PORTLAND, OKEGO.V. c Entered . Portland, Oregon, Postotflcs as Second-Class Mattsr. (subscription Bates InTsrlably Ib AdTsncs. By Mall Dally. Sunday Included, ona year......s. liily. Sunday included, alx month!. ... .! Dally. 6unday included, threa monthe. ..1.25 Ialy, Sunday Included, ona month.... .7a Daily, without Sunday, ona year J Dally, without Sunday, aix montha . Dally, without Sunday, three montha.. 1.75 7aly, without Sunday, ona month Weekly, ona year J-J Sunday, ona year Joo Sunday and Weekly, one year By Carrier.) nally, Sunday Included, ona year. ..... Dally. Sunday Included, ona month.... 7 How to Bemlt Send poitofflco money oruer. expreaa order or personal check on our local bank. Stamps, coln-or currency are at ttve sender's risk. Give postofncs ad dress In full. Including- county ana sisis. Postage Kate XO to 14 pages. 1 cent: 1 to 2 page. 2 centa; 10 to 44 pages, a centa: 4$ to u page. 4 centa. Foreign poataca double ratea. , Ka.tern Business Ofllce The S. C. Beck wltu Special Agency New York, rooma 4 49 Tribune building. Chicago, rooma 610-611 Tribune building. PORTLAND, TUESDAT. FEB. 9, 1909. THE NEW SENATE. . Great anticipations are afloat as to what "the new Senate" will do for the country- It will begin Its career on March 4 with an Infusion of so much strange blood and so many Ideas which to the old Aldrich regime look revo lutionary that many people are won dering: what will happen. 'Will the all powerful Aldrich himself be deposed , and with him the control of the Stand ard Oil Company In Congress? Will the ancient rules of the Senate be re vised, those rules which, relegate the new member to insignificance no mat er how great his abilities and enthrone the old one no matter how marked his Imbecility? It is said by some who know that the rules of the Senate are actually to be revised. May the powers above grant that this shall be done and done thoroughly though not too thoroughly. It would be a pity if the Senate In Its eagerness to become a -business body" should reduce itself to the inefficient position of the House of Representatives. That forlorn cham ber now sits at the feet of its Speaker like a little boy before a stern peda gogue and acts only when the great man permits. There Is some conjecture as to who will be the very newest of the new Senators. La Follette's novelty has .lost Us first shine. He Is still the phe "nomenon from Wisconsin, of course, but use and acquaintance have dimmed the wonder of him. Perhaps Bristow of Kansas will illumine the heavens with legislative splendor. Perhaps Jones of Washington is the coming: comet. Destiny has a great deal of material to choose from if It Is really disposed to display wonders after March 4, but the chances are that more solid work fr the welfare of the country will be done In the next six years by Mr. Root than by any body else In the Senate. He will not be subservient to any ring or custom, atrd it goes without saying that he will not be suppressed, although he is a new man In the reverend chamber. The news that he is In favor of the parcels post is worth tons of consolation to those (who hope for the ultimate pas sage of that civilized and necessary measure. BIOGRAPHlCAXi INCIDENTS. Facsimile advertisements of the year 1837, of S. T. Logan and E. D. Baker, and of J. T. Stuart and A. Lincoln, attorneys at law, at Spring field, 111., recall many incidents of biographical interest. Stephen T. Logan was the most celebrated lawyer of his time In Illinois. He was father of David Logan, for many years the best known lawyer of Oregon, and Republican candidate for the National House of Representatives In 1858, in 1859, and again In 1S68 but unsuc cessful each time. In 1868 Lansing Stout was his successful opponent; in 1859, George K. Shell; In 1868, Joseph S. Smith. E. D. Baker did not long remain In partnership with Stephen T. Logan; for Baker, though a marvelous orator, was not a lawyer, and was too restless a spirit to permit the drudg ery of law work. Jn 1841 Logan and Lincoln formed a new partnership, and Lincoln attended the terms of the Cir cuit Court in most of the counties of Central Illinois, during many years. Logan lived till the year 1880. He was one of the delegates of Illinois to the convention that nominated Lincoln for the Presidency in 1860. Baker's career was that of a brilliant orator and adventurous soldier. He was elected to Congress in 1844; led a regiment in the war with Mexico, and later had a part In the direction of affairs at Panama, at the time of the construction of the Isthmian Rall . road. From there he came to Cali fornia, and thence to Oregon. His ob ject in coming to Oregon was to reach the United States Senate; in which he succeeded, through a combination of Republicans and anti-slavery Demo crats. His ambition for military dis tinction drew him from the Senate into the Civil War. He fell. In the first action in which he was engaged. His oratorical powers were of the very first order and his death was a severe blow to the National cause. Simeon and Allen Francis, brothers, published for many years the Illinois Journal at Springfield. Until the rise of Journalism at Chicago the Spring Held Journal held a foremost place among the-newspapers of the state. But before the election of Lincoln the Francis brothers had parted with It. Growth of metropolitan Journalism in St. Louis and Chicago had reduced the importance of newspapers in the smaller towns. Simeon Francis came to the Pacific Coast In 1859. and in I860 did editorial na-ork on The Ore gonlan. He was among those who en couraged Mr. Pittock to start The Dally Oregonian, of which he contin ued as editor for a considerable time. Next year he was appointed by Lincoln a Paymaster in the Army, with the rank of Major, which position he held till his death. His