8 THE MOKXEJG OREGOXIAN. THURSDAY, APRIL, 18, 190T. SCBSt RlrTION BATES. t7 INVARIABLY 12 ADVANCE.T (By Mall.) Pallr, Sunday Included, on year $8.00 X'Mly. Sunday Included, .six months.... 4.25 L'ally, Sunday included, three month!.. 2.2$ Ially. Sunday included, ona month.... -75 laily, without Sunday, one year. ... 6.00 Dally, without Sunday, aix months 3.25 Daily, without Sunday, three months.. 1.75 Dally, without Sunday, one month SO Sunday, one year 2.50 Weekly, one year (Issued Thursday)... 1.S0 Sunday and Weekly, one year 8.50 BY CARRIER. l'ally, Sunday Included, ona year 9-22 Dally, Sunday included, ona month.... HOW TO RKMIT Send postofrlce money order, express order or personal checle on. your local bank. Stamps, cola or currency are at the sender's risk. Glva postoltice ad dress In tull, including county and state. POSTAGE KATES. Entered at Portland, Oregon. PostoBlce as becond-Class Matter. 10 to 14 Pag-es 1 cent 18 to 28 Pages cents 30 to 44 Pages 8 nts 4B to (30 Pages cents Foreign postage, double rates. IMPORTANT The postal laws ara strict. Newspapers on which postage Is not fully prepaid are not forwarded to destination. EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE. The 8. C. Brrkwlth, Special Agency Nfw Tork, rooms 4S-30 Tribune building. Chi cago, rooms ,110-512 Tribune building. KEPT ON SALE. (hlCHgo Auditorium Annex. Postoffica Kens Co., 178 Dearborn street. St. Paul, Minn. N. St. Marie, Commercial Etatlon- Henrer Hamilton A Hendrlck. 906-912 Seventeenth street; Pratt Book Store, 1214 Fifteenth street; I. Welnsteln; H. P. Han sen. Kansas City. Mo. Rtcksecker Cigar Co., Ninth and Walnut. Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh. SO South Third; Eagle News Co., corner Tenth and Eleventh; Yoma News Co. Cleveland, O Jamei Pushaw, S01 Su perior street. Washington. I. C. Etbltt House. Penn sjlvanfu avenue. Philadelphia, Pa. Ryan's Theater Ticket cfflce; Kcmble, A. P., ST3S Lancaster ave nue; Penn News Co. New York City D. Jones Co., Astor House; Broadway Theater News Stand. Buffalo, N. Y. Walter Freer. Oakland, Cal. W. H. Johnson. Four teenth and Franklin streets: N. Woeatley; Osklsnd"News Stand; Hale News Co. Ogden D. L. Boyle, W. O. Kind. 114 Twenty-fifth street. Omaha BarkaloW Bros., Union Station; liageath Stationery Co. Kaorumento, Cal. Sacramento Newl Co.. 4.11) K street. i t-alt lake Moon Book & Stationery Co.; Itosenfeld A Hansen. Los Angeles B. E. Amos, manager seven treet wagons. San Diego B. 15. Amos. lDf Beach, Cal. B. E. Amos. Paadna. Cal. A. P. Horning. 1-ort Worth, Tex Fort Worth Star. ban Francisco Foster & Orear, Ferry News Stand: Hotel St. Francis News Stand; L. Parent: N. Wheatley. ;oldflrld, Nov Louie Pollln. Eureka, Cal. Call-Chronicle Agency. Norfolk, Ya. Krugg & Gould. Pine Beach, Va. W. A. CosgroYe. PORTLAND, THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 190J. RENASCENT SAN FRANCISCO. One jvcar ago San Francisco was smitten by Are and earthquake. To night the invincible city, risen in power and beauty from the ashes, will cele brate her victorious battle with ad versity at a great civic banquet. In the new Fairmount Hotel, sumptuously decorated for the occasion, the organiz ing genius, the commercial foresight, the unconquerable human "energy which have done so much to retrieve the wreck of unkindly, chanee will gather to rejoice over what has been achieved and to forecast new enterprise- The meeting; place Is well chosen, since It was In this hotel that the clti icns took refuge while the flames were destroying their homes and the marts of trade and to the rough music of the conflagration initiated their reconstruc tive plans. Audacious was their con cept of a restored city, but achievement lius surpassed it. Looking back for a year, the student of current history discerns three vari eties of sociai forces which the San Francisco disaster sot at work. There was tn outburst of sympathy which opened the purses of the American peo ple and directed a copious stream of charity toward the stricken city. A sum little short of $8,000,000 was con tributed. The fund was applied in the first instance to relieve the immediate necessities of the homeless and hungTy multitude. Rich and poor stood in line together at the bread windows and waited for the loaf which made life and effort possible. It is related that Claus Spreckels took his dole with the com mon laborer. Tents were erected for temporary shelter and workingmen re ceived aid until the demand fpr their labor rescued them from the need of charity. Now, after the lapse of a year, there is little further call for benevo lence. Work is abundant, wages are high, the insurance payments have poured a flood of currency into the city and only the aged and decrepit remain a public burden. For them per. mancnt asylums are near completion. But as the calamity of San Fran' cisco set free an abundant stream of charity, so also It gave an opportunity lor the baser forces of lawlessness. avarice and greed. The rude thief who sought to plunder the ruins of houses and strip the bodies of the dead was shot