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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XXVI.-XO 14,544.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATLRDAY, JULY 20, 1907.
rillCE FIVE CENTS.
HE SCORES CRIME
WITH HOT WORDS
Hawley Begins Hay
ONE OF WORST OF CRIMINALS
Declares Truth of Orchard's
MAKES DEFENSE FURIOUS
Dsrrow Honrs With Ha go at Attacks
on CUent Judge Wood Rules
Out Evidence of Mine-
BOISE, Idaho, July 19. The field for
argument both tor the prosecution and
defense of William D. Haywood has
been limited by Judge Wood, who In
a decision handed down today re
moved from consideration by the Jury
all evidence, bearing on the alleged
conspiracy by mlneowners and others
against the Western Federation of
Miners. Judge Wood, decided that the
defense of Haywood had made no legal
connection of the Mlneowners' Asso
ciation, the Citizen' Alliance, of Col
orado, and the Plnkerton Detective
Agency with the crimes as laying a
foundation for the evidence introduced
by the defense to show that the charge
against Haywood and his co-defendants
is the outcome of a conspiracy to ex
terminate the Federation.
Immediately following the an
nouncement of this decision, argument
commenced. J. H. Hawley, leading
counsel for the state, spoke for two
hours and 15 minutes of the afternoon
session, the morning session having
been adjourned to enable the Judge
to prepare his decision. Governor
Frank Gooding, ex-Governor Morrison,
a number of the officers of the state
administration. Captain James MePar
land, Julian, P. Steunetwg,. ion of
the murdered ex-Governor, and at large
gathering of members of the bar of
Idaho and adjoining states were
Ha-wley Waxes Eloquent.
Mr. Hawley, who has been 111 for
several days as the result of the strain
of the long trial, commenced his ad
dress In a voice almost inaudible to
any one except the jury. -Warming to
his subject this afternoon, his voice
lost all trace of weakness. His ad
dress after the opening statement. In
which he explained that he had "none
of the grace of words that constitute
an orator," was at times eloquently
impassioned, but withal a plain an
alysis of the evidence. He charac
terized the case as the "most important
ever given to a Jury in the United
States," and urged the jury to a ser
ious consideration of the responsibility
placed upon it. His denunciation of
the defendant and his co-consplrators
as the "worst band of criminals that
ever Infested any section of this
county" was forceful, and his eulogy
of Steunenberg eloquent in the ex
treme. Mr. Hawley described Orchard's
story as truthful, not only because of
the manner ,ln which It was told but
because It had been corroborated In
every important detail.
Counsel for the defense repeatedly
interrupted Mr. Hawley with protests
and objections, but these only seemed
to stir him to greater efforts. Once
or twice he turned to Clarence Dar
row and forced him to vent a roar of
anger, and another time he said:
'It does not He in the mouth of
counsel to find excuse for these awful
Jury Must Not Shirk Duty.
Mr. Hawley conluded this afternoon
with the statement that already he
had shown enough to convict and that
any Juryman not willing to convict on
the evidence connecting the conspi
rators with the blowing up of the
Bunker Hill & Sullivan concentration in
1S99 and the explosion at the Vin
dicator mine in 1903 alone "sought
only to rid himself of an unpleasant
duty to his state."
Mr. Hawley will continue his argu
ment tomorrow. Judge Wood has
notified counsel for the defense that he
expects argument for their side to
commence on Monday.
HAWLEY OPENS HIS ARGUMENT.
Declares Orchard's Story True and
Denounces Inner Circle.
BOISB, Idaho, July 19. Immediately af
ter the court's decision striking out evi
dence of the defense to show that the
crimes In Colorado 'to which Orchard con
fessed were the result of a mlneowners'
conspiracy had been filed, James H. Haw
ley began the opening argument for the
state In the Haywood trial. He congrat
ulated the Jury upon reaching the end of
what he termed the most Important crim
inal case which has ever passed Into the
hands of any Jury In the United States.
All that the state desired, he declared,
was that equal and exact Justice should
The attorney plunged almost immedi
ately Into the confession of Harry Or
chard, upon which the people presented
their case. He characterized the story as
the most extraordinary recital ever heard
In a courtroom. There was no attempt
at concealment, and the story was told In
a way wblch Impressed one with Its truth
and carried conviction. He continued:
Orchard's Story Proved True.
