8 THE MORXISG OKEGOMAX- WEDXESUAV, MAY 12, 1909. t (Omrnninn PORTLAND. OREGON. Entered at TNirtland. Oregon. Postotncst as Second -iMass Matter. subscription Kates Innrteklj Is Advaac. (By Mall.) Ially, Sunday Included, one year 8 00 Daily. Sunday" Included, ilx montba li Dally. Sunday Included, three montba.. 2.23 Dally. Sunday Included, one monta .75 Xally, without Sunday, one year 6.00 Daily, without Sunday, six moothe S 23 Daily, without Sunday, three months... 1-T5 Dally, without Sunday, on month .00 WrelU. one year 150 Sunaay. one year 2 GO Sunday and weekly, one year SO (By Carrier.) Dally, Sunday Included, one year...... 9-00 D.".ll. Sunday Included, one month... -75 order, express order or peraonal check oa yur local bank, stamps, coin or currency are at the sender's risk. Give postofflce ad' dreaa In lull. Including- county and stats. Postage Rates 10 to 14 pases. 1 cent: 19 to 2S pages. 2 cents; 30 to 4-4 pages, 2 cents; 40 to tfO paces. 4 sent. Foreign aostaaa double rates. Eastern Business Office The S. C. Beck wlth Special Agency New York, rooms 48 80 Tribune building. Chicago, rooms 510-513 Tribune building. PORTLAND, WEDNESDAY. MAY 12. 11)09. SOMEWHAT TRITE, BUT ALWAYS TRUE. ' ' 1 1 .7 alii If) CL 1ILLIC UUIIKCI IIP ail tiqulty. Some times one feels a little concern with the picture of early so ciety portrayed in the Homeric poems; then with the obstinate questionings of the problems of human life pre sented in the Book of Isaiah or the Book of Job; anon with the ever old jet ever new presentations In the greater or greatest of modern writers as you find it. say in Hamlet or Faust, or in the Wonder-Working Ma gician of Calderon. Buf the present age is a new age: it has "become so picked," as Hamlet says, that we are all ready to exclaim. What is antiquity to us? To Philistinism nothing.-The modern dictionary will give our young people a definition of Philistinism adapted -to the modern time. This, however, - Is but preliminary; and it is as irrelevant, perhaps, as the introductory chapters to many a book to the general purposes of the writer thereof say the Greek Thucydldes, the Roman Sallust, to Fielding, Scott or Dickens in English; to Jean Paul Rich ter, for the Germans, or Victor Hugo, for the French. What is It then, that roars so loud and thunders in the Index? Nothing at all but a descent to a little book, published three or four years ago, now, therefore, outdated and belonging al ready to antiquity-'-hitherto noticed by The Oregonian, but now called to attention once more;--a book entitled, ..'The. Indian Dispossessed' doubtless "one of the last of the lamentations of the supersedure of the native races of the Western Hemisphere by the stronger Invading races from the East. It Is a sentimental book and on its sen timental side a good book. It tells about our treatment of the Umatillas and the Nei Perces; gives the story of the Bitter Root and many other stories; has an account no bad one of the Indian Reservations and of the administration of Uncle Sam as trus tee of the Indian tribes. It's a mighty touching story if you allow yourself to forget the principle of the survival of the fittest, which Is as rigorous and inexorable as to man as to any other portion of animal or animated nature more so, indeed, because of the su perior intelligence exerted upon man and by man, in his own case, through the law of survival of the Attest. True, indeed, it is modified very largely by man towards his fellow man through the moral sentiment that exists only In man in no other creature; but this moral -sentiment neer asserts" Itself till conquest has assured the safety of the intruder. That accomplished, pity enters, and sentimental writers begin their essays on the dispossessed or disinherited race, and on the injus tice of it all. But, after all, the principle of sur vival of the fittest, which is nature's plan or method of progress, applica ble to the human race as fully as to all other life upon the earth, doesn't disinherit the Indian in America more ruthlessly than it disinherits or dis possesses those members or portions of the . white race that can't keep the pace. All the weaker, or less adapt able classes, fall before the new and newer conditions in the changing world. The native races of America themselves enforced the rule of the strongest, among their own. The Iro quois persecuted terribly those not in agreement with them. They had al most exterminated the Hurons and other branches of the native races, .when Europeans appeared on the scene; and in our cities today, under renditions of highest civilization, the .struggle for life and the struggle, for "ascendancy Is going on thous-h no -violence is permitted as relentlessly as it ever proceeded in the earlier days, under nature's own way. It is. Indeed, the only road to human progress this ceaseless but necessary competition. In all America, north of Mexico, there might have been, at the time of the discovery by European explorers, a' native) population of BOO, 000. But ihls is probably an excessive estimate. Most of the writers who have made closest study of the question put it lower. This population had reached the limit of numbers and the limit of progress possible under the conditions of existence that it had wrought out for Itself. The habits of ages, formed on the conditions of Its life, could not be changed. On our Indian reserva tions at this day you will see the na tives abandoning the houses the Gov ernment has built for them, betaking themselves to their ancient wigwams, refusing the use of the plough and the punctual milking of the cows that have been given them, the care of the gardens and field crops, and even the labor of gathering the harvest. Is such a people dispossessed or disin herited, when crowded out by another people who want a chance to work? Is there Injustice In It? Here, In tha United States and Canada now is a population of 100. 