VOL. XLYI. NO. 14,673. PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 18. 1907. PRICE FIVE CENTS. OF FLEET MISSION OF PUCE Announcement Scat tered War Clouds. BEST WAY TO AVERT DANGER Japan Changed Tone When Plans Proclaimed. COST IS PEACE INSURANCE Exclusion Act Expected, From Fu ture Congress. When Fleet In Pa cific Would Aid Settlement. May Never Return East. SAILING OX SMOOTH SEA. CHARLESTON. S. C. Dec. IT. At 8 o'clock tonight the Deforest wire less station picked up the battleship fleet and took the following message, presumably from the Connecticut, but the message did not Indicate the sending ship: "At 8 P. M. the fleet Is in latitude 3.1:2!) north, longitude 70:09 west. Fair weather and all well." An hour or two later the following report was picked up. this evidently being repeated berause not checked as received during the day: S A. M. The battleship fleet now 80 miles southeast of Hatteras in same four-column formation. steering south-southeast. Gentle northeast winds, smooth seas: warm, beautiful tjulf stream weather." NORFOLK. Va.. Dec. 17. The Norfolk wireless station was In touch with the battleship Georgia at 8 receiving the following message. "On board battleship Georgia, 110 miles south of Beaufort, N. C. 4 peed -and squadron 'formation un t changed, choppy sea; all well." .. t ' The message is the first communl I cation1 established with the fleet 4 since 1 o'clock this morning, owing to unfavorable weathor. . BV WALTER WELLMAI. WASHINGTON, Dec. 17. (Special.) ."It means peaee, not war with Japan." Thls 's the comment of tha highest "authority in our Government on the Hulling; of the American fleet for the ' Pacific Ocean. President Roosevelt, Secretary Root and other members of the administration only smile at Cap tain Richmond Pearson Hobson's pre diction of an early war with Japan. They do not believe there is any seri ous danger -of that,-certainly not In the near future.' Nor is there any evidence that Mr. Hobson is right when he says the Japanese are eager to have a go at the United States. Best Way to Avert War. "President Roosevelt decjded tb send the fleet to the Pacific." said one member of the administration who has been in almost daily consultation at the 'White House, "because he believes it a move for peace. There were many good reasons why the fleet should be sent to Pacific waters; but It will do no harm to say frankly the chief of these was because we wanted to make a demonstration of our naval power. We wished to make such demonstra tion because it was deemed the best way to avert danger of trouble with Japan. I know what I am talking about when I say the dispatch of our armada, us the newspapers like to call it, was made for peace rather than for war. Japan Has Changed Tone. "Since the distatch of the fleet was decided upon and announced," continued this official, "there has been a marked change In the Japanese tone. Nominally, outwardly, there has been no change. Everything is as correct and poiite as be fore. The change is spiritual, indefina ble, not material, not in form. AH' our anxieties, so far as the immediate future are concerned, are at an end. "The dispatch of the fleet has already served a good purpose and produced a good effect. Its value up to this time, as a peace move, as an insurance policy, is worth a hundred times what it cost." Serious Trouble Ahead. There is no doubt in administration cir cles that many serious questions with Japan are to come up in the future. It may be that if the agitation continues. Congress will enact a Japanese exclusion law. The President is doing everything In his power to prevent it and, while he Ib in office. It is not likely to happen. But if Congress does pass such a law, trouble with Japan is predicted by well Informed officials. In such case, It is believed the presence of our fleet In the Taelfic would help the Government to set tle the trouble without to resort to arms. It would also be a mighty handy thing if war were to come. May Stay In Pacific. The comment of a German naval ex pert that he wquld not be surprised if the fleet never returned from the Pacific has beer much spoken of In official cir cles today. The German expert . Is quite likely to turn out a prophet." No one here would be surprised if the battleships were to remain permanently in Western waters. . The truth is and President Roosevelt had this in mind when he de cided upon the transfer programme, our diplomacy, our international friction, like VOYAGE our territorial and commercial progress, lie in the future in the Pacific, not in the Atlantic Ocean. It is in the West we need naval strength to maintain peace. PREDICTS EVAXS. SUCCESS Rojestvensky Says Problem Easier Than His With Baltic Fleet. ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. 