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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORXLXG OREGOMAX, MONDAY, MAY 10, 1909.
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PORTLAND, MONDAY. MAY 10. 1009.
PRIMARY AND ELECTION.
Certainly tho direct primary on Sat
urday was fair, perfectly fair, through
out. The vote was not large, but it
had the usual proportions of the vote
at a primary election. General inter
est is rarely awakened for a primary.
Something more than 60 per cent of
the Republican voto of the .city was
cast, and a less proportion of the Dem
ocratic. One reason why the vote was
light was the fact that on the Repub
lican side it evidently from the begin
ning was a walk-over for Simon, while
on the Democratic side there was no
contest whatever to call out the vote
of the party. There was no "election
eering" whatever; men didn't urge
each other to go and vote, and thero
was not a particle of the roustabout
work witnessed on so many former
occasions. This, perhaps, was mainly
due to the recent legislation known as
the "corrupt practices act." It is cer
tain there can be no pretense what
ever that the primary was in the least
affected by any improper influence.
No expense whatever was incurred
except that which fell on the city to
pay the actual cost of holding the elec
tion. Yet in the midst of the indifference
that every observer noted, an active
force was moving, mainly for the nom
ination of Simon. There was no doubt
some party spirit in it. arising from a
purpose to restore the Republican
party to some degree of efficiency in
the city and state, but mainly from a
desire to place the government of the
city and tho management of its affairs
In efficient hands. The heavy propor
tion of the vote that Simon received
was due to this purpose, mainly, for
In municipal affairs men look to hav
ing the business done properly, and to
party interests afterwards, If at all. It
was recognized that Simon had experi
ence, knowledge and fitness for the
work. This, Indeed, was why he was
suggested by the 'assembly" for the
nomination. It was the guiding mo
tive, indeed, of the work that made
"the assembly ticket," most of which
wis ratified by large pluralities.
. This method of "suggestion" has
thus far been vindicated. Ii indicates
the probability of adoption or use of it
larsely hereafter, in bringing forward
candidates. Hitherto it has been used
by the Democratic party only, all of
whore candidates for important posi
tions hava been "suggested" in similar
way. On the other hand, the Repub
lican party, with its great majority
vote, has been distracted by the mul
titude of candidates offering them
selves a method admittedly not the
best for obtaining fit men, or party
harmony and success.
We think Mr. Simon will be elected,
and the Republican ticket generally;
perhaps all of it; for party allegiance,
even in municipal affairs, is still a
force of some weight and power. If
the fitness of opposing candidates ap
pears to be about equal, then party
allegiance may be a determining fac
tor, or at least an Important one. The
Democratic nominee for the Mayoralty
is a man who has the respect of the
people, and doubtless will receive a
large share of the vote of his party.
But the result of the direct primary,
though obviously fair, isn't always ac
cepted even by those who profess most
devotion to the direct primary. Prob
ably there will be an "independent"
candidate, or more than one. The re
sult of the primary. To such It
is good if it goes their way; oth
erwise it loses its sacred character.
But it seems not probable "that an In
dependent candidate for the Mayor
alty can obtain much support; for the
Democrats who vote on party grounds
will stand by Munly, and the Repub
lican vote, mostly, will unite on Simon.
Hence there Is not now much pros
pect of a strenuous tight in the elec
tion -a condition that should not be
unwelcome to the city, whose common
interests now call as never before for
the co-operation of all citizens.
KAt.E FOK BKS SHU'S.
The world's naval problem seems to
have resolved itself into a proposition
In compound proportion, viz.: If Eng
land must have ten Dreadnoughts to
Germany's seven and the United
States' five, how many must Japan
have in order to maintain the equilib
rium that the world calls peace? This
seems to be the problem that naval
authorities the world over are puzzling
their brains to work to a satisfactory
conclusion without pushtng their re
spective governments into hopeless
bankruptcy. A peculiarity - of the
problem is that, no sooner do officers
of the Admiralty, Secretaries of the
Navy, naval architects. Chancellors of
the Exchequer and other officials of
high and low degree reach what they
think Is a solution of the problem than
the Introduction of another factor or
phase of reasoning throws the result
out of balance, and the whole plan of
adjustment has to be revised.
This is Inevitable under the great
stress that exists between Germany
and England and the formidable pre
tense of naval supremacy that is being
set up in Japan. It has, indeed, come
to pass that the naval budget of each
of these nations is scanned with alarm
by the other, and any great preponder
ance in the expenditure planned by
either of the two first-named nations
is Immediately a little more than du
plicated by its fierce and determined
rlvul. It is thus that the rage for big
ships of war- grows and is kept grow
ing. The naval budget of England for
the present year and next is indeed
- formidable, the first being 32,000.000,
the second 35,000,000. or a grand
total in two years of 67.000,000. This
provides for the construction of four
Dreadnoughts and one hundred and
seventeen smaller craft a mighty
navy in itself, the prowess of which
two decades ago would have caused
the', world to shudder, as if in the
presence of actual British tonquest.
