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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1907.
TWO BUys OF HOPE
fieceiver Devlin Announces He
Will Be Able to Declare Divi
dend in Sixty Days.
MOORE OFFERS TO HELP
President of Oregon Trust & Sav
ings Bank AVIIl tse Private
Funds to Meet Deficit If All
Proceedings Are Dropped. .
DEVIXOFMENTS OF THE DAY IN
THE BANK FAILURE.
MASS MEETING AT EMPIRE
THEATER Attended by 400. in
cluding 184 registered depositors;
permanent organization Is effected
J. L. Day, chairman; committee is
appointed to Interview Receiver Dev
lin aa to ability of bank to pay
claims In full, and President Moore
s to willingness to make up any
deficit; depositors declare against
bankruptcy proceedings; adjourn un
til 7 P M. today at Empire. -
DISTRICT ATTORNEY MAN
NING Sits as grand Jury and hear
testimony of depositors; decides that
It will require a week's investiga
tion before It Is known whether ar
rests of officials on criminal charges
PRESIDENT MOORE Confident
that bank can pay dividend of 20 to
25 per cent In 00 days and eventu
ally pay in full; agrees conditionally
to meet any deficit that there may
be out of his private funds If crim
inal and bankruptcy proceedings ar
dropped; declares that he knew of
telephone bond purchases and be
lieves other directors did also.
VICE-PRESIDENT LYTLE Reit
erates that he did not know of bond
purchases; is not yet ready to say
whether he will help meet any def
icit. DIRECTOR FRIEDE Declines to
say whether he knew of bond pur
chases or whether he will help meet
RECEIVER DEVLIN Hopes to
declare dividend in 60 days; encour
aged by prospect of many depositors
accepting telephone bonds In pay
ment. Increased confidence that the cred
itors of the Oregon Trust & Savings
Bank will be refunded In large part or
In whole the money they once passed
through the wicket windows at Sixth
and Washington streets was the key
note yesterday In regard to the col
lapsed Institution. It arose from two
, sources; The repeated assurances ot
Thomas C. Devlin, the receiver, and
the officers of the bank. In their hope
to liquidate all claims, and the condi
tional announcement of W. H. Moore,
the president, of his determination to
advance any deficit out of his private
funds in case the affairs of the bank
are administered satisfactorily and
bankruptcy or criminal proceedings
are not Invoked. Mr. Moore had here
tofore refused to authorize The Ore
gonian to make any statement on this
subject beyond a brief, qualified ex
pression In yesterday s issue.
In regard to the satisfaction of ob
ligations, Receiver Devlin says that
the first payment will probably bo
made In 60 days. This statement he
does not make positively, but asserts
that every lnuication is that within
that time sufficient funds can be se
cured to declare a substantial appor
tionment. As to how large this will
be he Is not ready at this time to make
an estimate, but says that every effort
will be made to realize on the securi
ties with as little delay as possible.
Mr. Moore, . however, after careful
consideration, said that he believed at
the end of 60 days a dividend of from
20 to 23 per cent would be practicable,
in this estimate, he said, no allowance
was made for the sale of the telephone
bonds and. If within this period any
of the bonds should be negotiated, the
receipts from that source could be
added to the amount distributed. There
arc. In his opinion, enough bills re
ceivable that can be collected within
60 days to make the payment.
Depositors AV111 Accept Bonds.
The length of time that depositors
will have to wait for their money de
pends largely on the willingness of a
large number of them to accept the
telephone bonds in settlement, ac
cording to Mr. Moore. This, In his
opinion. Is the most satisfactory way
out of the trouble and he believes that
In this way the depositors will get
full satisfaction. If the movement suc
ceeds, he says, not only will all obli
gations be met, bst there will be a sur
plus. "My greatest desire is to see nil de
positors get their money in. full," he
said, "and I think that the quickest
. and best way is for a large number of
them to take up the telephone bonds.
