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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, JULY 30, 1907.
INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
Pally, Sunday Included, on year 98.00
Dally.-Sunday Included, six mnnthf. . .3
Dally. Sunday Included, thre montbl. 2-25
Dally, Sunday Included, pn month. ... .75
Dally, without Sunday, one year UOO
Dally, without Sunday, tlx month!.... 8 23
Dally, without Sunday, threa montbl.. L75
Dally, without Sunday... op month... . . -00
Sunday, one year ...'8.60
Weekly, ona year (issued Thursday)....
Sunday and Weekly, ona year
Bk CAfcJUER. '
Dally, Sunday Included, ona year...... 900 '
Dally, Sunday included, on month....
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FORTLAN1), TUESDAY, JiM SO.
Copies of a printed circular dated
"Portland, Oregon, July bearing tbo
headline, "To connect Puget Sound with
the Harrlman Roads," have been re
ceived at Portland, from the Harrl
man publicity bureau at New Tork.
The circular Informs those whom It
may concern that the new Union Pa
cific or Harriman railway line from
Portland to Puget Sound will be es
tablished and soon finished on a grade
that will defy competition. Tunnels
lit necessary points are to take the
place of grades; splendid depots and
terminal stations are 'to toe reached at
Tacoma and Seattle through under
ground levelB. We are told that "the
effect of the extension of the Harrl
man lines to Seattle will be practi
cally to double the shipping outlet
of the Puget Sound region."
It seems to The Oregonian that this
Is a subject that should get attention
at Portland. The Harrlman scheme
Is not to develop Oregon; It Is not to
supply Oregon with a necessary rail
road system; It Is not to build up Port
land and Oregon for shipping and
commerce,' but "to double the shipping
outlet of Puget Sound."
Is it for this ultimate purpose or
object that no railroad has been con
structed across Central Oregon; that
nothing, or practically nothing, has
been done or is being done for neces
sary branch lines within this state;
that steamers for Coast and Oriental
traffic have been refused; that Ore
gon has been left with more limited
and poorer railroad service than any
other state In the Union after hav
ing beenx so' closely bottled up as pos
sible to keep competitors out of It?
Harrlman Is not building his road to
Puget Bound, closely paralleling the
Northern Pacific, to supply any urgent
present need there. He Is building
simply as part of his war against Hill
and the Northern roads. In the circu
lar Issued by his bureau he says. In
effect, that, Portland and Oregon will
not be needed or "wanted further. He
will "double the shipping outlet of
the Puget Sound region" creating,
we may suppose, facilities there -which
he has denied here; not because they
are needed there, but 'because that Is
his way tonight Hill.
From all of which two conclusions
would appear. First, that Portland
would do well to study the Harrlman
circular and get busy about It; second,
" that the North Bank road, connecting
us with the Northern Pacific and Great
Northern In the Upper Columbia region
and towards 'the East, Is not being
completed at all too soon.
The suggestion comes, however, that
the criticism and censure should not
fall on Harriman, but on his mana
gers of the California school, who are
doing the business. But In the admin
istration of great affairs the man at
the head is charged with the respon
sibility. There is a man one Roose
veltwho doesn't shirk that rule.
LOAFERS 'AMID WORK.
The scarcity of labor is a constant
theme, yet the county, and especially
the city, is full of Idle men. It is im-
possible, say the fruit-growers of the
Inland Empire, to get men to pick the
fruit; it Is impossible, say fuel dealers,
to get men to . cut cord-wood; it Is
Impossible, say railroad contractors, .to
get a full supply of graders. The same
plaint Is heard all along the line. With
harvest just at hand, followed by hop
picking and fruit-gathering and the
varied demands that the Fall season
makes upon labor, the situation Is seri
ous. The conclusion Is Irresistible that
a large class of labor has been catered
to and coaxed and coddled in order to
keep it In the harness at all, or, per
haps, for political reasons, that It has
become so big with self-conceit as to
be, for all practical purposes, worth
less. This does not refer to the Intel
llgent. conscientious working man,
who -goes to his daily labor cheerfully
and receives Its wage (and a good
wage It Is or prosperity would be a
misleading term) thankful for the
strength and opportunity to earn It.
It refers to the Idle class, aggrieved
at, they know not what, who plod
along the highways taking toll from
orchards, gardens and poultry yards,
ostensibly looking for work; or who
hang In squads., around headquarters
in the city, where labor agitators rail
at capital and Its . enterprises and in
cites to strikes and violence.
These men are idle, first, because they
do not want to work and, second, be
cause when, by chance one Is coaxed
into the acceptance of a job, at fruit
picking or other employment for which
there is a pressing demand, he proves
so utterly worthless that his- employer
is glad to pay him off and let him
go, after brief trial. It is this phase
of the labor problem, more than any
and all others, that makes its solution,
upon any known hypothesis, so hopeless.
