Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, June 25, 1910, Page 8, Image 8

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Entered at Portland, Oregon, postofflce aa
Eecond-Claas Matter.
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Eastern Business OfBce The S. C. Beck
with Special Agency New York, rooms 48
60 Tribune building. Chicago, rooms 510
612 Trlbunn building.
There Is no cause for uproar about
vacation of certain street, ends in East
Portland, in favor of the O. R. & N.'s
proposed freight depot. The city is
not giving away land for nothing. It
la obtaining valuable privileges in re
turn, including rights of way for vari
ous municipal improvements, sixty-five
acres of park land in South Portland
and most important of all land for
the proposed Broadway bridge.
The public is not victimized nor
"sold out" in this deal. The city is
making concessions to. the railroad
and obtaining in return concessions
very much needed for municipal pur
poses. One of the important improvements
to come from this agreement is estab
lishment of a freight depot on the East
Side, between Burnside .bridge and the
new railroad bridge at Oregon street.
This depot will be valuable to East
Side business interests. It will stimu
late growth of trade on that side of
the river and efTect large saving of
money to shippers. Business men have
petitioned city authorities to vacate
river ends of certain streets in that
district, so that the railroad may build
this freight depot.
These street ends are unused by the
public; the railroad owns the contigu
ous blocks of land and therefore is the
only individual that can put ' the dis
trict to any use; the public owns the
right only of traveling the street ends,
to and from the railroad's land and
never can put the street area to any
other use. Besides, the public will be
more benefited from a freight depot
there than from any other kind of
The basis of the city's needs in these
. negotiations is right of way for Broad
way bridge. If the truth were fully
known about the motives of certain
agitators on the nast Side who are
clamoring against the agreement with
the railroad, it would probably be seen
that such noisy citizens want no
Broadway bridge, and that they are
trying to force some arrangement for
benefit of their 16ts on or near Holla
day avenue.
It should be understood that rejec
tion of this agreement will further de
lay Broadway bridge with another liti
gation, tie-up; also that such course
will delay the freight depot which the
East Side needs.
Agitators, selfish lot-owners and
demagogic politicians are trying to stir
up public passion over this matter.
But it should be borne in mind that
the ' city is getting valuable conces-t
sions on its side and that it U mak
ing no free gift of city property to
the railroad.
No need of hysteria or highfalutin.
This business will be decided in ac
cordance with sanity and reason.
"Were the department compelled to
Bhip coal only in American bottoms,
It would soon be forced practically to
abolish the Pacific fleet, or the ap
propriation for this purpose would
Boon be exliausted," says Secretary
Meyer, of the Navy Department, in
reply to the protest of Representative
Humphrey against the employment of
foreign ships as colliers. While it is
largely a' matter of indifference with
the Pacific Coast shippers and tax.
payers what flag carries the business
bo long as there is always plenty of
tonnage available at reasonable rates.
the language of the Secretary suggests
an opportunity for economy in an
other direction. He expresses the be
lief that there will be an Increasing
use of oil for fuel in the Navy, and as
the Pacific coast is the center of the
fuel oil industry, the fuel problem for
all vessels on the Pacific Ocean be
comes easy of solution.
; The use of oil will not only obviate
the necessity of abandoning the Pa
cific fleet, as intimated by Secretary
Meyer, 'but it might also be the means
of bringing around to this coast
much greater number of vessels of the
Navy. It is freely admitted by the
closest students of political economy
that the Pacific will be the scene of
the world's next great naval battle
it is on the Pacific that the United
States should now make Its most 1m
posing snowing as a naval power.
Even if there is not a general substi
tution of oil for coal as a fuel, there
will never be any abandonment of the
necessary warships by reason of in
ability to secure ships to carry the
coal around from the Atlantic. Brit
ish Columbia, Alaska and Puget Sound
have great deposits of coal which are
well adapted" to-, the demands of the
Navy and which are .used byforeIgir
naval vessels with' good results.
The attention f the Government
has frequently been called to this fact
but the Navy department has been
very slow about taking advantage o
the availability of this coal. That it
has not been . forgotten, however.
apparent from Secretary Meyer's state
ment that the department contem
plates further testing of 'the Pacific
Coast coals next Fall in one or more
of the large armored cruisers now. on
the Pacific Coast."
It may seem strange that tests of
this nature have not been made in the
past, for had they been made it is not
Improbable that the American vessels
could have used the coal with as good
results as have been secured by the
vessels of other nations. It is fortu
nate for the country that th Navy
Department stands pat and refuses to
listen to the clamor of those who are
. demanding the exclusion of foreign
tonnage from the coal-carrying busi
ness of the Government, but the Navy
Department has never yet advanced
a good reason why Pacific coast coal
should not be used, and the freight
saved, nor why oil-burning plants
have not been installed on vessels
making; their headquarters on the
Pacific coast.