On the basis of depositors taking the
bonds and a stock premium of 50 per
cent, I believe that $150,000 will be left
after all obligations of the bank have
"The bonds are recognized as good
5 per cent security and it is only be
cause tho money market has been tight
that the bank failed to sell them. The
stock, too, will be valuable as soon as
the Installation of the Omaha and Ta
coma systems is farther along, stock
of the company in Portland has gone
to 40 and over, and I believe that the
Vuget Sound stock will reach that fig
ure In four months and the Omaha
ttock In eight months.
Hard to Refuse Good Loans.
"I do not lay our failure to the fact
that these bonds are not good security,
. for 1 believe that they are. We were!
however, very injudicious in placing
so much money in one line of securi
ties. That was our mistake, but I did
not realize it until too late. We would
not have failed. , though, had we not
loaned too much money after buying
' the telephone bonds. It is hard to
refuse good loans, and we were en
gulfed before we realized It."
Just what blame rightfully attaches to
XV. Cooper Morris is a question that has
been much discussed since the crash, and
Mr. Moore is not trying to shift all the
odium from his shoulders onto the cash
ier. The cashier did not act without the
knowledge of the officials and the direc
tors, he says, but he believes that the In
judicious Investments were due directly
to the influence of Mr. Morris.
"It is a fact tha I knew of the pur
chases of bonds that were made by Mr.
Morris." said Mr. Moore. "Nobody but a
fool could be president of a bank apd not
know what securities were being acquired.
I do say. however, that it was because of
the- urging of our cashier that we made
the investments, and to that extent he is
Directors Xot Hoodwinked.
"In view of the direct assertion of Mr.
Lytle that he did not know of the bond
purchases that were being made by Mr.
Morris, I would not like to say positively
that he did. I want to say right in print,
though, that 1 firmly believe that the di
rectors of the Oregon Trust & Savings
Bank knew exactly where the funds of
the Institution were being placed."
B. E. Lytle, vice-president and director.
Is positive in his denial that he knew
nothing of the telephone bond transac
tions. He still holds Morris accountable
for these purchases, and reiterates abso
lute ignorance of the transactions.
"If the telephone bond purchases were
done with the authority of the directors,
I knew nothing of It." declared Mr. Lytle
last night "I am willing to take an affi
davit that if there was any such author
ization. I was never present when it was
Leo Friede, another director, will not
say whether he knew or did not know
that the telephone securities were bought.
When asked the direct question as to
whether he gave his authorization of the
purchases or knew of them at the time.
Mr. Friede refused to answer.
On that point I refer you to President
Moore," was his reply. "He Is in a posi
tion to know, and I leave the matter to
From this it is to be inferred that Mr.
Friede knew of the bond transactions, as
Mr. Moore says he has every reason to
believe that the directors did have this
Sir. Moore's Offer to Help.
As Mr. Moore has considerable pri
vate means, there is much Interest in
knowing his exact position in relation to
bearing any deficit that there may be af
ter the securities of the bank are exhaust
ed. In reply to a question on this point
"I hope and believe that if the affairs
of the bank are properly managed, the
resources will fully meet every claim
without any additional funds. If the af
fairs of the bank are properly managed
and depositors are not fully paid, I stand
ready to use my private funds In meeting
the remainder. In any case, however, I
will not pay any such deficit if the affairs
of the bank are involved in bankruptcy
proceedings or If I am made the defend
ant in a criminal suit."
Lytle and Friede Silent.
Neither Mr; Lytle nor Mr. Friede will
say whether he will Join with Mr. Moore
In liquidating any deficit there may be.
after the resources of the bank have
been exhausted. They do not say that
they will not and t.iey do not say that
they will. They think that K Is a mat
ter that should be considered by the di
rectors later, they say.
"I wish to brand as absolutely false the
statement printed in an evening paper
that I would not pay one cent towards
whatever deficit there might be," said
Mr. Lytle. "That statement was entire
ly unauthorized and it depends entirely
on conditions whether I shall help meet
any such claims.
