Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 13, 1906, Page 8, Image 8

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The ancient experiment of washing
the sow has been tried In New Jersey
with the ancient consequences. She
has returned straightway to her wal
low and lies there grunting In sumptu
ous repose. When Everett Colby car
ried the New Jersey primaries last
Fall a shout of triumph arose all over
the country from rejoicing but over
hasty reformers. New Jersey, they
cried, was redeemed from her eins of
servitude and corruption; thenceforth
nothing but purity should be seen
within her borders. They rejoiced too
poon. The escape from tophet Is not
so easy. The road down Is facile
enough, but when It comes to climbing
upward it is another story altogether.
At the primaries this Fall the reform
ers have been utterly routed. Everett
Colby dwindles from a figure of na
tional magnitude to a petty local poli
tician shorn of his beams, and George
L. Record, the Colby candidate for
United States Senator, hides his dim
inished head before the towering emi
nence of Mr. Dryden.
Some observers' say that politics is
above all law as It certainly is below
all gospel; but they are wrong. The
general laws of the universe apply to
this strange game which the American
people so love to see played and In
which they 60 enjoy enacting the part
of pawns or croquet balls. The re
mark is therefore appropriate that
steady progress In reform is not to be
expected. All human movements are
rhythmic. At least Herbert Spencer,
the great philosopher of plutocracy, so
declares. We advance a little way
with painful effort and then, with an
effort far lees painful, back we elide.
And if we do not slide quite to our
original 6eat in the mire, or even deep
er still, we have causa for abundant
The New Jersey papers explain Mr.
Colby's defeat and Mr. Dryden's vic
tory according to their proclivities.
The friends of popular government de
clare that he was defeated by the lav
ish wealth of the -corporations which
eeeme to have been distributed among
the masses like the gentle rain from
heaven, producing votes as the showers
of April do flowers. When a trust
Senator, like Mr. Dryden, buys up the
electorate of a state the plutocratic
papers of the East take it as a matter
of course. It is In accordance with
heaven's eternal law. It id part If
the regular routine of decent govern
ment. But when a demagogue, like
Mr. Hearst, steps In and plays the
6ame trick, then they wave their hands
wildly, tear their hair in a frenzy of
horror and assault the skies with their
shrieks of righteous wrath. This Is
a very peculiar and very Interesting
point of ethics and deserves careful
memorizing. For the plutocratic sys
tem to buy votes Is highly moral and
promotive of good, or at least decent,
government; for Mr. Hearst to do the
same thing is the depth of depravity.
The privilege of buying votes, in fact,
seems to belong strictly to the system.
The enemies of Mr. Colby ascribe
his defeat to many different cauees.
One of them is the grand personality
of Mr. Dryden. There can be no doubt
that Mr. Dryden's face, at least, is ex
tremely imposing. It has even Imposed
upon Its owner, who is not deficient In
shrewdness. He thinks his countenance
Is one of the natural wonders of the
universe and displays it beside the
Rock of Gibraltar without the. least
suspicion that one is less Important
than the other. His face is one of the
assets of the Prudential Insurance
.Company. It la a winning countenance,
it wins dollars by the millions from
workmen who pay for their Industrial
Insurance five times what it is worth;
and there can be no doubt that it wins
votes also. Mr. Record may count it
among hla misfortunes that he has not
a face of that serene, composed and
compelling beauty which Mr. Dryden
possesses. The defect certainly con
tributed to his defeat In the Senatorial
contest. Such a face as Mr. Dryden
has. and such a conscience, taken to
gether, make up a personality which
it 1 hard to beat In politics or busi
ness. Like Mr. Bailey, whatever he
does he does with a good conscience.
You never hear of Mr. Dryden, any
more than Mr. Piatt, doing anything
that is against his conscience. All his
acts in the Senate and all his crooked
politics at home are done conscienti
ously. The advantage of having such
a conscience i only less than that of
having Mr. Dryden's face. The two
naturally go together and supplement
one another. They are like two pals,
one of whom picks pockets In a crowd
while the other stows away the swag.
Besides the exalted personality of Mr.
Dryden It is said that Mr. La Foilette's
speeches also contributed to the de
feat of the Colby ticket. The reason
assigned Is that his rude and boister
ous assaults upon the record of the
Republican party In New Jersey
shocked the pride of the voters and
determined them to rise in their might
and vindicate it. This may be so. The
New Jersey voter is known to be a
very proud individual, and If ever a
record needed vindication that of the
New Jersey Republicans does. Still,
It is difficult to vindicate a record by
continuing In office the men who have
smirched it. A more effectual way Is
to put them in Jail and try a new deal.
