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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOKXEJG OREGOXIAN. THURSDAY, APRIL, 18, 190T.
SCBSt RlrTION BATES.
t7 INVARIABLY 12 ADVANCE.T
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X'Mly. Sunday Included, .six months.... 4.25
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Daily, without Sunday, three months.. 1.75
Dally, without Sunday, one month SO
Sunday, one year 2.50
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PORTLAND, THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 190J.
RENASCENT SAN FRANCISCO.
One jvcar ago San Francisco was
smitten by Are and earthquake. To
night the invincible city, risen in power
and beauty from the ashes, will cele
brate her victorious battle with ad
versity at a great civic banquet. In the
new Fairmount Hotel, sumptuously
decorated for the occasion, the organiz
ing genius, the commercial foresight,
the unconquerable human "energy
which have done so much to retrieve
the wreck of unkindly, chanee will
gather to rejoice over what has been
achieved and to forecast new enterprise-
The meeting; place Is well chosen,
since It was In this hotel that the clti
icns took refuge while the flames were
destroying their homes and the marts
of trade and to the rough music of the
conflagration initiated their reconstruc
tive plans. Audacious was their con
cept of a restored city, but achievement
lius surpassed it.
Looking back for a year, the student
of current history discerns three vari
eties of sociai forces which the San
Francisco disaster sot at work. There
was tn outburst of sympathy which
opened the purses of the American peo
ple and directed a copious stream of
charity toward the stricken city. A
sum little short of $8,000,000 was con
tributed. The fund was applied in the
first instance to relieve the immediate
necessities of the homeless and hungTy
multitude. Rich and poor stood in line
together at the bread windows and
waited for the loaf which made life and
effort possible. It is related that Claus
Spreckels took his dole with the com
mon laborer. Tents were erected for
temporary shelter and workingmen re
ceived aid until the demand fpr their
labor rescued them from the need of
charity. Now, after the lapse of a year,
there is little further call for benevo
lence. Work is abundant, wages are
high, the insurance payments have
poured a flood of currency into the
city and only the aged and decrepit
remain a public burden. For them per.
mancnt asylums are near completion.
But as the calamity of San Fran'
cisco set free an abundant stream of
charity, so also It gave an opportunity
lor the baser forces of lawlessness.
avarice and greed. The rude thief who
sought to plunder the ruins of houses
and strip the bodies of the dead was
shot down at his work. The more
subtle thief who sought by bribery and
the insidious arts of the political spoils
man to take advantage of the city's
desolation for his profit enjoyed a
longer period of immunity. The preda
tory corporations, scenting afar off the
odor of corpses, descended, upon San
Francisco in her sorrow. They made
merchandise of ruin. They trafficked
in shame. Like ghouls that prowl In
jnldnight graveyards, they devoured the
dead. They took advantage of the ne
cessities of the poor to betray them
Into damnation. They established their
fortunes upon the slaughter of human
souls. But their time came afso. The
mills of the gods grind slowly, tout they
do grind, and now the powers that have
preyed upon the calamity of San Fran
cisco ate brought where they must
drink of the wine of retribution. It is
. to the eternal glory of the wonderful
city that the forces of moral salvation
during this yiear of struggle have sur
passed in potency those of evil. JCot
only materially has San Francisco re
deemed herself, but spiritually also,
the has shown the opulent energy of
resurgent manhoodk not alone In restor
ing the palaces that overlook the
Koldeu Gate and receive across the
benign waves of the Pacific the splen
dor of purple sunsets, but far more In
the determination that her new life
thall be -a righteous life. Beautiful
would it he, and a noble signal to send
down to the unborn children of the re
nascent metropolis, were she to wrest
horn her present struggle the solution
f the problem of municipal govern-
ment which has so long vexed and
. thwarted the American people. We
tnow how to govern our Nation, but
jot our cities. The long political herl
, lage of the Anglo-Saxon race is rich
in lessons which we have wisely ap-
Hied in National politics. Applied to
Municipalities they are futile. We peed
nher researches for this problem, and
t may bo that San Francisco, profiting
by the pioneer experiment of Galveston,
may win the glory of making them.
