Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 18, 1909, Page 8, Image 8

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Entered at Portland. Orecon. Potofflc "
Fscond-CIass Matter.
EutMtcrintlon fiwtri firrariablr In Adrmnoe.
(By Mail )
rai!y. Sondar Included, one year J?J
Xaily. CunriaT included, nix Tnonths 4-0
I -ally. Sunday Included. thre month...
Ialiy. Sunday included, one mnth. . . . a' J?
I'lKv. without Punriav. one year C '0
v i. months
Ia!!v. without Sunday, three months. ... I.i3
Tiiy. without Sunday, one month JO
Wekly. ona year J
fuuday, one year... 2-0
Sunday and weekly, one year Sou
(By Carrier.)
r1ty. Sunday Included, one year 9.00
Dally. Sunday included, one month.... .75
How to Resnlt Send postofflce money
ordr express order or personal' check on
our local bank. Stamps, roln or currency
are at the sender's risk. Give postofflce Ad
dress In fall. Including county and state.
Postage Rates 10 to 14 pages, 1 cent: 16
tn 2 pnvea. 2 cents; so to u panes, s cenu;
44 to 60 paces. 4 cents. Foreign postac
' double ratea.
Eastern Boslneaa Office The & C. Beck
wlth hnerlal A rpnrr New Tork. rooms 4H-
C- Tribune hulldlnc Chicago, rooms S10-S13
Trttune building.
Everybody will wish success to the
conference of Democrats which Judge
Alton B. Parker and his friends have
called to meet at Saratoga on Sep
tember 9. A boss-ridden, time-serving,
unprincipled opposition party such as
the Democrats have allowed them
selves to become Is not a good thing;
for the country. It is bad even for the
Republican. A contemptible enemy
may Infect the best disciplined armyJ
with his shiftless Inefficiency, while a
worthy foe is a perpetual stimulus to
keep on one's mettle. Had Charles
XII and his Swedes been as low In
military efficiency as the Democrats
are in politics Peter the Great could
never have learned the art of war
from them.
The purpose of Judge Parker and
his colleagues Is to restore to the Dem
( ocratic party the vigorous prestige
which Jt enjoyed In the days of Grover
Cleveland. Aware that this cannot
happen until the wretched New York
'machine is shattered, they have passed
over the recognired leaders. Ignored
the office-holders and Invited nobody
but members of the rank and file to
their Saratoga conference. By appeal
ing to the basic elements which con
stitute the party, they hope to call to
the front a new class of men who
can ask for the confidence of the coun
try because they are worthy of it. This
Is an excellent plan: but these are not
the best of grounds for thinking it
will work. The present Democratic
leaders in ew Tork, despicable as
many of them are, must be In some
ways acceptable to the rank and file
or they could not keep their positions.
Nothing compels the voters to follow
them. It is all purely voluntary. Put
ting forth a new set of leaders, even
If they were amirable in every respect,
might not dethrone the old ones. Its
sole effect might be to split into more
minute factions a party which is al
ready badly enough divided. Leaders
: like Conners and McCarren are not the
kind of men who retire Into obscurity
for their party's good. They will cling
to their power to the last gasp, and it
will need a hard fight to get rid of
them. In such fights the better cause
does not always win.
There Is another difficulty in the
way of a reformed and reinvigorated
Democratic party. Good leaders are
all very well as far as they go, but
something else is needed. Leaders
amount to little unless they are going
somewhere. If their march Is nothing
more than milling around in a mud
puddle, people cannot be expected to
follow them very long. As Judge
O'Brien, of New Tork, forcibly puts
it, the Democratic party "has been
losing ground be--aiise It has not been
taking any posit've stand on policies."
He limited the scop of his remark
to the state, but It is just as true of
the whole nation. In Its National
platforms the Democratic party has
made a noisy pretense of standing for
certain principles, but, mainly because
of the character of its leaders, the
people did not believe It was sincere.
The event has shown that distrust was
wiser than confidence. The last Dem
ocratic platform promised, among oth
er things, a vigorous campaign for a
lower tariff. When the opportunity
came to wage the campaign in Con
gress the representatives of the party
were found fighting on the other side.
Mr. Bailey, of Texas, talked for more
merciful taxation, but he voted against
It. Mr. McEnery. of Louisiana, an old
time Democrat who might be expected
to stand for principle if any member
of his party could, both- talked and
voted for the Aldrlch evasions.
In the days when the "Democrats
really helped govern the country their
party stood for definite Ideals. It be
lieved In something and for Its faith
It was mllltantly aggressive. A party
which stands for no idea is as help
less as Aladdin when he had lost his
lamp. The powers that command suc
cess had deserted him. The Democrats
do not even achieve the puny feat of
opposing the Republicans. It would
net be enough to win the respect of
the country if they did, for few men
wish to belong to a party which has
no constructive principles; but In the
duty of criticising and finding fault,
humble as it is, the Democrats con
spicuously fall. Half the time they
are on the aide of the enemy. The
ri-st of the time the country thinks
they are ready to go over, If the re
ward is made large enough. When it
comes to proposing measures of their
own. every Democratic leader but Mr.
