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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGOXIAN, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1907.
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rORTLAND. THURSDAY, DEC. 19, 1907.
"MONEY DIRECT TO THE PEOPLE."
A Republican paper, before usi con
tains this statement:
A correspondent writes to ask this paper
why it would not be advisable for the Gov
. eminent to issue a. billion or so of the old
Abe Lincoln "good for all demands, both
public and prlTote." greenbacks, to be loaned
to the people on right security, during times
of money stringency. The correspondent rea
sons that if a coterie of bankers in each city
can Issue clearinghouse paptr money that
Iw good for general use. why cannot the Gov
ernment lsmie a billion or two of greenbacks,
based on the faith and credit of the whole
Government. The only answer we can give
l that we are under the gold standard, which
floes not permit the Issuance of greenbacks.
And a emoeratic paper, before us,
contains this statement: ...
Since the Government decided to Issue debt
certificates, credit currency, "flat" or "raff
money' not based on gold, why could it not
have done so directly to the people, instead
of turning the business over to the banks
so as to give them a big promt
It Is a sorry matter. Indeed, when
idwis so hazy as these are in the minds
of the people, especially In the minds
of those who write and print. In these
ldons there is not the first conception
of the necessary principles of finance'.
The country must maintain the gold
money standard so that values may be
kept on the gold basis, and all notes
may be redeemable in gold. It is the
' only safety for Industry and business.
But If she Government should issue "a
billion or so of good old Ahe Lincoln
greenbacks" the power of redemption
would be lost, as it was In those old
days, and the country would be afflict
ed again with all the evils of an Irre
deemable currency, and would suffer
again all the losses arising from It. It
Is said the notes could be "loaned to
the people on the right security." But
the people have no security to offer
that the Government could take. Even
land is no security for paper, when the
gold standard is lost. Government
docs not want land, nor horses, nor
wheat : It leaves commodities to pri
Government has not Issued any "rag
money- not based on gold," because
; Government has engaged to maintain
the gold standard. And it is doing it.
The problem is dlfflcujt. under our sys
tem, since the notion op-paper inflation
has so deep a hold. It is complained
that the notes are not "Issued directly
to the people." But on what security;
and ho-iv would their redeemabillty In
gold, or their ; exchangeability with
gold, bo maintained? The, bonds, In
limited quantities, are offered to the
people, and become the basis of addi
tional bank-circulation: because in this
way the banks are made a buffer, so to
speak, between the demand of the peo
ple fo gold- and the Government that
must maintain the parity and keep
, command of the gold to maintain it.
The. parity the gold standard would
: be lost in a week, it would be lost be
fore tomorrow morning, if trie an
nouncement were made that the Gov
ernment would issue money direct to
the people; that is, that it would
print Treasury notes, as it did in 1861,
for . payment of its current expenses
and general obligations. The Treasury
must keep the banks between, itself
and a direct run on its gold reserves.
Thus, the banking forces of the coun
try are enforced to help In maintain
ing the parity and the gold standard.
Government could not do it alone, ex
cept by heavy contraction, which
would pinch business to death.
Clearing-house certificates, no mat
ter where issued, are but makeshifts,
temporary ' currency, good only for
their promisa of quick redemption.
The bills may run as credit notes a
month or two. Their value depends
on knowledge f belief that they will
,be' speedily , redeemed. Only through
assurance, of quick redemption will
anybody take them at their nominal
value. They are not money at all, nor
do they purport to be money. They
ere merely credit notes. United States
iiotes are the same, with only the addi
tional quality of legal tender; which,'
however, would render them no better.
If the prospect of their conversion Into
actual money wer lost. Treasury i
.deemed in gold or-redemption fndefl
' nitely postponed would be worth no
more than clearing-house certificates
never to be redeemed. 'It is the func-
tion or government to maintain the
gold standard, and Its operations are
conceived and conducted with the pur
pose or making the banks help to do It.
Ail this is the mere alphabet of
monetary science. It is discouraging
to be obliged to hammer it, and tq
hammer it over and over, at this late)
stage of the debate In our country on
money and currency.
HOME AND FOREIGN C UPIDS. '
The Chinese Cupid, according to Mr.
Foon Chew, is a sophisticated 'little
creature with a cool head and a keen
eye. He Is subject to no illusions and
misled by no passions. Compared with
the American Cupid, he is a wise coun
sellor instead of a gay deceiver. Our
young couples marry because they are
In love. Chinese youths and maidens
marry because it seems a good bus!
ness proposition to their elders. At
first glance our way seems the best
one. The other appears sordid, avari
cious, destructive to all romantic feel
ing, blighting to all tender emotions of
But there is one thought concerning
our system of making love and mar
riage which will not down. We sub
mit more completely to the guidance
of love in these Important affairs than
any other people; and we have more
divorces than any other. Is there a
connection between the two facts?
