Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, April 27, 1910, Page 10, Image 10

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Stye Oihrmroro
Kntsred a Portland. Oregon. Postoffle mm
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How to Remit Send Foetofflce money
order, express order or personal check on
your local bank. Stamps, coin or currency
are at the sender's risk. Give postoffice ad
dress in full, including county and state.
Poataae Rate 10 to 14 pases. 1 cent: 19
to 28 peces. 2 cents; 80 to 40 pases. 8 cents:
40 to 60 paces. 4 cents. Foreign postaae
double rate.
Eastern Business Office The S. C. Becfc
with Special Agency New York, rooms 48
60 Tribune building. Chicago, rooms 610-611
Tribune building '
All of Mr. Bryan's objections to Gov
ernor Hughes as a Justice of the Su
preme Court miss the mark. They are
summed up In the general statement
that he Is "opposed to grafting and
the individual vices," hut la In deep
sympathy -with the vices of the cor
porations -which exploit the defense
loss citizen. Mr. Bryan supports this
charge by five different remarks, all of
which are Inane and at least one of
them false. To begin -with, he re
proaches Mr. Hughes for vetoing the
2-cent fare bill which the New York
Legislature had passed. He did this,
says Mr. Bryan, "at the dictates of the
Tailroad managers. Instead of listening
to the voice of the public." Nothing
could be sillier. Mr. Hughes, in veto
ing the passenger fare bill, listened
neither to the railroad magnates nor
to the voice of the public. The for
mer were prejudiced by their obvious
interest in the matter. The latter were
too ill informed about rates to be com
petent advisers. The Governor there
fore took counsel with his own ripe
judgment and acted as it directed him.
His main reason for vetoing the bill
was not that It was In itself good or
bad, but because the Legislature had
already Intrusted the regulation of
fares to a commission of experts. The
men whom Governor Hughes had ap
pointed upon this commission were in
comparably more capable of adjusting
rates than the Legislature, and he very
properly used his executive power to
keep the question in their hands,
where it belonged.
Under the management of the Pub
lic Service Commission, for which Mr.
Hughes Is solely responsible, the New
York corporations are upon the whole
"better controlled than those of any
other state. So much for the first of
Mr. Bryan's charges. The second is
like unto It In folly. Governor Hughes
"Is understood to be a close personal
friend of Rockefeller." Why should
he not be? Mr. Rockefeller is a like
able man and entertains people royal
ly. Mr. Hughes can eat his dinners
and play golf with him and still not
accept his dictation in public life. Does
Mr. Bryan let his friends say what he
Shall think on National questions? But
for the grace of God, Mr. Bryan him
self might have been a Rockefeller.
Placed in the same conditions as the
nascent oil king the youthful Nebras
kan would have grabbed all the oil
fields in the world, if he could. For
tunately for his spiritual estate, per
haps, he was not thus tempted, and
now he illuminates the universe with
oratory instead of kerosene. No doubt
the advantage to him is Immense, but
he should pity Mr. Rockefeller Instead
of despising him and railing at his
friends. Like Mr. Bryan himself.
Rockefeller is the product of the con
ditions which have surrounded him all
his life. He is no worse than other
men. In some respects he Is better
than most. He. is as pious as Mr
Bryan and a great deal more gener
ous with his money. It is time to
cease the foolish raving at Rockefel
ler that we have heard for so long and
begin some t consideration of the con
ditions which produced Rockefeller
nnd hundreds like him. Concerning
those conditions Mr. Bryan never has
published a single word which has
helped the country to a solution.
Now we come to the third accusa
tion. Mr. Hughes opposed the income
tax amendment to the Federal Consti
tution, for which he might perhaps be
forgiven, but in addition he committed
the unpardonable sin of using the
same argument against It as "the corporation-
attorneys." If the arguments
were sound ones, why should he not
use them? Must Mr. Hughes content
himself with ujing nothing but bad ar
guments simply because the corpora
tion lawyers had gobbled all the good
ones? Mr. Hughes said the proposed
amendment was unjust because it ef
fectively taxes public bonds which
states and municipalities have exempt
ed. In other words, it violates the
public faith. Such an objection may
not strike an advocate of free silver
as being of much consequence, but to
many people it appears extremely
weighty. After this follows Mr. Bryan's
most malignant charge, one . which it
is difficult to believe that he had re
flected upon before he published it.
"His speeches show that he feels no
hostility toward private monopolies,
and there Is no reason to doubt that
his decisions would be in line with his
speeches." This In effect predicts that
Mr. Hughes' Judicial opinions will be
biased In favor of the exploiting mo
nopolies. No man accustomed to weigh his re
marks would make such an accusation
against a prospective Judge without
the most convincing evidence. Mr.
Bryan has no evidence of any sort.
Mr. Hughes does not agree with the
Nebraskan's fatuous ravings about
"destroying" the trusts." That Is the
sole ground of his offending. He is
wise enough to know that under
proper management the trusts would
be enormously beneficial to the coun
try, and he prefers to use an admira
ble economic machine rather than try
to destroy it, especially since he
knows that it cannot be destroyed.
