In its midst, another part
welcomes his return. This creates the
friction that move the situations, most
ly comedy, but carrying an underlying
current of seriousness that pleased the
audience.
The best work, by far. Is done by the
four comedian. Richard Nesmlth. as the
detective; Charles F. Adams, as a Hard
acrabblite, who designates his position
as "on the fence"; Fred Clarke, the
Postmaster, and Louis Fierce, a dtlsrn
with settled opinions. Cliff Nelson made
friends with his audience in his role of
Skeesicks. a sort of Billy Baxter. Bessie
Fume makes a nice. If colorless and
painstaking. Nance, the convict's daugh
ter. 6ame bill all week with matinees
OA Wednesday and Saturday.
THE 3IOHXIXG OREGOXIAX, 3IOXDAT, NOVEMBER 7,
STOCKMEN LOSERS
BY WEST TRICKERY
Author of Defeated Livestock
Bill Makes Serious
Charges.
WEST DIDN'T KEEP WORD
Measure Would Have Been Great
Benent to Cattle Raisers Had It
Passed A. S.- Bennett, Demo
crat, Refuses to Support West.
I
Charging Oswald West." as Railroad
Commissioner, with the defeat of the'
bill designed to regulate shipments of
livestock over the O. K. & N. lines and
extend to Eastern Oregon stockmen the
relief they had sought from the Legis
lature. Senator N. J. ' Sinnott, of The
Dalles, introducer of the defeated meas
ure, last night declared that the Demo
cratic candidate for Governor should be
loaded with the responsibility of that
action.
"The stockmen's measure providing
that railroad shipments should be moved
not less than 15 miles per hour from the
time- they were received until they ar
rived at their destination, was In a fair
way to pass the Legislature," declared
Mr. Sinnott.
Misrepresentations Made.
"West then appeared before the com
mittee to which the bill had been re
ferred, the members of which were
not unfriendly to the measure. West
represented to the committee that there
were no complaints about livestock
shipments In Eastern Oregon and that
there were no abuses to be remedied.
Because of these misrepresentations,
the bill was defeated. Several Sena
tors, including Mr. Bowerman, voted
against the bill because they were
misled by West. In the discussion of
the bill when it came up for final pas
sage, a number of the Senators quoted
West as having represented that the
situation regarding livestock shipments
in Eastern Oregon was satisfactory
and that there was no need for that
sort of legislation.
"At .the time the bill was under con
sideration. Me. West came to me and
personally requested that action on the
bill be postponed for two years, promis
ing that In the meantime the matter of
delay in livestock shipments would be
remedied."
According to J. E. Reynolds, a prom
inent shipper of livestock from Arling
ton, Mr. West has failed "to deliver the
goods." Mr. Reynolds arrived fa-ester-day
with A shipment of stockkwhich
had been 14 hours traveling 1 5 u" miles.
West Falls- to Keep Promise.
"West wanted the glory of changing
conditions, but they have not changed
a particle," said Mr. Reynolds. "The
stockmen of the eastern part of the
state are as 'much at the mercy of the
railroads as ever. Conditions are worse
If anything. The two years have
passed and West has not even attempt
ed to redeem his promise."
Aa a result of West's attitude towards
this measure In the past and the declar
ation of the Democratic nomtpee that,
if elected, he will veto any such meas
ure. Judge A. 8. Bennett, of The Dalles,
a prominent Eastern Oregon Demo
crat and livestock shipper, has with
drawn his support from the candidacy
of Mr. West. In a letter Issued yes
terday, Judge Bennett says:
THE DALLES. Or.. Nov. . (To th Ed
itor.) I ae in the Evening Journal of Sat
urday, a long artlcl anent th present Gub
ernatorial fight. In whlcn a law presented
by mm on behalf of the livestock Interest
to the last Legislature rerulatlnie the ship
ment of livestock and requiring th railroad
companies to nuki batter time. I criti
cised and condemned.
A a shipper of livestock I was exceeding
ly Int.rraiod in this law. and as I under
stand that Mr. Reynolds, a large livestock
shipper from th Arlington country. Is pre
paring a imilar bill to be ubmltted o tha
next Lsllatur, I fuel called upon to de
fend th policy of these laws.
Th law submitted to th last Legislature
waa not a "drastic" law. On the con
trary, 1 submit to a fatr people that Its pro
vision wer altorether Just and liberal. It
inflicted no penalties upon the railroad
compact and only made thm liable for
th actual damage caused by their delay,
and while th bill a presented fixed IS
snlle per hour as the time which the stock
trains were expected to make. Tot It also
provided that aven In ease of greater delay
tha railroad might Vionerate Itself from
liability by showing that the delay was nec
essary or unavoidable.