17. Admiral Rojestvensky. who during the Russo Japanese war led the ill-starred Russian fleet around Africa to ultimate defeat at the hands of the Japanese in the Sea of Japan, is keenly Interested in the cruise of the American battleship squad ron. He talked today with the corres pondent of the Associated Press and aft er outlining some of the difficulties the American vessels would have to over come, said he considered the voyage to the Pacific to be entirely practicable. He said: It can be made safely, either in time of peace or In time of war. Sheltered harbors Frank Davty, ex-Speaker of Ore goa House of Representatives, - Appointed Receiver of Burns Lam) Of fire. are available for coaling and there Is no fear of lnteref erence on the part of any of the South American governments. The pas sage of the Straits of Magellan, especially in Summer time, presents 4o difficulty to a skilled commander. Tills expedition differs from the trip of . the. Baltic fleet, in that w were obliged to coal at sea. We were not permitted to linger for even one day in the unfrequented Bay of Annam without brusque orders from the-French government and the Kngltsh Admiralty to move on. According to Admiral Rojestvensky, the chief criterion of the success of the voyage will be Rear-Admiral Etvans' ability to bring everyi vessel of tha squadron to the various stopping places on schedule time. The straggling, due to mechanical defects, he said, will be hard to' overcome. ' The British fleet, which ranks among the most efficient in. the world, found it necessary to drop the laggards during its recent maneu vers. This would be fatal in wartime. Of the effect of the American squadron,, In the Pacific on the Japanese, the Ad miral said:' Curb Japanese Jingoes. . . While this voyage will be valuable in welding the ; fleet Into a homogeneous weapon. It will have also a high strategic value In curbing the pretensions of the Jap--anese, whose jingoism has noticeably abated since the announcement of fne plan. Rojestvensky disparaged the idea of du plicating - the battleship squadron one for the Atlantic and the other for the Pacific. He declared that one fleet would be adequate for the protection of both coasts and that, its transfer could be made periodically with advantage to both ships 'and crews. The fleet should have its base at San Francisco or some other American port while in the Pa cific, he said; to station it, in the Philip pines would be expensive and' unneces sary. Contrasting' the American and Japanese fleets, the Russian Admiral said: The Japanese personnel, man for man. Is now undoubtedly more efficient than the American, due to practice In battle, but the American .ships so exceed the Japanese in strength and numbers that there is no question of American superiority. I consider the question of war between Japan and the United States Is quite excluded. LETTERS WII.Ij REACH FLEET Friends Can Send Messages at Do mestic Postage Rates. WASHINGTON) Dec. 17. The Navy Department today sent a wireless mes- sage to Captain J. B. Murdock, of tha battleship Rhode Island, with the At lantic fleet en route trf -Trinidad, In forming him that his wife, who has been seriously ill, is better. For the benefit of friends and rela tives of the sailors on the battleships, the Navy Department wishes it made known that mall matter destined for the 15,000 men afloat in the big ships can be sent at domestic rates of post age. So no matter in what part of South America Admiral Evans' ships may be,, the Sailors' letters will be de livered to them if they bear the ordi nary 2-cent American stamp for each oun.ee. All mail matter for the fleet should be addressed care of the Postmaster, New York.. No mail can be received after January 4 until the ships arrive at Callao. February 19. WHAT THE PRESIDENT SAID Omaha Mayor Gives Out Statement About His Interview. OMAHA, Neb.. Dec. 17. Mayor Dahl man tonight gave to. the Associated Press a statement regarding his intir view with President Roosevelt . wMIe the Mayor was attending a meeting in Washington last week of the National Democratic Committee. He says there is no misunderstanding in his mind be tween the President and himself, and adds: "He (the President) knew what he meant and I know what he meant. There was nothing ambiguous about it. There were several other witnesses there, and they heard what was said. There was no secret about It. "I have given it out only as it oc curred. I am fully In accord with the President's position as he indicated it to me. He did not say that he was glad we had the panic, regardless of .anything else. What he-did say was that if it had to comet he believed the sooner it was over the better. I do not believe that anything that I have e"er said about It could be construed other wise. I do not believe that President Roosevelt and myself will disagree in the slightest particular as to what he meant or as to what I understod him to mean. He was certainly specific, and I believe that I understood the English language." W ill! i J G BUT NOT SEEKING Letter Shows Attitude on Presidency. LEAVES HIS FRIENDS FREE Refuses to Make Suggestion as to Indorsement. '. PARSONS IN OPPOSITION New York . Comity Committee Will Be Asked to Launch the Boom. . Cortelyou Denies He , : , ' Seeks Nomination. HCGKE8 WlXtiXG, CORTELYOU NOT. Senator Martin Sax inform Hughes of purpose to offer resolution Indors ing him for President at meeting of New York county committee on Thurs- ' day and asks him for "some expres sion from you which will guide me in the circumstances." Hughes replies: "I do not think H proper for me to make any sugges tion as to what the county commit-" ' tee should or chould not do. I stated my position before the Republican Club and