There Is great reason to hope that Mr.
Hughes' judicial opinions will further
the National task of placing the trusts
in a position where they will benefit
the country as much as they now. in
jure It.
Mr. Bryan's fifth charge is only a
verification of the fourth. He says
that Mr. Hughes will be ready enough
to punish small crimes, but will
"show no indignation at the larger
forms of legalized robbery." This Is,
of course, wholly gratuitous, and to
one who did not know Mr. Bryan's
hasty way of blurting out bits of folly
it might even appear to be malignant.
But It Is not. It Is merely the Inno
cent babble of a man who has seen
trouble and Is now growing old. Like
Dogberry, "he will be talking." Let
the good man ramble on. He does
no harm.
If there Is now any trouble with
Portland's street names, the City
Council can make It worse by chang
ing the names. It is a matter far
safer to let alone. Should change be
decided upon, a host of schemes will
be advanced for carrying It out: there
will be criticisms and unrest and much
fret and worry. Theoretical lines, run
here and there as boundaries of
"southwest" and "northeast"divlsions
In which streets and avenues will in
tersect each other in a puzzle of nu
merals, with a maze of new numbers
in between designating houses. Is a
theoretical abstraction, urged by en
thusiasts who imagine, like a lot of
cranks in politics In this state, that
they would Improve by Innovation.
Better keep nature's dividing line,
that of the river, and let the designa
tions East Side and West Side stand.
In the scheme brought up to the City
Council, the dividing line would be
East Water street, which would be
called Division street. This line, ex
tended north and south, would cause
the Peninsula which is large part of
the Bast Side to be designated
"West," in the "Northwest" ' division.
This would be unnecessary as it would
be confusing.
Besides, streets have satisfactory
names now. Many of them are those
of pioneer builders. Usage and senti
ment have attached these names to
the natural thought and diction of
This is another case where innova
tion would not be Improvement.
Without cessation science marches
forward in its campaign against the
deadly germ diseases. Diphtheria,
splenic fever and a host of other mal
adies in men and animals have yielded
one after the other to the anti-toxin
or vaccination processes, but hitherto
cancer and typhoid fever have held
their own against all that the Investi
gators could do.
The success of the modern method
of treating germ disease depends upon
finding some animal which will be
came affected with the same symp
toms as a human being when it is In
oculated with the microbe. When
that happens the blood of the animal
generates a fluid which renders a
human being immune when it is In
jected into his veins. Sometimes,
however, it is preferable to diminish
the virulence of the microbes by pass
ing them through many successive
cultures. An attenuated product is
finally obtained which causes a slight
attack of the disease, but puts the
patient - In no .danger, while at the
same lime it produces the desired Im
munity. The trouble In treating ty
phoid fever by this method hitherto
has been the apparent impossibility
of finding an animal which could be
Inoculated with the disease.
The germs of typhoid fever, when
injected into the blood - of one beast
after another, would cause them to
fall seriously ill, but not with the same
.disease, so thatno fluid was generated
which would be of benefit in treating
human patients; Finally, however, the
famous Professor Metchnikoff tried
the "experiment on a chimpanzee and
to the joy of the medical world his
success seems to have been complete.
The animal fell ill of typhoid fever,
precisely as a man would under the
conditions, and there was good hope
that from his blood the desired serum
might be obtained. Unhappily, com
plications set in and he perished, but
of course this accident merely delays
the consummation. Since the way is
opened, the process will be carried to
completion without delay and then the
human race will be relieved from its
dread of one more fatal disorder.
The anti-vlvlsectionists, with their
usual queer obliquity of view, will see
nothing "but the sufferings of fhe in
oculated chimpanzee in this case. The
philanthropist will behold the miti
gated misery of all future generations
of mankind.
The heavy storm that swept over the
East and South -vas of invaluable
assistance to the army of crop-killers
who appear with the first breath of
Springtime. Although the snows of
Winter are still nestling in the old rail
fence corners and the robins are en
dangering their bronchial tubes by
attempting to sing the old songs of
Spring, it has been several weeks'slnce
the crop-killers appeared. They rang
the changes on the frost damage and
unsatisfactory germination of the
wheat until these factors In a bull mar
ket were greeted with a derisive "ha,
ha." Then there flashed across the
scene, or the screen, the chinchbug,
whose annual appearance has never
failed to throw an electric spark into
a sluggish market, and for a few days
this ancient enemy of the farmer and
first aid to the speculator was reported
to be eating up about all the wheat in
Kansas that had escaped Winter kill
ing. .
But the chinchbug to date this sea
son has apparently been playing only
the one-night stands, and it was neces
sary to summon the Hessian fly to the
rescue.' This little winged insect with
enormous appetite for growing wheat
dallied with the quotations for a few
days only, and then followed the
chinchbug into retirement. Following
the disappearance of the Hessian fly,
the market price slid down as though
It had struck a well-greased toboggan,
but paused with an abrupt jerk when
the cold wave of last Saturday swept
over the East. .Not all of the crop
killers dwell in the East and Middle
West, for here in the Pacific North
west it Is not unusual to have the
crop killed off before it has had a
chance to grow. For instance, we find
In a Dayton, ' Wash., dispatch in The
Sunday Oregonian, that one of the
largest farmers in the county reports
that "hundreds of acres of Fall-sown
grain, particularly in the foothills,
were frozen last Winter, and that
grain sown this Spring is not stoollng
well, the stand being poor and the
growth dwarfed."
