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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE' MOKXIJfO OKEGOXIAX. WEDNESDAY, JULY 31, 1907.
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PORTLAND, WEDNESDAY. JULY 8L 1007.
Another Jury in San Francisco may
convict Glass; may not. Singular con
fusion ot moral ideas prevails in San
Francisco. Nor in San Francisco
alone. There is the State of Colorado,
and in the State of Colorado the West
ern Federation of Miners, both of
which entities amaze us by their con
fusion of moral ideas. But San Fran
cisco Just now.
There was a Jury in the Glass case.
But it could not find Glass guilty. It
disagreed. No one has the slightest
doubt that he paid money corruptly
to the Supervisors. But the Jury can
not find him guilty. Glass was acting
for his corporation. The corporation
may be the guilty party; nay. It is the
guilty party. But the corporation has
neither flesh nor blood nor bones nor
moral nature nor soul. That is notor
ious. The soulless .corporation is an
ancient proverb something musty
these times, but still a power.
Now Glass didn't do it. He was, in
deed, the instrument through which
the money of the corporation .passed
into the hands of the Supervisors. A
man behind him gave him the money
for the purpose; but that man again
was but an agent of the corporation
and won't tell. He is not on trial, but
was wanted as a witness. He is no
informer, no tale-bearer. He is like
some of the witnesses for the defense
In the Haywood trial, who knew Or
chard was going to kill Steunenberg,
but it was none of their business.
They hated informers and wouldn't
tell, but were not surprised when they
heard Steunenberg had been murdered.
Indeed, they had expected it.
Everybody knows that a corporation
having no soul or moral nature, can't
sin. A . necessary corollary is that
when its agent or facter does any
act, lawful or unlawful, by direction
.of his soulless principal, or in Its lnter-
est, ha is irresponsible and immune,
' too. This nice distinction led to fail-
ure of conviction in the charge against
Glass, at San Francisco.
It is seldom safe to compare great
i things with small. But ' illustration
' may be had from the argument put up
;at the end of the great Civil War for
Immunity both for the states that had
participated in the rebellion and for
' the individual citizens of the states
which had Joined the Confederacy. The
argument was that' the states couldn't
be punished, of course, because they
had acted in their corporate and sov
ereign capacity; and their Individual
citizens couldn't be punished, because
they had merely obeyed their states.
As to this, however, the broad view
prevailed that, in a case where a
whole people, of many millions, had
entered into an undertaking, there was
a difference; and Burke's celebrated
plea, made in behalf of our revolution
ary forefathers, that he did not know
how to draw up an indictment against
a whole people, was worked to the ut
most, and Indeed did most excellent
service; for after such a fight as that,
it was high time to quit and let by
gones be bygones.
To apply that principle, however, to
the ease of these private criminal cor
. porations and their agents. Is ludi
crous. Tet it is the method of the dis.
sidents of the San Francisco Jury. We"
have a mighty good illustration from
a skit flying around in the funny col
umns of the newspapers. We clip It
from the Ladles Home journal, viz.:
A lawyer was defending a man accused
f housebreaking, and said to th Court:
"Your honor. I submit that my client did
not break Into the house at all. Ho found tho
parlor window open and merelv inserted his
right arm and removed a few trifling ar
ticles. Now, my client's arm Is not himself,
and I tall to see how you can punish the
whole Individual for an offense committed
by only one of his limbs."
"That argument," said the Judge, "Is very
well put. Following It logically, 1 sentence
the defendant's arm to on year's imprison
ment. He can Accompany It or not, as he
Th defendant smiled, and with his law
yer's assistance unscrewed his cork arm.
and, leaving it in th dock, walked out.
We trust iHeney will read this well
reasoned argument to the Jury of San
Francisco, on the next trial of Glass.
Should he do so, the agreement of the
Jury certainly would be complete, on
one side or the other.
TILLAMOOK OUT OF THE WILDERNESS.