brother, Allen Francis, was made Consul of the United States at Victoria, and held the position many years. One of his daughters married, the late Byron Z. Holmes, of Portland. Another of Lincoln's Springfield friends was Dr. A. G. Henry, who came over the plains In 1852 and settled on a donation land claim in Yamhill County, adjoining that of Edward R. Geary., one of whose sons Is Dr. E. P. Geary, now a physician of Portland. Edward R. Geary was a brother of John W. Geary, first Mayor of San Francisco after the cession of Cali fornia to the United States. He was a General in the Army throughout the Civil War and later Governor of Penn sylvania the native state of the Gearys. Dr. Henry was appointed by Lincoln to the office of Surveyor-General of Washington Territory, which position he held several years. He was Instrumental In starting the Washington Standard, a weekly paper at Olympla, which is still published. Dr. Henry was among those lost with the steamer Brother Jonathan, which sank on Port Orford, on the way from San Francisco to Portland, In July, 1865. Lincoln forgot none of his old Springfield friends the friends of his period of early struggle ard obscurity; and not one of them failed to perform his duty In whatever position Lincoln placed him. Other men of the Spring field group iwere James Shields, a sol dier of the Mexican and Civil wars, and a Senator at one time from Illi nois, at another from Minnesota, and a third time from Missouri; and James McDougall, who went to the Senate' from California. These last two were Democrats. MULTNOMAH CLUB EXPANSION. There lies to the immediate south of the grounds of the Multnomah Ama teur Athletic Club a tract of land that Is a natural extension of . the club's present athletic field. It comprises something over three acres, and through the peculiar topography of the land in that vicinity the fittest use to which It can be put is for outdoor sports. Now it Is proposed to sell this tract to the Multnomah Club for J 60, 000, so that the grounds, now limited In area, may be enlarged and the ath letic activities of the organization may undergo a desirable and even neces sary expansion. It is said that there Is a little hesitation on the part of the club, or rather of some of its mem bers, to Incur additional financial re sponsibilities; but it would seem that, in the circumstances of the offer to the club, the investment is not only justified but altogether wise and safe. It may be hoped that the purchase will be made, and the added area now se cured to the club for all time. Portland takes a special pride In the Multnomah Club, and Is deeply con cerned in Its continued welfare and success. It has everywhere a good name for clean and manly sport, and its affairs, athletic and social, are al ways conducted on the highest plane. It has done much for the young men of Portland, and it has done besides a remarkable (work for the youth of the city. The club's juniors are the main stay and the hope of the organization, for there the club spirit Is kept alive and there its future reposes. The Multnomah Club is no Ioungnlg-place for Idlers; Its chief mission is athletic and gymnasium work. Therefore It Is necessary to have ample grounds, and any reasonable plan for their ex tension is entitled to the favor and support of the club and the public. DELINQUENT CHILDREN. According to a recent article in The Herald, Boston has reason to be dis quieted over the increase In the num ber of youthful offenders against the law. It seems that the city had 3829 delinquent, wayward and neglected children in the hands of the police last year, while 3970 youths between the ages of 17 and 20 were arrested. The latter class of offenders Increases ap parently at the rate of about 1300 a year In Boston, which leads The Her ald to remark that criminals are grad uated "from the elementary class of youthful offenders at the rate of 1300 a year. To an observer without preposses sions this fact would almost inevitably imply that something was wrong In the Bostonian method of dealing with Juvenile delinquents. If the processes of the law are such that boys and girls are urged on by them from delin quency or waywardness to full-blown crime, then those processes are unquestionably- In need of alteration. According to The Herald's account, the usual practice is to turn Juvenile delinquents over to their parents for corrective treatment Instead of punish ing them directly. More than 3000 cases out of the entire number of 3829 were thus handled last year with the result that a large class was pro moted from juvenile delinquency to adolescent crime. One would think that the world Is old enough and that police officers have been in business long enough to have learned that par ents who have once permitted their children to drift into lawlessness are the last persons on earth to be trusted with correcting them. Where a home is such that it leads the Juvenile toward crime, the first step in his sal vation is either radically to change tho character of the home or remove the child without delay. In most cases adults who have begun to neglect their children will continue to do so. Noth ing can alter their shiftless and lazy habits. It follows therefore that In almost all cases where the parents are responsible for the bad conduct of children, the only safe procedure Is to find a new home for them. It is proposed in Boston to fine par ents who permit their children to be come delinquents, but this is not a very promising scheme. Many such persons have no money to pay fines with, while if they are lodged In jail the Juveniles will be in a plight still worse than be fore, since the most wretched home one can imagine, is probably better than none at all. Boston is not alone in having a large class each year which graduates