by that I stand." The statement referred to by Mr. Hughes was that he would not again be a candidate ( for Governor, thus, plainly implying , that he might be a candidate for President. , Secretary Cortelyou denies that he S has been "a candidate for anything but the confidence of the. people in the dis charge of my duties. as Secretary of the 'Treasury"; denies that he has used or sought to use any influence to secure political support for the Pnesldency. and says: "If In the future I shall decide to be a candidate for any office, I' shall be prepared to say so frankly and stare the grounds upon which I ask for support." ALBANY, N. Y. Dec. 17. Governor Hughes .today made public his corre spondence with Senator Martin Saxe re garding the possible action of the . New York County Republican Committee in indorsing the Governor for the presi dential nomination. It follows: Dear Governor Hughes It Is my pur pose, at the next meeting of the Re publican County committee, to offer a resolution to the effect that it 1 the belief of the committee that the Re publican voters throughout New York desire your name presented for Presi dent at the National Convention. In doing so I am only attempting to give formal expression to the sentlrpent that exists here, so that the Republican party throughout the state may have official notice of It. However, as I do not wish to pursue any course which may be distasteful to you personally or embarrassing to the plans of those who are in your confidence, I will ap preciate some expression from you A PRETTY I THE OREGOXIAN'S NEW YEAR ANNUAL. . In the forthcoming New Year's edition. The Oregonian will re view In detail the progress of the past year in the city and state, presenting In carefully prepared articles by well in formed writers, facts and figures concerning the leading indus tries and more Important natur al resources of Oregon. All the leading articles will be profuse ly illustrated. Particular atten tion will be paid to the horti cultural developments and prog ress of the year, especially to apple-growing, which already has given the state International fame. The edition will however,, be a symposium of all other sub jects of interest to the homeseek er, and various other great in dustries, 1 n c 1 u d 1 n g dairying, , woolgrowing, cattleraising, min ing, shipping and agriculture will be given adequate space. Arti cles of special interest will be devoted to railroad extension and construction, notably the com pletion of, the new North Bank road into' Portland-, giving , this 'city another transcontinental line. . . The price of the edition will be . 6 cents; postage 3 cents to any part of the United States and its territories and insular posses- slons. which will guide me in the circum stances. Cordially. yours; MARTIN SAXE. Albany, Dec. 16, 1907 My Dear Sen ator Your letter of the I5th has been received. I do not think it proper for me to make any suggestion as to what the bounty committee should or should not do. I stated my position before the Republican Club, and by that I stand. It is of the highest importance that the work of the administration shall be disinterested and I shall not do. anything to influence the selection or vote of delegates. I assume that the party representatives will take such action, whatever it may be. as they believe to be best. . They have their duty and I have mine. 1 think my position Is clearly understood. Very truly yours, CHARLES E. HUGHES. MEANS HE DOES XOT OBJECT Saxe WAll Move Resolution, Though Parsons May Oppose. NEW YORK, Dec. 17. Senator Martin Saxe said this afternoon, after the Gov ernor had made public the correspond ence that has passed between them: I assume the Governor's letter to mean that he does not object to my resolution as I outline It to him- in my correspondence. Hence I shall now proceed to Introduce my resolution, just as I Indicated to him. The only thing that could deter me would be the possibility that . the Parsons forces could beat il. The local leaders who favored Mr. Hughes at once accepted this letter as In dicating that the Governor was perfectly willing that the county committee should adopt its resolution as proposed, but that he desired- to make it clear that he was neither taking nor seeking any support. Herbert . Parsons, referred to by Mr. Saxe. is the chairman of the County Re publican Committee and is generally un derstood to oppose a resolution 'Of in dorsement. The committee will meet on Thursday evening of this - week. CORTELYOU -NOT A CANDIDATE Denies Using Influence ' to Secure Nomination for President. WASHINGTON, Dec. 17.