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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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KAHTT.KN' BUSISOSSS OFFICE.
The 8. C. Beclcwith Special Areaer New
Xork, rooms 43-39. Tribune building. Chi
cago, rooms C10-512 Tribune buUdlar.
Km OK SALT:
CUeaco Auditorium Annex; Porto iflce
Nmtb Cc., 178 Dearborn street.
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fifteenth street I. Welnstela.
OeldOeieT, Key. Gey Mann.
Kmmi City, Mo Btckseclcer Osar Co..
l'lntb and Walnut.
Mlmipapffllti M. J. Kavanauch, SO South
jCterala&d. O. Jsjbm Puihaw, SOT eh
ew Tk CHy U Jonts 4 Co., Aster
Oakland, OaL W. H. Johnston, Four
teenth and Franklin streets.
Ogdea D. L. Boyle.
Osaaha Barkalow Bros.. 1012 rarxiara:
Maaeath Stationery Co., 1568 ?arnant: 21 S
Saeraaeato, Cat Eacrasiento Xewa Co.,
Salt Xake Salt Lake Hews Co., IT West
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Zos Aarelee B. 32. Amos, manager seven
street wagons; Berl News Co.. 826 K South
Eaa Dleso B. E. Araos.
Saata Barbaras, Cat. B. E. Awe.
Parades. Cal. Berl News Co.
Saa FraBdsco J. K. Cooper Co.. t4o
Market street: Goldsmith Bros- 236 8 utter
and Hotel EL Francis News Stand: U E.
Lee. Palace Hotel News Stand; Frank Scott.
SO Ellis; Sr. TVheatley Movable News Stand.
craer Market and Kearney streets; Foster
& Orear. Ferry News Stand.
Wasbbacton, D. C Ebbltt House, Penn
PORTLAND. MONDAT. ArRXIi B. 1908.
REPRESENTATIVE norpnitEVfi ERROR
Representative 'Humphrey, of Seattle,
has become so greatly, excited over the
awful consequences to follow failure of
the ship-subsidy graft that he has be
come somewhat careless with the truth.
He is quoted in a Washington dispatch
as informing President Roosevelt of
the existence of a Brltlsh-French-Gcr-man
shipping trust that now fixes rates
between Pacific Coast ports and Liver
poo! and that has recently doubled the
rate on wheat. The Representative
from SeVttle gravely assures the Presi
dent that, unless the subsidy law is
enacted, "Pacific Coast exporters ship
ping to Liverpool will remain at the
mercy of thl trust." These exagger
ated statements made by Mr. Hum'
phrey are confirmatory of the old adage
that "a little learning Is a dangerous
thing."- There is a shipping trust.
which fixes rates on wheat from Pacific
Coast ports. It came into existence in
June. 3903, after a long period of low
ocean freight rates, and established
minimum rate from Portland, Puget
Sound and San Francleco. This rate
of 27s 6d from Portland. 26s 3d from
Pugct Sound, and 226 6d from San
Francisco, Instead of being "doubled."
has never been changed to the extent
of one farthing in the nearly three
years of Us existence, although ships
not In the trust have accepted lower
rates than those named.
The minimum rate named by the
trust, and the rate which has since
remained in effect, is so near the dead
line between profit and low, that hun
dreds of h!ps have remained idle in
various parts of the world in preference
to accepting Pacific Coast wheat car-
goesat such a figure. Shipping has In
creased so rapidly and economy of
construction and operation has become
so near a science, that the "wheat ship
trust" Is powerless to advance rates,
and, until there Is a decrease In amount
of tonnage or a marked Increase in
world's business, the trust will "re
main at the mercy" of the American
producers who supply the traffic and
desire no restrictions that will prevent
them from drawing on the fleets' of the
world for tonnage.
Japan's control of the Oriental com
mcrce of the Pacific is another of the
bogle men which Representative
Humphrey, of Seattle, used In his en
deavor to frighten the President into
support of the subsidy graft. He stated
that the Japanese already have an
option on six ships of the Pacific Mall,
and can buy them if the subsidy bill
Jr defeated. lHe also said tho Japanese
are trying to get the Hill ships on
Pugct Sound. The natural Inference
drawn from Mr. Humphrey's- solicitude
over these ships is that it would be a
calamity for Japan to eecure them. It
Is not clear that any bad results would
follow. The Japanese would operate
the ships at less cost than the Ameri
cans, and there would be an attendant
reduction in freight rates. The Hill
ships carry the products of a hundred
'farms on a single trip. The lower rate
would- accordingly benefit one hundred
farmers instead of one shipowner, un
fortunately for the theory of Mr.
Humphrey, "the Japanese will not buy
the Hill liners. They can do better.
Having no euoh antiquated and idiotic
rc-Ktrlutlons on their shipping laws as
now hamper American capitalists who
seek cheap. ships, the Japanese will o
out Into the open market and buy much
cheaper ships than those which Mr.
H11I was compelled to build" in this
country in order to eecure American
registry for them.
