Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 26, 1907)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, MONDAY, AUGUST 26. 1907.
INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE
Pally. Sunday Included, one year $S.OO
Dally, Sunday Included, nix months.... 4-23
Dally, Sunday.lncluded, three months.. 2-25
Daily, Sunday Included, one month 7S
Dally, without tiunday. one year 6.00
. Dally, without Sunday, six months 3 25
' Dally, without Sunday, three months... 1.75
Dally, without Sunday; one month .HO
Sunday, one year - 2.30
H'eekly, one vear (Issued Thursday)... 1-50
Sunday and Weekly, one year.- 3. SO
Dally, Runday Included, one year...... 9.00
Dally. Sunday included, one month 73
HOW TO REMIT Send postofflce money
order, express order or personal check on
your local hank. Stamps, coin or currency
are at the sender's risk. Give postofflce ad
dress In full, including county and state.
Entered at Portland. Oregon, Postofflce
ts Second-Class Matter.
10 to 14 Pages 1 cent
11 to 28 Pages 2 cents
ST to 4 Pages Scents
4(5 to SO Pages 4 cents
Foreign postage, double rates.
IMTORTANT The postal laws are strict.
Newspapers on which postage is not fully
prepaid are not forwarded to destination.
EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE.
The S. C. Berkwlth Special Agency New
Tork, rooms 4S-IS0 Tribune building. Chi
cago, rooms 510-512 Tribune building.
KEPT ON SALE.
Chicago Auditorium Annex. Postofflce
News C".. 178 Dearborn st.
St. Paul, Minn. N. St. Marie. Commercial
Denver Hamilton & Kendrick. SOS-012
Seventeenth street; Pratt Book Store, 1214
Fifteenth street; H. P. Hansen. S. Rice.
Kansas City. Mo. Ricksecker Cigar Co.,
Nlntn and Walnut; Yoma News Co.
Minneapolis M. J. Cavanaugh, 50 South
Cleveland, O. James Puahaw. 307 Su
Washington. D. C. Ebbitt House, Penn
Philuriejphia, Pa. Ryan' Theater Trcket
office: Penn 'News Co.
New York City U Jones & Co.. Astor
House; Broadway Theater JJews stand; Ar
thur Hotallng Wagons.
Atlantic City. N. J. Ell Taylor. s
Ogden D. L. Boyle, W. G. Kind, 114
Oinaht Barkalow Bros.. Union Station;
Mageath Stationery Co.
Pes Moines, la. Mose Jacob.
Sacramento, Cal. Sacramento News Co..
439 K street; Amos News Co.
Salt Ijike Moon Book A Stationery Co.;
Rosenreld A Hansen.
Los Angeles B. E. Amos, manager seven
San Diego B. E. Amos.
Long Beach. Cal. B. E. Amos.
f-ao Jose, Cal. St. James Hotel News
K Paso, Tex. Plaza Book and News
Forth Worth. Tex. F. Robinson.
Amarillo. Tex. Amarlllo Hotel News
San Francisco Foster A Crear; Ferry
News Stand; Hotel St. Francis News Stand;
L. Parent: N. Wheatley; Falrmount Hotel
;ews stand: Amos News Co.; United News
Agents. 11H Eddy street.
Oakland. Cal. W. H. Johnson, Fourteenth
and Franklin streets; N. Wheatley; Oak
land News Stand: Hale News Co.
(inlrifleld, Nev.--Loule Follin; C. E.
Eureka, Cal. Call-Chronicle Agency.
. Norfolk. Ya. .American News Co.
Pine Beach. Vs. W. A. Cosgrove.
PORTLAND, MONDAY, AUGUST i. 1907.
THE DELUSION OF PROSPERITY.
"Who has seen anything of all this in
jury which the President's policies are
said to hve wrought upon the busi
ness and industry of the country? Is
there a trace of it visible in Oregon?
If calamity has befallen the Nation be
cause of railroad regulation and the
prosecution of the Standard Oil pirates.
Oregon ought to feel It in common with
the other states. Is business at a
standstill here? Is anybody out of
work? Are the mills idle? Has build
ing ceased? Are wages down? Are
prices falling? Have crops failed? If
our present condition is calamity, it is
marvelously disguised in the habila
ments of prosperity.
A workman who receives higher
wages than he ever got before Is hard
to Inoculate with the calamity mania.
Lumbermen whose orders at top prices
exceed the capacity of their mills are
apt to Euffer from a delusion of pros
perity. When the wheat, fruit and po
tato crops surpass all precedents, when
dairy products exceed anything ever
seen hitherto and prices have reached
war-time limits, farmers can scarcely
escape the heretical belief that they are
pretty well off. The railroads are
swamped with freight, the local banks
overflow with - money, small savings
accumulate in every household, enter
prise continually develops into new
fields. If this be calamity, let us pray
heaven that it may continue.
