Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, June 01, 1910, Page 15, Image 15

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    THE MORXINGr OREGOXIAN, WEDNESDAY, JL.E 1, 1310.
15
FAFSMERS TRAIN TO
VISIT NEW SECTION
O. R.. & N. to Make Expert
Demonstrations Between
Cofax and Pomeroy.
EXHIBITS TO BE IN OPEN
Farm Mechanics Will Be Added Fea
tureAdvanced Methods of Hor
ticulture and Seed Testing
Are to Be Explained.
The official itinerary of the farming
demonstration train that will be sent
out for a week in Southeastern Wash
ington In June was announced by the
Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company
yesterday.
The demonstration will begin at Col
fax on June 20 and end at Pomeroy on
June 25 and in the Journey 22 stops
of about two hours each will be made
This is the second farming demon
stration train to be sent out by the
O. R. & N. Co. this year, the first hav
ing made a ten days' tour of Eastern
Oregon in April, conducted with the
co-operation of the Oregon Agricul
tural College and Experiment Station.
The second train will visit oniv
Washington points, and In giving the
demonstrations In the interest of bet
ter farming methods the railroad com
pany will have the assistance of a
corps of experts from the State Co'lege
at Pullman, the work of which corre
sponds with that undertaken with the
aid of the Oregon Agricultural College.
Oregon Train to Be Equaled.
It was said for the Oigon train
this year that it was th6 most thor
oughly equipped and best train of the
kind ever sent out by any railroad, and
it is the plan of the railroad company
to make the Washington train the
equal of the one 'that proceded it.
The number of cars in the train will
be eight the same as that of the
Oregon train but the arrangements
and features will be somewhat dif
ferent, the change in the former hav
ing been determined upon as advisable
as the result of experience and the
change in equipping of the cars being
made to correspond with the differ
ence in conditions encountered in the
two sections.
The Washington train will be electric
lighted throughout and will carry stock,
farm implements and exhibits demon
strating proper methods in dairying,
horticulture, soil cultivation and con
servation of mniHtiiT-A rntoHnn
general cultural methods and demon
strations In farm mechanics and soil
chemistry. Poultry, which was made
a prominent feature of the last Oregon
train, will not be represented, but the
farm mechanics feature is new and
the demonstrations in horticulture and
dairying will be more elaborate than
in the earlier train.
To give the visitors a better oppor
tunity to see feature that attracted es
pecially large crowds in previous trains
these will be located, when practicable,
on open flat cars instead of in bag
gage cars. Demonstrations in pruning,
grafting and budding and the exhibits
showing soil composition, proper till
age and moisture conservation will be
.shown In the open. These attracted
large attention during the April trip
and in instances many who wanted to
see the exhibits and hear the explan
ations of the experts were unable to
get near enough, and the passage ways
were also blocked.
The first car in the train will be
devoted to livestock, and on it will be
carried two horses, one beef cow, one
dairy cow. three hogs and three sheep.
On an adjoining flat car a platform
will be arranged, to which the stock
may be driven for exhibition purposes.
j nis pianorm will take up only a nor
tion of the car and the remainder will
be devoted to farm machinery such as
is in use on the state farm at Pullman
soil exhibits and the electric lighting
plant.
i ne third car. also a flat, will be
used in demonstrating advanced meth
ods of horticulture, including the best
ways of pruning, grafting, budding and
spraying.
A baggage car will follow, in which
will be shown dairy machinery and
dairy processes of all kinds. The dairy
cow on tne train is to be milked bv
a machine and will supply milk and
cream for testing purposes in the dairy
,ar.
Seed Tests to Be Explained.
T he tifth car. one of the baggage
type. will contrain demonstrations
showing the growth of grains and
grasses suitable to the terrtory cov
ered and methods of testing seeds.
j ne sixin, also a baggage, will be
nevoted to rarm mechanics and there
the farmer will be shown how to con
struct, himself, a variety of farm build
ings, poultry coops, brooders and farm
appliances. On this car will also be
a. demonstration in the home manu-
lacture or concrete fence posts.
The seventh car will be a sleeper
lor me couege start and railroad of
ficials ana the eighth will be a busi
ness car.
The following Is the complete itin
erary:
Monday. June no ATivf.
t'oifux 9::io a. M.
Klberron l:0O p. M.
tiarneld :3ti P. M.
Karminptnn :35 P. M.
Tuesaay, June 21
Rockford 9:011 A. M.
Fairfield i::45 A. M.
Latah .":lr A. M.
Tfkuii 6:30 A. M.
Wednesday. June L!2
Thornton :0 A. M.
St. John 12:45 P. M.
Winona :l:."lo P. M.
La Crowe 6:o5 P. M.
Thursday, June 23
Wallula .10:00 A. M.
Tour net IL':45 P. M.
Walla Wal'.a 3:''o P. M.
Prescott 7:oO P. M.
Vfiday. June 14
Ieave.