This privilege of buying cheap ships,
which Is denied Americans, is the pre
eminent nd overshadowing advantage
eirjsyea by the foreigners with whom
we., come In competition on the high
.seae. The original cost of the ship has
a. axe-a'-laterest charge against It tintll
the d of its career. It may be sent
to a,' fereiga port where a crew, pro
visions, coal and general equipment
can be secured on even terms with the
foreigners, but the disadvantage of
greater cost can never be overcome.
If the Govenusent must make up
deficit for shipowners, the guardians of
our Xatlonal finances should at least
insist that the first cost of' the vessel
be reduced to meet that of the ships
with which we must compete. Mr.
Humphrey will hardly succeed in-stam
pesteg President .Roosevelt to the sub
slay graft with so veak an argument
as he is now using.
The HM rail r sad lines have asked
ache other transcontinental roads to
continue the Jos let rates all Sumater.
and -there Is a strong probaWHty .that
the rates will remain unchanged.
These low rates will be of taeetlabe.
alue to the Pacific North we Ft, not only
for the purpose of enabling: intending:
settlers to oome out and loot over the
country, but .also to bring: west a large
number of men in search of employ
ment. With so many Industrial enter
prises under "way In Orgon, Wash
ington and Idaho, the .demand for labor
Is so great that, unless the ranks are
greatly Increased, the farmers and
orcbardists -will later In the reason
suffer great' loss through Xheh- inability
to secure, help. The Pacific Northwest
Is in a condition to absorb an immense
new population of all classes, and the
man who arrives without a dollar but
with a -willingness to work, will not be
disappointed at the reception given
The Oregonlan hears that it has no
right to ask Democratic candidates
for the Legislature how .they stand on
public franchises and private banks.
But it doesn't hear so from the candi
dates themselves. They haven't said
it. But they will be given the chance
to say to the people that it is none of
The Oregonian's business what they
do when they get to the Legislature.
if they ever do. The protest on their
behalf is by the newspaper mouthpiece
of the plutocrats, who will seek to do
through the Democratic party what It
now appears hopeless for them to try
to do through the Republican party. It
is hopeless. Indeed. If public pledges
are kept, and they will be, unless the
peculiar blandishments and attractive
favors which the franchise-grabbers
and the banking trust know well how
to bestow shall be potent at Salem.
The successful Republican candidates,
whoever they shall be, cannot hope to
escape the persistent importunities of
the plutocrats to "stand in."
But the franchise and banking gang
will take no chances. They will have
everything arranged beforehand, it
they can; and. If they cannot, they will
support that ticket, qr those individual
candidates, who are likely to do them
the least harm. So we understand
the reason why there is such obvious
agitation in the camp of the plujtocracy
because The Oregonlan purposes to ask
the Democratic Legislate candidates
a few questions. The Democratic bosses
intend that the Democratic candidates
shall serve theends"of the plutocracy. If
an arrangement to their mutual advan
tage can be made. There Is hope always
imong the astute Democratic mana
gers that there will be an irreparable
schism in the ranks of the Republicans
after the primaries; and that a profit
able deal may then be made with the
disappointed faction. In this instance
it appears highly probable that the de
featcd Republican faction will "be tho
plutocratic crowd. The Democratic
candidates are meanwhile to do noth
ing but shout for Statement No,
3, which is safe ground, and
are to maintain prudent and suggestive
silence op franchises and banks. Any
other course will embarrass future ne
gotiations. There can be no deal after
ward If the plutocrats are to be offend
ed. For that reason the franchise
monopolists and the banking trust aro
striving to control the Democratic par
ty through their organ, which some
times pretends to be Democratic and
Its owners permit It to be as Demo
cratic as it can be, so long as no vested
interest is harmed and no scheme of
local high finance touched while they
will spare no effort to "Job" the Repub
llcan primaries and work through their
own slate. If they can make up one out
of the available material.
But the Democratic candidates them
selves have not bepn heard from, except
one, who has written to The Oregonlan,
subscribing to the policies as to fran
chlses and banks It has been actively
supporting. Others will doubtless take
the same position; at least, they will
not fall to take it through want of op
portunity. The Democratic machine
would restrain them. The plutocrats.
who seek to bag and own them, would
restrain them. And their alleged organ
would restrain them. The public under
stands perfectly why. The Democratic
ticket Is to be held in reserve by the
Democratic machine for whatever use
may be required of it by the Reigning
Powers after the primaries.
BURYING THE HATCHET.
Seattle advices announce that the
Hlll-Harrlman controversy over the
railroad situation at Seattle has been
practically settled, and that Mr. HarrI
man will probably gain entrance to the
city without the necessity of forcing
his way over too many Northern Pa
cific or Great Northern tracks. Settle
ment of this fierce contest. It is said.
will not occasion any great amount of
surprise, nor will It establish a prece
dent. It will simply be repetition of
much of the same kind of railroad his
tory that has marked the operations of
our friends, the "common carriers," In
the past. When It was officially an
nounced that Mr. Hill would build
down the north bank of the Columbia
to Portland, there immediately ap
peared Indications that Mr. -Harrlman
was most energetically placing ot
staoles in the way of the new project.
