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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOlto XL.VI XO. 14,672.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1907.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Battleship Fleet Sails
AFTER REVIEW BY PRESIDENT
Roosevelt Cheers With Delight
LEADS LINE TO THE CAPES
.Perfect Winter Day Favors Event.
Every Ship or Most Modern
Type Veterans of the Sea
Filled With Admiration.
FLEET SEAR CAPE KATTERAS.
CHARLESTON. S. C. Dec. 16
Th. wireless station at the Navy-yard
picked up the battleship Meet tonlgh.
The Connecticut operator was send
ing to New York, and the message as
far as caught, read as follows:
"On board Connecticut, 8 evening,
40 miles northeast of Cape Hatteras,
heading south-southeast. Speed ten
knots. In four columns abreast."
The message was longer, but the
operator could not get anything
further. The fleet Is expected to
pass this port Tuesday.
GOVERNMENT WIRELESS STA
TION, NAVT-TAUD Norfolk. Va..
Dec. in.; The following messages
from the Associated Press repre
senatlve with the fleet were received
tonight by wireless telegraph:
"10:45 P. M. On board the U. S. S.
Connecticut Fleet now 40 miles
southeast of Hatteras. Smooth sea.
"12:20 A. M. Fleet off Hatteras
soitheast of Diamond Shoals, cruis
ing at ten knots, In four columns
abreast, four ships to column, Con
necticut leading. Light northwest
winds; smooth sea.
OLD POrNT COMFORT, Va.. Dec. 18
Sixteen hard-hitting, steel-belted
American battleships, guns bristling;
and burly of girth, but sparkling white
in their immaculate dressings of peace,
started away today under the dazzling
sun of a cloudless Winter sky, on their
famous twin-sea expedition of 14,000
miles along foreign shores and in
changing climes, to the west coast of
the United States. President Roose
velt, on the bridge of his cruiser-yacht,
the Mayflower, personally led the mag
nificent four-mile line of fighting ves
sels during first stage of the voyage.'
From the anchorage grounds in Hamp
ton Roads to the Horseshoe Bend of
Chesapeake Bay, his eagle-crested flag
of blue pointed the way to the fleet's
new home 'at the Golden Gate. Then,
when the wide reaches of the sea were
visible through the wide-swung capes
of Virginia, he turned aside and, coming
to anchor again, reviewed the passing
Best Fleet That Ever Sailed.
The blue of the sky, the stretch of
green sea miles, the glistening of spot
less hulls, the curl of foam-crested
bow waves, the cheering of sailors
afloat and friends ashore, the breeze
blown strains of "Auld Lang Syne,"
floating across the waters, the blare of
trumpets, the ruffle of drums, the flash
of signals and the boom of saluting
cannons marked the departure of the
fleet, presenting to the people who
watched It a spectacle they will never
forget and to the world at large the
reality, of the .trimmest, most homogen
eous, most thoroughly-equipped, most
mobile and self-reliant assemblage of
first-class battleships ever gathered in
There was not a ship in the line old
enough to have smclled powder or to
have taken the shot of Manila or San
tiagostories written scarcely 10 years
ago in the history of nations. All were
modern of design, examples of the ag
gressive sea-going navy which the
President has declared to be so essen
tial to the peace of the country.
Old Warriors All Admire.
Attaches of foreign legations and cm
. hassles at Washington and many corre
spondents who have seen war service
on foreign Journals freely declared that
today's naval display was the most im
pressive they had ever seen. The fa
cility with which the big vessels were
handled, the manner in which they
were maneuvered into single-column
formation, and the perfect alignment
which was maintained to the southward
turn from the cape called out the
warmest admiration. The thrill of the
beautiful marine picture was felt until
th.e last wind-blown spirals of smoke
was lost on the horizon.
President In High Spirits.