But while England has been build
ing a fleet, the guns of which would,
if simultaneously discharged, shake
the world, Germany has not been idle,
nor hai the United States stood at
pause, nor Japan looked on in quiet
wonder. The pace set has been a
rapid one, and in the race there have
been no laggards. It is thus that bat
tleships, any one of which would have
been formidable enough to have de
stroyed at long range the naval power
of the world fifty years ago, range
every sea and float every navied-
power flag. Visiting fleets have be
come common, and their appearance
in the offing is a signal for elaborate,
almost obsequious, exchange of cour
tesies between nations, and later of
feasting and revelry on shore. All
this to keep the peace all this to
show how peace between nations can
The cost is enormous and constantly
increasing, but we must-have peace,
even though we buy it at the price of
war in everything but lives. Dread
noughts multiply upon the seas, the
people whose lives they insure against
the calamity of .war multiply upon the
land, striving to find a foothold in the
world's industries where standing-
room has become restricted, and thrift
is taxed and industry is burdened to
maintain peace upon terms that are
at variance with the fighting spirit of
A PAJNFl'L DENOUEMENT.
The apostle of a special doctrine of
the direct primary is Mr. Thomas Mc
Cusker. He considers-It the greatest
revelation of divine wisdom yet made
to man. Great is the primary from
his point of view and Thomas is its
prophet. In his view of it, the direct
primary was revealed as a method to
give every man a chance. This would
be "the rule of the people." Every
man was to be proprietor of his own
sovereignty and know no other kin.
There was to be no boss. There was
to be no leader. There was to be no
man of more influence or greater tal
ents than another. The contest was to
be free for all, In the language of the
turf, for horse, mare or gelding.
But Mr. McCusker now abandons
this high principle. He "goes back on
it." He "sours on it." This gives us
pain. It shatters an ideal.. It brings
Hear Mr. McCusker. In an inter
view on Saturday night, after the pri
mary, he said (see The Sunday Ore
gonian): "None of the candidates
who opposed Mr. Simon today should
have been candidates, and it is to be.
hoped that the lesson will not be lost.
Under the direct primary, men of
small caliber are enabled to go before
the people, and for the time being this
is one of the weak spots in that law,
but when such men learn: that the vot
ers will discriminate in favor of men
of ability they will cease to push
themselves forward for the people's
indorsement." Now, isn't that most
unkind? The whole effort of Mr. Mc
Cusker, of Mr. Bourne, of Mr. U'Ren,
of Mr. Chamberlain, too, and of the
late Dr. Davis, who mistakenly sued
the Journal for libel, has been to bless
and to uphold the primary law, be
cause it would not favor men of abil
ity, would eliminate them, put down
all bosses, and give men of small cali
ber their due opportunity. This now
is admittedly a defect of the primary
law. When The Oregonian has been
saying the same things, these years
past, the answer has been that it was
a journal of monopoly, a journal of
the aristocratic classes, an enemy of
the common people, of those whom
McCusker now contemptuously calls
"men of small caliber."
And then to rub it into these men of
small caliber and their supporters, Mr.
McCusker who, of course, is not fe.
boss expresses regret that the "con
siderable pressure" he and others
brought to bear on State Senator Albee
to induce him to become a candidate
was not successful, for had it been, a
man would have appeared to set aside
the candidates of small caliber, who
could have carried the primary. Two
serious questions arise. Isn't the pri
mary the people's law? What right
had McCusker and his associates to
try to force the nomination and ac
ceptance of Albee? Wrhat was that
but to assail the very principle of the
primary law and deprive "the people"
of their sacred right? Again, as to
Mr. Albee. Who has authorized Mr.
McCusker and his clique to set up Mr.
Albee as a man of eminent talents, to
be nominated for the Mayoralty over
"the men of small caliber" who sub
mitted their names to the electors, as
they had an undoubted right to do,
and as even McCusker's interpretation
of the primary law calls on them to
do? Moreover, on -what meat has Mr.
Albee been feeding his limitations,
since he was last heard from, that he
has grown so great?
It is troublesome, indeed, from such
a standpoint; but suppose we interpret
the primary law and the rights of the
citizenry in a rational way,, eliminate
bosh and guff and nonsense, and ad
mit that there is a right that belongs
to citizens to consult about candidates
and to suggest to the electors the
names of candidates for the primary.
Such was the origin of "the assembly
ticket" Which Mr. McCusker sd fiercely
opposed in the effort to set aside
"men of small caliber" and to bring
out his own favorite, Mr. Albee, for
Mayor. Probably Mr. Albee was un
willing to be the catspaw. Meantime
observe that the McCusker view of the
primary is all right if the result is
the nomination of your man. Other
wise the failure is the fault of "men
of small caliber." not of "the boss."