000. 000, where form erly only 500.000 existed in savage state. Why shouldn't the Indian have been - dispossessed? But never mind the details of the argument. The Indian has been dis possessed, because it was Inevitable and necessary. This is not to nv h Injustice now and then has not been done, or that we should not be on our guard against injustice still. Yet na ture's law of survival of the fittest en forces Itself practically over all human checks and limitations. Its partial suspension by pity and compassion is good for man's moral and spiritual ' growth, yet In the long run the law ertforces Itself, all the same. - The United States Circuit Court of Appeals has rendered a very satlsfac- tory decision regarding the liability of the "welching" insurance compa nies which sought to evade their re sponsibility for fire losses following the San Francisco earthquake. To j their everlasting credit., most of the large insurance companies operating in the Bay State, paid their losses without any 'attempt at evasion, but a number of dishonest concerns made strenuous attempts to escape. Some of them did get away by various pretexts, but they were blacklisted or driven out of business elsewhere. A similar fate should be meted out to The compa nies which refused to pay until they were dragged into court and forced to do so. The. insurance business would be highly remunerative, if the pay ment of losses could be evaded without in any way Interfering with the col lection of premiums. THE SIREN'- AND THE TAXES. The fair enchantress who lured young Hamilton to his ruin now flits away to other scenes in search of other victims. Usually these lovely crea tures keep count of their prey and boast of the numbef they have brought down, much as bad men on the frontier used to make a notch on their gun stocks for every person they shot. Hamilton's charmer seems to differ from most of her frail sisters in this respect. She even goes so far as to resign the glory of her conquest alto gether and say it was some other woman for whom the young man sac rificed his career. This is modesty. Indeed. It is so far beyond what might have been expected from her that in voluntarily one looks round for a rea son. What induces the frail and se ductive Hazel to yield the credit of her victory to another woman! Is she afraid that she may perhaps be seized and questioned by some of the Investigating committees who are now stalking abroad seeking whom they may devour in Washington? And if she were to be thus questioned, is It possible that other high and mighty officials of the state might become en tangled In the tolls of the law because of having loved her not wisely, but too well? It needs the influence of a Hazel or two to account for thereign of official peculation which seems to have pre vailed lately in Washington offical dom. Where the revelations will stop only a prophet could tell, and he might make mistakes about it. The trail of the serpent may not run so far as it now seems to go, and It may run a. good deal farther. Corruption In of-" flee la like tuberculosis. It flourishes In the dark, attacks many victims who are never suspected of having con tracted the disease, "and is cured only by abundant sunlight. Hamilton, Schively and Nichols may be the only servants of the state who have be trayed their trust. Let us hope so. Still, -4here .may be others. People are disposed to suspect that there are a number of others. They are Inclined also to multiply the Hazels and mag nify their inroads on the public funds. Taxation has more than doubled In Washington In the last three years. How much has the song of the siren had to do with It? CORONATION OF JtEHEMMf.1) V. One pleasant . little ceremony which was formerly the rule at the corona tion of the Turkish monarchs has now been abandoned. This was the syste matic extermination of every male relative of the Sultan who might pos sibly become a claimant to the throne. Abdul, who has just abdicated In favor of his brother, Mehemmed, was the first to break the good old custom and his fate shows how useful it was. If he had had no brother living, no brother could have succeeded him. Shakespeare's Henry V refers to this Turkish practice of forestalling of future trouble when he tells his nobles that. Not Amurath an Amurath succeeds, but English Harry, Harry. Mehemmed V will naturally refrain from slaughtering his relations since he takes the throne, not under the auspices of old Ottoman custom so much as in the character of an inno vator. With his accession much of the ancient, the superstitious and the tyrannical passes away and Turkey In some senses, becomes a modern na tion. Henceforth the people are to rule there and the Sultan becomes their representative, rather than their master. Still, at the coronation of Mehemmed V, some care was exercised to make the breach with the past as inconspicuous as possible. The an cient ceremonies of drawing the sword of Othman and driving the plow were ostentatiously performed, so that the sorrowful old mossbacks could not say that all the dear ways of the fathers' had been forsaken. The symbolism of these ceremonies is obvious enough. By waving Othman's sword In the air Mehemmed sought to prove symbol ically that he was as good a warrior as the founder of the Empire which he inherits. By driving the plow across a yard or two of the lawn in front of the palace, he proves to minds which are easrTyconvlnced that he is In the vigor of his manhood and able to bear the burdens of state. Probably the performance of these little ceremonies did more to reconcile the reactionaries to Mehemmed than any exhibition of real ability, either mental or physical, could have done. The Turks, like all other human beings, care a gread deal more for symbols than they do for realities. If the form Is kept Intact they get along quite comfortably with out the substance. .