STATISTICAL, POSITION OF WHEAT.
The announcement that the Ameri
can Society of Equity would advance
wheat prices for the 1907 crop to $1.26
per bushel, was followed yesterday by
a decline of over one cent per bushel
in the Chicago market. The course
of that market which, in spite of its
vagaries and eccentricities, still re
mains the dominant factor in the mak
ing of world's prices, has been so
erratic of late, that it Is difficult to
understand whether the decline of yes
terday was any more justifiable by the
natural conditions than was the sen
sational advance Saturday. The Am
erican " Society of Equity bases its
11.25 per bushel figure on an alleged
shortage of alarming proportions 'in
the American crop. This shortage,
even though It be as great as the
most alarming reports have made It,
must, of necessity, be re-inforced by
something more than an American
crop shortage. And there is re-inforce-ment
to the strength in the Ameri
can situation In the foreign statistics.
But whenever the price of wheat gets
above $1 per bushel, new factors are
brought into the situation. High
prices curtail consumption, especially
In the old world, where the great bulk
of the world's wheat crop finds a
market. For that reason, wheat can
be forced with difficulty to abnormal
figures in this country, so long as
there is a surplus which must seek
a market across the seas. With the
posible exception of actual famine
conditions in this country. It Is Impos
sible to create a situation, which will
permit the American market to be
manipulated Independently of the rest'
of the world. Broomhall's figures on
the world's wheat crop, have been,
from the beginning of the season,
fully as bullish as any that have eman
ated from this side of the water. As
his estimates have stood the test of
time, for accuracy, they are entitled
to credence. In his final resume of the
situation July 1, this eminent author
ity placed the world's wheat crop for
1907 at 2,992.800,000 bushels.
.That these figures were conservative
Is quite evident from his American
estimate, which credits the United
States with a crop of but 660,000.000
bushels, a figure low enough to satisfy
the most 'bullishly inclined operators.
Compared with the crop of last year,
these figures for the world show a de
crease of 288,320.000 bushels; but they
are 12.000.000 bushels greater than the
average for the past .ten years. In
anticipating J1.25 per bushel for wheat.
It must not be forgotten that the
carry-over from the 1906 crop was one
of the largest on record, and we must
go back to 1896, to find as large an
American visible or a corresponding
date, as Is now In evidence. The "vis
ible" yesterday was 48,828,000 bushels
an Increase of nearly 20,000,000 bushels
over the same date last year and 83,000.
000 bushels greater than in 1905 when
the market hovered around $1 per bush
el. This large visible and the stocks In
farmers' hands will go a long way
toward offsetting any shortage in the
American crop, and the decreased con
sumption, which Is a natural accom
paniment of dollar wheat in the old
world, will assist in carrying the con
sumers along until the new crop in
the Argentine appears four or five
There Is Btill time for further damage
to the Spring wheat in the United
States, and In Russia, Roumania and
other European countries. If it should
occur, wheat will go, undoubtedly, to
$1.25 per bushel In this country. A
continuation of present conditions,
nowever. will make it very difficult
for the Society of Equity to corner
the market with success. Dollar wheat
will be quite alluring to the great
mass or American farmers, and they
will hardly care to gamble with it
after it reaches that figure.
THE NORTH CAROLINA TROUBLE.
In the set-to over the North Carolina
rate law. Governor Glenn and the
State Courts have, thus far, decidedly
the best cf the matter. Their main
contention was that the State law
ought not to be suspended by Judge
Pritchard's lnlunetion. hut ahnnM re
main in force until its constitutionality
naa Deen passed -upon finally. This
has now been conceded by the rail
roads. They have agreed to obey the
statute and sell tickets at 2 1-4 cents
a mile, hereafter, until the courts have
decided -whether that rate is confis
catory or not. There will be no more
prosecution, therefore, for the present,
and Judge Prltchard will not be called
upon to release any more ticket agents
from the. ravening paw of the state.
This agreement by the railroads
looks sadly like contempt of court,
admitting that it Is possible for a rail
road to commit that prevalent but
elusive offense. Judge Prltchard has
forbidden North Carolina to enforce
its law. In the face of this prohibi
tion, the Southern Rallroad'now con
spires with the rebellious common
wealth to obey It. Such conduct Is
shockingly ungrateful, even If It is not
contemptuous. Nobody could blame
Judge Prltchard In the least, If he told
the railroad to whistle for it the next
time It needs an Injunction to cover
an Intended defiance of the law.