-Secretary Cor telyou, in a signed statement given out tonight, ' pronounces unqualifiedly false the current rumors of undue political activity of0 his friends in forwarding a 'movement in his behalf. The Secretary declares that neither he nor his friends have used their influence in behalf of any candidate for the Presidency a if that he (Concluded on Pag 3.) - GOOD WAY TO RESTORE CONFIDENCE UM0N BOYCOTT GETS BODY BLOW Injunction Is Granted Against Federation. ACTION ILLEGAL CONSPIRACY Buck Stove & Range Com pany Not "Unfair." ATTRACTS GREAT INTEREST Case Important to Industrial Life. Union Places Company on "Un fair'' List for Running Open Shop and Institutes Boycott. WASHINGTON, Dec. 17. Of far-reaching Importance to labor and business In terests throughout the country was the decision announced today by Justice Gould of the Equity Court of the District of Columbia, eHJoining the American Fed eration of Labor, with ita membership of 3,000,000 or more, from boycotting the Buck Stove &Range Company's name In "unfair" and "we don't patronize" lists. The decision arraigns the action of the 'Federation as an illegal conspiracy. Tomorrow there will be an argument before Judge Gould over a proposition of counsel for the Federation that the court's order putting the Injunction de cision Into effect limiting," in express terms, its application to the District of Columbia. Counsel for the plaintiff com pany will oppose this1. The injunction granted today, while of a temporary character, was allowed in a decision In which Judge Gould exhaust ively reviewed the case, made copious citations of authorities, quoted precedents as to boycott definitions and said there was no room for argument as to the con spiracy alleged being established. The question of a permanent injunction will come up probably next Spring, and which ever side wins in the final settlement, the case. It is believed, will be appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States. Judge Gould pointed out from the bench todays that ' he had not in his decision taken' up the question of Inhibition of the boycott under the Sherman anti-trust or the interstate commerce act. . Many Other Opinions Agree. ' The court made numerous citations of decisions in cases Involving simi lar Issues including references to rul ings by Judge Taft, the present Sec retary of War, then Judge of the Cir cuit Court, in the action of the "To ledo Electric Railway against Penn sylvania Company," and proceedings brought in various states. Judge Gould declared that it was not surprising that there was so little difference of opinion among the courts upon the question involved and that the conclusion that such combinations as that disclosed by the affidavits filed by the Buck Stove Company in this case were held to be unlawful was based upon an appreciation of the fundamental rights of free men in a free country. He. said there was little room for argument or discussion of the question whether the plaintiff company had shown the existence of an unlawful combination and con spiracy to destroy its business and that the record leaves no doubt that the plaintiff has been and still ts the ob ject of a boycott, using that term, "in the most obnoxious' sense, viz: an unlawful conspiracy to destroy its business, such a conspiracy as has received the condemnation of every Federal and state court, in the coun try before which it has been brought for criminal action, legal redress or equitable injunction." '". President Gompers a Defendant. The American Federation of Labor is not-only a defendant in this case, but also ' President Gompers and- Secretary Morrison, individually, as well as nine , ' PORTLAND MAN WHO DIED IN IN NEVADA. Robert W. Bouuiree. Robert W. Rountree. who died at Rawhide, Nev., on Monday, was one of the best known and most popular of Portland's younger set. He was -I years of age and the son of Mr. and Mrs. Newton W. Rountree, of this- city. He was a graduate of the University of Oregon, and while a student ' at that Institution, be came famous as a 'member of the Glee and Mandolin Club. ' His u,n tmely end, a victim of spinal men ingitis, came as a shock to his many .friends in this city. ' others of the executive council of the Federation and also the Electrotypers, Moulders' and Finishers' Union No. 17, together with certain individuals com prising its officers and executive board. The Buck Stove & Range Company, which runs an open shop, alleged that the labor organization placed its name on the "unfair" and "we don't pat r6nize," lists in the labor publications, and that the boycott also was carried on through thousands of circular let ters to the company's customers and the public generally and by threaten ing the company's customers with loss of labor, patronage and business. Argument of .'Defense Plausible. Mr. Gompers contended that the "un fair" list had been in use almost from the Federation's organization; that it imputed simply inequitable or dis- KConcluded on Page :t. ) CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER , The Weather. YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 37 dicrees; minimum. 