11 :4o A. M
K:Ou P. M
5: SO P. M
S:30 P. M
11:30 A. M
2:45 P. M
5 : 1 S P. XI
S:3l) P. XI
1 1 :0O A. M
J:r. P. M
:3l P. XI
S:35 P. M
ll:5.-i A. M
2:30 P. XI
f:30 P. Xt,
S:45 P. M
Turner fl:i
1 1 :I10 A. XI
rvton
1 :M P. XI.
3:00 P. M
.1:ai P. Xt
S:30 P. XI
lluiit Hie
uf thu-
Saturday,
Wtarburk
pomeroy .
3 :'-'.-. P. XI
6:30 P. XI
June 25
9:00 A. XL 11:WA. M
1:15 P. XL S:lo P. M
The following is the list of expert
irom tne college who will accompany
tne train: it. w . matcher, director
v. -. McDonald, animal husbandman
Leonard Hegnauer. agronomist: W. S.
Thornoer, horticulturist: A. L. Melan
tier, entomologist; C. C. Thorns, soil
physicist: R. c. Ashby. assistant sn
perintendent farmers' institutes; H. W
Sparks, supervisor of demonstration
farms; H- C. v llcox. dairy inspector.
COUPLE TO SERVE OUT TIME
Harry and Lovey Knaus Can't Pay
Fines for Assault.
Harry and Lovey Knaus.
wife, told Judge Bennett
man i
yesterday
that they were going to their home
to put it in order and were then coni
ng- down to the jail to lie our' a
fine of $25 assessed against each of
them. The Knauses were arrested over
a week ago, after the man had thrown
can of naint at M. Thompson and
engaged in a list fight with him, and
tne wife had come to her husoana s
rescue with a knife which she thrust
within an inch of Thompson's heart.
At the time of the trial, on account
of the youth of the wife, who is only
18 years old, the charge was reduced
from assault with a deadly weapon to
simple assault and each was fined $25.
Out of sympathy. Judge Bennett let
them go on their recognizance and al
lowed them over a week in which to
find the money to pay their lines. Yes
terday the time was up and the pair
appeared to plea for its remission.
Judge Bennett told the pair they
were lucky to escape without a jail
sentence, and refused to- remit the fine.
They then announced their intention
of serving out the 12H days necessary
to purge them of their misdemeanor.
BAPTISTS BEGiN SESSION
WILLAMETTE ASSOCIATION
MEETING IV PORTLAXD.
IS
'Agressiveness" Is General Topic of
Gathering of Leading Preachers
and Laymen of Church.
The sixty-second annual session of the
Willamette Baptist Association opened
yesterday afternoon in the Central Bap
tist Church, East Ankeny and East
Twentieth streets, and was welcomed -by
Rev. Albert Ehrgott, the pastor. Rev.
A. B. Minaker, moderator, responded, ac
cepting the hospitality of the Central
Church. Half an hour was devoted to the
discussion of the key-word of the session,
"Aggressiveness' several of the minis
ters speaking and saying that the
churches lacked aggressiveness and, for
that reason, lacked spirituality.
Following the opening the clerk read
etters from churches within the boun
daries of the association. It was shown
from the letters sent that there had been
substantial gains in membership, and
financially. A number of new churches
to be erected. From Montavilla it
was reported that a building committee
had been appointed and an active cam
paign for the erection of a'modern church
edifice had been started.- At Astoria it
was reported, that the church there had
been remodeled and improved.
It was reported at the opening of the
meeting than 10 new ministers had en
tered the field In Portland and vicinity.
and that practically every Baptist Church
n Portland and suburbs now has a new
pastor. Seven were present and were
presented to the association, each speak-
ng and giving his impressions of tne
Portland work.
Rev. Albert Ehrgott said: "1 am im
pressed with the beautiful women, the
splendid and ample supply of mountain
water, the wonderful roses and the fruits
that are so abundant.
Rev. R. J. Routledge. of Astoria, spoke
of the vast opportunities that this coun
try affords. He added that Astoria wts
100 years of age and would remain, and
that if any one needed baptising he
should use the waters .of the broad Co-
umbia River. Rev. D. M. McPhail. Rev.
J. M. Nelson and Rev. W. J. Beaven also
spoke briefly. The record of new men
entering on the work was broken, ac
cording to the reports made in the aft
ernoon meeting.
An Aggressive Denominational Press
was the subject of a symposium in which
many of the ministers took part, it being
the consensus of opinion that the denomi
national paper is essential in every Bap
tist home. Working committees were ap
pointed by the moderator. The Taber
nacle Church applied for admission into
the fellowship of the association, ana
the matter was referred to the commit
tee on new churches. The doctrinal ser
mon was delivered by Rev. a. A. Hay
worth. At the sesssion of the association last
night the annual sermon was delivered
by Rev. A. E. Patch; of Montavilla. Also
addresses were made by Rev. C. I. Cowen
and Rev. G. S. Clevinger on "Aggressive
ness." Rev. C. H. Mattoos, who has been con
nected with the association for the past
53 years, almost from its organization.
attending the meeting. Mr. Mattoos
is the historian to whom the State Bap
tist convention assigned the duty of pre
paring a history of the rise and progress
of the Baptist Church in tnis state. Me
has already prepared and published one
volume, and he reported yesterday that
he had the second volume ready for tne
press. Rev. Mr. Mattoos came to Oregon
in 1853.