down at his work. The more subtle thief who sought by bribery and the insidious arts of the political spoils man to take advantage of the city's desolation for his profit enjoyed a longer period of immunity. The preda tory corporations, scenting afar off the odor of corpses, descended, upon San Francisco in her sorrow. They made merchandise of ruin. They trafficked in shame. Like ghouls that prowl In jnldnight graveyards, they devoured the dead. They took advantage of the ne cessities of the poor to betray them Into damnation. They established their fortunes upon the slaughter of human souls. But their time came afso. The mills of the gods grind slowly, tout they do grind, and now the powers that have preyed upon the calamity of San Fran cisco ate brought where they must drink of the wine of retribution. It is . to the eternal glory of the wonderful city that the forces of moral salvation during this yiear of struggle have sur passed in potency those of evil. JCot only materially has San Francisco re deemed herself, but spiritually also, the has shown the opulent energy of resurgent manhoodk not alone In restor ing the palaces that overlook the Koldeu Gate and receive across the benign waves of the Pacific the splen dor of purple sunsets, but far more In the determination that her new life thall be -a righteous life. Beautiful would it he, and a noble signal to send down to the unborn children of the re nascent metropolis, were she to wrest horn her present struggle the solution f the problem of municipal govern- ment which has so long vexed and . thwarted the American people. We tnow how to govern our Nation, but jot our cities. The long political herl , lage of the Anglo-Saxon race is rich in lessons which we have wisely ap- Hied in National politics. Applied to Municipalities they are futile. We peed nher researches for this problem, and t may bo that San Francisco, profiting by the pioneer experiment of Galveston, may win the glory of making them. We turn willingly from the spectacle of ghoulish avarice overtaken by Jus tice to the achievements of honest in dustry. The task of restoration hastens to its fulfillment. One-half of the ruined city has been, rebuilt within a year. Three hundred thousand people have made homes for themselves. The' new Fairmount Hotel, on Nob Hill, a historic building on a famous site, with its rich carvings, its calm corridors and decorous tanquet halls, is but one structure out of many already risen from the ashes. The Legislature has devised a method for the rehabilitation of land titles, which were confused for a time by the loss of the records. Fifty thousand workmen are busy with ham mer and trowel at the walls of mart and dwelling. Their toll is strenuous, but their reward is commensurate. Seldom has the daily laborer reaped such a harvest as in San Francisco to day. The commerce of the city during the last twelve months has exceeded all former figured Were it not for broken families and the dead, who can take no share in the new life, one could now scarcely think of the fire and earthquake as a calamity. They seem rather to have been like the call to arms which rouses the soldier at dawn to adorn the coming day with mighty deeds. On this the anniversary of the catastrophe which tried her soul and showed her quality, we do homage to the stately metropolis of the Paciflc We rejoice in her triumph over adver sity, and, forecasting a future near and splendid, we behold her queenly in com merce, beautiful in street and palace, and stainless in civic life. rRKSCKLPTIOJiS. "Esculaplos," whose letter to The Oregonian is printed elsewhere today. seems to care more for the reputation of the medical profession than he does for the facts. Had he said that phy sicians write their prescriptions in dog Latin Instead of "plain Latin," he would have come nearer the mark. It is very doubtful whether Cicero could have deciphered one of these mysteri ous documents where every possible device is employed to conceal from the patient what he is to take Into his stomach. Not only Is the language It self a barbarous jargon, but it is still further obscured by abbreviations known only to the initiated. There is no comparison whatever be tween the symbols of mathematics and those employed by doctors. The plus and minus signs of algebra are part of a great analytical language. Nothing could -replace them. Without them the science would lose a notable part of its power to unlock the mysteries of the universe. The doctors' symbols create mysteries . instead of unlocking them. They are employed, not' to reveal truth, but to obscure it. There is no good reason why pre scriptions should not be written in Eng lish Instead of the language which Esculaplos" fondly Imagines to be Latin. The drugs must, of course, re tain their technical names, but why say "recipe" Instead VI "take," unless to ' create a false impression of pro fundity? If a chemist, a respectable one, were writing about his science for a lay man's benefit, he would not think of designating water by the chemical symbol. He would call