The sailing of the fleet was preceded
by a reception on the deck of the May
flower, which shortly after 8 o'clock thts
morning steamed into the center of the
anchored fleet. The President warmly
greeted the four Rear-Admirals and the
commanding officers of the fleet as
they climbed from dancing launches up the
starboard gangway of the yacht. He had
a word of confidence and well wishing
for. all. but made no formal address. The
President, felt that the occasion did not
call for any such remarks, as the cruise
DF NAVAL POW
is regarded but as a detail of naval train
ing. The Inspiring sight of the vessels gaily
dressed, at anchor and waiting the word
to go put the President in rare good
spirits. While the Mayflower was coming
into position and waiting for the recep
tion to begin, the President paced rapid
ly up and down the deck, anxious to
obtain a view of the great double squad
ron from every possible vantage point. To
Secretary of the Navy Metcalf and to
others of his guests on board he was con
stantly exclaiming upon the beauty and
grandeur of the surrounding scenes.
"Did you ever see such a fleet? And
such a day? Isn't it magnificent? Ought
not we all to feel proud?" and then the
President had something to say to the
enlisted men. In .he midst of the re
ception to the higher officers, ho sent for
the coxswain of the Louisiana's launch
and through him dispatched a special
message of greeting to that ship's crew.
It was on the Louisiana that the Presi
dent made his recent trip to the Isthmus
of Panama and ever since that time he
David F. Walker. President of Call-
I forula Safe Deposit Trust Com- I
David F. Walker. President of Cali
fornia Safe Deposit ft Trust Com
pany Out ob Bail Under Charge of
has felt a personal interest In all the
ship has done. When the surprised and
embarrassed coxswain, Seaman William
Chandler, had been presented to Mrs.
Roosevelt as well as to the President
and had .again clambered into his launch,
the President said to those about him':
"I tell you our enlisted men are every
thing. They are perfectly bully and they
are up, to everything required of him.
This is indeed a great fleet and a great
Reception to Chief Officers.
Admiral Evans, commander-in-chief of
the departing fleet, was the first of the
flag officers to be piped over the side of
the Mayflower. He hurried to where the
President stood waiting, and, bringing
his right handto saluting position, paid)
his formal respects and gave his personal
assurance that the ships of his command
were ready for their trip to the other side
of the hemisphere. The President ac
knowledged the Balute with lifted hat
and accepted the formal words of greet
ing as stiffly as they were uttered. Then,
with the brief ceremony ended, he
grasped Admiral Evans' hand and gave
it the heartiest of shakos. The two con
versed together informally for a moment
or two until other arriving flag and com
manding officers set the reception into
When Admiral Evans was about to take
his leave and get the fleet under way,
the President followed him to the
gangway and then called him aside for
nearly five minutes of earnest conversa
tion. The President spoke with his usuaf
emphasis, and the Admiral listened fli
tcntly with a constant affirmative nod of
his head. During the reception the Presi
dent was photographed with the officers
grouped about him. A marine guard and
band was stationed on the Mayflower's
dec is . and the ceremonies of receiving
and sending away the visiting officers
gave a martial touch of color to the oc
casion. Looks Like Pirate Ship.
Rear-Admiral Berry, commanding the
Norfolk Navy-Yard, journeyed to Hamp
ton Roads on the torpedo-boat String
ham to pay his respects to the Presi
dent, and his dark-hulled, rakish-looking
craft, passing In among the white-clad
battleships, added something of the sin
ister side of the purpose of a navy's
building. Black of hull and funnels and
with no touch of color anywhere in the
relief, the Strlngham glided about like
some creepy reptile. There was another
torpedo-boat in the picture the Tingrey
which acted as convoy to the Mayflower.
But the Tingrey was far more pleasing
in her sea-green coloring and bright . yel
low band about the forward stock. She
remained by the side of the Mayflower
throughout the ceremonies.
In parting with the officers of the fleet,
the President was wholly informal, and
to each gave a cordial handclasp, a
grasp of the uniformed shoulder and a
hearty "Good-bye, old fellow, and good
At Work Before Daylight.