BESMIRCHING HAMILTON'S NAME
It is hardly worth while. at this day
and date' for Senators to quarrel over
the personal character of Alexander
Hamilton. Certainly it is not becom
ing for any Senator to arise in the
United States Senate and apply oppro
brious epithets to a man whose un
timely and tragic death the republic
mourned in the days of its early youth.
The proposal to erect a statue to Ham
ilton in a public square in Washington
contemplated a recognition of his qual
ities as a statesman, and not the inci
dents of his life as a private citizen.
The names of many men now written
in bronze or chiseled in granite" would
long ago have been given to oblivion
had the moral test been applied to the
question of their imperishability. Cer
tainly the statue of Frederick the
Great, lately received with many dem
onstrations of apprecaition by our Gov
ernment as a present from the Ger
man Emperor, would have been re-
jected with scorn under this test. The 1
story of Frederick's social indecencies !
and marital infidelities is scarcely less
familiar than is the history of his mili
The fame of Napoleon also would
long ago have gone down in dark
eclipse had the moral test been applied
to his life. Of course there is no
need to cross the water to find proof of
the world-old fact that a man's mor
als are not considered when the ques
tion of honoring him for his service to
the state in peace or in war comes up.
If a man be of exemplary private char
acter, his biographer or his champion
for monumental honors is likely to say
so; if otherwise, a discreet silence is
maintained a silence that would have
been becoming in Senator Johnson, of
Dakota, who opposed the erection of a
monument to Alexander Hamilton be
cause, as classically expressed, "he was
ACCl'RACY OF ELECTION NEWS.
One of The Oregonian's news spe
cialties is election results. Supremacy
of its election service was demon
strated again Sunday morning as of
ten before in complete returns of
Saturday's primaries. Its count was
the only accurate one in the city. It
was complete for every precinct and
every candidate. The Oregonian sel
dom mentions the superiority of its
news service, because each morning's
exhibit shows it plainly enough. The
completeness and accuracy of this pa
per's Sunday morning tabulation of
the primaries were commented on yes
terday by many persons, one of whom
wrote the following commendatory
PORTLAND, May 9. (To the Editor.)
I wish to praise The Oregonian for its enter
prise in collecting and tabulating; the vote
yesterday. It was a perfect piece of work.
Perhaps I Bhould not bo impressed by it
If 1 had not had occasion to contrast It
with a botch Job published by a would-be
rival. As a newspaper. The Oregonian is
always at the top of the heap.
GEORGE D. COX.
This paper employs a special force
of election tabulators on the night of
every city and general election. Mem
bers of the force have been trained to
the work through many elections, and
their energy and accuracy have won
for The Oregonian numerous triumphs
in printing election news on the morn
ing after the election. It Is easy to
tell election results a week after the
votes are cast, or even two or three
days after. But to do this on the
night of an election day, with figures
that show the results completely or
conclusively, requires rare quickness
and skill. The Oregonian spares no
effort nor expense in this work. It is
resolved to give its readers the very
best service, and it thinks, without un
seemly boasting, that it succeeds. In
other news, too, The Oregonian's serv
ice is equally thorough. It gives the
best that can be obtained. Tawdry
imitations, by would-be rivals, only
make its excellence the plainer.
COMMERCIALISM SCPPLANTING SENTI
MENT. The Roosevelt expedition into South
Africa has brought forth a large num
ber of newspaper and magazine stories
which, making due allowance for pos
sible exaggeration, throw considerable
light on the wonderful resources of
the dark continent. These tales of
the vast herds of wild animals that
roam at will over the African prairies
and through the forests and jungles
are remindful of. our own Great West
a generation or more ago. We read
today of the vast herds of wild animals
that are to be seen from the passing
trains on the Cape-to-Cairo Railroad,
just as forty years ago we read of the
buffalo and antelope which amazed
the travelers on the Union Pacific
There may have been considerable
needless slaughter, haste and waste in
removing these great herds of buffalo
and antelope, but their removal was a
part of that great economic plan
which in the end results in the sur
vival of the fittest.
Great herds still roam over the
Western prairies and wax fat on the
sustenance which Nature provides, but
these herds are pure-blooded cattle,
having a commercial value, bringing
profits to their owners and employ
ment to a large number of men all
the way from the range to the packing-house.
They supply traffic for the
railroads and provide mankind with
food at economical prices. A similar
transition is about to begin in Africa,
and reports of the marvelous richness
of the soil that can support such im
mense numbers of animals indicate
that it is a change which the crowded
British Empire should have made
long ago. A writer in the current
number of the Century Magazine tells
of a single British hunter who killed
within the past five years 500 ele
phants, all of them outside of the im
mense protected districts where hunt
ers are not allowed and where game
is much more plentiful.
It is quite obvious that Great Brit
ain, .which has extreme difficulty in
finding elbow room for its teeming
millions, could make much better use
of the rich African land than in rais
ing wild elephants and other animals.