Bryan is dumb, and it would be well
if he were dumb. too. lost
the issue of state rights the party
has had no abiding aim except1 a low
tariff. Some factions of It have wanted
one thing and some another, but no
two wanted the same thing. Now the
low tariff has been abandoned and to
the uninspired eye the last difference
between a Republican and an orthodox
Democrat has disappeared. Why both
er to have two parties when both want
the same thing and work for it In
complete harmony? The loyalty of
many Democratic Senators to Aldrlch
far surpassed that of Republicans like
Dol liver and Beveridge. If the two
latter men are Republicans, certainly
Mr. McEnery Is one. When the Demo
cratic conference finally convenes at
Saratoga it will be discovered that,
while it Js essential to have decent
leaders in the fight between parties. It
Is still more essential to have some
thing besides offices and spoils to fight
The New York stock market Is be
coming somewhat hysterical, and It
is a poor day when there is not a
variation of from three to four points
between the high and the low figure on
the securities most actively in de
mand. Union Pacific, which soared up
to within a fraction of 219 on Mon
day, yesterday dropped below 2 IS,
but, before the day was over, regained
some of the loss. The game is a
great one, and the stakes- are pretty
high, but if there should come a sua
den advance In money rates, there
would follow a sudden slackening in
the demand for automobiles, diamonds
and other luxuries which are in large
demand when call money is plenti
ful and cheap in. Wall Street.
One of the wonders of the new
URen scheme of government is a
"Board of People's Inspectors of Gov
ernment" new officials, whose duty it
shall be to pry into all affairs of gov-
ernment and print In the "Oregon Offi
cial Gazette" their impressions and
opinions of what is right and proper,
and also the notions of contributing
citizens. All this literature Is to be
published at expense of taxpayers
The measure is compiled at the Oregon
City "reform" factory, as supplement
to initiative and referendum, direct
primaries, state ownership of rail
roads, proportional representation, etc.
It will be offered to the sovereign peo
ple next election.
Hera Is a scheme that will further
aid every crank and fool citizen to
print his 'Views" at public expense.
The big pamphlet of arguments, here
tofore published by the state for every
Initiative and referendum election, will
be a thin offering by comparison. Yet
it has been so compendious that
scarcely any voter has ever plowed
through it.
Here, then. Is a new plan for airing
fads and fancies "free." The inspec
tors are to establish and edit the Ore
gon Official Gazette, for the purpose.
Their notions are to have the author
ity of the state and every voter Is to be
a subscriber, postage and subscription
free. The inspectors are to sit as a
continuous court of inquisition over
every official's policy and every citi
zen's politics. Through their theories
all publications of the official gazette
must filter. These mighty fad editors
are to be appointed by the Governor
and draw $3000 a year salary each.
Such a machine power, utilizing the
state's stamp of authority and its
means of Intelligence, never would
have been thought of in days of safe
and sane constitution-making in Ore
gon. It is an absurdity that the peo
ple of this state ought not to have to
learn; their instinct perhaps will
guard them against the experiment.
Railroad prosperity, which Is re
flected In Increased ' earnings, and
higher prices for stocks, is already
spreading to other branches of the
Industry- The greatest crop of agri
cultural products ever produced in
the United States will shortly be mov
ing to market, and It will require more
rolling stock and motive power to
move It than was needed for any of
Its predecessors. The immense amount
of business held In abeyance pending
settlement of tho tariff question is
beginning to move, and in every quar
ter there is much evidence to indicate
that the country Is entering on a
greater era of prosperity than that
which so abruptly terminates nearly
two years ago. This means that the
railroads will In a short time be con
fronted with a greater volume of busi
ness than they can handle. That this
Is no idle statement or prediction can
be understood, if we recall the condi
tions In existence two years ago.
Every man In the Pacific Northwest,
or in any other part of the United
States, mho had a carload of goods to
ship will remember the extreme diffi
culty experienced in securing the car,
and also the delay in having it moved.
The railroads, with every available
car in service, and with every locomo
tive working up to the limit, were
unable to handle the immense traffic
then offering, with . anything like sat
isfaction to their patrons, or with
adequate returns warranted by the
extraordinary outlay which abnormal
movement involves. This country has
grown rapidly in wealth and popula
tion, and there has been a great de
velopment in all parts of the united
States, even during the two years of
hard times. It is thus a certainty
that the maximum business which the
railroads of the country will be called
on to handle within the next six
months will far exceed in volume that
which threw them Into such a help
less state of congestion two years ago.
For all that, the long list of Industries
that have been awaiting the return of
this coming prosperity will good
naturedly put up with a return of car
shortage, if it brings with It all the
accompaniments that were In evidence
two years ago.
The report that Mr. Harriman has
secured control of the New York Cen
tral, while lacking official confirma
tion, is undoubtedly true. At none of
the interesting stages of the phenom
enal career of this greatest railroad
financier has he occupied for very long
an unimportant position in the man
agement of any property In which he
has secured a foothold. Whatever
criticism may be directed against this
steadily increasing power, already in
conceivably great to rest in the hands
of one man, it must be admitted that
every railroad that has been drawn
into the Harriman net has profited by
the change in ownership and control.