- In most monarchies there are cer tain symbolical ceremonies which the ruler has to perform In order to live up to the popular conception of his office. Alphonso of Spain, for example, washes the feet of a number of poor people now and then to show how humble he is. His soul Is elevated above the vanity of pomp and power or he would never demean himself to wash anybody's feet. The President of the United States, with a more painful pretence of humility, shakes hands with a multitude of his loving subjects at stated periods. Between this cere mony and Alphbnso's feet washing any truly rational man would choose the latter, because it Involves no more humiliation and a great deal less labor. Moreover, one ceremony is fully as sincere as the other. The genuine; humility involved fairly equals the warlike capacity of Mehemmed, who has spent thirty years In prison. Still, Alphonso's subjects wouia, perhaps, dethrone him if he should fail to wash the feet of the poor at the proper time, and no President of the United States would have the slightest chance for re-election If he omitted the sacred handshakings.- He might even be im peached. Kings have been beheaded for offenses less serious. Symbolical ceremonies attract and overawe all of us. In most languages there are words too holy to be spoleen. What properly nurtured person does not shudder when he hears the name of the dejty profanely uttered? And yet that name, like any other word, is but a collocation of sound waves. In Itself It is only a symbol. Reverse the order of the sacred letters which spell t and they produce nothing better than the name of a dishonorable beast. The old magicians were able, by the use of symbolical marks and mumb lings, to call up spirits from the vasty deep and compel them to do amazing things.- Aladdin, could hale the Jinnl from their dark abodes by merely rubbing his finger on a lamp. When Faust had drawn the magic penta gram on his chamber floor, Mephls topheles could not step over the mark for all his power. Tarn O'Shanter got rid of the pursuing fiend as soon as he had crossed the running brook, and Sudermann's hero, in the Sunken Bell, was safe from the profane contact of his neighbors the instant Rautende lein had drawn a ring around him with her wand. Few people would, care to reflect what a part sheer symbolism plays in their lives. Most ' men have'-wedded their wives, not so much by promising to love and protect them as by placing a ring on the finger. "With this ring I thee wed," they say, thus making the whole -effleacy of marriage rest on a bit of symbolism, like Mehem raed's plow. When we want to make sure that our children shall escape the discomforts of Hades, we have a few drops of water sprinkled on their heads while the hlerophant utters a magic sentence. Wher. we wish to In sure, beyond all peradventure, that a witness in court shall tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, we make htm kiss a volume of ancient Jewish literature, usually a dirty volume, swarming with germs. The fact is that the greater part of life is carried on by symbols and solid reality we only rarely touch. A SEVERE. BUT A JUST PENALTY. The sentiment, as well as the sense of justice, of the jantlre country ap proves the sentence passed by Judge Williams upon James H. Boyle and his wife, Helen, for having kidnaped Willie Whltla. The crime was com mitted March 18, and the man and wife who planned and executed jt are, in less than two months from that time,. In the Western Pennsylvania Penitentiary, the one under a life sen tence, the other under a sentence of twenty-five years' Imprisonment, which, for a woman of Mrs. Boyles' age, is practically for' life. Severe as the penalty inflicted upon these criminals, it is not too severe. To prove its leniency, staggering though It was, the Judge reminded them that the crime of which they had been convicted, was in former times punished by death. Its enormity seemed even to Impress these crimi nals themselves, since, upon being asked if they had anything to say before sentence was pronounced, they offered neither extenuation nor ex cuse and made no plea for leniency. The crime of child-stealing is essen tially cold-blooded, cruel and coward ly: The suffering that it inflicts upon parents is greater than that caused by death. And if the mystery of a child's sudden disappearance is never cleared up as In the case of Charley Ross, whose distracted parents went up and down the land for years, following sup posed clews and spending money with out stint, in the vain effort to re cover, or even get tidings of their child, this sorrow becomes the stalk ing ghosts of a lifetime. Unusually fortunate, under the cir cumstances, were the parents of Willie Whltla in the early recovery of their son. The public also has reason to congratulate itself In that the kidnap ers were so quickly apprehended, tried, convicted and given over to severe penalty. The spectacle presented by this man and woman, as they were carried from the courtroom in a state of physi cal collapse, after receiving sentence, excites contempt. Pity, though un reasoning, does ont appear in their behalf and as for sympathy, that has been exhausted in behalf of the par ents so cruelly wronged by this con scienceless, mercenary pair. The