The commercial and industrial ruin
that broods with raven wings over Ore
gon is brooding over the rest of the
country Just as dolorously. Everybody
Is busy, everybody is .making money,
everybody is saving more than he ever
did before, and seeking Investments for
a spanking surplus. Still we must not
rejoice. We must cast dust anJ ashes
on our heads and clothe ourselves in
the habilaments of woe; for the men
appointed by Providence to set the
fashions for 'us, our first families, our
light-fingered plutocrats, are howling
calamity and we must howl with them.
"What makes the case difficult for the
mere honest citizen, the man who has
not mastered the fine art of sanctimo
nious theft. Is that the millionaire
grabber has excellent, reason to howl
while he has none whatever. Quite the
contrary. 'He has every reason to re
, Jolce, in fact. His own prosperity
makes it an extremely arduous task
for him to sympathize properly with
the stock gamblers whose inflated bal
loons have burst, and with the trust
pirates who have fallen on evil days
In the courts. Their shrieks of woe and
rage ought to move him to tears. He
finds it difficult not to smile at them.
In his sinful and irreverent heart he is
prone to feel that the howls of con
victed malefactors make sweet music.
There is some reason to believe that
these conviqted malefactors, with their
nangers-on and parasites, are about to
form a new political party with a novel
bet of principles and an inspiring battle
cry. Briefly stated, their principles
are, first, that every trust magnate has
an Inherent and unalienable right to
steal whatever he can lay his hands on;
second, that the God-given right of the
syndicated pirate to plunder the plain
citizen is the only secure basis of pros
perlty; and third, that to fine or Im
prison a "prominent and wealthy citi
zen" for breaking the law is a social
crime. Nay, worse still, it is flippant.
These are the political principles 'of
the projected new party. Are they not
beautiful to look upon? The battle cry
or slogan. Is not quite so original. In
fact, it Is modeled upon a suggestion
from Mr. Bryan. Ten years ago that
great statesman Jieartened the courage
of his serried hosts by inscribing "The
free coinage of silver" on his glorious
banner. The confederated plutocrats,
-as they march to the defense of Stand
ard Oil. and the destruction of Mr.
Roosevelt and Judge Landls, will un
furl to the proud breeze the same leg-
end with the change of but a single
word. Instead of "the free-coinage of
silver." they will emblazpn on their
standard "the free coinage of crime."
"Who would not blithely march to a
bloody death in a cause so noble?
THE ANTI-CANTEEN BLUNDER.
"The greatest mistake ever made in
the Army . management was abolish
ment of the Army canteen," is the com
ment of a prominent officer stationed
at Vancouver. Another officer, in
criticising the "W. C. T. U. for its
efforts In abolishing the canteen, ex
presses the opinion that "They never
did or could have made a move where
in they so absolutely played into the
hands of the aloon-keepers."
These opinions are the result of of
ficial observation of the effects of the
anti-canteen law, and they are state
ments easily proved by even casual ob
servation of conditions in any city near
which an Army post is located. As is
stated by the officials in interviews
printed in yesterday's Oregonian, the
question as to whether the men are
better off with or without liquor does
not enter into the canteen controversy.
The issue is whether the men shall se
cure pure liquors in moderate quanti
ties. under surveillance of the Govern
ment, or whether they 4shall go outside
the barracks to be drugged with vile
poisons and robbed of their hard
earned money. The saloon-keepers fa
vor the latter plan, and, strange as it
may seem, they have the assistance of
the "W. C. T. U.
BANKS AND THE LAW.
There has long been felt In Oregon
the need of a sound state banking law.
Other states have had such laws for
many years. But Oregon was the last,
or among the last, tp acknowledge that
the public had any right to know
what became of its savings after they
passed the wickets of a private bank.
The associated private banks of Ore
gon, headed by the Portland banking
trust, for years prevented the enact
ment of a good law, or any law, on the
subject. If there had been a thorough
banking law and searching official
examination, such as the public de
manded, and was entitled to, there
would have been no failure of the Ore
gon Trust & Savings Company. It is
plain where a large share of the re
sponsibility for this unnecessary fail
ure must be placed.
But we haven't a state banking law
even now, through the activity in the
last Legislature of the banking interest
and the allied corporation and fran
chise interests, which ran things at
Salem. A law was passed, because
the bankers were fearful of the conse
quences if something were not djne.
But they managed to insert this provi
sion In section 34 (page 273, General
Laws of Oregon, 1907):
Within 18 months after the taking effect
of thU act, all such banks shall conform to
and In all respects comply with all the pro
visions or this act and be subject to exam
ination by the examiner, and the penalties
But eighteen months is not all. The
act was filed in the office of the Secre
tary of State "February 25, 1307. The
Governor wouldn't approve It, evident
ly because he didn't think well of thi
whole business. All legislative acts,
unless otherwise provided by an emer
gency clause, shall take effect 90 days
after the Legislature adjourns. The
last legislative session ended February
23, 1907. Ninety days thereafter was
May 24, 1907. Eighteen months there
after will be November 24, 1908.