To this fact is due the steadily in
creasing power of Harriman, and the
enlargement of his railroad domain.
Nothing succeeds like success, and
the world of Investors, large or small,
is not only willing but anxious to fol
low the leadership of any man who
has made a conspicuous success in a
chosen field. When Harriman took
up Union Pacific, a bankrupt, discred
ited road which had repudiated all
of its obligations, the stock was selling
at $18 per share. Monday it sold at
$218. This rehabilitation of the great
trans-continental line was not accom
plished with ease. It required not only
brilliant financiering and rare econ
omy in operation, but also a remarka
ble genius for stilling the protests of
stockholders who were unable to draw
any dividends while the work of re
construction was proceeding. Harri
man "made good" with Union Pa
cific, and he has "made good" with
every road that has come under his
control since he first lifted that bank
rupt road from the gutter.
The additions that have been made
to the Harriman system since Union
Pacific was laid as the keystone for the
railroad arch have not all come easily,
and quite a few railroad managers
who got in the way of the Harriman
Juggernaut have gone down fighting.
In every case, however, the properties
involved have made a better showing
under Harriman management than in
the hands of his predecessors, and it
is but natural that the later addi
tions to the system are coming much
easier than the early accumulations.
New York Central is coming under
Harriman control because the race of
Vanderbilts who made the road fa
mous are no longer on earth. There
are thousands of stockholders of vary
ing degrees of prominence who prefer
to have the control of their property
In the hands of a successful railroad
man instead of under the domination
of the incompetent Vanderbllt de
scendants. The Harriman thirst for power, or,
to use a harsher expression, greed for
gain, would have cut but a sorry fig
ure when Stuyvesant Fish was re
lieved of the control of the Illinois
Central had not the railroad wizard
been encouraged and assisted by a
large number of hardheaded business
men who had money Invested In the
road. These men did not think they
were receiving the returns which their
Investment warranted, and In seeking
a man who could get more out of the
property than it was then producing
they selected Mr. Harriman because he
had made a conspicuous success of
the roads with which he was already
associated. The control of the New
York Central, If It passes Into Mr. Har
riman's hands, will give him two lines
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, Joined
in the East by his water connections
between New Orleans and New York,
and also by the Illinois Central, and
on the west by the Southern Pacific.
Within the boundaries of this vast ter
ritory dwell more than four-fifths of
the population of the United States.
A few years more of "Harrimanizing"
of the railroads in that territory will
have them all paying tribute to the
man whose actual performances have
made most of the magical tales of
Aladdin seem very ordinary by com
parison. PICKING HOPS.
Hop-picking la the poetry of toll.
It Is only by straining language that
It can be called toll, In fact, for It is
a good deal more like play to stand all
day in the cool freeze with the dim
September sunlight falling dreamily
over the fields, and gather the fra
grant clusters. Who does not love
the odor cf hops? Whatever he may
think of the taste when it has been
mingled with the other substances
which compose beer, no man can deny
that the smell Is purely and innocently
delightful. To breathe It all day is
reward enough for filling the boxes
over and over again, but the happy
hop-picker gets a penny a pound be
sides. "Hiis Is the kind of work which
makes the body vigorous and the mind
serene. Modern civilization compels
some to labor at task's which shorten
their lives. It immures little children
in noisome factories and deforms their
body with hideous tasks. But anybody,
young or old, can pick hops and grow
healthier every day. Women can make
their fingers fly in gathering this most
delectable of harvests without losing
their charm. Indeed, the more hops
they pick the more lovable they grow.
It were a beauteous thing to send all
our city dames out into tho hopflelds
every Fall, the vain, the fretful, the
social climbers, the spendthrifts, and
let them be converted by kindly na
ture to the sweeter life which frets
over nothing and cares not to climb.
Perhaps the next legislature may be
persuaded to require by law that every
woman In Oregon shall spend two
weeks in the hopflelds each September.
Who shall say how much happier the
state would be for it, especially If they
were all compelled to wear calico
gowns and Shaker sunbonnets? People
smile now at t"..e thought of such a
law, but some time they may take it
seriously. Ideals are changing. Many
things that were only amusingly ec
centric ten years ago are now accepted
bits of wisdom. Our annual exodus
to the fields might be worth while,
even at the price of one more law.
The American Association of Farm
ers' Institute Workers is the stately
and comprehensive riame of an organ
ization now holding its fourteenth an
nual convention In this city. J. L. Ells
worth, of Massachusetts, president of
the organization, struck the keynote
of successful endeavor in the line in
dicated by the association's name
when, in his opening address, he ad
monished the delegates, saying:
It should be remembered that In the
farmers you are dealing with a peculiar
and cautious people, who have decided Ideas
and perhaps prejudices, that are conserva
tive, ultra-conservative and the hardest
people In the world to make change an
opinion once formed. They do not take up
matters of Importance until such time as
they can take them up in their own way.
