Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 09, 1910, Image 1

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    VOL,. L-0. 15,428.
Oft S
Powder Works at Hull,
Quebec, Destroyed.
Shakeup in Reclama
tion Service Sure.
Secretary to Stay in Office;
Disloyal Subordinates to Go.
Ofriclal Washington Recognizes
KlghVof Cabinet Officer to De
mand and Receive Support.
Work Done Criticised.
ington, May 8 Reorganization of the
reclamation service, long rumored. Is re
garded as a certainty since the declara
tion on the -witness stand yesterday by
Secretary Ballinger that If he continued
at the head of the Department of the
Interior the "snakes" would "all he
killed every one of them."
Secretary Balllger makes no secret of
his determination to have a loyal force
around him. Washington knows pretty
well the difficulties with which he has
had to contend, which are the difficul
ties that beset any man tn high position
whose subordinates resort to "office pol
Itlcs" to prevent the results he is seek
Ing to attain. Hence, regardless of views
as to the merits of the Ballinger-Pin-chot
controversy Itself, there Is general
sympathy with the attitude of Ballinger
JLoyal Service Essential.
Any Secretary, says that part of Wash
ington officialdom that has had real ex
perience and understands, would be jus
tified In enforcing loyal action by those
lower down and in discharging those
subordinates who are Insubordinate. Con
seauently Washington again without
reference to how it may divide upon the
personal issue applauds the Secretary's
statement yesterday:
"I have found that the only way to
control some of these fellows Is to dis
charge them."
For other official Washingtonians have
been in the same boat.
Ballinger refused pointedly to specify
-which "snakes" will be killed, but his
previous testimony has helped Washing
ton to make some predictions as to heads
that will fall. It la thought that Direc-
tor F. H. Newell and Chief Engineer
A. P. Davis of the reclamation service
will be the first to go. Other changes
will take place In the lesser positions, as
the Inefficiency of incumbents is brought
to light, and an entirely new organiza
tion will be perfected.
Reorganization Must Follow.
Reorganisation must follow the testi
mony of the Secretary, for he has ex
pressed his lack of confidence in the
ability as well as in the integrity of
Director Newell, and also denounced as
utterly false parts of the testimony pre
viously given by both Newell and Davis
The Secretary of the Interior Is primar
ily responsible for the enforcement of
the reclamation act. The officials of
the Reclamation Service are his subor
dinates. It Is not conceivable that the
Secretary, after denouncing both Newell
and Davis, should ' allow them to con
tinue In office, for to do so would be to
breed contempt for authority and dis
cord throughout the organization. Bal
linger is going to remain In office; there
fore the disloyal subordinates will have
to get out.
Secretary Ballinger Informed the Con
gressional Committee that he lacked con
fidence in Director Newell from the first
and regarded him as a man of decidedly
mediocre administrative ability. But he
also testified that Newell never had
been In harmony with the new adminis
tration of the Interior Department, but
had continually worked at cross-purposes
with the Secretary, objecting to
changes which he himself had proposed
from time to time. This friction started
soon after Mr. Ballinger became Secre
tary of the Interior, and continues to the
present day.
Hitchcock Policy Criticised.
The Secretary was critical of much of
the work done by the Reclamation Serv
ice In times past. Particularly did he
censure the building of projects that Ir
rigate exclusively or almost exclusively
lands In private ownership. The respon
sibility for the adoption of theee proj
ects, however, rets primarily upon the
late Secretary Hitchcock, who approved
all those projects. Secretary Ballinger
expressed the opinion that under the
reclamation act the Government is re
quired to build projects made up in' the
main of public lands.
"He recognized that it would be Impos
sible to build projects that did not In
clude some private land, but he main
tained that the bulk of every project,
at the time of its adoption, should be
vacant public land, subject to entry.
He cited r.umerous instances where this
practice has not been followed. He men
tioned the Orland project In California,
which, contains only 300 acres of public
land, the remaining 13.800 acres being In
private ownership. The Carlsbad and
Hondo projects In New Mexico embrace
virtually all public land, and the same
Is true of the proposed Rio Grande proj
ect in Texas, which has not yet been
built. Of the 175.000 acres of American
(Concluded on Pace 2.)