The first locomotive in Tillamook
County arrived at Bay City on the
barge Wallicut last Saturday and its
appearance created much excitement,
A special dispatch to the Oregonlan
says that It was welcomed by a num
ber of pioneer residents, who had
never before viewed the iron horse .at
any closer range than In the pages
of magazines or newspapers. The In
cident is interesting, but there are fea
tures In connection with It that are
hardly creditalble to Oregon or at least
to those who have had Oregon's trans
portation facilities in their hands for
so many years. Nearly forty years
have elapsed since the first locomotive
appeared in Oregon, and for nearly a
quarter of a century, we have enjoyed
communication with the rest of the
United States by transcontinental rail
roads. Tillamook is one of the richest re
gions in the West, It Is a traffic-producing
territory of wonderful value
through every mile of the distance be
tween Portland and the Ocean. That
it should remain so long without rail
road facilities is a powerful Indictment
of the transportation Influences which
have bottled up such a large propor
tion of the entire State of Oregon. But
even long-neglected Tillamook has
possessed transportation advantages
over other sections of Oregon where
the first locomotive has not yet ap
peared. It has an outlet by way of
the Pacific Ocean, and although, the
ship service has been poor and the
rates have been outrageous, it has been
possible for the resident of Tillamook
to reach Portland in from two to four
days and even ship out at a slight pro
fit butter, cheese and other products
of small farming-r
With the dwellers in Central Oregon,
nothing of this kind is .possible. They
have lands of great richness and vast
forests of fine timber. Their flocks
and herds roam over thousands of
square miles of fine pasture. There
are rich mines of precious metals, and
great deposits ot coal, but everything
in that great empire is so far
from a market that the country
is forced to stand still and await the
coming of the long-overdue transporta
tion facilities. Some of those dwellers
have been waiting only ten or fifteen
years for a sight of the first locomo
tive. Others have spent almost their
whole lives in that neglected and iso
lated land of latent riches.
Tillamook has sighted its first loco
motive and ere long will have rail
road communication with the rest of
the world. This happy ending of a
long wait would not have been possi
ble had it depended on the efforts of
the California transportation trinity
Stubbs, Schwerln and Kruttschnltt. If
it were in their power to keep that
country bottled up, as they are keeping
the rest of the state,, the great forests
lying between Portland and the new
Coast outlet would be still unbroken.
Fortunately, the- Tillamook line is be
ing pushed hy a man who tiullds rail
roads with something more than pro
mises. Oregon needs a few more Lytles
and the removal from power of
Schwerln, Stubbs and Kruttschnitt.
The ordinary Presidential candidate
with his "boom" is like a man trying
to climb to heaven on a ladder. If the
Jadder is of sound material and well
braced he may ascend to a certain
altitude; he may even get so high
among the clouds that his eager ad
mirers think he has reached the goal
and entered in. But they are always
deceived. Presently there is a thud,
a smash, and behold, the ambitious
climber flattened out like a starfish
on the ground.
Chus it has always been. Thus, most
likely, it always will be. Presidential
glory "cometh not with observation."
Neither men nor angels can foretell
whose brow it shall irradiate. It is
vouchsafed neither to ability tior cun
ning, nor to both combined. Henry Clay
had ability, vast stores of it. Doubt
less in sheer intellectual power, Dan
iel Webster excelled any Presidential
aspirant of his generation. But in their
day, the race was not to the swift nor
the battle to the strefng any more than
it is in ours. Weaklings carried away
the prize from both these giants.
Blaine was an abler man than Grover
Cleveland. Cleveland's mind towered
above Harrison's. Tet Blaine lacked
the subtle essential of character which
the people will have in their Presi
dents. Perhaps this essential is a certain
homeliness or rusticity. At any rate,
brilliancy is no help to a candidate.
It frightens, or, at least, repels the
common man, who loves best the qual
ities which he finds deep In his own
nature. Both Cleveland and Harrison
had those qualities. Neither of them
was profound; both had a ponderosity
half absurd. But both, on the other
hand, had a plausldity of character
half bovine, and each was almost por
cine in his determination to have his
own way. These qualities are whole
some, human and safe. The people love
them. Therefore they found it hard
to choose between Cleveland and Har
rison and exalted them alternately.
It would be scandalous to say that
Mr. .Hughes is porcine. Still, he likes
to have his own way. The harder the
grafting politicians urge him in one di
rection, the harder he pulls in the oth
er. He is not to be driven. He will
not be led. Not even Grover Cleveland
knew his own mind better than Mr.
Hughes, and Mr. Cleveland vnever had
the wit to express his wishes so clearly
or obtain them as deftly as the pres
ent Governor of New York. The deft
ness of Mr. Hughes, it strikes one, has
three aspects, all attractive to the
common mind. He wants the right
thing; he wants it for the right rea.
son; and he attains it in the right way.
-The thing that he wants is Justice.
