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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGOMAN, FRIDAY. MAY 4, 1906.
: (Efje (PrctrPiuan
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PORTLAND, FRIDAY. MAT 4. 1B0.
MR ALDRICH'S AMENDMENT.;
Senator Aldrich, of Rhode Island,, .has
proposed An amendment to the rate .bill
which looks so Innocent and harmless
that Mr. Dolliver. and' other friends, of
'rate regulation are Inclined to accept it.
Should they do so, they would give
away all that they have been contend
ing for. The amendment simply pro-
vldes that In suits brought to set aside
the ordern of the Interstate Commerce
.Jommission the Circuit Courts of the
.United States shall have Jurisdiction.
Nothing could be more Innocent In
seeming; nothing more destructive In
This amendment purports to confer
Jurisdiction over rate litigation upon
the Circuit Courts; only that and noth
, ing more. But Mr. Aldrich and the
other Tailroad Senators, Piatt,' Depew
and Spooner, for example, think that In
conferring Jurisdiction : it also confers
what they call Judicial power. They
have said In the Senate that Jurisdic
tion and Judicial power are two very
different things and governed by totally
different rules; Jurisdiction is the right
of a court to hear and decide a given
case; judicial power Is the authority to
do all those acts which the court may
think right and proper in connection
with the trial. To postpone the case
from month to month or from year to
year, to suspend the orders of the Com
mission by Injunctions, to' waBte time
over dilatory pleas all these things
are part of the judicial power.
Now, 89 to Jurisdiction, Aldrich and
Depew say that Congress may. givte it
to the courts or withhold it, as may be
thought proper; but, whenever Jurisdic
tion Is conferred, with It goes judicial
power. Not some Judicial power, but
all of it. Not as much or little as Con
gress may decide, but the whole Judi
cial power of the United States. Hence,
to the mind of Mr. Aldrich and those,
who think with him, when Congress
confers Jurisdiction over rate litigation
upon the Circuit Courts. It also confers
by necessary and unavoidable Inference
the authority to Issue endless injunc
tions, to ignore $he work of the Com
mission altogether -in short, to proceed
exactly as If the rate bill had never
been enacted. The intent of Mr. Aid-'
rich's innocent-seeming amendment Is,
therefore, to destroy totally the force
and efficacy of vthe "rate bill.'1 He is
celebrated for such perfidious tricks,
and it seems amazing that the friends
of rate regulation should give a mo
ment's consideration to an amendment
coming from such a source.
To be sure, Mr. Bailey, of Texas, ,has.
contended in a great speech that Aid
rich, Spooner and Depew are wrong in
their opinion that Jurisdiction and judi
cial power mean different things. He
claims that they are the same thing,
and he cites a long array of Supreme
Court decisions and other high authori
ties to justify his assertion. Jurisdic
tion includes judicial power and Judi
cial power includes Jurisdiction: and
Congress may confer upon the Circuit
Courts or withhold as much as It
pleases. It may give jurisdiction over
rate litigation and at the same time
Ieny authority to issua injunctions, Mr.
rtailey contends, and If he Is right, -of
course Mr. Aldrich's amendment is as
harmless. fn reality ok it' is In appear
ance. But the chances are about even
that Mr. Bailey is wrong. Aldrich cer
tainly thinks Jie is wrong, and Spooner
has tried to prove It. They believe that
the word "jurisdiction" conveys the au
thority to issue injunctions, and that is
why" they use It in their amendment.
We' say "their" amendment, for un
doubtedly it was carefully considered
by .Aldrich, Spooner. Depew and the
other railroad Senators in a caucus be
fore it was made public. If the amend
ment is not intended to destroy the effi
cacy of the rate bill, it has no purpose
whatever, and Mr. Aldrich is not a man
who acts without purpose. His objects
are always exceedingly clear to his own
This delicate move of Mr. Aldrich's
In the game of rate regulation throws
a significant light upon what Mr. Per
kins, of California, says concerning the
Senate in a recent number of the Inde
pendent. Its members, he Ingenuously
declares. are about fas, rich upon the
average as the farmers of the country;
they have not been chosen through the
influence of monopolies or by the mis
use of money: and he does not believe
that there is one Senator who aspired to
his seatiWlth any other motive than
to enjoy the sublime honor of sitting
in the same assembly with Piatt and
Depew.- Kvery member, he says, per
forms his duty honestly, conscientious
ly, fairly and fearlessly. Coming frotri
a man who has been a member of the
J Senate frr more than twelve years and
w ho must know' something of the !ob-
liquities of that body if tie Is capable of
knownig anything at all, this article by
Mr. Perkins displays a singular con
tempt for the intelligence of the public.
