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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLVI.-XO. 14,118. PORTIiAXD. OREGON. THUBSDAY, MAKCC 8. 1906. tt? tht?
RATE BILL CAUSE
Friends in Senate Differ
on Vital Point.
AS TO COURT'S JURISDICTION
Shall New Dates Be Suspended
TILLMAN RAISES ISSUE
Says Kcforin or Courts May Be Nec
essary to Prevent. Bill From
41 Being Made Ineffective.
Olapp and Scott Speak.
WASHINGTON. .March 7. That there
still is a sharp difference of opinion
among- the supposed friends of the Dol-liver-Hopbuni
railroad rate bill was
made docidedly manifest today In the
Senate chamber. The division Is over
the question whether a rate made by
The Interstate Commerce Commission
jUiall be suspended by the courts, pend-
lug tinal adjudication, and was brought
to the surface in a brief debate which
followed a set speech by Clapp in sup
port of the bill. In reply to a ques
tion by Tillman, Clapp expressed doubt
as to the power so to legislate as to
enforce penalties proposed by the bill
ponding a review by the courts of any
Tillman and Bailey took sharp Issue
with this statement. The former ex
pressed the opinion that the issue is a
vHi one, and' declared that, if an order
f the Commission Is not to be main
tained until a tinal judicial settlement
in h case is reached, it will bo neces
sary to reform the courts. Bulloy also
contended that Congress can so legis
late as to "maintain the Commission's
rate until the tinal order of the court is
issued and to pruvont Interlocutory
p orders suspending such rate. .During
the day more wi-rc troTsp.ches on the
rate bill, the one- by Clapp In support of
It. and another by Scott practically in
opposition. The remainder or the day
u-a devoted to the statehood bill, Per
Ivlns and Spooncr speaking in opposi
tion. Opposes Government Rule-Making.
Scott's argument was directed main
ly against the principle of the Govern
ment ownership of railroads, in which
lie included the control of rates by
the Government. He admitted that
there are evils connected with the
tailroad system of the country, but
ld he would not vote for the pend
ing railroad bill without a provision
lor'ample court review.
On the general subject of permitting
the Government to tlx rates he said:
Krwn an intimate relationship with mil
roadt ae a. ahlpper for nearly 30 years I
fcavc Rven this subject my consideration.
A a. .Senator of the United Stalin i iiUv
trli te udy the question of Government
cemrei rrera the broader standpoint of the
rvaas ana an snippers. Ah a consequence.
J aw tereed to the conclusion frn.n
Ktattdpfltnt that the roadts are better ublo to
fix ratcm in accordance with the laws of
irasc man a jrevcrnment.
Rates Not Unreasonable.
Scott declared that for the chargo
or unreasonable rates there is prac
tically no foundation. 11c referred to
the fear that the railroad consolida
lions would lmvc the effect In th fu
tare of greatly advancing rates, but
he expressed the opinion that that
question could be dealt with when it
proKonts itself, if it ever does.
"Should railroads by merger at
tempt to limit competition and thereby
lessen the opportunities for commerce.
1. for one." he said, "would Insist on
DIseusHlng discrimination in favor
of certain localities, the Senator on
terod upon an analysis of the effort to
prevent such discrimination in foreign
countries. He gave especial attention
to the Gorman systom, which he said
nad not been successful.
Evil of Discrimination.
Attention was called to personal dis
crimination, which the speaker said
is very little practiced. He charac
terized as a very pronounced evil the
handling of one shipper's product at
the expense of another. He said:
This ! one of the worst evils of railroad
management today, it should be eradicated,
ftatnped out. even If the most stringent
measures are necessary to accomplish this
I may dljrrcss here for a moment to speak
of the great coal interests of the country
and to express my belief that It Is- a most
dangerous course for a railroad to pursue,
to be found as the owner of. or participating
In the profits of any great tract of coal
lands. This I would hold true with any of
the other ureal necessities of life, and 1
believe that the railroad In the future, as
In the past, should devote Itself entirely to
Its duties as a public carrier.