Mayor McCarthy, of San Francisco,
in a letter printed elsewhere, complains
of the alleged inaccuracy of the report
on his celebrated Chicago interview,
and also expresses dissatisfaction with
the 6tyle of writing followed by The
Oregonian in commenting on his re
marks. Accompanying the Mayors
protest is a clipping from the San
Francisco Examiner which the Mayor
informs us "correctly quotes me."
When questioned by the Examiner re
porter as to his attitude on the prize
fighting matter, according to the clip
ping, the Mayor "bluntly refused to
state his views, though in conversation
with a committee from the Hotelmens
Association during the afternoon he
stated that he was heartily in favor of
drawing people to this city, though the
means of attraction might not meet
with the favor of a certain class of
When the fight project was first dis
cussed in San Francisco, Professor
Herget, better known as the prize
fighter "Young Mitchell," and the
member of Mayor McCarthy's official
family who seems to toe running the
prizefighting end of the administra
tion, was quite freely quoted as saying
that the only reason for opposition to
prizefighting was "a moral one." Of
course the Mayor and "Young Mitch
ell" are no panderers to the.moral ele
ment. In his indifference to the wishes
of "a certain class of citizens" who do
not care for the kind of advertising
which law-breaking bruisers can give
a city, and in "Professor" H.erget's in
ability to see why the fight should not
be held so long as the only objection
to it was based on strictly "moral"
grounds, the Mayor may find some
reason for a possible misinterpretation
or even misquotation of his remarks.
It is unfortunate and regrettable
that a man like Mayor - McCarthy
should be so sadly misunderstood. It
will be remembered that one of Mc
Carthy's campaign promises was that
he would make San Francisco the
Paris of America." Of course, the
Mayor meant that he intended to In
troduce in the mismanaged politician-
ridden Bay City some of those admir
able methods by which the laws of
the French capital are administered
more economically, directly and sim
ply than in any other Old-World city.
He intended no doubt to reproduce
some of those famous fountains that
have made the Place de la Concorde,
the Theater Francals and the Place
de la St. Michel famous wherever art
and beauty are appreciated.
The promise also ' included must
have intended to provide an annual
salon exhibition similar to that which
makes the Grand Palais the artistic
event of the year in the other Paris.
The glories and beauties of the Pan
theon and the Tuileries and the won
derful art galleries of the Luxem
bourg and the Louvre were all to find
flattering reflection in the Bay City.
But there is another kind of Paris
where all the instincts of morality
and decency are as dead as the con
sciences of some of Mayor McCarthy's
official family. With the news of Mc
Carthy's election, harpies of both
sexes and all ages and colors swooped
down on San Francisco from all
quarters of the globe.
Because the harpies misunderstood
McCarthy, .San Francisco is today as
"wide open" as it was tn the palmiest
days of the Schmitz regime." Because
It is wide open and disgraceful, the
head of the city government, unless
he carefully edits his. interviews, will
always be In danger of saying wihat
he thinks, instead of something that
would be more discreet and would
sound better. t
Public docks in European ports af
ford no valid argument for public docks
in Portland or other American cities.
Government and management are al
together different. It would be as
reasonable to argue for European style
of government in place of our own
The difference is that lnOld World
ports commerce and docks and other
utilities are controlled by the few who
know best how to conduct them for
the public interest. But here in Port
land docks would be controlled by
manhood suffrage; they would be sub'
ject to unreasoning popular demands
and to labor agitation. When a great
work is undertaken in Holland it is
not submitted to initiative and refer
endum of uninformed voters; it is de-
igned by engineers and approved by
proper officials and then put thruogh
regardless of "push clubs" or labor
The great American voter, however,
thinks he knows it all, and is deter
mined to run things his way, regard
less of utility or cost or debt. That
is the reason public docks have added
enormously to the debt of the City of
New York and are a growing burden.
Conducted as they are, they cannot be
made to pay. In Baltimore, the con
ditions may be somewhat more favor,
able, because the docks are not man
aged at the behest of high-priced la
bor; the working hands are cheap,
labor negroes.
, In our country It has been a doc
trine hitherto accepted as sound that
government should never be extended
over subjects of ordinary business. If
despotism ruled this country as in.
some of the nations of Europe,' then
government here might successfully en
gage in various affairs as it does there
but American systems social, polit
ical, commercial ana labor are
wholly unsuitable for these tasks com
pared with the systems of the . Old
World. Management of public utili
ties there would not be tolerated here
In the Old World government par
ticipates largely in ownership and op
eration of railroads and ocean ships
in America not at all. Nor could gov
ernment successfully engage in such
activities in America, under its nolit-
ical and labor system. Everything our
government undertakes it manages in
wasteful end improvident manner.