Conditions differ, however, and a
method which has made matters worse
everywhere else may make them better
In New Jersey. We can only wait and
Portland has too little harbor room
not enough for growth of its com
merce. Yet Mr. L. A. Lewis, Mr. C. F.
Adams, Mr. J. C. Flanders and others
would narrow the harbor between
Burnslde and Steel bridges, on the
west side of the river, by extending
the harbor line out Into the stream, eo
that they may Increase their wharfage
and warehouse area.
This Is another bold scheme to gain,
for private use, property belonging to
the public, without giving compensa
tion therefor a scheme of a series
which have netted to private Individ
uate highly profitable privileges and
franchises In this city. In common
terms, it is an exhibition of brazen
faced gall.
Major Langfltl, when k in charge of
this engineering district, defeated an
attempt of these frontage owners to
gain possession of a strip beyond the
existing harbor line, some 1500 feet
long and ranging up to ninety feet
wide. Somewhat tamed, they now ask
for about half that much. But Lieutenant-Colonel
Roeesler, successor to
Major Langfitt, stands in their way.
However, the Port of Portland Com
mission, of which Mr. Adams is a
member, also Captain Pease, who Is in
the service of the O. R. & N., another
beneficiary of the scheme, has recom
mended In their favor. As an exhibi
tion of nerve, this is even more brazen
faced than the. other. It Is not easy
to eee how Mr. Adams can consistently
serve his gas company and the Port
at the same time under such circum
stances; yet he has the effrontery to
do It.
If the wharf-owners wish deep water
they can dredge for it, without build
ing their wharves out to the present
channel. This was the advice of Major
Langfitt, and It was wholesome.
Again, further obstruction of flood
currents at that point of the river can
not fail to be disastrous. A river tor
rent would sweep over the west bank at
that point, and the narrowing of the
stream would make the currents still
more destructive, spreading them over
the lower part of the city with highly
dangerous results.
The city needs larger harbor area,
and should resent any attempt of eelf
seeking frontage owners to reduce It.
Shipping Interests have felt themselves
cramped for room above Steel bridge
for a long time, and even below that
bridge they have not enough. So press
ing Is the need for larger facilities that
proposals have been made for increas
ing them.
Portland has given away too valuable
privileges already. It has given away
the use of Its streets to be capitalized
by public service corporations. It lost
Us pub'.io levee at the foot of Jefferson
street through a political Job. It should
not permit itself to be "done" out of
wharfage by Mr. Lewis, Mr. Adams,
Mr. Flanders et al.
"Golden years have been wasted,"
writes "Salmon King" R. D. Hume,
of Rogue River, discussing the inef
flcacy of present salmon hatchery
methods, "for want of the exercise of
a little common sense." Those meth
ods, he says, have been 'eminently
successful In hatching the fry,' but
millions -of the fry have been lost every
year to devouring enemies, because re
leased before" large enough to protect
So much money has been expended
from state funds and license fees, on
hatcheries, and the results have been
so unsatisfactory, that, as Mr. Huipe
suggests, it is time for "an Inquiry as
to the benefits derived." Says he:
My answer to -such Inquiry would be that
no perceptible good has been derived by the
state from the operations of its salmon hatch
eries since their creation, and the only evi
dence of the benefit of such institutions on the
Pacific Coast has been demonstrated on Rogue
River, where an advanced ' method has been
pursued the feeding of the fry until able to
eat. Instead of being eaten. From the be
ginning of salmon culture on this coast I
have maintained that feeding was the only
method by which success could be obtained and
had prepared an object lesson by which "he
who runs might read" when my efforts) were
paralyzed by the neglect of H. G. Van Dusen
to perform his duties In the section where
runs the Rogue.
Many millions of fry have been re
leased from Columbia River hatcheries
every year for more than a decade, and
but a very small percentage comes
back In adult fish. This fact Indicates
a big waste somewhere, after the
hatcheries have done their work. The
hatcheries have turned out enough
young salmon to keep the river well
supplied, did they but mature Into
adult fish. The theory has been that
were the output of hatcheries made
sufficiently large, a sufficient number
of salmon would survive to keep the
Columbia River stocked from year to
year, and could that end be attained,
artificial propagation could afford to
lose a great part of its hatchery prod
uct. Therefore, numerous hatcheries
have been established and others are
But this theory has not seemed to
wok out well. With Increase of
hatchery output has come Increase of
destructive forces. It is held by know
ing observers that larger fleh of other
species, especially trout and black
bass,- prey upon the young salmon.