The -problem of ratemaklnjr is the prob
lem of commerce; the problem of compro
mising the dally struggles going on between
the different centers of the country, it ex
tends further than to the mere fixing of
the price to be charged by one railway In
carrying a ton of freight; It enter into tho
very cesence of our happiness and prosperity
as a country. The more It Is studied the
more complicated the. problem (term's to be,
and the more sure I am that the r&temaklng
power is safer In the hands of the railroads
than it is in any body of men appointed
for that purpose.
JntcretHt-s Commerce Law.
Scett said that the present inter
state ces&mrcft lnyr, had been, enacted
with the end in view of accomplish
ing most of the results promised for
the Dolllvcr-Hcpburn bill, and after
speaking Qf the number of complaints
heard by the Commission, said:
These cases have been all appealed to th
buprcme.Court. and the battc principles laid
apwn y the Interstate Commerce commu
nlon In nearly every case have been over
So. judging from the past. I am led to the
conclusion that the Interstate Commerce
COmmlxitlnn wnnM If It tu rwlirer.
tablish the principles of the mileage tariff
ana oi natural location. Tfiererore can
not rm thnt n nnllt'lral onmm!ftdon ID
pointed by a President, open to change at
every general election, should have the pow
er to rix railroad rates on any sucn theories.
Should the bill now before the Senate pass
without amendment. I think the people -within
a very few years would find that It had
mot none of the purposes wnicn u was
thought it would remedy.
"Wants Equal Treatment for All.
Outlining his views as to what
should bo done, the- Senator said:
I wntit Ih. Mil omrmlrrt n that tBr foal
operator of West Virginia can open hit mine.
nave that mine connected with a railroad,
have his lust hnr nf run and thim have
his product carried to the best market; so
tae rarmcr of the west can ship his surplus
cralii! lhf nl a Titer of tlir KniUVi rflcnose of
ins cotton, and the. lumberman of the ortn
of his timber, and that these In turn can
take their share of the manufactures ef the
l"Kf unrl n that It wilt h nlnln tlmt the
railroads shall not be owners of coal lands,
grain land, or any business enterprises, and
that the small producer shall have an actual
chance with the large-
Willing to Yield to Popular Will.
He closed with the declaration that.
while he considered the railroad man
more canablc -of'rcgulatltur rates, he
was willing to permit the experiment
of a ratumaking commission to be
made because of the popular demand
21c added, however:
1 am jiVidnliit rlv and tinrnnl vomllv OD-
posed to giving thom that power without a
nrnvldnn fnp n epnral onitrr reviaton to
which the t-hlpper and carrier can appeal
uhon th r:itf lfo.lrrnn t Ik unfair to Miner.
1 hold to such a revision by the courts, since
the hlbtory of the Interstate Commerce Com.
mltiflon has shown to my mind that the
power of the court to review their decisions
Mas biinply caved in is country irom me c
nrrlorier of Euronean countries. That cx
peri'nee has thown that discriminations of
a more serious nature tnan we nave exist,
and proves conclusively that the results
coming to us. had the Interstate Commerce
Commission the power to enforce its de
cisions, would have been disastrous beyond
"When Scott closed the President's mcs-
sace on the Joint Congressional rcsolu
tlon directing an invcstlgatlan Into th2
coal and oil traffic was read. Clapp then
' i . v, 1 1 J: i ,,.. tttti
cjium; uu nit: lauiuau iai; uu.
Clapp Supports Bill as Reported
Clann spoke In general support of the
rate bill as reported from the committee
on interstate commerce. He first consid
ered the question of the right of Con
gress to fix rates cither directly or
through a commission, and on that point
The neeajisltv juA. -rirourirtr of rcrulstlnr
trMnicnortMiiftn rate m nu umvercmiiv reecur.
TtiJtrd thai, tho right of -f.-CArrjpr to fix r<i
1nritf ndrnt of tho atatu'um rr million is. as
4 rule. ublect to the requirement that the
rates m fixed shall be reasonable. The power
of Con cress to regulate rates through a com
mission would seem to be ne longer a. subject
of inquiry- The exercise of that power, un
challenged an to the power itself for the last 20
jcars, is supplemented toy the dec Is ration of
the Supreme Court -that Congrc Itndr talent
prescribe rates, or might commit to aome
(subordinate tribunal this duty.
No Authority to Xamc Xcw Rate.
