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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XXVI XO 14,olG.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, JULY 23, 1Q07.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Goes Down With 72
AWAKEN ONLY TO DROWN
Schooner San Pedro Collides
' Saturday at Midnight at
ELDER PICKS UP SURVIVORS
Thirty-three Escape in Boats
to Shelter Cove.
GIRL OF 16 THE HEROINE
Holds Vp Woman While Floating in
Waves Seattle Man Gives Story
of Disaster Captain Boran
Dies With His Ship.
EUREKA, Cal., July 22. Arrival
this morning: of the steamer George
W. Elder with the tattered steam
schooner San Pedro in tow, brought
the first news of a marine 'disaster
which will rank among the worst of
the Pacific Coast. The San Pedro drove
full speed Into the stem of the steamer
Columbia, bound from San Francisco
to Portland, tearing a' great gash In
her side, and causing her to sink
within eight minutes near Shelter
Cove about 12:30 o'clock Sunday
The first reports Justified the belief
that at least half of the 250 persons
on board the Columbia had perished,
but hourly the total shrinks. The
best advices tonight are that 177
escaped death when the vessel went
to the bottom. One hundred and
seven of the Columbia's passengers
and 37 of her crew have been brought
to this port by the steamer George
W. Elder, which towed the colliding
schooner San Pedro from the scene
of the disaster to Eureka. A late mes
sage from Shelter Cove says that three
mors lifeboats have been picked up,
one of them containing 18 persons, an
other 15, and the third not reported.
Eureka's Doors Thrown Open.
The survivors who were brought
to this port are being cared for at
hotels and in private homes. The
citizens of Eureka, moved to unan
imous action by pity and the distress
of the victims, have supplied sufficient
quantities of clothing and all neces
sary medical attention without stint
or price. A committee of citizens
under the leadership of Mayor Ricks
has charged Itself with the duties of
the hour and Is performing them with
energy and all possible success.
A segregation of the Columbia's pas
senger list shows that in her cabins
she carried 78 men and 90 women and
girls; In her steerage 20 men and one
woman, a total of 1S9. Discrepancies,
however, between the full list furnished
the purser on sailing and some of the
names given by survivors who have
reached here Indicate that the total
number of passengers may have been
greater. Sixteen of the names given
here are not found on the steamship
company's certified list. Adding to the
189 accredited passengers the 59 or
60 members of ' the Columbia's crew
gives a total of 249 lives Jeopardized
In the midnight collision.
Only One of Family Survives.
Among the survivors rescued and
carried north to this port by the
George W. Elder are men and women
from a score of states, not a few from
the Atlantic seaboard and the Middle
West. Among these are a number of
school teachers, who were varying
with a sea voyage their home trip from
the annual convention of the National
Educational Association at Los Angeles.
Among the lost is Mrs. F. O. Lours,
of Pasadena. She died of exposure.
Mr. Lours' life was saved. Their boy
of 9 and their 12-year-old daughter
were drowned. Mr. Lours succeeded
in getting his wife and the children
onto the upper deck in the brief In
terval between the collision and the
sinking of the Columbia, but a breaker
washed them oft the cabin roof Into
the sea. The husband and father Suc
1 ceeded In dragging them up on a life
raft and for two hours the forlorn and
wretched family tossed about on the
frail craft In the blackness of the night.
Eventually the children lost their grip
and slipped off into the sea. Mrs. Lours
succumbed soon afterward from the
hock and exposure. -
Eight minutes from the time the San
Pedro struck the Columbia the latter
vessel had filled full of water and sunk.
The night saloon watchman notified all
the passengers to go to the upper deck.
Without clothing they climbed out of
their berths and rushed out. It was only
two or three minutes before the decks
were awash. Six boats and three life
rafts were cut loose and as many pas
sengers as possible were crowded Into
them. There was scarcely any evidence
of a panic, the women acting with
The crew of the San Pedro immedi
ately lowered a boat and picked up a
large number of survivors, while the
boats from the Columbia lay to by the
When the Columbia sank, she carried
down with her about 74 passengers.