it "water" and make an end of the business. Prescrip tions are written for laymen. They tell us what to take Into our stomachs to cure our diseases; but they tell It in such a way that we are compelled to go to a druggist to have the mystic incantation deciphered. BACK SUICIDE AND WKALTH. The new scare of the scientists is that the human race is fast exhausting the soil supply of nitrogen, one of the chief elements of the animal body, and that unless artificial means shall be found to restore the vast quantity drawn from the earth by successive crops, a large part of the human race is doomed to starvation within two or three generations. Such is the theme of an article in the Independent by James MacKaye, chem 1st and sociologist, who, after citing scientific methods by which nitrogen may be restored, declares that happl- ness will not be secured, to the human race simply by fertilization of the soil nor by large crops, but more by effi cient distribution and consumption. Otherwise, says he, science will suc ceed only "In causing two unhappy, hu man beings to live where only one would have lived ' before." He cites that "India, with its starving myriads, exports millions of bushels of wheat every year." Science, he says, must devise means not only for fertilizing the soil and increasing crops, but also for limiting population and securing more equitable distribution of the world's wealth. Commenting on the article editorially, the Independent avers that the prob lems of restricting the birth rate and distributing wealth have a 'very im portant corollary in the fact that re striction is practiced by the best qua! Ity of human life, while fast breeding is kept up by the large Inferior quan tity. "It Is obvious." says the Inde pendent, "that we need a better distri bution of race suicide," and quotes au- thorities in evidence that the older American stock, "and especially the stock of educated, cultivated folk," is fast breeding out. "Clearly, there Is a problem here, quite as vital as the dis tribution of wealth." But the Inefficient distribution of wealth is Just what makes race suicide among prudent folk, and they are usually the more intelligent and finer flbered element. It Is clear that if sci ence is to accomplish anything in wealth distribution, for the improve ment of the race, it should help the man and- woman of small means, who work in all parts of the country at mis erably small salaries for the enrich ment of thrifty and "successful" busi ness men and corporations. These men and women are afraid to bring .chidlren into the world, lest they cannot prop erly support them. Then there is a class of men and women who, suffer ing what the socialist calls wage Slav ery, are determined not to breed chil dren to take such places as they them selves occupy. There is a good deal of prudence. If not pessimism, among the most desira ble elements of society. They fill not the highest places, but the intermedi ate. Their youth encounters the diffi culty, insurmountable in most cases, of competing with the large aggregations of wealth which characterize the com mercial activities of today. In contrast 'with those of yesterday. Hence, their youth of necessity must serve, and in a lamentably large number of cases, at pitiful wages. For this class science has a problem to solve, in wealth dis tribution. Then again, it may be said that race suicide is not so restrictive of the birth rate as some persons Imagine. Irre sponsible parentage In the "desirable element of the population is not so ex tensive as it used to be, but that should be accounted a gain. The best of the race is not running out, though particular strains and families are dis appearing. This always has been the case, however. It is probably true that Oregon's pioneer stock is diminishing. Yet there are just as vigorous, intelli gent people In Oregon as ever and more of them than at any time in the progress of the state. In the movement of the social mass, new individuals and new characteristics are always rising to the top, and in turn they give place to suc cessors. The great problem is today, and prob ably always will be, wealth distribu tion. It is this which makes all the strife in the social body, from the labor unionist to the trust magnate. And while wastefulness, imprudence, shift- lessness and dissipation are large causes of poverty and woe, these are partly effects of inefficient distribution. Note the difference between "efficient and "equal." There is a wide gap be tween them. The socialist seeks equal distribution. The aim of every well- meaning citizen is more efficient dis tribution, and this is his daily effort. In this day and age, industry and fore sight are essentials in every career, no matter how humble, just the same as always. But they need a better system for distributing wealth. BUILDING A LINE TO IULLSBORO. The announcement made by C. G. H. MacBride, who has succeeded to the in terests of C E. Loss in the United Railways Company, that he Is ready to give a reasonable 'bond for the fulfill ment of the conditions of the