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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
YOU XLIX.-XO. 15,213.
Finds Pole in Field
of Endless Ice
ESKIMOS SING . WITH JOY
Even Dogs Catch Enthusiasm
on Last Two Days' March
to Site of "Big Nail."
FEAST CELEBRATES EVENT
Strong Wind and Drifting Snow
Have Strange Effects.
CAUSE "BOREAL SQUINT"
Sun Low OTer Icefields Creates
Many Optical Illusions Polar
Xights of Great Splendor
, Precede Discovery.
THE CONQUEST OF THE? POLE.
BT DR. FREDERICK A. COOK.
(Copyright. 190B. by the New York Herald
Company. Registered In Canada In accord
ance with the copyright act. Copyright In
Mexico under the law. of the Republic ot
Mexico. All rights reserved.)
The observations of April 14 gave
latitude S8- degrees, 21 minutes; longi
tude 95 degrees. $2 minutes. We were
but 100 miles from the Pole, but there
was nothing- to relieve the mental
strain of the Icy despair. The wind
came down with the same satanlc cut
from the west. There had been little
drift, but the ice before us displayed
signs of recent activity. It was more
Irregular, with an open crack here and
there, but the sleds glided with less
friction, and the dreary dogs main
tained a better speed under rising;
With teeth set and newly sharpened
resolutions, we set out for that last
100 miles. Other dogs had gone into
the stomachs of their hungry compan
ions, but there still remained pulls of
well-tried brute force for each sled,
and though their noisy rigor had. been
lost in the long drag they still broke
the frigid silence with an occasional
outburst. A little fresh enthusiasm
from the drivers was quickly followed
by canine activity.
We were in good trim to cover the
distance economically. The sledges
were light, our bodies were thin. All
the muscles had shriveled, but the dogs
retained a normal strength. Thus
stripped for 'the last lap, one horizon
after another was lifted.
Perspire at 4 4 Below Zero.
In the forced effort which followed
we were frequently overheated. The
temperature was steady at 44 degrees
below xero Fahrenheit, but' perspira
tion came with ease, and a certain
amount of pleasure. Later, however,
. there followed a train of suffering for
. many days. The delight of the bird
skin shirt was chill of the wet blanket.
The coat and trousers hardened to
sheets of Ice. and It became quite Im
possible to dress after sleep, without
softening the stiffened furs with the
heat of the bared skin. The mittens,
the boots and the fur stockings be
came quite useless unless dried out.
Fortunately at this time the sun was
warm enough to dry the furs in about
three days if lashed to the sunny side
of the sled. In these last days we felt
more keenly the pangs of perspiration
than in all our earlier adventures.
The amber colored glasses were per
sistently used. and they afforded a pro
tection to the eyes which was quite a
revelation, but in eplte of every pre
caution our distorted, frozen,- burned
and withered faces lined a map of the
hardships en route. ' '
Curious Looking Savages.
We were curious looking savages.
The perpetual glitter inclined a squint
which distorted the face In a remark
able manner. The strong light re
flected from the crystal surface threw
the muscles about the eye into a state
of chronic contraction. The iris was
reduced to a mere pinhole. At all times
the Ice on the brows and lashes Inter
fered with the decorative effect.
The strong winds and, drifting snows
encouraged the habit of peeping out of
the corner of the eye. Nature in at
tempting to keep the ball from har
dening flushed It all times with blood.
There was no end of trouble at hand
In endeavoring to keep the windows of
the soul open, and all the effect was
run together in a set expression of
FANGS TO RUSSIA
DREAD DISEASE RAISES HEAD
IX ST. PETERSBURG.
More Than 15.000 Cases and 6000
Deaths In Capital Provinces
Also Feel Epidemic.
, ST. PETERSBURG. Russia, Oct. 4.
(Special.) Cholera Is increasing in
Russia, and especially in this city,
where It seems to Ijave become firmly
establlslfed. From the start of the out
break there have been in St. Peters
burg alone 15.552 cases and 6000 deaths.
During the month of September the
number of cases Increased everywhere
and Infection reached the wealthy part
of the city and military academy. It
Is also spreading throughout the coun
try districts and there were 226 deaths
In the provencea last week. Nearer St.