But one feels a certain assurance
that, the Judge will not deal harshly
with the company, though it has put
him in a rather ludicrous plight. That
the charitable tenderness for corporate
shortcomings, which he may have cul
tivated when he was attorney for the
Southern Railroad, is doubtless not
entirely past resurrection. Perhaps
Governor Glenn hastily imagined that
he discerned a revival of the former
relation of master and servant, when
the Federal Judge made such burning
haste to obey the demand of the com
pany for an injunction against the In
convenient rate law. This mistaken
belief may, possibly, have fortified the
Governor's determination to fight for
the rights of his State.
Some Eastern papers The New York
Times and Sun, for example assert
with bland assurance, that In resist
ing Judge Pritchard's Injunction, Gov
ernor Glenn was "defying the courts."
This Is by no means a fair statement.
He defied an inferior Federal Court,
to be sure, but he was supported by
the Supreme Court of North Carolina,
which Is. fully as learned, august and
free from bias as Judge Prltchard. The
organs of corporate anarchy love to
exalt the Inferior Federal Judges aboye
the highest state tribunals. Why they
do so they themselves know best. The
fact that the Federal Judges are. In
some cases, corporation lawyers, raised
to the bench for brilliant success in
evading the law, while the State Judi
ciary is strictly responsible to the peo
ple, may have something to do with
To the Supreme Court of the United
States all our other tribunals are ad
mittedly Inferior; but what reason can
anybody assign for holding a Federal
District Court superior in dignity and
authority to the highest State Court?
The Jurisdiction of the former Is often
limited to a fraction of a State and
one man presides over it; while the
latter interprets the law for an entire
commonwealth and always has several
Judges. Moreover, it would be absurd
to say that the State Judges are in
ferior In ability and learning, for the
very brightest ornaments of the Fed
eral bench have been chosen from their
ranks. In all reason, therefore, the
State Supreme Courts should take
precedence over the Inferior Federal
Courts. But, for all that, when they
differ about the law the corporation
organs always set up a clamor that
the State Court should give way.
Why should It give way?
The ibeauty of it all is that the news
papers which belaud Judge Prltchard
with his facile injunction and deride
Governor Glenn with the State Court
sustaining him, are the very ones
which have been shrieking themselves
hoarse for "state rights." The trou
bles of a paper, which is compelled to
sing anthems to corporate piracy and
keep it constantly disguised under
some decent alias, are very serious.
FROM CAMP FIRE TO ELECTRIC LIGHTS
The opinion of Frances E. Leupp,
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in re
gard to the Indian educational policy
of the Government, carries the weight
of experience, observation and author
ity. Mr. Leupp knows whereof he
speaks upon this matter and his words
are well worthy of consideration. Be
tween the three kinds of Indian
schools, maintained by the Govern
ment, vli.: The reservation day
achool. the reservation boarding-school
and the non-reservation industrial
school, he finds the latter the least de
The reason for this is not far to
seek. In the reservation schools, the
pupils are kept in touch with the local
situation and are taught to solve Its
plain every-day 'problems. The les
sons of the home, the farm, the range
and the shop are learned in conjunc
tion with conditions that are insepar
able from, the daily life of the Indian.
It Is not deemed wise to take the
hoy from his environment, of such
home life and conditions as he knows,
and place him in a situation that is
entirely foreign to his traditions, his
knowledge and his untrained capacity,
and "begin the process of coddling him
with a view to his enlightenment. The
transition is too sudden and the
change, reinforced by years of train
ing, is too radical. In the words of
Mr. Leupp: "The transition from
campflre to electric lights, from hard
rustling to free board, clothes, laundry
and all that" renders him unfit, after
a term of years, to return and take
up the conditions of life as he left them
and as he will find them.
Even more discouraging and unsat
isfactory is the position in which the
Indian girl finds herself, upon her re
turn from a training school, where
she has spent the allotted term of
years. The Indian Industrial School at
Chemawa will graduate a class of four
teen pupils this week. These pupils
were drawn from tribes as far 'north
as Alaska, as far south as Shasta and
from Klamath to Colville in the great
interior of the Pacific Northwest They
are said to represent the best that is
in Indian character and capability,
under careful development and train
ing. Where In the wide world will
they find a place? Not on the reser
vations, from whence they were drawn
many years ago. Their school life
has unfitted them for that. Not on
farms nor in the homes of the land.
Their training 'has, in effect, taken
them from the one life, without mak
ing a place foe them In the other.