One readily admits that' the Senators
need ' defending, but in choosing an
apologist they are not wise to. pitch
upon' a man -who evidently takes the
American people for a rabble of idiots.
Does Mr. Perkins believe that Aldrich
is disinterested or, honest in his opposi
tion to the removal of the tax from de
natured alcohol? If he does, he should
hire a flapper to keep him awake to
what is going on around him. Aldrich
opposes' free denatured alcohol because
it would compete with gasoline as a
fuel and a producer of power. Gasoline
is a product of the Standard Oil Com
pany. Mr. Aldrich is the father-in-law
of the elect son of Johi D. Rockefeller;
and the interest of the "Standard Oil
Company he. prefers and always has
preferred to the welfare of the Ameri
can, people and. to the -sanotity of his
Senatorial oath. Aldrich's case Is only
one out of many slmilaT ones. There Is
no need to enumerate them. Everybody
knows the disgraceful facts. To deny
them is either sheer impudence or else
it Indicates a perilous approach to "dot
age In the man who does it. Falseness
and perfidy are not things to. be elav-
ered over with apologetic generalities.
They must be denounced unsparingly
and continually until they are driven
out of public life. The harsh criticism
of the Senate which ilr. Perkins qua
veringly deplores is one of the whole
some symptoms which indicate that the
American people are still morally sound
and that the example of their highest
rank of public servants has not yet
corrupted them. When we cease as a
Nation to reprobate such conduct as
daily goes on in the Senate, then we
may begin to despair of the Republic; .
CONTI NUATION OF AX OLD ABUSE.
Who are the capitalists behind the
new electric' companies that ' seek
franchises in Portland? It Is an inter
esting question. Investment of new
money in and about Portland is one
important thing that all want. But
wbat assurance are these new electric
projects giving that there is anything
behind them but the spirit of specula
tion? "We see none. , . ;
The.-bond.-to the city, with its guaran
tee that the work shall be actually per
formed,, is, or should he, condition pre
cedent to ajl these, grants. But in
these 'cases the' franchise is to.be grant
ed and no bond executed for two years.
Meantime the parties are to expend
$250,000 in the construction of their
plant. This looks simply like a scheme
for speculation in franchises, by men
who have everything .to gain and
nothing to lose.
They who actually Intend to do busi
ness and have the capital necessary can
as well put up their bonds at once. It
Is a rule which should be adhered to
and enforced, in dealing with all sorts
of franchises. Haven't we had enough,
and too much, of this juggling with
franchises, -. for speculative, purposes?
Use of the streets of Portland for these
special purposes is a thing of special
value. Ah end should be made to spec
ulation upon it by private Individuals
for private gain. The city should be
assured of proper payment for use of
the streets, . and bonds, should be re
quired as a ' condition precedent to
very franchise not bonds at some fu
ture time, condiitional on the success of
speculators In their efforts to "work
POSSIBILITIES OF THE JETTY.
The American-Hawaiian Steamship
Company is building a number of the
largest steam freighters afloat, for use
in connection ' with the Tehuantepec
Railroad. Some of their vessels al
ready in service have a capacity of
from 10,000 to 15,000 tons, and the new
ones will carry more than 20,000 tons.
These figures are suggestive of deep
harbors and unlimited sea room, and
unconsciously one gains the impression
that the Tehuantepec Railroad must
terminate at wonderful natural harbors.
The true situation at both the Pacific
and Atlantic termini of the road is con
firmatory of that ' old saying that
"things are seldom as they seem," for,
had Nature failed to narrow the isth
mus sufficiently to invite the attention
of canal and railroad builders, there
would never have been a good harbor
at either Salinas Cruz, on the Pacific,
or Coatzacoalcos, on the Atlantic.
. The true situation at those points of
fers a world of encouragement for the
future "of the Columbia River bar. The
Gulf or Atlantic terminal of the road is
at' the mouth of the Coatzacoalcos
River, and when the Mexican govern
ment and Its partners, the firm of Pear
son & Son, decided to. make their line
a- new world's highway, they found it
necessary to build a seaport as well as
a railroad. The Coatzacoalcos was 2000
feet wide at the mouth, and had a nor
mal depth of fourteen feet on the bar,
when the work of improving it began, a
few years ago. Now the mouth of the
river has been narrowed to 919 feet and
there is thirty-three feet of water on
the bar. This remarkable transforma
tion has been effected with a little river
which rises In the Sierra Madre Moun
tains, and, 'even in Its freshet stages.
carries a volume of water that is Insig
nificant in comparison with that which
sweeps down the Columbia when the
river .Is a:t. -its lowest stage.