This expert, after a careful review
of these unfavorable conditions, ven
tured the opinion that "Columbia
County will produce only half a crop
of grain this year." Fortunately for
Columbia County another equally re
liable expert comes to the front with
the statement that "Prospects were
never better for a bumper yield. This
county, will produce a larger crop than
last year." The country at large, and
even for the crop killers themselves
are fortunate that their worst fears
are never realized, and after the usual
amount of hysterics i. tire grain ex
changes, the price is at last adjusted
on a supply and demand basis.
That old knittlng-bee topic, "Non
Political Judiciary," was discussed
last night by the Multnomah Bar As
sociation. As If it were possible to
select such a judiciary, and as if it
were desirable to have men for Judges
who have not proved their fitness
through politics and partisanship.
This is a moth-eaten subject,' and
one hears nowadays much buncombe
and demagogic oratory about the su
periority of Individual, "independent"
schemes in politics, over concerted ac
tion of worthy citizenship and over
party purposes. But each time the
President or a Governor selects an
able and upright judge, he picks a
partisan, just as Taft has done In the
case of Hughes for Supreme Justice.
A man cannot cchlevo In politics
any lasting work unless he has J-'- his
back a powerful group of partisans,
united for carrying out a worthy idea.
He cannot show himself a man fit to
lead thought or action any other way.
While tills does not mean that he
must hold to party loyalty as blindly
as to a fetich, it does mean that there
is no such thing as non-partisanship
in a man who achieves things in poll
tics and makes the people want him
for a magistrate.
So-called non-partisans have been
made judges in Oregon, but their al
leged non-partisanship each time has
been a hoax. When they come back
to the people for election, they are
Democrats or Republicans again, seek
ing political .nomination and political
An able, upright judge will not per
mit partisanship to sway the scales of
justice in his hands, but this is very
different from saying that he will care
nothing for partisanship in the polit
ical affairs of the Nation or his state,
or in his own vindication, should he
seek the votes of the people.
Now several Columbia River fisher
men demand the same privilege of
taking salmon before May 1 that fish
ermen of Clackamas and Willamette
Rivers have asserted. This is natural
and fair, and wholly to be expected.
If there Is to be any effective pro
tection of salmon In Columbia River
waters, and enforcement of closed
season, the laws and the regulations
must allow no special privilege to one
fishery Interest. Otherwise, protective
lews will come to be a farce, just as
they were several years ago.
The open season does not begin in
the Columbia until May 1, nor should
it begin before that day in the Wil
lamette or the Clackamas. Besides,
the State of Oregon is pledged to the
State of Washington to enforce closed
season until that day in all Columbia
River waters on its side of that stream.
Just as Washington is pledged to do
within its boundaries.
May 1 is early enough day to begin
fishing; In fact, the failure of the sal
mon supply to Increase under recent
legislation indicates that the opening
should be still further deferred. It
will be a sorry outcome for the salmon
fisheries if the Supreme Court of Ore
gon should uphold Judge Gtfntenbein's
decision allowing Willamette and
Clackamas fishermen privileges over
fishermen of the Columbia and of trib
utaries of the Columbia in the State
of Washington. Subterfuge and tech
nicality should not defeat the protec
tive purpose of salmon legislation of
the States of Oregon and Washington.
The purchase Is - announced of
another large sawmill site on the
lower Columbia, near Westport. It is
stated that the mill will be built dur
ing the coming Summer. A new mill
with an immense capacity has " just
been completed at St. Helens, and at
half a dozen other points along the
lower river new plants are making
large additions to the lumber output
of the Columbia River. This attrac
tion of cheap sites, desirably located
on the lower river, will in time re
lieve Portland of some of the prestige
we now enjoy as the greatest lumber
port in' the. world; but every addi
tional mill on the lower river con
tributes Its quota of business to thl3
city.' These mills also aid In devel
opment of new territory along the
liver and far back Into the territory
from which the timber is being re
moved. Eventually some. If not all,
of the big mills now located in the
heart of the city will seek less val
uable sites farther down the river. s
There Is practically no limit to the
waterfront available for' mills, as
there are good anchorage and deep
water on one side and rail facilities
on the- other nearly the entire distance
from Portland to Fort Stevens. At
the present time, with fuel of all
kinds excessively high, the down
river mill which cannot deliver its
slabwood and sawdust to the con
sumer, except at a heavy transporta
tion cost, perhaps " loses some of the
profits which might be saved if the
mill were in the city. This loss Is
offset, however, by the interest saving
on the investment in site, and also
on the cost of labor, the latter being
obtainable at lower wages in the small
towns where rents and living expenses
are lighter than they are in the big
On a single day last week ocean
carriers were loading lumber at eight
different ports in the Columbia and
Willamette Rivers below Portland. At
the rate at which the lumber business
out of the river is Increasing, it Is
not improbable that the number of
new "seaports" along the river will
double within the next few years.