Petersburg the Infected districts have
a greater number of victims, as for
Instance. Tver, Takoslav and Kostro
mar, where the deaths last -week were
23, 83 ana 3S, respectively. Further
south the figures are lower, yet they
show the disease Is Increasing.
.' Europe .generally is in danger of be
coming infected with the plague and
there Is talk among other nations of
Imposing some efficient sanitary meas
ures on Russia from without. .
STRIKEBREAKERS LET OUT
Omaha Company Dismisses Men
Who Worked During Trouble.
1 OMAHA. Neb., Oct. 4. Announcements
were posted in the carbarns of the
street railway company today notifying
all the temporary employes that their
sen-ices would not be needed here after
According to an announcement by the
Omaha & Council Bluffs Streetcar Com
pany, the usual number of cars were
operated today and practically all of
them by permanent employes. Many
strikebreakers weresent to their homes
in Eastern cities last night.
In addition to the regular service a
number of extra cars ran today on the
Omaha A Florence Interurban line, on
account of the military programme at
Fort Omaha, where about 4000 troops are
encamped. Cars were run until a late
hour last night.
That the patronage of the cars is be
coming 'normal again Is shown by the
fact that the attendance at the Aks-Ar-Ben
carnival, which at first showed- a
heavy falling off, has now reached -approximately
that of last year.
RESCUED ALIVE IN COFFIN
Boy Falls Down Mountain and Is
Saved In Strange Style.
JACKSON. Cal.. Oct. 4. Lying uncon
scious in a coffin. Cecil .Miller, a 16-year-old
boy. was drawn up a 150-foot cliff
on the bank of the Consumnes River near
Plymouth Sunday. While hunting on the
banks of the river, young Miller stepped
out on a large flat rock on Eagle's Nest
Bluff, which suddenly gave way. The
lad fell down the preclpltlous bank to
the water's edge.
A companion ran to Plymouth for as
sistance. A coffin was taken along by
the rescue party, which .believed Miller
dead. After much difficulty, two ' men
and the casket were lowered over the
bluff. The boy was found alive, but
unconscious and terribly injured.
He was placed in the coffin and rated
to the top of the bluff. The rescue work
was hazardous and required several
hours. It was midnight before the boy
was placed In a wagon and taken to
TEST SUNDAY BALL CASE
Indianapolis Manager on -Trial for
Playing on Sabbath.
INDIANAPOLIS. Ind., Oct. 4. The
trial of Charles Carr. manager of the
Indianapolis Club of the American Base
ball Association, who is charged with
having played a game of .baseball on
Sunday, for which admission tickets were
sold, was begun today.
The proceedings are an effort on the
part of the opponents of Sunday baseball
to have declared unconstitutional a law
passed by the Legislature this year, ex
cepting from the prohibited Sunday occu
pations the playing of professional base
ball. " "
SAIL FOR PHILIPPINES
Pacific Fleet to Make Good Speed
HONOLULU. Oct. 4. The Pacific fleet
commanded by Rear-Admiral Sebree. will
sail tomorrow afternoon for the Philip
pines after a month's stay in Hawaiian
waters. It Is planned to cruise the whole
distance at a speed of 13 knots an hour.
Shore leave for the men of the fleet will
end at midnight. '
Admiral Sebree has been liberal in the
matter of leave since' the arrival of the
fleet and thousands of sailors have been
ashore. The police have had no trouble
with the men.
One Dead, One Dying, $2,000,000
Lost In Alberta.
WINNIPEG, Man., Oct -4. Hans Ya
gerson was burned to death; his niece,
Mary Segelstad. is dying In the hospital
at Calgary, and . property valued at
$2,000,000 was destroyed by- the prairie
fire which swept Hutton, Alberta district
last week. -
The fire Is still burning fiercely. A
large number of new settlers lost all
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1909.
pna-ir nrpni i nn
Of! SAILING EVE
Minister -to China Is
Summoned by Knox.
MYSTERY MADE OF ORDER
Protest at- Closing of Door
May Be Foreshadowed.