No argument is needed in support
of this statement. The transition from
the tepee to the cottage; from thrift
to unthrift; from idleness to Industry;
from irresponsibility to responsibility;
from dependence to independence;
from "the campflre to electric lights";
must, in accordance with the great
law of evolution, he gradual. For the
life to which these Indian youths and
maidens are soon to return, they are
wholly unfit. Had they spent these
years in reservation schools, among
their own people, the change in them
would not have been so radical tut it
would have been much more natural,
and much more promising for the fu
ture. Mr. Leupp says truly, that to coddle
the Indian Is to ruin him; and when
he adds "It will ruin any man or race"
he merely affirms the verdict of family
and natural experience. We may well
believe that the non-reservation Indian
schools maintained by the Government,
of - which there are now twenty-five,
will, in view of these facts, be done
away with, in a few years, since the
Indians of the future are to be, if the
policy of the Government Is carried
to Its logical conclusion, - "neither
wards nor warriors but Just men and
Great disasters are soon forgotten, ex
cept by those .who suffer, by them.
One .of the experts, who blames the
inspection service for the loss of -the
Columbia, tells another expert that if
he will go back to the Atlantic he will
learn something about navigation. He
also states that the Columbia could
not have run on the -Coast of Maine
or in the ylcinity of New Tork 15
hours. And yet no marine disaster in
recent years has. showed such crimi
nal negligence or lax enforcement of
laws as the General Slocum disaster in
New Tork harbor, where a thousand
lives were lost. . Then there was the
Larchmont a few months ago on Long
Island Soumf, and a rotten old Portland-New
Tork liner that fell to pieces
In a storm while enroute from the
Maine Coast to New. York drowning
nearly 100 persons. As marine ex
perts, these critics of poor Doran are
woefully shy on facts, or at least they
make tout scanty use of them.
Looking for unearned increment, to
find examples for denunciation, why
doesn't the Ladd newspaper mention the
most conspicuous example, the Ladd
estate, which has not less than 40,
000,000 of unearned increment in Port
land alone to become within the next
thirty years $500,000,000? The Ladd or
gan might mention in connection with
this estate the Corbett estate also,
now one through marriage and descent
with the Ladd estate the two already
possessing multitudinous millions, to be
multiplied through the labor of others
and by exactions upon others, during
infinite time? These overgrown es
tates are not to be divided among
heirs, but are working Into a per
petual trust, for further and . endless
accumulation. It's all right, of course,
for it's lawful now, but when the
avenging angel cones he will come
in the form that revolutions have
written in history he never will pass
over the chief offenders In this State
of Oregon, but will lay his mark right
on their doorsteps.
President Roosevelt is now taunted
with his reference to Haywood and
Moyer as "undesirable citizens." He
answered on that point for himself,
with force and effect. But in what
way does the acquittal of Haywood
alter the case? The Jury that passed
on the charge against him could not
see that the circumstantial evidence
presented by the State was sufficient
to warrant conviction. It was a con
scientious Judgment. Orchard's state
ments, unless strongly confirmed, of
course were nothing. The probabili
ties were not enough, in a case where
the penalty was death.! But do these
probabilities which undeniably do show
that certain relations existed between
the defendant and the murderer, leave
the defendant with the reputation of
a "desirable citizen?" That' is the
question to be answered 'by tfcose who
censure the President.
The question: "What would you have
done had you been In Captain Doran's
place?", while interesting on account
of the replies, is an Idle one. Very few
persons, even of more than ordinary
intelligence, have any conception what
ever of the responsibilities, the duties
and the exactions of a sea-captain's
position. f No man can tell what he
would or would not do under the sud
den and awful stress of circumstance.
Talk. Is cheap and. words are plenty.
Hence the redundancy of opinion con
cerning the act of a brave man and
an accomplished seaman, who "went
down with his ship."
An attempt is being made to secure
pardon of the "Pink Domino" a youth
who is doing time In the Oregon Peni
tentiary for a .series of burglaries com
mitted in this city, a few months ago.
In- the Judgment of practical persons
the Penitentiary Is a good place for
this young crook, whose success as a
burglar would" have been phenomenal
for a man twice his years and experi
ence. Why not let well enough alone?
His mother is probably worrying
about him less than she would do, if
he were outside, plying his chosen vo
cation. Sorrow comes to all. Not one es
capes. A disaster like that of the Co
lumbia involves many at once, and
therefore Is striking. But sorrow
comes, in one way or another, to
every one born Into the world. So the
solemn poet asks?
But why complain? or why complain for
Hangs out the sun his luster but for me.
The single man? Ar angels all besides?
I mourn for millions; 'tis the common lot.
In this way or in that has fate entailed
The mother's throes on all of woman born; .
Not more the children than sure heirs of
When Dr. Myron W. Haynes, pas
tor of tho First Baptist Church in
Seattle, told his congregation that a
place had been prepared for those who
lie, he probably had In mind a bustling
city on Elliott Bay, about thirty miles
north of Tacoma.