This estimate is not accurate and the
number cannot be definitely determined
i , CT- - r
; ? x ' l I
I '" t - " -If
f swaaf I
t ' -
' 7 V'i
k - A;-,-.ijw,)iflimmmf8 X Ijs. I
Captain Dor an on the Bridge of the
until full particulars are received from
Shelter Cove, where four boats are said
to have been landed.
Captain Sinks With Ship.
Captain Doran and First Officer
Whitney were on the deck . when the
Columbia sank, the captain's last words
"God bless you."
According to J. E. Byrnes, purser of
the Columbia, there were 190 passen
gers aboard 168 first-class, 22 steer
age and 60 crew. It is known that 107
passengers have been saved and 37 of
(Concluded on Page 4.)
DROWNED OR UNACCOUNTED FOR
Those Who Probably Perished or the Steamer Columbia
Off Shelter Cove '
EUREKA, Cal., July 22. Following is the list of passengers and mem
bers of the crew of the steamer Columbia drowned or unaccounted for
at Eureku. In connection with this list it should be borne In mind that
It will be measurably reduced by the names of the 33 survivors spoken
of as coming ashore on life rafts at Shelter cove today:
MRS. R. ANDERSON
W. J. BACH MAN
MRS. A. HAPP
C. H. HARRINGTON
MISS K. HAYDEN
E. BUTLER AND WIFE MRS. W. H. INOALS
MISS ANNA BAHLEEN' E. B. KEEVER
MISS GERTRUDE BUT
LER MRS. J. BENSON
MRS. JANE BEST
MISS A. BEERNAL
MISS CLARA CARPENTER MISS FLORENCE LEWIS DER
MISS RUBY COOPER . RAY LEWIS MRS. E. SILVA (steerage)
J. W. CARPENTER . O. S. LEWIS
CHEW MOCK (Chinaman) LEWIS MALKUS AND
MISS LENA COOPER
MRS. A. S. CORNELL
MRS. It. B. CANNON
MISS A. B. CORNELL
L. CLASBY AND WIFE
J. C. DURHAM .
L. L. DRAKE. JR.
MRS. L. L. DRAKE
F. S. DRAKE
MRS. K. GAGALD 1
MRS. A. GRAY
C. E. MEHIW
MISS B. MUSSER
MISS JULIA MATEK
M. MAYO (steerage)
JOHN D. M'FAREYHN
MISS LOUISE A. NAKE
MISS NELLIE MAKE
MISS MARY PARSONS
MRS. BLANCHE GORDON J. E. PAUL
FRANK GIUNE (Steera&e) j. PREMUS
The following members of the crew
P. A. DORAN, Captain. UNKNOWN SEAMAN
W. F. WHITNEY, First M. C. BURPEE and .
Officer. MAX CLAUS,
D. S. M'ALPIN, watchman. assistant engineers.
PAUL RINNER. Quarter- DAVE KASTON,
master. JAMES MADISON and
CHARLES PETERSON. UNKNOWN, .
1 1 1 -V-
WpcwreUI ft aA, .
V) OOJSZa '. - I -yx
1 V I
NEWS OF DISASTER
Ocean Tragedy Seems
a Local Catastrophe.
REPORT IS SPREAD RAPIDLY
Frantic Crowds Seek Tidings
of Loved Ones on Steamer. '
DETAILS RECEIVED SLOWLY
False Rumor That No Women Were
Saved Causes Most Anxiety,
but Is Finally Denied Port
land People in Wreck.
To Portland the sinking of the Co
lumbia came as a local disaster. Dozens
of Portland people were aboard and there
were scores having relatives and friends
The city was astir with the first word
of the sea tragedy. The news spread as
by magic. An hour after the first meager
bulletin was flashed in, groups of anxious
horror-stricken relatives and friends of
those aboard were at the newspaper
offices, the telegraph offices and the As
sociated Press rooms. Confirmation of the
report came promptly and then the city
settled back to an agony of uncertainty
in the absence of details.