The asssociation will meet this morning
with the following general programme for
the day:
Devotional service, "1'rayer as an Aid
to Aeeressiveness. J. R- j. Russell:
business: "An Aggressive Denominational
School." J. S. Wallace; "An Aggressive
Pastor." W. J. Beaven: "Aggressive
Church Offices," Alexander Scott; "An
Aggressive Church," J. R. Hargreaves;
report of committee on digest and letters,
and "A Forward Movement in Our As
sociation." A. B. Waltz.
Afternoon Devotional service. Per
sonal Work and Aggressiveness." H. S.
Black; women's hour: "My visit to the
Hopi Mission." Miss Kate Failing; wom
en's work in foreign lands; Sunday school
session: "An Aggressive School, J. 1.
Springston; "Aggressive Primary Meth-
bds." Mrs. M. B. Meaehem: "Missions in
the Sunday School." Mrs. Albert t-nrgott;
"The- Publication Society, an Aggressive
Force." J. L. .Whirry.
Evening Devotional sen-ice. "A Larger
Vision of Christ, a Stimulus to Aggres
siveness. J. M. Nelson: -ine Aggressive
I'lmrch and Social Problems,' Albert
Ehrgott; applied aggressiveness, evangel
istic service. I. N. Monroe.
WOMAN ANNOYED BY BOYS
Mrs. Cochran Complains of Broken
Rose Bushes and Muddy Walks.
I am about ready to break some
body's head." writes Mrs. William N
Cochran, of 3147 Kast Harrison street.
in a communication to the police com
planing of the boy ball-players of her
neighborhood. "The next ball I see
In my yard will go into the stove," she
continues.
Broken rose, bushes and muddy walks
are the principal grievances the writer
has against the neighborhood boys. She
says that if anyone makes a complaint,
a "certain element" In the vicinity will
destroy everything. The players sta
tion one toy as a lookout against the
police, she says, and then proceed-to
commit depredations. Many persons
are selling- out and leaving their neigh
borhood, the writer asserts, on account
of the boys playing ball in the streets
P. S.,' the letter concludes. 'I have
just come home and found the jDutch
boys throwing rocks on my lawn.
When Mrs- Cochran's letter was post
ed on the bulletin board yesterday it
created a small sensation. In that part
where she said that her roses had been
broken twice, the officers all read
"nose" and were preparing for harried
relief measures when the error was
discovered.
Artificial or imitation rubber Is made by
methods which resemble the process of
vulcanizing natural India rubber; for ex
ample, by treating" linseed oil with sulphur
chloride.
ENGLAND
"S- BEER
WILL COST MORE
Lloyd George's Policy Presses
Brewing Interests Very
Hard, They Say.
INDUSTRY'S STATE CHAOTIC
Many Big
Dividends
Concerns Will Forego
and Scrape and Save
Demands of Budget,
Poor Will Suffer.
to Meet
While
LONDON. M4T i fcni.i
Though the price of beer i shortly to
be raised to th6 workingman. the exact
amount or the Increase will remain un
certain until the London brewers are
aDie to evolve some sort of order out
of the chaos in which Mr. Llovi-Georca
nas piungea the Industry.
At. tne present time the great licenses
trade, manufacturing and retail, with
us capital or many millions. Is In a
state of indescribable muddle. Brew
ery shareholders, who include some of
the poorest in the land the aged and
tne lnnrm, for whom small amount
nave been Invested in trust have lost
great sums of money, while the trade
as a whole has to find by July 1 the
sum oi 9iu,5u0,000.
"Thousands of licenses will be un
able to find the money -on that date,'
said Graham Aldous. of the Kilburn
brewery. "Those who are tied up will
go to the brewers, distillers and wine
merchants for assistance, but the latter
have themselves yet to find a way of
raising money.
Object Seems Attained.
"The free tenants will be driven Into
the hands of the second-class money
lenders. If that had been Mr. Lloyd
George's avowed object, he could not
have better brought it about."
A statement made by Andrew Motion,
chairman of the Cannon Brewery Com
pany, illustrates the unprecedented
financial difficulties of the trade.
"We do not pay any dividend on the
ordinary shares or on the preferred
ordinary shares," he said, "and the div
idend on the preference shares, which
are held by between 3000 and 4000 per
sons in amounts of $250 and upward, is
in jeopardy.
"The license duties of this company
before the last budget cost $43,000
which was paid in the ordinary wav
last October in advance for the follow
ing 13 months. Now that the budget is
law, we have to pay an additional
$167,500 in less than two months. Ar,
other year's license duties become due
three months after that, when we have
to put down $210,000 more.
Vast Sum Must Be Had.
"That is to say, between now and Oc
tober we have to find $377.600 abou
$335,000 more than if Lloyd-Georga had
not singled our trade out-for vlctirr.iz
ing purposes in his budget.
"Where does Mr. Lloyd-George think
we are going to get this extra $335,00
from? .Our money is sunk in the bust
ness. What business firm keeps a vas
sum like that doing nothing?
This state of affairs simply means
ruin to a great number, of concerns.
