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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XL.V1.-X). 14,472.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1907.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Baker Accuses Him, of
MOTIVE FOR LAND FRAUDS
Had Consuming Ambition to
RELATIVES AT PUBLIC CRIB
Government Salaries Vsed to Pay
Debts to Hermann Draws Ex
pense Money While Conspiring
With the Land Thieves.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. April 25. Time and again during
his closing argument to the jury District
Attorney Baker today branded Blnger
Hermann as a liar; time and again he
gave him a certificate that would entitle
him to membership In the Ananias Club.
Without pity, Mr. Baker tore Hermann's
character to shreds. Mercilessly he laid
bare to the jury the shortcomings of the
man which were exposed when he was
under cross-examination, and all to show
that Hermann is the type of man who
would be guilty of entering into the land
conspiracy which the prosecution under
took to prove against him.
Mr. Baker's arraignment was severe. It
was unexpectedly caustic. It showed that
he had not failed to grasp the significance
, of the slightest Incident of the trial.
Cleverly he wove together various bits of
testimony, but most of all he bullded on
Hermann's own confessions.
Hermann Winces When Flayed.
Hermann was visibly moved by the ar
raignment. Again and again he winced as
Mr. 13akT flayed nim; quick he was to
prompt his own counsel when Mr. Baker
made a slip. Through t!ie terrible ordeal
the calmest person in the courtroom was
Hermann's wife, who sat by his side and
not once changed expression.
Out of the mass of testimony taken
during the past 11 weeks Mr. Baker sifted
the salient points. He graciously attrib
uted Hermann's many alleged misdeeds to
his predominant desire to break Into the
United States Senate. It was to further
this ambition that he arrayed himself
with the land thieves men with a polit
ical pull for this purpose, and to get his
share of the swag.
Ambition to Be Senator.
"His chief ambition," said Mr. Baker,
"was to be Senator. To gain that end
he was willing to give up every acre of
public land in Oregon, but he was not
giving up any of his own money to In
crease his chance of getting Into the up
per house of Congress. He was making
the Government pay the bill."
Mr. Baker alluded to the character
witnesses who appeared for Hermann id
declared that they were placed on the
stand to show reputation, not character.
"Of course Hermann's reputation was
good." declaied Mr. Buker. "Were it oth
erwise, two Presidents would not have
appointed him Land Commissioner."
Mr. Baker then pointed out the vast
difference between character and reputa
tion." Hermann's character was forming,"
lie eaid. "at the time he was receiver of
. the Roseburg Land Office; the time he
unlawfully acquired public land. His
character never changed," he added.
Hermann's Thrifty Ways.
Taking up Hermann's thrift and his
solicitude for his relatives, he sarcastical
ly reviewed the defendant's admissions
and scored him severely for having ap
pointed his relatives In order that they,
with their Government salaries, might
pay off obligations which they owed him.
"No other Government official ever
appointed so many relatives as Her
mann," he declared. "He appointed them
later he alluded to Hermann", double
self when at Roseburg he appeared before
the Land Office as entryman under the
guise of "B. Hermann," and passed on
his own entries as "Binger Hermann."
"Blnger Hermann." he said to the Jury,
"Is a remarkable man. not because he
forgets or remembers, but because his
memory is so convenient. It tits In and
dovetails Just where it will do the most
Told Deliberate Falsehoods.
Reference was made to Mr.- Worthlng
ton's roll of dishonor, "thirteen liars, per
jurers and thieves." Mr. Baker quoted.
He said that, after hearing the story of
the defendant. It became necessary to add
one name to the roll of dishonor. "And
why?" Mr. Baker remarked. "Because
. he deliberately and unqualifiedly told you
falsehoods while upon the stand, and you
know It." Mr. Baker taunted
Hermann because he failed to
bring from Oregon witnesses who manl
' festly knew of facts bearing on his case,
his reference being particularly aimed
at F. P. Mays. Mr. Baker did not over
look Hermann's action In compelling
Harry C. Robertson, his congressional
clerk, to surrender more than half his
Touching further upon "Hermann's
thrift. Mr. Baker called attention to the
fact that the defendant, when Commls
" doner, drew $3 per day from the Gov
ernment In addition to his salary when
on vacation in Oregon, "and on these
vacations he conferred with F. P. Mays
and others regarding their schemes to
defraud the Government out of its land."