We turn willingly from the spectacle
of ghoulish avarice overtaken by Jus
tice to the achievements of honest in
dustry. The task of restoration hastens
to its fulfillment. One-half of the
ruined city has been, rebuilt within a
year. Three hundred thousand people
have made homes for themselves. The'
new Fairmount Hotel, on Nob Hill, a
historic building on a famous site, with
its rich carvings, its calm corridors and
decorous tanquet halls, is but one
structure out of many already risen
from the ashes. The Legislature has
devised a method for the rehabilitation
of land titles, which were confused for
a time by the loss of the records. Fifty
thousand workmen are busy with ham
mer and trowel at the walls of mart
and dwelling. Their toll is strenuous,
but their reward is commensurate.
Seldom has the daily laborer reaped
such a harvest as in San Francisco to
day. The commerce of the city during
the last twelve months has exceeded
all former figured Were it not for
broken families and the dead, who can
take no share in the new life, one could
now scarcely think of the fire and
earthquake as a calamity. They seem
rather to have been like the call to
arms which rouses the soldier at dawn
to adorn the coming day with mighty
deeds. On this the anniversary of the
catastrophe which tried her soul and
showed her quality, we do homage to
the stately metropolis of the Paciflc
We rejoice in her triumph over adver
sity, and, forecasting a future near and
splendid, we behold her queenly in com
merce, beautiful in street and palace,
and stainless in civic life.
"Esculaplos," whose letter to The
Oregonian is printed elsewhere today.
seems to care more for the reputation
of the medical profession than he does
for the facts. Had he said that phy
sicians write their prescriptions in dog
Latin Instead of "plain Latin," he
would have come nearer the mark. It
is very doubtful whether Cicero could
have deciphered one of these mysteri
ous documents where every possible
device is employed to conceal from the
patient what he is to take Into his
stomach. Not only Is the language It
self a barbarous jargon, but it is still
further obscured by abbreviations
known only to the initiated.
There is no comparison whatever be
tween the symbols of mathematics and
those employed by doctors. The plus
and minus signs of algebra are part of
a great analytical language. Nothing
could -replace them. Without them the
science would lose a notable part of its
power to unlock the mysteries of the
universe. The doctors' symbols create
mysteries . instead of unlocking them.
They are employed, not' to reveal
truth, but to obscure it.
There is no good reason why pre
scriptions should not be written in Eng
lish Instead of the language which
Esculaplos" fondly Imagines to be
Latin. The drugs must, of course, re
tain their technical names, but why
say "recipe" Instead VI "take," unless
to ' create a false impression of pro
fundity? If a chemist, a respectable one, were
writing about his science for a lay
man's benefit, he would not think of
designating water by the chemical
symbol. He would call it "water" and
make an end of the business. Prescrip
tions are written for laymen. They tell
us what to take Into our stomachs to
cure our diseases; but they tell It in
such a way that we are compelled to
go to a druggist to have the mystic
BACK SUICIDE AND WKALTH.
The new scare of the scientists is
that the human race is fast exhausting
the soil supply of nitrogen, one of the
chief elements of the animal body, and
that unless artificial means shall be
found to restore the vast quantity
drawn from the earth by successive
crops, a large part of the human race
is doomed to starvation within two or
Such is the theme of an article in the
Independent by James MacKaye, chem
1st and sociologist, who, after citing
scientific methods by which nitrogen
may be restored, declares that happl-
ness will not be secured, to the human
race simply by fertilization of the soil
nor by large crops, but more by effi
cient distribution and consumption.
Otherwise, says he, science will suc
ceed only "In causing two unhappy, hu
man beings to live where only one
would have lived ' before." He cites
that "India, with its starving myriads,
exports millions of bushels of wheat
every year." Science, he says, must
devise means not only for fertilizing
the soil and increasing crops, but also
for limiting population and securing
more equitable distribution of the
Commenting on the article editorially,
the Independent avers that the prob
lems of restricting the birth rate and
distributing wealth have a 'very im
portant corollary in the fact that re
striction is practiced by the best qua!