The partners in our firm, who have put
$5,000,000 into it and hold the ordinar
shares, do not get a penny. It 1
whole life's work thrown away."
Dealing with the trade as a whole,
Mr. Motion said that approximately
it
had to find an extra $10,500,000
July 1 and a further $21,000,000 in Oc
tober. This is $21,000,000 increas
-to
be paid in five months on the sum
which would have been due in thi
period if there had been no additional
taxation.
In Mr. Motion's opinion, the only
chance of salvation is to charge $1.50
a barrel more for beer to the publican,
who will be compelled to get it back
from the consumer.
PARIS "APACHE" TO DIE
GUILLOTINE SOON TO HOLD PO
LICEMAN'S SLAYER.'
Seeking Vengeance, Llabeuf Gets
Wrong Man Confesses Crime
and Says He's Sorry.
PARIS. May 28. (Special.) Llabeuf, the
Paris "Apache," who, with nls arms
covered with spiked armlets, sallied forth
with a knife and a revolver to wreak
vengeance on the police and killed an offi
cer named Deray and wounded six others,
ha been condemned to death. The pris
oner had previous' been convictej cf liv
irg on the earnings of women o the
evidence of a policeman named Mnugras
and swore revenge. He took a situation
with a shoemaker and manufactured
lea' r er armlets, pierced by long cobb'er s
nails, and with savings from his earn
Ings. purchased the knife and revolver.
There was a truly Parisian gathering
In the reserved seats of the court, in
cluding a large number of women
Spring toilettes, while the public benches
were filled with tne prisoners rnenns,
the scum of the Faubourg St. Fenis and
the ill-famed "Boulevard Sebasto." On
a table lay Liabeuf's weapons, the spiked
armlets and the knife and revolver, and
piles of uniforms of policemen, all stained
with blood or torn with spikes or knife
thrusts.
The prisoner, a small, wiry man of 24,
giving an impression of great strength,
was neatly dressed and was quite calm.
He expressed regret at tne death of De
ray. saying that the policemen he meant
to kill were Maugras and another named
Vors. A policeman named Fournes said:
"Before following Liabeuf into the
hallwav where we arrested him I had
received two thrusts from his knife and
mv hands were badly torn on his spikes.
In the hallway I was hit by a shot from
his revolver and staggered into the
street, where Deray dashed past me cry
ing, T am hurt.
Another police witness described how,
after having put Llabeuf hors de com
bat with a blow from his sword, he
had to protect the prisoner with the sword
from the fury of the crowd.
Liabeuf will shortly die on the guillo
tine.
PAULHAN TAKES PICTURES
Aviator Needs No Railroad to Guide
Him Through Air.
PARIS, May 28. (Special.) In con
nectlon with the recent sensational
cross-country flights it has been said
that railway lines are the only safe
guide of aviators. M. Paulhan, in an
Interview, has said this is not the case.
He 'said he had followed the railway
line in his flight from London to Man
chester, but, on the other hand, he had
no railway to guide him on his flight
from Orleans to Nogent-sur-Seine. He
added:
I find that a map on which one's
direction has been carefully traced is
Just as good. To find one's bearings in
an aeroplane is easy when one is ac-
ustomed. I had never, for instance.
made the Journey from Orleans to No-
gent. I had no railway line to guide
me. and I simply followed the direc
tion which I had chosen by leaving the
Forest of Fontainebleau at my left ana
going In a straight line to Montereau.
When going at the rate or 40 or to
miles an hour I look more where I
am going than to where I am. I take a
landmark somewhere on the map which
Is being unrolled, such as the crossing
of a road, a stream or a town, and I
steer straight towards it. It is best,
of course, to be at a good height."
So confident, in fact has Paulhan
become in the course of his flights that
he now takes photographs on his way,
and he already possesses a number of
very interesting ones, some of which
were taken at a height of 900 or 1000
feet. He simply chooses a pretty land
scape below, and works his camera with
his left hand. He has. already studiea
good bit of the country, and nas ac
customed himself to travel through the
air with perfect confidence. While fly
ing at a good height he always has in
view a big field or a clearing in a for
est where he might land safely in case
there should be a sudden accident to his
motor, and he should be obliged to
come down.
BURIED GOLD IS HUNTED
MEN IN BRITISH NAVY DIG FOR
STOLEN TREASURE.
Ex-Convict at Whale Island Thought
to Have Been Searching for Money
- Stolen From Vessel.
LONDON, May 28. (Spcial.) An inci
dent which has occurred at Whale Island,
the naval gunnery school at Portsmouth.
has led the naval and police authorities
diligently to carry out a treasure hunt
on the shores of the- Island in the hope of
discovering the $10,000 in gold stolen from
the cruiser Indomitable.
A day or two ago a bluejacket on sen
try duty was astonished to see a civilian
digging on the slopes in front of the bat
teries, where the men are trained in the
use of up-to-date naval guns and ap
pliances. Asked what he was doing, the
man replied, "digging for worms," and
quickly walked away. The matter was
reported to the officer of the watch, and
a number of persons who saw the man
identified him as one of the prisoners
convicted at the trial which was the se
quel to extensive thefts on board the In
domitable when lying at Sheerness in
February of last year. Three of the
four prisoners are at liberty, having
served their terms of imprisonment.