Major Lemair, of the Belgian Army,
who was on the spot, tells of awful
outrages in the Congo Free State au
thorized by King Leopold. Wherein
the soldier of eighteen years' experi
ence differs from visiting college
Detonations faintly heard In Portland
yesterday, from across the Peninsula
were neither thunder out of the sky
nor cannon at Fort "Vancouver. They
sounded the near approach of the
North Bank Railroad.
Despite his popularity in the close
states, including New York, and his
unblemished record, it is doubtful
.whether Mark Twain will consent to be
a candld-ate to succeed Roosevelt.
New York City is bragging It has a
year's supply of water stored behind:
the new Croton dam. And the report
solemnly designates it as fresh water
for drinking purposes.
In addition to other honors, Eugene
is the headquarters of the Fourth
Regiment, Oregon Infantry. Will Mr.
Harrlman now dare deny the petition
for a new passenger station?
While Rockefeller proclaimed boast
fully that he had joined the Sunday
school fifty-four years ago, he did not
herald the information that he had
become a Christian.
Already Haywood Is named as the
Socialist candidate for President of the
United States. Should he be elected
he will be relieved of the title of "un
. Only 117 In the shad, but 179 In the
sun, at McGregor, in the Lone Star
State, yesterday. We can now soften
the old ejaculation by saying "Hot as
Just why the dentists of Albany com
bined to close their shops at noon dur
ing August Is not clear. They don't
play baseball there every afternoon.
Now that the running time between
Portland and Tillamook by automobile
has been fixed at seven hours, won't
some one please announce the fare?
The biggest hall in Portland won't
hold the people who want to get a look
at the Secretary of War. Not If he is
In changing administrations, Seoul
had one distinct advantage over San
Francisco the suspense was shorter.
TROUBLES OP ECCLESIASTICS.
We Are Afraid Christian Do Not Love
Editorial in Pacific Christian Advocate
The American Citizen, a weekly pub
lication of Boston, Mass., has secured
a wide circulation and .important influ
ence. It is an organ of the American
sentiment, as against the domination
of Roman Catholicism or any other
foreign power which undertakes to dic
tate to our people. This paper has
gained its Importance and extensive in
fluence not so much because of any
superior Intelligence or force connect
ed with its management, but because
of the justification given its contention
by the Roman Catholic Church Itself.
At first glance, a patriotic American
citizen who believes in the most ex
tensive liberty of worship is rather
shocked by the, idea suggested by this
paper when it calls upon the Demo
cratic party to abandon Its name and
assume the name of the "American
party," under the assurance that the
entire Roman Catholic Church has
gone over to the Republican party, and
that this element in the Republican
party is dominating Mr. Roosevelt. It
states several astounding facts in sup
port of its contention, which Indicates
there is great danger in America from
the domination of the Republican party
by the Roman Catholic hierarchy.
Among these statements, we find the
following, which are quoted by The
American Citizen from the Boston Pi
lot, which was for 70 years a Demo
cratic organ, and one of the leading
church papers In the United States.
In the Pilot for September 10. 1904.
these reasons were given why Roman
ists should support Mr. Roosevelt:
"Because, first, the appointment of a
majority of Catholics on the Supreme
Court in the Philippines; second, the
appointment of a Catholic secretary of
education in the Philippines, and . 3700
Roman Catholic teachers out of a total
of 4500; third, the appointment of 20
Roman Cathollo Governors of the prov
inces of the Philipipnes, out of a total
of 26; fourth, the appointment of Arch
bishop' Ryan, of Philadelphia, and Mr
Bonaparte, of Baltimore, on the Indian
Commission." These statements of facts
are unquestioned, but that Mr. Roose
velt had appointed these men because
they were Roman Catholics had not
been supposed to be the case until they
were brought forward by the Roman
Catholic Church itself.
It is a serious situation we are con
fronting. We should regret beyond expression
any agitation that has for lt object
the discrediting of any denomination
or the appeal to the prejudices of any
of our people against the tenets or
policy of any organization of religious
As Methodists or Baptists, Presbyte
rians, Jews or Gentiles, we have no
claim on this Government, and the
Government has no claim upon us, and
should have none.
We have claims upon the Government
as citizens, but not as religionists. If
the Roman Catholic Church persists in
Its efforts to run this Government, we
are going to very soon find ourselves
plunged into a conflict which will re
sult in a sad condition for the Roman
Catholic Church. Its assumptions are
Intolerable and impudent beyond ex
pression,, and It would as well under
stand now as ever that if it forces this
conflict by demanding positions for its
members and recognition of Its claims,
it will be driven to the wall if not
driven out of the Government entirely.