Simultaneously with announcement of
Mr. Harrlman's determination to build
to Puget Sound appeared evidence that
Mr. Hill's able lieutenants were sitting
tip nights and working overtime In
order, to prevent Mr. Harrlman secur
ing easy access to the city.
In both cases the obstructionists have
been much more successful than the
people of Seattle or Portland could have
wished for. The Hill road has been
delayed in reaching Portland, and the
Harrlman people are still in doubt as
to the exact route by which they are
to reach their hlgh-prlced'termlnal pur
chases in Seattle. Both parties to the
contest have of course denied tho im
putation that they were engaged in
that popular pastime known as "bluf
fing, or that they were in any way
interfering with, the plana of the other
fellow. At the same time many mil
Hons -were spent la securing real estate
and rights of way at strategic points
which would hardly have been .spent
had there been an .amicable under
standing earlier in the game.
Perhaps the most peculiar feature, of
all these bitter and expensive contests.
of which the one under d if case Son is
by no means an exception, is the fact
that, in the end, each of the contest
ants gives and takes about what was
asked and offered In the beginning;
Railroads ooa trolling practically un
limited capital, &&d in pAseesslon pf
political as well as financial
power, not infrequently Indulge Ih
squabbles which place In jeoparcr the
prosperity of tke csmmuaKles; but It Is
only a quesUsa f ttee until the force
ot public sentiment rights Use wrong
that has been dene. The discriminating
policy of the Nsrthern Facile twenty
years ag-a muK v-p Tacoroa at te ex
pens ttf ftsattte, fewt nwi niwt rwt
or profit resulted from such a -policy.
and today Seattle has far outstripped
the rival which for years was such ft
well-fed protege, of the railroads. There
is, of course, a world of truth In the
axiom that competition is the life of
trade, and there is a possibility thax-1
the Pacific Northwest might be the
gainer if the fight between Hill and
Haxriman was prolonged Indefinitely.
It must not be forgotten, however.
that the business of this territory Is
developing and Increasing so rapidly
that present railroad facilities are total
ly inadequate to handle it. and so long
as such a condition exists, there will
be disposition on part. of the railroads
to increase their facilities in every
direction. With more business than
both systems combined can handle.
there V no great occasion for fighting
over a possible unequal division of traf
fic of the future. The alleged burying
of the hatchet by Messrs. HarrJmon
and Hill -does not necessarily mean that
legitimate competition between the two
contestants will cease. Because they
have decided to refrain from squander
ing their money like drunken sailors In
securing property which neither of them
actually needed. Is no indication that
they will not give the North Pacific
ports proper facilities for handling tbe-
rapidly developing business of the
COINO AHEAD WITH IRRIGATION.
Announcement from authoritative
sources that contracts will oon be let
for the construction of a dam In the
Umatilla Irrigation tract for storage of
water for irrigation gives assurance
ihat tho Government Is going ahead
with its reclamation project In that
section of the state. The enterprise.
though small in comparison with some
of -the others that have been under
taken. Is of vast Importance not only
to that Immediate locality, but to Port
land and the entire state. An area of
20,000 acres, now unproductive, will be
made as valuable as any agricultural
lands on the Coast, the low altitude
making this a more promising field
for Irrigation jvork than most ot the
projects that have been approved.
Though any one settler may own as
much as 160 acres of land In the re
clamation tract. It Is thought by Irriga
tion experts that ten acres will be
enough for one man to care for under
a system of intensified agriculture. If
there should be, on an average, one
family on each twenty acres, and as
many more families In the towns which
will grow up in the tract, a dense pop
ulation of thrifty and prosperous peo
ple will soon be permanently estab
lished on the plains that are now the
habitation of jack-rabbits and coyotes.
Tho storage reservoir will be formed
by the construction of a dam ninety
feet high and 4000 feet lonjcr. with ca.
pa city in the artificial lake thus made
for 50.000 acre-feet of 'water. A feed
canal twenty-five miles long will con
duct the water of the sorlnR- floods
from Umatilla River to the reservoir.
where It will be held until needed In
Summer, when It will be conveyed in
numerous canals to the 'fields to be
Irrigated. The tract to Joe Irrigated
lies south and east of the town of
Umatilla and north of the town of
Echo, on tho line of the O. R.- & N.
railway in Umatilla County.
XESTIXG THE PRIMARY LAW.
The direct primary law is at leat
giving the people a pretty fair ac
quaintance with the candidates- before
they are nominated. The candidates
are traveling over the state, are circu
lating pamphlets setting forth their
qualifications, and arc advertising their
merits in the newspapers. They arc
subject to full and free discussion and
inquiry, and have their records, public
and private, open for Investigation.
Under the old system, the people fre
quently knew little of the candidates
before they were nominated. A man
of questionable fitness for the office
might sometimes be nominated, and,
after being nominated, ride Into ofllce
on the strength of his party majority.