When released from the hatcheries,
the fry have been a little more than an
inch long. Mr. Hume's hatcheries on
Rogue River have retained them until
much larger, or, as he says, "until
able to eat Instead of being eaten."
Unquestionably there is good reason
here. Not more nor larger hatcheries
would seem to be the immediate need
of the industry, but feeding .stations-.
It ought to be cheaper to save millions
of fry. by protecting them until five or
six inches long, than to hatch millions
more, in the hope that from a greater
hatch the needed number will escape
and grow Into adult fish.
Mr. Hume has nullified the cannery
license law in the court and -will pay
no more license, because of Fish
Warden Van Dusen's failure to enforce
the fishway law on Rogue River
against two power dams that stopped
hatchery work there last year. This
matter is separate from the feeding
station question. Mr. Hume's. long ex
perience with Rogue River hatchery
work gives weight to his opinion about
protecting the fry. But, aside from
that, his suggestion is plausible and
reasonable. The fishing interests
should be able to agree on it, even if
quarreling over open season or regula
tion of gear.
Why is It so difficult for the mistress
of the ordinary home to obtain domes
tic servants? One reason is the very
fact that she persists in calling them
"servants." If the mistress of the
house would adopt some title for her
help less suggestive of an inferior so
cial position she would have less
trouble in keeping them In that posi
tion. Many girls object to being called
servants who have no insuperable ob
jection to servants' work.
Still, the word servant Is compara
tively unimportant. The essential point
Is that women have by dint of long
efforts relegated housework, not to an
inferior, but to a degraded position in
the social scale. It carries a stigma.
Speaking generally, the girl who does
housework accepts rank in a servile
class. She separates herself definitely
from the saleswoman, the amanuensis,
the help In the restaurants; In short,
her employment is the very lowest
which falls to the lot of women. Her
employers have made It so and the
world has accepted their classification.
Consider the title "kitchen maid."
Think what it implies in the way of
social degradation. The girl who ac
cepts it has no lover; she has only a
"follower." She has no parlor but the
kitchen, and there her visitors are fre
quently spied upon lnqutsitorially lest
their presence corrupt the air of the
house or lest the maid plunder the
pantry to feed them. Often the mistress
forbids all "followers." Then the maid
must receive her company in the
Her hours of work are-. Indefinite. She
has no time which she can absolutely
call her own. Her "afternoon out" is
hers only In case the mistress does not
infringe upon it. She must begin her
task early in the morning, and It ends
only when there is nothing more to be
done at night. The wonder is, not that
good help for the house is scarce, but
that any at all can be found. As girls
learn more of their opportunities in
other- fields, household help must be
come still scarcer and less reliable.
Only the dregs of womankind will sub
mit to its hardships. What then will
become of the home?
The decision of the United States
Circuit Court of Appeals, at Boise,
holding that the measure of a water
appropriator's right is the extent of
his beneficial use, is in accordance
with the prevailing opinion of the time.
In every line of public enterprise the
dog-in-the-manger policy is receiving
little of encouragement. This Is par
ticularly true of railroads and similar
corporations which serve the public
and which frequently seek to keep
others from enjoying opportunities of
which they themselves make no use.
It may very fittingly be true in the
case of water users who appropriate
that which they do not own and of
which they have only the right of use.
The water of our streams comes from
the clouds and falls upon all the land.
From a thousand hills it is gathered
into brooks or It bursts forth from in
numerable springs. It is gathered
from no one man's land, but flows over
the lands of many. Every man who
can put it to beneficial use should have
the opportunity; no man should be al
lowed to hold It In ldlenees or insist
upon its running to waste.
In the case mentioned a power com
pany had constructed a dam to hold
10,000 second-feet of water, but had
utilized only '2100 feet. When an irri
gation enterprise sought to use part
of the remainder the company sought
an injunction. Very properly the court
held that the power company has title
to the use of only so much water as
It has put to beneficial use, and If it
desires to acquire title to the remainder
of the 10,000 feet It must put that quan
tity to use within a reasonable time.