franchise for the Hlllsboro line, puts a new phase "upon the question of granting an extension of time. He is apparently acting in' good faith. He certainly must act in good faith if the city shall require him to execute a good bond in a sum sufficient to insure construction of the line. There is no reason why the city should assume that he or any other person seeking a franchise or an extension of a franchise Is acting in good faith. To ask security Is nothing more than common practice among men engaged in private business, and It-is entirely proper for the city to adopt the same precautions in making con cessions to corporations desiring to use the public streets. If Mr. -MacBride and his associates have the money to build the line, as they appear to have, and if they intend to build the line, as they say they do and as we think they cx, it will not be difficult for them to put up a good -undertaking that will protect the city against further fran chise speculations. They say they are willing-, and that makes the whole mat ter easy. Portland wants lnter-urban electric lines reaching out from this city into the productive agricultural regions that He in every direction. These lines are desired not only because they will make it easier for people residing at a dis tance to come here to do part of their trading-, but because they will make new opportunities for homeseekers. An electric line to Hlllsboro will add to the population of that town much more than it will add to the business of Port land. Such a line will result in divid ing up farms all along the route, thus enhancing real estate values and add ing to the wealth of the rural communi ties. Portland's gain will be an Indirect one, and will be measured by the bene fits realized by the small towns and farming districts reached by the elec tric lines. A growing city like Portland affords every year an Increased market for products of farm, garden, orchard and dairy. To supply this demand new territory mus be brought into closer connection with the city .by means of transportation lines affording frequent communication. When lnter-urban electric lines were in their experimental stage, the bus! ness men of the smaller towns regarded them with much concern, lest the im proved transportation service take trade away from the small towns to the city. Experience has shown that the fears were ill-founded, for the elec trie lines have almost Invariably helped rather than injured the small towns. The merchant in a small town pays less rent, less insurance and lower wages than his city rival, and can sell goods in competition. The rural resident does not, therefore, go to the city to buy the ordinary supplies of food and cloth ing for his family. The city wholesale house profits most from the building up of - a rural population by construction of I electric lines. In granting an extension of time and exacting a bond, the city should be careful that the bond Is in such form that it can be enforced. The sum men ttoned in the bond should be In the form of liquidated -damages, so that the city need not prove actual dam ages before it could recover. An un dertaklng In such form as to Invite litigation would be worse than none'at all. With an effective instrument in the hands of the city, there would be no doubt of fulfillment of the conditions of the franchise. Portland wants lnter- urban electric lines, but does not want speculation in franchises. THE BOX ON THE I'AKM. The tendency of farmer boys to leave the farm has been often deplored. W hile the cause of this desire, in thou sands of Instances put into execution by boys between the ages of twelve and seventeen years. Is not far to seek, the remedy came slowly, and is as yet far from being generally applied to the farming communities of this state. Constant work and long hours In the Summer and a session of titter loneli ness in the Winter, are not likely to beget in boys a spirit of contentment and a love for the farm. The boy wants company, and to escape the loneli ness that at times becomes unendurable he will walk miles through, the mud to the store at the country cross-roads, or to the village railway station, where he is more than likely to meet vile as sociates and Is practically certain to become inured to idle and vagrant habits. Joslah FJynt has told of boys who by the score have been induced to take up the tramp life through the rep resentations of wandering men whom they have met at village railway sta tions and country stores, where they have been driven through the loneli ness and unattractiveness of farm house homes to see something beyond the line of their fathers' fields and talk to somebody about unfamiliar places and chances to make money. These facts have long been understood by in telligent men and women on the. farm but for ob-ioirs- reasons the social rem edy has been difficult to apply. The Good Templars' lodges of a for mer generation supplied a tonic In this direction for a time, and lodge night was awaited impatiently in many coun try homes. The associations at these lodge meetings