TREATY VIOLATES RIGHTS
Excludes All Foreign Powers Except
Japan From Rich Section of Man
churia . Which Is Trav
ersed by Xew Railroad.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 4. Charles R.
Crane, newly appointed Minister to China,
was recalled to Washington tonight by a
telegram from Secretary Knox, Mr. and
Mrs. Crane were to have sailed on the
transport Thomas tomorrow for the
Mr. Crane was seated at a banquet
given in his honor by the Chinese Cham
ber of Commerce when his attention was
called to the report tonight. He stated
that the telegram merely requested his
return to the capital, as "there were cr
tain phass of the. Eastern situation with
which the Secretary ot State did' not
think I was fully acquainted."
'I will return to AVashington day after
tomorrow," said Mr. Crane, when he was
asked as to the recall. "I am waiting
over one day In order to attend the ban
quet at which President Taft will be
present. I expect to sail for the Orient
on the steamer Korea on October 29."
Mr. Crane declared he did not know
what matters the Secretary of State de
sired to discuss with him.
"I did not see Mr. Knox before leaving
Washington,", he said. "He was not in
the city., I suppose that something has
arisen or been called to his attention
which he thinks I should know before
I go to my post. I do not know what It
OPEX DOOR TO BE VIOLATED
China Tapan Treaty Probable Cause
of Crane's Summons.
The recall of Mr. Crane is most prob
ably connected with the recent treaty be
tween Japan and China in regard to
manchurla. Japan, after long-drawn out
negotiations of a treaty allowing her to
build a branch railroad from Antung, on
the . Corean frontier, to Mukden, on the
South Manehurian Railroad, now owned
by Japan, announced her purpose to wait
no longer and began to build the road
without China's consent.
China, being powerless to stop the work
by force, merely protested and then was
coerced Into signing a treaty which Japan
dictated, settling all pending questions re
garding Manchuria and Corea.
In several respects this treaty Is said
to be a flagrant violation of the open-door
agreement, to which Japan has re peat -
(Concluded on Page '.3.)
Taxr-------vro o s v:o vc- GETD---
: r -
: : ' ' I
EX-COMMISSIOXER TAKES CP
Rev. Charles H. Parkhurst to Preach
Politics From Pulpit and Wage
War Against Tammany.
, - -NEW
YORK, -Oct. 4. A minister of
the gospel and a former police commis
sioner entered' the municipal game to-
.... . nt.n.lae XT T'u rW h 11 r 1 f
Gay. xiie zsv. 4
announced his Intention of advocating
from his pulpit the election or tne e
publlcan nominee for Mayor, Otto T.
Theodore A. Bingham, who was oust
ed as police commissioner by the Mc
Clellan administration, said he also
would go on the stump in Mr. Bannard's
General Bingham is a Republican,
though appointed to office by .McClel
Ian, a Democrat. For the first time
since his removal he spoke publicly to
night, appearing at the Calvary Metho
dist Episcopal Church.
In view of his attacks on McClellan
in recent magazine articles. General
Bingham, who was heralded to speak
on the "Police System in a Great City,"
surprised his audience. While he de
nounced Tammany and the present ad
ministration and criticised Justice
Gaynor as a candidate, he made no
direct reference to Mayor McClellan.
save in answer to a question. Through
out his address he urged his hearers to
vote for Bannard.
ENGINEER'S LIFE CHARMED
Sleeps Beside Boiler WTien' It Ex
plodes, but Is Unhurt.
SACRAMENTO. Cal., Oct. 4. (Spe
cial.) Fire, following the explosion of
boiler in the Brighton flour mill at 5
o'clock this morning, resulted in the
complete destruction of the plant. The
explosion, wrecked one side of the
building and then the flames rapidly
destroyed the building, machinery and
stock. " A
The engineer who was on duty at
the time was asleep, and It is believed
that the boiler went dry, causing the
explosion. He was uninjured, although
he was sleeping within a few yards
of the boiler. The loss of the building
and plant is estimated at between
$50,000 and $60,000.
SMUGGLERS WIN !BATTLE
"Cse Contraband as Breastworks and
Repulse Mexican Troops.