The contract for this Improvement
was not signed uhtil 1902, and the plan
adopted was almost Identically the
same as that under which the work at
the mouth of' the Columbia has been
carried on. The only difference lies in
the fact that 'jetties have been con
structed on both sides of the-Coatza-coalcos
River, an' Improvement which,
sooner or later, will have to be adopted
at the mouth of the Columbia. ".The In
teresting feature-of the comparison lies
in the fact that the bar at the niouth' of
a small stream has. by a system of Jet
ties, within less than four years been
scoured out from a depth of fourteen
feet to a. depth of thirty-three feet.
There is such an enormous volume of
water sweeping out of the Columbia
River that It would be Impossible to
confine it to a width of Jess than 1000
feet, as has been done with the M'exi
'can Stream, but with construction of a
north jetty it can be narrowed to any
desired width; necessary .'toi. give - the
proper depth of w ater on the bar.
The work at Coatzacoalcos has been
performed by Pearson & Son, a firm of
contractors which has a fifty-year con
tract with the Mexican government, by
the terms of -which, they participate
Jointly in the profits of the-j-oad and its
terminals. . This, perhaps, accounts in a
large measure for the promptness with
which they have made. a harbor where
none worth mentioning had previously
existed.' Mr. Harrlman once 4 stated
that, If the Columbia River was. the
property of a .railroa-d - company, lis
owners would dump in a few -millions
and secure anv desired deDth of water
in a very short time. On the Pacific I
end of the line the promoters of this
great work were confronted by a more
serious problem than troubled them on
the Atlantic, as it was necessary to
build the harbor out in an open road-:
stead, breakwaters for both an inner
and an outer harbor becoming a neces
sity. All this work has been completed.
and Salinas Cruz and Coatzacoalcos are
now ready for the largest ships afloat.
Many ships that will be engaged in that
trade will come to Portland, and it Is
to be hoped there will be no further de-,
lays in completing the grett work .-now,
under -way at the mouth of the river.'
If the Mexican governments can make
a thirty-.three-foot , -. channel - at v the
mouth of a small -stream with only.
fourteen feet of . water- for a starter, ;
there should be but small difficulty en
countered in securing forty ;fee,t where
we already 'have -a .' twenty-CveTfooti
start at the mouth or the mighty; Co--lumbia.
. - . . -
According to the report'of the Initi-'
ative One Hundred, there have been;
cases of diphtheria in Portsmouth since
last November. They have been espe
cially numerous among-.the public
school children, of whom six have died.
The report alleges that there has been
little or no quarantine of infected per
sons or places. Public , funerals have
been permitted for persons dead of
diphtheria, children from families where
the disease prevailed have continued to
attend school, and Intimate associates
of patients have traveled freely in the
street-cars. Fumigation has also been
neglected. Portsmouth has no system
of eewers, and it is understood that
open closets still exist there. These are
the facts so far as they appear in the
report of the committee and in the ob
servations of Dr. C. H. Wheeler, the
City Physician. Considering the well
known nature of diphtheria and the
means by which it is transmitted from
one person to another, they are sur
Diphtheria is caused by what physi
cians call a specific bacillus which flour
ishes at about the temperature of the
human body and perishes quickly in hot
water. When dried, the bacilli will live
for a long time. Floating about in the
air, they are liable to cause the dis
ease in any person who breathes them.
They do not necessarily perish In sew
age, but it is not their favorite medium
and they cannot pass thence into the
system unless some of the material is
consumed. This may happen when
water is infected with sewage, but not
easily in any other case. It is not like
ly, therefore, that the lack of a system
of sewers has much to do with the
prevalence of diphtheria In Portsmouth.
The disease is intensely contagious.
The bacilli may be carried about in the
hair, -upon the clothing, upon handker
chiefs, furniture,' toys, and drinking
cups. When a patient sick with diph
theria coughs or breathes violently, he
ejects the bacilli from his mouth in a
fine spray. This may communicate the
disease, directly, to those standing near,
or it may evaporate .and leave the ba
cilli scattered about to do. their deadly
work at some future time..
Insanitary conditions favor the occur
rence of diphtheria In-two ways. They
provide dirt for the bacilli to survive in,
waiting an opportunity to lodge In the
human system; -and they depress the
general" health rf the community mak
ing, people more susceptible to attack.
But it. must not be, forgotten thatdiph
theria Jn rdts anost .deadly form -occurs
under the most sanitary conditions.