Two classes of very valuable waste
land were overlooked by the early
settlers in the Pacific Northwest. One
because there was an insufficient
amount of moisture to make It pro
ductive and the other because the
moisture was so excessive that it
covered the land. Both the dry and
the wet lands have now demonstrated
their value. By dyking and draining
the one and Irrigating the other, an
Immense area of marvelously rich
land Is being added to the productive
territory in the Pacific Northwest.
With such an abundance of water in
this region, it has been much cheaper
to get water on the dry lands than it
has 'been to get it off the wet lands;
but increasing values and an improved
demand for the crops which can be
grown on this rich bottom land have
resulted in considerable attention be
ing given them.
A. Kelso, Washington, dispatch an
nounces a project for dyking 3500
acres of land lying along the Columbia
River from Kelso westward. This Is
a project nearly as great as that which
is under way on the Oregon side of
the river in the vicinity of Clatskanie,
and the land, once drained end dyked,
will prove enormously valuable. What
reclamation of this kind means can
be understood when it Is noted that
a five-acre tract of land that for
centuries has been receiving the rich
alluvial deposits can easily produce
enough to support a family quite com
fortably. The same is true of irri
gated lands, although of the two
classes the dyked and drained land as
a rule is the better. There are in the
aggregate many thousands of acres of
this land lying on both sides of the
Columbia River and along its tribu-.
tarles, and all will eventually be
brought under a high state of cultivation.
Further recognition of the ad
vantages of the gravity route is shown
in the announcement that construction
work has actually begun on a line to
connect the St Johns-Kenton branch
of the O. R. & N. with the main line
at Troutdale. For nearly- thirty years,
at a tremendous cost of power and
time, the O. R. & N. Company has
been "bucking" Its heavy freight trains
up the steep grades of Sullivan's
Gulch. Now. with grades reduced and
curves eliminated for hundreds of
miles east of Portland, construction of
the water-level line down the Columbia
slough to St. Johns, will be the final
link In the gravity system by which
the O. R. &. N. trains enter and leave
Portland. Aside from the economic
advantage to the railroad company,
the abandonment of Sullivan's Gulch
for heavy traffic will be welcomed by
the large and rapidly growing popula
tion that is now making homes on
the west side of the O. R. & N. track
and that objects to the delays caused
by passing trains.
The possibilities of the automobile
for pleasure and business, as soon as
the good roads movement lecomes
more effective, are shown in an item
from Medford yesterday announcing
the arrival of a Medford man who had
made the run between Portland and
Medford in 22 hours. I'edford is
more than 300 miles south of Port
land. With good roads for the entire
distance, the time could undoubtedly
be cut in half. Comparing the distance
and the time r. ade with other dis
tances out of Portland, we can under
stand what a good automobile road
to the sea shore would mean. With
no better roads than those now trav
eled between here and Medford, It
would be possible for the Portland
automobillsts to reach the Oregon
beaches after a run of five to seven
hours from this city. Long before the
next census Is taken, travel of this
kind out of Portland will be so heavy
that there will be specially constructed
roads for handling it.
A sale of 10,000 bushels of wheat
at seventy-two and one-half cents per
bushel is announced at Walla Walla.
This is more than twenty-eight cents
per bushel under the price obtainable
soon after the wheat was ready for
market. World-wide crop damage
might bring prices back to the former
high level before the close of the
present season, but tha prices will not
be restored by resolutions passed at
a farmers' meeting. The crafty Rus
sians scored heavily on the American
farmers, for, while the latter were
holding their wheat off the market In
an effort to secure higher prices, the
Russians sold their wheat as rapidly
as they could move It. The Russian
surplus has proven more than ade
quate to offset tho sh-rt shipments
from this country, and that . which
still remains in (farmers' hands must
seek a market at a marked decline
from previous prices.
"The property rights were settled
out of court, and the settlement was
satisfactory to all concerned," says a
news Item announcing the divorce of
a couple well known in local business
and social circles. This reads well,
and, so far as property rights were In
volved was doubtless true; but behind
this settlement there rerraineC one of
life's tragedies which never can be
forgiven or forgotten, for among
those "concerned" were a daughter
18 years of age and a son aged 20.
These are- the innocent victims on
whom the blow will fall heavily. No
money settlement can ever restore or
offset the loss they have suffered and
will continue to suffer through the
separation of those who brought them
lntq the world; and were in duty
bound to protect them with a home.
Let Oregon fruit-growers spray and
cultivate and attend strictly to busi
ness. Missouri and other states of the
Middle West report losses in "killed
and injured" that will make apples
apples In ajl that wide expanse this
year. This means that apples will be
apples in Oregon also. Take care of
the coming crop, men and brethren.
What Is one man's misfortune is
another man's opportunity.
King Cotton and King Corn are ex
changing sympathetic glances across
the border that divides their respec
tive domains. The hopes of each for
a prosperous year were laid low by a
fierce breath from the Northland
Monday night.
