Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN. SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1907.
United States Has Secret
Which May Win Next
War for Us.
CAN TEAR SHIPS TO PIECES
Dunnlte Proves Superior to Shlmose
Powder, With Which Japan
Won Great Naval Victories
NEW YORK. Aug. 18. The Times
"The experiments at the Sandy Hook
proving grounds with Dunnite, the
high explosive invented by Major
Dunn, of the Ordnance Corps, U. S. A.,
have proved that the United States
possesses in Dunnite the secret of an
explosive perhaps more powerful and
destructive than any other explosive
"Dunnite, Army officers say. is more
powerful than Shimose. the explosive
with which the Japanese did such ter
rific execution in the naval battles off
Tort Arthur and Vladivostok and in
the Sea of Japan. Shimose ordnance of
ficers say the explosive is a compound
of picric acid, the secret of which is
known to the ordnance officers of all
the first-class powers. On the other
hand, the secret of Dunnite is in the
exclusive possession of the United
'In the recent tests of Dunnite at
pandy Hook it is said that the very
best five and six-inch armor plates
that could be obtained were used as
targets. The result of every shot was
the same. The armor plate waj
smashed into thousands of small
pieces, it Is said, by their tmpact. The
Impact of the Dunnite is also all that
Is necessary to accomplish the destruc
tion of the target. Penetration Is not
necessary, the impact being such that
the armor Is shattered Into countless
Tears Ship to Pieces.
"The dropping of Dunnite shell on
the deck of a battleship, it Is said by
many ordnance officers, would mean
the immediate sinking of that ship,
not by penetration of its vital parts,
but simply by racking the vessel until
her seams opened and the inrush of
water sent her to the bottom. This,
It is said by some ordnance officers,
was the way that the Japanese put the
Russian ships out of commission. They
would drop the Shimose shells on the
decks, and the destructive Shimose did
"In a recent Issue of he Army and
Navy Journal, editorially speaking of
runnite, says that 'with a detonator
you can- send it five miles and sink the
biggest Dreadnaught without a hair's
breadth of penetration." Colonel Me.
dorem Crawford was, asked about this
statement yesterday afternoon, and
said that it was true.
Colonel Crawford, who is the com
manding officer at Fort Wadsworth,
"DVmnite when it explodes against the
tide of a ship racks the armor so that
the seams open up. letting the 'water in
and sinking the ship. The Japanese. did
not sink the Russian ships by shooting
holes into them, but by racking them with
Shimose. As for Shimose, which is a
compound of picric acid, it Is so violent
that It blows the shell Into thousands of
email pieces. As for Dunnite, that Is
the secret of the American United States,
and we hope that it is superior to Shi
Must Armor-Plate Ships' Tops.
The Army and Navy Journal editorial
that has brought Dunnite Into the public
eye again, declares that the last tests
of Dunnite have given naval officers, who
witnessed the tests at Sandy Hook, a
great deal of food for deep thought. The
smashing of the best armor plate, such
as used In the construction of protected
decks of battleships and armored cruis
ers, makes It necessary now for some
body to' "get busy and think up some
new policy as to armor plate up top."
"The tests at Sandy Hook," the Army
and Naval Journal says, "were made
this last time with reference to glancing
shots. Plates were inclined top. forward
and bottom forward, and set up at i side
wise angles to the line of fire. But in
every case the result was the same. Pic
ric is no respecter of angles. It smashes
on impact in every direction. The old
Idea that the Impact explosion defeats
Itself, .neutralizes the force of the ex
plosive, has itself been exploded.
"Ever since the beginning of the war
between Russia and Japan this theory of
the impact explosion has been merely a
paper theory. Practically, it was refuted
by the Japanese every, day they were at
work on the fortifications of Port
PROTEST AGAINST INSULT
Americans in Manila Approve New
Law About Flag.
MANILA. Aug. 23. At a mass meeting
of 3000 Americans resolutions were adopt
ed protesting against Indignity to the
American flag and congratulating the
Philippine Commission on the enactment
of a drastic law prohibiting the display
of any ensign except the American in the
Philippines. The resolutions also Invite
the Filipinos to Join the Americans in
making the policy of the Philippine Com
mission successful. Among those who
delivered addresses was Congressman
The new law prohibits, under heavy
penalties, the public display of any flag
other than the American except those of
recognized foreign nations. It is be
lieved here that the law was passed by
direction of the President and Secretary
The Filipino Nationalist party has
adopted resolutions disclaiming any In
tention of showing disrespect to the flag
and affirming its loyalty to the Ameri
HANSON IS GRANTED TITLE
Litigation Over Land Covers Period
of I 7 Years State to Appeal. .