from the ranks of juvenile, delinquency to mature crime. Other cities have the same problem on their hands and the question how to solve it' Is of increasing Importance everywhere. It may be laid down as axiomatic that very few children would become- criminals if they had proper nurture and education. Where the parents cannot or will not provide it, society must step In and do It for them. Otherwise ' the ranks of the criminal class will continue to be re plenished from children who might Just as well have been law-abiding and useful citizens. It is another axiom that Juveniles cannot be herded in Institutions of any sort whatever with out suffering serious Injury. All sorts of "homes" which gather in multitudes of boys and girls, no matter how ex cellent the motive nor how thorough the care they receive, have ipon the whole been found to be undesirable in important particulars. The child needs individual attention. Treated in a mass the human infant pines either physically or morally. Often both body and soul suffer equally. The question then is how each de linquent or neglected child is to be taken care of as an individual outside of institutions of any sort. The method of Judge Llndsey in Denver has been successful. Judge Cleland at Chicago has applied the same devices on a scale even larger with similar results. The children are left free to go their own ways, but with the constant assurance that the mind of the court is occupied with them and that their honor is at stake. Bad conduct will lose them their best friend. Under this Influence they develop trustworthiness, truthful ness and industry. The trouble with Judge Lindsey's method as a panacea Is that It can only be applied success fully by men who are miraclesof hu manity and-patience. If every city in the country had a Lindsey and had the good sense to put Its wayward youths in his charge, all would be well begun, though even then it would not be well ended as long as perverting in fluences are permitted to work un checked upon the -young. The powerful suggestive stimuli of the yellow newspapers are accountable for many murders and robberies com mitted by youths between 17 and 20. The pictures of crime In those abom inable sheets will sometimes excite a youth to .imitate the same deed in all Its particulars. Hero worship of the lawbreaker makes others deem it something grand to commit crime. Then, too, the great problem gf educa tion comes in. If children were taught useful arts from the beginning of school life a complete transforma tion of Juvenile morals would cer tainly result. Finally, the everlasting question of poverty, lack of work and drink Intrudes, and we may rest assured that until we have solved It we shall always have Juvenile offend ers on our hands and that we shall see a goodly percentage of them graduate yearly into the ranks of adult crim inals. . OREGON'S TIMBER WEALTH. Oregon timber lands are attracting more capital to this state than Is com ing here for any other form of Invest ment, and conservative estimates place the amount invested in this state in the past two years at more than $75 000,000, some authorities fixing the amount as high as $100, 000,000. Very little of this buying has been done by Oregon people. Living so long out here under the shadow of these immense pines and firs, we have had even more difficulty In appreciating their com mercial value than we have experi enced regarding their picturesque value. But the Eastern Investor who has -witnessed the seemingly limitless forests of a generation ago vanish from the earth forever throughout Michi gan, Wisconsin and other timbered re gions of the Middle West has an excel lent Idea of the present and prospective value of the wonderful Oregon forests. With stumpage and very poor stumpage it is that still remains uncut In the lumber districts of the Middle West and Northwest selling around $12 and even $15 per thousand feet, there is something almost Irresistible in the magnificent timber that changes hands in Oregon at $1 per thousand and even lower. Timber is only one of the great resources of the state, and, unfortunately for us, when it has been removed from the land the In dustry will be ended forever; but some idea of the Immensity of the riches that this industry will shower on the state is gained from a comparison with stumpage values elsewhere. The tim ber that has changed hands within the past two years is only a small por tion of the available supply, but it alone, at a stumpage figure less than one-half the average prices now pre vailing in Wisconsin and Michigan, would produce more than $500,000, 000. Oregon for many years lagged be hind in development of the lumber business. Thirty years before" this 6tate began figuring to any extent in the foreign trade, the big mills of Pu get Sound and British Columbia were shipping lumber all over the world, and the stumpage price In those days -was less than one-half that which is paid for the most Inaccessible tracts In Oregon today. With an ever widening field for the sale of lumber and steadily diminishing timber sup plies in other parts of the country. Oregon Is about to enter on an era of tremendous activity in the develop ment of this greatest of all Industries on which immediate and liberal re turns can be secured. From no other Industry in the state does labor draw such a large propor tion of the value of the finished prod uct as from the timber and lumber business, and for that reason the money placed in circulation by this industry has a large and rapid circula tion through all lines of trade. In all of the varied resources and industries In this state the outlook Is most flat tering, but In none is it brighter than in the timber and lumber business. THE UNREASONABLE FRENCH. A Washington dispatch announces that "American