Meanwhile we have a State Bank
Examiner who has devised a seal, in
accordance with section 6 of the act,
and is drawing his salary in accord
ance with section 5. After November
24. 1908, he may be able to proceed .llii-
gently in compliance with the 42 other
sections to carry out the provisions of
the law. But suppose he had been
able to busy himself with the affairs of
the Oregon Trust & Savings Company
even so late as last May.
THE NEW LUMBER RATE.
It is perhaps unfortunate for the
lumbermen who are making a fight
against the proposed increase In lum
ber rates that Mr. McCormick was se
lected as Ambassador to plead their
cause with Mr. Hill. "While it is true
that Mr. McCormick's employers, the
great "Weyerhaeuser lumber and logging
trust, have for years been quite close
to Mr. Hill in business relations, there
are other eonditions in connection with
the demand for the old rates that nulli
fy any possible advantage which might
accrue from the existence of such rela
tions between the railroad king and the
timber king. As The Oregonian has
frequently stated, the amount of profit
which the lumbermen and timber deal
ers are making out of the business
should not be the least consideration in
determination of what is a fair and
reasonable rate for hauling the product
to market. Such a basis for fixinir
rates would be a return to the repre
hensible Huntington plan of "all that
the traffic would bear." But the Wey
erhaeuser people, the largest holders of
timber In the world, occupy a some
what vulnerable position In the present
fight for maintenance of the old rates.
. It Is true that they are engaged in
tne manufacture of lumber, but their
interests as loggers and timber owners
are far greater than their interests as
lumber manufacturers. Mr. McComick
was selling logs and stumpage a few
years ago at $4 to $5 per thousand. As
most of the land from which he was se
curing logs was bought at $6 per acre,
or a few cents per thousand stumpage
basis, the Weyerhaeuser profits at that
time were anything but small. As the
demand ' for lumber improved, prices
advanced' and logs and stumpage kept
pace with the advance, until $9 and $19
per thousand was being paid. The
Weyerhaeuser syndicate and other
manufacturers of lumber who owned
their stumpage and paid no tribute to
the loggers, secured the benefit In full
of this 100 per cent advance in prices.
The lumber manufacturer who was
forced to buy his logs may have re
ceived some of the advance, but his
Increased profits through the big de
mand for lumber were inconsequential
in comparison .with those of the men
who owned the timber and made prof
Its all the way from the forest to the
It is presuming too much to think
that Mr. Hill was unable to meet the
McCormick argument that the pro
posed Increase In rates would ruin the
business. He would simply remind
the representative of the timber trust
that, by lopping off one-half of the
100 per cent advance which had been
made in the price ot logs, the proposed
advance in rates could easily be taken
care of. This of course would not dis
pose of the question as to the reason
ableness of the rate, but it would effec
tually block the argument that all of
the blame for the anticipated ruination
of the lumber manufacturing business
should be charged up against the rail
roads. For this reason, the case could
have been presented In a much strong
er manner by some actual manufac
turer of lumber who was forced to buy
his logs In the open market.
The advance In rates will force a re
adjustment of log and stumpage prices,
and, while that readjustment is in prog
ress, the sawmill men who are not
holders of stumpage will experience
much trouble. The men who will suf
fer most by the change will not be
those of tho Weyerhaeuser type, but the
smaller manufacturers, and it would
have been much better for the case to
have been presented by one of those
men than by one whose argument was
negatived by his own experience dur
ing the 100 per cent advance in log and
stumpage rates. , The Interstate Com
merce Commission has established a
good record for fairness. It can be
depended on to grant the Pacific Coast
lumber industry a fair and reasonable
rate to market. It it doubtful, how
ever, if It will be any more impressed
than was Mr. Hill by predictions of
ruin to the industry from the represen
tative of a trust, which has been pock
eting a 100 per cent advance on logs
BIGHT VS. EXPEDIENCY.
' Expulsion by force from a Portland
saloon one of the lowest of a low class
of a young girl who called there re
cently, as was her custom, to solicit
money from Its patrons for the msrey
end "rescue work of the Volunteers of
America, has caused much comment.
The saloon-keeper who accompanied
his order to the girl to leave his prem
ises by force, was arrested for simple
assault, haled before Judge Cameron of
the Police Court, given a hearing in
which he admitted the charge, but Jus
tified his action to the satisfaction of
the Judge by the plea that he ejected
the girl from his saloon to protect her
from the insults of men in The place
fthe patrons of his business. He w-as
upon this showing discharged fr-jm
custody without penalty.
