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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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PORTLAND, SATTRDAV, AUG. 24. 1907.
THE PRESIDENT'S GREAT SPEECH.
The speech of President Roosevelt at
Provincetown, Mass., will bear reading
again and again. It Is the ablest pre
sentation yet made of the case of the
country against the criminals who
plunder it thereby increasing the
wealth they absorb beyond any limits
of avaricious acquisition hitherto
known to man. They are criminals,
without the technical judgment of a
Jury; for even though Juries, finding
corporations guilty, refuse the punish
ment due to their directors, yet the lat
ter are guilty before the bar of slow
pursuing Justice, which even yet, if it
do not overtake them in person, must
right the wrongs of the system under
which such plunder has been possible.
It Is the one subject before- the coun
try. All others by comparison are
small and trifling.
Nor are- the great criminals some
half dozen, with the Standard Oil rob
bers at the head the only ones. Imi
tators exist everywhere, taking every
advantage that cunning and greed can
suggest to Increase by old and new
forms of rapine wealth already uncon
sciously great. They prey alike on the
reserves of the publlo and on the prop
erty of private Individuals, very com
monly under forms of law, but by per
version of their spirit, and claim legal
ity as their Justification. Little trusts
are formed on the plan or system of
great ones; owners of property on
which covetous eyes are set are drawn
into the entanglements of debt and
finally wound up; plans are laid stealth
ily, and cunningly carried out, for ab
sorption of public utilities and depriva
tion of the people of the use of their
own property, except on payment for
the privilege to those who have craftily
got possession of it; franchises thus ob
tained, by "fixing" charters and "play
ing the game" with legislation, are sold
for millions and the money converted
to private account. To get possession
of the property of others through vari
ous devices of sharp practice, with or
without forms of law; to convert the
use of public property to private en
richment, whenever it can "be done; to
get possession of the production and
distribution of commodities in univer
sal use and to make arbitrary prices
for them; to corrupt the channels and
vehicles of commerce for suppression
of competition these are among the
methods of this vast system of plun
der. Nw art of our country but is fa
miliar, trough experience, with some
of them, many parts of it with most
or all of them. Portland and Oregon
have had and still have their share of
these evils, through which enormous
fortunes are accumulating in the hands
of the few at the expense of the many.
The group in Portland, for years past,
has made the city its servant and its
President Roosevelt rightly puts our
predatory capitalists and anarchistic
leaders and agitators In the same cate
gory of "undesirable citizens," danger
ous to the country, to be curfoed, re
strained and suppressed. The Prov
incetown speech is a model and marvel
of comprehensive and energetic state
ment. It is clear, it rs forcible. It is
timely; it covers all the main parts
and points of this greatest of present
themes, with a fearlessness and energy
equally admirable. It lays bare the
evil; it shows what must be done for
remedy, and how to do it. It Is the
document that leads the way to next
political action throughout the United
States. It makes the policy for the
next Presidential election. No utter
ance since Lincoln's time has been so
Important. Control of predatory wealth
is the next business, nay, the present
business of the country.
One, however, cannot wonder that
ffje" nre;s rf?f our local predatory plutoc"
ra&irihMiot Print this powerful speech.
President Moore appears disposed to
come to the rescue of the Oregon Sav
ings & Trust Bank, only "if need, be,"
and "if he is not hampered by crim
inal prosecution." The Oregonian
would like to hear something better
from Mr. Moore. It has thought, in
deed, there would be- something better.
Mr. Moore Is confronted by both an op
portunity and a duty an opportunity
to show to the public that the faith
which the many depositors in his bank
had in him was not misplaced, and a
duty to right a wrong done them by
his reckless and ' extravagant opera
tions with their -money. It is clear that
nothing less than an unconditional offer
on his part to turn his private fortune
over to the bank's receiver, or to a
trustee, for the 'benefit of the deposit
ors, will satisfy the .public"s concep
tion of what Is his clear duty. It
means a sacrifice on his part, to be
sure; and it may be that he will get
little or nothing back, though we hope
for more satisfactory results. Yet if
Mr. Moore's statements that the bank's
resources are sufficient to pay dollar
for dollar, if properly, safeguarded, are
true, he will- have risked little and he
will have done a noble thing. Will Mr.