Harry Orchard told hla story in no spirit
of boastfulness. nor did he tell it In a spirit
of revenue. I say to you. gentlemen, that
Harry Orchard has no more hope in hla
future than he haa pride In hla past. He
expects no earthly reward. In the light of
an awakened conscience he told the truth,
with no dealre to shield) himself or anyone
Mr. Hawley asserted that the truth of
Orchard's story. Instead of being shaken,
was strengthened by the cross-examination
of B. F. Richardson, of the defense.
a cross-examination unparalleled in its
fierceness and length. Sin-stained crim
inal though he was, Mr. Hawley asserted
that Orchard's story stood the test of fire
and left the impress of truth upon all
who heard It.
The Btate, Mr. Hawley said, had corrob
orated all of the Important details of Or-
Louis Glass. Vice-President of Pa- 7
elfle States Telephone Telegraph I
Company, on Trial for Bribing ?
San Francisco Supervisors. J
chard's testimony. The contradictions
from the defense came only from wit
nesses who had been parties to the con
fessed crimes or proved perjurers. He ex
pressed the belief that Orchard's story
would bring to Justice "the worst set of
conspirators that ever Infested any sec
tion of the United States."
All Conspirators' Guilt Equal.
Referring to the laws of conspiracy, Mr.
Hawley said that. If a combination Is
shown to exist, every person connected
with it is equally guilty with all the oth
ers for every act, deed or utterance grow
ing out of the conspiracy. '
As to the method of bringing Moyer,
Haywood and Pettlborie to Idaho from
Colorado, Mr. Hawley said the course
adopted was the only one open to the
prosecution and had been passed .upon by
the highest court In the land. Counsel for
the defense would dwell upon the matter,
he said, but it would merely be an effort
to divert the minds of the jurors from the
real Issue Involved and to Incite possible
Ill-will In their minds against the prose
cution or some member of It.
Under the laws of the State of Idaho,
an accessory to a murder Is regarded In
the same light as the murderer himself,
and, if absent In body at the time of the
commission of the crime. Is regarded by
the. law as being present In spirit. The
presence of the defendants in the State
of Idaho at the time of the death of Gov
ernor Steunenberg was sworn to by the
County Attorney In the light of that law.
Pricks Opponents to Protest.
Mr. Hawley, taking up the crimes con
fessed to by Orchard, went first into the
details of the wanton blowing up of the
Bunker Hill & Sullivan mill In Northern
Idaho. In 1898,. and the destruction of
$250,000 worth of property. No member of
the union ever uttered a word In condem
nation of that mob. No word of condem
nation ever appeared in the Miners' Mag
azine, Mr. Hawley declared, and was In
terrupted by Mr. Darrow, of the defense,
who asserted that no such evidence was
in the record. There was a rapid ex.
change of personalities between Mr. Haw
ley on the one side and Mr. Richardson
and Mr. Darrow on the other, during
which the former accused Mr. Darrow of
having made assertions In his opening ad
dress to the Jury, which had .not. been
borne out in any particular in the ev.
Mr. Hawley grew eloquent In the de
nunclatton of the perpetrators of the Bun
ker Hill & Sullivan outrage. He said
counsel for the defense would endeavor to
arouse sympathy for the men put in the
military bullpen and to incite hatred
toward the ' prosecution because of the
bullpen. It was as an outgrowth of this
that Frank Steunenberg lost his life, A
to the men who were placed in the stock
ade. Mr. Hawley proclaimed them fortu
nate indeed that they escaped ascending
uio ocanoia. .tie said :
Davis' Unnecessary Lie.
We expected that Bill Davis. Bill Alkman,
Bill Easterly and all the others Implicated
-J ' ... .10 srtTn crimes would oome
here and deny the charges. And In my
nean, gentlemen, j. cannot blame them even
for perjuring themselves. It la human n-
ture for a man to lie to save himself under
such circumstances. But Bill Davla told
an unnecessary falsehood when he said he
was not on the train or wasn't at "Wardner
the day the Bunker Hill was blown up. It
waa abaolutely absurd. In view of the tes
timony which haa been here adduced.