The waiting fleet prepared early to wel
come the President and later bid him
adieu. Long before the first gray shad
ows of the breaking day slanted through
the open gateway of the capes, the red
and white ardois lanterns on mastheads
were flashing signals from divisional flag
ships. Sailor men by hundreds were
busy in polishing decks and bright worfts
for the coming sun to bring out in spark
ling relief against the buff color of the
superstructure. The ever-busy little
steam-running boats were making their
last trips from the shore, with Impatient
whistles screeching a warning to tardy
mall orderlies, laden with last messages
of good-bye to the departing fleet, when
the sun broke above the eastern horizon.
It was not long after the anchor
lights had disappeared that the slim
white hull of the Mayflower could be
made out In the distance. Then the
final preparations were rushed with a
will. Orders had been given to dress
ship at 8 o'clock, and the last bell of
the morning watch had not been struck
(Concluded onPage s.)
Main Incident in Sen
PATRIOT, BUT SHOWS IT RADLY
Utters Characteristic Attack
on the President.
ASSAILS THE ASSET MONEY
Holds Up Clearlng-House Certifi
cates to Ridicule Wants Investi-.
gation of Panic and Bond Is
sue The Session Is Sliort.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16. A speech
by Senator Tillman, filled with denun
ciation of the President, the Secretary
of the Treasury and the Department of
Justice, of' financiers and "captains of
industry," was the chief subject of in
terest in the Senate today. His re
marks were based on his resolutions
directing an Investigation by the Com
mittee on Finance of the recent bond
issues by. the Treasury Department and
of the issuance of clearing-house certi
ficate throughout the country.
"If we are not in the midst of a
panici we are in the midst of a chill
produced by danger of a panic," de
Another Attack on the President.
Speaking of a published interview
with the President by Mayor Dahl
man, of Omaha, in which the President
Is alleged to have said that, if he was
responsible for the panic, he was glad
of it, as it had brought to view the rot
ten condition of the country's .fi
nances, he said.
- "I fear that Mr. Dahiman Is jn im
minent danger of joining the Ananias
Club. Perhaps somebody here- wi
use the telephone and find out about
that.. He spoke of the manner in which
the financial stringency has operated,
"and," he added, "the President saye he
is proud of it. At least Dahiman says
the President says he is proud of it. I
cannot believe he said it. He has
said many things lacking discretion,
but I don't believe he is so callous as
to feel any pleasure in the condition of
paralysis which confronts us. I be
lieve he is a patriot, though he has
perhaps ehown it badly at times."
Clearing-House Certificates. .
The Senator held aloft a clearing
house certificate and loudly called
upon the Senate to look at it.
"Here is a specimen," he declared.
"Looks like what you call Confederate
money, shin-plaster, and yet they are
issued by National banks. Look at it.
I am going to have it engraved, if it
can be. done without destroying it, and
put it in the Congressional Record.
But I don't propose to have it de
,,,,.,,, ; . '"' -
stroyed and lose a dollar just to en
lighten you on currency."
He wanted only good greenbacks and
in rasping tones, speaking of the ne
cessity" of money, said:
"You will have to go to the boneyard
if you can't get it."
Controllers Become Bank Presidents
The controllers of the currency, he said,
are so complaisant and polite while they
are in office that "abjiost every one of
them has graduated into the presidency
of a bank." He named Mr. Dawes as
one of them, and tried to think of others.
"Who waa that - Democrat?" he asked,
and when some one mentioned- Mr. Ec
cles, said that he, too, had attained this
great distinction. The officials about the
President, he said, go out to Join the
kings of finance.
"The President turns on the light. Why
don't he turn on the handcuffs when he
finds somebody stealing? He goes to the
country and makes speeches and destroys
the confidence of the people, but we won't
find him putting anybody in prison."
More Questions Coming Later.
He referred to a resolution he had in
troduced in the Senate a year ago for an
inquiry into the failure of the banks of
which John R. Walsh, of Chicago, was
then president, but a year and a half had
gone before the trial had begun. As
Walsh is under trial, he said, he would
not comment further on the subject.