The incident and the circumstances of
the identification were reported to the
naval authorities and the local police,
who had charge of the case in conjunc
tion with Scotland Yard. A systematic
search of the slopes was at once organ
ized and digging operations were carried
out. So far. though a considerable space
near the spot where the man was using
the spade has been dug over, no discov
ery has been made, but the search is
being continued.
Nearly $10,000 in gold and nearly $3500
in DanKnotas. with a quantity of silver,
disappeared from the cruiser, and the
evidences for the prosecution went to
show that the notes were sent by post in
a brown paper package to Whale Island.
A belt that would in its pockets contain
$4000 in gold was produced in court, and
it was proved that a man named Tooney.
convicted or the theft, landed at Sheer-
neps the day after the theft was believed
to have been committed. Though the
cruiser was thoroughly searched, none of
the cash was found, and the police are
confident that it is secreted ashore.
DOGS MAY BE BANISHED
Constantinople, However, Fears Evil
Effects of Such Action.
CONSTANTINOPLE, May 28. (Special.)
There is something like a social revolt
here over the suggestion that the city
shall get rid of its dogs. It is said that
when the dogs were banished before, war
ith Russia followed, and the Turkish
reverses were popularly attributed to the
evil results of he banishment of the dogs.
The dog is an unclean animal, according
to the Mussulman belief, and one is never
allowed inside the door of a believer.
But the dog is an outcast, and the Koran
directs the followers of Mahomet to help
the outcast, me Mussulman is. therefore.
logical in excluding the unclean animal
from his home and, on the other hand,
giving the outcast the freedom of the
streets and feeding him.
The dog is, however, a source of dis
ease and of frequent pestilence. Accord
ing to the director of the Pasteur Insti
tute in Constantinople, there are 80,000
dogs at large in the streets, which suffer
from all sorts of diseases that they
spread around. Their dead bodies give
rise to a curious industry. Certain of the
intestines are of fine skinlike quality, and
these are removed and shipped, to Ameri
ca chiefly, for the making of fine gloves.
They are made up in sacks of 12 pounds
each, for which 36 cents is charged, a
rate of $3.50 per hundred pounds, and
the export of these intestines is estimated
at 10.000 sacks. A thousand persons live
by this industry.
STRAUSS TAKES NEW LINE
Latest Opera Complete Departure
From His Vsual Style.
BERLIN. May 28. (Special.) Dr.
Richard Strauss continues from week
to week to drop fresh crumbs of in
formation in connection with his new
light opera. Contrary to general be
lief, he has not yet settled on "The
Rose Cavalier" as the title, after aban
doning "The Ox of Lerchenau." but Is
looking for a name more clearly indi
cative of the work's contents. Strauss
objects to having the piece called a
"comic opera." He says it is "musical
comedy," and differs so radically in
style from anything he has hitherto
done that his identity as the composer
will be almost unrecognizable.
The action, which will be typically
Viennese, Is drawn from the period of
Empress MaVia Theresa, and will con
tain a number of waltzes and country
dances. The Royal Saxon opera at
Dresden was to have been the scene
of the premiere, but a hitch has oc
curred because of Dr. Strauss' demands
for guantees with regard to a "star"
cast and lavish staging. .
At the Theater des Westens this
week the Berlin premiere took place
of "The Dancing Hussars." the latest
Austria-Hungarian operetta conferred
upon the world, which has become ac
customed to look to the dual monarchy
for tuneful melody. The composer is
a Hungarian, Albert Szirmai.
SCOTLAND
WANTS
VOICE IN AFFAIRS
New National Group May Be
Formed to Force Consider
ation From Parliament.
WHISKY DUTY NOW ISSUE
Majority Would Gladly See Tax
Abandoned as Unprofitable, but
Prohibitionists Believe It Is
Help to Their Cause.
LONDON. Mav 81. (Speela.) More
trouble is facing the Government. This
time it comes from Scotland. Through
out the whole of last Parliament. Scot
tish Liberals might be heard growling
over tne treatment meted out to Scot
tlsh affairs. Every other part of the
Kingdom, they said, was considered
first. Ireland had only to whisper a
wisn, and it was granted. Scotland
could shout as loud' as it liked, it was
unheard. But the Scotsmen, if they
growled, did nothing more.
Nowadays, however, under the aus
pices of such fiei-y spirits as Captain
Plrie and Sir Henry Dalziel, prelimi
nary steps have been taken to form a
Scottish National group, which, say the
enthusiasts, will be independent of all
parties.
Though last year's introduced budget
has gone through Parliament again
with Irish help, the introduction of the
next budget is regarded with a little
uneasiness by the Irish party. It is
said they have not received any defi
nite assurance that the new whisky
duty will be abandoned, though there
is a general impression that Chancellor
of the Exchequer Lloyd George will re
linquish the tax, which has proved fi
nancially unproductive.
Problem for Lloyd George.