Under the direct primary law It will
take a pretty clean man to go through
two popular campaigns without the dis
closure of some stain upon his record.
A man who can win in two campaigns
ought to make a satisfactory official,
but whether he will or not. and whether
the direct primary will result In
avoidance of mistakes parties "have
made In the past, remains to be seen.
If stronger tickets can be put up, by
either party or both parties, there will
be some return for the expense of a
We are now putting the direct pri
mary law to the test of experience. It
is fortunate that our courts have not
had occasion to knock out the law on
technicalities, for the people would not
be satisfied until It had been tried upon
Its merits. It it prove unsatisfactory
there will be no need of a court decision
to remove It from the statute books.
There lies upon an honored bier in this
city today the venerable form of a man
whoso name has been loved and re
vered In Oregon for more than a third
of a century. Benjamin Wlstar -Morris,
Bishop of the episcopal Diocese of Ore
gon, passed from a long life of useful
ness, covering the entire period from
youth to hoary age, painlessly, like a
tired child, to dreamless rest, at his
home in this city Saturday night. Few
men were more widely known through
out the state than was Bishop Morris.
An ardent churchman. loyal but gener
ous In his views, his personality was
gentleness Itself, even while his author
ity among his own was everywhere un
questioned. Always ready with good
words; energetic through long years of
active supervision of the affairs of his
diocese in good works; an . efficient
rather than a brilliant man; -earnest
rather than dogmatical, he was here to
do his duty as he yaw it as the church
commanded and he did It. Thousands
who knew his spiritual cheer during
his long administration of the affairs
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in
the Pacific Northwest will breathe
tender sigh or drop a sympathetic tear
to his memory.
Bishop Morris was a forceful man in
the practical affairs of life, as well as
an. earnest man In the spiritual minis
tratlons of his calling. His baslness
perceptions were good, and brought him
sad his church prosperity and prepertj.
Ever on the alert fsr the material in
terests of the churete. he settled, in -its
own hoB, by wise trccUes. many a
little bacd t cntirclMnea. Far several
years, owing to the payafcal limitations
of advanced age, he m lived in com
paratlve retire hi wit, directing' from his
home work that In ther Tears be bad
directed in the ftaM.
As a factsr In "the envelopment of
Ovegsn alc whs"' may he term-eel
fetgfeer lines. BMwf Karris will he tea
remembered ad revered, lite lift- her.
covered nearly four decades of htetory
maklng years. He took cognisance ef
the development of the state and aided
It In a large and Hfeeral spirit. He
came to ss in the full strength of ma
ture manhood, lived and worked among
us as a man lives and works who
has set himself to a purpose, and at the
age of nearly eighty-seven years passed
to his well-earned rest.
The monthly report of the Superin
tendent ot Defective Touth at Van
couver discloses two facts one de
plorable, the other .gratifying. The
first Is the large number who through
their Infirmities become Inmates of this
Institution; the other is the provision
that has been made by the common
wealth of Washington for the care.
treatment and Instruction of these de
fectives. Of those thus designated, the
feebje-mlnded are the most pitiable.
With all avenues of intelligence and
usefulness practically closed. It be
comes the duty of the state simply to
maintain them in such physical com
fort as kindness and humanity can
suggest. The blind and deaf, on the
contrary, are susceptible to a degree
of instruction that will render them
under favorable conditions self-supporting,
and thus in time the state
will be relieved of their maintenance.
The state Is wise that makes adequate
provision for Us defective children.
From the standpoint of humanity, such
provision Li necessary. The segrega
tion of the feeble-minded from other
defective classes, and their withdrawal
from contact wlththe world, are du
ties that no state can ignore and be
fairly alive to Its own material wel
fare, or to Its place In civilization.
This duty is one that the Legislators of
Oregon have shirked too long one, it
may be added, that they cannot longer
shirk and keep the stato In the van
It was a graphic story from Naples
that was printed in yesterday's Ore
gonlan. telling oC the flight of the terror-stricken
people from the base of
the erupting Vesuvius. The descrip
tion of the resistless flow of lava that
refused to be checked even by the
"statue of St. Anne." ot the highways
crowded with frightened refugees, ot
the weeping and w.alll"ng of the dis
tressed victims who had witnessed the
destruction of their homes, was in
striking similarity to the scenes deplet
ed by Lytton lu bis "Last Days of
Pompeii." The one touch of modern
life which shifted the scene forward
a few thousand years was the state
ment that the railroad company would
put on night trains to enable the peo
ple to get away from the threatened
territory In safety. The world has
moved since Vesuvius began making
Five months In the County Jail was
an tnc punishment imposed upon a
young man from Astoria who went to
Salem to procure girls for Immoral
purposes. Thus docs the law fall to
mete out Justice. A man so utterly
devoid of worthy purpose, depraved
beyond hope of reformation and en
gaged In the degradation of others.
has no useful place outside the work
shops of a prison. Admitting the na
ture of his occupation, he undertook
his own defense, for the rcuron, let us
hope, that no sclf-respcctlng Inwyer
would offer a word In his behalf. A.
scourge to the earth, a disgrace to
humanity, an eternal enemy to virtue.
he is fit only for such companionships
as may be found among the denlserw
of hcIL .