It was during the 17th century driven
out of Japan and its people massacred
by the multiplied thousands, all be
cause of its intolerance and its Im
pudent pretensions. No Roman Catholic
layman, priest, bishop or archbishop, as
such, has any business interfering with
the interests of this Government. As
citizens any and all of them have
rights and privileges belonging to a
citizen, .and they should be content
with these. It will be a sad day for
us when any denomination shall de
mand recognition for its members be
cause of their church membership and
because of the attachment of such
members to an organization But It Is
well for all of us, as American citi
zens, and as Christians, to keep our
eyes open to the fact that Romanism
Is exerting an influence over the
American Government which bodes no
good for this Government, and which
promises only disquietude and distress
for our people.
How would It do to forget or abandon
the idea of "religion," which produces
these animosities and disorders, and
keep to the idea of "salvation," as
urged by Rev. Dr. Ford, of the Sunny
aide Methodist Church, last Sunday?
INSISTS ON LIFE PRESERVERS.
Call for Better Federal .Protection
Around Marine Passengers.
PORTLAND. July 27. (To the Editor)
In an able editorial In yesterday's Ore
gonian, under the apt heading of "some
body Blundered," It is appropriately said:
"We cannot call back the dead, but there
Is a duty owing the living."
The Columbia steamer disaster whose
wings of gloom throw shadows of heart
breaking sorrow In homes of nearly every
state in the Union, shows clearly that
effective steps could be taken by the De
partment of the United States Inspection
Service, to minimize the loss of life in
such emergencies. The meager reports of
the sinking of the Columbia, tell of wom
en and children searching, crying, plead
ing I for life preservers; of those not ac
customed to the use of life preservers
having them on wrong so that these
articles became life destroyers rather
than life preservers. The United States
Inspection Service should detail Inspec
tors to see that each berth and stateroom
Is provided with life preservers Just be
fore any vessels start on their voyages,
and it should be a further duty of this In
spector to show each passenger how to
put on and fasten a life preserver. This
would not only familiarize the passenger
with the place where the life preserver
may be found, but would acquaint him
with the safe adjustment of it. The
steamship magnates would object, because
such inspection and instruction would de
lay the vessel fon perhaps 30 minutes, but
what counts 30 minutes when compared
with the horrows of the sinking of the
Columbia and the Valencia?
The whole system of the United States
Inspection Service Is as faulty and as
rotten as can be. The burdens are placed
upon the small river steamers, while the
floating palaces of Hill and Harrlman are
left to the control, direction and manage
ment of departments which places a great
value upon net earnings and small value
upon loss of life. This inspection service,
like so many other departments of Gov
ernment founded and grounded upon civil
service, becomes a defender 6T Itself in
stead of a defender and protector of the
lives of the pople. The man at the
bottom of the service, must be upheld by
his superior: his superior, upheld and sup
ported by his chief; his chief, by the head
of his department; the head, by his
supervisor; his supervisor," by his super-vlsor-in-chlef.
When a subordinate, in
spector has been lenient and la caught by
his superior, his dereliction of duty Is
suppressed, because It would cast some
reflection upon the superior, and are not
both official tenaciously clinging to a life
Job? Why lose the Job because five score
of people may be drowned? Plenty of
people; but few jobs.
There should be an overhauling and im
provement . of this department upon the
Pacific Coast. Not that it would call back
the drowned ones now floating upon the
breakers 'of the Pacific, but from a duty
we owe to the living.
H KXRY B. WKSTBROOK.
BOURNE AND ROOSEVELT.
Characteristic View of the ' "Second
Elective Term" Propagandist. '
Senator Jonathan Bourne, of Oregon,
says, without qualification, "that 80
per cent of the voters In Oregon are
impregnably determined .... that
Roosevelt shall remain four more years
in the White House." Mr. Bourne is
also of the opinion that -the Oregon
believes firmly the President will be J
renominated despite himself. I
But suppose President Roosevelt de
clines to accept the nomination?" the
Senator was asked.
"He cannot decline. He can no more
decline than can a soldier who enlists
in the army decline to fight in the face
of the enemy. It is a duty which the
people put up to Mr. Roosevelt, and a
man with his ideas of duty a man who
has uttered the sentiments which he
has uttered on the subject of duty
of a public servant to the people can
not escape the responsibility. . . . For
him to interpose his personal opinions
or feelings in the face of the unmis
takable expressoln of the opinion of the
people would be for him to exhibit a
personal selfishness and vanity of
which he Is incapable."
More and more this view of the polit
ical situation is gaining ground, until
with many shrewd politicians It is al
most become a settled belief.
