Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 2, 1909)
TIIE MOIiXIXO OREGONIAN-, TnUHSDAT, SEPTEMBER 2, 1908.
Entered at Portland. Oron. Poitottlc
6ubscrt9tloa Ratra Invsrlablr In Adimnc.
Pslly. Sunday lndurtd. on tr f 00
I'atjy. P-.indsy Included, six months 4 25
Pally. Sunday included, thrs months.... .2.25
I'auy. Sunday in-ludd. na month...... .73
rally. without Sunday, one year. . . ..,6 00
Pally, without Sunday, six months 8 2.1
Dally, without Sunday, three months. . . . l-"3
Pally, without Sunday, one month .0
Weekly, one year 150
Sunday, one year.. 2 50
Eunday and weekly, one year 3 50
Dally. Sunday Included, one year. of)
ral:y. Sunday included, one month....' .13
How to Roilt Send postofflre money
order expre order or- permal check on
. our local bank Stamps, coin or currency
are at the sender's rlk. Give postofflre ad
dress in full. Includlnc county and state.
roatace Rate 10 to 14 pares. 1 cent; H
to 2S pig' 2 cents; 2o to 40 pag-e. 3 cents;
4 to fki paces. 4 cents. ' Foreign postage
Eastern Business Ofllre The 8. C. Peck-srl-h
Special A i-ncy New York, rooms 4S
M Tribune bull. line. Chicago, rooms 510-511
PORTLAND. THl'RSAY, SEP. t, l0fl.
I'SE OF THE WATERS.
The new Idea as to water rights,
which has been established as a fact
In Oregon, by law. Is that the owner
of the land doesn't possess the right
to use for Irrigation or for power the
water that flows through his land, un
less he shall first have conformed to
a series of regulations, paid in a sched
ule of fees, proportional to the area
of land he may wish to Irrigate or the
amount of power he may desire to use.
The expenses In many or most cases
are likely to be so great as to prevent
the owner of the land from taking ad-
vantage of the "privilege" ottered him
in lieu of the right to use the water
freely, which he had hitherto sup
posed he always possessed. The state
takes up administration of the water
that passes through or over the own
er's land, and require him to pay for
use of It.
Of course, there are people below
and above who have rights, which
no owner on the stream ought to be
permitted to diminish or destroy. By
use of water for Irrigation, on any
extensive scale, by persona up stream
those lower down may be cut off from
supply. This always was a vexatious
subject, under the common law. Use
of water for power will not. however,
seriously diminish the supply to those
below. The subject la a most difficult
one to handle by statutes, and many
owners of land traversed by streams
feel that they are Injured and op
pressed by the new laws and regula
But the riparian- owner should real.'
lza and keep In mind the fact that
he receives . the stream ' from lands
' above hl3' own, and that since he is
not willing that the water shall be
diverted from him In quantities large
enough to deprive him of his neces
sary supply, he must pass supply on to
those below. These matters are ex
ceedingly Intricate; they can be adjust
ed only by law. and since, in many
places, there Is not water enough, dis
tribution of the supply becomes a mat
ter of most serious concern. The
state, only, can supervise and regu-
late it; and It Is right that those who
have use of the water shall pay. In
proportion to the . amount they are
permitted to use.
" These remarks refer specially to the
use of water for Irrigation. Use of It
for power presents cases of another
class. The water of a stream Is lit
tle diminished by such use. It passes
on down the bed of the stream to the
people below. ' At the places where
strong streams Issue from the moun
tains there usually is little or no use
of the water above for purposes of Ir
rigation; and the owners of the land
on the upper reaches of these streams
will -want to use It for development
of power. Many have held the land
that covers power sites, during many
years, waiting for opportunity; and
such will deem It a hardship when
they find they are not allowed to use
the water power without paying the
state large or considerable fees for
acceptance of their plans, and then
annua! charges in proportion to the
power used: which will run into large
sums. As Senator Huston, In his let
ter to The Oregonian yesterday, said. It
will force men of limited means, who
have water powers, to sell them. So
the great or greater water powers of
the country will fall into the handsof
syndicates or Individual capitalists.
The tendency to combination of wealth
-. Is forced even by the laws intended
to limit or restrict It. Mr. Gifford
Plnchot represents the Idea and pur-
: pose of conservation of the forests.
The General Government has created
certain forest reserves. This policy
must be approved. The forests on
Government lands, high up in the
' mountains, must be protected. Only
to a limited extent could these lands
ever be occupied by resident settlers.
Conservation of these timber areas
Is a laudable and necessary purpose."
But Is the General Government to con.
trol the water courses that Issue from
them? The streams from these moun
tain areas, should be under control of
rtate law. and the Government at
' Washington should not claim the
right to tax the water power for for
est protection. It isn't the forests that
produce the streams though undoubt
edly the forests hold the snow and In
large degree regulate the flow of the
streams. It Is the mountain ranges
that cause the precipitation of rain
and snow that makes the streams, and
colncidently the conditions that make
the timber, and the office or utility
of the timber Is to prevent the rapid
run-off of the drainage area. There
Is conflict here between the powers of
the Government at Washington and
those of the states. It is difficult,
probably will be found impossible to
maintain these powers in co-ordina-.lon.
Either the Government at Wash
ington, or the. government of each of
the states, acting Jot itself, should
have and must have full control.