Even civil .affairs in this country are
administered in improvident and prof
ligate style. 'Government ownership
in this country, of the means of Indus.
try, transportation and navigation
would certainly run into every variety
or extravagance, abuse and corruption
Public docks or wharves irt Port
land would be no exception to this
certain result. They are "loaded'
with debt, taxes,' politics and abuse
They would always be a burden to tax
payers, and a constantly growing one
If Portland is to enter the dock Luzi
ness, it will be obliged to do. so on
very large scale and to provide wharf
facilities for a large number of ship
pers who now are content with their
own wharves. ' If the little steamboat
J company which Is striving to obtain a
landing place for,ts boat, the J. N.
Teal, at public expense, would build Its
own wharf, all the clamor for public
dqcks would subside and the public
would be freed from this menace of
debt, taxes and politics.
The collapse of the charges against
Chief of Police Frederick Kohler, of
Cleveland, causes one to ask himself
how they could have originated. There
were more than 23 different accusa
tions running from technical "immor
ality" to drunkenness, and now an im
partial civil service, commission has
found them all false Z not malicious.
The motive which induced a group of
enemies'to assail him so furiously on
grounds so "untenable must have been
exceedingly powerful. The accounts
are not full enough to enable one to
peak upon the subject -..1th certainty,
but it is possible to make some close
guesses. For one thing, Mr. Kohler
has labored actively to break up the
alliance which formerly existed in
Cleveland between the police force
and numerous f-rms of vice. The of
ficials had a regular license system.
as they hav$ in many other cities, for
houses of bad repute, Sunday liquor
selling, gambling and worse things.
The license fees went, not to the city
treasury, but to the pockets of the
police force. ,
When Mr. Kohler broke vp the sys
tem he deprived the officers of a big
sum of easy money. Naturally they
did not submit to lose it peaceably.
They had enjoyed it so long that tl-e
graft seemed perfectly legitimate to
them, and since thj onl" way to re
tain it was to depose Kohler- and put
some more pliable chief in his place,
they proceeded to attack -him. Inas
much as no truthful charges could be
brought against him, the next best
thing was to cook up false ones, and
this . they seem to have been ready
enough to do.
The incident Is notewothy because
iwe are not accustomed to such con
spiracies In this country. In romj
parts of the world it is fairly cor non
to try to ruin a man by .deliberate
calumny, but fortunately we have not
seen much of it here. False reports
and malicious rumors are pretty com
mon about everybody in public life,
but usually they evaporate before they
come to an investigation. Few slan
derers have the courage to face their
own fictions. It may be hoped that
the boldness of the Cleveland conspir
ators Is an isolated phenomenon which
will not be repeated for a great while,
there or in any other city.
the cost orr ravDfo.
So far ' as the tariff !s concerned.
the majority report of the Senate com
mittee, appointed to investigate the
cost of living makes little pretense of
being a scientific document, ---it is
frankly partisan and will be so ac.
cepted by the country. As everybody
expected, the majority of the commit
tee comes to . the conclusion that the
tariff does not increase the prices of
commodities. At present we wish to
make only a single remark upon this
point. If the tariff does not increase
the cost of commodities then it fails
of Its fundamental purpose, which is
to raise' wages. The only way to pro
vide the means for raising wages is to
raise the selling price of products. If,
therefore, the tariff has not raised the
price of food, clothing and other nec
essaries of life, it might as well be
repealed so far as its effect upon
wages is concerned. If it has no ef
fect upon wages, what imaginable ex
cuse is there for a protective tariff?
Upon other points the committee
speaks with more freedom from bias
and consequently with more authority.
Whatever the effect of the tariff may
have been, there is no doubt that manj
other causes have contributed to make
living expensive and the increase of
population is among them.
The committee states this proposi
tion a little differently. It says that
the "demand for farm products and
food has increased." Evidently prices
need not have increased on this ac
count ir production had kept pace
with population, but It has not. As
the committee states in other para
graphs, productive labor has been
largely diverted from the growing of
food to other industries, .while at the
same time the fertility of the soil has
diminished. A double cause -Seems
therefore to have been in operation
to make the food supply fall off rela
tively to those who must consume it.
Just what the effect of .this has act
ually been is not by any means clear,
however. It is easy to exaggerate the
diminution of food production which
has followed upon the desertion of the
farms 'by the laboring population. New
machinery has largely . supplied their
place and in some instances more than
supplied it. It is quite likely that me
chanical inventions have upon the
whole prevented any notable decrease
of food production from this cause
but the loss of the fertility of the soil
is a very different matter.