His Telegram to Mays.
Mr. Baker dwelt at great length on Her
mann's famous telegram to Mays, tipping
off to him the" order creating the Blue
Mountain reserve. He showed the utter
failure of Hermann to reasonably explain
that the telegram shows that Hermann's
own testimony on that point was flatly
contradictory and made it manifest that
Hermann had concealed what he must
have known to be the truth about it
He accused Hermann of having lied
about that telegram when on the stand.
He cited other bits of Hermann's testi
mony to show that he time and again
Hermann had identified many letters
on blue letterheads and declared them
to be personal because blue letterheads
were used only by the Commissioner.
The Mays telegram was on a blue letter
head, but af the' Government rate, and
Hermann himself declared the telegram
to be official.
"If that telegram, paid for by the Gov-
f i , J j
h tkJ I
H - I I'
r Y a?
1" s .... J I
New Shah of Persia, Ftrat Head or
a Constitutional Government In
Any Mohammedan Country.
ernment, was official, why. were not
thousands of letters, also on blue 'letter
heads and sent through the mails under
the Government frank, also official?"
Mr. Baker will conclude tomorrow
about noon, and it Is expected that the
Judge will charge the jury early In the
afternoon. ; .
HE STOLE S4Q0.000 BONDS
TRIED TO FORCE TRUST COM
PANY TO TERMS.
AH Plunder Recovered or Located.
Rumors That Dennett Hid Se
curities Under Floor.
NEW YORK. April 25. The World to
morrow will say ;
"It . was . learned yesterday that the
amount of bonds stolen from the Trust
Company of America by William O.
Douglas, the assistant loan clerk, was
In excess of $400,000. All of those bonds
are now In the possession of the trust
company or have been located.
'.'It was 4eamed that the major part
of the stolen bonds was taken from the
strong box of the company by Douglas
shortly before he fled on Friday last.
His purpose In doing this. It was admitted
yesterday, was to compel the company to
overlook his smaller thefts If he should
return this block."
That a prominent Boston lawyer Is to
figure In further proceedings in con
nection with, the arrest of Douglas and
Dennett was persistently reported in Wall
street today. He is reported to have
urged Douglas to take about $1,000,000
worth, of bonds and turn them over to
When President Thome, of the Trust
Company, was asked today whether crim
inal proceedings will be taken against a
third man, he replied that so far as he
knew the arrests of Dennett and Douglas
ended the search for the men alleged to
have taken part inxthe theft.
There are numerous rumors ' that many
of the missing bonds have bf n found
to day secreted under the floor 4 of Den
nett's office in Wall street. District At
torney Jerome and his assistant. Mr. Mur
phy, both refused to confirm this, al
though admitting that there were inter
esting phases of the robbery under con
sideration. They were hard at work in
vestigating, they said, and hoped to de
velop something. Dennett's office was
searched today by detectives. This much
! Is admitted, but that "several thousand
dollars' worth of bonds had been recov
ered was flatly denied.
Attorneys for Douglas failed to raise
10,000 bail today and Douglas remained
in the Tomhs.
CANNOT WIPE OUT SHAME
Judge-Advocate's Severe Words on
Major Fremont's Deeds.
NEW -YORK, April 23. The case of
Major Francis P. Fremont, who has been
on trial before a courtmartial here for
some time on a charge of conduct unbe
coming an officer and a gentleman, as a
result of certain financial transactions,
was completed and submitted to the full
court today. The verdict of the court will
be reported to Major-General F. D. Grant,
after which It may be made public. .