This premise being true, the method
of procedure in organizing and con
ducting farmers Institutes readily sug
gests Itself. Farmers should not only
be permitted, but they should be en
couraged and even urged to take
charge of local Institutes. Instructors
In these should be farmers of practical
experience In the work which they
present; not theoretical farmers whose
fields are textbooks and whose gar
dens and orchards are fancifully laid
out on paper. It may not be possible
at all times to secure for this work
a man who Is both a farmer and a
teacher, but if either Is to be dis
pensed with, "take the farmer." This
Is the advice of Mr. Ellsworth. Given
a farmer who Is a growing, progres
sive man in his vocation, the advice
is sound.
The work of the State Agricultural
College, both technical and demonstra
tive, easily wins its way Into the re
spect and confidence of farmers of
the younger class. Those who have
reached middle age, working their
way, so to speak, to such knowledge
of crops and rotations and seasons as
can be gained by experience covering
a long series of years, are slower to
accept the suggestions of professors
of agriculture, but are willing to lis
ten to men who by experience know
whereof they speak, while old farmers
are In the main Indffferent, if not hos
tile, to the new gospel of agriculture.
All of this is but to say that the ele
ment called human nature is strongly
entrenched among the farmer folk and
that they are loyal to the traditions
of their vocation, and abandon them
only when convinced that they have
been supplanted by something "better.
Convictions all along the line of ag
ricultural endeavor have within the
past twenty and even ten years routed
many time-honored traditions in this
ancient realm.- Among these is pride
in the ownership of large areas which
it was impossibly for the farmer of
moderate means to till. In evidence
of this are small tracts well cultivated
Into which many large farms have
been divided: the diversified crops
which have taken the place of an "all
wheat" culture; the commercial or
chard that is flourishing in many
places where tradition and sentiment
held to the family orchard, the trees
of which were unproductive of mar
ketable fruit, or in many later years
even of fruit fit for the table or the
cider press. Farmers of the more pro
gressive type have sacrificed tradition
to knowledge in these and many other
matters, while the sentiment that clung
to old orchard trees mossy, gnarled
and infested by fruit pests has been
sternly ruled out of the horticultural
court of pleas.
Farmers are taking kindly to new
methods or, making merit of necessity,
as In the case .f the old family or
chard, are conforming to them. More
tl.L.n this, as represented by the most
active and progressive of their class,
they are seeking to learn what Is worth
knowing about their vocation through
the medium of experiments which
they themselves have not had time or
means, or perhaps inclination to make.
They emulate the enterprising, though
skeptical gentleman from Missouri in
that they, "want to be shown." When
one of their number is able to demon
strate the new problem of agriculture
that is being worked out in agricul
tural college.3, experiment stations, by
boards of horticulture and through the
National Department of Agriculture
so much the better. He is a practical
farmer, which means that his way into
the confidence of his brethren has
been opened. After that he may be
a technical farmer without exciting
their contempt.
Mother love is the same in all lan
guages and among all peoples. Its
tender solicitude Is found alike in the
palaces Of the rich and the hovels of
the poor. Criminal history is full of
cases where most grievous offenders
have been deserted by all others ex
cept the one best friend, the mother,
and there is no crime too hideous to
dim the lovelight that beams from her
eyes. Out of all the murky shadows
of the Thaw tragedy the only gleam
of purity and light that has appeared
has been the pathetic loyalty of the
sorrowing mother for her wayward, 111
wltted son. To save him, first from
the gallows and now from the asylum,
the mother of Harry Thaw has not
only wrecked the Thaw fortune and
brought herself face to face with a
penniless old age, but she has been
obliged to sacrifice health, happiness,
position In society, and all else that a
few years ago made life attractive.
Whatever parental delinquencies may
be charged up against the mother of
Harry Thaw for the poor start he got
In life, the poor woman is now mak
ing more than full atonement through
the awful sorrow that is searing her
Hardly a day passes without bring
ing news of some new manufacturing
enterprise for Portland. These new
projects, which are to make heavy
Increases in Portland's dinner-pail
brigade, range all the way from small
affairs, with a few thousand dollars
capital, to big enterprises in which
several hundred thousands will be In
vested. Lack of manufacturing enter
prises, both, large and small, has al
ways been a weak point in Portland's
Industrial situation, and, now that the
tide has set in our favor, the effect
will soon be noticeable in all kinds
of business. '
Abdul Hamld,' -who recently lost a
good position as Sultan of Turkey and
boss of the largest harem in the near
East, is not near death's door, as
reported, but has only been troubled
with an abscess In the throat. As
Abdul retained thirteen wives, there
was undoubtedly sufficient talk In the
Hamld family to make up for the en
forced silence of the ex-Sultan while
he was recovering.
From the National and International
point of view, . Portland's harbor Is
part of the world's great watery high
way, open to the commerce of the
world; viewed locally, it Is a stream
dividing a city into two parts. Mayor
Simon says to shipping: Don't balk us
so often when we wish to cross. Uncle
Sam says: Ships have the right of
way. And there you are.
Seattle is preparing to be ripped up
the back and across the center by the
mighty question whether President
Taft shall spend his day in Seattle
playing golf or as the stellar attrac
tion of the Pay Streak. If Seattle be
comes real earnest' over this matter,
someone ought to give the President
a tip in time so that he can take to
the tall timber.