This whole business, the control of
mountain areas, of forests and of
" streams ought.' as The Oregonian be
lieves, to be turned over by the Gen
ral Government to the various states,
it can be done better by local author
itv, by those on the ground. Is It said
the states will waste this great pat
rimony of the futur.e, and that it would
be conserved better by the National
Government? There is room both for
assertion' and argument here. But Is
local' government a failure? 'What Is
' democracy worth, if It has to look to
Washine-ton in matters like these?
Time was. when If the timber areas
In the mountainous districts had been
turned over to the states, they would
have been squandered through legis
lative Jobs. But the awakening has
been such that this consequence could
not follow now. Each state, acting
for Itself, Is the proper authority to
regulate the distribution of water from
Its streams; and it must be done
through experience In accord with
special conditions, not to meet theoret
ical notions. Theoretical or a priori
Ideas In a matter of this kind, may be
good for suggestion, but are worth lit.
tie in application. Legislation on ali
new subjects and most old ones, la but
tentative. But w'e believe the National
Government will. In the end, be retired
from this .particular fiefd.
Our country has nut just begun to
deal wljh this subject. It is a subject
that will press more and more. Use
of the waters of the state for the best
advantage of the people of the state Is
a subject of Immense Interest. In oiw
country It presents problems that we
scarce as yet know how to deal with;
and we must feel -our way.
. DR. COOK AT THE NORTH POI.K.
With their habitual caution, scien
tific societies will scarcely give full
credit to the report that Ir. Cook has
discovered- the North Pole until his
diaries and observations are available.
Before this happens some months may
elapse, for the traveler Is only be
ginning his return voyage on a Dan
ish steamer from the extreme North
or Greenland. The probabilities are,
however, that the report is true and
ordinary people are fairly safe in be
lieving It and rejoicjng over it if they
wish. Dr. Cook Is an experienced
traveler who was Inured to the hard
ships of Arctic life before he set out
on. this expedition. He made his way
to within a thousand miles of the pole
before he began his final dash; and he
chose the season of darkness and
Winter to make it in.
This was undoubtedly wise, though
it may seem foolhardy at first glance
and Is coutrary to Wie practice 01 Arc
tic explorers. Most of them have used
every expedient to make -their voy
ages, in the Summer season and have
depended on daylight.
This may have been the principal
cause of .their failures, for warm
weather is . fleeting In these regions
and the long night, with its Inconcelv
lable cold, has almost always caught
them unprepared. Moreover, In Sum
mer the Ice floes are always in motion
and the snow fields beset with hum
mocks which make sledge riding haz
ardous. In Winter, on the other hand,
the cold is severe, but It Is constant
and the traveler knows what to reckon
with. The Ice Is secure and the snow
fields comparatively level. The starry
heavens give plenty of light to travel
by, while to find the right road It is
only necessary to' lojk at the North
Star. If It moves toward the zenith,
the.wandererVeels sure that he Is go
ing toward his goal. Nor need one
fear much lest Dr. Cook was mistaken
In thinking he stood at the pole when
he was really somewhere else. A man
of his attainments could hardly make
such a blunder. "
Standing at the pole, theNorth Star
would be, not quite, but pretty nearly,
over his head. In other .words,, his
latitude would be ninety degrees, while
he would be in all the longitudes at
the same time. Washington, London,
Paris. Pekin would all be directly
south of him and the South Pole
would be under his feet. No fixed
stars would either rise or set as he
watched them, but all would describe
complete circles around Polaris every
tvontv.fniir nnnrs. Some would skim
round exactly upon the horizon, which
might turn out to be the Dest practi
ci tct r hia loi-tlnn. So long as
any star dipped out of sight he would
know that he was still some Distance
rvnm t no nnle. " While he was standing
there the earth's axis would pierce his
body and he would turn round it in
spite of himself every twenty-four
hours. With a long staff affixed to
his hat brim he would maKe a passa
ble clock. .
Wp see. therefore, that It would be
very easy for Dr. Cook to tell when
he reached the pole, even If he failed
t finH ihe end of the earth's axis
sticking out, but it would be harder
tr.r him to decide what hemisphere
he was In. Standing in one -position
his face would belong to the New
World and his back to the Old. Then",
t v.a should turn nart way round nis
right hand would be In Asia and his
left in America, If he should happen
.ltr. dnwn nn the Ice in the hilarity
of his success, his hand might fall Into
Eurppe while his .Dootneeis cuneu
round into Canada or Greenland. A
full diary of his adventures at the
Pole would thus be perplexing and
might be exciting. Who knows what
he found there? A sea forever open,
eternally surging between shores of
ice? Some geographers have said so,
n-t.no nthon declare that the .North
Pole is burled In Ice which never
thaws. SU11 others tell ot a vast
nncnine. thom which leads down to the
center of the earth. When Dr. Cook
gets home we shall know all about it
and the knowledge will relish the bet
ter because he Is an American and we
shall all share In the glory of his
HOPS AND THE TARrFT.
High prices for hops in 1906 re
sulted in an ex-tenslve acreage all over
the world. Then the old, but ever
present, law of supply and demand
began working and the increased yield
could not be assimilated at high prices.
The world had actually produced more
hops than could be uspd and under
such conditions the consumers ham
mered prices, down on both sides of
k wun Taurine; the following' two
years the prlee for a greater part of
the time was below the actual cost or
production and, quite naturally, there
was wholesale abandonment of the
fields. This was noticeable through
out the Willamette Valley, one of the
greatest hop regions on earth, and It
was also In evidence ln Europe, which
Is the world's great consuming market.