The injunction was refused and the
power company was told to acquire a
right by due diligence before it sought
to enforce one. The court would not
be a party to an effort to stifle enter
prise. The dog must eat hay or get
out of the manger.
The doctrine upheld by the court at
Boise is not new, but It is strengthened
by every such decision. The time has
passed when a court can acquire or re
tain a reputation for wisdom and hold
that one man enjoying a public priv
ilege can retain his right to the ex
clusion of others without making use
of his right.
The Cuban patriot has often posed
for his picture before the American
newspaper, correspondent. It is no
snap-shot that has thus been given to
the world through the press, but a pic
ture the details of which are carefully
brought out and elaborated by a word
sketch, the interpretation of which can
not be mistaken. v
Thus we are told that the Cuban
patriot is very fond of wearing a gor
geous uniform; that he likes the clat
ter of the big machete hanging from
his belt, and loves to bestride a gaily,
caparisoned, prancing horse. Fighting
Is a side issue which he shuna a part
of the patriot-soldier's life that has too
much of hazard to be courted.
Cuba; says a correspondent of Rldg
way's Magazine, Is full of this type of
soldiers, both federals and revolution
ists, "most of whom are generals."
Occasionally, - it is admitted, one is
found who shows signs of having been
in a fight; but, for the 'most part, this
bloody -phase of war is avoided by the
true Cuban patriot. One of these Is
thus described by Ridgway's corre
spondent: Hs was a tall, good-looking man, dressed In
a hlua coat, spangled with gold. He wore a
brilliant red sash about his waist. He stood
In the hotel lobby. His hat was off. Fre
quent fingering called attention to his head,
where the hair had been cut away to disclose
plainly a healed-up wound. Inquiry elicited
the information that ho was no less consider
able a personage than General Castllle, one.
of the most prominent of the revolutionists,
and that the scar he was displaying so proud
ly waB inflicted by a machete In the hands of
a drunken soldier of his own command.
This is, perhaps, the type of soldier
and patriot with whom General Funs
ton is not popular His following com
prises the entire Cuban army, rank
and file. They have no use for a bluff
soldier with, fight In his eye a soldier
who means business aud who Is on
the ground to transact It after the
plan approved by experience with rev
olutionists In the Philippines. What,
Indeed, is the use of a real fighter in
the field, when both factions in this
latest mimicry of war in Cuba are
perfectly willing to go home until they
feel the need of a little more military-excitement?
Several Oregon cities have adopted
the policy of not charging tuition for
pupils who .enter the schools from
other districts. The law permits such
charges to be made, and in strict Jus
tice no complaint can be made if the
tuition fees are exacted. For many
years It was the custom in many cities
to charge outsiders for the privilege of
attending city schools during the
Winter. The business men of the city
districts' have learned, however, that
it pays to encourage people to make
the city their Winter home. Families
have lived for years on the farms until
the children have grown old enough to
need instruction in a city school, and
hey seek a location. All other con
ditions being equal, they will go where
no ' tuition fees are charged. They
have some money saved from their an
nual 'harvests, and this they spend In
buying or renting and furnishing a city
home. They add to the population and
business of the community. Tohave
the reputation of piaintalning good
schools and throwing the doors open to
allcomers is one of. the best and most
attractive advertisements a city could
wish in its effort to Increase the num
ber of its desirable people. Families
that go to a community because of
the educational facilities afforded are
among the best citizens from whatever
standpoint they be judged. They are
enterprising, law-abiding and perma
nent. They pay their debts, acquire
property and in every way become use
ful members of the social organization.
Vice-President Fairbanks' son has
made a sensational elopement and
married. The dignity that belongs to
true marriage is ruthlessly! and fool
ishly sacrificed by the elopement of a
couple, both of whom are old enough
to marry quietly at the home parson
age In the event of irreconcilable
parental objection. Fred Fairbanks Is
a young man of 23 years; Nellie Scott
was 20. Why,, except to create a sen
sation, should they have sneaked away
to be married? Wehear a great deal
in these days about what parents owe
to their children. That the debt is a
heavy one ' all responsible parents
acknowledge and strive earnestly from
day to day to discharge. But children
aleo owe something to their parents,
and one. of the first of these obliga
tions is not to humiliate them by pub
lic defiance of their wishes In a mat
ter of lifelong importance. The more
prominent the family name, the great
er the offense. While, therefore, it
was a proper thing for young Fair
banks to marry the girl he loved, he
should , out of respect for his father's
position before the world, have averted
a sensational marriage.