Young Woman Stops Barefoot Act to
Rebuke Men Whose Notes Were
Sadly at Variance.
LOS ANGELES, Cal.. May 8. Maud
Allan, the barefoot dancer, interpolated
a scene uncalled for by the programme
at the Auditorium last night when she
stopped In the middle of Chopin's Ma
zurka in B flat, tiptoed out into the
middle of the symphony orchestra and
very pointedly told the musicians they
would have to reach some sort of agree
ment among themselves before she could
continue her dance.
The audience drew a deep breatn and
waited to see what would happen. Miss
Allan, panting with' excitement and
quivering from head to foot, demanded
an explanation from the leader. The
musicians said that the score had been
through so many different hands It was
almost Impossible to decipher it.
Llfesavers Rescue Twenty-two Pas
sengers and Crew.
NEWPORT, Or.. May 8. (Special.)
The steam launch Truant, Captain Fo
garty, ran aground in a dense fog on
South Beach sandsplt, in Yaquina Bay,
at 2 o'clock this morning, while returning
from Toledo with a party of 22 young
people who had been to a dance.
No harm resulted, nor were the paseen
gers in danger at any time. Captain
Wellendar, of the United States lifesavlng
station, heard steam exhausting " and,
summoning his crew, went to investi
gate. They made two trips and removed
all the passengers. The launch got free
at high tide this morning.
Paul Perkins, an ocean navigator, who
was on board, said that Fogarty had done
all that was possible under the circum
stances, and had remained cool. The
passengers treated the matter lightly and
said that they had enjoyed the experi
Los Angeles Swain Asks Police to
Rescue His Sweetheart.
LdS ANGELES, Cal., May 8. (Spe
ciaL) Edward Swartflguer alleges that
his sweetheart and cousin. Marietta
Swartflguer, Is being held in a home
made jail in this city by her father
and brother to prevent her marrying
him. His attorneys have filed an ap
plication for a writ of habeas corpus.
The Swartfiguers recently came here
from St. Helena, Cal., and the girl's
father, George B. Swartflguer. is said
to be a wealthy rancher of that place.
An officer -who went to the supposed
prison-house, at 3811 South Vermont
avenue, today, was informed that the
family had gone to the country; He
has a warrant to arrest the girl so
that she can be brought within the
jurisdiction of the Superior Court.
Edward Swartflguer says he has been
engaged to the girl six years, but the
family bitterly opposes the union. He
says the young woman Is of age.
Miner Returns to Find He Has Been
Unwitting Host to Hungry Bear.
SPOKANE, Wash., May 8. (Special.) '
When Clyde Daniels reached his cabin
at the Silver Cable mine, high In the
mountains near Libby, Montana, he found
that a bear had dug through the roof and
clambered Into the room below, where he
had helped himself to bacon, sugar and
canned goods. The beast chewed the cans
until he had bitten holes large enough
to let the contents run out-
After getting into the .cabin, bruin'a
troubles began, lor he could not go out
by the same route. He apparently re
mained in the cabin, several days but
ecentually tore out & window and bur
rowed his way through the snow to free
Former Wife Conies West to Testify
for Him.
PASADENA, Cal., May 8. (Special.)
Charles- E. George, editor of the Lawyer
and Banker of Portland. Or., was quietly
remarried here last week to his former
wife. Mae B. Ritter-George, of New
York City. Rev. Henry Wilbur officiated.
A wedding breakfast was served at the
Hotel Maryland to about a dozen friends
of the recontractlng parties.
Mrs. George arrived from New York
Sunday evening for the purpose of ap
pearing as a witness for her husband in
a suit brought against him In King Coun
ty, Wash., by one Ida L. Austrian, for
mer wife of a Jewish cigar salesman.
When it was learned the Seattle case
was dismissed on a technicality the cou
ple were remarried.
They were divorced in New York City
a year ago last February. They left for
San Diego and will thence proceed to
New York.
Camp to Be Established at Sandy,
Or., for Army Horsemanship.