Uncle Sam should be ashamed of
himself for sending female census-takers
to ask housewives if they are en
gaged in any occupation and then how
old they are.
No comet in sight yet, but a lot of
folks think they have seen it without
a glass. Prohibitionists may use this
as an object-lesson next state election.
General Kitchener thinks American
women lovely, but not to the extent
that any one of them Is the loveliest
in the world.
It is said that South America will
seek the South Pole. The presence
there of Dr. Cook gives credence to
the report.
Hetty Green's son fears to marry
lest the girl would a sek his money.
Perhaps he has the right estimate of
Bad health often comes at a con
venient time. Senators Aldrich and
Hale are looking to theirs.
Even Gifford Plnchot seems to have
lost interest In the Ballinger investi
gation. If you have not been enumerated,
begin proceedings to learn why.
Marse Henry Fears Third-Term Tradi
tion Will Yield to Despotism.
Louisville Courier-Journal.
Can any man be so foolish as to sup
pose that, behind all this, lies not some
definite scheme and purpose, backed and
Impelled by carefully-lald, intelligent and
amply-financed organization? Do men
like Theodore Roosevelt put themselves
to such pains for nothing but empty dis
play? Does such a tour de force come
by chance, or is it planned and prear
ranged far ahead by keen foresight and
skillful stagecraft? Why Africa in the
first place? Then. If Cairo needs must
be, why Rome? Why "Vienna and Buda
Pest? Why Berlin? Why Paris? Why
London? And, finally, not Napoleon from
Elba, but Caesar after the Invasion of
Gaul, why a fete, National In character,
to bid the conquering hero welcome to
his native land?
It Is not necessary to deny, and It
would be untruthful to deny, Theodore
Roosevelt abundant personal Integrity,
cleanliness and courage. They are not un
common virtues. Nor is It fair to chal
lenge his patriotism. Kis ability as a
practical politician has long been con
ceded. In the day of their highest ef
ficiency he could dance all around
Piatt and Quay, the one of whom he
turned down remorselessly after he had
used him for all he had been worth,
the other of whom, whilst he lived his
closest friend, died before his time had
come and his overthrow was deemed
essential to the cause of righteousness.
We need not' recall the personal
quarrels and angry collisions, the rest
less and heedless Impatience of re
straint, the interference with the courts
of law, the sometime screaming which
cast a momentary doubt upon his san
ity, which characterized his last four
years in the White House. But his re
turn there would mean only that we
approve and confirm them and author
ize him to resume and continue the
same treatment of the distempers of
which the country complains. The no
tion that he is "the most democratic of
Americans,', which so often appears In
our newspaper quotations, is the re
verse of his real character, and was
contradicted by his whole habit and
proceeding whilst he was President.
He Is -by birth, breeding and instinct
a patrician. He was the first to intro
duce royal customs into the White
House. He Is a man self-willed to the
last degree; bent upon having his own
way, nor allowing any obstruction of
principle, of law, or of prudence- to
come between him and his objective
point. Humanitarian, certainly, as long
as humanltarianism be the cue of the
time; but equally ready for war as for
peace. In case war be necessary to
maintain his ascendency; a benevolent
despot," who will not hesitate to knock
down and drag out, if need require, for
sake of righteousness; firmly believing
that the earth belongs to the saints and
that he and his are the saints.
To lift the time-limit and to place
Theodore Roosevelt back In office, is
only a single door removed from life
tenure. The crying need in 1912 would
become the commanding need In 1916.
Bq 1920 the machinery and momentum
of the personal government thus de
creed and established and perfected,
would be irresistible. The American
who cannot see this is unworthy of
freedom. He should be deprived of
the right to vote and be relegated to
the cotton field, with Simon Legree
for a master. We may rejoice In the
social honors heaped upon our wander
ing Ulysses;' be proud of the way he
carries himself; applaud him when be
speaks by the card and to the purpose;
but return him to the White House
never. There is treason to our free in
stitutions in the very thought.
If, as the Courier-Journal has already
said, we want a benevolent despotism,
Theodore Roosevelt Is the man for the
Job. If we are tired of constitutional
restraints, and unwilling to go forward
with the fulfillment of our admirable
system of checks and balances, let us
by all means recall him to the helm.
But let us do it with our eyes wide
open. Let us not be deluded by the
cant about "doing things" and thoj hum
bug about a "second elective term."
It is not a question of "imperialism."
Talk of "scepters" and "crowns" is the
idlest of chatter. What use had Caesar
for a crown, Cromwell for a throne?
In the beginning they, too, were sin
cere, .patriotic, upright men. Invested
by the universal favor of the people
with supreme command, each proved
false to the principle upon which he
had risen. Crowns and scepters, the
outer Insignia of royalty, are as use
less to our modern life as chain armor;
but power, autocratic power, self-perpetuating
power. Is as easy within the
reach of a President of the United
States, ' personally commissioned be
cause a popular hero and Idol, and re
lieved of obligation as to time, as it
was within the reach of Caesar, of
Cromwell and of Diaz, all of them in
their way able and in many respects
beneficent rulers.