In submitting the case to the court the
Judge-Advocate, after saying that some
of the charges had been proven by the
evidence, concluded, by saying:
"Should he pay his debts today. It would
not wipe out the disgrace which attaches
to Major Fremont's effort, to evade the
payment of his debts and would only be
an excuse for clemency."
Methodist Women Meet.
HOUSTON. April 23. The Women's
Home Mission Board of the Metho
dist Episcopal Churoh South, opened Its
annual meeting here tonight. Delegates
are here from almost every conference of
the church south of the Ohio River, and
from the Pacliic Coast,
OPEN GREAT FAIR
Imposing Naval Display
WARSHIPS OF GREAT NATIONS
Review to Celebrate White Do
minion in America.
TWO SQUADRONS ARRIVE
British and Austrlans Join Marine
Armament in Hampton Roads.
Roosevelt and Family Sail
FOUNDATION OF JAMESTOWN.
. Today marks the opening- of tho
Jamestown Exposition, held to com
memorate the settlement of the first
colony of English-speaking people on
the . American continent. On April
26, 1607, the three small vessels,
Sarah Constant. Good Epeed and. the
pinnace Discovery entered Chesa
peake Bay, and on May 13 landed
their 80 passengers on the island in
James River, some 35 miles from the
site of the exposition of today.
NORFOLK, Va., April 25. With Presi
dent Roosevelt as the guest, and with
diplomatic and military, officials from all
the more Important nations of the world
In attendance, the Jamestown Ter-Cen-tennlal
Exposition will be thrown open
to the public tomorrow. Every steamer
and every train reaching Norfolk to
night brought many visitors. The city
is decorated as seldom before and the
Governor of Virginia has proclaimed to
morrow a holiday In this vicinity. Fair
and cool weather is predicted, and, as
the details of the programme of- land
and water ceremonies have all been care
fully worked out, the exposition manage
ment Is looking forward to the opening
tomorrow as forming a notable epoch
in the history of tidewater Virginia.
Roosevelt to Open Fair.
Mr. Roosevelt, who left Washington
this afternoon on board the Mayflower,
Is expected to arrive off Fort Monroe
tomorrow morning shortly after 8 o'clock.
He will immediately review the fleet
of foreign " and American warships now
at anchor in Hampton Roads. This Im
posing ceremony and a brief reception to
the flag officers on board the Mayflower
ended, the President will set out for the
shore, landing on the exposition grounds
at 11 o'clock. He will be driven at once
to the review stand on Dee's parade
ground, a magnificent ground skirted by
blossoming apple trees, and will there
deliver the opening and dedicatory ad
dress of the exposition. Mr. Roosevelt
will conclude by pressing a gold button
as a signal for the formal opening of
all the finished departments .of the en
terprise. '. The President and his immediate party
will then receive several hundred Invited
guests in the Auditorium - building and
after this function will be entertained
at lunch. He will return to the review
:: fr" 'ED . '
ing stand during the afternoon to wit
ness the land parade of soldiers and
sailors, several companies of the latter
being landed from the foreign vessels.
This will conclude the opening cere
monies. British and Austrlans Arrive.
Today witnessed the arrival of the most
formidable of the visiting warship squad
rons. The Austrian ships Saint George
and Aspern and the British cruiser squad
ron, composed of the Good Hope, the Ar
gyll, ' the Hampshire and the Roxburg,
passed In the capes within a few hours of
each other. With saluting cannon and
dipping flags, they cruised slowly up
Hampton Roads to the position assigned
them on the naval rendezvous grounds.
The flagship Connecticut, of the American
fleet, exchanged salutes ' with the Saint
George and the Good Hope, and later Ad
miral Sir George Neville, of the British
squadron, and Commodore Hermann Ples
cott, of the Austrian squadron, put out
in small boats to visit Rear-Admiral Rob-
' , -Vi i
fi r -i i Axmitrim inriiri n itfm"rr i i I
William Loeb, Private secretary to
President Roosevelt, Whose Res
ignation to Become President of
Washington Railway A Electric .