Exhaustion of . the soil has caused
crops to fall off in the United States
from the first settlement of the coun
try. j'or many years trie loss was
more than compensated by opening
up new farming areas. There was a
period, In fact, during which the food
supply gcew faster than the popula
tion. Prices of corn, wheat and pork
In the West xwent down disastrously
and the richer the soil the farmer pos
sessed the worse he was off econom
ically, for he had c. larger unavailable
surplus on his hands. One of the
prime causes of the early immigration
to Oregon was the hope jf finding
new markets for farm products across
the Pacific. Now all this has changed
The only lands left in the United
States available for new farms must
be tilled at great expense, and exper
ience shows that, while they are ex
ceedingly productive, yet the crops are
neither abundant nor cheap enough to
bring down the general cost of food
In spite of the productiveness of the
Oregon apple orchards, for instance
the price of that staple rises steadily
in the markets of the world. The
Senate committee remarks that the
price of food is increased by the cost
of fertilizers. This is in general
dubious statement. Fertilizers prop
erly applied do not raise prices, bu
rather tend to lower them, since they
increase the product out of all prc-
portion to what they cost. Still, be
tween lands which produce abundant
ly without fertilizers and those to
which potash and nitrates must be
applied, of course crops from the lat
ter are the more expensive. The only
hope of cheap food we have in this
country lies in intensive 1 farming,
which means farming with heavy fer
tilization and active culture. There is
no other way to restore the lost fer
tility of the soil, but fortunately that
way is effective. Whether we shall
ever return to the point, through sci
J entific effort," where cheap food can
be produced coincidently with good
returns to. the farmer is an interest
ing question.
In general we must agree with the
committee that the- basic item in the
cost of living is the cost of food.
When food i3 dear labor must be dear,
and expensive labor means high prices
for everything under heaven, or else
it means minimum profits for -the cap
italist. While we wait for cheap and
abundant food; possibly we shall be
compelled to choose between an un
derpaid and degraded laboring popu
lation on the one hand and vanishing
returns to productive capital on the
John H. McGraw, iwho died in Seattle-
Thursday, was driving a horsecar
In San Francisco when he first came
to the Pacific Coast about thirty years
ago. He afterwards became Governor
of Washington and one of the most
prominent men in the political and
business life of the Evergreen State,
Not all of the horsecar drivers, or
other men engaged in earning a live
lihood in similar occupations at the
present time, will become Governors,
but all over this broad land there are
hundreds and thousands of poor but
honest, hardworking young men who
are doing no better today than the late
John H. McGraw was doing when he
first came to the Pacific Coast, but
who, like McGraw, will later receive
their reward of fame and fortune. It
is needless to add, however, that they
will have no time to waste In bewail
ing their hard fate and complaining
that there is nd longer a chance for a
poor man.
How the mighty have fallen! There's
John L. Sullivan, who has disinterred
himself for the occasion and is making
an effort to call on James J. Jeffries,
only to be refused admittance by the
ex-bank clerk who ended the Sullivan
glory and prestige with a stiff punch
at New Orleans many years ago. The
interference of Mr. Corbett raises a
point in prizering etiquette as to how
far an ex-champion can go in his pub
licly expressed criticism and still re
tain the invaluable privilege of pub
licly greeting the person criticised.
Why should John L., the ancient "has
been," be denied the privilege of bask
ing for a few moments in the reflected
glory of Champion Jeffries, simply be
cause he had expressed the opinion
that the coming fight is a "fake," a
frame-up," and a few other kinds of
crooked performance ?
Something like 3500 fraternal insur
ance societies have been organized in
the United States and Canada since
1859. Of these, but 550 are now in
existence: Every community has wit
nessed the uprising and downfall of
one or more of these "fraternals" un
der high-sounding titles, suggestive of
protection and safety. Their business
methods were at fault or their risks
too great. An effort is being made
under the direction of the National
Association of Insurance Commission
ers to agree upon some measure that
will - provide for the preservation of
these organizations and the fulfillment
of their pledges. Go-as-you-please
methods are not to be trusted in busi
nesscertainly not in the insurance
business, as has been fully demonstrat
ed within recent years.
It is likely that the entering classes
at the Eastern colleges next Fall will
be larger than ever before. Most of
the new freshmen desire a college edu
cation . merely for its social value
Their acquaintances have a degree, can
patter a few Latin phrases and wear a
Greek-letter badge. Hence they must
do the same. But there are a great
many freshmen who believe a college
education will, enable them to make an
easy and genteel living. These young
men will graduate into the "educated
proletariat" and furnish leaders for
the ever-increasing army of discontent.
You wouldn't call it a short walk
from the Skidmore fountain, at First
and Ankeny streets, to the corner of
Thirteenth and Morrison; yet when
the late Frank Dekum built hi3 rest
dence on the block where the Klaw &
Erlanger theater is to be erected, Port
land's only playhouse was the old New
Market, now almost the very outer
edge of the wholesale district. In the
past thirty years the city's amusement
center also has changed several times,
Tickets on Zeppelin's airship, the
Deutschland, will be placed on sale in
New York. Considering the experi
ence that Zeppelin has had with his
airships in the past, it might be well
for the purchasers of tickets to insist
that rain checks be issued in case the
ship does not sail when the New
Yorkers get over there. Even a New
Yorker would not want to loaf around
Dusseldorf and Baden for six months
waiting for the airship to start.
