Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 09, 1909, Page 8, Image 8

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Entered . Portland, Oregon, Postotflcs as
Second-Class Mattsr.
(subscription Bates InTsrlably Ib AdTsncs.
By Mall
Dally. Sunday Included, ona year......s.
liily. Sunday included, alx month!. ... .!
Dally. 6unday included, threa monthe. ..1.25
Ialy, Sunday Included, ona month.... .7a
Daily, without Sunday, ona year J
Dally, without Sunday, aix montha
. Dally, without Sunday, three montha.. 1.75
7aly, without Sunday, ona month
Weekly, ona year J-J
Sunday, ona year Joo
Sunday and Weekly, one year
By Carrier.)
nally, Sunday Included, ona year. .....
Dally. Sunday Included, ona month.... 7
How to Bemlt Send poitofflco money
oruer. expreaa order or personal check on
our local bank. Stamps, coln-or currency
are at ttve sender's risk. Give postofncs ad
dress In full. Including- county ana sisis.
Postage Kate XO to 14 pages. 1 cent: 1
to 2 page. 2 centa; 10 to 44 pages, a centa:
4$ to u page. 4 centa. Foreign poataca
double ratea. ,
Ka.tern Business Ofllce The S. C. Beck
wltu Special Agency New York, rooma 4
49 Tribune building. Chicago, rooma 610-611
Tribune building.
. Great anticipations are afloat as to
what "the new Senate" will do for the
country- It will begin Its career on
March 4 with an Infusion of so much
strange blood and so many Ideas which
to the old Aldrich regime look revo
lutionary that many people are won
dering: what will happen. 'Will the all
powerful Aldrich himself be deposed
, and with him the control of the Stand
ard Oil Company In Congress? Will
the ancient rules of the Senate be re
vised, those rules which, relegate the
new member to insignificance no mat
er how great his abilities and enthrone
the old one no matter how marked his
Imbecility? It is said by some who
know that the rules of the Senate are
actually to be revised. May the powers
above grant that this shall be done
and done thoroughly though not too
thoroughly. It would be a pity if the
Senate In Its eagerness to become a
-business body" should reduce itself
to the inefficient position of the House
of Representatives. That forlorn cham
ber now sits at the feet of its Speaker
like a little boy before a stern peda
gogue and acts only when the great
man permits.
There Is some conjecture as to who
will be the very newest of the new
Senators. La Follette's novelty has
.lost Us first shine. He Is still the phe
"nomenon from Wisconsin, of course,
but use and acquaintance have dimmed
the wonder of him. Perhaps Bristow
of Kansas will illumine the heavens
with legislative splendor. Perhaps
Jones of Washington is the coming:
comet. Destiny has a great deal of
material to choose from if It Is really
disposed to display wonders after
March 4, but the chances are that
more solid work fr the welfare of
the country will be done In the next
six years by Mr. Root than by any
body else In the Senate. He will not
be subservient to any ring or custom,
atrd it goes without saying that he will
not be suppressed, although he is a
new man In the reverend chamber. The
news that he is In favor of the parcels
post is worth tons of consolation to
those (who hope for the ultimate pas
sage of that civilized and necessary
Facsimile advertisements of the
year 1837, of S. T. Logan and E. D.
Baker, and of J. T. Stuart and A.
Lincoln, attorneys at law, at Spring
field, 111., recall many incidents of
biographical interest. Stephen T.
Logan was the most celebrated lawyer
of his time In Illinois. He was father
of David Logan, for many years the
best known lawyer of Oregon, and
Republican candidate for the National
House of Representatives In 1858, in
1859, and again In 1S68 but unsuc
cessful each time. In 1868 Lansing
Stout was his successful opponent; in
1859, George K. Shell; In 1868, Joseph
S. Smith.
E. D. Baker did not long remain In
partnership with Stephen T. Logan;
for Baker, though a marvelous orator,
was not a lawyer, and was too
restless a spirit to permit the drudg
ery of law work. Jn 1841 Logan and
Lincoln formed a new partnership, and
Lincoln attended the terms of the Cir
cuit Court in most of the counties of
Central Illinois, during many years.
Logan lived till the year 1880. He was
one of the delegates of Illinois to the
convention that nominated Lincoln for
the Presidency in 1860.
Baker's career was that of a brilliant
orator and adventurous soldier. He
was elected to Congress in 1844; led
a regiment in the war with Mexico,
and later had a part In the direction
of affairs at Panama, at the time of
the construction of the Isthmian Rall
. road. From there he came to Cali
fornia, and thence to Oregon. His ob
ject in coming to Oregon was to reach
the United States Senate; in which he
succeeded, through a combination of
Republicans and anti-slavery Demo
crats. His ambition for military dis
tinction drew him from the Senate into
the Civil War. He fell. In the first
action in which he was engaged. His
oratorical powers were of the very
first order and his death was a severe
blow to the National cause.
Simeon and Allen Francis, brothers,
published for many years the Illinois
Journal at Springfield. Until the rise
of Journalism at Chicago the Spring
Held Journal held a foremost place
among the-newspapers of the state.
