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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1906)
VOL. XL VI. XO. 14,235.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, ,JULY
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Proclamation to Nation
NETHER TAXES NOR SOLDIERS
Czar to Be Deprived of Means
FORCE PRODUCES. UNION
Governor of Yiborg's Order to Dis
perse Causes Moderates to Join .
Hands With Radicals After
Whole Day's Debate.
VIBORG. July 23. The Russian Douma,
at a session here, adopted a proclamation
to the Russian people which formally in
augurates popular resistance to the Czar.
With the Governor at the door of the
Hotel Belvedere, where the House met,
ordering it to disperse, and with ' troops
on the scene ready to enforce his orders,
the moderates and . radicals sank: . their
differences and adopted an address to the
nation, calling upon all Russian citizens
to pay no taxes and recruit no soldiers
until a popular, representative . Parlia
ment is summoned, and to repudiate all
loans which the government may raise to
continue Its despotic rule.
Violent Dissension Reigns.
The text of the manifesto was prepared
at an all-night session of a committee of
seven, and then began a struggle between
the Constitutional Democrats and the
Group of Toil, the latter demanding that
the document should Include a declaration
against the payment of taxes and another
against the furnishing of recruits for the
Sarmy. It was clear that violent dissen
sions had broken out among the members,
notwithstanding their strenuous efforts to
come into accord. A strong faction of the
Constitutional Democrats was striving in
vain to check the impetuous Radicals in
the fear that the whole movement would
be discredited If there was an attempt to
assume a revolutionary role. The Rad
icals, on the other hand, supported the
members of the Group of Toil, who. con
sider an upheaval of the masses certain,
and Insist that the members of Parlia
ment should place themselves at the head
of another revolution, and, if necessary,
die in the sight of the people.
For us," said one of the members to
the Associated Press representative, "the
wrath of the people Is more terrible than
the government, for the masses would
never forgive us for their discontent
ment." Hurry to Forestall Troops.
There was but a limited number of Con
stitutional Democrats present. The Polish
delegates showed a disposition to refuse
to participate in the discussion, preferring
to Issue a separate appeal. Both M. Sta
kovich and Count Heyden were present,
urging haste, as they had received infor
mation that the government at St. Peters
burg had directed Governor-General Ger
hard to declare Viborg in a state of siege
In order to give a show of legal warrant
for dispersing the meeting, with the pos
sible Intention of surrounding and arrest
ing the membership.
There are several thousand troops in the
, garrison here.
Until the last moment It seemed that
Pay No Taxes, Recruit No Soldiers Until Representative
Parliament Is Summoned.
ST. PETERSBURG. July 23. The following is the text of the parlia
"To the People from Their Popular Representatives:
"Citizens of All Russia: Parliament has been dissolved by ukase of July
21. You elected us as your representatives and instructed us to fight for
our country and freedom. In execution of your instructions and our duty,
we drew up laws In order to Insure freedom to the people. We demanded
the removal of Irresponsible Ministers, who were Infringing the laws with
Impunity and oppressing freedom.
"First of all, however, we wanted to bring out a law respecting the dis
tribution of land to working peasants and involving the assignment, to
this end. of crown appanages, monasteries and lands belonging to the
clergy and compulsory expropriation of private estates. The government
held such a law to be inadmissible, and upon Parliament once more urgently
putting forward its resolution regarding compulsory expropriation. Par
liament was dissolved. .
SEVEN MONTHS WITHOUT PARLIAMENT.
"The government promises to convene a new Parliament seven months
hence. Russia must remain without popular representation for seven
whole months, at a time when the people are standing on the brink of ruin
and industry and commerce are undermined, when the whole country is
seething with unrest and when the Ministry has definitely shown Its Inca
pacity to do justice to popular needs. For seven months the government
will act arbitrarily and will fight against the popular movement In order
to obtain a pliable, subservient Parliament. Should It succeed, however, in
completely suppressing the popular movement, the government will con
voke no Parliament at all.
NO TAXES. NO SOLDIERS.