The country has not . yet actually
faced the issue. The Republican party
had the wisdom and the grace to ward
it off in the case of General Grant
Will it have the wisdom and the grace
to ward it off in the case of Theodore
Roosevelt? That remains to be seen.
But it is upon us. There is reason to
believe that Mr. Taft will not stand
across Its path, but that, quite satisfied
with his four years in the White House,
he will remove himself from the list of
claimants before the National Repub
lican convention two years hence. If
the nomination of Theodore Roosevelt
i3 not to go by default, the Republican
leaders had better begin to. bestir
themselves, for the time is short, and
the Roosevelt organization is already
a; near perfect as skill and self-confidence
and money can make it.
H alley's Comet Has Two Rivals.
New York. Times.
Halley's comet will, not enjoy solitary
glory. At least two other comets are due
to cross the path of the earth this year.
The first Is known as the Temple's sec
ond periodical comet, discovered In 1873,
July 3, at Milan. Its period is about
Ave and one-half years, and It was re
observed In 1878, 1894. 1899 and 1904. mak
ing its perihelion passage on the last oc
casion in November. It should therefore
return this coming Spring. D' Arrest's
comet, discovered in 1851, is the second
comet, and is due to return during the
Summer of his year.
Resting Place for Braddock's Bones.
Pittsburg Gazette. ,
The bones of General Edward Brad
dock, who lost his life in the expedi
tion against the French at Fort Du
quesne, are to be fittingly honored
after resting In a lonely grave on. a
mountain side for 155 years. A tract
of. land about the grave has been
bought by a number of men and Is
going to be turned over to the Govern
ment as a National park in July.
Congressman Mann Shows the Absurdity of Recent Stories About Alaska's
Vast Wealth Why Not Conserve the Salt In the Ocean f
ington, April 26. (Special.) "Believing
as I do in the conservation of our natu
ral resources, I deem it proper to call
the attention of the House to the meth
ods by which we might magnify the
value of our natural resources with as
much reason as has usually been adopted
by many of those who pose as special
conservation protectors, but whose main
interest is not conservation, but exploit
ation of self."
Thus did Representative Mann, of Il
linois, express himself in the course of
a speech favoring conservation along
practical lines, but deploring wildcat
conservation of . the type advocated by
Gifford Plnchot, and those of his fol
lowers who have filled the magazines
with matter furnished largely by Plnchot
and his agents.
Mr. Mann became facetious as he prog
ressed, and ridiculed the Idea that the
people of the United States should be
buncoed out of millions and millions and
billions of dollars If the coal, and the
copper and the other natural resources
of Alaska should be developed under ex
isting laws. He -took occasion to quote
from a recent magazine article appearing
in a monthly in which Gifford Pinchot
is understood to be a heavy stockholder.
This particular article, among other
things, said that four of Alaska's re
sources alone are today worth over' $1,
500,000, 000,000. One of the items Is coal to
the amount of 1.510.460.000.000 tons, said
to be worth H per ton In the ground, and
another is 5.000,000,000 pounds of copper at
15 cents a pound. Of course no one but
a Plnohot conservationist could tell how
much coal la in Alaska; the Geological
Survey, after years of research, does not
know, but Plnchot does. Commenting,
Mr. Mann said:
There Is. I believe, no place in the
United States where coal Is valued at 1 a
ton in the ground, not even in the Connells
vllle district, -where they have the coking
coal, which Is the highest-price coal. Of
course, it Is absurd really to consider coal
with a dollar a ton In the ground in
Alaska. Whether the amount that Mr.
Hampton gives is there, no one knows; but
If It be. it is not worth a dollar a ton in
the ground and never will be.
Continuing, Mr. Mann said this writer
had merely skimmed the surface; he had
not really delved into tho question. "He
says that if we could divide our Alaska
assets among us, share and share alike,
it would amount to more than J900 for
each voter, if he take the lowest esti
mate of. the wealth In sight; or, If ho
calculate from the basis of reasonable
guess, each voter would have an Alaskan
estate worth more than $SO,000. Mr.
Chairman, the voter who would part with
his Alaskan estate for $80,000 would be
giving it away. I propose to demon
strate," he declared . satirically, "that
each citizen of the United States has
an interest In Alaska of hundreds of
millions of dollars, and my reasoning
and my. facts will stand the test much
better than will those of this magazine
writer. " Said Mr. Mann.:
Salt Is one of our greatest necessities, and
sells wholesale at not over $2 a ton.
We should conserve our supply and pre
vent its monopolization by special Interests.
Now, here Is Alaska with 600O miles of shore
line; we control within three miles of the
shore, and T have roughly computed the
amount of Bait in the ocean waters of that
area. The charts of the Coast Survey show
a considerable variation in the depths, but
with 3.5 per cent of salt In the sea water,
as I find to be the estimate In Professor
Clarke's Data of Geochemistry. Alaska has
a magnificent undeveloped resource of 15,
nB7,408.750 tons of salt, which Is worth in
New York and elsewhere f331.194.93T.500.