Naturally, its wealthy sportsmen
might object to substituting the short
horn steer for the elephant, and the
productive farm for the uncultivated
forest and plain, but it is a change
which will come, and the wild beasts
of the African forests and plains will
meet the fate that overwhelmed the
American buffalo. This is a commer
cial age, and more and more as the
world ages does sentiment give way
to the demands of commerce.
The wealthy Mr. Pinchot, our for
estry expert, who has tied up in re
serves such vast areas of productive
land in this country, has stayed the
hand of commercialism for a time, but
even in his work it is questionable if
more good might not have resulted by
opening to settlement and cultivation
some of these lands. The Hood River
Valley was a beautiful spot before the
land was denuded of its lofty pines and
firs, but It is more beautiful' today,
with those original forests replaced
with millions of fruit trees which not
only beautify the valley but bring
handsome profits to their owners.
What has been done in Hood River
will eventually be done In many of the
great reserves which now occupy so
much space on our maps.
The children of men have a prefer
ence for tame animals and cultivated
trees and gardens, and as the race in
creases In numbers and the problem of
feeding becomes more serious, there
will be much less room for -wild ani
mals and ornamental trees.
"The Philippines for the Filipinos"
was the slogan of Aguinaldo and a
few of his followers, and it seems to
appeal to those engaged in religious as
well as political plotting in our island
dependencies. For example. Rev.
Nicholas Zomora. one of the earliest
Methodist converts in the island, and
the first Tagalog ordained to the
Methodist ministry, has seceded from
the conference and is setting up as a
bishop on his own account, taking
with' him two other native ministers.
Zomora, like most of the Filipinos,
had a fondness for the white man's re
ligion when it brought him profits, but
since he was rebuked by Bishop Old
ham for demanding exorbitant wed
ding fees, he has lost some of his lik
ing for the white men who taught him
An intimate friend of Pug Jeffries
asserts that the big "California bruiser
is still in doubt as to whether he will
meet Jack Johnson, the world's cham
pion. This intimate friend tells a Ta
coma reporter that "in the event the
two do meet, there is no question as to
the result. Jeffries would whip the
black man in a few short rounds, pro
vided he could properly condition him
self." That provision of "condition"
has prevented a host of bruisers from
becoming world-beaters. It makes an
excellent excuse for every "has-been"
who meets a man that is a little faster
in his footwork and has a little more
steam to his blows and the ability to
stand a little more punishment than
the "has-been" cares to take.
Clark County, Washington, has an
excellent opportunity to secure one of
the finest thoroughfares in the state.
The Columbia Contract Company,
which has an enormous amount of
small-sized rock at its quarries at
Fisher's Landing, has offered it free of
charge for roadmaking purposes. The
road would follow the Columbia River
for many miles, and would make a
driveway which would be fully appre
ciated by a great many Portlanders as
well as by the people of Clark County.
Aside from the pleasure features of
the enterprise, It would enable fruit
and truck farmers for many miles
along the river to reach market with
their products at the minimum of ex
pense for transportation.
A duplicate of Hudson's ship, in
which the discoverer was sailing when
he entered New Tork Bay and the
Hudson River, has been launched at
Amsterdam, Holland, and will be sent
to New York, for participation in the
Hudson-Fulton celebration on the
Hudson River in October next. The
vessel is of about 80 tons, length 63
feet, beam 18 feet and draws about
7 Vx feet of water. Everything about
her will be- of antique style and pat
tern. The vessel will be brought
across the ocean on an Atlantic liner.
The mercury dropped 57 degrees in
twelve hours in Norfolk, Neb., Thurs
day, preceding which the hottest day
in the year, followed by a dust storm
the worst in the history of Northern
Nebraska, had been recorded. No use
to waste sympathy on Nebraskans.
They have a standing invitation, sup
plemented by low railroad fares twice
a year, to come out to the Pacific
Coast, where, by comparison, the cli
matic conditions are perfect.
Ex-Governor Mead, in explaining his
position regarding the Hamilton short
age, says he Is in the position of a
bank cashier who has cashed a bad
check. A better simile would be that
he is in the position of the man who
holds the bag in the storied snipe
Another girl has learned that it does
not pay to take an automobile ride
with good-looking strangers This lat
est case happened in Tacoma. There
was a stop at a roadhouse and a soft
drink, that was drugged, and after
that the calamity.
The bridge question is one of the
most important before the city. It
will come up in several phases In the
June election, and it will be necessary
for the electors to give it careful ex
amination. The Oregonian will en
deavor to supply the details.
If these stories of life at Washing
ton's gay capital continue to reach the
public ear, it is feared that Diogenes
and his lantern would have an un
rewarded search in most of the de
partments of the state government.
When Hood River people go into
Washington County to buy land, it
seems to bear out Millard Lownsdale's
contention that "just as good" apples
can be grown elsewhere.
Possibly Republicans of Portland
are making up their minds not to al
low their party to be run by Demo
cratic politicians and their newspaper
organ any longer.
Sam Nichols thinks the disclosures
will result in disruption of the Repub
lican party in Western Washington.