China is not the only country where
marriages are arranged by the elders
without regard to the preferences of
the couple to be united. The, same
thing is done In France, and, with ex
ceptions, throughout Europe. Even in
England love plays a lighter part than
with us, and more attention is paid
to the question of Income and social
Mr. Poon Chew thinks that the ar
rangement of a marriage requires the
ripe wisdom of matura people and
should not be left to the headstrong
passion of a boy and girl. ' Perhaps
the only way to decide whether he is
right or not is to Inquire which'system
works out better in practice, ours or
the Chinese. The condition of women
in China is said to be rather degraded,
but it seems that the position of a wife
and -mother is more secure than here.
She Is not nearly so likely to be aban
doned or divorced. To many persons
a somewhat Inferior position which is
nevertheless secure would appear pre
ferable to a more dignified one which"
is subject to frequent disaster. In,
France, where, as we have tald, the
system of arranging marriage is. much
like the Chinese, woman"has a posi
tion quite as dignified as she has in
America, while her place in the home
is more stable. Divorces In France
are more frequent than formerly, but
they are not by any means bo common
as they are here. Something would be
lost, of course, , by permitting our eld
ers to arrange our marriages, but very
likely a great deal more would be
IMMATERIAL AND IRRELEVANT.
Because Mr. Johan Poulsen made a
profit of $1,000,000 in the business of
sawing and selling lumber, that does
not justify the 10-cent advance in the
lumber rate. No one has questioned the
fact that Mr. Poulsen and a large num
ber of other millmen have' grown rich
in the business1 In a very short time.
JBut if their profits were doubled and
trebled, it would .not make reasonable
Rn unreasonable freight rate. If the
10-cent advance in freight which is
"being fought by the lumbermen is un
reasonable and out of proportion to
the rates charged on. other commodi
ties, it should not be allowed. But it
Is difficult to understand where the
million-dollar profits of Mr. Poulsen
have any bearing on the cost per ton
per mile of moving freight.
The testimony has perhaps demon
strated that the railroads have not
been exacting ail" that the traffic would
bear, as has been charged; otherwise
Mr. Poulsen's profits might not have
reached such princely figures. The
question before the Interstate Com
merce Commission Is not whether the
Oregon lumbermen are making money
too rapidly, but whether the railroads
are charging a rate that is unreason
ably high. No one has complained
about the amount of money Mr. Poul
sen Is making out of the business. That
is a phase of .the question that rests
between him and the men who buy
the lumber. It is not at all clear where
such testimony is of value to the rail
roads who are credited with placing
Mr. Poulsen on the stand.
President Elliott in his testimony
yesterday went into details to show
that the 40-cent rate was too low to
admit of a profit In handling the busi
ness. If he can support hiscontention
to the satisfaction of the 'courts, the
profits or the losses of the lumbermen
will have but small part in affecting
the decision. The rate on hops re
mains the same today that It was two
years ago. Then the growers were all
making money. Today they are rll
losing money. The . testimony of Mr.
Poulsen looks like a case of dodging
the Issue. .
AN UNHEEDED PROTEST.
Until a very few days before the
sailing of the battleship fleet there still
lingered In the. minds of many of. the
Eastern people a Btrong belief that the
proposed cruise would be abandoned.
The somewhat sacrilegious sentiment
that the Almighty disdained to assume
any Jurisdiction west of the Missouri
River has always been popular ln the
Eastespecialy in the provincial habi
tat -of the Manhattan Islander.' The
possibility that anything of conse
quence exists anywhere else In the
United States Is so preposterous that it
Is usually dismissed from the mind of
the New Yorker with hardly a passing
thought. For these reasons It was ex
tremely difficult for the East to believe
that the fleet was actually to be trans
ferred from th.e Atlantic to the Pacific.
But when the final orders were given
and preparations had reached a point
where there was no longer doubt of
the departure of the fleet, the feeling
shifted from languid incredulity to a
condition bordering on alarm.
The New Yprk Journal of Com
merce devoted a column of its valu
able editorial Bpace to assuring its
readers that "from whatever point of
view the President's order for the as
sembling and dispatch of the fleet is
regarded, it must be condemned as
both unnecessary and mischievous."
With the smug complacency that has
made New York famous, the Journal
of Commerce assures us that "the conr
tingency of war in the Orient exists
only in the .imagination of half -informed
or wholly prejudiced men."
But is the "contingency of' war" so
much greater in the well-protected
notes or bank notes, never
harbors of the Atlantic that the fleet
should be kept there permanently?
By commercial ties alone the United
States is bound so close to Great Brit
ain and Continental Europe- that war
on the Atlantic is a possibility, so re
mote that the suggestion should hardly
receive serious consideration.