Would Not Stop at Anything.
Mr. Hawley said the Vindicator ex
plosion clearly showed the responsibility
of Haywood and his subordinates for the
crime. "And men," he asserted, "who
would conspire to commit such an act as
this would. If they could, have sent a
carload of unprepared men to their death
and would not hesitate to murder the
ex-Governor of the state of Idaho if it
suited their purpose or asstBted. in carry
ing out their plans. And, gentlemen,
a juror who Is not content with such
evidence as we have adduced In relation
to the Vindicator Is looking for an Oppor
tunity to rid himself of the consequences
of an unpleasant verdict and Is not actu-
' Concluded on Pass i-X
Troops Mutiny and
?MNY OF INVADERS KILLED
Japanese Troops Guard Seoul
and Restore Order.
MOB DISPERSED BY STORM
Emperor Issues Decree of Abdication
Yielding: Crown to Son Japan
Still Not Satisfied About
Delegation to Hague.
TOKIO, July 20, afternoon. Reports
from Seoul state that four machine
ITU n a are now at the Tal Hau acute.
Should the Corer.n soldiers repeat yes
terday's behavior by firing on the Jap
anese police, the Japnneae ' troops will
not hesitate to retaliate.
8EOUL, Cores, July 19, 6 P. M. A
company of Corean troops mutinied an
hour ago, escaped from the barracks
without Its officers and attacked a police
station on the main street at the Great
Bell. After firing several N volleys, the
soldiers scattered, continuing a desultory
firing and attacking Individual Japanese.
They were Joined by the populace, who
used stones and clubs.
Two wounded Japanese have already
reached the hospital in the Japanese
quarter, where the Japanese are flocking
for refuge. The correspondent of, the
Associated Press, while on the scene,
noted seven Japanese and four Coreans
dead, and three Japanese and two
General Hasegawa is sending dis
mounted cavalry to reinforce the police,
who are now searching for the mutineers.
The military have been ordered out,
While at the residency general an out
break of the people was discredited. Gen
eral - Hasegawa's " apprehension' has., been
fulfilled In the emeute of the Emperor's
RAIN DISPERSES THE MOBS
Many Japanese Killed and Wounded.
Troops Guard City. '
SEOUL, Cores, July 19. 9 P. M. The
city became quiet at nightfall and Is
now under military patrol. A heavy rain
following the outbreak of today was
largely instrumental In dispersing the
crowds. Traffic has been stopped and
the Japanese shops are guarded.
The police report that 25 Japs were
killed and wounded in today's rioting.
The causualtles among the Coreans are
unknown. An official Japanese report
ascribes the shooting today to Corean
soldiers, who could not be controlled by
The noise of the firing and the news
that casualties had resulted greatly
alarmed the Emperor, who at 7 o'clock
tonight sent by the Minister of Justice
a long apologetio message to Marquis
Ito to the effect that he regretted that
Lkla . - .
Bui ot ctwt
HAKRIMAN "I GOT THAT
THE DETHRONED EMFEBOR. .
The kingdom of Corea was founded
in the year 1122 B. C. by Kl-tse, a
Chinese noble who fled from 'China
with S0O0 followers and made Ling
yang his capital. The first authentic
history la of the Chinese annexation
In 108 B. C. In 1392 A. D. the
present dynasty' was founded by Le
Tan, leader of a revolt against the
Buddhist hierarchy, who expelled the
The first Japanese invaalon began'
In 1507, but after alx yeara' popular
resistance, the Coreana, aided by the
Chinese, drove out the Invaders.
In 10S7 theCoreana were forced to
acknowledge the suzerainty of the
newly established Manchu dynasty of
In 1784 the Christian religion was
The Emperor, Just deposed, whose
name la Tl-Hevl, became King In
1864 at the age of 12 years, hla
father, NI Kung, being regent. The
latter tried to drive out the foreign
era and excluded any new ones. In
1868 the burning of the American '
schooner General Sherman cauaed an
expedition under Admiral Rodgers to
be sent to Seoul, where It silenced
the forts, but gained no concessions.