Announcement of the Czar's desire
for an early meeting of the peace con
ference at The Hague appeared almost
simultaneously with the report that
Russia was negotiating a loan of $750.-
000,000. This enormous amount of money-
Is to be ued in placing the country
on a footing- where peace can be more
effectually secured than is possible
when It becomes necessary to substt
tute black sand for powder In order
to meet the bills. In the early days
of our own republic, a strenuous Chris
tlan once advised his followers to "put
your trust in God, but keep your pow
der dry." Tho Czar has always been
a strenuous pleader for peace, but he
has never yet got out of reach of his
Oregon City, and the traveling pub
lic as well, may rejoice at the decision
of the Southern Pacific Railway Com
pany to build a passenger depot at
that city that will be worthy ot the
name. The old structure, like much
of the equipment of the road between
this city and Willamette Valley points,
has long been outgrown by the re
quirements ot traffic The hand and
tooth of time have been busy for years
with the passenger depots, the passen
gcr coaches and the general equip
ment of this line, and repairs to tho
ravages made have lonr 'been over
The prestige of "Scotty. the King of
Death Valley," must be on the wane
again. As his name had not appeared
In the press dispatches for three days.
Brother Warner considerately came to
the front with a suit agstnst the
"King' for JI50.000. alleging conspiracy.
The remarkable. Increase In the death
rate In California which Scotty prom
if ed to make on his return from Port
land has not yet been noticeable, and
it is probably more economical and
safe to confine his notoriety to civil
suits -and ostentatious "tips."
The Multnomah registration up to
date shows 14.650 Republicans, 3133
Democrats and 911 of other parties or
Independents. This Is not a light reg
istratlon. In view of the fact that at
the election In ISO the vote on Con
gressman in Multnomah County was
1L256 Republicans and 3S1S Democrats.
The registration books will be closed
for the primary election at 5 o'clock P.
M. Tuesday, April 10. and will remain
closed until April 25.
Onions, they say. will cure csnsump
tlon, because no self-respecting microbe
can survive a diet of onions. No doubt;
but why so late with so great a medical
discovery, when everybody else always
The oldest Italian inhabitant says
this little spurt at Vesuvius Is nothing
like the trouble at Pompeii and Hereu
laneum along aheut A. D. 7).
Great chance for sotnebedy te sell Joe
Day a "freight receipt" or shew him
the lock trick.
Kilkenny Cat Finish in Sight.
WashlnsrtM (D. C) Fmc
Meflftbars f the ntrtott McCoy
family ef KeattMky have Inherited
targe tertttne. That will soon start
them'ts ftghtiar aniens- tha ma elver.
.. THE SILVER LINING.
By JU H. Ballard.
The dutiful son starts out In life
Resolved to win la all the strife.
To do unts others as he'd dene by.
Always to keep faith and never lie.
But. after no's turned the other cheek
And been slapped agalB, for about a
He becomes wise, this dutiful son.
And does the others as he is done.
A virtuous woman is one who is "made
a little better than sccras necessary.
Hlessed Is the gown of a lady; It
rears Waldorf-Astoria hotels.
Department stores saake mea work
hard In Wall street.
A- fair woman without discretion ts
the goal of commercial activity.
Co to the aunt.- thou 'moss back; con
sider her ways, and get busy.
To preserve an unspotted reputation
look out that. nobody spots you.
My son. if sinners entice thee, size
Successes are ascribed to luck
When .most of them result from pluck.
Another welt has been added to high
People who live In glass
should pull down the shades.
Important Society News.
A swell bull pup of Nob Hill had the
croup Thursday night, but Is better.
Miss Lace Stocking has been In town
for some weeks.
Reginald Saphead waited on Miss
Trollle Car at the lingerie counter ot
a prominent dry goods emporium Tues
day, assisting in the selections with
his usual grace.
Billy Smooth came down from Scat-
tic this week. He walked home.
Mrs. Ulta. Ult has a new Fommera
There arc prospects that several
shop-worn daughters will be married
off during the coming Spring months.
The play w3 so bad that they said
It was positively decent.
A theatrical manager always has
cast In his eye.
The office that seeks .the man is tho
one no man wants.
Many girls have dreamy eyes and
still are wide awake
A woman who cannot remember
faces and names will always remem
ber a hat.
Money talks, and still banks have
A good fellow's wife knows that he
It Is some consolation to think that
rents this year arc not so high as they
may be next.
Here's a contribution from the Cam
A man who made photos in platinum
cat down on some fresh prints to
But a pin In the chair
Made him leap up and swear.
ow nc wisncs ne never nau saununj,
(Tips on the Race of Life.)
The Race Life entire.
Birth Making the entry.
Scoring Childhood and youth.
They're Off When school and col
lege days are finished.
Left at the Post Marrylnsr young.