Moore prove that he is, after all, en
tirely worthy of the -trust many thou
sand depositors in his bank have re
posed in him?
Director Lytle appears to think that
there is nothing due from him, and
that he, too, has 'been "used" toy the
designing Mr. Morris, the bank's cash
ier. In an interview he bestows soma
sympathy on himself for his loss of
$35,000 in his bank stock. Yet Mr. Ly
tle, who is a shrewd man, made this
Investment himself, for his own benefit,
and with his eyes wide open. The dif
ference between his case and the de
positors' is that the bank's officers, of
whom Mr. Lytle was one, invested the
depositors' savings without their
knowledge or sanction in a $1,300,000
speculation. The profits on this great
financial coup were not, it may be as
sumed, to be divided up' among the de
positors; but the losses are to be, evi
dently. It would ;be a fine thing if Di
rector Lytle, and Director Frlede, too,
would take this astounding telephone
Investment off the bank's hands and
Into their own hands, where it belongs.
We shall hope that President Moore
will be equal to a great opportunity,
that Director Lytle will cease to-plead
the baby act, and that Director Friede
will hurry up with that promised an
nouncement that "something- good" is
in store for the injured depositors. The
day and the hour are here.
THE PARCELS POST.
For the first time in years the United
States has a Postmaster-General who
seems to appreciate the opportunities
or his office. The Postofflce Depart
ment might, under intelligent manage
ment such as prevails in other coun
tries, become one , of the principal
means of enlightenment and comfort
to the Nation, but almost the sole con
cern of those who have conducted it in
recent years has 'been to avoid in
fringement upon the privileges of pri
.Mr. Meyer wishes to establish a genu
ine parcels post. He would raise the
mailing limit to eight or ten pounds.
At present It is four pounds. The pro
posed reform is very moderate, but it
is in the right direction, and, if it over
comes the opposition of the parasitic
express companies, it will give the
American people relief from numerous
vexations. Our primitive postal facil
ities are a scandal in a country which
boasts of its wealth and progresslve
ness. Even In Great Britain, where
railroad influence Is strong, the mail
ing limit Is eleven pounds. In France
it is twenty-two, and in Germany 110
pounds. The United States charges 16
cents a pound for postage on parcels.
In Great Britain it is 1 cents, for a
pound parcel and 25 cents for eleven
pounds anywhere within the islands.
The rate to Hongkong by way of Suez,
which is much farther than from New
York to the Philippines, is 12 cents a
pound. Everywhere on the Continent
of Europe small parcels are sent by
mall at cheap rates, where we must
submit to the extortion of the express
companies. Families are served with
groceries 'by mail. The laundry comes
and goes through the postofflce. The
tourist mails his small baggage. In
France, Germany, Switzerland, it is
thought better to serve the welfare of
the people than to heap up "big divi
dends for trust magnates.
Of course the-express companies will
continue to oppose the parcels post.
Their graft Is too lucrative to be given
up without a struggle. Mr. Meyer says
the parcels post will not compete with
these overgrown parasites, ibut compe
tition cannot be avoided. His reform
would save enormous sums to the peo
ple, but it would cut off the same
amount from the revenues of Senator
Piatt's trust. Hitherto the trust has
been strong and wily enough to block
every move to establish a parcels post;
but there is reason to hope that it may
not be able to control the next Con
gress. Mr. Meyer, speaking for the
American people, will perhaps receive
more attention than Mr. Piatt speaking
for his monopoly.
DOLLAR WHEAT AGAIN.
May .wheat in Chicago on Thursday
climbed above the dollar mark for a
few fleeting moments, and then retreat
ed, but yesterday it again crossed the
magical line and closed strong at
$1.00. This is several cents below the
price reached about a -month ago, but
the advances In the foreign markets are
coming so strong that there Is a fair
prospect of the price being maintained,
with much higher figures possible.
There has been strength enough In the
American markets for the past two
days to infuse more courage into the
members of the American Society of
Equity, and if the European situation'
would hold its ibullish features for
more than two days at a time, it might
be possible to work the price up to the
society's established minimum of $1.25
As every additional cent that can be
added to the price means approximate
ly $600,000 for the farmers of the Pa
cific Northwest, the course of the mar
ket Is 'being followed with unusual in
terest, not only by the men actually
engaged in buying and selling the
grain, but by every one in any way in
terested in business in this territory.