When a case of .diphtheria occurs ft
will -inevitably spread to others unless
prompt measures are taken against in
fection. The patient and those who at
tend upon him must be completely iso
lated. Every person living in the house
with -him carries the lethal germs about
upon the body and clothing and may
communicate the disease. When the
case is ended there must be thorough
disinfection of everything in the house
where it occurred. To neglect these
precautions is criminal dereliction.
There is absolutely no excuse for it.
Portsmouth need not wait for a new
sewer system before it can get rid of
diphtheria. The disease may be com
pletely , eradicated In a -short time by
attention- to the well-known rules of
isolation and disinfection. While a
proper system of sewers .would un
doubtedly contribute to cleanliness,
benefit the general, health of the com
munity and in that way guard against
future attacks, the -fact remains that
nobody can have the disease without
taking the living germs into his system
and that the only sure means of safety
is to destroy them.
The proposal to' make May 2 a perpet
ual legal holiday throughout the state
at .the next session of "the Legislature
is strongly supported by a feeling of
loyalty to the forces of the past which
put the machinery of state in motion.
The objection to it is the stock objec
tion to another holiday and the conse
quent interruption of business, always
more or less annoying and detrimental
to the financial interests of the com
munity. If this movement is success
ful, there will be two legal holidays in
May the 2d and the 30th followed in
little more than a month by the great
National holiday, two months farther
on by Labor Day, and In the next
month but one by Thanksgiving, after
which comes Christmas, when the
round begins again with New Year's.
No one protests seriously against
these holidays, but every employer and
business man knows that each one dis
rupts the regular order of things for
several days. Hence, as before said,
the stock opposition to the making of
additional legal holidays.
However, as all loyal Oregonians will
allow. May 2, 1843, was a. day of great
and far-reaching significance, not only
to Oregon, but to the Pacific Northwest.
This being true, the objection to plac
ing another legal holiday on the state's
calendar of Idle days may be overruled.
The Oregonian will not be affected by
it one way or the other, since it goes to
press every day in the year and reports
in their regular order , the occurrences
of holidays and all other days. It
agrees with other business concerns,
however, that -it' is a great inconven
ience to have banks and stones close,
postoffiee delivery stop and general in
dustry and business suspend operations
on an .average-of one working-day-a
month throughout the year.
The building industry in Chicago is
heavily handicapped by the walkout'on
the first of May of 1000 structural iron-workei-s.
" These workmen, whose occu
pation is confined chiefly to the erec
tion of .the , structural framework of
skyscrapers, have -been receiving 6St4
cents an hour. Their demand Is for 62'-4
cents an hour, or $5 for a day's work" of
eight hours. Contractors who compose
the iron league consider the demand
exorbitant, and union Is pitted against
union in the matter. Meanwhile the fine
weather of the early building season is
passing unimproved, owners are impa
tient and employes In other building
trades are restless under constrained
idleness. The labor situation becomes
"bad enough when it represents a con
test between labor and capital, but
when laborers in one branch of the
building industry strike against another
branch - new and complex conditions
arise that are for a time more than
vexatious;they are paralyzing to the
entire industry involved. The public,
finding itself between the upper and
the nether millstone, can only writhe
helplessly and wait for some adjust
ment of the complex -machinery of la
bor, whereby the pressure may be re
lieved. : i .
In the Canadian Senate at Ottawa on
Wednesday Senator McMullln opposed
the granting of permission to the Aran
couver. New Westminster & Yukon
Railroad Company to build a line, to
Edmonton, on the. grounds that Amer
icans were promoting the line. It is a
credit ..to the intelligence of the Cana
dians as a class that such opposition
railed to affect the project. Hon. Mr.
Templeton, Minister of the Interior,
supported the bill, and said that he
would be glad ff J. J. Hill was behind
it, as "he was the only man who built
railroads in British Columbia without
subsidy." " Taking into consideration
that Canada had to depend on the
United- States for nearly all of the tal
ent, from locating engineers to presi
dents and general managers, that has
made her railroad ventures a success.
benator McMullln-: displays great In
gratitude In his slur at American cap
italists who are seeking to open up his
.. The "westward march rtf ivllj,nflAn
has not yet robbed ouf new land of all
or jis . picturesque features. A. North
Yakima disn&tch in vp xtprn n-'o nntvA.
nian tells of the killing by Miss Alta
Kusseu of tne largest black bear ever
seen in the Tieton Basin. Miss RusselJ
was out hunting on Indian Creek with
her sister. This modern Diana, who al
ready has a record of killing many
bears, is but 18 years old, but it is ap
parent that she is possessed of as much
courage and nerve as ever fell to the lot
of any of her sex who In the earlier
days of the Nation had to make similar
"killings" to protect the pigpen Jn the
clearing, or to add to the family larder.