There is room for a large contingent
in Walla Walla.
Possibly Mayor Lane is in position
of the young yet growing-older
woman who had received many offers
of marsiage, but had said "No" just
once too often.
Is Harry Lane "out of it"? Most
persons are sure he didn't intend to be,
but was finessing for a continuance.
Has he finessed himself out of the
With good prospect for a rise in
price when the tariff on diamonds is
settled, every true sport should Invest
now.- It is a handy way to bank easy
From the looks of the primary re
turns in the Ninth Ward, the creditors
of Ferdinand Reed did not enthusias
tically rally to his support.
Seattle is to have an "art colony,"
as if everything over there was not an
art, from separating other people from
their money to spending it.
The people approved the Republican
assembly candidates with two minor
exceptions. They upheld the direct
"Taft and Tillman" is alliterative
and sounds cordial. The bigger a man
grows the greater jollier he becomes.
The Washington State Exposition
Commission sensibly sidesteps the offi
cial hostess snobbery business.
What jars virtuous Tacoma is that
all the money was spent in Seattle.
Official life at Olympia seems not
to have outgrown the potlatch habit-
Patten is bulling again.
MAKING EYES AT THE SOUTH I
Governor Johnson, of Minnesota, Goes
There to Dislodge? Mr. Bryan.
Washington, D. C, Star (Ind.)
Attention, Mr. Bryan, ta the following
dispatch from Richmond, announcing the
presence there of Gov. Johnson, of Min
Governor Johnson has abandoned his
speech-making itinerary In the West for the
purpose of bringing Mrs. Johnson through,
the South. The trip is being- made both for
recreation and pleasure.
Governor Johnson will probably -remain
in the Old Dominion for several days. Tho
party spent today In viewing; the historio
places of interest In and about the city.
Governor Johnson, when seen at his hotel
tonight, refused to discuss politics. He says
he is out of politics, at least temporarily.
He expresses himself as immensely pleased
with the South. At his own request, there
was no demonstration made In his honor in
Richmond, where he has many friends and
Business. Mr. Bryan, as sure as you are
born. Note the refusal to talk politics.
Note the request that no "fuss" be made
over him. And then note how "immensely
pleased" lie is with the South. That
pleasure will continue. The Governor is
cerfain to be pleased with every part of
the South he explores. He is going to be
surprised at the development of that sec
tion, and delighted with the prosperity
he witnesses on every hand. Of such is
the kingdom of politics. The ambitious
politician,- with an eye to delegates, is
the master of such sentiments, and knows
when and where and how to express them.
Gov. Johnson is taking time by the
forelock. If he is to hope to lead his
party in the next Presidential contest he
must play for votes In the South. The
happy hunting grounds are there. He is
a stranger there. He must make himself
known, and that, of course, explains his
present trip. He abandoned a Western
trip to make this trip, showing a desire
to invest his days to the best advantage.
He knows the West and the West him.
but in the South he is a stranger about
whom the people are pleasantly curious.
So he hies him to the land of sunshine
and Democratic votes.
He is not a day too soon for his pur
poses. He will find that the old favorite,
despite three defeats, still has many
friends in that quarter. It is going to
be no easy matter to dislodge Mr. Bryan,
if, indeed, fhe thing is possible. The peer
less leader's voice Is still unimpaired, his
vocabulary still rich and copious, his
smile still winning, and that equipment
has always capitalized in the South at a
hundred cents on the dollar.
The fintl-Bryan Democrats after their
defeat at Denver explained it by saying
that they had permitted Mr. Bryan to
get the start of them, particularly in tho
South; that had they gone to work, as
he did, . immediately after the Parker
fiasco they might have checkmated him
and forced a compromise man for the
race against Judge Taft. Gov. Johnson's
movements show that that mistake is not
to be repeated; that if delegates are for
early candidates, as worms are for early
birds, he intends to catch a few. But
can he catch enough to control the next
Democratic National convention? Mr.
Bryan, we may be sure, will soon be on
IDEAL HUSBAND MUST BE . BOSS
But Not Wealthy, Say Most of Mar
riageable Young; Chicago Women.
Chicago Dispatch to-New York World.
Cupid Is working overtime at tne
Halsted-Street Institutional Church. Rev.
D. D. Vaughan, the pastor, is determined
to marry the single men and women of
his flock. He has asked more than 100
single women a series of questions on the
subject of a "model husband." . He found
out from 100 men their idea of the "ideal
wife." Next he will try to get the two
Bach -one of the 100 single women, as
well as 25 married "girls" who have
answered the minister's questions, says
she wants the man to be the boss. None
of them desires a "dude" and only six
specify "handsome" as befitting the ideal.
Five of the women answered that they
didn't wish "model" husbands, but
"ideal"- ones, and gave their opinion
after changing the word in their "copy."
Rev. Mr. Vaughan smiled at the first
three objections. Then two came by the
next mail explaining that "model" means
"a small imitation of the real thing,"
and the pastor's apologies followed.