EL PASO, Tex., Oct. 4. Using their
train of pack burros loaded with con
traband goods as breastworks, a gang
of smugglers battled with a squad of
rurales near Sabinas, tn the Stat of
Coahuila, Mexico, and came out victori
ous, forcing the rurales to withdraw
and escaping with their goods Into the
One smuggler was killed and seven
rurales wounded. v
WINNER 0FFAT FEE DEAD
Kelly, 'Who Won Anna's Divorce
From Count Bonl.
NEW YORK. Oct. 4. Edmond Kelly,
a distinguished lawyer who practiced al
ternately in this city and Paris, died of
anaemia tonight at his home in Nyack.
N. Y.; in his E9th year.
It was Mr. Kelly who won the Anna
Gould divorce suit against Count Bonl
de Castellane and it is understood he re
ceived $75,000 as a fee.
GET TUFT'S HELP
Congress Must Enact
Laws, He Says.
ENACT ROOSEVELT POLICIES
Clinch Laws Which Prevent the
Growth of Monopoly.
BUSINESS MEN REFORM
Must Look to People to Enforce the
Laws Against Monopoly and Xot
Become Slothful When Good
SACRAMENTO, Cal., Oct. 4. After
making one of the longest umps of his
trip, and traveling for 25 hours through
the state of Oregon and the northern
half of California. President Taft arrived
here tonight at 7:10 P. M. to remain un
til 4 o'clock tomorrow morning, when he
will go to Oakland and San Francisco.
During his stay here Mr. Taft was en
tertained at dinner, was taken for an
automobile ride through the city, to be
cheered' all along the route, and made an
address in the Capitol grounds. ,
The President selected for the princi
pal feature of his speech the subject of
the conservation of natural resources, in
which he declared anew that before
many of the Roosevelt policies of con
servation can be carried into effect con
firmatory and enabling legislation will
have to be secured, and he pleftged him
self to bring, all the power he possesses
to bear upon Congress to pass the laws
that are deemed necessary.
Discuss Policies In Detail.
Having already made a number of set
speeches, covering the various subjects
he expects to incorporate in his message
to Congress in December, the President
during the remainder of his tour will take
up for discussion In more or less detail
many of the phases of the larger ques
tions, for. he believes that, after all, the
details count- more than a general dec
laration of policy.
Mr. Taft thoroughly enjoyed his day
on the train. He read a little, lounged
about the car, played a friendly game
of bridge with members of his party and
during the five or six hours Mount
Shasta was in sight admired that tow
ering peak in all the changing aspects
the winding railroad brought to view.
Overwhelmed With Reception.
The President declared today that he
had been overwhelmed with the reception
he had received everywhere on the trip.
After spending tomorrow in San Fran
cisco, Mr. Taft will head for the Y'ose
mite Valley and is looking forward to
that feature of his trip with the greatest
pleasure. The President has never been
among the giant trees in the valley.
The President was welcomed into Cali
fornia at Red Bluff by Governor Glllett.
Lieutenant-Governor Porter, Senator Per
kins, ex-Secretary of the Navy. Victor
Mefcalf, M. H. de Young,, of San Fran-
Coneluded on Page 2.)
MEDICAL MEN MAY
COMMAND IN NAVY
SURGEONS MAY BE PLACED IX
CHARGE OF SHIP.
Attorney-General Wickersham Holds
, Doctors May Have Sway Over
WASHINGTON, Oct. 4. The Secretary
of the Navy has authority, in the opinion
of Attorney-General Wickersham. to as
sign medical officer, not below the
grade of surgeon to the command of a
Naval hospital ship. This expression by
the Attorney-General has coma to Secre
tary Meyer in response to a request for
an opinion as to the legality of such a
It was made In view of the expected
commissioning of the hospital ship Solace,
which has been fitting out at the Charles
ton Navy Yard and for which Admiral
Rixey. chief of the .Bureau of Medicine
and Surgery, .was about to ask for the
detail of commanding officer.
Mr. Wickersham's opinion will preclude
the possibility of a revival of the con
troversy over the command of hospital
ships witnessed about two years ago
when President Roosevelt sided with Ad
miral Rixey in the assignment of medical
officers to the command of the hospital
ship Relief, against the wishes of the
fine of the Navy.