Examining a charge of dynamite
that was slow in exploding Thursday
cost' a Cowlitz County man his life.
That feature is one of the mysteries
of this explosive. Men who handle it
have been taught time and again les
sons of care tey fatalities, but every
man has ideas of his own until some
day something happens. It is the part
of wisdom when a shot Is unrespon
eive to knock off work and call it i
Judge Gatens yesterday granted di
vorce to a woman who said her hus
band iwas occupied at "nothing" when
they were married, four years ago. It
took her a long time to learn she was
not getting much.
Among the stanch supporters of
Pinchot's policy of conservation Is
King Weyerhaeuser, who is now In
specting his Pacific Coast domain.
The exhaustive report of the Senate
committee gives many reasons for the
high cost of living. One remedy (not
given) in brief Is: Eat less.
Dr. Roland D. Grant, of old-time
fame, Is to talk tomorrow night on
"Modern Mistakes In Religion." He
knows them.
Of course Porter Charlton is of un
sound mind. Otherwise he would
have stopped short of killing his wife.
No- man - need fear incurring his
wife's jealousy if he- kisses a woman
85 years old.
Building three modern theaters Is
only a small part of Portland's activi
ties. Yesterday was national bathing day
in Mexico and the streams ran darkly.
Hawley scores in the Siletz home
stead struggle.
It la Party Assembly and Is Sorely
deeded to Aid Primaries.
Salem Statesman.
Something ought to be done, else the
primary law will make a rule of minori
ties instead of majorities. So far as
the parties are concerned, or at least
the Republican party, there has already
come about a rule of minorities.
The mass meetings in the Marion
County precincts will be held on Satur
day, July 2, the county assembly on the
following Saturday, July 9, and the
state assembly is set for July 23. This
is the plan. Can there be any valid
objection to it? Could you. Mr. Reader,
evolve a better plan? If not, it is your
duty as a Republican, if you are a
member of that party, to participate in
the mass meeting in your precinct.
Every Republican should join In
carrying out the present plan, for mass
meetings In the precincts, county
assemblies and a state assembly. And,
while there is no law or rule that can
compel any member of the party to
vote in the direct primary for the
nominees of the assemblies, nor at the
November election for those nominated
at the direct primaries, it would seem
the part of -wisdom and good cltlaen
ehlp for the members of the Republican
party to be loyal throughout the pres
ent programme; loyal to this plan until
some better one, if there is a better
one, may be put forward.
cvrssrsa tricks of- democrats.
They Bowl A fro in ft t Assembly in Order
to Confuse Republicans.
Dallas Observer.
Assertions that the purpose of the
proposed assembly is to destroy the
direct primary law are unworthy of
serious notice. The purpose of the Re
publican assembly Is to preserve the
Republican party. Meetings such as
the Republicans of Oregon are planning
to hold cannot act in other than an
advisory capacity, so far as the selec
tion of candidates Is concerned. The
final decision as to the fitness of can
didates for the various offices will rest
with the individual voter when he en
ters the voting booth at the primary
election in Sepember.
No Republican, no matter how
strongly he may believe in the right
eousness of the direct primary, need
fear that he will be taking any step to
discredit or nullify a single provision
of the existing primary law by parti
cipating in the assembly or the pre
cinct primaries preceding it. The di
rect primary is not in peril. The Dem
ocratic newspapers that are howling so
loudly against the Republican assem
bly, . pretending to believe that the de
struction of the primary law Is im
minent, know full well that it is the
prospect of another Democratic victory
in a Republican state that is in danger
just at this time. One cannot blame
the minority party for resorting to
cunning methods to disrupt.and scatter
the forces of the majority, but the Re
publicans of Oregon are less sagacious
than we thinK they are If they are go
ing to allow the game to be continued.
Faster Trains In Russia Shorten the
Trip by 24 Hours.
New York Times.
Another hitch has been taken in the
tightening girdle of the earth, and the
effect is to bring China and Japan one
day nearer for he who Journeys thither
by way of London, Paris and the Siberi
an Railroad.
The 24 hours have been clipped from
the railroad schedule between Moscow
and Vladlvostock in Russia by doing
away with tedious watts at several
principal junction points.
Under the new schedule a tourist who
leaves London on Monday may reach
Yokohama on the second Monday fol
lowing, or at Shanghai! on the second
Wednesday, 14 and 16 days, respec
For the globe trotter wishing to keep
right on going west, the new schedule
enables him to catch the fast Canadian
Pacific steamship leaving Yokohama
Tuesday. Thus In 26 days one may
journey from London to "Vancouver via
Vladlvostock, and may complete the
circling of the globe in 37 days, less
than half of Phineas Fogg's 80-day
The through train will run only once
a week under the new schedule, having
been arranged especially to lure tour
ists to travel by the overland route.
Corner Fifth Avenue and Fifty-Third
Street Site of Edifice.
New York Herald.