Under the existing law a rate found too
hich can be reduced, but In 1807 the court
held that, while the Commission had the power
to condemn an existing rate. It had no legal
authority to name the new rate. And its
power has been confined to condemning an ex
isting rate, accompanied by the suggestion as
to the new rate. Being clothed with jewr
to condemn in turn the new rate, its suggCH
tlon as to the new rate has had uch force as
to rcultfc with hut rare execution, in the
adoption of Its jtuggestion. Jt is now pro
pofced to give the Communion the fame legal
authority to name the new rate which it has
to condemn the old rate, with tho same legal
force and effect.
Not Delegation of Power.
The objection in made that this amounts to
the delegation of legislative authority, but
th Supreme Court nan too often declared, in
dealing with state constitutions detlcnftd to
separate the three functions of the Govern
ment as thoroughly an the Federal Constitu
tion, that a. commh-slon could be employed in
this connection. Strictly speaking, it Is not
the delegation of Icgltilatlve authority.
Under the exlrtlng law. if the order of the
OcmmlfiJon Is not obeyed. Commission must
brlnr a suit to enforee Its- order. The pro
posed law is designed to -chance' this, And give
the force vt law to the Cemmbvion's order,
leaving the carrier to avoid that effect If the
order Is one which should not stand, instead of.
as under the exlxting law. leaving it open to
the Commission to re-tabllh its order.
Question or Judicial Review.
Taking up the question of a judicial re
view of the Commission's ruling, Mr;
Objection is made to the fact that the biti
Cock not go into the detail of tho Judicial
proceedings which the carrier may Invoke.
The bill proceed upon the theory that, when a
rate 1 fixed by the Commission. Jt consum
mates the act of Congress, and that it is no
more necessary to prescribe the detailn of the
Judicial procedure Involved In a claim that
the act amounts to the Illegal taking of prop
erty than It -would be if Congrum named the
rate in the bill Itself. The act of Congress is
the act of dealing with the aucsUon of the
regulation of a matter subject to Congressional
regulation, and In either case, so far as Con
gressional action com. is final, nut in ,.tv..
case, as under any act of Congres in the en-
lorcement of which a nam- claims unlaufuf
deprivation or property, the party making this
claim can go into a court of caultv and MFert
The further objection, however In ivi.
that there is a bread distinction bet&rn th.
line which marks the reasonahnra of .
in its reduction and the point of confiscation.
But It should be remembered that Ctongws
only has a right to reduce a rate to a rea
sonable point. The law by express terms only
iiiiQwti inc vuinmisaion 10 go lO.xnai point to
reduce a rate below that nolnt would iw t
only to Invade the property right- of the car
rier, but It would be In excess of the authority
of the Commission. And the courts hare -frequently
used the word "reasonable" an do-,
fining the extent of their Inaulrr when th
complaint has teen made that the rate mid
wao destructive of property rights.
Orders of Commission Binding.
Thu proposed law go fcten further than
mort public acts, and provides that the order
bhall be Jn force and effect unless, suspended
or vacated by a court of .competent Jurisdic
tion. It ha been urged that, nendlnr an
amlnatlon by the court, the cawier might con
tinue tne oia rate, paying the difference. Into
court for the use of the nartlea ' v,-.--
paid .the freight In case the eourt hnv
mately suftaln the 7iew rate.
Tills la oocn to two obtertfnna- Hi-., .v.
Impossibility In a great malarifr nf . .
determining, upon what nsnimiar inAi-t....
the burden ot the excess falls: and, eocaafily.
XCMKiafeA e pass 3.t
I , I I .
MOORE IS MAYOR
Seattle Municipal Ownership
. Candjdate VVms ' After He
Thought Himself Beaten.
LEADS-BY FIFTEEN1 'VOTES
Agitation r Over St. Paul Hailroad
Franchise , Is Blamed, for Rip-?
Ilhgcr.s Downfall Terms
Made With Council.
SEATTLE, Wash., March 7. (Special.)
Complete returns . today show , William
Hickman Moore the Munlcinal Otvnorshlp
candidate for Mayor, and A. G. Kcene and
O.' Kelso, Municipal Ownership Coun-
cllmanlc candidates in the Second and
Eleventh Wards, respectively, were elect
ed at yesterday" election. Moore pulled
through with a plurality of 15 votes over
Riplinger. with anDroximately 17.0M cost
for the two leading Mayoralty candidates.