"Do you want him to be the head of
the house?" was the first question pro
pounded. "Yes," ansmered 131. "No," said one.
"We will divide the honors," replied the
"Do you want him always to follow
All replies were in the negative.
"Do you want him to give his time to
succeed in business or his liome?"
"Let him so arrange as to make a suc
cess of both," or words - to that effect,
replied the 123.
"Do you care whether he loves you, or
do you really want a home?" was the
"He must love me, for I am able to
pVnvide a home for myself," was the in
"Do you prefer a business or a profes
The minister said he wasn't sure of his
figures on this question, but expressed
the belief that "about one-third wanted
rjrofessional men, one-third preferred
business men, and one-third just wanted
men who made a respectable living.
"Must he be wealthy?" was the sixth
question, and there was not an affirma
tive reply in the lot.
Liquor Sold In a Dry" Town.
With the close of Worcester's first year
of no license the police liquor squad has
made a report of liquors brought into the
city by express companies; also tne num
ber of sales of liquor made at the license
drugstores, of which there were seven
until Mav 1.
' The figures show that the shipments of
liauors by express through wnoiesale
dealers, who have an agreement out of
tne city for shipments, average 650 cases
and 130 eight-gallon kegs of beer a day
for 306 days, Sundays and holidays being
eliminated. Added to these figures are
150 gallons of hard liquors, all being
classed under the head of whisky.
The slips from the licensed drugstores
show that to .persons who signed for. the
liquor to be used for medicinal purposes
there were 116,000 sales, which the police
say mean 29,080 quarts, 87,243 pints.
.Patrick arrived home much the worse
for wear. One eye was closed, his nose
was broken, and his face looked as though
it had teen stung by bees. "Glory bel
exclaimed his wife. "Thot Dutchman
Schwartzheimer 'twas him," explained
Patrick. "Shame on ye!" exploded his
wife without sympathy. A big shpalpeen
the loikes of you fo get bate up by a little
omadhaun of a Dootchman the size of
him! Why" "Whist, Nora." said Pat
rick, "don't spake disrespectfully of the
Presidents and Baseball. .
That President Taft is a lover of base
ball ought to create popularity for him.
Baseball, moreover, may well be patron
ized toy the President of the country that
invented the game and made it a truly
National sport, distinct from all outdoor
pastimes in other lands. Mr. Roosevelt
never cared for it. But that was be
cause he was defective in eyesight- as a
boy and could never prefer a game that
be could not personally mix m as a man
Not His Concern.
"John," said the woman, firmly, "I am
going to buy that hat.".
He looked at the maze of wickerwork
horsehair, clustered peaches, sprays of
cherries, pumpkin vine, grapes- velvet,
beet tops. Jet and hardware.
"Your folly be on our own head then,"
he answered. -
SHRINKAGE: OF WORLD'S LUMBER
New Zealand and European Countries
Now Join In Cry for Rcforcstlsatlon.
Evidence is accumulating that this
country is not alone in drawing near
to a lumber famine. In 60 y-rs the
forests of New Zealand have been re
duced by half their area, and in most
of the timber-producing countries of
the world the supply is being rapidly
exhausted. One merchant of wide in
ternational experience puts the case
thus: "In less than 30 years there will
be no timber available, unless the dif
ferent countries of the world set about
replanting immediately." He adds that,
"although every county takes it up
now, the regeneration will not be any
thing like fast enough to keep pace
with the consumption."
This message from Europe is strik-
ingiy in accord with the verdicts of i
our own forest experts. They affirm
that in a minimum of nine years
or in a maximum ot so years lime,
America will be unable to meet -its
requirements of lumber. A famine is
certain to come, and no provision is
being made against it.
One tangible proof of what is in
store is furnished by the Increase in
the price of lumber. This has not been
matter of temporary fluctuation, of
spasmodic rise -and fall, but a steady
upward tendency for the past 20 years.
In that period the prices of the more
important classes of lumber have risen
in this country over 100 per cent. And
along with this formidable increase
in price there are two other factors
which require to be emphasized the
lumber is poorer in quality, and, while
the population has increased by but D2
per cent, the consumption of lumber
per head has augmented by 94 per cent.
Such are the crude facts of a situa
tion which has got to be faced. It is
a duty we owe to our own wants of a
few years hence, but still more a duty
to the generations to come. Our for
ests cost us nothing to create; they are
the windfall to which nature's age
long provision has made us the fortun
ate heirs: but we shall be recreants of
the worst type if we squander this for
tune in selfish indifference to the needs
of those other children of nature w-hose
share in the inheritance is yet to be
enjoyed. In France and also in Ger
many, where forests are under proper
administration, a denuded area is at
once restocked, thus insuring that the
wants of the future shall be met. We
often claim to be an altruistic na
tion; here is an opportunity to set
deeds against words.