That the great battles of the future
will be fought on the Pacific is a pre
diction that has been made by the
most prominent military and political
experts of the age. Society across the
Pacific is still "in the making." and
until order is brought out of chaos
there is an ever-present danger of con
flict. It does' not necessarily follow
that the United States should become
directly Involved in war with some of
the yellow races in order to justify, the
presence of the fleet in the Pacific.
The American possessions bordering
on the Pacific have a shore line many
times greater than those which face
the Atlantic, and the fortifications of
the Pacific are so woefully Inferior to
those of the Atlantic that comparison
Is Impossible. Wehave - built up a
great Navy for use In preserving peace
and upholding the dignity of 'the coun
try. The question now before us is
whether that Navy shall be perma
nently stationed on the Atlantic, whjere
peace and' dignity have no demand to
make on its services, or whether a por
tion of it shall be stationed In easy call
for protection of the American posses
sions which will be In greater or less
jeopardy until order is brought out of
chaos across the Pacific.
"As a menace to Japan," says the
New York paper, the presence, of our
warships In such force on the Pacific
is unnecessary-and therefore imperti
nent." And yet no intimation has been
conveyed to Japan that this fleet Is In
tended, as a menace. But if war with
Japan or thenecessity of a fleet for
police duty wTiile Japan was fighting
wth ysome other nation should ever
occur before completion of the Pan
ama Canal, with this fleet on the At
lantic, It would be an Impossibility to
get the fleet around until it was ever
lastingly too late.
SHALL WE DESTROY OR IMPROVE?
A valued contributor, whose letter
Is printed today, writes to rebuke The
Oregonlan for a recent lapse lnte "or
thodoxy." The reader may possibly
recall a remark in our comment on
Mr. Hamilton's economic straits to the
effect that if he would look about him
with some vigor God would ta!;e notice
by and by and lead him to a Job.
Our contributor was evidently pained
by this utterance. He wishes to know
If it Is rfbt "a contradiction to the edi
tor's liberalism." One gathers from
this that in his opinion "liberalism"
means cleaving to one side In a contro
versy, without regard to the merit of
the other, accepting truth so far as it
agrees with antecedent prejudice and
rejecting it when It does not. This
sort of liberalism is not unpopular, but
It Would take a -keen casuist to dis
criminate it from bigotry. There is a
bigotry of dissent as well as of faith,
and which is the more detestable it
were difficult to say. Why should not
the Lord help Mr. Hamilton find a-job?
He has time to number the halra of
our heads and to look ater the falling
sparrow; surely a workman out of a
job is of more account than many
sparrows. Indeed the good book says
Our grieved contributor, however.
goes deeper Into the question. He dis
cerns in our advice to Mr. Hamilton
an indication that The Oregonlan has
joined the great conspiracy against the.
humble which he declares the minis
ters of religion have been' working
out from olden times. It may or may
not be true that their advice has al
ways been "to trust !n God and look
to him for guidance as a remedy for
every social evil," but The Oregonlan
was not proposing a remedy for any
social evil whatever. It was attend
ing exclusively t'o a particular man's
individual evil. It is not likely that
Mr. Hamilton could well have waited
for a Job until all our social ques
tions have been answered. His need
was Immediate and the problem was
to keep him from starving. The prac
tical way to do this was to find him
some work; and the way to find work
was to look for it. Our contributor.
being a . socialist, no doubt believes
that it Is the duty of society to keep
jobs on tap all the time, so that no
man need look for work. This theory
need not be disputed now. Even if
it is correct it is not In force, and it
would be foolish, would it not, for a
workingman to sit down and starve
because society does not do its duty
After all, the case against the min
isters is not so black as our contrib
utor paints it. To be sure, they are
much disposed to resolve all difficul
ties by advising people to cast their
burdens on the Lord; but they s'pice
this counsel with a sprinkling of com
mon sense which ought not to be over
looked. "Trust God," they tell us; but
they add in an undertone, "and keep
your powder dry, which plainly
shows that they themselves realize the
diaphanous quality of supernatural aid
In time of difficulty. The (jommon say
ing of pious people concerning a man
In the extremity of peril that "he ha1
no help but God" Implies that the
forthcoming help was not very sub
stantial. When- a man has no help
but God the chances are very strong
for his going under. It is an orthqdox
maxim that "The Lord helps those
who help themselves." and it follows
that those who cannot help themselves
need expect no help from above;
which agrees with the facts.
The Oregonlan meant nothing more
terrible than this when it told Mr.