OLYMPIA. Wash., Aug. 23. (Special.)
A legal battle between the state and a
resident of Chehalls County, Involving 160
acres of land, was fought out before the
United States Land Office here today.
The case has been to Washington and
back again, has been pending 17 yea'rs
and Is only here now because Land Com
missioner K. W. Ross wrote a personal
letter regarding it to Congressman Wes
ley L. Jones.
Christopher Hanson settled on the land
In 1690, but It was unsurveyed. August
. 1SU3. Hanson died. In September, 1S')2,
surveys were made and It was discovered
Hanson had squatted on school section
36. townBhip 10. range 12. Hogan Hanson
was appointed administrator and tried to
file on the land. This was refused by the
Land Office, the law permitting filings by
heirs, but not by administrators. Later
Hanson offered a filing as an heir, but'
this was rejected because it was made
after the expiration of the 90 days al
lowed squatters to file on school lands.
Hanson took appeals and lost both be
fore ihe Commissioner of the General
Land Office and Secretary of th In
terior. In 1901 Hanson tried to reopen the
case before the Secretary and last year
filed a brief with the Secretary and in
terested Congressman Jones in 4he case.
Jones wrote to Ross about it and Ross,
in reply, protested against Jones' state
ment that Ross would do all In his power
to assist the entryman. Ross 'wrote he
felt it his duty to protect the state's
rights first, mentioned that the state had
already granted a railroad right-of-way
over this land and, in closing. Mr. Ross
said he would be glad to see the matter
settled if a plan could be devised so the
state could secure lieu land and Hanson
would approve of the grant of the rail
Congressman Jones took this personal
letter to the Secretary of the Interior,
who ordered the case to be opened. No
tice was sent here that the local Land
Office would accept Hanson's filing on the
land unless the state protested. This no
tice was mislaid and no protest was
made. Today Hanson offered his final
proof. Mr. Sharp, of the Attorney-General's
office, appeared in the Land Office
and argued that the Hanson filing should
not be accepted, contending that when the
Secretary of the Interior, years ago. had
ruled against Hanson's entry, title to the
land had passed Immediately to the state
under the enabling act. The- local Land
Office held against this contention.
The state will probably appeal the case
to the Commissioner of the General Land
XOKTHEBX PACIFIC SENDS OCT
All Available Rolling Stock Will
Shortly Be Required to Handle
the Grain Crop.
TACOMA, Wash., Aug. 23.-(Special.)
"Hay and coal shippers should place or
ders for Northern Pacific cars at once if
they expect to have their business han
dled promptly. To delay will be fatal.
The rush of wheat shipments will com
mence within two weeks and In handling
the wheat traffic other business will
necessarily have to take second place."
This warning to shippers was made
public today by the traffic department of
the Northern Pacific. Hay producers of
the North Yakima country have been
complaining much because they could not
get cars to transport their product to
"The Jiay growers have no ground for
any complaint. We are anxious to fur
nish them cars to avoid a congestion of
traffic, or, rather, a shortage of cars
for hay later in the season when wheat is
moving In volumes," declares an official
in the transportation department of the
railroad. "There Is at present no short
age of cars for hay shipments. ..We
could handle much more coal than is be
OVERTURES ARE REJECTED
Southern Railway Does Not AVant
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23. Overtures
tentatively made by Governor Glenn, of
North Carolina, for the suspension of the
present hearing of the North Carolina
rate case until after the question of
Jurisdiction of United States Circuit
Court Judge J. C. Pritchard has been de
termined by the Supreme Court of the
United States, were rejected today by
counsel for the Southern Railway.
The plan of the Governor as outlined
by special counsel for the state was to
suspend the present Inquiry because of
the expense attached to it, but the South
ern Railway argued that In order to ex
pedite the adjustment of the controversy
necessary facts in relation to the cost of
doing business in North Carolina should
be gathered pending the settlement of the
Jurisdiction of the courts.
Fortify City Against, Plague.
HOQUI-SM, Wash., Aug. 23. (Special.)
The presence of the dreaded bubonic
plague In San Francisco Is causing con
cern among the health authorities in
Hoquiam and Aberdeen and the officials
of these cities will take active measures
to prevent the importation of this dis
ease. Should conditions warrant, a
quarantine will be placed on all vessels
from the Bay City.
Hay Shippers Get No Cars.
NORTH YAKIMA, Wash., Aug., 23.
(Special.) The words "car shortage" are
once more heard. For the first time this
season hay shippers yesterday were com
plaining they could not get cars for
Puget Sound. Grain has begun to move
and railroads can make more money
carrying grain than hay.