Ity of human life, while fast breeding
is kept up by the large Inferior quan
tity. "It Is obvious." says the Inde
pendent, "that we need a better distri
bution of race suicide," and quotes au-
thorities in evidence that the older
American stock, "and especially the
stock of educated, cultivated folk," is
fast breeding out. "Clearly, there Is a
problem here, quite as vital as the dis
tribution of wealth."
But the Inefficient distribution of
wealth is Just what makes race suicide
among prudent folk, and they are
usually the more intelligent and finer
flbered element. It Is clear that if sci
ence is to accomplish anything in
wealth distribution, for the improve
ment of the race, it should help the
man and- woman of small means, who
work in all parts of the country at mis
erably small salaries for the enrich
ment of thrifty and "successful" busi
ness men and corporations. These men
and women are afraid to bring .chidlren
into the world, lest they cannot prop
erly support them. Then there is a
class of men and women who, suffer
ing what the socialist calls wage Slav
ery, are determined not to breed chil
dren to take such places as they them
There is a good deal of prudence. If
not pessimism, among the most desira
ble elements of society. They fill not
the highest places, but the intermedi
ate. Their youth encounters the diffi
culty, insurmountable in most cases, of
competing with the large aggregations
of wealth which characterize the com
mercial activities of today. In contrast
'with those of yesterday. Hence, their
youth of necessity must serve, and in
a lamentably large number of cases, at
pitiful wages. For this class science
has a problem to solve, in wealth dis
tribution. Then again, it may be said that race
suicide is not so restrictive of the birth
rate as some persons Imagine. Irre
sponsible parentage In the "desirable
element of the population is not so ex
tensive as it used to be, but that
should be accounted a gain. The best
of the race is not running out, though
particular strains and families are dis
appearing. This always has been the
case, however. It is probably true that
Oregon's pioneer stock is diminishing.
Yet there are just as vigorous, intelli
gent people In Oregon as ever and more
of them than at any time in the progress
of the state. In the movement of the
social mass, new individuals and new
characteristics are always rising to the
top, and in turn they give place to suc
cessors. The great problem is today, and prob
ably always will be, wealth distribu
tion. It is this which makes all the
strife in the social body, from the labor
unionist to the trust magnate. And
while wastefulness, imprudence, shift-
lessness and dissipation are large
causes of poverty and woe, these are
partly effects of inefficient distribution.
Note the difference between "efficient
and "equal." There is a wide gap be
tween them. The socialist seeks equal
distribution. The aim of every well-
meaning citizen is more efficient dis
tribution, and this is his daily effort.
In this day and age, industry and fore
sight are essentials in every career, no
matter how humble, just the same as
always. But they need a better system
for distributing wealth.
BUILDING A LINE TO IULLSBORO.
The announcement made by C. G. H.
MacBride, who has succeeded to the in
terests of C E. Loss in the United
Railways Company, that he Is ready to
give a reasonable 'bond for the fulfill
ment of the conditions of the franchise
for the Hlllsboro line, puts a new
phase "upon the question of granting an
extension of time. He is apparently
acting in' good faith. He certainly
must act in good faith if the city shall
require him to execute a good bond in
a sum sufficient to insure construction
of the line. There is no reason why
the city should assume that he or any
other person seeking a franchise or an
extension of a franchise Is acting in
good faith. To ask security Is nothing
more than common practice among men
engaged in private business, and It-is
entirely proper for the city to adopt
the same precautions in making con
cessions to corporations desiring to use
the public streets. If Mr. -MacBride
and his associates have the money to
build the line, as they appear to have,
and if they intend to build the line, as
they say they do and as we think they
cx, it will not be difficult for them to
put up a good -undertaking that will
protect the city against further fran
chise speculations. They say they are
willing-, and that makes the whole mat
Portland wants lnter-urban electric
lines reaching out from this city into
the productive agricultural regions that
He in every direction. These lines are
desired not only because they will make
it easier for people residing at a dis
tance to come here to do part of their
trading-, but because they will make
new opportunities for homeseekers. An
electric line to Hlllsboro will add to the
population of that town much more
than it will add to the business of Port
land. Such a line will result in divid
ing up farms all along the route, thus
enhancing real estate values and add
ing to the wealth of the rural communi
ties. Portland's gain will be an Indirect
one, and will be measured by the bene
fits realized by the small towns and
farming districts reached by the elec
tric lines. A growing city like Portland
affords every year an Increased market
for products of farm, garden, orchard
and dairy. To supply this demand new
territory mus be brought into closer
connection with the city .by means of
transportation lines affording frequent
When lnter-urban electric lines were
in their experimental stage, the bus!