His course is not so simple in this
matter as might be supposed. Though
the majority of the House will probably
be glad to see the new whisky duty
abandoned, the temperance party will
strongly oppose any such course. Their
contention is that if the higher -whisky
duty has proved a financial disappoint
ment, it has been a great moral success.
It has had the effect of considerably
reducing the quantity of spirits drunk.
and on that account alone ought to oe
retained.
On the other hand, the Nationalists
say that if it is not given up in the
next budget it wiU create serious diffi
culties for them in Ireland. The Chan
cellor of the Exchequer, it will be seer.
is in a somewhat difficult position.
Six weeks ago there was a very gen
eral feeling in the House that an elec
tion in May or June was inevitable.
Since then, however, the political at
mosphere has changed to such an ex
tent that few members are now pre
Dared to fix the date of the next ap
peal to the country. The feeling has
been growing in every quarter that
another election this Summer is a thing
to be avoided at all costs.
Irish Party in Control.
It still remains in the hands of the
Irish to turn out the Government or
allow it to keep in office when the
crisis' is over, the "guarantees" reached,
and amonest Nationalists the abhor
rence of another election is, perhaps,
stronger than in the case of the , other
narties in the House. It would, mere
fore, not be surprising to find that the
next general election will come at the
dictation of John Redmond much later
than has been generally anticipated.
Now that Lord Kitchener is home
ne-ain -lnh eossiDS are talking of his
future. In nolitical circles the possi
hiiltvr of his becoming Secretary of
, tnr War in the next Conservative
.Hm(niit(oii is still discussed. Lord
KiMr however, is not a party poll
tician in any sense of the word, and it
is questionable whether he would care
to enter the field of politics at West-
mlnRtor.
Moreover, his official relations with
Lord Curzon and Lord Middleton were
occasionally strained wnen tney naa io
deal with India and the army, and in
clusion in the same Cabinet with one or
other of them might not appeal to him.
There is - a general feeling, however,
that his services ought not to be lost to
the state. His admirers believe that if
he were given a free hand he would do
for the army at home what he has al
ready done for the army in India that
is to say, he would reform it root and
branch. ...,
The Grand Duke Michael of Russia
has been a much more regular atten
der at the budget debates than even
the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Every
day he has taken his place in the dis
tinguished strangers' gallery before
questions were over. So great Inter
est has he shown that he has usually
faced the greasy cooking of the House
of Commons dining-room, and returned
to the gallery. Instead of going home to
dinner.
Russian Duke Likes England.
The Duke is a tall, spare man, with
bullet-cropped gray hair and pointed
beard, dressed in quite English fashion.
His preference for English institu
tions is openly expressed. He now re
sides at Caen Wood, the famous place
of former Lord Chancellor Mansfield,
verging on Hampstead Heath, and so
has full opportunity to visit the Com-
""Aifother foreign student about to pay
London a visit is the Crown Prince of
Turkey. This is really a result of the
visits of King Ferdinand of Bulgaria
and King Peter of Servia to Constan
tinople. The Crown Prince will visit
Belgrade. Sofia, Vienna. Berlin and
London. On his return journey he will
visit Paris, where he will spend some
days before departing for St. Peters
burg He is a gifted young man. and
this his grand tour, is looked forward
to with considerable interest by the
Turks. The month of June has been
selected for the tour.
movement is on foot for the estab
lishment of a new Irish club in London,
to be known as the Irish National Club.
The project, though still in the initial
stage has already received a good deal
of influential support, including that of
representatives of; various branches of
the United Irish League of Great
Britain. t , . lv
The promoters have in view the crea
tion of a rallying center in the metrop
olis for all workers and supporters of
the National cause in this country, and
it is also part of the scheme that a
portion of the club premises shall be
come the headquarters of the United
Irish League of Great Britain.
PUBLIC OWNERSHIP FAILS
Money Loss; From England's Monop
oly of Telegraph Service.
New York Tribune.
The fact that about two years hence
the British postoffice is to take over and
nationalize the entire telephone system
of the United Kingdom makes both perti
nent and profitable a review of the re
sults which have been attained in 40 years
of a government monopoly of the tele
graph system.
When the British telegraphs were na
tionalised, in 1ST0. it was confidently esti
mated that the service would not only be
self-supporting, but would rapidly pro
vide a sinking fund for the repayment of
the capital required for the purchase of
the private cbmpanies. and it was upon
the strength of such assurances that
Parliament was persuaded to undertake
the experiment.
The 40 years of government ownership
and operation . show, however, a totaJ
deficit of nearly $S7.500,000, for interest.
for capital expenditures and for excess
cost of operation over receipts. In oher
words, more than $2,000,000 a year has
been taken from the pockets of the tax
payers to pay for the luxury of a state-owned-and-operated
telegraph system. At
present the deficit is more than $4,200,000
a year. Interest on the investment is
paid out of the consolidated fund, but
even thus the postoffice is unable to
make the telegraphs pay expenses.