warning conveyed by this early con viction and severe penalty will not be lost upon .mercenaries of the Boyle type and it may well be believed that the public will not soon again be start led, and the smpathles of humanity generally aroused by a case of child stealing. SECRETARY WILSON'S ERROR. Secretary Wilson who has been lying rather low since his ridiculous report on wheat stocks in farmer's hands appeared, broke Into print in Chicago again Monday. A decline of a few cents per bushel in th price of wheat apparently led him to believe that dealers all over the world had made a mistake . In their estimates of crops and stocks on hand. Taking courage from this temporary weakness. Secre tary Wilson says: "Wheat is 40 cents per bushel too high. The present price is purely an artificial one and is due to manipulation a corner I should call it. The present price of wheat was put where it is by speculators. It is not an honest price." The Secretary also repeated his former statement that the governi-.ent figures "will cer tainly prove to be right in the long run.". What the public, that is paying the bills for this increased price of wheat, and also Secretary Wilson's salary and expenses, would like to determine, Is the location of that 143,000,000 bushels which Secretary Wilson Te ported in farmers' hands March 1. Coming down to a specific case, it would like to know what has become of the 8,949,000 busnels which Sec retary Wilson reported as "total stocks on farms" in Oregon, Washington and Idaho on March 1. The truth is that Secretary Wilson has been victimized by a set of worthless crop reporters, and is attempting to stand by their misleading reports. If Mr. Wilson would take the trouble to keep in formed on wheat prices the -world over, he would soon understand the impossibility of any one man's, or one clique's, no matter how powerful, ad vancing prices to a figure "forty cents per bushel too high." In the Daily Consular report issued by the Government May. 7, appears a report from Consul Frank W. Mahin, from Nottingham. England, in which he says: '"Flour has advanced in this locality $1 to 21.25 per sack of 280 pounds since January, but the price rise of wheat has been proportionately greater, the millers claim. Looking over the entire source of supplies, ex pert observers see a large deficiency during the present year. The - whole situation indicates that the price of Dread may be- still further advanced during this year." The Liverpool Corn Trade News, the recognized organ of the British milling trade, and naturally bearish in Its reports, under date of April 2 7 explains the decreasing stocks in detail and says: "The history of the trade for the past two years seems to prove conclusively . that the con sumptive requirements of the graniv. orous races have now caught up with the production, and it appears to be out of the question to expect low priced wheat or maize again until there has been a succession of -good harvests which will force producers and dealers to accumulate reserves." The London correspondent of the Northwestern Miller, under date of April 21, writes: "In my view, the future price of wheat does not depend upon the success or failure of Mr. Patten's dealings, but upon the condi tion of the world's actual supply and demand, in respect to which I can see no signs of the former being equal to the latter for the next four months, in fact, until. the harvest of 1909 gets into full movement." These opinions are supplemented with the actual figures which are compiled by men whose positions are dependent on their accuracy. Any Individual who would -knowingly send out a report showing 8, 949,000 bushels of wheat In farmers' hands in Oregon, Washington: and Idaho, March 1, would be promptly discharged from the employ of .any grain firm, milling concern, railroad company, or any other employment in which even approximate accuracy was demanded. And yet the American peo ple spend millions In supporting an agricultural department that stands sponsor for such! figures, and insists that they are reliabre. Secretary Wil son needs investigating. The prompt conviction and sentence of the Pennsylvania kidnapers will probably have, a deterrent effect on other criminals whose minds might wander in similar directions. The con templation of a lifetime spent behind penitentiary walls, is far from pleas ant, and will undoubtedly cause even so hardened a character as Boyle, some severe pangs. But his suffering, although bound to be more protracted than that of the parents of the Whltla boy, can never -equal In intensity the agony that was felt by the father and mother during the awful hours and days In which they were in doubt as to the whereabouts and the safety of their boy. The kidnapers expose of his own life prior to the crime which crowned his career, only confirm the justice of the sentence Imposed on him. The death penalty would be none too severe for such criminals. The course of the Cuban Govern ment, since It was permitted to stand on its own -legs, has not been alto gether satisfactory to Uncle Sam and further intervention may be necessary. A proposal will soon come before Congress for the collection from Cuba of an $8,000,000 expense bill incurred by the army and marine corps during the recent intervention. No demand will be made for reimbursement for pay of the officers and men for rations and forage, but transportation and other extraordinary charges have been included in a compilation made by the War Department, and It Is believed that collection can be forced without much difficulty. Should it be. refused,' it will probably offer an excuse for the Government to take charge of the Islands and