Moore polled S499 and Bipllnger SIT.
It look the final count of all the pre
cincts to show the outcome. At midnight
last night the Municipal Ownership com
mittee was willing to acknowledge defeat.
and Moore confided to his friends that he
did not think he was elected.
The early morning reports todav were
against him. but later the outlying wards
brought up his vote, and Riplinger's deep
cut in the "Hill districts." or residential
wards, made it impossible for the Repub
lican nominee to overcome the Moore
gains. Riplinger was cut 17 per cent below
George F. Russell, candidate for Treas
urer, who led the ticket.
Iliplingcr Men Charge Praia!.
Riplinger announced this afternoon that
he would contest the election. Stories are
told by political workers in several pre
cincts that men were voted ojt othors
names, and that irregularitios were prac
ticed which invalidated the vote. A charge
of fraud is made against several residence
districts on Ripllnger'a account.
Municipal Ownership manager insist
that in the First Ward fraudulent vetjiig
can be proved that will more than offset
anything Riplinger could gain ctecwharc
n the city. The Republican had control
of the election boards and hrdLall the ad
vantage in the counting. Wil the. fact
that onlj IS votes M-narate RJoMlurer
and Moore and thai DS election boards a-
vassed the J7.0C1) voics loads some of Rip
UngorV; friends to bollcvc a rocvunt may
The Council will canvas the return-.
Friday Wght. but this is only an examina
tion of tally shoots. Minor mistakes mav
be found, but no irregularitios could b
Moore Will Take Office.
The new Council, standing 12 RenuhH.
cans to two Munlcinal Owncrehin advo
cates, will bo organized a week from Mon
day, with David W. Bowciu liold-owr Re
publican Councilman-at-largc. as nre.I-
dent. irrespective of any conlcwt, Moore
will take office the same day. He Is ex
pected to appoint ex-Deputy Sheriff Jack
w iillams Chief of Police, thouch irafHir
has been brought to get the place for a
Republican politicians blame tlln axritn.
tlon over the application of the Chicago,
Milwaukee & SL Paul Railroad fn-
franchise for the loss of the election. A
number of other causes entered Into tho
knifing of Riplinger, but the St. Paul
road agitation, beginning three days be
fore election, was precipitated at tlm
when the public was susceptible to the
innuence or a threat to nwvit th
WINS SEATTLE'S MAYORALTY ELECTION BY 15 VOTES
JUDGE WILIXVX HICKMAN MOORE.
end headquarters from Scf ttic to Tacoma
because of the Council's delay In acting
upon the road's franchise,? x -
lYanchi.se Blookcd by .CoHBcl!.
For. nearly four months te franchise
has-been oendlnr bftbre-WerCeuncll. Tno
,roadiieelf was respoasifele fr most of the
idclav. Dut recently has feM Irvine- to
('force .action from the CouaciL The City
of the Council committee on' corporations
.have 1iuug up the franchise with repeated
objections, most or which have been finally
met by the road.
'When the Council committee Saturday
rejected a compromise plan suggested by
the railroad, the St. Paul threatened to
abandon efforts to get a franchise here
and to transfer the Western headquarters
to a more friendly city. This involved the
disbursement of a construction fund of
X25.XO,OC0. and from commercial organiza
tions and the public a big protest was
hurled at the Council.
Mullen Feels the Effect.
Frank P. Mullen, for years a membor
orthe Council and a candidate for Coun-
cIlman-at-Large. was on the corporation's
committee that procrastinated with the
St- Paul franchise. There had been no
fight made against Mullen, but ycHtordav
ms plurality was cut down to 35. This
'is accepted as confirmation that the entire
tlcketfr-uffcred from a tight begun against
the entire Council on the Saturday before
It is probably true that Riplinger lost
more than a dozen votes, and less than
that number would have elected him
some Republican politicians figure that
500 votes were lost by the railroad agita
Following the long scries of conferences
with the railroad and yesterday's elcc-
moh. me council mis attemoon held a
ipeclal meeting with representatives of
the Chicago. Milwaukee &. Su Paul, agree
Ing upon the terms of the franchise.
Jtnilroad Accepts Council's Terms.