Mr. Tillman said he only intended to
bring these matters before the commit
tee on finance as questions for them to
answer. When they should answer them,
he said,, he would ask more questions.
Wants Congressional Investigation.
Senator Culberson introduced a reso
lution directing a Congressional in
vestigation of the cause of the present
financial stringency and calling on
the committee on finance to recom
mend measures for the immediate re
lief of the country. He desired to
have this resolution considered at once,
but in the absence of Senator Aldrich,
chairman of the committee on finance,
it was allowed to go over. A number
of other bills were introduced. The
Senate adjourned at 3:15 P. M.
House Session Short.
The House session was limited to 25
minutes and little business beyond the
introduction of bills was transacted.
The Speaker announced the appoint
ment of the committee on appropria
tions. Both houses agreed to adjourn
on Saturday for the Christmas holi
days, the recess to continue until Janu
ary 6. The House then adjourned un
Oklahoma Senators Sworn In.
The two Senators from Oklahoma
were sworn Into office today. Senator
Money presented the "credentials of
Robert L. Owen and Senator Culberson
those of Thomas. . P." Gore, the blind
The terms of the two Senators then
were drawn by lot. Senator Owen se
cured the six-year term and Senator
Gore the two-year term. -
Senator William P. Frye was today
sworn in as President pro tern, of the
INTRODUCES OLD BLAINE BILL
John Sharp Williams Would Apply
Principle of Reciprocity.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 16. Representa
tive John Sharp Williams, of Mississip
pi, today introduced the old Blaine bill
,to admit into all ports of the United
States free of duty all products of the
American Hemisphere upon which no
export duties are imposed whenever
and so long as such nation shall admit
to its ports free of all taxes certain
United Slates products.
Mr. Williams said the Blaine bill
was the only thing the Republican
party had attempted 'to do to help the
farmers, and that Blaine and McKinley
had voted in committee, but the other
Republican members had opposed it.
LITTLE PANIC OF THEIR
Mineowners Call It
ASK ROOSEVELT TO PROSECUTE
Lay Case Before Federal Of
ficers at Goldfieid. '
NONUNION MEN ARRIVE
First Installment to Work Mines.
Reduction Plant Begins Opera
tion One Hundred Men De
sert the Miners' Federation.
, GOLDFIELD, New, Dec. 16. The Gold
field Mineowners' Association this morn
ing submitted a statement to the com
mission which President Roosevelt has
sent to Goldtleld, which declares that the
Western Federation of Miners Is not a
labor organization but a combination in
restraint of trade; that it is in fact a trea
sonable organization and In the statement
are quotations from the preamble of the
constitution and bylaws of the Western
Federation of Miners in support of the
contention. This statement has been of
ficially received by the commission, and
the sonsideration of It will oe begun at
9 o'clock tomorrow. Today was spent by
the commission in going over the informa
tion obtained by General Funston and
Governor Sparks. All of this was laid
before the members of the commission,
who were in executive session this morn
ing, and the entire day was consumed in
All Peaceable, Says MeKinnon.
General Funstpn and Mr. Sparks will
leave Goldfieid on Wednesday morning,
General Fun stem to return to San Fran
cisco and Mr. Sparks to go to his ranch
President MeKinnon. of the ' Goldfieid
miners' union, was called before the com
mission tonight and asked to give his
version of the trouble. No intimation of
what passed during the session is given
out, but after the meeting it was learned
that Mr. MeKinnon stated to the mem
bers of the commission that the members
of the Western Federation ' of Miners
have been peaceably inclined at all times
and was emphatic in his declaration that
no necessity has existed for the presence
of Federal troops. He has promised to
prepare a comparative statement of the
Western Federation side of the contro
versy to be proved later.
Arrival of Strikebreakers.
Strikebreakers to the number of 30 were
brought into Goldfieid ttiay, and tomor
row will go to work in the mines.- No
demonstration was made when the new
men alighted from, the train, and It is
known that the plan of the association
Is to bring the men in small numbers
each day. In the meantime opportunity
is being given to any member of the
Viflu 5"tlV MQrVlER-
Western Federation to renounce all al
leglence; to that organization and return
to work. Not many of the members are
taking advantage of the offer, however.