May 8. (Special.) Lieutenant Pridgen.
of the First Infantry and a detachment of
six men, left today for Sandy, Or., to
establish a camp which will be used for
the horsemanship test, to be taken by
the field officers of this department
Those taking the test will ride 30 miles
a day for three days, beginning tomorrow.
Lieutenant -Colonel U. S. Bingham.
Deputy-Quartermaster-General tf the
United States Army, will have charge of
the test, and will make the riae himself.
Place After Explosion Looks
Like Battlefield.
Crowd at Ball Game Shattered and
Hurled Panlc-Strlcken in All
Directions At Ottawa, Four
Miles Away, Buildings Rock.
OTTAWA, Ont., May 8. In an explo
sion today the plant of the General Ex
plosives Company of Canada, near Hull,
Quebec, was totally wrecked. Fifteen
persons were killed and 60 others injured.
The force of the explosion was terrify
ing. The country for miles around was
laid waste and many small dwellings
In the city of Hull, on the side nearest
the explosion, were laid flat on the
A baseball game was in progress a
short distance from the powder works,
about 6 o'clock this evening. The teams
were playing the last Inning and when
a fire was seen in one of the small build
ings of the powder plant, the crowd be
gan to swarm up the hill to get a better
view of the blaze.
Small Blasts Give Warning.
Warnings of the danger soon came to
the onlookers in two other email explo
sions. Sparks and fragments of the
wrecked building fell among the specta
tors and there was a scurrying from what
was considered the danger zone, v
Some men in the crowd, aware of the
possibility of the danger when the main
magazine should be reached, pleaded with
the crowd to go still further, back. Many
heeded the warning. Others, apparently
enjoying the element of danger in the
spectacle, stood within 1000 yards of the
burning buildings. They were kept on
the qul-vive by the continuous detona
tions that sent showers of burning .brands
In all directions.
Scene Resembles Battlefield.
It was after the game had broken up
and the crowd had joined them at the
lire that the magazine exploded. . There
were two stunning detonations. Every
thing within a radius of a mile and a
half was torn and shattered. Giant trees
were snapped off close to the earth; barns
and dwellings were converted Into kindling-wood,
and even in Ottawa, four miles
distant, hundreds of plate-glass windows
were broken.
The scene where the crowd from the
ball game stood resembled a battlefield.
Headless, armless and legless bodies were
lying about among scores of unconscious
forms. The silence -that followed the final
death-dealing blast was broken by the
terrifying cries and moans which came
with a return to consciousness of the
badly Injured.
Shock Laid to Comet.
The terrific shock brought thousands ef
terror-stricken people into the streets of
Hull. Some thought it was an earth
quake, while others cried out that the
(Concluded on Page 8.)
President of Costa Rica Inaugurated
in Open" Air Because People
Fear Entering Buildings.
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, May 8. Up to
noon today, 800 bodies had been taken
from the ruins of the houses overthrown
In the earthquake last Wednesday at
Cartago. The estimate of the dead last
evening placed the number at 1500 but
it is possible this will be exceeded.
Large forces, which have gone to Car
tago from San Jose and other points,
are now engaged in the work of rescue
and even today, several living persons
were taken from under the piles of
stones and timbers where dwellings once
The number of sick and Injured cannot
be "counted and since the disaster scores
have died from their injuries.
Paralso, a . village of 2000 people,
about 18 miles east of San Jose, also
suffered severely from- the earth
shocks, reports reaching here indicat
ing that nearly 100 persons were killed.
Large fissures that have opened up
In Cartago Province have biven addi
tional cause for alarm. Ten thousand
persons are homeless and severe rains
and lack of food and drinking water
are responsible for much suffering.
The ceremony attending the inaugu
ration of Ricardo Jimlnez as president
of Costa Rica took place today in one
of the plazas of Sah Jose, owing to the
fact that the people feared to enter
the government building.
No Verdict Returned in Trial of Ta
coma Woman on Murder Charge.
TACOMA, Wash., May 8. The jury In
the case of Mrs. Martina Kvalshaug, on
trial for complicity in the murder of her
husband, disagreed and was discharged
' The vote stood eight for acquittal, three
for murder in the first degree and one
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 7tt
degrees; minimus, 50 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northwesterly winds.