"Citizens, stand up for your trampled-on rights, for popular representa
tion and for an Imperial Parliament. Russia must not remain a day with
out popular representation. You possess the means of acquiring it. The
government has. without the assent of the popular representatives, no right
to collect taxes from the people nor to summon.the people to military serv
ice. Therefore, you are now the government. The dissolved Parliament was
justified In giving neither money nor soldiers. Should the government,
however, contract loans In order to procure funds, such loans will be in-
valid without the consent of the popular representatives. The Russian peo
ple will never acknowledge them and will not be called upon to pay them.
"Accordingly, until a popular representative Parliament Is summoned,
do not give a kopeck to the throne or a soldier to the army. Be steadfast
in your refusal. No power can resist the united, inflexible will of the people.
"Citizens, in this obligatory and unavoidable struggle your representa
tives will be with you."
the desire for unanimous adoption of the
manifesto would be wrecked. There were
sharp differences between the Constitu
tional Dmocrats and the Revolutionists,
the latter wishing to proclaim the house
in perpetual session and .abrogate the
allegiance of the people, while the Con
stitutional Democrats favored the dec
laration of a general pacific strike with
out resort to revolutionary measures as
a protest against the Emperor's dlssolu
tlon of Parliament.
Governor's Threat Brings Union.
The psychological moment which
changed the minds of the moderates was
the arrival of Governor Reichenberg with
the curt command to disperse or take
the consequences, when even the more
conservative of the Constitutional Demo
crats, such as M. Petrajavltsky and Pro.
fessor . Nertzenstein, who had made
speeches in favor of moderation, struck
hands with the Radicals and the whole
assembly foreswore amendment and de
bate and adopted the address
The Socialists on their part withdrew
the proviso that the house constitute it
6elf a constituent assembly and com
promised on the election of a permanent
With the exception of Count Heyden,
Michael Stakovich and the Polish dele
gates, every member signed the address,
the Polish delegates stating that they
had no credentials to advise the' Polish
Nation as to future tactlcii, and that
they cannot participate in directing the
Russian people, but that all their sym
pathies were on the 6tde of the Russian
Troops Threaten Douma.
Immediately after the announcement of
Governor . Reichenberg that the members
of Parliament must disperse, a detach-
ment of infantry was marched past the
Hotel Belvldere to give emphasis to the
threat to employ troops to enforce the
order of dispersal.
Governor Gerhard was compelled to
dissolve the session because Intimations
were conveyed to him that if he did not
do so he would be removed from office,
He Informed the Douma that no meet
ing would be allowed in Finland.
Demonstration Awaits Douma.
It Is reported that arrangements have
been made at St. Petersburg to greet the
deputies on their Vtrrlval there with a
formidable demonstration in their favor
and that a general strike may be de
clared, but on these points the utmost
secrecy Is maintained.
MOSCOW STRONGLY GUARDED
Extraordinary Steps to Keep Peace.
Reactionists Voice Joy.
MOSCOW! July 23. Thanks to extraordi
nary measures taken to prevent disorders,
up to the present time there has been no
rioting. All the troops have been recalled
from the Summer camps and guards have
been posted at the Governor-General's
palace the banks, public buildings and
railway stations. Every police post Is oc
cupied by two policemen armed with
rifles during the day and four at night.
An order has been Issued to, the military
not to Interfere with the ordinary policing
of the city, except in cases of outbreaks
of disorder,' and then to use nothing but
A meeting of the League of Patriots, a
reactionary organization, was held today
at the bishop's house, at which a service
of thanksgiving for the dissolution of Par
liament was celebrated.
Comment on Premier's Epigram.
LONDON, July 24. All the newspapers
this morning comment on Premier Camp-bell-Bannerman's
address before the In
terparliamentary Union, and especially his
phrase "The Russian Parliament la dead;
long live the Russian Parliament." The
Conservative journals consider this; latter
undiplomatic and indiscreet, while others
diplomatically correct the interpretation
to suit the Emperor of Russia, while the
Liberal organs characterize it as a blend
of high courage and deep caution, noth
ing over which diplomacy can stumble.