One of the finest apartment-houses
of Its type will be erected at the
southeast corner of Fifth avenue and
Fifty-third street, and four dwellings
will be demolished to make room for
the new Improvement.
The plot, which was purchased in
1907 by Edward Holbrook, president of
the Gorham Manufacturing Company,
from Harry J. Luce, of Acker, Merral
& Condit, contains about 8500 square
feet and has an avenue frontage of 60
feet and is 125 feet on the street.
The property, which is known as 687,
669 and 671 Fifth avenue, and 2 East
Fifty-third street, will be Improved
with a 12-story apartment-house con
taining accommodations for one family
on a floor, and will be ready for occu
pancy on September 1, 1911. The ten
tatlve rentals will be $15,000 a floor.
Mr. Hill's Unhappy Metaphor.
New York Times.
J. J. Hill's warnings of possible
financial and commercial depression are
worth heeding. But we wish he would
not advise us to lay up for a "rainy
day." A drought would suit his meta
phorlcal purpose just as well. The
mention of rain Just now Is exception
ally irritating. We fancy it tends to
lessen the weight of Mr. Hill's other
wise reasonable If somewhat pessimis
tic argument. He will be understood
Just as well next time If he says
"drought." The word has a good sound.
A drought, nowadays, would have
something of the charm of novelty.
Commencements and Common Sense.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The frilless commencement, like the
horseless carriage and the wireless
telegram, seems at first to be a con
tradiction In terms. But so many girls
have already declared against flowers
and finery that before very long Amerl
can commencements will really becom
affairs of significance and dignity
rather than mere exhibitions of costly
raiment. .
All Modern Improvements.
Everybody's Magazine.
At a meeting of the lodge in a 'way
back village a member suggested that
cuspidors be secured.
I move, Mr. .president," said an
ever-ready member, "that the executive
committee be empowered to employ two
competent cuspidors to serve durln
the ensuing year."
Making Beads Out of Rose Petals,
PORTLAND, June 23. (To the Ed
itor.) Will you" kindly give instruc
tions In your column how to make
beads out of the rose petals?
E. A. i
We do not know, nor have we been
able to learn of any one who does
Weather Poem.
Boston Herald.
A wet May
Makea lota o hay.
A wet June
Is out o' tune.
A wet July
Gee! We'd all die.
They Helped to Form the Literary
Taste of Western Schoolboys.
New York World.
When in 1S36 a young Cincinnati
publishing house offered William H.
McGuffey $1000 to complete a set of four
school readers,' not even the imagina
tion of an H. O. Wells could have fore
seen in the transaction the basis of a
reputation which might eventually en
shrine the compiler in New York's Hall
f Fame. McGuffey as a professor at
Miami and president of Ohio University
had more than a local renown as an
educator. But it is for his "readers
that the public remembers him.
They helped to form the literary taste
f two generations of Western school
boys, and the length of time they re-
lsted the composition of the new
wares seductively offered to scnooi
boards by enterprising publishers tes
tifies to their quality. An alert in-
vestlftator of literary origins might
trace to them some of the sources of
the Indiana school of authorship. Cer
tainly the McGuffey "eclectic" series
contained an amount of good English
rose and verse which it would be dif
ficult to match in equal compass in
modern hand-books of literature and
half-hours with the best authors.
The actual work of their compilation
was done by W. H. McGuffey's younger
brother. Alexander, a youth of 20. In
an interview not long before his death
In 1891 Alexander McGuffey said:
'My brother was very busy, and, as
had an abundance of time on my
hands, he agreed to undertake the work
with the understanding that the burden
f it was to come upon me, I working
under his supervision. The readers
were to be published under his name In
order to give them prestige. The firm
agreed to this arrangement, so they
rought over a great load of old school
readers from which, as from other and
higher sources. I was to make selec
tions. The work took all my spare
time during the Winter of 1838 and half
of 1837."
The McGuffey readers have been Im
proved" upon to meet more modern
educational demands. There is now
dialect verse for the pupil, Whltcomb
Rlxey, Eugene Field, scientific extracts.
etc., but there was much good litera
ture in the old readers for parents as
well as children.
Unless Government Acts People Will
Lose Lavatory Use of Streams.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
A dispatch from Washington says that
the Department of Justice Is investigat
ing what is commonly known as the bath.
ing trust.
The Attorney-General says tnat ne win
announce later whether the inquiries be
ing made by special agents of the depart
ment are found to warrant further pro
This information suggests a new argu
ment for conservation. With the suspi
cion that a. bathtub trust Is about to get
complete control of the people s natns,
the duty of the Government becomes
Let it at once tiroceed to marie out ana
withdraw all swimming holes on publio
lands from entry; also all small lakes,
bayous, fjords" and other Inlets, bays.
creeks, etc., that could be used for bath
ing Durnoses.
Let it also reserve to the public a rignt
to pass over all lands sold on the borders
of navigable lakes and streams down to
the water, when accompanied by a oatn.