Colonel Roosevelt not to be Kaiser's guest
at palace, owing to mourning for King
Edward. Page a. r -
Powder works at -Mull, Quebec, explodes; 15
dead, 50 hurt; Ottawa shaken. Page i.
Kinp Edward will be buried at Windsor
May 20 tentative date for obsequies.
Page 3. - . .
... National.
Newell and Davis, of reclamation, to ko
Ballinger to reorganize department.
Page 1.
Taft thourht to have won enough 'near-
insurgents" to restore Administration
majority In Senate on railroad bin
Page 2.
Man and woman suspend in carriage 20
feet in midair, until rescued. Page 1.
Maud Allen pauses In barefoot dance to re
buke orchestra. Page 1.
Illinois Congressional delegation to demand
Lrorimer ask probe in alleged bribery
corruption sensation. Page l.
Illinois Prohibitionist may oppose local op
tfon laws. Page 3.
W. H. Pittman, of Los Angeles, mourns loss
of his wife .Heien Poet) and $16,000.
Page 3. L
Pacific Coast League results: "Vernon 2,
Portland 0; San Francisco 9-6, Los An
geles 7-2; Oakland 7-2, Sacramento 2-4.
Jeffries asks Billy papke to return to train
ing camp. Page .
Tacoma Cubs and Chehalis team break even
in two games. Page 8.
Pacific Northwest.
Seattle man leaps from moving streetcar
to shoot man wanting with wife. Page 5.
Mayor Hir Gill of Seattle shows hostility in
sensational campaign. Page 5. ,
Portland and Vicinity.
Scores of Portland early-risers view comet
in eastern sky. Page 14.
Evangelist says church has lowered stand
ard to level of world. Page 10.
Portland policemen don't want caps; rain
drips down their necks, they say. Page 7.
Mayor Simon lays cornerstone for Old Peo
ple's Home at Laurelhurst. Page 1).
Angry architect roundly scores Dr. W. T.
Euster. Page 10. '
Briedwell Is Scene of
Fatal Accident.
Mrs. Eunice Lewis Believed
Met Instant Death.
Team, Taking Fright at Engine,
Runs Away, Colliding With Train.
Occupants ; Are Thrown to
Death, and Fatal Injury.
AMITY. Or., May 8. (Special.) One
woman dead, another fatally injured
and one man suffering from numerous
injuries, is the record of a runaway
collision with a train at Briedwell. on
the branch line out of this city today.
Mrs. N. Eunice Lewis, of Newberg, is
the dead woman, and Mrs. S. L. Layton,
of this city, is not expected to live,
so far as could be learned here tonight.
The two women had -alighted from
the Dallas train at Briedwell and had
planned on talcing the branch train
to Sheridan only a few mlies west. J.
Scully and E. Whipple, both of Sheri
dan, however, met the couple at the
Briedwell station and offered to drive
the women across the country. The
offer was accepted, as the Sheridan
train was late.
Hardly had the two women been seated
in the carriage before the Sheridan train,
16 minutes late, came around a sharp
curve .in the road near the tracks. The
horses took fright, plunged, . is is re
ported, across the track In front of the
moving train.
The vehicle was smashed to kindling,
and the occupants thrown a distance ot
30 feet or more.
So far as has been learned here to
night by; telephone,. Mrs.'Lewls was dead
when picked up and that Mrs. Layton,
of this city. Is expected to die before
morning. Though it ia not definitely
known, it is said that Mr. Scully, who
was driving, is the man Injured, his
companion, E. Whipple escaping with
only a few bruises.
Regulation Adopted In Washington
- Follows Action in Quebec..
WASHINGTON, May 8. Following
the regulation recently adopted In
Quebec forbidding the exportation of
pulp worm irom crown imiua iih.
ury Department has given instructions
nniuntn,. et l',,ctn m a nn thft Cana
dian border, assessing duty on wood
pulp and printing paper produced from
n. T1 .lll'h ln.TlHn f t P V MSV
1. as provided in the tariff act. These
rates follow:
m nl.o 11 v irrniinH wnnmiln
one twelfth of one cent a pound, dry
r ..t,nmnal vnnH nuln. unbleached
one-sixth of one cent a pound, dry
weight; bleached, one-quarter of one
cent a pound, dry weignu no nor thA rAfirillA.F rates
VIl f,.a.. f t- tJ '
A i buIm trirtn thA Additional
duty of one-tenth of one cent a pound
when valued at three cents a pound
or less.