The children of the East must depend
on story books for such tales of strenu
ous life, but out here in the West they
still appear in the country papers
among the local happenings.
A long disquisition ' entitled "The
Facts About the Godhead," la sent us,
with request to print. We regret that
the purposes of a newspaper, and the
necessary limits it must place upon its
work, do not enable us. to comply. "We
might say further that the title of the
piece "The Facts About the Godhead"
seems to us misleading. "Opinions
About the Godhead,'' would perhaps be
better; for the doctrine of the Godhead
is itself an opinion, easily traceable
through its development to its histor
ical origin, ' in the welter of human
opinion, in Jewish, Greek, Egyptian,
Persian and Indian speculation. . W
think it is:iiot too much to say'that
there 'is no" notion 'as to- the? Godhead
which can- be set down among the veri
ties. The public may.jiow find in the pluto
cratic organ excellent accounts of the
Johnson estate, hearing, wherein cer
tain presumptuous persons are seek
ing to have Mr. William M. Ladd re
moved as administrator. The Johnson
heirs' could get nothing in the paper
about their grievances; but .it Is grati
fying to observe that the same harsh
rule of . exclusion, is not . applied to a
good man like Mr. Ladd, when his wit
nesses are being heard. Meanwhile the
public will, as usual, find the correct
and impartial story of this affair run
ning in The Oregonian from day to day,
whether the testimony is for or against
The appointment of James Diinsmuir,
of Victoria, to the position of Lieutenant-Governor
of British Columbia is
another step in the Americanization of
Canada. To be sure,' Mr. Dunsmuir Is
not an American,but he has large com
mercial interests in the United States
and markets In this country a vast
amount of coal from his Canadian
mines. He is also a man of liberal and
progressive views, and would not make
a bad sort of an American citizen if he
had the opportunity to become one.
It is announced that Cashier Adams,
who robled the Seattle Assay Office of
about $150,000 in gold dust, will plead
guilty and take his punishment without
making a fight. As he was "caught
with the goods on him", and admitted
his guilt at the time of his arrest, it is
not clear that Mr. Adams Is making
any great concession in declining to
make a fight at this time. -
, Omaha, normally Republican by a
large majority, elected the entire Dem
ocratic ticket Tuesday, from . Mayor
down; except one Councilman. The only
explanation of this landslide -possible Is
that Editor Rosewater is In Rome, ar
ranging international postal affairs, and
"the boys" ran things their own way.
Managers, sub-managers and leaders
of the Democratic party In Oregon
have been unable to agree on a plat
form to be used the next four weeks.
It isn't essential. Still, if they must
have one, let it be brief and truthful.
Isn't. "We want in" comprehensive?
The law's impartial hand has already
been laid upon certain lawless railroads.
and now comes the cheering news that
Standard - Oil and sacred John Rocke
feller may soon be reached. It seems
that the plain people are to have an In
Not all the distress occasioned by the
San Francisco disaster has com to
light, nor will all the echoes be made
public. Much 'of the poetry now of
fered will go to the waste basket.
Based on the evidence at hand, it ap
pears that blame for the spread of diph
therla in the Portsmouth district rests
on the parents of children who were
attacked by the disease.
Money and sympathy to San Fran
cisco from the-leper settlement on the
Island of- Molokai is another evidence
that the most vigorous of all human
qualities is sympathy.
THE SILVER LINING.
By A. H. Ballard.
A man of guile
In oily style
Will sell you lands, or mines, or a bull
His Bradstreet rate
And all hls careful schemes will go
When you get too curious
Ana your friends get furious.
Something you should know is covered
A lover staid.
A winsome maid.
Went out one evening to gaily sup,
He asked her name, .-
She blushed for shame.
He asked would she kiss him;-she
; said, 'Nup!"
When you get too curious
And your friends are furious.
Something you should know is covered
A weary boy
Says, ''Home ahoy:" -.
He gently waves his hands arid sighs.
"Hiccup!" v . .
The reeling row
Of houses go
Swift by, and which is his he gives it
When you get too curious
And your wife gets furious,
Something you should know is covered
When obligations big he can disown;
You get a frost,
Your all is lost.
You trusted, and you reap as you "nave
When you get too curious
And your friends get furious.
Something you should know Is still
The simple man
Who cannot scan
Life's , pitfalls into which he may be
We are not cranks.
But as to banks,
I think he'd better start one of his
When you get too curious
And your friends get furious,
Something you should know is over
A fellow gay
Sat down one day
To eat a little luncheon on the square.
But sure as life
He heard his wife
Chatting with some one near so debon-
When you get too curious
And your friends get furious;
Something rich and racy 's in the air.