Co., Xs Rumored.
ley D. Evans, of the Connecticut. They
were warmly, welcomed and had hardly,
gone over the side to return to their own
flagships when the American commander
was in his launch returning the official
call of courtesy.
Contrast of Gray and White.
With dull gray sides and smoky black
funnels, the visiting ships were sharply
marked in contrast to the American ships,
resplendent in new coats of immaculate
white Wiut. The arrival of "the BriWins
and Aiistrians, who had. been, preceded
two days by the German squadron and
the Argentine ship Sarmlento, lent im
measurably to the attractiveness) of the
naval display arranged for the opening
days of the exposition, and will make of
tomorrow's review the notable event of
the inaugural ceremonies.
The steamer Jamestown, from Wash
ington, bearing the Congressional delega
tion to the exposition, arrived at Old
Point Comfort tonight. The steamer New
port News, with the diplomatic and naval
and military attaches of the foreign em
bassies and legations on board, will ar
rive early tomorrow morning and disem
bark her distinguished passengers at the
exposition grounds. T v .
Fair Is Far From Complete.
The day before, the opening finds the
management of the big enterprise strain
ing every energy to put the grounds and
buildings in presentable shape for the in
augural ceremonies. Several thousand la
borers were engaged today - clearing - the
streets which are to be- traversed tomor
row by the President and his . party
and by the military organizations which
will participate in the ceremonies. Not
withstanding the rush of work beng car-
(Concluded on Page '6.)
LOOKS EASY TO RIDE, BUT
Revelation to Illinois
STEEL HANDCUFFS AND CHAINS
Idiotic Children Born to Pa
tients 'in Asylums.
BUILDINGS FULL OF VERMIN
Horrible Conditions in County Instl.
tutions Cause Governor to De
mand Reform, Under Threat
of an Extra Session.
CHICAGO, April 23. (Special.) Sensa
tional revelations of the horrors ' of
county Insane asylums, including the
chaining of young girls, forcing patients
to sleep in coffin-like boxes and subjecting
women to indescribable Indignities, have
aroused such Indignation that Governor
Deneen announces he will call a special
session "of the Legislature if the present
session- does not appropriate sufficient
funds to place the insane patients in
charge of the state.
Some of .the revolting conditions that
are set forth in the report to the Gov
: Only Some of the Horrors.
That steel handcuffs, barred cells, cages,
padlocks and ankle-chains are In use, girls
20 years old being . found In steel cages
with their ankles chained.
That insane women in many institu
tions bear illegitimate and Idiotic chil
dren. That in most Institutions there are no
facilities for bathing, and in some of the
places the patients have not had baths
for 18 years. In' others bathing is ' op
tional. In BtiH others there is but one
bathtub, and that used optionally by both
That a majority of the county lnstitiir
Hons are vermin-ridden, have no ventila
tion, use filthy bedclothes, are cold and
damp, the patients Ill-clad and- the houses
Sexes Mingle and Sleep in Boxes.
That In a number of places the sexes
are permitted to mingle without, restraint,
old men being found caring for young
That some of the houses, are "not fit for
That boxes are used for- sleeping quar
ters, some of the patients being padlocked
in boxes little bigger than caskets, with
small airholes cut out.
That in 54 Institutions there is no sep
aration of the insane from the paupers.
That primitive toilet facilities exist,
with shocking Insanitary conditions.
That. In many counties the care of the
Insane Is let to the lowest bidder, ending
In putting a premium on filth and poor
That some of the insane are detained
without examination or commitment.
Rioting Stopped at Castries.
ST. THOMAS, D. W. I., April 25. Ad
vices from Castries, Island of St. Lucia,
where serious rioting was reported to
have occurred, indicate that the trouble
is ended. Discontented laborers and
porters created serious disturbances at
Castries during the afternoon of April
23, and business was suspended there
yesterday. During the rioting several
persons, including: the manager of the
Colonial Bank, were injured. The man
ager's leg was broken.