Secretary Myer said today, however,
that he would r.ot settle the question of
detail pending a consultation with the
Mr. Wickersham made , It plain that h,e
had refrained from entering into any dis
cussion of the merits of the question but
had merely answered tho specific ques
tion sub mitted to him.
COWBOY AVENGES MURDER
Kills Slayer of Employer and Proud
ly Tells of Deed.
GRAND JUNCTION, Colo., Oct. 4. Joe
Harris, cowpuncher, who shot and killed
Harry Sleber, millionaire cattleman, in
1902, near Westwater, Utah, met death
yesterday in a similar manner at the
hands of Joe Pace, another cowpuncher.
- Pace,, who was one of Sieber's cowboys
at the time of his employer's murder,
swore to avenge the shooting. , Yesterday
he rode lifto Westwater, informed the au
thorities he had killed Harris and wait
ed the arrival of the Sheriff from Moab,
Utah, today, when he was taken into
Harris' body was found about three
miles cast of Westwater at the spot
designated by Pace. Harris' horse was
Harris shot and killed Sleber on the
latter's ranch near this city. Sleber
charged Harris with being a cattle
rustler. Harris was arrested and tried
for murder, but after a sensational trial
obtained his freedom.
PROBE WILL REACH TQMB
William Salter to Be Disinterred;
Willis Earnesting Charged.
LOS ANGELES, Oct. 4. (Special.) The
body of William Salter will be disinterred
to determine the nature of the injuries
that caused the death of the wealthy
Civil War veteran on the night of Au
Willis Earnesting, arrested Saturday
afternoon on suspicion in connection with
the case, is locked in the City Jail. A
complaint charging murder will be flled
In the Police Court as soon as the Coro
ner's jury's verdict of accidental death Is
Detective Charles J. Jones, who with
Detective Bruce Boyd arrested Earnest
ing. says the prisoner has told several
conflicting stories. D. P. Foley, hotel
proprietor of Tacoma. Wash., nephew
of Salter has been notified of the situa
tion. FERNANDA WEDS COUNT
John Wanamaker's Granddaughter
Takes Title With Attachment.
PARIS, Oct. 4. Miss Fernanda Wana
maker, daughter of Rodman Wanamaker
and granddaughter of John Wanamaker,
was married today to Count Arthur de
Heeren, son of Count Heeren, of Paris
There were two ceremonies. The first
was carried out in the Catholic Church
of St. Philippe du Role, with full orches
tral accompaniment. This was followed
by a Protestant marriage service, the
Rev.' Alfred G. Mortimer, of Philadelphia,
officiating. Henry White, the American
Ambassador, and the Marquis Del Muni,
the Spanish Ambassador, were witnesses.
After their honeymoon, which will be
spent In Italy, the couple will take up
their abode in Paris.
CENSORSHIP IS PECULIAR
Yankee In London Fakes Impromptu
Play to Keep License.
LONDON, Oct. 4. The Intricacies of
theatrical censorship were responsible to
night for a remarkable entertainment at
the Aldwlch Theater. An American band
had been engaged for the season, but
when the time came for the opening the
manager found that the theater had only
been licensed for the production ot a play.
He therefore wove a play around the
band. There was no plot to the so-called
play, which consisted merely of a few
people strolling around the bandstand,
engaged in loud and apparently meaning
STAND BY SUFFRAGETTES
Two London Editorial Writers Re
sign as Protest.
LONDON. Oct. 4. H. W. Nevinson and
H. N, Brailsford have resigned their po
sitions as leader writers for the Daily
News, as a protest against the govern
ment's treatment of suffragette prisoners.
PRICE FIVE CEXTS.
-HITS -BETTING MEN
Jockey Clubs, Police,
"Bookies" in Net.
INDICTMENTS BY WHOLESALE
W. K. Vanderbilt Among Those
Hughes Is Pursuing.
POLICE SHIELD GAMBLERS
Accused of Knowingly Letting Book
makers Do Business Coney
Island and Brooklyn Clubs
Are Both Involved.