But before the election of Lincoln
the Francis brothers had parted with
It. Growth of metropolitan Journalism
in St. Louis and Chicago had reduced
the importance of newspapers in the
smaller towns. Simeon Francis came
to the Pacific Coast In 1859. and in
I860 did editorial na-ork on The Ore
gonlan. He was among those who en
couraged Mr. Pittock to start The
Dally Oregonian, of which he contin
ued as editor for a considerable time.
Next year he was appointed by Lincoln
a Paymaster in the Army, with the
rank of Major, which position he held
till his death. His brother, Allen
Francis, was made Consul of the
United States at Victoria, and held the
position many years. One of his
daughters married, the late Byron Z.
Holmes, of Portland.
Another of Lincoln's Springfield
friends was Dr. A. G. Henry, who came
over the plains In 1852 and settled on
a donation land claim in Yamhill
County, adjoining that of Edward R.
Geary., one of whose sons Is Dr. E. P.
Geary, now a physician of Portland.
Edward R. Geary was a brother of
John W. Geary, first Mayor of San
Francisco after the cession of Cali
fornia to the United States. He was
a General in the Army throughout the
Civil War and later Governor of Penn
sylvania the native state of the
Gearys. Dr. Henry was appointed by
Lincoln to the office of Surveyor-General
of Washington Territory, which
position he held several years. He
was Instrumental In starting the
Washington Standard, a weekly paper
at Olympla, which is still published.
Dr. Henry was among those lost with
the steamer Brother Jonathan, which
sank on Port Orford, on the way from
San Francisco to Portland, In July,
Lincoln forgot none of his old
Springfield friends the friends of his
period of early struggle ard obscurity;
and not one of them failed to perform
his duty In whatever position Lincoln
placed him. Other men of the Spring
field group iwere James Shields, a sol
dier of the Mexican and Civil wars,
and a Senator at one time from Illi
nois, at another from Minnesota, and
a third time from Missouri; and James
McDougall, who went to the Senate'
from California. These last two were
There lies to the immediate south of
the grounds of the Multnomah Ama
teur Athletic Club a tract of land that
Is a natural extension of . the club's
present athletic field. It comprises
something over three acres, and
through the peculiar topography of the
land in that vicinity the fittest use to
which It can be put is for outdoor
sports. Now it Is proposed to sell this
tract to the Multnomah Club for J 60,
000, so that the grounds, now limited
In area, may be enlarged and the ath
letic activities of the organization may
undergo a desirable and even neces
sary expansion. It is said that there
Is a little hesitation on the part of the
club, or rather of some of its mem
bers, to Incur additional financial re
sponsibilities; but it would seem that,
in the circumstances of the offer to
the club, the investment is not only
justified but altogether wise and safe.
It may be hoped that the purchase will
be made, and the added area now se
cured to the club for all time.
Portland takes a special pride In the
Multnomah Club, and Is deeply con
cerned in Its continued welfare and
success. It has everywhere a good
name for clean and manly sport, and
its affairs, athletic and social, are al
ways conducted on the highest plane.
It has done much for the young men
of Portland, and it has done besides a
remarkable (work for the youth of the
city. The club's juniors are the main
stay and the hope of the organization,
for there the club spirit Is kept alive
and there its future reposes. The
Multnomah Club is no Ioungnlg-place
for Idlers; Its chief mission is athletic
and gymnasium work. Therefore It
Is necessary to have ample grounds,
and any reasonable plan for their ex
tension is entitled to the favor and
support of the club and the public.
According to a recent article in The
Herald, Boston has reason to be dis
quieted over the increase In the num
ber of youthful offenders against the
law. It seems that the city had 3829
delinquent, wayward and neglected
children in the hands of the police last
year, while 3970 youths between the
ages of 17 and 20 were arrested. The
latter class of offenders Increases ap
parently at the rate of about 1300 a
year In Boston, which leads The Her
ald to remark that criminals are grad
uated "from the elementary class of
youthful offenders at the rate of 1300
a year.
To an observer without preposses
sions this fact would almost inevitably
imply that something was wrong In the
Bostonian method of dealing with
Juvenile delinquents. If the processes
of the law are such that boys and girls
are urged on by them from delin
quency or waywardness to full-blown
crime, then those processes are unquestionably-
In need of alteration.
According to The Herald's account,
the usual practice is to turn Juvenile
delinquents over to their parents for
corrective treatment Instead of punish
ing them directly. More than 3000
cases out of the entire number of 3829
were thus handled last year with the
result that a large class was pro
moted from juvenile delinquency to
adolescent crime. One would think
that the world Is old enough and that
police officers have been in business
long enough to have learned that par
ents who have once permitted their
children to drift into lawlessness are
the last persons on earth to be trusted
with correcting them. Where a home
is such that it leads the Juvenile
toward crime, the first step in his sal
vation is either radically to change
tho character of the home or remove
the child without delay. In most cases
adults who have begun to neglect their
children will continue to do so. Noth
ing can alter their shiftless and lazy
habits. It follows therefore that In
almost all cases where the parents
are responsible for the bad conduct of
children, the only safe procedure Is to
find a new home for them.
It is proposed in Boston to fine par
ents who permit their children to be
come delinquents, but this is not a very
promising scheme. Many such persons
have no money to pay fines with, while
if they are lodged In jail the Juveniles
will be in a plight still worse than be
fore, since the most wretched home
one can imagine, is probably better
than none at all. Boston is not alone
in having a large class each year
which graduates from the ranks of
juvenile, delinquency to mature crime.