Man and Woman Rescued From
Brink of Death When Only Board
Prevented Tumble Into Stream.
VANCOUVER, Wash.. May 8. (Spe
cial.) Suspended in a buggy 20 feet above
Wilson Creek a young couple were res
cued yesterday from their perilous posi
tion by men from a nearby sawmill, who
placed a long ladder for them, to climb
Miss Winnie McMullen and James Bo-
len were driving over Wilson bridge, nine
miles north of Vancouver, when the
horse became frightened at the railing.
which had been blown down on the road
way. The rig was backed off of the
bridge, the front axle catching on an
extended board, holding the buggy, and
the top of the rig prevented the young
people from falling into the stream below.
The young people could not reach the
bridge and the men from the Higdon &
Bennett sawmill put up the long ladder.
Bolen was bruised, but Miss McMullen
was not Injured.
The horse was not hurt and the rig
was not much damaged, so the couple
continued their Journey to Manor.
Portland Man and Guests Have Nar
row Escape From Death.
ALBANY, Or., May 8. (Special.) Four
young people escaped death or serious
injury almost miraculously In an auto
mobile accident last night. John C.
Burkhart, the Bortland young man who
is conducting experiments in aviation
here, took a party of friends to Salem
in his machine last night. His compan
ions were Fred Rles and Misses Alene
Henes and Frances Cummings.
When about three miles this side of
Salem, on the return to Albany, a front
wheel struck a rut and shot towards the
side of the narrow road,, which was
graded up across a slough. Burkhart
turned the machine to escape going off
one side, and it shot across the narrow
highway and down -a 15-foot embank
ment into four feet of water.
The machine turned turtle, but all its
occupants fell clear of the car. Miss
Henes was severely bruised about the
head and back and Miss Cummings suf
fered a cut on one leg. Both young men
scaped unhurt.
The party walked back to Salem and
returned home by train. The machine
was badly damaged, and it is estimated
it . will , cost $500 to repair it. All the
occupants of the car say that Burkhart
was not driving recklessly and that the
accident was unavoidable.
Canadian Mariner Will Explore
Route to Bradley Land.
CALL! COON, N. Y., May 8. Four
sledges, built for work in the Arctic,
were shipped today from here to Cap
tain Joseph E. Bernler, of the Cana
dian marine, by Theodore A. Cook,
brother of Frederick A. Cook.
Captain Bernler . will leave next
month on a trip of exploration through
the territory that Dr. Cook christened
Bradley Land.
"Whatever may be the outcome of
Captain Bernler's exploration I will
stand by him," said Theodore Cook
today. "If he comes back and says
he cannot believe that Dr. Cook
reached the Pole, I shall accept that
verdict without hesitation."
Asked where the doctor is now. The
odore Cook said:
"He is not and never has been in
South America. He is far away from
any place where he might be recog
nlzed. He is near to a sanitarium. He
is not an Inmate, but is getting the
advice of the sanitarium physicians.
His mind is clear, but he is as yet in
no condition to face the battle before
him. From a man who weighed over
200 pounds he has fallen away until
now he weighs less than 135."
Railroad Men Respond to Need of
Burned Companion.
VANCOUVER, Wash., May 8. (Spe
cial.) Fourteen railroad men each gave
three inches of akin today, or 42 Inches
in all, to be grafted on Otto Johnson,
who was severely burned when cooking
breakfast for his motherless children
several weeks ago. About ' one-twelfth
of the burn, which is on the leg, is now
Seventy other fellow railroad men have
volunteered to give three inches of skin
each next Sunday morning to cover en
tirely the remainder of the burn. It is
estimated by Dr. Guerin, who is per
forming the grafting, that it will take
the skin of at least ICO men to complete
the operation, and tha,t number have
volunteered. It will be a year before
Johnson is well.
A layer of human skin is placed on
the wound and then a layer of egg skin.
Johnson Is doing well.