tariff experts do not view with complacency the probability that the French government within the next year will put Into operation a revised tariff which it is believed will have the effect of discriminating seri ously against Imports into France from the United States." That this attempt on the part of France to model a tariff system on the same lines as our own admirable "grab-all-and-give-nothing" policy is not entirely new is made plain by the statement that the condition of trade with France is very unsatis factory on account of the present tariff. the United States being "compelled to pay the maximum rate on all of Its Importations, and that is sufficient in many cases to be practically prohibi tive." It is indeed a serious situation that confronts us,' and the audacity of France in daring to extend to us the same treatment that the French buy ers have received at our hands is an injustice which will appeal to every standpatter in this country. The ig norant Frenchmen do not seem to un derstand that this sacred tariff, under which our trusts thrive and swell into vast competition-stifling machines. Is intended strictly for the benefit of these trusts. The aggrieved air with which the news of this threatened re prisal by the French is received Indi cates that this foreign rebellion against trust tyranny is regarded solely as an attack on vested rights. Our trusts, which have waxed great on the Infant industry pap that the tariff nurse has religiously administered for so many years, say alike to the foreign con sumer and the domestic consumer: "What's yours is mine, and what's mine is my own." The action of France Is, in effect, service by that country of notice on the United States that the present Jug handled business arrangement will no longer be permitted, and that in the future, if this country care's to enjoy peaceful and profitable trade relations with the people of France, we must play' fair and extend to them the same trade courtesies that we have for years been accorded by them. It is, of course, obvious that there are here a thousand consumers of French imports who would be benefited by a reciprocal tariff between the two countries as against every trust magnate who might have his profits affected by the change. Perhaps the most serious phase of the matter lies in the granting by France of a minimum tariff to Canada. This would enable American manufac turers to build factories in Canada and ship the product into France under a low tariff, and by maintaining our inflexible tariff against France, imports from that country would be shut out of the United States. By this method we should suffer an Industrial loss by removal of the factories to Canada, and our consumers would still be de prived of the low-priced Imports which under a fair reciprocal tariff would be nhtninahle at reasonable figures. Con tinuation of the present unfair tariff system will eventually leave tnis coun try In a state of magnificent commer cial Isolation, with all the world our enemies. It seems strange that it is necessary to submit tho "gateway" dispute over reehecking baggage to the Interstate Commerce Commission. The only railroad reason for refusing to check through over competing lines is that by making it as troublesome as possi ble for the passenger to recheck at Portland he might be Induced to make the round trip over the same line that brought him -west. This is poor logic, and displays a lack of knowledge of tho -neorila who travel. The man who comes 2000 miles across the continent by one route and can buy a round-trip ticket entitling him to return by an other route will almost invariably re turn over a different route from the one which he used in coming west. He will even endure the inconvenience of reehecking baggage at Portland, and all that the railroad will get out of the obstructive pdlicy will be the 111 will of the traveler. It Is to the in terest of the Puget Sound cities as well as Portland that travel to and from the Seattle exposition be as free from an noyances as possible. "The problem before the American people today," says the Washington Star, "is to regulate their city affairs in such a way as to reduce to a mini mum the opportunity of the grafter to work his dishonest game by keeping citizens constantly on the alert to In sure a high standard of efficiency in office, and by punishing with severe penalties all who are caught tamper ing with the public welfare for private gain." A problem truly, and one not confined to the government of cities. Witness the effort that i3 now being made in our State Legislature to work the people for higher salaries for officials all along the line. In judicial life from the judge to the constable; in political life, from the sheriff to his stenographer, and in municipal life, from the mayor to the poundmaster. To the scriptural list of things that are never satisfied may well be added: The man who draws his sustenance from the public crib. The wheat market took another flight upward yesterday, and for the first time this season the July option passed the dollar mark, while May onarAii tin td . fraction less than $1.12 per bushel. The European market. which has for weeks ignorea tne American situation, has within the past few days exhibited signs of nerv ousness, and, regardless of manipula tion of the May option in Chicago, there is increasing evidence of that in herent strength that can come only from supply and demand. The Amer ican Visible yesterday showed a de crease of 1,674,000 bushels, and is with but two exceptions at the lowest point reached on a corresponding period in ten years. The situation is not. en couraging for the pit speculators who are in the habit of selling wheat which they do not possess. . Another war Is reported brewing be tween Salvador and