exercise permanent control over them. The nimble Japanese, ever looking for trouble and skillfully evading it when it is encountered, are now pick ing up a few islands which China and Russia have neglected to nail down with an occupant. According to Vic toria dispatches, the men of Nippon have agreed to return one of these prizes to China on the payment of $200,000 damages to the Japanese, who have been occupying it. They have also taken one of Russia's islands in the Okhotsk Sea, but have not yet appraised its value for extortion pur poses. Modesty has not been one of the predominating characteristics of the Japanese. . . , There is an argument against the proposed charter. It takes the govern ment of the city .'out-of the hands of the people. There Is an argument'foT the proposed charter. It takes the gov ernment of the city out of the hands of the people. One way or the other the new charter will be the same; but what is your attitude towards it? In some of . the farming districts of the Willamette "Valley very few pota toes will be planted because of the high price of seed. While many fore handed farrhers have their own pota toes to plant, others less fortunate will make no effort to produce a surplus crop. Should the electors of the city vote to change the Madison bridge to Market street, it may become interest ing to-inquire what will become of-the bonds which ' have been sold for the bridge at Madison, on which the -city now is paying interest. "No wonder," said the walking del egate, "that the . Christian religion doesn't appeal to the . labor unions. Jesus was a carpenter and Paul was a tentmaker. But neither was a mem ber of a union. Both scabs." If the primary is a sacred thing, divinely appointed, as we have been told, and have, therefore, a right to suppose, they who refuse to accept its result, show a will most incorrect to Heaven. ! This- is the finest of Oregon's grow ing weather and it goes along with the visitors from Portland into the State of Washington. There is more assurance of peace in a bunch of Dreadnoughts than in namby-pamby manifestoes from The Hague. The Water Board should use a lariat in fixing responsibility for deplorable conditions. It might catch some one. Hamilton may say of the woman In the case, as Father Adam said: "She gave me of the tree and I did eat." Must It come to pass that the self styled "friends" of direct -primaries will repudiate them in Portland? Fly time is at hand. Screens cost less than coffins- OUR GREUT FIRE LOSSES. ' ' Due to Flimsy Construction and Care less Management. "It Is known that fires occur more frequently in New York City than lrt London; but that the value of property annually destroyed is tenfold greater here than it is abroad is not adequately appreciated, writes Louts Windmuller in the current North American Review. Losses by fire equal 25 cents per capita of the population in France and Ger many. 30 cents In Great Britain and $3 In this country, an annual aggregation of $250,000,000. Almost the whole of this amount Is paid by the underwriters who have insured the property. - The Individuals who buy their poli cies should realize that premiums cor respondingly high must reimburse for losses the companies who issue the policies. These premiums, being almost 10 times greater here than they are in Europe," constitute an onerous tax on every person who-' is compelled to In sure property to protect either himself or his creditors. The chief cause for the immense dif ference in the cost of Insurance In Europe and America Is the Inflammable materials and the flimsy composition of the greater part of our structures. Nine-tenths of all American dwellings continue to be built wholly or chiefly of timber, and wood is used in all other buildings to some extent. Early settlers found an abund ance of the choicest qualities of this material when they cleared the virgin forests. They first learned to v use it for log cabins, later for commodious houses. In the building of the 10,000,000 frame houses which exist In this country the sup plies of the best timber have naturally been reduced, and as one species after another has become exhausted, it has been replaced by cheaper, less suitable varieties. Brittle hemlock has super seded pine; resinous cypress is substt tuted for walnut; and these inferior grades are apt. to be employed before they are seasoned In the composition of important structures. Many cots are still covered with shingles which may be ignited by a stray spark from a passing locomotive. In the twinkling of an eye the blaze spreads through hollow partitions and often dooms the hovel before the wretched tenants can save their lives. In the erection of the solid build ings which rise within our cities little care has been taken in the selection of the requisite material, insufficient at tention has been paid to the influence which the changes of temperature must cause, and in some - cases the Bafety of the foundation itself has been disregarded. '-,-.