ness men of the smaller towns regarded
them with much concern, lest the im
proved transportation service take
trade away from the small towns to
the city. Experience has shown that
the fears were ill-founded, for the elec
trie lines have almost Invariably helped
rather than injured the small towns.
The merchant in a small town pays less
rent, less insurance and lower wages
than his city rival, and can sell goods
in competition. The rural resident does
not, therefore, go to the city to buy
the ordinary supplies of food and cloth
ing for his family. The city wholesale
house profits most from the building up
of - a rural population by construction
of I electric lines.
In granting an extension of time and
exacting a bond, the city should be
careful that the bond Is in such form
that it can be enforced. The sum men
ttoned in the bond should be In the
form of liquidated -damages, so that
the city need not prove actual dam
ages before it could recover. An un
dertaklng In such form as to Invite
litigation would be worse than none'at
all. With an effective instrument in
the hands of the city, there would be
no doubt of fulfillment of the conditions
of the franchise. Portland wants lnter-
urban electric lines, but does not want
speculation in franchises.
THE BOX ON THE I'AKM.
The tendency of farmer boys to leave
the farm has been often deplored.
W hile the cause of this desire, in thou
sands of Instances put into execution
by boys between the ages of twelve
and seventeen years. Is not far to
seek, the remedy came slowly, and is
as yet far from being generally applied
to the farming communities of this
Constant work and long hours In the
Summer and a session of titter loneli
ness in the Winter, are not likely to
beget in boys a spirit of contentment
and a love for the farm. The boy wants
company, and to escape the loneli
ness that at times becomes unendurable
he will walk miles through, the mud
to the store at the country cross-roads,
or to the village railway station, where
he is more than likely to meet vile as
sociates and Is practically certain to
become inured to idle and vagrant
habits. Joslah FJynt has told of boys
who by the score have been induced to
take up the tramp life through the rep
resentations of wandering men whom
they have met at village railway sta
tions and country stores, where they
have been driven through the loneli
ness and unattractiveness of farm
house homes to see something beyond
the line of their fathers' fields and talk
to somebody about unfamiliar places
and chances to make money. These
facts have long been understood by in
telligent men and women on the. farm
but for ob-ioirs- reasons the social rem
edy has been difficult to apply.
The Good Templars' lodges of a for
mer generation supplied a tonic In this
direction for a time, and lodge night
was awaited impatiently in many coun
try homes. The associations at these
lodge meetings were not always what
they should have been, but the ritual
of the order inculcated lessons of mor
ality and temperance, while the social
feature, always prominent, supplied a
pressing need in human nature. It is
not too much to say that many of the
precepts of Solomon, In' which true
ritual abounded, were at these lodge
meetings impressed upon the memories
of hundreds of youth, both young men
and maidens, while the ambitious but
somewhat crude attempts made to en
tertain the members under the head of
'good of the order" gave the partici
pants their first lessons in declama
tion, in dialogue and In singing. Sim
ple as these entertainments were, and
informal as were the social features
of the Good Templars' meetings, rney
served to break the monotony of many
a long Winter evening in country and
village life, and give the rural members
something besides the humdrum of
firm life to think about.
The institution of the Grange served
a purpose along the same line of social
life, with the additional advantage that
followed the more general membership
of older persons. This has been sup
plemented In some communities by
farmers' clubs, the circulating library
and other devices for the entertainment
of the young, so that the utter loneli
ness of farmer life has been in a con
siderable degree broken up. To the
extent that these efforts embodying in
struction, entertainment and social en
joyment for the young people in rural
communities are encompassed, life on
the farm will become less distasteful to
boys. The Grange Club, the debating
society, with the occasional supper,
make necessary a good sulj of clothes,
kept for "best," a little money of his
own in the boy's pocket, care In his
personal appearance and in the choice
of his language, and some drill in table
manners, all of which are elements that
enter Into and build up self-respect and
conduce to contentment. The boy is a
gregarious animal. He needs and will
have company. Recognition of this fact
and action in accordance therewith will
go far to solve the -problem of keep
ing the farmer's boy on the farm and
giving him a boyhood to which he can
look back In after years with pleas
ure rather than repugnance.