Nicaragua. Guate mala Is said to be instigating the trou ble, and there may be some real fight ing before one of the big powers which usually has interests Jeopard ized by these wars takes the belliger ents by the scruff of the neck and shakes them Into a state of docility. There is more or less Inconsistency in the attitude of the great powers of the earth in refusing self-government to the Filipinos, Hottentots and other nuisances, so long as these fiery Cen tral American countries are permitted to misgovern themselves so effectually that revolutions are always on tap. If there is a reward for persistency, the seekers for oil at Ontario, on the eastern edge of the state, will get it. Their well has reached a- depth of 2125 feet. There are plenty of "signs" in that region. For two years a citizen of that town has lighted and heated his home with natural gas. Tears ago a good coal prospect was uncovered on the Owyhee, several miles distant, but inaccessible for marketing in a com mercial way. One of these days On tario may Jump into municipal great ness. Chicago beef packers are again to be "investigated." The public, alarmed for Its stomach's sake, will be relieved to learn that this is not to be an Upton Sinclair investigation, with a second volume of "The Jungle" at its back, but simply an inquiry into railroad re bates and monopolistic favoritism as forbidden by the anti-trust law. Drewsey wants to be the seat of a new county to be called Otis and carved from Harney, Grant and Mal heur. The excellent feature in the case is that those counties will not miss the areas taken, but a heartless Leg islature may , amend the name to Otisn't and bury it. The man up on the Santiam who be came the father of those famous trip lets last year is reported by the Scio paper as having renewed his subscrip tion. He is a man who looks after the little things of life. Mr. Bryan denies that he was hurt in the automobile collision and goes right on lecturing. He has escaped smiling three times from worse wrecks. According to Councilman Wills, the North End hasn't yet been purified, quite, oy xne A.aae auimuittLiaLiuii. Queer. . Everi Nebraska Is throwing rocks at the Jap.' Mr. Bryan can be depended on to climb into any old bandwagon. Is California also willing to- under take alone the task of excluding the Japs In case of war? California's dark brown taste in the mouth may change to cotton before the scare is over. CAPTAIN JAMES BOWIE. Story of IHs Life and Death. The "Bowie Knife." Albert P. Terhune in Chicago Evening Journal. Two men stood facing each other with leveled pistols o:. a Mississippi River sandbar, near Natchez, one early morning in August, 1827. The duelists were Samuel Wells and Dr. Maddox, a couple of local celebrities who had quarreled and who had chosen single combat as a last resort. The quarrel had not been confined to the two duelists alone. It had spread throughout the whole community. The hot-tempered pioneers had taken sides with one disputant or the other until each had a throng of partisans. A number of these friends and supporters had come to the sandbar to witness the duel. Barely out of pistol range they stood, a group of them behind each of the fighters. Maddox and Wells awaited the word to fire. When it came both pistols spoke. Tet when the smoke cleared each man was still standing. Neither had received the slightest hurt. Their seconds conferred in whispers. Then, Bpurred on by the angry growls they agreed that two more shots should be fired. . ,. Again, at the word of command, the combatants pulled trigger. Again neither was hit. It was decided that honor was satisfied and a reconcillia tion was attempted. But this by no means suited the warlike backwoods men and pioneers who had gathered to watch the duel. They broke Into the discussion. One furious word led to another. Knives and pistols were drawn. In an instant both factions were fighting for their lives. The bravest man and most renowned soldier" present was James Bowie, or Georgia. Bowie as a lad had moved to Louisiana and was gradually drifting westward as a leader in the great movement that was one. day to carry progress and civilization clear across the trackless continent. Bowie was poor, but full of resource. Having some time earlier lost his hunting knife and having no money to . r.no h h.-nl laboriously ground down the end of an old file to nv.n-n nnlnt oh a rnpn ed one Of its edges and fitted a rude handle on It. ri.:- . .1.. ...aa hie nnlv WPMlDIl. As the two factions attacked each other, Bowie was wounded by a pistol shot. But the wound Qia not. tuo : , i. K Tin Amv4 "his hom HIS UUWCIIU A Licit,. -- - - - j . .v.,, into the body muue twiiita i.u " - - of his assailant Major Norris Wright slaying the Major at a single u.uv. v,..f .rmh into the conflict. In that impromptu battle six men were killed and fifteen wounaeu. A goodly share of the "casualties j -Dn-nrln'fl strftTlETS knife. were uue " " . The weapon and its owner suddenly found themselves tamous. mhi-i. els of the knife were made by a Fhlla- -, , , . . i mnn wh.i at once . j o,r customers for them he made a fortune. Thus the cele brated "bowle knife" came into use. The backwoods soldier of fortune who had fashioned it from a file declared: "In a strong man's hold it .Is better than any pistol." .,, Westward Bowie wandered, settling at last in Texas. The future Lone Star state was then Mexican territory. But its miles of rich pasture land were al ready quite thickly populated by Amer icans. Between these American pio neers and Mexicans there were con stant clashes. Bowie and his friends wanted to free Texas from Mexico grip. Mexico, on the other hand. did everything to cramp the Americans ef forts and to make life in Texas a bur den for them. Bowie was a born leader, and many a mighty blow