The Grand-avenue bridge over Sullivan's Gulch Is completed, the final work on the paving of the deck having been finished yesterday morning. The Inter
national Contract Company, of Seattle. Wash., built the bridge. It is a steel structure 60 feet wide and over SOO feet '.ong. It rests on solid concrete and steel
piers, which have clusters of piles for foundations. These piles for the central piers were driven 100 feet deep. The contract price for the bridge was $58,000,
but there will be some extra expense for laying double tracks of grooved rails, as the Portland Railway, Light A Power Company decided Jt wanted tracks over
.the bridge after the specifications for the structure had leencotnpleted, but the company will pay the additional cost. The roadway la paved with, asphalt on
six inches of concrete. The sidewalks are paved with concrete. -
The construction has been watched closely by City Engineer D. "Wt Taylor, and the building committee of the Executive Board, composed jot Mayor Lane, W.
G. McPherson and Max Fleischner. The bridge appears to be solid and strong. At th j south end 'of the bridge copper plates on both sides attached to the side
walk railing, give the names of the builders and the building committee. At present the bridge cannot be used by vehicles, as the street leading to it at either end has
not yet been Improved; but it Is open to persons afoot. The bridge is to be paid for cut of the fund raised by the bridge tax.
ALL MUDDLED OAFS
Costly Blunders of British
WASTE AS BAD AS GRAFT
Parliamentary Committee Tells of
Stupid Work, of Aristocratic
Swells Outspoken Words
of Their Teacher.
LONDON, Aug. 17. In Its last report
the House of Commons committee on
public accounts denounces the extra
vagance in the war office. At Alder
shot, It says, $20,000 was expended on
a shed to provide accommodations for
the construction of a big military bal
loon. So slowly did the manufacture
of the balloon proceed, however, that
by the time it was nearly finished
other buildings had arisen in the im
mediate vicinity and crowded so thickly
about the shed that the balloon could
not be got out and driven a chance to
soar. The shed had to be taken down
and re-erected elsewhere, and the Job
this time cost 150,000.
At Tidworth nearly $5,000,000 .was
expended in building barracks for eight
infantry regiments, though accommoda
tion for only four was needed. The
surplus barracks are being altered at
considerable cost to house a cavalry
regiment and other troops. Quite re
cently $750,000 -was spent on the erec
tion of a mounted infantry school at
East Bulford. That school has now
been closed and the money has been
lost. Near Fermoy $175,000 was ex
pended on the purchase of a slte-for ap
other mounted Infantry school. Then
the war office solons decided that they
did not want a school there either.
Meanwhile nobody has lost his Job
In consequence of these colossal blun
ders and nobody Is to be prosecuted.
The most discouraging feature of the
report Is the statement made by the
committee that it is without: assurance
that a more satisfactory result may be
expected in the future, "as the military
directors who now. frame estimates and
control the progress of expenditures
are transient officers, who only get to
know their work thoroughly .by the
time they have to go."
The root of the trouble lies in the
fact that the army is regarded as a sort
of preserve for the sons of the aristoc
racy and of wealthy men. Writing In
the Cavalry Journal recently, General
"They join the army unable to make
a precis or to write English precisely
or even gramatically." The comman
dant of the Royal Military College at
Sandhurst, which corresponds to Amer
ica's West Point, Is still more outspoken
in his condemnation of the young
swells who come to him to be turned
Into army officers.
"Cadets from public schools," he
writes," "cannot use the pen, they can
not write or compose or think. They
have neither Judgment nor Imagination;
they are ignorant of history and geog
raphy; in fact, they are quite unfit to
follow military instructors in the sim
NO" LIMIT TO ARBITRATION
Root's Instructions to Delegates at
THE HAGUE, Aug. 23. General Horace
Porter announced to the committee exam
ining the obligatory arbitration propos
als that Secretary Root has Instructed
the American delegation not to vote on
any of the lists presented by tne various
powers giving subjects they would agree
invariably to submit to arbitration, but to
Insist on the American proposition for
general arbitration as being the more
likely to be accepted. "
WILL NOT INVADE INTKRIOR
France Denies Rumor and Says
Harmony Is Unbroken.
PARIS, Aug. 23. An official note this
afternoon denies reports of dissension be
tween the Cabinets of Madrid and Paris
and stamps as false the statement that
France proposed to Spain that they un
dertake a joint expedition into the inte
rior of Morocco. The note says the
French government never altered its
resolution not to undertake such an ex
pedition. RAISULI DEFEATS ENEMIES
Disaster Overtakes Army Sent to
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23. The State
Department Is informed by cable that
the bandit Ralsull has completely de
feated a large force of men sent against
him by the Sultan of Morocco In an ef
fort to secure the release of Caid Mc
Lean. The city of Alcazar was reported
In great danger of attack.