Under an act of April 10, 1869, the Ore
gon Central Railway (East Side) se
cured a land grant from, the United
States as bonus for a railroad to Cali
fornia. This land is now- held by the
Oregon & California Railroad and Its
lessee, the Southern Padfic. The Ore
gon Central applied for the land under
the act of 1869, on J-uly 1 of that same
year, nearly three months after the
passage of the act allowing it so to ap
ply. So much of the act of Congress
the railroad availed Itself of, to obtain
some 6,000,000 acres of the public do
main. But another part of the act the
railroad ever since has tried to have
forgotten that which limits the price
at which the railroad should sell the
lands to $2.50 an acre, the purchasers to
be actual settlers, and the tracts pur
chased limited to 160 acres for each per
son. In taking the lands, the railroad
assumed a trust, which bound it to
redeem pledges to the people. Should
the railroad use part of an act of Con
gress to obtain land from the people
and then repudiate another part of the
same act, which stipulates how the
lands shall be disposed of?
Famine such as has never before
scourged and devastated even a Rus
sian province is running riot in some
of the districts of Russia. American
sympathy, coined into gold and finding
expression In supplies of food and
clothing, is reaching out to these
stricken subjects of the wealthiest ruler
on the face of the globe; the Red Cross
is busy with the distribution of funds
and supplies; the government has made
some show of an effort to relieve its
own. But with the harvest still four
months away, emaciated, naked, miser
able human beings by the thousand
cling to life, despairing of relief, and
suffer the pangs of disease Induced by
want, without hope or prospect of suc
cor. Death is the least distressing
feature of conditions that prevail
among these wretched people. It is in
deed the only relief that is effective or
has any promise of permanence. If the
physicians sent out with relief, funds
can afford temporary easement of the
awful pangs of hunger and disease,
pending the final release, their mission
will be one of mercy.
The Democratic party does not seem
to be building up very fast in Portland
Mayor Lane, for example, will not run
for re-election as a Democrat, and may
even oppose the Democratic nominee.
That will be the nearest approach he
can Tnake toward being a Republican.
But the faithful should treat him gent
ly. Let them remember the many
brethren who have gone over to the
Republican camp, body, soul and
Spokane Is discovering that Portland
is a seaport, if it did not know that
before, and that its own Jobbers are
ffavored by discriminations. - Under
such circumstances, it would be better
for Spokane to saw wood and keep on
building up a large city.
It must gall our thrifty Binger to
think that all the money he scraped to
gether from hold-back salaries of sten
ographers and from saving of postage
stamps must go Into the pockets of his
With Senator Bourne unearthing rich
men's plots in Washington against the
people's laws, and Prosecutor Heuey
unearthing them in San Francisco, the
continent is balanced on both sides
Evidently the friendship between
President Roosevelt and Senator
Bourne is not Jeopardized by the Sen
ator's boosting the third-term idea.
When is a Democrat not a Democrat?
When ha must have Republican votes.
Thomas Jefferson's birthday was not
remembered in Portland. I
Fairbanks and the North Pole are
candidates for discovery next year. But
as yet no expedition is in quest of Fair
It is to be remembered, however, that
Evelyn is in pretty good fix, after all
and that Thaw is In the worst trouble.
Here's hoping the new backers of the
United Railways In Portland have cut
loose from the hoodoo.
After all, Hermann was never known
to remember anything that would cost
him a vote. -
We might not have had those clear
days If the baseball team had been
Mr. McArttinr Shows Errors AsHttnat
- Oregon Appropriation Opponents.