Good Time at the First Quarter
Starting a bank account.
Dangerous Ambition Uslnff up too
much speed at flrit.
Judgment Riding- under a pull until
Bad Spillr-The unforeseen accidents
that kill on many.
miencrence aiacmnattons or ene
Pocket When two or moro combine
to worst you. '
First Success Running clear from
Handicap Lack ot imagination, lack
of powers of observation.
In the Ruck Imitating others ia
stead of striking- out for yourself.
Half Mile Forty years old.
Thres-Quartcr Stake -Take stock.
Tou can name the result.
In the Stretch Widen out and get
sea room, and rido for your life. No
disgrace not to be first under the wire,
But you need not be worse than third.
The first three get prizes, and If two
are ahead of you they must be fine
Reward The material comforts ot
the money earned, the wealth ac
quired, and. best of all, the resoect and
admiration of the onlookers.
Indian Territory Editor.
One by one the old guard is bidding
farewell to the tripod, the paste pot.
shears and print abop. and retiring on
their well-earned honors and competence
to the shades of private life, where the
payroll worrieth not and the C O. D,
package never comes. First, our dearly
beloved Dea. Marrs. of the Vlnta Chief
tain, left us. and before the echo of our
weep had quit resounding through the
sanctum. Lamb, he of the meek and low
ly mien, delivered his valedictory. Now
comes the most crushing Iocs ot all. and
we positively refuse to be comforted
RusselL of the South McAIester Capital,
the orator, the possessor of the acute
olfactory organs, the man who can smell
treachery as a sjcjc Jul! en can a saucer
of milk; Russell, the picturesque, the
vitriolic, the ascertain, the unexpected.
the resourceful, the veiualBous and the
sarcastic; he. too. has wraped the man
tie of his greatness 'round hie majestic
shoulders, adjusted the laurel wreath on
his noble brow, and with the dignity ef
a Roman Senator Mddfag zareweil to the
Senate, stalked forth la to the a.niet Hfe
where personals, patent mesiclae aas.
puffs and pay checks have so place. This
Is ee much: it is wlmoet more thaa we
can hear, and if onr ?ea falters and the
words refuse to csme charge it M te
our lrreejaraMe le ttf a hrether la kur.
who was both a. thtsg ef beauty and
Joy forever. f"
No Wen4cr He Was Angry.
"Uncle Joe Cannon gc num the
ether day when a member- Ongress
called him an aitera& "Cnele Jee
elector that the aeras etiniis te
he cssd enswrk for hfm; an4 that he
sever hac an ato m. his nit-
TRADE 'CHANCES IN HAWAII.
My Impressions of Hawaii la general
and Henelulu In particular are net differ
ent from those expressed by thousands ot
visitors before me." said H. L. Plttock.
manager ot The Portland Oregonlan, yes
terday. "The scenery Is novel to those ot
us who live where snow is an occasional
isUer. Tour hotels arc surprisingly good
hi -that one docs not expect to find such
conveniences so far away from the main
Mr. Plttock has been a resident of Port
land for more than 39 years and has been
identified, with the progress of that won
der city. . As a member of the promotion
committee of the Commercial Club there
he has done much to advertise the attrac-i
tiens of the state.
I have been here with my family for
several weeks; came In. rather poor health
and return today vastly Improved. Ha
waii as a sanatorium beats the world, and
let me say you are on the right track ia
inviting tourists to come here. We went
up to the volcano during our stay and
found the World's Wonder to be all that
it was. advertised and with the fire-glow
visible from the Volcano House. The trip
by steamer Is much better than it was
represented to be. No one coming to the
stands ns a sightseer should neglect tak
ing that trip the ride along the Hawaii
coast Is grand and the scenery magnifi
cent. In fact, one should make the tour
If-he would learn the possibilities of the
country In an agricultural way and get an
Instant Into the extent of the sugar In
dustry on one island. Every tourist corn
ins here, and leaving In a satisfied frame
6f mind, adds much to the reputation of
youn people and the good name of the
I would like to have remained longer."
continued Mr. Plttock. "but my family Is
determined to come next year. and. that
being the case. I am trying to be" satlsucd
with cutting short our present visit.
row let us look at the commercial side
of the unusually large tourist business at
thla time. The result must be gratifying
to every small merchant In the city, and
tne larger traders get their returns
through the small ones. It must be ad
mitted, then, that the vlslti ot oeonle from
tne mainland are profitable to you and In
structive to them, but tnev mav think of
that which was a boon to the Islands for
more than 25 years reciprocity. In my
wanoennga around the country I find
your horseowncrs feeding straw to their
animals, stun we use for their beddlnr.
Now. what la the matter with the tim-
otny ana alfalfa grown In Oreson and
Washington? It occurs tn m that
should look to tho Northwest, and by that
i incjuao tne British possessions, for a
large number of your tourists, and In re
turn you could get from that part ot the
world a big percentage of your foodstuffs.
urcgon ana ashinsrton Dotatoen nre nn-t.
ty good, you know, and they should have
Mr. PIttOCk la CVldsntlv an Amprlnn
down to the ground, and the sight of so
many Orientals and Asiatics on th
streeta here and throughout the country
pauca. upon mm.