Perry Norman, in the Dally Chronicle,
says that Thesj phrase, considering by
whom it is said and where, will echo
round the world.
No Newspapers at Saratoff.
SARA TOFF, Russia, July 23. All the
newspapers of this city have been sup
pressed. TO THE NATION
HAS DUNGEON FOR
Czar May Imprison All
HE STRENGTHENS HIS CABINET
Premier Gathering Men of In
fluence to His Aid.
ELECTIONS IN DECEMBER
Guards Prevent Newspapers From
Publishing Revolutionary Mani
festo General Strike and Jew
ish Massacres Threatened.
ST. PETERSBURG, July 23. The great
news of today Is the adoption of an ad
dress to the people by the Deputies to
Parliament, who assembled at Viborg, the
language of which, with Us revolutionary
demands that the people cease to furnish
money and troops to the government and
repudiate further loans, affords pretext
enough for the government to lodge Its
authors In the fortress if it feels strong
enough. A rumor was spread tonight
that this course had been decided upon.
A large crowd gathered at the Finland
Btatlon tonight, where the Deputies were
expected to arrive, but only a few ap
peared, and these were not molested and
neither was there a popular demonstra
tion. Among the arrivals were Professor
Mouromtsieff and Ivan Petrunkevltch.
The former came on a local train, en
tirely unattended. He was plainly down
cast, and responded to the salutation of
the Associated Press by the mere raising
of his hat and hurried on to escape an
Interview. M. Petrunkevltch, filled with
the revolutionary spirit, claimed for the
Constitutional Democrats the text of the
' - Suppressing the Proclamation.
. Copies of the appeal to the people are
In the hands of all St. Petersburg news
papers, but It will scarcely be printed
tomorrow, for the reason that a detach
ment of police is posted at the door of
every .newspaper, printing office in the
city, with orders not to permit any papers
to leave the building until authorized
by the censor. Tne authorities hope by
equally vigorous measures to prevent the
publication of the appeal in other cities,
and in the meantime to nullify the fears
of the people as to the possible effect of
Policemen are posted at the lodgings of
M. Sedelnlkoff and M. Ilyn, waiting the
return of those revolutionary delegates.
who already have involved themselves
by seditious acts since the dissolution
of Parliament. ' ' -
The theaters and other places of amuse
ment were also empty tonight, . the "public
fearing conflicts between"the crowds and
the military . and police. Several en
counters took place in various- parts of
the city, but they were all of a petty
character. r '
Czar's Provisional Government. '
A few days may witness the con
stitution of a. 'provisional ' govern
ment," composed of an enlarged Coun
cil of Ministers, with the inclusion of
Conservative members of the deposed
lower house, -' Counselors, of the Em.
pire and men influential in the life
of the empire who can be induced to
accept Ministries without ' portfolios
and contribute their authority and ad
vice to the hard-pressed government.
This is the solution to which Premier
Stolypin and the members of his Cabi
net, who realize the enormous nature
of the task of tiding over the country
during the tempestuous era that is now
dawning, are turning, and it was the
Bubject of deliberation at a meeting
of the Cabinet last night and again
this afternoon. The Associated Press
is Informed that a majority of the
members have become converts to the
Idea, and that its adoption depends on
the success of M. Stolypin In inducing
men like ex-Finance Minister Shipoff,
Count Heyden, ex-Commerce Minister
Tlmlriaseff and M. Guchkoff to com
promise their future by allying tnem
selves with such a "King's council."
Shipoff and Guchkoff have already con
sented. " '
New Election In December.
The Associated Press is also in
formed that a' ukase will be Issued
fixing the date of elections for Parlia
ment for the first week in December.
Russian style, and that, as an addi
tional guarantee to the people that
popular representation will not be
abandoned, another edict will be issued
proroguing the Council of the Empire
until the convocation of the new Par
liament without, as was prophesied,
Sunday night, calling new elections
for elective members.
Boiling Under Surface.