"Not a woman on board saved," ticked
the relentless wires and there was a
responding moan of despair from those
having wives, mothers and sisters aboard.
Nearly all day this Impression prevailed.
It was the statement of one of the
survivors who had reached San Fran
cisco with a pessimistic report of the
SAKAH A. HUBJlKrS
M. J. RATEMAN
MRS. WILLIAM SOULES
G. A. SMITH
MISS GRACE F. KEELAR MISS CORA 6HULL
MISS EFFIE KEELAR J- B- SPRINGER
MISS G. A. KEELAR MISS ELSIE MAT STONE
MISS ALMA B. KEELAR GEORGE T. SPARKS
E. G. LIGGETT MISS FRANCES SCHROE-
AND WIFE A. SPIELER (steerage)
E. SILVA (steerage)
W. C. TODD
MISS A. S. TODD
H. P. WINTERS
G. F. WILSON
JOHN MILLER (steerage) MRS. A. WALLER
C. W. MERRILL (steerage) MISS H. WRIGHT
C. W. WINSLOW AND
MISS EDNA WALLACE
MISS B. WALLACE .
MISS W. W. WHITE
E. A. WALLIN (steerage)
J K. YOUNG
are unaccounted for:
ALBERT ANDERSON and
UNKNOWN, second cook.
LOUIS BLOCKER, waiter.
ONLY ONE BOAT AT SHELTER
COVE; 16 ALIVE, TWO DEAD.
FXREKA. Cal., July 23. Only
one boat landed at Shelter Cove, not
three, according to the first reports. ,
The persons In It were taken tor
Bryceuuid and from there to Garber
vllle. In the southern . end of this
county, where today those who
have' no relatives here brought by
the George W. Elder will go over
land to Han Francisco. In the boat
whicb reached the shore at Shelter
MRS. LEWIS, of Pasadena, Cal.,
who was drowned, and an unknown
dead man, presumed to be a sailor.
Their bodies reached thin city to
night on a special train.
The survivors In the boat were :
I B. Kriever, of Prescott, la.;
' Jacob Kuro, Coldwater, Kan. ; Ar
mand Cadorette, New Bedford,
Mass.; David Doston, fireman on
the Columbia; Charles McCoy, oiler
on Columbia; D. S. Alpine, watch
man on Columbia; Era 11 Mann,
sailor on Columbia; Paul Hlnner,
quartermaster on Columbia; Mr.
Lewis, of Pasadena; Edwin Wallln,
San Francisco; Mrs. WInkleblock
Dunn, Poplar Bluff, Mo.; Mrs. W. H.
Angels. Oakland, Cal.; Miss Blanche
W. Musser, 861 East Ninth South
street, gait Lake City; Miss Itnby
Cooper. Payette, Mo.; Michael Rod
man, San Francisco; B. W. Grahnra,
125 Front street. Portland, Or.
An Inquest will be held on the
three recovered bodies this evening.
mishap that was unwarranted by the
facts, as subsequent reports have shown.
"A largo percentage of those saved
are women," said the wires, as fuller
details became accurately known later In
Failing Hopes Revived.
Lost hopes were revived with this
message. The news robbed the tragedy
of its grimmest aspect. That no woman
of the hundred and more aboard should
escape would have bespoken a lack of
courage more greatly to be mourned than
death Itself. When It became known that
the women had been given preference in
the boats; that they had not been ruth
lessly shoved aside in a cowardly panic,
a sigh of relief went up. It meant that
the men who survived death likewise
survived dishonor. Pictures of pale faced,
frightened women being trampled under
foot to give place to men clamoring for
their own safety vanished. There Is no
phrase more grim that can be written of
such a tragedy of the sea than: "None
of the women passengers was saved."