The Japanese government has with
drawn the sealing subsidy which has
heretofore been extended to vessels
engaged In sealing. The expense of
squaring up the international rows
precipitated by the sealing poachers
was so much greater than the subsidy
that the change will no doubt prove
to be for the better.
It is estimated that Seattle's street
lights for the coming year will cost
$202,000. This is about double the
cost of public lighting in Portland.
But what does Seattle care? There
they have municipal ownership of
lights, and nobody has to pay but the
So eager was a man in Linn County
for a divorce that he crossed Santiam
River into Linn County to accept sum
mons for his wife's suit. Maybe now
tho wife will wish she hadn't.
Reason for the sudden rise In Harri
man stocks is not far to seek. Wall
street has heard of its prospective In
crease In earnings from traffic in Cen
tral Oregon.
You can't take up a more trite topic
than Oregon's Summer weather, but
where by contrast or ,per se can you
find a pleasanter subject for conversa
tion. In a few years when everybody owns
one of the Wright brothers' machines,
the closing of Portland's drawbridges
will not be so live a question.
The hoppicking season being earlier
than usual this year, thousands of
youngsters can earn their Fall clothes
before the public schools open.
Coos Bay would be a suitable goal
for Mr. Hill's new railroad. It would
enable Mr. Harriman to see fine things
In that part of the state.
If J. J. Hill had managers in San
Francisco like Mr. Harriman's, he
might not have thought It worth while
to enter Central Oregon.
Those- who gambled for Government
land and won would better not go near
the gambling game again.
Mr. Harriman's health in Europe
has not improved. Doctors are the
same the world over.
All aboard for Central Oregon!
Practical Sermon on Two Texts Fur
nished by The Orcs;onlnn.
PORTLAND, Aug. 17. To the Edi
tor.) There were two suggestions In
The Sunday Oregonian which were
fraught with more than ordinary sig
nificance. One was a cartoon repre
senting a regretful citizen who had
neglected buying a piece of land here
25 years ago, while the other gave the
details as to how a Linn-county farmer
cleared $6000 this year on a 400-acre
farm, for the use of which he paid 1600
As to the first, it may be said that the
opportunities for making money in
Portland and Oregorf Investments were
never so good as right now. Indeed, no
other part of the United States so cap
able of sustaining a dense population
is so lacking In that very element of
progress and prosperity. If Oregon
had as many people to the square mile
as has Massachusetts, we would have
here a population of 30,000,000, and
everybody knows how much superior
our own state Is in the matter or an
equable climate and fertile soil to the
old Bay State of the New England
And the second Instance referred to
illustrates what is possible here under
the most normal conditions. The Llnn-
county farmer did not raise fancy
fruits or rare vegetables, but plain rood
for'- man and beast, and what he did
can be done by any other farmer in
any part of this country. There
is no patent on his methods nor any
miracle shining out of his results. And
vet. it is auite common for men wun
money to stand back and declare that
land Is too high here, and ratner man
invest it will lend It out at 7 per cent
and receive an annual income of 17
from a sum that would no doubt buy
two acres of such land as yielded the
Linn-county farmer $C net profit. It
is a safe guess, however, that the, owner"
of the land, having a demonstration as
to what it Is capable o doing, win not.
atrain rent it out for $1.50 an acre.
And yet, this instance of what is pos
sible for Willamette-valley iana to ao
nresents Just an ordinary output
When devoted to fruits or vegetables or
dairy products, the profits are much
above the case under consideration, and
in this climate as sure as taxes.
A Portland visitor last week ear
nestly protested that farm lands were
as high in Oregon as In Illinois, and he
insisted that it is an outrage that it Is
so, but an innocent bystander reminded
him that land in a country where roses
hlnom all the year around, and every
home is a Summer resort in the middle
of August, should be, and is, worm
about three times as much as In any
other countrv where In Summer people
are mowed down by the excessive heat
waves and in Winter chilled to tne
bone by the opposite extreme. It may
be true that "people cannot live on
climate." but it Is also true that some
times they cannot live on account of it.
Indeed, whether a country is fit to live
In at all, depends upon Its climatic con
ditions. And vegetation takes cogni
zance of this as auickly as do people.
An up-Valley man was in Portland
last week looking around and remarked
that "If he had had any sense 10 years
ago" he would have come here and
invested his means and "would today
be a rich man." and he was nibbling
around looking at several propositions
but went home leaving another oppor
tunity for profitable investment unim
proved. It is probable that Harry
Murphy ran across some such man
when he found his subject ior me car
tnnn nnrtravinar an angry and dis
gusted Individual kicking himself for
in a left-handed manner running down
the best country in the United States
a fact which he himself admitted.
This la the Keynote of Success In Any
Vocation Today.