When home he came
And taxed this dame
With eating sundry meals he did not
Quite injured, she
Angrily denied that she was there;
When you get too curious.
And your friends get furious,
Something's up of which you're un
Many people call it fate.
But failure comes from being late. -
Be as nervous as you want when you
are planning. But be calm when you
A Platonic friend is a theorist. An or
dinary friend is one who finds you enter
taining. A real friend is one who accepts
your faults and tries to help you hide
them from the world. .
To be exclusive is to be selfish. Trilby
was generous . before her eyes were
If you are bright you're light. Do you
want to Illuminate the world, or in
When the shduter is given a doss of
his own medicine he becomes a pouter.
e - e
People who live in glass houses should
keep themselves looking presentable.
Wisdom is not in knowing, it Is in let
ting things alone.
A very successful auditor of an Im
mense railroad corporation gained fame
and fortune in his position by doing noth
ing. He kept his hands off, and that was
A fig for what you've got. I want to
know if you are straight.
Honor gets lost sometimes in the shuf
file. But all mankind is looking for it.
While catching nimble dollars you often
While doing the right thing you are
e e ...
When you but begin to jest
You're tackling a live hornet's nest.
Be good, my boy, and you will find
That life's a long and weary grind.
' Happy mediums please the Fates,
Try and be like John W. Gates.
Don't Forget the Babies.
Don't forget the babies. There are
thousands of them who subsisted on
a milk diet before the awful catas
trophe. The source of supply from
the immediately surrounding country
is a meager one. Railroad transporta
tlon from the fertile meadows and big
dairies beyond the bay is ruined or
sadly interrupted. The lives of the lit
tie ones are as precious as the lives
of older folk, and condensed milk will
tide over their wants until the fresh
supply is resumed. Don't forget the
babies! Include a case of condensed
milk in every carload of provisions
and relief that is shipped to the fam
Remember the Telegraph Operators
' Washington Post.
In the recital of heroic deeds per
formed in the midst of earthquake
and fire at San Francisco, it is to b
hoped that the telegraph operators
with receive their share of praise. The
daring of the fire fighters and the for
titude of the soldiers were picturesque
features of a wild and awful drama,
vividly appealing to the popular imag
ination. The telegraphers, on the other
hand, were Unseen, and their work
went on without the inspiration of
crowds. Yet they performed their task
in imminent dangrer of death from
falling walls, explosions and approach
ing fires. ,
ETHICS OF GREAT FORTUNES
Every child comes Into this world
without anything. There are only
three ways by which he can get any
thing: he can produce it by his indus
try; he can receive it from his neigh
bor; he can get it from the common
Man can produce wealth by his in
dustry of brain or hand, in making
goods or in finding a market for them.
In service material or in service intel
lectual and spiritual. He may weave
a piece of cloth or he may organize a
factory and give employment to a thou
sand theretofore idle men. One is in
dustry as truly as the other. Law
ought not to put limits on honest and
honorable industry. It ought to en
courage,, not discourage. . service,
whether "of brain or hand. It were
well if the state might levy no tax on
property thus produced. If it could
come by its own. it would no longer
need to tax industry. .
Man can receive wealth from anoth
er who already posseses it. He may
receive it as a mft, as the child
through his - childhood receives from
his parent food, clothing. Bhelter. edu
cation. The law may limit the amount
which one man . may receive, by gift
frem another, and such limitations
have sometimes been imposed. But
man may also get Wealth from his fellow-man
otherwise than by gift; as
by robbery, by theft, by fraud, by
gambling... Robbery, theft. fraud.
gambling, ought to be prohibited and
as far as possible prevented by law.
Little nefarious operations are prohib
ited, but not great ones the confidence
game of the bunco man, but not the
confidence game of the unscrupulous
nnancier; gambline: with dice, but not
gambling in stocks and in grain and
cotton. senator Washburn nroDosed
a bill to prohibit the latter form of
gambling: it was defeated; it might
receive more favorable consideration
The -third method of acaulrine
wealth is getting it out of the common
wealth of which the continent is a
storehouse out of the great forests,
prairies, great mines, great res
ervoirs of oil, great rivers, great lakes,
great natural forces like steam and
electricity, and the great highways,
whether of the Nation, the state, or the
city. These belong, of right, to all the
people. Under our industrial system,
they are offered to any man who Is
shrewd enough or unscrupulous
enough, or both, to get possession of
Most if not all the
have been largely made by the second or
tnira metnod by jramblina- onenulnnn r
by getting possession of the common
stock. If we accept the popular estimate
of the elder Cornf lius Vandarbllt's wealth
at, say, 1180.000.000. and assume th rvm-
ular chronology of the Bible, then we may
dJ "I" ii Adam had lived 6000 years,
worked 800 days each year, and laid by
100 each day. he would have earned no
more than Cornelius Vanderbilt acquired
in a lifetime. Part of that 1180.000.ono ho
produced by productive Industry, and to
tnat ne was justly entitled. But if he
acquired any proportion of It from the
pockets of men less shrewd than himself
by gambling operations, and if he ac
quired any proportion' of it out of the
common stock by obtaining possession of
one of the greatest of the Nation's great
highways, to that proportion he was not
entitled. The Outlook does not blame him;
it aoes not mame other men, now living,
who have acquired greater fortunes in
whole or in part by the same method. It
blames the industrial system which has
produced both them and their methods.