PORTLAND, April 17.-r(To the Edi
tor.) Permit me through xne ji
sronlan to call attention to some of the
misrepresentations that are being made
by those who ara leading the referen
dum movement against the State Uni
A responsible citizen of HarriSDurg
is authority for the statement that
those who are circulating the referen
dum petitions in that vicinity are
ing the people that the Eaton bill will
give the university $125,900 per year,
in addition to the present standing ap
propriation of $47,500 per year. The
Linn. County people who are engineering
this movement have no business mis
leading the public with such state
ments. Everybody who knows any
thing about the affairs of this state or
the work of the Legislature, knows
full well that the Eaton bill, when it
becomes a law, will repeal all acts and
parts of acts in conflict therewith. It
these Linn County gentlemen don't
know this, they have no business in the
field on this referendum mission. It
they do know it, they are wilfully mis- 1
representing the facts for the purpose
of creating a prejudice against the I
In a circular letter which the com- :
mlttee of the Linn County Grange .is
sending out, the statement Is made
that the State of Oregon will be called
upon to pay $313 per year for each stu
dent at the university, and only J7 per
year for students in lite public schools.
This argument is weak and altogether
Inaccurate. In their estimate, the com
mittee has not taken into account the
increased enrollment which is Bure to
come during the next year or two, and
it has charged the total of the $126,000
up as a maintenance fund, when, as a
matter of fact, about $50,000 per year
will be spent for grounds, buildings
and equipment, which will become the
permanent property of the state. Grant
ing that $75,000 per year will "be used
as a maintenance fund for 400 stu
dents a very conservative estimate of
the average enrollment for the years
190S and 1909 the cost of instruction
per student will be less than $1S5 per
year. If these gentlemen were ani
mated by a spirit of fairness, they
would figure the cost of Improvements,
etc.. In their public school estimate.
But instead of that, they Juggle the
figures in such a way that the readers
of their circulars are led to believe
that Oregon is neglecting her public
school system in order to build up Jier
institutions of higher learning. As a
matter of fact, the system of common
schoqls and high schools in Oregon re
ceives more generous support than the
State University receives.
According to a news Item in this
morning's Oregonian, E. F. Palmer, one
of the leaders in the referendum move
ment. In a lecture before the Nolta
Progressive Club, last Monday evening,
made the statement that the university
will Btill have $80,000 per 5-ear, even
If the referendum is invoked. As a
matter of fact, the university will have
but a scant $60,000 per year if the
referendum Is Invoked. Perhaps Mr.
Palmer was mTsquoted. If he was. why
doesn't he take some steps to correct
the mistake, Instead of allowing the
public1 to form an erroneous Idea as to
the exact amount? It seems to me that
the elements of honesty and fair play
that should enter into this referendum
movement are conspicuous by their
absence. This is an important matter,
and there should be no misrepresenta
tion of facts. . C. N. McARTHUR.
Latin and Doctors.
PORTLAND, April 17. (Speciil.) Phy
sicians do not write their prescriptions
in an unintelligible Jargon. The language
they use is plain Latin, a language
taught In every college, academy and
high school in civilization. Neither is
there any occult symbol in a prescription.
The sign In mathematics for plus
minus Is equally occult; so Is H20 In
chemistry or HP in dynamics (or me
chanics); so is pi in the lingo of the
printers' devil. There used to be a sign
(4) at the head of the, prescription an
lnwcation to Jupiter to make potent the
drugs following. This has long ago given
place to a capital R, which Is an abbrevi
ation of recipe take. The weights are
expressed by symbols found In every
arlthmetio and are no more occult than
the sign for dollar ($). The quantity is
expressed in Roman numerals, no more
occult than the 'numbers on the face of
the clock or the pages of the preface of
most books.' The other words are no
more occult than "Bic semper tyrannus.
To Learn Business From Ground Up.
Kansas City Star.
Heir to millions and son of the presi
dent of the Rock Island Railroad system,
H. L. WInchell, Jr., Is going to become a
railroad king by learning the art of trans
portation from the very bottom up, and
has entered the shops of the Baldwin Lo
comotive Works in Philadelphia as an
ordinary apprentice. '
Snakes Like His Whistling.