Ing suit or other evidences of a bona-fide
intention to bathe.
Let it at once bring whatever official
pressure it can to bear on those who have
alreadv homesteaded or otherwise ac-
ouired Dubllc lands to concede to the pub
lie an easement entitling it to use an
places suitable for bathing which may lie
within the boundaries tnereor.
In this way the people will not only be
protected against the inroads of any pos
sible bathtub trust, but they will also se
cure for themselves and their descend
ants the privilege of open-air bathing for
all time to come.
Stranee. passing strange, that no one
has yet called attention to the wasteful
and extravagant Governmental method
of dealing with our National "fewimming.
holes: Strange that neither a Wisconsin
statesman .nor a 10-cent magazine nas
arisen to denounce, our National lack of
And even stranger than this the fact
that no statistician has figured in elo
quent totals the National supply of swimming-holes
and the Intolerably brief time
in which they will be exhausted unless
something is done and done quickly.
However, as we said. It is not too' late
The investigation of the bathtub trust
has called attention to the whole subject.
All that is necessary Is for the Govern
ment to act with patriotism, promptness
and energy, and the thing is done.
Nevr Kind of Farm.
American Educational Review.
The Artcraft Institute of Chicago
which since 1900 has taught more than
600 unskilled women home and art oc
cupations that have enabled them to be
come self-supporting, is preparing to
enlarge its scope by establishing an
educational farm. The Artcraft Insti
tute is an educational combination of
school, club and workshop, reaching
from the home to the business world.
Just About the Same.
Philadelphia Inquirer.
We suppose that In spite of all the
efforts making. all over the country for
a sane celebration there will be just
about' the usual number of deaths and
accidents' this Fourth, about enough
casualties to make a very respectable
bloody battlefield. Have you a boy to
sacrifice, or even a finger to offer on
the altar of senseless noise?
Even Poetry Mtldewa.
Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph.
A little shower now and then is pleas.
ing to all sorts of men, but when
rains 'most every day there is the very
deuce to pay.
New York Times.
If Mr. Roosevelt is willing, we think
the country would, be glad to engage
for a time in constructive wort
The Difference.
Charleston News and Courier.
A correspondent wishes to know
what is the difference between Brya
and Harmon. A nomination.
Will Make History.
Houston Post.
T. R.'s real fun will begin when h
comes to Texas to write the history of
the state.
The Message of a Rose.
A white rose in a tiny vase
With slender hand and gentle grace.
Upon tne oaken stand was et
On that glad night when first we met.
At every call the rose was there, '
No other rose the place did share.
Twas there in purest softest white
And made the evening doubly orlght.
Very beautiful was that rose.
Most graceful was the maiden's pose,
"Your hand," 1 said, "before we part,"
She emlled, "Yea more." I said, "your heart."
When I returned to know my fate.
My yearning heart lmpasslonate.
Two white roses upon the stand
Told the story of "heart and hand.'
That white rose In the tiny vase '
Grown to two in the selfsame place,
I cannot, no. would not forget
Memory holds it sacred yet.
1 1
O. love, fragrant, sweetest flower
Born to bloom in a timely hour.
Love standi the test of Winter frost.
From faithful hearts is never lost.
"When the summons hall call above
One of these souls long wed In love.
The fragrant message of the rose
"Will the lingering one compose,
San Francisco's Mayor Now Repudiates'
ChicaKO Interview.
SAN FRANCISCO, June 21. (To the
Editor.) In The Oregonian of June 17th
appears a published statement predicated
upon the assumption that Mayor P. H.
McCarthy of this city gave an interview,
while passing through Chicago, in refer
ence to the Johnson-Jeffries boxing con
test t be held in this city, etc.
Passing over the flights of rhetoric
which are essayed in this article with but
indifferent success, I beg leave to In
form you. as I have notified the press in
general, upon learning of this purported
interview, that the same never took place. "
A group of newspaper men visited me on
the train, just before I left Chicago en
ro.ute West, and while . I was engaged in
conversation with four prominent and
highly respectable citizens of that city.
Many questions were put to me in the
presence of these gentlemen, and I- ex
plained that I had resolved before leav-
ing Indianapolis to issue no interview
whatever in reference to any municipal
matters In San Francisco, and that I
therefore wished to be excused from mak
ing a statement unless the same per- .
tained to the Panama-Pacific Exposition
or the question of San Francisco's water
supply. Upon learning at Omaha of the
publication of an alleged interview I In-
tantly repudiated the same and referred.
for my proof, to the Chicago citizens who
now gladly bear witness to the falsity of
the statement circulated by the Associat
ed Press.
While I believe It to be not only the
privilege but the duty of any newspaper
to criticise public officials and public in
stitutions, I believe also that the same
should be done in a fair and decent man
ner, and that no Journal that lays claim.
to an honorable reputation should foist
upon its readers a lengthy and untrue ef
fusion because such journal individually
dislikes the cause which & particular pub
lic servant might be representing.