were not always what they should have been, but the ritual of the order inculcated lessons of mor ality and temperance, while the social feature, always prominent, supplied a pressing need in human nature. It is not too much to say that many of the precepts of Solomon, In' which true ritual abounded, were at these lodge meetings impressed upon the memories of hundreds of youth, both young men and maidens, while the ambitious but somewhat crude attempts made to en tertain the members under the head of 'good of the order" gave the partici pants their first lessons in declama tion, in dialogue and In singing. Sim ple as these entertainments were, and informal as were the social features of the Good Templars' meetings, rney served to break the monotony of many a long Winter evening in country and village life, and give the rural members something besides the humdrum of firm life to think about. The institution of the Grange served a purpose along the same line of social life, with the additional advantage that followed the more general membership of older persons. This has been sup plemented In some communities by farmers' clubs, the circulating library and other devices for the entertainment of the young, so that the utter loneli ness of farmer life has been in a con siderable degree broken up. To the extent that these efforts embodying in struction, entertainment and social en joyment for the young people in rural communities are encompassed, life on the farm will become less distasteful to boys. The Grange Club, the debating society, with the occasional supper, make necessary a good sulj of clothes, kept for "best," a little money of his own in the boy's pocket, care In his personal appearance and in the choice of his language, and some drill in table manners, all of which are elements that enter Into and build up self-respect and conduce to contentment. The boy is a gregarious animal. He needs and will have company. Recognition of this fact and action in accordance therewith will go far to solve the -problem of keep ing the farmer's boy on the farm and giving him a boyhood to which he can look back In after years with pleas ure rather than repugnance. Under an act of April 10, 1869, the Ore gon Central Railway (East Side) se cured a land grant from, the United States as bonus for a railroad to Cali fornia. This land is now- held by the Oregon & California Railroad and Its lessee, the Southern Padfic. The Ore gon Central applied for the land under the act of 1869, on J-uly 1 of that same year, nearly three months after the passage of the act allowing it so to ap ply. So much of the act of Congress the railroad availed Itself of, to obtain some 6,000,000 acres of the public do main. But another part of the act the railroad ever since has tried to have forgotten that which limits the price at which the railroad should sell the lands to $2.50 an acre, the purchasers to be actual settlers, and the tracts pur chased limited to 160 acres for each per son. In taking the lands, the railroad assumed a trust, which bound it to redeem pledges to the people. Should the railroad use part of an act of Con gress to obtain land from the people and then repudiate another part of the same act, which stipulates how the lands shall be disposed of? Famine such as has never before scourged and devastated even a Rus sian province is running riot in some of the districts of Russia. American sympathy, coined into gold and finding expression In supplies of food and clothing, is reaching out to these stricken subjects of the wealthiest ruler on the face of the globe; the Red Cross is busy with the distribution of funds and supplies; the government has made some show of an effort to relieve its own. But with the harvest still four months away, emaciated, naked, miser able human beings by the thousand cling to life, despairing of relief, and suffer the pangs of disease Induced by want, without hope or prospect of suc cor. Death is the least distressing feature of conditions that prevail among these wretched people. It is in deed the only relief that is effective or has any promise of permanence. If the physicians sent out with relief, funds can afford temporary easement of the awful pangs of hunger and disease, pending the final release, their mission will be one of mercy. The Democratic party does not seem to be building up very fast in Portland Mayor Lane, for example, will not run for re-election as a Democrat, and may even oppose the Democratic nominee. That will be the nearest approach he can Tnake toward being a Republican. But the faithful should treat him gent ly. Let them remember the many brethren who have gone over to the Republican camp, body, soul and Dreecnes. Spokane Is discovering that Portland is a seaport, if it did not know that before, and that its own Jobbers are ffavored by discriminations. - Under such circumstances, it would be better for Spokane to saw wood and keep on building up a large city. It must gall our thrifty Binger to think that all the money he scraped to gether from hold-back salaries of sten