He does not. like Mr. Roosevelt, de
scribe It In picturesque terms. He
does not. like Mr. Hearst, frame it
with flaming halo. He calls It by Its
own grand name, simply,, clearly and
relentlessly, and It Is easy for any hon
est man to see that to Mr. Hughes
Justice is the all potent remedy for
social wrong. Nor is he misled by any
delusions as to what Justice" is. The
glitter of millions does not dazzle him.
The moan of the oppressed does not
delude him. He perceives that the sal
vation of America lies in equal laws.
Intelligently adapted to modern needs
and Inflexibly enforced. Tho curse of
our time is - special privilege. Mr.
Hughes destroys privilege wherever he
The privilege of the politicians, of
the millionaires, of the corporations, is
all the same to Hughes'. He annihi
lates it and substitutes duty In its
stead. He is a great moral renovator.
Like the evangelist, who decries for
mal "religion" and exalts "salvation,"
Mr. Hughes makes Justice the ideal
end of human effort and tells us that
the way to reach it Is to forsake our
greed, our cunning, our devious poli
tical and commercial Iniquities, and do
our simple duty.
Mr. Hughes has eagerly desired
many public measures, but never one
for' an unworthy reason. His motives
have been uniformly pure and even ex
alted. His worst enemies have never
accused him of preferring ' private to
the public welfare. And, finally, he
has Invariably sought the public welfare,-
by open and strictly constitu
tional methods. He knows of no de
vices, he practices no arts. Absolutely
straightforward, he presents the mat
ter on its merits and trusts the people
to decide Justly and compel obedience
from their servants. In seeking for
a President to succeed Mr. Koosevelt
the Nation might do far worse than
to Investigate the qualifications of Mr.
Mr. B, M. Brereton, of Woodstock,
gives us a pamphlet on the question,
"Did Sir Francis Drake Land on Any
Part of the Oregon Coast?" He con
cludes Drake did not. In this he fol
lows best Judgment. The only sugges
tion that Drake may have landed at
some point on the Oregon Coast comes
through an account of Drake's Voyage
Round the World, published many
years , after the navigator's death.
The . contemporary account, given
in "Hakulyt's Voyages," . Indicates
that Drake came no further north
than 42 deg., which was estab
lished as the Oregon line a long time
after; but he did not land and turned
back, from some point at a distance
off the Coast, because of fog and cold,
and returned to Europe by the Straits
of Sunda and the Cape of Good Hope.
Mr. Brereton's pamphlet furnishes
an outline of all Information available
on this subject. It contains copies of
original maps and" diagrams, with an
alysis of the- statements of the author
ities. Drake's vessel, a trifling bark of
120 tons, was the second vessel to
circumnavigate the globe. He sailed
from England in December, 1577; re
fitted his vessel on the California
Coast, at or near San Francisco Bay,
in June and July, 1579 and returned to
England in 1680, with a wonderful
plunder taken from the Spaniards, with
whom his country was not then at
war. Drake simply was a pirate, but
Queen Elizabeth got the booty and
protected him. He was one of the
great sea dogs of England who , de
feated and destroyed the Spanish Ar
mada, in 1588.
The best account we have ever seen
of Drake's exploits, on his wonder
ful adventure round the globe, is in
the eleventh volume of Froude's His
tory of England. About twenty-five
pages are devoted to the BUbJect; and
"in Froude's hands it becomes a rapid,
distinct and most fascinating story.
Froude had obtained access to some
Important Spanish documents, by
which his narrative Is much enriched
REMEDY FOB "GETTING MARRIED."
Richard Malcolm Johnston, a South
ern writer, wrote some years ago a
sketch entitled, "The Early Maturity
of Mr. Thomas Watts." It is commend
ed to parents of lads who have a mania
for marrying, as suggesting a panacea
for this mania, as administered by
Mrs. Watts, Tommy's mother; a reso
lute woman, who believed that the
way to put a stop to such nonsense lay
along an old-fashioned ' and tormerly
well-beaten track. Of course, asevery
one knows. It is useless to reason with
a boy bent upon "getting married,"
especially when a girl, of equal minia
ture age and discretion, Is ready and
anxious to marry him. Mrs. Watts,
early widowed and the mother of six,
had no idea of wasting her energies
in this vain attempt upon Tommy.
"Down with 'em" was her command,
referring to the first long trousers of
which Tommy was the proud posses
sor. Protest was useless and "dow'n
they came." "Be you a boy or be you
a man?" panted this resolute woman
as she paused for breath, after vigor
ous exercise in the programme that
followed. "A boy, a boy, mamma,"
gasped Tommy. "Only let me up and
I will be a. boy as long as I live."