The reason for this unsatisfactory show
ing is chiefly the unprogressive and ex
travagant method of conducting business
under government control. There have
been vast improvements in telegraohic
machinery in recent years, simplifying
and cheapening the work of transmitting
messages, yet today it costs the govern
ment considerably more to send a mes
sage than it did 25 years ago. Of course,
it may be argued that it was not neces
sary for the government thus to Increase
expenses out of all proportion to the in
crease of business, and that the govern
ment ought to avail itself of every im
provement that is Invented. But there is
a difference between what ought to be
and what is.
At the present time the government
owns and operates some telephone sys
tems and a private corporation others.
The gross revenue per cent on the pr'vate
lines is 19.9 and on the public only 14.4.
the percentage of expenses to revenue is
only 57.5 on the former, while It Is noth
ing less than 74. on the latter. The
percentage of net revenue on capital is 8.4
In the former case and only 3.6 In the
latter. With this example it is not sur
prising that many Englishmen are won
dering if the complete state absorption of
the telephones year after year will not
prove to be the assumption of another
burden by the weary Titan.
SUGAR SHORTAGE IN PARIS
Production Has Decreased, While
More of Commodity Is Used.
PARIS,. May. 28. (Special). The
price of sugar has risen of late and
there have been mysterious allusions
to a ring. But the simple fact is that
there is a shortage of that commodity
In Europe and that France has also felt
the effect. . This is attributed at the
Bourse du Commerce to two causes.
There has been less production during
the past few years, and it has coincided
with a decided increase of consumption.
One authority says that so consider
able is the shortage in England, that
last week an urgent request for 6000
sacks was telegraphed to Paris. No
very gloomy view, however, is taken
at the Bourse du Commerce, as it is
hoped there that the production will
return to Its normal stage. It being ar
gued that in the meanwhile the bal
ance may be pretty fairly restored by
a decrease in the use of sugar, not by
the general public but by tradespeople
who employ it for the manufacture of
various articles.
It is rather interesting to note that
some of the refiners seem inclined to
attribute a share in this shortage to
the French beetroot growers, who,
when the tariffs were lowered, dimin
ished its cultivation, which, during the
past few years has decreased to a con
siderable extent. About 50 beet sugar
factories in France have closed.
OLD PALACE IS RESTORED
Historic Building In Florence Now
Open to Tourists.
FLORENCE. May 28. (Special). A
notable addition has just been made to
the historical attractions of Florence
by the opening of the restored Davan
zati Palace in the Via Porta Rossa. The
public has now for the first time the
opportunity of visiting and studying
14th century palazzo practically in its
original condition, with the old ceil
ings, the old fireplaces and. the old fres
coed decorations of the walls. This
happy result Is due to the skill and
good fortune of Signor Elie Volpl, the
well-known art expert and dealer, who
bought the palace six years ago, when
it was given over to humble shops and
tenements, and has worked at the res
toration ever since.
The Via Porta Rossa is a narrow
street in the center of Florence, run
ning parallel to the Arno and extending
from the lower end of the Nornabuonl
to the Mercato Nuovo. In old times it
was the home of many of the most
illustrious families, and in it arose the
palaces of the Soldonieri, the Monaldi,
the Bartolinl Sallmbeni, the Arnoldi and
many others. Most of these habitations
have long since disappeared. Some
beautiful fresco decorations were dis
covered in the Davanzati Palace which
had been covered with plaster.
BOY, 89, HITS GRANDDAD
Injured Youth's Mother Puts Stick
ing Plaster on Wound.
MILLERTON. N. Y.. May 31. Census
Enumerator Conklin of this place re
ports a curious incident on Silver
Mountain, where people live to be quite
old.
Finding an aged man sitting on the
front porch and weeping bitterly, the
enumerator inquired the trouble, where
upon the man, between sobs, ejacu
lated: "My dad licked me."
"How old are you?" asked Conklin.
"Eighty-nine," was the reply.
. "Where is your father?"
"He's behind the uouse, splitting
wood."
Conklin found the old man engaged
at the wood pile, and" among other
questions, asked him why he had
whipped his son.
"Why the little cuss was throwing
stones at his grandad," the woodchop
per answered. Conklin then Inquired,
"Where is his grandfather?"
The man said, as ne resumed ,ils at
tack on the wood pile, "Oh, he got hit
on ' the head and has gone in to have
his mother put on some sticking
plaster."
Women's Dresses Slashed.
PARIS. May 28. Women traveling
on the Metropolitan Railway during
the past few weeks have found their
dresses cut and portions of their -furs
missing. A Russian, Moise Chipklne,
has been caught at the Chatelet, cut
ting a valuable rox s tan from a wo
man's mantle. Twelve pieces of costly
fur were found on him, and a large
stock was discovered at his residence.
Newspaper Suspends.
SILVERTON. Or.. May 31. (Special.)
As the result of having failed in his
newspaper undertaking in Silverton. J.
E. Hornier announced in the Silverton
Leader Saturday that the publication
would cease for want of support.
BREATESTSCANDAL
IN GAMBLING HELL
Famous Enghien, Close by the
French Capital, Ruins Hun
dreds Yearly.
MANY ADDICTED TO MANIA
Notables and Workmen Alike Have
Flutter With "Shylocks" Who
Fatten on Casino's Victims.