Hamilton he might expect divine di
rection if he exerted himself vigorous.1
ly in, nis own -Denait. . was only a
poetical way of telling him that he was
likely to succeed. So much may be
offered to our contributor as a sort of
sop to Cerberus; but when he goes on
to lay it down that all crimes and
soclaLevlls are' caused by "government,
religion, marriage and education," he
gives us pause. Of course If there
were no such thing as government
many of the acts which are now called
crimes might be committed with im
punity; but would that be much of a
gain? Likewise, if we had no institu
tion of marriage there could be no di
vorces; but again H does not appear
quite certain that we should be better
oft, .Who would take care of the chil
dren if the family, and the state, were
to be abolished? If the state were
left Intact we might possibly make
shift to dispense wlthi the family,
though that Is doubtful enough, but
with both gone the outlook would be
pretty dark for newborn babel. The
viorld as It Is now organized is not a
very easy home for the' lame, the halt
and the blind; but would their lot be
Improved if we should destroy the hos
pitals, the asylums, the systems of edu
cation and charity, which depend upon
the state and the church? Law as It
Is administered is an extremely defec
tive Instrument of Justice; but it does,
after all, help the weak against the
strong. It does not help them as
much as it ought, and sometimes it i3
even perverted into an Instrumentality
of wrong; -but upon the-whple, in spite.'
or the lawyers, the law acts for the
good of mankind1. Shall we abolish it
then, or improve it? .
The criticism we have to make upon
Mr.. Goldralner's letter Is that It is de
structlve in spirit. He wishes the race
to move backward some hundreds of
thousands of years, burning its bridges
and destroying all the work of the In
tervening ages. A wiser counsellor
would urge mankind to keep the good
j jt has won from time and toil while it
eliminates the bad which still persists.
We may grant without difficulty that
all .our Institutions are human and
therefore imperfect; but the sensible
course seems to be to make them per
feet if we can, certainly not to bring
them down in common ruin about our
To but few men does the turn of the
wheel of fortune bring such vicissl
tudes and duties as fell to the lot of the
late Colonel Crooks, who died in this
city Tuesday. After a notable career
as an Indian fighter In the Middle
West, where he materially aided in
blazing-the trail for civilization, he be
came-one of the pioneer railroad build
ers of the country which he made safe
for the white settlers. During his long
and varied career as a railroadman
he was at different times associated
with nearly every prominent railroad
in the West, and to the end of his life
he enjoyed the friendship and confi
dence of the greatest railroad men in
the . United States. During his ten
years' residence in Portland Colonel
Crooks formed a wide acquaintance
and his death wjll be sincerely regret
ted by all who knew him. He acted
well the parts allotted him in life, and
has left a vacancy in the Harriman
service that will not easily be filled.
The effect of the' recent financial
stringency is not reflected in the move
ment of domestic exports for the)
month of November. - An advance
statement from, the Bureau of Statis
tics of the Department of Commerce
and Labor snows a total for the month
of $122,772,997, compared with $104,
943,802 for the same month last year.
The commodities included in these fig
ures were breadstuffs, livestock, meat,
cotton and oils. For the eleven
months ending November 30 the total
exports of these commodities show a
valuation of $841,279,S46, a gain of
$56,000,000 over the) same period last
year, one-half of which was made in
wheat alone. - On account of the high
prices and heavy .shipments going for
ward this month, the percentage of in
crease will . undoubtedly fce greater
than for November.
Interstate Commerce Commissioner
Lane will investigate the Pullman Car
Company. A San Francisco dispatch
bringing the news says that the com
pany will demur on the ground that
the Commission lacks jurisdiction.
The unfortunate individuals who are
compelled to pay a considerable por
tion of the cost of a Pullman car for
the privilege of riding in it, and in ad
dition must make up any deficit in the
porter's salary, will appreciate the
Pullman position. No one has Juris
diction over a Pullman car except the
Pullman stockholders and the porter.
Mr, Lane will now find his limitations.
It Is generally acknowledged that
schoolteachers are in a measure
dwarfed mentally, because of constant
association with children and little as
sociation with the world of affairs.
Yet nearly every school district resents
any activity of the teacher in local
public questions or politics. Perhaps
if teachers were invited to take an ac
tive part in public discussions they
would be more effective in the school
room. No danger of Incurring popular dis
pleasure attaches, to the Interstate
Commerce Commission's primary ef
fort to regulate Pullman cars. If, as a
sanitary measure, the upper berth
should be abolished, thus providing
reasonable breathing space, the travel
ing public will hold special thanksgiv
While that funny Chinaman in San
Francisco may make us laugh when he
ridicules our sacred marriage customs,
he isn't telling us anything about them
we don't already know.
Pursuing Its Invariable conservative
policy, the London Times waited until
the fleet started before it sanctioned
the President's ordering the battleships
to the Pacific.
Certainly the boycotted stove com
pany will not object to first-page ad
vertisements in every morning news
paper in the country.
In forbidding Sunday use of the tele
phone, Idaho seems to have pushed
blue laws one notch too far.
Assuming that Senator Martin Saxe
Is In earnest, he will do well to start a
publicity bureau at once.
Third Term Republican Institutions.