"A reporter from an evening paper
came to me and said that he had heard
that the directors had met and decided
to advance any deficit there might be. I
told him there had been no such meet
ST. MARY'S CHURCH, IN UPPER ALBINA, TO
CELEBRATE TWO DECADES OF EXISTENCE
THE! Feast of the Immaculate Heart of
Mary will be celebrated tomorrow
at St. Mary's Church, on Williams
avenue and Stanton street. Aibina. The
day will mark the 20th celebration of the
patronal feast of St. Mary's Church.
The church was established Sunday, June
5, 1887. Rev. Archbishop W. H. Gross of
ficiated at the first dedicatory services.
July 12 of the following year Rev. G. B.
Van Lin was appointed the first resident
pastor. Rev. Father Verhaag, then pas
tor of St. Francis' Church, of East Port
land, celebrated the first mass in Ai
bina in 1SS5 In Hill's Hall, on Russell
The first step toward organization of the
parish was taken in December, 1886, when
there were 30 Catholic families, a meet
ing being held at the home of John Kelly.
Mrs. Mary Montgomery donated the cor
ner lot, on which the church stands.
ing. There may have been a few things
in his account that I said, but I emphati
cally did not say tnat I would contribute
nothing toward the relief of the deposi
tors. "I do not wish to make any statement
on this subject at this time. I believe
that the proper way to go about It is for
the directors to fall a meeting and see"
how things stand. Then we can decide
what can be done."
Mr. Friede also refused to say now
whether he would help to meet a short
age. He also was of the opinion that
this is something to be taken up and dis
cussed at a meeting of the directors.
Receiver Devlin Is Encouraged.
"I am greatly encouraged today and
the situation seems to be getting brighter
right along," said Receiver Devlin.
"Many people are calling and writing in
regard to their willingness to take up the
bonds of the telephone company In settle
ment of their deposits. Some banks
have expressed ' their readiness to settle
their claims in this way. If the bonds
are disposed of In this way, it looks like
all would be clear sailing.
"A dividend will probably be declared
within 60 days and I am anxious to make
it Just as large as possible. There are
large assets that we should be able to
realize on promptly, although I nave no
idea now how large the dividend will be.
I have found that there is a very good
spirit on the part of the debtors of the
bank towards settling their accounts.
Many have voluntarily informed me that
they will pay promptly."
' New Bank in Same Location.
That the Oregon Trust & Savings Bank
will have a successor in the same loca
tion is indicated by the statement of Mr.
Moore that he has already had three ap
plications from people who wish to ac
quire the lease and fixtures. The lease
is considered worth $50,000 and the bank
officials esttmate the vaults and other
fixtures at an equal amount.
"The men who are anxious to open a
bank here and who have already applied
to me have large resources. In fact it
is probable that the bank that will be
started will have much heavier backing
than did our institution.
"If the other banks of Portland thought
by refusing us aid they would rid them
selves of a competitor they are going to
be greatly mistaken. There will un
doubtly be a much stronger bank than
ours succeed us."
There were no developments yes
terday in the Federal Court regarding
the attempt to force the Oregon Trust
& Savings Bank Into, voluntary bank
ruptcy. Attorneys McGarry and Clark,
who represent petitioners O. P. Cavl
ness, P. V. W. Smith, Harry A. Start,
Lewis. C. Smith and J. J. Ashwanden.
are waiting for the return of Judge
Wolverton, who Is spending his vaca
tion at Banff, Canada, before proceed
Improving Oregon City Churches
OREGON CITY, Or., Aug. 23. (Spe
cial.) Members of the First Baptist
I Church have guaranteed $2500 to be
expended on needed improvements to
the builuing. More than half of the
money Is already subscribed. , When
the work Is completed the square on
which is located the Catholic Church
property, the Baptist Church and par
sonage and the home of Mrs. E. M. Bur
meister, will be the most beautiful in
the city. tf-H
. X v , ' . ' -1
ST. MARY'S CATHOLIC CHURCH, WILLIAMS AVDME AND
Father Poaps, acting pastor of St. Fran
cis' Church, did much to inspire and
encourage the movement. Father Van
Lin was pastor of St. Mary's Church un
til his death in 1S94 He built, the paro
chial residence, and in 1888 introduced
the Dominican Sisters and established the
parochial school. In 1889 the first church
becoming too small, the one now occu
pied was built. It was dedicated in
The name of Father Van Lin is held
In grateful remembrance by all who
knew him. Rev. C. J. O'Reilly succeeded
him as pastor In 1894, and remained un
til he was appointed bishop of Baker
City In 1903. His promotion was In recog
nition of his zeal and ability, his serv
ices in -the cause of religion, education
. The Sisters' school was opened Septem
ber 4, 1SS8. by Sister Alberta. O. S. D.