There Is more than one way of 'ook
ing at this matter. That of the sa
le n-keeper is outlined above, thojgh
there is reason to Relieve that this was
not the true reason why he objected to.
the coming of this girl to his place,
asking contributions to carry on tho
work of the organization which she
represented. It is easy to conceive
that It Is annoying for a person to
come Into a disreputable, even if duly
licensed, place of business, and work
against that business, first by open
and conscientious disapproval of its
purpose and methods, and again by
turning aside Into the coffers of char
ity money for the relief of the misery
which the business is largely Instru
mental in creating.
It must te said, however, in this
connection, mat as a matter of pru
dence, w.mien, and especially young
girls, should not go into or about places
where evil-minded men congregate to
drink and entertain themselves and
each other with ribald song and story.
There is a theory that any woman in
this great and glorious country can ga
anywnere upon any legitimate quest
without danger of insult, providing she
carries herself with womanly dignity
and modesty. This is fine in theory,
but it falls far short of the facts t x
perlence and observation. In point of
fact there are places where women,
and especially young girls, should not
go upon any mission short of a dire
emergency. Little good can result
from effort that brings young wo-nen
in direct contact with vice and human
degradation, though the purpose be
high and courage be brought to the
work. Notwithstanding the theory to
which reference is above made, there
is always the menace of vulgarity and
insult about places where degraded
Briefly, a woman has a perfect ritrht
to go where business. Inclination or
purpose calls her in this country, pro
viding that in so doing she Is not in
fringing upon the rights of others; but
as a matter of expediency and of pru
dence there are places where woman
should ot go. Since, however, tber
are women, zealous, earnest and trus,
who conceive it to be their dutv, in
the interest of humanity, to face vice In
its pulieus and track - It tn -it.
they should be accorded such rjfcotec
tion by the officers of the law as every
Amerlcan citizen has a right to expect
and upon occasion to demand.
The absurdity of some of our navi
gation laws is again brought to light
by the breaking of one'of them by no
less important an individual than the
Secretary of the Department of Com
merce and Labor. Mr. Straus was at
Honolulu ready to depart for this
country when the British steamer Asia,
owned and operated by Americans,
came along. Under the law which
Secretary Straus" own department is
supposed to enforce rigidly, the Asia
was liable to a fine if she accepted him
as a passenger. The master of the
Asia, with a full knowledge of the sit
uation, demanded a cash deposit of
$1000, and it was paid. Of course, Mr.
Straus will not lose anything by xhe
operation if the Collector at San Fran
cisco fines the steamer the amount col
lected from Mr. Straus, the Secretary,
The heads of the Government depart
ments are allowed an expense account,
and the Item will probably find its way
to the United States Treasury under
that head. There "would be no pun
ishment attached to a line under such
conditions, but it might serve to keep
up appearances and enable the Govern
ment to "save its face."
If these ridiculous violations of the
law by the Government Itself were less
frequent the Imperfections of the in
adaptation of the law would not be so
noticeable. It seems entirely reason
able that a law that the Government
finds It necessary to break is not a
very good law for the people to be
obliged to obey. The Infraction for
which the Government will fine the
Government $1000 In the Straus case
could happen only in the United States,
iw tjvBiy uiner nation ir they ever
had such ridiculous laws, long ago
discarded them. But there are a num
ber of other similar rules and regu
lations which the Government, while
insisting on their observance by the
public, is continually breaking when it
seems advisable for It to do so. Pend
ing enforcement of that Iniquitous law
which will prevent any but American
ships to trade between the Philippines
and the United States, the Government
passed a law providing for shipment to
the Philippines of Government stores in
American bottoms exclusively.
, As American ships were scarce on
the Atlantic seaboard, no attention was
paid to the law, and the quartermas
ter's department continued to ship in
anv vessels that were available at low-
J est rates and on the best terms. Of
course the Government saved money by
the operation, but it broke the law.
There was also a law which forbade
the purchase of Panama canal supplies
in foreign countries, but, when the
administration needed steamers and
learned that the supply in America was
inadequate, and the prices demanded
were about double those at which they
could be secured elsewhere, the orders
A few weeks ago, it became neces
sary to ship a large -quantity of coal
from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific
coast navy-yards. This route was
clearly within the protected coastwise
zone, but the Government paid no at
tention to the law that prohibits em
ployment of any but an American ves
sel on the coastwise route, and char
tered a fleet of British vessels to per
form the work. Continued violation
of these laws by the Government Is
ample evidence that they are obstruc
tive and unwarranted, but If there Is
any such thing as consistency it might
be well for the Government to prac
tice it a little. The laws which are
being violated are of course obnoxious
and obstructive, but they should be re
pealed, not broken.