did he strike for Texan freedom. In the battles of San Saba, Nacogdoches and Concepcioi. he did such valiant work as to win the rank of colonel. He was in command at the celebrated "Grass Fight" In 1835. The prowess that had enabled him to fashion a deadly weapon from a useless old file helped him now In shaping raw fron tiersmen into efficient soldiers and to modelling the rough-hewn destinies of TEariy in 1836 a band of 140 Amer icans intrenched themselves at a Texas mission fort called the "Alamo." They were attacked by the Mexican general, Santa Ana, with. 4000 troops. The place was surrounded and there was no pos sible chance of escape. Yet the Amer icans fought on, inflicting terrific damage upon their stronger foe, laugh ing at the summons to surrender. Bowie, with "Davy" Crockett and 37 other Americans, learning of his com rades' hopeless plight, cut his way through the Mexican host, and burst Into the fort to die with his fellow Americans. Bowie knew well that he and his followers were throwing away their lives; that it was seemingly use less suicide they were committing by entering that death trap, yet none turned back. They all died loyal to America and to their brothers-at-arms. And the tale of their heroic action did more perhaps than anything else to rouse Texas against Santa Ana's tyranny and to pave the way for the future state's freedom from its Mexican mas ters. Bowie, wounded in the leg ea the Mexicans forced their way into the fort braced himself against a wall and i v. ranVQ nt advancing foes until his ammunition was exhausted. Then, gripping his iamous Kniie, iia crawled forward on all fours, ' and flung himself at the nearest Mexican. Stabbing and stabbing, he fought on, heedless of his own wounds, as long as breath remained. His body, riddled with bullets, is said to have been found after the bat- i i,.tr,. in tho ppntpr of a rina: of 13 dead Mexicans, all killed by the fear ful strokes of tne original . oowio knife.". ' Largest Chlmra In tbe World. New York World. rrun nf th fnnr chimes for the great clock in the tower of the Metro politan Life Insurance Company build , i ninxtorm Siniii-A arrived and lug, i" i,itijow, -. have been hoisted to a staging on the OUtSlde OI tne tower. Jl no mieo ucua ii .n.i.Hvalir lndn 2000 Anti WCjgUCli ICOJI.VU.V.J B000 pounds, and the fourth, which is expected today, .weigna iuuu puuuua and Is 70 inches In diameter. They are tuned In. Q, F-natural, E-flat and B-flat, and will strike . . i half V. on nr miArtflr hour just which has not as yet been de cided. They are to De moumea on pe destals between the marble pillars out ride the forty-sixth story. The bells were cast by the Meneely Bell Company, of Troy. N. Y., and are the largest and costliest chimes in the world. They will ring out their melo dies at a height of 650 feet above the . iA..ai Th pi- ore made of Lake ancci - Superior copper and imported block- tin, which IS supposed iu give mo sweetest tones. Probably not before April 1 will the chimes be in place, striking the hours Indicated by the 25-foot hands on the great clock face. Excitement In Church. Long Creek Ranger. There was a little excitement in church Monday night. The minister had just finished his discourse when Fred Dustln arose and shouted out: "ftere! Here! stop that! stop!" The minister wanted to know what was the matter and the audi ence began to wonder if Fred had gone crazy; Mrs. Lee took her boy by the hand and straightened him out. Fred had been asleep and dreamed that Charlie Lee was about to step on his grandma's glasses. AMERICAN FLAGS OVER OWN SHIPS Whether Built Here or Elsewhere, Ad vises Congressman Kustermnnn. Washington (D. C.) Herald. The Hon. Gustave - Kustermann, of Wisconsin, already known to readers of this paper for his estimate of the money cost of the Hon. John Wesley Gaines' eloquence, for his exposure of the Standard Oil joker in the tariff bill, and for his seasoned optimism, is is not a verbose and flowery orptor. But when it comes to the presentation of a few facts that grip the imagina tion commend us to the Green Bay philosopher, who, we are happy to say, has been retained for a second terra by a discriminating constituency. The other day, for example, Mr. Kustermann offered certain observa tions on the decline of American ship pin and the causes thereof, and sug gested the simple remedy of so chang ing our navigation laws that Americans can fly their own flag over their own ships, whether built in this country or elsewhere. Not a new idea, by any means; in fact it is borrowed from the experience of England and Germany, the two greatest maritime nations. Mr. Kustermann showed that a few years ago Americans owned 136 vessels of 672,000 tons, which would presumably fly the American flag if permitted, and that if they were admitted to Amer ican registry, we should have at a single stroke an ocean tonnage equal ing the entire iron and steel tonnage of Norway or Spain, and exceeding that of Japan and Italy. Nothing loud ly to brag about, but a substantial start And then Mr. Kustermann ad duced this striking circumstance: It may not be generally known, but it is nevertheless a fact tha.t the United States Government today owns 88 steamships of 102.100 tons, used as transports and colliers, which were built in forelftn countries, and as such are not eligible to AmerU-an registry without a special act ot Congress. Even the colliers and transports which accompany our fleet have no official right to fly the American flag. Was there ever a more beautiful ex ample of a government tying its own arms and legs? Occasionally some pa triotic individual descants upon the hu miliating spectacle thus presented, yet few of them have the courage to say. as our Wisconsin friend did, that our humiliation is wholly of our own manu