Later a new and modem building was
MANNING NOT TET
READY FOR ACTION
District Attorney Says It Will
Take Whole Week to Probe
EXAMINES MANY VICTIMS
Insists He Will Make an Exhaustive
Investigation and Admits Bank
Officials Had Criminal Knowl-
edge of Impending Collapse.
District Attorney Manning believes it
will requifeVat least another week before
he will be able to determine whether or
not the officials of the Oregon Trust &
Savings Bank are culpable under the
laws of this state for accepting money
for deposit several days previous to the
failure of Wednesday morning. He is
sitting as a grand Jury, investigating the
case, which Is proving to be a heavy
District Attorney Manning said, after
the day's work, that he is satisfied from
the evidence submitted to him by 18 de
positors, who were examined yesterday,
that the officials of the defunct bank had
a guilty knowledge that ..ie Institution
was in peril, and that they are there
fore criminally liable for the failure of
the bank in that they accepted deposits
from all comers up to the close of busi
ness the day before they were lorced to
make public the fact that the bank was
Insolvent. He is determined, however, to
continue his Investigation, and will ex
amine many more witnesses, who have
been subpenaed to appear before him.
District Attorney Manning Is deter
mined to prosecute every official ot the
bank, if, after his investigation, he finds
that they knew of the Insolvency of the
Institution Tuesday afternoon. He is un
wavering In his attitude, and sayk that
he will protect the depositors to the full
extent of his ability under the laws.
The office of the District Attorney pre
sented a. pitiful sight throughout the day.
Men, women and children, all of the
working class, crowded every foot ' of
space, being present to add their testi
mony to assist Mr. Manning in his Inves
tigation. All had more or less money
on deposit In the bank, and sought re
dress through him. . They were mostly
those who made deposits iate Tuesday
afternoon the day before uie bank
closed its doors and announceu ifs Inabil
ity longer to continue business.
Patrolman James F. Anderson was
brought before Deputy District Attorney
erected. Last year a new high -school
building was erected and a four-year
high-school course started. The latest
enterprise was the organization of a
Catholic Young Men's Club, which has
under construction a club hall that will
cost 115,000. The parish of the Holy
Cross at University Park, and the parish
of the Redemptorist Fathers, near Pied
mont, on Portland boulevard, were for
merly part of St. Mary's Parish. Rev.
Father William Daly Is the present
pastor, and is beloved throughout tha
Archbishop Christie will honor the 20th
celebration of the patronal feast with
his presence. Solemn high mass will be
celebrated at 10:30 A. M. Rev. Father J.
H. Black, of St. Francis' Church, wili
deliver the sermon. The other priests
assisting will be Rev. Father Daly, Father
Ollivottl and others. Special music will
be rendered by the choir.
Bert Haney on a subpena to answer I
questions as to his statement, published
In The Oregonian ThursAay morning, that
he forced Mrs. W. Cooper Morns, wife
of the bank's cashier, to make good his
wife's deposit of $7000. The policeman,
under oath, denied receiving his wife's
$7000 from Mrs. Morris, and thereby
branded his former statement as untrue.