New York World.
In spite of Mr. Roosevelt's emphatic
declaration, it is by no means certain
that the voters will take him at his
word. Senator Hansbrough remarks that
"the interests of the . Republican party
and the entire country may be para
mount to the President's personal wishes
in the matter." If the people really want
Mr. ' Roosevelt they are likely to take
him, tradition or no tradition.
Whether the custom on which Mr.
Roosevelt bases his refusal Is "wise" or
not depends entirely upon circumstances.
It the country were in the midst of a
great war or a great social and economio
unheaval It might be the extreme of
unwisdom to change Presidents. There
may be times when every argument that
can be advanced in favor of a second
term will apply with equal force to . a
Our own ofinlon Is that if the 16,000,000
voters, supported by the Constitution,
by Congress and by the United States
Supreme Court, and in complete control
of all the machinery of nomination and
election, cannot . without the assistance
of an "unwritten raw" protect republican
Institutions from Presidential usurpation,
the country will never be saved by myths
Foxe-i Prosper by Electricity,
Trenton (N. J.) Dispatch.
Electricity on the third rail near Clay
ton, N. J., has killed so many foxhoiirids
that foxes there are multiplying rapidly
and destroying rabbits In large numbers.
Ths county pays' $3 bounty for evsry fox
killed. . . . -
MB. ROOSEVELT'S RENUNCIATION.
.Newspaper Comment on President's
Statement to the Electorate.
Now Dawns the Hughes Boom,
Baltimore Sun. -With'
Roosevelt out of the way, the
Hughes boom will almost Immediately as
sume formidable proportions.
. HfMinres a Cynical Generation. '
New York Sun.
The reiterated pledge of December 11,
1907, is no more explicit, no more positive,
no more praiseworthy, than was the flrBt,
tout; perhaps It is more important In the
view of a cynical generation because It
brings the statement of Intentions down
A Cage of "I Told Yon So."
New York Herald.
Those who' from the first have had full
faith in the sincerity of Mr. Roosevelt's
declaration that he would not accept a
nomination will now say, "Why, of
course!" On the -other hand, those wuo
have, argued that he could not decline .f
the convention should overwhelmingly de
mand him as a candidate: will remark,
"We shall see!" And there you are!
The Tent Just Before Convention.
New York American.
Nobody believes that Mr. Roosevelt will
not take an eager interest in the fight,
and do his utmost to name the man who
is to carry out his policies. But whether
his support will benefit his proteges be
cause of his popularity, or .will Injure
them because o his unpopularity. Is a
thing that only the test of the preconven
tion months can determine.-
No Different Statement Possible.
New York Times.
Mr. Roosevelt's statement Is what those
who respected him most and knew him
best expected him to make. No different
statement was possible. It cannot be
said that Mr. Roosevelt's withdrawal real
ly clears the atmosphere. We hazard the
guess, however, that to no two men in
the country has it brought more joy than
to Mr. Bryan and Speaker Cannon. Both
True to Hla Every Promise.
) Baltimore American.
Some of the President's most x-iruient
critics and detractors will, doubtless, as
sert that he was forced from the field, by
the attacks "made upon him and his poli
cies. This the American people cannot
believe, but, on the contrary, will regard
his decision as another-great proof of his
manliness, his straightforwardness, and
his determination to keep every pledge
and be true to every promise.
Benin to Hurrah for Taft, Or
New York Evening Post
Mr. Roosevelt gave It to be understood
that the contest for the succession Is to
be entirely free. Only, woe be to that
man who ventures 4.0 have a choice
different from the Administration's!
Nothing else can be meant by Mr. Roose
veltVs statement that there must now -e
"a lineup." Those who support his poli
cies must at once begin to hurrah for
Taft, those who oppose them, must get
"behind'" some other candidate.
Can the Roosevelt Tide Be Stoppedt
New York World.
So far as words go. President Roosevelt
could not take a more positive stand. Tne
political activity of close friends has
helped him to accelerate the movement to
re-elect him. At this late day can ha
stop It? Can he turn back the tide? Sun-
pose the Roosevelt shouters, as Governor
Hoch, of Kansas, has threatened, ride
over the contention like a herd of Texas
steers? Will he still decline? Will he oe
able to decline?
Crystallization for w Candidate.
The President's reiterated pledge not to
Stand again is likely. to bring about con
ditions somewhat similar to those of 1888.
Then Blaine's popularity and prestige had
operated to embarrass other candidacies,
as the President's popularity and prestige
naa operated until his announcement. At
this moment the Republican party pre
sents again the aspect of a council rather
than of a wpll-discipllned army following
a masterful leader. There Is to he a
new plebiscite an' initiative and referen
dum of , Republican sentiment.
Take the President at His Word.
New York Globe.