The ordinance was to have bean passed
tonight, but after a wait until after 9
P. M. for a new draft of the ordinance,
the road's and city's attorneys agreed
that there is not time enough before the
present Council goes out legally to adopt
the ordinance. It will be put through the
next Council immediately after organ!
zatlon, sufficient votes being pledged.
In the final compromise the railroad
agreed to boar Its proportion of the cost
of an overhead bridge ay.tem In the term
inal district whenever ordered by the city;
to absolve the municipality from any
claims for damage on account of the
bridges; to accept a common-user clause
in the franchh- and to handle other
roads' cars on the tramtfer" or switch
Ing tracks. Irrespective of the destination
or point or cotvigument being from a
Thcc terms arc substantially those the
Council has been willing for two or throe
weeks to grant
JfJplinscr Will 'oL Content.
SEATTLE, March 7. The Poat-IntcllI
gencer tomorrow will print a statcmont
from John Riplinger, defeated Republican
candidate for Mayor, announcing that he
will not contest the election of William
Hickman Moore, the Municipal Owner
ship candidate, whose plurality was 15
Judge Moore also stated tonight that he
did not think there would b a recount
but both candidates expressed themselves
as being willing to abide by the rosult if
It was deemed advisable to have a re
The defeat of the Republican candidate
for Councilman In the Second Ward was
fully established tonight. a! of the Re
publican candidate in the Eleventh Want
The Second Ward ia the home of United
states benator s. II. Piles.
ISurniii- Gas Well u Great Show.
CANKY, Kan., March 7. The big gas
wejl six miles from Caney continues
to burn with gTcat force. Tho pre
liminary work for the supreme effort
to cap the well with the 3000-pound
Iron hood made for the purpose Is be
ing pushed with all haste. It Is not
likely that the hood can be placed In
position before tomorrow. Hundreds
of sightseers still nck to the scene.
The towns near are taxed to the limit
and last night many persons walked
the streets, unable to secure rooms.
MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP CANDIDATE.. -
Mysteries of, Female Beauty
and Attire Expounded to
GOWNS MAKE GIRLS COVET
3IIss White Shows How Beauty Con
qucrs Fat and Eliminates Double
Chin Lay Ilcporter De
scribes Dress Creations.
CHICAGO. "March ".-(Special.) "One
chin Is enough for any woman."
With this startling truism. Miss Eliza
beth A. C. White, president, spokesman
and whole works of the National Pro
tective Dressmakers' Association, made a
ten-strike with the men present at to-
Then she told how to avoid the double,
nabby chin by holding one's head erect,
with the chin tilted upward and forward
at a sort of aggressive angle. With the
aid of an accommodating but perspiring
mooci. who panted like a. nomolse. th
demonstrator then showed how. with
proper corsets, a woman built on the gen-
orai architectural lines of a beer keg could
be hammered, slammed, belted and laced
Into a really divine figure. The model
breathed much easier, however, after it
was an over, and sweated profusely.
At the morning session live models wire
shown in suit and costume demonstra
tions, and there were quite a number of
awrully fresh men hangintr around tn
door. However, thej' were received with
a cold and clammy eye. and before they
couiu pass the portals had to prove that
tncy were he-dressmakers or hlm.miiiin.
era or otherwise entitled to pass in. The
dressmakers look upon the man dreasmak
er aa a perfectly inocuous Derson.
once Inside, there were fearful and won
derful doings. A handsome young woman
was ex 11 101 ted In various brilliant sronrnt
cacn or which she shucked with a ir?h
they were so perfectly awect: A lay re
porter who saw the exhibition turner! In
the following desuriDtion of thf nhfr
As u .Man Describes Them.
A grCn SOrt Of Whlmwham-. 'rirrrr?
with red herring bones, cut diax.
A blue bassinette with dromedarv Af
fects, lined with tXXX canvas tied In
the middle with bright purple baling;
A cerise pink thing; with cut-glass
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
iMibuUAl 5-Jilmutn tcmrjeratur tu
a.; minimum temperature, u dey.f pre-
TODAY'S Kalr; easterly winds.
Reavlrr defeated in French Chamber and hl3
Cabinet rrslzno. Pare 3.
France proposes polie plan for Morocco and
wnciiuuen im iiKoiy at .MJtecJraj. Psrc 'Z.