I enclose herewith a clipping taken
from one of our local newspapers, which',
in contrast with your own publication,
correctly quotes me. I likewise hand
you a copy of a letter received by me
today from a well-known philanthropist,
which will throw further light upon the
irresponsibility of the Associated Press:
Yours very respectfully,
Mayor of the City, and County of Sam
The enclosed letter to which Mayor Mc
Carthy refers is as follows:
OSSINING, N. Y., June 15. 1910. To the
Hon. Mayor McCarthy, San Francisco,
California. Dear Sir: Your last and high
ly valued communication received. I was
considerably annoyed by the Associated
Press quoting me aa saying the Coast
cities were a condensation of human suf
fering, particularly San Francisco and
Seattle. I did not say that. I did say
that the Western cities had their segre- '
gatlons of condensed human suffering, but
not nearly so In evidence as In many of
the Eastern cities. I did find churcnes.
missions, the associated charities, and all
private institutions (while they may do
much) absolute failures In banishing this .
specter of human suffering from the
I was so kindly treated and with so
much courtesy and respect I would be
an lngrate not to be just. The Western
cities appeal to me very forcibly from a,
commercial view. Bright, active, ener- .
getlc cities, their institutions for the ad
vancement of learning exceptionally line,
and the spirit among the great-hearted.
deep-thinking people for reform ana
moral uplift and its growth of man's in
humanity to man impressed me most
forcibly. I rejoice to know San Francisco
is going to have Its municipal Dunning,
and I believe that California will even
tually have its state labor colonics, i
almost believe the West is going to Ipad
in these great reforms. I at least f"el
confident they will do their share. Very
sincerely yours,
(Signed) EDWIN A. BROWN.
About Business.
Hartford Courant.
"How's your business these days?"
"Well. I tell you I don't like this
d d Interference by Congress with the
great railroad interests."
"I know, but what I asked you was .
how about your own business was."
"Why. look at the stock market. Did..
you ever see values dwindle away as
they have been doing lately:
"Yes, but that wasn't what I asked
about. It was your own business that
I wanted to know of."
"I tell you what. The prospect is far
from reassuring. The talk of the rail
road people, all the gossip that comes
out of the Wall-street offices, every
thing one hears, is discouraging."
"But you haven't answered my ques
tion. How about your business for
1910? Has it been up to the average
and met your expectations?"
"Oh, as to that, so far this is the
biggest year we ever had. I've got
nothing to complain of myself. Things
have been coming my way, all right,
up to the present time. But d n this
Interference with the railroads; lt'a
knocking business sky-high."
The above is by no means an Imag
inary sketch. People whose business ls
running along splendidly have caught
the Wall-street pessimism and are
groaning over a prosperity that a few
years ago they would not have believed
possible. It's just as well to be con
tented as to grumble.
The Bride and the Graduate.
Philadelphia Inquirer.
Mabel, we decline to state whether,
In our opinion, the June bride or the
June graduate has the best of the sit
uation, although our convictions on the
subject, not for publication, are very
positive. It's none of our funeral in
either case.
An Old Friend.
Cleveland Leader.
Maybelle See the beautiful engage
ment ring Jack gave me last night.
Estelle Gee! Has that Just got around
to you?
Left Tfo Clew. .
Topeka Capital.
Among other things. Bjornstjerne
BJornson died without leaving any clew
to the pronunciation of his name.
I imagine I can see her as she stands in
" white arrviy. , .
With friends and ojassmates around her on
her graduation day:
See! She stands with hand extended to reeei
the long-sought prize. ii.
And a look of joy and sadness seem to mingle
Of Joy" because t he prize is won, and fairly
it was earned,
Obstacles are overcome, hard lessons nav
been: learned.
a look of sadness too has come net
i i r, .A i. t- n t r
And closed will be the old books, o'er which
she used to pore:
But soon her face Is bright again, she s ready
for life's work.
Though hard tasks lie before her from them
she'll never shirk. ..
Some one has said "Life 1" a school. hard
lessons we must learn,
When duty stands before us, and from pleas
ure we miut turn.
But how great will be the reward, if we
faithfully do our part;
And victory will be ours if we educate the
Some day we expect to "finish." in this great
School of Life, , .
When problems have been solved and we r
tired of pin and strife.
And our sols cry out for freedom from Life
school to that above.
Where the atmosphere la pure and the great
est teacher. Love.
Surrounded by friends and classmates and
robed in white array,
Methlnks I can see ber again on the great
"Commencement Day."
She Is clothed in robes of righteousness,
wrought by the Master's hand
Without this robe of purity no one can before
Him stand, . . - , '
The reward "Well done." is heard, she takee
up the "higher life."
No tears are seen, no sorow felt. nd noth-
JUS know, of strife. ..BBOWKia... .