Members of the bread and butter bri
gade, who fear, for their larders If the
White House has a different occupant.
may endeavor to keep up the third-term
clatter; they may be assisted by a few
frenzied persons with whom Rooseveltltls
has become a chronic disease; but tue
overwhelming disposition of the country
will be to take the President at his word.
The direction in which opinion is drifting
is inaicatea By the fact that Secretary
Taft Is conceded to be the leading candi
date. His strength is diffused and Na
tional, whereas that of other candidates is
Has Mr. Cortelyon Been Smoked Out?
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
It had become necessary for Mr.
Roosevelt to impale the third-term folly
so that it could no longer wriggle. If he
would protect adequately his own good
name for square dealing with the Ameri
can people, and In doing this the question
of time was merely incidental. We are
now regaled with the story, soberly put
forth by the Washington corps of Infor
mation seekers, that -Jr. Cortelyou, like a
MacchlavelU, has burn plotting against
Mr. Roosevelt's choice for the Presidential
succession and seeking to gain the Presi
dency of the United States for himself.
This, and nothing else, we are told, was
the immediate cause of the President's
announcement. The astute Cortelyou
had been overreaching his master. Sud
denly the master awakes to the situation.
HebsDo In the House.
Washington Letter to the Cleveland Plain
'That bald head On Hobson Is rather
remarkable for a man so young;" said a
member of the House today as he
watched the hero of the Merrlmac episode
flitting around on the democratic side of
the chamber. "There are only a few
stragglers left on top." "True enough,"
answered another, "but each of those
strands represents a battleship and that
frown he is pulling off bodes hell and
bowwows for Japan If you let him
What Success la In Corral lis.
If a man has continued In business for
five or ten years and has simply made a
living, he has not been a successful- busi
"A FEW OS FAIRBANKS."
The Fairbanks sounder keeps platltudln
lzing at ths same old speed, in spite of the
"23" signal from all the keys oa ths line.
The New York Times thinks the cocktail
Incident In .no wise affected the Fairbanks
boom. Is this a knock or a boost? Wash
"We are patiently waiting; for .an explana
tion of the failure of Brother Murat Hal
atead to have a history of the Fairbanks
cocktail on the market. Ho oat on Post.
The rate at which Vice-President Fair
banks keeps plugging away at his boom il
lustrates the lasting verity of the "triumph
of hope over experience." Atlanta Constitu
tion. "There are no humorists In this country,"
Insists a Chicago professor He probably
never noticed how funny Fairbanks la with
out trying;. Detroit News.
AND YET THIS BANK FAILED.
Sh oti1d.c AVhat May be Done by Per
sistent and Deadly Rumor.
Atchison (Kan.) Globe.
What a wonderful financial Institu
tion the bank of Commerce of Kansas
City, which closed its doors yesterday
morning, has been! Its immensity and
the integrity of its officials are shown
in the manner in which it has been
conducted during the last-six weeks.
In that time It reduced its deposits
$19,000,000, reduced its loans $3,500.
000. cut down. Its cash resources $11,
750,000 and sold $2,000,000 of high
grade bonds. A week ago Monday a
representative of an Eastern banking
publication was in Atchison, and spoke
of the Bank of Commerce. He said he
asked Dr. Woods, its president, how
) much money It had paid put since the
financial trouble started. "Ten millions,
and we are prepared to pay out as
much more," was the reply he received.
Atchison bankers thought that Dr.
Woods' statement was. a bluff, but it
'has been shown that he told the truth.
An Atchison man, who was a clerk In
the Bank of Commerce a fw years ago,
said that, at that time, it was a deposi
tory' for 6000 banks, most of which were
located in Kansas, Missouri and Okla
homa. Two years ago an Atchison
banker visited the Bank of Commerce
Just at. the noon hour, as the force was
leaving for dinner. A small army
marched out and one of the officials told
the Atchison man that there were 257
persons on (heir pay-roll. The Comt
merce trust company, a side issue of the
Bank of Commerce, is still In as good
condition as any other bank In Kansas
City. Had the officers of the Bank of
Commerce meant to be dishonest, they
would have takf n the Commerce . Trust
Company down with them. Had they
meant to be . crooked they would have
closed their doors while their vaults were
full of money. The Kansas City Star ad
mits that no institution was more wining
to help things that helped Kansas City'
than the Bank of Commerce. We hope
its affairs can soon be Htraiehtenprl nut
so that it nan Ho hiifilnesn ncaln fni1 tA
is not only a very useful Institution to
Kansas City, but to the entire Missouri
EVERYONE HELPS HIMSELF.
Then He May Be Sure That God Will
PORTLAND, Or.. Dec. 15. (To the Edi
tor.) In your Sunday editorial "Advice to'
H. Hamilton" you say: "Somewhere there
is a victory for you. and if you strive
hard enough, by and by God will take no
tice and show you where It is." Is this
"orthodoxy" a contradiction to the edi
tor's "Liberalism"? It is the same ad
vice we always hear from every minister
to trust in God and look to Mm and Jesus
for guidance as a remedy for social evils.