Aincncaniifl tne nlace. Tin it tinr
said. "This Is a glorious country and I
want to see more white nwni. hnv t
rame ine neeu or Asiatics for field work
on the plantations, but there arc places
ther. also, that should be filled by white
men; you should have men who are eli
gible to take a hand In affairs, and be
cause h works on a nlantatton .hnnM h.
no bar in free America. I like the idea of
bringing In Molokans. but It will be sev
eral spnerations before those people will
be familiar with your laws and custom.
you cannot expect anything from the pa
rents, and good government thoughts
must be- Instilled into the minds ot the
"When I return I lntonri Hn. .,
advisability of the Harrlman vessels mak-
iionoiHiu a port oi call, for I believe
It would be bencflpfAl t m tt t
Northwest we would find a market for
""r P"us wnicn are not well known
here now. and you would be benefited by
.... n me number of your vis
itors. Tt seems to me that a n -rr
".. t pcrenmai ana unlike any of our
places on the mainland, the travel would
uC tui.cci.ca Dy tne seasons."
Ravages or Portable Mills.
Bath (Me.l Indfrnrnn
Much to the regret of ourselves, as well
.- iu au tovers or nature, we note the
devastation f the forests all around us
which has been, and l.t Twine- k,-i..
about by the portable sawmills. It truly
u. snume 10 cee tnose handsome
J.' whicn we have known from
childhood, despoiled of their beauty just
for the financial gain of men. But for
ests, you say. are like any other prop
erty, they must be productive of an In
come for their owners and possibly the
owners need that Income, at least they
have a right to It In this you speak
truly, but In securing that Income should
not the owners display the same care and
outness sagacity m managing that
source oi income that they would natur
ally show In the handling of any Invest
ment.- it tney should, and we think
that you will agree with us that they
ottouiu. -ire mey snowing good business
management when they sell to th own
ers of these mills the right to strip their
tauus cicar oi everytningr which grows
thereon. leavinr the tract a barren -.-f
which shall remain unproductive of any
...w..u, 4 to come would tt
not be far. better to limit that cutting to
trees of say ten Inches, rather than to
give the sawmill owners, who care only
wr ma present, tnc ngnt to strip every
thing down to six Inchc- or even t
strikes us that it would, for when the
ten-Inch trees are cut off there's some
thing left to cut next year and year after.
iwuiiins in a. continuous rather than
'-v iircumc uoni tninjc ir you
don't sell this year you can't sell next
for you can. Tlmbep land In Maine will
never De wortn less than It Is now;
is constantly increasing In value. Why
not stop and think a while; why not
use your nead a little before you decide
to sell. the goose which lays the srolden
It Beats Literature.
Norman Hapgood's St Louis Addres
Journalism Is far more than literature
in America, innniteiy more thousrht n
ergy. originality and Interest go into the
making of a single newspaper than of
myriads or cooks.
A Few Fights Ahead.
Omaha (Neb.) Bee.
je.icrjQa utLYia will DC the new
Senator irora Arkansas. Senator Till
man will have to look to his laurels.
The Coming? or the Daffodils.
By Alfred Austin, tn the Independent.
"Awake, aw lie! for the Hpri&jrttme'a sake,
Hard daffodils, too loar dreaauazt
Th tarlc U Mh In tha spadoss sky.
Asd tae ce!oadle stars are tlearalnr.
Tba gsree Is ablaze, aad tha woodlaad spray
jLra aa crimson as Assist heather.
The bods they unfurl, aad mavis aad merle
Are stagta r doets together.
The rimfeta rats, first eaa bjr eae.
Then sBiet la the- swirUSir river.
And ot-pee74ss: reets the Sss-ted shoots
Tha esafts of Ms gMea qtrfver.
Tha thrush saver- stef la thehaxel copse,
Ttm -nrirfe mwlaibt wertf aeess rfsrlsr.
And titeBaUkmaM hale-, aa she swtaxs her ftl.
The naeap Umhs raaad their stalder dams
Are stricaC" as, os S, they dM;
Aad. rrond ec the eheat wH the caekoo reseat
Keen w n "v nttra.
The m!a aad bJa sweet la tha toro-lase meet,
Asd f-eodl aad faee each ether.
TtH h t her cfcarsas In Ma werM-wlde arsae,
WHh id w that Went aad assetier."
Then the dAe4ets saaae. ajtaaw. aflame.
i ansa..' Hrte, ise cewt
jta4 e Aaril.)eas. and m saaHec. the wtyt
, At,'la git -far Mc JrMr leve. .
IN -THE OREGON COUNTRY.
Stand by your community, stand by your
home merchant stand by your home pa
per, and all will stand together upon the
pjaiiorm or prosperity.
His Hirsute Hammer.
We don't Ike to rub It In. but we don't
believe any man with whiskers like Mc
Cormlck's could have been elected Mayor
Heaven Help Oregon Journalism.