Explosives Plant Wrecked and In
jured Fill Hospitals.
OTTAWA, Ont., May 8. An explosion
wrecked the plant of the General Ex
plosives Company near Hull tonight.
Ten persons are known to be dead and
many are missing. The hospitals are
filled with injured.
Crowds from a nearby baseball field
swarmed about the works when the fire
broke out and were caught by a terrific
blast which wrecked the plant.
Bribery Probe to Reach
Senator's Seat.
Two Grand Juries to Delve
Into Alleged Corruption.
More Sensational Developments Ex
pected This AVeek Congression
al Delegation to Insist Lo ri
mer Ask for Investigation.
CHICAGO, May S. (Special.) The
investigation of the Legislative brib
ery cases enters upon its second week
tomorrow as a double-barreled In
quiry with prospects of fresh devel
opments of startling character. Two
grand Juries, will probe into the al
leged corruption, with Senator Lorimer
probably playing a more important role
than either he or the public suspected.
When the special grand jury of Cook
County resumes its. sessions in the
morning it will begin to explore new
labyrinths of alleged venality in the
General Assembly, while at Springfield,
the Sangamon County grand Jury will
give Its time to investigation of con
ditions at the state capital as de
scribed in the three confessions of
Representatives Charles A. White, of
O'Fallon; H. J. C. Beckmeyer, of Car
lyle, and Michael S. Link, of Mitchell.
New Disclosures Probable.
Although the special grand jury has
not mapped out its programme for this
week, it was said at the Criminal
Court building that it probably would
leave out the St. Louis "jack-pot" end
of the inquiry for the time being and
travel into paths as yet undisclosed,'
and that before the week Is over, the
jurors will have opened an inquiry as
to whether part of the alleged general
legislative fund was distributed in Chi
cago to some of the Assemblymen from
the Northern districts.
The developments today were as fol
lows: State's Attorney Wayman declared that
the cases against Representatives Lee
O'Neill Brown and Robert E. Wilson,
respectively indicted for bribery and per
jury, would be brought to trial within 30
Dispatches from Washington say that
the Illinois Congressional delegation are
becoming insistent that Senator Lorimer
take the initiative and ask for an inves
tigation. If Lorimer does not act, an
Investigation may be called for in the
near future as to whether he is entitled
to his seat.
No Clash Is Expected.
State's Attorney Edmund Burke, of
Springfield, says there will be no clash
ing of the Sangamon County and Cook
County grandVjuries.
More Democratic Legislators, who voted
for Mr. Lorimer for Senator, are ex.
pected to be brought before the special
grand jury tomorrow.
Representative T. J. Cermak, secretary
of the United Societies, combats a state
ment of Representative W. C- Blair, of
Mount Vernon, that he was offered a
bribe in connection with the local option
bill in 1907.
A fourth confession and more indict
ments are said to be among the prospects
for the week.
No Names Will Be Divulged.
Reports were current today that in the
White-Beckmeyer-Link confessions are
contained the names of Assemblymen
that have not as yet been made public
Several subpenas were issued from the ,
confession of Representative Link, but
State's Attorney Wayman will not di
vulge the names of those on whom they
were served.
The recipients are expected to appear
during the week, some of them being
expected tomorrow. At the Criminal
Court building Link's confession appears
to be regarded as ranking next in Im
portance to that of Representative White,
from which it is surmised that the
Mitchell statesman brought new names
Into the Investigation.
The similarity between the three con
fessions was widely commented on dur
ing the day. All three men confess that
they received the same two bribes, one
for voting on United States Senator, the
other as a dividend from the "jackpot."
Father Is Burned Extinguishing
Flames That Envelop Little One.
When drying her dress before a kitchen
fire yesterday at 10:30 A. M., 5-year-old
Kathryn Murphy, of Sylvan, was severe
ly burned. Her father, Thomas Murphy,
a fruit peddler, was Just outside the door
and he beat out with his bare hands
the flames which enveloped her and was
himself severely burned.
The child was badly burned about the
arms, her face was burned and her hair
was burned off. She was removed to
the Multnomah County Hospital. She
was reported as resting comfortably last
night and as being out of danger.