'As a matter of fact, not one of the
so-called "booms" has gained any real
headway. This is as true of Taft's can
didacy as of. the more persistent cam
paign for the nomination in behalf of
Fairbanks. The Republican party in
the South, -with a morale heretofore un
known, has Roosevelt for Its candidate,
and will consider no other. In the
Middle West and the Far West, the
President is the only choice of the peo
ple. What support he may have lost
with ultra conservative Republicans,
he has more than made up from the
ranks of the Democracy.
The Republican nominating conven
tion Is 11 months away. Political
changes are rapid, particularly in the
half year preceding the nomination
S-w ; U 18 not asgeratton,
frfX..1"' t0 ?" this time all
P2lnt to the unanimous re
nomination of Theodore Roosevelt, 'and
theUnhed State". Pre8lde
TAFT'S OFFICIALJUGHT-HAJTO MAW
General Edward, a Keen Organise
no Capable Diplomat.
Washington dispatch In New Tork
er?a,?TnCS Edwards. BrigadierGen
eral, U. S. A., and Chief of the Bureau
?ecord8U rKffa;8' h" made a ntable
, War department, where,
since early In 1900, he has been regarded
as the right-hand man of the Secretary
2L. ar',!lavln8r stood ln thls relation
25?,,. lhu Root and more recently to
William H. Taft. With an enviable rec
ord for gallant service ln the Philippines,
where he served as Adjutant-General on
the staff of General Lawton during that
officer's brilliant campaign, to his credit.
General Edwards, then Captain of Infan
try, but, with his superior officer's four
earnest recommendations for brevet rank
of Major and Lieutenant-Colonel, Colonel
and Brigadier-General of volunteers, was
placed ln charge of the disorganized and
somewhat chaotic bureau which Secre
tary Boot had called Into existence to
handle the affairs of the Philippines.
The remarkable faculty for organiza
tion and administration which he had
displayed ln the field General Edwards
applied to the problems of his new bu
reau, and today the Bureau of Insular
Affairs is conceded to be one of the best
administered and most effective offices
of the Government, as recognized by
Congress at the. last session ln raising
the rank of its chief from Colonel to
Brigadier-General. To its Important du
ties ln connection with the Philippines
has been added Jurisdiction over Cuban
affairs, and in General Edwards Gov
ernor Magoon, himself formerly law of
ficer of the Bureau, finds able and ear
nest co-operation, while the Caan ad
ministration profits by the long expe
rience of the chief of the Insular Bureau.
General Edwards has won the entire
confidence of Secretary Taft. and his
official advice on insular matters is held
in the highest esteem. He also enjoys
close personal companionship with the
Secretary, and his fine bay Is usually
seen alongside the Secretary's gray geld
ing when the two men take their after
noon outing. General Edwards, who still
has 14 years of active service ahead of
him, is, moreover, one of the most pop
ular officers ln the Army.
He'd Rather Be a Chlcaeo Be
Health Commissioner William A. Evans,
of Chicago, Is out with a statement that
the Government spends more money ln
bacteriological labor for the benefit of
hogs than for man, and that he would
rather be a hog.
Los Angeles Times
The Portland club can at least claim
that it has not lost quite twice as
many games as It has won. '
Borne Animals I Have Known.
I am no hunter, but I know
Some animals quite well.
And I'm no faker when I say
Strange stories I can tell.
I've chafed Welsh rabbit down a lane.
Till weary stomach quailed.
And I have bucked the tiger, too.
And had a steer that failed.
On groaning horse I've awedall day.
With calve I've danced at night.
And often I have sailed a cat.
And reached my port all right.
Tt seen a blind pig lead a man
Along a rocky road.
And I have seen a donkey try
To walk home with a load.
A Wall atreet lamb once owned a goat,
A young dear loved a hound;
ITtt seen a woman hav a rat
Above her forehead bound.
But, Strang as all thee things may seem.
They do not half compare
With that wild monster of the woods.
The dreadful Teddy bear.
BRYAN "I HOPE THE YOUNGSTER WON'T WAKE UP SOON"
OLD HOME WEEK IN BOSTON.
Envious Comment of Jeering New York
Paper on a Great Event.
New York Sun.
The money comes in slowly, but the
work of preparation for Boston Old
Home Week goes madly on. "Twelve
automobiles took family parties from
South Station on the arrival of the
morning express." Twelve automobiles!
Think of that! O Boston, Boston, busv,
whizzy, dizzy, and until 11 P. M. fizzy,
Boston! As we roam through the marts
of commerce, the wharves, the stations
"depos." the Bostonians calls them
beautiful little outdoor Interiors, so to
speak, etch themselves upon the de- .
Men shake hands and women kiss; and
sometimes men and women kirs.