A mall-carrier iu Morristown, N. J.,
upon blowing his whistle near some un
dergrowth, was rushed by dozens of
snakes, of which he killed nine garter
snakes and one adaer.
A Spring Town.
By A. A. a.
Slot machine ,
Sing . '
Number of Earthquake Victims In
Mexico Grows Dally.
CITT OF MEXICO. April 17. Owing to
the great dilficulty in establishing com
munication with the cities situated in
the region of the earthquake details are
coming to this city slowly. From the
latest reports it is learned that shocks
occurred as late as noon today. In the
list of known dead, which now totals 50,
and of the injured, which approximates
SOO, are many names of Mexicans promi
nent In the official and social life of the
region. So far the name of no American
has appeared in the meager list of dead
and injured as sent to this city.
-One of the most remarkable stories of
miraculous escapes from death In this
earthquake or perhaps in any other one.
came from Santa Julia today, where
Salesiano College for children is located.
When the big shock .came Sunday over
100 children were asleep in the dormi
tories. Thirty of them with the teachers
succeeded in .leaving the' building before
the second story and the roof fell In. By
a seeming miracle none of those left in
the ruins was seriously hurt and all were
In Tixtle seven people were taken from
the ruins dead today, and many injured
At Tuxtla eight dead and 40 injured are
reported; in Ay ml an nine dead and about
0 injured are reported.
In Huamixla the cathedral fell and the
government offices and the public schools
are in ruins.
At Techan and Tlapa nearly all the
houses fell in, but nobody was hurt.
In Mexico City the damage was heavier
than at first supposed. Numerous build
ings were badly shaken up.
News of the death of one American
woman, who was killed in the recent
earthquake reached the office of the As
sociated Press today. She was Senor Inez
Bonllla of Chllpancingo, wife of the ex
secretary to the Governor of the State of
Guerrera. Her maiden name or birth
place could not be ascertained.
It was discovered today that the cathed
ral of Mexico City, one of the largest and
most familiar churches in the world, was
cracked from top to bottom. The cathed
ral is four centuries old. It is built on
the old site of the Azteo temple, one of
the most historic spots in all Mexico.
VOLCANO ERUPTS IX ANDES
Violent Outbreak Spreads Panic In
Province of Valdivla.
VALPARAISO, Chile, April 17. News
has reached here that the Renihue vol
cano, in the Province of Valdivia, is In
violent eruption. The eruptions are ac
companied by awful subterranean rum
btings. earthquakes, intense darknesa.
electrical displays, ashes and boiling
water.. The flowing lava has set fire to
the surrounding forests, and the inhabi
tants are -fleeing in terror.
Severe Shock at Askabad.
ASKABAD, Russian Trans-Caspla,
April 17. A severe undulating earth
quake occurred here at 12:26 P. M. to
day, and lasted five seconds.
- Askabad Is the capital of Russian
Trans-Caspian territory. It is' situated
on the Trans-Caspian railway, 290 miles
southeast of Mikhailovak, the seaward
terminus. Since the construction of
the railroad, Askabad has become an
active commercial center. In 1897 it
had a population of about 20,000, com
posed of Persians, Russians, , Arme
nlans, Kurds and Jews.
American Company Suffers. '
LOS ANGELES, April 17.-George
Mitchell, president of the Ladicha Mining
Company, whose properties are In Mex
ico, 30 miles from Chllpancingo, today
received news from Acapulco dated April
16 telling of the damage there from the
earthquake. The message said:
"This city and vicinity visited by an
earthquake. No damage or loss at
Marques. No news from Ladicha yet
Chllpancingo practically destroyed. Our
residence and office also demolished. Ex
pect to save all our records."
Constantinople Feels Shock. '
CONSTANTINOPLE. April 17, An
earthquake shock was felt here and in
the suburbs at 4:30 this morning. It was
especially sharp in the upper part of the
XO GOVERNMENT GUARANTEE
Wilson Will Prosecute Food Manu
facturers Who Misstate Facts.
WASHINGTON. April lT.VIf this out
rageous misrepresentation does not cease,
the deDartment will publish a list bear
ing the names of manufacturers indulging
in this campaign of deception."