- The solidity of European buildings, of the German especially, has been demonstrated by their durability. It took six years, from 1616 to 1622, to erect the town hall of Numbers, and a substantial period of time was con sumed in the construction there in all other "Hansa" towns of those magnifi cent residences which, like the Fugger nouse in Augsburg-, were built for the merchant princes 300 years ago. They remain to this day ornaments of their respective bailiwicks; some guild halls, like the Hotel des Brasseurs in Brus sels, continue to serve the purpose for wnicn tney were constructed. But In Germany the construction of buildings is considered a more respon sible vocation than it is elsewhere: architects cannot obtain the requisite license until they have been graduated from a German university; they must obey the laws of their respective com munlties. and are liable for the proper performance or tnelr contractors' du ties. Germans build deliberately, generally for their own occupance. We erect a house with 111-advlsed haste. As we live without repose, so we build with out rest. A majority of our houses are erected to be sold- at the first opportunity; when the owner has disposed of them their fate ceases to Interest him. And the completion of buildings we erect for occupancy ourselves or by rjros pective tenants, is hastened so as to render them productive at the earliest moment. In suburbs where persons of moder ate means, who are tired of sunless tenements, seek shelter cruel land sharks provide cottages which at small expense they have erected within a few weeks to sell to the first eager customer. Finding he cannot hire, the home-seeker is persuaded to buy one or these gaudy snuggeries onthe In staumeni plan. After he has entered into possession, it does not take him long to discover that appearances have deceived him. The roof leaks, the glazed tiles cover a smoky chimney, the Iron pipes which connect his porcelain bath with the sewer are already perforated and all the ornaments he admired concealed, through an abundance of paint and put ty, a multitude of the faults which abound in inferior grades of timber. When we turn to large buildings in large cities we find many skyscrapers, from 15 to 25 stories high, which con sist of steel frames filled with concrete, and covered by an outside curtain of stone; they are erected in the most ap proved manner within 12 months from the laying of their cornerstones. Thft celerity is accomplished by the means of three "shifts of skillful workmen, who constantly labor with the utmost zeal and the best implements during the niglft by artificial Ugh- to make the timely surrender feasible. -Contractors who complete the work earlier than agreed upon receive a premium; while those who remain in arrears are fined for every, day's delay. Although the-erection of these struc tures is pushed on with a rapidity re pugnant to the' mind of the old school of architects, they have successfully withstood every attack of the fiery elements; In cases when their' con tents have been cremated their pres ence became a bar to the progress of a conflagration. Some officials in busy towns like New York and Chicago claim that they are underpaid and overburdened. A thorough inspection of houses built with unusual celerity is difficult;- but many - overseers neglect a duty they can perform, and "some have unblush--ingly offered, in consideration of a bribe, to overlook " deficiencies which they Jiave discovered.: In refusing to insure buildings they consider unsafe, or by exacting a pro hibitive premium until they are safe guarded, our underwriters exercise a beneficent influence. But they have no jurisdiction over -careless .servants; they cannot control the vagaries of the American boy. Without the hearty co operation of state and municipal au thorities and public-spirited citizens our Are waste will continue, unless ef forts to substitute fireproof material for timber in our buildings become more generally successful. The satisfied Preacher. Cleveland Leader. A self-made, self-satisfied and self asserttve itinerant preacher was ex patiating to a college graduate on his own eloquence. "Colleges," he declared, "ain't neces sary when a preacher's got a genuine call to the ministry I'm thankful to say the Lord opened my mouth with out education." "That's interesting," returned his hearer. "Come to think of it, something like that happened several thousand years ago in connection with Balaam, wasn't it?" THE RECALL IJf OREGON. Some of Its Defects Pointed Out by sr . Reviewer. New York Sun. In the case of a member of the Ler- ' lsiaiure me recall petition can be cir-( culated and filed five days after the session begins. In the case of other officers it can't be set to work until six months after they have taken "the oath of office. We submit that this is a mistake. "The people" should have tun- control or their servants at all times, nor should these be allowed to have six months in which to give satis faction or dissatisfaction. Recall beT fore election is a dream, perhaps, but toward this the hopes of good men should be bent. Meanwhile, observe that if the re alled doesn't resign as he will if he has any bowels within five days after the filing -of the petition, a special election shall be held within 20 days to determine whether he or somebody else shall be elected for the rest of the term. On the ballots are-printed in not more than 200 words the reasons for his recall, and he has the same amount of space to justify himself in. This requirement of brevity is the best thing iti the amendment. The recalled keeps his job till the result--of the special election is known. --. A second recall cannot be had until the costs of the first recall election have been paid by the petitioners for a second. This seems a cruelty, an in tentional discouragement of "the peo ple." We don't hold up the amend ment as perfect. Daily recalls would be nearer the mark. Our purpose Is merely to Invite admiration to' an other great popular principle. 1 I'S AND DOWNS OF TOWN-MAKER Alexander II- shepherd, to Whom nssh inirton, D. C-, Has Erected a Statue. New York Exchange. It has been taid of Alexander R. Shep herd, one-time boss of Washington. D, C, that habitually he looked ahead 20 years. At his great work of transforming Wash ington, D. C, from a settlement in the mud to a city of splendid parks and pavements he looked further than that. Did he dream that 35 years alter he had been driven out a monument would be unveiled to him, as was done recently in Washington? Reaction set in early in Shepherd's case.