Policeman Anderson, . on Wednesday,
the day of the crash, said that he went
to Mrs. Morris and intimated that,
should his wife's money be lost through
the closing of the bank, he would "go
out and look for Coshier Morris." He
further stated, to several newspaper men
and a number of his brother officers and
to other persons, that Mrs. Morris gave
him a check "on the First National Bank
for the $7000. ' When the details appeared
In The Oregonian Mrs. Morris at . once
denied having refunded the amount, and
since then Policeman Anderson has also
denied receiving it.
TELLS OP MYSTERIOUS PLOT
Woman Rushes Into Leo Frlede's
House and Alarms Director.
That three mysterious men were over
heard on a downtown street, plotting to
dynamite the home of Leo Friede, a di
rector in the defunct Oregon Savings &
Trust Company, was the startling tale
carried to him at his residence, 791 Ever
ett street, at 10 o clock last night by a
woman. She rushed breathlessly to his
house and announced that she had over
heard the men. discussing how best to
blow "up the building, and hurried to
warn him of the impending danger, as
she regarded it.
The tale told by the woman evidently
Impressed Mr. Friede, as he immediately
communicated by telephone with police
headquarters, and Sought protection from
possible violence by an appeal to Captain
Slover for policemen to guard the house.
A special officer ww already on duty
there, but the patrolman on the beat was
ordered to give as much attention as pos
sible to the house without neglecting
other portions of his district.
No attempt at violence waa made, and
the police are skeptical as to the alleged
conversation related by the woman to
Mr. Friede. - The police force of this
city, it is said at headquarters, is en
tirely too small to afford cordons of of
ficers for the officials of the collapsed
bank, and the best that can be done for
them, the authorities state, is to give
them the same attention that Is given
any citizen who has been threatened or
who has reason to think suspicious char
acters are loitering about their homes.
DEPOSITORS ARE ORGANIZED
J. L. DAY ELECTED CHAIRMAN,
A. RICHMOND SECRETARY.
Committee Is Appointed to Call
Upon Receiver Devlin and Presi
dent Moore for Information.
One hundred and eighty-four out of the
14,000 depositors in the Oregon Trust &
Savings Bank registered at the meeting
held In the Empire Theater last night.
About double this number were present
at 8 o'clock, when temporary Lnairman
F. J. McHenry called the meeting to
order. A Richmond acted as temporary
secretary. Mr. McHenry and Mr. Rich
mond with J. L. Day were a committee
of three, appointed at a meeting of the
depositors , held. In the Maza Thursday
night, to arrange the meeting last night.
Under the direction of Mr. McHenry
the meeting began by the election of of
ficers, which resulted in J. L. Day being
chosen permanent chairman and A. Rich
mond permanent secretary. The election
of treasurer was passed over till next
meeting. Mr. McHenry suggested that
the dues be fli'e or ten cents a month
from each depositor registered.
Although but 184 depositors were regis
tered, the vote for permanent chairman
resulted as follows: McHenry, 52; Davis,
68; Day, 111 total, 231. Richmond wa3
declared secretary with no opposition.
A committee on bylaws was appointed,
consisting of E. W. White. A. Langguth
and F. M. Davis. This same committee
was Instructed to call on Receiver Dev
lin and President Moore at once, gather
what information it could concerning the
chances of the bank paying in full, and
of President Moore's willingness to make
good all losses from his private fortune,
and to report at the .meeting tonight.
On a vote of seven to two the meeting
expressed the opinion that the same com
mittee take what steps it could to stop
proceedings in the United States courts
or any other legal actions that interfered
with Receiver Devlin.
But little interest seemed to be mani
fested by the depositors present, as the
meeting took a recess to watch a trolly
parade of the Woodmen of the World,
after which only about half returned to
the theater. During the last hour of the
meeting when most of the business was
transacted barely 100 were present. Al
thougn there was an under current of
seriousness, the meeting last night at
times resounded with good-natured ban
ter, chaff and laughter.
The proceedings were largely in the
hands of a few, and the sentiment, ex
pressed by many being l..at of uncer
tainty and an unwillingness to take any
definite action at the present time. A
second meeting will be held tonight In the
Empire Theater at 7 o'r'ock.