Other cities have the same problem on
their hands and the question how to
solve it' Is of increasing Importance
everywhere. It may be laid down as
axiomatic that very few children would
become- criminals if they had proper
nurture and education. Where the
parents cannot or will not provide it,
society must step In and do It for
them. Otherwise ' the ranks of the
criminal class will continue to be re
plenished from children who might
Just as well have been law-abiding and
useful citizens. It is another axiom
that Juveniles cannot be herded in
Institutions of any sort whatever with
out suffering serious Injury. All sorts
of "homes" which gather in multitudes
of boys and girls, no matter how ex
cellent the motive nor how thorough
the care they receive, have ipon the
whole been found to be undesirable in
important particulars. The child
needs individual attention. Treated
in a mass the human infant pines
either physically or morally. Often
both body and soul suffer equally.
The question then is how each de
linquent or neglected child is to be
taken care of as an individual outside
of institutions of any sort. The method
of Judge Llndsey in Denver has been
successful. Judge Cleland at Chicago
has applied the same devices on a scale
even larger with similar results. The
children are left free to go their own
ways, but with the constant assurance
that the mind of the court is occupied
with them and that their honor is at
stake. Bad conduct will lose them
their best friend. Under this Influence
they develop trustworthiness, truthful
ness and industry. The trouble with
Judge Lindsey's method as a panacea
Is that It can only be applied success
fully by men who are miraclesof hu
manity and-patience. If every city in
the country had a Lindsey and had
the good sense to put Its wayward
youths in his charge, all would be well
begun, though even then it would not
be well ended as long as perverting in
fluences are permitted to work un
checked upon the -young.
The powerful suggestive stimuli of
the yellow newspapers are accountable
for many murders and robberies com
mitted by youths between 17 and 20.
The pictures of crime In those abom
inable sheets will sometimes excite a
youth to .imitate the same deed in all
Its particulars. Hero worship of the
lawbreaker makes others deem it
something grand to commit crime.
Then, too, the great problem gf educa
tion comes in. If children were
taught useful arts from the beginning
of school life a complete transforma
tion of Juvenile morals would cer
tainly result. Finally, the everlasting
question of poverty, lack of work and
drink Intrudes, and we may rest
assured that until we have solved It
we shall always have Juvenile offend
ers on our hands and that we shall see
a goodly percentage of them graduate
yearly into the ranks of adult crim
inals. .
Oregon timber lands are attracting
more capital to this state than Is com
ing here for any other form of Invest
ment, and conservative estimates place
the amount invested in this state in
the past two years at more than $75
000,000, some authorities fixing the
amount as high as $100, 000,000. Very
little of this buying has been done by
Oregon people. Living so long out here
under the shadow of these immense
pines and firs, we have had even more
difficulty In appreciating their com
mercial value than we have experi
enced regarding their picturesque
value. But the Eastern Investor who
has -witnessed the seemingly limitless
forests of a generation ago vanish from
the earth forever throughout Michi
gan, Wisconsin and other timbered re
gions of the Middle West has an excel
lent Idea of the present and prospective
value of the wonderful Oregon forests.
With stumpage and very poor
stumpage it is that still remains uncut
In the lumber districts of the Middle
West and Northwest selling around
$12 and even $15 per thousand feet,
there is something almost Irresistible
in the magnificent timber that changes
hands in Oregon at $1 per thousand
and even lower. Timber is only one
of the great resources of the state,
and, unfortunately for us, when it has
been removed from the land the In
dustry will be ended forever; but some
idea of the Immensity of the riches
that this industry will shower on the
state is gained from a comparison with
stumpage values elsewhere. The tim
ber that has changed hands within
the past two years is only a small por
tion of the available supply, but it
alone, at a stumpage figure less than
one-half the average prices now pre
vailing in Wisconsin and Michigan,
would produce more than $500,000,
000. Oregon for many years lagged be
hind in development of the lumber
business. Thirty years before" this
6tate began figuring to any extent in
the foreign trade, the big mills of Pu
get Sound and British Columbia were
shipping lumber all over the world,
and the stumpage price In those days
-was less than one-half that which is
paid for the most Inaccessible tracts
In Oregon today. With an ever
widening field for the sale of lumber
and steadily diminishing timber sup
plies in other parts of the country.
Oregon Is about to enter on an era of
tremendous activity in the develop
ment of this greatest of all Industries
on which immediate and liberal re
turns can be secured.
From no other Industry in the state
does labor draw such a large propor
tion of the value of the finished prod
uct as from the timber and lumber
business, and for that reason the
money placed in circulation by this
industry has a large and rapid circula
tion through all lines of trade. In all
of the varied resources and industries
In this state the outlook Is most flat
tering, but In none is it brighter than
in the timber and lumber business.