The Governor of the Windward Is
lands, Sir Robert Llewellyn, arrived at
Castries yesterday, went through the
town and personally inquired into tho
cause of the disorder, with the result
that it was confidently believed that
an amlcatle settlement has been arranged.
HAVE SILENT SMITH'S WILL
Sir George and Lady Cooper Arrive
to Await Millionaire's Body.
NEW YORK, April 2S. Sir George
Cooper and Lady Cooper, brother-in-law
and sister of the late James Henry
Smith, who died in Japan on March 27,
leaving an estate of from 150,000,000 to
Mrs. Katherine Tinglr, of Point
Loma, Who Will Build Theosophi
cal Schools in Foreign Countries.
$75,000,000, arrived here today to await'
the arrival of the body of their kinsman.
Sir George brought with him the will
wh(ch disposes of the Smith millions.
W hen asked If there was. likely to be a
contest he replied that the did not think
so. Asked concerning the report that
Lady Cooper was one of the main bene
ficiaries. Sir George - replied:
"She' is his sister, is she not?"
Lady Cooper was met by her brother,
George Mason, of South Dakota. .
SNOW AND FROST AGAIN
Whiter Returns to Prairies From
Nebraska to Texas.
KANSAS CITr. April ,25. Snow in
Northern Kansas and Northern Missouri
and freezing weather extending from the
Nebraska-Iowa State lines south into the
Panhandle of Texas, was reported this
morning by the local Weather Bureau,
with predictions of colder weather by to
night. The temperature at Kansas City
this morning reached 39 degrees.
No Senator Yet Chosen.
MADISON, Wis., April 25. Three bal
lots were taken tonight in the Republican
Senatorial caucus, but the deadlock Is
unchanged and unbroken. The next ses
sion of the caucus will be held at 9
o'clock Monday night.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
- The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 72
degrees; minimum, 43.
TODAY'S Fair; variable winds.
Foreign. Russian Douma has hot debate on police ty
ranny. Page 4.
Bill for Polish autonomy introduced. Page 4.
British Cabinet offers slight concession "to
Ireland. Pace 6-
AU Spain waiting for royal babe. Page 5.
president to open Jamestown Fair today.
Army officer claims pay for time si nee dis
grace by General "Wood. Page 14.
Private Secretary Loeb may leave White
House. Page 14.
Marines In Congressional Library accused
of flirting with visitors. Page 5.
Penrose and Bourne call on President Page
Haskln on Jamestown settlement. Page T.
Horrible revelations about Illinois Insane
asylums. Page 1.
Baker denounces Hermann savagely In clos
ing argument. Page. 1.
Modern Jean Valjean tells story of life;
huge petition for pardon. Page 1.
Harrlman adopts scheme to thwart suit
against Union Pacific merger. Page 5-
Plot to murder San Francisco laboiw leadr
er. Page C.
Illinois town in pursuit of negro who at
tacked white girl. Page 4.
Extent of Douglas bond theft enormous.
Five-dollar rate on lumber declared Illegal
by Oregon Railway Commission. Page IS.
Harrlman to build double track from Port
land to Tacoraa. Pace 13.
Hood River will send big apples to James
town Fair. Page 38.
Row over Roosevelt's recent letter leads
to fatal shooting in Wallace saloon.
Commercial and Marine.
Hop market discouraging to buyers and
sellers. Page 10.
Wheat weakens on weather prediction.
Wall street closely watching crop situation.
Harrlman Ignores Portland's request for
better steamship service with San Fran
cisco. Page 12. ' -
Portland and Vicinity.
Hill lines said to be delaying granttng of
excursion rates for Jamestown Expos i-'
tlon. Page 11.
Herman Bach, cigar dealer commits sui
cide. Page 15.
Estate of Lewis Love, valued at 91.600,000,
subject of partition suit. Page 11.
Federal grand Jury w511 return five Indict
ments today. Page 12.