The men who go down to the sea in
ships meet with strange . experiences
and face death In Its most awful forms,
but rare indeed are the occasions when
the grim reaper presents a more
threatening or terrible aspect than was'
reported by the steamer Eureka, which
arrived at Seattle Saturday. A deck
load of nitric acid broke loose, setting
fire to the ship while she was wallow
ing in heavy seas. Beneath the burn
ing decks were 250 tons o powder and
200 tons of gasoline, and, as the vessel
lurched around in a fifty-mile gale
with an explosion momentarily expect
ed, the men worked like demons" to jet
tison the fiery deck-cargo and extin
guish the flames. It is not to be won
dered that when the danger was over
"they dropped in their tracks ex
hausted and unstrung, sobbing for the
breath of life which had so nearly been
taken from them." The scene must
have presented wonderful opportuni
ties for a Kipling, but unfortunately
few Kipllngs ever go to sea on an ex
Four lots in a prominent part of Al
bina were sold a short time ago for
approximately $16,000. No mention of
the transaction appeared in the news
papers, but the deeds were placed on
record Saturday, and the total amount
shown on the records as consideration
for the lots was $2. There was no
trade or bond for deed involved, and no
"love and affection" consideration. It
was simply the transfer of the four
lota for $16,000 in cash, but the world
will never know by reference to the
records that the lots sold for more than
$2. This Portland characteristic of
holding real estate transfers and build
ing permits down to the lowest notch
is responsible for the surprise that is
always expressed when a stranger en
ters the city and tells us that "It Is
wonderful to find such activity In real
estate and building operations In Port
land." 'Announcement of the death of Judge
Alfred F. Sears, Jr., of the State Cir
cuit Court, at his home in this city
yesterday morning came as a sudden
and painful shock to this community.
It was an event wholly unlooked for at
this time, for since his illness of two
years ago he had been apparently In his
usual health. Judge Sears has served
faithfully and conscientiously the inter
ests of this county upon the bench for
a number of years. He leaves behind
him the record of an intelligent and
upright judge and a worthy and use
ful citizen. His wife, three sons and
one daughter, his aged father and
mother and numerous friends mourn
his sudden passing in the prime of his
Salem, newspapers are worrying be
cause a dispute has ar.sen between the
city and some bridge contractors, and
as a result thers may be difficulty in
transporting visitors ti the Stita Fair
Grounds. Since street paving at the
Capital Is soon to "re'gln it might be
well to pro 'ura stipulations which will
Insure passage between the State
House and the hotels while the Legis
lature is In session in 1909.
Tacoma is struggling with the prob
lem of keeping smokers off the rear
platform. Here in Portland many
youngTind old women endeavor to keep
them out of the front end. Some day
trolley-cars will have a hurricane deck
for users of the weed. Then the fair
sex will take possession and mere man
will -enjoy his pipe below.
"Apple Xing" White is not the first
man who has to'd Orcgonlans that thoy
are slow. But Mr. White has had only
a brief icquaintance. - The race Is not
always to the swirt Beavers were
never noted for speed tout their reputa
tion Is a viry creditable one nevatthe
less. It Is difficult to unJo .-stand how some
of the depositjrs of the defunrt bank
could take telephone stock In settle
ment of their ciaim.. The stock is
part of the assets of the bank and the
depositors must ehare pro rata In th9
Wben a member of the-country press
goes back on the time-honored "wood
taken on subscription," Nemesis camps
on his trail. The Jefferson Revjew
wails: "Just our luck. We got a check
Tuesday on the Oregon Trust & Sav
ings Bank, and the next day it busted."
Bryan complains that Taft has no
well-defined policy. Possibly the Ohio
statesman has learned from the Ne
braska oracle that It is embarrassing
to announce policies so well-defined
that every one of them must be aban
doned before the season closes.
No small number of our fellow-citizens
are entitled to sympathy over re
peated exasperating incidents of the
telegraphers' strike. They are robbed
of the vital details contained in that
which succeeds: "Following is the
When a crowd of bookmakers with
out question pay out a king's ransom
on a false report of a horse race, we
get some Idea of the universal confi
dence reposed In that Impersonal thing
called the telegraph.
Within five months the big fleet of
battleships will split the waters of the
Pacific. Let Dan McAllen get busy at
once on a celebration that will demand
their presence In Portland. .
Among the feathers Roosevelt Is
charged with stealing, Bryan does not
mention free silver, railroad ownership
WHAT STATE PAPERS ARE SAYING
They Know a Good Thing, s
Forest Grove News. t
The most convincing evidence that
Washington County is the best in the
state is the fact that settlers are com
ing here from the highly lauded commu
nity of Hood River, and buying .rms.
No less than three such transactions can
be found in other parts of this paper
this week, which tells its own tale.
How Kelso Gets on the Map.
The fans are talking about the notori
ety this place has received because of the
fact that some of our citizens shook $1000
at McCredie as a challenge that the Port
land team could not jeat the Tigers.