Summarized, the situation at present
seems to be that the crop In the United
States is about 100,000,000 bushels
smaller than that of last year, while
the Canadian crop Is about 30,000,000
bushels smaller, and, 'as it is unusually
late, njay.be subject to a still greater
shrinkage. California has an insuffi
cient amount of wheat for home con
THE MORNING - OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1907.
sumption, but the three North Pacific
States have a crop fully 10,000,000 bush
els greater than any ever before har
vested. In Europe, the crop is much
smaller than a year ago, the shortage
being placed by some authorities at
over 200,000,000 'bushels.
Broomhall estimates the requirement
of the world's importing countries at
674,000,000 bushels. As the imports last
year from the countries which supply
these requirements were but 540,000,000
bushels, it would seem at first glance
that there was some occasion for alarm
when these figures are taken in connec
tion with the threatened shortage else
where throughout the world. But while
figures may not lie, neither do they al
ways tell all of the truth about the
subjects for which they are used. It is
true that the United States will have a
much smaller crop than that of last
year, but it Is also true that the Amer
ican visible has reached the highest fig
ure ever recorded at a corresponding
date, and the invisible supply In farm
ers' hands is also of big proportions.
Despite the fact that this should be the
end of the season for Argentina, that
country is still shipping from two to
three times as much every week as was
being shipped a year ago in August. .
The alacrity with which the European
market has responded to every advance
on this side of the water is, of course,
evidence of the gravity' of the situation
at this time. But, so long as the week
ly world's shipments hold up to their
present dimensions, and there is no fur
ther decline in visiible and Invisible
stocks throughout the world, the in
fluence of the light crop now being har
vested will be softened somewhat. Har
vesting will begin in the Argentine
within about ninety days, and as the
crop from the Southern Hemisphere
goes forward by steamer, it will be
available for European millers before
very much of the generous surplus from
the Pacific Coast reaches there. It Is
still too early to get an accurate line
on the crop of the Argentine, but if it
should prove as large as the last one
It might become a prominent factor In
preventing prices from soaring to ex
The general use of steam transporta
tion has brought the wheat fields of the
world so close to the mills of Europe
that a shortage in one locality can toe
offset by a surplus in another without
the necessity of maintaining large
stocks at the point where they are re
quired for consumption. The situation,
however, in spite of Its uncertainties as
to extravagant prices, is sufficiently
strong to make good remunerative
prices for the American crop a cer
tainty. TARIFF REVISION A CERTAINTY.
"It is the duty of the Republican
party," Bays Secretary Taft, "to see to
it that the tariff on imported articles
does not exceed substantially the rea
sonable permanent differential between
the cost of production in the foreign
countries ,and that in the United
States." Continuing in his Columbus
speech, the Secretary asserts that
whenever the tariff imposed exceeds
that differential "there is formed at
once a great temptation to monopolize
the business of producing the partic
ular product and to take advantage of
profit in the excessive tariff." While
there has been considerable skirmish
firing against standpatlsm in the Re
publican camp for a long time, the
speech by Secretary Taft is the first
open attack against the pernicious sys
tem under which the giant trusts of
the country have grown up." The im
provements in methods and the great
progress that has been made in manu
facturing plants are mentioned as rea
sons for believing that there has been
reduction in the cost of production.
This has not escaped the attention of
a great many people- in tooth parties,
nor have they overlooked the fact that
In supplies of raw material, which are
used in the manufacture of many of
our heavily protected manufactures,
the United States has a decided ad
vantage over any other country with
which we do business. In his demand
for tariff revision Secretary Taft has
struck a popular, chord, and if the peo
ple are assured that his suggestions
will be carried out, the likelihood that
a Democrat will float into the Presiden
tial chair on a wave of dissatisfaction
engendered by the special privileges en
joyed toy the beneficiaries of the tariff
will Ibe greatly lessened. As has fre
quently been pointed out, the enormous
fortunes of the steel trust, the sugar
trust and other similar monopolies
have all been accumulated through spe
cial privileges afforded toy the tariff.