Wert Oppose Meaaare.
Th rat fixed la the bill wa IS mllea
but w offered to rtduc that to 12 miles,
and sir. Wast UU oppoaad tha measure. I
submit that no reasonable person conld find
fault with this proposed law. Th Impor
tance of auch a law to livestock shippers
can hardly ba overestimated. Every hour
that a car of., livestock ia on the road great
ly Increases th shrink and belpa to put
stock ia a bad. eonbtloa for the market,
causing great losa to tha uvstock shipper
and at the earn time causing th animal to
b feveriah and lea fit for food.
Kow aa to th political bearing of this
matter. 1 Intended to keep out of any
political controversy about It, aa Mr. West
1 a Democrat ana I belong to that party,
but alnc hi friends hsv seen fit to attack
tha proposed law, I have a word or two to
say. .
It Is true abet Mr. Bowerman voted
agalnit this law and la that I consider him
to blame, but I have always considered Mr.
West a far more to blama in tha matter.
Mr. Bowerman waa in favor of th law at
first and ao expressed htmaelf. as did also
Mr. mart, of Baker, and it was aot un
til Mr. West appeared before tha commit
tee with Mr. Cotton and Mf. Penton and
bitterly and actively opposed it that they
changed tbelr poaltlon. giving as a reason
that they did not feel like passing It over
the head of the Railroad commission. I
felt ther ws aom excuse for them under
the circumstancea, but that there was none
whatever for Mr. West, wbo ws psld a sal
ary by the i people to -look out particularly
for then- Interest In the railroad matters,
and who. Instead of doing so. want out of
hni way to appear with railroad attorneys
and throw the Influence of his position In
favor of th railroad and against th in
terests of th people.
Head and West Balk.
There wa no opposition to the bill what
ever except on the part of tbe railroads and
Mr. West and there waa every Indication
that th blil would have passed, almost
unanimously, but for bis Influence.
It 1 said in the article referred to that
the grange opposed tha bill, but I never
beard of any such opposition at the tlma
and do aot believe It exlatad- Eugene Pal
mer waa there, but if he oppoaed tha bill be
never let me know It, and I hav always
considered him one of my wannest frlenda.
I talked with him frequently about tha
measure ami be aeemed to think it a good
measure and I remembber him at one time
asking ma what I thought could be tha rea
aon that Mr. West was opposing It. I cer
tainly thought that Mr. Palmer wa en
tirely with me in the matter and I always
will until he tails ma personally otherwise.
I would not write this letter at this time
If R were not that th law probably will
come op again and It has been charged that
Mr. Wst says that he will veto such a bill
if passed. He has never denied It and I
t&ke it to be true.
Under the circumstance. I am reluctant
ly compelled to refus him my -it-port for
position where h could, and I ffl would,
cut the .throat of my buslnees.
Another thing. I despise a grandstand
..layer who pose toe something he Is not.
who puts oa a cowboy suit and walks a few
.. ,. a railroad, araak. aae toru
H all over the country, pretending to be a
friend of th peopl. and than wba th
first opportunity offers to do something sub
stantial. Is found battling In th ranks of
the peftple'a enemies. Very truly yours.
A. S. BENNETT.
SWEKP PREDICTED BY BRADY
Idalioan Believes Whole Republican
Ticket Will Win.
POCATELLO. Idaho, Nov. 6. (Spe
cial) Governor Brady, who spent Sun
day in his home town, is confident
of re-election Tuesdsy.
"Basing a forecast on my experi
ences as Republican state chairman
for five years, and as a successful can
didate for Governor! two yeara ago,"
he said, "I can .say tonight after a
careful review of the situation
throughout the state that I am more
than satisfied that Tuesday's election
will result In the success of the en
tire Republican ticket.
"I believe I am a fairly good Judge
of political conditions in Idaho and
I have no hesitancy In predicting; a
sweeping Republican victory."
Minnesota Claims Vary Widely.
ST. PAUL, Nov. 6. Basing their claims
on reports received today, the Repub
lican and Democratic chairmen predict
victory for their parties in the election
next Tuesday, when a complete state
ticket and nine Representatives in Con
gress will be elected. Chairman Smith,
of the Republican committee, places Gov
ernor Eberhard's plurality at not less
than 60.03a Chairman Day, of the Dem
ocratic committee, predicts James 8.