The total number to date is placed by
the mine operators at 100. The union
officials deny that this number have gone
back to work.
Charles P. Neill, Labor Commissioner;
Herbert Knox Smith, Commissioner of
Corporations, and Lawrence O. Murray,
Assistant Secretary of Commerce and La
bor, declined to make any statement to
night regarding the results of their In
vestigations today, but from the Mine
owners Association a statement as to
the contentions embodied in their state
ment to the Commission was obtained.
Want Federation Dissolved.
The mineowners suggested the bring
ing of a suit against the Western Fed
eration of Miners by the Government for
the dissolution of that organization as a
trust combination and conspiracy in re
straint of trade among the states; also
the bringing of criminal proceedings on
the same grounds, the allegation being
I f S
I ? 4 "K " T
Charles E. Hugbes, (jovrrnor or ew
York and Candidate, for Keimhlirnn
f ' Nomination for President.
made that the organization is treason
able. The retention of the troops in Gold
field for an indefinite period is suggested
for the protection of life and proerty.
The investigation will require at least
two weeks' time and during that period
the control of affairs In Goldfieid, as far
as the Government is concerned, will be
practically in the hands of the Commis
sion. . '
An attempt will be made to start up
the Nevada Reduction Company works
tomorrow morning. Manager Dowlen
says tonight that he has sufficient men
to operate the plant. Pickets of the
union are still patrolling the mines, but
there have been no reports of interfer
ence with the men at work today or to
night. . .
General Funston says that he made no
recommendation to the Commission, but
merely turned over his information to
the members and will leave matters en
tirely in their hands. He will send no
further reports to Washington.
Fishermen Fight Fishtraps.
. OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec. 16. A delegation represent
ing the Union Fisheries Association of
the Pacific Coast was here in conference
with Senator Fulton,. Saturday. Today
the delegation was given a hearing before
the Secretary of Commerce and Labor
on a proposal to . close Wood River for
fishing and abolish fishtraps on the
Nushagaka River, and the general pres
ervation and protection of fishing in
Alaskan waters. President Dorr, of the
Alaska Packing Association, is hre in
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TEiTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 44
degrees: minimum, 32.
TODAY'S Fair; easterly winds.
Von Moltke and Zu Kulonhursr appear as
witnesses for Harden trial, physical
wrecks. Page 2-
Battleship fleet sails for Pacific Coast after
review by President. Page 1.
Tillman makes speech in Senate on currency.
Carnegie declares for as3et currency in
speech before Civic Federation. Page 5.
Taft receives news of Roosevelt's anti-third-term
declaration while at sea. Page 3.
Liquor men propose to flght river and harbor
appropriations for dry states. Page 1.
Goldfieid mineowners ask Government to
dissolve Miners' Federation and prosecute
it as treasonable. Page 1.
Caleb Powers testifies in his defense.
Seventy miners killed by explosion in Ala
bama. Page 4.
Fish secures Rothschild's proxy In Illinois
Central suit, page 4.
Hill defends increased lumber rate before
Interstate Commission. Page 3.
Three Italians killed, many mobbed and
robbed by Louisiana negroes. Page 4.
Depositors in California Safe Deposit Bank
oppose receivership, page 2.
Commercial and Marine.
Speculation as to Christmas turkey price.
"Wheat stronger and higher at Chicago.
Money situation holds down stock price.
Steamship Sommerstad chartered to carry
lumber to China. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Child born without upper lip, roof of mouth
or palate made normal by remarkable
series of operations. Page 7.
Nearly 300 instruments filed In Circuit Court
first day after holidays. Page 14.
Hency refuses to reveal plans regarding
land-fraud trials. Page 7.
Mrs. Maggie De Reign x declared Insane.
Estacada State Bank saved from Insolvency
by restoration of certificates of deposit
aggregating over $40,000. Page 10.
Metal trades unions to form an iron trades
council and fight open shop policy.