A Washington dispatch announces
that "American tariff experts do not
view with complacency the probability
that the French government within
the next year will put Into operation a
revised tariff which it is believed will
have the effect of discriminating seri
ously against Imports into France from
the United States." That this attempt
on the part of France to model a tariff
system on the same lines as our own
admirable "grab-all-and-give-nothing"
policy is not entirely new is made plain
by the statement that the condition
of trade with France is very unsatis
factory on account of the present tariff.
the United States being "compelled to
pay the maximum rate on all of Its
Importations, and that is sufficient in
many cases to be practically prohibi
It is indeed a serious situation that
confronts us,' and the audacity of
France in daring to extend to us the
same treatment that the French buy
ers have received at our hands is an
injustice which will appeal to every
standpatter in this country. The ig
norant Frenchmen do not seem to un
derstand that this sacred tariff, under
which our trusts thrive and swell into
vast competition-stifling machines. Is
intended strictly for the benefit of
these trusts. The aggrieved air with
which the news of this threatened re
prisal by the French is received Indi
cates that this foreign rebellion against
trust tyranny is regarded solely as an
attack on vested rights. Our trusts,
which have waxed great on the Infant
industry pap that the tariff nurse has
religiously administered for so many
years, say alike to the foreign con
sumer and the domestic consumer:
"What's yours is mine, and what's
mine is my own."
The action of France Is, in effect,
service by that country of notice on the
United States that the present Jug
handled business arrangement will no
longer be permitted, and that in the
future, if this country care's to enjoy
peaceful and profitable trade relations
with the people of France, we must
play' fair and extend to them the same
trade courtesies that we have for
years been accorded by them. It is, of
course, obvious that there are here a
thousand consumers of French imports
who would be benefited by a reciprocal
tariff between the two countries as
against every trust magnate who
might have his profits affected by the
Perhaps the most serious phase of
the matter lies in the granting by
France of a minimum tariff to Canada.
This would enable American manufac
turers to build factories in Canada and
ship the product into France under a
low tariff, and by maintaining our
inflexible tariff against France, imports
from that country would be shut out
of the United States. By this method
we should suffer an Industrial loss by
removal of the factories to Canada,
and our consumers would still be de
prived of the low-priced Imports which
under a fair reciprocal tariff would be
nhtninahle at reasonable figures. Con
tinuation of the present unfair tariff
system will eventually leave tnis coun
try In a state of magnificent commer
cial Isolation, with all the world our
It seems strange that it is necessary
to submit tho "gateway" dispute over
reehecking baggage to the Interstate
Commerce Commission. The only
railroad reason for refusing to check
through over competing lines is that
by making it as troublesome as possi
ble for the passenger to recheck at
Portland he might be Induced to make
the round trip over the same line that
brought him -west. This is poor logic,
and displays a lack of knowledge of
tho -neorila who travel. The man who
comes 2000 miles across the continent
by one route and can buy a round-trip
ticket entitling him to return by an
other route will almost invariably re
turn over a different route from the
one which he used in coming west.
He will even endure the inconvenience
of reehecking baggage at Portland,
and all that the railroad will get out
of the obstructive pdlicy will be the 111
will of the traveler. It Is to the in
terest of the Puget Sound cities as well
as Portland that travel to and from the
Seattle exposition be as free from an
noyances as possible.
"The problem before the American
people today," says the Washington
Star, "is to regulate their city affairs
in such a way as to reduce to a mini
mum the opportunity of the grafter
to work his dishonest game by keeping
citizens constantly on the alert to In
sure a high standard of efficiency in
office, and by punishing with severe
penalties all who are caught tamper
ing with the public welfare for private
gain." A problem truly, and one not
confined to the government of cities.
Witness the effort that i3 now being
made in our State Legislature to work
the people for higher salaries for
officials all along the line. In judicial
life from the judge to the constable;
in political life, from the sheriff to his
stenographer, and in municipal life,
from the mayor to the poundmaster.
To the scriptural list of things that
are never satisfied may well be added:
The man who draws his sustenance
from the public crib.
The wheat market took another
flight upward yesterday, and for the
first time this season the July option
passed the dollar mark, while May
onarAii tin td . fraction less than $1.12
per bushel. The European market.
which has for weeks ignorea tne
American situation, has within the
past few days exhibited signs of nerv
ousness, and, regardless of manipula
tion of the May option in Chicago,
there is increasing evidence of that in
herent strength that can come only
from supply and demand. The Amer
ican Visible yesterday showed a de
crease of 1,674,000 bushels, and is with
but two exceptions at the lowest point
reached on a corresponding period in
ten years. The situation is not. en
couraging for the pit speculators who
are in the habit of selling wheat which
they do not possess. .
Another war Is reported brewing be
tween Salvador and Nicaragua. Guate
mala Is said to be instigating the trou
ble, and there may be some real fight
ing before one of the big powers
which usually has interests Jeopard
ized by these wars takes the belliger
ents by the scruff of the neck and
shakes them Into a state of docility.
There is more or less Inconsistency in
the attitude of the great powers of the
earth in refusing self-government to
the Filipinos, Hottentots and other
nuisances, so long as these fiery Cen
tral American countries are permitted
to misgovern themselves so effectually
that revolutions are always on tap.
If there is a reward for persistency,
the seekers for oil at Ontario, on the
eastern edge of the state, will get it.