The two years of low prices stimulated
the demand and shortening acreage
assisted In forcing prices back to a
Early in 1909. with a considerable
portion of the 1908 crop still unsold,
and not a small amount of the 1907
crop on hand, the demand began pick
ing up and prices rose steadily and
several weeks-ago -were back to the
1906 figures. This pleasing situation
has Induced a San Francisco friend
of the protective tariff to Issue a
pamphlet-In which It Is stated that
"An investigation of the ruinous con
dition of the hopgrower made by the
Hon. James Wilson. Secretary of Agri
culture, at the request of Senator
Bourne, showed conclusively that the
great Increase In Importations of
foreign, hops Into the . United States
was the cause of the American hop
growers' ruin, and naturally by in
creasing the duty on foreign hops the
Importations would be lessened." With
this pamphlet is Inclosed a copy qf
Secretary . Wilson's letter, stating:
"According to the best Information
obtainable, the value of the American
hop production declined from about
12 100,000 in 1906 to 3,700,000 In
1908." Mr. Wilson further mentions
that "this decline is coincident with In
creased Importations into America and
large increase In production in Ger
many and Austria.". '
. An attempt Is then made to show
that the recent increase in price is
due solely to the heavy Increase in the
duty. It is unfortunate, perhaps,- for
this tariff theory that the advance in
price began several weeks before the
advance in duty was regarded as more
than a bare possibility. If Secretary
Wilson had given the statistics on
hop imports and exports more careful
consideration he might have learned
that the. "coincident" decline men
tioned could not have been caused by
the importation of foreign hops. Eu
rope is the hop-consuming market of
the world, and of . the 1906 crop
America could spare for export but
16,809,684 pounds valued at $3,531,972.
The same vear we imported 6,211,893
pounds valued at Jl, 974. 900. Of the
crop of 1907. 22,920.480 pounds valued
at J2, 963. 167 were exported, and
8,493,265 pounds valued at $1,989,261
were imported. In 1908 the "in
creased importations" on which so
much stress was laid amounted to
7,346,366'pounds, valued at $1,337,099,
and the 'exports were 10,446.884
pounds, valued at $1,271,629. These
i cri .ac fal-on fna rat elv or collectively
show conclusively that we were de-
' , . t -. . f... market for
penaem on uuivio
Would our hop tariff friends have
us believe that Ihey could have sold
as many American hops as were sold
In Europe in 1908 if we had. not
taken 7,344,366 pounds off the Eu
ropean -market by Importing them?
Theories based on local conditions are
sadly -deficient when applied to mat-
... . 1 .3 ...l.ln
ters which are suDjeci to unu-v,.uo
SI PPRKSSIN'O "WILD- INOIAN9."
In its efforts to suppress "wild In
dians" the appropriate name given
to reckless chauffeurs the Portland
Automobile Club is entitled to the sup
port of every rational citizen. Moral
suasion -can work no reform. We
must look to the police for remedial
measures. The new Chief is vigorous
in his denunciation of excessive speed
ing, and he is the sort of man to make
effective his views of this clasB of mis
demeanors. It Is worth while for Chief of Police
Cox to try the Los Angeles plan. In
that city .where broad, well paved
boulevards afford temptation to speed
maniacs, patrolmen on motorcycles'
were secreted at side streets. They
pursued, overtook and arrested
chauffeurs who exceeded the speed
limit and the Police . Judge did the
rest. Usually, one dose worked a
cure. If not, then Imprisonment.
If any one has a better plan, the
columns of The Oregonian are open
for Its exploitation. Meantime let the
six men selected by the Automobile
Club and the police work together.
Ten days In Jail on the first conviction
will be a punishment to fit the crime.
For the second offense, thirty days.
One word more: Chief of Police
Cox should station all the tall men he
has to spare at street Intersections In
the shopping districts during the busy
afternoon hours, particularly between
5 and 6. These men should fearlessly
regulate automobiles, ' bicycles and
every sort of vehicles drawn by horses.
Danger to pedestrians at crossings, on
account 'of growing street traffic, Is
increasing daily. The only protection.
apart from personal vigilance, lies
with alert police.
: DRUGGED FOOD.
Tv a rofArpncA hoard, n.nnointed bv
Mr. Roosevelt to ascertain whether
benzoate of soda is Injurious or not,
has decided In favor of the chemical.
Tr ivm email nnnntitips which are re
quired to preserve food from spoiling.
they say that the drug is narmiess.
nr tviieV r.f thi Agricultural Depart
ment, still Insists that it is poisonous,
' . . . 1 I Via
but he seems to siauu aiune in ma
opinion. Even the venerable Secre
tary Wilson has gone over to his foes.
The unscientific layman may now de
aiihetnncpa dmfi-ed with ben-
zoate and feel reasonably sure that
they they will not kill him. 'ine
sweepings of a cowbarn would not kill
him, either, but it does not roliow tnat
he would enjoy eating them" if he
jn onim of fhA einert chemists, the
law still requires the label on food
drugged with benzoate to state ine
fact plainly. Thus, the' person who
does not want to swallow a chemical
laboratory when he thinks he Is dining
im it hut how long he can.
avoid it is a question. The next move
of the makers of drugged iooa, wim
the help of their chemical allies, will
be to ask for permission to abandon
the tale-telling label. Then they can
dose us to their heart's content and
we shall never know It unless we hark
to the doleful cries from the tombs.