BANK OF DRAIN CLOSES DOORS
Assets Are Large and Officials Ex
pect to Reopen Soon.
DRAIN, Or., Aug. 23. (Special.) De
prived of Its Portland correspondent by
the failure of the Oregon Trust & Savings
Bank, the Bank of Drain closed its doors
temporarily on Wednesday afternoon.
until arrangements can be made for a
new correspondent at the metropolis and
provision made for a supply of cash from
the available assets of the bank to take
the place of the funds tied up In the
Oregon Trust & Savings Bank.
Fortunately for the Drain bank. It had
been drawing heavily on its account In
the Oregon Trust & Savings Bank prior
to Its suspension, and its cash there was
low. The Drain bank was inconvenienced
very little, says an official of the Insti
tution, and it is expected to resume with
in a few days.
The Bank of Drain was established u
years ago as a private bank and was con
ducted in that way until January 2 of
this year, when It was incorporated as a
state bank. Its capital stock under the
reorganization Is $20,000. The Oregon
Trust & Savings Bank bought and paid
for stock to the amount of $15,000 In
cash. The remainder of the stock is held
locally-by Drain business men and Is all
fully paid up. Affairs of the Institution
are said to be in good shape. Loans and
discounts, or bills receivable, amount to
$55,000, say the bank officials. In the best
commercial paper, fully secured. Other
securities make the total assets of the
bank $110,000, with deposits of $S5,000.
Woodmen's Relief Funds Safe.
Owing to the presence of Head Banker
P. E. Snodgrass, of the Woodmen of the
World, In Portland, rumors were cir
culated to the effect that the order was
embarrassed locally by reason of the dif
ficulties experienced by tne Oregon Sav
ings & Trust Company. Mr. onod grass
announced that his visit haa nothing to
do with the bank's failure, for the Wood
men of the World's funds, with the ex
ception of i the deposits belonging to In
dividual camps, ere In other banks. Mr.
In 5 3! jf jj
ii veils' !l
Snodgrass is cashier of tho First Na
tional Bank of Eugene, and came to
Portland to participate in toe Woodmen's
celebration last night. He wishes to as
sure all the members ot the order that
the general and ' relief funds are de
posited In sound banks, and that the or
der Is in the most flourishing condition.
State Cannot Lose.
It developed yesterday that the state
had $20,000 on deposit in the Oregon
Trust & Savings Bank, and when asked
yesterday if this were true. George Steel,
State Treasurer, said: "The state has
about $20,000 on deposit in the Oregon
Trust & Savings Bank, but this is giving
me no concern, as it is covered by a $40
000 bond of the American Surety Com
pany." All of the deposits of state money
In banks are protected in the same way.
Denial From J. F. Anderson, i
PORTLAND, Or., Aug. 23. (lo the Ed
itor.) Will you be ' so kind as to state
that it is an injustice to Mrs. W. C.
Morris- to say that she paid me $7000 or
any part of It. My money is in the Ore
gon Trust & Savings Bank and I have
confidence that I will get u.
J. F. ANDERSON.
DAILY CITY STATISTICS
Articles of Incorporation.
Seaside Llisht & Water Company Incor
porators, A. Welch, B. W. Hall and John H.
McNary. Capital, $.V.0O0. Business, elec
tric lighting and power plants.
Baker Amusement Company Incorpora
tors, George L. Baker, Calvin Hflilig, Milton
W. Seaman and John F. Logan. Capital,
$4000. Business, to own, organise, control,
direct, etc., theatrical property and enter
NELSOX-Q EPSON Charles E. Nelson,
42; Line Gepson, 41.
ORDWAY-TURNER Charles G. Ordway.
22: Luen A. Turner. 20.
PENDLETON-PENDLETON Charles I.
Pendleton, 47; Hermlna Pendleton, 43.
J. R. HALE To erect a two-story frame
building . on Fifth street, between Market
and Clay; $.WO.
G. H. CHARTERS To erect a one-story
frame building on Lexfcngton street, between
East Fifteenth and East Seventeenth
ED. HOLMAN To erect a one-story
frame building on Third street, between
Market and Mill streets; $50.