- Visiting Washington. D. C. in 1887, he met an ovation where 13 years before he had left an outcry. Again in 1895 he was warmly received. When his body was brought to the Capitol City in 1902, schools, public offices and business houses were closed for his funeral day. Contemplating the truth of ' Shepherd's career, one feels that Action could never achieve improbability on ' such lines . of romance. At 35 this remarkable man was remodeling Washington, D. C, with a rush, riding over public protests and dodging court Injunctions. At 40 he was deposed,' objurgated, almost bankrupt. At 45 he wes a prospector In wildest Mexican mountains. At 60 he was an established silver king in those mountains, living In a walled-in castle, surrounded by a regiment of retainers, consulted by finan ciers, by mining engineers, by Diaz him self. Beside such a career and its posthu mous climax of honor, how pallid and impossible the record of what we call a boss In New York! "Mr. Simon's Nomination. The Daily Astorian. While the matter of Senator Simon's nomination for the Mayoralty of Port land is, primarily, a purely local mat ter there, it has an effect out in the state that means much, if it is as sig nificant as most of us hope it Is. It is taken here, and nearly everywhere else, as the first definite sign of the merg ing Republican interest In Oregon; the electorate which gave him the nom ination by such pronounced lead, is the largest grouping of Republicans in any one field of the state, and the source whence . such thinsrs are first looked for; and. if this is the real Inspiration behind it, every man in the party may be grateful to the Senator for permit ting the use of his name for the Mof flee. upon the two-fold hypothesis that he will make a dignified, well-poised, able Mayor for the metropolis, and that was fortunate enough to inspire the move ment that every honest Republican in Oregon has looked and longed for these several years. Upon these high grounds his election should bev made unanimous as far as Republican Port land is concerned. One View Of It. 1 Louisville Courier-Journal. Editor Thomas has refused the offer of President Taft to represent the United States' in Mexico, and yet an other first-class diplomatic appointment must be added to those which have gone a-begging. 'Editor Scott, of The Portland Oregonian, to whom the ten der was first made as an important factor- in a deal by which Senator Bourne sought to placate the Fulton faction, turned down the Ambassador ship cold, and the well-meant attempt to' postpone an internecine war in the Republican party in his state receives no encouragement in that quarter. The point-blank refusals ofi editors and public men generally to accept a sudden and honorable elevation at the hands of the .chief executive, whore that ' elevation would eliminate them from local politics, is one of the most unexpected of the developments of the Administration, and Is proving a very serious embarrassment' to a President whose very natural desire it Is to make such changes in the diplomatic corps as shall be something more than ac ceptable. This from a Bourne Officeholder. Harney County News (Frank Davey, .Editor). . The Oregonian is displaying a small, mean disposition . toward Senator Bourne. Mr. Bourne, with a broadness of spirit which The Oregonian does not appreciate or apparently under stand, supported Mr. Scott, The Ore gonian's editor-in-chief, for the Mex ican Embassy, but that paper tries to carry the idea that it does not owe even common decent treatment to the gentleman. -That paper, great as it is, has despicable ways. Figure It Ont. New York Herald: All the clocks iu Panama have been put ahead 18 minutes to make them agree with railroad time. That's all right, but won't it throw the work on the canal back just that much. .. A FEW SQUIBS. "Is he out of danger yet" "No the doc tor Is still In attendance." Philadelphia Inquirer. . Church My son -lost an eye and an arm In the Philippines. Gotham Oh. has foot ball reached . there already? Yonkera Statesroan. --"Darling-. I mean to prove, my love for you, not by words, but by deeds." "Oh. George, did you bring the deeds with you?" Baltimore American. "Why does he hang around the piano? He Just murdered his song." "Well, they claim a criminal can't keep away f rojj-i the scene of the offense." LouiavilleA Courier Journal. "So you don't care for society?" "I shouldn't say that." answered Mr. Curaroi. "I haven't any objection to- society. But I don't like chicken salad and ice cream." Washington Star. "Is It true that you want to own all the railways?" asked the apprehensive cljlzen. "Certainly not." answered Mr. Dustln Stax; "half the fun of the game la in unloading now and then." Washington Evening star. Sturdy Purdy Kind sir, at a convention of de unemployed. It wux de general opinion dat & bill should be passed appropriating fifty t'ousand dollars to study de causes of idleness. Easy looking citizen Well, what about it? Sturdy Purdy Will you oblige mo by contributing- lO cents to study de causes of my idleness? Puck. Life's SunnySide "It's getting dark. Willie," called out his mother. "Come in, dear." But the little boy paid no attention to her. "You William Jennin's Bryan Simp son!" she shrilled: "come right Into the hniK0 thin m(r,i.o t I.i get you." Choago Trbune. - .. . From the classroom occupied bv the ' -roughest boys in the Sunday school came a great uproar. The secretary in the next room went in to" Investigate. . Complete