It was recorded, so salutary was the
lesson, that Tommy, until long after
he had reached man's estate, grew
disdainful at the flutter of a petticoat
In the distance, treated his practical
sister, Susan, who had disclosed his
matrimonial Intentions to their mother,
with great respect, and turned over his
earnings to his mother like a dutiful
"boy" of the old school
The plan of practical Mrs. Watts, as
before said, is recommended for its
simplicity and its efficiency to parents,
of whom judging from local happen
ings of. recent date--there are a num
ber in this locality, desperately trying
to prevent their sons, 17 years old and
less, from "getting married." The
remedy is within easy reach of the
strong right arm of "the father deter
mined to do his duty by his own at
this critical stage of adolescent mania
and It may be vouched for as efflca-
cious. The spanking must be thorough
ly applied, however, or It may precipi
tate an - event that it Is Intended to
A C H RI STI AXI.I K B ARTICLE.
The Pacific Christian Advocate dts
courses upon Dr. Day discreetly and
sagely. The tempestuous eulogist of
trust-thievery is handled rather .se
verely by the paper of his denomina
tion, but no more severely than he
deserves: The article, from which The
-Oregonlan quotes today In another col
umn, is one of the most hopeful signs
we have seen, that the National moral
revival is deep and real. When the
denomination press 'becomes fired with
reformatory seal it is time for Satan
to look about him.
Sometimes religious papers feel
bound to defend pestiferous characters
like Dr. Day; merely because of church
affiliations. Whenever they do so,
both the papers and the church suffer.
It is agreeable to see the Pacific
Christian Advocate standing on safe
ground, A bad man Is not made bet
ter by calling himself a Methodist and
the church is weakened by his fellow
ship. Regret Is often expressed that
the churches do not wield their right
ful Influence in the world today. The
first step toward regaining that Influ
ence Is to purge themselves from the
fellowship of conspicuous sinners like
Dr. Day and the men whose applogist
he has made himself.
Valley farmers, who have a griev
ance of long standing against . the
Southern Pacific, will be please! ta
learn that the Government Engineers
of this district are spending $60,008
for the improvement of the Upper Wil
lamette. This money Is provided in the
River and Harbor bill as passed by the
last Congress, to be used where it
will do the most good. The snagpuller
Mathloma is pulling snags In the main
channel a few miles below' Salem and
Dipper dredge No. 2 is dredging to give
four feet of water on the shallow bars
that are the dread and delay of steam
hoating at various points. With steam
boats and plenty of water to float
them when fully loaded, farmers
would be In a position to forgive the
railroad company for car shortage. Ir
regular service and high freight tar
iffs, that have aggravated them al
most beyond endurance In years past.
Sixty thousand dollars is not a large
sum. It is not enough to keep open
navigation on the Willamette to Eu
gene, but it will be sufficient to clear
and deepen' the channel at many
points, where such work is needed. To
this extent, it will aid the people of the
Valley to break the 'Harrlman clutch
an accomplishment not to be de
spised. The "weather complaint" has become
a National disorder, the chief symptom
of which Js exaggeration. Taking
the reports, that come by .word of
mouth from various sections of the
country at various seasons one might
be led to conclude that the earth Is
again trenching on chaos, as described
by Milton as a place wherein,
Hot, cold, moist and . dry, four champions
Strive for mastery and to battle bring
Their embryon atoms.
Fortunately, there is nothing In Intel
ligent observation which goes to prove
that climatic conditions differ greatly,
one year with another, from those of
the past. Having survived those, the
human race will most probably sur
vive these, with now and then the loss
of an individual from freezing, cloud
burst, lightning bolt or sun stroke.
It has been hot here, however, for
the past two ,days undeniably and
sizzingly hot, and the conditions were
not a whit more comfortable because
there have "been other hot days hot
ter, perhaps In other years. Whew!
Systematic effort has been made to
preserve alive some of the noted elm
trees of the Connecticut Valley. Among
them are the Jonathan Edwards elm,
in Northampton; the General William
Shepard elm, in Westfield, and the In
dian Home tree in Old Deerfleld. The
first of these trees was planted" by
the famous preacher more than 175
years ago. To brace Us weakened fiber
against the wind, its trunk has been
filled with more than three tons of
sand and cement. This trunk
is about wenty-five-feet In eircum
ference and at one time had large
spreading branches and was one
of the handsomest trees in the
state. Its beauty has been sadly Im
paired by time and, as a tree, it Is
cherished simply In memory of the
great preacher who planted It in the
early 'years of his strenuous ministry,
The theology which' he expounded
like the old tree, has suffered sadly
from the erosions of time and has been
chinked up and filled in, to make it
stand the test of the years.