facture. Only a stupid and antiquated navigation law, of a type that has been abandoned for half a century or more by the two most progressive maritime nations, stands in the way of our sail ing American ships under the American flag. Our colliers are under the reg istry and protection of foreign flags simply because we will have it so, and for no other reason whatever. And American citizens continue to run steamers under foreign flasrs simply be cause Congress wills it. That there is to be no change in this policy is evi dent from the action of the House com mittee on merchant marine, which only a day or two after Mr. Kustermann's lucid exhibit of the trouble with our merchant marine, tabled all bills and resolutions looking to the grant of American registry to foreign-built ships, everi when repaired in the United States. This amounts toa ver dict from that committee that the United States shall have no merchant marine unless it is built up by means of subsidies from the Treasury. Can we afford to carry the protective poli cy to that extreme? OBJECT LESSON IV APPENDICITIS. Latter One of the Most Popular Medical Fads of .unrter Century. New York World. The dinner which his' appendicitis pa tients are to give to a Philadelphia sur geon is not essentially novel: appendi citis clubs exist in various cities. What makes the event remarkable is that there are expected to be present fully 160 guests whom the surgeon In question has personally relieved of this intestinal en cumbrance. That this is the record of . ln nhralalnn KtXSI rS WitneSS tO tllO extraordinary vogue of one of the most popular medical fads of the century. The first typical operation for appendi citis appears to have been performed in New York in 1SS6. In the following year at Philadelphia occurred the first re corded removal of the appendix as a precautionary measure. Appendicitis sur gery is thus less than a quarter of a century old and distinctively American in its origin and development. The pro fessional standing of the surgeons whose names were associated with the early operations,, among them Dr. W. T. Bull and Dr. Charles McBurney, and the prominence of the first patients, gave a wide Impetus to the surgical treatment of the disease. How many tens of thou sands of appendixes were sacrificed to science during the decade from 1890- to 1900 is a subject for curious speculation. The first flush of appendicitis surgery has long, since passed. Tho knife is now less often resorted to, having given way to medical and hygienic treatment. One regrettable feature of the scare is the survival of a popular fear of grapes, raisins, figs and other seed fruits as a predisposing cause of inflammation of the appendix. The foolishness of this view is shown by the fact that of 1000 cases treated at Johns Hopkins Hospital only four revealed the presence of for eign bodies. Far more conducive to ap pendicitis than food substances are violent exertion. bruises, exposure to cold and digestive disturbances due to the clogging of tho intestines. Give Me Salt, I'll Return Pepper. PORTLAND, Feb. 3. (To the Editor.) The people are with you on the ques tion of raise of salaries of officials. The Baker City Woolgrowers' Association has Just passed a resolution wired to the Gov ernor on this subject to support him. Of ficials in incumbency may dispose of many little favors, namely. Sheriffs, As sessors, County or Circuit Judges, out side of political influence, and are work ing for second term. This is the explana tion of so many of our Legislators work ing in this lino. "Give me the salt; I will give you the pepper, dear Gaston." READER. Seizes "But" In Mistake for Clothes). Washington, D. C, Dispatch. A woman who had hurried to the up per deck of the Republic, the ship sunk recently in the collision, clad only in a thin wrapper. Implored the first man she met to go to her stateroom and bring her additional clothing. She said he returned to her a few minutes later and handed her a large "rat," used in her pompadour. He had no idea, she said, "what he was offering me. but had simply grasped in the dark for an article and got it" Pertinent Inquiry, New York Sun. Are we to maintain a navy in the Pa cific equal to that which we have in the Atlantic In order that a- friendly power may be insulted and outraged at the pleasure of the 20th century Denis Kearneys of San Francisco and the hooli gan patriots of Nevada? It Pays to Advertise. Eddyvllle Cor. Toledo Leader. Our merchants are enterprising. One is drawing crowds with the gxapho- phones, the other is going to paint SOME COMMENTS. BY A. OROITCH. To understand Statement No. 1 fully re quires a post-graduate course. Honesty is the best policy when policy Is the best honesty. The essentials ot political success are some luck, some gumption and a genius for regis tration. Th Tei"ilature should bow enact a statute penalizing an assault by a member's tongue on his asininlty. Trtrttthan renresents all the axes in the state and Georse all the unbroken heads, and they both represent tne wnoie state, ana a holy state It is. Life's SunnySide Professor Spinks, the scientist who wae engaged in a profound psychological work, rang for his man-servant Then ho Indited the following note to the Polu-o Commissioner: "I will thank you to send one of your men to arrest my cook. She has stolen my purse." The servant who had at once answered the bell, stood at his elbow, waiting for his employer to finish the note. lis stooped to pick up something that was lying under the table. As the -note wai handed him the servitor handed the ob ject he had found to, the scientist, re marking as he did so: "Here is your purse, sir. It was lying under your table." "Ah, your are Just In time," observed the psychologist. "Give me the note." This "being done, the investigator of