Their well has reached a- depth of 2125
feet. There are plenty of "signs" in
that region. For two years a citizen
of that town has lighted and heated his
home with natural gas. Tears ago a
good coal prospect was uncovered on
the Owyhee, several miles distant, but
inaccessible for marketing in a com
mercial way. One of these days On
tario may Jump into municipal great
ness. Chicago beef packers are again to be
"investigated." The public, alarmed
for Its stomach's sake, will be relieved
to learn that this is not to be an Upton
Sinclair investigation, with a second
volume of "The Jungle" at its back,
but simply an inquiry into railroad re
bates and monopolistic favoritism as
forbidden by the anti-trust law.
Drewsey wants to be the seat of a
new county to be called Otis and
carved from Harney, Grant and Mal
heur. The excellent feature in the
case is that those counties will not miss
the areas taken, but a heartless Leg
islature may , amend the name to
Otisn't and bury it.
The man up on the Santiam who be
came the father of those famous trip
lets last year is reported by the Scio
paper as having renewed his subscrip
tion. He is a man who looks after
the little things of life.
Mr. Bryan denies that he was hurt
in the automobile collision and goes
right on lecturing. He has escaped
smiling three times from worse wrecks.
According to Councilman Wills, the
North End hasn't yet been purified,
quite, oy xne A.aae auimuittLiaLiuii.
Queer. .
Everi Nebraska Is throwing rocks at
the Jap.' Mr. Bryan can be depended
on to climb into any old bandwagon.
Is California also willing to- under
take alone the task of excluding the
Japs In case of war?
California's dark brown taste in the
mouth may change to cotton before
the scare is over.
Story of IHs Life and Death. The
"Bowie Knife."
Albert P. Terhune in Chicago Evening
Two men stood facing each other
with leveled pistols o:. a Mississippi
River sandbar, near Natchez, one early
morning in August, 1827. The duelists
were Samuel Wells and Dr. Maddox,
a couple of local celebrities who had
quarreled and who had chosen single
combat as a last resort.
The quarrel had not been confined
to the two duelists alone. It had spread
throughout the whole community. The
hot-tempered pioneers had taken sides
with one disputant or the other until
each had a throng of partisans. A
number of these friends and supporters
had come to the sandbar to witness
the duel. Barely out of pistol range
they stood, a group of them behind
each of the fighters.
Maddox and Wells awaited the word
to fire. When it came both pistols
spoke. Tet when the smoke cleared
each man was still standing. Neither
had received the slightest hurt. Their
seconds conferred in whispers. Then,
Bpurred on by the angry growls they
agreed that two more shots should be
fired. . ,.
Again, at the word of command, the
combatants pulled trigger. Again
neither was hit. It was decided that
honor was satisfied and a reconcillia
tion was attempted. But this by no
means suited the warlike backwoods
men and pioneers who had gathered
to watch the duel. They broke Into
the discussion. One furious word led
to another. Knives and pistols were
drawn. In an instant both factions
were fighting for their lives.
The bravest man and most renowned
soldier" present was James Bowie, or
Georgia. Bowie as a lad had moved to
Louisiana and was gradually drifting
westward as a leader in the great
movement that was one. day to carry
progress and civilization clear across
the trackless continent. Bowie was
poor, but full of resource.
Having some time earlier lost his
hunting knife and having no money to
. h h.-nl laboriously
ground down the end of an old file to
nv.n-n nnlnt oh a rnpn ed one Of its
edges and fitted a rude handle on It.
ri.:- . .1.. ...aa hie nnlv WPMlDIl.
As the two factions attacked each
other, Bowie was wounded by a pistol
shot. But the wound Qia not. tuo
: , i. K Tin Amv4 "his hom
HIS UUWCIIU A Licit,. -- - - -
j . .v.,, into the body
muue twiiita i.u " - -
of his assailant Major Norris Wright
slaying the Major at a single u.uv.
v,..f .rmh into the conflict.
In that impromptu battle six men were
killed and fifteen wounaeu.
A goodly share of the "casualties
j -Dn-nrln'fl strftTlETS knife.
were uue " " .
The weapon and its owner suddenly
found themselves tamous. mhi-i.
els of the knife were made by a Fhlla-
-, , , . . i mnn wh.i at once
. j o,r customers for them
he made a fortune. Thus the cele
brated "bowle knife" came into use.
The backwoods soldier of fortune who
had fashioned it from a file declared:
"In a strong man's hold it .Is better
than any pistol." .,,
Westward Bowie wandered, settling
at last in Texas. The future Lone Star
state was then Mexican territory. But
its miles of rich pasture land were al
ready quite thickly populated by Amer
icans. Between these American pio
neers and Mexicans there were con
stant clashes. Bowie and his friends
wanted to free Texas from Mexico
grip. Mexico, on the other hand. did
everything to cramp the Americans ef
forts and to make life in Texas a bur
den for them.
Bowie was a born leader, and many
a mighty blow did he strike for Texan
freedom. In the battles of San Saba,
Nacogdoches and Concepcioi. he did
such valiant work as to win the rank
of colonel.
He was in command at the celebrated
"Grass Fight" In 1835. The prowess
that had enabled him to fashion a
deadly weapon from a useless old file
helped him now In shaping raw fron
tiersmen into efficient soldiers and to
modelling the rough-hewn destinies of
TEariy in 1836 a band of 140 Amer
icans intrenched themselves at a Texas
mission fort called the "Alamo." They
were attacked by the Mexican general,
Santa Ana, with. 4000 troops. The place
was surrounded and there was no pos
sible chance of escape. Yet the Amer
icans fought on, inflicting terrific
damage upon their stronger foe, laugh
ing at the summons to surrender.