The tax this year in the great Man
hattan District of New York City is
$1,485 per hundred. This is the entire
tax and covers all charges. Including
the public schools and the municipal
debt. New York is, beyond compari
son, the most extravagant city in the
world; yet the tax rate is lower than
in most. It attests the enormous
wealth of the city and the improve
ment claimed in assessment of values
In the State of New York, through
urgency of Governor Hughes, it is now
unlawful for a corporation engaged In
the business of conducting litigation
and providing counsel to enter Into
champertous agreements or to repre.
sent the claimant -in the pursuit of any
civil remedy for the recovery thereof.
The New York Times says: "The
three-headed monster of champerty,
barratry, and blackmail is stricken by
Fire that plays havoc with small
business stocks la a calamity to the
extent that these are uninsured. For
the rest, the razing of old wooden
structures, in the heart of the city, in
which such stocks are carried, to the
great profit in rentals of the owners,
has long been overdue and their de.
struction is a gain to the city.
Publication of a tlm enrt rlvlnr
'the departure of trains from the Union
Station fills a long-felt want, but
what's the use of announcing a sched
ule of arrivals for the trains that
never get in on time?
Evelyn Ncsbit Thaw denies emohatl
cally that She Will return tn tho atnra
next season. While w commend her
good taste, we can not resist con
gratulating the stage.
When Mr. Hatfield lavs claim to
lng the only professional rainmaker
in the world, he Is probably prepared
successfully to defend a libel suit by
Clackamas County will hold an agri
cultural fair, at Gladstone Park. The
State Fair, down to 1S62, was held at
Oregon City. It was first held at Sa
lem in 1863.
Endorsement of Secretary Taft by
the Ohio Republican State Central
Committee is a start for Ihe Presi
dency. Senator Foraker's letter gives addi
tional Interest to Secretary Taft's
coming visit to Portland.
The weather forecast published yes
terday: "Fair and cooler" was evi
dently a Midsummer Joke.
While it will be barren of results,
discussion of weather conditions at this
time is permissible.
For the first time this season does
the Ice man loom up as an Important
Will Mr. Hatfield, rainmaker, please
get busy in Portland for fifteen min
uses? The sluggards In the Plaza will go
to the ant next Winter.
HAYWOOD VERDICT. ' ' '
Comment of Representative Journal on
Result of tne Trial.
The Statesman, in .common with tho
great macs of the people, regrets that
the' trial of .William D. Haywood for
the murder of ex-Governor Frank
Steunenberg, resulted as it did. The
verdict came as a great surprise, as it
had not been supposed such a conclu
sion would be reached, even the de
fense, according to the best informa
tion obtainable, hoping for nothing
more than a hung Jury.
But the case has been decided bv an
Idaho Jury under the facts as they
found them, and the law as laid down
by the court, and it is the duty of all,
as in all cases fairly and fully submit
ted to our constituted tribunals of Jus
tice, to accept the result in that spirit
of loyalty to our courts which is a nec
essary attitude of mind on the part of
citizens of the Republic If our rights
are to be protected and peace and or
der and good will are to reign.
The next duty of the state is to pro
ceed at the proper time to bring the
other accused men to trial to deter
mine whether they are Innocent or
guilty under the law. That has been
already determined upon, and in due
time wa shall know whether Charles
H. Moyer and George A Pettibone are
to be subjected to punishment or re
turned to their homes and friends free
of the charge against them.
The state thus maintains its dignity
and discharges the duty, laid upon it
to probe all crimes to the bottom in
order that, in so far as it can accom
plish such a result, protection of life
and property shall be assured to all
classes of its citizens.
Not Acquitted In Public Mind.
Pendleton East Oregonlan.
The result expected by perhaps a
majority of people who have followed
the trial of William D. Haywood for
the murder of ex-Governor Frank
Steunenberg, of Idaho, has happened.
It has been conceded throughout the
latter part or the trial that the state
absolutely failed to corroborate Or
chard's testimony with even a flimsy
bit of evidence upon which an honest
Jury could shape a verdict
While thinking people everywhere
are glad that Haywood was not con
victed on Orchard's testimony, yet Hay
wood is not entirely acquitted in the
public mind. There is evidence that
he knew of Orchard's criminal career
and that he did not make an effort to
stop it. There is evidence that he paid
Orchard money and knew that Orchard
was a cutthroat, and yet did not com
plain to the authorities.