Meanwhile the masses of the Rus-
slan people, slow of thought and ac
tion, have not yet roused themselves
to the gigantic unheaval which is sure
to follow the dissolution of their Par
liament. Minor disorders are reported
from half a dozen cities. An incipient
anti-Jewish outbreak at Odessa has
been checked by the police. A sympa
thetic strike has been begun at the
Kharkov railroad shops, which may
inaugurate a general tie-up of commu
nication, but St. Petersburg, Moscow
and most of the other great centers are
still calm on the surface, though boil
ing and seething beneath.
DUKE FRIGHTENED CZAR.
Growth of Revolution In Army
- Forces Issue of Ktao,
ST. PETERSBURG, July 24. (Spe
cial.) People generally accuse the
Czar of forcing a revolution upon the
country. It Is stated that Grand Duke
Nicholas precipitated the ukase dis
solving Parliament by frightening the
Czar with accounts of the growth of
the revolutionary movement In the
army and pointing out the necessity
Tolstoi Is Not III. . .
ST. PETERSBURG, July 23. There
Is no foundation for the report that
Count Leo Tolstoi is ill.
WHICH IS GROWING THE FASTER?
' ' I '
Republicans Confer at
WILL STAND PAT ON TARIFF
Textbook, and. Speeches Will
. Show No Wavering.
HEAVYWEIGHTS ON STUMf?
President Agrees With 'Speaker and
Campaign Chairman on Plan of
- - Action Taft, Shaw, Cannon
and B'everldge to Speak.
OYSTER BAY, July 23. President
Roosevelt reviewed the campaign plana
of the Republican Congressional com
mittee today and pronounced them good
and entirely to his liking. He entertained
at luncheon at Sagamore Hill Speaker
Cannon and Representatives Sherman,
Loudenslager of New Jersey and McKin
ley of Illinois, respectively chairman, sec
retary and treasurer of the committee.
Senator Penrose, of Pennsylvania, came
on a later train, and also was a guest.
Secretary Loeb was present, and after
the conference made this statement tor
President ' and Committee Agree.
"The plans of the Congressional cam
paign were gone over generally, and the
President expressed himself ,as being In
entire accord with the Ideas of the com
mittee." Mr. Cannon's comment was this: "I
was a guest of the- President, and as
such It would hardly be seemly for me
to discuss what took place. I should like
to say "that" the conference was eminently
-satisfactory and the Congressional cam
paign situation not bad."
Mr. Sherman said that the headquar
ters of the committee .would be' open In
New York in the 8t James - building
Wednesday , and from that time on
Congressional work would go on continu
ously. ;' -
Mr. Sherman added that the speakers
so far selected tor the heavy work in
cluded Secretary .Taft,' Secretary Shaw,
Speaker Cannon, Senator Beveridge and
several other Senators, as well as prac
tically the entire -Republican member
ship of the House of Representatives.
Stand Pat on Tariff.
. While no one would speak under quo
tation regarding the tariff. It was learned
that' the Republican text-book, which la
. A-- . J,
to' be Issued within two or three weeks,
will be a "stand-pat" document from be
ginning to end, and that this will be the
tenor of Republican speeches in Massa
chusetts. Iowa, Wisconsin and other
"idea" Infected sections of the country,
as well as In all other places.
Mr. Cannon is to go to Illinois at once.
The new primary system Is to-be tried
In his district, and, as he has not attend
ed one of his nominating conventions for
20 years, it Is his Intention to be present
on August 19, when he expects a re-nomlnatlon.
Will Review Atlantic Fleet.
WASHINGTON, July 23. President
Roosevelt will review the' Atlantic fleet
on September 3, at Oyster Bay. The
President will be aboard the Mayflower,
which is now in San Domingo waters,
but will return before the date of the
Half Holiday for Engineer Force.
WASHINGTON. July 23. More than 8000
men in the employ of the engineering de
partment of the Army will enjoy half
holidays Saturday during the remainder
of the Summer under the terms of an or
der Issued today from the War Depart
ment. FIGHT FOR SAGE'S WEALTH
MANY HEIRS PREPARE TO COX
TEST HIS WIMj.
Nephews and Grandnephews Will
Claim Share of Big Estate Un
less Generously Remembered.