Everywhere In the city there was hope
last night. As the long list of the
survivors came over the wires, many who
had feared ,the worst came to know the
Joy of sudden surcease from sorrow for
the dead. One young woman called at
the Associated Press office on hearing a
list -of the saved was coming in. She
had been crying, but seemingly was not
overwrought. Near the top of the list
she found the name she had hardly ex
pected to find. Overcome, she sank Into
a chair and became hysterical.
List of Survivors Yet to Come.
And for those who did not find the
names in this list there was still hope.
This list recorded only .such persons
as had reached Eureka and San Fran
cisco. There was still a large number
of survivors in boats and on life rafts
on the coast some 15 miles above
Eureka. - It was reported that many
of these were women. Through the
long hours of the night, the list of
survivors on these boats was not forth
coming. To those with loved ones
aboard, the suspense was telling, yet
the uncertainty of the thing kept up
the fires of hope.
Those concerned gathered in groups
and speculated on the chances of es
cape, optimistic in the face of reports
that kept growing brighter with each
fresh dispatch. It was argued that in
fair w-eather, most of the passengers
in the upper parts of the ship must
have had ample time to get into the
life boats. But fate plays a strange
game and Just who was saved and Just
who was not, could not be subjected
to legitimate theory. The unsympa
thetic, relentless list of dead and sur
viving, must tell that part of the story.
This complete and correct list should
be at hand by today.
Flood of Anxious Inquiries!
All day long the flood of anxious in
quiries came to every quarter where
Information might be expected. The
telephone bells In the newspaper offices
Jingled incessantly. Men and women,
confused In conflicting emotions of
hope and despair, haunted the news
centers all day, seizing every new scrap
(Concluded on Page 5.)
COL(jnaA VHCW hfri7
MAKES PLEA FOR
Richardson Aims At
tack at Orchard.
KIS STORY NOT CORROBORATED
Promises Pettibone Will Testi
fy in Own Trial.
EXPLANATION OF CRIMES
Explosions Either Dtie to Accident or
Mineowners' Conspiracy Or
chard Dime Novel Hero Pos
ing as a Bad Man.
BOISE, Idaho, July 22. For four hours
and a half today E. F. Richardson
pleaded with the Jury for the life of Wil
liam D. Haywood. Under order of the
court the hours for the day's sessions
were changed and in place of sitting In
the afternoon court met at 6 o'clock this
evening. Judge Wood was informed by
'he jury that the extreme heat of the
courtroom was too trying on some of the
Jurymen and compiled with the request
for a late evening session.
The' preliminary hearing of the case of
Dr. I. L. McGee, one of the witnesses for
the defense, charged with perjury, came
up this afternoon and will be continued
to morrow. Orchard was on the stand for
over an hour and was given a severe
grilling in the cross-examination by Mc
Gee's counsel. The prisoner-witness, how
ever, malntftin'd h! characteristic calm
th, onr'iout. He denied that he was in
the Coeur d'Alenes at the time McGee
swore to a meeting with him at Wallace.
Will Try Aller for Perjury.
C. V. Aller, the other witness for the
defense who Is under perjury charges,
was today bound over for trial in the
Haywood's mother sat beside the
prisoner during Mr. Richardson's, argu
ment; the Invalid wife, daughter and
sister and stepfather completed the
family group, and seven of the battery
of Haywood's counsel were In their
For 15 minutes before Mr. Richardson
began to speak the courtroom had to be
closed this morning against the throng
which sought admission. One woman, who
came early and secured an advantageous
position in the first row, attracted con
siderable attention because of the large
black field glass she held almost con
stantly to her eyes.
Murder Due to Labor War.
Mr. Richardson plunged directly Into
the death of Governor Steunenberg In his
opening sentence. He declared it was
Governor Steunenberg's fortune during
his administration to stand in the fore
front of a labor war In the Ooeur
d'Alenes. Perhaps, he said, the situation
demanded all that the Governor did. Per
haps it did not.