These things ' are for Haywood to
settle with himself. The Jury has per
formed its part honestly. Now will
Haywood do as much 7 Will he help
The fact remains, however, that
Frank Steunenberg was murdered in
cold blood. Somebody is guilty of that
crime. Justice demands an accounting.
Will the miserable cutthroat. Or
chard, now be tried, convicted and
hanged Just as speedily as possible,
to stop the expense?
Trial Methods Favored Haywood.
Lewiston (Idaho) Tribune.
The verdict of "not guilty" came as
a great surprise to most people and
a great shock to many. It was gen
erally conceded that the testimony
did not make a conclusive case In law
against the prisoners, and hence an
extreme verdict for the state was
scarcely expected; but much less was
there any expectation of a clear ac
quittance. Reference to the Jury pro
ceedings shows plainly that the case
was, in its opinion, defective, since
eight were immediately for acquittal
and but two for conviction. The result
was not arrived at through influence
or incidents in the Jury-room. The
court's instructions have been criti
cised, but these could have mattered
but little If the presentation of the
case had carried a sense of complete
ness with It. The deficiency was more
probably due to our system of Juris
prudence, which, while holding a de
fendant , innocent until proven guilty,
then proceeds t6 exclude and forbid
from use the very data necessary, in
many oases, to establish guilt. The
confession of Steve Adams, on which
the state relied in its. original under
taking, is an instance in point. It Is
a well-understood fact that the laws
of all the states contain so many priv
ileges and refuges for defendants that
it is next tt Impossible to convict a
man with money and Influence to back
him. Every two years the lawyers
amplify the defense and alter the pro
cedure so that the state has mirt and
more difficulty in making a case if
the accused person is able to employ
talented advocates to defeat the in
troduction of testimony and to confuse
and awe the Jury. . The celebrated
trial Just closed detracts nothing from
the opinion that the state has sadly
impaired its ability to administer Jus
tice by granting unwise and immod
erate immunities in law to those least
entitled to them, and to establish a
standard of innocence that, the prison
records will show, comprises prac
tically all offenders except the poor,
ignorant,, shabby and weak creatures
that is, a status of legal innocence is
declared. But the code nor court nor
Jury can absolve the guilt for Idaho's
slaughtered sons, nor remove the smell
of blood from the hands that brought
The Tribune congratulates Senator
Borah and Mr.. Hawley for the serv
ices they have rendered to the state
and to the cause of human liberty In
their long, faithful and valiant fight
to maintain and vindicate popular in
stitutions. The Tribune especially
greets and commends Governor Good
ing for his prompt, decisive, cour
ageous and untiring determination to
uphold the sovereignty of the state
against Its aggressors, and for the
disasters that have been averted by
his wise course and sturdy conduct.
Beyond the misconceptions of the
times and the turbid gloom of Ignor
ance, other and better days will write
his name with Steunenberg's for their
loyal services and sacrifices to the
state and to the people to all the
people, in great and simple public
Back to the Old Days In Oregon.
The Misses Lucy, age 77, and Irene, age
68. daughters of the late Charles Apple
gate, live at the old homestead, and their
memory of the incidents and dangers of
the early days in their home at the
"Eagles Home," Is acute, and their pleas
ure In sitting at a recounting of these
days is pleasant to behold.
When the Children Are Away.
When the children are away w forget th
noise they made.
We forget the sighs for' peace that uscapad
us while they played;
W forget how much we longed to bo fre
to leave it all.
And how lonely we become when the night
begins to fall!
When the children are away, moved to no
W forgot the piercing shrieks and th
marred and broken things.
And the clock so loudly ticks as the night
falls, still and black.
That it seems as if It tried in its grief to
call. them. back.
When the children are away ghosts of pleas-
. ' ures that are fled
Seem to hover In th rooms and around
each little bed:
Horn is but an empty word, and how dis
tant seems the day
That shall bring them shouting home
- when the children are away!
METHODISTS AND CHANCELLOR DAY
Church Paper Says He Is the Champion
of Violator of the Law.
From the Pacific Christian Advocate.
Probably tho on man who is most
bitterly denouncing the methods of the
President is a Methodist preacher, a
great preacher, the chancellor of a great
university, who himself has come up
from the people, and who came to man
hood not a score of miles from Portland.