NEW YORK, July 24. The Harald to
day says preparations for contesting the
will of Russell Sage, In the event of its
provisions not being satisfactory to them,
already have been made by relatives of
the nnanaier. Nephews, and grand
nephews and others more remote are said
to be considering steps for legal pro
ceedings. Mr. Sage. had several brothers and sis
ters, none of whom are living as far as
can be ascertained, but various kinsmen
who bear his name and who are scattered
about the country, are looking to see if
their family tree might not bear gold.
There was a report current yesterday
that a nephew who had resided in this
city would be among the first to take ac
tion, in case he were not adequately re
membered. Most of the relatives named were not
on especially good terms with Mr. Sage.
He had on more than one occasion given
financial aid to them, but their ideas of
life did not conform to his strict busi
ness code. Mr. Sage had relatives . In
Troy and its "neighborhood. . for it was
from, there ho started for New York,
where he made his fortune. Some of the
Troy heirs have retained counsel to look
after their Interests and Senator Brack-
ett of Saratoga has been consulted.
' "I am counsel for some of the heirs of
Mr. Sage," said Mr. Brackett yesterdajc
"I cannot tell whether there will be a
contest. I do not know but what he
made his will, largely in my client' s fa
vor. I do not know that he has made
a will at all."
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum, temperature, 81
dec.; minimum, 57.
TODAY'S Fair and continued warm. North
Douma adopts revolutionary proclamation
and then disperses under compulsion.
Czar holds down, capital with army and
will form provisional government. Page 1.
Attacks on Jews at Odessa cause fear of
massacre. Page 4.
Revolution causes financial panic In Paris.
Page 4. ,
Interparliamentary Union gives Russians
ovation and adopts arbitration treaty.
Secrets of battleship Dreadnaught come out.
Roosevelt and Republican leaders agree on
plan of campaign. Page 1.
Hearst behind labor movement in politics.
Russell Sage's wealth left mainly to charity.
Relatives of Russell Sage may contest his
will. Page 1.
Mrs. Hartje's sister accused of coaching wit
ness. Page 3.
Forged certificate of Union Pacific stock
discovered. Page 3.
Building collapses and kills many workmen.
Powder explosion kills four miners. Page 2.
Joe Gans Is given the decision In a 21 -round
fight with Dave Holly near Seattle.
Harvard oarsmen to row Cambridge crew in
.Great Northern flyer plunges Into Diamond
Lake, carrying down nine men. Page 1.
Esther Mitchell and Mrs. Creffield may
never be tried for murder. Page G.
Pocatello, Idaho, woman at 50 is mother of
17th child and grandmother- of 12. Page 6.
Tom Bras we 11 falls off train In Linn County
and Is Instantly killed. Page 6.
Idaho ranchers have threatening letters
nailed to doors in war over cattle range.
California Promotion Committee opens new
headquarters In San Francisco with cele
bration. Page 6. ,
Commercial and Marine.
Infected fruit condemned by County In
spector. Page 15.
Heavy arrivals weaken Chicago wheat market-
Stock market shaken by Russian develop
ments, but soon recovers. Page 15.
Oriental liner Nicomedla arrives from
Orient. Page 14.
Steamer Potter off run for the rest of sea
son. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Explosion in rendering plant kills workman.
F. Pierce Mays must stand trlaL Page 10.
East Side citizens drop city barn complaint.
Half of city employes are affected by Judge
Frazer's decision on Bruin. Page 11.
Senator Fulton not worried by Hitchcock's
investigation. Page 10.
Defendant Hoge In land-fraud case not very
ill. Page 10.
Street-car men's union may dissolve tonlaht.
A. B. Hammond denies that his railroads are
xor saie. rage 10.
Boundary commission will hear testimony
Mazama mountain-climbing club leaves to-
mgm to ascena Mount easier in Northern
Washington. Page 11.
Portland party completes first ascent of i
Mount Hood from south aide this season.
-? age , - J
INTO DEEP LUKE
Two Cars Are Dragged
Down With It.