Gray's election, with a plurality of 20,000
to 25.000.
BANK WME GONE
REPORT OP CONDITION OP SEA
SIDE INSTITUTION DELAYED.
Examiner Wright Goes Over Books.
Mother of Dead Cashier Dying of
Shock of Son's Suicide.
SEASIDE. Or.. Nov. 6. (Speclal.
Missing securities, listed on the books of
the closed bank of Seaside and the ab
sence of President Henninger. have de
layed State Bank Examiner Wright and
hi assistant. Will H. Bennett, in making
public their report of the financial con
dition of the Institution. Examination
of the books was concluded here this af
ternoon bv the state officials and they
departed tonight for Salem, where they
will report their findings to the State
Bank Commissioners.
That the anxiety of depositors in the
bank concerning the financial condition
of the institution will not be relieved for
a few weeks at least seems probable, for
word was received here today that W. S.
Henninger, president of the bank and
brother of the dead cashier, will be de
tained in the Enst. Henninger left Min
neapolis yesterday for the bedside of his
mother In an Iowa town- The aged
woman is reported to be dying as a re
sult of the shock in hearing of the sui
cide of her son, E. N. Henninger, cashier
of the bank here.
President Honnlnger, of the bank, has
been in Minneapolis to confer with the
members of the firm of David P. Jones
Company, who held a mortgage, said to
amount to nearly JooO.OOO, against the mill
here.
"The bank's books are in a very bad
shape." said Examiner Wright today,"
and the examination cannot be fully
completed until President Henninger re
turns from the East. I believe that the
mlsring securities are hypothecated,
which would show plainly that E. N.
Henninger cominitted suicide because he
had been persuaded to lend money with
out receiving any security."
Acre Yields 506 Boxes Apples.
HUSUM, Wash., Nov. S. (Special.)
One of the most prolific small bearing
orchards in this vicinity Is that of
James Miles, six miles northeast of
Husum. From one acre &06 boxes of
apples were packed, consisting of Spit
zenbergs, Newtowns and other leading
varieties. The trees were set outonly
IS feet apart.
a i
Give your children the benefll of
trained teachers. Vote on No. 318 X
Tea. The State Normal School at Mon
mouth. This is the pioneer school for
training teachers.
(Paid advertisement.)
MADE
TOLL AND
STRONG
By Lydia E. Pinkham's
vegetable compouna
Jefferson, Iowa. " When my baby
waa J uoi isu lyvuuu
Ola x waa Bvur
pletely run down
and my internal or.
trans were in terri
ble shape. I began
taking Aiyaia x.
Tinkham'a Vrpti-
ble Compound, and
motner wrote ana
fnld vnn 1rwt how I
was. I began to gain
at once and now I
am vpal welL"
Mrs. W. H- Bttegeb, 700 deny St,
jelierson, iow.
Another Woman Cared.
Glenwood, Iowa. " Abont three
years ago I bad falling and other fe
male trouble, and I was nothing but
skin and bones. I was so sick I could
not do my own work. Within six
months I was made sound and well by
Lydia E. Pinkham'tf Vegetable Com
pound. I will always tell my friends
that your remedies cured me, and you
can publish my letter." Mrs. C. W.
DrNN, Glenwood, Iowa.
If you belong to that countless army
Of women who suffer from some form
of femala ills. Just try Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound.
For thirty years this famous remedy
has been the standard for all forms of
female ills, and has cured thousands of
women who have been troubled with
such ailments as displacements, hbroid
tumors, ulceration, inflammation, ir
regularities, backache, etc.
If yon want special advice write
forit toMrs.rinkham,LjTin,MaS3.
It is free and always helpful. .-
rKwsd
1910.
JUDGf - HADE LAW
Best Legal Authorities and
Liability Law No. "330 X
by Unknown Parties Who
PORTLAND. Nov. 4. To the Public.)
Bill 330, against which unknown par
ties are making; false and misleading
statements, is practically an exact copy
of the Illinois bill, which has been in
operation for years. It is not so strong
as the Pennsylvania measure. Has any
harm come to Pennsylvania or Illinois?