e e e
What we want is not a law to take the
great fortunes from their possessors when
tney die; we want laws which will insure
to honest industry of brain and muscle all
that It can produce, which will prohibit.
and aa far as possible prevent, all opera
tions by which shrewd men get from their
less shrewd neighbors something- for noth
ing, ana which will secure the common
wealth the oil in the ground, the un
worked mines, the virgin forests, the un
til prairies, the great rivers, the unhar
nessed forces of nature for all the people.
if we can find ways to do this and this
is not Impossible we can safely leave in
dividuals to make as great fortunes as
they can make by honest productive in
Corporations Creatures of Law.
United States Senator J. W. Bailey.
I want to see every corporation driven
from the politics of this Republic, because
corporations nave no place in politics.
They are organized for profit and cherish
no patriotic purpose. Politics are for men
of flesh and blood, made in the lma of
their God, and not for corporations, which
are the mere creations of the law. I pray
for the time to come when we shall have
a new standard to guide our children;
when we shall teach them that justice is
better than power, and lead them into the
ennobling faith that truth shall conquer
falsehood In every home where peace
abides and in every land where men are
free. Under the Influence of higher ideals
and more unselfish aspirations all hats
and envy will vanish from our minds, and
the only evil thought which still must vex
us will be the malice which the bad shall
forever feel toward the good. When con
duct instead of fortune is made the rule
by which we judge all men, every boy in
all the land, no matter how humble his
parentage or how limited his opportunity,
will feel the thrill of hope, and the car
penter's son will know that if only he is
Just and brave and honest he will be more
respected than the son of any millionaire
who ever wasted his father's fortune in
idle dissipation or soiled his father's name
by gross excesses.
- A United Land.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
There are times when local inter
ests and differing views of their wel
fare seem to divide Americans either
vertically or horizontally. But when
thev crisis comes when foreign foe
threatens or domestic calamity over
whelms any part of the American peo
ple all these discords are hushed and
forgotten. Then we are ail prompt to
avenge or to save, for then we re
member that we are all Americans!
San Francisco's Real Name.
New York Trloune.
The original Spanish name of the
now stricken city was "Mision de los
Dolores de Nuestro Padre San Franc
isco de Asis," Just as Santa. Fa's full
name, translated into English, is "The
True City of the Holy Faith of St.
The Stork's Decision.
New Torlc Timea.
Since Rooeevelt beaan to talk
About the duty of the Stork
There' e not a bird In all the ky
Mora eadly overworked than I.
I've carried bablea in my beak
TJnUl lt'a really frowtris weak.
For every workinaman I know
Has ordered seventeen or ao.
And this haa alao made me aore
I've carried klttena by the acore. .
And puca, to thoee who like auch thins.
Until I've nearly loat my wlnae.
But when I'm ordered to the Zoo
' To bring an elephant or two.
And eorae one at the Broadway enow
Dealrea a HiDDO kid or ao.
Ire really crowding tilings too hardS
I'll have to get a Union Card;
And let them order what they like
If lt'a too heavy I can strike.
nd Teddy, what a alfht 'twill he
To aee blm "arbitrating" me!
Hooray! I think at last a walk
On Eaey Street confronts the Stork!
IN THE OREGON COUNTRY.
. Blissful Simile.
The right kind of a kiss is like North
Yakima full of energy.
Matter of Course.
Bellingham Herald. -'
English beefsteak made a very poor
showing against American breakfast
foods at Athens.
Clialrvvurnicrs Take Exercise.
Dayton (Wash.) Chronicle.
It is a sure sign of a dull town 'where
a gang of men play at pitching horse
shoes from morning until night. It looks
like a wilful waste of time that will
make woeful want.
They Are Not "Informers."
, Olympia Recorder.