There should be strict regulations Imposed
Life Is Cruel for Lower Animals and
Man, in Primal Conditions.
Theodore Roosevelt in May Scribner's.
The game Is ever on the alert against
the lion, this greatest of foes, and every
herd, almost eveTy individual, - is "in- im
minent and deadly peril every few days
or nights,' and of course suffers in addition
from countless false alarms. But no
sooner Is the. danger over than the ani
mals resume their feeding, or love-making,
or their fighting among themselves.
Two bucks will do battle the minute the
herd has stopped running from the foe
that has seized, one of Its number, and a
buck resumes hi3 love-making with ardor,
in the brief Interval between the first and
the second alarm, from hunter or Hon.
Zebra will make much noise when one
of their number has been killed; but their
fright has vanished when once they begin
their barking calls.
Death by violence, death by cold, death
by starvation these are the normal end
ings of the stately and beautiful creatures
of the wilderness. The sentimentalists
who prattle about the peaceful life of
nature do not realize its utter merctleas
nes9; although all they would have to do
would be to look at the birds In the Win
ter woods, or even at the insects on a
cold morning or cold evening. Life is
hard and cruel for all the lower crea
tures, and for mna also in what the sen
timentalists call a "state of nature." The
savage of today shows us what the
fancied age of gold of our ancestors was
really like; it was an age when hunger,
cold, violence and Iron cruelty were the
ordinary accompaniments of life. If
Matthew Arnold, when he expressed the
wish to know the thoughts of earth's
"vigorous, primitive" tribes of the past,
had really desired an answer to his ques
tion he would have done well to visit the
homes of the existing representatives of
his "vigorous, primitive" ancestors; and
to watch them feasting on blood and
guts; while as for the "pellucid end pure"
feelings of his Imaginary primitive
maiden, they were those of any meek,
cowlike creature who accepted marriage
by purchase or of convenience, as a mat
ter of course.
Senator Hale Satisfied.
Washington Dispatch to Boston Herald.
"At my time of life one is anxious
to avoid personal contests. I felt I
was entitled to a period of rest. My
friends believe I could be re-elected,
but the turmoil incident to the can
vass has been very unpleasant to me.
I am anxious to go back to Maine and
live. That is one reason why I want
to get out. There is no place where
I am happier than at my home in Ells
worth." The Seantor alluded to the bitter at
tacks upon him and especially to one
in a New York newspaper which was
very virulent. "These, I suppose," said
he, "do not hurt one among friends,
but, after all, they aro unpleasant. I
am very glad now that I made the
decision. It relieved me of many wor
ries. I am satisfied to be judged on
the record of what I have done."
Elizabethan House for Miss Corelli.
London Telegraph.
Marie Corelll, the novelist, who is
recovering from a serious Illness, as a
result of pneumonia, resides at Hall's
Croft, Stratford-on-Avon. This house
250 years ago. was the home of Susan
nah Shakespeare, who married Dr.
John Hall. It has all the picturesque
appurtenances of the Elizabethan period
gabled windows, climbing Ivy, low
ceilings and the rest.
PORTLAND. April 23. (To the Ed
itor.) What relation to my child is
my first cousin, second uncle or second
cousin? Z. M. S.
Neither. The relationship of your
child is first cousin, once removed.
Children of first cousins are second
upon the development of this resource and
adequate provision -made to allow for the re- -newing
of the supply, or the producing of
succeeding crops" with incoming tides as
soon as the sea water over which we exer-
else eminent domain la pumped out and the
salt concentrated. It Is true that in this
calculation I have'not taken Into" consider- '
atlon the relation of the floe Ice to the pro
duction In the Bering Sea shore line of
Alaska. :he salt being largeiy eliminated in
the process of freezing, but any advantage ..
which is derived In this connection through:
increasing the salinity of- the remaining
water T believe would be at least ofsett' by
the difficulty -of operation owing to the
prevalence of Icebergs, and I have therefore
left' this feature out of my estimates.
But there is pressing need that the cnun '
try should be aroused to the dangers which
confront It in the unscrupulous exploitation
of this resource. (Laughter.)
Then I fall to find any mention in- the
newspapers or in reports of the tremendous
values In the aluminum, deposits in Alaska.
I think that some of our energetic friends
have been woefully negligent In overlooking
this abounding resource and failing to pro
vide for Its conservation there is great
danger that Alaska's aluminum supply
may become seriously depleted unless
proper measures are at one adopted.
The rock and soil of Alaska, as I learn
also from the Data of Geochemlstrv,
contains approximately 7.9 per cent of alu
minum. I have not yet had the time to
figure out the exact tonnage, but, assuming
that the average altitude of Alaska Is about
the same as that of California, the land
above sea level would contain 25.444 cubic
miles of aluminum. Tills is a large figure
when one considers the unit, but that Is
none the less reason why the resource should
not be rigidly conserved. The value of th
product Is very great. Aluminum is worth
In New Tork and Chicago 23 cents a pound,
or 40 a ton. A cubic mile of aluminum
weighs 10.S5O.S77.OO0 tons, worth $4,001.