The cry to alarm the farmer and the
small man is a false alarm. How many
farmers and small men have ever had
trouble? It does not alter the present
law as to them for such employers of
labor are always present with their
employes and are knowing to any neg
ligence and therefore liable now. This
Is a ghost. These nameless people
scream because this bill removes the
limit on damages for death; bue-there
is no limit now for damages for In
juries. If a man loses his legs, his eye
sight, his arms. Is paralyzed, or receives
any Injury, he can today recover any
amount the Jury sees fit to give. There
is no logic In there being a limit for
death, and the only reason it exists is
because by the English common law
when a man died the right to sue died
with him, and England passed the first
law, known as the Lord Campbell s
act, fixing an arbitrary amount that
v., A v
v
Colonel C. E. S. Mood.
could be recovered for a man's death.
The United States followed suit. Any
voter can see the folly of an argument
that a business is going to be hurt by
a law which does not limit the dam
ages for deaths, which are rare, when
under the present law there is no limit
for 'damages for accidents short of
death, which are common.
Insurance Companies Roused.
The liability insurance companies
who are back of the opposition to this
bill, pretend that this is a change in
the rock-ribbed foundations of the law.
As a matter of fact the law they cling
to in order to profit from human misery
originated only in 1837, not by an act of
Legislature, but by a decision handed
down by an English Judge, and exists
in this country not by an act of Legis
lature, but by a decision handed down
by an American judge.
The commission appointed by the
State of New York to examine the
whole matter of employers' liability,
says: "Up to 1837, the single principle
seems to have been that the legal rights
between an employer and his employes
were the gams aa between strangers,
and there were no special rules. Up to
1837, that single principle seems to
have been the whole law on the sub
ject. From that date, both in England
and America, there has developed grad
ually a large body of special law on
employers' liability. This Is Judge-made
law. The important point to be noted
is the fact that this body of special law
exists, for no clearly defined reasons of
Justice or social policy. It is purely
Judgermade and not much over 70 years
nU
On page 10 of the report the same
commission says: "In th. Wttrsvi
UJV LUHtl aiUU UOB UVbU waw " aj
sure j y generated in ins puouc uimu
buipij B.iicinitu mo ........
.h- ....ant Aniulltinna na to. em
ployers' liability are unendurable."
Y..
v - i -s
Jndse Hens E. SIcCinn.
.
! ' 7 - ' '
On page 7 the commission says: "The a Btate yon will have to protect the
commission Is strongly of the opinion iaborers who come here; and If .TO"
that the present legal system of em- ii3ten to this bunch of ignorant, hard-
ployers" liability In force in this state, nearted and gredy men behind whom
and practically everywhere else In the Btand the Insurance companies whose
United States, in . Industrial employ- only blood Is money, you will keep Ore
ments. Is fundamentally wrong and un- n m what Is now considered as the
wise and needs radical change. Our darlc ages. Why cannot you listen to
present system of dealing with this: eminent men like the New York Com-
ouestlon. In New York (and the same miBgion, the Federal and state Judges,
system prevails In all the United Theodore Roosevelt and Elihu Root?
States) is to make no provision for Vote y, nd 347 no.
the worklngman. but to ' require that (Signed) C. E. S. WOOD,
the worklngman assume the risks of HENRY E. M'GINN,
the trade, and to give him a right to w a tj-rbn.
sue his employer only when the accl-
VOTE "330 X YES" "347 X NO"
(Fetid A4vertlroat-.
Where Has
the Pianola
Piano
Moved to?
SEE PAGE 5.
vs. MEN'S" LIVES
Statesmen Defend Employers'
YES" Against Malicious Attack
Do Not Sign Campaign Dodger
dent is due to the fault of the em
ployer himself. That system, discarded
in almost every other industrial coun
try, we regard as inherently unfitted
to modern Industrial conditions In dan
gerous employments, and grossly unfair
to workmen injured by trade risks."
X
Employers and Insurance.
f And on page 33: "A large proportion
oi tne empioyei a ui wm.
surance against liability to respond In
damages to their Injured employes. The
Insurance company takes all charge of
the relation between the injured man
and his employer. From the date of
the accident the employer takes no fur
ther steps. The insurance company
treats the accident as purely a business
proposition, settles for as little as it
can,- or. If that does not work, it forces
the employe to sue, makes every pos
sible delay, uses acute lawyers and takes
advantage of these legal rights."
How the Big Fish Escape.
This doctrine that If an employe is
injured by the negligence of a fellow
servant he cannot recover against the
employer, has been blasted even in the
country of its birth, where Sir Fred
erick Pollock characterises It as an un
fair law, operating oppressively against'
worklngmen as a class, and under
which the negligence of the master
himself is next to Impossible to prove.