"I do not know," declared Mr. Richard
son, "and I shall not attempt to say. But
at any rate for the' first time in the ad
ministration of American Justice, the bull
pen was called Into being. Men were put
in this bullpen, perhaps as a matter of
necessity, but certainly without due pro
cess of law. Governor Steunenberg's
course was condemned on the one side
and praised on the other, as the mem
bers 'of two hostile camps vjew the mat
ter. "When the death of Governor Steunen
berg was flashed to the world, there was
the Immediate conclusion In nearly all
quarters that there was some connection
between the' Coeur d'Alene troubles and
the bomb which was placed at his gate.
Again hostile camps arose. ' On the one
side it was said the act must have been
done by some man In whose breast per
sonal hatred rankled. The mineowners,
however, were strong In their condemna
tion of the Western Federation of Min
5MVf THE PZZVZO OSf
ers. It has been said here that In soma
quarters there was even an attempt to
Justify the deed.
"I want to say to you gentlemen that
we of the defense do not believe there
is any Justification for such an act. We
shall not attempt to Justify it; we do not
believe it can be Justified from any point
Quick to Blame Federation.
Mr. Richardson then reviewed the event
following the death of ex-Governor
Steunenberg, saying Harry Orchard was
caught almost redhanded In the act. A
Pinkerton detective came to Idaho and
soon had a confession from a man who,
to save his own worthless neck, was
ready to place the blame on others.. The
matter was taken up by that portion of
the press which depends upon the pros
perous and capitalistic classes and the
leaders of the Western Federation of
i f " i
E. P. Richardson, Wbo Began Argu
ment for the Defense In the Hay
wood Trial Yesterday.
Miners were adjudged guilty without a
So far-reaching was this Influence, de
clared Mr. Richardson, that It extended
even to the White House. The attorney
begged the jurors to lay aside any Im
pression they may have had from reading
the newspapers during the past year and
to start with him at the beginning of the
cause and go through the various events
one by one, without feeling or prejudice.
"Do this, so we may Justly determine
In the light of our consciences, illuminat
ed by high heaven. If the man here at the
bar and his co-defendants in the cells
below are guilty of the crimes charged
It is my intention to carry out my argu
ment, if I am not overcome by heat, in
the following order:
Eleven Points in Argument.
"First 1 shall discuss the law as ap
plied to this case and to the presecutlng
"Second I shall discuss the history of
the Western Federation of Miners, as
shown here In the evidence.
"Third I shall discuss the general con
ditions which prevailed in the Coeur
d'Alenes at the time of the Bunker Hill
and Sullivan mill explosion and at Cripple
Creek prior to and during the strike in
"Fourth I shall discuss the series of
the events relied on by the state to prove
a conspiracy against the defendants, Hay
wood. Moyer and Pettibone.
"Fifth I shall devote myself to the as
certainment of the particular offense the
defendants are here on trial for. Re
member, gentlemen, that while the range
of the evidence has covered many fields
and many crimes, there is but one ciiu-ge
In the Indictment, but one offense against
the State of Idaho.
"Sixth I shall consider Mr. Orchard
while under arrest.
"Seventh I shall consider Mr. Orchard
while In the penitentiary.
"Eighth I shall devote myself to the
Impeachment of Mr. Orchard.
"Ninth To the treatment of Mr. Hay
wood, the manner and method of It and
the reasons therefor.
'Tenth I shall devote myself, as I have
been Invited to do, to the reasons why
certain witnesses did not testify for the
prosecution and as to why certain others
did not testify for the defense.
"Eleventh and finally, I shall discuss
this case as It appears before this Jury.
"When I have finished these 11 sub
divisions, I will have done all that I can
do to assist the Jury in arriving at a
proper and just verdict in this cause."
Discussing the law as applied to Or
chard, Mr. Richardson said the corrob-
(Concluded on Page 3.)
SHOT DOWN WHILE
Peter Olson, a Cook, Is
POLICE FIRE THROUGH DOOR
Squad of Seven Obey Com
mand of Captain Bruin.
CONFLICT IN TESTIMONY
Officers Say Man Attempted Suicide.