ographers and from saving of postage stamps must go Into the pockets of his attorneys. With Senator Bourne unearthing rich men's plots in Washington against the people's laws, and Prosecutor Heuey unearthing them in San Francisco, the continent is balanced on both sides evenly. Evidently the friendship between President Roosevelt and Senator Bourne is not Jeopardized by the Sen ator's boosting the third-term idea. When is a Democrat not a Democrat? When ha must have Republican votes. Thomas Jefferson's birthday was not remembered in Portland. I Fairbanks and the North Pole are candidates for discovery next year. But as yet no expedition is in quest of Fair banks. It is to be remembered, however, that Evelyn is in pretty good fix, after all and that Thaw is In the worst trouble. Here's hoping the new backers of the United Railways In Portland have cut loose from the hoodoo. After all, Hermann was never known to remember anything that would cost him a vote. - We might not have had those clear days If the baseball team had been here. REFERENDUM ARGUMENTS. Mr. McArttinr Shows Errors AsHttnat - Oregon Appropriation Opponents. PORTLAND, April 17.-r(To the Edi tor.) Permit me through xne ji sronlan to call attention to some of the misrepresentations that are being made by those who ara leading the referen dum movement against the State Uni versity appropriation. A responsible citizen of HarriSDurg is authority for the statement that those who are circulating the referen dum petitions in that vicinity are ing the people that the Eaton bill will give the university $125,900 per year, in addition to the present standing ap propriation of $47,500 per year. The Linn. County people who are engineering this movement have no business mis leading the public with such state ments. Everybody who knows any thing about the affairs of this state or the work of the Legislature, knows full well that the Eaton bill, when it becomes a law, will repeal all acts and parts of acts in conflict therewith. It these Linn County gentlemen don't know this, they have no business in the field on this referendum mission. It they do know it, they are wilfully mis- 1 representing the facts for the purpose of creating a prejudice against the I bill. In a circular letter which the com- : mlttee of the Linn County Grange .is sending out, the statement Is made that the State of Oregon will be called upon to pay $313 per year for each stu dent at the university, and only J7 per year for students in lite public schools. This argument is weak and altogether Inaccurate. In their estimate, the com mittee has not taken into account the increased enrollment which is Bure to come during the next year or two, and it has charged the total of the $126,000 up as a maintenance fund, when, as a matter of fact, about $50,000 per year will be spent for grounds, buildings and equipment, which will become the permanent property of the state. Grant ing that $75,000 per year will "be used as a maintenance fund for 400 stu dents a very conservative estimate of the average enrollment for the years 190S and 1909 the cost of instruction per student will be less than $1S5 per year. If these gentlemen were ani mated by a spirit of fairness, they would figure the cost of Improvements, etc.. In their public school estimate. But instead of that, they Juggle the figures in such a way that the readers of their circulars are led to believe that Oregon is neglecting her public school system in order to build up Jier institutions of higher learning. As a matter of fact, the system of common schoqls and high schools in Oregon re ceives more generous support than the State University receives. According to a news Item in this morning's Oregonian, E. F. Palmer, one of the leaders in the referendum move ment. In a lecture before the Nolta Progressive Club, last Monday evening, made the statement that the university will Btill have $80,000 per 5-ear, even If the referendum is invoked. As a matter of fact, the university will have but a scant $60,000 per year if the referendum Is Invoked. Perhaps Mr. Palmer was mTsquoted. If he was. why doesn't he take some steps to correct the mistake, Instead of allowing the public1 to form an erroneous Idea as to the exact amount? It seems to me that the elements of honesty and fair play that should enter into this referendum movement are conspicuous by their absence. This is an important matter, and there should be no misrepresenta tion of facts. . C. N. McARTHUR. Latin and Doctors. PORTLAND, April 17. (Speciil.) Phy sicians do not write their prescriptions in an unintelligible Jargon. The language they use is plain Latin, a language taught In every college, academy and high school in civilization. Neither is there any occult symbol in a prescription. The sign In mathematics for plus minus Is equally occult; so Is H20 In chemistry or HP in dynamics (or me chanics); so is pi in the lingo of the printers' devil. There used to be a sign (4) at the head of the, prescription an lnwcation to Jupiter to make potent the drugs following. This has long ago given