Bowie, with "Davy" Crockett and 37
other Americans, learning of his com
rades' hopeless plight, cut his way
through the Mexican host, and burst
Into the fort to die with his fellow
Americans. Bowie knew well that he
and his followers were throwing away
their lives; that it was seemingly use
less suicide they were committing by
entering that death trap, yet none
turned back.
They all died loyal to America and
to their brothers-at-arms. And the
tale of their heroic action did more
perhaps than anything else to rouse
Texas against Santa Ana's tyranny
and to pave the way for the future
state's freedom from its Mexican mas
ters. Bowie, wounded in the leg ea the
Mexicans forced their way into the
fort braced himself against a wall and
i v. ranVQ nt advancing foes
until his ammunition was exhausted.
Then, gripping his iamous Kniie, iia
crawled forward on all fours, ' and
flung himself at the nearest Mexican.
Stabbing and stabbing, he fought on,
heedless of his own wounds, as long
as breath remained.
His body, riddled with bullets, is
said to have been found after the bat-
i i,.tr,. in tho ppntpr of a rina: of
13 dead Mexicans, all killed by the fear
ful strokes of tne original . oowio
knife.". '
Largest Chlmra In tbe World.
New York World.
rrun nf th fnnr chimes for the
great clock in the tower of the Metro
politan Life Insurance Company build
, i ninxtorm Siniii-A arrived and
lug, i" i,itijow, -.
have been hoisted to a staging on the
OUtSlde OI tne tower. Jl no mieo ucua
ii .n.i.Hvalir lndn 2000 Anti
B000 pounds, and the fourth, which is
expected today, .weigna iuuu puuuua
and Is 70 inches In diameter.
They are tuned In. Q, F-natural,
E-flat and B-flat, and will strike
. . i half V. on nr miArtflr hour
just which has not as yet been de
cided. They are to De moumea on pe
destals between the marble pillars out
ride the forty-sixth story.
The bells were cast by the Meneely
Bell Company, of Troy. N. Y., and are
the largest and costliest chimes in the
world. They will ring out their melo
dies at a height of 650 feet above the
. Th pi- ore made of Lake
ancci -
Superior copper and imported block-
tin, which IS supposed iu give mo
sweetest tones.
Probably not before April 1 will the
chimes be in place, striking the hours
Indicated by the 25-foot hands on the
great clock face.
Excitement In Church.
Long Creek Ranger.
There was a little excitement in church
Monday night. The minister had just
finished his discourse when Fred Dustln
arose and shouted out: "ftere! Here!
stop that! stop!" The minister wanted to
know what was the matter and the audi
ence began to wonder if Fred had gone
crazy; Mrs. Lee took her boy by the
hand and straightened him out. Fred
had been asleep and dreamed that
Charlie Lee was about to step on his
grandma's glasses.
Whether Built Here or Elsewhere, Ad
vises Congressman Kustermnnn.
Washington (D. C.) Herald.
The Hon. Gustave - Kustermann, of
Wisconsin, already known to readers
of this paper for his estimate of the
money cost of the Hon. John Wesley
Gaines' eloquence, for his exposure of
the Standard Oil joker in the tariff
bill, and for his seasoned optimism, is
is not a verbose and flowery orptor.
But when it comes to the presentation
of a few facts that grip the imagina
tion commend us to the Green Bay
philosopher, who, we are happy to say,
has been retained for a second terra
by a discriminating constituency.
The other day, for example, Mr.
Kustermann offered certain observa
tions on the decline of American ship
pin and the causes thereof, and sug
gested the simple remedy of so chang
ing our navigation laws that Americans
can fly their own flag over their own
ships, whether built in this country
or elsewhere. Not a new idea, by any
means; in fact it is borrowed from the
experience of England and Germany,
the two greatest maritime nations. Mr.
Kustermann showed that a few years
ago Americans owned 136 vessels of
672,000 tons, which would presumably
fly the American flag if permitted, and
that if they were admitted to Amer
ican registry, we should have at a
single stroke an ocean tonnage equal
ing the entire iron and steel tonnage
of Norway or Spain, and exceeding
that of Japan and Italy. Nothing loud
ly to brag about, but a substantial
start And then Mr. Kustermann ad
duced this striking circumstance:
It may not be generally known, but it is
nevertheless a fact tha.t the United States
Government today owns 88 steamships of
102.100 tons, used as transports and colliers,
which were built in forelftn countries, and
as such are not eligible to AmerU-an registry
without a special act ot Congress.
Even the colliers and transports
which accompany our fleet have no
official right to fly the American flag.