IJnlevitcli mcium Tiiun .r hvji.
-. " , " " - w,vim, uinj
... --'""" proposes poucr to czar
Britain and Germany struggle over Island of
senate aebai vital feature of rate bllL
President urge Congress to make coal and
Oil monODOir lnaulrv n rootltv T. -
Government seeks injunction to break up
Senate committee turns down Heyburn's for
estry bill. Pace 4.
Engineer Burr recommends sea-level canaL
Spooner sounds death knell of Joint statc-
mwu. x 'age .
Hew Bingham rule New Tork police, force.
Ballot reform to be taken up by Civic Fed
eration. Pase 5.
Ohio Senate vote for Initiative. Page 5.
IntrrestlRc scenes at dressmakers' conven
tion, rase 1.
Strange darkne fall en Chicago and St
Louis, race 3.
Armour defied Government. then relented.
General SchofleM burled with military hon-
Standard OH Company agree to give evl-
uwrvr imwuii ucmana. lagc -!.
W. II, Moore. Municipal Ownership candi-
"T -""J ui ocaiue. elected by 13
vote. Page I-
Caldwell grand Jury returns no indictment
alumni .uuius. t age
Oakland Gaa Company, alarmed at proposed
investigation, cuts vricr of - u3
Judge Stephen A. lAJwell. of Pendleton, will
v iimiuic xor cniiea states Senator.
Oswego Iron Works tlghtlng hard suit for
laying waste of fertile land. Pur. -:
vcel 'n In distress off California" coast.
Commercial aad Mariae.
California wool buyers In Kastern Oregon
unable to do business. Page 15.
Aurora hops put Into consignment pool.
Sharp break In wheat at Chicago. Page 13.
San Francisco barley market firmer. Page 13
Stock trading dull and neglected. Page 13.
Steamer Sutherland la chartered to carry a
second cargo of lumber to China and to
S . S",erI cargo from Manila to
Port ot Portland holds meeting this after
noon, to elect president and vote upoa
bridge matter. Page 14.
French bark Francois d'AmboU chartered to
wad wheat at Portland for the United
Kingdom. Page If.
Portland aad YichUty.
American woman appeals for aid for starv
ing Japanese. Page 11.
Police Captain Slover plays spy on his pa
trolmen. Page It.
Council of Jewish Women hold oprn meet
ing In Neighborhood House. Page 0.
"Death Valley scotty" paya Portland a brief
visit en route to Seattle. Page 14.
Democrat dodge primary law by invitln
.candidates to name themselves for stat
offlcea at so-called mass meetlnr. Page t
Three popnlar Portland girts become brides
la one day. Page 11.
Mrs. Ros DeClcco bound over to the grand
Jury. Tage 7.
Paving war breaks out In City Council
Pace 10. fc
Sensational Johnson estate case set for trial
April 13. Pasra 11.
Wosaen's league gives ttzlu& ixxivfrrxiry
bobs and trimmings that looked like
sections of dried apples.
A blazing red creation of boiler plate
shinlness. tacked fore and aft writh
The model fairly wept as she had to
turn back this one, after prancing
proudly up and down the stage with it
on her superb figure.
The country dressmakers and millr
ners to the. number of 930 swarme'd
into the convention. They wore clad
in all hues of the rainbow, and they
listened open-eyed, also open-mouthed,
to the pearla of wisdom that fell from
the Hps of Miss "White as she descant
ed In finely modulated tones upon the
prevailing- modes in Paris and New
York. She told themwhat to wear
and when to wear it: how to be prop
erly attired at afternoon teas, at the
race course, at commencements, at
Summer resorts, and wherever beauty
and fashion congregate
A reporter undertook to sret an er
pression from the dressmakers on the
plan of Philadelphia tailors to force
the innovation of gray evening clothes
for men. in order that thev mav he dls
tinguished from waiters and cabdrlvcrs
"Bah and pouf!" was all the answer
he could get, with a shrug of the well-
rounded shoulders. "It makes no dlf
f erence what men wear."
VESSEL SEEN IN DISTRESS
3LAY BE STEADIER HAROLD DOL
IiAR DUE FROM PORTLAND.