Contemplation of these colossal for
tunes and knowledge of the conditions
and laws which admitted of their ac
cumulation bring on a demand for pro
tection in other lines. The strongest
and perhaps the most reasonable plea
that was advanced for a ship subsidy
was that we had protected every other
Industry in the country except that ol
building and owning ships. Whenever
an attempt Is made to encourage tariff
revision sentiment, a prolonged howl
goes up from the monopolies built up
by the 'protective tariff system that the
prosperity of the country is at stake
and that everything will go to smash if
the sacred tariff Is Interfered with.
Foreign competiton is the bogie man
that for years has been used to frighten
the people into submission to the ex
isting order of things.
And yet with our natural resources
and the opportunities of our country,
the people have advantages which can
never be nullified by foreign competi
tion. It will 'be a good thing for this
country if reduction of the tariff will
lessen the m,argln of profit now enjojed
by the trusts to a point where the mil
lions of consumers of the country can
enjoy some of the benefits of compe
tition. Our steel kings might not be
able to sow libraries broadcast, or buy
chorus ladies, but they could put out a
better grade of steel rails at lower cost
and there would be similar advantages
all along the line. The existing tariff
law obstructs the free movement of
traffic between the buyer and the seller
by restricting the opportunity of the
former to buy the best goods in the
The prosperity of the country is not
dependent on protection from foreign
competition, and the encouragement of
such competition would not only pro
vide our consumers with much-needed
goods, but would also stimulate our
manufacturers to produce better goods
and meet that competition In a healthy,
legitimate manner. The delusions of
the tariff are beginning to be under
stood, and. with men of the jcaliber of
Secretary Taft hammering at them, the
policy will in due season seek the se
clusion in which that other political
vagary and delusion, free silver, is now
It is well that the State Board of Ag
riculture has at last given more atten
tion to the fruit exhibit at the State
Fair and has increased the appropria
tion for fruit premiums from $50 to $250.
With a total of $10,000 available for
premiums. It is amazing that no more
than $50 has been devoted to the en
couragement of fruitgrowers. No de
partment at the State Fair makes a
more attractive appearance than that
devoted to fruit, and as a means of
making the fair pleasant to visitors it
is wise to offer inducements for a large
exhibit in this class of products. Be
cause of the expense of transporting
and caring for livestock, the heaviest
premiums must go to that department,
but others Just as important should
not be neglected. Though the fruit
premiums this year are not large, they
should draw much better exhibits than
have ever been seen ..before. In some
respects the fruit crop Is not large, but
the quality Is unsurpassed.
Those members of the last Legisla
ture who opposed putting the new state
bank inspection law into effect at once
must either be possessors of hardened
consciences or they will feel .some per
sonal responsibility for the loss, that
will fall upon many of the depositors
of the Portland bank that failed
Wednesday. Of course bank inspec
tion could not have prevented the fail
ure, tout it would have hastened it and
by that means would have saved the
losses of those depositors who put their
money in the bank in recent months.
If a bank is, doing an illegitimate bank
ing business, the sooner' its doors are
closed the better for all concerned.
The Oregon banking law was not over
strict in its requirements. On the con
trary, it is open to criticism for toeing
too lenient, A bank that cannot stand
compliance with such regulations as
that law imposes is a menace to the
business interests of a community.
The news that striking telegraphers
will pick hops as a means of making a
living while out of regular employment
will be pleasing to hopgrowers. And' it
is quite appropriate that the teleg
raphers should engage in this occupa
tion. The hop industry has furnished
an immense amount of business for
telegraph companies, and the opportu
nity is offered for telegraphers to assist
those who have helped make employ
ment for telegraphers. But it Is a safe
guess that some of the key-pounders
will find hop-picking a Httle warmer
and more tiresome than sending and re
ceiving messages. If some of the hop
picking stories are true, it may be
more profitable, tout one could hardly
advise quitting the key forever and
taking to the hopyards as a permanent
Lives of many persons wounded while
away from civilization might have been
saved if some one at hand knewand
applied a few things classified under
"first aid to the injured" until a sur
geon could be summoned. The hunt
ing season will soon toe on in the-Pacific
Northwest, with its customary
casualties. In this connection The
Sunday Oregonian tomorrow will pub
lish a timely article toy an expert on
immediate relief to the injured, with
special reference to accidents likely to
occur in the woods. It is well worth
reading, heeding and preserving.