Was there ever a more beautiful ex
ample of a government tying its own
arms and legs? Occasionally some pa
triotic individual descants upon the hu
miliating spectacle thus presented, yet
few of them have the courage to say.
as our Wisconsin friend did, that our
humiliation is wholly of our own manu
facture. Only a stupid and antiquated
navigation law, of a type that has been
abandoned for half a century or more
by the two most progressive maritime
nations, stands in the way of our sail
ing American ships under the American
flag. Our colliers are under the reg
istry and protection of foreign flags
simply because we will have it so, and
for no other reason whatever. And
American citizens continue to run
steamers under foreign flasrs simply be
cause Congress wills it. That there is
to be no change in this policy is evi
dent from the action of the House com
mittee on merchant marine, which only
a day or two after Mr. Kustermann's
lucid exhibit of the trouble with our
merchant marine, tabled all bills and
resolutions looking to the grant of
American registry to foreign-built
ships, everi when repaired in the
United States. This amounts toa ver
dict from that committee that the
United States shall have no merchant
marine unless it is built up by means
of subsidies from the Treasury. Can
we afford to carry the protective poli
cy to that extreme?
Latter One of the Most Popular Medical
Fads of .unrter Century.
New York World.
The dinner which his' appendicitis pa
tients are to give to a Philadelphia sur
geon is not essentially novel: appendi
citis clubs exist in various cities. What
makes the event remarkable is that there
are expected to be present fully 160
guests whom the surgeon In question has
personally relieved of this intestinal en
cumbrance. That this is the record of
. ln nhralalnn KtXSI rS WitneSS tO tllO
extraordinary vogue of one of the most
popular medical fads of the century.
The first typical operation for appendi
citis appears to have been performed in
New York in 1SS6. In the following year
at Philadelphia occurred the first re
corded removal of the appendix as a
precautionary measure. Appendicitis sur
gery is thus less than a quarter of a
century old and distinctively American
in its origin and development. The pro
fessional standing of the surgeons whose
names were associated with the early
operations,, among them Dr. W. T. Bull
and Dr. Charles McBurney, and the
prominence of the first patients, gave a
wide Impetus to the surgical treatment
of the disease. How many tens of thou
sands of appendixes were sacrificed to
science during the decade from 1890- to
1900 is a subject for curious speculation.
The first flush of appendicitis surgery
has long, since passed. Tho knife is now
less often resorted to, having given way
to medical and hygienic treatment.
One regrettable feature of the scare
is the survival of a popular fear of
grapes, raisins, figs and other seed fruits
as a predisposing cause of inflammation
of the appendix. The foolishness of this
view is shown by the fact that of 1000
cases treated at Johns Hopkins Hospital
only four revealed the presence of for
eign bodies. Far more conducive to ap
pendicitis than food substances are
violent exertion. bruises, exposure to
cold and digestive disturbances due to
the clogging of tho intestines.
Give Me Salt, I'll Return Pepper.
PORTLAND, Feb. 3. (To the Editor.)
The people are with you on the ques
tion of raise of salaries of officials. The
Baker City Woolgrowers' Association has
Just passed a resolution wired to the Gov
ernor on this subject to support him. Of
ficials in incumbency may dispose of
many little favors, namely. Sheriffs, As
sessors, County or Circuit Judges, out
side of political influence, and are work
ing for second term. This is the explana
tion of so many of our Legislators work
ing in this lino. "Give me the salt; I will
give you the pepper, dear Gaston."
Seizes "But" In Mistake for Clothes).
Washington, D. C, Dispatch.
A woman who had hurried to the up
per deck of the Republic, the ship sunk
recently in the collision, clad only in
a thin wrapper. Implored the first man
she met to go to her stateroom and
bring her additional clothing. She said
he returned to her a few minutes later
and handed her a large "rat," used in
her pompadour. He had no idea, she
said, "what he was offering me. but
had simply grasped in the dark for an
article and got it"
Pertinent Inquiry,
New York Sun.
Are we to maintain a navy in the Pa
cific equal to that which we have in
the Atlantic In order that a- friendly
power may be insulted and outraged at
the pleasure of the 20th century Denis
Kearneys of San Francisco and the hooli
gan patriots of Nevada?
It Pays to Advertise.
Eddyvllle Cor. Toledo Leader.
Our merchants are enterprising. One
is drawing crowds with the gxapho-
phones, the other is going to paint
To understand Statement No. 1 fully re
quires a post-graduate course.
Honesty is the best policy when policy Is
the best honesty.
The essentials ot political success are some
luck, some gumption and a genius for regis
tration. Th Tei"ilature should bow enact a statute
penalizing an assault by a member's tongue
on his asininlty.
Trtrttthan renresents all the axes in the
state and Georse all the unbroken heads, and
they both represent tne wnoie state, ana a
holy state It is.
Life's SunnySide
Professor Spinks, the scientist who wae
engaged in a profound psychological
work, rang for his man-servant Then ho
Indited the following note to the Polu-o
"I will thank you to send one of your
men to arrest my cook. She has stolen
my purse."
The servant who had at once answered
the bell, stood at his elbow, waiting for
his employer to finish the note. lis
stooped to pick up something that was
lying under the table. As the -note wai
handed him the servitor handed the ob
ject he had found to, the scientist, re
marking as he did so:
"Here is your purse, sir. It was lying
under your table."
"Ah, your are Just In time," observed
the psychologist. "Give me the note."
This "being done, the investigator of the
mysteries of the human mind thereupon
added the following postcript:
"The purse has Just been found. It will,
therefore, be unnecessary for you. to send
"Here, John," said the professor, "de
liver this note at once. It is important."
And the learned gentleman resumed his
work. Harper's Weekly.