Our economic system, the way he nec
essaries of life are made and exchanged.
Government, religion, marriage and edu
cation are man-made institutions, and the
evils of our present society, poverty, intemperance-,
divorce, race-iuloide and ail
ruin are inherent In them. Why should
man look to a God for relief and place
all crime. upon his shoulders? Is it not
far better if man would recognize bis own
responsibility? The ministers preach this
doctrine to tickle-the fancy of the men of
wealth, who pay their salaries, and also
in part because they fear to' study the
economic question lest It might conflict
with old conservative religious Ideas. The
progress of society, the elimination of so
cial evils, depend entirely upon the indi
vidual man and woman. They must rec
ognize their own responsibility and duty
and this can only come about through
Let every man and woman lay aside
the Bible and the time that they spend In
church; let them stay at home and read
such hpoks as Henry George's "Progress
and Poverty," or Vall's "Modern Social
ism." By doing so his conservative re
ligious ideas will leave ijim. Ha will rec
ognize his responsibility and duty, .and
nave a higher conception of morality and
as such become a force In the social evo
lutlon of society.
As his dependence and fear of God leave
him, that of love and reverence takes Its
place. He vYl then be virtuous, not for
the sake of a reward In heaven,, but for
the pleasure that virtue brings with It.
If every church member would follow this
advice "the pews would soon tfe empty
and the minister in order to earn his sal
ary would be compelled to teach those
doctrines In harmony with the progress
or society. .
Whether there is a God or not la not
In question. The progress of society and
the elimination of social evils depend
upon the indlvldual.dlscardlng tha-thought
or dependence and guidance of a God and
the recognition of his own responsibility
ana duty, ana tnis can only come about
JOHN A. GOLDRAINER
Hla Three-Base Hit WlnWlfe.
Worcester (Mass.) Dispatch in New York
Through a three-bae hit made while
he was a member of a baseball team,
an acquaintance sprang up between
Harold Heald, of Dorchester, and Miss
Birdie von Schoope. of Somerville.
Mass., and. now they are on their
honeymoon. In a game of ball a year
ago, at which the bride was an Inter
ested spectator, Heald was at the bat
at a critical point in the game. She
called from the grand stand that If he
made a hit he could wear her colors
home. Heald grasped the bat rafth a
firmer clutch and sent the ball' sailing
out for three bases. .
John D.'s New 925,000 Garage.
New York World.
John D. Rockefeller has completed a
garage at his Pocantteo- Hills estate
that Is said to be' the finest private one
in the country. The garage is 100 feet
square and has a cement floor and the
walls are of white tile. All floors are
of hard waod. In the rear of the gar
age Is a workroom, and on the second
floor are sleeping rooms for chauf
feurs,' a bathroom and a large reading
room. The garage cost $25,000.
Mr. Rockefeller Intends to stay at
Pocantlco Hills until the snow flies,
.when he will leave for the South,
where he expects to play much golf
during the Winter.
HUMOR FROM ENGLAND.
He was telling; her about the memhers of
his cricket team.
"Now thert'a Brown." said he. "In a few
weeks' time he'll be our best man."
"Oh. Jack," Bhe gushed, "what a nice way
to ask mel" Weekly Telegraph.
A doctor, at the request of one of his
patrlents. a wealthy woman who was recov
lng from a serious illness, allowed her to
eat an egg after a long course of liquid
food. She ate It with a mlnsled air of
contempt and relish, and as the nurse re
moved the olate said:
"Doctor, an egg is a delicious thins:.
What a pity it is so common among the
poor." Cassell's Saturday Journal.
Rich TJncle Ebenezer So you are named
after me. are you ?
Small Nephew Tes. Ma aald It was too
bad, hut we needed the money. London
Doctoi- Tour husband will be all right
Wife What do you mean? Tou told 1 me
he couldn't live a fortnight ago.
"Well. I'm going to cure him. Surely you
"Puts me In' a bit of a hole. I've been and
old all his clothes to pay for his funeral."
A little girl was asked to write an essay
on wlid beasts. She went, on to name them.
"Long ago," she added, "wild beasts roamed
about England. The only wild beasts In
this country now are In the Theological
gardens." Weekly Telecraph.
By Arthur A. Greene.
' There was a tumult of blaring brass
and thundering drums the tempestuous
riot of martial acclaim. Higher and
louder the crescendo mounted until the
heart fairly shouted in exuliVtion at the
glory of sound. The familiar precincts
of the room foil away and, strained to
the tension where imagination becomes
madness, we saw a triumph sweeping
along the Appian Way. Some victorious
Caesar was returning to Rome with a
train 'of captives at his chariot wheels.