Pictures of the proposed new Palace
of Peace at The Hague are not Impos
ing from an architectural standpoint.
The elevation of the structure is not
unlike that of a railway terminal sta
tion. The great public, or that portion
thereof that has an eye for architect
ural beauty and symmetry, as well as
a desire for peace and good will, will
Join the New York Commercial in the
hope that the architectural censor will
get in his good work before the struc
ture Is realized in materials of perma
nence. So far as they are able, the postal
authorities are lending aid to complete
numbering of Portland houses. To res
idents who are compelled to attach
numbers to their doorposts or deprive
themselves of free deliyerv, one word
of suggestion: Let the numbers be of
a different color from the house, and
put them on straight, not uphill or
down. The present "fancy" system
seems to have been devised simply to
defeat the purpose for which house
numbers are .employed.
Ex-Mayor Schmitz, of San Francisco,
has resigned from the order of Native
Sons of California. Pretty slow about
It, however. Up here in Oregon if a
native son had been convicted of as
serious a crime as that proven upon
Schmitz, he would have resigned at
once, not only from the order of Na
tive Sons, but from every other posi
tion -of honor he might occupy. Of
The ."conspiracy" of the Government
against Haywood having failed, it is
now engaged In a new one against
Standard OH, unless the directors of
that saintly monopoly prevaricate. If
we must agree to call every prosecu
tion of a prominent criminal a "con
spiracy," so be it. The name matters
little so long as the fines accumulate
and the jails engulf. ,
Mrs. Alma A. Rogers, of Portland,
who is abroad with Francis RIchter,
contributes to The Sunday Oregonian
tomorrow an unconventional and very
interesting letter comparing the plain
people of Germany with like folk in our
own land. Her comment, while severe
in some peaces, is well flavored and
It is with poor grace that a toank di
rector censures a cashier for making a
$1,300,000 investment. Proper methods
of directing would have prevented such
a loan. .The censure properly falls
upon the directors. The great need of
corporations, banks as well as others,,
is a directorate that will direct.
The ungallant New Zealand Legisla-.
ture has rejected the bill of the lower
house providing for" the eligibility of
women to a seat In the 'upper house. So
long as the galleries and the lobby are
accessible, however, the noble cause of
woman suffrage will go marching on
in New Zealand and elsewhere.
Butter 75 cents a roll! Pleasant mu,
sic that in the ears' of the dairyman
who has plenty of green feed for his
cows this dry weather, a separator with
which to extract the cream, and hogs
or calves to which to feed the skim
The first straw vote on Presidential
candidates looks well for Taft, for it is
to be remembered that the eleven corn
belt states fairly represent Republican
sentiment west of -the Alleghanies.
President Roosevelt tells the people
that his policies shall toe continued
eighteen months longer. And the peo
ple reply "And then some."
HOW BIG WILL BATTLESHIPS BEt
Problems to Be Met In Building the
New York Tribune.
We- have not observed that the wires
are hot with confirmations of the rumor
that the British Admiralty contemplates
building a battleship 50 per cent larger
than the Dreadnought, and that naval of
ficers In Washington are planning one
which will have an even greater dis
placement. Still, . such stories tend to
revive discussion of a question that has
frequently been propounded in the last
two years: How much further can the
movement for an increase in size be per
mitted to go without a sacrifice of effi
ciency? Until within a year or two the guns
on a war vessel have been so distributed
that they could not all be fired in the
same direction at once. A radical change
of policy seems to have been initiated
since it has been proposed to use only
guns of one size, and it is also coming
to be believed that broadside fire is more
Important than fore and aft fire. It has
been pointed out that the Dreadnought
can use only eight of her ten guns for
a broadside, whereas the 20.000-ton battle
ships for which the American Govern
ment has recently cloBed contracts have
been designed so that all ten of their
guns can be employed for that purpose
simultaneously. British designers have
not hitherto fully accepted this principle,
but if they were to do so and then should
attempt to mount 18 guns on a single
ship, a difficult, though not insoluble,
problem would be presented.