In one of the magazines lately issued
there was an account of the method of
running the Government, wherein, among
other startling statements, the author as
serted that the annual receipts and ex
penditures of the National Treasury wero
sometimes as high as $100,000,000. The
writer had evidently never heard of the
"billion dollar Congress."
When this article was shown to one of
the Senators from Illinois he remarked
that it reminded him of a man who lived
in a Connecticut town in the early '60s.
It appears that when Lincoln was a
candidate for re-election the Republicans
made every effort to get tho support of
this man, but in vain. Finally one ot
them asked him why it was that he would
not support Lincoln.
"I'll never vote for a Republican as
long as I live," was the emphatic roply.
"Why. they're ruining the country. Tik i
Lincoln himself: Why, he's spent more'n
175,000 already trying to put this war
down, and he ain't stopped yet." Wash
ington Star.
William Jennings Bryan has a habit,
when speaking, of addressing his argu
ments to some one man in his audience.
In this way, he claims, he can concen
trate his thoughts much better. Of
course, he does it in a manner lndlreet
enough not to be embarrassing to the
Once during one of his campaigns he
addressed himself most particularly to nn
old farmer who. he observed, followed all
he said with marked attention. Bryan,
was much pleased. After the speech was
over the candidate sought out that old
"What was it that struck you most par
ticularly about my speaking?" he asked.
"Wal," began the farmer, and paused
seemingly embarrassed. But Bryan ureed
him to explain, so at last ho cleared his
throat and remarked:
"Mr. Bryan, you're the only speaker I
ever heard "whose whole set of back teeth
I could see while he was speakln'." New
York Times.
An elderly patient in the Tennessee
mountain region was suffering from a
malady the remedy for which the doctor
prescribed in the form of capsules. Tho
old woman trusted her medical adviser,
but for medicine she evinced much sus
picion. '
Some time after she had taken the cap
sules she was asked by her son how sha
"Don't you want nuthln 'to eat?"
Soon, however, the old woman arose
from her bed and took her seat In a rocking-chair.
Thinking that tho attention.
Ha irraTofnlltf rerplVPfl. the Blin
, tilled her pipe. and. taking a live coal
from the hearth, carried Both to his
"Take that away, son!" yelled the old
woman. In the utmost fright. "Doii't you
know better'n to come near me when I've
got them cartridges In me?" San Fran
cisco Star.
An amusing story of the King's visit to
Brighton was told last night by a North
amptonshire clergyman .who has just re
turned from there.
Addressing a meeting of his parishion
ers, the Rev. Cecil Maunsel. rector of
Thorpe Malsor, near Kettering, said that
he vouched for the authenticity of the
following story:
A few days ago a boy walked up to His
Majesty as he was walking along the
esplanade at Hove and said to him:
"Mister, can you tell me the time?"
"Yes," replied the King, taking out his
watch. "It is a quarter to 1."
The boy then Informed His Majesty that
he had "been waiting two hours to seo
the blooming King," adding: "I am not
going to wait any longer."
"Neither shall I," replied the King, as
he resumed his walk.
"The King nimself." said Mr. Maunsell,
"afterward related the incident with much
gusto." London Leader.
Captured Golden Eagle.
Cottage Grove Leader.
A short time ago, while trapping for
coyotes by putting out , traps about a
sheep's carcase, the Easley brothers, who
reside on J. I. Jones' place northeast of
this city, went out one morning to their
traps and were surprised to find a fine
specimen of golden eagle held by one
talon or claw. Tho captive was 3S Inches
in height, with a seven-foot spread of
Had His Ilancls Full.
Heppner Times.
The stork seemed to have been very
much in evidence in this vicinity last
Saturday night. Dr. N. B. Winnard
reports a fine baby at each of the fol
lowing homes that night: Mr. and Mrs.
William Padbreg, Mr. and Mrs. H. A.
Myers and Mr. and Mrs. Cliarles Con
ner. Core of ni Property Is Too Much.
Albany, N. J., Dispatch.
William H. Ewbanks, an aged philan
thropist of Flushing, Long Island, find
ing the core of his property too much
for him, has asked the rector and vestry
of St George's Church, Flushing, to col
lect the rents and make necessary re
pairs to his property.
Brlna; Lunches Weekly to Church.
Kansas City, Mo., Dispatch.
Dr. Charles M. Bishop, of the First
Methodist Church of Columbia, Mo., has
requested his congregation to bring
lunches once a week to the church and
spend an evening In feasting, visiting
and praying. The Idea Is to get the mem
bers interested In a revival meeting.
Heat Helps Men but Injures Horses.
Trenton. N. J., Dispatch.
Heat In a fire department house in
Montclalr. N. J., that made the fire
men comfortable has caused founder in
the horses, and it haB been necessary
to separate men and horses by parti
tions so that the horses may have
colder air.
Too Busy to Be Good.
Kansas City Journal.
Mr. Harrlman may be an "undesirable
citizen" when seen through President
Roosevelt's eyeglasses, but he Is the big
gest railroad man In this or any other
country. Perhaps Mr. Harrlman la too
busy to be' truly good.
This Judjre Not lp to Date.
Bend Bulletin.
County Judge Ellis' is Sadly behind the
times. He should be at Salem lobbying
for an increase in his salary.