Upon the whole the prospect Is cheer
ing. The daily bill of fare for the near
future is likeiy to Include corn syrup
flavored with vitriol for breakfast, cat
sup preserved with benzoate of soda
innrh . arid heef emFJalmed with
arsenates for dinner. If we live through
it we certainly have solved ine prob
lem of Immortality.
MENACE OF HERTZIAN WAVES.
According to the Lancet, a widely
recognized authority upon such mat
ters, wireless telegraphy must be ad
ded to the list of new Inventions or dis
coveries that are attended with danger
to health. Specifically, it Is stated, the
arc light, the X-rays and the radium
emanations have been found danger
ous and now the Hertzian rays have
proved to be a menace to health,
longevity and life. A French naval of.
fleer finds thatsthose members of the
ship's company, who were employed In
sending wireless' messages, developed
various affections of which the com
monest was a slight conjunctivitis and
other more or less Blight disturbances
of the eye, and eczema of the wrist
and eyelid. One operator, after work
ing several years, had painful palpi
tation of the heart, which came, on
after working for any length of time
with the instruments.- - It is suggested
further that many cases of nervous
ness and neurasthenia, feuch as are
alleged "to be getting rather common
among naval men, may be due to the
Hertzian waves of wireless telegraphy.
To explain the mystery involved in
the whv and wherefore of the effect
thus produced by the Hertzian waves
other mvsteries sre suggested Jind ex
planations that, do not explain are of
fered. When knowledge Is so inde
terminate in dealing with cause and
effect as In this instance, the realm
of probability must be invaded to find
a reason. Thus It Is said that the
action of these various etherlc vibra
tions and emanations affect the sub
tratum of matter, rather than the
matter itself. This gives the theo7
phist a chance and he cornea forward
declaring that the X-rays act upon
the human body in a way that suggests
the Idea that they destroy the subtle
inner bodv the "Linga-sarira" thus
causing the physical atoms to lose
their coherence and fall apart.
"Are not," asks the "Century Path,"
"the investigations of science now ear
rying it toward that .stage at -which
special training and preparation of
the operator will beocme necessary?"
Undoubtedly. But who, in a realm
wherein all are explorers and none are
qualified tq teach concerning the.
cause, the effects of which have been
noted as above, shall attempt to give
special preparation to those who oper
ate the vipwless forces of the air in
the interest of mankind.?
We seem to he coming to a point,
says the publication last quoted, when
the physical condition of the man at
the instrument counts for something,
since It seema to have been proven
that' the ordinary man cannot man
ipulate these subtle forces habitually
with impunity. Proceeding, with an ex
planation that beyond a certain point
is but a vague suggestion, the "Cen
tury Path" concludes:
It comes to this that we cannot proceed
Indefinitely In the development ot our study
of external nature without (tiv-lna; some at
tention to the study of man himself. These
finer (trades of matter permeate all nature.
Including the human orKn!sn. ; and the ef
fects which they prjduce on us are forcing;
us to recognise the existence of things wnose
existence we had denied or Ignored as, for
Instance,, the subtle Inner or astral body.
"Chamberlain, of. Oregon, Demo
crat, voted with Aldrlch sixteen times;
against him 85 times." So a Demo
cratlc organ tells us. To fill out the
sum of ,this useful Information it
should have added that Chamberlain,
Democrat, of Oregon, voted with Al
drlch on all subjects in which protec
tion of - Oregon's products were in
volved', and against him when the pro
tection of commodities of. New Eng
land and other states was concerned.
The list of their products is more ex
tensive than the list ; of ours; hence
Chamberlain voted more .often against
Aldrlch than for him, but stood right
In for protection for Oregon till
it came to the final, vote then
voted against the entire bill, and
Oregon at. last owed the protection It
gets for its products to the leprous
Aldrlch. The tariff seems to be both a
local question and a political Juggle.
Did Chamberlain want protection for
the products of Oregon, or not? He
is on both sides of the question. Bourne
said, freely, that he didn't know any
thing about the subject, and would
leave it to those who. did know, and
voted with Aldrich, therefore, straight
It is a dull day that fails' to bring
to light one or more new railroad
projects in the, Pacific Northwest, and
the best feature of the most of them is
the fact that they are bona fide en
terprises. "Among those present, iu
the newie columns of yesterday's Ore
gonian, was the spoKane at oiumuia
River Railroad, which will be built
from Spokane to Republic; the . re
sumption of work on the Nez Perces
A between Vollmer and
Nez Perces, and the construction of a
short piece of road oy ine ouuuiciu
Pacific between Lebanon and Crab
tree, Oregon. In ' addition to these
new enterprises which are so numer
ous this season, there Is an Immense
amount of work being carried on in
all parts of Oregon, wasningiun aim
on nrniecls nOW Well Oil toward
completion, or In the rebuilding of old
t-v, chinA fi-nvernment demurs
when asked to make reparation for
the murder of a. British subject, who
was killed by a party' of Chinese who
attacked a meteorological expedition.
By a strictly Oriental line of reason
ing China presents a .counter wum
. ncn for Chinese killed by
the British in defending themselves.
The British standard does not, uu
the necessity for any
reparation for dead murderers who
are killed while auempune w
.i Vina taken a firm stand.