The first concessions to foreign
trade were obtained by Japan In 1876,
a treaty with the United States was
made In 1882, and thereafter the ad
mission of foreigners and modern
Ideas proceeded rapidly.
Th war between Japan and China
in 1804-5 waa provoked by Chlna'e
re-assertlon of her ahadowy suzerain
ty over Corea. After the success of
Japan, the King proclaimed hla in
dependence and aasumed the title of
Ruaalan encroachmenta on tha
northern frontier cauaed the Russo
Japanese "War of 1904-5, which ended
with ' the treaty of Portsmouth,
whereby Japan's preponderating In
terests ln Corea were recognized.
Japan had seized possession of the
country during the war and estab
lished a protectorate with Marqula
Ito as Resident-General at Seoul.
The Emperor sent protests to the
United States and other foreign
, powers without avail and the final
sending of a delegation to The Hague
conference precipitated the present
his Ignorant subjects had caused violent
commotion. He therefore relied upon
Marquis Ito to take measures necessary
to prevent further trouble.
After the emeute Marquis Ito called
upon General Hasekawa to take military
charge of the city, Japanese troops
have been offered for the safeguarding
of foreign consulates In Seoul.
RIOTING BREAKS OUT AXEW
Japanese Artillery Used to Terrify
Rioters Into Submission.
TOKIO, July 20. Later telegrams from
Seoul state that some collisions have oc
curred between the Japanese police and
rioters, and that the Japanese police
were fired upon. Some were wounded on
both sides. The trouble was immediately
suppressed by . the appearance of Jap
anese artillery, which apparently terri
fied the rioters.
An extra edition of a Corean dally say
ing that the Emperor would be carried
away to Japan Is causing excitement.
JAPAN NOT QUITE SATISFIED
Wants Guarantee ex-Emperor Will
Not Interfere Again.
TOKIO, July 19. The Japanese press is
this morning generally sympathetic with
the retired Corean Emperor as an Indi
vidual, but none regrets the act of abdi
cation. In the absence of the official text, it Is
commented that there is doubt whether
the abdication means a complete non-ln-
(Concluded on Page 2.)
MILK OUT OF THAT COW, AND I'VE
Companies and Union
Agree to Arbitrate.
RECOGNITION NOW FOR UNION
Government Mediation Wins at
RETURN TO WORK IS VOTED
San Francisco Men Almost Unani
mously Accept Compromise Offer.
Small Calls Halt on All the
Strike Talk In the East,
SAX FRANCISCO, July 19. After being
on Just a month, the strike of the tele
graph operators In the Oakland and San
Francisco offices of the Western Union
and Postal Telegraph Companies was
settled this afternoon. The operators
almost unanimously voted to return to
work under the same conditions and sal
aries as prevailed when they went on
strike and to arbitrate their grievances
and differences, as provided for In the
compromise offer contained in the letter
from Colonel R. C. Clowry of June 20.
By the terms of the agreement signed
by I. N. Miller, assistant general super
intendent of the Western Union, L.
W. Storrer, general superintendent
of the Postal, and National
President S. J. Small for the telegraph
ers, both companies are to re-employ
without prejudice all telegraphers who
were on strike, and the question of In
creased wages Is to be taken up after
resumption of work. The employes of
each company will appoint a representa
tive and the company one, the two to
select a third, who will constitute the
arbitration committee. In the event of
the two failing to agree on the third ar
bitrator, the latter Is to be named by
the chairman of the Interstate Com
merce Commission and the Labor Com
Companies Recognize Union.
While the telegraph companies do not
openly recognize the union and Insist up.
on dealing with their own employes, the
fact that representatives of the com
panies signed an agreement with Mr.
Small is regarded by the operators as a
recognition of their organization. About
250 operators who were involved will re
turn to work Monday morning.
Mr. Small today sent the following
telegram to ' General Secretary-Treasurer
Wesley Russell at Chicago:
Communicate promptly with all local offi
cers and aay the settlement of the San
Francisco trouble Is entirely satisfactory to
ua, and urge them to caution members
against further atrlke talk. Under the
terms of the New York Clowry-Nelll agree
ment and the San Francisco agreement,
we can adjust any grievances that exist.