This man has seriously challenged the
President and has lately spoken of him
"an engine running wild."
Now, an engine running wild is under
stood to be one on the track without
either fireman or conductor and is run
ning without reference to sidetracks,
switches, other trains or any regulations
of officers or rights 'of passengers.
Dr. Day would have us believe our
President has these qualities that he is
under a full head of steam, is on the
track, but has no thought of the rights
of others, of what interests may be in
his way, how many lives may be im
periled or what the terms of the sched
ule may require.
We are not special pleaders for Presi
We have not been retained to advo
cate his cause, but it does seem to us
that he is running on the governmental
track according to scnedule and that
schedule was outlined very thoroughly
by the framera of our Constitution and
by the founders of our Government. The
train which he Is commanding should
have the right' of way and if any other
trains are threatened by the running of
the President's train, it is because the
others are out of place, have missed their
sidetracks and have undertaken to mo
nopolize rights which belong to others.
It seems to us Dr. Day has lost his
bearings, both as a citizen and as a Meth
odist. This Government was not found
ed to produce a favored class or a few
superior men; neither have the leaders
of Methodism an idea of espousing the
cause of a select few. Both the found
ers oi the Methodist Church and, of the
United States Government believe in
the people, the rights of the people, the
wisdom of the people, the integrity of the
"From all the utterances which we have
seen from Dr. Day, he seems to have
given himself over to the idea of the dl
vine Tight of the favored few, and of the
obligation of the masses to serve the
few and to bow humbly and submissively
to the will of tneir masters. We have
never understood that such position was
characteristic of a true, loyal American
or a faithful follower of th Lord Jesus
under the teachings of Mr. Wesley.
Mr. Roosevelt, seeing how some of
these wealthy men are using their power
to override the rights of thetr fellows
and to ignore the laws, has taken a bold
and fearless stand in the interests of
the people. Dr. Day has taken an equally
bold and fearless stand as a champion
of these violators of the law, not as It
appears to us because these men are so
saintly, but apparently because they are
so powerful. If he were to stand upon
the broad ground that these men are
Innocent and that Justice should be
shown them, there would be no room
for criticising his actions. We believe
they should have Just treatment and
should not be condemned until their
cause Is thoroughly heard. We also be
lieve that they should not be allowed to.
forward their own interests at the ex
pense of the rights of others or to the
detriment of the citizenship of the coun
try. It seems to -us we are coming un
der Mr. Roosevelt's leading, to a higher
appreciation of the proper dignity of the
law; and surely there Is great need of
Cost of the Elks' Convention.
Philadelphia North American.
What did the vacation trip of a week
to the big convention cost the Elks?
This is a mathematical proposition with
which the mathematical minds of the
order are wrestling for their own infor
mation. A summary of the most ob
vious expenses, based on the minimum
and roost conservative estimates ob
tainable, makes the following showing
of the cost to the Elks of their vaca
tion trip to Philadelphia:
Railroad fares $ 50,000
Hotel bills, meals en route and
sleeping car fares 1.003,000
Incidental expenses in Phila
delphia and on Bide trips ,. 500,303
Sacrifice in salaries and busi
Total cost of trip, excluding
badges, costumes, etc. ...$2,250,000
All of this money "Bill Elk" con
tributed from his private purse and
sent Into the general circulation.
Strange Adventures of a Nickel.
Trenton Dispatch to Philadelphia Press.
Jeweler William H. Williams, of this
city, 16 years ago engraved his name
and address on the edge of a new nickel
and it went Into general circulation.
Six years later It was returned to him
by a minister at Utlca. N. Y.' Once
again Mr. Williams sent it out into
the world. The other day Mr. Williams
received the nickel back for the second
time. This time Is came from Trinidad,
Colo. It was returned by J. E. Findlay,
auditor of the Trinidad Electric Rail
way v Company.- In acknowledging its
receipt Mr. Williams sent a handsome
stickpin to the cashier of the company.
A girl .discovered the address on the
ROANOKE AND SAN FRANCISCO.
Common-Sense Methods and Law to
Repress Hoodlum Outrages.