In the end China will be obliged to
settle on British terms, ior uu uu..j
on earth has a more splendid record
than England for protecting its citizens
no matter how remote from the home
country they may be.
"Highest mortality known in- Port
land's history." Bofh, 'raised to the
fourth power. Fadclists can get any
result they look .for. We need fifty
or one hundred more officials, do we,
to look after the food and the health
of Portland? But who can deliver us
from the terrors of science, falsely so
called? Isn't It a wonder that, wlth
.. v,i mnHem knowledge, anybody
should have ' been able to live In.
former times ana aoy.ii w m
Everything now seems full of disease,
most of all the imaginations of sani
tary reformers. Disease is in the air
,, water and the milk and the
meat and the vegetables. There is
stench everywhere. 'An ounce oi civet.,
good apothecary, to sweeten the
"What is the matter with the Port
, j ..n,ra " asks the Umpqua
Valley News, "that, when Hill is doing
work In the Deschutes tanyu
, rn nralse for Harrlman
and none for Hill?" Nothing at all is
the matter with the Portiana news
papers, in this particular. The "mat
ter" is with this critic's eyesight or
.i., ..s.ir. He hasn't read the
rneiiixi . , . .
Portland newspapers, all of which have
favored Hill in his prosetmu
work in the Deschutes Canyon.
unv frr.m cows afflicted with tuber
culosis cannot be sound and healthy
milk. But it will not produce tubercu
losis in human individuals who con
sume it. It cannot, however be
wholesome. Rattlesnake poison taken
into the stomach is not deadly. But
It Isn't' good stuff, and most people
would prefer not to taite n
Still, it can hardly be expected that
Cook's discovery .will have, an auvt,
effect on Walter Wellman's future ex
plorations One jail for the county and city
would work to the disadvantage .of
officialdom by reducing the number
And Dr. Cook, American, beat every
body to it! Three cheers for tne iten,
White and Blue! ' '
t. t iri however, to reflect that
there's no place left now to discover.
'That rain shortage worry iJ all over.
A new weather year began yesteraay.
Tart, when sending for Balllnger,
ought not to have forgotten Plnchot.
Mrs. Kincaid found out she was a
ROOSEVELT OIR OM1 BEST "AD."
His Publicity Work Hn Aoeompnnled
Him to the Old World HenimplKrc.
Advertising an advertisement is some-
4irr,o.a trnnA ndvert tl tl B Modem ShOD-
keepers in this country, for Instance.
often have a purely advertising aispiay
in their shops, but they must needs ad
vertise that fact In the newspapers before
the display is able to do what it is' in
tended to do advertise ine enop.
Tho jrritatoat American advertisement Is
now circulating i" the wilds of Africa,
but the good publiicty worn ne nas uun
in the past has not ceased. A Washing
ton tf-i-irtT. who hna lust returned from
a tour around the world declares that the
personality of Theodore Kooseveit is ma
mnef nnmarf ill flPtlt in hrlneins: about
the change of attitude of all foreigners
toward Americans.. .
Galling as it Is to our pride, it .must be
.nun.i that tii, Frtint mflinritv of for
eigners pay about as much attention to
American affairs and politics as Ameri
cans do to the affairs and politics of New
Zealand. Tney Know inai some hilci eat
ing" industrial and 'political experiments
are being tried out in the United States
that is all. exceDt that America is where
the tourists come from.
Mr. Roosevelt, not as an aaveruser, out
as an advertteement, brought the people
of all the world to a realization that
Washington must be watched every min
ute. Consequently every American who
now travels auiuau nti hiccid t.. .
ovenl'helmed With questions about Roose
velt, opinions sdoui rtooseveit, leuituujia
Says the Washington traveler quoted
above: "It was almost Impossible to talk
Oriental politics with Orientals, or Euro
pean politics with Europeans. They want
ed to talk American politics to an Amer
ican, ana rneir notions on me ounjei-i
were entirely surrounded by T. R. The
pick of the lot, however, was a Dutch
banker of Amsterdam whom I met on
board ship In the Orient. He sat at my
ei.ia at tahia anA nnnnttito wan an Eng
lishman and' a German. The Dutchman
was proud of Roosevelt s lineage, oun.
u.tn. iitm rnt a nantn in whlnh Amster
dam has suffered. The Englishman hated
Roosevelt because he was convinced that
the latter was secretly aiding ana aoei-
. i t i 1 i"" .A l .-ti tha tnrvimA
Lll! 1 J-l..!..'l J.J V '-I 11.. ........
tax. The German worshiped Roosevelt
as a 'dynamic socialist.'
l"Engllsh was the language of the din-
,qMi Tho firmnn WRfl entirelV at
home with both the Englishman and me,
and the Englishman admitted that he
could understand most of what, I said In
'American.' The Dutchman unaeretooa
English quite well, and could speak It if
his hearers would permit him to 'go slow.'
'-1CA A.ranln o H!nnP VlO YwBft n tO fTiVO
us his Ideas about Mr. Roosevelt. As he
warmed up to the subject It Decame im
possible for him to think rapidly enough
in English, and he made many little Jour
neys aside into Dutch, German, French,
Spanish, and even Russian. Then with a
,mi. fnoo onH niencherl fists he lumped
from his chair and cried, 'I cannot tell
you this man Roosevelt in English, for he
is too much, but I will tell you him in a
written letter.' Sure enough, at breakfast
the Englishman and tne German aim i
of a Dutch oninion of Mr.