SEVEN PERSONS DROWNED
Rails Spread at Mouth of a
Great Northern Tunnel.
WRECK ASHORE SET FIRE
Illuminating Gas Tank Is Exploded
andOne Man in the Bay .Coach
of the Fast Train Is
SPOKANE, July 23. The engine, express
car and smoking car of the Great North
ern fast train, westbound, are submersed
in the deep waters of Diamond Lake, lVfc
miles east of Camden, about 30 miles from
Spokane. Five men who went down in
the smoking car were drowned, and the.
engine crew are dead In the deep water.
As the train came through the portal
of a tunnel the rails spread and the en
gine plunged down a 60-foot embankment
into the lake, followed by the express car
and the smoker. The other cars remained
on the track. The couplings were broken.
A wrecking car was sent out from Spo
kane and has just returned with the dead
. The wreck caught Are from illuminat
ing gas, but the flames were extinguished.
One unknown man In the day coach was ,
probably fatally Injured by the explosion
of the gas tank.
Diamond Lake, though a small body of
water, about half a mile long, is kflbwnP
to te 300 feet deep in places, and it isf .
tnougnt tne engine lies In 125 feet of
ED MUNSON-. inli.r. t
BELL,, fireman. I
CHARLES DANKER.- mail clerk. v
GEORGE R. STRICKLAND, express mes
senger. N .;
GEORGE CURTIS, lumberman, of 8po-r
ka.no. 4,-. .
T. J. DOLBOW, 2101 East Pacific avenuei
Ed Newcome, of the Surety Investment
C. J. Mohllls, Spokane; hands and face
John Lord, Seattle; left hand cut, face)
bruised and back hurt.
J. Durbln, Spokane; bands cut and other
wise badly injured.
Tom Walnch. Spokane; fingers cut.
Elmer E. Hall. Colfax; right hand burned
and face scalded.
Henry E. Byorum. Minot, N. D.; badly
burned and hurt Internally.
Luker Millnkeovlc, Spokane; left hand and
head cut. !
Nick Link Inovich. Spokane; badly burned.
M. E. Cash, Sand Poirf ; right shoulder
Walter H. Roes, news agent, Seattle;
E. B. Newcombe, Spokane; left hand
Pete Nelson, Spokane; head cut.
F. D. Rowans, waiter; back sprained.
William Smith, waiter; right eye bruised.
W. G. Patterson, dining-car conductor; left
G. L. Thomas, Newport; head and hands
Ilarrlman Begins Suit at Seattle.
SEATTLE, Wash., July 23. (Special.)
The Oregon & Washington, Harrlman'a
road building from Portland to the Sound,
today commenced condemnation proceed
ings against the Northern Pacific to se
cure a half block of land and the removal
of tracks that cut in two the Harriman,
passenger depot site. The Hill system
will resist the condemnation proceedings
as far as possible.
Ieft St. Paul Saturday.
ST. PAUL, July 24. At the general
offices of the Great Northern here it
was reported that the train wrecked
is passenger train No. 3, which left St- v
Paul Saturday afternoon. They report
that several passengers were injured,
but none seriously injured. The wires
are badly crippled, and they have no
ICE DEALERS INDICTED
Ten Individuals and Five Firms
Raise Price In Cincinnati.
CINCINNATI. July 23. Sixteen Indict
ments on charges of restraint of trade In
the matter of advancing the price of ico
were returned today by the grand Jury.
Ten Individuals and five firms were in
dicted, all being members of the Ice
Dealers' Exchange. Those Indicted are
members of the exchange, who attended
a meeting on May 30, when a general ad
vance In the price was declared. .
TRIES TO SAVE HER INFANT
California Woman Received Burns
That Will Prove Fatal.
CLOVIS, CaL. July 23. Fire tonight de
stroyed property valued at J10.000. The)
flames originated In the Byron Hotel.
Mrs. Freitas, wife of the proprietor, ran
from the building with her clothing on
fire, and, learning that her baby. 8 months
old, bad not been rescued, made an at
tempt to rush back Into the building. She
was prevented, but received burns that
will prove fatal. The Infant was burned)