Red Rockets Seen Prom Shore at
Surf, Cal. Railroad Men
SAN FRANCISCO Mnmli ta ,t
to the Merchants Exchange from Surf.
Santa Barbara County, says that a ship
in distress has been sighted. Red rockets
arc Deing nrea from the vessel.
LOS ANGELES. March 7 A cnloT
the Herald from San Pedro tonight says
that the steampt- Hn rn?H nnii,. ...
- - . x. UUC l I
Rendondo Monday from Portland, has not
jet arnvea ana thus considerable anx
iety is felt for her saftey. It Is not be
lieved that thf
It is feared that some mishap has be-
lauen nere. it is possible that the steamer
reponea in aistress near Surf may be the
SANTA BARRARA Cat rov,
oru received from Surf by long-distance
telephone at midnight says that all
that is known there of n. VfXtQiM holno Art
distress off the Santa Barbara coast la
wliat was reDortsd hv th rrnii, .ro.n.
of a northbound Southern Pacific freight
irum, wnicn is said to have seen signals
of distress from a vessel off shore to
night between Surf and San i.mU Ohiom
The railroad freight crew reported the
occurrence wncn It reached San Luis
Tilt. -Hteamr.f -Sa if a T .-. l,(Kliai-.' 'ikid
attemoon nortnbound and would prob-
aoiy dc in tna locality at about the time
.the steamer In distress was said to have
Storm Kills Fishermen.
HONOLULU. March 7. A hmw m
is . prevailing tonight and a number of
Japanese Jismng boats, unable to make
shore, are in dancer. One hnx hwn rn
out In the ocean turned bottomside up and
two others are missing. The steamship
.muweni, i ruin ..vusiraiia to victoria, is.
C. which i3 due today, has not yet been
OATH TO KILL ROOSEVELT
Woman Says She AVas Forced by
Socialists to Swear.
NEW ORLEANS. March 7. rSnecfcil
Lnlcas it is nroven statements mari tn
the New Orleans police by a woman now
under arrest are the words of an insane
person, the local department has In cus-
todv a, prisoner who will develon Intn .
.auonai ceieoruy. inc prisoner is Mrs.
Lcwaller. who, at her own request, was
taken into custody and held until she can
be put through an expert medical exam
She declares she became weddprf tn th
principled of Socialism and has sarrffw.?
everything to that belief. She was di
vorced from her husband at PhtinHninMu
anu icn in wttn a crowd or socialists, who.
sne says, required that she stoop to all
sorts of alleged "Jobs."
One day. she declared, mon marf imr
take an oath to assassinate Prpsfr?nr
Roosevelt. The oath was exacted at the
muzzle of a pistol and accompanied by
inc alternative ot ueatn. She declared
that men followed her to New Orinr.
but refused to sive either thi nant Z
description of the men.
To all outward aDncaranci hr ia
fcctly sane and rational. She" speaks with
the utmost IntcIIIirence. but her tnit ic
sensational that a question as to her men
tal condition is aroused In the minds of
MEET POPULAR DEMAND
"Western Railroads Reduce Rates
From Missouri to Atlantic.
CHICAGO. March 7. Western railroads
according to the Record-Herald, have de
cided to make voluntary reductions In
transportation charges, amounting in the
aggregate to many million dollars annu
The proposed reductions arc to be made
in all the rates of the six classes into
which rrcight Is divided and will be ef
fective in the entire territory between
the Atlantic seaboard and the Missouri
In general the reductions will amount
to approximately IS per cent
JUSTICE BROWN TO RESIGN
Vacancy on Supremo Bench Offered
Knox and Declined.
WASHINGTON. March 7. Associate
Justice Henry Billings .Brown, of the
United States Supreme Court, intends to
retire from the bench, and has so noti
fied President Roosevelt.
Tho President desired to appoint Sena
tor Philander C Knox, of- Pennsylvania,
to the vacancy, but the latter declined.
Justice Brown. Wan 70 vri nM on
March 2. He will serve through the pres
ent term Of COUrt anrf will nrniiaWi. ra-
Name State Ticket at So
INVITE CANDIDATES TO RUN
Thereby Avoids the Charge of
Holding a Convention.
ADOPT A PLATFOfiM, TOO
But Wise Old Warhot-ics Euphoni
ously Kerer to It as a "Set of
RcsoIutIons"Fiht Shy of.