-Drtc,.< in Tlnftillv exact Rnclifih all
set out In the copper-plate chirography of
TV. ttntzhni of thp- matter was that the
Englishman and the German and the
Dutchman are all on their way to ine
United States to see for themselves what
.aT.A- r ..QAnia it la that can Droduce a
Roosevelt. The visit will do them good.
It has been charged to both credit and
debit accounts of Mr. Roosevelt that he is
the greatest living advertiser. However
that may be. credit him with being the
greatest advertisement America has ever
had. . .
New York Post.
Tho AaieA to -loin the rtolice force
Is not limited to men of varying na
tionalities and races. There are now,
two far Western cities which, accord
ing to the Survey, nave eacn a police
woman the cities of Portland and
c.ttio MVet Rnldwin has resrularly
been appointed to the Portland police,
. 1 .1 AtAAH
not as a matron or a prouauuu i"".i
u..t pto-nia, nniicA and detective
duty. Naturally, she has been assigned
to the work; ot saieguaroing mo
women of the city, and, we presume, of
dealing with women criminals. For
her work she has been trained by
service as agent of the Travelers' Aid
Society, during the Lewis ,and Clark
prn'ne'itiAn pnii ar a Rneeial InvestiKator
of the Young Women's Christian Asso
ciation. The Seattle policewoman nas
tAi-iir.oro rv ''nnnolntment during the
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition. There
is, or ought to De, noining suiiiubius
in this. Europe is far ahead of us in
its use of women as detectives. We
have, fortunately, no need of women
political police, but who can question
the desirability of handling certain so
cial problems through women officials?
Many shocking cases of cruelty and op
pression would never have come to pass
If women were consulted oftener and
utilized more freely in official capaci
ties in dealing with moral problems.
Banga Are Coming Back.
From European Letter of William Allen
White In the Emporia (Kan.) Gazette.
The serious-minded readers of the
Gazette should skip this paragraph. Yet
it records an important fact: - Bangs
are coming back Into fashion at least
they are trying to come back.. We first
noticed them early In April In Italy
and they have been creeping out longer
and longer through Germany and Hol
land, until in France they are- definite
ly "out." And they are mortal ugly.
Young people who do not know how
bangs look should consult the family
photograph album of the '80s and see
how mother and Aunt Em looked. But
It will do no good. If bangs are coming
back they wil come back and it will
do no good for men to make an outcry.
t . u n.nman AafKAa to hflVA hatl &TS thOV
will have them, and they'll add leg of
mutton sleeves, dusucs, iiuu hhu
bonnets, if the men say much. In this
connection it should be stated that a
new style of dres3 has appeared in. Eu
rope. It is a kind of a compromise
between a kimono, and a shift, "so
planned to suggest by its Mother Hub
bard effect everything that the tight
fitting cf last year tried to show. The
last year's styles were disgraceful
enough. These new ones are indecent
Doubtless they will have an unpre
Chew Snvesi Policeman' Life.
Logansport, Ind., Dispatch to New York
August Walters, a park policeman,
. . ,.iitAri w. clAi-trlfltv while
was aimoBi n.,iicii uj - .-
assisting a lineman who was repairing
an arc ngnt in itiveramn x-&ia..
lineman requested Walters to let down
the arc light, and he grsped the wire
cable which is used to lower the lamp.
Instantly fire flashed from Walter's
body, and after spinlng around in the
air he fell, but was unable to release
hfs hold on the cable', and was pitched
and thrown about with gteat rapidity.
. RA.rAT.Ai hfiup, VtefnrA Walters
I L Vr ta o v. ... .
regained consciousness. He received a
current of lizuu voiis.
-n, ottrlhtitA ivrnltArn ARcnna
rnjau.iau0 ........ ... .
from a tragic death to the fact that
when he tirst grasped me uauie mo
shock caused him to swallow a big quid
of tobacco. This tobacco in the stom
ach acted as a stimulant and kept up
One Thing; Lacking.
New York Evening Post. '
-Golfing note from the Independent:
"Mr. Taft employs the driver, br-assie,
lofter, mldlron and putter against his
adversaries, but as yet not the Ananias
DIRECT PRIMARY DISCONTENT.
It Cornea From Failure to Set Aside
Bosses Sfnd Monaster.
v-t tr. tvi AiemAntarv lmbulses that
find expression in the struggle for bread
and In the marriage relation; the most
imperious human passion is love of power.
But power is sought in different ways
by the strong through force, by the weak
through cunning. Great wealth is de
sired by our captains of industry not for
... . . sweeter.
itself, but for command over men. -ni
is sought by the politician for the domi
nation it enables him to exercise.
Ballot reform proceeds to great extent
out of honest and earnest desire to im
prove civic conditions and uplift society;
yet as human motives are always com
plex and seldom fully understood even by
their possessor, ballot reform also repre
sents the secret hop of those who have
been without influence under one system
that under the new and improved system
they would obtain power. Men like
Jerome and Hency hate to let go their
official eminence, even wRen they have
served their day and' outlived their use
fulness. We all feel that tho play goes
forward more convincingly when we are
in the center of the stage-than when we
have been crowded back into the ruck
among the supers.