Now, the bet may or may not have been
a good one; but McCredie saw fit to pass
It up and he is being roundly roasted by
the Coast papers for so doing.
No Justification for Flosrarlnc.
Governor Chamberlain's excuse for
flogging the- escaped hunchback, Al
brecht, is especially weak. It was no
legitimate excuse at all. The fellow had
escaped without the officers knowing
anything about it. He had not only hurt
nobody, but had not attempted to. It
was a case of lack of discipline on the
part of the officers, and while at times
this cannot be avoided, the fact remains
that it furnishes no Justification at all
for flogging of any kind. Punishment by
reason of withholding merit marks for
such breach of trust, if a trusty. Is a
proper punishment; but when a prisoner
succeeds in outwitting the officers and
peaceably escapes, to flog him for it
when recaptured is a mere brutal exhibi
tion of force. ,
What "Loyalty" May Do.
It is semi-of ftclally or less an
nounced that Governor Chamberlain
will be the Democratic candidate for
United States Senator, while Mayor
Lane, of Portland, will make the chase
for the Governorship on the same tick
et. The loyalty of - the Multnomah
County Republicans practically insure
Fling; at Portland Banka.
Portland banks and trust companies
have no money-to loan in neighboring
cities because they "make It a rule to
loan on Portland real .estate." The
credulous sucker In the country will
send his money to Portland for deposit
rather than put it In the home bank,
where It will be used to develop local
projects. We rejoice in the prosperity
of Portland, but the business men there
are losing sight of the fact that with
out a substantial development of the
surrounding territory, Portland would
be a very weak sister.
Small Boys and Billy Goata.
You may envy the occupants of the
automobiles as they go whirling by,
but in a test 'for pure and Innocent
pleasure the kind that the mind will
revert to in . after years with glad
some remembrance we will bank
every time on the small boy who
drives along the street with a billy
goat hitched to a rickety, little old
Other People's Money.
The State of Oregon cannot throw
too many safeguards around the bank
ing system, and The Oregonian is to be
commended for Its intelligent effort,
prior to the last meeting of the Legis
lature, for a statute covering safety
to depositors. Ill-timed speculation
has ruined many small holders of
money when they had their nest-egg
placed in some bank, ostensibly sound,
and yet rotten, through gross misman
agement, that may, after all Is said,
have had nothing to do with criminal
intent. But It is well, however, to have
a law that will not only close a bank
when over the safety line, but that will
carry punishment for reckless Invest
ments, when other people's money is
the motive power.
Parts His Hair Wrong.
"Our George" may do well enough
as a running mate for Bryan, but he
won't do for a mate for Bourne in the
Senate. We have nothing in the world
against "our George," for he has made
a good Governor, as Democratic Gov
ernors go, but no man who parts his
hair with a Democratic comb can make
a Senator for Oregon. Our people are
not built that way.
Bagging a Good Methodist.'
J. W. Baker, of Cottage Grove, came
down in a, rig from Harrisburg yester
day afternoon. He didn't have to come
that way, but being State Game War
den, thought he would see for himself
what's doing down this Chinese pheas
ant belt. He heard only five shots,
which he investigated, and found were
some boys shooting digger squirrels.
His experience is that men who violate
the game law are Just those who should
be above It. One of the culprits he
captured once wae a Methodist, the
most religious man in the neighbor
hood. A Mother In Israel.
Grandma Elizabeth Perry, of Houl
ton, now In her 80th year, and who is
as spry as the ordinary woman of 60,
was out the first of the week, the
guest of J. H. Dorland and family, of
Shady Brook. Mrs. Perry's husband
was one of the pioneer physicians cf
the Coast, having arrived with Mrs.
Perry In 1845. The old lady has prob
ably nursed more sick people in Oregon
than any. other woman in the state
and she says she can yet take care of
a person if they are not "too poorly.
Governor Glenn's Btislnesa at Home.
Governor Glenn, of North Carolina, will
not attend the dinner of the Brooklyn
Democratic Club August 26, on account
of pressing business at home.
Bears Dine at Grocery Stores.
Detroit (Mich.) Dispatch.
Bears, driven from the forest by fire,
Invaded Standish, Mich., and terrorized
the populace. They dined at grocery
At Wilson's Mill.
The Are whistle blew a few minutes
before 1 o'clock Tuesday and in a few
minutes the whole department was car
rying water. The Are was soon extin
guished. Our Are department la well equipped
now, having added two oil cans for the
fighters of Are.
New York Sun.
"Dear Husband: Much to my surprise
I And expenses mounting-;
Your last week'a cbeck is all used up
Despite my best accounting-.
My health demands I stay away
And, therefore, to my sorrow,
I'll need a hundred more at one.
So please remit tomorrow."