NEW YORK, Oct. 4.-After two years
of agitation against racetrack gambling
In this state, marked by the passage of
the drastic anti-betting bill generally re
ferred to as the Hart-Agnew law, it re
mained for the Kings County grand Jury
to write a new chapter In the crusade
today when there were returned indict
ments against the two big Kings County
racetracks, three police officials, five
private detectives and 25 bookmakers.
Hughes Stirred to Xew Actlonr
The Brighton Beach Racing Association
was similarly Involved last year, but the
case failed and action has heretofore
been mainly against bookmakers or bet
tors, the defendants In which proceed
ings generally have been exonerated by
the lower courts, which held that oral
betting was no crime. The first test of
these cases will be made by the Court
of Appeals this week.
It was the Increase of "oral betting"
conducted by the "memory brokers" that
resulted in this latest evidence of Gov
ernor Hughes' continued activity and the
Indictment of the Brooklyn Jockey Club
and the Coney Island Jockey Club,
charged as corporations with conspiracy
In allowing betting to go on.
Prominent Men Involved.
This Involves a number of the most
prominent supporters of racing In the
United States. W. K. Vanderbilt owns a
controlling Interest in the Coney Island
Jockey Club, of which H. L. Farsons Is
president. George Peabody Wetmore and
Mr. Vanderbilt are the vice-presidents;
F. R- Hitchcock, treasurer: V. E.
Schaumberg, secretary, and Thomas H.
Smith, racing secretary. The board of
governors includes also J. Harry Alex
ander. Thomas Hitchcock. Jr.. E. D.
(Concluded on Pas'
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maxlmuns temperature, 62.0
' degree.; minimum. degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; westerly winds.
North Tole Discovery.
Cook tells story of how he and his Eskimos
finally reached Pole. Page 1.
Cook offers to let geographical societies of
world Judge his evidence before Copen
hagen University announces verdict.
Minister Crane recalled to Washington on
eve of sailing: probable protest against
China-Japan treaty. Page 1.
Resignation of I.epp caused by refusal to
submit to Balllnger and obey law. Page 3
Taft arrives at Sacramento and speaks on
conservation and monopoly. Page 1.
Steamer rate war causes thousands to storm
Los Angeles ticket offices. Page 4.
Sen Francisco couple Insists on being mar
ried In morgue. Page 1.
John R- Walsh's appeal to be decided to
day. Page 5.
Wilbur Wright flies over New York Bay
and Hudson River. Page 3.
Ten balloons start distance race from St.
Louis. Page 3.
J. J. Hill confirms purpose to Invade Oregon.
Coast chambers of commerce accept Invi
tation to China. Pago 3.
Banker who disappeared 20 years ago found
running orange groves. Page 3.
Wholesale Indictment of Jockey clubs, rac
ing and betting men and police In Brook
lyn. Page 1.
Thousands dying of cholera In Russia.
Albert Pulitzer commits suicide In Vienna.
Three Philadelphia players ruled off field In
New York National League game. Page 7.
California State League re-enters organized
baseball. Page 4.
Spokane rate hearing highly complicates
situation. Page 1.
Dead In Roslyn mine disaster totals tea.
Commissioner Wehrung denlea charge of
mismanagement. Page o.
Second- Congressional Dbitrfct of Washing
ton has five candidates. Page S.
posse Is close on trail of George Meyera.
Four sophomores are suspended at Oregon
for hazing. Page 7.
Astoria sees visions of electric railway
to Seaside. Page 2.
Commerclal and Marine.
All hop markets working upward. Page 17.
Chicago wheat market weak. Page 17.
Stock speculation checked by rise In call
loan rate. Page 17.
George D. Gray ' will look after repairs to
steamship Alliance. Page Its.
Portland and Vicinity.
J. W. Ferguson completes invetlgatlon of
county and submits report. Page 10.
Woman's desire for freedom breaks up home.
Cal. Raley. of Pendleton, must stand trial
on land-fraud charge. Page 12.
With large army of health officials but few
arrests are made. Page 10.
H. W. Stone tells Ministerial Association Y.
M. C. A. has not lost sight of religious
training. Page 11.
Former Panama Canal 'engineers In charge
of Oregon Trunk construction. Page
gh-,1umping event In Horse Show to Xur-
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