Over at Walla Walla the state ofT
ficials have discovered that grain bags
manufactured at the state prison have
not been going into the hands of farm
ers exclusively, but that large num
bers have been acquired by speculators
who take advantage of the scarcity
and make a profit on handling them.
The law is defective if it fails to pro
vide a means by which such specula
tors can be 6nt to prison and em
ployed a few years in the manufacture
of bags for the use of the farmers they
have robbed. There could be no more
appropriate punishment.
Whose "purity" did the delegates to
the National Purity Federation im
prove by their tour of the red-light
quarter of Chicago? Certainly not
their own and probably nobody's else.
There is a well-grounded belief held
by many that extreme attention to this
sort of purity develops pruriency. Vice
Is a monster of so hideous mien as to
be hated needs but to be seen. But
seen too oft dreadful consequences
may ensue.
Suppose Mr. Carnegie should offer
$50,000 to every college whose president
would promise to accept the simplified
spelling. The result of his preliminary
experiment upon the principal of St.
Andrew's seems to show that spelling
reform would rapidly become popular
in the learned world under those con
ditions. Mrs. Snyder is a woman of strong
nerves and invincible will. The physical
and mental strain to which she has
been subjected since the finding of
her husband's body has beeen great,
and the fortitude she has shown la
wonderful, whether It Is the result of
conscious rectitude or guilty knowl
edge. Mr. Douglas doesn't know anything
about Massachusetts politics, but he is
Inclined to run again for Governor. He
won once overwhelmingly. The shoe
maker who doesn't stick to his last
usually has poorer luck than Douglas;
but then all shoemakers are not
named Douglas.
It is sufficient to say that of the
Hood River fruit fair that it made the
finest display of apples ever shown In
that apple-famed region. Visitors from
far and near attested by their surprise
and appreciation to the beauty, variety
and toothsomeness of Hood River
Mr. Cleveland has got to the point
where he regards Mr. Hearst's nom
ination aa an "afflictive situation."
This is the New Jersey way of saying
what Mr. Watterson out in Kentucky
described in one short word beginning
with "H."
Mike Fisher now comes forward with
an offer of 25,000 and plenty of sun
shine for the final game of the Chi
cago series. Everybody knows that
Mr. Fisher Is long on sunshine, but .
It's a hard-luck story all round for
fuel dealers, teamsters, laborers and
wood-cutters. No one of them Is get
ting enough, they say. It bodes a hard
winter for consumers, sure enough.
A son of Brigham Young has taken
up his residence at Walla Walla. The
charms of that city are such that he
will find it hard to get away. He's In
the penitentiary for forgery.
There W some difference between a
class "rush" and a riot, but the dis
tinction is so slight that space will not
permit an effort to define the line of
Now, If that Hearst Independence
League would sin, seaf and deliver a
declaration of Independence from Mr.
Hearst, wouldn't it jar you?
The grievous part of it all, from the
Chicago standpoint, is that a Chicago
team must lose the -baseball champion
ship of the world.
Thousands Were Cuanjced by His In
tensity and Sincerity of Trenching.
London Spectator.
Wesley never changed his creed. The
first tiling which .opened his eyes to
the fact of Jils own unconverted state
was not intellectual difficulty, but
physical danger. During a storm at
sea, though he seems to have behaved
with the utmost composure, he was
"very uneasy." Death, comments Dr.
Fitchett (his latest biographer), is
the acid by which a genuine religion
can be tested, and Wesley's religion,
so he thinks, failed at the test. There
are passages in the gospels relating,
to the garden of Gethsemane and to
the Cross, which, when Dr. Fitchett
writes of death and Its "triumph." we
think that he must have forgotten. On
May 24, 1738, at a quarter past 9 in
the morning, through the instrumen
tality of one Peter Bonier, Wesley
gained "assurance," and with it, as
Dr. Fitchett truly says, "power." To
the end of his life he kept and he
Imparted this assurance. Riding about
the length and breadth of the coun
try, he preached the gospel as he In
terpreted it to vast crowds of work
ing people. Thousands and tens of
thousands professed to have gained
trom his words a sudden sense of rec
onciliation to God through Christ, a
sudden and complete realization of the
doctrine of the atonement following
upon an overwhelming sense of sin.
IT the. faith of a few brought forth
no fruit, it remains an historical cer
tainty, attested by men of all opinions,
that Wesley worked In the many a
vast moral Improvement, and did,
whatever meaning we put upon the
word "salvation," set forward the sal
vation of all men.