"Dear Wife: My loneliness is great,
So words cannot express It;
I keep your picture on my desk
And every hour caress it.
The modest sum for which you ask
Shall not go unheeded.
And so I send two hundred now.
In case more may be needed."
SECRETARY TAITS SPEECH.
Comment of Newspapera on HIa Re
marks at Columbus,
New York Tribune (Rep.).
The Secretary's speech makes 4 it
clear to all who may have entertained
doubts about It that he has not
changed his views and has no desire
to change them. He accepts and de
fends the ideas and measures which
have given distinctive character to the
Secretary Taffs programme is care
fully rounded and well balanced. It will
appeal, we think, to the party and the
country, because it represents in the
main tho political tendencies of the
day and reAects the well-grounded
wishes of a great majority of the peo
New York Sun (Rep.).
No mystery longer veils the Secretary's
purpose. My policies are Tatt s poli
cies, down even to employers' liability,
inheritance tax. graduated income tax,
general non-socialistic correction of
'swollen fortunes" and other fragments
of the familiar phraseology. "My poli
cies" are formally reviewed with the ad
miration of a connoisseur,' defended with
the zealous Ingenuity of a personal coun
sel against the aspersions of radicals like
Bryan, and commended and adopted,
tevorally and cellectlvely, with only such
slight differentiation of detail as may
have seemed necessary to escape the ap
pearance of abject Intellectual servility.
Is there in all political history so extra
ordinary an Instance of perfect complais
ance on the part of the Aaron of a some
what difficult Moses.
New York World (Dem).
To the defense, explanation and lauda
tion of the policies of the President. Sec
retary Taft devoted practically the whole
of his carefully prepared "keynote"
speech. Delivered Just as he is starting
upon a trip about the world as the "trav
eling man" of the Administration. It la
in effect the platform for his Presidential
New York Times (Dem.).
The Arst Presidential "policy" with
wftich. Mr. Tatt is In disagreement is that
of Feaeral licenses to all Inter-state cor
porations. The Secretary is tactful. He
says the suggestion of the license first
came from Mr. GarAeld and Mr. Bryan
"adopted it." The country knows very
well that Mr. Roosevelt also adopted it,
and is still advocating the enactment
of a law that will put this extraordinary
and dangerous power into the Executive s
hands. There Is further disagreement
with the President in what Mr. Taft says
about the reduction of "swollen for
tunes." It. is his belief that the State
Legislatures have complete control of
what shall be done with a man's property
after his death.
New York Herald (Ind.).
The speech is said to have been read in
advance by the President and Secretary
Root and brings him before the people
as the Inheritor of the RooBevelt mantle
and policies. In its treatment of the Im
mediate end "live" questions, the speech
Is at once vigorous and temperate, and
regarded as a restatement of Mr. Roose
velt's views or as those of a possible suc
cessor should prove reassurring to Busi
ness interests. . '
Philadelphia Inquirer (Rep.).
As Taft is an open candidate for the
Presidency, it would be better, perhaps,
to consider his remarks as voicing the
policiep which he would adopt if elected
chief executive of the nation.
Philadelphia Record (Dem.).
Secretary Taft was evidently trying
to go his own gait and at the same time
keep step with his chief. He hardly con
ceals his consciousness that their views
are not identical, and In defending the
President's policies he says frankly that
he Indicates some details in which he
should slightly deviate from the Presi
dent's course. So long as he is a member
of the Cabinet he could not possibly say
more than that, but it is open to those
who read his speech to Infer that Mr.
Taft would be much less likely than Mr.
Roosevelt to increase radically the
sphere of Governmental action, and cer
tainly the Judicious Secretary of War,
unlike the President and the Attorrey
General. would never toss off careless
remarks that would inevitably alarm
Philadelphia Ledger (Ind.).
It might fairly be said that the speech
was devoted to an exposition of the vital
difference between the policies of Presi
dent Roosevelt and those of Bryan; and
it need hardly be said that Mr. Taft con
demned the doctrines of the Nebr&skan
as heartily as he upheld and defended
those of Mr. Roosevelt.
Washington Herald (Ind.).
We regret that he has altered his
former opinion favorable to an immedi
ate revision of the tariff, and now thinks
that it would be wise, for reasons which
are familiar enough In Republican dis
cussion of the tariff, to postpone revision
until after the next Presidential election.
Mr. Taft is In the Presidential canvass
as a tariff-revision candidate. His whole
discussion of this subject Is pitched In a
moderate key, and there Is nothing in it
that can be construed as in the least
alarming to the business community.
The Benefits of Irrigation.
Baker City Herald.
One Baker City lady has a new way
of keeping callers and peddlers from
her home when she is busy. She sets
her lawn sprayer on the sidewalk in
front of the gate. No one can pass
without getting wet, and as result
no one enters.