The . very men who witnessed Smith's
escape without offering to interfere or
promptly notifying the police will likely
be among the first to criticise the author.
itles for his escape, and condemn the
heavy expense of conducting the man
Always Are Crowd-Ins. - t
It is known that men possessed of thou
sands of dollars and available accepted
the charity of Portland even to the ex
tent of riding on free transportation to
outside points. One instance in particu
lar has come to tho notice of the Demo
crat, the man getting a free ticket to Ba
Make Things Go.
When buslneaa is not sufficiently brisk,
set your wits to work. That's what your
wits are for to find a way when things
do not go right. How to get mors busi
ness. It is up to you. If your business
is dull get to work. Do something to at
tract business. If you are in business for
business, you'd ought to know how to"
make business even when business Is dull.
One woman on a Jury, secure in her
own convictions, might be able to swing
the whole Jury around to her way of
thinking in 20 minutes. But If there were
two women, and each took a different
view, and each was as firmly convinced
as only a woman can be that she alone
was rigrht,- what hope would there ever
be of an agreement?
We believe United States Senator
ought to be elected by the direct vole of
the people. There are a great many ras
cals in the Senate who were elected by
rascals whom the people put into' the
Legislatures. We do not know that the
people would be any more successful in
choosing honest Senators than they have
been in selecting .honest legislators, but
we believe just, the same.
Swell the School Fund.
It is not too late to tax inheritances for
the benefit of the irreducible school fund,
either. The next legislature should pass
a law taxing Inheritances for this pur
pose. Great eBtates which are multiply
ing and becoming more and more free
from taxation by various hooks and
crooks, should contribute more to the
support of public schools than they do at
How tho State Will Suffer.
How long it will take to restore con
fidence in the place none knows, but
it will certainly suffer a great setback.
People will giva freely, to aid thn-auf-ferers
from the earthquake, but they will
not go deliberately and sit down to
amuse themselves in a city which has
been shown to be in the earthquake bell.
Multitudes will refrain from going there,
and few will wish to buy property ki the
city. The purses of the tourists will not
be so much in evidence everywhere.
He Knows How to Do It.
Star of Starbuck, Wash.
Two hundred thousand people consti
tute only a nice little dinner party when
Uncle Sam is the host. Two or three
days are necessary for preparation, ot
course, and during that time the guests
must suffer hunger and cold. After that
the difficulty is over. Give, but give
wisely. Two bits from every man and
woman in the United States would fee.l
those people till doomsday and enough
scraps left for a bread pudding and we'll
hazard a bet that more than that amount
will be given and part it striped by
the relief committee.
Subpena Dodging. v
In his spirited speech on ideals of citi
zenship the other evening Samuel Al
schuler reminded certain elements that
"in old English time the man who. tried
to escape the processes of the law "was
declared guilty of outlawry and had his
property confiscated." Rude were those
days, and rude, up-and-down logic satis
fied the men who lived in them. We are.
subtler and more refined today,, and we
have provided by positive law against the
taking of any man's property without due
process of law. The subpena dodger,
whether artful or clumsy, has nothing to
fear so far as his material possessions are
concerned. But men. even of high finance
connections, do not live by material riche
alone. They need the respect of the
community. They cannot feel comfort
able in a state of moral outlawry. Yet
this la exactly what the contumacious
subpena-dodger i courting. Fierce is the
publicity that beats upon the seats of the
mighty In modern finance and industry
and promotion, and dear, bitter, is Hie
price those pay who set the law ami
public opinion at defiance and venture to
display scornful contempt for the moral
principles of society and the spirit of
tne Institutions whose stability and sanc
tity alone, as Mr. Alschuler say, make
their wealth and power secure.
The Unconquerable Country.
Americanism is unconquerable he
cause it is a unit, because it is ever
young, because it has unbounded faith
in itself. It is not alone the fire and
earthquake stricken residents of the
city of the Golden Gate who. in the
ashes of today, are already drawing
the outlines of the buildings of to
morrow. The spirit, the energy, the
sympathy "and the resources of the
whole Nation are back of them.
New York World.
Chinese pirates seize and loot Stand
ard Oil launches. Is there, then, no
honor among pirates? (
How They Sang It in Boston.
Springfield. Maee., Republican.
Every one labors except our distinguished
He reposes in a recumbent position within
our residence through the day.
His pedal extremities idling upon the bronze
of the ateam radiator.
Serenely engaged in extracting nebuloun at
mosphere from a tobacco receptacle of
mundane matter. 1
Our maternal mentor receives soiled linen
for the purpose of cleansing it,
And In this connection I should Include filial
Indeed, everybody is engaged ' in some vi
rietv of occupation In our domesti-j
Excluding, aa primarily suggested, our dis