GRAND-AVENUE BRIDGE OVER
$3.95 Jap. Silk Waists .$1.95
$10.00 Silk Waists ...... $3.95
SHORT BOX COAT3, $10
LONG FALL COATS, values up to
DM FOR GOVERNOR
Idaho Millionaire May Head
LEADERS MEET IN SPOKANE
AVallace- Mlneowner Denies Re Is
Candidate, but Intimates He
Would Accept Nomination.
Committeemen for Him.
SPOKANE, Wash.. Aug. 23. (Special.)
Harry Day. Idaho millionaire, one of the
owners of the Hercules mine and a mem
ber of the Democratic State Central Com
mittee, may become a candidate for Gov
ernor. This Intimation was dropped tonight by
several members of the State Central
Committee who had a chance meeting at
the Spokane Hotel. None of them would
be quoted In the matter, but all admitted
that Mr. Day is being urged to make the
race and expressed the belief that he will
be a strong candidate. Mr. Day denied
that he Is to be a candidate, but did not
say that he would not enter the race
"I am having enough fun out of the po
litical game as a committeeman," he said.
"Show me that I can be re-elected for
three terms and then sent to the Senate,
and I will accept," he added facetiously.
There were six members of the Stayte
Central Committee at the so-called chance
meeting tonight. Secretary C. E. Amen,
who is also a member of the executive
committee of the state committee, had
been up north and Just happened to be In
the city. Ramsey M. Walker, of Ken
drlck, vice-chairman of the committee,
had been on a hunting trip to Davenport,
and by the merest chance stopped In Spo
kane on his return trip. fa. W. Green7
burg, of Lewlston, had come up on bust
ness, not knowing the other committee
men were to be in town. Harry Day was
SUIXIVAN'S GCI.CH COMPLETED.
INTENSE ECONOMICAL INTEREST
About 500 Coinbs to select
from, values up to $2.00.
Linen Wash Suits
In white and colors, val
. ues up to $20.00
Exclusive garments in 2
piece and Princess styles,
values up to $30.00
Fall Suits in large
assortment at the
usual J. M. Ache-
White and black
Values up to $10.00
making his bi-monthly business trip to
the city. Judge Edwin McBee, of Rath
drum, and S. P. Donnelly, of Lakeview,
spend much of their time In Spokane, and
Just happened to be here yesterday when
the other committeemen appeared.
"There was nothing significant about the
meeting." said the committee In chorus.
"Mr. Day has our indorsement for the
Governorship," said they all individually
In the corner.
EXTENSIVE PLACER PURCHASE
T. L-. Greenough Buys 22,000 Acres
in Wyoming District.
SPOKANE. Wash., Aug. 23. (Special.)
Thomas I Greenough, millionaire min
ing man and former partner of Peter
Larson, has announced the purchase of
22.000 acres of placer ground in Fremont
County, 22 miles from Lander, the near
est railway point. The purchase price Is
Mr. Greenough and his associates will
expend $1,000,000 on improvements before
they -begin work with their hydraulics.
A. 3000-foot tunnel will be driven through
a mountain to bring water on the ground.
The water will be taken from the Little
Popeagie River. Many miles of flume will
also be built.
"We have secured approximately 20
miles of ranches on Red Canyon Creek
and other creels for dumping ground,"
said Mr. Greenough. "About $100,000 has
been expended in prospecting the proper
ties and It has been determined that the
ground will average $1.04 a yard."
WAIT TO HEAR FROM ST. PAUL
Tacoms Machinists Expect to Be
Called on Strike Any Moment.
TACOMA. Wash., Aug. 23. (Special.)
No word has been received by the
machinists in the Northern Pacific
shops here in regard to the expected
strike. Nothing has been heard from
the delegates at the National conven
tion at St. Paul, and It Is thought that
a settlement of the difficulties between
the machinists and the railway com
panies will not be reached. The men
here would not be surprised to be
called out any day. Nothing official
can be learned, however, until word
can be had from St Paul.
City Water for Naches.
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash., Aug. 23.
(Special.) The new municipal water works
at Naches City were opened today and
Values up to
THE LARGEST AND
STOCK ON THE
you with Coats
at New York
prices. Send for
the people of the town are celebrating
the event, tonight. The water works were
constructed by public subscription and the
water Is taken from the Selah ditch,
which runs along the hillside behind the
MORE WORK FOR TEACHERS
Must Make Monthly Reports to
SALEM. Or.. Aug. 23. (Special.) Public
school teachers must hereafter make
monthly reports to the County School
Superintendent as well as school year
reports as heretofore. Superintendent
of Public Instruction J. H. Ackerman has
prepared a new form for reports and the
blanks will be distributed before the new
year begins. He has also prepared a
schedule of school months, four weeks
to the month, and. therefore. 13 months
to the year. All teachers will make re
ports on the same duy and covering ex
actly the same period In each month.