I will lBsue a statement to the memberahlp
along these lines when I return to Chicago.
I have confidence in the good Judgment of
our members and appreciate their confidence
In their general officers.
Puts End to Strike Talk.
Mr. Small said:
The terms of settlement are entirely sat-
NEVE B FED HER 05CE."
lsfactory to the telegrapher. We -were not
fighting for the signing of & union con
tract. All we desired waa the acknowledg
ment of our right to organize and the privi
lege of adjusting grievances through com
mittees of employes. This we have secured.
The settlement of the San Francisco
strike has far-reaching significance. It will
put a quietus on strike talk throughout the
country. The vote of the members present
at today's meeting waa 103 In favor of ac
cepting and four for rejecting the com
promise proposition. It Is a happy coinci
dence that the strike ended on July 19.
just 24 years after the date on which the
biggest telegraphers strike In history was
NO AGREEMENT TO KAISE PAY
Clowry and Storrer Say Operators
Return at Former Rates.
NEW YORK, July 19.-ColoneI Robert
C. Clowry, president and general manager
of the Western Union Telegraph Com
pany, this afternoon issued the following:
The differences between the "Western
Pmmm, Hmivl DnkMAil TavLw.
New Mayor of San Francisco.
Union Telegraph Company and Its former
employes at San Francisco and Oakland
have been settled. On June 21 a portion of
the "Western Union operators at San Fran
cisco and Oakland quit work without notice.
About one-thlxd of the force remained on
duty, and all of those who Quit were rein.
stated on their Individual application at
their former compensation. Additions were
promptly made to the force from other of
fices, and, except for a short time, the
traffic of the company haa been moved
promptly. The company will re-employ all
reliable and efficient oDeratora who left the
service on their Individual application and
at the aalarlea paid when they quit work.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 19. Superinten
dent Storrer of the Postal Telegraph
Company and Manager O'Brien .of the
Western Union declared today that their
companies had made no agreement with
the operators in regard to an Increase in
wages. The men win be- taken back on
precisely the same terms that applied
when they went out on strike.
LOCAL OPERATORS' SATISFIED
Union Is Recognized and Confident
In Result of Arbitration.
Local telegraph operators are elated
over the terms by which a settlement
is made in the difficulty at San Fran
clsco. . With the agreement that has
been subscribed to by the Western
Union officials and President Small,
representing the operators, they are
satisfied, feeling confident that any In
telllgent board of arbitration that may
be selected will not fall, after properly
(Concluded on Page 2.)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, S3
degrees; minimum. 07.
TODAY'S Increasing cloudiness, possibly
followed by mowers; cooler; southwest
Blotlng In Seoul reaulta from abdication of
Corean Emperor. Page 1.
Sensational Incidents In trial of , Hau.
Corean delegate at The Hague denounces
Japanese, but other delegates favor Jap
an. Page 0.
Land Office demands evidence against sus
pended Oregon land entries. Page 4.
Mo Increase In fees for grazing on National
forests. . ' Page 4.
Naval Board reports cause of Georgia ex
plosion. Page 2.
Senator Crane's Intrigues against Rooaevelt
cauae open feud. Page 1.
Appointment of new Mayor causes revol
tlon In Loulavllle. Page 8.
Telegraph operatora' atrlke settled by agree
ment to arbitrate. Page 1.
Hill proposes new Burlington deal to give
Northern Pacific fair dividend. Page 8.
Elks consider plan to stop alaughter of elk
. to get teeth. Page 8.
Judge Wood excludes evidence of mlneown
era' conspiracy and Hawley begins argu
ment In Haywood trial. Page 1.
Heney wins victory on admission of evidence
In Glass trial. Page 2.
Chautauqua sessions close tonight at Glad
atone Park. Page .
Mazamas go on foot from Detroit to Mount
Jefferson. Page 6.
Oregon Supreme Court Judges contrlubte to
prohibition causa. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity.
High Harrlman offlciale go Into Central
Oregon to Inspect routea for new lines.
Bltullthlo Paving Company wins Irvlngton
district fight before Executive Board.
Secretary Straus will arrive this morning
from Sound. Page 11.
Employers Liability and Casualty Insurance
Companies raise ratea in Paclflo North
west. Page 10.