There would have been no Japanese
question, no talk of war between two
friendly nations and no necessity for
apologizing for the conduct of an "un-
whlpped mob" if the .municipal author
ities at San Francisco measured up to
the Roanoke, Va., standard. When the
San Francisco hoodlums destroyed the
business places of a number of Japanese
merchants, assaulted Inoffensive Japanese
and started something like a reign of
terror in that city the municipal author
ities sat supine, ignoring the violations or
the law, if not encouraging them, and
allowed a street riot to become an in
Contrast this with the way they do
things differently In Virginia. When the
Frisco-Japanese excitement was at its
height a mob at Roanoke took advantage
of a quarrel between a citizen and the
proprietor of a Greek restaurant, over a
5-cent sandwich, wrecked the place and
then started a general crusade against the
Greeks. Three restaurants, three shoe
shlnlng parlors and two stores were com
pletely demolished and their proprietors
beaten. The matter never got to the
authorities at Washington except through
newspaper reports. JIayor Joel Cutchln
took the case in hand to restore order,
and he did It effectively and promptly.
He then caused the arrest of the rioter
and induced the City Council to pay dam
ages promptly for the losses sustained
by the Greeks, who were urged to resume
their business, with promise of complete
protection. A Bpecial grand Jury indicted
20 of the rioters, some of them rather
prominent In city affairs, who will have
to pay the penalty of their lawlessness. A
damper has been put on the mob spirit
and the officials of Roanoke are making a
highly creditable showing of their respect
for the law and their determination to see
that its protection shall be extended to
every member of the community.'
San Francisco should study the Roa
New York City's Enormous Debt.
New Broadway Magazine.
-The total bonded debt of the United
States is only $925,00,000, and that of
New York City is already more than
half that of the National Government.
At the present rate of increase, the
metropolis will have the larger In
debtedness in five years.
The total debts of all the -States in
the Union amount only to $234,814,190.
less than half that of the single city
of New York. The total state, county
and city Indebtedness of the entire
United States is less than three times
that of the city of millionaires.
The great military powers of the
world are much concerned over China
and her debt, and yet China has bor
rowed only $613,000,000, against $500,
000,000 for New York. The entire Do
minion of Canada owes only $271,000,
000, about equal to New York's in
crease in four years.
Next to New York the 25 large cities
of the United States, in the order of
their population, are as follows: Chi
cago, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Boston,
Baltimore, Cleveland, Buffalo, San
Francisco, Cincinnati, Pittsburg, New
Orleans, Detroit. Milwaukee, Washing
ton, Newark, Jersey City, Louisville,
Minneapolis, Providence, Indianapolis,
Kansas City, St. Paul, Rochester, Den
ver and Toledo.
Why Not, Indeed t
This double train business between Al
bany and Portland during the morning
and afternoon is ridiculous. Why not
have the "stub" train run an hour earlier
each way and thereby give tHe Willam
ette Valley division still better train ser
vice? Have the "stub" reach here about
10 A. M. and returning pass through
about 8 or 8:30 P. M., and then require the
overland to stop only at the most im
portant stations like Salem, Woodburn,
Oregon City. There is no use of these
trains moving as close as five or ten
minutes of each other.
Girl Jockey Wins Horae Race.
Joplin (Mo.) Dispatch in New York
Miss Dorothy Tyler, 14 years old,
daughter of Dr. R. B. Tyler, ex-Mayor
of Joplin, made her debut as a Jockey
at the local racetrack and won her first
event, a quarter-mile race, on her own
horse, Blackmare, crossing the wire
ahead of Dolly Varden, ridden by
"Will" Brown, and Annie, with a pro
fessional Jockey named McDowell up
Miss Tyler's victory was greeted by
wild cheers from the crowd, which had
"backed her oft the board" before the
horses went to the post.
Baltimore Justice on Wheel.
A Baltimore Justlc recently dis
posed of 100 cases In 95 minutes. He
must have imagined he was the Na
tional Congress passing pension bills.
The Poor Railway Man.
I would not be a railway man
In this degenerate day,
Whi the pafa has been abolished
And the editor must pay;
When every Ink-pot In the land .
Is working overtime
To prove all railway presidents
Are steeped in fraud and crim.
I would not be a railway man
In this exacting age,
When the unions are demanding
Less hours and higher wage;
When every shipper on the line
Would put behind the bars
That luckless wight, the railway man.
Because there are no cars.
I would not be a railway man
1 In this disturbing time.
When- every hayseed statesman
Attempts his nerk to climb;
With laws to cut down earnings.
And laws to tax them more.
With endless complications
And persecutions sore.
I would not he a railway man
At this destructive date,
A target for the journals,
A football for the state,
rd let them take the railways
And run them as they'd like;
I would not be a railway man,
I'd quit my Job and strike.
-From the New York World.