PORTLAND, Aug. 18. (To the Edit,,-i
if i niH that Booth, in "Richard
the Third," during the duel once used
his sword with such unusual vigor mat
hip antagonist became aware that the
great tragedian was actually ana des
perately reaching for his heart with
frantic thrusts of his weapon. There
was fire in Booth's eyes that alarmed
him. He uttered a shriek and rushed
off the stage, with the great actor in
hot pursuit, back behind the scenes, out
through the dressing room, down through
the stage entrance into the street, cry
ing for helD at every step. "Arrest
Booth!" he screamed; "he thinks he is
Richard the Third!" And so he did.
He had studied the times in which Rich
ard lived, worn Richard's armor, adopt
ed his impulses and manner with such
concentration that all the sentiments,
feelings and passions of Richard were
actually his.
This is an exemplification of the fact
that one well-cultivated purpose, deep
ened and intensified, is worth a score
of shallow faculties. The first law of
success among the clamoring thousands
now in our great and growing city is
The day of universal knowledge Is
past. Life Is too short to attempt more
than one thing. The man of single and
intense purpose is the man who is in
demand when something Is to be done.
The marksman la6t week, when the
soldiers were in target practice at Clack
amas, who aimed "at the pile," hit noth
ing in particular.
The crying evil is dissipation, and it
makes no difference whether these dis
sipations are coarse or fine.
The all-round man who does a little at
everything and nothing in particular may
properly be termed the Jaekaes-at-all-trades.
Keep the Jail Where It Is.
PORTLAND, Aug. 16. To the Editor )
An able article appeared in your issue
of August 12 by M. G. Griffin, in ref
erence to the most suitable location of
the new City Jail. Mr. Griffin has cov
ered the ground so ably and showed to
the public so lucidly that It would be
unnecessary for me to endeavor to am
plify on the same. Suffice it to say that
probably 75 per cent of the criminals who
appear in the Police Court are arrested
north of Oak street. The offer tendered
by Mr. Taylor, agent for the owner of the
25 feet, along Second street, to the north,
adjoining the old City Jail, should, in my
humble opinion, be accepted.
Oh, Piffle!
PORTLAND, Aug. 17. (To the Editor.)
It occurs to the writer, a visiter in
your city, that the caricature displayed
three columns wide on the front page of
tnis morning's Oregonian is a step down
ward from the usual good taste and good
sense that characterize your paper. Mr.
Harriman and our other great financiers
appreciate a good joke on themselves, but
I doubt if any man of sense and breeding
ran see anything "funny" about this hor
rible nightmare depicting the surprised
countenance of the railroad king as
something between that of an Idiot and
a devil fish. - J. E. NYE
Mr. Pulltser to Live In Berlin.
New York Herald.
Announcements are made in the local
press that Joseph Pulitzer, proprietor
of the New York World, has taken a
villa in the Grunewald, Berlin's fash
ionable residential quarter, with a view
of making this city his home in the
The Fat Girl.
Here's to the woman, bless her heart.
Who heeds not fashion's call.
But who Is simple in her part,
And comely, too, wltha.'.
Who, when her sisters dress so slim
Thev don't know where they're at.
Will scorn each fashion's foolish whim
And keep on being fat.
St. Louis Star.
Two Weeks' Climb Is Declared a
Great Success.
After an outing of two weeks on the
slope .of Mount Baker, six members of
the Mazama party, which left here Au
gust 2, arrived home Monday night. The
permanent camp was struck Sunday
morning and the entire 'party started
down the trail toward Doming, where
members of the Bellingham contingent
were met with wagons and began the
Journey home. The Portland members
remained at Demlng over night, taking
the train for Seattle Monday morning.
Here the expedition disbanded, most of
the members remaining in Seattle to visit
the Fair. Those who arrived here Mon
day night were: Miss Metcalf, Miss
Morgan. Dr. A. E. Stone, Dr. W. C.
Adams, R. W. Montague and John R.
"The outing was a success from start
to finish." said R. W. Montague last
night. "The management of the camp
was admirable and not one bit of com
plaint was made. Cook Knapton was one
of the most accommodating persons I
ever saw. During the entire stay I never
heard him make the least complaint. The
fact that members of the party had the
habit of straggling In to meals and de
laying things generally did not seem to
disturb him in the least. The meals were
"The climb on Wednesday was made
without difficulty. It was nothing in
comparison with our climb up the north
side of St. Helens last year. The slope
is not steep and on account of the warm
weather the now. was soft and Insured
a secure- footing at all times. The labor
of climbing due to the hlEh altitude was
the only disadvantage we experienced.
We began the ascent at fi o'clock and
reached the ummit at about 2 o'clock
in the afternoon. The view toward this
Sound was obscured by heavy clouds, but
that toward the East was a splendid and
awe-inspiring night. As a matter of fact,
there were days when the view from the
camp was finer than any we had from
the summit. The route down the moun
tain was plainly marked with red flag.
so that members of the party suited
themselves as to the length of their stay
on the summit.
"The country in the vicinity of Mount
Baker is a most Interesting region. Every
day during our stay there we made trips
to the glaciers and peaks in the vicinity.
The flshingwas so good that our friends
will have a hard time believing our
stories. The streams had probably never
been visited before which accounts for
the phenomenal luck of our fishermen."
Pioneer Steamboat Man Succumbs
to Paralysis.