Of course, he was a man of supreme
organizing capacity, but had he had
no religious effect upon the multitude
he would have been working In a vac
uum. His success did not rest upon
organization, neither did it rest upon
fear. The machinery of hell, to which
his hold upon the crowd has been by
some superficially attributed, he made
little use of. He was not an original
theologian, and he did not deny, so
far as doctrine went, what he had
been taught. But there Is no evidence
that before his own conversion he
feared hell. He dwelt little in his
sermons upon retribution: he indig
nantly disclaims the doctrine of repro
bation; he defines damnation as a
"state wherefh If a man dies he per
isheth forever," leaving the question
of eternal torture untouched; and ac
cording to his Methodist biographer,
he did not wholly repudiate the hope
of the Unlversalist. "The belief that
God's mercy was co-extenslve with his
universe; that sound faith might be
hidden beneath the appearance of
heresy, and that many will be saved
,by Christ who neer heard the name
of Christ, was held by Wesley strong
ly." His object was not to terrorize,
but to convince.
He did convince. The greatness ot
his work no man can deny. The effi
cacy of his method is proved beyond
doubt. It is too late in the day to
contradict the reality of the phenome
na of conversion. It is an experience
calculated to transform the life of the
individual to whom it is given; but
what surprises us is to find a sober
minded man of today regarding it as
an essential, indeed as the essential,
feature of the Christian life. Christ,
it Is true, said "Ye must be born
again," but he expressed surprise that
a master in Israel did not know that
already, and It is therefore plain that
when he spoke he was not alluding
to any absolute conviction as to his
own work of redemption to regenera
tion, that is, in Dr. Fitchett's sense
of the word. The "assurance" of which
our author speaks is a great gift, a
spiritual Joy, which history shows to
be epidemic in the world, and which
is confined to no form of Christianity,
nor, for that matter, to Christianity
at all. It files like panic from one to
another. When It comes it brings the
things of the spirit near to individ
uals and to aggregates of Individuals,
and when the sense of the supernat
ural is strong upon the world the
words of inspiration go home. Relig
ious exaltation Is a medium in which
Christianity spreads easily; but It is
not an Inherent part of the religion
which Christ taught. To Insist that
It is. Is, ns we believe, a harmful doc
trine in the present day, when the as
surance which comes of enthusiasm
is rare, and the faithful have need of
all possible encouragement. ChristN
anity prescribes a . life, not a sensa
tion, and knows more of aspiration
than attainment.
Dr. Fitchett's exclusive -creed might
be thus summed up: We walk by
sight, not by faith. Such, he falls to
convince us. Is a fair description of
Wesleyan Christianity. Wesley was
less consistent than his biographer.
"If I die, I will die at thy door. If I
sink. I will sink in thy ship." These
words Dr. Fitchett quotes them
form part of "the covenant service
read every year in all the churches he
founded." They Imply a consciously
imperfect knowledge and describe,
standing alone, the state of mind of
the majority of thinking Christians In
all the 'churches today. To deny that
such men and women are Christians
Is to "fence the tables" with a fatal
rigor. It is Indeed a virtual declara
tion that Christianity as a great world
force has ceased to exist, and has be
come the sole property of an illumi
nated few. '
In the Furniture Line.
Brooklyn Eagle.
A folding table, bed and chair,
A folding kitchen charms.
And last, not least, just add to that
A pair of folding arms.
t 'isi'lss--' oftSi-
From the St. Paul Pioneer Press.
Mother Earth Has Supplied the World's
Greatest Fortunes.
New York Sun.
Belt's vast wealth came from mines
diamonds, gold and copper like the im
mense fortune of Senator William A.
Clark, of Montana; like the $25,000,000 or
more accumulated by Cecil Rhodes.
The earth was also the source of the
wealth of both John D. Rockefeller and
his brother William. The same thing is
true of Carnegie's great store of wealth.
It was really dug from iron mines iron
and coal.
Krupp piled up the estate In
Germany In like manner. He made his
money by manufacturing the product of
lion mines.
The earth is a magnificent storehouse of
wealth. It has proved more fruitful of
immense fortunes than the vast transpor
tation business which made the fortunes
of the Vanderbilts and the Goulds. Hill,
Harriman and the rest of the railroad
kings. It has beaten the mere ownership
and use of the surface of the ground,
Astor fashion, says the Cleveland leader.