No small part of the discontent to
which direct primaries have given rise
in .this and other states is due to failure
of expectation that those who have been
skillful and effective In politics hitherto
would be set aside for those who have
had to fill up the background. Men who
persuade themselves readily what the
voters ought to do are always offended
and mortified that the prizes of politics
so often go to those who study and work
at the game when the rest of the world
Is asleep or at play.
No political system can ever be de
vised under which the weak shall rule
the strong, the. fit politely make way
for the unfit, the occasional and blunder
ing entrant into poll-tics lord It over him
who makes it the, object of his ceaseless
toll. Therefore, It is that when m?n
see the party organization still in the
hands of party managers instead of mug
wumps. Independents . and nonpartisans,
they feel that the direct primary system
has somehow failed to do its work.
We are a credulous people, and strongly
Incline to the notion that if we can get
some law or other on the statute books,
great and beneficent changes will thereby
have been wrought In the characters of
men, of institutions, of society. It has
been fondly supposed that when some
Moses should strike the rock of direct
nominations, the waters of alert citizen
ship and official perfection would gush
forth. The belief In miracles persists, but
finds little confirmation in politics. Men
make systems: systems do not make men.
IN THE HARVEST FIELD AT 80
Ore-eon Pioneer of 1852 Cuts Two Acre
of Wheat With the Cradle.
Speaking of olden times, of modern im
provements, of binders, combined har
vesters, and all that, and of what the
Oregon climate does in tearing down con
stitutions of its pioneers, here is an ex
ample: Recently Kenyon Crandall and
D. B. Reosoner were talking about, har
vesting and Reasoner ventured the opin
ion that Mr. Crandall, who is a pioneer
of 1S52, and who was 79 years of age,
July 21. might. like to swing a grain cradle
again, as he did nearly 60 years ago. The
"old boy" told him he wasn't courting
that kind of work, but that' ha wouldn't
mind limbering up his muscles If he
Just had a good cradle. A bargain was
made, and Crandall procured a cradle,
and went out to the Reasoner ranch, two
miles southwest of town, and In a day
and a half cradled and bound nearly two
acres of grain, feeling no 111 effects of
Mr. Crandall was born near Grafton.
N. Y., in 1S30, and came to Oregon in 1852,
crossing the plains as far as Salt Lake
with Hon. H. W. Scott, now the venerable
editor of The Oregonian. He has made
his home In Washington County, except
ing a trip or two- East, and a tip to
Honolulu in 1S54, and a year or so In
Portland and Ashland, ever since he came
over the Portland Mountain in December,
1852. He makes his home with .yie re
porter of the Argus, and is widely known
among the old pioneers.
Billboards Doomed In M'ashlngton.
Leavenworth (Kan.) Times.
Commissioners of Washington, D. C,
have formally approved the recommen
dation of Commissioner West to grant
no more permits for the placing of ad
vertisements on fences .or building
walls. The present law covering the
matter Is as follows: "No person shall
place, exhibit, maintain or continue any
advertising or poster except upon such
houses, buildings, billboards, fences or
other structures as the Commissioners
of the District of Columbia may In their
discretion authorize in writing for that
It is also proposed to Incorporate in
the new building- code being completed
by the engineer department a proviso
that no sign or billboard will occupy
or be erected on or facing any public
park or square or municipal, county
or Federal building. A copy of the new
ordinance governing display signs re
cently promulgated In Cincinnati was
received by Mr. West and Immediately
forwarded to Commissioner Judson,
with- the suggestion that a part of its
features be incorporated In the building
regulations to be Issued soon. The ac
tion of the commissioners In prohibit
ing the erection of signs in the vicinity
of Union Station is meeting the approv
al of tne. entire city. J. Horace Mc
Farland, president of the American
Civic Association, directed a letter to
the commissioners indorsing their ac
tion and suggesting that 'further, re
strictions against bill boards in the
District be made.
Dodice Corporation Tax?
Judge Truax of New York Is of the
opinion that small corporations doing
business In our, state will not be, sub
ject to the corporation tax of one per
cent on net incomes, for the reason
that the Federal government has no
right whatever to collect taxes from
any corporation which does other than
Interstate business. But can Judge
Truax tell us what the Federal courts
will consider interstate commerce to
be? The recent tendency has been so
to broaden the term that an article
manufactured in one state and pur
chased and consumed in another state
is claimed to be within the meaning of
interstate commerce. Possibly, a cor
poration producing an article of mer
chandise might enter into an agree
ment of sale or ,jurchase of all of Its
product to a single individual a citi
zen of the state of which the corpora
tion Is a creature who in turn could
sell the goods In other states and ship
them there. Would that be considered
a transaction of Interstate commerce?
Could the corporation be reached by
the Federal government? If it tould
not, it Is quite likely that a large class
of manufacturing corporations could
remove themselves from the Jurisdic
tion of the law by the employment of
an intermediary who Is an individual
citizen of a state.
Highwayman Hands Back 30 Cents.
A highwayman who leveled a revolv
er at the head of a switchman on the
Southern Railway, relieving him of his
watch and money, handed .back 60 cents,
saying that he wasn't out to take the
last cent a man had.
The News force desires to attend the
fair the same as everybody else, and
to this end will skip one publication.
Trr,mint.nt Politician (with massive
dignity) Sir. I am creditably informed
that you have an article in type nianuis
certain charges against me. Can you
furnish proofs of your assertions?
Editor (easily) Sure. Mike! I'll send
the boy upstairs and -get as many
proofs as you would like to have.