North Yamhill Record.
The report that an Oregon newspaper re
fused to take 0 from a candidate for
Congress is looked upon as a freak in tho
realm of Journalism.
Another boy burglar has finally wound
ed a San Jose man. The students of the
yellow novel at least help the prison o&-
cials to hold their Jobs.
Organized capital has led the way. It
has been In politics for years. If it Is
right for capital to go Into politics for its
selfish Interests it Is right for labor, aad
When J. D. Farrcll flopped from Hill to
Harrlman he should have warned his
newspaper editors not to imitate his move
ments with such suddenness as to sacri
fice all appearances of independence.
Quick Turn In Boise.
Last Sunday, in Boise. M. H. Barber
agreed to buy the McClellan homestead
of about 20 acres and paid 510 for a writ
ten option. Tuesday R. B. Kohny hunted
up Mr. Barber and gave him $1700 for his
rights, which Is held to be a good profit
But It's Too Easy, That's AH.
The split-log road drag and a man with
hoe to let water out of the hole will do
more for the roads than all the European
systems ever enacted. Besides, a dirt road
Is a great deal finer driving: for a standard-bred
Assist the Schoolma'am.
Baker City Democrat
Helpful encouragement at home should
be given to the efforts of the teachers in.
the schools. And parents, through con
versations with their children, may not
Infrequently obtain liberal and progressive
ideas that would otherwise have occurred
Exposure Is Fatal.
All crazes have their day, and Dowieism
lasted longer than most people expected
It would. The change Is coming and the
old faith will languish for a time and
finally decay. The world was not made
to be filled with cloisters and humanity
Is getting further away from them every
Fault of tho aiakc-TJp, Probably.
Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Birch, east of
garrison, on Sunday. March 24. a bouncing
boy. These two sing lullabies to each oth
er by day and by night, and as they are
next-door neighbors they allow no one to
come between them. Though It Is Mr.
Birch's first and Mr. Peyton's tenth child.
they arc equally as proud.
Rhubarb pies will be rlp enough to
cut In a few days. In the Chinese gar
dens about town the stalks are now of
good size and the leaves look as luxu
riant as It Winter had quit two months
ago. Just about this time of year a
quarter section of rrfubarb pie Ilka
mother usei to make. Is mighty good fill
ing to wind up a big dinner with.
Billy Fnrnlsh's Ditch.
Pendleton East Oregonias.
Let us remember the Umatilla. County
desert as it was 40 years ago. It lay
utterly useless across the "path ot tho
westward-pressing pilgrim. Without
water It might have Iain for ages, just
as useless as when the eye of white men
first beheld it. But civilized and organ
ised selfishness comes along as a savior,
and the waste Is transformed Into a place
of homes, a thing ot utility.
Walla Walla Union.
Few of the good things of life corns
without effort A look around will show
you that those who are enjoying the bene
fits ot wealthy comfort and plenty havo
worked for them. The present generation,
does entirely top much railing at those
who are prosperous. The fellow who 13
always sitting around waiting for some
ting to turn up Is the loudest yawper for
Socialism and what he calls an equal di
vision. The Ray or Hope.
It is true that many teachers are poorly,
paid. It Is not a particularly pleasing:
fact that the Janitors in some of tho
school buildings are receiving more
money each year than instructors who
are employed to train the growing chil
dren. This condition cannot last always.
Gradually the salaries for capable teach
ers in the profession are being advanced
and the time may not be far distant when
they will receive what they earn.
When Anybody Can Read Proof.
The Dalles Chronicle.
State Superintendent Ackerman Js a. be-
llever in the reformed spelling, so much
talked about by Andrew Carnegie. Ho
says there Is only one way to bring abouc
the reformation speedily and effectively,
and that is for the newspapers of tha
country to agree to adopt tha new mode
of spelling. Should this bo done, Mr. Ack
erman says that the country at large will
accept the new form and forget the old
inside of a year.
Contentment Is Riches.
Pacific Christian Advocate.
Many of us dread poverty and arej
sometimes almost In terror at the pros
pects ot it corning to us. and the suffering
which attends It Ot course, It Is an aw
ful thing to be poor, so poor that one is
In want of the ordinary comforts and ne
cessities of life, but it must be true, that
we are too greatly annoyed by the pros
pects of poverty. A man or woman who
is economical, who has' simple habits,
pure character asd desirable qualities of
Industry need, have no fear of poverty.
May Be It's the Mud.
Marcc4a Coir. Eegene Register.
We cannot understand why this Valley
Is bo favored with a mUd climate. It dee3
net get near so cold nor so warm here
as in Bttsese. We have not had snow
eseagh at ess time In the last two or
three years te cover the grousd, and none
te remain a day at a. time da the ground.
Grass grew every day all Winter, aad
frags croaked alsaott cohtlaually, aad
vaa after our lMtle frees la March with
it ac-cemBfUsyiac; exeKetwewc. we fail to
be ask t dteeever- asyr bad effect there--from.
The fruit is O. K