34. TODAY'S Probably fair; easterly winds. Forelfrn. Riots break out at Teheran due to Shah's coup d'etat. Page 4. Czar and Douma will clash on rebuilding; of navy. Page 4. National. Fleet eent to Pacific to preserve peace. Page 1. Wireless message from fleet. Page 1. Senator Newlands speaks on ' waterways'. Page 6. Tarney urges necessity of economy by Con gress. Page 5. Position of Oregon Senators on committees. Page 6. Politics. ? Hughes refuses to Interfere' with launching of boom by New York committee. Page 1. Cortelyou denies he Is a candlddate. Page 1. Domestic. Judjre Gould enjoins boycott by American Federation of Labor. . Page 1. New York bankers committee reports on re form 1n banking laws. Page 7. Johan Poulsen principal witness In lumber men's rate case. Page 3. Power cut oft from Goldfleid mines. Page 4. BuUe mob deports nonunion linemen. Page Pacific Coaat. Chinese humorist satirizes American mar riage cusjtoms. Page 1. . Ashland votes "dry" by large majority. Page 9. Uncle Sam accused of robbing Washington of valuable state lands. Page 9. Hume's claim to fishing rights in Rogue River knocked out by Supreme Court. Page 8. Sports. Multnomah Club team to play St. Louts football team January 1 on local grid Iron. Page 7. Commercial and Marine, Large shipments of bnion to California. Page 19. Three-cent advance in wheat at Chicago. Page 19. Scarcity 'of money supplies keeps down stock speculation. Page 19. Fears are entertained for the safety of the British bark Castor, overdue at this port. Page 15. Portland said Vicinity. Heney plans to try only Hall and Hermann land-fraud cases; all trials set for Janu ary J 3. Page 12. . , ' Colonel William Crooks, veteran railroad builder, dead. Page 15. Portland Railway. Light & Power Company refuses to asslrt In building Sullivan's Gulc'i bridge. Page 14. . Lawyers keep up the rush of court flllnj. Page 14. Labor unions predict general conflict with moLoyers before Sorlna. Paxe 12. I I " I I ME TM OF ALMOND EYES MongolianHumoriston ' Marriage. HEAPS RIDICULE ON CUPID Calls Mischievous God a Mere Brainless Kid. HOW THE CHINESE DO IT i Americans Go at Marriage Blindly, Chinese Calmly-In China the Woman Is as Kree to Pro pose as the Man. SAN FRANCISCO, Cal.. Dec. 17. ISpeclal.) As a humorist, an Oriental Mark Twain has developed in . the keenly clever and highly-educated per son of N. G. Poon Chew, Chinese editor and special adviser at the Chinese con sulate at San Francisco. "Domestic Life of the Orient, as Com pared With Domestic Life of tha West" was the subject of his address'', tonight before the Hillside Club of Berkeley, whose members he startled by some of his rhetorical slashes at love as the Anglo-Saxon understands that emotion. The lecturer said In part: "As we understand It; love is .an hallucination, a delusion, intoxication, mirage in the desert of passion, a per verted product of a deluded brain, a disease and a most deadly contagious one, a kind of dementia Americana. It is a symptom of a disordered brain, as a nightmare is a symptom of a dis ordered stomach. Cupid a Brainless Kid. "In these matrimonial affairs you Americans go at It blindly. You throw deliberation., logical conclusion, rea soning, all the products of the matured brain, to the winds and,: rushing along under the Influence and stimulation of one of the by-products of passion, which for a better name you term love, you come to grief on the shores of matrimony. To the Oriental mind such a course leads only to disaster. "We admire the American people for their intellectual attainments, their ma terial progress; yet we cannot but mar vel at you, wise as you seem to be, per mitting yourselves to be led and be guided by a mischievous, brainless kid you call Cupid in the most serious affairs of life. . "In China marriage is regarded as the means, while in this country it is the end. It sometimes ends In a surprisingly short time. The parties assuming the marriage state are merely performing the necessary .functions of life, according to our view. Once assumed, it is final and there is no way out of it but death. "To the Oriental marriage is absolute ' and not a trial. We marry because we must. You marry because you will; wa marry because we hold 1t an obligation to our' ancestors and a duty to our pos terity; you marry because you fancy that you have found your affinity. "In China no life career is considered a success unless a marriage state is entered Into finally and truly. A man Is no man until he is married. Though a China man be born a, bachelor, he invariably dies a married man, provided he lives long enough. Square Deal for the Girls. "In a Chinese marriage absolute impar tiality is extended to all parties con cerned; either party can take the initia tive In negotiation for marriage, while in America a square deal is denied the girl. The young man has the initiative and chance to choose, whle th young girl aaa no chance at all. Your method Is un equal, partial and unjust and you deny the woman privileges that are her right. "In our marriage ceremony we are also far ahead of you, for we do not enjoin tha woman to obey her husband, neither lo we ask her to love him. Foi to a civil ized being one is Just as Irksome as tha other." TRIAL STOPPED BY FIGHT IiAWYERS CAI.Ij EACH OTHER LIARS AXD THROW THINGS. Inkstand Strikes Aged Spectator on Head, Fractures Skull and May Cause ,leath. SAN JOSE, Cal., Dec. 17. The Her ington bribery trial was brought to an abrupt and sensational end, tem porarily. Just before noon today, when Assistant District Attorney James Sex and Attorney Jarman, of the de fense, each called the other a liar and threw lawbooks and inkstands at each other's heads. A missile hvirled by .Sex missed its mark and struck an aged spectator, Zachariah S. Tucker, In the head. Tucked fell insensible, and this after noon it is announced by his physician that his skull is fractured and that he may not recover from the injury. The combatants wera arrested and ordered by Judge Welch Into the cus tody of the Sheriff.