Captain Julius Sorensen. aged 74 years
and 3 months, died yesterday afternoon
at the family residence, 435 Glisan street,
as a result of paralysis of long stand
ing. The death of Captain Sorensen
marks the passing of one of the pioneers
of Oregon and Washington, prominent In
the making of early history. His close
friend and early-day associate. Captain
Seth L. Pope, of 193 Seventeenth street,
says Captain Sorensen was one of three
or four of the pioneers who steamboated
on the upper rivers in the early '50s.
Captain Sorensen was born in Copen
hagen, Denmark, May 16, 1836. He took
to the sea early in life, coming to the
Pacific Coast when 15 years old. At 20
ha was master of the pioneer steamer
Senorita. which was built over from the
old steamer Gazelle. The Gazelle was
wrecked on the upper Columbia In the lat
ter '40s. and several lives were lost. As
master of the Gazelle Captain Sorensen
took the first companies of volunteers to
the Cascades during the Indian War in
1856 after the massacre. Later he and
Captain Pope steamboated together on the
Pen d'Oreille Lake and River.
"I was the agent of the company op
erating the boats, and employed Captain
Sorensen because of his faithfulness to
duty and his integrity," said Captain
Pope last night. "I never knew a man
who had a higher regard for his own
word than he."
Captain Sorensen came to Portland to
live in 1870. He was married prior to
that time at Walla Walla, where he con
ducted a packtrain between that city and
Helena, Mont. He engaged in the whole
sale wood business here, which he can
tlnued until 10 years go, when he was
stricken by paralysis. His wire died sev
eral years ago, and no children survive.
The funeral will be conducted under the
auspices of the Independent Order of Odd
fellows. Definite funeral arrangements
however, have not been made.
Fatal Accident Mars Races at Chey
enne, Wyo.
CHEYENNE, Wyo., Aug. 17. A sensa
tional accident, in which a 40-horsepower
Colburn car ran from the track at full
speed, turned over, crushed the driver so
that he will probably die, marred the fin
ish of the 200-mile free-for-all auto race
that was being held here today in con
nection with the celebration of Frontier
The accident occurred in the last lap of
the big race, in which several cars were
spinning around the roadway course, and
Ernest Griffith, the driver, seemed to
have a good chance at winning when the
tragedy came. Something evidently gave
way about the steering-gear, for the car
suddenly lurched to one side, plunged
over the embankment, and rolled along
by the side of the course like a giant
tumbling ball.
The race was won by Martin Fletcher, of
Denver, driving an Oldsmobile, who com
pleted the 200-mile dash about the course
In three hours 39 minutes and 47 seconds,
making a new world's record for the dis
tance. Griffith, the driver of the wrecked car,
was terribly crushed, and though rushed
to a hospital, no chance is held out for his
Rock Island Man Tells Farmers of
Values of Crops.
SHAWNEE, Okla., Aug. 17. B. F. Yoa
kum, chairman of the executive commit
tee of the Rock Island-Frisco line. In an
address today before the Farmers' Union
of Oklahoma, deprecated the growing
expense which the United States Govern
ment is incurring in maintaining the
Army and Nevy.
He declared the "grain and cotton
fields of the Mississippi Valley and the
West are stronger military defenses than
Mr. Yoakum's subject was. "The Farmer
and the Railroad." He strongly advo
cated good roads as a means of bringing
the carrier and the producer closer to
Six Inches of Snow in Johannesburg
by Noontime.
JOHANNESBURG. Aug. 17. The heav
iest snowfall in many years occurred here
today. Six inches had fallen at noon.
and the aorm was still In progress.
Tr.e telegraph and telephone services are
badly disorganized, and business has been
almost suspended. The members of the
Stock Exchange ceased business long
enough to engage In a snowball battle.
Officers Find Colonel M'Donell's
Accounts O. K.
After working for three days In check
ing the accounts and auditing the books
of Colonel McDonell, of the Third Regi
ment, the auditing committee announced
last night that the books of Colonel Mc
Donell balance. The two funds In ques
tion, the regimental fund and the band
fund, were both checked: the cash on
hand from the regimental fund, $265.16.
as shown by the books, and that of the
band fund, $71.47, tallied with the money
turned over by Colonel McDonell.
The Investigation was carried on in the
Colonel's office by H. U. Welch, Captain
of Field Artillery, and Captains C. T.
Smith, R. M. Dobie, L. A. Bowman. Wal
ter W. Wilson and L. E. Crouch, of the
Third Infantry.
"I cannot conceive where. the shortage
report started." stated Captain Smith of
the auditing committee. "To me the only
way in which it could have started is
that there are several smalL.outstandlng
bills which Colonel McDonell contracted
and which he cannot pay as yet. These
were bills drawn On the next quarterly
The totals resulting from the checking
of the Investigating committee were
larger by $8 than the table of receipts
and expenditures published by The Ore
gonian yesterday showing Colonel Mc
Donell turned over $336.62 and not $328.65
as intimated by the unofficial figures.
In a statement made yesterday. Colonel
McDonell announced he had changed his
mind about resigning and because of
Inferences surrounding his verbal resig
nation, he would remain at the head of
the Third Regiment until his business In
civilian life demanded all his time.