Democrat "Invited" by Partr "Mass.
31ectlng" to Become Candidates
for State Nominations.
Governor. George E. Chamberlain,
Supreme Justice. Thomas G. Hailcy,
United States Senator, John M.
Secretary of State. Paul Sroat. of
State Treasurer, J. D. Matlocki of
Attorney-General, Robert A.-Miller,
State Printer, J. Scott Taylor, of
Superintendent Public Instruction,
E. E. Bragg, ot Union; W. A. Wann.
Labor Commissioner, Sam Veatch,
Representative In Congres.'9 First
District: C V. Galloway, of Tam
hlll: P. A. Cochran, of Marion. Sec
ond District: Harvey Graham, of
of Baker; W. T. Vaughn, of Mult
nomah. Resolved. That nothing we have
done today should be considered by
any candidate for Democratic nom-
llianoR as a bar to his candidacy.
Moved by Walter M. Pierce, of
Umatilla, and adopted unanimously.
Oregon Democrats held a new kind of
assembly In Hlbernia Hall yesterday,
calling It a "mass meeting." Instead of a
convention," adopting a body of nrinel-
ples, which they said were "resolutions."
instead of a "platform." and putting up
a list of candidates which thev described
aa "inviting" candidates instead of "mak
ing a ticket."
In this way the warhorscs escaped the
charge of violating the direct nrimarv
law by "nominating a ticket" and
"adopting a platform" at a "conven
tion, for under the new system of poli
tics in Oregon. thoa-c processes are rele
gated to the outdated realms of "bosses"
and "machines." At every turn they
fought shy of the semblance of the old
The session was attended bv some 150
patriots, most of them from Multnomah.
The only tight broke out over a motion
of Walter M. Pierce, of Umatilla, to "in
vite' men to become candidates. The op
ponents of this resolution declared that
its adoption would virtually result In
making a ticket, but they were a small
minority. The assembly gave abundant
signs that the party spirit was stromr.
and those who favored a non-political
party, as did H. D. Wagnon, representing
the Municipal League forces in Portland.
had scant following.
The resolutions were adopted without
debate by unanimous voice. They were
written mostly by C. E. S. Wood, whose
influence was the strongest in the
Sonic of Faithful Laic.
On counting nosea at 10 A. M.. the eath-
ering found that it was minus a number
of brethren from Eastern Oregon, who
had not yet arrived. Alex Sweek, chair
man of the State Central Committee.
gavel in hand, suggested from the chair.
adjournment until the absent onc3 should.
come into tho fold. Hishint was fol
lowed by J. O. Booth, .fospnhlnp whn
moved adiournment until i nvinr-v r,
motion that carried after F. V. Holman.
jiuitnoman, had tacked on an amend
ment for 1:S0 o'clock.
At the aDoofnted hour State Chairman
Sweek made the second call to order.
saying: I trust this meeting will be suc
cessful and that everything it does will
be for the good of the party."
After the noise madn hv The, nnnlnitrHn?-
brethren had subsided. State Senator
Pierce, of Umatilla, nominated Thomas
H. Crawford, of Union, for chairman of
tne assemmy, ana sweeK. was putting a
motion to declare him elected hv nrntn.
mation when a warhorse .from "Mult
nomah, of the Iron-clad class, that ad
heres closely to party principles, reared
up and in-tho familiar -voice of Georga
H. Thomas cried:
'I'm a. Democrat for nrlnrfntps: anrt
would like to ' seo nrinelDlea enuncfatrri.
Does Mr. Crawford favor a platform of
Pierce Vouches for Crawford."
'Yes " rpsnonrlfvl rrawfnrri'.i snnntnr
Senator Piorrp. and f!rawfnrr! pnnflrmoil
the word by rising up and saying:
"I m In ravor of a platform."
Crawford was then elected without- nri-
posltion and was escorted to the chair
by Pierce and Thomas.
The call for the conference issued by
Democrats of Umatilla, had been read
by Pierce and Crawford, on taking the
gavel, adverted to It In his speech, say
ing: "Wo can always depend on the Democrat-
of Umatilla, riolnsr thA rl-rht thlnr.
at the right time." He thCh announced
iCoactadad on Page 10.).