MRS. A. F. WEBB To erect a two-story
building on Morrison street, between East
Fifteenth and East Sixteenth streets;
MBS. J. TEAL To alter and repair a
two-story frame building on Hoyt street,
between Fourth and Fifth street; $a."i0.
J. B. DIM ARS To erect a two-story
frame building on East Twenty-first street,
between Ivon and Division streets; $1700.
MURTON At S6 East Nineteenth street,
August 21, to the wife of George J. Murton,
FULLY At 1RSO Exeter street, Aug. 22, to
the wife of Edward Fully, a daughter.
LE VALLEY At 20 Gantenbein avenue,
to the wife of Charles M. Lo Valley, a,
WE1NSAFT At. 225 Hall street, August
7, to the wife of Max Welnsaft, a daughter.
ZEVEN At 4.W4 Tenth street, August
7, to the wife of Sam Zeven. a daughter.
KAHLIN At East Fnrty-third and Har
lOpS ;Wef but
a cup of Ghirardelll's
Cocoa for breakfast helps
wonderfully, It is so sus
taining as well as deli
cious. Before returning
home don't forget to
rison streets, August 21. to the wife of Axel
Kanlin, a daughter.
HEPLER At St. Vincent's Hospital, Au
gust 23, Rachel Hepler. native of Pennsyl
vania, aged 56 years. 3 months, 7 days.
STEINIGER Near Crematorium. August
19, Charles Stelnlger, aged about 70, suicide.
AUTOS SHOW PROSPERITY
California Leads in Ratio to Popu
lation, Pennsylvania Second.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 23. One in
dication of California's prosperity is
seen in the automobile statistics
gathered by the California promotion
committee. By long odds this state
ranks first in its number of automo
biles, considered in ratio of popula
tion. Naturally, New York heads the
list among the states, with 4C.120 auto
mobiles. Pennsylvania comes second,
with .16,981, and California has 12,073.
California has one automobile for
every 123 people; New York one for
every 157; Washington one for every
345; Pennsylvania one for every 371;
Oregon one for every 765, and Missouri
one for every 1010.
In so far as the use of autos bears
a relation to the prosperity of a com
monwealth, it will be seen that Cali
fornia ranks high among the states In
the matter of per capita wealth.
The Chinook Wind.
PORTLAND. Aug. 2.1. (To the Editor.)
What Is a Chinook wind, and whence the
Almost any balmy wind In Oregon Is
called a Chinook.
Sixty years ago, and even later, the gentle
breeze blowing Into the Columbia River
from the ocean the dally wind that pre
vails In Summer and tempers the heat was
called the Chinook. It reached the Interior
from the coast (Ilwaco) Inhabited by the
Chinook Indians; hence the name.
In later years this name was applied to
the warm Winter winds from the south,
southeast and southwest. Its use was once
confined to the "Oregon Territory," but the
name has spread to Eastern Montana, Wyo
ming and the Dakotas a large region not
affected by the ocean breezes. To avoid
confusion, perhaps. It will he best to forgot
the original meaning and use "Chinook" to
designate the balmy, southerly winds that
prevail from October to April.
REDITED RATFS TO ASTORIA.
Over the A. &. C. K. It., on Account of tha
For the benefit of those wishing to at
tend the meeting of the Norwegian Sing
ing Society and the 13th annual Astoria
Regatta held at Astoria August 31, Sep
tember 1, 2, 3, 4. the Astoria & Colum
bia River Railroad names a round trip
rate to Astoria as follows: From Port
land to Houlton. Inclusive, $3; Goble to
Rainier $2.50; Mayger to Qulncy, $2.25;
Clatska'nla, $2. Tickets on sale August.
31, expires September 5.
Eczema, Skin Diseases Cured by
"The Household Surgeon." Druggists re
fund money If Dr. Porter's Antiseptic Heal
ing Oil falls. 2."c.
let the rhilrlren
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