Secretary Wilson, of the Department of
Aericulture. makes this remark in an au
thorized statement regarding the fact that
there had come to his knowledge informa
tion that a number of manufacturers of
foods and drugs were freely advertising
that the United States Government was
guaranteeing their products. The Secre
tary said that the serial number and the
guaranty number required by the pure
food and drug act to be placed on food
and drug products were being used by
these manufacturers for this purpose.
"The serial number," said Secretary
Wilson, "is assigned to fix the responsi
bility where it belongs upon the manu
facturer and to protect Innocent dealers,
who have a right under the law to rely
upon his guarantee. It is the guaranty of
the manufacturer, not of the Govern
The Secretary declared that every ef
fort would be made by the department
to put a stop to the statements.
"I will do a little advertising myself,"
he said, "in behalf of the people. I am
growing tired of seeing these untruthful
statements on the advertising pages of
the magazines, the walls of the New York
subway and the advertising space of the
streetcars of the principal cities. Manu
facturers wHb will deceive the public
about the guvanty will lie about the
quality of products."
He added that the law would be admln-
By special arrangement with
the New York Herald, The Sun
day Oregonian with the next is
sue will bptrin publication of
"Busier Brown." It will be
That Buster Brown is the
most humorous of all the illus
trated pages published in the
L'nited States is not debatable.
He and his faithful companion,
Tige, have made, more Ameri
cans laugh than all other com
ic personages combined.
Buster Brown is the one mischief-maker
who causes neither
anger nor indignation.
. Next Sunday's pictures tell
how he deceived and scared
Maggie, the maid. -
Buster Brown's versatility in
the matter of boyish plots is
wonderful and in surprises he
is a positive genius.
He is popular alike with
youngsters of every age, and
especially with mature folk who
were boys and girls 50 or 60
He will be welcomed by the
rising generation of the entire
Lest children of those who are
not regular subscribers to The
Sunday Oregonian may not be
disappointed, it will be well to
order the paper from the news
dealer today "or tomorrow. Fre
quently the entire edition is sold
out before 10 A. M.
lstered fairly, and that rio honest manu
facturer need fear the 'department will
"take snap Judgment on him or harass
him in any way." .
McLaren Pension Examiner.
WASHINGTON. D. C April 17. On
the recommendation of Congressman El
lis, Dr. A. P. McLaren has been appoint
ed by the Pension Bureau as examining
surgeon at St. Helens, Or., vice Dr. J. E.
Hall, who recently resigned.
RIEF. JURY COMPLETE, BUT
Peremptory Challenges May Wipe
Away Work of Weeks.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 17.-After pre
liminaries, examinations, adjournments
and other delays occupying in all 22 days,
a trial Jury panel subject to the exercises
of 15 peremptory challenges ten by the
defense and five by the prosecution was
today completed In the Ruef case.
When the trial was resumed this morn
ing 35 talesmen out of a drawn venire of
50. answered their names in court.
Twenty-six of the 35 escaped serving by
satisfying Judge Dunne that their ex
cuses were valid. Out of the nine re
maining four tenative jurors were chosen
in the course of the day, thUB filling the
The time has now arrived for the per
emptory challenging of the jurors and
much speculation is indulged in as to
whether the entire panel will be set aside
In the exercise of this provision or wheth
er as many as half of the 12 will survive
the final and silent scrutiny of Ruef's
prosecutors and defenders.
It is thought likely at least another
week will be required for the permanent
filling of the panel after the peremptorles
have been exercised tomorrow.
STILL FEED 400,000 CHINESE
Relief of Chinese Famine Sufferers
Continues to June.
SHANGHAI, April 17. The famine re
lief committee Is feeding 400.000 persons
and will continue to feed about that num
ber until June. Grain is arriving daily.
The estimated purchases for April are
3150 tons of millet, 140,000 bags of flour.
350 tons of potatoes and 6000 bushels of
wheat for planting.
The Chinese official relief has ceased.
Official obstruction Is being placed in the
way of the most suitable and most-needed
relief work, on the plea that China her
self proposes to undertake these meas
ures. No fulfillment of these promises,
however, is probable.
-FrTm the Philadelphia Inquirer.