place to a capital R, which Is an abbrevi ation of recipe take. The weights are expressed by symbols found In every arlthmetio and are no more occult than the sign for dollar ($). The quantity is expressed in Roman numerals, no more occult than the 'numbers on the face of the clock or the pages of the preface of most books.' The other words are no more occult than "Bic semper tyrannus. ESCULAPIOS. To Learn Business From Ground Up. Kansas City Star. Heir to millions and son of the presi dent of the Rock Island Railroad system, H. L. WInchell, Jr., Is going to become a railroad king by learning the art of trans portation from the very bottom up, and has entered the shops of the Baldwin Lo comotive Works in Philadelphia as an ordinary apprentice. ' Snakes Like His Whistling. Philadelphia Press. A mall-carrier iu Morristown, N. J., upon blowing his whistle near some un dergrowth, was rushed by dozens of snakes, of which he killed nine garter snakes and one adaer. A Spring Town. By A. A. a. Say You! Who Have About Aa Much. To Do With The Good . And The True And The Beautiful As A Slot machine , It Me Sing . ' Tou A Song About ' Spring. Tou Will? All Right. ' Sight! Frayed Out Raglans, Trop-stltch Hose, Strawberrlpa, Tailor bllU Brand New Clothes, Sarsaparllla For The Blood. Cows In The Meadow Chewing The X!ud. Bock i Ber Flowing - By k The Tub That Has Been The Springtime Ever Plnce Th Flood . Aln'f it! SHOCKS STILL COXTIXCE Number of Earthquake Victims In Mexico Grows Dally. CITT OF MEXICO. April 17. Owing to the great dilficulty in establishing com munication with the cities situated in the region of the earthquake details are coming to this city slowly. From the latest reports it is learned that shocks occurred as late as noon today. In the list of known dead, which now totals 50, and of the injured, which approximates SOO, are many names of Mexicans promi nent In the official and social life of the region. So far the name of no American has appeared in the meager list of dead and injured as sent to this city. -One of the most remarkable stories of miraculous escapes from death In this earthquake or perhaps in any other one. came from Santa Julia today, where Salesiano College for children is located. When the big shock .came Sunday over 100 children were asleep in the dormi tories. Thirty of them with the teachers succeeded in .leaving the' building before the second story and the roof fell In. By a seeming miracle none of those left in the ruins was seriously hurt and all were rescued. In Tixtle seven people were taken from the ruins dead today, and many injured were removed. At Tuxtla eight dead and 40 injured are reported; in Ay ml an nine dead and about 0 injured are reported. In Huamixla the cathedral fell and the government offices and the public schools are in ruins. At Techan and Tlapa nearly all the houses fell in, but nobody was hurt. In Mexico City the damage was heavier than at first supposed. Numerous build ings were badly shaken up. News of the death of one American woman, who was killed in the recent earthquake reached the office of the As sociated Press today. She was Senor Inez Bonllla of Chllpancingo, wife of the ex secretary to the Governor of the State of Guerrera. Her maiden name or birth place could not be ascertained. It was discovered today that the cathed ral of Mexico City, one of the largest and most familiar churches in the world, was cracked from top to bottom. The cathed ral is four centuries old. It is built on the old site of the Azteo temple, one of the most historic spots in all Mexico. VOLCANO ERUPTS IX ANDES Violent Outbreak Spreads Panic In Province of Valdivla. VALPARAISO, Chile, April 17. News has reached here that the Renihue vol cano, in the Province of Valdivia, is In violent eruption. The eruptions are ac companied by awful subterranean rum btings. earthquakes, intense darknesa. electrical displays, ashes and boiling water.. The flowing lava has set fire to the surrounding forests, and the inhabi tants are -fleeing in terror. Severe Shock at Askabad. ASKABAD, Russian Trans-Caspla, April 17. A severe undulating earth quake occurred here at 12:26 P. M. to day, and lasted five seconds. - Askabad Is the capital of Russian Trans-Caspian territory. It is' situated on the Trans-Caspian railway, 290 miles southeast of Mikhailovak, the seaward terminus. Since the construction of the railroad, Askabad has become an active commercial center. In 1897 it had a population of about 20,000, com posed of Persians, Russians, , Arme nlans, Kurds and Jews. American Company Suffers. ' LOS ANGELES, April 17.