the mysteries of the human mind thereupon added the following postcript: "The purse has Just been found. It will, therefore, be unnecessary for you. to send anyone." "Here, John," said the professor, "de liver this note at once. It is important." And the learned gentleman resumed his work. Harper's Weekly. In one of the magazines lately issued there was an account of the method of running the Government, wherein, among other startling statements, the author as serted that the annual receipts and ex penditures of the National Treasury wero sometimes as high as $100,000,000. The writer had evidently never heard of the "billion dollar Congress." When this article was shown to one of the Senators from Illinois he remarked that it reminded him of a man who lived in a Connecticut town in the early '60s. It appears that when Lincoln was a candidate for re-election the Republicans made every effort to get tho support of this man, but in vain. Finally one ot them asked him why it was that he would not support Lincoln. "I'll never vote for a Republican as long as I live," was the emphatic roply. "Why. they're ruining the country. Tik i Lincoln himself: Why, he's spent more'n 175,000 already trying to put this war down, and he ain't stopped yet." Wash ington Star. e William Jennings Bryan has a habit, when speaking, of addressing his argu ments to some one man in his audience. In this way, he claims, he can concen trate his thoughts much better. Of course, he does it in a manner lndlreet enough not to be embarrassing to the victim. Once during one of his campaigns he addressed himself most particularly to nn old farmer who. he observed, followed all he said with marked attention. Bryan, was much pleased. After the speech was over the candidate sought out that old farmer. "What was it that struck you most par ticularly about my speaking?" he asked. "Wal," began the farmer, and paused seemingly embarrassed. But Bryan ureed him to explain, so at last ho cleared his throat and remarked: "Mr. Bryan, you're the only speaker I ever heard "whose whole set of back teeth I could see while he was speakln'." New York Times. An elderly patient in the Tennessee mountain region was suffering from a malady the remedy for which the doctor prescribed in the form of capsules. Tho old woman trusted her medical adviser, but for medicine she evinced much sus picion. ' Some time after she had taken the cap sules she was asked by her son how sha felt. "Porely." "Don't you want nuthln 'to eat?" "No." Soon, however, the old woman arose from her bed and took her seat In a rocking-chair. Thinking that tho attention. Ha irraTofnlltf rerplVPfl. the Blin , tilled her pipe. and. taking a live coal from the hearth, carried Both to his mother. "Take that away, son!" yelled the old woman. In the utmost fright. "Doii't you know better'n to come near me when I've got them cartridges In me?" San Fran cisco Star. An amusing story of the King's visit to Brighton was told last night by a North amptonshire clergyman .who has just re turned from there. Addressing a meeting of his parishion ers, the Rev. Cecil Maunsel. rector of Thorpe Malsor, near Kettering, said that he vouched for the authenticity of the following story: A few days ago a boy walked up to His Majesty as he was walking along the esplanade at Hove and said to him: "Mister, can you tell me the time?" "Yes," replied the King, taking out his watch. "It is a quarter to 1." The boy then Informed His Majesty that he had "been waiting two hours to seo the blooming King," adding: "I am not going to wait any longer." "Neither shall I," replied the King, as he resumed his walk. "The King nimself." said Mr. Maunsell, "afterward related the incident with much gusto." London Leader. Captured Golden Eagle. Cottage Grove Leader. A short time ago, while trapping for coyotes by putting out , traps about a sheep's carcase, the Easley brothers, who reside on J. I. Jones' place northeast of this city, went out one morning to their traps and were surprised to find a fine specimen of golden eagle held by one talon or claw. Tho captive was 3S Inches in height, with a seven-foot spread of wings. Had His Ilancls Full. Heppner Times. The stork seemed to have been very much in evidence in this vicinity last Saturday night. Dr. N. B. Winnard reports a fine baby at each of the fol lowing homes that night: Mr. and Mrs. William Padbreg, Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Myers and Mr. and Mrs. Cliarles Con ner. Core of ni Property Is Too Much. Albany, N. J., Dispatch. William H. Ewbanks, an aged philan thropist of Flushing, Long Island, find ing the core of his property too much for him, has asked the rector and vestry of St George's Church, Flushing, to col lect the rents and make necessary re pairs to his property. Brlna; Lunches Weekly to Church. Kansas City, Mo., Dispatch. Dr. Charles M. Bishop, of the First Methodist Church of Columbia, Mo., has requested his congregation to bring lunches once a week to the church and spend an evening In feasting, visiting and praying. The Idea Is to get the mem bers interested In a revival meeting. Heat Helps Men but Injures Horses. Trenton. N. J., Dispatch. Heat In a fire department house in Montclalr. N. J., that made the fire men comfortable has caused founder in the horses, and it haB been necessary to separate men and horses by parti tions so that the horses may have colder air. Too Busy to Be Good. Kansas City Journal. Mr. Harrlman may be an "undesirable citizen" when seen through President Roosevelt's eyeglasses, but he Is the big gest railroad man In this or any other country. Perhaps Mr. Harrlman la too busy to be' truly good. This Judjre Not lp to Date. Bend Bulletin. County Judge Ellis' is Sadly behind the times. He should be at Salem lobbying for an increase in his salary.