Well, I'vum and i'snummy not to
The municipal brass band will play
on the Common at 3 P. M. The milishy
will be out. If no warships are on
hand to belch smoke and flame" the
Hon. John Ranter Thayer of the Wor
cester Fur Club will explode in School
street with a world wagging detona
rn at,eJ". a terrlhe cannonading of
ort Whitney every afternoon and
evening The Mayor of Chelsea will
positively be present. At the Grouch '
Club on Kilby street the Hon. Franklin
Benjamin Sanborn win give remini
scences of himself. Thoreau, Emerson.
Hawthorne and Erving Winslow. There
J'1'.?' a un'on of Mutton Pie
ftahilJ-.M1 BeU ln "and' The con
stables will have orders not to molest
toIa. "ot, Positively rambunctious,
w ho get their "licker" in Boston Itself
rtrelsranf.a '.the amate" negro min
strels and golden weddings ln Suncook.
Ct'.."" a1marJ,8coa, Me.. Blind Hole.
Mass., Poke Corne-s. Vt.. and Provi
dence. R I., will be printed by the
Boston Illustrated papers, with their
wn TtM enterPrie. Mayor Fitzgerald
will preside over everything. There will
be water carnivals, flower festivals
"PolanPd"1Ir!a-H''8hi "d P"'-'"
pnd . P"ties. The quoit links are
on Boylston street. Two-old cat ex
terWilAbe accmmodated on Beacon
street. Greased poles and triumphal
arches are going up everywhere.
Perpetual Peace Impossible.
Said the little lad: "Papa, why is per
petual peace Impossible?"
..i,Hl8u father a'3: "Hush!" .and he
trvmt ,?Ut 6V8r slnce 1 have been
ny.w-, r d myseIf of the Question by
fj Zt T8 "k U la not "Psible. It
ih lmp,robabI- " Is not a far reach
ahead, unless we make It so by pushing
1.1 7 f.m8t lmmed'ao Possibility thai
lies legitimately and reasonably with"
our grasp, today n
virMmf0rCe vf hablt' even th optimists
rented . mUCh; For years " w ac
cepted as a scientific fact that a two-
would ot Increase Its weight, because
r 6 J ,h welshed nothing In the water.
Carefully constructed blunders were
nM!h0n th?,BirenKth of it. till some
JnnnH .w Kted the Per,ent and
found that the weight of his tub in
creased by the weight of the fish in air.
Were some foolish one to try an experl-
f"h r"h thls peac Proposition, we
might be again surprised.
The secret of peace-all peace, perpetual
peace-was never a secret. Isaiah ad
vertised it when he foretold the advent
of one to be called The Prince of Peace
because he would "establish It with Judg
ment and with Justice." The angels of
Bethlehem proclaimed his coming with
"Peace on earth to men of good will"
(hominibug bonae voluntatis). One of
the two all-Important commandments
which He left was, "Thou shalt love" thy
neighbor as thyself."
Kaval Recruit Ara Shy.
Washington (D. C.) Herald.
All the naval recruiting parties in the
Northwest have been withdrawn because
of the small number of recruits signed by
them. The regular Summer demand for
farm laborers has set in rather stronger
than usual this year, and the recruiting
omeers and their assistants find it quite '
impossible to compete. This feature of
the situation aside, however, those ln
charge of naval recruiting stations are
finding it increasingly difficult to induce
young men to enter the service. The
attractive colors used in painting the life
aboard men-o'-war are not sufficient to
compensate for the low pay, and officers
in close touch with the situation express
the opinion that It will be necessary to
offer some extra Inducement ln order to
get suitable young men, especially for
three-year enlistments. Within the lasf
few months enlisted men have been given
the privilege of purchasing discharge
after one year in the Navy, and while
tnis has helped the enlisting officers to
some extent, their progress is now slower,
perhaps, than ever before. After the rush
of men to the Western farms Is ended.
It may be that the prospect of Increased
pay for enlisted men being provided for
next Winter will serve to add to the
number of those willing to serve Uncla
Sam at sea-
One Mercy ln Harry O if hard.
Kansas City Journal.
About the best that can be said ot
Harry Orchard Is that in the course of
his gentle career he met people once in
a while whom he didn't murder.
The Span of Life.
A stretch of beach before the ocean lying: '
The glistening sands beneath a morning
A tiny moth, ln golden eunllght flying;
A life begun.
Th orb of light his onward course pursu
ing A glittering noon beneath a fervent ray;
A sylvan bower a space of ardent woo
ing A hast'nlng day.
A sinking sun with falling vigor shining:
A creeping shade within the sylvan
A feeble form, upon th sands reclining;
The evening hour.
The shade of dusk to deeper shadows grow
ing: The flickering flare of fast departing
The ocean grim, with billow overflowing;
Then darkeom night.
From the Indianapolis Ne