Coffey replies to request of County Central
Committee for pledge of support to
party's candidate. Page lO.
Democrats consider possibility of yet mak
ing Lane party nominee. Face 10.
STORY DF FLIGHT
New Jean Valjean Has
PETITION SIGNED BY 40,000
President Asked to Set Re
formed Convict Free.
HIS BETRAYER EXECRATED
AVarden of Leavenworth Prison Do.
lleves Story of Honest Work Pop
ular Sympathy Booms Janu
ary's Hcstaurant Business.
LEAVENWORTH. Kan.. April 25
(Speclal.) Things are looking brighter
tor William January, alias Charles W.
Anderson, the modern Jean Valjean, who
was recaptured and sent back to prison
after being a fugitive nine years, during
which time he changed his name, led an
exemplary life and married. The prisoner
has made a detailed report to Major Mc
Claughey, warden of the Federal peni
tentiary, covering his whereabouts and
employment ever since he dropped over
the fence to liberty. He gives the names
of employers from time to time and makes
a straight and clear record. The report
was sent this morning to Congressman
E. C. Ellis, who will forward it to Wash
ington with other papers and petitions
for the President.
Escaped With a Comrade.
The statement of January opens by
telling how he and another prisoner,
Walter A. Axton, escaped on the night
of October 9, 1S98. After scaling the wall
they walked toward Atchison and hid In
the timber the next day, reaching Atchi
son the second night. There they separ
ated, when January caught a freight train
and beat his way to Wichita.
Three days after arriving in Wichita.
January found that Axton had followed
him, and they left there together and
secured work In a rock quarry at Win
field. They worked there two months,
when Axton either accidentally shot him
self or committed suicide with a revol
ver. January worked in the quarry an
Works Honestly, Saves Money.
Early in 1S99. January says, he started
to sell tea and coffee. He traveled
through Southern Kansas, part of Mis
souri and into Oklahoma with a man
who owned a horse and light wagon.
This he did for more than a year and
then went to Kansas City, where he
solicited for an Insurance company, sav
ing his money, and later engaged in the
same business for himself for more than
two years. Thlswas followed by em
ployment with the Metropolitan Street
Railway Company for over a year.
January was married in 1901 and lived
In Kansas City from, that time until his
arrest, operating a small restaurant.
Major McClaughey is satisfied that Jan
uary made a true statement and that he
conducted himself well while at liberty.
Huge Petition for Pardon.
There was forwarded tonight to Presi
dent Roosevelt a petition asking a par
don for January. It bears 40,000 names,
and it is believed the man will be speed
ily pardoned and sent back to his wife
and baby girl and little restaurant. There
Is universal sympathy for January and
his family, and equally widespread exe
cration of the former convict who re
trayed him to the officers. However, it
is figured that it will be better In the
end, as January can then go ahead with
out the fear of arrest always hanging
His friends are conducting Tils restau
rant during his absence and popular feel
ing Is such that the place Is crowded at
all hours and has proved a veritable gold
ALMOST KILL M0T0RMAN
Held Responsible for Death of Boy
Car Buns Over.
NEW YORK. April 25. The sight of the
mutilated body of a 16-year-old boy, who
had been killed by a Coney Island sur
face car, transformed the passengers Into
a maddened mob, which beat into un
consciousness the motorman. The timely
arrival of police reserves saved the man's
The car, operated by George Decker,
struck Edward Kelley, who ran out of a
side street ontb the track. The wheels
severed his head and legs. The motor
man was dragged from the platform,
thrown upon the pavement and trampled
PEACE CONFERENCE ENDS
British Columbian Miners and Op
VANCOUVER, B. C, April 25. The
peace conference at Fernle between
representatives of miners and operat
ors has broken up-without coming to
any conclusion. Negotiations ere ap
parently, flver, . and . the government
will have the responsibility of settle
ment on its own hands. There is great
excitement In Fernle and groups of
miners are assembling to discuss what
will be the next move. Both sides re
fused to make any statement for publication.