Only Small Sharks Punished. t
Needless to describe the play itself,
or the desperate efforts of unlucky
gamblers to retrieve their losses, or
to dwell upon the visits to the monev-
lending sharks who are ever on the
ooRout; and whose nremlses cluster
like leeches round the casino. Needles
to mention the paid decoys, whose busi
ness it is to fan the ardor of players
when interest shows sings' of flagging.
jvu mat is common to every cambl ns
hell Is there. But Enghien passes them
all In the shamelessness with which it
exploits' Its victims, reducing their
chances of winning to such an extent
that the bank is bound to break them '
and never to be broken.
At 2 o'clock in the morninr the nrpm.
i3es are closed, and then for the next
half hour all the roads leading to Paris
are hideous with the screeching ot
motor horns. For those who have lost
all, there is the Casino train, faceti
ously termed the "train of the dep
aves," or the cleaned-out. It Is a com
mon saying in Paris, "When you go
to Enghien, be careful to take a re
turn ticket."
$20,000,000 Changes Hands.
It has been said that Paris is robbed
of $2,000,000 a year by the gambling
hell at Enghien, but this is misleading.
This sum represents merely the win
nings or tne Dank. As a matter of fact
the loss to Paris is 10 times that
amount. It is estimated that $20,000,000
change hands annually over the tables.
and hardly a cent of this sum finds
its way into the pockets of the store
keepers of the capital. Loud protests
are continually being raised by the pro
prietors or tne famous shops in the
avenue de l'Opera. rue de la Palx.' and
the boulevards, that Enghien is de
priving them of some of their best
customers.
It is especially the jewelers, coutur
iers and modistes, who say they are
the sufferers. One of these tradesmen
told me the other day of a wealthy
Brazilian who came to Parlf. to make
purchases. He was Induced, to go to
Enghisn. lost a few thousand francs,
returned the next day, lost again, and
continued plunging more and more
wildly until his losses were so serious
that he had to take the first boat back
to Rio de Janeiro. And his is the case
of many.
In spite of this outcry, the casino
stands its ground and people do not
scruple to mention the Senators, Dep-,
uties and influential political journal
ists whose open or covert protection is
being lavishly bought by the company
that farms it. Still there are deputies
who have the courage of their opinions.
In the report of a recent debate in
the Chamber. when M. Millevoye
brought forward an amendment, tend
ing to make gaming in France a mon
oply to the profit of the state.
Gambling Is Immoral.
"Let us suppress gambling as im
moral, or else let us tolerate it and
make it pay ransom," he said. "I call
a cat a cat, and a knave a knave. The
knave in this case is the casino of
Enghien, which draws into its net the
poor, and drains public savings. If
you wish to suppress gambling. I am
with you, but since you tax it, tax it as
It should be taxed. A gambling license
would act as a deterrent to many
gamblers."
Charles Dumont added, "Everyone is
unanimous in recognizing that the es
tablishment situated at the gates of
Paris is amid all the scandals the
greatest scanda.1, and amid all the
dangers- the gravest danger." But the
matter was not settled for all that.
That the Enghien "knaves are un
comfortable is shown by a curious little
incident. Arrangements were made to
have Henri Bernstein s successtui play
"La Rafale" staged at the Casino the
ater. On the very day of the first per
formance one of the directors remem
bered to his horror that in the play
in question 'the principal personage
commits suicide after heavy gambling
losses.
He rushed to the management of the
theater and Implored them to changa
the piece. Now the Casino has no di
rect control over the theater.
"It is quite impossible to change the
bill," said the manager. The director
expostulated, threatened, implored, and
finally gained the day. "La Rafale"
was not performed. It may be safely
predicted that the hour of the Casino
has not yet struck. But whose is the
unseen hand which stays the avenging
sword? ,
SPAIN'S QUEEN DISPLEASED
Alfonso's Pleasure-Seeking- Expedi
tions Not to Her Liking.
LONDON. May 28. (Special.) Accord
ing to reports received here things are
not what they seem in the menage of .
the Spanish royal family. - Queen Vic
toria, who, as her friends know, has a.
decided mind of her own, has intimated
pretty plainly to her spouse that his er
ratic movements, .practically unattended
Alfonso was recently reported to have
been In Paris "for several days are not
to her liking.
It is not. generally known that the
Queen, instead of becoming more used to
the ways of the Spanish court, la really
getting quite bored, with its stiff formali
ties, and Is longing to revisit her native
land.
LOVE KILLS MAN OF 69
Approaching Marriage Excites to
Fatal Heart Attack.
MILFORD. Conn.. May 31. Harris
Hyatt, aged 69, became so excited as'
the date of his marriage to pretty Nel
lie Miner drew near that he dropped
dead of heart disease.
Hyatt's daughter. Grace.' with whom
he was talking when he was stricken,
is older than Hyatt's fiancee. There
was no opposition to the . marriage by
Hyatt's family. He was a business
man. Miss Miner worked in a hat fac
tory here.
The output., of BUifar production on the
Island of Java In lu totaled 1.31S.4t tons,
which was 20,000 tons less than 190S, but
35,700 tons sreater than in 180X.