Reorganization of Police Detective Depart
ment begun by reduction of Hill and Mal
let to ranks. Page 10.
Commercial said Marine.
California sends orders to Oregon for cheese.
Wheat loaea over a cent at Chicago. Page 15.
Lifting of stock prlcea difficult task.
General trade better than usual In mld
aummer. Page 14.
Portland wins ten-inning contest frtm Baa
Francisco, 7 to 8, Pag 7.
I ? - . ,i s I
I '' A I
Pussy -Foot Works
ORGANIZING THE INTERESTS
Has Aided in Launching All
WORSE THAN OPEN ENEMY
Roosevelt Cuts Off His Patronage
Pap and Pussy-Foot Will Scratch
and Spit Cunning Disguise
Is Rudely Torn Off.
WASHINGTON, July 19. (Special.) Art
open feud between President Roosevelt
and Senator Wlnthrop Murray Crane of
Massachusetts Is believed to be imminent
and. If It be waged with vigor, which is
likely to be the case, the country will be
treated to a highly Interesting and divert
ing contest between now and the actual
opening of the Presidential campaign.
Mr. Crane, the softest treading pussy
foot in the upper branch of Congress at
this particular period, wants to be a big
figure In the Republican National conven
tion next year. The administration long
bas been possessed of this knowledge, and
furthermore, has believed that the Crane
Influence would be baneful to the Inter
ests of the elements which want to nomi
nate a candidate of the Roosevelt type
Reports from Massachusetts indicate
that the administration already is taking'
steps to check the Influence of Mr. Crane
in his own state and thereby prevent hlra
from cutting as much of a figure as he
might in the ante-convention campaign.
It Is stated that patronage Is being dis
pensed with this end In view, the object
being to concentrate power In the hands
of Senator Lodge to every extent possible.
The Junior Senator, it is reported, bas
felt the alleged slight put upon him In
patronage matters, and appreciates the
reasons and Intends to fight back. So
watch for ayarks. explosions and earth
tremors from the old commonwealth.
In pretty much everything political that
has happened In or outside the Senate
since the Presidential accession question
was opened from the Taft-Foraker em
brogllo in Ohio to the Knox boom
launching in Pennsylvania Murray
Crane has sought to have a
hand. Several months ago persons
close to the administration warned
Republicans that tha men most to be
feared In connection with the ' next Na
tional convention were not the open and
avowed enemies of the administration
policies but men like Murray Crane, who
Insinuatingly play for harmony and com
promise but would pull the wool over the
eyes of the delegates and secure the nomi
nation of a man who would overthrow
everything for which the President stands.
LYNCHING IS PREVENTED
SOLDIERS SCATTER POSSE IN
' LOUISIANA TOWN.
Military Commander In Charge of.
Situation Requests 3Ioro Troops,
Which ArrlTe in Time.
HAKNVILLB, La-, July 19. A hurry or
der for more troops to guard the Italian,
prisoners who were threatened with lynch
ing was given tonight by Major Wheat,
in command of the militia here. ,
"Rush me troops. Expect trouble any
There Is a rumor here that a mob will
attempt to reach this place from New
Orleans, and this is believed to be tha
cause of Major Wheat's order.
Two companies of militia guard the
Jail, while nearly 100 men are picketed '
along the road and all approaches.
2 A. M. A posse of about 100 armed
men arrived here by train about 2 o'clock
this morning, bent on lynching, but were
dispersed by the militia without a con
flict. MRS. FAIRBANKS IN PERIL
Auto Carrying Vice-President's Wife
Goes Into Ditch.
AMSTERDAM. N. T., July 20. Mrs.
Charles W. Fairbanks, wife of the Vice
President and other members of an suto
moblle party have been in an accident
25 miles west of here, but all escaped
without serious Injury. The loss of a tlra
ditched the machine.
TOWN IS WIPED OFF MAP
Connellsvllle, O., Destroyed by
Flood Xo Loss of Life.
ZANESVILLE, O., July 19.-ronnells-ville,
a town of 300 inhabitants, eight
miles south of this city, has been almost
wiped off the map by a flood. No lives
have been reported lost. t
The property loss will be large.