The memorandum by the English Par
liament on the act of 1880 was as fol
lows: "The doctrine of fellow servant
is an exception to the general rule.
This modern Judge-made law, which im
plies a contract founded on a legal fic
tion not In accordance with the fact,
has been pushed to the extreme length
,by Judges, and In practice leads to the
grossest injustice. The little master,
who does the work himself with his
employe. Is always responsible, but the
large employer, who delegates his au
thority, escapes responsibility."
These decisions by the greatest jurists,
legislative bodies and students of eco
nomics ot the world, ought to be a suf
ficient answer to the cold-blooded In
surance companies who are opposing
their ignorance and their narrowness to
the sense of Justice of the modern world.
As a matter of fact, these harsh rules
do not obtain today in the admiralty
courts of the United States. They never
did exist In any country in Europe, and
1. (a ofmnlv nl 1 .r if clil im that tllfi abOl-
ishlng of this Judge-made false doctrine
will handicap the employers of labor In
this country, when It does not in Illi
nois; it does not In Pennsylvania; it
does not in Germany; it does not in
France, and It does not In England.
Wuij.jiJj,.jw'..''''"JJl'''''W.jgj,a!W'"tJ!
x i
:-1
W. S. U'l
civilised country has abolished
Senile. cept the United States.
One Reform at Home.
The Edison Company has voluntarily
refused to avail itself of this defense
as bad business, and it has kicked the
Insurance companies out of its works.
It has established a regular scale of
compensation so that when a man is In
jured or killed, the amount coming to
him or his family is capable of calcula
tion Immediately, based on his wages
and age. Elihu Root summed up the
whole matter when he sad that Injuries
to and loss of life of a workman is part
of the cost of production of the .busi
ness, and it should be carried by the
business Just as much as the cost of re
placing Its machinery.
Another feature of this present hill,
much cried out against, is that it re
quires an Inspection of ropes, cables,
scaffolding and the apparatus to which
men in dangerous employments trust
their lives. Can any man with a sense
of Justice object to this provision? The
Insurance companies say that the Injured
roan can have his right of action against
the employer if the employer fails to
provide him with proper scaffolding,
cables, ropes, etc but what these men
want, who take tbelr lives in their
hands, is not compensation after they
axe crippled or killed, but Immunity be
forehand. They are up against the most
terrible feature of modern society, which
Is that ss a matter of fact human flesh
and blood Is cheaper In the market than
Iron machinery; and what they want Is
i. j ... A a m a,i.a
immunity " . . .
, s-t.,M, It vow want to be
The Grime And Stains
Of Summer Sports
EASILY AND DELICATELY REMOVED Y
HAND
SAPOLIO
FOR TOILET AND BATH
It smooths away any broken cuticle and
thorrjughly, but with velvet touch,
cleanses and refreshes the skin.
' All Groceza wad 2rBgisU
Mr. Taxpayer,
Here s the
Price!
Are You Willing
to Pay It? 0
Prohibition will
cost Portland:
419 Empty
Business
Buildings
1500 Empty
" Residence
Buildings
$360,000 Actual
Cash
Revenue
$4,000,000 Actual Loss
In Wages.
And an Auditorium
because the Elks'
and other big conven
tions won't come to a
town where men wear
bridles.
Let us strip away
all the trimmings on
this question, and get
at the real meat of it.
What does it mean to
youl What will it do
for youl You have
your home here. You
want to stay. What
will prohibition do to
Portland! Just the
things above stated
and nothing else.
These are plain, hard
facts. You can't get
awayrom them.
Who "is going to
make up this loss! You
are. Your taxes must
be increased to cover
the cost. The prohibi
tionist agitator won't
pay it. He never pays
anything. About the
"time you are breaking
your back to raise the
.money for your in
creased taxes, he will
be over in Montana,
telling the people
there of the blessings
of prohibition which
you pay for.
What is the gain
what is your gain
Just what it has been
everywhere else that
the people have ex
perimented with pro
hibition failure and
folly and farce.
Statewide ptohibi
bition isn't new. It's
old. It's a proved-up
mistake. And it's ex
pensive. It isn't even
new in Oregon. In
1887 they tried to put
it over on us, but we
rejected it by a big
majority in Portland
by 4 to 1 "wet."
. Let us bury it so
deep tomorrow that it
won't come , back for
another 23 years. The
way to do it is to maeli
an X after the num-
Ders o-so, o, aim oti. (
GREATER 0REG0NH0ME
RULE ASSOCIATION
(Paid Advertisements
f?