Earl C. Bronaugh to be appointed as suc
cessor to the late Judge Frazer. Page 11.
Banks resume on normal basis. Page 10.
United Hallways must build line, to Mount
. Calvary before it will be allowed to op
erate in cltv. Page 11 4
Liquor Interests Would
INCOME LARGELY FROM LIQUOR
Two-Thirds of National Reve
nue From This Tax.
STRONG LOBBY PRESENT
Vested Interests Are Alarmed at the
Spread of Prohibition Through
the Country, and Are Asking '
When It Is Going to Stop.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 19. (Special.V
vested rights, as represented by the
breweries, distilleries and liquor dealers,
have begun to petition Congress in antic
ipation of a strong move in favor of pro
hibitory legislation at the hands of the
National lawmakers. Primarily the pe
titions are aimed against a "dry" capitol
city, which is the object fixed upon by
temperance associations, which have been
encouraged by the prohibition wave that
lately has swept various sections of the
For some time a well organized lobby
has been doing quiet preliminary work in
the interest of the anti-prohibition in
terests. The prohibition elements are
bent on driving liqupr out of the coun
try's capital for the moral effect such an
accomplishment would have in still fur-
thcr nationalizing the general prohibition
movement. The question right now be
fore students of the situation who are
able to look at both sides without hav
ing their view warped by prejudice is
Is the Limit Reached?
Has - the prohibition tide reached its
flood and will a reaction presently set in;
or will the wave sweep on without se
rious Interruption until it has converted
the entire country into a land of no
Iicense? With this question in mind the workers
on one side will put forth efforts to
make the capital of the. United States a
temperance capital, while those on this
other hope that by downing the move
ment here the way will be paved for re
action from the results recently brought
about in several of the states, especially
those of the South.. '
drastic legislation on the subject by Con
gress this Winter. Possibly more atten
tion might be given to the subject If the
Republicans and Democrats didn't have so
much to think about In the nature of poll
tics pertaining to Presidential candidates)
Get Even 'With "Dry" States.
There is another side to anti-Pro
hlbltlon propaganda now In progress
here, which deals -with the subject whol
ly apart from the local issue Involved.
The attempt Is being made to Impress
upon Congress the magnitude of the
whole Prohibition question with the ar
gument that if Prohibition existed the
Government system of taxation would
have to be revised, inasmuch ,as two
thirds of the Government's income is novr
derived from internal revenue taxes.
In connection with this argument the
liquor interests are suggesting reprisals
of a novel kind upon the "dry" 6tates,
Which locally would cease to pay inter
nal revenue taxes to the Federal Gov
ernment. The antl-Prohibltionlsts are declaring
to Congress when a state, afr succes
sive legislative acts, shuts down the,
manufacturing establishments which pay
the internal revenue, shoulil not such
states be cut oft from the .appropria
tions for river and harbor improvements,
rural free delivery, public buildings and
other Improvements for which the "wet"
states, which pay the internal revenue
taxes, must supply the money?
Such argument may seem very far
fetched to many, but it simply goes to
shew how serious the real feeling is
over the agitation that Is in progress.
HOUSES ARE BADLY SHAKEN
GLYCERINE TACTOUY RIjOWS UP
WITH TERRIFIC FORCE.
Thought That There Is Loss of Life
and Much Property Damage
in Ohio Town.
FINDLAY, O., Dec. 16.-Residents in
this city were badly shaken at 5:20 o'clock
this afternoon by the explosion of a
glycerine factory near Bowling Green,
about ten miles north of here.
Details at this hour are not obtainable
but it is reported there was a loss of
life and much property damage waa
sustained through broken windows.
Stop Salmon Fishing in Alaska.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16. At the re
quest of the Alaskan fishermen's union
supplemented by other requests. Secre
tary Straus granted a hearing today to
all parties interested with a view to
having Wood and Nushagak Rivers.
Alaska, closed to salmon lishing during
the ensuing calendar year. The secre
tary will allow parties concerned to be