Banners were upon the breeze and tha
eagles the eagles were aloft. The sun
glinted on burnished armor and the
sound of the legions marching and the
multitudes cheering was as the rushing
of a mighty wind. Those Latins wera
putting their blood into it and the music
of the band was telling brave things. In
very mercy then the ultimate was
reached there was a cataclysm .nd the
leader, wlld-visaged and exausted, his
electric black hair disheveled, 'stood a
moment, and bowed to a normally sane
and maccaroon -eating audience which
was now shrieking its approval with the
abandon of the gallery at an Empire
There was eerie waiting of the reerts;
uncanny murmurs and vague, indefinite,
complaining notes a ghostly symphony,
but caressing, appealing whispers soft
and soul-soothing 'as angels' sighs. The
spirits of forgotten melodies seemed hold
ing a love-tryst in the Grove Elysia. It
was evening and the rising moon was
shimmering a lotus-bordered river. Thu
night wind rustling the palm branches
brought a chill of minor refrain and then
a swan' floated upon the bosom of tho
waters and sang.
Just then I woke up and discovered that
I'd been lying on my back and that
cursed phonograph on our floor was
chewing away at "He's a Cousin of
Uncle Joe Cannon acts like a man
standing pat on a full House.
' The way of the transgressor Is hard,
probably because It la raved with good
The ' figures show that mors married
men than bachelors commit suicide.
Why shouldn't they?
I have Just discovered statistics show
ing that In France there is one drinklnij .
kshop for every SO of the population. T'p
to this time I had supposed Walla Walla
held the record.
The fashionable New York hostleries
have decided to supply chaperons fpr all
unattended women guests. Without wish
ing to be Impertinent I'd like to suggest
the adoption , of this plan bjr Portland's
Those who do not believe In a future
state receive a severe Jolt from the an
nouncement that ex-Senator William V.
Allen." of f Nebraska, has entered the l!1?
Don't look the other way and try to
Ignore the Salvation Army's' Christmas
pots on the street corners. Remember
somebody's mother may go hungry on ths
day of gift-giving.
Many people pride themselves on their
frankness who are merely rude.
Small kindnesses multiply faster than
At Christmas time a man Is Justified
In looking a gift cigar In the mouth.
These are the days when ma and the
kids are buying pop a lot of fool things
that he doesn't need snd having them
charged 'to him. Oh, a Joy for pop is
the holiday season.
Every year I seem to see more sprigs,
of rue in the Christmas wreaths.
Let us hope that Senator Bourne will
not prove to be Mr. Roosevelt's Burchard..
I'll bet Judge Landls won't get a bag
of candy on Rockefeller's Sunday school
Christmas tree. ,
Many people don't get what they pray
for because they spend so much time on
their knees that their feet go to sleep.
Temperance is a good
thing until It
Every time I hear a. great bass, like
Eugene Cowles, sing I shudder to think
how tha,t man must snore.
There was a young husband In Drain,
Coming home late one night through the
Found a bird at his door.
And became very sore
For he feared both a stork and a crans-
FlKure This Out In Cigarettes.
Philadelphia .(Pa.) Dispatch.
Lewis Staples, of Sayre, Pa., aged 17,
died of Bright's disease, having smoked
50 cigarettes a day since he was 9 years
A FEW BQriJBS.
Algy My dear fellah, how can you say
that prices of necessities are getting higher?
Why, personally I know or a touring car
that costs a thousand dollars less than 'it
did a year ago. Puck.
Visitor to Dublin What is the population
here? Jarvey (somewhat out of his depth)
well, sor, ye niver can ted: tt s never twice
the same. There's always more on market
Grateful mother Oh. are you the noble
young man who rescued my daughter from a
watery grave? Noble young man (who is
truly 'modest Yes, madam: but I assure
you I only did it from a sense of duty. -
"I'm afraid," said the anxious mother,
your new gown will be too expensive to
p.ease your husband. . "Oh." rejoined the
young wife, "I didn't get it to please him. I
got it to worry otnsr women. Chicago
Mrs. de Style I suppose your daughter
Is to have her coming-out ball very soon,
isn't she. Mrs, Rose Quyck Oh. dear no.
My daughter, has another year at school be
fore becoming a dllitante. and will not make
her debris until next season. Judge.
Katie (describing a visit to "Uncle Tom's
Cabin") Tes, an' Eliza she carried de kid
over real ice. Mamie (with recollections of
the Summer Gee; no wonder de billboards
said it was a twonty t'ousand afSUar perduc
"Are you beginning early Christmas shop
ping yet, Mrs. Smith?" "No;' I generally do
mine at the last minute. You see. I am kept
so busy writing articles and giving talks
on how to spare the overworked clerks.
Baltimore American. '