CURB TALKATIVE STENOGRAPHER
Bill to -Prevent "Her" Revealing; Em
ployer's Business Secrets.
And now Wisconsin proposes to reg
ulate stenographers along with rail
roads, insurance corporations, pleuro
pneumonia and other things where
in reform has given the Badger St,ate a
national reputation. If a bill which
already has passed the lower branch
of the Legislature becomes a law the
beautiful artist of pencil and type
writer no longer may take revenge on
a mean old thing of an employer by
"giving away" the secrets of hi- usi
ness without getting Into jail.
The bill in question was introduced
by a young bachelor who is said to
have had some unpleasant experiences
with gossiping stenographers. Being a
bachelor he never has had any un
pleasant experiences with a jealous
wife over stenographers, and it may
be - taken for granted that the gossip
to which he feels impelled to put a
stop concerns entirely the Imparting
of business secrets and confidential let
ters to outsiders, as in the sad case of
Mr. Archbold and others of our Stand
ard Oil and statesmen friends. The
measure, as stated in the dispatches,
provides for fines up to $500 and im
prisonment up to six months for any
stenographer who "reveals confidential
information regarding her employer."
The employment of the feminine gen
der, as indicated in the quotation from
the newspaper report of the bill, doubt
less will arouse surprise and indigna
tion, because, while young women ste
nographers are in the majority, there
are young men in the same employ
ment, and, unless we are mistaken,
the violations of trust that have com
manded particular attention as in the
case of some of our letter-writing fin
anciers, malefactors of great wealth,
et al. have come through male em
ployes or former employes. Perhaps
the dispatches are to blame for indi
cating a discrimination that does not
exist in the bill itself.
Anyway, it is up to the young wom
en stenographers to investigate and
to resent, if the facts warrant, the re
flection on their ability to keep secrets
as well as stenographers of the other
As the haughty blonde probably would
say of the whole bill to the imperious
brunette at the next desk:
"Well, what do you know about
Fingers Worth More - Than Life.
New York Times.
In the Supreme Court in Brooklyn, N.
Y., the value of a man's three fingers
was placed at just twice that of another
man's life. John Welch, who had his
fingers cut off by a machine while at
work in the Waterbury Rope Works, got
a verdict of $7000 from a jury. But a
jury in another part of the court award
ed to the widow of Thomas F. Carlin..
who was crushed to death while work
ing for the New York Dock Company, a
verdict of only $300. The widow had sued
for $25,000 damages.
Three Meals at Once.
"Now, Mary," said her mistress, "you
must come to the door of the drawing
room and say, 'Breakfast is ready, and
supper is ready, but dinner is served.' "
The " newly corralled domestic inward
ly digested the concise instructions, and
that evening convulsed the guests who
were awaiting the announcement of
dinner by stepping between the por
tieres, dropping a courtesy and re
peating,- "Breakfast is ready, and sup
per is ready, nut dinner is ser-r-ved!"
Next Problem of Invention.
London Saturday Review.
Certainly plenty of rubbish is being
talked about aeroplanes. England, for
sooth, is - to be de-lsled In a year or
two by the Zeppelins. Perhaps Mars
is not safe from the intrusions of the
"aviators." We foretell that in a short
time the new terror will be a Bub-ter
rine ship which will sail through the
earth as easily as the others sail
through the water and air.
Men's Clothes vs. Women's.
When a man is dressed completely he
wears ten articles, including his socks and
neckfia. A 'woman wears 19 different
articles, in her hair alone. A woman
wears at least 57 different articles and is
compelled . to keep track of them. A
woman spends one-third of her time in
dressing and undressing; a, man about 20
minutes each day.
Valedictory to a Bivalve.
Adieu, delicious friend, we meet
No more until September.
But joyous moonlight hours with you
Till then I will remember.
I must confess for you I spent
Far more than I -was able.
But you were such a trood excuse j
For suppers late with Mabel.
Wren next I greet you. stewed or fried.
Or on the half-shell pearly,-'-With
lemon slices on the side.
Twill be in Autumn early.
And though instead of Mabel then
It may be Maud or Lucy,
My heart will still be true to. you,
O morsel plump and Juicy!
Mina Irving, in New Tork Sun.
When the concert was over and the
pianist was driving along the snowy road
to the Burnham Inn, where he was . to
spend the night, he ventured to ask his
host of the. evening if he had enjoyed
the playing. "You did first-rate," Mr.
Burnham told him. "That's my opinion."
"Yes." he went on, after a minute,
"you certainly did first-rate. You showed
power and strength beyond anything t
ever expected to listen to, and you was
lightning quick into the bargain.
"Anybody that heard you could tell you
worked hard and Ions: and steady to get
your trade. But I tell ye who else who
ought to have some credit that's the
man that made the piano you played on.
Tain't every instrument that would
stand the strain you nut on it. not hv a
"I should-call it the praise ought to be
divided nrettv evenlv- hstn-lsi
Two ragged specimens shivered com-
plainingly under a water tank at Fort
Scott, waiting for the southbound freight.