Olson Began Trouble by Threat
ening to Kill Other. Lodgers
in . North End House.
STORV OF THE SHOOTING IN
Scene Lyon House, Fourth and
Time Ten o'clock last night.
Man wounded Pete Olson, a cook,
50 years of age.
Commander of police squad Cap
tain of Detectives Bruin.
Policemen participating- Patrol
Sergeant Cole. Acting Detective Price,
Probation Officer Hawley. Patrol
men Annundson, Thorpe and Wade.
Shots fired by Olson Probably
three one at Thorpe and Annund
son and two when the squad ad
vanced on his room.
Shots fired by squad Exact num
ber unknown probably seven.
Cause of trouble Jealousy and an
ger over rebuke from fellow lodgers.
Nature of wound In head; proba
bly fatal; chance for recovery.
Acting under orders from Captain of
Detectives Bruin, a squad of seven police
officers fired upon Peter Olson, a cook
50 years of age, in a room of the Lyon
House, Fourth and Flanders streets, at
10 o'clock last night,, and probably fatal-'
ly wounded him. The shots were fired
at random through the door of the room
In which Olson had barricaded himself
to resist arrest on a charge of threaten
ing to kill other Inmates of the lodging
house, and It is not known whose bullet
found its billet. After the door had been
broken down and the smoke had cleared
away, Olson was found stretched out on
the floor, shot in the face. Some of the
police profess to believe tha he may
have shot himself. Ho was armed with
a revolver, two chambers of which wera
Fired on Patrolmen.
Olson had fired one shot through the
door at Policemen Thorpe and Annudson
prior to the arrival of the squad of re
inforcements from police headquarters,
and most of the policemen who did the
shooting assert that he fired two more
when called upon for the last time to
When the polled entered the room
Olson was unable to speak Intelligibly,
though not entirely unconscious. He
continued to mutter meaningless sen
tences while being taken to the Good
Samaritan Hospital in the patrol
wagon, and later began raving
violently, leading the house surgeon to
believe that he had gone Insane.
Policemen Thorpe and Annundson,
(Concluded on Page 7 )
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 70
degrees; minimum temperature. SS de
grees. TODAY'S Fair and continued warmer;
Disaster of the Columbia.
Steamer sunk In collision and T2 lives lost.
Names of over 30 survivor landed at Shelter
Cove unknown. Page I.
Girl's heroic rescue of woman. Page 1.
Survivors coming to Portland on the Elder.
Karl Hau convicted and sentenced to die;
mob howls for acquittal. Page 3.
Leaders of CbiVan conspiracy arreated; ex
Emperor behind plots. Page 3.
More evidence against Msglll. Page .
Machinist prepare for strike on all railroads.
Page 8. -
Proof that telegraph companies have formed
trust. Page 2.
Telegraphers' Union checks supply of new
operators for railroads. Page 2.
Richardson begins argument for Haywood's
defense. Pate 1.
Great expense of Haywood trial. Page 2.
Breen trle In vain to break down Orchard's
nerve at McGee's trial. Page 2.
Zlmmer again Imprisoned for contempt in Glass
trial. Page 2.
nee'ed on Southern Pacific to correct sched
ule for train No. 12 Page 13.
Work on Oregon & W ashington haa not been
abandoned. Page 7.
Portland and Vicinity.
News of Columbia wreck received In Portland
as a local tregedy Pago 1.
Thomas Muirhead. of Portland, watertender on
Columbia, quit steamer in San Francisco
because of presentiment. Page 7.
Seven police shoot and fatally wound cook
who resisted arrest. Page 1. ,
National Irrigation act is constitutionally at
tacked. Pago 16.
Harrlman'5 lieutenant, Julius Krutschnltt de
nies knowledge of magnate's Central Ore
gon plane. Page 1".
Local option puts 32 saloon out of business.
Lease for 1)6 years on H. L. Plttock block Is
closed. Page 10.
Politicians discuss Falrbank's visit to Oregon,