In the latest American battleship design
concentration of fire is secured by putting
the five turrets on the central line of the
vessel. Were that general plan followed
by the British Admiralty it could either
provide a procession of nine turrets, each
containing a pair of guns, or, by putting
more guns in a turret, reduce the number
of turrets. Rumor credits England with
the intention of trying to mount three
guns in a turret. Should that scheme
prove feasible the number of turrets
needed would be six, or only one more
than the Delaware is to have. The second
arrangement would obviously be prefer
able, as it would avoid the necessity tor
giving an abnormal length to the ship.
Should the story turn out to be true,
there would be much curiosity as to the
method to be pursued in distributing the
guns in a turret. Would they be mounted
side by side, or would small turrets be
superposed on bigger ones?
ONE BUSY DAY AT JAMESTOWN.
Some Thing We Had In Portland )
Others We Didn't.
New York Sun.
The gates are open as early as . j .
M. Every hour there Is an exhibition of
the Weather Bureau earthquake re
corder. At 11 o'clock, on most days, some
state has its exercises in the auditorium,
and there is a parade of notables at the
head of tramping troops flying state -and
National flags and accompanied by re
splendent bands blowing through brass
and pounding drums. From 11 to 12 the
exposition band gives a concert. At 1
o'clock the Interior Department flashes
Indian life on a screen and a professor
lectures. Between 2 and i the exposition
band plays again ragtime and National
airs. It Is a crowded hour, for scenes in
Yosemite Valley .may be viewed in Gov
ernment building A; Phir.ney's United
States band Is heard In the auditorium;
and the United States Life Saving Serv
ice drill may be seen at the station.
At 3 the Interior Department has an
other inning with an illustrated lecture.
"Reclaiming the Desert." Mille. Bogart
double somersaults In an automobile on
the Warpath at 4:30. Half an hour later
there is a -piano recital by a well-known
virtuoso. About the same time the Flsn
jubilee singers give plantation melodies
at the negro building nd there is an
organ recital. Dress parade of the Twenty-third
Infantry, Colonel Philip Reado
commanding, occurs at 5. It is followed
immediately by the Mexican national
band concert at the reviewing stand. At
6 comes a drill by Battery D, Third Regi
ment Field Artillery. A chorus of 300
children renders "Fireside to Battlefield"
at 7:30. Later in the evening there are
more concerts, an organ recital, fire
works, dancing from 8 to 11 in the eon-
wonts, aancing irom to n in tne con-
.i hn h rjo,
saults aa-ain' nn the Warnath. - Twice
during the day, when wind and weather
permit, Lincoln Beachy, the boy aero
naut, goes up in his airship. Such a pro
gramme drew a cowd. o 40,000 on North
Carolina day, when Governor Glenn gave
the railroads fits in a patriotic speech.
( What Is the SoUf
H. S. Smith in App.eton's Magazine.
"If yoii were asked to name the most
Important ' of mineral substances you
would doubtless hesitate for a moment
and weigh the respective merits of coal.
Iron, and the precious metals. Only after
some consideration. probaDly, woulu it
occur to you .'that these highly useful
substances have inslgnhlcant value as
compared with that .familiar mixture of
ground up minerals Which we call the the
"Man could make shift to live and even
in a measure to progress without glass
or cement or metals; but his life de
pends upon the little film of triturated
rock that is spread over the surface of
the globe in the form of earth. The con
stituents of this are me'.amorphosed into
the substance of plants, and ultimately
into the tissues of man hlmseu.
"Properly to understand the matter,
however; it must be comprehended that
the soil Is no Important pan of the
earth's structure, except from a strictly
human standpoint. At best it is only a
little film of material frayed oft from
the Jacket called the earth's crust. To
a giant of such size that the earth were
to him what an apple is , to us, the soil
would be no more than the bloom on
the peach. With his handkerchief he
could wipe oft the films of water that
we call oceans, like so much dew, and
polish off, the soil as we rub the bloom
from an apple, clear down to the rock
foundations, without changing appreci
ably the size or the weight of his toy.