I wasn't always this way," grumbled
one. "I used to be a proofreader."
"The you did." replied the other.
I used to be a linotype operator."
The policeman who separated them said
it was the wickedest scrap he ever saw.
Mrs. Sharp So you told Mr. Jones you
wished you were single once more, did
Sharp (with quick wit) Only that I
might have the happiness of ' marrying
you again, darling. Boston Transcript.
Not long ago a young couple entered a
railway carriage at Sheffield. England,
and were immediately put down as a
bridal pair. But they were remarkably
self-possessed and behaved with such
sangfroid that the other passengers be
gan to doubt if their first surmise wa9
correct aft,er all.
As the train moved out. however.' the
young man rose to remove his overcoat
and a shower of rice fell out, while the
passengers smiled broadly.
But even that did not affect the youth,
who also smiled and, turning to his part
ner, remarked audibly:
"By Jove, May! I've stolen the bride
groom's overcoat!" Tatler.
Two London cabbies were glaring at
"Aw, wot's the matter with you?" de
"Nothlnk's the matter with me, you
"You give me a. narsty look," per
sisted the first.
"Me! Why. you certainly ave a. narsty
look; but I didn't give it to you, so help
me!" Tit Bits.
The Policeman Come, my man, you
can't wander around the streets in this
The Wanderer Then arresht me.
The Policeman But your wife is wait
ing at home for you.
The Wanderer That's the reashon I
wanter be arreshted. Cleveland Plain
A teacher In a rural school ' labored
long and patiently in teaching the young
to pronounce the final g. On public x
ercise day an irrepressible youngster read
a blackboard sentence as follows:
"What a good time I am havln'!"
"Try that again, Johnny," interrupted
the teacher, "arsd remember what I have
been telling you."
Once more Johnny solemnly read,
"What a good time I am havtn'l"
""That's wrong again, Johnny," im
patiently corrected the teacher. "Can't
you remember what I have told you so
many times about the g?"
Johnny's face now beamed with intelli
gence, and the last time he read: "Gee,
what a good time I am havin'l" The
"Does your husband make good
"I guess it's good; it always knocks
him out." Houston Post.
"How Tlllle's clothes hang about her!
Why, they don't fit her at all!"
"But think how much worse she would
look if they did!" Life.
Champ Clark loves to tell of how in
the heat of a debate Congressman John
son of Indiana called an Illinois Repre
sentative a jackass. The expression was
unparliamentary and in retraction John
"While I withdraw the unfortunate
word, Mr. Speaker, I must Insist that
the gentleman from Illinois is out of
"How am I out of order?" yelled the
-man from Illinois.
"Probably a veterinary surgeon could
tell you," answered Johnson, and that
was parliamentary enough to stay on the
DOC WALKS 1OO0 MILES FOR HOME
Gives Rap to Nature Faker Critics by
Nosing: Out His Old M -inter.
Records of Edward Payson Weston,
former Alderman Joseph Badenoch. of
Chicago, and other famous pedestrians,
have been smashed to splinters by a
Champaign County dog.
Those of Jack London, Ernest Seton
Thompson and Professor Long have also
been torn to shreds by the animal, and,
except for the fact that ex-President
Roosevelt is now far from Sadorus, 111.,
it might be a target for a volley of newly
coined criticism. The ex-President being
out Mombasa-ways, however, the feat
of the animal can be duly recorded. .
The dog is the property of William
Horn of Sadorus, a village in Cham
paign County, not far away . from the
buildings of the State University. It had
shown its ability in catching birds and
in other ways, but it had made no claims
to any remarkable distinction, so that
last February, when Henry Good of
Louisiana, who was visiting Horn, took a
fancy to it, Horn immediately presented
him with the animal. Good accepted the
present and the dog was placed in an
Illinois Central box car and shipped off
to Louisiana. It reached there all right,
and Good wrote to Horn to tell him that
be had already taken it on hunts with
Yesterday Horn was in his front yard
when a dog entered it. The animal im
mediately ran up to Horn and although
he tried to drive it away, it showed un
Horn linally recognized the dog as
the one which he haul given to Good.
The animal's feet were bleeding, and it
appeared to be almost starved.
Horn is convinced that after it had
been with Good for some time it began
to pine for its old master and its old
home and ran away.- He believes that
some remarkable intuition enabled It to
make the 1000-mile journey from Louisiana
of course, on foot.
The fact that ' the animal had been
taken South on a box car, and could not
possibly have seen the road over which
it traveled, makes the exploit the more
Horn has written to Good to get par
ticulars as to when the dog disappeared
and other facts which the Louisiana man
Meantime the bird dog is being tender
ly cared for and is being exhibited to
admiring Champaign County audiences.
- Well, Ain't We Patient t
. Indianapolis News. -Let
us all be patient. When Senator
Aidrich fully makes up his mind what
he intends to do about a tariff commis
sion he will Inform us.