silence followed the opening of the classroom door. "Have you a' teacher?" '. "No." j , . ' - "Do yon want one?" "No." - . "Then be quiet or you'll get one."" . Result, comparative peace. Manches ter Guardian. i. "Here, my dear." said the husband, producing his purse, "here is $50 I won playing cards over at Brown's last night. You may have, it to buy that dress you wanted." Relunctantly the conscientious wife took the money: then said, with an expression of rigid rectitude: . . "I pimply shudder at the thought of -rising money gained in such a way. Henry, promise me that after you have . won enough for me to buy the hat to' go with the dress you will never agatn touch- those awful cards. I don't want my husband to become a gambler.' St- Lous Globe-Democrat. Mrs. Hoyle My husband always- smokes after a good meal.. Mrs. Doyle. Doesn't he ever smoke at home? Home Reading." w m m "How Lillie's clothes hang about her! Why, they don't fit her at all!" "But think how much -worse she would look if they did!" Life. With a dramatic gesture the moving van man confronts the fair' woman. "Look at me. Beatrice de ' Montmo rency!" he hisses. "Do you know meh?" An: sne exclaims. "Hector Bolam court! What do you here?" "Listen, gyurl ! Ten years ago you crushed meh hopes and broke meh heart when you spurned meh love. I vowed then to have meh revenge. All these years I have patiently waited and toiled, knowing that my time would come. It has come!" With a shuddering moan the poor woman asks: "What do you mean?" "Your goods are on meh van. I shall move you to your new home, and in doing so I have packed the imita tion mahogany furniture and the near oriental rugs on the outside. . Every cheap article you have shall be ex posed to the critical gaze of your new neighbors. Ha, ha, ha!" With a cruel gesture he leaps to the seat of the van and starts his team on the harsh errand, while the beauteous creature with an anguished sob sinks helplessly upon the front steps of the empty house. Chicago Post. She Mr. Bloom does not pay his wife much attention. He No, the only time I ever knew of his going out with her was once when the gas exploded London ' Tit bits. Cook (angrily) See here, you little imp; did you take that cake on the shelf? Small Boy (son - of an attorney) I decline to answer any questions until I have conferred with my lawyer . Chicago News. ..An elderly farmer up in Maine, lost his wife, and his nephew was taking the old man back to the empty farm house. "Well," said ,the old man, after a. long -silence, "46 years. I suppose she was a goo.d wife to me. She was a good cook and a good housekeeper, and she kept me will red up; but, do you mow... ne auaea, -i never liked her.". Success. Wants Date of Primaries Changed. PORTLAND, May- 11. (To the Ed itor.) Does the law require that pri maries be held on Saturdav? If not then hold no more on that day." If it does, change the law. Saturday is the worst- day in the week for certain workingmen. Barbers, market-men, salesmen, butchers, motormen and con ductors can't, get to the polls. Thou sands of these, employes work til 10 P. M. They have usually half an hour off-for dinner. I .m not .much out of the way when I say at least 2500 men who would have voted Saturday were deprived of 'the privilege. Let the pri maries be held hereafter on Monday. I. P. JONES. The Hardest to Bear. Philadelphia Ledger. -"Judge," said the prisoner, "I sup pose you are going to soak me?" "You are an habitual . offender," re plied the judge, "were caught with the stolen goods, and the court will have to do Its painful duty." . "I don't want to seem unreasonable," rejoined the prisoner. "I don't mind a. long sentence. I'm used to it. But, say judge, cut out the lecture that usually goes with It, won't you?". Wheat-Growing by Electricity. . English World's Work. . The farmer of the future will not fee content with the sowing of seed and hopeful waiting for results. He will spread electric wires over the soil and proceed to "shock" the incipient crops into satisfactory accomplishment of their destiny. ... -' Something; Dolnsr in Hover.' Correspondent Kennewick Reporter. A railroad automobile with four oc cupants, passed here at about 4 P. M. last Friday at about the same time a steamboat went up the river, and within five mtnutes a powerful engine and train passed. Talk about Hover being dull. - First Aid. Pittsburg Post. ' 'Writing Charlie?" . "Yes." ' "I thought he was engaged." "lie writes me that his girl, has thrown him overboard, -so I'm dropping him a line." Parties and Tariff. New York Sun. Elect a Democratic House to rebuke the Republicans' for their tariff hum bug? Compared with th.e Democratic revenue tariff humbug the protection cant of the Republicans is sincerity itself. Suburban - Athletics. Chicago News. - - -I gaze at the haif-eaten biscuit. - My knife stilly poised In the air: I hardly know whether to risk It Shall I cat It or let it lie there? It is only four blocks; I can run ltr I. have but three minutes, 'tis true. But I'm sure that I often have done it. By Jinks. I can. do It in two! The last -bit of liver and bacon - I can't say 1 like to leave that: And yet.- it's a fact. I might take on Too much of a job. Where's my hat? Great Caesar! Two minutes left only! If I eat any more I am lost Yet that half of a biscuit looks lonely I will eat it, not counting the. cost! Walt! I'll gulp It down fast while t hustle; We fcuburbanltes frequently do. Now, here's where I win on my muscle: I'm determined to see the thing through. Two blocks gone! Is that the-train's whistle? Tf I miss it I'm stuck here till 10. One block more! The train's in sight! ThisMl Near kill roe! Ah! Caught it again!