Whereupon the Manufacturers' Record
"Yes, and the great center of the
earth's storehouse Is the South. Think of
its coal area, nearly three times as great
as the combined coal fields of Great Brit
ain, Germany and Pennsylvania: of its
iron ore, far surpassing In quantity that
which made the fortunes of Carnegie and
Krupp; of its oil, promising to exceed in
yield all that went to make the Rocke
feller fortunes; of its sulphur, which dom
inates the world's, sulphur trade; of its
phosphate, . which holds the same unique
position in the world's fertilizer Industry;
of its vast stores of cement-making ma
terials, the industry which promises to
rival iron and steel; of Its copper and
other higher forms of minerals and then
let your imagination attempt to forecast
the vastness of the wealth which this
material storehouse of the world is to
turn loose In the South."
Condensation! "Hearst Mixed Pickles."
Louisville Courier-Journal.
It is here where the shoe pinches; bo
cause it seems Impossible, under existing
conditions, to unite them. The opposition
is broken into groups. The first fatal
split came 10 years ago. The split of
1896 was widened by the episode of 1904.
As a consequence, the return of Mr.
Bryan's factionism's first victim, was wel
comed by all the groups except the
Hearst group. There was a hope that
Bryan might achieve the required union.
That hope Is not yet extinct. But, the
Bryan uprising is met by the Hearst
demonstration; and Hearstism is Democ
racy crossed on Socialism, with strong
paternal leanings. Thus, in New York
the campaign becomes an affair of mixed
pickles, the label on neither jar disclos
ing the contents, and, in case the Hearst
label wins, the trade - in mixed pickles
will extend itself all over the Union.
Moral: Skin your eyes, boys, and keep
your powder dry!
Panama Max See Mrs. Roosevelt.
Washington Dispatch In Philadelphia
Mrs. Roosevelt contemplates accom
panying the President on his proposed
trio to Panama, if hts original plans
hold good and the trip is undertaken next
month. The trip will probably laot a
month. Mrs. Roosevelt has not been out
since she returned from Oyster Bay. She
was somewhat fatigued from the jour
ney, and has been resting. ArchlbaUJ
started to the Friends' School and Quen
tin Is again In his class in the Force pub
lic school.
Roosevelt Refuses a Life Mask.
Chicago Chronicle.
President Roosevelt is emphatic in his
refusal to have a life mask made. ' The
President has no especial objection to
being preserved otherwise; he sits for
his photo at reasonably short intervals,
and has given sittings for the preserva
tion of his likeness-in oil. But he has a
horror of being spattered over with clay
and breathing through quills.
Ethel Roosevelt Will "Come Out" at 20
Washington (D. C) Star.
Mrs. Roosevelt announces that her
daughter Ethel will not make her cl?but
until she is 20, while Mrs. George J.
Gould says that her daughter Marjorie,
now 18, must wait a year, and Miss
Gladys Vanderbilt and . Miss Dorothy
Whitney, both carefully brought up heir
esses, waited until their 19th year before
they entered society.
Tnft, Llmellsrht and Jealousy.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
Secretary Taft is placed in the lime
light so often that some of the other of
ficials who regard themselves as having
Presidential chances may become jealous.
A Rose Song.
Frank Dempster Sherman in New York Sun.
A little bud was I
Upon the vine, alone;
I felt the breeze go by,
Acroes the garden blown:
And once as morning came
A poet called my name
A scrap of winged sky
Sang Rose, be thou mine own!
This merry heart of mine
With sudden rapture stirred:
I danced upon the vine
Until the sun was blurred;
And dancing in the dew
A crimson rose I grew,
O take me. love, for thine!
I told my poet bird.
Dear lady, on whose breast
It is my blbss to be
Another Rose's guet.
Love's desson learn of me.
Unto your happy heart
My red lips can impart
The tender truth he pressed
One kls will set It free.
First and foremost, all the world's
news by Associated l'ress. special
correspondents and members of The
Oregonlan stuff, making the fullest
and most eomplete record of any
1'acifio Coast newspaper.
' First Installment of a new story
bj- L. Frank Baum, author of "The
Wizard of Oz." illustrated by John
It. Neill, who made the pictures for
Mr. Baum's former successes.