To scrape away the entire crust of the
earth (so far as known to us) would be
but to remove an infinitesimal shell, and
the total bulk of atr and oceans aggre
gate only 7 per cent of that shell. Yet
the oceans cover three-flftns of the
earth's surface, and. as measured in hu
man terms, are some miles in depth.
How, then, shall we estimate the insig
nificance of that ' little powdering of
soil, only a few feet In thickness, that
Is dusted over the remaining two-fifths
of the earth's crust?"
A Husband Very Much Alive.'
Newark (N. J.) Dispatch.
The wife of Russell Hulick of High
town, N. J.. identified a body in the
morgue as that of her husband. When
Russell, who is much, alive, heard of it,
he went to the morgue to see how he
- Somervllle (Mass.) Journal.
You're feeling- rather limp today,
. It's hot!
Yon haven't any gimp today.
It's hot! -
The mercury's at ninety-two,
A thin hase dims the heaven's blue.
The atmosphere Is sultry whew!
There's not a breath of air today.
It's hot I
Nor comfort anywhere today.
The leaves hang limp upon the trees,
Unstirred by any cheering breeze,
'Most everybody's ill at ease
It's hot! .
The streets are white with dust today.
If it were only Just today! .
For dog days have arrived again.
That torment to the eons of men.
That melancholy season when
THIS THE RELIGION NEEDED.
Modern Conception of God'a Justice
In Line With Highest Intelligence
PORTLAND, Aug. 22. (To the Editor.)
The position taken by The Oregonian in
the article on "ghosts and Immortality"
seems to me exceptionally well chosen.
It is so from a practical point of view.
The idea that because God is Just man
must live again is wholesome. It Is as
beneficial as it is sound.
That God is just is a fair presumption.
The sense of Justice is too deeply Imbedded
in man. It is especially so in the higher
races, and that -shows that the most
advanced scholars in the school of life
must learn this lesson, that it is the
intention of the teacher that they should
learn it. If we admit that God is just
it is also fair to conclude that the
entity, the I, who acts, thinks and con
tacts the world by means of the physical
body must continue to live when that
body is dropped. If we look at a single
day of our life and exclude the rest of
the days the actions of that day become
irrational and often bitterly unjust. It
is so when we sum up the events of a
life and disconnect them from past and
from future. I should say that the sup
position that God Is Just leads to the
conclusion that most of us at least have
had a past. Scores are being settled here
and now. This is as fair as the con
clusion that life continues after the body
The fact is that if we admit that God
is intelligent, reasonable and just life Is
a chaotic mass of nonsense if we can not
look to a past and a' future for explana
tions. Is Justice unjust? Is intelligence
irrational? But if we must live again to
enable the balance of Justice to swing
even there is nothing we should naturally
fear so much as to do wrong. That is
why the position of The Oregonian Is
wholesome, is conduct compelling religion.
It means that we can not beat or cheat or
fool the Almighty. It means that he who
obtains anything unjustly has incurred a
debt which must be settled and can not
be evaded. All talk about "schemes" of
evasion (salvation) become mere perver
sion of sacred truths which It is not In
tended to discuss here. It means that
every dollar we gain unjustly must be re
paid, and repaid to the soul we rob.
Otherwise put a tooth for a tooth and an
eye for an eye. When we see people
enter life poor or rich it raises presump
tions as to the past. When we see the
bodies grow from infancy and note how
the indwelling entities gradually unfold
powers in infinite degrees of variety It
speaks eloquently of a previous schbollng.
It shows perhaps what Is meant by
"treasures in heaven." It Is soul capaci
ties. It is just that they should follow
him who acquires them. The dollar
drops behind, but high qualities follow.
Would we esteem the man of illgotten
wealth if we could see into his future?
If we knew that he was among the
poorest of the poor?
No,' The Oregonlan's position is teach
ing of a high order. Furthermore it has
been taught to all races In all ages, even
ages before Adam. If we concede to God
intelligence or Justice, only one of the
two, it would be apparent that to hedge
on Sunday against the doings of the week
is not sufficient. It would make it clear
that it Is unfair for any preacher to In
any way convey that impression, unfair
to encourage that notion.