-George Mitchell, president of the Ladicha Mining Company, whose properties are In Mex ico, 30 miles from Chllpancingo, today received news from Acapulco dated April 16 telling of the damage there from the earthquake. The message said: "This city and vicinity visited by an earthquake. No damage or loss at Marques. No news from Ladicha yet Chllpancingo practically destroyed. Our residence and office also demolished. Ex pect to save all our records." Constantinople Feels Shock. ' CONSTANTINOPLE. April 17, An earthquake shock was felt here and in the suburbs at 4:30 this morning. It was especially sharp in the upper part of the Bosphorus. XO GOVERNMENT GUARANTEE Wilson Will Prosecute Food Manu facturers Who Misstate Facts. WASHINGTON. April lT.VIf this out rageous misrepresentation does not cease, the deDartment will publish a list bear ing the names of manufacturers indulging in this campaign of deception." Secretary Wilson, of the Department of Aericulture. makes this remark in an au thorized statement regarding the fact that there had come to his knowledge informa tion that a number of manufacturers of foods and drugs were freely advertising that the United States Government was guaranteeing their products. The Secre tary said that the serial number and the guaranty number required by the pure food and drug act to be placed on food and drug products were being used by these manufacturers for this purpose. "The serial number," said Secretary Wilson, "is assigned to fix the responsi bility where it belongs upon the manu facturer and to protect Innocent dealers, who have a right under the law to rely upon his guarantee. It is the guaranty of the manufacturer, not of the Govern ment." The Secretary declared that every ef fort would be made by the department to put a stop to the statements. "I will do a little advertising myself," he said, "in behalf of the people. I am growing tired of seeing these untruthful statements on the advertising pages of the magazines, the walls of the New York subway and the advertising space of the streetcars of the principal cities. Manu facturers wHb will deceive the public about the guvanty will lie about the quality of products." He added that the law would be admln- SEE BUSTER BROWN NEXT SUNDAY rf.M Ml, By special arrangement with the New York Herald, The Sun day Oregonian with the next is sue will bptrin publication of "Busier Brown." It will be continued indefinitely. That Buster Brown is the most humorous of all the illus trated pages published in the L'nited States is not debatable. He and his faithful companion, Tige, have made, more Ameri cans laugh than all other com ic personages combined. Buster Brown is the one mischief-maker who causes neither anger nor indignation. . Next Sunday's pictures tell how he deceived and scared Maggie, the maid. - Buster Brown's versatility in the matter of boyish plots is wonderful and in surprises he is a positive genius. He is popular alike with youngsters of every age, and especially with mature folk who were boys and girls 50 or 60 years ago. He will be welcomed by the rising generation of the entire Pacific Northwest. Lest children of those who are not regular subscribers to The Sunday Oregonian may not be disappointed, it will be well to order the paper from the news dealer today "or tomorrow. Fre quently the entire edition is sold out before 10 A. M. lstered fairly, and that rio honest manu facturer need fear the 'department will "take snap Judgment on him or harass him in any way." . McLaren Pension Examiner. WASHINGTON. D. C April 17. On the recommendation of Congressman El lis, Dr. A. P. McLaren has been appoint ed by the Pension Bureau as examining surgeon at St. Helens, Or., vice Dr. J. E. Hall, who recently resigned. ( RIEF. JURY COMPLETE, BUT Peremptory Challenges May Wipe Away Work of Weeks. SAN FRANCISCO, April 17.-After pre liminaries, examinations, adjournments and other delays occupying in all 22 days, a trial Jury panel subject to the exercises of 15 peremptory challenges ten by the defense and five by the prosecution was today completed In the Ruef case. When the trial was resumed this morn ing 35 talesmen out of a drawn venire of 50. answered their names in court. Twenty-six of the 35 escaped serving by satisfying Judge Dunne that their ex cuses were valid. Out of the nine re maining four tenative jurors were chosen in the course of the day, thUB filling the box. The time has now arrived for the per emptory challenging of the jurors and much speculation is indulged in as to whether the entire panel will be set aside In the exercise of this provision or wheth er as many as half of the 12 will survive the final and silent scrutiny of Ruef's prosecutors and defenders. It is thought likely at least another week will be required for the permanent filling of the panel after the peremptorles have been exercised tomorrow. STILL FEED 400,000 CHINESE Relief of Chinese Famine Sufferers Continues to June. SHANGHAI, April 17. The famine re lief committee Is feeding 400.000 persons and will continue to feed about that num ber until June. Grain is arriving daily. The estimated purchases for April are 3150 tons of millet, 140,000 bags of flour. 350 tons of potatoes and 6000 bushels of wheat for planting. The Chinese official relief has ceased. Official obstruction Is being placed in the way of the most suitable and most-needed relief work, on the plea that China her self proposes to undertake these meas ures. No fulfillment of these promises, however, is probable. - SAW -FrTm the Philadelphia Inquirer.