The reports will also show the number of
children In school at various ages a fea
ture not heretofore shown.
GO OX WITH RAILWAY WORK
Tacoma Company Will Not Stop,
Despite Heavy Taxation.
TACOMA, Wash., Aug. 23. (Special.)
Manager Dlmmock, of the Street Rail
way Company, says the company will not
stop its general Improvements or work
now under way, as it was reported he
had threatened to do if the tax levy as
sessed against the company was not re
duced. He says:
"I didn't say before the Tax Board that
we would not make any new Improve
ments or that we would stop work on
what Improvements we had started. I
did say that such heavy taxation would
have a tendency to stop all proposed im
provements. Corporations cannot be taxed
to death and still go on growing."
WANDER FROM NARROW PATH
Four Girls of Tender Ages Confined
in the Yakima Jail.
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash.. Aug. 23.
(Special.) Lily Abding, 15 years old, was
taken Into custody at Toppep.ish today
by Town Marshal LIndsey at the request
of the Sheriff of Yakima County, and will
be delivered over to the care of her
mother tomorrow. Lily is a very pretty
girl who was persuaded to leave her home
In Walla Walla by a woman who brought
her here for Immoral purposes. The offi
cers of the law have had a great deal
of trouble lately looking after young girls
who go astray, and there are now four
of them in . the County Jail, all 1" years
of age or less.
OREGON LAND OPEN TO ENTRY
Eight Thousand Acres Restored to
Public in Roseburg District.
ROSEBURG. Or., Aug. 23. Eight thous
and acres of public domain, situated in
Curry, Jackson and Josephine Counties,
were restored to entry yesterday morning
after being In reserve for more than three
years. As is usual in such cases, a large
number of entry men were present to
make filings and a string of 30 people
lined up before the land office this morn
ing, some of whom have been holding
places In line for the last five or six
Another bundle of 6000 acres of public
land, located In Jackson County, will be
thrown open for entry next Monday.
Hand Mangled in Sawmill.
WESTON. Or.. Aug. 23. (Special.) W.
E. Lytle, head sawyer at the Blue Moun
tain sawmill. 12 miles east of Weston,
was brought to town by team in 55 min
utes yesterday to receive surgical atten
tion. While adjusting the box saw his
right hand came in contact with that
instrument and was frightfully wounded,
the back of the hand being stripped of
flesh and bone, including three knuckles.
Yakima Chicken Has Four Legs.
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash.. Aug. 23.
(Special.) James Lemon, of this city. Is
the proud possessor of a chicken with
four legs. The chicken is In good health.
Will Visit In Old Yamhill. '
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash. Aug. 23.
(Special.) Sheriff John" Edwards left for
Vancouver yesterday to attend the
Sheriffs' convention in that city. Mr.
In all colors, values up tc $7 7C
Summer Dress and Walking
Hdwsrds was joined on the train by
Sheriff Alex McNeil, of Benton County.
After the convention Mr. Edwards intends
to visit his old home in Yamhill County,
Or., which he has not seen for 38 years.
Hammond Raft at Astoria.
ASTORIA. Or.,- Aug. 23. (Special.)
One of the Hammond Raft Company's big
rafts containing about 8.000.000 feet et
piling arrived down the river from Stella
last evening and will be towed to San
Francisco by the steamer Francis Leggett.
Another of the rafts will he ready to go
to sea about September 5.
Yachtsmen Feast Together.
HAMBURG. Aug. 23. American yachts
men who participated in the Kiel regar
ta were banqueted last nlpht by the
North German Tlr-ratta v'eretn.
Cash -Is the word. On the
balance of our Summer Silks
we've now cut the price so low
that we aak every customer to
cash up on buying.
$8.65 for suits sold all the
season at $15.00 and $16.00.
Special today Men's $1 blue
chambray shirts, plain and
plaited bosom 65
166 and 168 Third 8L.
Not a Third
"Within our cates" stop at
hotels. They find fur
nished rooms and boarding-places.
And nine-tenths of them
simply answer ads. The
first reading matter they
seek when they arrive in
the city is- the Want Col
umns of The Oregonian.
Hundreds of them are this
minute reading The Orer
KOnian's "Furnished and
Unfurnished Rooms" col
umns. Is yours in the list?