Frank Baum is easily first In the
hearts of American children. His
"Wizard of Oz" and its sequel,
"The Land of Oz," have become
classics, the "Wizard'' now being
published in five different lan-
gtiases. He promises that the new
story shall eclipse his former pro
ductions. R has the additional
charm of mystery, for the reader
Is in doubt as to whether "the
Cherub" is a boy or a girl.
"John Ddugh and the Cherub"
abounds in unique Baum charac
ters. The author has the happy
knack of writing stories which
parents delisht to read to children.
Therefore the new offering is cer
tain to entertain every one in the
It will be published in twelve
weekly installments.
Y. M. C. A. AND Y. W. C. A.
Mrs. Walter J. Iloneyman, in view
of the. present widespread move
ment for an adequate building,
writes a clear article In sympa
thetic vein on the purposes of these
organizations. Their spirit is to re
turn "value received" for every
dollar paid to them.
A rimely contribution by William
S. Sibson, who declares that with
proier culture finer roses can be
produced late in the Autumn than
bluom in June. Me then gives a
list of the varieties best adapted
for Fall blooming in our climate.
Incidentally it may be mentioned
that any time the next four weeks
is a good season to plant roses
both for June and Fall blooming.
Philander C. Knox, formerly Cabi
net Minister, is more than a local
or state figure 1n politics. He gave
up a fortune to enter public life.
Tha other day he consented to talk
about himself to William B. Mor
row, a well-known newspaper man.
This talk ought to serve as an in
spiration to every young American
of brains and umbition.
A. II. Ballard has been touching
elbows with the New York oligar
chy who govern the American
drama, and writes an unconven
tional letter giving the managerial
inside of things theatrical. He also
tells how John Cort of Seattle, a
"rank outsider," Jumped the fence,
broke Into the rich pasture and is
now waxing fat.
Beyond three score and ten,
and out of health, Mrs. Wil
liam Astor is about to retire
as the ruler of New York society.
A correspondent tells about the
probability of her successor, men
tioning several candidates who have
the proper qualifications.
W. B. Northrop writes from Lon
don that the next Parliament prom
ises to furnish the political battle
of the century. Growing sentiment
against law-making by right of
birth may bring about a crisis. The
article Is beautifully illustrated.
Not because national thirst is less,
but because it is an economic ne
cessity if the empire is to continue
to prosper. Dexter Marshall writes
from Berlin that the Government
is behind a strong movement for
moderation in the use of bever
It was in England and he went to
a country dentist. No one who
ever suffered from a jumping
nerve who hasn't? will accuse
Mr. Devery's editor of exaggerating
the facts in the case.
Many pages are devoted each
week in The Sunday Oregonian to
musical, theatrical and social re
views. The field is thoroughly cov
ered by capable writers, and every
thing of interest is given, from an
nouncements of engagements and
descriptions of the weddings of the
week to reviews of the attractions
in the local playhouses and stories
of the staise. The pages are well
Illustrated by reproductions of pho
tographs and sketches by staff
The best review of sports printed
in the Northwest is to be found in
The Sunday Oregonian. No other
paper in this territory compares
with The Oregonian In the thor
oughness of its sporting depart
ment. Associated Press news and
epeclal dispatches are supplemented
by local articles, and every sport
' oif the season receives its share of
attention. It Is Just the eve of
the football season, and the game,
as played under the new rules, is
discussed. The regular San Fran
cisco letter from Harry B. Smith.
Transactions in the local realty
market are constantly growing in
Importance, and no Portlander can
afford to keep out of touch with
this activity. Big sales are chron
icled, the trend of the market
noted, and new building projects
discussed in the weekly review.
There are accompanying illustra
tions of new dwellings and busi
ness blocks.
Emlle Frances Bauer, in her usual
New York letter, talks of the mu
sical festival at Worcester. Mass.
Thla Is the 43th annual occurrence
of the event, and Is the absorbing
topic at present In Eastern music
Ten Thousand Dollars) For One Book.
London Dispatch in New York Times.
Sotheby. Wilkinson & Hodge recently
sold by private treaty to an American
collector a copy of the 1612 edition of
Shakespeare's "The Passionate Pllgrlme,"
for JE2C0O. The only other example known
was at one time in the collection of Ed
mond Malotie, and is now In the Bodleian
Library, at Oxford. The copy which has
gone to, America was the property of
John E. T. Loveday, who inherited it, and
described In Notes and Queries of August
12. 182, how he discovered it Jn a dark
corner behind two rows of books. The
volume consists of 62 leaves, and for its
size is probably the most costly book ever