205,420,000. (Laughter.)
That is the value of 1 cubic mile, and, ac
cording to my calculation, Alaska contains
25,444 cubic miles of pure aluminum, so that
these two figures would have to bo multi
plied together In order to arrive at the ter
ritory's aluminum resources. Now. is this
not worth saving from wilfully wasteful ex
ploitation? But in all these exhaustible re
sources it is necessary to look ahead, to
look forward to the needs of the coming
generation when even under the most strin
gent regulations and even with such a large
supply as I have estimated the surface
aluminum shall have become exhausted. On
this basis it will soon be necessary to extract
Alaska's aluminum from the earth and
rocks below the sea level. (Laughter.) Coal
mines are successfully operated to a depth
of 3000 and even 4000 feet, and It will be
possible to mine the entire area of Alaska
to this depth and secure this large addi
tional aluminum wealth.
But here again it will be necescary- to
have very careful regulations, so that the
tailings shall not destroy the unworked por
tions of the soil. By giving this matter
careful attention and I protest against anv
further delay I believe that both these
Alaskan resources salt and aluminum can
be made to supply even a largely Increasing
demand for a considerable period. No-time,
however, should be lost In awakening the
country to the necessity of adopting a strict
policy of conservation of both mlneraln and
preventing hasty development which will re
sult In any undue waBte.
The people of tho United States have a
very vital Interest in these resources,
amounting, according to above figures to
$l.SS7.47t).101.77. for every citizen. No trusts
or great combinations shall be permitted to
step in and grab this wealth If my earnest
protest will avail. (Laughter.)
The process has not yet been discovered
by which it is commercially practicable to
extract this alumnium, as I am informed
there are no aluminum ores in Alaska. It
could be done, however, although the eot
would range from lo to tlOO a pound, but
this fact has nothing to do with the press
ing need for the conservation of the re
source. The wealth Is there In the ground,
and aluminum is worth 23 cents a pound in
New York, and the Intermediate steps are
matters of mere unimportant detail. (LauKti
ter and applause.)
Kind Words for the President Amid
His Vexing Tasks.
Philadelphia Press.
Presidents, like other men, have their
periods of depression. President Taft
Is passing through one now.- He has--had
his discouraging experiences -and .
irritating opposition, but he should not
be depressed by either.
He has the most difficult of all tasks.
It is easy to agitate. It is difficult to :
legislate. Abuses are readily exposed.
Their reform calls for higher powers.
The crowd can always shout over-an
appeal to their emotions, denouncing,
known evils. Few can understand the
slow steps by which these evils can
be remedied.
In 13 months President Taft has gone
farther In reform legislation than any
of his predecessors in a like period.
The Congress now sitting under his
leadership has in the first half of Us
existence carried needed reform meas
ures farther toward law than any pre
vious Congress in a generation, if not
in a century. Those who know Con-,
gress and the evils to be met know
-and understand how much solid reform
is embodied In the measures now cer
tain to be enacted.
This is a great task. It is an achieve
ment of the first order. If it
more opposition than applause tills is
no cause for depression, but rather for
courageous satisfaction that in this
most arduous work opposition may
have brought friction and delay, but
cannot compass defeat. Instead of be
ing depressed. President Taft should
cheer up, look about and realize that
he is to be remembered in our history
as one of the few who have turned
heated agitation into beneficent legis
lation. Slriua the Master Sunt
Harper's Weekly.
Astronomers once believed that the
entire starry universe revolved around
a center of attraction, and the star
named Alcyone, In the group of the.
Pleiades, was selected by Maedler as
marking that great center. It has long
been known, howeverf that Maedler's
conclusion, which was based on the
apparent motions of the stars, was
Incorrect, and If any universal center
exists it has not yet been discovered.
In fact, many of the stars seem to
be moving In straight lines, some in
one direction and srme in. another;
and among these Is our sun. But it is
possible that further observations will
show that all the stars are really mov
ing in- curved lines. In the meantime
it has been found that there are cer
tain groups or sets of stars which ap
pear to travel together. To what set,
if any, the sun belongs we do not yet
know, but Delauney has presented rea
sons for thinking that those stars
whose distances have been measured
(that Is to say, those which are necr
est to us) group themselves around
Sirius, the Dog Star, In a manner sim
ilar to that In which the Inner plan
ets are grouped around the sun. If this ,
be correct. Sirius may possibly be the
master sun ojf which our Orb of oay
is a distant satellite.
The Sen Gives U a Treasure Safe.
Philadelphia Record.
A large steel safe, containing dia
monds and money estimated to be
worth between J50.000 and $80,000, lost
in the hurricane and tidal wave which
destroyed the town and seaport of In
dlanola, in Calhoun County. TexasJ in
1875, has been recovered from the gulf.
For many years a reward of J10.000
was offered for information of the
Rockefeller's Address. .
GARDINER, Or., April 22. (To tn
Editor.) Will you please state the ad
dress of John D. Rockefeller? M. S. B.
Business address, 26 Broadway. New
York; residence, 4 West Fifty-fourth
street. New York.
. -' I