Irritated Citizen Aren't you ashamed
of yourself going about with that street
organ, and leading sucn a lazy me:
, Street Organist Lazy life? Why. sir,
life with me is one long daily grind.
He (angrily) That umpire's no good!
He's no judse of fouls!
She (surprised) Oh. yes. he Is. He
raises the best- fancy chickens In
the whole neighborhood Philadelphia
. A chocolate darky and his "yaller"
girl were walking along together.
"I'se skeered mos" to def, Rastus."
"What am yo' skeered oh. woman?"
"I'se. skeered yo'se gwlne to kiss
"How kin I kiss yo' when I'se got a
bucket on ma haid, a wash pot in one
nan' at)' a turkey gobbler In de udder?''
"Oh, well, yo' fool, I wuz thlnkln yo'
could set de bucket ob watah on ile
groun', put de turkey down an' turn
de wash pot ovah him, den set me on
de wash pot, frow yo' ahms around me
an' des hep yo'sef." Everybody's.'
While Governor Wlllson, of Ken
tucky, was housebound last Winter,
owing to a strained tendon in his leg.
he was attended b" "Jim," who had
been general factotum to many Gov
ernors, and who was a source of much
fun among State House attaches.
' The lame leg caused the Governor to
move his office temporarily to the
mansion, where he received many dele
gations. On one occasion Mrs. Wlllson had
waited luncheon for 30 minutes, and she
told His Excellency that he must tome
down and eat with her.
"Mv dear," said Mr. Wlllson, "Just as
soon as I see that delegation of men
downstairs I'll be with you."
Mrs. Wlllson was determined, and
said: "Jim, you go down apd tell them
"Jim," frowned the Governor, as that
worthy started off to obey the mistress
of the mansion "Jim, you know who
Is Governor, don't you?"
"Yas, sir," grinned Jim, with seeming-Innocence,
"yas, sir, I'll go down
and -tell the gemmen to wait, sar."
Little Lola was sitting on her grand
father's knee one day, and. after look
ing at him for some time, she said:
'Gwanpa, was oo In ze ark?"
"Certainly not, my dear," replied the
astonished old gentleman.
"Zen," continued the small inquisitor,
"why wasn't 'oo dwonded?" Exchange.
The office boy of a certain Philadel
phia lawyer recently approached his
employer with a request for an increase
"How old are you?" demanded the
"And you're drawing four dollars a
"Yes, sir." ,
"Do you know, young man," said the
lawyer, with forbidding sternness, "that
when I was your age I was receiving
only two dollars per week?"
"No, sir, I didn't know it," said the
boy. Then, after a moment's reflection,
he added, quite respectfully, "but, then,
sir, perhaps you weren't worth any
more." Harper's Weekly.
From men who bet on horses this
Experience I've learned:
The man who plays a red-hot tip
Is often badly burned.
Detroit Free Press,
"How fresh everything looks after
the rain!" -'
"Except the people who were caught
out In It." Pittsburg Post. ,
"What sort of a role does Rounder
take In the new drama?"
"An emotional one. In the big scene
he is offered a drink which he has to
refuse." New York Press.
joker Do. you keep smokeless to
bacco? Clerk Sure, we do.
joker What kind is It?
Clerk Chewing tobacco, of course
"So he praised my singing?"
"Yes, he said It was heavenly.'
"Well, something like that. He said
it was unearthly." Lippincott's.
"Who was Noah's wife, pa?"
"Joan of Arc, my boy. Now run
Both boys had been rude to their
mother. She put them to bed earlier
than usual, and then complained to
their father about them. So he started
up tho stairway, and they heard -him
"Here comes papa." said Maurice.
"I'm going to make believe I'm asleep."
"I'm not," said Harry. "I'm going to
get up and put something on." Chris
The class at Heidelberg was studying
English conjugations, and each verb
considered was used in a model sen
tence, so that the students would gala
the benefit of pronouncing the connect
ed series of words, as well as learning
the varying forms of the verb. This
morning It was the verb "to have" in
the sentence, "1 have a gold mine."
Herr Schmltz was called to his feet
bv Professor Wulff.
'"Conjugate 'do hafr in der sentence,
T haff a golt mine'," the professor or
dered. Herr Schmltz proceeded:
"I haff a golt mine, du hast a golt
dein. he hass a golt hiss. Ve, you or
dey haff a golt ours, yours or delrs. as
de case may be." Everybody's.
"Here!" shouted the railway official.
"What do you mean by t.irowlng those
trunks around like that?"
ThA norter srasped in astonishment.
and teveral travelers pinched them
selves, to, make sure that It was real.
Then the official spoke again.
"Don't you see that you're making
big dents In the concrete platform?"
London Tit Bits.
Answer ot "The East to "The West."
New York Times.
The West thinks that it is in the
political shackles of the East, but the
East knows that it is In danger of West
ern statutes and candidates upon a
platform of prejudice and folly. We
will not match opinions against opin
ions, but appeal to the facts and the
record. Who does not know that the
price of the products of Nebraska has
mounted year by year, moilth by month,
day by day, until the price of food
stuffs is almost prohibitory and dispro
portionate to the general Increase
which burdens all consumers except
those who get their living from the soil
as a by-product? The farmer Is re
sponsible more than the manufacturer
or the merchant for the fact that it is
possible to put less in the dinner pail
than formerly, and that the remnant of
the weekly wage after paying a sub
sistence cost is so small as to cause