If preachers would take the lesson of
this editorial to heart and manfully defend
God against the injustice and idiocy im
puted to him and In place hold up in a
practical way the unswerving Justice (not
cruelty) and the loftiest possible intel
ligence it would help greatly to change
actual life during week days. Is it not
that sort of religious teaching our time
needs? A. S. FROSLID.
Tennessee' Home Coming.
SALEM, Aug.' 20.,-To the Editor.)
Tennessee will give a grand home-coming
celebration at Nashville during the week
September 23-28. The committee In charge
has sent out most cordial and pressing
Invitations to all Tennesseeans to "come
home" at least for that week.
There will be many things to interest
people, and the distinguished hospitality
of the Southland will be lavishly shown
j ,, j ... .. . . ., , . .
I all who will attend. Distinguished South
em orators," among whom will be Henry
Watterson, a native Tennesseean, Gov
ernor Bob Taylor, Senator Frazier, and
numerous others of the South, will please
people by their talks.
There will be many amusements offered,
and all will receive a joyous welcome.
Tickets will be on sale from Portland
to St. Louis for September 11 and 12,
costing only $71.50 for the round trip, and
reduced rates from St. Louis will be sold.
These tickets will be good for 60 days,
affording the Westerner good opportunity
for vi3iting other places.
These home-comings are being generally
celebrated in many of the states, and
afford a splendid opportunity to renew
the delights of going back to the old
home. No state of the Union is richer in
romance, in interesting history, or In
grander pioneers than Tennessee. And all
of her children, as they read of this cele
bration, must say:
Can you wonder my thoughts in the dls-
tance must roam.
When I hears the old Cumberland calling.
Some literature concerning the celebra
tion has been sent me which I will be glad
to forward to any one furnishing me their
names. J. C. MORELAND.
A Pertinent Word.
Pendelton East Oregonian.
The retail merchants of Eastern and
Central Oregon should confine their
wholesale purchases to Portland houses
as much as possible, where Portland
houses are in competition with Seattle.
Seattle is only "milking" Oregon towns
while at the same time she is striving to
tear down Oregon's metropolis by unfair
statements, unjust representations and
untruthful statistical reports. Stale pride
IT LOOKS AS IF THE STAND PAT CLUB WAS GOING
TO LOSE ANOTHER MEMBER
TWO DAINTY PEBBLES
ON THE BEACH
Full-page illustration in col
ors of a familiar scene on the
A page of information tLat
ev erf hunter and fisherman
should read and heed and put
away for future use.
GERMAN PLAIN FOLK
Mrs. Alma A. Rogers of Port
land measures them by the
American standard and finds
they fall very short.
DEADLY GERMS ON
Dexter Marshall tells of re
cent discoveries by American
scientists concerning disease
SERMON TO DRUNKARDS
BY A DRUNKARD
No conventional preachment,
but the confession of a former
Portlander with a possible cure.
MR. DOOLEY ON THE
SUBJECT OF WORK
A characteristic essay by Fin
ley Peter Dunne on the ethics of
strikes written in a purely non
A PAGE OF
River and mountain views in
Eastern Oregon from Benjamin
A. Gifford's copyrighted photo
graphs. DAVENPORT PREACHES
A powerful picture that ought
to work a reform among incon
siderate human beings who
. CONCERNING INDIANS
John Elfreth Watkins writes
from Washington giving facts
and pertinent comment on the
American Red Man.
TO MARK THE GRAVE
OF S AC A J AWE A
Monument to be placed over
the remains of the heroine of
the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Frank G. Carpenter writes
how our ghoulish archaeologists
are unearthing graves of four
thousand years ago.
ORDER FROM YOUR NEWS
among Oregon merchants should Induce
them to help build up our own metropolis.
Seattle wholesale houses have represen
tatives in Eastern Oregon constantly,
all of whom are seeking to tear down
Portland and Oregon.
The Blue Beyond.
Archibald Sullivan In the Smart Set.
I had & mae-nurh, and It died
Just at the opening of the Spring;
I had a bird It flew away
Before It had quite learned to sing.
They tell me. in the blue beyond
I'll find them waiting there for me
The rose-bush full of scarlet buds.
The bird, a-sins:!ng on a tree.
Prom the Chicago Record-Herald.