COURTING DANGER FOR HIMSELF
DENOUNCES THE WHIPPING-POST. .
Delaware Officer of Experience Says It Is
Wilmington (Del.) Special In New York
"I would hang a man for murder rather
than lash one at the whipping-post for
stealing a chicken, if I had the choice. In
the first instance he would have paid the
penalty for his crime, while in the latter
case no good whatever would be accom
plished. The Delaware whipping-post, In
stead of being a corrective agency, makes
its victims revengeful and brings out all
that is hateful in their nature. It should
certainly be abolished, and the day is
coming when it will be done away with."
Warden Asmond S. Meserve, of the
New Castle County Workhouse, at Green
bank, near. here, who has resigned his
position because of his disapproval of this
medieval system of corporal punishment
and of his dislike to wield the lash, made
the above declaration today while seated
in his office at the prison. He was so firm
In his denunciation of the century-old
form of punishment that he frequently
brought his' fist down upon his desk In
order to more forcibly emphasize his re
marks. He continued:
"Since I became warden of this penal
institution In 1901. and beginning in No
vember of that year. I have whipped 235
white and negro men. The number of
lashes ranged from five to 60, a negro who
attempted to poison a Wilmington famllv
receiving the highest. Of this total 60
men had been whipped before, some of
them as many as six times. Does not this
prove that the whole system falls far
short of being corrective? Of the con
victs whom I have lashed 60 per cent
Warden Meserve, who Is a criminolo
gist of note, said that nothing was more
repugnanf to him than to be compelled
to whip a man on the bare back with a
cat-o'-nine-tails. "If it did any good."
he said, "I would not care so much, but
the effect is harmful rather than bene
ficial." As the warden is a Vermont man and
knew nothing of the whlpplng-post from
a practical standpoint before coming to
Delaware, he was asked what. his feel
ings were when he applied the "first lash
to a prisoner.
"I was so overcome," he declared, "that
I could hardly stand up. I cannot de
scribe my feelings; words are not suf
ficiently descriptive. I had a sense of
abhorrence, not to say pity. Mr first ex
perience, in November. 1901. was to lash
eight men. When It was all over I was
so weak that I could scarcely walk. I
was no good, . physically, during the re
mainder of the day. The affair so un
nerved me that I spent a sleepless
"When prisoners whom you were whip
ping have appealed to you for mercy,
what were your feelings?" the warden
"My feelings have been awful and be
yond description. In' such cases I simpiv
shut my eyes and wielded the lash. I
had to perform my duty. To my mind,
as a result of my experience, the whlpplng-post
should.be abolished above ev
Mr. Meserve said he could not under
stand why Delawareans. as a rule, up
held the whlpplng-post. "One of the most
lovable men in this state is Chief Jus
tice Charles B. Lore," said he. "He is
the embodiment of all that is gentle and
affectionate. Yet he declares that the
whlpplng-post Is a- crime deterrent. The
Chief Justice sentences all prisoners, or
virtually all of them, who are to be
whipped. His reasons for upholding the
system of lashing is that we are mid
way between Baltimore and Washington
on the south and Philadelphia and New
York on the north, and but for the ex
istence of the whlpplng-post we would be
a stopplng-on place for bank burglars
and other classes of criminals.
"I do not agree with the Chief Jus
tice, despite the fact that Delaware has
not had a bank burglary since 1873,
when 'Jimmy' Hope and 'Big' Frank and
other cracksmen of note attempted to rob
the National Bank of Delaware tn Wil
mington. They did not succeed and all
were whipped at the old Jail in New
Olallie-s, Chickamun, Muckamuck.
The Dalles Chronicle.
Indian women with "olallles" are num
erous about the streets today and as the
huckleberry Is a favorite fruit their pa
trons were plentiful. The Indians are
not behind the times, and, like every
thing else, their produce Is higher than
in any previous year, seventy-five cents
a gallon being the price asked by the
Slwashes, although berries are a large
crop. "Too much chickamun," said one
purchaser this morning, to which the
squaw promptly responded that she paid
more in the stores for muckamuck.
Two Heads Where One Belongs.
The Brownsville Times.
A man with two heads on his shoul
ders was exhibited on one of the ave
nues of Brownsville the other night. Both
heads were fully developed and were
rather handsome In features. The man
is not an ordinary museum freak, as
might, be supposed, but Is a young man
who lives In this city and moves In po
lite society. The other head on his shoul
der was that of his sweetheart and pos
sibly would not have been seen In that
deformed position had It not been for the
blowing of the window curtain to one
side for an Instant.
Tide Casta ITp Fnnndllna; Baby. '
E. B. Bates of Bass Point. Nahantj
found a live 3-month-old baby wedged
between rocks on the beach. It is be
lieved that the little one vaa thrown ofl
a vessel and was carried ashore by a
change of tide.
From the Chicago Journal.