Inspector-General Jackson will not be
gin his investigation of the state account
kept by Colonel McDonell until next
Monday. Next Thursday is the date set
by General Finzer for Colonel McDonell
to turn over the balance of the fund, said
to be nominal, to Inspector-General Jack
son at the Armory.
Husband Declares He Was Forced
to Marry.
J. T. Rainsberry has brought suit for
divorce in the Circuit Court against
Christene Rainsberry, alleging that his
marriage was illegal. J. "Hat" Hitching".
Rainsberry's attorney, appeared at tin
Sheriff's office yesterday morning with
a copy of the complaint, and asked that
it be served on Mrs. Rainsberry. Service
was made, but no record appeared with
the clerk of the Circuit Court that the
original complaint had been filed. Hltch
ings later In the day was' asked if he
had filed the complaint, and answered In
the negative. This blunder could have
nullified the divorce complaint. Hltchings
ohjected to paying the fee for the second
service required.
Rainsberry. the plaintiff, alleges that
he went through the forra of a marriage
ceremony with Christene Gustafson on
June 14. He was in the Justice Court at
the time, he says, and was forced to sub
mit to the tying of the knot.
William N. Strlplln, a printer. Is being
sued In the Circuit Court by his wife, Ida
Striplin, who wants a divorce. She has
patiently endured hie frequent blows and
choklncs for the last four years, she
says, but has at last decided to seek re
lief. They have been living at the Ohio
Hotel. She says he threatened last Sat
urday to kill her. As his wages amount
to about $30 a week, she considers her
self entitled to $50 suit money and $30
permanent alimony. They were married
at Butte, Mont., December 27, 1904, and
have two children.
The divorce suit of Anna B. Matirer
against C. C. Maurer has been dismissed
In the Circuit Court because the plaintiff
had not been a resident of Oregon for a
year before it was filed. Circuit Judge
Gatens made the order yesterday after
noon dismissing the case.
Testimony of Good Character Is
, Cheered in Court.
Witnesses testified before Circuit Judge
Gatens yesterday afternoon as to the
good reputation df Leo Le Tlssler, An
thony Conrad and William Parker, the
young men recently Indicted by the grand
Jury for assaulting a 16-year-old girl of
Arleta. Judge Gatens continued the ase
until Friday morning, when It Is probable
that indictments charging a lesser crime
will be filed, and that the lads will plead
guilty and be paroled.
Rev. E. A. Smith, pastor of the Arleta
Baptist Church, said the boys were
church members, and that he had never
before known anything out of the way
in their conduct. H. A Chambers, for
five years Postmaster at Arleta: Peter
Strahan, in the real estate business at
Arleta, and-Willlum Woodham, proprie
tor of a hardware store at Arleta, also
testified in behalf of the boys.
It was reported yesterday that Mrs.
Kate Collins, charged with the murder
of Dr. A. Ray Collins, was not In condi
tion to be brought into court; so her ar
raignment did not take place as ex
pected. Simon Cohen, C. A. Langston and W.
A. Schooling were arraigned. Cohen Is
accused of larceny In a dwelling, Langs
ton of assault on H. W. McNab, and
Schooling of selling liquor to W. L Stin
son without a license. Langston pleaded
not guilty, and the others will plead Fri
day morning. The case of Harry Mitch
ell, 16 years old, who Is accused of par
ticipating in a liold-up, was transferred
to the Juvenile Court.
Remembers Manners When Woman
Catches Him at Work.
Returning to her room at the Palmer
House at the corner of Park and Alder
streets, after a short absence yester
day morning, Mrs. R. E. Worrell, wife
of the proprietor of Worrell's cloak
house, found herself face to face with
a daylight burglar. The man had
packed a suitcase full of clothing and
articles of jewelry, and apparently was
Just preparing to leave with his loot.
Startled at the man's presence in her
apartment, Mrs. Worrell at first did not
realize she was in the presence of a
thief, and she did not notice the suit
case filled with plunder until later.
"Who are you and what are you do
ing in our rooms?" asked Mrs. Worrell.
"I believe you must have made a mis
take. '
"Well, If these are your rooms I must
have made a mistake," politely re
joined the daylight Raffles, lifting his
hat. tor i tnougnt. tney were my
cousin's rooms. I therefore apologize."
With that he cooly walked out.
Two minutes later Mrs. Worrell saw
the suitcase all packed, and realized
the man must have picked the lock to
her door. She rushed to the hall to
give the alarm, but the thief had dis
appeared. Searching further. Mrs.
Worrell found that a diamond scarfpin
was missing. She reported the case to
the police with a description of the po
lite burglar. Detectives are in-quest of
the latest Raffles.
Murder Theory Scouted.
MAR9HFIELD. Or., Aug. 17. (Spe
cial.) Assistant District Attorney LlltJ
qulst has been Investigating the death
of R A. Johnson, who was found dead
on the street with a bullet In his heart.
On account of the talk of foul play, the
investigation was made, but it is under-
tood that the lawyer has found no
evidence to substantiate the murder the